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  • 1.
    Alastair, Henry
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Korp, Helena
    Högskolan Väst.
    Elevers möten med engelska i och utanför skolan : Upprop till deltagande i forskningsprojektet Bridging the Gap2014In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 4, 22-26 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Axén, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Projektarbeten på gymnasieskolans yrkesförberedande program: Elevers färdigheter inom formellt skriftspråk och lärares undervisning om formellt skrivande2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Formal writing is an essential part of teaching Swedish and is fundamental for higher education and professional career. The aim of my essay is to research what didactic methods Swedish teachers utilizes in upper secondary school to improve students' abilities to write formal texts. I will also examine students’ project papers in an attempt to measure the extent of formal word choice.  In the presentation of the literature I decided to use, for example, Per Olov Svedner’s perspective on writing as a process, Siv Strömquist’s manuals for essay writing and various literature regarding linguistic correctness and essay layout. Interviews with three upper secondary school teachers reveals that active feedback is a basis for students development regarding formal writing in both school and professional career. An analysis of the project papers points to insecurities regarding subjectivity, objectivity and punctuation as common issues within academic writing.

  • 3.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Tromsö university.
    ”Et nytt møte”: Performance och performativitet i nordisk lyrik – från Jan Erik Vold till Dimmu Borgir2013In: Diktet utenfor diktsamlingen: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 6 / [ed] Stefan Kjerkegaard & Unni Langås, Bergeb: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2013, 175-205 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Duek, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Artefakter i barns litteracitetspraktiker2013In: KAPET, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 9, no 1, 72-86 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Eriksson, Lina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Om textval och genus: Textval med ett genusperspektiv i gymnasieskolans svenskundervisning2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis of this essay is how literary texts are selected in the teaching of Swedish in upper secondary school, and how teachers reflect upon gender in these selections. To answer the thesis question three methods have been used. Firstly interviews were held with five teachers of Swedish, which have been the primary source for the essay. In addition to the interviews, I have examined two literary anthologies used as teaching aid in the teaching of Swedish and lastly I analyzed the literature and authors that the teachers explicitly express that they use in their tutoring. The secondary sources of this thesis contain research on selections of fictional texts, literary canon and students’ re-production of gender. The conclusion of the essay is that four components affect the selection of texts. The superior components to the selection are the students and the teachers, mostly by the students’ ability to identify with the text and the level of knowledge of both teachers and students. The subordinate components to the selections are the materials in form of teaching aids as well as the school via the curriculum and a literary canon. The essay also concludes that teachers do not reflect upon gender in the same way in their actual selections as they do in their rhetoric about the selections of texts.    

  • 6.
    Hallberg, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Skönlitteraturens roll i svenskundervisningen: Litteratursynen som speglas i läroplanen och motiveringar till litteraturundervisning2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate the view of literature that shines through in the Swedish curriculum for secondary school, Läroplan, examensmål och gymnasiegemensamma ämnen för gymnasieskola 2011. The idea is that this view of literature becomes visible when analyzing the curriculum’s ways of legitimating the teaching of literature and its relation to the use of a literary canon. The analysis compares the phrases from the curriculum regarding the teaching of literature and compares these phrases with the various literary visions that earlier scholars advocate. Based on these comparisons, discussions are raised about the pros and cons of the curriculum's ways of legitimating the teaching of literature and its relation to the use of a literary canon. My conclusions are that literature does not necessarily carry an inherent goodness and that all literature – regardless of genre or text type – can have a place in the teaching of Swedish as long as the way that the literature is being used is tailored to the purposes of literature-centered education.

  • 7. Henry, Alastair
    et al.
    Korp, Helena
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Thorsen, Cecilia
    Motivational strategies and the reframing of English: Activity design and challenges for teachers in contexts of extensive extramural encounters2017In: TESOL quarterly (Print), ISSN 0039-8322, E-ISSN 1545-7249Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Motivational strategies are underresearched, and studies so far conducted have been in sociolinguistic contexts where English is not extensively encountered outside the classroom. Given also that little is known about strategies relating to the design and content of classroom activities, the purpose of this study is to identify and critically evaluate strategies focusing on activity design and content in classroom activities that, in a setting where students have extensive extramural English encounters, teachers have found to be effective in generating motivation. Using Dörnyei’s (2001) taxonomy of motivational strategies as an analytical tool, 112 descriptions of motivational activities provided by a randomly drawn sample of secondary EFL teachers in Sweden (N = 252) were content-analyzed with a focus on design and content. Providing support for D€ornyei’s proposals, the results reveal the prominence of activities that enable students to work with authentic materials (cultural artefacts produced for a purpose other than teaching) and in ways that can be experienced as authentic. Activities involving digital technologies which provide opportunities for creativity are also prominent. Use of authentic materials places high demands on teachers’ pedagogical and linguistic skills. In contexts where students respond positively to such activities, teachers’ language awareness skills become of significant importance.

  • 8.
    Källkvist, Marie
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Gyllstad, Henrik
    Lund University.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    English only in multilingual classrooms?2017In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 4, 27-31 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Lisnäs, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Strindbergsbilder i gymnasiets litteraturundervisning: En analys av fyra läromedel i svenska2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study the image of Strindberg that is conveyed in four different textbooks for the upper secondary school. How do the teaching authors choose to portray Strindberg? Do they focus on any one particular aspect of his writing? Adjacent to this a subsidiary aim is to see if teaching authors highlight the fictional nature of Strindberg’s works or choose to encourage a biographical interpretation. The work consists of a study of four literary history textbooks in the subject of Swedish for the upper secondary school, from 2000 to 2012. In the selected material the sections focusing on Strindberg and his writings are closely read and critically analysed. The teaching materials have then been compared to each other, with the purpose of trying to find similarities or differences in the way Strindberg is portrayed.

    What emerged from the analysis is that the aspect of Strindberg that is consistently provided with the greatest scope is his prose. Alongside and in interaction with the writing, much space is given to the person Strindberg and incidents from his life that has influenced his writing. The works and the facts about Strindberg which are given special emphasis are generally the same, what distinguishes the materials from each other is the actual image of Strindberg and the attributes and epithets used in the transmission of this image. A biographical interpretation of the works is indeed used throughout, like in the teaching materials of the 1980- and 1990s. 

  • 10. Nyroos, Lina
    et al.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Code-switched repair initiation: The case of Swedish eller in L2 English test interaction2017In: Journal of Pragmatics, ISSN 0378-2166, E-ISSN 1879-1387, Vol. 120, 1-16 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a long-standing interest in repair practices, much is yet to be learned about participants’ selections of components of the repair operation, and their systematic variation across contexts and languages (Hayashi, Raymond, & Sidnell, 2013b; Kitzinger, 2013, p. 241). The present paper targets the initiation of self-repair through examination of a particular discursive object, the Swedish conjunction eller (‘or’), located in repair-prefacing position in a corpus of 79 second language (L2) oral proficiency tests. In the corpus, eller is systematically produced in Swedish, while surrounding talk is produced in the target language, English. As such, the repair initiations are code-switched (e.g., Auer, 1998b). Building on the recent work on or-prefaced repair initiations in English (Lerner & Kitzinger, 2015), we examine the role of eller-initiated repair (EIR), i.e. repair prefaced by eller, in the context of paired L2 tests. We also contrast EIRs with or-prefaced repair initiations in the same dataset. Findings indicate that EIRs serve to display trouble awareness, which may relate to necessary revisions of both form and content of the talk in English. The ‘other-languageness’ (Gafaranga, 2000) of the momentary code-switch amplifies test-takers’ attention to what needs to be replaced or revised, and indicates to co-participants that self-repair is underway. The practice helps push forward turn transition and pre-empts conclusions about the speaker’s stance or linguistic competence, which may be particularly relevant in a language testing context.

  • 11.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Lärande och identitetsskapande utifrån Twilights textuniversum2011In: Åttonde nationella konferensen i svenska med didaktisk inriktning.: Språket, kroppen och rummet - multimodala och digitala perspektiv på lärande / [ed] A Malmbjer, J Magnusson, D Wojahn, Stockholm: Nationella nätverket för svenska med didaktisk inriktningSödertörns högskola , 2011, 106-116 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sweden: Fertile ground for digital fandoms2015In: Transformative Works and Cultures, ISSN 1941-2258, E-ISSN 1941-2258, Vol. 19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We discuss the spread of fans and fandoms within Sweden. With a specific focus on fan fiction and video games, we describe Swedish fan activities in relation to the fact that Sweden is a connected country—that is, a highly technologically developed society. We also describe fan activities in relation to the fact that the level of English-language proficiency is high among Swedish children and teenagers.

  • 13.
    Reinholdsson, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Learning non-Swedish speech sounds: A study of Swedish students’ pronunciation and ability to learn English phonemes2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that L2 students have difficulties producing and even recognising sounds that do not exist in their mother tongue. It has also been concluded that accented speech not only compromises intelligibility but also makes the listener negatively biased towards the speaker. The present study explores how proficient Swedish students are in producing the speech sounds /dʒ/, /j/, /v/, /w/, /ʃ/and /tʃ/, of which /dʒ/, /w/ and /tʃ/do not exist in Swedish. In addition, it explores whether their pronunciation of these sounds improves after a brief pronunciation lesson, if this improvement is lasting and whether they tend to learn the pronunciation of words as separate units or are able to generalise the rules of pronunciation and appropriately apply them. It also investigates whether a difference in the structure of the pronunciation lesson affects the students’ results. The study revealed that the students do have difficulties with correctly producing in particular /tʃ/, /dʒ/ and /j/. More specifically, they tended to confuse /dʒ/ and /j/ whereas many students appeared to have been unaware that /tʃ/ exists and used the /ʃ/-sound instead, which exists in Swedish. After the pronunciation lesson, however, the students significantly improved their pronunciation. This improvement was shown to be lasting and the students were generalising rules rather than learning words as separate units. What the study failed to show was a significant difference in results caused by a difference in the structure of the pronunciation lesson.

  • 14.
    Sandlund, Erica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Att tala under test och testa tal: Prov i muntlig färdighet är en komplex historia2013In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 2, 21-25 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 15.
    Sandlund, Erica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Codeswitching as a task management resource in EFL speaking tests: Testwiseness, resistance, and task instructions2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In foreign language speaking tests, testees are instructed to stick to the target language and repeated instances of codeswitching (CS) to testees’ L1 during the test often impact test scores negatively (cf. Hasselgren, 1997). However, as conversation analysts have shown (e.g. Auer, 1999; Cromdal, 2000; Wei, 2002), CS is a complex interactional phenomenon, and the dismissal of CS as lacking competence risks resulting in unfair assessment. In the present paper, we discuss the deployment of CS in EFL speaking tests, with the question “Why that, in that language, right now?” (Ustunel & Seedhouse, 2005, p. 321) in focus. Using conversation analysis, we have examined all instances of CS in a dataset of 38 dyadic speaking tests for ninth graders in Sweden. For this presentation, we have focused on instances that appear when testees orient to the task-at-hand (Sandlund & Sundqvist, 2011). By examining the systematics of CS in sequences where the instructions for test-taking are, in some way, unclear to the testees, we discuss how their language choice in situ (L1 or English) becomes part of the task-as-process (cf. Breen, 1989). Aside from testees’ EFL competence, CS can be linked to matters like testwiseness, problem-solving, and disalignment with the task. As such, CS in speaking tests can be viewed as a multi-faceted phenomenon and as a powerful resource for testees, in particular in contexts where they are faced with the challenge of producing assessable talk on pre-set topics they are unfamiliar with. Our findings indicate that it is important for teachers and examiners to have knowledge of CS and its variants in EFL speaking tests in order to conduct valid assessments, since a testee’s deployment of CS may reflect interactional concerns rather than poor oral proficiency skills.

  • 16.
    Sandlund, Erica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Diverging task orientations in L2 oral proficiency tests: a conversation analytic approach to participant understandings of pre-set discussion tasks2013In: Nordic Journal of Modern Language Methodology, E-ISSN 1894-2245, Vol. 2, no 1, 1-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Presumably most students strive to do well in school and on national tests. However, even in standardized tests, students’ and examiners’ expectations on what it means to ‘do well’ may diverge in ways that are consequential to performance and assessment. In this paper, we examine how students and teachers in an L2 English peer–peer speaking national test (9th grade) display their understandings of appropriate ways of dealing with pre-set discussion tasks. Using conversation analysis and 38 recorded national tests in English in Sweden, we demonstrate, e.g., how teachers’ displayed understandings of how tasks should be appropriately handled steer the interactional trajectory between students in particular directions. The analysis shows that participants spend much time on negotiating understandings of the task-at-hand. We argue that in terms of valid assessment of oral proficiency, task understandings merit more attention, as task negotiations inevitably generate different conditions for different dyads and teachers.

  • 17.
    Sandlund, Erica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Equity in L2 English oral assessment: Criterion-based facts or works of fiction?2016In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 15, no 2, 113-131 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For assessment to be equitable, it is central that teachers/raters perceive and apply grade criteria similarly. However, in assessing L2 oral proficiency in paired tests, raters mustgrade test-takers individually on a joint interaction performance. With a conversation analytic approach, we examine closely one recording from a 9th-grade national test of L2English with an aim to uncover some aspects that underpin vastly divergent assessments (as assigned by three raters) of one test-taker. Findings pointing to issues such as moral stance, rater experiences, and the interlocutor effect are discussed in light of equity in L2 oral proficiency testing and assessment.

  • 18.
    Sandlund, Erica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Provuppgiftshantering som social praktik: En jämförelse mellan interaktionsanalys och bedömardata för muntligt prov i engelska2013In: Språk i undervising: Papers for mthe ASLA symposium in Linköping, 11-12 May 2012 / [ed] Rosén R., Simfors P., Sundberg A-K., Linköping/Växjö: ASLA. Svenska föreningen för tillämpad språkvetenskap , 2013, 125-138 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19. Skar, Gustaf
    et al.
    Tengberg, MichaelKarlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Läsning!2013Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 20.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    About a boy: A gamer and L2 English speaker coming into being by use of self-access2015In: Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal, ISSN 2185-3762, Vol. 6, no 4, 352-364 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This is an interview study of Eldin, a 14-year-old Bosnian boy living in Sweden since the age of six. The aim is to investigate how Eldin became a gamer and how he, strongly motivated, learned foreign/second (L2) English mainly through self-access gameplay. Using language learning motivation theories, Dörnyei’s (2005, 2009) L2 Motivational Self System and Dweck’s (2006) concept of mindsets, the questions are: (i) By whom and at what age was the learner introduced to video games?, (ii) What was it about the games that kept the learner motivated for two years before he started to play ‘for real’?, and (iii) How does the learner himself describe his process of language learning? Data consist of an in-depth interview and three university-level vocabulary/multiple-choice tests measuring English proficiency. Guided by the questions, interview data were analyzed qualitatively. Eldin’s mindset seems to favor naturalistic language learning, matching his interest in gaming. Experiences of having fun and daring to use ‘trial-and-error’ in gaming have contributed to his English proficiency, which is equivalent to a passing grade at second-semester university level. Elements of gaming (in particular, competition, stories, and escapism) appeal to Eldin, thereby indirectly contributing to his successful learning of English.

  • 21.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Categorization of Digital Games in English LanguageLearning Studies: Introducing the SSI Model2013In: 20 Years of EUROCALL: Learning from the Past, Looking to the Future: 2013 EUROCALL Conference, Évora, Portugal, Proceedings / [ed] Linda Bradley and Sylvie Thouësny, Dublin, Ireland; Voillans, France: Research-publishing.net , 2013, 231-237 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main aim of the present paper is to introduce a model for digital game categorization suitable for use in English language learning studies: the Scale of Social Interaction (SSI) Model (original idea published as Sundqvist, 2013). Based on sociocultural theory (Vygotsky, 1978), the SSI Model proposes a classification of commercial off-the-shelf digital games into three categories: singleplayer, multiplayer, and massively multiplayer online games (MMOs). The potential for naturalistic learning (Benson, 2011) of English is hypothesized to be greater the larger the scale of the in-game social interaction. In other words, the larger the scale of social interaction offered by particular games, the higher the chances of encountering co-players of different nationalities, making the need for a shared language (i.e., English) for in-game interactions obvious. Subsequently, the more authentic English interactions there are, the higher the chances for naturalistic language learning to occur. In the SSI Model, the scale of social interaction is viewed as a continuum, from small scale (singleplayer games) to large scale (MMOs). Thus, from the perspective of language learning, the model suggests that MMOs are more beneficial than multiplayer games which, in turn, are more beneficial than singleplayer games. A secondary aim is to present some preliminary findings regarding the validation of the SSI Model based on data collected from Swedish learners (9th grade) in an ongoing 3-year study about the relation between out-of school digital gameplay and vocabulary acquisition. The results reveal that it is more common that learners who play games frequently play multiplayer games and/or MMOs than singleplayer games. Further, the results provide partial evidence of the validity of the SSI Model in that the learners who are categorized as playing multiplayer games and MMOs score higher on two vocabulary tests than the learners categorized as playing singleplayer games.

  • 22.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Elever i förskoleklass pratar språk: Ämnesdidaktiska konsekvenser för undervisning och lärarutbildning2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Min presentation bygger på material som samlats in inom ramen för studien ”Informellt lärande av engelska bland yngre barn (F-6)”. Det övergripande syftet med studien är att belysa informellt lärande i form av extramural engelska bland yngre barn kopplat till skola, studieresultat, socioekonomisk bakgrund, kön och modersmål. Med extramural engelska avses kontakter med engelska som sker på fritiden utanför skolans väggar genom att t.ex. se på tv/film, spela dataspel, lyssna på musik, läsa böcker etc.; med yngre barn avses elever från förskoleklass (F, 5-6 år) till årskurs 6 (11-12 år). Ytterligare ett syfte med studien är att se hur den språkliga mångfalden ser ut på fritiden bland yngre barn. Totalt ingår 176 elever i studien, men i denna presentation ligger fokus enbart på de yngsta eleverna (N = 27), fördelade på två förskoleklasser vid två skolor.  Det material som samlats in från dessa yngsta består dels av intervjuer (2-3 elever/intervju; totalt 11 intervjuer), dels av två ”målningsuppgifter”. Intervjuerna genomfördes med hjälp av ett frågeformulär som finns framtaget för åldersgruppen i den Europeiska Språkportfolion och målningsuppgifterna bygger på en metod som tagits fram av forskaren i syfte att få små barn att tala om språk i allmänhet och engelska i synnerhet. Materialet har analyserats kvalitativt. I framställningen redogörs för resultat som alltså framkommit när förskoleklasselever ”pratar språk”, det vill säga, när de förhållandevis fritt till exempel berättar om vilka språk de kan, hur de lär sig språk, vilka språk de vill lära sig i framtiden och varför det är viktigt (eller inte) att kunna flera språk. Deras syn på engelska berörs speciellt. Avslutningsvis diskuteras vilka ämnesdidaktiska konsekvenser resultaten kan ha för skolans språkundervisning samt även på vilka sätt utbildningen av nya lärare i språk kan lära av små barn som faktiskt pratar språk.

  • 23.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Gaming and young language learners2016In: The Routledge handbook of language learning and technology / [ed] Fiona Farr and Liam Murray, Oxon and New York: Routledge, 2016, 446-458 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    More research on motivation in early foreign language learning2014In: Conference Proceedings from Early Language Learning: Theory and Practice 2014 / [ed] Janet Enever, Eva Lindgren, Sergej Ivanov, Umeå, 2014, 116-120 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Review of Technology-mediated TBLT: Researching technology and tasks2015In: Language Learning & Technology, ISSN 1094-3501, E-ISSN 1094-3501, Vol. 19, no 2, 36-39 p.Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Taking a quantitative measure of oral proficiency in EFL.2009In: Taking the Measure of Applied Linguistics: Proceedings of the BAAL Annual Conference 2008 / [ed] M. Edwardes, London: Scitsiugnil Press, 2009, 117-118 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    The SSI Model: Categorization of digital games in EFL studies2013In: The European Journal of Applied Linguistics and TEFL, ISSN 2192-1032, Vol. 2, no 1, 89-104 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 28.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Två forskningsprojekt med en gemensam nämnare: informellt lärande av engelska utanför skolan, samt några ord om bedömning 2011Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 29.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Classroom vs. extramural English: Teachers dealing with demotivation2013In: Language and Linguistics Compass, ISSN 1749-818X, E-ISSN 1749-818X, Vol. 7, no 6, 329-338 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article explores challenges facing EFL classrooms in Sweden due to new informal out-of-school language learning settings created by the current media landscape. A recent Swedish national evaluation identifies that a problematic situation in secondary school EFL classrooms has emerged. EFL teachers find it difficult to bridge the gap (cf. Olsson 2011) between the English used in school and the English used outside of school, extramural English (Sundqvist 2009). As a consequence, the pupils (aged 13–16) become discouraged and demotivated. Based on experiences from language teaching methodology in-service training programs and a small-scale survey, the article discusses the problem with demotivation, the empowerment of EFL teachers, and the development of teaching practices in order to meet the new challenges. The article argues that the challenges that Swedish EFL teachers currently meet can be viewed as an early indication that similar challenges are likely to emerge also in EFL classrooms elsewhere.

  • 30.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Engelska på fritiden och engelska i skolan: en omöjlig ekvation?2015In: Educare - Vetenskapliga skrifter, ISSN 1653-1868, ISSN 1653-1868, no 1, 53-71 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present article explores challenges facing English language classrooms in Sweden and elsewhere due to new informal out-of-school language learning settings created by the current media landscape. The article also discusses the empowerment of teachers and teachers’ perceived ability to bridge the gap between the English used in school and the English used outside of school (extramural English) in various activities (blogging, playing digital games, watching TV/films etc.). Generally young people engage in extramural English activities on a voluntary basis and because of a specific interest; that is, they do not commonly do it for the purpose of language learning. As a consequence, they may become discouraged and demotivated during English classes in school. After an extensive literature review about motivation/demotivation in second language learning in general, and the current media landscape in relation to English language learning in particular, this article discusses problems with learner demotivation, the empowerment of teachers, and the development of teaching practices in order to meet the new challenges. The discussion draws on the authors’ experiences of in-service training programs (related to language teaching methodology) and on the results of a small-scale survey carried out among English teachers participating in Boost for teachers (Lärarlyftet).

  • 31.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    National speaking tests in English: Does group size matter?2014In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, Vol. 3, 3 p.29-31 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Nyroos, Lina
    Uppsala universitet.
    Speaking about speaking: English teachers' practices and views regarding Part A of the English national test2015In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 3, 16-23 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    University of Gothenburg.
    Blogpost about Language-related computer use: Focus on young L2 English learners in Sweden.2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 34.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Extramural English in teaching and learning: From theory and research to practice2016 (ed. 1)Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This book is unique in bringing together theory, research, and practice about English encountered outside the classroom – extramural English – and how it affects teaching and learning. The book investigates ways in which learners successfully develop their language skills through extramural English and provides tools for teachers to make use of free time activities in primary and secondary education. The authors demonstrate that learning from involvement in extramural English activities tends to be incidental and is currently underutilized in classroom work. A distinctive strength is that this volume is grounded in theory, builds on results from empirical studies, and manages to link theory and research with practice in a reader-friendly way. Teacher-educators, teachers and researchers of English as a foreign language and teachers of English as a second language across the globe will find this book useful in developing their use of extramural English activities as tools for language learning.

  • 35.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Fritidsspråk i femman: framtidens studenter formas2011In: Språk för framtiden. Rapport från ASLA:s höstsymposium, Falun, 12-13 november, 2010.: Language for the future. Papers from the ASLA Symposium in Falun, 12-13 November, 2010 / [ed] A. Ylikiiskilä & M. Westman, Uppsala: Swedish Science Press, 2011, 186-198 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    University of Gothenburg.
    How Swedish children learn English through gaming2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Language-related computer use: Focus on young L2 English learners in Sweden2014In: ReCALL, ISSN 0958-3440, E-ISSN 1474-0109, Vol. 26, no 1, 3-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from a study investigating young English language learners (YELLs) in Sweden in 4th grade (N=76, aged 10–11). Data were collected with the help of a questionnaire and a one-week language diary. The main purpose was to examine the learners’ L2 English language-related activities outside of school in general, and their use of computers and engagement in playing digital games in particular. A comparison is made between language-related activities in English, Swedish, and other languages. Another purpose was to see whether there is a relationship between playing digital games and (a) gender, (b) L1, (c) motivation for learning English, (d) self-assessed English ability, and (e) self-reported strategies for speaking English. In order to do so, the sample was divided into three digitalgame groups, (1) non-gamers, (2) moderate, and (3) frequent gamers (>4 hours/week), based on diary data (using self-reported times for playing digital games in English). Results showedthat YELLs are extensively involved in extramural English (EE) activities (M=7.2 hrs/w).There are statistically significant gender differences, boys (11.5 hrs/w) and girls (5.1 hrs/w; p < .01), the reason being boys’ greater time investment in digital gaming and watching films.The girls, on the other hand, spent significantly more time on pastime language-relatedactivities in Swedish (11.5 hrs/w) than the boys (8.0 hrs/w; p < .05), the reason being girls’greater time investment in facebooking. Investigation of the digital game groups revealed that group (1) was predominantly female, (2) a mix, and (3) predominantly male. YELLs with an L1 other than Swedish were overrepresented in group (3). Motivation and self-assessed English ability were high across all groups. Finally, regarding the self-reported strategies, code-switching to one’s L1 was more commonly reported by non- and moderate gamers than frequent gamers.

  • 38.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Gamers and girls: Avancerad vokabulär i engelska uppsatser (årskurs 9)2012Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Learning by playing: Relations between out-of-school digital gameplay and L2 English proficiency2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relation between digital gameplay and language learning is a growing field of interest within SLA. Gee (2007) was among the first linguists to highlight the affordances offered by digital games for learning and literacy; subsequent empirical studies have proved him right as regards L2 learning. The present study is grounded in sociocultural theory (Lantolf & Thorne, 2006; Vygotsky, 1978) where social interaction is fundamental; likewise, social interaction is central in many games (see e.g. Peterson, 2012). The aim of the present study is to shed more light on the relation between digital gameplay and L2 English proficiency, vocabulary in particular, as well as on the relation between gameplay and learners’ attitudes towards English. To this end, a sample of 80 L2 English learners (aged 15–16) were divided into three Digital Game Groups (DGGs) based on frequency of out-of-school digital gameplay activity: (1) non-gamers, (2) moderate gamers, and (3) frequent gamers (≥ 5 hours/week). Due to the gendered distribution of non-gamers (predominantly female) and frequent gamers (predominantly male), these three DGGs are also partially defined by gender. The study attempts to answer the following research questions: (1) Are there any correlations between out-of-school digital game play and (a) L2 proficiency, (b) vocabulary, (c) attitudes towards English, and (d) outcomes in terms of various grades? (2) What is the role of gender in any correlations observed? For the present study, we use datasets originally collected for Author1 (year), comprising questionnaire data, vocabulary tests, essays, assessment data, and school subject grades. The data were analyzed quantitatively using Pearson’s chi-squared and Cramér’s V for tests of association between nominal variables, and t-tests, ANOVA, and classical eta squared for tests of variance with numeric variables. Results show a medium to large effect of gameplay, but also gender, on vocabulary. Further, DGG 3 had the most advanced vocabulary, the highest rated essays, and the highest final English grades, closely followed by DGG 1, while DGG 2 trailed behind. Attitudes varied between the groups, but DGG 3 tended to have the most positive attitudes towards English. One conclusion is that both gaming and gender are connected with L2 English proficiency.

     

     

    Gee, J. P. (2007). What video games have to teach us about learning and literacy. Revised and updated edition. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Lantolf, J. P., & Thorne, S. L. (2006). Sociocultural theory and the genesis of second language development. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Peterson, M. (2012). Learner interaction in a massively multiplayer online role playing game (MMORPG): A sociocultural discourse analysis. ReCALL, 24(3), 361-380.

    Vygotsky, L. (1978). Cole, M., John-Steiner, V., Scribner, S., and Souberman, E. (Eds.) Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA.: Harvard University Press.

     

  • 40.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Out-of-school digital gameplay and in-school L2 English vocabulary outcomes2015In: System, ISSN 0346-251X, Vol. 51, 65-76 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to examine the relation between out-of-school digital gameplay and in-school L2 English vocabulary measures and grading outcomes. Data were originally collected from a sample of 80 teenage Swedish L2 English learners and comprise a questionnaire, language diaries, vocabulary tests, assessed essays, and grades. Using an observational post-hoc design, three Digital Game Groups (DGGs) were created based on frequency of gameplay: (1) non-gamers (0 h/week), (2) moderate gamers (<5 h/week), and (3) frequent gamers (≥5 h/week). Results show that DGG3 had the highest rated essays, used the most advanced vocabulary in the essays, and had the highest grades, closely followed by DGG1, while DGG2 trailed behind. For the vocabulary tests, DGG3 was followed by DGG2 and DGG1, indicating that gameplay aligns more directly with vocabulary test scores than vocabulary indicators drawn from essays. Due to the gender distribution of non-gamers (predominantly girls) and frequent gamers (exclusively boys), a subsidiary aim is to investigate how gameplay correlates with outcomes for boys and girls: significant correlations were found for gameplay–vocabulary tests/English grades for the boys.

  • 41.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Nyroos, Lina
    The teacher as examiner of L2 oral tests: A challenge to standardization.2017In: Language Testing, ISSN 0265-5322, E-ISSN 1477-0946, 1-22 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper looks at the issue of standardization in L2 oral testing. Whereas external examiners are frequently used globally, some countries opt for test-takers’ own teachers as examiners instead. In the present study, Sweden is used as a case in point, with a focus on the mandatory, high-stakes, summative, 9th-grade national test in English (speaking part). The national test has the typical characteristics of standardized tests and its main objective is to contribute to equity in assessment and grading on a national level. However, using teachers as examiners raises problems for standardization. The aim of this study is to examine teachers’/examiners’ practices and views regarding four aspects of the speaking test – test-taker grouping, recording practices, the actual test occasion, and examiner participation in students’ test interactions – and to discuss findings in relation to issues concerning the normativity and practical feasibility of standardization, taking the perspectives of test-takers, teachers/examiners, and test constructors into account. In order to answer research questions linked to these four aspects of L2 oral testing, self-report survey data from a random sample of teachers (N = 204) and teacher interviews (N = 11) were collected and quantitative data were analyzed using inferential statistics. Survey findings revealed that despite thorough instructions, teacher practices and views vary greatly across all aspects, which was further confirmed by interview data. Three background variables – teacher certification, work experience, gender – were investigated to see whether they could provide explanations. Whereas certification and gender did not contribute significantly to explaining the findings, work experience bore some relevance, but effect sizes were generally small. The study concludes that using teachers as examiners is a well-functioning procedure in terms of assessment for learning, but raises doubts regarding assessment of learning and standardization; a solution for test authorities could be to frame the test as non-standardized.

  • 42. Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    et al.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Computer-assisted language learning (CALL) in extracurricular/extramural contexts2017In: CALICO journal, ISSN 0742-7778, E-ISSN 2056-9017, Vol. 34, no 1, i-iv p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43. Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    et al.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Extramural English in relation to CLIL: Focus on young language learners in Sweden2015In: CLIL in action: Voices from the classroom / [ed] David Marsh, María Luisa Pérez Muñoz och Juan Ráez Padilla, Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015, 47-63 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Needed: A vocabulary test for young learners of English2014In: Conference Proceedings from Early Language Learning: Theory and Practice 2014 / [ed] Janet Enever, Eva Lindgren, Sergej Ivanov, Umeå: Umeå University , 2014, 121-124 p.Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45. Sylvén, Liss Kerstin
    et al.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Validation of a test measuring young learners’ general L2 English vocabulary knowledge2016In: Novitas-ROYAL, ISSN 1307-4733, E-ISSN 1307-4733, Vol. 10, no 1, 1-23 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to present the validation of a test designed to assess young learners’ general L2 English vocabulary knowledge, the Young Learner Vocabulary Assessment Test (YLVAT). YLVAT consists of 37 items selected from the K1–2 frequency levels of the Productive and Vocabulary Levels Tests. In the study, Swedish learners (N = 52, age 12) took YLVAT and filled out an evaluation; scores from the national test of English (readingand listening comprehension) were also collected. Four validity measurements were used: the spread of YLVAT scores, correlation with the national test – reading, correlation with the national test – listening, and evaluation responses. YLVAT results point to a sufficient spread of scores (M = 18.9, SD = 6.5). There were significant correlations between YLVAT and (i) reading (r = .597**), (ii) listening (r = .541**), (iii) perceived test difficulty (rs = -.538**), and (iv) how fun it was to take the test (rs = .683**). An ANOVA showed that learners who found YLVAT “easy” or “very easy” scored significantly (p = .000) higher (26.1) than those who found it “difficult” (18.3) or “very difficult” (12.9). Finally, teachers found YLVAT to correlate with their own assessment of learners’vocabulary.

  • 46.
    Tanner, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Förenklad debatt om katederundervisning2014In: Svenskläraren. Tidskrift för svenskundervisning., ISSN 0346-2412, no 3, 10-11 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 47.
    Tanner, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Ska jag skriva det.: Lärares och elevers interaktion vid bänkarbete2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det övergripande syftet med mitt avhandlingsprojekt är att bidra med kunskap om lärares och elevers interaktion i skrifthändelser i vardagliga skriftpraktiker på mellanstadiet. Med utgångspunkt i fältet New Literacy Studies (Street, 1984; Barton, 2007; Gee, 2008) samt dialogiska och multimodala perspektiv på språk och kontext (Linell, 2009; Goodwin& Duranti, 1992; Prior& Hengst, 2010) studerar jag på vilket sätt mellanstadiets undervisning konstitueras i s.k. bänkinteraktioner, dvs. tillfällen då elever arbetar självständigt med olika skriftliga uppgifter och läraren främst intar en handledande roll. Metodologiskt använder jag mig av samtalsanalys, CA, (eng. conversation analysis) för att studera lärarens deltagande i dessa bänkinteraktioner och hur det kan förstås i relation till undervisning och lärande (Melander & Sahlström, 2010; Sahlström, 2011).

     

    Två mellanstadieklasser från olika skolor har följts periodvis under ett läsår, där vardagliga skriftpraktiker i ämnena svenska, geografi och textilslöjd har dokumenterats genom videoinspelning och fältanteckningar. En videokamera har följt lärarens arbete i klassrummet när denne rör sig mellan olika elevers bänkar, kompletterat med en fast kamera som dokumenterat helklassperspektivet. Från det rika videomaterialet görs ett urval av relaterade sekvenser i undervisningens förlopp då läraren bemöter olika elever kring en och samma arbetsuppgift, vilket möjliggör analys av hur lärarens deltagande i undervisningens interaktioner med eleverna förändras över tid med användande av olika semiotiska resurser såsom verbalt tal, gester, blickar och artefaktuella texter.

     

    Preliminära resultat synliggör hur både tidigare och projicerade skrifthändelser remedieras i de situerade bänkinteraktionerna och används som interaktionella resurser av deltagarna. Lärarens deltagande förändras successivt genom de olika bänkinteraktionerna, en förändring som inrymmer aspekter av både rutinisering och variation.

  • 48.
    Tanner, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Taking interaction in literacy events seriously: A conversation analysis approach to evolving literacy practices in the classroom2017In: Language and Education, ISSN 0950-0782, E-ISSN 1747-7581, Vol. 31, no 5, 400-417 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I examine the relation between literacy events and literacy practices in classroom interaction and add to ongoing discussions in the field of NLS about the transcontextual nature of literacy and how local literacy events are linked to broader literacy practices. It specifically focuses on how the link between literacy events and literacy practices are maintained in the institutionally shaped classroom interaction. Conversation analysis (CA) is used to explore the interactional resources and social knowledge relied upon as teachers and students orient to literacy practices in everyday classroom interactions. The analysis focuses on a frequent type of teacher–student interaction during seatwork, desk interaction, i.e. interactions that occur as students work individually at their desks while the teacher moves around in the classroom to help and supervise them. The result shows how teachers and students refer to and use previously shared experiences of institutionally shaped literacy practices in the desk interactions, using both verbal and non-verbal resources. Thus, the literacy events in these interactions are shown both to be embedded in and contributing forward to the progressive shaping of classroom literacy practices that to a large extent seem to be practices of selfregulation and responsibility in individual assignments.

  • 49.
    Tanner, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    The teacher’s pathway through the classroom.: Learning and literacy in desk-interactions in the middle years.2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this presentation, I take an interest in how teaching and learning as social actions have to be actively accomplished in interactions between teachers and students in the institutional setting of the classroom. More precisely I focus on learning trajectories between teachers and students within subsequent situations over time and the practices relied upon for coming to situated agreement of the level of student learning, and for adjusting teaching and instruction in individual deskwork to these changing understandings.

    Within CA, there is a growing interest in the ubiquitous role that issues related to knowledge have in the interactive organization of human sociality. This interest has brought new insights about the diverse ways in which epistemic stance is utilized as a resource in interaction (c.f. Stivers, Mondada, & Steensig, 2011; Heritage, 2012; Goodwin, 2013). This focus on epistemics is at the core of a growing body of research on learning that within a CA framing explores new ways of conceptualizing learning as changed participation in interaction (Melander, 2009; Lee, 2010; Sahlström, 2011). Here, I explore how participants orient to learning processes across situations, by relying on interactional resources such as epistemic topicalizations and reoccurring semiotic fields.

    Analyzed data comes from a larger classroom video-ethnography on learning and literacy practices during the middle years, i.e. students aged 10 to 12 year in two Swedish schools.  Within this material, trajectories of learning in desk-interactions between teachers and students, i.e. when students work individually while the teacher moves around in the classroom to support them, have been traced. In the analysis I compare learning trajectories from two different perspectives. First I analyze examples where a teacher repeatedly meets the same student in interactions about the same learning content. Secondly I focus on changes in the teacher’s epistemic stance as he/she meets different students about the same learning content in repeated desk-interactions.

    The varying functions in participants’ use of epistemic topicalizations and reoccurring semiotic fields are shown to be crucial resources to maintain, in different ways, the “sameness” in a certain constituted content through repeated learning situations, while at the same time making it possible for the teacher and the student to continuously change and differentiate their epistemic stance to this content. When comparing trajectories from the student’s and teacher’s perspective it becomes clear that learning in desk-interactions is constituted in the dynamic interplay between teacher’s and student’s learning, where the main feature of the teacher’s learning could be described as trying out a routine. The teacher’s pathway through the classroom could from this be described as an infrastructure for learning characterized of both differentiation and routinization (Schegloff, 2006). This in turn can simultaneously both enable and constrain student learning in these situations.

     

    References

    Goodwin, C. (2013). The co-operative, transformative organization of human action and knowledge. Journal of Pragmatics, 46(1), 8-23.

    Heritage, J. (2012). The epistemic engine: Sequence organization and territories of knowledge. Research on Language & Social Interaction, 45(1), 30-52.

    Lee, Y. (2010). Learning in the contingency of talk-in-interaction. Text & Talk, 30(4), 403-422.

    Melander, H. (2009). Trajectories of learning : Embodied interaction in change. Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis : Uppsala University Library

    Sahlström, F. (2011). Learning as social action. In J. K. Hall, J. Hellermann & S. P. Doehler (Eds.), L2 interactional competence and development . Bristol: Multilingual Matters.

    Schegloff, E. (2006). Interaction: The infrastructure for Social Institutions, the Natural Ecological Niche for Language, and the Arena in which Culture is Enacted (70-96). In N.J. Enfield & S.C. Levinson, Roots of Human Sociality: Culture, Cognition and Interaction. Oxford: Berg.

    Stivers, T., Mondada, L., & Steensig, J. (Eds.). (2011). The morality of knowledge in conversation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

  • 50.
    Tanner, Marie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education.
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centre for Research on the Teaching and Learning of Languages and Literature.
    Sahlström, Fritjof
    Helsingfors universitet.
    How content becomes routine.: Teacher learning in desk interactions.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we focus on classroom interaction between teacher and students in desk interactions, and on how attitudes towards knowing and learning are demonstrated in so called epistemic stances. The aim is to explore how the teacher’s epistemic stance changes through a series of desk interactions with different students and how this can be understood as learning in a situated activity. The analysis is grounded in empirical data consisting of video recordings where one teacher assists five different groups of students with the same question during a geography lesson. In the analysis we highlight how the teacher orients to the learning activity, and how his participation in this activity changes in the situationally unfolding contingency of interaction. In the studied example, the construal of a list with three examples becomes an interactional resource for the organization of both participation and content. Through changes in epistemic stance, a learning trajectory evolves as the teacher tries out a routine. These subsequent changes can be understood as professional learning in on-going teaching. In the studied classroom, the main feature of this learning can be described as routinization.

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