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  • 1.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Design and test of a measurement method for the benefits of technical information2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various measurement methods can be included in a benefit model in order to derive outputs from the benefits of a resource. In this study, the resource is technical information (TI). TI is a resource that some view as having a low status, which affects both the resource and the staff working with it by negatively influencing the work role and the management of the information. The purpose of this study is to design and test a measurement method with TI as the resource. Based on a gen-eral design for measurement methods, there are three steps in this meth-od: the input, the rule and the output. The input consists of interviews; the rule is based on the categorization of the efficient boundary object; and the output is a summation of the categorization. This study is based on a case study at a US technology company in the Midwest with re-spondents on middle management level. The key findings are that the measurement method is useful, but not without flaws. Individual and group interviews used for input lead to a rich wealth of empirical data on the benefits of TI and categorizations of those benefits. However, the method is rather time-consuming. The design requires the researcher to perform several interviews, transcriptions, and analyses. The test implied a discussion on linguistics, both for the input and the rule. The study’s serves to fill a knowledge gap of the benefits of TI in the field of Infor-mation Management, and thereby increase the status of TI.

  • 2.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Design och utvärdering av modell för operationell digital mognad2022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande rapport beskriver kravställning, design, test och utvärdering av en modell för mätning av individers digitala kunskap – något vi här valt att kalla ”operationell digital mognad” – inom vård- och omsorgssektorn. Begreppet operationell digital mognad ska tolkas som individens kunskap om digitala hjälpmedel ur ett sociotekniskt perspektiv,”Kraven på modellen var att den skulle kunna användas repetitivt för att mäta den digitala mognaden ur ett sociotekniskt perspektiv, det vill säga att digitala hjälpmedel används för att stödja en organisation och att individer ska nyttja hjälpmedlen för att utföra sina arbetsuppgifter.

    Underlaget för modellen har varit Pentagonmodellen, framtagen av Schiefloe (2003), som innehåller följande dimensioner: formell struktur, teknik och infrastruktur, sociala relationer och nätverk, interaktion samt kultur och kompetens. För att få fram digital mognad, har vi även valt att lägga till dimensionen personlig motivation. Modellen översattes sedan till en enkät med påståenden kopplade till digitala hjälpmedel och miljöer. Påståendena i enkäten kunde besvaras på en skala som gick från ”Jag är enig” till ”Jag är helt oenig”. Resultatet från enkäten, både från 2021 och 2022, visar att motivationen för att använda digitala hjälpmedel är hög. Respondenterna hade även god kunskap om den formella strukturen. Kultur och kompetens, teknik och infrastruktur samt interaktion fick också relativt höga poäng

    Utvärderingen av modellen visar att det är viktigt med operationell digital mognad även för vård- och omsorgspersonal. Vi fick även bekräftat att modellen innehöll intressanta dimensioner för att mäta operationell digital mognad, med undantag för dimensionen sociala relationer och nätverk. Vi kunde också konstatera att resultatet från enkäten behöver innehålla jämförelser med tidigare mätningar, eftersom målet för operationell digital mognad förändras över tid, och gå att bryta ner på olika detaljnivåer. Resultatet behöver även kopplas till utbildningsåtgärder. För att uppnå en iterativ process med att mäta operationell digital mognad föreslås ytterligare utredning kring dimensionen sociala relationer och nätverk, möjligheter att omvandla enkäten från deskriptiv till prediktiv samt fler presentationsmöjligheter.

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  • 3.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Measuring the Immeasurable?: The Intangible Benefits of Digital Information2019In: Proceedings of the 52nd Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences  2019, Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences , 2019, p. 6176-6185Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of digital information are mostly viewed as intangible, meaning that they can be hard to measure. This lack of measurements makes the benefits difficult to compare and communicate, creating problems for e.g. decision-making and the strategic development of specific digital information. Therefore, I conducted a literature review to find out how the combination of intangible benefits and measurements are dealt with in the information systems field. I found that we measure the intangible benefits of information systems or information technology. Here, the measurement method is divided into input, rule, and output. The input consists of predetermined individual benefits, areas of predetermined benefits, or interpreted benefits from respondents. The rule follows an accepted theory or contextual adjusted rules, and the output (benefit) can be seen as either financial or non-financial. The avenue for further research focuses on the digital information as the primary resource, not information systems or information technology.

  • 4.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Open Data and its Benefits2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    The Demonstration of a Tool for Self-Estimating Digital Competence2023In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 302, p. 494-495Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study presents the results from a demonstration of a tool for self-estimation of digital competence for nurses and assistant nurses. The data was gathered from twelve participants working as leaders of older care homes. The results show that digital competence is of importance in health and social care, that the dimension of motivation is of utmost importance and that the presentation of the survey results should be flexible.

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  • 6.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahmad, Awais
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Determining Testbed Requirements for Technology Enhanced Speech Rehabilitation after Stroke -the Informed Co-workers’ View Point2019In: GLOBAL HEALTH 2019: The Eighth International Conference on Global Health Challenges / [ed] Hassan Khachfe, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2019, p. 20-27Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses and discusses the identified requirements for technology enhanced systems for speech rehabilitation after a stroke. To stroke patients, a speech injury can be devastating, impacting their abilities to speak, listen, read, and write. Therefore, speech therapy is recommended as early as possible. To address the challenge with a growing percentage of older adults, therapy should include a variety of Technology Enhanced Systems (TES) to support the idea of independent living. These systems must be adapted to the patients’ needs and speech therapy requirements. Based on a design science approach, requirements were determined from an analysis of ten semi-structured interviews with knowledgeable informants. Findings indicate several important requirements, such as: TES should be motivating, joyful, individualised and built on patients’ needs and on speech therapists’ professional knowledge. Furthermore, TES services must be user-friendly and provide training in each patient’s mother tongue. Added to these requirements are ease of including close relatives as supporting persons, as well as accessibility through portable devices.

  • 7.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Crusoe, Jonathan
    Högskolan i Borås, Sweden.
    Why Should You Believe in Open Data? – A Document Study Examining PersuasionRhetoric of OGD Benefits2022In: EGOV 2022: Electronic Government / [ed] Marijn Janssen, Csaba Csáki, Ida Lindgren, Euripidis Loukis, Ulf Melin, Gabriela Viale Pereira, Manuel Pedro Rodríguez Bolívar, Efthimios Tambouris, Springer, 2022, p. 274-287Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rhetoric of Open Government Data (OGD) concerningits benefits seems to lack anchor in practice affecting practitioners andempirical evidence restraining academia. This rhetoric could be hard tosee for those already persuaded. As such, the rhetoric could contain in-consistencies that are based more on myths than facts, contributing tothe slow pace of OGD development. OGD is sometimes based on dog-matic rhetoric that is overly simplistic, which hides significant benefitsand blocks potential audiences from seeing the practical applications ofOGD. The purpose of the present study was to analyse the persuasive-ness of present OGD arguments from a rhetorical perspective to identifyrhetorical patterns. We conducted desktop research, investigating therhetoric of eight websites emphasising OGD benefits. Our findings in-clude four common patterns of the rhetoric involving persuasion anddissuasion. The rhetoric contains paradoxes of promises and discover-ies, which we categorised as the grand quest, promised opportunities,tribal solidarity, and the silver bullet patterns. A further finding was twomythical paradoxes: (1) promises versus discovery and (2) proving whilearguing.

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  • 8.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Kitkowska, Agnieszka
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    IoT for Health and Well-being: A case study and call for action2023In: PETRA '23: Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on PErvasive Technologies Related to Assistive Environments, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2023, p. 465-467Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this short paper we describe the implementation of an IoT test-bed in an elementary school. We argue that by adding additional IoT senors to an existing IoT system it is possible to evolve an indoor climate control system into a indoor milieu control system aimed at improving the health and well-being for both pupils and staff who spend their days working in the school environment. Lastly, we call for multidisciplinary action as the domain IoT for health and well-being spans across several different knowledge domains.

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  • 9.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Mittuniversitetet.
    Langlo, Jan Alexander
    NTNU, Norge.
    Rapport Digital Mognad – gemensamma resultat VälTel 2.02022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt mer i organisationer kräver digital kunskap, t ex att utföra arbetsuppgifter eller att kommunicera med externa parter. Den omställning som sker från analogt arbete till digitalt kräver kunskap, både i organisationen och hos den enskilda individen. Därför har projektet VälTel 2.0 initierat ett arbetspaket som handlar om kompetenshöjande insatser. VälTel2.0 är ett EU-finansierat projekt som arbetar för att hitta morgondagens hälsolösningar genom att öka kunskapen om innovationsprocesser, digitalisering och välfärdsteknologiska lösningar. Syftet med att använda dessa lösningar är att göra vård- och omsorg mer jämlik ur ett patient- brukar-, och medborgarperspektiv. I projektet samarbetar Östersunds kommun, Region Jämtland-Härjedalen, Åre kommun, Mittuniversitetet och kommuner i Tröndelag samt olika IT- företag. Projektet är en fortsättning på VälTel-projektet, i vilket resultatet pekar på att offentlig sektor behöver bli bättre på att testa, implementera och utvärdera nya innovationer på e-hälso- teknologiområdet, bygga kompetens kring förändrade arbetssätt, samt skapa bättre förutsättningar för samverkan med näringslivet.

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  • 10.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Redesign and Evaluation of a Technology Enhanced Learning Environment for Thesis Supervision2017In: ICERI2017 PROCEEDINGS, The International Academy of Technology, Education and Development, 2017, Vol. 10, p. 636-643Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thesis supervision is an important activity in higher education with Bachelor’s and Master’s theses mandatory parts of university programmes. In traditional education, thesis supervision has been a face-to-face activity, but today, both the student groups and the learning environments are blended. This study describes and discusses the design and implementation of a blended learning environment for a student group at Mid Sweden University.  The research question that the study aims to answer is:  Which are the important factors in the design of a course for undergraduate students, to facilitate supervision of thesis projects in a technology enhanced environment?  This study employed a Design science research strategy with three phases for design, implementation and evaluation of a blended learning environment during thesis supervision. For the first phase, design requirements were specified based on document studies and a literature review. In the second phase (first part), the created design requirements were implemented as an instance in the Moodle virtual learning environment. Second phase (second part), the implemented instance was used as the online part of a blended learning course for students writing their Bachelor’s thesis. In the third phase an evaluation was carried out with an online questionnaire were students gave their opinions on course design and teaching and learning sessions. Findings show that the learning outcomes were good and that the course aim and the learning objectives were clearly stated. Found important factors for a successful supervision were peer collaboration, multimodality, and technology enhanced interaction.  Remaining challenges are to improve course content and to motivate students for research in the field of Informatics. Most surprising positive finding was that peer situation occurred informally, which deepen their knowledge for thesis writing and presentation. 

  • 11.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, PeterMittuniversitetet.Sundberg, LeifMittuniversitetet.
    Digitalization in times of transition2020Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Nöjd, Sture
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    IoT i skolan2022Report (Other academic)
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  • 13. Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    A Communication-model for Intangible Benefits of Digital Information2015In: 2015 Americas Conference on Information Systems, AMCIS 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The communication of the intangible benefits to different stakeholders is important at the development for organizational resource and could be described as a boundary-spanning activity. In this study we build on Ahlin’s model (2014) and illustrates categorization of intangible benefits of digital information by using Carlile’s (2002; 2004) efficient boundary objects, the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic. Qualitative empirical pictures from three cases are illustrated by questions, derived from the efficient boundary objects. The illustrations show that this is an accessible path forward and that the illustrations can be changed to further research with the goal for practical test the communication model.The communication of the intangible benefits to different stakeholders is important at the development for organizational resource and could be described as a boundary-spanning activity. In this study we build on Ahlin’s model (2014) and illustrates categorization of intangible benefits of digital information by using Carlile’s (2002; 2004) efficient boundary objects, the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic. Qualitative empirical pictures from three cases are illustrated by questions, derived from the efficient boundary objects. The illustrations show that this is an accessible path forward and that the illustrations can be changed to further research with the goal for practical test the communication model. 

  • 14.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Öppen Innovation, den digitala vägen: Olika aspekter av digitaliseringen av öppen innovation2021Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att belysa digital teknologis påverkan på innovationsarenor. Vi har inom ramen för Interreg-projekt SMICE deltagit i arbetet med skapa innovationsarenor och då använt oss av digital teknologi. Den digitala teknologiin har använts för att främja deltagandet på innovationsarenor genom att erbjuda personer som har långt till dessa eller har andra förhinder från att kunna delta fysiskt. Vi undersökte detta genom fyra olika fall där den digitala teknologin användes på olika sätt för att säkerställa deltagande på distans och genom att verifiera våra resultat med experter inom området. Våra resultat analyserades baserat på tidigare kunskap inom öppen innovation samt distanslärande och resultatet visar att digital teknologi är en resurs att räkna med när det gäller att skapa innovationsarenor. Resultaten visar också att det finns utmaningar med att använda digital teknologi såsom: identifiera digital teknologi som kan stödja processerna, lära sig använda teknologin, inkorporera teknologin i processerna och att stödja andra aktörers teknologianvändning.Vi ser fram emot att digital teknologi används mer vid skapande av innovationsarenor och att forskningen fördjupas för att det blir ett sömlöst deltagande för alla deltagare. 

  • 15.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Snyder, Kristen
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Person-centred Health Care Resting on Digitization and Systematic Processes: A position paper2021In: GLOBAL HEALTH 2021 The Tenth International Conference on Global Health Challenges, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2021, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper argues for further research within person-centered healthcare using digitization and systematic process within the fields of information systems and quality management. The included state of art shows the existence of both digital applications and innovation, whereas there is lack of knowledge on how to engage users, especially when it comes to older citizens. Besides the digital application, we should focus on developing related systematic processes to increase both organizational value and patient value.      Understanding user-design and development are necessary prerequisites to engage in digitalization and is also key to transformation in health care.

  • 16.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Ahmad, Awais
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Nöjd, Sture
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Hassan Sodhro, Ali
    Kristianstad Högskola.
    IoT in Elementary School for Everyone – A Research Plan2022In: Challenges of Trustable AI and Added-Value on Health / [ed] Brigitte Séroussi; Patrick Weber; Ferdinand Dhombres; Cyril Grouin; Jan-David Liebe; Sylvia Pelayo; Andrea Pinna; Bastien Rance; Lucia Sacchi; Adrien Ugon; Arriel Benis; Parisis Gallos, IOS Press, 2022, p. 955-956Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We propose a tentative research plan to increase students’ mental health

    in elementary schools by implementing Internet of Things (IoT) technology. The

    research plan should answer how to support students’ mental health using IoT

    solutions and the critical factors influencing testbeds for IoT solutions with the

    previously mentioned purpose. Our intended research method is Design Science,

    which we plan to use stepwise.

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  • 17.
    Ahlin, Karin
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Zingmark, Magnus
    Östersunds kommun.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet.
    A Transition Towards Digital Home Visits in Social Care and Home Health Care During the Corona Pandemic2021In: GLOBAL HEALTH 2021, The Tenth International Conference on Global Health Challenges, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the pandemic, physical meetings were supposed to decrease as much as possible to avoid the virus to spread. Before the pandemic, the physical meeting favoured social care and home health care in Sweden. One solution was to digitize as many of these meetings as possible. Therefore, we investigated this transition in a web survey, including questions with predetermined and open-ended answers. The web-survey was sent to co-workers in home health care and social care in a middle-seized municipality in Sweden. The results showed that not all meetings could be transformed, like meetings with citizens with hearing or cognitive impairments. Challenges related to the transformation were instability in technical equipment, the professionals’ and citizens’ knowledge of handling technical equipment, and access to technical equipment support. Despite this did the co-workers digitize meetings whenever possible, adding operational and problem-solving attitude to the transformation. Due to this study’s limitation, like respondents from one municipality and the pandemic’s length, we intend to investigate further and understand the development of the transformation and how knowledge in the area increases.

  • 18.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Technology Acceptance of an Online Speech and Language Assessment Application for Stroke Patients - the Medical Caregivers’ Viewpoints2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is a globally increasing disease and speech and language deficiencies are common in stroke survivors. To facilitate medical caregivers in their professional work and to improve patients’ quality of life, technology can play an important role.  However, the use and acceptance of technology are uncertain and more research is needed in this direction. This study evaluates the technology acceptance and adoption of an online speech and language assessment application. The evaluation focused Design Science Research strategy was adopted for that purpose. Two physiotherapists, one occupational therapist and three speech therapists participated in the study. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) was used as the theoretical base for interview questions formation and data analysis. The study findings show that the suggested application is useful and easy to use; however, it should be more synchronised with speech therapists’ daily work routines. The speech therapists stressed that functionalities of the application should be designed in close collaboration with them, and it should be compatible with the already existing systems and services in place.  Due to the impairments after stroke, the patients have some specific preferences for software and hardware such as a tablet with touch pen is the preferred hardware. Additionally, the interface should have bigger text fonts and pictures, and highly contrastive colours in the graphics should be used for patients’ convenience. The user’s privacy and security, patient’s current health, and their previous knowledge and experience about technology were also found important determinants for intention to use the given technology. 

  • 19.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Technology-enhanced speech and language relearning for stroke patients: defining requirements for a software application development2020Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech and language relearning are challenging for stroke survivors as well as for medical caregiv-ers. After a stroke, a patient’s ability to read, write, speak, and listen is decreased to different degrees, which results in a compromised independent life and a decreased quality of life for the patient. Tech-nology enhances systems can play a vital role in this context. However, the available software are not specifically built for after the stroke patient’s needs. This paper is therefore aimed to gather require-ments for designing a tailor-made speech relearning software application for stroke survivors. A de-sign science approach was adopted, where different stakeholders such as medical caregivers and in-formation technology consultants were involved in the process. The well-informed and experienced participants in their fields highlighted some important requirements such as different types of inter-face for a patient than speech therapist with extra management functionality for speech therapists so that they can adjust the relearning exercises according to the patient’s needs. Software requirements vary from patient to patient where the intensity of speech and language impairments, general medical condition of the patient, age, prior experience, and knowledge about the information of the patient and social setup of the patient plays an important role. Since stroke is most common in adults and adults learn differently than children, adult learning theory might help understand the patients’ needs. There-fore, adult learning principles were involved in the requirement analysis process. The established re-quirements will be used for the development of speech and language relearning software.

  • 20.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University.
    The Technology-Enhanced Requirements for the Three-Fold Stroke Rehabilitation to Support Independent Living2020In: Information and Communication Technologies for Ageing Well and e-Health: ICT4AWE 2019I / [ed] Martina Ziefle, Leszek A. Maciaszek, Springer, 2020, p. 142-159Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is a common and severe disease that can be found in all regions across the globe, and not onlyamong older adults. Result of a stroke can be death, or a variety of disabilities caused by impairments indifferent brain functions. This chapter discusses technology enhanced stroke rehabilitation from a threefoldview of cognitive, motoric and speech rehabilitation. The important research question was: Whatwould be the requirements for technology-enhanced stroke rehabilitation in the areas of cognitive, motoricand speech rehabilitation? The study was carried out with a requirement-focused Design Science approachcollecting data with semi-structured interviews. Informants were selected in a purposive sampling choosingprofessionals with valuable knowledge and skills in stroke rehabilitation. The findings in this study havegenerated useful general requirements for a future implementation and testing of technology enhancedstroke rehabilitation. Within each of the three rehabilitation categories cognitive, motoric and speech, thereseems to be potential for successful use of technology enhanced services. This development ofrehabilitation services must follow the fundamental principle for all forms of stroke rehabilitation: eachpatient needs a personalised treatment. However, in all three rehabilitation categories, there is a need todefine more specific requirements based on feedback from stroke patients testing the rehabilitationservices.

  • 21.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Hassan Sodhro, Ali
    Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    Exploring the Medical Caregivers' Perceptions of Technology Acceptance for an Online Speech and Language Assessment Application Among Stroke Patients2023In: International Journal on Advances in Life Sciences, E-ISSN 1942-2660, Vol. 15, no 1-2, p. 1-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is a globally increasing disease and speech and language deficiencies are common in stroke survivors. To facilitate medical caregivers in their professional work and to improve patients’ quality of life, technology can play an important role. However, the use and acceptance of technology are uncertain and more research is needed in this direction. This study evaluates the technology acceptance and adoption of an online speech and language assessment application. The evaluation-focused Design Science Research strategy was adopted for that purpose. Two physiotherapists, one occupational therapist and three speech therapists participated in the study. The Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) was used as the theoretical base for interview questions formation and data analysis. The study findings show that the suggested application is useful and easy to use; however, it should be better synchronised with speech therapists’ daily work routines. The speech therapists stressed that the functionalities of the application should be designed in close collaboration with them, and it should be compatible with the already existing systems and services in place. Due to impairments after stroke, the patients have some specific preferences for software and hardware; such as a tablet with a touch pen is the preferred hardware. Additionally, the interface should have bigger text fonts and pictures, and highly contrastive colours in the graphics should be used for patients’ convenience. The user’s privacy and security, the patient’s current health, and their previous knowledge and experience with technology were also found important determinants for the intention to use the given technology.

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  • 22.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Factors Influencing Acceptance of Technology-enhanced Speech and Language Relearning for Stroke Survivors – A Systematic Review2021In: ICSLT 2021: Proceedings of the 2021 7th International Conference on e-Society, e-Learning and e-Technologies, Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2021, p. 86-91Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech and language loss is the most common disease for stroke survivors. The process of relearning communication skills is difficult and a time taking process. Technology-enhanced systems (TES) can be useful in speech and language relearning, however, the acceptance and usability of TES for stroke patients have been a matter of concern and more research is needed in this area. This study is therefore aimed to explore the factors that might influence the acceptance of technology-enhanced speech and language relearning after stroke. A systematic literature review was conducted to determine the technology acceptance factors. To ensure the state of the art in the given field, 97 articles written from 2016 to April 2021 were retrieved with a search string aligned to the research question. After applying the exclusion criteria and quality assurance, 13 articles were selected for inclusion. An overview of selected articles, their chosen methodology, and main findings from the articles was presented in a pre-defined table. The results show that patients’ physical and cognitive condition, the intensity of relearning exercises, native language, the involvement of friends and family, technical assistance and training, selection of hardware and usability of the graphical interface are important factors for acceptance of TES. Stroke patients tend to use TES. Independent living, treatment in the home environment, and improved quality of life are the major motivations for use of TES. However, TES should be tailor-made and a user-centre approach should be adopted. Finally, proper education and training are essential not only for the patients but for the speech therapists and patients’ relatives and friends as well.

  • 23.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Testbed requirements for technology enhanced stroke rehabilitation to support independent living2019In: ICT4AWE 2019 - Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Ageing Well and e-Health, 2019, p. 174-182Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An identified global phenomenon is that, as the percentage of older adults increases, new challenges arise for medical care and rehabilitation. Several research studies have presented e-health as a promising concept to support the idea of independent living among patients with chronic diseases. The Mid Sweden region has a relatively old population and is a region where people live with long distances to the nearest hospital or health care centres. This study had a focus on defining testbed requirements for a technology enhanced stroke rehabilitation adapted to the specific region. The focal research question to answer in this study was: What are the requirements and their associated benefits and barriers of using technology-enhanced systems instead of traditional techniques for stroke rehabilitation in the Mid Sweden region? With Design Science as the overall research strategy, data was collected by semi-structured interviews with key stakeholders in the field of stroke rehabilitation. A deductive thematic analysis was conducted where important themes were grouped into the four main requirement categories of: Technical, Human-computer-interaction, Clinic and Sustainability. Beside the more specific requirements, an interesting finding was the division of stroke rehabilitation into the categories motoric, cognitive and speech rehabilitation; also, how technology enhanced solutions might be used in these categories. Each category has a potential for a successful use of technology enhanced services, but as the standard procedure in traditional stroke rehabilitation each patient needs a personalised treatment.   

  • 24.
    Ahmad, Awais
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Sodhro, Ali Hassan
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Speech and Language Relearning for Stroke Patients- Understanding  User  Needs for Technology Enhancement2021Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Speech and language relearning are challenging for stroke survivors, as well as medical caregivers. After a stroke, patient’s ability to read, write, speak, and listen is decreased to different degrees, which results in a compromised independent life and a decreased quality of life for the patients. Technology-Enhanced Systems (TES) can play a vital role in this context. However, the available software are not explicitly built for recovering stroke patients’ needs but often for children’s learning needs. This paper is, therefore, aimed at gathering requirements to support the design of speech and language relearning software applications for stroke survivors. A design science approach was adopted, where different stakeholders such as medical caregivers and information technology consultants were involved in the process. Deductive thematic analysis was conducted to analyze the main findings according to adult learning theory. The software requirements vary from patient to patient where the intensity of speech and language impairments, general medical condition, age, prior experience, and knowledge about the previous health record, and social setup of the patient are playing an important role. The speech therapists should have management functionality in the software to adjust the relearning exercises according to the patient’s needs.  Since, stroke is most common in adults who learn differently than children, andragogy principles were useful in recognizing patients’ health conditions. Adults are interested to be involved in the development of their relearning process. Software for speech and language assessment will be helpful to establish relearning objectives for patients.

  • 25. Andreassen, Eva
    et al.
    Solveig, Gyllenhammar
    Stenmark, Petter
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Johansson, Karin
    Lilja, Johan
    Hedlund, Christer
    Blomqvist, Maja
    Nätterlund, Karolina
    Kokbok för förändringsledare: Metdoder för att stötta engagerade människor att förverkliga idéer2020Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Det här är en kokbok för förändringsledare. Du kan använda denna bok om du ska leda  utvecklingsaktiviteter och letar efter bra och beprövade metoder för att leda grupper  och processer. Vi beskriver metoderna som vi har använt inom vårt projekt SMICE, i  vilket sammanhang metoderna använts och när de olika metoderna fungerat bra. Vår förhoppning med att nedteckna dessa metoder är att du ska inspireras och vågar  prova något nytt för att skapa nytta. Vi tror att ett detaljerat sätt att dokumentera  metoderna gör dem mer användbara för dig men också för oss själva.   Metoderna är graderade efter vilket behov av förkunskap och förberedelser du behöver,  från det enklaste, där du kan öppna kokboken och använda metoden på en gång, till  metoder som kräver utbildning eller specialistkompetens innan du sätter igång. Boken är indelad i fyra huvuddelar; Starta, Forma, Utveckla och förankra och Bygga vidare. Till dessa delar har vi identifierat metodstöd som kan användas vid en rad olika tillfällen;  vid idégenerering, vid idéutveckling, vid affärsutveckling, för att inspirera, för att skapa  samsyn och samverkan och för att mobilisera större grupper av människor och  organisationer. Något för alla, alltså. Avslutningsvis finner du tips och stöd för att  driva dessa utvecklingsprocesser på distans med digitala verktyg i digitala möten.  Ska vi sammanfatta någon lärdom av detta arbete så blir det våra nycklar som presenteras på nästa sida. Du kan se dessa nycklar som våra bästa råd för att du ska lyckas med ditt  arbete med att leda processer och att ordna möten. Lycka till! Metoderna har testats och utvecklats inom SMICE - Samskapande Mittnordisk  Innovationsarena för Cirkulär Ekonomi, ett projekt inom Interreg som pågått  2017-2020. 

  • 26.
    Bergkvist, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Humble, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Johansson, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Redesigning Professional Development on Digital Transformation Using Andragogy as a Theoretical Lens2023In: Proceedings of the 22nd European Conference on e-Learning - ECEL 2023, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited, 2023, Vol. 22, p. 25-32Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Regarding the ongoing digitalisation in the knowledge society, professional development seems more crucial than ever. The need for upskilling and reskilling is described as continuous lifelong learning, which must be combined and synchronised with the life of full-time working learners. Content, pedagogical models and instructional design in university courses are often created for students in Bachelor's and Master's programs instead of tailored for adults working full-time. This study describes and discusses andragogy as a potential knowledge base for redesigning professional development courses on digital transformation. Evaluations from two instances of a course for professionals on digital transformation showed that the course participants overall are satisfied with the course. However, only a few course participants take the exam to get credits. Therefore, the research question that guided this study was, "What redesign options for increased pass rates and learner satisfaction in professional development for adult learners can be identified using andragogy as a theoretical lens?" The course is on distance and contains four modules with synchronous and asynchronous learning activities, resulting in five European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). The empirical material consisted of course participants' check-in presentation before the course started, mid-term evaluation, final evaluations, and a learning diary containing 58 entries. The data was deductively analysed using the theory of andragogy as an analytical lens. The findings imply that instructors should put effort into how different parts of the course are connected, supporting learners' need to know. Further, to enhance the course participants' prior experience as a resource for learning by adding learning activities, they exchange experiences and examples with each other, adding to their learning process and networking. The pedagogic parts of understanding the theoretical course material could be split into pieces through exercises where the participants apply conceptual models and concepts to real-situation problems. The learning diary could help the participants align the new knowledge with their prior knowledge with a focus on professional roles and work situations. The identified redesign options create opportunities to increase pedagogical parts like readiness, orientation, and motivation to learn according to the current higher education system.

  • 27.
    Brodén, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Bergkvist, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Humble, Niklas
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    Johansson, John
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Redesigning Technology-Enhanced Professional Development to Facilitate Lifelong Learning2023In: ICERI2023 Proceedings, Sevilla: IATED , 2023, p. 604-611Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Professional development is more crucial than ever, especially in supporting ongoing digitalisation in the knowledge society. The need for upskilling and reskilling is described as continuous lifelong learning, which must be combined and synchronised with the lives of full-time working learners. Content, pedagogical models and instructional design in university courses are often centred on students in their early twenties with little to no work experience instead of tailored for experienced professionals working full-time. One such course is the foundation for this study: a course on digitalisation and digital transformation targeting professionals with at least two years of work experience in digital transformation. Therefore, the research question that guided this study was: "How can a distance course for professionals be redesigned to facilitate lifelong learning?" The redesign aims to increase satisfaction with the course and the number of participants taking their exams.

     The course contains four modules with synchronous and asynchronous learning activities, resulting in 5 ECTS credits (the European Credit Transfer System). The analysed empirical material consists of course participants' check-in presentation before the course started, mid-term evaluation, final evaluation, and a learning diary containing 58 entries. The empirical material was inductively and iteratively analysed following the main steps of thematic analysis. Two of the researchers conducted the first steps of the analysis individually. The following steps were a joint coding procedure to reach a consensus. This part of the analysis included several discussions with the other researchers. The inductive analysis identified 70 initial codes that reflected issues related to course design, learning activities, course information, and instructions. The initial codes were clustered into seventeen more abstract themes based on similarities. The themes related to strengths and weaknesses/challenges with the course. The strengths were analysed as, among others, discussions with course participants in other domains, recordings introducing scientific articles, focused and direct instructions on the learning management system (LMS), and the course is held online at the same weekly time. Perceived challenges were, for example, reading scientific articles and understanding and transferring the content to their work situation, lack of correspondence among the modules, not all modules being published simultaneously on the LMS, and the general problem of mixing work and studies.

     Despite that, the material showed satisfied course participants, where only a few ended the course by taking the exam to get their credits, which is one of academia’s ways to quantify learning. Based on the data analysis, course and learning activities will be redesigned and developed to be tested and evaluated in a forthcoming course instance in autumn 2023.  

  • 28.
    Brodén, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Snyder, Kristen
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden .
    Sörensen, Helle
    Municipality of Oestersund, Sweden .
    Zingmark, Magnus
    Municipality of Oestersund, Sweden .
    Determining Value in Welfare-Technology: The Need for a Multi-Perspective Framework2023In: International Journal of Health Economics and Policy, ISSN 2578-9295, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 76-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stakeholders in health and social care are implementing digital solutions to facilitate person-centred care for citizens. One problem is choosing which digital solution to implement. Ordinary cost-benefit analysis implicates the measurable parts of the value, leaving the immeasurable without any trace in an analysis. Results: We used design thinking to design a framework that implicates what to add as valuable factors on individual, organisational, and governmental levels. The design is based on empirical material from workshops and literature reviews on systems thinking, quality management, and value factors. The valuable factors at an individual level could include independence, autonomy, and empowerment, and the factors at the organisational level accessibility, competence, and independence. On a central level, the factors are related to person-centred care and its value proposals, such as autonomy and independence. Conclusions: While conducting a cost-benefit analysis, focusing on a standard definition of the value concept is essential. The designed framework needs to be dynamic due to the broad range of welfare technology. The created rubrics cube model, including strategic, organisational-operational and individual levels, should be used by decision-making groups as a flexible foundation. Forthcoming research will test this framework, including the proposed scale for measurement and focusing on welfare technology for older citizens.

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  • 29.
    Carnerud, Daniel
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mårtensson, Anna
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet.
    On the inclusion of sustainability and digitalisation in quality management: an overview from past to present2020In: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371, p. 1-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore whether trends in sustainability and digitalisation from the 1980s until today have left any significant practical or epistemological footprints on the quality management paradigm. The study design consists of a mixed-methods approach that applies a data-mining methodology and content analysis to the digital archives of eight scientific journals: six within the quality management (QM) domain and two with a focus on operations management (OM). The data set contains an unbroken time series of over 12,000 research paper abstracts, the first of them published in 1980, giving the study a coverage of almost 40 years. The findings show that sustainability came onto the scholarly scene in 1996 and has since become an increasingly popular research area. In regard to digitalisation, the story is quite different, as the concept is currently absent from the scholarly QM and OM literatures. However, a search for information technology (IT) and information systems (IS) revealed that these topics have been gaining attention since the 1980s. However, it was found that QM research only addresses one part of digitalisation, omitting several interesting dimensions. One example is that the QM and OM literatures address IS mainly in relation to standardised guidelines and business processes within organisations. At the same time, we found a handful of studies combining QM and topics related to modern digitisation, like social media. 

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  • 30.
    Cruose, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Publishers Working with Open Government Data: A Work Framework2022In: eJournal of eDemocracy & Open Government, E-ISSN 2075-9517, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 19-49Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents an Open Government Data (OGD) publisher framework, with work roles, field of work, and environmental descriptions. Previous knowledge about publishers' work is fragmented, with gaps and variations, indicating a high level of complexity with variations in approaches and processes. A two-stage research approach, based on Design Science Research, was used to synthesize the publisher framework. First, a tentative framework was synthesized from previous research, empirical material, and public documents. Second, it was reviewed by informed OGD experts, as well as researchers attending a work conference, and evaluated in two international contexts. As a result, the publisher framework includes environments, social units, and fields of work. The publisher framework is ready to be evaluated in other international contexts, where as, practitioners can use it to inform their work.

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  • 31.
    Crusoe, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Users’ activities and impediments from motivation to deployment in Open Government Data – a process framework2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Crusoe, Jonathan
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Users’ activities for using Open Government Data: A process framework2019In: Transforming Government: People, Process and Policy, ISSN 1750-6166, E-ISSN 1750-6174, Vol. 13, no 3/4, p. 213-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - This research aims to develop a user process framework with activities and their variations for the use of open government data (OGD) based on empirical material and previous research. Open government data (OGD) is interoperable data that is shared by public organisations (publishers) for anyone (users) to reuse without restrictions to create new digital products and services. The user process was roughly identified in previous research but lacks an in-depth description. This lack can hamper the ability to encourage the use and the development of related theories. Design/methodology/approach - A three-stage research approach was used. Firstly, a tentative framework was created from previous research and empirical material. This stage involved three different literature reviews, data mapping, and seven interviews with OGD experts. The empirical material was analysed with inductive analysis, and previous research was integrated into the framework through concept mapping. Secondly, the tentative framework was reviewed by informed OGD experts. Thirdly, the framework was finalised with additional literature reviews, eight interviews with OGD users, and a member check, including all the respondents. The framework was used to guide the data collection and as a tool in the analysis. Findings -The user process framework covers activities and related variations, where the included phases are: start, identify, acquire, enrich, and deploy. The start varies relating to the intended use of the OGD. In the identify phase, the user is exploring the accessible data to decide if the data is relevant. In the acquire phase, the user is preparing for the delivery of the data from the publisher and receiving it. In the enrich phase, the user is concocting and making something. In the final deploy phase, the user has a product or service that can be provided to end-users. Research limitations/implications - The framework development has some limitations: the framework needs testing and development in different contexts and further verification. The implications are that the framework can help guide researchers towards relevantand essential data of the user process, be used as a point of compari-son in analysis, and be used as a skeleton for more precious theories. Practical implications - The framework has some practical implications for users, publishers, and portals. It can introduce users to the user process and help them plan for the execution of it. The framework can help publishers understand how the users can work with their data and what can be expected of them. The framework can help portal owners to understand the portal’s role between users and publishers and what functionality and features they can provide to support to the user. Originality/value - In previous research, no user process with an in-depth description was identified. However, several studies have given a rough recall. Thus, this research provides an in-depth description of the user process with its variations. The framework can support practice and leads to new research avenues.

  • 33.
    Gebka, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Namur, BEL.
    Crusoe, Jonathan
    Linköpings universitet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Methods to Capture User Information Needs: Design Principles for Open Data Intermediaries and Data Providers2021In: Data Science Journal, E-ISSN 1683-1470, Vol. 20, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data providers share open government data (OGD) to be transformed by intermediaries into products and services (solutions). OGD is believed to lead to many benefits. However, OGD is not reaching its expected level of reuse, which can come from a lack of awareness, interest to fulfil the user’s needs, or novel perspectives to understand them. This paper presents a set of design principles to develop tailored mixed methods that capture activity-based information needs of users which could be satisfied by building information products based on OGD. The produced insights can help data providers and intermediaries to realign ideas of solutions to the user’s information needs. The set of nine design principles are developed using design science research and are based on previous research and empirical testing. They have been implemented with two groups of users and three groups of data providers as participants of, respectively, face-to-face and digital workshops. The design principles and the produced insights were evaluated with practitioners. Implications for practice are that starting with the users’ information needs can open a broader range of solutions and potential paths of OGD reuses, while following the design principles can help the practitioners cope with the fuzziness of the information needs and ideation process. For research, we propose a novel method that goes beyond the exclusive data provider-intermediary interaction to study new paths to improve the realization of OGD benefits.

  • 34.
    Gebka, Elisabeth
    et al.
    University of Namur, BEL.
    Crusoe, Jonathan
    Linköping Universitet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Open data reuse and information needs satisfaction: A method to bridge the gap2020In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, CEUR-WS , 2020, p. 41-49Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Data providers share open government data (OGD) to be transformed by reusers into products and services. OGD is believed to lead to many benefits but is not reaching its expected level of reuse. Data providers have attempted to use crowdsourcing contests to tackle this issue, but reusers seem to participate more for themselves than the needs of citizens. This paper presents a tentative workshop method to capture activity-based information needs of end-users in an everyday context, in order to inform publishers and inspire reusers to bridge the gap between them and end-users. The workshop is developed using design science research. It is presented as a facilitator script that can be used by practitioners, data providers, or reusers. The outputs can inform data providers about valuable datasets to release and inspire reusers to innovate sought after solutions and be adapted by open data researchers to collect data about information needs. 

  • 35.
    Jangklint, Sanna
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Challenges in creating sustainable e-commerce and its proposed digital solutions - a literature study2021In: Accelerating the progress towards the 2030 SDGs in times of crisis / [ed] Catrin Johansson; Volker Mauerhofer, Mid Sweden University , 2021, p. 786-800Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     With e-commerce expanding worldwide, not least during the current COVID-19 pandemic, our planet’s consequences and society are becoming more visible. Therefore, it is critical to cultivating a business environment where companies in the digital market integrate sustainable business models. To further understand this area, we conducted a systematic literature study to describe the current knowledge about the challenges and solutions facing sustainable e-commerce and its business models. Based on 32 peer-reviewed articles published within the last three years, we categorised them into five focal areas of sustainability in e-commerce: (1) production, (2) logistics, (3) waste & recycling, (4) business & resellers and (5) the consumer’s perspective. The results show that production should focus on digitalisation to become more intelligent and efficient, e.g., when it comes to energy consumption and decreasing waste. Current literature amplifies the last delivery route as attractive to create sustainability for logistics. The third category results add to the discussion on collecting information on how to use packing sustainably. The results show that businesses and resellers focus on sustainability, implying investments in new technology, changes in behaviour, and innovative business models. One result from the consumer category demonstrates the importance of online information related to sustainability since it affects the customers’ behaviour. Suggestions for future research are to investigate the effects of e-commerce when increasing online product information and focusing on information as an essential aspect of increasing sustainability. 

  • 36.
    Johansson, John
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Bergkvist, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Brodén (prev Ahlin), Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Att designa och utveckla en kurs för yrkesverksamma med stöd i andragogik/vuxenpedagogik.2023Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Kitkowska, Agnieszka
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Ahlin, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Improving Well-Being in Schools - Lessons Learned from IoT Experts2023In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, ISSN 0926-9630, E-ISSN 1879-8365, Vol. 302, p. 666-670Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Internet of Things (IoT) is a source of knowledge about the surrounding environment and people in such an environment. The insights collected by IoT can provide the knowledge needed to improve people’s health and overall well-being. Schools are one environment where IoT is scarcely applied, yet, it is expected that this is where children and teenagers spend most of their time. Drawing on previous findings, this paper presents preliminary results from qualitative inquiry investigating how and what IoT-based solutions could support health and well-being in elementary educational settings.

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  • 38.
    Lilja, Johan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Snyder, Kristen
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Persson Slumpi, Thomas
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Why Action Research and Quality Management is such a Nice Match: And How to Make them Dance without Falling2018In: Proceedings of the 21st QMOD conference: The Quality Movement, Where are we going ? - Past Present and Future, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose For anyone digging into the concepts, it becomes obvious that action research and quality management are a really nice match. They share many of their conceptual roots, intentions, core principles/dimensions and processes. Current best practice of quality management can even be understood as doing and strengthening action research processes, in terms of the Plan-do-study-act cycle (PDSA), in organizations. However, the choice, design and application of action research within quality management research is surprisingly seldom discussed or shared. The purpose of this paper is hence to elaborate on how action research and quality management are closely interrelated and how action research can be used more frequently and successfully in quality management research. In addition, the paper hopes to contribute to revitalizing what could be considered the most fundamental practice of quality management: the PDSA cycle.     Method The paper is based on a conceptual discussion combined with illustrative experiences and learnings from several research projects that have applied action research to develop the field of Quality Management. The projects and examples illustrate and share both experiences of dancing at its best and a few uncomfortable falls.   Findings The paper identifies several critical factors to consider when designing and applying action research within quality management research.    Practical Implications As action research is defined by its double aim, developing both scientific knowledge and practice, the ability to successfully design and apply action research in quality management research has large practical implications. One obvious risk if this dance fails is that academic researchers draw back from practice and their ambitions of developing and contributing to practice in their research. The findings of the paper are hoped to increase the number of successful future applications of action research within quality management.   Originality The study provide insights in an area sparsely discussed in previous academic work.

  • 39.
    Mozelius, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ahmad, Awais
    A game-based approach for motoric stroke rehabilitation: defining the requirements2019In: Proceedings of the European Conference on Games-based Learning, Academic publishing, Reading , 2019, Vol. 13, p. 519-526Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global phenomenon with an increased percentage of older adults is clearly identified in the Mid Sweden region. With a population that is older than the average, the need for medical care and rehabilitation is also higher. All diseases have their specialised treatments and rehabilitation requirements, and this study has a focus on defining requirements for game-based motoric stroke rehabilitation. The important research question to answer was: How might a game-based approach to motoric stroke rehabilitation support the idea of independent living? This study was carried out as a Requirement-Focused Design Science project, with the aim to define requirements for a stroke rehabilitation testbed. Requirements have been outlined with the Design science idea of asking the experts to explain their predictions of what they think will produce the effects. Eight domain experts with different professional roles were interviewed to obtain a multi-stakeholder perspective on technology enhanced and game-based stroke rehabilitation. Patterns and themes in the interview answers created categories in a thematic analysis. Furthermore, the concept was discussed with research colleagues with rich experience of e-health. All of the interviewed experts had a surprisingly positive attitude toward the game-based approach, but with the strong recommendation of an individualised rehabilitation schedule. There are large variations in both the rehabilitation needs and the stroke patients’ digital skills. An interesting comment from one of the informants was to involve dancing activities, as a complement to the game-based rehabilitation. Out of the three discussed stroke rehabilitation categories: cognitive, motoric and speech rehabilitation, motoric stroke rehabilitation seems to be the one with the highest potential for a game-based approach to support independent living. The outlined requirements could be an important part in the future implementation of a testbed for stroke rehabilitation

  • 40.
    Mozelius, Peter
    et al.
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ahmad, Awais
    Mid Sweden University.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mid Sweden University.
    The Use of Virtual Reality Applications in Stroke Rehabilitation for Older Adults: Technology Enhanced Relearning2020In: Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Information and Communication Technologies for Ageing Well and e-Health / [ed] Nick Guldemond; Martina Ziefle; Leszek Maciaszek, SciTePress, 2020, Vol. 6, p. 145-155Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    After stroke rehabilitation is a long-term relearning process that can be divided into cognitive relearning, speech relearning and motoric relearning. Today with an aging population it it interesting to look at technology enhanced and game-based solutions that can facilitate independent living for older adults. The aim of the study was to identify and categorise recently conducted research in the field of virtual reality applications for older adults’ relearning after stroke. This study was conducted as a systematic literature review with results categorised in a pre-defined framework. Findings indicate that virtual reality-based stroke rehabilitation is an emerging field that can renew after stroke rehabilitation. Most found studies were on stroke patients’ motoric and game-based relearning, and with less studies on speech rehabilitation. The conclusion is that virtual reality systems should not replace the existing stroke rehabilitation, but rather to have the idea of combining and extending the traditional relearning process where human-to-human interaction is essential. Finally, there are no virtual reality applications that can fit all stroke patients’ needs, but a thoughtful selection of exercises that matches each individual user would have a potential to enhance the current relearning therapy for older adults after stroke.

  • 41.
    Sodhro, Ali Hassan
    et al.
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahlin, Karin
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Mozelius, Peter
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Ahmad, Awais
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Internet of Medical Things for Independent Living and Re-Learning2021In: Internet of Medical Things for Independent Living and Re-Learning, 2021, p. 1-5Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position paper gives better insight about the role and importance of Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) for independent living and re-learning for older adults. Sensing Technologies are the paradigm shift for transforming conventional healthcare practices into the smart, and self-assisted activities, which are envisioned for today’s medical world. Internet of Things (IoT) and IoMT are the interrelated technologies for promoting independent living and re-learning practices. In this paper, re-learning is defined as the process for adults to recover useful instrumental activities of daily living skills that have been lost after an impairment.

1 - 41 of 41
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