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Optimizing Service Placement in Edge-to-Cloud AR/VR Systems using a Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2336-2077
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013). Queen’s University Belfast, United Kingdom.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9194-010X
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013). Czech Technical University, Czech Republic.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9051-7609
Ericsson AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
2024 (English)In: Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Services Science CLOSER / [ed] Maarten van Steen, Claus Pahl, Science and Technology Publications , 2024, Vol. 1, p. 77-91Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Augmented Reality (AR) and Virtual Reality (VR) systems involve computationally intensive image processing algorithms that can burden end-devices with limited resources, leading to poor performance in providing low latency services. Edge-to-cloud computing overcomes the limitations of end-devices by offloading their computations to nearby edge devices or remote cloud servers. Although this proves to be sufficient for many applications, optimal placement of latency sensitive AR/VR services in edge-to-cloud infrastructures (to provide desirable service response times and reliability) remain a formidable challenging. To address this challenge, this paper develops a Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm (MOGA) to optimize the placement of AR/VR-based services in multi-tier edge-to-cloud environments. The primary objective of the proposed MOGA is to minimize the response time of all running services, while maximizing the reliability of the underlying system from both software and hardware per spectives. To evaluate its performance, we mathematically modeled all components and developed a tailor-made simulator to assess its effectiveness on various scales. MOGA was compared with several heuristics to prove that intuitive solutions, which are usually assumed sufficient, are not efficient enough for the stated problem. The experimental results indicated that MOGA can significantly reduce the response time of deployed services by an average of 67% on different scales, compared to other heuristic methods. MOGA also ensures reliability of the 97% infrastructure (hardware) and 95% services (software).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Science and Technology Publications , 2024. Vol. 1, p. 77-91
Keywords [en]
Edge-to-Cloud Computing, Service Placement, Multi-Objective Genetic Algorithm, Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality.
National Category
Computer Sciences Computer Systems
Research subject
Computer Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-99765DOI: 10.5220/0000186400003711Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85194196837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-99765DiVA, id: diva2:1860218
Conference
14th International Conference on Cloud Computing and Services Science (CLOSER 2024), Angers, France, May 2-4, 2024.
Funder
Knowledge FoundationAvailable from: 2024-05-23 Created: 2024-05-23 Last updated: 2024-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Garshasbi Herabad, MohammadsadeqTaheri, JavidAhmed, Bestoun S.

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