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Contributory factors for teen insomnia symptoms: A prospective cohort study in Sweden
Kristianstad University, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden..
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Kristianstad University, Sweden; Örebro University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2008-0784
Lund University, Sweden; University of Southern Denmark, Denmark.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7161-3416
Kristianstad University, Sweden; Lund University, Sweden.
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2022 (English)In: Frontiers in Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-4548, E-ISSN 1662-453X, Vol. 16, article id 904974Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

ObjectivesInsufficient sleep is a public health problem that impacts the mental and physical health of children and adolescents. Complaints of insomnia are particularly pervasive among adolescents. This longitudinal study investigates factors that contribute to teen insomnia symptoms. DesignFive-year prospective follow-up study. SettingSchool-based. ParticipantsA total of 522 children (49.8% girls) aged 9.4 +/- 1.3 years at baseline; 14.4 +/- 0.7 years at follow-up. MeasurementsThe dependent variable of insomnia symptoms at follow-up was assessed with the Minimal Insomnia Symptom Scale-Revised. The independent variables at baseline were the perceived family financial situation, tiredness at school, problems waking up, short sleep duration, sleeping difficulties, having a bedroom Television (TV), and time spent with a TV/computer. Multivariate binary logistic regression analyses were used to examine whether the independent variables at baseline predicted insomnia symptoms at follow-up. ResultsPerceived quite bad/very bad family financial situation (OR 3.1; CI 1.4-6.7) and short sleep duration (<10 h) (OR 2.3; CI 1.0-5.3) among girls at baseline were associated with insomnia symptoms at follow-up. Having problems waking up among boys at baseline was associated with insomnia symptoms at follow-up (OR 4.9; CI 1.6-14.4). ConclusionShort sleep duration, problems waking up, and perceived bad family financial situation during childhood were linked with adolescent insomnia symptoms. The sex-based differences in these associations warrant further investigation to effectively mitigate adolescent insomnia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Frontiers Media S.A., 2022. Vol. 16, article id 904974
Keywords [en]
adolescents, children, family affluence, insomnia, longitudinal study, sleep duration
National Category
Psychology Neurosciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kau:diva-91512DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2022.904974ISI: 000824150700001PubMedID: 35837125Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85133898476OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kau-91512DiVA, id: diva2:1688673
Available from: 2022-08-19 Created: 2022-08-19 Last updated: 2022-11-03Bibliographically approved

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Norell-Clarke, Annika

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