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  • 1.
    Christophliemk, Hanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Ullsten, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Johansson, Caisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Järnström, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Starch-poly(vinyl alcohol) barrier coatings for flexible packaging paper and their effects of phase interactions2017In: Progress in organic coatings, ISSN 0300-9440, E-ISSN 1873-331X, Vol. 111, p. 13-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starch and poly(vinyl alcohol) based barrier coatings for flexible packaging papers were studied. Both octenyl succinate modified and hydroxypropylated corn and potato starches were blended with regular and ethylene modified poly(vinyl alcohol) to increase the water vapor barrier properties and enhance the flexibility of the starch coatings, in order to accomplish superior barrier performance. Phase separation between starch and poly (vinyl alcohol) was studied in detail, both in the solution and in dry draw-down coatings on paper. The barrier performance of the coated paper was evaluated with respect to water vapor transmission rate. Conditions for the creation of a thin surface layer consisting of only one of the pure polymers were identified and discussed in terms of phase separation in solution migration of poly(vinyl alcohol) to the uppermost surface layer. The phase separation promoted low water vapor transmission rates also with a rather high fraction of starch in the coatings

  • 2.
    Elhamili, Anisa
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Samuelsson, Jörgen
    Uppsala universitet.
    Bergquist, Jonas
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Wetterhall, Magnus
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Optimizing the extraction, separation and quantification of tricyclic antidepressant drugs in human plasma with CE-ESI-TOF-MS using cationic-coated capillaries2011In: Electrophoresis, ISSN 0173-0835, E-ISSN 1522-2683, Vol. 32, no 6-7, p. 647-658Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the extraction and CE-ESI-TOF-MS analysis of tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) drugs imipramine, desipramine, clomipramine and norclomipramine in human plasma has been optimized. The CE capillaries were modified with omega-iodo-alkyl ammonium salt (M7C4I coating) to reduce analyte adsorption to the silica wall. The use of a strong cation exchange (SCX) solid-phase extraction (SPE) column specifically designed for the extraction of basic drug species from biofluids gave very clean extracts with high and reproducible recoveries. The extraction recoveries were ranging between 87 and 91% with % RSD values of 0.5-1.7% (n = 3). The obtained strong cation exchange-SPE extracts of the TCA in human plasma only contained the analytes of interest. The optimized CE separation conditions were obtained by adding ACN and acetic acid to the sample while using an aqueous BGE. The CE-ESI-TOF-MS analysis was performed within 6 min for all TCA analytes under the optimized condition with peak efficiencies up to 1.4 x 10(5) plates/m and an average % RSD of the migration times of the analytes of 0.3% (n = 5). The presented method can readily be used for the extraction and quantification of basic drug species in human biological fluids and in pharmaceutical formulations.

  • 3.
    enqvist, johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Koronabehandling av polymerbelagd kartong:  Inverkan av process och lagringstid på ytegenskaper och ytkemi hos koronabehandlat polymerbelagt kartong material2009Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här arbetet har utförts som ett 30 hp examensarbete för kemiingenjörsutbildning på Karlstads universitet åt Stora Enso, Forshaga. Syftet var att undersöka koronabehandlingens effekt på plastbelagda kartongytor. Frågor som hur effekten minskar under lagringstid, om effekten påverkas av materialets bredd, tjocklek, pigment i plasten samt kylvalsarnas påverkan skulle undersökas.

     

    Största delen i arbetet var att undersöka hur ytenergin på behandlad plastbelagd kartong minskar med tiden och om detta varierar beroende på behandlingsgraden. Resultaten visade som väntat att ytenergin sjunker med tiden och ju högre ytenergin var direkt efter behandlingen desto fortare sjunker den. Direkt efter behandlingen varierade värdena ganska mycket men efter ca en vecka så verkade ytan ha "lugnat sig" (antagligen hade antalet laddningar som fanns på ytan direkt efter behandlingen då minskat). Ytenergin sjunker snabbast under den första månaden och sedan börjar kurvan plana ut. Efter ca två månader är nivån ganska stabil. Vid jämförelse av olika bredder gick det att se små skillnader som visade att breda rullar kräver mindre effekt för att nå ett visst dyntal än vad en smalare rulle gör. Samtidigt gick det att se att rullarna tycks ha något lägre ytenergi i kanten av rullarna än vad de har i mitten, men inte heller här handlar det om några stora skillnader.

     

    Arbetet innefattade även ett test för jämförelse av olika ytvikter på kartongen och det visade sig att ett tjockt material kräver mer energi vid behandlingen än ett tunnare, men skillnaden är liten. Det gick även att se skillnader vid jämförelsen av rullar som belagts med pigmenterad plast och de som belagts med transparent. Polyetylen med pigment i kräver lite högre effekt vid behandlingen för att kunna nå upp till lika hög ytenergi som samma material belagd med transparent plast.

     

    Det sista testet som skulle visa om det finns skillnader mellan matt och blank kylvals visade att olika kylvalsar gav olika ytråhet, men skillnaden mellan valsarna blir större på en ytrå yta än på en slät yta. Det var stora skillnader mellan valsarna om de jämfördes på dekorsidan, men på mer ytråa insidan verkade inte kylvalsen ha lika stor inverkan.

     

  • 4.
    Fornstedt, Torgny
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Forssén, Patrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Westerlund, Douglas
    Uppsala University.
    Basic HPLC Theory and Definitions: Retention, Thermodynamics, Selectivity, Zone Spreading, Kinetics, and Resolution2015In: Analytical Separation Science / [ed] AvJared Anderson, Alain Berthod, Veronica Pino, Apryll M. Stalcup, John Wiley & Sons, 2015, 1, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Hernandez, Victor Agmo
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Samuelsson, Jorgen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Forssen, Patrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Fornstedt, Torgny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Enhanced interpretation of adsorption data generated by liquid chromatography and by modern biosensors2013In: Journal of Chromatography A, ISSN 0021-9673, E-ISSN 1873-3778, Vol. 1317, p. 22-31Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study we demonstrate the importance of proper data processing in adsorption isotherm estimations. This was done by investigating and reprocessing data from five cases on two closely related platforms: liquid chromatography (LC) and biosensors. The previously acquired adsorption data were reevaluated and reprocessed using a three-step numerical procedure: (i) preprocessing of adsorption data, (ii) adsorption data analysis and (iii) final rival model fit. For each case, we will discuss what we really measure and what additional information can be obtained by numerical processing of the data. These cases clearly demonstrate that numerical processing of LC and biosensor data can be used to gain deeper understanding of molecular interactions with adsorption media. This is important because adsorption data, especially from biosensors, is often processed using old and simplified methods. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 6.
    Jaczewska, Justyna
    et al.
    Institute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Krakow, Poland.
    Budkowski, Andrzej
    M. Smoluchowski Insitute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow 30–059, Poland.
    Bernasik, Andrzej
    Faculty of Physics and Applied Computer Science, AGH-University of Science and Technology, Al. Mickiewicza 30, Krakow 30–059, Poland.
    Moons, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Rysz, Jakub
    M. Smoluchowski Insitute of Physics, Jagiellonian University, Reymonta 4, Krakow 30–059, Poland.
    Polymer vs Solvent Diagram of Film Structures Formed in Spin-Cast Poly(3-alkylthiophene) Blends2008In: Macromolecules, ISSN 0024-9297, E-ISSN 1520-5835, Vol. 41, p. 4802-4810Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A polymer vs solvent diagram of film structures, formed in polystyrene (PS) blends (1:1 w:w PS/PT) with poly(3-alkylthiophenes) PT [regioregular R-P3DDT, R-P3HT and regiorandom P3BT, P3DDT] spincoated onto oxidized silicon surfaces from various common solvents [p-xylene, toluene, chloroform, chlorobenzene, cyclohexanone] is presented. The structures were determined with microscopic techniques (atomic, AFM and lateral, LFM, force microscopy, fluorescent microscopy FM) and dynamic secondary ion mass spectrometry (dSIMS). The diagram, arranged according to the solubility parameter of the PTs and the solvents, exhibits three main structural classes: dewetting, lamellar, and lateral (quasi-2-dim) morphology. Decrease in PT solubility parameter δPT inhibits dewetting of polymer films. It induces also a transition from lamellar to lateral film structure. Increase in solvent solubility parameter δS has similar effects. Such behavior is related to the stability of transient homogeneous films and multilayers in the course of spin-casting. The role of δPT and δS is elucidated based on the stability analysis performed in terms of spreading coefficient (dependent on δPT) and effective interfacial tension of solvent-rich polymer phase (dependent on δS).

  • 7.
    Muntean, Stela Andrea
    et al.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands; Dutch Polymer Institute, Netherlands.
    Michels, Matthias A. J.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Lyulin, Alexey V.
    Eindhoven University of Technology, Netherlands.
    Myoglobin interactions with polystyrene surfaces of different hydrophobicity2014In: Macromolecular Theory and Simulations, ISSN 1022-1344, E-ISSN 1521-3919, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 63-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The atomistic molecular-dynamics simulations of the initial stage of myoglobin adsorption on amorphous polystyrene surfaces with varying hydrophobicity are presented. The polystyrene surfaces as non-oxidized (hydrophobic) and oxidized (hydrophilic) films, both in united-atoms and dummy-hydrogen atoms representations are modeled. The protein is placed initially at different distances and orientations from the polymer. We monitor the interactions between the protein and the polystyrene surface for the same polystyrene surface in contact with the protein in different initial orientations and for one initial orientation of the protein in contact with different polystyrene surfaces. By comparing the stability and the number of myoglobin-polystyrene atomic contacts and the interaction energies, it is found that the initial contact of the protein with the hydrophobic polystyrene surfaces is stronger than with the hydrophilic ones. The orientations of the myoglobin in which the more rigid protein parts face the polymer exhibit stronger initial contact with the polymeric surface. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  • 8.
    Vainikka, Kati
    et al.
    University Helsinki, Finland.
    Reijmar, Karin
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Yohannes, Gebrenegus
    University Helsinki, Finland.
    Samuelsson, Jörgen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Edwards, Katarina
    Uppsala University, Sweden; University Freiburg, Germany.
    Jussila, Matti
    University Helsinki, Finland.
    Riekkola, Marja-Liisa
    University Helsinki, Finland.
    Polyethylene glycol-stabilized lipid disks as model membranes in interaction studies based on electrokinetic capillary chromatography and quartz crystal microbalance2011In: Analytical Biochemistry, ISSN 0003-2697, E-ISSN 1096-0309, Vol. 414, no 1, p. 117-124Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Distearoylphosphatidylcholine (DSPC)/cholesterol/distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DSPE)-polyethylene glycol 5000 [PEG(5000)] lipid disks, mimicking biological membranes, were used as pseudostationary phase in partial filling electrokinetic capillary chromatography (EKC) to study interactions between pharmaceuticals and lipid disks. Capillaries were coated either noncovalently with a poly(1-vinylpyrrolidone)-based copolymer or covalently with polyacrylamide to mask the negative charges of the fused-silica capillary wall and to minimize interactions between positively charged pharmaceuticals and capillary wall. Although the noncovalent copolymer coating method was faster, better stability of the covalent polyacrylamide coating at physiological pH 7.4 made it more reliable in partial filling EKC studies. Migration times of pharmaceuticals were proportional to the amount of lipids in the pseudostationary phase, and partition coefficients were successfully determined. Because the capillary coatings almost totally suppressed the electroosmotic flow, it was not practical to use the EKC-based method for partition studies involving large molecules with low mobilities. Hence, the applicability of the biomembrane mimicking lipid disks for interactions studies with large molecules was verified by the quartz crystal microbalance technique. Biotinylated lipid disks were then immobilized on streptavidincoated sensor chip surface, and interactions with a high-molecular-mass molecule, lysozyme, were studied. Cryo-transmission electron microscopy and asymmetrical flow field-flow fractionation were used to clarify the sizes of lipid disks used. (C) 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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