Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 628
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aberg, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    The formation of Swedish independent local lists, 1990-2015: A study into the sources of non-diffusion2017In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 505-536Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this comparative case-study, elements of diffusion theory are used to examine local conditions conducive to political organization in terms of independent local lists (ILLs). Empirical evidence supports the formulation of three hypotheses for future and more systematic research into the problem: a hypothesis of size, an elite-hypothesis and a mobilization-hypothesis. Although several factors are likely to play a role, the results suggest particularly that ILLs are less likely to occur in localities lacking historical legacies in terms of popular mobilization.

  • 2.
    Aberg, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Voting by income: Political culture of two swedish municipalities 1860-19302012In: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 132, no 2, p. 288-294Article, book review (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln belyser Erik Nydahls avhandling I fyrkens tid som tar avstamp i en omdiskuterad, om än relativt väl utforskad, fråga: hur formades svensk politisk kultur i övergången från jordbrukarsamhället till det moderna industrisamhället? Viktiga faktorer i det sammanhanget var att svensk industrialisering i många avseenden ägde rum utanför de framväxande storstadsregionerna, att jordbruksnäringen samtidigt spelade en fortsatt viktig roll under lång tid och att urbaniseringsprocessen internationellt sett var mera utdragen.

  • 3.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    von Brömssen, Kerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Swedish student teachers´ perspectives on their short field study in South Africa2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores if and in what way experiences from a short field study can contribute to student teachers intercultural learning and professional development. The paper is based on focus groups and individual interviews, with two groups of Swedish student teachers that undertook a two-week field study in South African schools. Researches on internationalisation in higher education especially trying to show intercultural learning in teacher education, often last several months or a whole year. Thus, there is a knowledge gap on students’ doing shorter field studies, which our study wants to help fill. The findings show that even a short field study has an important impact on the individual student teacher’s understanding of themselves and awareness of teachers’ living and working conditions in a different culture like South Africa.  It is impossible to conclude that the student teachers became more interculturally competent through this short field study. However, the student teachers in their reflections turn their attention back to their own national context for critical comparisons. As underlined by the student teachers, experiencing the context of teaching and learning and meeting people “in reality” is something that really “grabs your heart”. 

     

     

  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Pontus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Sylvaner, Joakim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Förtätning som planeringsideal: En studie om relationen mellan förtätning och hållbarhet i Karlstads kommun2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Densification is a recurring approach in municipal urban planning. This means that local districts are tied to other parts, such as the center core. The densification is an ideal that arose in connection with the criticism of its opposite, sprawl. The sprawl has been considered a major inconvenience as it means that people and places are separated from one another and increases the distances. However, the theories goes apart. Far from all, considers that densification means sustainable development, such a development where all sustainability aspects get the same space. In recent decades, densification has become increasingly popular and today it is often the ideal for a sustainable city, but the question is whether it is truly sustainable or not?

     

    The previous research which forms the basis of the study has been obtained to gain increased understanding and objectivity to the pros and cons of densification. The purpose of the study is to give the reader and ourselves an understanding of how densification as a planning ideal affects Karlstad municipality's social and ecological sustainability as well as results of increased durability due to densification can be demonstrated by measurements and analyzes. The questions thus are of such a nature that they can answer our purpose. What advantages and disadvantages involves densification in the municipality, how and in what way is social and ecological sustainability calculated and can sustainability be legitimized in densification? The method used for collecting empirical results is qualitative. Thus, the selected methods are text analysis of municipal regulatory documents as well as an interview study with municipal officials and politicians.

     

    Based on earlier theories and research, our analysis of the empirical material shows results of that there are both advantages and disadvantages with densifying measures, and that the economic dimension prevail in decisions rather than the ecological and social aspects. Even if the answers to the questions in this analysis, shows both positive and negative consequences, it is not possible to conclusively say that they can be attributed to densification unless there are measurements and analyses on sustainable results. Every city is different, which also includes Karlstad. It is therefore, according to us, not entitled to claim that densification in Karlstad leads to sustainable development until the municipality can report results that can demonstrate that densifying measures in fact has strengthened the social and ecological as well as economic sustainability.

  • 5.
    Aflaki, Inga Narbutaite
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Petridou, Evangelia
    Mid-Sweden University.
    Miles, Lee
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies. UK.
    Entrepreneurship in the polis: Understanding political entrepreneurship2015 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Dynamics of entrepreneurship have attracted growing attention from scholars of political science, policy studies, public administration and planning, as well as more recently, from the realms of international relations and foreign policy analysis. Under the banner of political entrepreneurship, this volume considers and maps out conceptual approaches to the study of entrepreneurship drawn from these fields, discusses synergies, envisages new analytical tools and offers contemporary empirical case studies, illustrating the diverse political contexts in which entrepreneurship takes place in the polis. Drawing upon an international cast of senior academics and cutting edge young researchers, the volume takes a closer look at key aspects of political entrepreneurship, such as, defining political entrepreneurs, how it relates to change, decision-making and strategies, organizational arrangements, institutional rules, varying contexts and future research agendas. By highlighting the political aspects of entrepreneurship, the volume presents new exciting opportunities for understanding entrepreneurial activities at regional, national and international levels. The volume will be of particular relevance to scholars and students of political science, policy studies, public administration, planning, international relations and business studies as well as practitioners interested in the nexus and utility of entrepreneurship in the modern-day political world.

  • 6.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Besvär!: Om motståndet hos två tvångssammanslagna kommuner i samband med kommunblocksreformen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate why the two Swedish municipalities of Frykerud and Östmark were the only municipalities in Värmland that were forcibly merged by the state during the ”Municipality block reform” of 1971, and whether local identities played a role in the resistance against this reform. 

        The study is designed as a comparative case study and builds on both history and political science to analyze the topic from a broader perspective. Based on the research situation three theoretical theses have been formulated, the durability of which will be tested in the analysis part of the essay.

        The study notes that Frykeruds resistance against the ”Municipality block reform” started when the reform prevented a planned retirement home construction in the municipality. In the analytical part of the essay, the author discusses how the discontent can be interpreted as symptomatic of bourgeois centralization resistance, as well as being due to the fact that traditional, local self-government as a political subject was perceived as threatened. In Östmark, the "Municipality block reform" developed into a political struggle between the reformist Social Democrats and the "reform-skeptical" conservative parties. The battle started with disagreements over the completions of investments in the municipality.

        In the analysis section, the hypotheses previously formulated have been tested, and the author also formulates a new hypothesis regarding the local communities and local identities' political role in the resistance against the "Municipality block reform".

  • 7.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Den lyssnande kommunen: Om medborgardialog ur förtroendevaldas, tjänstemäns och medborgares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    For the last decades, the party memberships in Sweden have decreased from 600.000 to 300.000, although the general interest in politics have been stable during the same period. This situation can be percieved as a threat to swedish democracy; if the political parties are loosing contact with the citizens, the parties will also face the risk of not being able to canalize the views of the citizens. If that’s the case, the represenative democracy might loose legitimacy. These conclusions have triggered local municipalities in Sweden to launch ”civil dialogue”, innovative ways to include the citizens in public projects and welfare services, with the purpose to re-establish connection and trust between the public and civil sector. However, political studies suggest that civil dialogue rarely have succeeded to strenghtened democracy. In some cases, civil dialogue seemed to hurt trust and legitimacy in local municipalities. That makes the civil dialogue phenomenon interesting – how can attempts to reinforce trust and democracy result in a backfire? What in the core of civil dialogue might catalyze this backlash?

       The nature of civil dialogue suggest that cooperation between the public and civil sphere is becoming more acceptable, even desirable, in swedish politics. This development breaks with the traditional ways of public administration and bureaucracy in Sweden. However, the cooperation between the public and civil sphere is also the core of a new broad trend in public administration and governing, namely ”governace”. Governance refers to a way of adminstrating public affairs by the logic of networks, including the civil society in the public affairs with the purpose of making the public administration more effective and to find creative solutions on new problems. The first aim of this study is to recieve a new understanding how the subjective experiences of civil dialogue participants can affect legitimacy and trust, by analyzing the experiences of participants in a failed dialogue. The second aim is to explore wether civil dialogue is better understood as a part of a new broad trend in public buraucracy, governance, rather than more traditional bureaucracy. These aims are fulfilled using a case study, which has a swedish local municipality, Sunne, in focus.

       The results of the study suggests that none of the participants of the civil dialogue in Sunne experienced that they had ”been listened to”, which seems to be an important cause behind the negative result of the specific dialogue. The innovativeand failed attempt to strengthen the legitimacy of local democracy resulted in a negative reaction through the traditional channels of political participation. The study also suggests that civil dialogue and governace have some similarities regarding their main principles of value and general logic, but since the municipality of Sunne didn’t implement the steering logics of civil dialogue in its full practice, it’s hard to judge wether it should be perceived as governance or not.

  • 8.
    Ahlström, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Beteende eller sinnessjukdom?: Psykiatri och behandling vid Mariebergs sjukhus mellan 1930-19502015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is interested in Swedish psychiatry during the period between 1930-1950,localized to Mariebergs hospital in Sweden. The purpose of this paper has been to testSjöstroms evidence of the pattern that he used to create three analytical concepts, roughlytranslated to; morally educative discipline-treatment, the production process and the idealinstitution citizen. Sjöström motivates that his concepts gives insight into one aspect of thepsychiatric expansion between 1860-1960 as well as creates an understanding of psychiatryas an institution. The source material for this paper has been patients' medical notes writtenby the chief physician of the institution. Via a method which mainly different from Sjöstromin its selection, categorization and more thorough presentation, this paper has seen the samepatterns which Sjöström has created his three concepts from. The ideal institution citizen,defined by its well behaved and calm behaviour emerges also in this papers quantitativecompilation of qualitative data as the clear majority. The morally educative disciplinetreatment,treatments and punishments that focuses on creating an acceptable behaviourrather than the treatment of insanity itself, can be seen in the adjective behaviouraldescriptions of the type well-behaved / badly-behaved which are dominant. The focus in thejournals is behaviour rather than mental decease symptoms such as hallucinations andtreatment is based on unaccepted behaviour rather than symptoms. Also, the sequential orderthat exists between badly-behaved behaviour and treatments, and well-behaved behaviourand rewards shows the focus on behaviour which the concept is based on. The previous tworesults together is the two parts of Sjöströms production process, that trough the morallyeducative discipline-treatment the institution creates an acceptable, quiet and well behavedideal institution citizen were the mental decease becomes secondary.

  • 9.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). Region Värmland.
    Narrativity and medicine: Some critical reflections2019In: Philosophy Ethics and Humanities in Medicine, ISSN 1747-5341, E-ISSN 1747-5341, Vol. 14, article id 9Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last three decades there has been a wave of interest in narrative and narrativity in the humanistic and the social sciences. This narrative turn has spilled over to medicine, where narrative medicine has gained a considerable influence.However, there have also appeared second thoughts on the role of narratives in our lives, as well as on what narratives may mean in relation to clinical medicine.This article presents some influential voices in this debate and scrutinizes the assumptions of narrative medicine in the light of these. It is concluded that there are sound reasons to tread this path with some caution and avoid the too far reaching ambitions on behalf of narrativity in relation to clinical medicine. However, narrative medicine should still be seen as a promising attempt within the broader scope of medical humanities to emphasize the importance of human subjectivity in clinical medicine.

  • 10.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Iran2018In: Komparativ politik: Tio politiska system / [ed] Carsten Anckar & Thomas Denk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 2, p. 301-331Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Aldeland, Leo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Civilförsvaret i Värmland 1938-19402019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 12.
    Andersson, Elena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Buddhismens olika ansikten: Gymnasieelevers föreställningar om buddhism2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden and in the West, interest in Buddhism has increased and many have a more positive view of Buddhism than other religions. Other studies have been able to discern this positive view of Buddhism, but I have not yet found a study that has examined how students view Buddhism.At secondary school, Religionskunskap 1 is a compulsory course that all-school students read regardless of program, and thus all studentshave been taught about Buddhism.In this thesis, I try to find out how secondary school students who recently took the course view Buddhism and how well the orientalist mindset and postcolonial perspective appear in the students ́ statements.Students from three upper secondary schools participated in the survey and at each interview 5 -6 students were interviewed. The result showed that the students had a very positiveimageof Buddhism.The view of religion, prayer and ruleswas not as good and therefore the students had difficulty defining Buddhism as a religion. Two imagesappeared clearly and the first was that Buddhism is a kind of philosophy of life and the other that it is a religion but without a god and that it is a good religion.The students meant thatBuddhismcan be definiteas areligion because there is a founder, Buddha, belief in some supernatural powers like "samsara" and "nirvana", but somestudents object by saying that a religion must have some kind of God, and they understand that Buddhism doesn’t have a God. In the conversation about Buddhism, it is clear that the students are talking about a form of Buddhism. The leek's rites are notmentioned. The only ritual associated with Buddhism is meditation seen as a tool for reaching the "truth" or nirvana. There are monks, the Dalai Lama and the Buddha who can represent the Buddhists, the laymen, on the other hand, get little place in student conversations.The conclusion that can be drawn from the results is that the students' view of Buddhism is largely in line with the image found in previous research. The result that was extra interesting was that the students questioned Buddhism as a religion, something that seems to be public perceptions both within the academy and the public.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Eric
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    EU & Region Jönköpings län: En kärlekshistoria?: Vad ligger bakom deras engagemang till EU?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the reasons for an involvement in the European Union. The thesis addresses this topic using the case of Region Jönköping County (RJL) and their involvement in the European Union. The method is content analysis to explore if the activity by RJL can be explained by the theories Europeanization and Multi-level governance using documentation from the region. Based on this, one should be able to answer the purpose of this study. The documentation under review is the 2013 Regional Development Strategy, which is valid until 2025, the Regional budget and the Operational plan for 2018, as well as the Multiannual plans for 2019-2010.

    Based on these theories, several specific issues were addressed that all addressed the Europeanization Upload-, Download- and Crossload-dimension, as well as the Resource Push and Pull factors were represented. These issues were later used in the examination of the documentation to answer the issues and the purpose of the study.

    A conclusion or conclusions of the study are concluded that there are some connections between the regional documentation and the theories used in this study. Which makes it possible to start drawing conclusions about the more general issues. The conclusions drawn in this thesis will be that the connections seen between the regional documentation and the theories. This means that the theories can explain what lies behind the involvement to the European Union. These theories and what they represent can also put words and underlying understanding into what lies behind and why we see some action from Region Jönköping County. This can also explain how theories can help us understand similar cases like this region.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Jan-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Sturesson, Joakim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Interaktiv samhällsplanering vid planering av civilt försvar: En komparativ studie mellan Halland, Värmland, Västra Götaland och Örebro läns arbete med planering av civilt försvar.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is a comparative case study that examines the planning of civil defense from Halland, Västra Götaland, Värmland and Örebro county administrative boards from a collaborative perspective. The overall question is what similarities and differences exist between the county administrative board planning. The empiric material is obtained through semi-structured qualitative interviews with officials at the executive and supervisory level of the investigated county administrative boards. The collected material is categorized and analyzed based on an analysis model based on a framework, An Integrative Framework for Collaborative Governance. The analysis compares the work of the four county administrative boards in planning civil defense through cooperation. The results of the study shows that there are major differences between the county administrative authorities in how they have taken on the task and what activity they are pursuing to create legitimacy, cross-border action and overall understanding between actors to create the conditions for civil defense planning. There are also major differences in how they perceived the governance that comes from national authority. The result also shows that there are major similarities in the needs of the four county administrative boards, including coordination in the hierarchical organization from national to local level regarding industry agreements and coherent planning. The framework can be found useful as an analysis tool for collaborative planning in civil defense.

  • 15.
    Andersson, Jemima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    En jämförande analys över arbetsstugorna: -i Karlstad och Borås 1899-1928 ur ett genusperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

     

    This study examines how gender and the gender order used to be reproduced in “the kind of workhouses known as “arbetsstugor” in Swedish” in Karlstad and Borås 1899-1928. What ideologies and general notions of gender were expressed in their activities? I have made a comparative analysis of the workhouses in Karlstad and Borås using what is known as contextual contrasts. This method is used to test theories and hypotheses about what is locally unique or features that are shared between places. The hypothesis tested in the study is based on Hirdman's theory of gender contracts and “the law of separation” and it was formulated on the assumption that the traditionally more conservative Borås would also have a stricter policy on gender separation than the traditionally more liberal Karlstad.

     

  • 16.
    Andersson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Historisk verkstad som undervisningsform: Lägerskolan på Stavgard, en fallstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate what role the aesthetic learning processes in historical workshops can play in developing students' historical consciousness and historical empathy. This has been investigated by interviewing six teachers who have been at Stavgard iron age camp school with their classes. The survey found that historical workshops are appreciated among teachers and students and that it is a priority in the teaching, even though this means a great financial effort for the school. The aesthetic learning processes are represented at Stavgard through practical work, stories and to some extent drama. The stay at Stavgard creates a common frame of reference for teachers and class, based on which historical consciousness is built during future history teaching. At the camp school, the pupils practice iron age life for two days, and the study shows that the pupils themselves by experiencing the hardship of the Iron Age people develop historical empathy. In addition to this, it is also described how the pre- and post-work in connection with the stay at Stavgard is designed by the different teachers.

  • 17.
    Andersson, Rasmus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Karlstad stadsbrand 1865: Hur stadsbranden påverkade utvecklingen av befolkning och tomter i Karlstad2019Student paper second term, 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 18.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg; COWI AB, Gothenburg.
    Thorsson, Sofia
    University of Gothenburg.
    Rayner, David
    University of Gothenburg.
    Lindberg, Fredrik
    University of Gothenburg.
    Janhäll, Sara
    The Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Gothenburg.
    Jonsson, Anna
    Linköping University.
    Moback, Ulf
    City of Gothenburg, Gothenburg.
    Bergman, Ramona
    Swedish Geotechnical Institute (SGI), Gothenburg.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    An integrated method for assessing climate-related risks and adaptation alternatives in urban areas2015In: Climate Risk Management, E-ISSN 2212-0963, Vol. 7, p. 31-50Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The urban environment is a complex structure with interlinked social, ecological and technical structures. Global warming is expected to have a broad variety of impacts, which will add to the complexity. Climate changes will force adaptation, to reduce climate-related risks. Adaptation measures can address one aspect at the time, or aim for a holistic approach to avoid maladaptation. This paper presents a systematic, integrated approach for assessing alternatives for reducing the risks of heat waves, flooding and air pollution in urban settings, with the aim of reducing the risk of maladaptation. The study includes strategies covering different spatial scales, and both the current climate situation and the climate predicted under climate change scenarios. The adaptation strategies investigated included increasing vegetation; selecting density, height and colour of buildings; and retreat or resist (defend) against sea-level rise. Their effectiveness was assessed with regard to not only flooding, heat stress and air quality but also with regard to resource use, emissions to air (incl. GHG), soil and water, and people’s perceptions and vulnerability. The effectiveness of the strategies were ranked on a common scale (from -3 to 3) in an integrated assessment. Integrated assessments are recommended, as they help identify the most sustainable solutions, but to reduce the risk of maladaptation they require experts from a variety of disciplines. The most generally applicable recommendation, derived from the integrated assessment here, taking into account both expertise from different municipal departments, literature surveys, life cycle assessments and publics perceptions, is to increase the urban greenery, as it contributes to several positive aspects such as heat stress mitigation, air quality improvement, effective storm-water and flood-risk management, and it has several positive social impacts. The most favourable alternative was compact, mid-rise, light coloured building design with large parks/green areas and trees near buildings. © 2015 The Authors.

  • 19.
    Angleborg, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Nyutexaminerade historielärares ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk: En kvalitativ studie av nyutexaminerade historielärare vid Karlstads universitet2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nyutexaminerade historielärares ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk

    - En kvalitativ studie av nyutexaminerade historielärare vid Karlstads universitet.

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur nyutexaminerade historielärares underliggande ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk och perspektiv synliggörs i dels samtal om deras undervisningsstrategi och dels planeringsmaterial, samt hur detta kan relateras till de två stora skolbildningarna inom historiedidaktik och de resultat och teorier som tidigare forskning bidragit med.

    Frågeställningarna lyder:

    1. Vilka begrepp möjliga att relatera till tysk respektive anglosachsisk historiedidaktik synliggörs i nyutexaminerade historielärares samtal om och dokument kring sin undervisningsstrategi?

    2. På vilket sätt kan de nyutexaminerade historielärarnas ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk relateras till resultat och teorier sprungna ur den tidigare forskningen?

    3. Hur kan relationen mellan de nyutexaminerade respektive de erfarna historielärarna och forskningsvärlden förklaras?

    Intervjuer med två nyutexaminerade historielärare och material i form av lektionsplaneringar och examinationer analyseras i denna studie. Resultatet av analysen visar bland annat att en likhet mellan nyutexaminerade och erfarna lärares ämnesdidaktiska språkbruk är att båda grupperna använder sig av vardagsspråkliga termer när de samtalar om sin undervisningsstrategi.

  • 20.
    Annerhäll, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Politik - vad är det?: Gymnasielevers uppfattningar om politik, politiskt deltagande och politikundervisning i samhällskunskap2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The education of politics is a central part in the subject of Social studies. It's an additionally part of the overall mission to prepare the students for an active political participation in the society.

    However, young people usually have subjective perceptions and experiences of the topic, what politics is about, and not very rarely with a negative mindset. With this background, it has become a challenge to teach social sciences in school, but also for the teachers to meet the students' perceptions and to pursue an education that creates an interest in politics but also challenges the students' negative mindset towards the topic.

    The purpose of the thesis is to provide teachers in social studies with a basis in the designs of their Learning and Teaching Model in the topic of politics and political participation. The thesis's foundation consists of high school students' personal opinions and perceptions in relation to politics, political participation, the education and lecturing in social science.

    The thesis's methodological approach consists of four qualitative focus group interviews with a sample of students from high school.

    The result of the thesis reflects that students' perceptions of politics move towards the concept and framework of representative democracy, where the choice of representatives in form of politicians and national political parties, are the key elements. The three dimensions - polity, policy and politics - which are concepts of politics, are all presented in the students' perceptions from the interviews. The dimension of Polity is reflected in the students' opinions related to political parties, the parliament and the government, which are all important parts of the rules in the political game. The Policy dimension is presented in the students' reflections towards the political debate and the parties' standpoints in their specific political agenda and issues. The dimension of politics emerges in the students' thoughts and reflections towards the politicians and their parties struggle for the political power at national level, but also in relation to the citizens' power to affect politics.

    Furthermore, students' find it important with a political engagement in the society - it's a responsibility. Despite this, the students' express a certain scepticism towards citizens complaining about the national politics, even though being political inactive with no political contribution. Additionally, the students' find it important to participate in elections.

    Other forms of political activities and engagements that the students value as important, are demonstrations or petitions.

    Most essential for the students' concerns questions and issues with a personal passion and something they can stand up for. What is not generally attractive amongst the students' is to candidate for a political position or to join a political party.

    Concerning the students’ beliefs and perceptions towards the political education in the topic of social studies, the Swedish regime, the parliament, the government and the political parties are mentioned. Furthermore, the students reflect other countries national regimes.

    During the focus group interviews, some students mention the lecturing of the political parties and in particular, focus group A and B had wished for a more in-depth education of the political parties.

    However, the focus group C and D refers to one previous schoolwork with the task to immerse themselves in an optional political party and debate against another student. It was an educative task.

    Interesting to note, focus group A and B requests education on continuous politics which address current issues of the daily political debate in the society.

  • 21.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Luther in Swedish2018In: Lutheran Quarterly, ISSN 0024-7499, E-ISSN 2470-5616, Vol. 32, no 1, p. 71-78Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Appelqvist, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Lutherforskningens koppling till luthersk tro: En kritisk utvärdering av ett forskningsprojekt2017In: Svensk teologisk kvartalskrift, ISSN 0039-6761, Vol. 93, no 1-2, p. 95-108Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article evaluates a research project on Lutheran theology and ethics in a post-Christian society supervised by professor emeritus Carl-Henric Grenholm, Uppsala University. The project has resulted in six books and the topics of the books are: (1) original sin, (2) spiritual training, (3) political aspects of Christian ethics, (4) human bodies, pleasure and passion, (5) vocation, and (6) law and sin in nineteenth-century revival movements. As a whole, the project puts focus on twentieth-century theology and gives only little attention to what Luther has actually written. Even less attention is paid to other early Lutheran writers. Present-day Christian globalism and ecumenism are not noted at all in the books of the project. Future Lutheran scholarship can learn a lot from the failures of this project. It is important to treat the sources from the sixteenth century carefully and contextualize them in order to translate them into present time. It also seems increasingly necessary to clarify previous research traditions on the topics that present-day scholars write about. As a last insight we can see that Luther scholars, instead of locking the early Lutheran sources into modernist categories, need to reevaluate the diverse Lutheran tradition from which they form their own theological agenda, thereby clarifying how they interpret the Biblical and ancient church traditions on the topic in dialogue with the Lutheran doctrinal formulations from the sixteenth century.

  • 23.
    Arkbro, Johannes
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Cirkulär ekonomi ur ett grönt vänsterperspektiv: - En analys av Miljöpartiets och Vänsterpartiets klimatprogram2019Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna B-uppsats handlar om hur de två svenska riksdagspartierna Miljöpartiet och Vänsterpartiet ser på begreppet cirkulär ekonomi. Cirkulär ekonomi innebär att naturresurserna behålls i samhällets kretslopp istället för att bli avfall. Uppsatsen grundar sig på två klimatpolitiska program av dessa partier från 2015 och 2017. De två klimatprogrammen har valts ut för att de är från ungefär samma tidsperiod och båda ganska nyligen utgivna, vilket gör att de kan bedömas någorlunda likvärdiga.

       Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka hur partierna ser på begreppet cirkulär ekonomi, vad de presenterar för förslag och lösningar för hur cirkulär ekonomi ska uppnås samt vilka inslag av ekologism som syns i klimatprogrammen. Detta mynnar ut i frågeställningen:

    -        På vilka sätt finns det uttryck för ekologism i Miljöpartiets och Vänsterpartiets klimatprograms stycken om Cirkulär ekonomi?

       Den metod som används är en kvalitativ idéanalys kompletterat med en kortare kvantitativ ordräkning. Den kvalitativa metoden analyserar idéer från de två klimatprogrammen och jämför dem med utifrån ideologin ekologism. Uppsatsen använder sig även av en teoretisk modell från boken Ekologisk politik av Jönsson, Erik, Andersson, Elina (red). Den hämtar också sin teoretiska utgångspunkt i ideologin ekologism.

       Analysen visar att båda partiernas klimatprogram innehåller spår av stark hållbarhet. Den visar också exempel på ekologism i båda klimatprogrammen. Slutsatserna landar i att det inte är så stor skillnad på utformningen av de två partiernas politik på området Cirkulär ekonomi.

  • 24.
    Aronson, Olov
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Smoking Motivation in the Face of Stigmatization: A Bourdieusian Analysis of Impressions2019In: Stigma and Health, ISSN 2376-6972, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 30-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Earlier research from Western countries has indicated that individuals with low socioeconomic status(SES) initiate tobacco smoking even though smoking is a stigmatized practice. We propose thattheoretical developments of Bourdieu’s theories on capital can reveal a plausible mechanism thatexplains smoking motivation in the face of stigmatization, and we perform a double-blind randomizedcontrolled experiment with the impressions of a smoking adolescent girl to test and elaborate on ourproposition. The empirical data was collected through questionnaires distributed to 622 Swedishadolescents during the fall of 2015. Half the questionnaires included a picture of a smoking girl and halfthe questionnaires included an identical picture without the act of smoking. Binary logistic regressionsindicate that the girl in the picture was perceived as significantly less likable, more popular, less kind,less compassionate, more deceitful, more conceited, and more liable to bully when she smoked a cigarettethan when she did not smoke. The theoretical analysis implies that adolescents with low SES may seekto smoke in the face of stigmatization because of a motivating mechanism that functions in accordancewith Bourdieu’s economic logic of action. The concluding section presents implications for tobaccocontrolpolicies.

  • 25.
    Aronsson, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Karlstads gamla museum: En studie av historiebruket kring uppförandet av Värmlands museum2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 26.
    Arvidsson, Mattias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Hur yttrar sig politisk konflikt i Sverige?: - En argumentationsanalys2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Aspenberg, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Wallin Wictorin, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Bildernas språk, språkets bilder: Transformationer och estetisk-kommunikativa funktioner i Selma Lagerlöfs (serie)roman En herrgårdssägen2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår kulturella kontext genomkorsas av transfererade berättelser, teman och motiv. I spåren av ökad digi-talisering och teknisk utveckling pågår konstant mediala överföringar av språkliga och bildliga uttryck. Att skriven fiktion överförs till andra medier är numera vanligt. I det avseende var Selma Lagerlöf en föregångare. Redan i början av 1900-talet lät hon flera av sina berättelser bli film. Idag är också den teck-nade serieromanen aktuell. Ett exempel på det är att Lagerlöfs roman En herrgårdssägen, från 1899, över-fördes till serieroman av Marcus Ivarsson och gavs ut 2013. Även i Ivarssons version, i kombinationen av bilder och text, framhävs teman som kärlekens och konstens kraft, avgrundsdjup sorg och själsligt utanförskap. Men hur skildras detta i ord och bild i de två medierna litterär roman respektive tecknad serieroman? Vad är mediespecifikt och vad är medieneutralt? Vad lämnas åt läsaren att själv tolka in eller sakna i berättelsen och hur kan dessa luckor förklaras?

    Syftet med detta paper är att studera de två medieringarna av En herrgårdssägen. Teoretiska utgång-spunkter är transmedialitet och adaption (Elleström och Hutcheon). Dessa begrepp är viktiga eftersom studiet av överföringen av ett narrativ från ett medium till ett annat markerar karaktären och funktionen i ett medium jämfört med det andra, och kan ge olika typer av estetisk effekt. En annan utgångspunkt är den receptionsestetiska. Inriktningen hör till den gren av läsarorienterade teorier som har en fenomenol-ogisk inriktning. Den delar uppfattningen att berättelser till sin natur är fulla av luckor eller tomrum som vi som läsare måste/behöver/har möjlighet att fylla i om vi skall kunna skapa mening utifrån vad vi läser eller ser. (Ingarden, Iser, Abbott, Wolff). En litterär text, exempelvis, kräver läsarens aktiva medverkan, eftersom den präglas av en hög grad av obestämbarhet. Samma sak gäller serieromaner, där luckor existerar såväl mellan som inom de tecknade serierutorna.

  • 28.
    Augustsson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    De kuvade kvinnorna: En studie av Karlstads och Trollhättans Socialdemokratiska kvinnoklubb 1939-19452016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 29.
    Backius, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Nordvall, Henrik
    Linköpings universitet, Pedagogik och vuxnas lärande.
    ABF och radikaliseringens vågor2015In: Arbetarhistoria : Meddelande från Arbetarrörelsens Arkiv och Bibliotek, ISSN 0281-7446, Vol. 153-154, no 1-2, p. 30-41Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30. Baja, Kristin
    et al.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    From engagement to empowerment: climate change and resilience planning in Baltimore City2018In: Local Action on Climate Change / [ed] Moloney, Susie, Fünfgeld, Hartmut och Granberg, Mikael, Abingdon & New York: Routledge, 2018, 1, p. 126-145Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Bastiani, Elisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Kvinnlig Gymnastikförening Sverige 1911-12: Demokratiskola eller fåtalsvälde? Om idealisering av föreningens roll i demokratiseringsprocessen i relation till kvinnorörelse och idrottsrörelse2019Student paper second term, 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvinnlig Gymnastikförening Sverige var aktiv åren 1911-12 med syfte att genomföra en uppvisning under Olympiska Spelen i stckholm 1912. Det kunde bli ett tillfälle för de inblandade kvinnorna att utöva demokrati och bevisa kunskaper i självständig organiseringsförmåga. Det blev istället en kamp där stora personligheter använde sig av mobbning och härskartekniker för att utöva sin makt i föreningen. Uppsatsen går igenom stuyrelseprotokoll och möötesprotokoll och problematiserar opinionen att föreningsliv och idrott har varit demokratiskola för kvinnorörelesen.

  • 32.
    Bele, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Synen på ett svenskt Nato-medlemskap: En kvalitativ studie av Sveriges tre största partiers uppfattning rörande ett svenskt Nato-medlemskap.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to analyze the connection between the perceived security policy threat and the view of a solution on the matter offered by the three biggest political parties of Sweden. These three parties are the Moderate Party, the Social Democratic Party and the Sweden Democrats. By studying these parties’ perceived point of view regarding the Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia, and their opinion concerning a Swedish Nato-membership, opens up for the possibility of making conclusions whether each parties’ opinion regarding a Swedish membership of Nato is based on their assumption of what they believe are to be the current Swedish security policy treat, or if there might be, totally or partly, other aspects behind each parties’ opinion concerning a Swedish membership of Nato.

    The purpose of this essay is to be answered with help from the following research questions:

    1. What are the standpoint regarding the current Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia, for the Social Democratic Party, the Moderate Party and the Sweden Democrats?

    2. In what extent are the Social Democratic Party, the Moderate Party and the Sweden Democrats standpoint regarding a Swedish Nato membership based on their point of view concerning the current Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia?

    The theoretical framework of the essay is based on Allison & Zelikow´s rational choice model "The Rational Actor".

    The material used, in order to answer these two questions, consists of party programs, motions from the Defense committee and interviews with defense representatives from each of the three parties. The answer to question number one indicates that the Moderate Party and the Social Democratic Party, to a large extent, describes a similar threat whilst the Sweden Democrats is slightly different because of their focus of the interstate military threat.

    Research question number two is answered by analyzing the answer of question number one through "The Rational Actor model". The analyze shows that the Moderates is the party that, to the greatest extent, base their standpoint concerning a Swedish membership in Nato on their assumption of the current security policy threat, focusing Russia. The Sweden Democrats to a certain extent and the Social Democrats is the party that to the least extent base their standpoint concerning a Swedish Nato-membership on their assumptions of the Swedish security policy threat, focusing Russia.

    Some of the reasons behind the answer of question number two could partly depend on the fact that the Moderate Party is a historically traditional conservative party where questions concerning a strong defense and a clear approach to the western countries always has played an important role.

    The Social Democratic Party, on the other hand, has for a long time been in favor of a Swedish non-alignment policy, which entails them having invested a great deal of political capital in to this question. In terms of the Sweden Democrats, the author, notes that they do not have as firm standpoint as the other two parties have, concerning their views about the Swedish non-alignment policy. Due to this fact it is not all together out of question that the Sweden Democrats would support either a Swedish membership of Nato or a continued Swedish non-alignment policy, in exchange for influence in other political polices that would have higher priority for the party.

  • 33.
    Bellrin, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Konstens dilemma: Hur ser politikerna på konstnärernas försörjning?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Politicians attract their voters by promising more jobs and investment in education, health and social care. Against this background, I wonder how the situation of artists will be affected by the followingquestions:➢ What political views on the artist's position in society appeared in propositions of Socialdemokraterna and Moderaterna?➢ In what way did these propositions influence the conditions of artists?➢ How have the artists of Värmland been affected by different (Socialdemokraterna and Moderaterna) cultural policies? With my investigation I find out more about the artists' conditions on a national level, but I also investigate the situation in Värmland. By examining policy proposals and reports, I learn more about the issues. I also conduct a survey and three in-depth interviews to obtain opinions from various sources.The respondents are the cultural departments of Värmland and representatives from cultural organizations.What is clear from my research is that politicians differ on some issues, especially those relating to commercialism and artist salaries. The questionnaires shows that culture proponents may not always come from the political side. The interviews provided different points of views on the situation inVärmland, but to some extent there are difficulties for the artists who work here. If knowledge of art is low, how is one able to appreciate art and those who create it?

  • 34.
    Bengtzing Taxén, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Interkulturella möten i skolan: En studie om språkets betydelse för vårdnadshavares delaktighet i barnens skolgång2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Den värmländska skolan2016In: Värmländska utmaningar: Poitik Ekonomi Samhälle  Kultur Medier / [ed] P-O Norell & Lennart Nilsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2016, p. 423-434Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan är ett område som i högsta grad berör allmänheten. Detta märks både i den allmänna debatten i nyhetsrapportering och i vetenskapliga undersökningar av olika slag. Under de senaste fem valen har exempelvis skolfrågan varit en av de mest centrala frågorna. Enligt SVTs väljarundersökning 2014 var också skolfrågan en av de mest betydelsefulla frågorna för val av parti. Den svenska grundskolan har under senare år även utgjort ett hett debattämne i svensk massmedia. Debatten har hämtat näring från de försämrade resultaten för svenska grundskoleelever vid internationella jämförelser, inte minst utifrån den så kallade PISA-undersökningen och andra internationella men också nationella jämförelser. I detta kapitel analyseras olika aspekter av förtroendet för den värmländska skolan och attityder till några vanliga politiska förslag på skolans område

     

  • 36.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate: Measuring Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate –An analysis of the Psychometric Properties of a scale using Australian adolescent data2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobile: +4673-701 2448

     

    (1) Background: Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in the school environment.  Most adolescents are also subjected to compulsory school attendance, implying that they have to deal with the environment on a daily basis. In that sense the school environment is inescapable. There are several different measures on student experiences of the school environment, but School Climate is one of the most prominent. However, there seems to be no agreement upon definition and operationalization of the School Climate concept. Also, it is uncommon to find descriptions of robust psychometric analyses of School Climate measures.    

    (2) Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Adolescent Perceptions of School Climate by means of the Rasch model for ordered response categories.  

    (3) Sample: Using a paper-and-pencil based survey, the data was collected among 758 students  enrolled (school year 3-7) in schools located in central Perth of Western Australia in 2013.

    (4) Methods: A scale consisting of seven polytomous items is analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the data fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across sex and grade.

    (5) Results: At a general level of analysis the scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of the individuals. Some items showed reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories did not work properly and as expected. Also, at a finer level of analysis focusing on DIF, the scale works fairly well, but with exceptions important in order to understand differences between younger and older adolescents.  

    (6) Conclusions: Although the scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there is room for improvements. In particular the precision of measurement may be increased by improving the targeting through inclusion of additional items of appropriate severity.      

    Future directions

    As there seems to be a lack of instruments useful for invariant measurement of School Climate  across age groups and genders, efforts to develop instruments are required.   

  • 37.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    School Pressure, Family Relationships and psycho-somatic health complaints: are the associations similar for boys and girls?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In adolescence, the experiences of psychosomatic health complaints emerge among some students. During later parts of adolescence (14-16 years old), differences between girls and boys have been observed. Adolescents spend a considerable amount of their time in school, but still the family is very influential. In order to improve adolescent psychosomatic health, it is important to rule out how different factors influence health for different groups of adolescents.To analyze the associations between school pressure, family relationships and psychosomatic health complaints among Swedish adolescents. A specific objective is to rule out whether the associations are similar for boys and girls i.e. to investigate potential statistical interaction effects by sex.This study is based on HBSC data collected in 2013/14 among Swedish adolescents. Statistical analysis was conducted using linear regression analysis (OLS) and multinomial logistic regression.Tentative results indicate that there are strong connections between students’ experiences of school pressure (risk factor), as well as family relationships (protective factor), and psychosomatic complaints (psychological, somatic and psychosomatic). However, it is important to recognize that the associations may work differently for girls and boys.In order to be able to improve the health of adolescents, it may be necessary to rule out the influence of different factors on psychosomatic health, and if this influence is similar for different groups of adolescents.

  • 38.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    The PsychoSomatic Problems Scale: an analysis of the psychometric properties using Australian adolescent data2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     

    Background: The PsychoSomatic problems Scale (PSP-Scale) has frequently been used in the Scandinavian countries in order to monitor adolescent psychosomatic health. According to Psychometric analyses based on the the polytomous Rasch model, the PSP-scale shows good measurement properties (see Hagquist, 2008). However, the properties of the PSP-scale have not been examined for non-European samples and for younger adolescents.

    Aims: The purpose of the present study is to examine the psychometric properties of the PsychoSomatic Problems Scale by means of the polytomous Rasch model using an Australian sample of younger adolescents (school year 3-7).   

    Sample: Using a paper-and-pencil based survey, the data was collected among 758 adolescents enrolled (school year 3-7) in schools in central Perth of Western Australia in 2013.  

    Methods: The PSP-scale consists of eight polytomous items intended to tap information about student experiences of psychosomatic health complaints. The PSP-scale was analysed by means of the polytomous Rasch model. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate if the data fit the Rasch model. A particular focus is also directed towards possible Differential Item Functioning (DIF) across school year and sex.

    Results: At a general level of analysis, the scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good targeting and separation of the individuals. However, some of the items showed reversed item thresholds, indicating that the response categories did not work as expected in the Australian setting. Further there seems to be some tendencies of Differential item functioning by grade.

    Conclusions: In comparing the psychosomatic problems among different age groups, in particular younger and older, the analyst needs to be particularly cautious. Also, cultural and language aspects need to be addressed if an instrument is to be used in a different setting than the one it was developed in.   

    Future directions: There seems to be a lack of instruments useful for invariant measurement of psychosomatic health among adolescents in different age groups. However, in order to achieve invariant measurement across age groups, efforts to develop instruments are required, in particular if older and younger adolescents  are to be compared. 

    Further comments:

    Hagquist, C. (2008). Psychometric Properties of the PsychoSomatic Problems Scale: A Rasch Analysis on Adolescent Data. Social Indicators Research, 86: 511-523.

  • 39.
    Bergh, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Giota, Joanna
    University of Gothenburg, Department of Education and Special Education.
    The Social Responsibility Goal Orientation: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using adolescent data from Sweden2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: In the Achievement Goal Theory, different reasons for learning are contrasted. Mastery and Performance are most commonly used while less attention is paid to Social Responsibility goal orientations, despite that this is an integral part of many curricula. Aims: The purpose of this paper is to examine the psychometric properties of a scale of Social Responsibility goal orientation by means of the polytomous Rasch model. Mehods: This study is based on data from the longitudinal ETF project (Evaluation Through Follow up) among Swedish students. Two cohorts (born in 1992 and 1998) of students in school year 9 were subjected to analysis. Data was collected by a self-administered postal questionnaires to randomly selected students. In total, 6,010 students responded in 1992 and 4,573 in 1998. A scale consisting of 6 polytomous items is analysed. General fit statistics as well as their graphical representations (ICC) are used to evaluate the fit to the Rasch model. Strategies to handle large samples in statistical test of fit are discussed.   Results: The social responsibility scale seems to fit the Rasch model fairly well, with good separation of individuals, and showing no reversed item thresholds, i.e. the response categories work as intended. The estimates are also relatively stable over cohorts. However, there are indications of Differential Item Functioning (DIF) by sex.    Conclusions: Although, the Social Responsibility scale fits the Rasch model fairly well, there are room for improvements. In particular, targeting may be improved by the inclusion of additional items of appropriate difficulty. 

  • 40.
    Bergh, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Williamsson, Viktoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Går det att höja kvaliteten och effektivisera examination i samhällskunskap?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Examination utgör en central del i våra utbildningar, inte desto mindre verkar det vara ovanligt med djupare reflektioner över kvaliteten i dessa.

    Det projekt som vi vill dela med oss av här är ett pågående utvecklingsprojekt som har till syfte att  analysera examinationen i samhällskunskap inom ämneslärarutbildningen. Redovisningen baserar sig på en kvantitativ analys av hur väl en salsskrivning i samhällskunskap 1 på ämneslärarprogrammet tjänar sitt syfte, d.v.s. fungerar tentamen bra som examination betraktat? Hur skulle den kunna göras bättre?

    En central fråga rör om tentamens svårighetsgrad verkar vara anpassad till den studentgrupp som avses. Om några frågor skulle visa sig vara för enkla – alla studenter klarar frågorna - hjälper ju inte dessa oss med att mäta studenternas kunskaper. På motsatt sätt kan man tänka sig att några frågor är alldeles för svåra, d.v.s. inga studenter klarar av frågorna.  Analysen visar bl.a. att:

    • Genom att formulera väl övervägda frågor i förhållande till aktuella lärandemål skulle den insats och tidsåtgång som krävs för bedömning av tentamen kunna göras mer effektiv med ökad kvalitet, och studenter utsätts inte för onödiga frågor.
  • 41.
    Bergström, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Delar av Helheten: En religionsdidaktisk studie av antroposofin som tankesystem2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is threefold. The first is to provide an enhanced understanding of the anthroposophic movement's basic components and how they are interconnected to each other. Waldorfeducation is further a related example of an anthroposophic activity that is being studied. The basic idea is to study the structure of which a system of thought consist of. The theoretical framework for the study is therefore conducted according to Ninian Smart's seven dimensions of religion. This is further conducted through a hermeneutic analysis of two books. Smarts theory puts an emphasis on understanding a system of thought, rather than come to terms what religion or a system of ideas is in general. The second part is to evaluate the application of this theoretical framework according to the results from the study. The third part consists by how the result might be advantageous for teachers developing their teaching and to bring an enhanced understanding of religion in general. The results of the study find that different areas have their own expressions, but a common ground is found in a holistic worldview. A key finding is how expressions are being understood differently dependent on perspective, that is what the anthroposophic movement incorporate and functions through. The dimensional model has proven to be a viable method for both mapping features in a system of thought, as well as being beneficial in a didactic context. It’s possible to apply the dimensional model on several areas in the Swedish curriculum, concerning religious courses in the upper secondary school. Its’ ultimate merit is how different religions, system of thought, ideologies can be illustrated and discussed by the student which may enhance their understanding of a complex phenomenon.

  • 42.
    Bertilsson, Sofi
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Not Quite på två ben: En studie av synen på kulturkooperativet Not Quite's roll för lokal och regional utveckling2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For the past decades, culture has been given a role as a factor for local and regional development. But what is meant by development and in what ways culture can be of importance in this aspect can be unclear. This thesis examines the perception of the role for local and regional development of one specific cultural place and network – the cultural cooperative Not Quite in Fengersfors, Sweden. I study the way the role as developer is expressed and interpreted in the discourse of the cultural workers who are members of the network and in the discourse of public cultural policy in the region Västra Götaland and in Åmål municipality. The study shows that there are both similarities and differences between the discourses concerning how the role as developer is expressed. What differs is the focus on economic growth, which is expressed to be of great importance in the public cultural policy discourse. The cultural workers within Not Quite express a lack of interest in economic growth, or even a negative attitude towards it. They instead express a ”discourse of meaning”. For them, the main purpose of their artistic work is to create meaning and value for other people rather than economic growth. However, the practical effects of the differences seem quite small. There seem to be a balance between the different kinds of development Not Quite is expected to contribute to, and the cultural workers express a relaxed attitude to goals and expectations from the Västra Götaland region and Åmål municipality.

  • 43.
    Billman, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Åskådliggörandet av skuggan: Om att finna sin inneboende gudom2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Billman, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Återstoden av postkolonialism: En analys av historiekunskapens läromedel2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines whether or not the textbooks Utkik 7-9 Historia and SO direkt historia ämnesboken, which both are used as teaching materials in compulsory school history (grades 7-9), meet the values of the curriculum concerning the support of a multicultural society. The qualitative study therefore investigates from which perspectives non-European history is described, and if those perspectives enable or prevent the development of historical consciousness and historical empathy, two qualities that benefit multiculturalism. Therefore, the examination has its foundation in the two perspective concepts eurocentrism and intercultural learning, which are each others opposites when it comes to historical representation. In short, intercultural learning has a bigger focus on embracing multiculturalism. A comparative analysis is also carried out to examine if one of the two textbooks do a better job fulfilling the values of the Swedish curriculum. Extracts from the compulsory school curriculum and from Skolverket's website will be used as background for the investigation. The survey questions are based on different research done byNiklas Ammert, Lars Nyström (and others), Peter Gran, and Maria Johansson. The result from the study shows that both textbooks fail to meet the requirements of the curriculum since they are predominantly characterized by a eurocentric perspective rather than an intercultural one. Therefore they also prevent students from developing historical consciousness and historical empathy.

  • 45.
    Binak, Majlinda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Språkutvecklande samhällskunskapsundervisning: En studie om hur lågstadielärare arbetar med språkutvecklande metoder och modeller för att stödja flerspråkiga elevers språkutveckling2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Björk, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Självkänsla, jämställdhet och arbetsmiljö.: Tjejers upplevelse av betyg på gymnasieskolan2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 47.
    Björk, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Att resonera historia utifrån de tre tidsdimensionerna: En studie om hur elever samtalar utifrån en historisk berättelse2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The education in History has for a long time been strongly criticized for being based on simple facts, which makes it difficult for students to succeed in the curriculums requirements for using historical consciousness. Research points out that the students themselves have to create history in order to achieve the purpose of history education, as it becomes more alive to them if they themselves can create it. The pure faculty learning comes too far from their own experiences, which historical consciousness is based on. This study is a qualitative survey where students from grade nine in Swedish secondary school have had a free conversation in a group of five students based on a historical text. The research situation is based on parts of the Anglo-Saxon history-didactic research for historical consciousness, focusing on historical thinking and the ability to interconnect the three time dimensions, the past, present and future. The conversations was analyzed from the theoretical point of view of the study, chosen from the research situation, and suggested that the students constructed thematic categories based on the historical story, where deeper analysis could be conducted on the students' ability to reason history using history consciousness. The study's conclusion showed two characteristics of history consciousness where the students showed weak ability to one and good ability on the other. Through this, the study also provided a contribution to the subject topic History that could develop the teaching in history consciousness. This contribution could make it clear to the students what the concept of historical awareness means, through the use of history that the students themselves have been involved in and created.

  • 48.
    Björk, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Kvinnornas kamp inom den mansdominerade fotbollen: damfotboll i Forshaga IF och Värmlands FF under 1970-talet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersöker damfotbollens bildande och utveckling under 1970-talet ur ett genusperspektiv, där kvinnorörelsen under samma tid präglade Sveriges jämställdhetsdebatt. Kvinnorna började ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden under 1970-talet där de kämpade för att bryta djupt förankrade genusnormer. På samma sätt bröt de sig in i den svenska idrottsrörelsens manliga arena, fotbollen. Undersökningsmaterialet för studien kommer från Forshaga Idrottsförening och Värmlands Fotbollförbund, vilket används som ett verktyg för att få fram hur damfotbollens bildande såg ut, hur de ekonomiska tillgångarna var för dam- respektive herrfotboll samt hur damfotbollen beskrevs i deras mötesprotokoll jämfört med herrfotbollen. I diskussionskapitlet ställs materialet mot tidigare forskning om jämställdhet inom idrotten samt den teoretiska utgångspunkten om manlig dominans, som används för att förstå den problematik som damfotbollens bildande och utveckling stötte på under 1970-talet. Studiens resultat som presenteras i diskussionen och slutsatsen visar på att bildandet av damfotboll var ytterst problematisk, men även att det inte tog lång till innan den blev accepterad och tagen på allvar. Samtidigt visar den på att de ekonomiska tillgångarna för dam- respektive herrfotboll inte förändrades under 1970-talet och fram till 2016 kvarstår de stora skillnaderna. I mötesprotokollen beskrevs damfotbollen i början av 1970-talet med könspecifika begrepp, så som damfotboll, däremot beskrevs herrfotbollen med könsneutrala begrepp, exempelvis fotboll. 

  • 49.
    Björklund, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    ”IS är väl en del av islam?!”: En kvalitativ studie av mellanstadielärares bilder av elevers uppfattningar om religion, islam och muslimer.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate what picture middle school teachers have of their student groups expressing their opinions on religion, both as a social subject but also as a school subject. This study also aims to investigate how these middle school teachers experience their student groups expressing their views on Islam, and Muslims, and to what extent the students are connecting Islam with religious extremism. Based on the results, the study will also investigate to what extent the participant teachers are working with conceptual change in the classroom, and for their students’ individual development in religious education. In conclusion of the results from the investigation, the study will try to perceive to what extent the student groups are in need of conceptual change. The teachers of this study are working at middle schools in Sweden. Two of the teachers participating in the study are working abroad, at two Swedish schools in two other European countries. The reason behind the participation of the two teachers working abroad is to get a wider perspective on the subject, but also to compare the results between students in Sweden and Swedish students abroad. The perspective could have been even broader if the study would have included more teachers from Swedish schools in Europe. In total the study contains fourteen middle school teachers who have been interviewed through two qualitative methods - five of the teachers through individual meetings, and nine of the teachers through online surveys. The study’s results are being presented partly with a qualitative compilation of four tables where each interview has been interpreted through four different questions with different claims. Every claim has a value between 1 and 5, or, 1 and 4, where the higher number gives a more positive result and a lower number gives a more negative result. The study’s results will show that the teachers who experience their student groups to have a more positive view on religion as a subject are also having a more positive view on Islam and Muslims. These student groups are, either never or occasionally, connecting Islam with religious extremism, and at the same time are receiving an education on the meaning behind religious extremism. The results are also showing that the teachers who experience their student groups having a more negative view on religion as a subject also have a more negative view on Islam and Muslims. These student groups are, either sometimes or very often, connecting Islam with religious extremism. These student groups are never, or rarely, receiving an education about the meaning behind religious extremism. The final result of the study will show an interesting connection between the teachers’ perception of the student groups who are connecting Islam, Muslims and the terror group IS, are also not offered an education in the subject regarding religious extremism. The teachers who perceive the student groups to not connect Islam, Muslims and the terror group IS, are offering an education in religious extremism. Therefor, the study is discussinghow middle school students would grow on an individual level when offered a deeper education in religion where world religions would be viewed through different perspectives, where the stereotypic picture of religious actions and religious practice would be outcompeted.

  • 50.
    Björnstad, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    "Sjung Rama, Sjung Allah": Interreligiöst deltagande av manliga muslimska musiker i hinduiska religiösa sammanhang i Indien2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine interreligious participation for male Muslim musicians in Hindu religious context. Data for this study is collected by qualitative interviews on the previously mentioned Muslims. These interviews where performed in India, Varanasi. The collected data is analyzed through four perspectives on interreligious participation. The results show how the participation can be understood. It also shows through which of the four perspectives, which this papers theory rests on, can be used to understand how the musicians explain their participation. The four perspectives are; the participation perspective, the cultural perspective, the practitioner’s perspective and the no perspective, that enlightens the understanding of this particular interreligious participation. The result shows that a combination of the four perspectives is used to best understand the answers for the study questions. By discussing three major themes that correlates with the study question it became apparent that a combination of the different perspectives was the way to understand it. The first theme; music or faith had a majority of the use of the practitioner’s perspective. The other theme; the contact to God, shows more of a combination where the three first perspectives are dominant. The final theme: Music as a religion, is mostly a combination of the no perspective and the practitioner’s perspective. What can be said from those findings are that all of the perspectives are needed to understand how the musicians claim to experience and feel about their interreligious participation, although some of the perspectives are more used than others.

1234567 1 - 50 of 628
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf