Change search
Refine search result
1 - 46 of 46
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Oldest first
  • Newest first
Select all
  • 1.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Brandsäkerhet för särskilt utsatta: en forskningsöversikt2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 229-247 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Crossing borders and bridging sectors: How to establish inter-sectoral collaboration on public safety and security2015In: The Baltic Resilience Monograph Report: on awareness raising, bridging and building community resilience in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] / [ed] Tomasz Zwęgliński, Pawel Gromek, Magdalena Gikiewicz, Anna Predecka.,, Warsaw: The Main School of Fire Service , 2015, 214-217 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Accidents and injuries in the Nordic-Baltic region2015In: The Baltic Resilience Monograph Report: on awareness raising, bridging and building community resilience in the Baltic Sea Region / [ed] Tomasz Zwęgliński, Pawel Gromek, Magdalena Gikiewicz, Anna Predecka.,, Warsaw: The Main School of Fire Service. , 2015, 121-128 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Metoder för analys av skador och risker2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 91-101 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Systematiskt säkerhetsarbete i organiserad verksamhet2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 157-167 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Accident and injury surveillance: a review of theoretical frameworks2015In: The Baltic Resilience Monograph Report: on awareness raising, bridging and building community resilience in the Baltic Sea Region. / [ed] Tomasz Zwęgliński, Pawel Gromek, Magdalena Gikiewicz, Anna Predecka, Warsaw-Karlstad: The Main School of Fire Service , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Skaderegistering i teori och praktik2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 81-89 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilsen, Per
    Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Säkerhetsfrämjande arbete i samhället2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 167-177 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilsen, PerDepartment of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Personsäkerhet – teori och praktik2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköping University.
    Personsäkerhet – en introduktion2015In: Personsäkerhet – teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Assessing the effects of societal injury control interventions2016Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Injuries have emerged as one of the biggest public health issues of the 21th century. Yet, the causal effects of injury control strategies are often questioned due to a lack of randomized experiments. In this thesis, a set of quasi-experimental methods are applied and discussed in the light of causal inference theory and the type of data commonly available in injury surveillance systems. I begin by defining the interrupted time series design as a special case of the regression-discontinuity design, and the method is applied to two empirical cases. The first is a ban on the sale and production of non-reduced ignition propensity (RIP) cigarettes, and the second is a tightening of the licensing rules for mopeds. A two-way fixed effects model is then applied to a case with time-varying starting dates, attempting to identify the causal effects of municipality-provided home help services for the elderly. Lastly, the effect of the Swedish bicycle helmet law is evaluated using the comparative interrupted time series and synthetic control methods. The results from the empirical studies suggest that the stricter licensing rules and the bicycle helmet law were effective in reducing injury rates, while the home help services and RIP cigarette interventions have had limited or no impact on safety as measured by fatalities and hospital admissions. I conclude that identification of the impact of injury control interventions is possible using low cost means. However, the ability to infer causality varies greatly by empirical case and method, which highlights the important role of causal inference theory in applied intervention research. While existing methods can be used with data from injury surveillance systems, additional improvements and development of new estimators specifically tailored for injury data will likely further enhance the ability to draw causal conclusions in natural settings. Implications for future research and recommendations for practice are also discussed.

  • 12.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Searching for causal effects of road traffic safety interventions: applications of the interrupted time series design2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic-related injuries represent a global public health problem, and contribute largely to mortality and years lived with disability worldwide. Over the course of the last decades, improvements to road traffic safety and injury surveillance systems have resulted in a shift in focus from the prevention of motor vehicle accidents to the control of injury events involving vulnerable road users (VRUs), such as cyclists and moped riders. There have been calls for improvements to the evaluation of safety interventions due to methodological problems associated with the most commonly used study designs. The purpose of this licentiate thesis was to assess the strengths and limitations of the interrupted time series (ITS) design, which has gained some attention for its ability to provide valid effect estimates. Two national road safety interventions involving VRUs were selected as cases: the Swedish bicycle helmet law for children under the age 15, and the tightening of licensing rules for Class 1 mopeds. The empirical results suggest that both interventions were effective in improving the safety of VRUs. Unless other concurrent events affect the treatment population at the exact time of intervention, the effect estimates should be internally valid. One of the main limitations of the study design is the inability to identify why the interventions were successful, especially if they are complex and multifaceted. A lack of reliable exposure data can also pose a further threat to studies of interventions involving VRUs if the intervention can affect the exposure itself. It may also be difficult to generalize the exact effect estimates to other regions and populations. Future studies should consider the use of the ITS design to enhance the internal validity of before-after measurements.

  • 13.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    The effect of stricter licensing on road traffic injury events involving 15 to 17-year-old moped drivers in Sweden: a time series intervention study2015In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 83, 154-161 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to evaluate and quantify the effect of the introduction of the AM driving license on non-fatal moped-related injuries in Sweden. With the introduction of the new license category in October 2009, prospective moped drivers are now required to pass a mandatory theory test following a practical and theoretical course. In addition, obtaining a license to operate a moped is now considerably more costly.

    METHODS:Time series intervention analysis on monthly aggregated injury data (1st Jan 2007-31st Dec 2013) was performed using generalized additive models for location, shape and scale (GAMLSS) to quantify the effect size on injury events involving teenage (15-17 years) moped drivers, while controlling for trend and seasonality. Exposure was adjusted for by using the number of registered mopeds in traffic as a proxy.

    RESULTS:The introduction of AM license was associated with a 41% reduction in the rate of injury events involving 15-year-old moped drivers (IRR 0.59 [95% CI: 0.48-0.72]), and a 39% and 36% decrease in those involving 16-year-old (IRR 0.61 [95% CI: 0.48-0.79]) and 17-year-old drivers (IRR 0.64 [95% CI: 0.46-0.90]), respectively. The effect in the 15-year-old stratum was decreased roughly by half after adjusting for exposure, but remained significant, and the corresponding estimates in the other age groups did not change noticeably.

    CONCLUSIONS:This study provides quasi-experimental evidence of an effect on non-fatal moped-related injuries as a result of stricter licensing rules. Only part of the effect could be explained by a reduction in the number of mopeds in traffic, indicating that other mechanisms must be studied to fully understand the cause of the reduction in injuries.

  • 14.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Säker cykling: Vägledning för systematiskt cykelsäkerhetsarbete i lokalsamhället2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Cyklismen får en allt viktigare roll i det hållbara transportsystemet. Att cykla förespråkas av hälso-, miljö- och framkomlighetsskäl, men är samtidigt ett av de farligaste färdsätten utifrån ett personskadeperspektiv. Lokala strävanden mot ökat cyklande måste ta säkerhetsaspekten i beaktande om dessa satsningar ska bli lyckade. Enligt målet för trafiksäkerhet i regeringens proposition "Mål för framtida transporter" (prop.2008/09:93) ska antalet döda halveras och allvarligt skadade i trafiken minskas 25 procent fram till år 2020. För att kunna uppnå detta behövs satsningar både nationellt som lokalt. På nationell nivå finns möjlighet att arbeta med övergripande och generaliserbara trafiksäkerhetsproblem, medan det på lokal nivå finns unika möjligheter att identifiera och åtgärda olycksdrabbade platser.

    I SKL:s trafiksäkerhetshandbok "Trafiksäkra staden

    " (Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting 2013), presenteras ett systematiskt sätt att arbeta med trafikskadedata på kommunnivå. Utgångspunkten i handboken är att analysera den lokala skadebilden och sätta igång en systematisk process med verksamhetsövergripande samarbete och kontinuerlig förbättring. Den nu föreliggande vägledningen är tänkt att fungera som ett komplement till SKL:s metodhandbok, med fokus på identifiering och analys av särskilt skadedrabbade platser i lokalsamhället.

    Denna vägledning är tänkt att utgöra ett stöd för det lokala cykelsäkerhetsarbetet mot bakgrund av i lokala förutsättningar och problem. Utgångspunkten är att ta tillvara faktaunderlag som ofta finns tillgängliga lokalt, i kombination med annan lokal kunskap. Dessa underlag kan sedan nyttiggöras vid beslut om utformning av trafikmiljöer. Genom att systematiskt studera och sammanställa uppgifter om olyckor finns möjlighet att hitta typiska olycksmönster eller farliga platser inom en avgränsad befolkning eller geografiskt område. Denna kunskap kan sedan användas vid planering av nya trafikmiljöer, som underlag för löpande trafiksäkerhetsarbete i befintliga miljöer, samt vid utvärdering av satsningar syftande till ökad säkerhet.

  • 15.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Can the provision of a minor home help service for the elderly population reduce the incidence of fall-related injuries?: A quasi-experimental study of the community-level effects on hospital admissions in Swedish municipalities2016In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 22, no 6, 412-419 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Fall-related injuries are a global public health problem, especially in elderly populations. The effect of an intervention aimed at reducing the risk of falls in the homes of community-dwelling elderly persons was evaluated. The intervention mainly involves the performance of complicated tasks and hazards assessment by a trained assessor, and has been adopted gradually over the last decade by 191 of 290 Swedish municipalities.   

    Methods

    A quasi-experimental design was used where intention-to-treat effect estimates were derived using panel regression analysis and a regression-discontinuity (RD) design. The outcome measure was the incidence of fall-related hospitalizations in the treatment population, the age of which varied by municipality (≥65 years, ≥67 years, ≥70 years or ≥75 years).

    Results

    We found no statistically significant reductions in injury incidence in the panel regression (IRR 1.01 [95% CI: 0.98-1.05]) or RD (IRR 1.00 [95% CI: 0.97-1.03]) analyses. The results are robust to several different model specifications, including segmented panel regression analysis with linear trend change and community fixed effects parameters.

    Conclusions

    It is unclear whether the absence of an effect is due to a low efficacy of the services provided, or a result of low adherence. Additional studies of the effects on other quality of life measures are recommended before conclusions are drawn regarding the cost-effectiveness of the provision of home help service programs.

  • 16.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Jakobsson, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    The Effects of Bicycle Helmets and Helmet Legislation on the Severity of Children’s Head InjuriesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Jernbro, Carolina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Does gender moderate the association between intellectual ability and accidental injuries?: Evidence from the 1953 Stockholm Birth Cohort study2017In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 106, 109-114 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Jernbro, Carolina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Funktionsnedsättningar som riskfaktor för olycksfall och andra skador.2014Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Investigating the effect of banning non-reduced ignition propensity cigarettes on fatal residential fires in Sweden 2016In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 26, no 2, 334-338 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:Annually, 100 people die as a result of residential fires in Sweden and almost a third of the fatal fires are known to be caused by smoking. In an attempt to reduce the occurrence of these events, reduced ignition propensity (RIP) cigarettes have been developed. They are designed to reduce the risk of fire by preventing the cigarette from burning through the full length when left unattended. In November 2011, a ban was introduced, forbidding the production and sale of all non-RIP cigarettes in all member states of the European Union, including Sweden.

    METHODS:Monthly data on all recorded residential fires and associated fatalities in Sweden from January 2000 to December 2013 were analyzed using an interrupted time series design. The effect of the intervention [in relative risk (RR)] was quantified using generalised additive models for location, shape and scale.

    RESULTS:There were no statistically significant intervention effects on residential fires (RR 0.95 [95% CI: 0.89-1.01]), fatal residential fires (RR 0.99 [95% CI: 0.80-1.23]), residential fires where smoking was a known cause (RR 1.10 [95% CI: 0.95-1.28]) or fatal residential fires where smoking was a known cause (RR 0.92 [95% CI: 0.63-1.35]).

    CONCLUSION:No evidence of an effect of the ban on all non-RIP cigarettes on the risk of residential fires in Sweden was found. The results may not be generalisable to other countries.

  • 20.
    Gustasson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Grubb, Kristina
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    När är en fallskada en vårdskada?: en förstudie2013Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Gustasson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Olsson, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Drunkning i Sverige 1997-2011: En sammanställning och granskning av uppgifter från dödsorsaksregistret2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En sammanställning och granskning av uppgifter från dödsorsaksregistret. Studien, som omfattar 3 860 drunkningsfall, är utförd av Centrum för personsäkerhet vid Karlstads Universitet.

  • 22.
    Gustasson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Schyllander, Jan
    MSB.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Barn, fallskador och anslagsytans hårdhet: statistik, forskningsläget och möjlig studiedesign2013Report (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Stötdämpande golv som skadepreventiv åtgärd på särskilt boende: En studie av effekten på fallskador och arbetsmiljö2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Fall injuries pose a global and national public health problem. Whilst all elderly are at risk of fall injuries, the risk of injury is 10 times as high amongst elderly living in nursing homes compared to elderly living at home.

    An injury occurs when body tissue is subjected to external kinetic energy exceeding the tissue's tolerance. Reducing this energy in order to prevent injuries has been successfully applied in many injury prevention fields though less so within fall injury prevention. However, the idea of ​​a shock-absorbing floor as an energy reducing measure to prevent fall injuries has been suggested in scientific literature since the early 1990s and since then, different floors have been developed and tested. The aim of this licentiate thesis is to investigate the potential fall injury reducing effects of a shock-absorbing flooring in a nursing home, as well as the staff's experience of working in premises with shock-absorbing flooring.

    The results show that for women the risk of injury following a fall on the shock-absorbing flooring was 59% less compared to falls on ordinary floors, after adjustment for age, BMI, vision impairments, and cognitive impairment. BMI was the only covariate to influence the results, with a lower BMI increasing the risk of injury. With regards to the staff’s experience of the shock-absorbing flooring, the nurses felt that the floor defused the falls and in that way reduced the risk of injury. They were also positively surprised by the change in acoustics. There were also some challenges associated with the floor, for example, adapting to walking on the floor and manoeuvring equipment (eg hoists).

    The results suggest, that for an elderly and frail population, shock-absorbing flooring seems to be an effective injury prevention measure. The intervention was generally perceived as positive by the staff, even though some negative aspects were observed. These aspects need to be studied further.

  • 24.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Säker cykel: Faktabaserad prevention av cykelskador i samhället2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Att cykla är hälsosamt och miljövänligt, men tyvärr också ganska farligt. Även om forskning tyder på att hälsovinsterna överstiger skaderiskerna, krävs åtgärder för att minska de cykelrelaterade skadorna i samhället.

    Genom att studera och sammanställa uppgifter om olyckor som hänt finns möjlighet att hitta utsatta grupper, typiska olycksmönster eller farliga platser inom en avgränsad befolkning eller geografiskt område. Denna statistikrapport använder sig av data som insamlats av hälso- och sjukvården och polisen i Värmland inom datasystemet STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) kring cykelskadade i Karlstads kommun mellan 2007 och 2011. Mellan dessa år skadade sig 857 cyklister så pass allvarlig att de var tvungna att uppsöka akutmottagningen på Centralsjukhuset i Karlstad.

    Cykelskador inträffar oftare under sommarhalvåret, mellan klockan 14.00 och 21.00 samt på fredagar. Män är något mer representerade i hela skadebilden och åldrarna 10-14 och 40-65 år är överrepresenterade.

    Trots lagliga krav var det en stor andel av 10-14 åringarna som inte bar hjälm vid skadetillfället (flickor; 60 procent och pojkar; 45 procent).

    Geografiskt följer cykelolyckorna i Karlstads kommun befolkningstätheten i stora drag, men särskilda kluster kan identifieras på vissa platser och sträckor som därmed framstår som särskilt olycksdrabbade. Bland annat syns anhopningar av olyckshändelser kring ett antal broar och tunnlar och på dessa platser behöver djupare olycksanalyser genomföras. Rapporten ger också exempel på hur statistiken kan användas för att utvärdera gjorda trafiksäkerhetsförbättringar.

  • 25.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Investigating the fall-injury reducing effect of impact absorbing flooring among female nursing home residents: initial results2015In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 21, no 5, 320-32- p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND:Fall-related injuries affect the lives of elderly to a substantial degree. This quasi-experimental study investigates the fall-injury reducing effect of impact absorbing flooring among female nursing home residents.

    METHODS:The intervention site is a nursing home in Sweden where impact absorbing flooring was installed in parts of one of six wards (six out of 10 apartments (excluding bathrooms), the communal dining-room and parts of the corridor). The impact absorbing flooring is a 12 mm thick closed cell flexible polyurethane/polyurea composite tile (500×500 mm) with an exterior surface of polyurethane/polyurea. A generalised linear model (log-binomial) was used to calculate the RR of injury from falls on impact absorbing flooring compared to falls on regular flooring, adjusted for age, body mass index, visual and cognitive impairments.

    RESULTS:During the study period (1 October 2011 to 31 March 2014), 254 falls occurred on regular flooring and 77 falls on impact absorbing flooring. The injury/fall rate was 30.3% for falls on regular flooring and 16.9% for falls on impact absorbing flooring. Adjusted for covariates, the impact absorbing flooring significantly reduced the RR of injury in the event of a fall by 59% (RR 0.41 (95% Cl 0.20 to 0.80)).

    CONCLUSIONS:This is, to our knowledge, the first study evaluating the injury-reducing effect of impact absorbing flooring in a nursing home showing statistically significant effect. The results from this study are promising, indicating the considerable potential of impact absorbing flooring as a fall-related injury intervention among frail elderly.

  • 26.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Fallskador bland äldre: steg för steg2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 179-199 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Rahm, GullBritt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Working in a nursing home with Impact Absorbing Flooring: a qualitative study on the experiences of licensed practical nursesManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Fall-related injury prevention is an important part of the daily tasks for staff in nursing homes. Whilst a limited number of injury prevention interventions have proven to be effective for nursing home populations, impact absorbing flooring (IAF) has shown promising injury-reducing results. However, IAF is in the testing stages and therefore, it is important to collect information on all aspects of this intervention, alongside the primary intended outcome, in order to explore the consequences of installing IAF in nursing homes.

    Objectives

    The aim of this qualitative study was to describe the licensed practical nurses (LPNs) experiences of working and caring in a nursing home with IAF.

    Method

    The study was part of a research project evaluating different aspects of IAF. Focus group interviews were carried out with LPNs working in a nursing home with IAF. The interviews were analyzed with content analyses.

    Participants

    A purposive sampling strategy was used. All LPNs with at least one year of experience from working on the ward with IAF were asked to participate. All potential participants took part in the study.

    Results

    From the focus group interviews, a general theme evolved; Working in a unique ward. A main category was identified; Weighing the pros and cons, reinforced by two categories; Affecting falls and injuries and Affecting everyday life. The LPNs felt that the flooring defused the falls and thereby prevented injuries as well as greatly improving the acoustic environment. Although initially experiencing the IAF as challenging to walk on and that maneuvering heavy equipment, strategies were adopted to cope with the new circumstances.

    Conclusions

    IAF in nursing homes is a new and innovative step towards preventing fall-related injuries among frail elderly. Despite some negative consequences of installing the IAF, overall the LPNs were positive towards the flooring. Nonetheless, this type of intervention needs to be further evaluated regarding the long-term effects on staff as well as the effect on residents.

  • 28.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Dödsfall i Sverige till följd av brand: Omfattning och historiska trender2016Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ingen ska omkomma eller skadas svårt till följd av brand. Så lyder den nollvision som Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap har formulerat för brandskyddsområdet. Visionen ingår i en nationell strategi för att stärka brandskyddet för den enskilde och innehåller förutom vision tydliga mål. Ett målstyrt arbete måste vägledas av kunskap om problemets omfattning, orsaker och riskfaktorer. Likaså är det av stor vikt att ha kunskap om den historiska utvecklingen och rådande trend. Syftet med denna licentiatuppsats är att undersöka förekomst och historisk utveckling av brandrelaterade dödsfall Sverige. Data från tre olika nationella register har använts: Dödsbrandsdatabasen, Dödsorsaksregistret, och Registret över rättsmedicinska undersökningar. Vi har härigenom kunnat visa att den rutinmässigt framtagna statistiken från enskilda register systematiskt underskattar den verkliga situationen med 20-25%. Den historiska analysen visar att risken att omkomma genom brand har mer än halverats under de senaste 60 åren i Sverige. Den största minskningen gäller små barn och det är idag mycket ovanligt att små barn omkommer i brand. Risken har inte minskat i samma utsträckning bland äldre och en åldrande befolkning innebär att denna grupp måste prioriteras i framtida brandskyddsarbete.

  • 29.
    Jonsson, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Bergqvist, Anders
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Assessing the number of fire fatalities in a defined population2015In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, Vol. 55, 99-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Fire-related fatalities and injuries have become a growing governmental concern in Sweden, and a national vision zero strategy has been adopted stating that nobody should get killed or seriously injured from fires. There is considerable uncertainty, however, regarding the numbers of both deaths and injuries due to fires. Different national sources present different numbers, even on deaths, which obstructs reliable surveillance of the problem over time. We assume the situation is similar in other countries. This study seeks to assess the true number of fire-related deaths in Sweden by combining sources, and to verify the coverage of each individual source. By doing so, we also wish to demonstrate the possibilities of improved surveillance practices. Method: Data from three national sources were collected and matched; a special database on fatal fires held by The Swedish Contingencies Agency (nationally responsible for fire prevention), a database on forensic medical examinations held by the National Board of Forensic Medicine, and the cause of death register held by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Results: The results disclose considerable underreporting in the single sources. The national database on fatal fires, serving as the principal source for policymaking on fireprevention matters, underestimates the true situation by 20 %. Its coverage of residential fires appears to be better than other fires. Conclusions: Systematic safety work and informed policy-making presuppose access to correct and reliable numbers. By combining several different sources, as suggested in this study, the national database on fatal fires is now considerably improved and includes regular matching with complementary sources.

  • 30.
    Jonsson, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Huss, Fredrik
    Burn Center, Department of Plastic and Maxillofacial Surgery, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
    The state of the residential fire fatality problem in Sweden: epidemiology, risk factors, and event typologies2017In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, E-ISSN 1879-1247, Vol. 62, 89-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Jonsson, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Runefors, Marcus
    Särdqvist, Stefan
    Fire-related mortality in Sweden: Temporal trends 1952 to 20132015In: Fire technology, ISSN 0015-2684, E-ISSN 1572-8099, Vol. 52, no 6, 1697-1707 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines temporal trends in deaths due to fire-related accidents in Sweden from 1952 to 2013 based on statistics in the Cause of Death register held by the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Fatalities coded with underlying cause of death associated with fire-related accidents are included and absolute numbers and age-adjusted mortality rates are calculated and statistically analysed for trends using Poisson regression. The results show a significant reduction in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate with a decline in absolute number of deaths of 34% over the period. However, the elderly population (80+ years) showed a significant increase in absolute numbers. Regarding the age-adjusted mortality rate, a significant reduction of 63% was observed and children aged 0 to 4 years showed the largest decrease (91%). A reduction was seen both in terms of fatalities due to burns and carbon monoxide poisoning, although the reduction was more pronounced with regards to burns (69% compared to 46%). Although an overall decrease was observed in both absolute numbers and in the age-adjusted mortality rate, with an aging population, the absolute numbers of fire-related deaths for the elderly population will most likely increase in the future. Therefore, whilst previously a child-injury issue, fire-related deaths in Sweden is now predominantly an issue of safety for the elderly. In combination with more deaths now being attributed to carbon monoxide poisoning, new preventative strategies may be required

  • 32.
    Jönsson, Morgan
    et al.
    Myndigheten för samhällskydd och beredskap.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    "Har man kanelbullens dag så kan man väl ha en dag för individanpassat brandskydd också?": En kvalitativ kartläggning av individanpassat brandskyddsarbete i Skåne och Värmland2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Inledning: Sverige strävar sedan 2010 mot en nollvision där ingen ska omkomma eller skadas allvarligt till följd av brand (MSB, 2009). Detta till trots omkommer varje år drygt 100 människor som ett resultat av just bränder, där framförallt äldre och personer med funktionsnedsättning är särskilt riskutsatta. För att främja arbetet mot nollvisionen publicerade MSB vägledningen Brandsäker bostad för alla, under 2013. Vägledningens tilltänkta syfte är att fungera som en metodhandbok för hur en individanpassad brandskyddsverksamhet kan bedrivas på kommunnivå. I vilken utsträckning som ett sådant arbete bedrivs samt vilket genomslagskraft vägledningen har fått är emellertid oklart. Avsikten med denna studie är därmed att undersöka just detta.  

    Metod: Studien har en kvalitativ ansats där sammanlagt tio semistrukturerade intervjuer har utförts i Skåne och Värmland. Därefter har data analyserats med hjälp av en manifest innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Totalt har följande tre kategorier genererats: Den första kategorin, Individanpassat brandskydd är utmanande, konkretiserar problematiken kring individanpassat brandskydd och identifierar riskgrupper och huvudaktörer. Andra kategorin, Kommunerna antar utmaningen, presenterar hur de utvalda kommunerna arbetar med individanpassat brandskydd, och vilka aktörer som är verksamhetsutövare. Avslutningsvis beskriver Saker och ting kan förbättras hur MSBs roll i sammanhanget ser ut samt hur vägledningen har tagits emot på kommunnivå.

    Slutsats: Sammantaget visar resultatet att de granskade kommunerna arbetar med individanpassat brandskydd, om än i olika utsträckning. Det påtalas även att det uteslutande är vård- och omsorgsförvaltningen samt räddningstjänsten som är verksamhetsutövare på lokal nivå. Detta medför att identifieringsprocessen av riskindivider är begränsad till ovan nämnda förvaltningars verksamheter. Det nuvarande individanpassade brandskyddsarbetet är därmed initierat, men har ännu inte uppnått sin fulla potential. Ett antal övriga aktörer, däribland socialförvaltningen, har identifierats som nödvändiga för att verksamheten ska kunna utvecklas och bli mer effektiv, men de tycks inte inbegripas i den nuvarande arbetsprocessen.  

  • 33.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Soussan, Christophe
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Sundström, Kaj
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Andersson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Poisoning Casualties: Alcohol, Pharmaceuticals or “Legal Highs”?: Poisoning Cases at Emergency Rooms in The Swedish County Värmland in 2007-20132015In: Journal of Community Medicine & Health Education, ISSN 2161-0711, Vol. 5, no 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The growing number of novel psychoactive substances (NPS), also labelled as “legal highs”, constitutes a challenge to public health. It is uncertain whether this trend is related to the increase in number of poising cases reported by emergency rooms. The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of NPS in acute cases of poisoning in the Swedish county Värmland. The numbers of NPS casualties were correlated with poisoning by other substances. Both, the gender and age distribution of the reported cases were recorded.

    Method: Records classified as poisoning casualties at the emergency rooms in Värmland during 2007- 2013 were collected and analyzed.

    Results: NPS and illicit drugs constituted only a small part (1.67% and 7.84% respectively) of the total poisoning casualties. The results also revealed that alcohol and pharmaceuticals were present in the majority of cases (91.2%), and were to a larger extent involved in polydrug abuse and suicide attempts. Furthermore, the results uncovered an alarming poisoning problem among women who had taken pharmaceuticals and for suicidal young people.

    Conclusions: It is unclear whether the comparatively low prevalence of NPS and illicit drug related poisoning casualties reflect the real prevalence of injury cases or a possible under-reporting. 

  • 34.
    Kristianssen, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies. Örebro universitet.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Belin, Matts-Åke
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet.
    Swedish Vision Zero Policies for Safety: A Comparative Policy Content AnalysisManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Action 32014In: The Baltic Everyday Accidents, Disaster Prevention and Resilience Project: BaltPrevResilience, Task 1 – Action 2, 3 and 4, Karlstad: MSB Swedish civil contingencies agency , 2014, 57-90 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Förgiftningar: en översikt - statistik och analys2014Report (Other academic)
  • 37.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Via Spatiosa: Festschrift to Ragnar Andersson on his 67th birthday2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk management is a comparatively new, and most definitely complex, research field, combining knowledge from several other disciplines such as medicine, engineering, economics and psychology, to name a few. Consequently, risk management is important in a variety of subjects and disciplines, clearly illustrated in this festschrift. Professor Ragnar Andersson has played an important roll in not only promoting the importance of risk management and injury prevention, but also developing a deeper understanding of the field through always actively choosing a broad, multi-disciplinary perspective. In other words, he has always chosen “via spatiosa”. Or in Swedish, “den breda vägen”

  • 38.
    Nilsen, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Forskning kring personsäkerhet2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik, Karlstad: Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Nilsen, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Utvärdering av interventioner för ökad personsäkerhet2015In: Personsäkerhet - teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 103-119 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Nilsen, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Department of Medical and Health Sciences (IMH) / Division of Community Medicine (SAM).
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Personsäkerhetens begrepp, teorier och modeller2015In: Personsäkerhet – teori och praktik / [ed] Ragnar Andersson, Per Nilsen, Karlstad: Myndigheten för Samhällsskydd och Beredskap (MSB) , 2015, 25-45 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Nilson, Finn
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, RagnarKarlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Riskbedömning av kokande kranar2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Nilson, Finn
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Bonander, Carl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The effect of the transition from the ninth to the tenth revision of the International Classification of Diseases on external cause registration of injury morbidity in Sweden2015In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 21, no 3, 189-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Revisions of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) have previously been shown to cause dramatic effects with regard to injury mortality data when implemented. However, limited knowledge exists on the effects on the coding of external causes of injury morbidity, despite this being an important aspect with regard to injury prevention.

    Method Hospitalised injuries in Sweden were studied using time series intervention analysis to observe the effect of the ICD change from ICD-9 to ICD-10 in 1997 on external cause coding.

    Results The results would suggest considerable coding issues with a large spike in the proportion of injury admissions registered without an external cause code in 1997, with continuing, although gradually diminishing, problems up to 2002. The coding change seems to have had an immediate effect on all external cause of injury categories, although the categories that were not directly convertible from ICD-9 to ICD-10 were seemingly more greatly affected.

    Discussion The study illustrates the potential issues associated with changes between ICD revisions and the importance of data quality control both during surveillance and collection of data, but also when presenting injury trends across ICD versions.

  • 43.
    Nilson, Finn
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Sundström, Kaj
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Cykelolyckor i Karlstads kommun 2007-20112013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Att cykla är hälsosamt och miljövänligt, men tyvärr också ganska farligt. Även om forskning tyder på att hälsovinsterna överstiger skaderiskerna, krävs åtgärder för att minska de cykelrelaterade skadorna i samhället.

    Genom att studera och sammanställa uppgifter om olyckor som hänt finns möjlighet att hitta utsatta grupper, typiska olycksmönster eller farliga platser inom en avgränsad befolkning eller geografiskt område. Denna statistikrapport använder sig av data som insamlats av hälso- och sjukvården och polisen i Värmland inom datasystemet STRADA (Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) kring cykelskadade i Karlstads kommun mellan 2007 och 2011. Mellan dessa år skadade sig 857 cyklister så pass allvarlig att de var tvungna att uppsöka akutmottagningen på Centralsjukhuset i Karlstad.

    Cykelskador inträffar oftare under sommarhalvåret, mellan klockan 14.00 och 21.00 samt på fredagar. Män är något mer representerade i hela skadebilden och åldrarna 10-14 och 40-65 år är överrepresenterade.

    Trots lagliga krav var det en stor andel av 10-14 åringarna som inte bar hjälm vid skadetillfället (flickor; 60 procent och pojkar; 45 procent).

    Geografiskt följer cykelolyckorna i Karlstads kommun befolkningstätheten i stora drag, men särskilda kluster kan identifieras på vissa platser och sträckor som därmed framstår som särskilt olycksdrabbade. Bland annat syns anhopningar av olyckshändelser kring ett antal broar och tunnlar och på dessa platser behöver djupare olycksanalyser genomföras. Rapporten ger också exempel på hur statistiken kan användas för att utvärdera gjorda trafiksäkerhetsförbättringar.

  • 44.
    Olsson, Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Gustasson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Systematiskt skadeförebyggande arbete inom grundskolan -: Kartläggning av arbetssätt, utvecklingsbehov och behov av stöd2013Report (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Schyllander, Jan
    et al.
    MSB.
    Englund, Liselotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Elolyckor i Sverige: En studie grundad i befolkningsövergripande datakällor2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Elsäkerhetsverkets vision att skapa trygg och störningsfri el är ännu inte uppnådd. Föreliggande studie visar att trots preventiva insatser på elolycksområdet skadas fortfarande ett stort antal personer – såväl lindrigt som svårt – till följd av kontakt med el. Antalet elolyckor med dödlig utgång har dock minskat under senare decennier. Det är i huvudsak män mellan 20 och 50 år som drabbas av såväl skador som dödsfall till följd av elolycka, delvis i samband med förvärvsarbete. För närvarande skadas årligen cirka 1 500 personer i elolyckor, varav 200-250 så allvarligt att det blir inlagda på sjukhus och 3-6 avlider.

    Två grupper som särskilt framträder i den nu redovisade statistiken, vid sidan av de yrkesverksamma, är barn och lekmän. Gruppen lekmän utgörs till stor del av "hemmafixare". En slutsats av studien är att preventiva insatser riktade mot dessa två målgrupper är av största vikt på vägen mot trygg och störningsfri el.

    Den databearbetning som ligger till grund för resultaten i denna rapport, skiljer sig på ett par väsentliga punkter från Elsäkerhetsverkets tidigare kartläggningar. Myndighetens egen skadestatistik är till stor del baserad på rapportering av skador inom förvärvsarbete. Denna datamängd omfattar cirka 300 individer per år vilket jämfört med våra siffror tyder på en kraftig underrapportering.

    Rapporten bygger på elrelaterade personskador som sammanställts utifrån Sveriges tre befolkningsövergripande register där personskador återfinns; dödsorsaksregistret (DOR), patientregistret (PAR) samt Injury Database (IDB).

  • 46.
    Svee, A
    et al.
    Uppsala universitetssjukhus.
    Jonsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Sjöberg, F
    Linköping University.
    Huss, F
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Burns in Sweden: temporal trends from 1987 to 2010.2016In: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters, ISSN 1121-1539, E-ISSN 1592-9558, Annals of burns and fire disasters, ISSN 1592-9558, Vol. 29, no 2, 85-89 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our aim was to investigate the epidemiology of burned patients admitted to hospitals in Sweden, and to examine temporal trends during the last three decades. Our hypothesis was that there has been an appreciable decline in the number of patients admitted. Retrospective data about burned patients treated at Swedish hospitals 1987 - 2010 were obtained from the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare. Patients with primary or secondary ICD diagnoses of burns were included, reviewed and statistically interpreted in terms of sex, age, incidence, mortality in hospital and duration of stay. A total of 30,478 patients were admitted to hospitals with burns. The absolute number of admissions declined by 42% (95% CI 39 to 44). There was a highly significant reduction of 45% (95% CI: 38 to 51) in the ageadjusted incidence (admissions/million population) over the years, and the reduction was significant for both sexes. Children aged 0-4 years (n=8308) were most likely to be admitted to hospital (27%). The median duration of stay shortened over time (p < 0.0001). There was an overall significant reduction in deaths at hospital/100 admissions over time (p <0.0001). We think that the improvements are the result of a combination of preventive measures, improved treatments and greater use of outpatient facilities. If we understand these trends and the relations between age-adjusted incidence and actual number of admissions, we can gain insight into what is needed for future provision of emergency health care.

1 - 46 of 46
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf