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Sfi-elevers investering i grundläggande skriftspråksutveckling på ett andraspråk: Litteracitetspraktiker i elevernas vardagsliv och i sfi-undervisningen
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).ORCID iD: 0009-0000-7001-1563
2024 (Swedish)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Sfi students' investment in their basic literacy development in a second language : Literacy practices in the students' everyday lives and in education (English)
Abstract [en]

This licentiate thesis focuses on Sfi students (municipal adult education in Swedish for immigrants) with limited opportunities to participate in formal education prior to their immigration to Sweden, and their basic literacy development in Swedish as a second language. The overall aim of the research project is to identify experiences of literacy among the students, in their everyday lives as well as within the school setting, in order to explore how the students’ participation in different literacy practices provide a foundation for their investment in their own literacy development.

Linguistic ethnography is employed as the overarching methodological approach, and the empirical data was produced through classroom observation, ethnographic shadowing and stimulated recall interviews. As a means of emphasizing the students’ perspectives on literacy and analyzing them in terms of investment, the emic approach has been particularly important.

Drawing on examples of literacy events in the empirical data, literacy practices were analyzed. Understood in a broad sense, the concept of literacy here includes the use of a wide repertoire of semiotic resources, languages and technologies, as described within the field of New Literacy Studies (NLS, Barton, 2007). In addition to NLS, the theoretical frame used in the project was transliteracy (García, 2020; Canagarajah, 2013), critical literacy (Martin-Jones, 2007) and theory of investment (Norton, 2000; Darvin & Norton, 2021).

The results show that the knowledge, experiences and needs of the students are often marginalized by a deficiency perspective on their abilities as well as an ethnocentric view of functional literacy. In their everyday lives, the students’ various communicative purposes required them to use a multifaceted repertoire of interrelated abilities, modalities and semiotic resources, which differ significantly from those emphasized and utilized in the classroom setting. Through theoretical perspectives on investment, a tension between the students’ agency, on the one hand, and the dominant institutional understanding of how written language should be used and developed, on the other hand, is thereby made visible (see Norton & Darwin 2015, 2020). 

Abstract [sv]

Denna licentiatuppsats handlar om vuxna elevers användning och utveckling av skrift på ett andraspråk såväl i vardagen som inom kommunal vuxenutbildning i svenska för invandrare (sfi). Med grund i lingvistisk etnografi har tre fokuselever, Sonya, Tara och Alan observerats och intervjuats. Gemensamt för fokuseleverna är att de tidigare i sina liv haft begränsade möjligheter att delta i formell utbildning och därför inte getts förutsättningar att tillägna sig grundläggande läs- och skrivförmåga. Uppsatsens fokus är elevernas möten med skrift och deras perspektiv på den egna skriftspråksutvecklingen på svenska. Studien bidrar därför med kunskap om hur det är att orientera sig i ett nytt land på ett nytt språk och hur tidigare begränsade erfarenheter av möten med skrift ständigt kontrasteras mot situationer i det starkt skriftspråkcentrerade svenska samhället. Därmed synliggörs de komplexa och dynamiska litteracitetspraktiker som eleverna är en del av och de spänningar som uppstår i mötet mellan dessa litteracitetspraktiker. Genom beskrivningarna av elevernas deltagande i de olika litteracitetspraktikerna visas och diskuteras även elevernas förutsättningar att investera i sin skriftspråksutveckling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2024. , p. 173
Series
Karlstad University Studies, ISSN 1403-8099 ; 2024:14
Keywords [sv]
litteracitetspraktik, investering, grundläggande skriftspråksutveckling, Sfi
National Category
Educational Sciences
Research subject
Educational Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-99291DOI: 10.59217/vbze2022ISBN: 978-91-7867-457-2 (print)ISBN: 978-91-7867-458-9 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-99291DiVA, id: diva2:1851171
Presentation
2024-06-05, 9C203, Karlstads universitet, Karlstad, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2024-05-15 Created: 2024-04-12 Last updated: 2024-05-15Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, Pernilla

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