Change search
Refine search result
163164165166167168169 8251 - 8300 of 8477
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 8251.
    Zakariasson, Clara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Den subnationella tjänstemannarollen i Bryssel?: En studie som undersöker regionala tjänstemän på representationskontor i Bryssel2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to study the role of the subnational civil servant and their discretions in a Multilevel Governance context, based on how it differs from the traditional role of the civil servant in Sweden. This is done by studying officials at Swedish Regional Representation Offices in Brussels through the method of semi-structured interviews.

    The theoretical framework is based on research about traditional activities and role of the public administration, but also in the differences of duties between politicians and officials. Furthermore, the thesis is constructed on Europeanization research and a Multilevel Governance approach, where regional actions in a multi-level system can be clarified and explored by the dimensions of Europeanization: the download-, crossload- and upload dimension.

    The methodological assessment tool consists of a content analysis, where the collected interview data is compared and discussed using a constructed ideal type of the Weberian role of a civil servant. The respondent's descriptions and views of their role in Brussels is the main focus of the analysis.

     

    To summarise, the regional officials in Brussels consider their scope of discretion as broad. Furthermore, the results illustrate that is not possible to distinguish the role of the sub-national civil service in Brussels, based on the designed ideal type. It’s because of the complexity of the Multilevel Governance system. The results show a significant variation between the respondent's experiences and descriptions of their duties at the office in Brussels. The official’s which are working with a tougher line of lobbying in Brussels, experience their role as both political and apolitical, where the civil servant role enters the political sphere. By working with lobby activities that imply the duty of a politician, they describe their role between the administration and the political sphere. When the officials are working with lobby initiatives in Brussels, they are acting as the political voice of the home organization, but always with a clear lobby mandate from their politicians.

  • 8252.
    Zakariasson, Clara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Skattelättnader för hushållstjänster– Prioriteras jämställdhetspolitik utifrån ett genusperspektiv?: En diskursanalytisk studie av Rut-avdragets förarbete med inriktning genuskonstruktion2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has examined the current policy document for the implementation of tax reliefs for household services. The purpose was to study the gender construction that could be interpreted by a discourse exposition of proposal 2006/07:94 on tax relief for household.

    Thus, this thesis studies how the gender construction – and other social relations form an intersectional perspective – can be discussed from a gender perspective. Therefore, the study is based on Carol Bacchi’s analysis “What’s the problem represented to be? The method is based on how the problem is portrayed by studying the presented solution and also what effect and subject positions that are created through how the problem representation is presented. Bacchi’s research statement has been the model for the structure of the analysis – made within a neoliberal discourse linked to a gender discourse – in order to chart the gender construction that is created through the subject position that are presented in the proposal. Malin Rönnblom’s theory claims that articulating a policy creates a “doing” of politics. The analysis process therefore examined how the proposal “makes” the concept of equality and the way the “doing” affects subjects within the discourse. My conclusion is that the gender construction that has been created is the household women linked to the typical women’s work. The traditional gender roles are strengthened when one reproduces the women through the articulation of “feminine” within traditional household chores. The analysis also shows that the concept of equality, described the proposal, does not open up for any form of power analysis, not from an intersectional perspective and neither form a gender perspective. The final conclusion is that there is no possibility to affect the prevailing gender system that creates gender constructions. 

  • 8253.
    Zakrisson, Julia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Persson, Matilda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Hur påverkar automatiseringen av jobb arbetsmarknaden i Sverige?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The fact that technology is progressing is not anything new. Our environment is becoming much smarter due to computerization. When you go to the grocery store, it is increasingly common to see self-scanning check outs. The question is to what extent do these automations replace the human labor force and if this leads us into a fourth industrial revolution. In the United States, there has already been a change in the labor force where you can see a job polarization. Some have argued that this is also happening in Sweden right now and that low-wage as well as high- wage jobs increase while jobs in the middle category do not increase at the same rate or even in some cases, are decreasing. The purpose of this thesis is to investigate whether the SBTC theory and RBTC theory can be verified by in the Swedish labor market. Both theories aim at how technology and routine jobs affect the labor market. Furthermore the purpose is to investigate whether there is a wage polarization in Sweden and whether automation of jobs is the cause for this.

    The essay’s empirical data are based on quintile analysis on the number of employees in three- digit and four-digit Swedish occupational coding divided and ranked according to median salary. Furthermore we analyze how the difference in wages is affected by the different professions’ability to be automated by using regression analysis. This is done by using explanatory variables from a previous research. The results show proof of that a wage polarization is taking place in Sweden, but it remains uncertain whether the automation is the cause.

  • 8254.
    Zampieri, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Jag kan! ...Eller?: En självstudie i hur trygghet kan erfaras med hjälp av artistisk mental träning.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how a sense of safety can be developed using artistic mental training. The purpose is supported by the following research question: How do I experiecne that training can help me in the process of becoming more secure when I make music? The study is based on a phenomenological lifeworld perspective, where logbook writing is used as a method of documentation, supplemented with a video recording. The result is presented from the following themes: physical and mental relaxation, self-image, security through visualization and security within performing. Physical and mental relaxation describes how I percieved relaxation, on and off the stage. Under the self-image chapter, my inner work deepens and things such as acceptance and the using of words proves to be important. Security through visualization highlights the change in how I see myself and how my song technique is improved through visualization. Security within performing shows how I percieve security on the stage, which changes my approach to nervousness. Finally, a discussion follows from the result as well as other literature presented in the background chapter. The discussion raises themes such as relaxation, the power of words and the importance of self-esteem and acceptance, concluded with my own reflections, the importance of this study and further research opportunities.

  • 8255.
    Zanazanian, Paul
    et al.
    McGill University, Montreal.
    Nordgren, Kenneth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstads universitet.
    Introduction2019In: Journal of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 0022-0272, E-ISSN 1366-5839, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 771-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue contributes to a growing international dialogue on historical consciousness and its manifold implications for research and pedagogy in the area of history education. It questions general mind-sets that exert influence in the field and seeks to expand the boundaries of what scholars are currently doing. Holding the promise to build on historical consciousness’ general appeal, the aim is to find ways to tap into its full potential and to capture its workings as a social phenomenon that is basic to everyday human needs. Most scholars would agree that people’s understandings of the past, or rather of history’s workings, strongly impact individuals’ ability to navigate the world and to orient themselves temporally. Yet when it comes to being more precise in defining and operationalising historical consciousness, its elusive nature becomes apparent, making the whole process all the more challenging. Sometimes, a reliance on standard interpretations for conceptualizing historical consciousness contributes to such difficulties. Other times, it is a conflation of historical consciousness’ relevance and workings with other important concepts, such as historical thinking, without recognizing and questioning differences and tensions between them, that does so. Add to this the complexity of translating all that emerges into something pedagogically workable and of relevance to learners’ overall interests, then you have an entanglement that is hard to redress and that risks taking historical consciousness’ workings for granted

  • 8256.
    Zandbergs, Simon
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    "Let's Drink to 1997": The handover of Hong Kong, as seen in Hong Kong cinema 1986-19922015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Taking a look at ten films from the Hong Kong golden age 1986-1992 and how the common themes in these relate to the handover from United Kingdom to China in 1997, this essay investigates this with the use of a thematic analysis as well as with the theories of seeing “cinema as a mirror” and the way that the society and people of Hong Kong as a whole are reflected and identified in these films. From this it can be seen that the handover and themes closely related to it is recurring throughout the films of this period, but also how society and major political events are reflected in cinema.

  • 8257.
    Zander, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Fysisk aktivitet i förskolan: En enkätstudie om den fysiska aktiviteten i förskolan och pedagogernas synsätt2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today´s society health is a part of everyday life and good health in children is something that is important. Good conditions are needed for the children to be able to promote a physical lifestyle and this needs to be started already in preschool. The purpose of this study was to investigate what it looks like in preschool when it comes to physical activity and how teachers perceive it. The chosen method in the study was a questionnaire survey that resulted in 78 answered surveys from people who works at preschool´s. The theoretic perspective that is used in the study is Hannaford´s theory, it says that learning takes place throughout the whole body and not just in the head. In the results it appears that planned physical activity is something  that usually occurs 1-2 times a week and that the educators consider physical activity important to use in preschool. The educators also consider that they have not received such a large background of work with physical activity.

  • 8258.
    Zandieh, Nogol
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Förskollärares uppfattningar om barns inflytande i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My purpose with this degree project was to get an understanding of the preschool teacher's perception of the children’s influence in preschool. I performed my research through qualitative interviews in the shape of semi structured interviews, which included five preschool teachers from the same preschool. My results show that the preschool teacher’s perception of the children’s influence is that children must have the right and possibility to express their thoughts and opinions and get confirmed in the operation of the preschool. To enable this, the respondents have the same thoughts, that is, that the teachers assume children's interest. The responder’s methods differed from each other despite this to enable influence for the children in the preschool. This is that some respondents are waiting for children’s suggestions, thoughts and opinions to start an activity. While some respondents considered that influence is, that children should have free choice what to do based on what activity the preschool offers for prerequisites. The results also show that children cannot always get the way they want because of practical barriers, and that the framework is important for educators not to lose control in their activities and to contribute to the child's democratic education.

                                                                       

  • 8259.
    Zejnel, Adam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Frosterus, Anton
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Bakom väggarna i Våxnäs: En kvalitativ studie om hur fysisk utformning påverkar trygghet2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The physical design is the foundation of a well functioning society. Urban planning therefore plays an important role in the prevention of segregation. In today's Sweden there are serious difficulties, where the gaps are increasing in more and more cities. Class differences are clearly reflected in society where high income earners choose to settle in places that exclude the less wealthy people. Thus, marginalized areas are created, which are often referred to as more insecure.

    This thesis thus studies how the physical design tends to affect the father's perception of safety, as well as the concerns of their children. The aim of the study is therefore to achieve a deeper understanding, this from an in-depth perspective. In order to study the depth, therefore, qualitative interviews have been conducted with fathers in Våxnäs. With the help of previous and empirical research, the question formulations are examined in order to answer the purpose of the study.

    The study shows that physical factors, such as the condition of the area, lighting and areas without overview, affect the father's and their children's perception of safety. Continuingly, security is also affected by social and socio-economic aspects. Groupages and drugs are common in socio-economically weaker areas, causing concern and insecurity. Thus, this results in the fact that fathers frame restrictions of their children. The study shows that the physical design affects fathers perceptions of the security of Våxnäs. However, the subject is complex, as several aspects of interaction with each other affect the safety as a whole.

  • 8260.
    Zethraeus, Vera
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Sylvaner, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Fotbollssverige - en arena för jämställdhet?: En kvantitativ studie om svenska herr- och damfotbollslandslagens gestaltning i media.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out if male and female football players are presented in a different manner in Swedish newspapers, over time. Previous research shows that there are not enough studies done on sports framing in the Nordic countries, neither are there studies that take up how the framing changes over time, this became the starting point for the purpose and issue of this study. We have conducted a quantitative analysis of 200 random news articles from Swedish print media, during selected World Cup periods. McComb's and Shaw's agenda theory, Entman's framing theory and Hirdman's gender theory of gender contracts have served as the theoretical framework, in combination with previous research.

    To conduct the study, the following question have been examined; How is the Swedish national football team framed in news articles during the World Cup 2002/2003 and 2018/2019 and has the framing changed over the years? We have divided the main question into the following sub-questions;

    • How are male and female football players described and framed?

    • How do the newspapers prioritize between men and women in sports-related articles?

    • How do patterns and priorities differ between the investigated time periods?

      In the essay, patterns are defined as recurring differences based on gender, and priority is defined as the number of words in the article and the number of the page.

      The study shows differences in how Swedish media portrays men and women. Regardless of years, patterns show that men are mentioned in articles focusing on women but not the other way around, it is also clear that women are compared to men. The results also shows that most articles mention sports-related achievements. However, there are only minor differences in articles when it comes to the players look, family life and tonality between the female and male teams.

      On the other hand, there is a continuous development over time, where it has become more common to describe female football players based on their looks. The number of neutral articles, regarding female and male issues is increasing over time. There has also been a minor change in priority, where women are given an increasing number of pages and words, but the men are given more and more quotes.

      The study's conclusion is that in football, men are over-represented in sports journalism, both when it comes to content but also in the number of sources. However, based on the examined time periods, today there is a more equal approach between the national teams than it was 16 years ago.

  • 8261.
    Zethson, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    En drunknar, en flyter, varför?: En observationsstudie om förskollärares frågor när barn undersöker materials egenskaper2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine communication between preschool teacher and children while exploring properties of different kind of materials. The study is based on observations of structured nature. It is a planned activity at a preschool. In small groups the children are testing how different materials behaves in water.

    In the result the teachers are often asking questions to pay attention to the children’s activity. They are often using productive questions to encourage continues exploring. The preschool teacher follows up the response by confirming the children. With the purpose of not asking for the right answer but leading them to find it themselves. The response is sometimes followed by the preschool teachers own answers to the question, when they had a thought about what the children should experience. The study shows that children are curious to examine how different materials behaves in water. Questions from the preschool teachers help the children to pay attention to their exploration. Children who are guided to express their reflections in terms and words are challenged and included to participate in their learning process. The children get feedback on their questions and research continue.

  • 8262.
    Zetterberg, Arvid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Patientupplevd vårdnytta: Påverkar primärvårdens nettokostnader befolkningens självskattade vårdbehov.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to develop it is important for primary care to have the patients trust. Therefore, it is of great importance to investigate what influences if the population feel they have access to the health care they need. This paper examines the influence of two factors on the proportion of residents who feel they have access to the health care they need. The two factors are net cost of primary health care and the proportion of these costs that can be assigned to purchases of care from private companies. These relationships are examined by serval formulated models. To estimate the models, panel data of Swedish County Councils and the years 2005 to 2012 are used. The models are estimated with ordinary least squares method. The study cannot find a link between the two examined variables and the percentage of residents who feel they have access to the care they need. However, it seems to be a correlation between free choice of primary health care and the percentage of residents who feel they have access to the care they need.

  • 8263.
    Zetterlund, Annete
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Jonsson, Veronica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Motivation: "finns den och hur får vi den inom missbruksbehandling"2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8264.
    Zetterlund, Leyla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Surfplatta i förskolan: Pedagogers beskrivning av användandet av surfplatta2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe how educators percieve the use of tablet computer in preschool. The preschool in which the study was done is located in a municipality where all the preschool-departments had its own tablet computer. A total of six educators participated in the study, three from the 1-3 year departments and three from the 3-5 year departments. The method used in this study is qualitative interviews with low degree of standardization because the focus than is on how the respondent answers rather than the order of the questions.

    The result of this study suggests that the teachers percieve the tablet computer as an asset and it is considered to have many benefits. Documentations through images and videos is how it´s mostly being used. Children´s dialogue and interaction around the tablet computer is seen as important elements. The children use it mostly to watch pictures and movies, but they also play games on it. There are no obvious differences in how the tablet computer is used in the different departments.

  • 8265.
    Zetterlund, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Gymnasiesärskoleelevers uppfattningar om delaktighet vid samläsning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8266.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    The Los Angeles art scene & the Feminist Movement in the 1970s: Inclusions/Exclusions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8267.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Traumatic Social Memories and Visual Practises of Representation: A Case Study of Performances by Chicano artist Guillermo Gómez-Peña2014In: , 2014, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8268.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Whose culture?: Fine art and representation2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8269.
    Zettermark Javor, Elvira
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Dogru, Elif
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Män och kvinnors upplevelser om könsroller: En kvalitativ studie inom bankbranchen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this qualitative study, we have investigated which meaning gender roles have on bank and financial employees’ professional role, and whether male and female employees perceive their professional role differently. The study includes nine respondents' experiences of which six employees identify as female and three employees identify as male. The study has been conducted within three different organizations in different locations in Sweden. This study highlights the respondents' subjective experiences and experiences about gender roles. The results have been analysed using the sociological perspectives: role theory and symbolic interactionism, which explain how the respondents' roles are created, how they take place and how they perceive themselves based on gender roles. The study reveals that male and female employees experience gender roles in a similar way, that is, in accordance with the stereotypical characteristics based on what is considered male and female, respectively. However, the importance of gender roles in experiences differs and that inequality exists. Employees who identify as female feel that they need to perform at a higher level to become as appreciated as male colleagues. Women, to a greater extent than the men, felt that they were negatively addressed primarily by customers because of their perceived gender. The employees who identify as male felt that their gender served as a positive asset when it comes to respect and career advancement. The result showed that all respondents adapted to the prevailing stereotypical gender roles, however, that it occurs without any major reflection.

  • 8270.
    Zetterqvist, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    "Skolan är egentligen bara för de normala": Elevers erfarenheter av dyslexi och skolans engelskundervisning2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8271.
    Zhu, Yuxiang
    et al.
    Shandong University of Science and Technology, China.
    Peng, Yanjun
    Shandong University of Science and Technology, China.
    Asl, Arsineh Boodaghian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Dual Adaptive Adjustment for Customized Garment Pattern2019In: Scientific Programming, ISSN 1058-9244, E-ISSN 1875-919X, p. 1-12, article id 8069373Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present a dual adaptive garment slice adjustment technique for automatic resizing of apparel products with variant body shapes, and this technique can quickly generate clothed characters. Our first contribution is to propose a novel fit evaluation method. When a 2D garment pattern and a 3D draped garment have the same triangle topology connection, we calculate the shape variable of each triangle and output heat map simultaneously. For sewing a pattern to a newly targeted human body, we propose a fully automatic adjustment method that conforms to the body structure and is composed of two stages. In the coarse auto adjustment (CAA) stage, we propose a method of controlling the size of a garment by the length of a bounding box in five parts of the human body. Then, the garment pattern is automatically adjusted using the measured dimension, by stretching or shrinking. In the fine auto adjustment (FAA) stage, boundary vertices control the shape in the adjustment process. For better matching with the body, the vertices of the garment pattern boundary are relocated with the calculated moving distance and moving direction. As demonstrated in the results, our method enables fully automatic adjustment, preserving the original pattern style of garments between characters with vastly body shapes. Compared with the state-of-art 2D editing method, our proposed approach leads to time saving, and it achieves realistic garment effect compared to auto fitting methods.

  • 8272.
    Zimmerman, Zeina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Funktioner som bör ingå vid etablering av ett projektkontor - en fallstudie av projektledares upplevda behov2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Since the need to gain competitive advantage, organizations have developed more flexible organizational forms. Project management offices are such an example. They are complex to the extent that they can be organized in different ways, at different organizational levels and contain a spectrum of functions. Project management offices have, historically, been established without inventing the organization’s needs. The purpose of this thesis has been to investigate employee perceived needs for support in their project management role. This is to enable proposals for functions that should be included when establishing a supporting project management office within the studied organization. Eight semi-structured interviews have been conducted and data has been processed through thematic analysis. This resulted in four themes that describe the perceived needs of project managers: anchoring from start to finish, increased project maturity within the organization, coach available according to project manager’s needs and initial support through personal meetings. The four themes of the study were then discussed based on the model of Hobbs and Aubry from 2007, containing 27 project office functions, divided into five groups of functions. This lead to a number of concrete suggestions on support functions that should be included when establishing a project management office within the studied organization.  

  • 8273.
    Zineldin, Josef
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Fogelberg, Martina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Magnusson, Walter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Festivalsäkerhet2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8274.
    Zisimopoulou, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Romernas situation i Sverige: En studie över vilka typer av integrationsstrategier som återspeglas i Svensk politik2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this study is on the situation of Roma in Sweden. The purpose is to see the integration strategies that are reflected in Swedish politics, considering the inclusion of Roma. Idea analysis has been used as method, and I have analysed the text to find expressions of four different ideal types that represent four different types of integrations processes. The material consists of the government’s strategy plan for the Roma’s inclusion in Sweden between 2012-2032. Depending on what is being said in the government’s strategy plan about the inclusion of Roma, I will be able to categorize different parts of the text and place it under a certain ideal type, and consequently see the integration strategies that are reflected in Swedish politics.The essay’s results shows that the strategy for the Roma’s inclusion consist of two different ideas of integration processes. It also shows that the other two ideal types for integration processes do not occur in the strategy plan. The four ideal types are: ethnic assimilation, ethnic segregation, civic integration and multiculturalism. The results show that expressions of the last two ideal types are consistent throughout the government’s strategy plan for the Roma’s inclusion. Which one of the two integrations strategies that is the most dominant in the strategy plan has been hard to identify.

    Keywords: Roma, Inclusion, Integration strategies

  • 8275.
    Zjajo, Aida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    "En människa är en människa": En kvalitativ studie om identitetskonstruktion2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how three men with immigrant backgrounds talk about their experiences of living in Sweden. The question of issue is partially how the experience of being immigrants is reflected in the individuals own stories about identity, and partially how their own approach and storytelling is related to identity construction.

    The study is based on research that takes its support in narrative method with the hermeneutic perspective. In such a combination the narrative method focuses on the terms of storytelling and the narrative structure as well as content while the hermeneutic part focuses on the basic dimension that deals with the human’s ability to create content and meaning (Skott 2004). By using this method I agree with the tradition of research that emphasizes the similarities between identity and narrative. In this way I join the tradition of an ontological approach that argues that social reality is inherently narrative.

    The result from this study, and also the results from previous research, shows that there are different experiences and diverse identities.

    Keywords: Identity, identity construction, narrative.

  • 8276.
    Zjajo, Amir
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lärande i arbetet utifrån medarbetares perspektiv: En kvalitativ studie om medarbetares upplevelse av och motivation till lärande i arbetet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8277.
    Zjajo, Faruk
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lean production och arbetsmotivation: En studie om hur olika komponenter inom lean production inverkar på kollektivanställdas arbetsmotivation2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a master’s (1) thesis in working life science carried out during the spring term of 2014. The purpuse of the study was to examine work motivation among employees in a manufacturing plant that uses lean production principles and tools. The approach has been to investigate whether elements of lean production, such as teams and participation, has a positive impact on intrinsic motivation, which was operationalized as job satisfaction and engagement.

         The study was based on a qualitative approach with a hermeneutik perspective. Data has been obtained form a total of 12 respondents, all from the same factory in Svealand. The theoretical base regarding work motivation is largely based on the work of Abraham Maslow (1943), Frederick Herzberg (1987; 1993) and also Richard Hackman and Greg Oldham (1974; 1976).

         The results indicate that employees are driven by both intrinsic and extrinsic motivatators in their work. The results suggest that elements such as 5S and job rotation have a positive impact on job satisfaction but that no elements of lean production lead to engagement. Engagement is rather the cause of factors other than lean production.

  • 8278.
    Zjajo, Faruk
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Nilsson, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Motivation till karriär: En undersökning av motivation och möjligheter till chefskap2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen handlar om chefer och vad som motiverat dem till att bli chefer. Våra utgångspunkter i denna uppsats har varit begreppen motivation och karriär. Vi har utfört en kvalitativ undersökning där vi intervjuat åtta personer i olika typer av chefspositioner. Studien är i sin helhet gjord bland chefer på ett och samma företag inom näringslivet.

    Uppsatsen inleds med att vi klargör för begreppen karriär och motivation samt presenterar studiens syfte och frågeställning för att på så vis skapa större förståelse för kärnan i vår uppsats.

    I teoriavsnittet tar vi upp och beskriver skilda teorier som vi i vårt arbete använt oss av. Vi har valt teorier som behandlar individuella skillnader, motivation och mänskliga behov samt yttre faktorer som kan tänkas påverka individens karriär.

    Under metodavsnittet beskriver vi vilka överväganden och val vi gjort under arbetets gång. Bland annat tar vi upp vårt som val av intervjuteknik och de etiska aspekterna av att utföra en undersökning.

    Resultatet av vår studie pekar på att motivation inte har varit en avgörande faktor utan det är slumpen i kombination med många andra faktorer som lett till att de hamnat där de är idag. Vi kan konstatera att eftergymnasialutbildning i någon form är ett karaktäristiskt drag samtidigt som familj och klasstillhörighet också spelar en roll. Prestation och en stark strävan till att utmana sig själv verkar i detta fall vara mer åtråvärt än den ekonomiska delen. Tron på sig själv och en dominerande inställning av att alltid göra sitt bästa är något av ett genomsyrande tema, samtidigt som chanstagning och oräddhet för nya möjligheter också måste finnas där.    

    Uppsatsen avslutas med en summering och avslutande diskussion angående slutsatser och den process som detta arbete inneburit samt förslag till framtida forskning.

  • 8279.
    Zola, Enrica
    et al.
    Spain.
    Kassler, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT (from 2013).
    Minimizing the impact of the handover for mobile users in WLAN: A study on performance optimization2016In: Computer Networks, ISSN 1389-1286, E-ISSN 1872-7069, Vol. 107, p. 292-303Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    IEEE 802.11 based Wireless LANs are an important piece in today’s communication infrastructure in order to provide high speed wireless Internet access to static or quasi mobile users. For large WLAN deployments (i.e., Campus or enterprise WLAN), it is important to understand the impact of user mobility and handovers on the system performance. In this article, we have developed a performance model for a set of networked 802.11 based WLAN Access Points, which is based on a Mixed Integer Linear Program (MILP). The objective function tries simultaneously to maximize the total system rate while at the same time minimizing the number of handovers for a configurable handover signaling rate. Because of the conflicting nature of the two objective functions, such multi-objective optimization is difficult to explore. A detailed evaluation of the model using several scenarios involving both different numbers of static and mobile users shows that our formulation allows trading off those two objectives in a robust way. 

  • 8280.
    Zujev, Mikhail
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Sveriges ’’nya arbetarparti’’, ett påstående eller en verklig förändring?: En ideologisk undersökning av moderaternas partiprogram2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8281.
    Zätterman, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Att ge bekräftelse i sångundervisning: En observationsstudie av sångpedagogers användning av semiotiska resurser i sångundervisning på kulturskola och gymnasieskola.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how confirmation is designed in singing lessons at arts school and high school. In the background chapter, previous research in feedback and confirmation is presented in different kinds of education styles. The design theoretical perspective constitutes the theoretical premise of this study, as it is the semiotic resources which are observed when confirmation is uttered. The study is based on the qualitative approach with video observation as method. Video observations were made at arts schools and high schools where three singing teachers combined were observed. The recorded material was then analyzed with a focus on the semiotic resources that the teachers use in their education when they give confirmation to the students. The results show that singing teachers use piano, body resources and the voice to give confirmation. It also shows that there are two different forms of confirmation – direct confirmation and indirect confirmation. The discussion illustrates confirmation with visible message and unclear or double message.

  • 8282.
    Zätterman, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    "Ja, de' blir så mycke' bättre": En självobservation om att engagera funktionsnedsatta i ensembleverksamhet med hjälp av olika semiotiska resurser2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this study I have, by observing myself, analysed how I as a future music teacher educates adults with learning disabilities in ensemble situations. The purpose has been to study which semiotic resources I use during classes, how they are being used and in which way they are changing as the lessons progresses. My method has been video recordings and supplementing logbook notes. The ensemble group consisted of approximately ten adults with learning disabilities and two to five teachers who usually work with the group. Together we had four lessons in which I taught them about singing, instruments and playing in ensemble. In the result I have used the following themes: Lesson 1, Lesson 2 & 3 and Lesson 4. Which resources I use and how they are being used depends in these cases foremost on which instruments the group are playing. The result is discussed subsequently based on preconditions, the multimodal perspective as well as previous research.

  • 8283.
    Ängmo, Ludvig
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Att hantera livets alla delar: Upplevelser och attityder till work-life balance hos personal inom rättspsykiatri och vård2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8284.
    Ärlevik, Josefin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter i förskoleklass: En kvalitativ studie om verksamma pedagogers förståelse, lärande och stöttning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study has been to illustrate how some active educators understand reading and writing difficulties, how they use learning methods and how they support students with difficulties. The study is structured on a qualitative interview conducted with two primary school teachers and one preschool teacher from different schools.

     

    The results of the study show that educators find it difficult to define and differentiate between different difficulties. There are different opinions about causal factors. Bornholmsmodellen is recommended in the work of reading and writing difficulties. Children's learning is primarily influenced by the teacher. Discussions in a community are a major part of preventive work. It is less common to identify children in pre-school classes and there is a great lack of specialist teachers

     

    I would like to thank Rakel Johnson, who has been my supervisor during the study. I would also like to thank the educators who took the time to interview.

  • 8285.
    Åberg, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Kommunikation och samspel inom särskolnas fritids: Pedagogensolika metoder för att skapa en fungerande kommunikation2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur samspelet mellan pedagog och elever med kommunikationsvårigheter ser ut inom särskolan. Studien undersöker även vilka metoder som används för att kommunikation mellan pedagog och elev skall vara tydlig och nå fram. Jag har utfört fem semistrukturerade intervjuer med fritidspedagoger som arbetar inom särskolan i en och samma kommun. Resultatet av min studie är att pedagogerna ser samspel och kommunikation som en stor del av barns utveckling och lärande. Det är av stor vikt att barn som har talsvårigheter får möjlighet till att lära sig kommunicera med hjälp av alternativ och kompletterande kommunikation (AKK), för att inte stanna upp i sin utveckling. Pedagogerna i intervjuerna är överens om att de behöver en bred kunskap i olika kommunikativa metoder för att kunna samspela utifrån varje barns behov. Om pedagog och elev inte kan kommunicera med varandra är förutsättningarna ytterst små eller inga alls för att pedagogen ska kunna förse barnet med ny kunskap.

    Nyckelord: Kommunikation, samspel, pedagog och barn

  • 8286.
    Åberg, Joachim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Riskpreferenser – Vad styr dem?: En studie med fokus på finansiell förmåga, räknefärdigheter och kognitiva färdigheter.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this paper is to examine characteristics that affect the risk preferences of individuals. Apart from gender, age and income that have been extensively studied, this essay also takes into account financial literacy, numeracy and cognitive abilities. In previous studies results have indicated that the latter three have a big influence on our risk preferences. This might explain why age, income and male gender tends to be associated with risk tolerance. Do these variables explain our preferences better than the demographic and the economic?

    These abilities were settled through a questionnaire. The questionnaire was answered by students studying at basic level courses at Karlstad’s university.

    The results in this paper did not show any statistically significant results indicating that any of these variables were affecting the individuals risk preferences. The respondents were all students and thus, a very homogenous group when it came to age and income. These characteristics together with gender did not either yield any statistically significant results.

  • 8287.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Att bli forskare på vinst och förlust2004In: Ljusgården. Meddelanden från Etnologiska institutionen Göteborgs universitet, ISSN 1103-386X, Vol. 19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8288.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Att synliggöra olikheter - en strategi med blinda fläckar2008In: Uppdrag mångfald. Lärarutbildning i omvandling / [ed] Marie Carlson & Annika Rabo, Umeå: Boréa , 2008Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 8289.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Change and diversity in Swedish teacher education - a discourse analytical approach to students views on becoming a teacher2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8290.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Lärardrömmar: Om makt, mångfald och konstruktioner av lärarsubjekt2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Swedish teacher education was reformed at a national level in 2001. This thesis takes as its point of departure one of the many sites where new teachers are educated in Sweden, the Teacher Training Programme at Göteborg University. The purpose of the thesis is to analyse how norms for new teachers are sustained within teacher training, and what teacher subjectivities emerge from them. The main theoretical influences are poststructuralist discourse theory and postcolonialism. Important concepts used in the thesis are power, normalisation, and decentered subjects. A discourse analytical approach is used to analyse the ethnographic material, interviews, policy and regulation documents, and media material forming the empirical base of the study. Field work was conducted for three semesters in the Teacher Training Programme between the years 2002-2005. The courses attended were all part of the common field of education (AUO), a novelty of the reformed education where student teachers aiming for different age groups, take courses together. Individual and group interviews were made with eleven student teachers. Some shorter interviews with teacher educators and organisers of courses were also conducted. Four different regulating norms about new teachers are interrogated in the thesis. These are norms about: the personal teacher, the flexible and independent teacher, the teacher as an individual, and finally the norm about the diverse teacher.

    The interrogation of these norms show that there exists a constant power struggle within the Teacher Training Programme. The norms are not hegemonic, but they nevertheless set a standard through which teacher subjectivities emerge. The main argument in the thesis is that the norms are formulated through a discourse of use-value, which demands of new teachers that they are personal, flexible, independent and diverse in a manner that coincides with the logic of use-value. As a consequence, important questions of power were rarely addressed, remaining norms of swedishness, heterosexuality, and middle-class values unchallenged. This meant that a privileged subject position was construed, suited for those new teachers who pass as Swedish, heterosexual and middle-class.

  • 8291.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Making the diverse teacher - on difference as norm in Swedish teacher education2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8292.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Om nyttiga sallader i högskolefältets mångfaldstal2002In: Ljusgården. Meddelanden från Etnologiska institutionen Göteborgs universitet, ISSN 1103-386X, Vol. 19Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8293.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Rec. av Eddy Nehls: Vägval. Lastbilsförare i fjärrtrafik - perspektiv på yrkeskultur och genus2004In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, no 1-2, p. 154-157Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 8294.
    Åberg, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Stenstodens metamorfos - om att bli en föränderlig lärare i en föränderlig utbildning i en föränderlig tid, eller inte2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8295.
    Åberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för genusforskning. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning.
    Hedlin, Maria
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    The preschool teacher – a threat?: On touch and gender in teacher-student interaction in preschools.2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Proposal Information

    In this paper we discuss the physical interaction between teachers and students in Early Childhood Education from a sociological perspective.

    Physical interaction between teachers and students is an integral component of teachers’ work in preschools, and numerous psychological and neuro-psychological studies have shown that touch benefits children’s well-being (see e.g. Montagu 1986; Field 2003). Research has however also shown that while most teachers are confident that touch is beneficial for children, fewer of them actually use touch in their professional work. According to the teachers this is in part due to fears of being accused of ‘inappropriate’ touching (Owen and Gillentine 2011; cf. Stamatis 2011).

    Jones (2001) and King (2004) have shown that male preschool teachers are more likely than female teachers to be suspected of inappropriate touching of children (cf. Berill & Martino 2002; Foster & Newman 2005; Sargent 2005; Gilbert & Williams 2008). But this phenomenon also affects women (Andrzejewski & Davis 2007; Åberg & Hedlin 2012a).

    In an on-going project we are investigating how norms for gender are established, maintained and challenged through physical interaction between teachers and students in preschools. In this paper we will report preliminary results from the project.

    The study is inspired by Piper and Stronach’s (2007) concept ‘relational touch’. This concept does not presuppose the meaning of touch in teacher-student interactions. Rather, it opens for a dynamic analysis which search for social, cultural, organizational and material factors impacting on how touch is used and interpreted by teachers in relation to the pedagogical practice. The concept of ‘relational touch’ is in alignment with how we use the concept of gender in the study. The concept of gender deals with how verbal, bodily and material aspects of social relations create a dynamic pattern in gender relations, what Connell has called a gender order (cf. Connell 2009). Thus, we understand touch and gender as norms which are created by and create social, cultural and material practices (Butler 2004).

    Many European and Western societies have seen an expansion of the means to protect children. This has put focus on teachers’ subjectivities. A safe environment for the child demands a ‘safe’ teacher (cf. Johnson 2001; Jones 2004; McWilliam & Jones 2005). Although it has been claimed that the Scandinavian countries has escaped the negative discourse of the ‘safe teacher’ (cf. Cameron 2001) we have indications that this discourse is impacting also on the supposedly gender equal Utopia of Scandinavia. For example, some preschools have regulated physical interaction by prohibiting children’s nudity, and new legislation has been enacted to prevent sexual offenders to work with children (Åberg & Hedlin 2012). To understand touch in preschools it is important to grasp the globalization of this discourse, and in the paper we will relate the developments in Sweden and Scandinavia to the broader European context. We will explore the impact of external and internal governance, i.e. how media reports and changes in educational policies are connected to teachers’ means of reflexivity and self-governance in relation to touch (cf. Alison 2004).

    Methodology or Methods/ Research Instruments or Sources Used

    The reserch questions which we investigate in on ongoing project are the following: A) How has physical interaction between teachers and students been discussed in Swedish newspapers and preschool teachers’ professional journals in the last 30 years? B) How have the local policies of Swedish day care centers and preschools in relation to physical interaction between teachers and students changed over time? C) How do Swedish male and female preschool teachers with varying amounts of work experience reflect on touch as part of their work?We answer questions A) and B) through discourse analysis (Howarth 2000) of some 30 years of publications of nationally distributed newspapers and preschool teachers’ professional journals. For question C) we conduct reflexive interviews (Thomsson 2002) with female and male preschool teachers with varying amounts of work experience.

    Conclusions, Expected Outcomes or Findings

    Most of the data for this study will be gathered during the spring of 2013. Therefore we cannot yet say that much about the results of the study. However, results from a previous interview study (Åberg & Hedlin 2012; Hedlin & Åberg 2013) with student teachers currently training to be teachers have relevance for this paper. In that study we discovered three different discursively constructed subject positions which students enacted in relation to the risks of ‘inappropriate touching’. The first was a self-disciplining position which men and women entered who felt anxieties that e.g. parents could use ‘inappropriate touch’ as a rhetorical power tool against teachers they didn’t approve of. A second position was individualistic, where students – both men and women – refused to acknowledge that the teacher’s gender had an impact on teachers’ and students’ physical interaction. The third position was a body-reflexive masculine position, entered by male students who had experienced that they had been limited or refused to perform certain ‘sensitive’ work tasks, due to their male bodies (Åberg & Hedlin 2012). In the present paper, we will further develop this analysis.

    References

    Andrzejewski, Carey E. & Davis, Heather A. (2007). Human contact in the classroom.Exploring how teachers talk about and negotiate touching students. Teaching and TeacherEducation. No. 24, pp. 779-794.Berill, Deborah, P., & Martino, Wayne (2002). ”Pedophiles and Deviats”: Exploring Issues ofSexuality, Masculinity and Normalization in the Lives of Male Teacher Candidates. In RitaM. Kissen (Ed.) Getting ready for Benjamin: Preparing teachers for sexual diversity in theclassroom. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield.Butler, Judith (2004). Undoing gender. New York: Routledge. Foster, Tor & Newman, Elizabeth (2005). Just a knock back? Identity bruising on the route tobecoming a male primary school teacher. Teachers and Teaching: theory and practice.Vol. 11, no. 4. pp 341-358.Johnson, Richard (2001). Rethinking risk and the child body in the era of ‘no touch’. In.Alison Jones (ed.) Touchy subject. Teachers touching children. Dunedin: University ofOntago Press.Jones, Alison (2004). Social anxiety, sex, surveillance, and the ‘safe’ teacher. British Journalof Sociology of Education, Vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 53-66.King, James. R. (2004). The (im)possibility of gay teachers for young children. Theory IntoPractice, Vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 122-127.McWilliam, Erica & Jones, Alison (2005). An unprotected species? On teachers as riskysubjects. British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 109-120.Owen, Pamela M. & Gillentine, Jonathan (2011) Please touch the children. Appropriate touch in the primary classroom. Early Child Development and Care. Vol. 181, no. 6, pp. 857-868. Piper, Heather & Stronach, Ian (2007) Don’t touch! The educational story of a panic. London: Routledge. Åberg, Magnus & Hedlin, Maria (2012a). Förskolläraren – ett hot? (The preschool teacher – a threat?). Norsk pedagogisk tidskrift. Vol. 96, no. 6, pp 441-452.

  • 8296.
    Åberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centrum för genusforskning (from 2013).
    Hedlin, Maria
    Linnaeus University.
    Johansson, Caroline
    Linnaeus University.
    Preschool anxieties: Constructions of risk and gender in preschool teachers’ talk on physical interaction with children2018In: Journal of Early Childhood Research, ISSN 1476-718X, E-ISSN 1741-2927, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 104-115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research shows that inexperienced preschool teachers experience anxiety in physical interaction with children. Against this backdrop, this article investigates how student-teachers and newly graduated preschool teachers talk about the risk of being accused of inappropriately touching children. This article is based on interviews with 20 women and men who recently started working in preschools, or who are soon to graduate as preschool teachers. Building on the notion of relational touch, the article shows that concerns over touch involve much more than the physical act itself. Relations among teachers, parents, children, management and policies are actualised in the informants’ narratives, narratives that are also tied to notions of gender and gender equality. The article shows that anxiety over touch is not gender-specific. The concept of relational touch is suggested as a tool to gain a nuanced understanding of the worries that especially newly educated preschool teachers can experience in relation to touch.

  • 8297.
    Åberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Gender Studies (from 2013).
    Olin-Scheller, Christina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Wolf cries: On Power, Emotions and Critical Literacy in First-Language Teaching in Sweden2018In: Gender and Education, ISSN 0954-0253, E-ISSN 1360-0516, Vol. 30, no 7, p. 882-898Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adopting a critical literacy perspective in teaching is about howexperiences, social contexts, languages, learning and powerrelations interact in language development. In this article, weexplore how students’ critical literacies are enhanced and hinderedby emotional power relations in the classroom. We investigatewhat happens when emotionally charged texts – here texts aboutwolves in Sweden – are used in lower secondary schools. Drawingon two examples we illustrate different ways of enhancingstudents’ critical approach to the argumentative text type. Thearticle highlights the affective aspects of teaching, and thusthe unforeseeable aspects of classroom interaction. Emotionally,the wolf issue became very different objects for the personsoccupying the classrooms. It invoked, e.g. homosocial relations,racist accounts and nationalistic outbursts. The article stresses thesignificance of teacher intervention but argues that to facilitatecritical literacy in emotionally charged classrooms, the circulationof emotions, including teachers’ emotions must be brought to light.

  • 8298.
    Åberg, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    A looking-glass of modernity: Satire and postwar politics in Sweden2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8299.
    Åberg, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Elusive alliance: The German occupation of Poland in World War I2018In: Nationalities Papers, ISSN 0090-5992, E-ISSN 1465-3923, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 526-527Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8300.
    Åberg, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Liberalism and Revivalism: A Comparative Case Study of Liberal Ideology, Individualism, and Revivalism in Schleswig-Holstein and Värmland, ca 1860-19202013In: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 38, no 2, p. 154-179Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Only rarely have the non-secular roots of modern political individualism been subject to study. In this article I forward the hypothesis that modern political individualism, as expressed by 19th-century liberalism, was a result of individualistic, low Church and nonconformist revivals to the same extent that it was a product of secular rationalism. The hypothesis is probed in a comparative case study of rural liberalism in two north European regions, Schleswig-Holstein (Germany) and Värmland (Sweden). I address three key requirements of the hypothesis: that the nonconformist revival movements in 18th and 19th-century northern Europe promoted an individualistic outlook among their followers; that individuality rooted in religious awakenings was congenial to liberal ideology; and that traits of non-secular individualism were incorporated with everyday liberal political discourse and practice.

163164165166167168169 8251 - 8300 of 8477
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf