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  • 1.
    Aasen, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Vi har sett och hört den, men var då?: En enkätundersökning om barns och vuxnas relation till instrumentet trumpet2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose is to investigate whether children and parents know the instrument trumpet and the beliefs they have about this instrument.  

     

    My questions are:

     

    • What do 6 and 7-year-olds and their parents know of the instrument trumpet? 
    • What are their beliefs concerning the trumpet and what does the trumpet mean to them? 

     

    To find out about these questions, I have conducted a survey study in Arvika with children in first grade and their parents. 33 adults and 34 children from three schools took part in the survey.

     

    The results showed that knowledge of the trumpet are quite good among 6 and 7-year-olds and their parents. All the respondents in this survey know what the trumpet is, and over one-third of the 67 respondents know about someone who plays the trumpet. Among the children exist no big "celebrity" trumpet player. Instead they mention friends or acquaintances that play the instrument. There were some well-known musicians among adults but it was often aging jazz trumpeters. 6 and 7-year-olds are pretty open-minded about trumpet. They seem to consider both that young, old, men and women could be playing the trumpet. The parents, however, think that men dominate playing the trumpet. Otherwise are the parents also pretty open-minded. The music school appears to have a strong name in Arvika. Many respondents stated that it´s possible to contact the music school if you want to start playing the trumpet. The results also showed that the trumpet is not considered as boring. Most people put it midway between boring and fun to play.

     

    Based on the findings in this study, the trumpet seems to be a well-known and somewhat appreciated instrument among the respondents. At the same time it seems to be a bit out of range from a satisfying reputation.

     

  • 2.
    Adamsson, Sophie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    "Att vara bred är en tillgång": En kvalitativ intervjustudie av fyra sångpedagogers syn på genreval i sångundervisningen på gymnasiet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how individual singing lessons for high school students differ depending on to which extent the vocal coach is driven by their own interests concerning genre. The study is based on four semi-structured interviews where two vocal coaches have their home turf in classical music, and two vocal coaches have their home turf within the african american genres. The study is of comparative nature where the focus is on eventual similarities and differences between vocal coaches’ viewpoints within the two genres. The theoretical perspective of the study takes its stand in the socio cultural perspective and how cultural tools and surroundings affect teaching and learning.The result of the study shows that the vocal coaches have more conformed opinions than they have conflicting ones when it concerns informed choices in genre, how their own interests affect their teaching and the views on the curriculum in relation to the lesson and its content. The interviewees differ when it comes to how they plan lessons for beginners and how they themselves listen to music. In the discussion the themes that surface in the result are discussed from a socio cultural perspective. These themes are: informed and uninformed choices concerning genre, the curriculum as a tool in teaching and the teachers’ own personal interests concerning genre. The conclusion is that the different tools the vocal coaches use affect how they work in and surrounding their teaching of high school students. 

  • 3.
    Adamsson, Sophie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Kan jag låta sådär?: En observationsstudie med fokus på "edge" i sångmetoden "komplett sångteknik"2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to get a deeper insight of what it means to develop a new singing technique. To study this I have practiced edge ten minutes per day during a period of four weeks, five times a week. Three of these exercices have been videotaped. I have also used a logbook to document new experiences during the process. I have a socio-cultural perspective as a theoretical base in this study. In the result the different tools that were selected show how these were handled and how the process in learning has developed. The results show that the most central tools that were used were the body, the method book, the piano chair, the wall and a song. In the discussion I describe, from a socio-cultural perspective, what the conditions have been, and which tools I have used. 

  • 4.
    Ahl, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Lika förutsättningar för lärande: En studie om trumundervisning på musik- och kulturskola ur ett genusperspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to, from a gender perspectice, explore how the drum kit lessons in three music and culture schools are performed. To investigate this, three qualitative interviews and six participant video observations have been implemented. Previous studies show that music teachers expect a feminine and masculine style of their students, that it is difficult as a girl to position themselves in a way that challenges the local gender regime while it is difficult to be traditionally feminine - moderate and controlled – when playing instruments such as electric bass and drum kit. In the present studies results, drum teachers’ views on drum teaching are shown but also how they conduct their teaching, and how boy- and girl students are handled in teaching. It emerges that teachers largely adapt teaching to students’ personalities and individual circumstances and not to gender, but the drum teachers express certain prejudices which may indicate that they expect to see a feminine and masculine style of their students. There is a discussion about the problems of instruments and professions being gender-coded, which can affect students’ learning conditions, and teacher prejudices and that teachers have to adapt to the students and not vice versa.

  • 5.
    Albertsson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Kreativt skapande på gymnasiets estetiska program: Lärares och elevers syn på kreativt skapande och komposition inom enskild instrumental- och sångundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to explore teachers' and pupils' views regarding creative music production and composition within individual instrumental and vocal tuition in arts program at upper secondary school. The research questions is: How describes teachers and students the use of composition and arrangement in instrument and song tuition? How do they look upon on creativity in these activities? How do they look upon creativeness? The study is based sociocultural perspective and the method is qualitative interviews. The results show three themes: The creative instrument, Creativity and Attitudes about composition. In the last chapter, improvisation as a creative tool in the moment is discussed, as well as the presence of composition and creation and the approach to composition and creation in upper secondary school. 

  • 6.
    Albinson, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att hitta stabilitet: med FMT-metoden som redskap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med detta examensarbete vill jag redogöra för hur Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi kom till, och vad dess metod (den s.k. FMT-metoden) går ut på. Med två fallbeskrivningar vill jag redovisa hur jag arbetat med metoden med två personer. Utifrån de två fallbeskrivningarna ska jag försöka svara på om, och hur FMT kan skapa förutsättningar för utveckling av stabilitet.

     

    Min slutsats är att jag, med hjälp av olika sätt att ställa upp instrument, användning av attribut och sätt att utforma en session, kunnat stärka och utveckla de två personernas stabilitet.

  • 7.
    Alvsten, Minea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Tack för musiken: FMT med två vuxna som har multifunktionshinder2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete beskriver jag Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi (FMT) och mitt terapiarbete med två vuxna adepter med multifunktionshinder i ett sydfranskt boende.

    Med utgångspunkt från min frågeställning ”Hur mycket har rörelsemönstren, uthålligheten och beteenden hos dessa adepter ändrat sig positivt genom den strukturerande FMT-metoden?” kommer jag fram till följande resultat: Med hjälp av FMT har mina adepter fått ökad uthållighet och förbättrade rörelsemönster. I ett fall har även beteendet förbättrats tydligt.

  • 8.
    Andersen, Hedda Lund
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    En del av Adele: En självobservationsstudie av en konstnärlig process kring instuderingen av en operaroll2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How can I – as a teacher student at a college of music – study an opera role? I have examined this question by observing the process of studying the opera role as Adele from The Bat by Johann Strauss. My theoretical perspective is partly based on Design for Learning combined with examining the artistic procedure itself. The results is systemazied under the headers Reasources and tools and The Process.  The result chapter shows the komplexitity in studying and learning an opera role. Laughter as a tool in opera was one of the most interseting results. This investigation could be seen as a preparation for a possible future career at the same time as the pedagogical aspects are examined.

     

  • 9.
    Andersson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Tre musikinstrument - En röst: En självstudie om omställningsprocesser mellan träblåsinstrument2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Three musical instruments – One voice. A study of the conversion process between a woodwind instrument to another. This area includes the flute, oboe and the alto saxophone. This study is based on observations of a six-week rehearsal process in relation to a sample of previous research and academic papers in the field. The study is aimed to explore the conversion process when I switch from one wind instrument to the other. This is to provide a deeper insight into a multiinstrumentalists everyday life and highlight all the phenomena that form the basis of the play for each instrument and then be included in the conversion process. This qualitative study is based on a life-world perspective and method logbook writing and video documentation. The result is supported by two themes: Inner voice and change of instrument-muscle change representing mental and physical actions. After the result is a discussion that is related to the literature and previous research in the area. The work concludes with thoughts about its importance as well as opportunities for future research.

  • 10.
    Andersson, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    På vilka sätt kan estetiskt lärande inverka på dyslexiproblematik hos barn2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this review is to find out in which ways aesthetically learning could affect on children with dyslexia. The study had also a cause to search for the different ways for pedagogues to work with dyslexia-children and find out how they throughout aesthetically learning could foster these children.

    I was very interested in seeing if this method could help these dyslectic children. I have used former research, literature and even interviews with 3 pedagogues out on the schools to get wider knowledge from this particular topic.

  • 11.
    Andersson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Fiolpedagoger inom genren svensk folkmusik: En intervjustudie om undervisningsmetoder och pedagogiska förhållningssätt2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are fundamental differences in methodologies and pedagogical approach between violin pedagogues of the genre of Swedish folk music. The comparison focuses on teachers with and without formal music teacher education in the genre. Four qualitative telephone interviews were the basis for the study, where two people each represented those with and without a degree. The theoretical starting point for the study has been the socio-cultural perspective. The results demonstrate that there is more connecting than separating the four teachers ate. Here is an emphasis on ear training teaching, joy and musical function, which belongs to the tradition of the Swedish folk music genre. This way of working is connected to the socio-cultural perspective, where tradition, social context, and physical artefacts are in focus. However, it is possible to see a clearer part of institutionalized knowledge among the teachers with formal teaching qualification. These teachers have a greater use of notes and a slightly more pronounced progression in education. They also have a greater openness to all music, while those without a music teacher education more purely focuses on Swedish folk music and what the genre's history is based on.

     

  • 12.
    Andersson, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Den ensamma saxofonisten: En musiker i en instrumentfamilj2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During my third year as a music teacher student on Musikhögskolan Ingesund I am the only one who studies classical saxophone as my major subject. My interest of playing saxophone quartet have always been great but when there is no opportunity for quartet playing, the interest and the desire to play quartet has grown even more. Therefore, this work is about saxophone quartet. The purpose has been to find out the challenges I experience when I play the four different saxophones in the quartet and when I study the respective saxophone's part in a quartet piece. In order to complete the study, I have mainly used a logbook where I have written about my experiences and then divided them into different categories; physical challenges, the challenges of the parts and the challenges of the instruments. The results show, among other things, differences in the studying of each saxophone´s part and the saxophones role in the quartet. It also shows differences in how I use my body to get an optimal sound on each saxophone. In the discussion of the work, my experiences are compared with research and information from literature mainly written by other saxophonists.

  • 13.
    Andréasson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Tekniskt sett: En självstudie av teknikövning på elgitarr2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine my own learning process and how my playing is affected when practicing guitar technique. I documented one practice session every week during the appointed practice period, using the help of video documentation. I also used a logbook as a compliment to document what happened during the learning process. A design theoretical perspective was used as a basis for the study. In the result section, I describe how I designed my practicing and what consequences this had for my playing. The use of many different types of resources for learning turned out to provide positive results. Over time I developed structure and accuracy in my practice. In the last section I discuss how my orchestration of resources created opportunities to practice guitar technique, and how this orchestration changed over time. I also discuss the importance to begin all practice in a pleasant tempo as well as the importance to practice with structure and accuracy.

  • 14.
    Antonér, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Hur svårt ska det vara med lite text?: En självobservationsstudie av textinlärning i sång2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this independent project three kinds of strategies for learning with focus on learning lyrics is described and explored. For every new strategy a new song is used. The purpose is to explore and identify different kinds of resources when learning. The study is based on observations of myself in form of a logbook and video recordings over three weeks with a total of 15 practicing sessions in the fall of 2015. The starting point is a multimodal and design theoretical perspective. The result show how I use different resources when learning different lyrics by using three kinds of strategies for learning lyrics. Finally I discuss, in relation to the design theoretical perspective and earlier research.

  • 15.
    Antonér, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Icke-verbal kommunikation, det värdefulla verktyget: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om körledares uppfattningar om och arbetet med begreppet icke-verbal kommunikation2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the conductors' perceptions of and work with non-verbal communication with choir performance. The background chapter describes previous research and literature on nonverbal communication. The results of the study came through three unstructured interviews, where three choir conductors reflected over the term non-verbal communication and how they apprehend the concept. The theoretical perspective underlying this study is the interpretative hermeneutic perspective. The results show that conductors use different non-verbal communication methods in their work with choir. The non-verbal communications that the choir leaders, among other things use are the piano, the voice, but they also how reflect over hos sheet music can be interpreted. It is also apparent that the three conductors have different views on conducting. The conductor’s thoughts rang from that conducting is a bad thing and should be used sparingly. Whilst other say that conducting is the most important tool and should not be neglected. In the conclusion, the results are discussed in relation to previous research and literature.

  • 16.
    Appelholm, Marika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Dudeladi vadå?: En studie i hur olika sångpedagoger, inom svensk folkmusik, använder sig av "trall" i sin undervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine how singing-teachers, within the Swedish folk music-genre, use trall when they teach and if they eventually use it as a tool to improve singing technique. The foundation of the research is three qualitative interviews. The socio-cultural perspective has served as the study´s theoretical basis. The result of the study shows that all of the interviewees use trall a lot in their teaching and that they also use it as a tool. The interviewees think that trall has a lot of qualities that makes it a practical tool for practicing singing-technique. Examples of areas where trall can be used as practise is rhythm and pulse, breathing, articulation and movability within the voice. The interviewees also think that trall has social parameters which makes it a good tool for becoming a part of the folk-music discourse. 

  • 17.
    Aschbacher, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Konsert och fjärilar i magen: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om musikstudenters upplevelser av nervositet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the ways in which music college students experience the phenomenon of nervousness at concerts. To achieve this purpose, the following questions of research are used: In what ways do music students experience nervousness before, during and after concerts? What differences do the music students experience between different music genres concerning performance anxiety? What are the positive factors of performance anxiety according to the music students? The background chapter describes previous research on nervousness such as: experience of nervousness, differences between music genres and if there are any positive aspects of nervousness. Phenomenology and the psychology of music are the theoretical basis for this study. To answer the questions of this research study qualitative semi-structured interviews are used. The interviews were transcribed and analysed with a thematic analysis. The result shows that the phenomenon nervousness at concerts consists of the themes: Affective loaded nervousness before and during the concert, and Feelings after the concert. The themes related to affective loaded nervousness before and during concerts consists of: Bodily reactions, To be more or less exposed, Expectations, The environment is important, Preparation, Shaking and sweating, Analytical thoughts, The audience affects on nervousness, Joy, disappointment and getting a distance the to performance and Feelings of fatigue. In the result it was shown that the informants perceived differences in stage fright depending on music genre and environment. The results also showed the positive aspect of nervousness that prevails into focus and energy. The informants experience that classical musicians have more pressure on themselves than other musicians and that the environment of the concert halls are not a relaxed setting. The discussion set these themes in relation to previous research, literature, music psychology and phenomenology.

  • 18.
    Aschbacher, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Konsten att spela a prima vista: En observationsstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to observe and understand my learning process in

    sight-reading from a socio-cultural perspective. The second chapter is about the

    methods and strategies which can improve sight-reading and about the

    thoughts of sight-reading by musicians of today. Video recordings and a logbook were used to observe my practice in sight-reading. In this practice pedagogic sight-reading materials and songbooks with a wide repertoire also were used. The result showed that the use of tools like; metronome, work of material, the body, and notes of music improved my practice. For a good result a good posture and technique also proved to be important. In the last chapter my theme results, metronome, material, posture, retakes and notes of music were compared with previous research and literature.

     

  • 19.
    Backman, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Dra ett solo!: En självobservationsstudie i sångimprovisation inom jazztraditionen2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how I practice vocal improvisation within the jazz genre with a focus on which resources are being used, how they are being used and in what way they might contribute to learning improvisation. To execute this I documented my practice sessions through video filming and the keeping of a log book. The theoretical perspective in this essay has been design theory. The result shows which resources have been used, and how they have been used. The resources in question are apps, gesticulation, imitation, piano, speech and text as well as music theory. In the discussion the significance of social context is discussed, as well as the conditions for learning vocal improvisation through the resources shown in the result. Also discussed is the multi modality of the resources.

  • 20.
    Backman, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Jag kan inte sjunga det här, kan vi byta tonart?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av sångpedagogers syn på musikteori inom ramen för sångundervisning.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine voice teachers’ views on and work with music theory in singing lessons. The study’s research questions concern how voice teachers construct their views on the subject music theory within the framework of the singing lesson and how voice teachers construct their work with music theory within the framework of the singing lesson. To examine this semi structured interviews were held with four singing teachers working in high school. The theoretical framework of the study is discourse theory with some inspiration from discourse psychology. The interviews were recorded via audio recording and were then transcribed and analyzed. The analysis was conducted with tools from the chosen theoretical framework. In the result the six discourses found are presented, also presented is the fact that they conflict with each other in pairs of two: music theory as a necessary tool for singing versus music theory as an unnecessary tool for singing, music theory as the voice teacher’s responsibility versus music theory as other teacher’s responsibility and music theory as not dependent on another instrument versus music theory as dependent on another instrument. The result also shows that different discourses can exist collaterally within the same conversation with a singing teacher. Furthermore, the result shows how the respondents, on the basis of the discourses, work with music theory during their lessons and how they give home assignments in music theory. In the discussion the discoursive battles presented in the result are discussed in relation to the theoretical framework as well as previous literature and research.

  • 21.
    Bengts, Angelica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Sång - ett rent nöje?: En kvalitativ studie av metoder för att arbeta med tondövhet och falsksång i sångundervisning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe procedures of teaching persons who sing “out of tune” to sing more “in tune”. In the background chapter different theories from research and literature for reasons behind tone deafness and poor pitch singing is presented, along with methods that are recommended for the practical work with it. Furthermore the didactic perspective that the study has as its theoretical basis is described. In the method chapter the qualitative interview method, which has been used to carry out the result, is presented. The result summarises four interviewed persons´ descriptions of their theories around the reasons behind tone deafness and poor pitch singing, along with their methods for working with persons who are tone deaf/sing out of tune. The result is discussed in relation to the background chapter in the discussion chapter, where the interviewing persons’ views on the subject, along with their methods are compared to the researchers' and authors’ views and methods.

  • 22.
    Bengtsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    ”Hur 17 ska jag öva?”: En studie om olika tillvägagångssätt för övning för slagverkare2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore how some selected approaches of learning, mediated by leading percussionist and percussion teachers, is used by and works for one students rehearsal of a musical work. These three approaches were used when practicing the Concerto for Marimba and Strings of Emanuel Sejourné. Audio recordings and log book was the basis for the analysis of what worked well for me in my own practice and how I experienced the different methods during exercise. The result shows that above all enjoyment factor is a contributor to a successful practicing. Other important factors reported are the importance of knowledge and the music before you start to practice and the importance of preventively practicing as a real concert. At the end, the results of the study is discussed in relation to the presented literature and previous research in the subject.

  • 23.
    Bengtsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    ”Ursäkta, kan jag få lite hjälp?”: En studie i hur musikundervisningen om klassisk musik på grundskolan kan berikas med hjälp utanför skolans värld.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how music profiled institutions can contribute to the musical education of classical music in elementary school. To achieve the purpose, five qualitative interviews were conducted with people who work on music profiled institutions. The theoretical starting points for this work is interpretativism, an inductive approach and pragmatism. The result shows two main themes: Experiencesand Training elements. The first main theme shows how music profiled institutions can offer experiences to contribute to the music during the display. The second main theme shows how music profiled institutions can be involved in, or responsible for, certain training elements in order to contribute to music education. The last chapter discusses the results in relation to the theoretical points and previous research.

  • 24.
    Bergendahl, Jonathan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Planerad övning: Jakten på effektivitet i övningsrummet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to watch how planning affects the efficiency of the studying of new repertoire. This study has a design theoretical perspective and is based on ideas from persons as Robert Schenck, Gunnar Lif, Harald Jørgensen, Johannes L. Hatfield and Roger Säljö. I have used video observation and a logbook to document and analyze the learning process. In the results, it is described which modes and resources that have been used as well as which didactic methods that have been used. Also, which of the two structures that was compared got the best results.Some of the modes and resources that were used was the body, voice, piano, iPhone and the app iReal, sheet music book, music stand and a mirror. The differences in modes and resources between the two structures was primarily how the time was disposed and the tools needed to keep the time. The didactic methods used were a singing warm-up, repetition, scaffolding, an increasing difficulty and studying of the harmony. The differences that existed were among other things, how the time were distributed and the way the melody was learnt. The planned practice made the studying of the song faster and made the end result better. In the discussion, the results are problematized to understand the pros and cons of the two structures. 

  • 25.
    Bergman, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Resan mot en ny musikalisk identitet: En självobservationsstudie i musikaliskt lärande utifrån det sociala sammanhangets påverkan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is that through self-observation gain a deeper insight into how the process of learning a new instrument might look like, and how the process is influenced by an exisiting social and cultural context. The process of learning has consisted of studies on tuba, where the social and cultural context in this case has consisted of individual instrumental lessons and participation in an orchestra at an academy of music in Sweden. The study is based on a socio-cultural perspective, which means that learning is understood as something that is achived through social interaction and the use of exsisting cultural tools. The data consists of video documentation and log book notes of the musical creative project. The results are presented in four diffrent themes headlined curiosity, resignation, acceptance and resolution. These topics describe how learning occurs in various stages of emotional experiences and approaches to learning. The result also shows a significant connection between musical learning and its social and cultural context. Established social and cultural conventions shape the musicians musical identity and approach to the instrument in the social context where it occurs. 

  • 26.
    Bergman, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    "Snygga, vackra, glänsande...": – en kvalitativ intervjustudie om brasslärares uppfattning av gruppundervisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Denna studies syfte belyser de uppfattningar som brasslärare har gällande instrumentalundervisning i grupp och dess möjligheter och utmaningar. Detta studeras genom att ta del av brasslärares skildringar av sin egen undervisningspraxis och då specifikt brasslärare som verkar inom El Sistema och Suzukimetoden. Som underlag för studien presenteras perspektiv och tidigare forskning relaterade till valt ämnesområde. Studiens vetenskapsteoretiska ansats karaktäriseras som en kvalitativ studie och utgår ifrån ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv. Använd metod för insamling av data utgörs av semistrukturerade intervjuer med fyra brasslärare. Intervjuerna har dokumenterats via ljudinspelningar och sedan transkriberats, bearbetats och analyserats med tematisk analys som tillvägagångssätt. I resultatet framgår det att brasslärarna uppfattar gruppundervisning med ett relationellt samband till musikaliskt lärande. Det sociala sammanhanget inverkar på elevens intresse för att delta och engagera sig, och möjliggör således musikaliskt lärande. Hur individuella behov av extra stöd eller extra utmaning bör hanteras anser brasslärarna att de främst bemöter genom att förebygga att ingen elev hamnar efter gruppens genomsnittliga musikaliska progression. Detta förebygger de genom att variera gruppens storlek eftersom de uppfattar att det skapar utrymme att upptäcka och bemöta elevens individuella behov. En ytterligare förebyggande åtgärd brasslärarna använder sig av är att variera undervisningens olika tillvägagångssätt för att alla ska kunna få ta till sig undervisningen efter sina individuella förutsättningar. I händelse av att en elev presterar mer än gruppens genomsnittliga progression ger brasslärarna eleven möjlighet till att spela solo som extra utmaning. De ramfaktorer som brasslärarna uppfattar påverkar undervisningen är möjliga att kategorisera som praktiska och sociala faktorer. I arbetets avslutande kapitel diskuteras dessa framkomna teman i relation till studiens angivna perspektiv gällande ämnesorientering och tidigare forskning.   

  • 27.
    Beyer, Hannes
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Med fingrarna på kontrabasen: En kvalitativ studie av tre kontrabasisters syn på sin teknik2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to explore how three double bassists have reached their own ways of technical take on the instrument as well as what function these double bass players believe that their technique has. The study's theoretical premises consist of the hermeneutic interpretation. The study's data set consists of qualitative interviews with three professional double bass players with distribution across multiple genres. The results section describes each respondent's technical attitude to the double bass on three thematic metaphors. It reveals that the respondents in varying degrees have been studying various double bass methods and use different methods for fingerings. In the concluding discussion the results of the study is discussed in relation to literature and previous research. The methodological discussion is my pre-understanding from a hermeneutic perspective.

  • 28.
    Bjuvenstedt, Håkan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Hjälp! Var är min capo?: En observationsstudie om transponering på piano2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is based on a design theoretic perspective, exploring what resources I use when transposing jazz tunes to different keys. The research questions are: What resources do I use to transpose a selected jazz tune to different keys? In what ways interact the resources? To study my learning process, I have used the logbook and video documentation, and the study's theoretical perspective is the design theory. The result shows that my learning process can be described in two different transformation cycles. These cycles, I have chosen to call the transformation cycle 1a and 1b. Transformation cycle 1a describes the resources used for transcription, and Transformation cycle 1b describes the resources used for transposing. The first transformation cycle 1a is presented by means of three themes: Staging, From the PC to the ear and From ear to hand. The other cycle, 1b, is presented by means of four themes: Transposing from A-flat major to C major, Problems during the transposing, Transposing to other keys and Transformation of previous knowledge. The discussion chapter discusses the results from a design theoretic perspective. The discussion also touches questions of strategy about transposing, which these being compared with the previous literature and research in the area. Finally, an account is given of my own reflections on the work, the importance of work and further research and development work.    

  • 29.
    Bjuvenstedt, Håkan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Musikteori finns i vardagen: En kvalitativ studie om musikteorilärares syn på musikteori som undervisningsämne2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate music theory teachers approach to music theory as a teaching subject. This has been investigated with focus groups as a method in which music teachers in two groups are talking about their approach to music theory as a teaching subject. The theoretical framework for this study consists of discourse analysis as theory and method. The transcribed interviews have been analysed and processed using discourse analysis as an analysis method to make different discourses visible. The results show four major discourses about teachers approaches to music theory. There are also several minor discourses in several of the major discourses. The results show that music theory should be integrated with other music subjects where theoretical knowledge should be practical and personality based knowledge. The results also show that music theory is a useful tool for many different purposes. The discussion shows four major discourses: Music theory as an interactive subject, music theory as a tool for various purposes, music theory as common language and music theory as different forms of knowledge which is related to earlier studies.

  • 30.
    Björklin, Maja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    ”Musikteori är viktigt, men i första hand är jag ju fiollärare”: En fenomenologisk intervjustudie om fiollärares förhållningssätt till musikteori i undervisningen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to describe three violin teachers approach to music theory in teaching. The study has three research questions: How does the violin teachers define the term music theory? What kind of music theory elements do violin teachers experience that they integrate into their teaching? In what way do the teachers experience that they work with music theory in violin education?and What are the music teachers experiences of the phenomenon music theory in violin education?The theoretical foundation of the study is interpretativism and the philosophical perspective is phenomenology. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with the three violin teachers. In the result, their approach to music theory in violin teaching is categorized into four themes: The violin teachers definitions of music theory, To work with music theory in violin teaching,  choice of music theoretical lesson contentand Difficulties with integrating music theory in violin teaching. The results reveals that there is differences between the teachers' approaches. However, all the teachers reported that they emphasize note acquisition  and the importance of combining music theory with playing the violin. Finally, the results are discussed in relation to previous literature and research, as well as to phenomenological perspectives.

  • 31.
    Bodén, Josephine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    "Jag vill göra det för min egen skull": En studie i sångelevers motivation i relation till sånglektioner2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate what motivates a small group of student singers during singing lessons in an Art High School programme. The method used is qualitative semi-structured interviews. High school students were interviewed individually about their motivation, in specific relation to the singing lessons they attended at their schools. The data is analysed from a motivational psychology perspective. In the result chapter the theme To “feel good” is presented, which summarizes the participant stories about the increasing motivation they experience when they feel good when singing. Another clear theme that emerged in the semi-structured interviews was singing teacher’s impact on the motivation of the participants, which is presented in the section Genuine teacher- student relationship. The results also give an insight into the importance of Individualised lessons and Working towards goals as a key influence on student motivation. The discussion focus on what motivates singing student during the singing lessons in relation to motivational psychology aspects, with a focus on Explaining success with capacity, Positive feedback, Autonomy and Individualizing communication. Finally this study analyses the correlation between student/teacher relationship, individualised singing lessons and student motivation. 

  • 32.
    Bolin Andersson, Rasmus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Du kan ljud, men vad kan du mer?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om musikproducenters och studioteknikers olika roller i inspelningssamanhang2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore how music producers and recording engineers experience their different roles in a studio-recording context. This is done by examining recording engineer’s and music producer’s depictions of themselves and of the different sets of skills required within these roles. A hermeneutic perspective is the base for the scientific-theoretic approach of this qualitative study. The method for collecting data is semi structured, qualitative interviews and three persons identifying themselves as either music producer or recording engineer have been interviewed. The sound recordings from the interviews have been transcribed, processed and analyzed using thematic analysis and a hermeneutic approach. How both the informants’ perception of the different roles, as well as their understanding of these roles sometimes being held by one and the same person is being explained in the chapter result. The finishing chapter discusses these themes in relation to the previously given background. Among other things, the discussion chapter shows that the informants, partly opposite to what previously given research shows, thinks that music producers need theoretical knowledge in music to be able to carry out their tasks. It is highlighted that recording engineers, besides mastery of audio and technology, need to acquire a deeper level of artistic skills. It is also made clear that the lines between the recording engineer and the music producer are being erased, and that many people, due to economical and practical reasons, choose to take on the role as both music producer and recording engineer.

  • 33.
    Bolin Andersson, Rasmus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Känsla för teknik: En videobaserad självobservation av teknikövning på elgitarr2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to observe and examine my own learning process when practicing guitar technique. The practicing took place in a period of twelve weeks, five times a week with at least twenty minutes per session. To document this, I have video documented four of these practice sessions. I have also written a logbook to keep track of my inner reflections and experiences during practice. In order to not disturb my own learning process, I have deliberately chosen not to follow any particular teaching or training method. As a theoretical basis, I have chosen a design theoretical perspective. In the result section, I describe how I choose to design my practice, and how it has affected my playing. It turns out that much of what I have chosen to practice has produced positive results, and that I used many different types of resources for learning. In the last section I discuss these resources and results based on previous literature and research as well as from a design theoretical perspective. 

  • 34.
    Bro, Viktoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Ångest: En fenomenologisk självstudie i komposition2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this independent study the process in composing a classical piece for solo violin with a poem as inspiration is examined. The purpose of this study is to enlighten how the emotional life as well as the lived life have affected the making of a classical composition through a phenomenological perspective. The study is based on five separate self-observations through audio recording. With the help of phenomenology the study examines how the composition as a phenomenon can be accomplished with the stimulation from a poem. The result is shown through four different themes: The Composition Birth, The Composition Progress, Finishing the Piece and Emotional Life and Lived Life. In the result it appeared that the emotional life and lived life affected the making process of the piece in different ways throughout the work. In the beginning of the study utopian thoughts lingered and prevented the making process. Thereafter a change occurred in relation to my own abilities and through reflection and contemplation the piece could be created. Thereafter a chapter on discussion treats the result analysis in relation to the chosen literature which is based on previous research, studies and the phenomenological perspective.

  • 35.
    Bryntesson, Albin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Teknikens under: En självstudie om övning i elgitarrteknik2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to study and examine the personal learning process and learning process that is revealed as I practice guitar technique regulary and structured for ten weeks. During those ten weeks the practice was documented by video recordings once a week. The study is based on a design theoretic perspective which focuses on the analysis of how different resources have been used to design the learning process and how this design changed during the course of the study. The result reveals that I use a number of different bodily and material recourses that cooperates in the learning process. Also, the progress of the personal instrumental technique has been analysed by compare the difference in quality between practice sessions in the beginning and the end of the project period. It shows that development has taken place. In the last section of the study the design using resources and different practicing strategies, their development and how they can enable learning is discussed. Furthermore, the last section contains a part where signs of learning as shown in the result is discussed.

  • 36.
    Buhre, Matilda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Bilder som kommunikativa och språkliga verktyg i arbetet med flerspråkiga barn i förskolan2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här uppsatsen har jag undersökt hur bilder kan fungera som ett verktyg för att främja flerspråkiga barns språkinlärning och utveckling samt vilka bilder som fungerar bäst. Jag har intervjuat fyra förskollärare som arbetar på två olika förskolor där det finns många barn med andra modersmål. Den ena förskolan ligger på landsbygden och den andra i en större stad. Det jag har kommit fram till genom mina intervjuver är att de förskollärare som arbetar på dessa förskolor anser att bilder är bra hjälp och att det faller sig naturligt att använda bilder som pedagogiskt verktyg. De bilder som funkar bäst för att locka fram samtal och nya ord hos barn är de bilder som barnen redan har förförståelse för och som de kan relatera till. Det finns dock svårigheter i bildtolkande då skillnader i värderingar och tolkande finns i olika kulturer. Jag såg skillnader i pedagogernas medvetenhet kring detta och hur bilder kan användas som verktyg beroende på hur lång erfarenhet de har av att arbeta med flerspråkiga barn.

  • 37.
    Buréus, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Erfarenheter av musikundervisning i grundskolan: En intervjustudie av hur musikundervisningen i grundskolan skiljer sig mellan stadierna2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to investigate how music education in grades 1-6 affects expectations of and attitudes towards music education in grades 7-9.

    The background presents a review of previous and current curricula for primary schools, as well as audits and research done in the field. Data was collected through qualitative interviews with four subjects aged 15-25. The interviews were transcribed, processed and analyzed from a sociocultural perspective. After analyzing the interviews, the results show that the respondents experienced differences between music teaching in grades 1-6 and 7-9, especially regarding access to locale and equipment. The results also show that respondents feel that the subject of music lacked progression throughout primary school, and it appears that music education is perceived as more serious in conjunction with the first school year in which the students’ work was officially graded. Finally, respondents' perceptions of primary school music education and factors affecting the experience are discussed in relation to the literature presented.

  • 38.
    Bäckman, Helena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att tvingas prestera med prestationsångest: En studie om instrumentalpedagogers förhållningssätt till fenomenet prestationsångest i musikundervisning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate instrumental teacher’s approach to the phenomenon of performance anxiety in music education. Three instrumental teachers, who are or who has been active as musicians, have been interviewed by the method of science qualitative, semi-structured interviews. The theoretical perspective, which the study is based on, is performance psychology. The result presents instrumental teachers views to the phenomenon of performance anxiety, whereof the interviewed emphasizes different aspects and factors, which form the basis of performance anxiety and how anxiety affect performers. The second theme active interest and treatment towards the students highlights a variety of teaching strategies, which the informants use to treat the students regarding to the phenomenon of performance anxiety. In the last theme methods to prevent performance anxiety, the informants illustrate the methods which could be used to discourage anxiety and work on the factors in a correct manner. The discussion focuses on following aspects; performance based self-esteem, the importance of teacher and environment, to raise awareness and accept any anxiety and also preparations and mental training. At last I analyze the importance of this study and further research in this topic. 

  • 39.
    Cardinal Dahl, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Må bättre – sjung bättre!: En självstudie om huruvida yoga kan bidra till ett mer gynnsamt sångutövande2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this self-study has been to investigate whether yoga can help improve my irregular thoracic breathing and if an improved respiration could facilitate better breathing in my vocal exercise. The study is permeated by a phenomenology perspective with focus on phenomenology of the body and Husserl's life-world theory. As the perspective is viewed as an experience philosophy, my own experiences are in focus, which motivates logbook as documentation method. The result is therefore based on my own notes, which were processed and analysed after a 15-week project-period, with the purpose to make the effects of the practised yoga visible. The result is presented in two themes, were the first one focuses on experiences related to stress and breathing, and the other one on the singing experience and how this experience changed during the project period. The result shows that the exercise of yoga had a stress-reducing effect, which positively affected my breathing. In addition, it shows that I found it easier to sing, which leads to increased motivation. To understand these phenomena, a discussion is held, linking the results to previous research and literature. The discussion leads to the conclusion that several factors, such as increased activity in the parasympathetic nervous system, increased energy production as in part of an improved breathing, increased relaxation, and increased body and voice control as a result of conscious acts, had a coherent impact on the outcome. 

  • 40.
    Carlsson, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Barytonsaxofon högt upp i det blå: Ur ett designteoretiskt perspektiv hur flageolett-tekniken kan läras autodidaktiskt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During my third year at Ingesund School of Music I decided to engage in an exchange student program at the Canary Conservatory Superior of Music in Las Palmas, Gran Canaria. The third school year you´re assigned to write an independent self-study on an optional topic within music. I had chosen to study my learning of the altissimo register on the baritone saxophone, because I found a piece for baritone saxophone solo with wind band that has music that goes to the altissimo register. The knowledge of playing in the altissimo register is considered as a professional knowledge. Pursuing my career as a saxophone teacher and including this knowledge about learning of the altissimo register I think I will have a greater view of which problems you can find throughout the process. The purpose of the assignment is to see how I design my learning and pay attention to problems and see how I handle them. I have chosen to study this through a design theory perspective with video observation and complimentary notes as the method of this study which I got five films over a six weeks long period. In the result part I discus how I have designed my learning and which problems I did found and how I handled them.

  • 41.
    Christensen, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Rätt skala blir inte automatiskt en bra improvisation.: En musikanalytisk studie av fem olika pianosolon spelade av erkända jazzmusiker.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is easy to find literature that teaches jazz improvisations, but hard to find any that really shows which musical structures can be used in order to make a sound “jazzy”. This qualitative study will therefore explore the similarities between five piano-jazz improvisations.  The music “language” of the musicians such as the “building blocks” or structure will be in focus when comparing these improvisations. The research question for this study will therefore be: what musical building blocks or structures have the five solos in jazz piano in common? The aim is to find similarities between some piano improvisations done by acclaimed jazz musicians. The study will have a phenomenological and hermeneutic approach. The presented result show that the musicians use a range of specific concepts when building their jazz improvisations; blues, side slipping, chromaticism and approach notes, chord tones, reharmonisation, upper structure triads and pentatonics. The conclusive phenomena has been proven to be tension and release, that together with the concept contributes to the music language that is used within this jazz genre. Even though the different pianists seems to use the same concept when building their improvisations, it is in the way they use them in terms of variation, that makes the solos appear personal and creative.

  • 42.
    Dahlheim, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att lära sig är att spela: En intervjustudie av elbaslärares val av innehåll i nybörjarundervisning2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is, in relation to the activity ideas/plans of community schools of music and art, to gain insight into the electric bass teachers approach to what is important for beginners to learn. From this view, the intention is to try to understand which lesson content is prioritized in the teaching of beginners, why they chose to focus on these and their views on possible regulatory documents for each workplace. In my survey I have conducted qualitative interviews with four bass guitar teachers from various community schools of music and art. Work is based on theories of the emergence of community schools of music, the educational traditions that shaped them and the sociocultural perspective on learning.

     

    The results show that the main driving force of beginners teaching for bass guitar students is desire, joy and experiences – which is in line with much of the trends covered in research on community schools of music and art and their activity plans in recent years.

     

    In the discussion section the views on what informants thinks is important for beginners to learn is discussed in relation to the traditions, ideas and values according to previous research which determines how the lessons are shaped. In addition to this the music teacher's attitudes and relations to current regulatory documents at their respective workplace is discussed.

  • 43.
    Danielsson, Sofie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Titta vad jag är duktig!: En uppsats om hur pedagoger kan hjälpa de yngre barnen på förskolan att få bättre självkänsla och självförtroende med hjälp av skapande verksamhet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    David, Mattsson
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att göra det jag hör: En observationsstudie om att lära sig på gehör2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this study is to identify and explain ways to learn tunes from a tradition of western contemporary music and improvisational music by ear. The questions in the study are about how ways are designed and what semiotic modes are used to learn a tune with a focus on chords, melody and solo and also how the transformation from recording to playing happens. The chosen theoretical point of departure is a design theoretic perspective on learning and is used to analyse and make the learning process by ear visible. To document my own formative learning process I used video recording and logbook as methods. The result begins with an overall explanation about my learning process. After that the semiotic modes I used is presented and how they where used. All this I presented in themes witch all has to do with the process from recording to voice play, from recording directly to play, from recording to writing to play, from recording to play with technical help and at last from recording to visual pictures to play. At the end, I connect the results to previous research and literature in a discussion with two themes on conditions for learning by ear and the making and using of memories. 

  • 45.
    De Wit Sandström, Leon
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Fumliga nypor, varför då?: Ett designteoretiskt perspektiv på lärares synsätt på vänsterhäntas lärande i klassiskt gitarrspel2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper knowledge of how guitar teachers view left-handedness with regard to the technical difficulties of the instrument and how they work with left-handed students while teaching. This paper provides some background on what left-handedness is, some historical background on the classical guitar and the technical difficulties of playing it, and an overview of previous work on musical education and left-handed people. The study is based on a multimodal and design theoretical perspective, and an empirical material consisting of four qualitative interviews. The results show that the participating teachers did not, in their own view, adapt their teaching because of left-handed students. The exception was students with a strong degree of left-handedness, who were encouraged to turn the guitar around. However, how the guitar is held was not often described as something left up to the individual student, but rather as something decided by the teacher. The teachers also felt that all students need to practice the same techniques, and that the same instructions therefore should be used for both right-handed and left-handed students. Right-handed guitars are standard in teaching situations, and the fact that the teachers say that they rarely recommend that students turn the guitar around reflects that. The results of the study then form the basis for a discussion on teaching left-handed students. It is not just a question of adapting an instrument; the whole design of the lessons makes a difference when it comes to the student learning the instrument. 

  • 46.
    Dellstig, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Att arbeta med helheten: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av lärares syn på arbetet med sceniska förberedelser i sångundervisning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore vocie teachers views on performance preparations and how they implement these thoughts in their work. The background chapter describes literature and previous research on performance preparations. Different aspects of performance preparations are presented, such as portraying different emotions, body awareness, various programs and methods to improve one’s performance, expression etcetera. Phenomenology was used as the theoretical framework and the method was semi-structured interviews. Following the method of thematic analysis, the result showed a certain consensus between the teachers’ interpretation of performance preparations. The result shows the informants’ interpretations of performance preparations as a phenomenon as well as how they experience they’re implementing this in their teaching. Different methods, aids etcetera are presented as well as the informants’ perceptions of performance preparations. Lastly, parts of the result and method are discussed in relation to the literature and research presented in the background chapter. Here,the teachers’ different names and interpretations of similar phenomenons such as evaluation, reflecting and asking questions are discussed. Thereafter, a statement of the importance of this study follows as well as possible further research on the subject.

  • 47.
    Edman, Mariana
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    ”Oj, vad händer nu?”: En självstudie om pianistens upplevelser av nervositet och oro vid olika uppspelstillfällen2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of present study is to investigate from a phenomenology of body perspective what reactions occur in my body when I am nervous at different performance situations. Apart from that this study will investigate importance of mental training for decrease of stress and nervousness and its influence on my performance ability in this performance situations. In background chapter are definitions of nervousness, stress, musical performance anxiety and more presented. Apart from that in background chapter are earlier studies on this field and following studies theoretical perspective – phenomenology of body presented. In method chapter the methods of documentation - journal notes and video are presented. Result chapter is showed in themes: Nervousness and anxiety in different performance situations and Influence of mental training on nervousness and stress level and performance ability. In these chapters is shown how my negative feelings and experiences of nervousness and anxiety with mental trainings help transformed into positive. In discussion chapter following themes are showed: Comparison between nervousness and anxiety before, under and after mental trainingandImportance of continuous training and effectiveness of recordings. In this chapter, even my thoughts about following studies importance for myself and ideas about further research on the field are presented.

  • 48.
    Ekeberg, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Det finns värre saker än en dålig prestation "...man kan dö": En kvalitativ jämförande studie som belyser hur musiklärare och idrottstränare erfar fenomenet prestation2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explore and compare the ways in which teachers in music and sport,

    experience the phenomenon of achievement in teaching at the secondary level. The

    study has two research questions: How does teachers in music and sport look upon the

    phenomenon of achievement? and How does teachers in music and sport work to promote

    student achievements? The philosophical perspective is phenomenology and the theoretical

    foundation is psychology concerning performance and motivation. The research

    method is semi-structured interviews, and three music teachers and three sports coaches

    have been interviewed. The interviews were transcribed and processed using thematic

    analysis and the result presents the phenomenon of achievement. The results are divided

    into two main themes: Subject-based or individual-based focus and The role of the

    teacher - Instrumental guide or goal promotar. The first theme describes the informants

    'views on the phenomenon of achievement, and the second theme highlights the work

    informants use to benefit their students' achievements. The study's concluding chapter

    discuss the result in relation to research, psychology and phenomenology.

  • 49.
    Ekeberg, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    En musikstudents övande: En läroprocess i två cykler2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this independent work my rehearsal process of Rhapsody for solo clarinet written by Giacomo Miluccio is explored and described from a design theory perspective. The study is based on self-observations that lasted for about 6 months and collected data consists of logbook writing and video recordings. The result of the analysis show how the learning is done with the help of various semiotic resources, and in the form of two transformation cycles, where the first is characterized by a Desire for mimesis, and the other by The way to my own expression. As a bridge between these two cycles will be an occasion where the representation takes the form of a Masterclass. Finally, I discuss my results in relation to literature based on the design theoretical perspective and other previous research in the field of learning.

  • 50.
    Ekroth, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Ta det piano: En observationsstudie i en gitarrists övande av pianoteknik2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to observe and examine my own learning process when practicing technique on the piano. The purpose is also to observe how this affects my piano playing. In order to examine this I have, during a ten week period, practiced two specific exercises, five times a week 20-30 minutes per session. I documented the sessions via video and a logbook. I have chosen a design theoretical perspective as my theoretical basis. In the result section, I describe which resources I have used in my practice, how I choose to design my practice as well as how it has affected my piano playing. It turns out that I have used many different resources and that many of them has produced positive results. Lastly, I discuss the results in relation to relevant literature and research. 

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