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  • 1.
    Greenberg, Larry
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Calles, Olle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Länsstyrelsen i Värmland.
    Engqvist, Therese
    Länsstyrelsen i Kalmar.
    Effect of trash diverters ad overhead cover on downstream migrating brown trout smolts2012In: Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology, ISSN 0925-8574, E-ISSN 1872-6992, Vol. 48, no November, p. 25-29Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Power plant dams constitute barriers for downstream migration by smolts. The purpose of this study was to measure guidance efficiency of existing trash diverters and the use of overhead cover in combination with trash diverters to guide brown trout (

    Salmo trutta L.) smolts away from turbine intakes into trash spillway gates at two power plants in the Emån River, southern Sweden. A total of 44 trout smolts were caught, radio-tagged, released at the two power plants and tracked daily for six weeks. The trash diverter at the lower power plant had a significant guiding effect, as the proportion of smolt that entered the spillway gate was significantly greater than the relative proportion of water that flowed through the gate (52% vs 17%). In contrast, there was no evidence of a guidance effect at upper Finsjö, where the proportion of smolts that entered the spillway gate did not differ significantly from the relative proportion of water that flowed through the gate (0% vs 10%). The lack of a guidance effect at upper Finsjö could not be explained. The effect of overhead cover was tested at the upper power plant as illumination from outdoor, overhead lamps at the power station was believed to attract smolts to the turbine intake. This was accomplishing by setting up and removing a tarpaulin placed between the trash deflector and the turbine intake approximately every 2–5 days for about one month, so that 52.6% of the time the tarpaulin was in place and 47.4% of the time it was not. The presence of the tarpaulin reduced turbine passage, as 31% of the smolts swam through the trash spillway gate instead of the turbines when the tarpaulin was in place, whereas all smolts entered the turbines when no tarpaulin was used. For fish that passed through the turbines, mortality was higher at the upper power plant, equipped with two twin-Francis turbines, than at the lower one, equipped with a single Kaplan turbine.

  • 2.
    Lund Björnås, Kristine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Spatially explicit models: planning salmonid habitat restoration in regulated rivers2019Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Nordqvist, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    A pilot study on the coupling potential for a hydrokinetic turbine within the Amazon basin: - Optimization from an energy perspective2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Many people around the world still lack access to a reliable electricity grid. Supplying electricity to remote off grid areas like villages around Leticia, Colombia is often interrelated with high costs and geographical limitations. Today most of the electricity demand is met through the usage of diesel generators. The generators are easy to use and have a relatively reliable functionality. However, fuel is expensive and there are other negative aspects as fumes and sound pollution. In order to provide a cleaner, more reliable and cost efficient alternative the company Jabe Energy AB has in cooperation with the volunteer organization Ankarstiftelsen developed a new type of hydrokinetic turbine (slow moving none damming turbine).

    Previous studies have shown that there is potential for hydrokinetic turbines to increase their power output simply by their relative placement (coupling potential). That is, it might be possible to extrude more power from a system where two hydrokinetic turbines are placed in a close relation rather than being completely separated.

    Since the turbine investigated is newly developed there have been no previous studies regarding its specific coupling potential. To investigate this potential given the conditions in the Amazon basin, a field study is conducted where measurements on water velocity at different heights in the water column is collected. The data is later used as input conditions for a turbine model developed in the program COMSOL.

    The aim is to use simulations in order to determine whether a turbine is sensitive for its relative placement to a former (coupling potential) and furthermore to investigate a possible optimal turbine coupling position.

    The results will show that the turbine is coupling sensitive and that there exists more advantageous placements. Comparing the best and worst case of the coupling study displays an 11.87% difference in possible energy output. The conclusion is that further empirical studies are necessary in order to validate the results. Finally a suggestion on how these studies should be conducted is presented and discussed.

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