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  • 1.
    Aberg, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Voting by income: Political culture of two swedish municipalities 1860-19302012In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 132, no 2, 288-294 p.Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln belyser Erik Nydahls avhandling I fyrkens tid som tar avstamp i en omdiskuterad, om än relativt väl utforskad, fråga: hur formades svensk politisk kultur i övergången från jordbrukarsamhället till det moderna industrisamhället? Viktiga faktorer i det sammanhanget var att svensk industrialisering i många avseenden ägde rum utanför de framväxande storstadsregionerna, att jordbruksnäringen samtidigt spelade en fortsatt viktig roll under lång tid och att urbaniseringsprocessen internationellt sett var mera utdragen.

  • 2.
    Aflaki, Inga Narbutaite
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    Mid-Sweden University.
    Miles, Lee
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies. UK.
    Entrepreneurship in the polis: Understanding political entrepreneurship2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamics of entrepreneurship have attracted growing attention from scholars of political science, policy studies, public administration and planning, as well as more recently, from the realms of international relations and foreign policy analysis. Under the banner of political entrepreneurship, this volume considers and maps out conceptual approaches to the study of entrepreneurship drawn from these fields, discusses synergies, envisages new analytical tools and offers contemporary empirical case studies, illustrating the diverse political contexts in which entrepreneurship takes place in the polis. Drawing upon an international cast of senior academics and cutting edge young researchers, the volume takes a closer look at key aspects of political entrepreneurship, such as, defining political entrepreneurs, how it relates to change, decision-making and strategies, organizational arrangements, institutional rules, varying contexts and future research agendas. By highlighting the political aspects of entrepreneurship, the volume presents new exciting opportunities for understanding entrepreneurial activities at regional, national and international levels. The volume will be of particular relevance to scholars and students of political science, policy studies, public administration, planning, international relations and business studies as well as practitioners interested in the nexus and utility of entrepreneurship in the modern-day political world.

  • 3.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Besvär!: Om motståndet hos två tvångssammanslagna kommuner i samband med kommunblocksreformen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate why the two Swedish municipalities of Frykerud and Östmark were the only municipalities in Värmland that were forcibly merged by the state during the ”Municipality block reform” of 1971, and whether local identities played a role in the resistance against this reform. 

        The study is designed as a comparative case study and builds on both history and political science to analyze the topic from a broader perspective. Based on the research situation three theoretical theses have been formulated, the durability of which will be tested in the analysis part of the essay.

        The study notes that Frykeruds resistance against the ”Municipality block reform” started when the reform prevented a planned retirement home construction in the municipality. In the analytical part of the essay, the author discusses how the discontent can be interpreted as symptomatic of bourgeois centralization resistance, as well as being due to the fact that traditional, local self-government as a political subject was perceived as threatened. In Östmark, the "Municipality block reform" developed into a political struggle between the reformist Social Democrats and the "reform-skeptical" conservative parties. The battle started with disagreements over the completions of investments in the municipality.

        In the analysis section, the hypotheses previously formulated have been tested, and the author also formulates a new hypothesis regarding the local communities and local identities' political role in the resistance against the "Municipality block reform".

  • 4.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Den lyssnande kommunen: Om medborgardialog ur förtroendevaldas, tjänstemäns och medborgares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    For the last decades, the party memberships in Sweden have decreased from 600.000 to 300.000, although the general interest in politics have been stable during the same period. This situation can be percieved as a threat to swedish democracy; if the political parties are loosing contact with the citizens, the parties will also face the risk of not being able to canalize the views of the citizens. If that’s the case, the represenative democracy might loose legitimacy. These conclusions have triggered local municipalities in Sweden to launch ”civil dialogue”, innovative ways to include the citizens in public projects and welfare services, with the purpose to re-establish connection and trust between the public and civil sector. However, political studies suggest that civil dialogue rarely have succeeded to strenghtened democracy. In some cases, civil dialogue seemed to hurt trust and legitimacy in local municipalities. That makes the civil dialogue phenomenon interesting – how can attempts to reinforce trust and democracy result in a backfire? What in the core of civil dialogue might catalyze this backlash?

       The nature of civil dialogue suggest that cooperation between the public and civil sphere is becoming more acceptable, even desirable, in swedish politics. This development breaks with the traditional ways of public administration and bureaucracy in Sweden. However, the cooperation between the public and civil sphere is also the core of a new broad trend in public administration and governing, namely ”governace”. Governance refers to a way of adminstrating public affairs by the logic of networks, including the civil society in the public affairs with the purpose of making the public administration more effective and to find creative solutions on new problems. The first aim of this study is to recieve a new understanding how the subjective experiences of civil dialogue participants can affect legitimacy and trust, by analyzing the experiences of participants in a failed dialogue. The second aim is to explore wether civil dialogue is better understood as a part of a new broad trend in public buraucracy, governance, rather than more traditional bureaucracy. These aims are fulfilled using a case study, which has a swedish local municipality, Sunne, in focus.

       The results of the study suggests that none of the participants of the civil dialogue in Sunne experienced that they had ”been listened to”, which seems to be an important cause behind the negative result of the specific dialogue. The innovativeand failed attempt to strengthen the legitimacy of local democracy resulted in a negative reaction through the traditional channels of political participation. The study also suggests that civil dialogue and governace have some similarities regarding their main principles of value and general logic, but since the municipality of Sunne didn’t implement the steering logics of civil dialogue in its full practice, it’s hard to judge wether it should be perceived as governance or not.

  • 5.
    Ahlström, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Beteende eller sinnessjukdom?: Psykiatri och behandling vid Mariebergs sjukhus mellan 1930-19502015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is interested in Swedish psychiatry during the period between 1930-1950,localized to Mariebergs hospital in Sweden. The purpose of this paper has been to testSjöstroms evidence of the pattern that he used to create three analytical concepts, roughlytranslated to; morally educative discipline-treatment, the production process and the idealinstitution citizen. Sjöström motivates that his concepts gives insight into one aspect of thepsychiatric expansion between 1860-1960 as well as creates an understanding of psychiatryas an institution. The source material for this paper has been patients' medical notes writtenby the chief physician of the institution. Via a method which mainly different from Sjöstromin its selection, categorization and more thorough presentation, this paper has seen the samepatterns which Sjöström has created his three concepts from. The ideal institution citizen,defined by its well behaved and calm behaviour emerges also in this papers quantitativecompilation of qualitative data as the clear majority. The morally educative disciplinetreatment,treatments and punishments that focuses on creating an acceptable behaviourrather than the treatment of insanity itself, can be seen in the adjective behaviouraldescriptions of the type well-behaved / badly-behaved which are dominant. The focus in thejournals is behaviour rather than mental decease symptoms such as hallucinations andtreatment is based on unaccepted behaviour rather than symptoms. Also, the sequential orderthat exists between badly-behaved behaviour and treatments, and well-behaved behaviourand rewards shows the focus on behaviour which the concept is based on. The previous tworesults together is the two parts of Sjöströms production process, that trough the morallyeducative discipline-treatment the institution creates an acceptable, quiet and well behavedideal institution citizen were the mental decease becomes secondary.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Jemima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    En jämförande analys över arbetsstugorna: -i Karlstad och Borås 1899-1928 ur ett genusperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

  • 7.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg; COWI AB, Gothenburg.
    Thorsson, Sofia
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rayner, David
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lindberg, Fredrik
    University of Gothenburg.
    Janhäll, Sara
    The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Gothenburg.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Moback, Ulf
    City of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Bergman, Ramona
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute (SGI), Gothenburg.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    An integrated method for assessing climate-related risks and adaptation alternatives in urban areas2015In: Climate Risk Management, E-ISSN 2212-0963, Vol. 7, 31-50 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The urban environment is a complex structure with interlinked social, ecological and technical structures. Global warming is expected to have a broad variety of impacts, which will add to the complexity. Climate changes will force adaptation, to reduce climate-related risks. Adaptation measures can address one aspect at the time, or aim for a holistic approach to avoid maladaptation. This paper presents a systematic, integrated approach for assessing alternatives for reducing the risks of heat waves, flooding and air pollution in urban settings, with the aim of reducing the risk of maladaptation. The study includes strategies covering different spatial scales, and both the current climate situation and the climate predicted under climate change scenarios. The adaptation strategies investigated included increasing vegetation; selecting density, height and colour of buildings; and retreat or resist (defend) against sea-level rise. Their effectiveness was assessed with regard to not only flooding, heat stress and air quality but also with regard to resource use, emissions to air (incl. GHG), soil and water, and people’s perceptions and vulnerability. The effectiveness of the strategies were ranked on a common scale (from -3 to 3) in an integrated assessment. Integrated assessments are recommended, as they help identify the most sustainable solutions, but to reduce the risk of maladaptation they require experts from a variety of disciplines. The most generally applicable recommendation, derived from the integrated assessment here, taking into account both expertise from different municipal departments, literature surveys, life cycle assessments and publics perceptions, is to increase the urban greenery, as it contributes to several positive aspects such as heat stress mitigation, air quality improvement, effective storm-water and flood-risk management, and it has several positive social impacts. The most favourable alternative was compact, mid-rise, light coloured building design with large parks/green areas and trees near buildings. © 2015 The Authors.

  • 8.
    Angleborg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Nyutexaminerade historielärares ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk: En kvalitativ studie av nyutexaminerade historielärare vid Karlstads universitet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nyutexaminerade historielärares ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk

    - En kvalitativ studie av nyutexaminerade historielärare vid Karlstads universitet.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur nyutexaminerade historielärares underliggande ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk och perspektiv synliggörs i dels samtal om deras undervisningsstrategi och dels planeringsmaterial, samt hur detta kan relateras till de två stora skolbildningarna inom historiedidaktik och de resultat och teorier som tidigare forskning bidragit med.

    Frågeställningarna lyder:

    1. Vilka begrepp möjliga att relatera till tysk respektive anglosachsisk historiedidaktik synliggörs i nyutexaminerade historielärares samtal om och dokument kring sin undervisningsstrategi?

    2. På vilket sätt kan de nyutexaminerade historielärarnas ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk relateras till resultat och teorier sprungna ur den tidigare forskningen?

    3. Hur kan relationen mellan de nyutexaminerade respektive de erfarna historielärarna och forskningsvärlden förklaras?

    Intervjuer med två nyutexaminerade historielärare och material i form av lektionsplaneringar och examinationer analyseras i denna studie. Resultatet av analysen visar bland annat att en likhet mellan nyutexaminerade och erfarna lärares ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk är att båda grupperna använder sig av vardagsspråkliga termer när de samtalar om sin undervisningsstrategi.

  • 9.
    Aronsson, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Karlstads gamla museum: En studie av historiebruket kring uppförandet av Värmlands museum2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 10.
    Augustsson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    De kuvade kvinnorna: En studie av Karlstads och Trollhättans Socialdemokratiska kvinnoklubb 1939-19452016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Bele, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Synen på ett svenskt Nato-medlemskap: En kvalitativ studie av Sveriges tre största partiers uppfattning rörande ett svenskt Nato-medlemskap.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the connection between the perceived security policy threat and the view of a solution on the matter offered by the three biggest political parties of Sweden. These three parties are the Moderate Party, the Social Democratic Party and the Sweden Democrats. By studying these parties’ perceived point of view regarding the Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia, and their opinion concerning a Swedish Nato-membership, opens up for the possibility of making conclusions whether each parties’ opinion regarding a Swedish membership of Nato is based on their assumption of what they believe are to be the current Swedish security policy treat, or if there might be, totally or partly, other aspects behind each parties’ opinion concerning a Swedish membership of Nato.

    The purpose of this essay is to be answered with help from the following research questions:

    1. What are the standpoint regarding the current Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia, for the Social Democratic Party, the Moderate Party and the Sweden Democrats?

    2. In what extent are the Social Democratic Party, the Moderate Party and the Sweden Democrats standpoint regarding a Swedish Nato membership based on their point of view concerning the current Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia?

    The theoretical framework of the essay is based on Allison & Zelikow´s rational choice model "The Rational Actor".

    The material used, in order to answer these two questions, consists of party programs, motions from the Defense committee and interviews with defense representatives from each of the three parties. The answer to question number one indicates that the Moderate Party and the Social Democratic Party, to a large extent, describes a similar threat whilst the Sweden Democrats is slightly different because of their focus of the interstate military threat.

    Research question number two is answered by analyzing the answer of question number one through "The Rational Actor model". The analyze shows that the Moderates is the party that, to the greatest extent, base their standpoint concerning a Swedish membership in Nato on their assumption of the current security policy threat, focusing Russia. The Sweden Democrats to a certain extent and the Social Democrats is the party that to the least extent base their standpoint concerning a Swedish Nato-membership on their assumptions of the Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia.

    Some of the reasons behind the answer of question number two could partly depend on the fact that the Moderate Party is a historically traditional conservative party where questions concerning a strong defense and a clear approach to the western countries always has played an important role.

    The Social Democratic Party, on the other hand, has for a long time been in favor of a Swedish non-alignment policy, which entails them having invested a great deal of political capital in to this question. In terms of the Sweden Democrats, the author, notes that they do not have as firm standpoint as the other two parties have, concerning their views about the Swedish non-alignment policy. Due to this fact it is not all together out of question that the Sweden Democrats would support either a Swedish membership of Nato or a continued Swedish non-alignment policy, in exchange for influence in other political polices that would have higher priority for the party.

  • 12.
    Bellrin, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Konstens dilemma: Hur ser politikerna på konstnärernas försörjning?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Politicians attract their voters by promising more jobs and investment in education, health and social care. Against this background, I wonder how the situation of artists will be affected by the followingquestions:➢ What political views on the artist's position in society appeared in propositions of Socialdemokraterna and Moderaterna?➢ In what way did these propositions influence the conditions of artists?➢ How have the artists of Värmland been affected by different (Socialdemokraterna and Moderaterna) cultural policies? With my investigation I find out more about the artists' conditions on a national level, but I also investigate the situation in Värmland. By examining policy proposals and reports, I learn more about the issues. I also conduct a survey and three in-depth interviews to obtain opinions from various sources.The respondents are the cultural departments of Värmland and representatives from cultural organizations.What is clear from my research is that politicians differ on some issues, especially those relating to commercialism and artist salaries. The questionnaires shows that culture proponents may not always come from the political side. The interviews provided different points of views on the situation inVärmland, but to some extent there are difficulties for the artists who work here. If knowledge of art is low, how is one able to appreciate art and those who create it?

  • 13.
    Bengtzing Taxén, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Interkulturella möten i skolan: En studie om språkets betydelse för vårdnadshavares delaktighet i barnens skolgång2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate: Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate –An analysis of the Psychometric Properties of a scale using Australian adolescent data2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile: +4673-701 2448

     

    (1) Background: Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in the school environment.  Most adolescents are also subjected to compulsory school attendance, implying that they have to deal with the environment on a daily basis. In that sense the school environment is inescapable. There are several different measures on student experiences of the school environment, but School Climate is one of the most prominent. However, there seems to be no agreement upon definition and operationalization of the School Climate concept. Also, it is uncommon to find descriptions of robust psychometric analyses of School Climate measures.    

    (2) Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate by means of the Rasch model for ordered response categories.  

    (3) Sample: Using a paper-and-pencil based survey, the data was collected among 758 students  enrolled (school year 3-7) in schools located in central Perth of Western Australia in 2013.

    (4) Methods: A scale consisting of seven polytomous items is analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the data fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across sex and grade.

    (5) Results: At a general level of analysis the scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of the individuals. Some items showed reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories did not work properly and as expected. Also, at a finer level of analysis focusing on DIF, the scale works fairly well, but with exceptions important in order to understand differences between younger and older adolescents.  

    (6) Conclusions: Although the scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there is room for improvements. In particular the precision of measurement may be increased by improving the targeting through inclusion of additional items of appropriate severity.      

    Future directions

    As there seems to be a lack of instruments useful for invariant measurement of School Climate  across age groups and genders, efforts to develop instruments are required.   

  • 15.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    The PsychoSomatic Problems Scale: an analysis of the psychometric properties using Australian adolescent data2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Background: The PsychoSomatic problems Scale (PSP-Scale) has frequently been used in the Scandinavian countries in order to monitor adolescent psychosomatic health. According to Psychometric analyses based on the the polytomous Rasch model, the PSP-scale shows good measurement properties (see Hagquist, 2008). However, the properties of the PSP-scale have not been examined for non-European samples and for younger adolescents.

    Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of the PsychoSomatic Problems Scale by means of the polytomous Rasch model using an Australian sample of younger adolescents (school year 3-7).   

    Sample: Using a paper-and-pencil based survey, the data was collected among 758 adolescents enrolled (school year 3-7) in schools in central Perth of Western Australia in 2013.  

    Methods: The PSP-scale consists of eight polytomous items intended to tap information about student experiences of psychosomatic health complaints. The PSP-scale was analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the data fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across school year and sex.

    Results: At a general level of analysis, the scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good targeting and separation of the individuals. However, some of the items showed reversed item thresholds, indicating that the response categories did not work as expected in the Australian setting. Further there seems to be some tendencies of Differential item functioning by grade.

    Conclusions: In comparing the psychosomatic problems among different age groups, in particular younger and older, the analyst needs to be particularly cautious. Also, cultural and language aspects need to be addressed if an instrument is to be used in a different setting than the one it was developed in.   

    Future directions: There seems to be a lack of instruments useful for invariant measurement of psychosomatic health among adolescents in different age groups. However, in order to achieve invariant measurement across age groups, efforts to develop instruments are required, in particular if older and younger adolescents  are to be compared. 

    Further comments:

    Hagquist, C. (2008). Psychometric Properties of the PsychoSomatic Problems Scale: A Rasch Analysis on Adolescent Data. Social Indicators Research, 86: 511-523.

  • 16.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Den värmländska skolan2016In: Värmländska utmaningar: Poitik Ekonomi Samhälle  Kultur Medier / [ed] P-O Norell & Lennart Nilsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2016, 423-434 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan är ett område som i högsta grad berör allmänheten. Detta märks både i den allmänna debatten i nyhetsrapportering och i vetenskapliga undersökningar av olika slag. Under de senaste fem valen har exempelvis skolfrågan varit en av de mest centrala frågorna. Enligt SVTs väljarundersökning 2014 var också skolfrågan en av de mest betydelsefulla frågorna för val av parti. Den svenska grundskolan har under senare år även utgjort ett hett debattämne i svensk massmedia. Debatten har hämtat näring från de försämrade resultaten för svenska grundskoleelever vid internationella jämförelser, inte minst utifrån den så kallade PISA-undersökningen och andra internationella men också nationella jämförelser. I detta kapitel analyseras olika aspekter av förtroendet för den värmländska skolan och attityder till några vanliga politiska förslag på skolans område

     

  • 17.
    Bergh, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Williamsson, Viktoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Går det att höja kvaliteten och effektivisera examination i samhällskunskap?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Examination utgör en central del i våra utbildningar, inte desto mindre verkar det vara ovanligt med djupare reflektioner över kvaliteten i dessa.

    Det projekt som vi vill dela med oss av här är ett pågående utvecklingsprojekt som har till syfte att  analysera examinationen i samhällskunskap inom ämneslärarutbildningen. Redovisningen baserar sig på en kvantitativ analys av hur väl en salsskrivning i samhällskunskap 1 på ämneslärarprogrammet tjänar sitt syfte, d.v.s. fungerar tentamen bra som examination betraktat? Hur skulle den kunna göras bättre?

    En central fråga rör om tentamens svårighetsgrad verkar vara anpassad till den studentgrupp som avses. Om några frågor skulle visa sig vara för enkla – alla studenter klarar frågorna - hjälper ju inte dessa oss med att mäta studenternas kunskaper. På motsatt sätt kan man tänka sig att några frågor är alldeles för svåra, d.v.s. inga studenter klarar av frågorna.  Analysen visar bl.a. att:

    • Genom att formulera väl övervägda frågor i förhållande till aktuella lärandemål skulle den insats och tidsåtgång som krävs för bedömning av tentamen kunna göras mer effektiv med ökad kvalitet, och studenter utsätts inte för onödiga frågor.
  • 18.
    Bergström, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Delar av Helheten: En religionsdidaktisk studie av antroposofin som tankesystem2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is threefold. The first is to provide an enhanced understanding of the anthroposophic movement's basic components and how they are interconnected to each other. Waldorfeducation is further a related example of an anthroposophic activity that is being studied. The basic idea is to study the structure of which a system of thought consist of. The theoretical framework for the study is therefore conducted according to Ninian Smart's seven dimensions of religion. This is further conducted through a hermeneutic analysis of two books. Smarts theory puts an emphasis on understanding a system of thought, rather than come to terms what religion or a system of ideas is in general. The second part is to evaluate the application of this theoretical framework according to the results from the study. The third part consists by how the result might be advantageous for teachers developing their teaching and to bring an enhanced understanding of religion in general. The results of the study find that different areas have their own expressions, but a common ground is found in a holistic worldview. A key finding is how expressions are being understood differently dependent on perspective, that is what the anthroposophic movement incorporate and functions through. The dimensional model has proven to be a viable method for both mapping features in a system of thought, as well as being beneficial in a didactic context. It’s possible to apply the dimensional model on several areas in the Swedish curriculum, concerning religious courses in the upper secondary school. Its’ ultimate merit is how different religions, system of thought, ideologies can be illustrated and discussed by the student which may enhance their understanding of a complex phenomenon.

  • 19.
    Bertilsson, Sofi
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Not Quite på två ben: En studie av synen på kulturkooperativet Not Quite's roll för lokal och regional utveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For the past decades, culture has been given a role as a factor for local and regional development. But what is meant by development and in what ways culture can be of importance in this aspect can be unclear. This thesis examines the perception of the role for local and regional development of one specific cultural place and network – the cultural cooperative Not Quite in Fengersfors, Sweden. I study the way the role as developer is expressed and interpreted in the discourse of the cultural workers who are members of the network and in the discourse of public cultural policy in the region Västra Götaland and in Åmål municipality. The study shows that there are both similarities and differences between the discourses concerning how the role as developer is expressed. What differs is the focus on economic growth, which is expressed to be of great importance in the public cultural policy discourse. The cultural workers within Not Quite express a lack of interest in economic growth, or even a negative attitude towards it. They instead express a ”discourse of meaning”. For them, the main purpose of their artistic work is to create meaning and value for other people rather than economic growth. However, the practical effects of the differences seem quite small. There seem to be a balance between the different kinds of development Not Quite is expected to contribute to, and the cultural workers express a relaxed attitude to goals and expectations from the Västra Götaland region and Åmål municipality.

  • 20.
    Billman, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Återstoden av postkolonialism: En analys av historiekunskapens läromedel2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines whether or not the textbooks Utkik 7-9 Historia and SO direkt historia ämnesboken, which both are used as teaching materials in compulsory school history (grades 7-9), meet the values of the curriculum concerning the support of a multicultural society. The qualitative study therefore investigates from which perspectives non-European history is described, and if those perspectives enable or prevent the development of historical consciousness and historical empathy, two qualities that benefit multiculturalism. Therefore, the examination has its foundation in the two perspective concepts eurocentrism and intercultural learning, which are each others opposites when it comes to historical representation. In short, intercultural learning has a bigger focus on embracing multiculturalism. A comparative analysis is also carried out to examine if one of the two textbooks do a better job fulfilling the values of the Swedish curriculum. Extracts from the compulsory school curriculum and from Skolverket's website will be used as background for the investigation. The survey questions are based on different research done byNiklas Ammert, Lars Nyström (and others), Peter Gran, and Maria Johansson. The result from the study shows that both textbooks fail to meet the requirements of the curriculum since they are predominantly characterized by a eurocentric perspective rather than an intercultural one. Therefore they also prevent students from developing historical consciousness and historical empathy.

  • 21.
    Björk, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Självkänsla, jämställdhet och arbetsmiljö.: Tjejers upplevelse av betyg på gymnasieskolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Björk, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Kvinnornas kamp inom den mansdominerade fotbollen: damfotboll i Forshaga IF och Värmlands FF under 1970-talet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker damfotbollens bildande och utveckling under 1970-talet ur ett genusperspektiv, där kvinnorörelsen under samma tid präglade Sveriges jämställdhetsdebatt. Kvinnorna började ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden under 1970-talet där de kämpade för att bryta djupt förankrade genusnormer. På samma sätt bröt de sig in i den svenska idrottsrörelsens manliga arena, fotbollen. Undersökningsmaterialet för studien kommer från Forshaga Idrottsförening och Värmlands Fotbollförbund, vilket används som ett verktyg för att få fram hur damfotbollens bildande såg ut, hur de ekonomiska tillgångarna var för dam- respektive herrfotboll samt hur damfotbollen beskrevs i deras mötesprotokoll jämfört med herrfotbollen. I diskussionskapitlet ställs materialet mot tidigare forskning om jämställdhet inom idrotten samt den teoretiska utgångspunkten om manlig dominans, som används för att förstå den problematik som damfotbollens bildande och utveckling stötte på under 1970-talet. Studiens resultat som presenteras i diskussionen och slutsatsen visar på att bildandet av damfotboll var ytterst problematisk, men även att det inte tog lång till innan den blev accepterad och tagen på allvar. Samtidigt visar den på att de ekonomiska tillgångarna för dam- respektive herrfotboll inte förändrades under 1970-talet och fram till 2016 kvarstår de stora skillnaderna. I mötesprotokollen beskrevs damfotbollen i början av 1970-talet med könspecifika begrepp, så som damfotboll, däremot beskrevs herrfotbollen med könsneutrala begrepp, exempelvis fotboll. 

  • 23.
    Bock, Joacim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Delar av Sverige ska leva!: En studie av legitimitetsfaktorerna för svenska regionsammanslagningar2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to – through a discourse analysis – examine how the parliamentary committee – Ansvarskommittén – legitimizes the need for merging administrative regions. The committee’s investigation is what underlies the present debate on regionalisation and the merging of regions in Sweden. To carry out this discourse analysis, I have used “What’s the problem represented to be?”, by Carol Lee Bacchi as an analytical framework. The analytical framework aids the examination on how political parties construct problems through the solutions they propose. After carefully examining the final dictum of Ansvarskommittén, this study concludes that the committe’s investigation legitimizes the merging of regions primarily through three discourses. First, it is being legitimized through Neo-Regionalism which is also a component in the remaining two discourses. The second discourse is Europeanization that is intended to adapt the regions to the regional standards of the European Union. The third discourse is the financial growth discourse and is intended to maintain the financial growth and competitiveness of regions against other regions. Consequently, the regions are given the responsibility of the state’s wealth instead of the state being responsible for the wealth of the regions as seen in traditional welfare states.

  • 24.
    Borehall, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Stridsåtgärder inom fackföreningsrörelsen: En undersökning av SAC och LO:s stridsåtgärder inom pappersindustrin i Värmland på 1920-talet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines two trade unions at Skoghall, Skoghalls LS of SAC and the Swedish Paper unions division 36 at Skoghallverken.

    The purpose of this study is to get a knowledge about what kind of methods that Skoghalls LS of SAC used to get better working conditions and living conditions for the worker at Skoghallsverken and compare them to the methods that division 36 of the Swedish Paperworkersunion at Skoghallsverken used to create better living conditions and working conditions.

    The question that I asked in the study is:

    What kind of working methods did Skoghalls LS of SAC and division 36 of the Swedish Paperworkingunion of improve the working and living conditions of the workers at Skoghallsverken?

    What kinds of conflicts were common at Skoghallsverken between 1920-1928?

    To be able to do the study I read meeting minutes from Skogshalls LS members meetings between 1919 and 1928 and meeting minutes from division 36 of the Swedish Paperworkersunions membersmettings between 1921 and 1926. And the examination was done at Arkivcentrum Värmland where they helped me to get the sources that I needed to do the study.

    One of the results that examine shows is that Skoghalls LS of SAC helped workers in their daily lives for i.e. when they had economic troubles. Skoghalls LS probably used the Social security system in Sweden where not created in the 1920: s which is the time that is examined in this study.

    Division 36 on the other hand had worked in similar way as Skoghalls LS with workers who were in need, i.e. they helped them with money if they had economic problems and raised money to them. But in other conflicts Division 36 took a lot more careful stance against the director’s board at Skoghallsverken

    i.e. when they gave notice about strike under the Christmas holiday along time before the actual dates. The defensive approach that division 36 used is probably rooted in LO: s reformistic ideas and a will to create consensus between the workers and the directors of the industry.

    The conclusions that can be drawn from the result are these:

    Skoghalls where defensive trade union and Skoghallsverken where calm workplace what where free from big conflicts between unions and the employers. The conflicts that occurred in the 1920: s where about social issues i.e. poor housing standards for the employees at Skoghallsverken and indignation about the 8 hours working day. But Skoghalls LS and Skoghall 36 also dealt with issues where families had lost their incomes because the father in the family had died and it was fathers who get the income to their families when they where working. Skoghalls LS and Skoghall 36 where using very similar working methods to improve the workers livingenviroment and workingingenviroment and Skoghalls LS of SAC where not as radical as said they would be.

  • 25.
    Borgström, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Tillgänglig teater?: Uppsats om arbetet med och den fysiska tillgängligheten på Wermland Operaoch Västanå Teater2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis is based on how the two cultural institutions in Sweden have been working onincreasing physical accessibility. Based on the three objectives specified by the Swedish Kulturrådet(Swedish Arts Council). These points are 1.forming a workplace strategy, 2. Work to remove simpleobstacles in buildings and 3.Improved Web access in regard to the accessibility for physically disabled.The work regarding the accessibility goals is set on the time frame 2011-2016. The institutions studiedin this paper are Wermland Opera and Västanå Teater and how the two institutions have worked toimplement the three objectives and how the discussion about the accessibility within the two theaters hasbeen organized.The method of information gathering in this paper has been interviews with representatives from the twotheaters. The interviewees all have different roles within the institutions, both musicians, marketers andadministrative personnel have been interviewed. And the analysis in the paper is based on discourseanalysis and discourse theory, this to show how the two institutions create and maintain the discoursessurrounding accessibility in institutions buildings.The results of the paper have shown that both institutions have made a considerable effort inimplementing the goals set by the Kulturrådet. In comparison between the two institutions WermlandOpera has a much more active discussion in regard to accessibility and the work that they can do. Bothin their theater productions and in the buildings they work within. Västanå Teater has a much more “dayto day” way of handling the work with accessibility in regarding to both the personnel and the buildingsthey work in.

  • 26.
    Brodin, Gustav
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Privatekonomi i läroböcker: En läroboksstudie i samhällsvetenskap om privatekonomins kvantitet och innehåll2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The debts of children and teenagers that are registered at the Swedish Enforcement Authority, have in the past few years hit an all-time high. School has a responsibility to try and stop this disturbing development. This essay is about private economy and its existence in three different textbooks for civics 1A1 and the Swedish high school. The goal is to investigate which support these books can give teachers and students. Private economy is a recent addition to the Swedish teaching program 2011 and is now read by all high school students.

    I have been able to identify the existence of private economy in textbooks by creating a code schedule. This way I have been able to decide the quantitative by simply counting words. The review is categorical in two parts where the second part illuminating the content and tries to make conclusions by different types of text analyses. 

    The conclusion of this essay is that the books have its differences, both strengths and weaknesses. It is mostly the use of language that differs. A textbook in civics does not demand great text understanding. Two of the books handle this well, while the third one does not.

  • 27.
    Broman, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Hobel, Peter
    Syddansk Universitet Odense, University of Southern Denmark.
    Christensen, Torben Spanget
    Syddansk Universitet Odense, University of Southern Denmark.
    Introduction 2013:1 Globalization and School Subjects2013In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2013:1, i-vii p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Brännström, Villiam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Svensson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Torsby kommun ur ett inifrån- och utifrånperspektiv: Ur ett inifrån- och utifrånperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera Torsby kommun ur ett inifrån- och utifrånperspektiv.

    Med inifrånperspektiv menas hur invånare i Torsby upplever kommunen medan

    utifrånperspektivet beskriver hur bilden av Torsby kommun speglas av media. Dessa två olika

    perspektiv jämförs för att identifiera eventuella likheter och skillnader för att se om dem

    representationella bilderna av en plats ”stämmer överrens” med den upplevda verkligheten det

    vill säga dem som lever på och brukar platsen. Utifrån studiens syfte utformades tre

    frågeställningar och dessa är följande:

     Hur beskrivs landsbygden och Torsby kommun ur ett utifrånperspektiv (främst i

    media)?

     Hur beskrivs Torsby kommun ur ett inifrånperspektiv?

     Vad förenar dessa perspektiv?

    För att kunna besvara studiens frågeställningar genomfördes en enkätintervju och en

    gruppintervju med 12 personer från Lekvattnet i Torsby kommun och sex politiker från

    kommunstyrelsen i Torsby kommun. Utifrånperspektivet försöker vi fånga genom att titta på

    tidningsartiklar i både Aftonbladet och Nya Wermlandstidningen. Vid studiens analys

    används olika kulturgeografiska teorier så som Lefebvres rumstrialektik och platsidentitet.

    Det som studiens analys påvisar är hur både in- och utifrånperspektivet är av vikt för att förstå

    helheten i en plats. Utifrån Lefebvres rumstrialektik går det utläsa hur dessa två perspektiv

    och även platsens fysiska gestaltning tillsammans utgör en mer nyanserad och verklig bild av

    Torsby kommun som inte kan manifesteras genom enbart ett perspektiv.

  • 29.
    Bäckström, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Kommunalt självstyre i en (ny)regional kontext: En diskursnanalys om regionala dimensioner på kommunal planering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze four public document published by the Swedish state to see what the problems is represented to be, which makes the politics move to a certain direction where municipal planning, more specifically spatial and social planning and housing planning, should take into account regional perspectives. Also, the purpose of this essay is to analyze the terms of the local self-government in a context where the municipal planning is increasingly to be arranged in a regional perspective.

    This essays theoretical- and methodological approach contains of a scientific package created by Carol Bacchi. Her theoretical- and methodological approach studies problem representations and to answer this essay overall questions I use a discourse analysis tool inspired of Bacchis approach.

    The empirical analysis shows that there is a problem representation about an ongoing regional expansion, thus expanding functional regions. Another problem representation is that it is considered necessary to have a greater coordination of the municipal planning. The municipal monopoly, which is a part of the local self-government, is problematized in the examined document to be of great importance, but there are some shortcomings in the application. All of these problem representations and problematisations can be traced to a discourse in which sustainable development, competitiveness and growth is desirable. The terms of the local self-government can be understood in the sense that one of its cornerstones, the municipal planning, greater will be arranged in a new regional logic, which builds upon a certain kind of politics with a consensus tradition

  • 30.
    Carlsson, Angelica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Från Reagan till Trump: Populistiska uttryck inom det republikanska partiet 1980–20172017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    From Reagan to Trump: Populist expressions within the Republican Party 1980–2017 is a bachelor thesis by Angelica Carlsson. The aim of the thesis is to explain populist expressions within the Republican Party in the United States during the period 1980–2017. Populist expressions in political speeches by the presidents Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush and Donald Trump are investigated and graded based on Kirk A. Hawkin's criteria of populism. The thesis is also taking the theoretical terms thin and thick populism into consideration. In order to explain the populist expressions the historical context and the historical development of the Republican Party is taken into account.

    The main findings of the thesis is that Reagan's and Trump's speeches has the highest degree of populist expressions, while Bush's speeches has a lower degree of populist expressions. The study explains this from the historical context, where 1980 and 2016 were characterized by more political instability than 2000. The study illustrates how populism does not arise from nothing and should be understood in relation to the historical context.

  • 31.
    Carlsson, Viktor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Genus och valdeltagande i Värmland: En uppsats om valdeltagande i Karlstad samt landskommunerna Östra fågelvik och Nyed mellan 1919–1950.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about the political participation in three communities in Värmland between the years of 1919-1950. The research is done in Karlstad, Östra Fågelvik and Nyed. The purpose of the essay is to find out if there were an existing correlation between were people lived and communal political participation. The first question in this essay is whether there were any differences between women in an urban environment, Karlstad, and women in the countryside. The second question is about the difference between political participation women and men. As a help to understand the result the essay use Yvonne Hirdmans theory about gender contracts and four different factors for political participation. The factors are Social bases, mobilizing, the meaning of the votes and martial status. The source material used in the essay is voting journals and SCB:s election statistics over communal elections in Karlstad.

    The essay is a quantified case study whit complementary parts of stratifying. The study end ups in a quantitative accounting method whit diagrams for voting, actual political participation and political participation in percent.The result show that women from the countryside had a higher participant when it came to voting. The men voted in a higher rate than women did in all the societies researched. The result both retract and confirm earlier research.

  • 32.
    Da Ros Grape, Lorita
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Församlingspedagoger reflekterar över sin sociala praktik: En intervjustudie med pedagoger i Svenska kyrkan2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Dalevi, Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    ”Den lömske Judas!”: Om bilden av Judas i Barnens bibel2015In: Barnboken, ISSN 0347-772X, E-ISSN 2000-4389, Vol. 38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Barnens bibel (The Children’s Bible) by Anne de Vries is the best-selling children’s Bible in Northern Europe, with a circulation of nearly 900,000 copies in Sweden alone. Written in a language adapted to children it came to dominate the market from the 1960s onwards, not only in Swedish homes and churches but also in schools. This study uses the narratological tools narrator and fokalization to analyze how and in what way the biblical texts on Judas have been adapted to children in Barnens bibel. The study shows how Barnens bibel by changes in narration and fokalization develops a strong antipathy towards Judas, and that the character of Judas has a significantly more important and expanded role in Barnens bibel than he has in the biblical text.

  • 34.
    Dalevi, Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Kunskapen i kyrkorummet: Hur kyrkopedagogik skapar bredare förståelse av religion för skolelever2015In: Prismet, ISSN 0032-8847, Vol. 66, no 4, 189-202 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, scholars in the field of Religious Education have noted a tendency to theorize and intellectualize in the teaching of this school subject in Sweden and Norway. The consequence of the theorization is that many who belong to a religious tradition do not recognize themselves when their religion is presented in class. This study is based on texts and images that pupils in a Swedish primary school class (ages 11-12) made after visiting a church. The study shows how the German method Kirchenpädagogik (Church pedagogy) can give primary school pupils a broader understanding of and insights into what religion can be. By visiting a holy place, pupils acquire knowledge of other aspects of the religion in question. The article shows that the learning the pupils themselves emphasize after meeting with a religious place primarily is of aesthetic nature.

  • 35.
    Dalevi, Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    "Barnets tro som förebild för vuxna"?: En teologisk reflektion kring barnsyn2015In: Uskunto lapsuuden kulttuureissa / [ed] Ubani, M., Poulter, S., Kallioniemi, A., Helsingfors: Lasten Keskus , 2015, 353-371 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Dalevi, Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Låt berättelsen leva!: Om barnet och bibeln2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Dalevi, Sören
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.
    Niemi, Kristian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    RE didactics in Sweden - defined by the national curriculum?: Discussing didactics of RE in a Swedish context2016In: Usuteaduslik Ajakiri, ISSN 1406-6564, Vol. 69, no 1, 62-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Dalevi, Sören
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Niemi, Kristian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Vad kännetecknar ämnestexter? (inriktning religion)2016Other (Other academic)
  • 39.
    Danielsson, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Samskolan i Filipstad: Ett synliggörande av elevernas genuskontrakt 1909-19272014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Danielsson, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    En studie om en kvinnlig författares plats i det kulturproducerande fältet – exemplet Elin Wägner.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine where a female writer who lived during the early 1900s could be positioned in the cultural producing field. To do this I will use an example of a female writer, Elin Wägner, and by using Pierre Bourdieu’s cultural political and sociological theories.

                   In my examination I have studied biographical writings about Elin Wägner and one of her own early works. I have chosen to define my examination to the short time of the writer’s life that adjoin to the work by her that I have selected.

                          The result I got when I had studied the writer and her work was that Elin Wägner can be positioned in the middle of the cultural producing field because she worked as a journalist at the same time as she wrote this novel and she became a symbol and a champion to the subject of her writing – namely women’s suffrage.

  • 41.
    de Vreeze, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Estland möter Karlstad: En jämförande studie av ”stigmatiseringen” av estländare i Karlstad kontra Norrköping2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This comparative study has focused on the stigmatized process of people from Estonia which may have occurred in Karlstad between the years 1946-1949. The study has got support from Björn Horgby studies, in the city Norrköping, and how the union group “Textilettan” demanded people of Estonia to be excluded from Sweden, however they should have been expelled from the union first. Moreover, investigate if this mind-set occurred in Karlstad as well.

    This study’s goal is to compare the role of media in the stigmatized process of Estonians in Karlstad. No previous research has been found on Estonians in Sweden, during this time, and the study has taken aid from a study made in Norway.

    The study also got two more questions to get a grip of how big the group of Estonians was in Karlstad during the period of 1946-1949. Furthermore how the distribution looked like between these people through a series of parameters like married, unmarried and a distribution in terms of age. The last question is concerning the job situation regarding Estonians. Did these people from Estonia get any job in the new city, what type of labor they could get a chance to execute, also how the distribution looked like between males and females regarding occupation.

    The results of this study has shown differences between Karlstad and Norrköping in the issue of “stigmatized process” of people from Estonia but also similarities with the Norwegian studies of refugees and this study in the role of media

  • 42.
    Drevenstam, Victor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Att fostra demokrater: Lärares syn på gymnasieskolans demokratiska uppdrag2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study does not discover anything new in democratic theory. This is a study focuses only on teachers everyday work and the problems which arise from a diffuse idea such as democracy. The study looks on the notion of democracy in the policy documents and compares this with the view on democracy which is present among the studied teachers. The main notions studied are views on democracy, democratic values and democratic ways to work. These notions are studied among five upper secondary school teachers and the study is based on what they say. These views are compared with the policy documents general theories on democracy. This study shows a lack in seeing democracy in a broader definition. It also shows that the teachers tend to see democracy as a system of governing and majority elections as a democratic method. Furthermore it shows dissatisfaction with the democratic system.

  • 43.
    Elander, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Konsten i periferin: En studie av villkoren för kulturskapare på landsbygden i Värmland, med fokus på Alma Löv och konstnärerna Broos2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the political ambitions regarding culture in

    Värmland, and the situation for artists living on the countryside in Värmland. This means

    that the conditions surronding the artists situation will be looked upon. I have chosen the

    political document Kulturplanen, created by Region Värmland, as my guideline to what

    kind of political view there is on art and cultures role in the region. Furthermore, I have

    chosen Pierre Bourdieu`s theory about art as a field controlled by and under the influence

    of different rules within the filed itself and what or whom has the power to act and be a

    part of the filed. I also use interviews as my method for this study. The purpose is to learn

    more about and understand the experiences expressed by the artists themselves. The main

    focus of this study is the Art project and Art museum Alma Löv, and the artist Karin and

    Marc Broos. A comparison between the political agenda concerning culture in Värmland

    and the situation described by the artists themselves is also made. The analysis is held as a

    discussion where I look at the different parts and by comparing them create an

    understanding regarding the conditions and thee situation for art and culture. I found that

    the role and the support given to art and culture in the region often has to do with the idea

    of creating side effects rather than supporting art for arts own sake. According to my

    analysis there is a danger in losing sight of the values that art itself can offer and many

    artists struggle to make it work which I argue has to do with the political ambitions.

  • 44.
    Engström, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Progression inom de nationella proven: En undersökning i hur begreppen progression och värdeord används i det nationella provet för historia2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Ericsson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Städer i konkurrens?: Diskurs och politisk strategi i tre svenska städer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study puts emphasis on an international discourse describing how cities frequently compete against each other, and also describing factors that cities should enhance to make themselves more competitive. The discourse in this study has therefore been used to seek understanding how three different municipalities Borlänge, Karlstad and Malmö strive for growth by applying central factors from the discourse on the municipalities strategic documents. What the study shows is that the central factors from the discourse strongly imprints the strategic documents, but the presence of the factors varies between the municipalities and also to what meaning that lies behind the strategic goals.

  • 46.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Egenföretagande inom kultursektorn i Arvika: En jämförande undersökning av statlig, regional och kommunal kulturpolitisk syn på egenföretagande verksamhet och hur dessa synsätt skiljer sig från egenföretagarnas uppfattning.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, I intend to examine some aspects of the activities of cultural companies in the town of Arvika. The study is qualitative in nature and based on in-depth interviews with self-employed cultural workers, as well as representatives from Arvika municipality. Cultural policy documents have been studied to clarify the self-employed status in the cultural sector and thus their importance to the cultural life in Arvika overall.

    My hope is to get a glimpse of what it means to work as a self-employed within the cultural sector in Arvika and the conditions that exist, in order to successfully run and develop their businesses.

    There is a shift in cultural policy, which has led to permanent forms of employment becoming fewer and self-employment to grow ( Karlsson & Lekvall, 6 ). One can say that the cultural sector has moved in the direction from a public matter, to the more privatized ( Köping , Lantz & Stenström, 3 ). The problem with this is that the policy of self-employment has not progressed at the same rate as the amount of business. The self-employed in the cultural sector are therefore, often trapped between cultural, business, and labor market perspectives.

    I am using the Australian cultural economist David Throsby `s "virtuous circle" and Bourdieu's "field theory", to see what the consequences are of the self-employeds role and position within the cultural field.

    The Swedish culture bill

    Tid för kultur (2009) put up a picture of the self-employed , similar to the conclusions set forth in the report Den ofrivillige företagaren (The involuntary entrepreneur) (2002). The conclusions of this report is that the self-employed are forced to run business with their passions to earn money.

    The self employed have different conditions than entrepreneurs in other sectors, so the swedish policy for this group fails. The existing enterprise support is ill-suited to corporate culture conditions ( Karlsson & Lekvall, 15 and 35). State, region and municipality recognizes this problem , but do not put forward specific proposals for change.

    In Arvika there is a need to improve communication between the municipality and the self-employed.

  • 47.
    Eriksson, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Arbetsförmedlingens kulturpolitiska betydelse: En idéanalys av den svenska kulturpolitikens roll inom arbetsmarknadspolitiken2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to research and discuss the role the cultural politics play for the Swedish employment office (Arbetsförmedlingen) and the meaning culture politics have within the labour market policy. A research has shown that Arbetsförmedlingen evaluates unemployed cultural workers differently than regular registered jobseekers. From an instrumental perspective on political implementation this can be considered as an anomali. Arbetsförmedlingen’s mandate derives from the government and its authority is a tool for carrying out state policy. A study, conducted on how Arbetsförmedlingen handles matching of culture jobseekers in the labour market can therefore be utilized as guidance towards possible answers regarding the state’s cultural policy in general. The problem formulation presented above led to the following inquiry: Does Arbetsförmedlingen have a cultural political assignment appointed by the government? Furthermore, what does the answer to the question imply regarding the Swedish cultural policy? A descriptive analysis of ideas are applied in order to examine governmental political documents and Arbetsförmedlingen’s regulations. The inquiry has generated a no answer for its question.  Arbetsförmedlingen does not have a cultural political assignment. The governmental organization has primarily a labour market political mission and in this context it signifies that it balances the cultural labour market. The result indicates that the Swedish cultural policy are presently diverting from the traditional Swedish model, where the state had a closer relationship to the culture and the culture workers.

  • 48.
    Erlandsson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Kvinnor, män och sex: En studie om populärpressens sexualitetsframställning 1970-19902016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsens syfte är att undersöka hur den kvinnliga och manliga sexualiteten framställs i två tidskrifter under 20 år, 1970-1990. De valda tidskrifterna är Veckorevyn och Lektyr då de vänder sig till skilda publiker. Med nedslag var femte år har ansatsen varit att analysera på vilka sätt som maktrelationen könen emellan har utvecklats samt hur den går att koppla till samhällskontexten. Yvonne Hirdmans genuskontrakt och Raewyn W. Connells teori om hegemonisk maskulinitet är undersökningens teoretiska utgångspunkter.

    Historieprofessorn Christina Florin beskriver 1970-talet som en period då mycket händer, könsrollsdebatten från decenniet innan får genomslag och andravågsfeminismen är i full gång. Detta yttrar sig i flera olika grupper och organisationer som kämpar för den kvinnliga frigörelsen men även grupper bestående av manliga initiativ. Sexualiteten var viktig i frigörelseprocessen, vilket medieforskaren Anja Hirdman funnit i sin forskning om Veckorevyn. John Beynon, docent i medievetenskap, understryker detsamma vad gäller den manliga sexualitetsförändringen.

    Populärpressen är och har alltid varit en påverkansfaktor som normaliserar och för vidare samhällets ideal. Som metod för analysen av tidskrifterna har en genussemiotisk analys använts. Den vilar på kvalitativ hermeneutisk grund och har sin botten i semiotik, ikonologi, bildanalys samt genus- och maskulinitetsteori. Genusteorin är tidigare nämnda Hirdmans genuskontrakt vilken kopplats samman med Connells maskulinitetsteori.

    Utifrån analysen av de aktuella tidskrifterna går det att se att både den kvinnliga och manliga sexualitetsframställningen har genomgått stora förändringar i Veckorevyn. Maktrelationen har förändrats och könen har närmat sig varandra även om de traditionella rollerna finns kvar 1990. Detta har inte visat sig vara fallet för Lektyr då utvecklingen varit långsammare, ibland närmast obefintlig. 

  • 49.
    Evensson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Hölmebakk, Anne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Statlig styrning av kommunal äldreomsorg: Vilken påverkan har den statliga styrningen genom prestationsbaserad ersätt-ning på personalens arbetssätt inom kommunal äldreomsorg?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the year 2000 the State has gradually increased its control over the local and County Councils with the help of earmarked subsidies aimed at specific fields. From 2010 up until 2014 the Ministry of Health and Social Affairs have come to annual agreements with Swedish Local and County Councils (SKL) concerning comprehensive reforms within Local and County Council Health Care as well as Local Council Social Services. The campaign is called

    A Better Life for the Ailing Elderly, an im-portant part of which has been an economic incentive in the form of performance-based remuneration.

    The purpose of this study is to show the effects on Local Councils elderly care staff and administration through predetermined quality criteria and performance-based remuneration. This is a case study of implementation as exemplified by Arvika and Kristinehamn Councils. It is a quantitative study based on the return of 574 questionnaires from different personnel groups caring for the elderly within the councils.

    Management by performance remuneration is achieved in many areas but the study is limited to scru-tinizing a new method of working with prevention within the care of the elderly. The work model is called Senior Alert and means that the staff, using various assessment instruments, assess specified health hazards within the elderly population. Comparisons are made between different professional groups within the organization where we, from a number of theoretical perspectives, analyze to what extent implementation has occurred.

    The result of the study shows that the reform has had an effect on the councils in as much that a major-ity of the staff say they have had information and instruction concerning Senior Alert.

    Managers are to a high degree positive to the new method of working, whereas the nursing staff are more hesitant. A reason for this can be that the managers have a allocation responsibility and are influ-enced by the financial grants (the performance-based remuneration) while the nursing staff believe that they already have good methods of preventive care for the elderly.

  • 50.
    Evertsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    ”Så vittna du om min mandom!”: Wilhelm Peterson-Bergers konstfilosofi och könsuppfattning, med särskild hänsyn till åren 1896-19132015Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this study is to elucidate Wilhelm Peterson-Berger’s perception of gender and how it is manifested in his philosophy of art. His perception of gender also incorporates conceptions of history, music and nationality. The research question is analysed primarily by reviewing Peterson-Berger’s writings from 1896 to 1913. The research is intended to shed new light on a previously overlooked area of research, using gender theory and discourse analysis. Peterson-Berger and his work have not been examined previously from a gender theory perspective.

     The research shows that Peterson-Berger was influenced in large measure by the prevailing ideals of his time, although he was in some ways more innovative than many of his contemporaries. Around the turn of the 20th century there was a great deal of focus on biology, with  a clear distinction drawn between femininity and masculinity[1] . Masculinity was held up as an ideal, in contrast to femininity and effeminacy. Peterson-Berger advocated this distinction, and emphasized the biological  distinction between [2] masculinity and femininity. However, a man need not always have all the characteristics that were considered typically masculine for his time, nor was it necessary for a woman to possess all the feminine characteristics typical of the female gender. According to Peterson-Berger, a woman could have a masculine soul, and vice versa. And although he often took a negative view of women, he granted musical recognition to singers who realized music in what was, to him, a masculine way. Moreover, the majority of Peterson-Berger’s close friends were women, and he dedicated many of his works to women.

    Theories of race and human evolution were circulating at the turn of the century, and clearly influenced Peterson-Berger. This study has shown that he pursued the writings of [3]  Chamberlain[4]  and Nietzsche. Incorporating elements of old Gothicist theories with ideas from the two aforementioned thinkers, Peterson-Berger constructed his own racial theory. He asserted that all peoples originated from the Nordic region, which he believed to be the birthplace of the entire human race. According to his theory, southern peoples were inferior[5] , with one exception, the Greeks, towards whom he was very positively disposed. This had to do with the ancient music drama, which Peterson-Berger believed had been created by inhabitants from the north who had migrated to Greece.

    Peterson-Berger’s notions about peoples from the north versus peoples from the south were interwoven with theories of sexuality. He believed that Germanic peoples were more sexually abstemious than southern Europeans, and that peoples who lived in the south were sexually dissolute. To indulge one’s sexuality was, in his view, a character flaw. Conversely, Peterson-Berger viewed asexuality as a masculine ideal, and believed it to be more common in the north.

     A number of contradictions have emerged in his perceptions of race and sexuality. A number of his perceptions with respect to gender roles, sexuality, nationalism and philosophy[6]  are portrayed in his opera Arnljot, as are the contradictions inherent in them. For instance, the character Arnljot has many of the typical masculine characteristics held up as ideal, but nevertheless exhibits both weaknesses and deficiencies. This is reflected in both the music and the opera libretto.

     

     

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