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  • 1.
    Ahlenius, Brita
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Hinduisk religiös utövning i vardagen: En studie av brahminska kvinnors puja i Benares2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen bygger på en fältstudie utförd bland 10 gifta, brahminska kvinnor i området Assi i Benares (Varanasi)i Indien. Avsikten med fältstudien var att ta reda på om och i sådana fall vad, hur och varför kvinnorna i undersökningsgruppen utför några dagliga religiösa handlingar. Varje kvinna har intervjuats vid två tillfällen. Intervjuerna har skett med hjälp av tolk som översatt från engelska till hindi och hindi till engelska.

    Uppsatsen besvarar tre inledande frågeställningar:

    1. Utför kvinnorna i undersökningsgruppen några dagliga religiösa handlingar?

    2. (I sådana fall) Vilka religiösa handlingar utför de dagligen? (Tillvägagångssätt? Finns det några likheter/olikheter?)

    3. Varför utför kvinnorna dessa handlingar? (Hur förklarar de ritualerna de utför?)

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att alla kvinnor i gruppen varje dag utför en puja ("gudstjänst") på morgonen och att en majoritet även utför en puja varje kväll. Fokus kom därmed att hamna på just pujan och dess utförande.

    Vissa små skillnader finns i de olika kvinnornas tillvägagångssätt när de utför sina pujor, men det finns också en tydlig stomme, eller kärna, som återfinns hos alla. När det gäller morgonens puja består denna stomme av sex steg, upacaras, och hos kvällens puja, som

    oftast är mindre, hittas en stomme av två steg. Stegen redovisas och diskuteras utförligt i uppsatsen.

    Kvinnorna förklarar sitt tillvägagångssätt med att de olika stegen utförs för att ta hand om gud och göra gud nöjd. För att förstå detta resonemang bör man ha kunskap om det hinduiska gudsbegreppet, synen på gud som personlig och närvarande. Synen på gud diskuteras ingående i uppsatsen. Kvinnornas tillvägagångssätt är också ett resultat av traditionsförmedling. Ingen i undersökningsgruppen har läst sig till hur hon ska göra utan har lärt sig av sina föräldrar och svärföräldrar och ibland har hon också lagt till egna inslag.

    För kvinnorna i undersökningsgruppen är det viktigt att varje dag utföra sina pujor. Den vanligaste förklaringen till detta är att pujorna skänker dem frid i sinnet, "mann ki shanti".

    Uppsatsen är beskrivande och den är fokuserad på den empiriska undersökningen. Resultatet av fältstudien diskuteras och fördjupas av litteratur med anknytning till innehållet.

  • 2.
    Almang, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    A NOTE ON SHAPES2015In: Journal of Philosophical Research (JPR), ISSN 1053-8364, E-ISSN 2153-7984, Vol. 40, p. 469-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It has recently been argued that the Special Theory of Relativity entails that shapes are not intrinsic properties of objects. Rather, they are properties an object has only relative to an inertial frame. In this discussion note I argue that this position, while correct, is incomplete. Objects have frame-dependent shapes because they have an intrinsic property that is the same in all inertial frames.

  • 3.
    Almang, Jan
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Affordances and the Nature of Perceptual Content2008In: International journal of philosophical studies (Print), ISSN 0967-2559, E-ISSN 1466-4542, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 161-177Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    According to John McDowell, representational perceptual content is conceptual through and through. This paper criticizes this view by claiming that there is a certain kind of representational and non-conceptual perceptual content that is sensitive to bodily skills. After a brief introduction to McDowell's position, Merleau-Ponty's notion of body schema and Gibson's notion of affordance are presented. It is argued that affordances are constitutive of representational perceptual content, and that at least some affordances, the so-called 'conditional affordances', are essentially related to the body schema. This means that the perceptual content depends upon the nature of the body schema. Since the body schema does not pertain to the domain that our conceptual faculties operate upon, it is argued that this kind of perceptual content cannot be conceptual. At least some of that content is representational, yet it cannot feature as non-demonstrative conceptual content. It is argued that if it features as demonstrative conceptual content, it has to be captured by private concepts. Since McDowell's theory does not allow for the existence of a private language, it is concluded that at least some representational perceptual content is non-conceptual.

  • 4.
    Almang, Jan
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Perceiving Exploding Tropes2016In: Grazer Philosophische Studien, ISSN 0165-9227, E-ISSN 1875-6735, Vol. 93, no 1, p. 42-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this paper is the perception of properties. It is argued that the perception of properties allows for a distinction between the sense of the identity and the sense of the qualitative nature of a property. So, for example, we might perceive a property as being identical over time even though it is presented as more and more determinate. Thus, you might see an object first as red and then as crimson red. In this case, the property is perceived as identical over time, even though the sense of the qualitative nature ( the redness, the crimson redness) of the property is changing. The distinction between the sense of identity and the sense of quality is explicated in terms of perceiving a particular property, a trope, and perceiving it as an instance of a universal. It is subsequently argued that the perceived tropes cannot constitute the phenomenal character of the perceptual experience.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Elena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Buddhismens olika ansikten: Gymnasieelevers föreställningar om buddhism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden and in the West, interest in Buddhism has increased and many have a more positive view of Buddhism than other religions. Other studies have been able to discern this positive view of Buddhism, but I have not yet found a study that has examined how students view Buddhism.At secondary school, Religionskunskap 1 is a compulsory course that all-school students read regardless of program, and thus all studentshave been taught about Buddhism.In this thesis, I try to find out how secondary school students who recently took the course view Buddhism and how well the orientalist mindset and postcolonial perspective appear in the students ́ statements.Students from three upper secondary schools participated in the survey and at each interview 5 -6 students were interviewed. The result showed that the students had a very positiveimageof Buddhism.The view of religion, prayer and ruleswas not as good and therefore the students had difficulty defining Buddhism as a religion. Two imagesappeared clearly and the first was that Buddhism is a kind of philosophy of life and the other that it is a religion but without a god and that it is a good religion.The students meant thatBuddhismcan be definiteas areligion because there is a founder, Buddha, belief in some supernatural powers like "samsara" and "nirvana", but somestudents object by saying that a religion must have some kind of God, and they understand that Buddhism doesn’t have a God. In the conversation about Buddhism, it is clear that the students are talking about a form of Buddhism. The leek's rites are notmentioned. The only ritual associated with Buddhism is meditation seen as a tool for reaching the "truth" or nirvana. There are monks, the Dalai Lama and the Buddha who can represent the Buddhists, the laymen, on the other hand, get little place in student conversations.The conclusion that can be drawn from the results is that the students' view of Buddhism is largely in line with the image found in previous research. The result that was extra interesting was that the students questioned Buddhism as a religion, something that seems to be public perceptions both within the academy and the public.

  • 6.
    Andersson Happe, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Mediatiserad religion i ramen av humor: En studie av den amerikanska sitcom-serien the Big Bang Theory2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since 2007 the American sitcom the Big Bang Theory has spread throughout the world. With its twenty million watchers it is one of the most popular sitcoms of our time. The starting point for this essay is that the humourus series with the more or less geeky main characters is more than just entertainment - it is a part of the mediatization of religion. This means that media is affecting the recipients’ view on religion in general and the personal religion. As we watch TV, we get socialized into how to act in our every day life. In this case, it is about religion depicted as entertainment. Through a film analysis of a number of selected scenes from the first three seasons of the series, this essay stresses the representation of the religious traditions Judaism, Christianity, Hinduism and religion in general. On the basis of etnocentrism, exitocism and a differentiation between religious praxis and religious beliefs my conclution is that Jews are portrayed in a very ”modern” and secular way, Christians are narrow-minded and quite stupid and Hindus are doing strange rituals and believe in very unreasonable phenomena. Religion in general is portrayed as something accepted but it should be rational and religous practice has its own time and place. 

  • 7.
    Andersson, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Att fatta beslut i en föränderlig värld: En kvantitativ studie om beslutsfattande under osäkerhet och svenska investerares syn på klimatrisker vid en investering2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Decision making in an ever changing world is shown to be harder than ever when the outcomes of climate change are not known. Research has shown that the decisions taken where outcomes are uncertain are influenced by psychological background variables.

    Economic risk research has since the 1960s evolved to be linked with psychological and behavioral research and shows to a great degree how these two fields are related. Prospect theory has evolved from this and shows how attitudes affect the perception of gains and losses, which is what investors handles daily. The psychological factors that are underlying investor when making a decision are many. They show high confidence in decisions, are affected by mood swings and show an overestimation of their own knowledge.

    With the climate changing questions are being raised with regards to climate- and restructional risks. The worlds economy will be affected by this. The financial sector is trying to find out how the global political systems will manage these risks and what changes this implies. This also applies to investors - when even they must have this in mind.

    A survey was carried out to get a picture of how a Swedish investor might look at climate risks when investing in a few selected sectors and what underlying influences can affect a decision taken under uncertainty. One can then be able to analyze and compare a Swedish investors risk picture with international reports on risks in the world.

    The analysis concluded that Swedish investors have a greater focus on climate risks in the energy / power companies, engineering industry and transport but do not see any major increase in the focus on climate change risks within a decade. Underlying factors that influence investors' decision making under uncertainty is how information is designed, personality, self-confidence, social situation, and group membership.

  • 8. Andersson, Malin
    Att säga "No More" till ondskan: En narrativ analys av Stranger Things-karaktären Eleven som kristusgestalt2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens ansats är att undersöka hur den kvinnliga karaktären Eleven kan tolkas som en kristusgestalt. Med hjälp av en narrativ analys av utvalda scener i säsong ett av tv-serien Stranger Things där karaktären Eleven figurerar, analyseras både Elevens handlingar och hennes karaktäristiska drag med hjälp av bland annat Tomas Axelsons förståelse av en kristusgestalt och dess rötter, samt Lloyds Baughs åtta kriterier för kristusgestalter. Resultatet visar att Elevens karaktäristiska drag och handlingar är till stor del förenliga med en kristusgestalts, men är inte oproblematiskt. Många av Elevens handlingar, även de som genomförs med ett beskyddande syfte, genomsyras av våld, vilket inte är kristuslikt alls. Tidigare forskning menar att våld är vanligt förekommande bland dagens kristusgestalter, men frågan kan ställas huruvida detta så vitt skiljande drag bör påverka tolkning av karaktärer som kristusgestalter.

  • 9. Andersson, Marie
    Överlevde de nordiska gudinnorna religionsskiftet?: En komparativ studie om sambandet mellan nordiska gudinnor och den nordiska folktrons naturrådande väsen2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Andersson, Markus
    Karlstad University.
    I väntan på den dolde Imamen: En studie av vad några gymnasielärare och deras läroböcker tar upp om Shiaislam i religionskunskapsundervisningen2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Andersson, Mikaela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Hindukvinnor – sida vid sida: En kvalitativ diskursanalys över konstruktionen av hindukvinnor i svenska och indiska läroböcker2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School is a place for identity formation. When gender and religion are studied pupils tend to perceive religion, especially non-Christian religions, as traditional and patriarchal. Female oppression in religion is also used as a way of “othering”. Religious education is rarely presenting the women’s perspective. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the construction of Hindu women in Swedish and Indian school textbooks. The study was conducted through discourse analysis, using Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe’ “toolbox” for identifying group identity. As a theoretical framework postcolonial theory and postcolonial feminism were used. A total of eight textbooks were examined. The results showed that the discourse of Hindu women in Swedish textbooks was not hegemonic, instead, it consisted of four different discourse. Some of them were colonial in character. Only one textbook showed Hindu women as religious agents. Women in Indian textbooks were constructed in a different way, often described as agents, working for change in a traditional society. By studying how group identity and agency are constructed in textbooks religious education can become better equipped to enable gender and religious identities in a multicultural society. Hence this thesis claims that the research between gender, religious education and multiculturalism need further inquiry.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Monica
    Karlstad University.
    Vad tron innebär för wicca-anhängare: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Angleborg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Arvsynden och barnet: I historisk och senmodern svensk kontext2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Bachelor Thesis in Religious Science III, by Karin Angleborg.Karlstad University, 2013. Mentor: Sören DaleviOriginal Sin and the Child- In a Historical and Late Modern Swedish ContextThe purpose of this thesis is to analyze how the view of the child in relation to the Original Sin has developed during Christian history, and what the late modern Swedish debate has contributed with.Question formulation:1. What is the historical view on Original Sin and its relation to the child?2. Which voices has participated in the late modern Swedish debate about Original Sin and the relationship between Original Sin and the child?3. How can the late modern Swedish debate about the Original Sin and its relation to the child be understood in relation to the historical perspective?A qualitative textual analysis is used as a method to answer the purpose and questions of this thesis. Different theologians from both a historical and a late modern Swedish context are analyzed for the thesis in order to identify the tendencies that influence the Original Sin debate. The results of the analysis include identification of two common themes within the historical perspective, themes which are also present in the late modern Swedish debate.

  • 14.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Lund University, Sweden.
    A Lutheran answer to challenges from Alasdair MacIntyre and Stanley Hauerwas: Early Lutheran theology and ethics in dialogue with present day post-secularism2014In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 90, no 3, p. 100-119Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The new traditionalist wave in ecumenical theology (for example Hauerwas, MacIntyre and Milbank) gives little and often even negative attention to Early Reformation thoughts. Lutheran theology is often depicted as a platonic ecclesiology where the ethics and politics of the “secular” society is accepted automatically also with-in the church. The article presents some of the main critical questions to Early Lutheran thinking from con-temporary theology. Then, a short historical investigation follows on some Lutheran concepts, like the “Two kingdoms doctrine” and "The three orders". I use a heavily discussed topics within Lutheran tradition, the "Table of duties” within the Catechism, to show that at least historically, Early Lutheranism can give a com-prehensive response to post-secular critics. The critique against Lutheranism in contemporary theology is not correct if the writings from Early Lutheranism (Martin Luther and the Book of Concord) are studied closely. Then, the hermeneutical question, how to deal with this historical knowledge today, remains. I claim for a middle-way between liberalism and communitarianism, that will make it possible for a wide range of interpre-tations concerning Christianity and culture in our multi-cultural society.

  • 15.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Befrielse på folkspråk?: Språk och ecklesiologi i reformationstida kyrkoordningar och i kyrkohandboksförslaget2014In: Framtidens gudstjänst?: Kyrkohandboksförslaget granskat / [ed] Stephan Borgehammar, Skellefteå: Artos & Norma bokförlag, 2014, p. 17-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Luther in Swedish2018In: Lutheran Quarterly, ISSN 0024-7499, E-ISSN 2470-5616, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 71-78Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Lutherforskningens koppling till luthersk tro: En kritisk utvärdering av ett forskningsprojekt2017In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 93, no 1-2, p. 95-108Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article evaluates a research project on Lutheran theology and ethics in a post-Christian society supervised by professor emeritus Carl-Henric Grenholm, Uppsala University. The project has resulted in six books and the topics of the books are: (1) original sin, (2) spiritual training, (3) political aspects of Christian ethics, (4) human bodies, pleasure and passion, (5) vocation, and (6) law and sin in nineteenth-century revival movements. As a whole, the project puts focus on twentieth-century theology and gives only little attention to what Luther has actually written. Even less attention is paid to other early Lutheran writers. Present-day Christian globalism and ecumenism are not noted at all in the books of the project. Future Lutheran scholarship can learn a lot from the failures of this project. It is important to treat the sources from the sixteenth century carefully and contextualize them in order to translate them into present time. It also seems increasingly necessary to clarify previous research traditions on the topics that present-day scholars write about. As a last insight we can see that Luther scholars, instead of locking the early Lutheran sources into modernist categories, need to reevaluate the diverse Lutheran tradition from which they form their own theological agenda, thereby clarifying how they interpret the Biblical and ancient church traditions on the topic in dialogue with the Lutheran doctrinal formulations from the sixteenth century.

  • 18.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Religion i svensk läroplanshistoria: Utvecklingslinjer i uppfattningen om människan som politiskt och etiskt subjekt2015In: Det postsekulära klassrummet: Mot ett vidgat religionskunskapsbegrepp / [ed] Carlsson, David & Thalén, Peder, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2015, p. 109-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Artan, Niklas Kanat
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Tv-spel som resurs för religionskunskap: En undersökning om tv-spel som resurs inom dygdetik2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the possibilities of using video games as a tool for education of virtue ethics. By comparing learning aspects in Marc Prensky’s theory Digital Game-Based Learning and Aristotelian virtue ethics, this paper tries to look for similarities in how each theory looks at learning. Prensky’s theory is about how one can use video games in education, which is why it is used here. This is done by using three major learning theories as a framework of how one learns. The theories are sociocultural learning theory, constructivist learning theory and Learning by Doing. Both virtue ethics and Digital Game Based-Learning are presented in detail, describing what they are, how they look at learning and how that view relates to the other three major theories. Once that is done, a comparison between Virtue Ethics and Digital Game-Based Learning is given to show what they have in common. The comparison looks at both theories views on learning and from there decides whether they work in conjunction with each other or not. The paper ends with a discussion of how plausible the usage of video games and Digital GameBased Learning is in a school environment, asking questions regarding issues with video games in general and Prensky’s theory.

  • 20.
    Artan, Niklas Kanat
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Tv-spel som resurs för religionskunskap.: En undersökning om tv-spel som resurs inom dygdetik.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the possibilities of using video games as a tool for education of virtue ethics. By comparing learning aspects in Marc Prensky’s theory Digital Game-Based Learning and Aristotelian virtue ethics, this paper tries to look for similarities in how each theory looks at learning. Prensky’s theory is about how one can use video games in education, which is why it is used here. This is done by using three major learning theories as a framework of how one learns. The theories are sociocultural learning theory, constructivist learning theory and Learning by Doing. Both virtue ethics and Digital Game Based-Learning are presented in detail, describing what they are, how they look at learning and how that view relates to the other three major theories. Once that is done, a comparison between Virtue Ethics and Digital Game-Based Learning is given to show what they have in common. The comparison looks at both theories views on learning and from there decides whether they work in conjunction with each other or not. The paper ends with a discussion of how plausible the usage of video games and Digital GameBased Learning is in a school environment, asking questions regarding issues with video games in general and Prensky’s theory.

  • 21. Behrendtz, Lennart
    et al.
    Skogar, Björn
    Grundtvig, Geijer och deras verkningshistoria1997Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna skrift är en produkt av symposiet Grundtvig, Geijer och deras verkningsshistoria som anordnades i Karlstad och Dömle den xx - xx april 1996 för forskare och studenter.

    Arrangörer var avdelningen för historia och religionsvetenskap, Centrum för historisk-filosofisk forskning samt Center för Grundtvigsstudier vid Aarhus Universitet, Danmark

  • 22.
    Bergenlind, Johanna
    Karlstad University.
    Skolan och kyrkans samarbete kring traditionella högtider: Perspektiv på en motsägelsefull relation2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Berggren, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Division for Educational Sciences.
    Sekulariseringsprocessen i Svenska kyrkan och den kristna tron från 1800 talet fram till idag2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    We are all aware of the fact that we humans live in a society that changes as time goes on. How these things have affected us humans from the early 1pth century until today is on the other hand not always obvious. In this way my interest for this subject was aroused:

    How the status of Christianity in Swedish society and its school has changed in course of time from the 19th century until today?

    To find an answer to my question I chose to carry out a literature study. A study where I have worked with much different literature to find an answer to my question. A question that includes a secularizing process with many factors who has affects in a change process.

    The results shows that society has developed from being completely centralized around the Christian faith during the 19th century so that the Christian faith nowadays works as a resource and a voluntary organisation in society. There the agriculture changes to an industrial society. The humans move from the country to the cities in an urbanizing process. Cities were built up around the industries and the growing communication network. The industry revolution developed the society we all live in today, a service society and because of all these factors Sweden has today developed into a multicultural society through a secularizing process.

    Through this process can you see many traces of church-, school-, and the society process and how these factors have been affected and developed.

    Key words: The development of Christianity from the 19th century until today, view of life, religion, school and society.

  • 24.
    Bergh, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Att växa genom drama: En studie om dramats betydelse som undervisningsmetod i syfte att stärka barns självkänsla och självförtroende.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is built upon the subject of drama. Its purpose was to examine if drama was a good and important educational method to/for children, and if drama is enhancing childrens self-esteem and self-confidence. By reviewing the results from literature and interviews, my intention was to compare the results, in order to find out what the views of the literature and respondents on drama was.

    I used qualitative interviewing, to find out what the teachers had to say about drama, and I used literature that was relevant to the purpose of the essay. I took a deeper look at the meaning of educational drama and pedagogical drama was, and also the meaning of self-esteem and self-confidence, in order to connect it with the results from the literature and the interviews.  

    After studying the literature and the interviews, I could see coherence, and therefore compile a result.  Both literature and the interviewed teachers considers drama to be a good and important method within the educational school and that drama positively has got a strengthening effect on childrens self-esteem and self-confidence. However, it was also clear, that in order to use drama as a method to enhance and strengthen childrens self-esteem and self-confidence, one would need to use the method for a long period of time.

  • 25.
    Bergström, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Delar av Helheten: En religionsdidaktisk studie av antroposofin som tankesystem2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is threefold. The first is to provide an enhanced understanding of the anthroposophic movement's basic components and how they are interconnected to each other. Waldorfeducation is further a related example of an anthroposophic activity that is being studied. The basic idea is to study the structure of which a system of thought consist of. The theoretical framework for the study is therefore conducted according to Ninian Smart's seven dimensions of religion. This is further conducted through a hermeneutic analysis of two books. Smarts theory puts an emphasis on understanding a system of thought, rather than come to terms what religion or a system of ideas is in general. The second part is to evaluate the application of this theoretical framework according to the results from the study. The third part consists by how the result might be advantageous for teachers developing their teaching and to bring an enhanced understanding of religion in general. The results of the study find that different areas have their own expressions, but a common ground is found in a holistic worldview. A key finding is how expressions are being understood differently dependent on perspective, that is what the anthroposophic movement incorporate and functions through. The dimensional model has proven to be a viable method for both mapping features in a system of thought, as well as being beneficial in a didactic context. It’s possible to apply the dimensional model on several areas in the Swedish curriculum, concerning religious courses in the upper secondary school. Its’ ultimate merit is how different religions, system of thought, ideologies can be illustrated and discussed by the student which may enhance their understanding of a complex phenomenon.

  • 26.
    Bergvall, Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Fulke Greville2013In: The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine / [ed] Karla Pollman and Willemien Otten, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 1083-1085Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Bergvall, Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Philip Sidney2013In: The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine / [ed] Karla Pollmann and Willemien Otten, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013, p. 1737-1739Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Bergvall, Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    Mithander, Conny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Leffler, Yvonne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Berättelse i förvandling: Berättande i ett intermedialt och tvärvetenskapligt perspektiv2000Book (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Billman, Emelie
    Karlstad University.
    Healing, andlighet och nyreligiösa rörelser: En studie av de organisatoriska förändringarna inom Reconnective Healing2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to find a reason to why spiritual healing movements in time tend to fall outside the concept of spirituality. The hypothesis for this work is that it happens due to the social psychology within  group constellations. Therefore the previous research, by Roy Wallis, Stefan Thau et al, Małgorzata Kossowska och Maciej Sekerdej, Juliette Schaafsma och Kipling D. Williams, and an earlier essay written by me, focuses on social psychology with connections to movements of different kinds. The essay investigates the healing organization Reconnective Healing, which has been categorized as spiritual but might not be anymore, due to some recent organizational changes. The research questions focus on what kind of changes has happened and where the organization can be placed in a concept categorisation today. The theoretical background is based on Olav Hammer, Roy Wallis, Christopher Partridge and Anton Geels and Owe Wikström. It consists of the concept definitions of spirituality, cult, sect, religion and new religion. Moreover, theories evolving social psychology, by Lars Svedberg and Björn Nilsson, is presented. The method used is comparative analysis and qualitative interviews of Reconnective Healing Practitioners. The result shows that the organization has moved from the concept of spirituality towards the concept of new religion. The cause of the organizational changes seems to be the founder, Eric Pearls will to decrease pluralistic views within the organisation, by excluding members and tighten the rules and guidelines. Moreover, the result indicates that organisations in general might never be able to be categorised as spiritual since the social psychology within group constellations creates factors that contradict most contents within spirituality. 

  • 30.
    Billman, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Åskådliggörandet av skuggan: om att finna sin inneboende gudom2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates if the spiritual and/or religious search among people in secularized countries can be a result of fear. The method used for this purpose was hermeneutics, since it offers room for interpretation and an understanding of human intentions and ideas. Carl G. Jung's and Bertrand Russell's research on religion became the theoretical foundation since both scientists argue that fear and religion are connected, though in different ways, where Jung sees a positive connection while Russell sees a negative one. Futhermore, Olaf Hammer's distinction between the concepts religion and spirituality was also part of this foundation. For previous research Matthias Bluemke's (and others) and René Hefti's scientific reports were used to demonstrate how fear and religion/spirituality might be connected to one another. The following investigation revolved around the degree to which people are affected by fear, how fear is handled and what impact religion and spirituality might have on fear. The books that were analyzed were: Tänka, snabbt och långsamt, by Daniel Kahneman, which describes the function of the human brain; Flytande rädsla, by Zygmunt Bauman, which describes fear in modern time; and lastly Skuggeffekten, by Deepak Chopra and others, which uses a spiritual perspective to describe how fear has been handled historically and how it should be handled in modern day time. In the final discussion a comparison was made between the result of the investigation and previous research. The result showed that fear and religion/spirituality in multiple ways have a deep connection to each other, and that fear can result in an inner search for balance in which spiritual experiences can arise. The result was therefore contrary to Russell's theory but, for the most part, in line with Jung's.

  • 31.
    Billman, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Åskådliggörandet av skuggan: Om att finna sin inneboende gudom2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Bjaaland, Simon
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Läroböcker och objektivitet i religionskunskap: En undersökning om objektivitet i svenska läroböcker i religionskunskap 1962- 20112016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med denna uppsats har varit att undersöka objektivitet som mål och idé i läroplaner och

    läroböcker i religionskunskap med ett särskilt fokus på beskrivningarna av kristendomen.

    Först har jag undersökt objektivitet som mål och idé i de aktuella läroplanerna Lgr 62, 69, 80

    och Lpo 94. Därefter har jag tittat på hur objektivitet som mål återspeglas i de undersökta

    läroböckerna. Som metod har jag använt en innehållsanalys vilket är av fördel när en stor

    mängd text som i denna uppsats skall undersökas. Detta för att ett stort material kan reduceras

    systematiskt till begränsade kategorier av textens innehåll. Innehållsanalysen passade också

    till den teori som analysen tog spjärn emot. Det framkommer att objektivitet som mål

    återfinns i samtliga läroplaner men att objektivitet som begrepp var vanligt förekommande i

    Lgr 62 och 69. Slutligen kan man spåra objektivitet som mål i Lgr 80 och Lpo 94 till saklighet

    och allsidighet som kommit bli det centrala. Av undersökningen framkommer det att

    kristendomen är den religion som fått mest utrymme jämfört med övriga världsreligioner i

    samtliga läromedel kopplat till samtliga läroplaner. Det framkommer också att samtliga

    läroböcker är rikliga när det kommer till beskrivningar av olika inriktningar av kristendomen.

    När detta undersöks närmre är de främst rikliga när det kommer till beskrivningar av de

    samfund som har en nära geografisk koppling till Sverige och våra grannländer.

  • 33. Bjarkå, S.
    et al.
    Haglund, C.
    Kjellberg, A.
    Osbeck, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.
    Richardsson, A.
    Sohlberg, E.
    Svensson, A.
    Zetterblad, M.
    Rapportering av kvalitetsarbetet i kommuner och skolor samt Skolverkets åtgärder för att stödja detta arbete2000Report (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Björklund, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    ”IS är väl en del av islam?!”: En kvalitativ studie av mellanstadielärares bilder av elevers uppfattningar om religion, islam och muslimer.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate what picture middle school teachers have of their student groups expressing their opinions on religion, both as a social subject but also as a school subject. This study also aims to investigate how these middle school teachers experience their student groups expressing their views on Islam, and Muslims, and to what extent the students are connecting Islam with religious extremism. Based on the results, the study will also investigate to what extent the participant teachers are working with conceptual change in the classroom, and for their students’ individual development in religious education. In conclusion of the results from the investigation, the study will try to perceive to what extent the student groups are in need of conceptual change. The teachers of this study are working at middle schools in Sweden. Two of the teachers participating in the study are working abroad, at two Swedish schools in two other European countries. The reason behind the participation of the two teachers working abroad is to get a wider perspective on the subject, but also to compare the results between students in Sweden and Swedish students abroad. The perspective could have been even broader if the study would have included more teachers from Swedish schools in Europe. In total the study contains fourteen middle school teachers who have been interviewed through two qualitative methods - five of the teachers through individual meetings, and nine of the teachers through online surveys. The study’s results are being presented partly with a qualitative compilation of four tables where each interview has been interpreted through four different questions with different claims. Every claim has a value between 1 and 5, or, 1 and 4, where the higher number gives a more positive result and a lower number gives a more negative result. The study’s results will show that the teachers who experience their student groups to have a more positive view on religion as a subject are also having a more positive view on Islam and Muslims. These student groups are, either never or occasionally, connecting Islam with religious extremism, and at the same time are receiving an education on the meaning behind religious extremism. The results are also showing that the teachers who experience their student groups having a more negative view on religion as a subject also have a more negative view on Islam and Muslims. These student groups are, either sometimes or very often, connecting Islam with religious extremism. These student groups are never, or rarely, receiving an education about the meaning behind religious extremism. The final result of the study will show an interesting connection between the teachers’ perception of the student groups who are connecting Islam, Muslims and the terror group IS, are also not offered an education in the subject regarding religious extremism. The teachers who perceive the student groups to not connect Islam, Muslims and the terror group IS, are offering an education in religious extremism. Therefor, the study is discussinghow middle school students would grow on an individual level when offered a deeper education in religion where world religions would be viewed through different perspectives, where the stereotypic picture of religious actions and religious practice would be outcompeted.

  • 35.
    Björklund, Emil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Pitri-Paksh: En ritual, flera uppfattningar2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines a Hindu ritual named Pitri-Paksh. The ritual is performed in commemoration of deceased ancestors. The thesis aims to find any differences in perceptions about the ritual between highly and lowly educated people. The aim is also to see if there are different perceptions between different age groups and different perceptions between those who perform the ritual and those who do not. There are two didactical purposes of this thesis, one is to examine how people learn about Pitri-Paksh, the second is to examine whether differences in perceptions of the ritual can generate didactical dilemmas. The method used is a semi-structured interview method, where two questionnaires were used depending on whether the person performed the ritual or not, follow-up questions have also been asked. Six of the respondents lived in a district named Assi in the city of Varanasi in India, none of the respondents had university education. These respondents were interviewed in Hindi with aid of an interpreter. The other six respondents lived in other parts of Varanasi and were students at Banaras Hindu University. These respondents were interviewed in English without an interpreter. The result of the thesis was that there are differences between university students and less educated. There were also differences between respondents of different ages and between those who perform Pitri-Paksh and those who do not. The didactical conclusions are that knowledge about Pitri-Paksh mostly conveys within the family, even friends and neighbours contribute to the knowledge. The differences in perceptions should not be a problem for a Swedish teacher because the Swedish school curriculum shows that teaching should point to diversity in religions. 

  • 36.
    Björnstad, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    "Sjung Rama, Sjung Allah": Interreligiöst deltagande av manliga muslimska musiker i hinduiska religiösa sammanhang i Indien2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine interreligious participation for male Muslim musicians in Hindu religious context. Data for this study is collected by qualitative interviews on the previously mentioned Muslims. These interviews where performed in India, Varanasi. The collected data is analyzed through four perspectives on interreligious participation. The results show how the participation can be understood. It also shows through which of the four perspectives, which this papers theory rests on, can be used to understand how the musicians explain their participation. The four perspectives are; the participation perspective, the cultural perspective, the practitioner’s perspective and the no perspective, that enlightens the understanding of this particular interreligious participation. The result shows that a combination of the four perspectives is used to best understand the answers for the study questions. By discussing three major themes that correlates with the study question it became apparent that a combination of the different perspectives was the way to understand it. The first theme; music or faith had a majority of the use of the practitioner’s perspective. The other theme; the contact to God, shows more of a combination where the three first perspectives are dominant. The final theme: Music as a religion, is mostly a combination of the no perspective and the practitioner’s perspective. What can be said from those findings are that all of the perspectives are needed to understand how the musicians claim to experience and feel about their interreligious participation, although some of the perspectives are more used than others.

  • 37.
    Blidstam Olsson, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Frånvaro av kompetenskrav i arbete med unga med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning: En analys av styrdokument2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Lagerkvists Sibyllan och det monistiska problemet2006In: På spaning: Från Svenska kyrkans forskardagar 2005 / [ed] Gunner, Göran, Stockholm: Verbum Forlag, 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Blomqvist, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Pedagogers uppfattningar av läs- och skrivsvårigheter: När en läs- och skrivsvårighet övergår till att bli en fråga om särskilt stöd2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The study aims to discover and describe variations in a number of active teachers' perceptions of the phenomenon of reading and writing difficulties. From that purpose the question formulation was made.The study was performed with a phenomenographic approach when there are perceptions that have been studied. The Analysis material consisted of eight interviews with teachers working in grade one to three. According to phenomenography is the result of descriptive categories, in this case three, which in turn consists of a number of subcategories, each with relevance to the purpose. The three description categories are: Variation of literacy, How educators know that one difficulty requires special support, and Influencing Factors.The results revealed that teachers perceive the work to assess the need for special support in the early reading and writing skills, as very complex. Different variations was revealed in the types of reading and writing difficulties teachers encounter in their daily work, how they went to proceed in the assessment process and what influences they could see. The difficulties that teachers perceived as most commonly was phonological difficulties associated with decoding. When teachers made the assessment of reading and writing difficulties many of them based it on their own experience and also referred to it as the basis for assessment. Some teachers chose to support their assessment in mapping materials or different types of tests. Some of the factors that teachers believe ends up in reading and writing difficulties was, lack of competence of the teacher, the characteristics of the student or the lack of organization.In the discussion the method and the result was problematized and what it may mean for future studies.Keywords: reading and writing difficulties, special support, phenomenography

  • 40.
    Bornstedt, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    ”Det är ett konfessionellt rum, det är ju en kyrka”: Kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra präster inom svenska kyrkan och deras syn på den icke-konfessionella skolavslutningen i kyrkorummet2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses four priests within the Swedish church and their view of the non-denominational graduation ceremony in church. The purpose is to examine the priests' view of the non-denominational graduation and their role in the ceremony. Possible Christian approaches in school law and school policy documents have also been examined. The examination was based on qualitative interviews with four priests and analysis of both the school's and the church's legal texts and guidelines. I have utilized Anthony Giddens' views on identity and the modern society in the discussion of the results. Based on the results, one can then deduce that the priests in my study all believe that it is not possible to be in a church without being confessional, and that they find it difficult to know what role they should have at a graduation. It was also possible to distinguish a connection between the national school curriculum and Protestantism to some extent. 

  • 41.
    Brandby Cöster, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Att uppfatta allt mänskligt: underströmmar av luthersk livsförståelse i Selma Lagerlöfs författarskap. Swedish text with a German summery2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis categorises some characteristic features in the 20th century Lutheran theology, in order to create a picture of the Lutheran theology and Lutheran pre-understanding of life which leave its marks on Selma Lagerlöf as well as on other contemporary expressions of faith and worldviews. Four Lutheran figures of thought are examined as undercurrents in the discourse of the writings of Selma Lagerlöf. They are a) The understanding of Word and Faith, which includes the understanding of justification by faith. b) Faith in God as Creator and in his providence. c) The doctrine of vocatio and God's two regiments. d) The theology of the Cross that emphasises the descent of God and God's taking part in the human life. This investigation has shown that the epic of Lagerlöf can be read in terms of Lutheran theology.

    The religious roots of Selma Lagerlöf are often described as ”a nothing” - a traditional background, a friendly non-doctrinal piety, and so forth. But this inconspicuous and unconscious religious background has a content, namely the Lutheran faith in the culture and society in which she grew up.

    Some of the great novels such as The story of Gösta Berlings saga, Jerusalem and The wonderful adventures of Nils and some stories, sagas and legends are investigated. The study shows how the Lutheran understanding of life is expressed in these texts and their interpretation of the reality.

  • 42.
    Brox, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Ett nytt digitalt didaktiskt verktyg för religionsundervisningen: En studie om hur Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion och andra dataspel kan hjälpa lärare att öka elevernas intresse för religionsämnet genom att bryta ner förutfattade åsikter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years studies have shown students interest in school has dropped as they mainly see the subjects being taught or their content to be irrelevant or hard to relate to.

    This essay explores how using computer games, specifically Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, as a teaching tool can help increase students overall interest in the subject of religious education which should facilitate more learning. This essay will be focusing on the Judeo-Christian themes that can be found in the games dialogue, texts and the main missions. To accomplish this, a text analysis will be done of some of the conversations and texts in the game as well as a more thematic analysis of the main missions.

    The texts and conversations were collected by playing through the games main missions and taking screenshots during reading, conversations and key parts of the story. These screenshots are featured in a separate appendix.

    This essay follows a socio-cultural theory of learning as laid out by Lev Vygotsky and later James Wertsch. This theory argues that learning is facilitated in groups of people, and is affected by the kinds of groups that the learners are involved with. It also argues that:

    1. Everything has evolved to reach the point/form it has today.
    2. Higher mental functions come from social interactions.
    3. Human actions are transferred with tools and symbols.

    The computer game in this study is shown to be one such tool, and can be used to facilitate socio-cultural learning. It can also be used to overcome barriers against learning in school that the students may have picked up at home or amongst their friends by approaching them in a more familiar manner. This makes the game and others like it a good tool for teachers struggling to reach their students through a wall of disinterest.

  • 43.
    Bruno, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Religionens synlighet i sociala medier: En innehållsanalys om moskédebatter på facebook2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how religion and the construction of new religious buildings are debated in social media. The study is based on two research questions concerning the main arguments about the mosque building in Karlstad and what kind of image of Muslims and Islam that exist. Data were collected from two Facebook-groups, Ja till moské i Karlstad and Nej tack till moské i Karlstad and analyzed and categorised with a content analysis and image analysis.

    The theory of the study rests on Mattias Gardell’s definition of Islamophobia. The theory also includes Klas Borell’s definition of NIMBY and the concept of cyber-Islamophobia by Göran Larsson.

    The result showed that most arguments concerning the building of the mosque were based on arguments of freedom of religion. The positive arguments claimed a mosque was good for the city and the freedom of religion. The arguments that were negative claimed a mosque would be a threat to the freedom of religion, since they claimed Islam is violent and that the location for the mosque should be used for something better (housing, school, activities, etc.). Muslims and Islam i portrayed mostly negative and stereotyped. However, these stereotypes are contradicted by Muslims who claims their religion to be peaceful and respectful.the result showed that the arguments overall was Islamophobic even though some arguments in favor to defend that Islam exist.

  • 44. Burnett, Robert
    et al.
    Mithander, Conny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Högberg, Lasse
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Implementeringens Sköna Konst1998Report (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Bustad, Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Synen på islam inom den svenska religionsundervisningen: med utgångspunkt ifrån andra generationens muslimer2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Carlsson, Christin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Sverigedemokraterna och skolans värdegrund: En jämförelse mellan Sverigedemokraternas partiprogram och skolans grundläggande värderingar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay the core values of the Sweden Democrats Party will be reviewed on the basis of

    political party programs available since 1989. The Sweden Democrats entered the Swedish

    parliament in 2010 and are now making major political progress as the third largest party in

    the Swedish parliament. They are acclaimed by many and perhaps equally feared for their

    historical background. The purpose is to investigate if the values that make up the school´s

    values are expressed in SD´s party program. The method used is content analysis with the

    interest of the party’s formulated values and how the Sweden Democrats relate to the core

    values. The results that will be presented are that Sweden Democrats have a historical

    background that they never can escape from. They have made progress from the year 1989

    and have become more accepted. Today Sweden Democrats represent a conservative society

    with Christian values.

  • 47.
    Carlsson, Malin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Larsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Larsson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Marknadsföring via evenemang av enmindre stad för att bidra tilldestinationsutveckling: Fallstudie Karlstad med exempel Putte i Parken ochSvenska Rallyt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tourism has become a global phenomenon and there are various reasons why people choose totravel. It is important to be able to offer various activities to attract different audiences todestinations. Event tourism is a phenomenon that has grown around the world in recent yearsand an events main role is to give the destination a chance to get a place on the map throughtourism. In the event tourism, sport events and festivals are a central part. This essay deals withevents with a focus on marketing and destination development. The purpose of this essay is toexamine how and why events are used in the marketing of a smaller town through a case study ofKarlstad. This is to see how it contributes to destination development and by examining themusic festival Putte i Parken and the sport event Rally Sweden, as examples, we want to see if theevents are used in the marketing of a smaller town and, if so, build a deeper understanding ofhow it works. We chose Karlstad because it is a smaller town and we wanted to highlight thephenomenon of event marketing in a smaller context. Why we have chosen Putte i Parken andRally Sweden is that they are two of the major events in Karlstad. We have used a qualitativemethod in the form of semi-structured interviews with relevant people within the tourism andmarketing sector. Moreover, a quantitative content analysis was used to see how a smaller towncan use events to promote itself and to compare this with the response from the interviews. Theepistemological starting point used in this essay is social constructivism with a hermeneuticapproach. The theories that are used to answer the purpose of the paper are marketing, eventsand destination development. The theory is divided into four parts, where previous research isexplained and then continues with the theories, and a link between them. The empirical datadescribe our interviews with people at the municipality of Karlstad, the Great Event of Karlstad,Putte i Parken and Rally Sweden and we interviewed seven people in total. The empirical dataalso presents the quantitative content analysis. In the analysis of the essay, we have linked thetheories to empirical data to answer the purpose and our questions. We also discussed how welooked at the similarities and differences of the empirical material and the theories, but also whatthe content analysis has brought to the essay. The conclusion brings together our work and givesa brief summary of the essay. We answer the head questions and provide suggestions for furtherresearch that emerged during our work with the essay.

  • 48.
    Cheh, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Pedagogers bidrag till barnets språkutveckling i en mångkulturell förskola: Vilken förståelse har pedagogerna av hur man hjälper tvåspråkiga barn i deras språkutveckling?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My purpose with this thesis is to gain a deeper understanding of pedagogue’s thoughts, experiences and knowledge to support bilingual children's language development. Through interviews, I have been able to see how pedagogues as they themselves consider how they go about to stimulate language development in preschool. What opportunities are given to children in preschool to promote the Swedish language in bilingual children. The results show that pedagogues believe that children’s stay at preschool is a language stimulating environment where children daily practice in the Swedish language. Confident children are more likely to absorb a new language, why pedagogues should work very close to the children.

     

    Pedagogues are actively working with language development in many different ways. Pedagogues believe that they themselves contribute by working with concrete materials and clarify things for the kids. Pedagogues also emphasized how important it is to converse with children and able to engage in dialogue with them, thus developing the child's language. To pedagogues as often as possible put into words what is happening and also the term and put words to things is also a way that teachers do in everyday situations. It is important that pedagogues are there to support and give children words and phrases for things that they have so they can understand each other in games and activities.

  • 49.
    Claesson, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Förskolebarns tankar om döden2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to gain an insight into pre-school pupils’ thoughts concerning death.

    The question at issue is: “What thoughts do pre-school pupils have concerning death”?

    Qualitative interviews have been done with ten pre-school pupils of four to six years of age which are the foundation of this work. Drawings by the children that clarify their thoughts are also included in the thesis. The pupils all go to the same pre-school in Värmland.

    Everything that is said in the interviews is only applicable to the pre-school pupils that have been interviewed and can not be generalized to apply to other pre-school children.

    This thesis proves that pre-school pupils have an open mind regarding death. The children have had a wide range of thoughts on the subject. Their drawings also showed a wide range of interpretations regarding death.

  • 50. Costello, Eugene
    et al.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Transhumant pastoralism in historic landscapes: Beginning a European perspective2018In: Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe / [ed] Costello, E. & Svensson, E., Taylor & Francis, 2018, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Pastoralism offers a vast field of study, and within it transhumant practices represent an important range of past and contemporary human mobility strategies. In its widest sense, transhumance may simply be described as the seasonal movement of livestock. The Oxford English Dictionary adds some environmental qualification to this by defining transhumance as “the action or practice of moving livestock from one grazing ground to another in a seasonal cycle, typically to lowlands in winter and highlands in summer”. The wide-ranging geographic and social implications of such a definition mean, of course, that the study of transhumant practices permits a very wide perspective on human society, touching on themes as diverse as livestock management, economic responsiveness, social mobility and competition for land. Furthermore, use of the relative words ‘lowlands’ and ‘highlands’ means that a considerable proportion of the earth’s surface may be considered as potential settings for transhumance. There are consequently many ways in which people might conceive of and define the practice, and there has not been one, but many transhumant pastoralisms in Europe during historical times

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