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  • 1.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Bedragarens sociala kompetens2006In: Fiffelsverige - sociologiska perspektiv på skandaler och fusk / [ed] Glenn Sjöstrand, Malmö: Liber , 2006Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Den fabricerande människan: Om bedrägeri som vardaglig interaktionsform2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    The present dissertation takes the multi-faceted phenomenon of deception as its point of departure. The aim is to make a case for deception as a social phenomenon, and to frame theoretically and define the skills and abilities that make deception possible.



    A theoretical model based on a number of ideal types is constructed. The purpose of the model is to differentiate particular aspects of deception, and the model is illustrated with examples of actions of more or less well-known impostors. The examples were collected from a variety of sources, such as autobiographies and television programs.



    As a first step, the legal definition of deception, i.e. fraud, and statistics on crimes of deception in Sweden are presented. Different theoretical approaches are also discussed; deception as a personality trait, and deception as communication and interaction.



    In order to illuminate the social dimensions, it is emphasized that deception constitutes a particular type of relationship between deceiver and deceivee. This particular form of interaction exploits elementary forms, and it is also asymmetrical in terms of the intentions of the parties involved.



    The concept of social competence is used to describe the skills and abilities required for successful acts of deception. It is argued that the social competence of deceivers consists of three types: strategic, normative, and dramaturgic competencies. The strategic competency involves being goal-rational and strategic, for example, the ability to predict the actions of the potential addressee. In the normative competency, norms and reference to norms are used strategically. The dramaturgic competency represents an operationalization and enactment of the two other competencies, and resembles the preparation and performance of an actor.



    The different contexts in which deception can occur are also discussed. A preliminary typology is presented, with the aim of demonstrating the difficulties in drawing clear lines between various types of deception. The extended approach to deception also means that it can be viewed as a part of everyday social interaction.



    Finally, some thoughts on deception in the light of societal changes are presented. It is argued that the increasing demands on people to promote themselves in various ways in todays society can be perceived as an invitation to deception and fabrication. These demands can generate feelings of inferiority and a fear of eventually being unmasked as an impostor, or a phony.

  • 3.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Fallet Frank W. Abagnale - Några reflektioner över en storsvindlares emotioner2003Report (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Lojalitetens interaktionsformer: En typologi2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Med fantasi i själen och operett i blodet: En sociologisk och narrativ betraktelse över Johnny Bodes liv2006In: Erfarenhet, berättelse och identitet: Livsberättelsestudier / [ed] Hector Pérez Prieto, Karlstad, 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Utvärdering av SIM-projektet: hur har deltagarna upplevt projektet?2010Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Att teoretisera lojalisering: Reflektioner över lojalitet som process2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Exploring self-loyalty in the context of social acceleration: Theorising loyalties as emotions and resistance2018In: Resistance and emotions: Interrogating crossroads and social change / [ed] Mikael Baaz, Satu Heikkinen, Mona Lilja, Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book discusses different ways in which the cross-roads between emotions and resistance can be theorised. While the sociological field focuses primarily on emotions that are entangled in the relationship between the individual and collective, the cultural studies field has recently started to emphasise affects as a ‘rescue’ from the deterministic aspect of the poststructuralist approach (in which language decides everything) (Hemmings 2005, 2014). Scholars promoting the ‘affective turn’ argue that affects and interpretations are inseparable. By taking affects as the point of departure, it is argued that it is possible to show how bodies move in their own ways, but still in relation to others. Departing from this, it becomes interesting to explore how emotions are involved in different power relations and how they feed resistance. If we accept that emotions and interpretations are entangled and inseparable then we must investigate emotions as powerful forces of resistance.

  • 9.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Exploring self-loyalty in the context of social acceleration: Theorising loyalties as emotions and resistance2017In: Journal of Political Power, ISSN 2158-379X, E-ISSN 2158-3803, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 133-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is a theoretical exploration of a layer of loyalty called self-loyalty. We define self-loyalty as an emotion that is channelled through social forms. To show the usage and relevance of the concept we present social acceleration as a contextualisation. Two self-loyalty strategies in relation to acceleration are discussed: a voluntary form based on resistance and an involuntary form based on acceptance and 'playing the game'.

  • 10.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    G. D. H. Coles syn på lojaliteter2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lojalitet och lydnad2016In: Inkluderande och hållbart arbetsliv: Book of abstracts – FALF 2016, 13–15 juni 2016, Östersund, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lojalitetens sociala former - Om lojalitet och arbetsliv2014In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 55-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I följande artikel görs en teoretisk utveckling av begreppet lojalitet. Begreppet används idag på ett common sense-artat sätt och därmed riskerar begreppet att få bristfällig förklaringskraft. Till exempel betonas alltför ofta vertikala relationer med hjälp av begreppet. I artikeln presenteras fyra sociala lojalitetsformer i syfte att frambringa ett skarpare lojalitetsbegrepp som kan användas inom exempelvis arbetslivsforskningen.

  • 13.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Loyalty to the self: Philosophical and social psychological reflections2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Negative and positive loyalty2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One way to conceptualize the complexity of working life is to see it through the lens of loyalty. When a person works several loyalties are active – the legal duty of loyalty to the employer; loyalty to colleagues, loyalty to the profession, et cetera.

    It is common to make distinctions between different forms of loyalties – it is for example different to be loyal to your friend compared to being loyal to your country. In our own research we have focused on the differences between vertical and horizontal loyalties. But to the best of our knowledge one important distinction is quite absent from previous research about loyalty: The distinction is between negative and positive loyalty. This conceptual pair is inspired by Isaiah Berlins classical discussion about freedom . Berlin theorizes two different forms of freedom – negative freedom (freedom from coercion) and positive freedom (freedom as autonomy and personal development).

    George P. Fletcher has in his classical study on loyalty come close to our distinction. He uses the concept of “minimum loyalty” (what we call negative loyalty) and “maximum loyalty” (positive loyalty). The problem with Fletcher´s terminology is that it connotes a quantitative difference when the difference in reality is qualitative. Some loyalties can be characterized as an absence of disloyalty (when a person obeys the legal duty of loyalty) – we call this form negative loyalty. And some loyalties are filled with the presence of emotions, commitment and so on – this is positive loyalty.

    The present study is theoretically oriented, and methodologically we have been inspired by Richard Swedberg’s notion of theorizing and his ideas about its central role in social science.

  • 15.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Resistance as loyalty2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Självlojalitet i arbetslivet2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I detta paper introduceras begreppet självlojalitet; begreppet utvecklas sedan i relation till centrala fenomen i arbetslivet. Begreppsutvecklingen sker med inspiration från Richard Swedbergs resonemang kring theorizing som en vetenskaplig metod i sig själv. Theorizing innebär bland annat att processen är viktig, inte bara det teoretiska slutresultatet. I linje med detta är vårt mål att uttrycka oss på ett essäistiskt och tankeväckande sätt som startar läsarens egna (och kanske också alternativa) resonemang om ämnet. I vårt paper bygger vi vidare på vår tidigare utveckling av lojalitetsbegreppet. Vi hämtar lojalitetsdefinitionen från Josiah Royce, och definierar lojalitet på detta sätt: ”den praktiska och genomgripande hängivenheten hos en person för en sak”. Vi menar att ”en sak” kan vara något som är tydligt anknutet till en enskild individ – till exempel ett livsprojekt, en karriär eller en hobby. Självlojalitet kan till exempel innebära att man på självdisciplinerat och metodiskt sätt strävar efter framtida, personliga mål i yrkeslivet. Även om självlojalitet är tydligt kopplat till en enskild individ rör det sig dock inte om  något asocialt. Eftersom människor är sociala varelser präglas även relationerna till oss själva, som individer, av det sociala livet. I anslutning till självlojalitetens socialitet så ser vi självlojalitet som en social form i Georg Simmels mening. Vi bygger härmed vidare på vårt tidigare teoretiserande där vi har arbetat fram fyra sociala lojalitetsformer som är aktuella i interpersonella sammanhang (vertikal-ofrivillig; vertikal-frivillig; horisontell-ofrivillig; horisontell-frivillig). Självlojalitet kan inte buntas ihop med någon av dessa fyra utan bör ses som ett eget begrepp. Relationen mellan det horisontella och vertikala ser inte ut att vara relevant i samband med självlojalitet – däremot skillnaden mellan det frivilliga och det ofrivilliga. Således introduceras två grundformer av självlojalitet – frivillig självlojalitet och ofrivillig självlojalitet. När dessa  rundformer utvecklas i vårt paper sker det i relation till fenomen i arbetslivet. Frivillig självlojalitet är när människor kan utveckla sina möjligheter ”inifrån och ut” i arbetslivet. Det kan till exempel vara när en individ kan försörja sig genom det som först var en hobby. Ofrivillig självlojalitet handlar om att människor pressas utifrån till att vara självlojala. Uttryckt med mer vedertagna begrepp så handlar det om att individer pressas till att ”förverkliga sig själva” och vara individualistiska. Vi menar att den ofrivilliga självlojaliteten är påfallande i vårt samhälle, och ett exempel på detta fenomen är Arbetsförmedlingens behandling av arbetslösa personer. I vårt paper förs också ett resonemang om självlojalitet som del i en vidare samhällstendens där olika ursprungligen interpersonella fenomen (till exempel lojalitet – men även något helt annat som fotografin) fått mer individualistiska varianter under senare decennier

  • 17.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    The Cole-Guetzkow-view on loyalty conflicts in organizational and everyday life2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Albert O. Hirschman's concepts of exit, voice, and loyalty constitute a well-known theoretical model frequently used in problems concerning loyalties and loyalty conflicts. Despite Hirschman's contributions, we argue that loyalty conflicts are not sufficiently theoretically or empirically explored. In this paper we use theorizing, a method provided by Richard Swedberg, to analyze loyalty conflicts, both in organizational and everyday life and present alternative and complementary perspectives to Hirschman's model. This approach is also a continuation of our own previous research about different forms of loyalties. Two thinkers we consider to be interesting in this case are G. D. H. Cole (1925/26) and Harold Guetzkow (1955). The theoretical perspectives of these two thinkers are combined in the paper – and this is what we call "the Cole-Guetzkow-view". From G. D. H. Cole, the idea is that society and everyday life are built from a complex weaving of competing loyalties, as well as the idea that loyalty conflicts, and their handling, tightens our discernment and rationality. In sum, loyalty conflicts develop us as reflecting human beings. Guetzkow, from his point of view, discusses different strategies to use when faced with loyalty conflicts. For example, a loyalty conflict can be solved through divided loyalties called compartmenting as in this case: a person may feel loyal to the church on Sundays while more profane loyalties are relevant during the rest of the week. In conclusion, the Cole-Guetzkow-view on loyalty conflicts contributes with ingenious and creative strategies and solutions to different social and moral dilemmas both in organizations and everyday life. The creative and strategic aspects of people facing loyalty conflicts are sometimes missing in the Hirschman-model were the Cole-Guetzkow view can function in a complementary way. As a link between Cole and Guetzkow some ideas from Morton Grodzins are used.

  • 18.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    The concept of self-loyalty2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    The everyday life of Ulysses: An interactionist approach2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Regin Öborn, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Lojalitetskonflikter hos fakultetsadministratörer: En explorativ studie2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Henriksson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    The seduction community: Constructing masculinity as social magic2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22.
    Arvidson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Johansson, Sara
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete.
    Hur stereotyper kan påverka relationsarbetet – exemplet våldsbejakande miljöer2018In: Relationer i socialt arbete: I gränslandet mellan profession och person / [ed] Anders Bruhn, Åsa Källström, Stockholm: Liber, 2018, p. 123-137Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Börnfelt, P-O
    et al.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    Malmö Högskola.
    Whistleblowing in the light of loyalty and transparency2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Krekula, Clary
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Heikkinen, Satu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Henriksson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Olsson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    On gray dancing: Constructions of age-normality through choreography and temporal codes2017In: Journal of Aging Studies, ISSN 0890-4065, E-ISSN 1879-193X, Vol. 42, p. 38-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Against the background of population aging, older peoples dance has attracted attention in research and its health promoting effects and social meanings have been brought to the fore. In this article we focus on the context and power dimensions of dance with an emphasis on the organizing of dance among older adults in terms of social discourses and age relationships. On the basis of qualitative interviews with 33 older dancers and 11 dance providers in Sweden, the study illustrates how dance is organized through social discourses on healthism and on the increasing group of older people as a powerful consumer group. The study highlights that older people and their social dance contexts are marked and subordinated in relation to younger age groups through non-verbal practices such as choreography and temporal codes. In short, dancing among older adults is not only a common health promoting and social activity, but also an arena in which age and age normality are negotiated and constructed.

  • 25.
    Pérez Prieto, Héctor
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Bryntesson, Ylva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Karlsson, Sven-Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Säll, Evelyn
    Nordgren, Kenneth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History.
    Rhöse Martinsson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Erfarenhet, berättelse och identitet: Livsberättelsestudier2006Report (Refereed)
1 - 25 of 25
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