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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läsning av faktatexter i grundskolans tidigare år: En kvalitativ studie om grundskollärare och deras sätt att arbeta med förståelse av faktatexter med sina elever2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims at analyzing how to work with factual texts with early-age pupils. I analyzehow four elementary school teachers work with reading and understanding of factual texts. Inthis survey, I study the context in which teachers work with factual texts and when theychoose to introduce them to the pupils. I also looked at what reading strategies teachers usewhen reading factual text with their pupils. As my main method, I have used interviews and Ihave collected and analyzed material relevant and useful for my study. The four informantschosen for the survey are active teachers and have worked in the profession for at least tenyears to gain a breadth in their experience. They work at two different schools. My studyshows that factual texts are an important part of the teaching for my informants, but there is adifference between the schools. One school works continuously with a genre goal and has agreater awareness of reading factual texts than the other school has.

  • 2.
    Abrahamsson, Joffrey Levi
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Elizabeth Bennet's Intelligence: A Reading of Class and Gender Conventions And Transgressions in Jane Austen's Pride and Prejudice2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Pride and Prejudice by Jane Austen, gender roles and gender expectations relate to class differences in a system of social convention which operates to delimit all of the characters - men and women, rich people and less privileged people - to a greater or lesser extent, in a way which reflects actual class and gender structures in England around 1800. The most important strain of social commentary on gender and class in the novel is constituted by the characterisation of Elizabeth Bennet. She is associated with intelligence in a way which is vital to her successful breach of gender and class conventions. This essay starts out from Susan Morgan’s ”Intelligence in Pride and Prejudice” and will extend her arguments in my reading of the novel to prove that Elizabeth’s intelligence allows her to transgress social conventions related to gender and class more successfully than other characters and arrive at a happy ending despite having defied social convention. A number of other characters also represent a breach of class and gender conventions. Lydia Bennet elopes with Mr. Wickham, which at the time was considered scandalous. Mr. Darcy tries to ignore his affection for Elizabeth but fails to do so. In comparison to the unconventionality of Elizabeth, who manages to overcome every obstacle by relying on her intelligence in a way which also benefits Darcy and secures a happy ending for him as well, their transgressions are not as successful.



  • 3.
    Afrasiabi, Soran
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The River as a Symbol of Liberty: An analysis regarding the Significance of the Mississippi River in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Despite the extensive research on slavery during the antebellum, few authors have investigated the connection between the Mississippi river and its importance and status as a symbol of freedom throughout The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, written by Mark Twain. Therefore, this essay attempts to analyze just how much the river actually meant for Huck and Jim during their journey towards freedom. The methodology of this analysis is based on a qualitative content analysis where categories are created and put it in relation to the historical and political landscape the novel presents. By investigating how the river functioned as an optional escape route that would lead the slaves far away from the notoriously bad treatment on the cotton fields, as well as the dangerous riverside settings which involved several risks for both Huck and Jim, this essay concludes that the river does not only work as an escape route away from captivity and civilization, it also provided the characters with a comfortable and safe home which alone could symbolize liberty.

  • 4.
    Alastair, Henry
    et al.
    Högskolan Väst.
    Sundqvist, Pia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Korp, Helena
    Högskolan Väst.
    Elevers möten med engelska i och utanför skolan : Upprop till deltagande i forskningsprojektet Bridging the Gap2014In: LMS : Lingua, ISSN 0023-6330, no 4, 22-26 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Alexandersson, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Motiverande uppgifter i matematikboken: En kvalitativ studie om egenskaper i matematikuppgifter som elever i årskurs 2 finner motiverande.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that students largely work individually in math books and a lot of literature suggests that students' interest in mathematics decreases with age. As the source for the choice of my research is an interest in how the tasks and information in the textbook contributes to student motivation and desire to learn mathematics. One way to examine this is to find out what students think about the information in the mathematics textbooks by allowing them to describe the characteristics of the data that they are motivated by. The survey will contribute to the knowledge about the types of tasks which, according to the students, is more motivating to them than others. It provides a knowledge that teachers can weigh into their choice of textbooks and other teaching resources. The purpose of the study is to examine the characteristics of mathematic tasks students in second grade will find motivating. The information contained in the students' regular teaching materials and students' stories or descriptions are the starting point for the study. My research question is: what characterizes mathematic tasks that students experience that is motivating to learn math? The research strategy and research design is qualitative study. Information collected from interviews at a certain time. Of the result and the analysis I have concluded that what characterizes a motivating task is based on the difficulty of the tasks.

  • 6.
    Alfsson, Diana
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Mobbning i litteraturen - då och nu: Skillnader och likheter i beskrivningen av mobbning idag och för 60 år sedan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This essay is a comparative study of two youth novels with bullying as a motif. The novels are Vi kallar honom Anna by Peter Pohl and Gilla Hata Horan by Johanna Nilsson. Bullying at school is an ever present problem for students, teachers, parents and school management. The society is obliged to provide a safe and equal environment where every student is included. The school system of today take actions to prevent bullying. I believe literature could play a part in that work. The purpose of the essay is to examine similarities and differences between the texts in how bullying is described 60 years ago, and the bullying that exists today and often takes place on the Internet. I also plan to use the result in literature classes. I have in my analysis used a comparative method, and biografic science where focus lies on what the author wants to say with the text.

    My analysis shows that the texts displays many situations that relates to science. There are many similarities and differences between the texts, but the biggest difference is the description of how teachers and management looked at bullying in the 1950s, compared to today. Another difference is the description of how bullying today takes place around the clock, compared with how bullying mainly took place during school time 50 years ago, differences that clearly is stated in the novels. Back in the day you knew who the persons that performed bullying was. Today you can be anonymous, which makes it hard to know who is behind it. Both authors have their own experiences from bullying with a time difference of 40-50 years. Despite the time gap bullying is described with essentially the same universal components in cause and effect.

    Keywords: Bullying, study of motifs, comparative, intertextuality

  • 7.
    Allansson, Jimmy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    When grundskoleklass becomes mainstream classroom: An investigation of the translation of Swedish compound nouns into English using Google Translate2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine how Swedish compound nouns are translated by the machine translation program Google Translate. In order to conclude what main types of mistranslation occur, different texts were first translated by the program; all compound nouns were then listed and analysed, and the mistranslated compound nouns were categorised in accordance with the manner of mistranslation. The study was also working from a hypothesis that the frequency of a compound would affect the chances of getting a correct translation. To test this hypothesis, queries were run in a Swedish corpus to get an estimation of how frequently used the compounds are. The results show that mistranslations could be categorised into four different types, and that the most common types of mistranslation were omitting part of the compound, and translating reoccurring compounds inconsistently. The hypothesis that compounds with high frequency in the corpus would be correctly translated, while compounds with low frequency would be incorrectly translated, could not be conclusively confirmed or refuted. Although there was some indication of a link between frequency and translation accuracy, the connection was not clear enough to claim that there is a correlation.

  • 8.
    Andersson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Understanding the 'mess' in text messages: An analysis of humorous text message exchanges shared in social media platforms2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The concept 'mess-understanding' has circulated in online media and is so prevalent that it is now included in the Urban Dictionary. The folk concept of mess-understandings is a pun for misunderstandings arising in an online media context. Posting one's own or others' miscommunication and/or typographical errors has grown to be a popular way of sharing humor via cross-platform sharing on the Internet. The aim of this paper is to analyze short message service (SMS) dialogues shared in social media, with a special emphasis on those with the highest degree of 'shareability' and/or popularity. The study specifically focuses on understanding linguistic and communicative reasons behind these dialogues being treated as humorous by users. As such, the study aims to shed light upon current cultural conceptions of communication and humor. Data was collected from the photo sharing website Pinterest from users who had posted or reposted 'screen shots' from their own or others' SMS conversations. In order to collect as much valuable data as possible, a manual search strategy was developed with three different word strings which resulted in a corpus of 160 dialogues. Content analysis of the data revealed certain recurrent humor themes, such as allusions to sexual conduct or bodily functions, generation gaps, technology difficulties, and lexical ambiguity. 

  • 9.
    Andersson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    De, dem och dom: Vilka är dom som vill slopa de och dem?: En granskning av dom-debatten i svensk media och pronomenens användarstatistik2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine arguments that have occurred in the debate concerning de, dem and dom during the past three years in Sweden’s six biggest newspapers (Dagens Nyheter, Expressen, Göteborgs-Posten, Aftonbladet, Svenska Dagbladet och Sydsvenskan, this according to Tidningsutgivarna [TU]). The arguments are collected from articles via the article search tool Retriever. Different search strings were tested in Retriever’s search field in order to find articles regarding the dom-debate. Eventually the search strings and phrases ”de och dem”, ”de/dem” and ”dom-debatten” resulted in most hits. Based on specific selection criteria, 26 articles remained. During the same period of time, the study also set out the examine which of the pronouns that are most used in written language: the informal version dom or the formal version de and dem, using Språkbanken’s concordance tool Korp. In this way, the study demonstrates a connection between the arguments that occur in today’s debate and the actual user statistics. Furthermore, the results are also compared with Språkrådet’s recommendation regarding these pronouns. As such, the results in this study present the debate’s temperature and the pronouns user statistics, which eventually lead to conclusions about the current de-dem-dom-climate. Content analysis of the arguments and user statistics revealed that de and dem are used more frequently than dom in written language. It also concludes there are more arguments supporting a continuing use of de and dem in media during the last three years, compared to arguments supporting a dom-reform during the corresponding period of time.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Är det riktigt att grammatik är viktigt?: En studie om läromedels argument till att läsa grammatik och elevers inställning till dessa argument2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study’s aim is to examine which arguments that occur, in three popular teaching aids in upper secondary school’s grammar education, to learn grammar. The study is carried out through a comparative teaching aid analysis of three common teaching aids that deal with grammar, based on 20 teachers authentic choice of teaching aids. Through these teaching aids, a compilation of the arguments is carried out. Furthermore, the study also consists of a questionnaire that aims to examine student’s outlook on these arguments, but also their perception on grammar’s relevance and utility in school’s education. The students get to describe if they think that the teaching aid’s arguments are legitimate. To combine a study of which arguments that occur in popular teaching aids of why students should learn grammar, with a questionnaire of student’s outlook on these arguments, thus show if students find the teaching aids’ arguments to be justified – hence can we know if the argument holds according to the students. It is highly relevant to examine how popular teaching aids motivates students to learn grammar, since previous research show that grammar education is faced with big problems, like for instance student’s ability to understand grammar’s relevance and usefulness in relation to school. The study’s result shows that the majority of the students actually consider grammar to be important – but also that they think that grammar is boring. Furthermore, the study also shows that the majority of the students consider nine out of the ten arguments to be legitimate. The study moreover shows that the majority of the students, after taking part of the arguments, thought that grammar was important even before they saw the teaching aid’s arguments, and almost one third answered that the arguments had helped them realize the importance of grammar.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Elena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    ”En måste dö för folket för att icke hela folket skulle förgås”: Syndabocksmotivet i Birgitta Trotzigs verk En berättelse från kusten2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to examine the scapegoat motif in Birgitta Trotzig's novel En berättelse från kusten (1961). The important part is to study how the scapegoat motif is portrayed in the novel, how the plot leads to persecution and final sacrifice and how it is related to the novel as a whole. I discuss the term scapegoat through the French theoretician René Girard, who developed some criteria to be met in order to the scapegoat motif to work. The essay results show that the three stages in Girard's theories exist in the novel. At first a great disease that causes children of almost every family to die and it makes the society to slowly collapse. The frustration leads to a search for a cause to the disease, however not the real cause, rather a crime and someone to blame. Someone, is not just anyone, the person has some distinctive victims markers. The scapegoat, Merete, is both socially and physically aberrant and that makes her the perfect scapegoat. The result shows that her death is a ritual reconciliation that ends the chaos and makes people free of the guilt they felt. This motif is also a part of a bigger reconciliation theme. Everything seems to weave into a pattern that requires suffering and great sacrifice to achieve reconciliation. Both the city and the monastery's restoration required suffering where Merete and Apelone both suffered and died to save the whole nation from perish. 

  • 12.
    Andersson, Elena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    En underhållande resa genom litteraturhistorien: En kvalitativ studie av tre gymnasieläromedel i litteratur2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses how three textbooks in literature are dealing with the core content of the syllabi for Svenska 1 and Svenska 2 as well as how the textbooks relate to principles about good learning material formulated by textbook researcher Tom Wikman. I have formulated two main areas of research based on his principles. The essay looks at how the textbook enable to activate students and secondly how the textbooks relates to students different prior knowledge. I have chosen secondary school textbooks that are issued after 2011 as they will be able to relate to the new curriculum GY11. The textbooks Hej litteraturen! (2013), Svenska impulser 2 (2012) and Svenska timmar litteraturen (2012) has been analyzed. In my analysis many similarities and differences between the textbooks has been made visible. The textbooks focus on the reader and the entertainment factor. The personal, and often direct, speech to the reader permeates the three textbooks. All textbooks is about the entertaining aspect of the paratext, Svenska impulser 2 are visual with pictures and illustrations, Svenska timmar litteraturen have an author's voice and Hej litteraturen! have a storytelling presentation. Svenska timmar litteraturen and Svenska impulser 2 have advanced sections and tasks of different levels of difficulty, making it available to students with different previous knowledge. This level difference is not, however, in Hej litteraturen! Students' knowledge is still taken into account by all textbooks by relating historical facts to everyday facts that students probably are aware of. All textbooks provide a chronological presentation of the history of literature and mainly contain the core content (centralt innehåll) of Swedish courses. However, there is no section on contemporary writings and authors in Svenska timmar litteratur and Hej litteraturen! Danish and Norwegian literature in the original language is also absent; however Svenska impulser 2 and Svenska timmar litteraturen have extra content in the form of anthologies that contain texts of that kind. In essence, it is the Western culture that is the focus, with some exeptions.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Att känna sina elever: Fem lärares förhållningssätt till att undersöka förkunskaper hos elever med migrationsbakgrund2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to give an account of five teachers’ views and understandings of second language (L2) learners’ previous knowledge, as well as, their linguistic and cultural backgrounds. This is carried out by the means of qualitative interviews, where the sampling consists of five primary school teachers at various schools. The findings are presented and analyzed using a thematic analysis. Furthermore, the study indicates that teachers in general have a positive attitude to learning more about their L2 learners’ prior knowledge and backgrounds, both for the pupils, as well as, their own sake. However, they know very little about it, and there are shortcomings in the knowledge of what the appropriate approach might look like in order to find out about this. Lastly, the study also shows that teachers strive to become better at identifying the L2 learners’ backgrounds and previous knowledge.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Den muntliga kommunikationens ställning i skolan: Inriktning mot grundskolan årskurs Förskoleklass-32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of my study is to investigate the position of oral communication in today's schools. I am interested in the teachers' perceptions of oral communication when it comes to teaching and also how oral communication relates to writing. Several different sources describe the subject from different angles to create a clearer picture of past opinions and knowledge. The survey is conducted through the qualitative method of interviews. The theoretical starting point is based on Vygotsky's sociocultural perspective and stresses that learning is an active part through interaction between development and education, placing great responsibility on the teacher. The results are analyzed and it appears that it is difficult to determine how the verbal communication relates in school. It appears that teachers lack education in rhetoric and show thus a lack of oral communication in teacher training. The teachers interviewed emphasize, however, that work on oral communication is important for students' expression and understanding. Regarding the oral and written communication, they [?] emphasize theat interaction between these forms is important for students to develop.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Jacqueline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter hos maskrosbarn: Ett sociokulturellt arbete om dysfunktionella hemförhållandens inverkan på läs- och skrivutvecklingen.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how factors such as the home environment and children's social and emotional relationships might affect the literacy development, especially if children who live in a dysfunctional environment are at risk of further reading- and writing difficulties. I have been inspired by triangulation, and have used three different kinds of qualitative interviews for the study. Due to the restrictions of the size for this study, I have had to limit the amount of interviews and have conducted interviews with two adult survivors using unstructured conversational interviews, which share many similarities with regular life stories. I have also conducted a semi-structured interview with a teacher for special needs education.  The results of the study showed that a child’s environment, culture and past experience can inhibit or support the literacy development. For those children who live in a dysfunctional environment, the literacy development affects negatively because of the lack of security, motivation, support and structure, important things which a child needs. This kind of environment is causing emotional and concentration difficulties because the mind is focused on other things than school work, which inhibit the learning.

  • 16.
    Andersson, Jenny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Undervisning i läsförståelsestrategier och genrer i de lägre årskurserna: Hur explicit är och bör den vara?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master thesis focuses on teaching in reading comprehension strategies and genre knowledge. The study is based on research that shows that education in these areas is important for students' development of reading comprehension. Reading comprehension in itself is the basis for future knowledge acquisition and further studies. The purpose of this study is to investigate how teachers, active in the range from pre-school classes to third grade classes, works explicitly with reading comprehension strategies and genre knowledge. 

    The research is based on a web-questionnaire survey of all teachers for current grades in the subjects Swedish, Mathematics, Social studies and Science/Technology. It is limited to investigating a municipality in southern Sweden. 

    The results are coherent in such a way that the majority of teachers asked consider themselves to educate explicitly in reading comprehension strategies. Slightly fewer participants consider themselves to educate explicitly in genre knowledge. Also, based on the answers given by the participants, it turns out that both reading comprehension strategies and genre skills are less taught in this municipality compare to what is recommended according to science. 

  • 17.
    Andersson, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Textens inverkan på matematiska uppgifter: En undersökning om elevers textförståelse av matematikuppgifter i årskurs 52014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to show the importance of task texts for students in grades 5 when solving mathematical problems. It was conducted in a class 5 (where the children are 11 years old). The pupils were assigned two different tests with mathematical problems; one where the problems were described in text and one where the problems were presented with numbers and mathematical signs. Previously done research, done on bilingual children, (Bernardo, 2002) shows that pupils tend to do better on mathematical tests when no text is presented. My research supports that theory even though the correlation is not that strong. The big discovery laid in the fact that boys tend to perform significantly lower results compared to the girls. 

  • 18.
    Andersson, Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Explicit and implicit comparison of English and Swedish in English course books for year 7 and year 11 in Sweden2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares and contrasts how linguistic transfer has been incorporated in English course books for year 7 and year 11 in Swedish schools. This study has focused on finding explicit and implicit reference to transfer and interference in English course books for Swedish students by identifying references from the authors where they have pointed to similarities and differences between Swedish and English. The results of the study showed that comparisons between the languages were used in all books, but explicit references were more common than implicit references. Of the four different linguistic levels (pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, pragmatics) examined in this study, grammatical comparisons were the most frequent. However, the authors of the books for year 7 used more comparisons between the languages than the authors of the year 11 books. One conclusion that can be drawn from the present study is that it is up to the authors of the course books to decide to what extent they should compare and contrast the two languages, since the national curricula for the subject English give no indications of how the subject of transfer should be dealt with in language acquisition. 

  • 19.
    Andersson, Louize
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läsutveckling i lågstadiet ur ett lärarperspektiv.: En kvalitativ studie om hur ett urval lärare i årskurs 1-2 anser sig skapa förutsättningar för elevers läsutveckling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find out how a selection of teachers think they work with literacy development in compulsory schools early ages. The aim is to give an insight into the teaching of reading comprehension can look like in practice, what role teachers believe that the caregivers have in their children´s literacy development and get an insight into how teachers motivate their students to want to read. The study is conducted through qualitative semi-structured interviews with four teachers based from the aspect that gain knowledge of how informants perceive their social reality. The survey shows that in common reading teachers model reading strategies to the students, then the student practice using them on their own. Reading strategies help students to consider texts at different levels. In accordance with the sociocultural perspective, the teachers in the study mean that the discussion may have access to new experiences and opinions, which help one to develop a new understanding of the world around them. The teachers find that caregivers' involvement in children's reading is of great importance to reading development. Motivation to read comes from considering the students' interests and when students understand that reading is important for them.

  • 20.
    Andersson, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Textmöten i hemmet: Lärare i årskurs 1-3 syn på elevers digitaliserade läsning utanför skolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att ur ett lärarperspektiv ge en inblick i elevers läsvanor utanför skoltid och hur dessa påverkar deras läsförståelse samt läsutveckling. Frågor som är både kvantitativt analyserbara och av kvalitativ karaktär har använts för att utforma en webbenkät som sänts ut i forum på nätet utformade för pedagoger och lärare. Resultatet visar framför allt en positiv syn till läsning oavsett vilket förmedlande medium det sker genom. Den textanvändning och de textmöten som sker på fritiden skiljer sig dock från skolan. De lärare som deltagit använder sig av flera olika läsutvecklande metoder i sin undervisning. För att elever ska läsa mer på fritiden krävs det ett aktivt stöd ifrån vårdnadshavare och från skolan samt ett samarbete mellan båda parter. Det är skola och föräldrar som skapar möjligheter för elever att använda olika sorters resurser och verktyg för läsning vilket kan begränsa användandet av nya pedagogiska möjligheter och möjlighet till andra sätt att lära. 

  • 21.
    Andersson, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    "If I Could Think of Somewhere to Go": Alienation in S.E. Hinton's Rumble Fish2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the alienation experienced by Rusty-James in S.E. Hinton’s Rumble Fish (1975). It more specifically centers on the causes of his alienation and how the alienation is illustrated in the novel. The analysis shows that the alienation Rusty-James experiences is caused partly by socioeconomic factors; for example his lack of hope for the future is closely connected to the fact that he belongs to a low socioeconomic class. In addition, there are also psychological factors, for example a childhood trauma. The alienation and its causes are mainly illustrated through the symbolism of the featured Siamese fighting fish and how Rusty-James’ relationships are depicted.  

  • 22.
    Andersson, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Högläsning i hemmet och skolan: En studie av föräldrars uppfattningar om högläsningens betydelse för barns läsutveckling2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate parental perceptions of the significance of reading aloud for children ́s reading development at home and in school, and the interaction between home and school in the area concerned. The aim is also to examine if the parents ́ socio- cultural background influence their perceptions. The study was conducted in cooperation with a project that took place in the first grade at a public school in Sweden, which aimed to strengthen the cooperation between home and school.

    The socio-cultural perspective forms the study ́s theoretical basis and its methodological approach is based on phenomenology. The empirical data consist of a survey and qualitative interviews with the intention to get to know the parents ́ own perceptions. As for the informants involved in the study, they have been selected among the parents of the children who are participating in the first year of the project.

    The study highlights that the parental perspective has largely been lacking previous research. The results of the study indicate that the parents ́ socio-cultural background does not have any significant impact on their perceptions of the significance of reading aloud for children at home and in school. Parents perceive that reading aloud at home and in school and a collaboration between home and school are important for children ́s reading development. The study also finds that the parents see themselves as important actors when it comes to reading aloud situations, which in itself beneficial for the children ́s reading development. 

  • 23.
    Andersson, Mathias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läsförståelse ur lärares synvinkel: En studie i hur läsförståelse har utvecklats och utvecklas över tid.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine teaching methods to see if it is possible to develop new methods for reading comprehension. There will be a discussion which old teaching methods and modern methods are compared. The methods are used in this study are based on previous research in the area; I have also conducted two interviews with practicing teachers. The result that emerged is that the methods we use today are further developed methods of those we always had in the Swedish schools. The ongoing development of methods is mostly about developing the technical tools to facilitate students to practice reading comprehension. 

  • 24.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Högläsning: Visst är det mysigt, men inte bara...2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract  The purpose with my thesis work is to provide information about the importance of reading aloud for children’s future reading comprehension and inclination to read. Thru literature and resurge within the subject I highlight different effects that reading aloud can accomplish. Resurge within the subject shows that parents today read less to their children than earlier, a trend that seems to continue. To see how the reading aloud habits look like in an ordinary class my work contains a parent survey where these issues are to be accounted for in the results section. Even the pupils has participated in a survey with the aim to find out what they think about reading aloud and if someone read to them at home.     The work also includes two interviews with teachers where their thoughts and practices are presented, teachers’ opinions and practices are then connected to the literature on the subject in a discussion. The results of my survey show that reading aloud is so much more than just cozy. The literature and the interviewed teachers say that the purpose shows the many positive effects that reading aloud can provide. Teachers tell us that the purpose of their reading aloud is to give the students an enjoyable time, where they can unwind and just enjoy. They also talk about the goal of reading aloud is to arouse students' love of reading while the students get a chance to develop their thoughts and imagination. In the end, the teachers hope that reading aloud will inspire students to read to themselves.    The work highlights a book project, which means that preschool children receive free books from the municipality. The project is paid for by the educational board of the municipality and has been going on for almost 20 years. Through the parent survey, I have gathered facts about how common it is to collect the free book and what the parents think about the book project. The results of my study do not match properly with the library results in the proportion of children who pick up their free books. According to the library fetches 80% their books while my survey shows that 65% pick up their free books. Parents who have not picked out their children's books gave several reasons for this; the most common answer was that they simply forgot it. The parents who picked their children books spoke positively about the book project, stressing the need on the importance of books for children.

  • 25.
    Andersson, Tim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstads universitet.
    Kille och kär: En queerdidaktisk analys av tre ungdomsromaner2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay problematizes how gay guys are portrayed in youth literature. The purpose problematizes the dichotomy of male / female and the subject of men / women. The goal is to introduce a non-heteronormative perspective in youth literature research on gender and queer. This is based on theories of Judith Butler, Tiina Rosenberg and R. W. Connell. The books that have been analysed are Ung, bög och jävligt kär, Regn och åska, and Ibland bara måste man (Boy meets boy). The novels are written in the 2000s. The novels are primarily no coming-out novels, the focus is what it's like to fall in love with the first person and the feelings around that moment. The analysis showed that three key themes: Identity, the situation of homosexuals and the society and culture influence. Protagonists construct their identity in the context of close friends, aesthetic, body and society.

     

    The work also has a didactic purpose in which they demanded a greater awareness on the topic of sexual orientation in the school and is based on literature didactics as Louise M. Rosenblatt and Gunilla Molloy.

  • 26.
    Andresen, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Flouting the maxims in comedy: An analysis of flouting in the comedy series Community2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how flouting of the Gricean maxims is used to create comedy in the television series Community.  The aim of the paper is to find out what maxims are flouted the most to create comedy and what maxims the different characters flout in order to create comedy. The paper examines the use of flouts in different situations and explores in what situations the different characters flout the maxims for comedy.  The paper is based on transcription of eight episodes of the series. The results show that the maxim of quantity was flouted most often, and some characters used more flouts than others. These results suggest that the use of flouts has to do with their different personalities, which is why some characters did not use as many flouts in order to create comedy, since it would not be in line with their personality.   

  • 27.
    Andréasson, Helén
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Det muntliga språkets status i skolan: Inriktning mot grundskolan årskurs Förskoleklass-32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to shed light on the status of oral communication in school. I am interested in examining how teachers define oral communication, how they perceive their work to develop and strengthen the oral language of the pupils, and their attitude to oral communication in comparison to written communication. The study is qualitative and a socio-cultural perspective has been used as a theoretical basis, which is characterized by learning and development in interaction between individuals. The syllabus for Swedish in grades 1-3 stresses oral ability as fundamental to every human identity, social security, and therefore states that it should be a big part of teaching. Contrarily, it appears that the oral ability stands subordinate to writing skills. The results of my investigation shows that a teacher's approach to and knowledge of oral ability is an essential factor in the amount of oral communication in the classroom. The teachers interviewed are in favor of communication in teaching and are actively working to develop a reasoning among students, by advocating a positive group dynamics and a good social climate in order to strengthen all the students and their willingness to dare speak.

  • 28.
    Arifuzzaman, Md
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Native language interference in Bangladeshi students’ use of articles in English essays: A comparison of Bengali medium and English medium schools2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The impact of the first language on the second language has long been a vibrant and controversial issue in terms of second language acquisition. The impact or influence happens when learners learn a new language and transfer features from their native language to the new language. This paper investigates to what extent Bengali learners’ native language influences their use of articles in English as a second language and whether there is a difference depending on the language of instruction (Bengali and English, respectively). To do so 20 essays from two schools, one teaching through Bengali and one through English, a total of 40 learner essays were collected and examined. The results show that Bangladeshi English learners are influenced by the noun forms in Bengali and their ability to use English articles hardly differs according to the type of school they attend. 

  • 29.
    Arkteg, Amy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Multimodalt i undervisningen: En studie om hur text och bild används i skolans tidigare år F-32016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to get a glimpse into a specific group of teachers regarding what they think and how they use multimodal texts. By using previous research I wish to get insight in the concept multimodality and how it is used for teaching purposes. The research has limited the multimodality concept to only include text and image. When collecting my empirical material I used semi-structured qualitative interviews. The purpose of the interviews was to take part of the informants’ experiences and opinions regarding the subject. Therefore in my selection of participants, I sought teachers with a variation of experience in the field. The teachers in the survey were very positive about the multimodal concept. They pointed out that they thought the image was important, that if they only would work with linear texts the pupils might consider it boring. All of the teachers participating in the study often used multimodal texts in their teaching. This study cannot show a representative picture of how all teachers think about and use multimodal texts in teaching, it´s restricted to the specific study group.

  • 30.
    Arkteg, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    "Du kan använda skönlitteratur till allt, det är bara fantasin som sätter gränser": En studie om hur och varför skönlitteratur används i undervisningen år F-3 ur ett lärarperspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet syftar till att utveckla en djupare förståelse för hur en grupp lärare ser på användandet av skönlitteratur i undervisningen. Jag har undersökt hur åtta lärare använder skönlitteratur i sin undervisning samt i vilka syften den används. Genom att utgå från tidigare forskning samt litteratur har jag sökt djupare förståelse för hur skönlitteratur används i undervisningen i F-3. Genom kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med ett antal lärare har jag samlat in empiriskt material för analys. Informanternas ålder och erfarenhet var mycket varierande och detta var också önskvärt från min sida eftersom undersökningen kan behandla skilda uppfattningar och erfarenheter. Min undersökning visar att lärare arbetar på olika sätt med skönlitteratur i undervisningen. Högläsningen är den typ av läsning som finns representerad i alla årskurser, undersökningen visar dock att ju yngre eleverna är desto större roll har högläsningen. Jag fann att lärarna var väl medvetna om skönlitteraturens potential och möjligheter i undervisningen inom ämnet svenska och att de såg mycket positivt på att använda sig av detta. 

  • 31.
    Aronson, Olov
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Should I use I?: A corpus-based study of first-person pronouns in scientific journals of different rankings2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to earlier research, first-person pronouns are used in academic writing for a multitude of reasons. In this paper, the aim is to investigate if first-person pronouns are used to different extents or with different functions in articles from highly ranked scientific journals and articles from less highly ranked scientific journals. The investigation is based on a corpus study of 20 highly ranked sociological articles and 20 less highly ranked sociological articles. The corpus data provide statistics for frequencies of first-person pronouns and frequencies of so-called genre roles, in accordance with Tang and John’s (1999) model. The results reveal that the recounter genre role and first-person pronouns of all types combined are significantly more frequent in highly ranked articles in comparison to less highly ranked articles.

  • 32.
    Artan, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Narcissism and the American Dream in Arthur Miller´s Death of a Salesman2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay focuses on the theme of the American Dream in relation to narcissism in Miller’s Death of a salesman. The purpose is to demonstrate that a close reading of the main protagonist, Willy Loman, suggests that his notion of success in relation to the American Dream can be regarded as narcissistic.  This essay will examine this by first observing how Willy´s notion of success is represented in the play, then look at how his understanding of it can be viewed from a narcissistic standpoint.  The results I have found in my analysis show that there is a connection between Willy’s understanding of success and his narcissistic behavior. He displays traits such as grandiosity, arrogance, need of specialness and denial of emotions. His relationship with other characters reveals his lack of empathy, manipulation and exploitation of others as well as his need of superiority and fear of inferiority.  The conclusion is that Willy and his notion of success could be considered as narcissistic.                 

  • 33.
    Artan, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Harry Potter as High Fantasy: The Uses of High Fantasy in J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter Series2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to present the reader an analysis of Harry Potter as high fantasy and how Rowling has expanded on high fantasy norms which can be seen as a contributing factor to why the saga became such a global phenomenon.  This essay will show the ways in which Harry Potter elaborates on the high-fantasy norms by analyzing its narrative elements (setting, narrative structure, characters, and language). The first part will be a brief introduction to high-fantasy and its norms while the second part will be an analysis of the novels in terms of these norms.

  • 34.
    Artan, Niklas Kanat
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Computer use in the English classroom: A comparative analysis of English teachers' thoughts and practices regarding computer use in the English classroom2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Society changed when it entered the 21st century when technological gadgets like the computer and tablets made our society technologically dependent. The aim of this study is to examine Swedish Secondary and Upper Secondary English teachers’ attitudes towards computer use in the English classroom. The study was carried out by using a qualitative method: semi-structured interviews. A total of 17 teachers offered their thoughts on the subject. The results show that there are both differences and similarities between the Secondary school teachers and Upper Secondary School teachers. The Upper Secondary teachers have a much more positive attitude compared to the Secondary school teachers who have a more neutral attitude. The Upper Secondary School teachers are more positive because of the 1:1 initiative while the Secondary School teachers more neutral as a result of the limited computer supply, which was problematic whenever they have classes that are larger than the amount of computers available at hand.

  • 35.
    Arwidson, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    ”Man ska få läsaren att tycka/tänka i samma banor som sig själv”: En kvalitativ studie om argumenterande text i gymnasieskolans svenskämne2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate pupils' experiences and awareness of the writing of argumentative texts in the second year of Upper Secondary School. The theory in use explains the concepts of genre and text type and their use in Upper Secondary School and curriculum. Thereafter different aspects of argumentative texts are explained. The analysis method used is a kind of argument analysis. The conclusion is that the pupils' experience of argumentative text varies, for example, to which degree the arguments are linked to the thesis. Topic selection is a prominent difficulty. The analysis of the texts show weaknesses of the knowledge requirement regarding adaptation to purpose, receiver and communication situation, which can be linked to the complexity of the school's dual situation context. All the pupils have not understood the matrix in use.

  • 36.
    Arwidson, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    La comprensión auditiva en el salón de ELE en la escuela sueca: ¿enseñar a escuchar o escuchar para evaluar?: Un estudio sobre la función de la comprensión auditiva desde la perspectiva de los profesores y aspectos de su enseñanza en el nivel básico2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 37.
    Asp, Ellika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Meningsskapande skillnad: En studie av kontraster och motsatser i David Lodges Nice Work2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how Lodge uses oppositions and contrasts when letting the worlds of the protagonists meet in Nice Work and what impact it has on the reader. The essay focuses on how the oppositions work on the level of content and the level of language and structure. The chosen oppositions (man/woman, industry/university, familiar/unfamiliar, romantic features/realistic features, Vic/Robyn and separation/ union) give clear examples of the use of oppositions and contrasts in Lodge´s novel. In conclusion, there are many examples of how opposites and contrasts can be expressed and structured to intensify meaning for the reader.

  • 38.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A Reader’s Bogey?: the Uncanny and the Reading Process2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Strindberg Legacy - Panel of young scholars on Strindberg studies today: On Strindberg's world. A thematic reading of an authorship2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Writing as an existential project: remarks on Strindberg’s imaginary world through a phenomenological perspective2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läsning och hjärnspöken: om tomhetsbegreppets kommunikativa funktion hos E T A Hoffmann2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Intets fenomen i Strindbergs värld2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Strindbergs värld: En tematisk författarskapsläsning2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    August Strindberg’s works are not just stories of external circumstances and objects; they are also an expression of a creative consciousness. Through close readings of six works emblematic of different literary styles, including Miss Julie (1888) and Inferno (1897), Karin Aspenberg reveals in this study a provisional notion of the world of experience of consciousness and breaks new ground within the field of Strindberg research. The purpose of the study is to find the author in the literary text, not in an objective reality. The work in itself is everything; the author is irrelevant. An illustration of the relationship between subject, language and the world in Strindberg’s literary work is possible with the aid of the theoretical method: thematic criticism, whose philosophical foundation is hermeneutics and phenomenology. Aspenberg points out that Strindberg, in his writing, is deeply involved in a struggle with the conditions of existence, not least as a fundamental experience of emptiness. In this way, she manages to follow a seemingly hidden strategy and to problematize at the same time the ideological message of the text. Strindberg’s literary work can be understood as an existential project that strives on the one hand to construct a logically based image of the author, in order to gain recognition, and on the other hand to find a stable solution to the nothingness of existence.

  • 44.
    Augustsson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    "Dra alla över en kant": En studie av ungdomars förståelse och användning av idiom.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Axén, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    In Conflict with Conformity: The Protagonist’s Struggle against Victorian Institutions and Gendered Behavioral Norms in Jane Eyre2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the theme of conformity in Charlotte Brontë’s novel Jane Eyre. It highlights in particular the protagonist’s conflict with conformity as criticism of social inequality in terms of gender. The analysis builds on the patriarchal concept of the angel of the house, as described by Lois Tyson and Alastair Henry and Catharine Walker Bergström, which is a definition of the governing codes of behavior women of the nineteenth century were expected to follow within both the domestic and professional sphere. Specifically, these spheres are organized through significant Victorian institutions such as the household, the education and employment of women and the marriage. The behavior of Jane is discussed in relation to these institutions as a means to support the argument of the protagonist distancing herself from contemporary gender norms. The conclusion of the essay shows that Jane’s circumstances within these institutions leads to her deviation from behavioral norms as a deliberate action.

  • 46.
    Bader, Hans-Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Motivation i andraspråksinlärning: Vad motiverar sfi-studerande att lära sig svenska2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Berg Mattsson, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Reading Matters: An Exploration of ELT textbooks in Sweden and their approach to reading2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present thesis investigates to what extent contemporary ELT textbooks include reading materials as well as what types of texts are being used and what reading strategies they seemingly promote. Additionally, the study analyzes whether there is a noticeable discrepancy in teaching materials designed for the vocational and university preparatory and considers whether the design of the current textbook is representative of the current view of reading as a teaching tool as reflected in official policy documents. Through the means of a content analysis of a total of six in use ELT textbooks, the study discovers that few ELT textbooks include a satisfactory amount of reading materials and that there is a significant discrepancy between teaching materials intended for the separate orientations of upper secondary school in Sweden. It is also discovered that the set of textbooks largely reflect the current view of language teaching. The study concludes that the current practice of language teaching is ill-suited to counter the development of declining reading literacy and suggests an alternative methodology in extensive reading. 

  • 48.
    Berggren, Amalia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Surveillance in Nineteen Eighty-Four: The Dismantling of Privacy in Oceania2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze how certain elements of panopticism manage to dismantle the notion of privacy in George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. By reading the text through a lens of panopticism, a theory introduced by Jeremy Bentham, I give examples on how the surveillance methods used by the Party share similarities with the system of surveillance within a Panoptic prison, but also in what ways that they differ. In the end, it is obvious that the society of Oceania cannot be considered to be a complete Panopticon, although several elements of panopticism are present within the text and that they dismantle the aspect of privacy in the novel. 

  • 49.
    Berggren, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Characterization in Social Satire: A comparative analysis of the heroines Elizabeth Bennet in Jane Austenʼs Pride and Prejudice, and Becky Sharp in William Makepeace Thackerayʼs Vanity Fair2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay presents a comparative analysis of the characterizations of the female protagonists Elizabeth Bennet in Jane Austen̕ s Pride and Prejudice (1813), and Becky Sharp in William Makepeace Thackeray̕ s Vanity Fair (1847-1848). The analysis is conducted from a gender perspective, and with the use of feminist criticism. The two novels complement each other since they are both satirical images of society, concerning aspects such as class and gender. Also, both novels  portray women climbing the class ladder, during the period of the Napoleonic wars. In the comparison, the main focus lies on the social satire constructed around the heroines of these novels. I come to the conclusion that Austen̕ s and Thackeray̕ s characterizations are very different from each other, mainly due to their different satirical approaches. This conclusion is put in relation to a patriarchal context and to feminist values.

  • 50.
    Berglund, Maria M.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Värv och verk: Förnyelse och tradition i Nordisk kvinnolitteraturhistoria från tillkomst till tryckt bok2013Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Nordisk kvinnolitteraturhistoria [The History of Nordic Women’s Literature; henceforth NKLH] is a history of literature published in five volumes 1993–1998. It was written with the overtly stated intention to change literary history on feminist grounds. The primary aim of this doctoral thesis is to map out and analyze the ways in which NKLH shows renewal and tradition compared to the histories of literature that it was a critique of. What conventions and criteria in the genre of literary history has the group of researchers strived to challenge, and what have they overlooked or neglected? How was the ambition of renewal in NKLH received on publication? What underlying factors in the project’s design and execution can account for the final product? The thesis explores these questions in three main chapters: one that analyses the processes of writing NKLH by means of an archival study, one that analyses the reception of the volumes in newspapers and journals, and one that analyses aspects of renewal and tradition in the four chronological volumes.

    The most significant ways in which NKLH shows renewal compared to previous histories of literature are in its reinterpretations of canonized authors and in its broad inclusion of different types of texts in the first two volumes. The Nordic approach is another area of renewal. The inter-Nordic perspectives in the volumes tend, however, toward a Danish-Swedish dominance. In some aspects NKLH also shows tradition, most notably in its strong developmental narrative and in its selection of literary genres in the latter two volumes. That NKLH shows both renewal and tradition is a result partly of what the researchers involved wanted to convey, partly of long-lived traditions and expectations within the genre of literary history, and partly of material factors such as organization, funding, geographical outspread and the parallel production of national histories of women’s literature in two of the Nordic countries.

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