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  • 8201.
    Wikman, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Fernbratt, Elisabeth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Allmänhetens uppfattning av den värmländska symbolen.2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8202.
    Wikman, Helén
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Elevernas uppfattning av  att skriva sig till läsning genom ASL: möjliga yrkespraktiska konsekvenser på speciallärarnas profession2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8203.
    Wikman Klang, Josefin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lidberg Spångberg, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Heltidsarbetande brandmän: Hur brandmannayrket påverkar work life balance och pappaledigheten2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8204.
    Wiksell, Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Campaigning for cooperatives as resistance to neoliberal capitalism2017In: Journal of Political Power, ISSN 2158-379X, E-ISSN 2158-3803, Vol. 10, no 2, p. 236-254Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates the eventual performance of critical resistance to neoliberal capitalism in the discourse of a marketing campaign that promotes the organisational form of cooperatives. Through discourse analysis, this article shows that the performed resistance activity in the campaign discourse is non-critical resistance since the dominant discourse of neoliberal capitalism is reproduced. The analysis displays that affective and economic articulations are intertwined in resistance through the discursive promotion of cooperation. The article contributes to understandings of cooperation as potential resistance to neoliberal capitalism, and highlights the risk of resistance simultaneously reproducing the power of dominant discourses. 

  • 8205.
    Wiksten, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Vi lär oss hela livet: En kvalitativ studie om hur fritidspedagoger resonerar kring lärande och utveckling2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

     

    The purpose of this study was to find out how leisure educator´s reason about children’s learning and development, and their view of their own role in the process. Four leisure educators were interviewed to answer these questions. The study is based on qualitative interviews, wich means that the interviewer must interpret and understand what the respondents want to say. This is to get a deeper knowledge of the subject.

     

    The results show that the leisure educators believe they have a large and important role in children's development and learning. It is important that the correct conditions exist for them to be able to see each child's needs and interests. The conditions are that the presence of trained staff, adequate staff and a good working relationship with the school. However, all respondents believe that there is insufficient knowledge of principals and school management. They argue that we need more knowledge about their professional role in child development and learning. This is to carry out a solid work with the children.

     

    Keywords: leisure centers, leisure educator, development of children´s learning

  • 8206.
    Wiksten, Isabell
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Ström, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Sociala medier - en påverkande faktor på identitetsutveckling och psykiskt välbefinnande: En kvalitativ studie om unga kvinnors uppfattningar och erfarenheter av sociala medier2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine and highlight young women’s opinions and experiences of how Social Media affect their identity development and psychological well-being. It’s a qualitative study based on two focus groups, including three women in each group who studies on an academic level and are in the ages 18-25. One individual interview was also conducted with a professional, who works at a support clinic for mental illness amongst youth. The theoretical basis of the analysis is symbolic interactionism, social interaction, stigma and shame. The study is based on a symbolic interactionist perspective which highlights social interaction, stigma and shame. According to the women, Social Media can have both positive and negative impact on their identity development and psychological well-being. The women experiencing that Social Media increases users’ awareness of beauty standards; others judgement of one others’ presentation of themselves; stress caused by constant availability and exposure of information. The study shows that stress and a negative self-image can decrease the psychological well-being and affect the identity development.

  • 8207.
    Wikström, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Bruksbygdens kvinnor: En studie av kvinnans deltagande inom studiecirklar i Deje 1950-19702016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis is about women and their participation in study circles in the industrial town of Deje between 1950-1970. The purpose of this Bachelor thesis is to examine the participation of women in study circles in an industrial town. The research questions for my thesis are the following: 1. How did the participation of study circles look like in the industrial town of Deje between the years 1950-1970? 2. In which study circles did women participate in during the research period and how can it be understood in relation to the surrounding industrial town? My research includes qualitative studies of literature, protocols, attendance lists and documents concerning ABF’s work that´s archived in Archives centre in Karlstad. My research has also consisted of quantitative studies as interpretive methods have been used in the survey. I have been looking into ABF’s documentation concerning the activity in Deje to see which study circles the people in Deje participated in and compared them to how the choose what they studied. The theory that I have chosen for this thesis is Yvonne Hirdman´s theory about “Gender contract”. The subject I researched in changed a lot during these 20 years that was researched. During the 1950s, the women was a minority when it came to study circles. Most people who studied consisted in majority of men and there was just a few women in some of the circles. The study circles changed during the 1960s when women started to study more than earlier. It created more circles that there were only women in and men had since before a lot circles where it rarely appeared women in. This did not create more equal circles during these years, instead it created more study circles that were sex-segregated. It was also during the 1960s more study circles that was related to work and especially to the paper and mass factory that was in Deje during this time. The study circles which were related to the work place had no female participants, but a few years after got more women into the study circles and whom could be connected with their standard of living in Deje during this time. The results of the research have also shown that Deje alone to have it this way. Both Lesjöfors and Munkfors were towns that had similar standards and that show us that industrial towns work in similar ways during this period.

  • 8208.
    Wikström, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Muslimska främlingar: En enkätstudie av gymnasieelevers uppfattningar av islam2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

     

    This Bachelor essay is about students on upper-secondary school perceptions of Islam by the media and the education in schools. The purpose of this Bachelor thesis is to therefore to examine students on upper-secondary school perceptios of Islam and if the education in school and the media report influences their private opinions and attitudes.

    The research questions for my thesis are the following:

    1. How is Islam perceived in the education in school by the students in upper-secondary school?
    2. How is Islam percieved in the media report by the students in upper-secondary school?
    3. What can be said by the students in upper-secondary school private opinions in relations to media and the education in school?

    My research includes qualitative studies of literature and by the students survey responses that is presented in the research. The research has also consisted of quantitative studies as the research questions requires some measurable results. The survey questions in the research is connected to the education in school, the media and the students own opinion. The main theory that I have chosen for this thesis is Anthony Giddens and Philip W. Sutton´s theory about ”The process of socialization”.

    The subject i researched in shows that the students perceive the school as something positive despite the fact that the men in question perceive the school as more negative than the women. Media has temendous impact on people´s thoughts and feelings, affecting students perceptions of Islam. The media are guided by people´s need for interesting news. The perceptions of the students are influenced by the education in school and the media, but the survey shows that much else also plays a part in the process of socialization.

    The results of the research have also shown that this study has the same patterns as has been demonstrated in several other studies. Previous studies and my survey show that people have relatively negative perceptions of Islam and that it is seen as something new where Sweden has a responibility to solve.

  • 8209.
    Wikström, Barbro
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Att gå, och hitta sig själv: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelse av att vandra på pilgrimsled2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the experience of going on a pilgrimage through a qualitative method. Nine individual interviews was conducted and analyzed with thematic analysis. The inclusion criteria required that the participants should have walked on pilgrimage at least two days. Thematic analysis revealed five themes. The first theme,Concern and apprehension, which described the respondents concerns about the hiking, both physically, practical and psychological. The second theme, The approach on the walk, describing that sub-goals and self-efficacy enabled the walkers to reach the goal. The third theme, Part of a context, described what other hikers and the culture along the trail meant for the hikers experience of feeling safe and connected. The forth theme, The meditative wanderinggave room for thoughts and feelings, describing the experience of the monotonous in the walking that opened up for emotions and thoughts that need to be processed and finally the fifth theme, Collision between the outer and inner world, which showed that it is not so easy to share an experience of internal change. The results showed that important decisions were taken during walking and that the meditative and open culture of feelings during walking enabled respondents to get in touch with their emotions and get the feeling of well being. The conclusion was that it is important for people to have places and time to reflect and think about life in order to feel good. That walking on pilgrimage is a tool for it and an opportunity to physically move while finding yourself.

  • 8210.
    Wikström, Barbro
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Att vara sin egen lyckas smed: Att fylla livet med mening och inte bara med årEn kvalitativ studie om personer över 80 år tillhörande den fjärde åldern2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande studie undersökte personer över 80 år och tillhör den mycket sena vuxenåldern som också kallas ”den fjärde åldern”. Fyra personer intervjuades individuellt och de delade med sig av sin berättelse om sin vardag och genom det också förhållningsätt till sin livssituation.Genom tematisk analys framkom tre teman: temat Förhållningssätt till livet visade på vikten av att ha förmåga och tilltro till sig själv att kunna påverka sitt eget liv. Temat Möten som ger livet mening pekade på att den sociala gemenskapen är en stor del av glädjen i livet. Slutligen temat Kroppens förgänglighet som speglade att åldrandet gör att kroppen tappar funktioner men att det finns möjligheter att förhålla sig till det på ett positivt sätt.Slutsatserna var att det är viktigt att ha drömmar och framtidstro. Att kunskaper om åldrande kan hjälpa till med anpassning och acceptans och att det också hjälper till att inse vad som går eller inte går att påverka i sitt liv. Den egna rollen att påverka och vara aktiv i sin vardag är alltså viktig även för personer över 80 år. Ett bra sätt att förhålla sig till sitt liv är att förstå vikten av att det man gör påverkar det egna och andras liv. För att klara av att Vara sin egen lyckas smed behöver man tilltro till sig själv och sin egen förmåga och kunna acceptera det som inte går att förändra. Men man behöver också inse kraften i att få och be om hjälp av andra i sin gemenskap.

  • 8211.
    Wikström, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Självförtroende och läs- och skrivsvårigheter: Hur lärare arbetar och uppfattningen kring självförtroendets inverkan2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to read is fundamental in our society to cope with both everyday life and education. Simultaneously, it is many times our ability to perform that determines our value. (Taube, 1998, pp. 80-81) How do difficulties in a child’s early education of learning how to read and write, affect their self-image?

    The aim of this study is to investigate how teachers and special educators perceive reading and writing difficulties and self-esteem as phenomena and how they affect each other. Questions answered are

    What do teachers perceive as reading and writing difficulties?

    What thoughts do teachers have about the relationship between self-esteem and reading and writing difficulties?

    How do teachers believe a student’s self-esteem can be built up when the student is experiencing reading and writing difficulties?

    This is a qualitative study based on five semi-structured interviews with teachers and special education teachers in different elementary schools. Through the phenomenological approach, to describe how people perceive the chosen phenomena, and the socio-cultural perspective, where learning is seen as a social phenomenon, the interviews were analysed on the basis of three trials, reading and writing difficulties, self-esteem and self-image, as well as the role of the teachers and their support.

    The study concludes that individual based education, a good classroom climate and encouragement are perceived as important aspects for students with reading and writing difficulties and / or low self-esteem.

  • 8212.
    Wikström, Dennis
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Utveckling av praktiska övningar i ämnet musikproduktion: Konsten att analysera och reflektera över ljudbilder2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8213.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Williams, Helén
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Trischler, Jakob
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Rowe, Zane
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    The importance of packaging functions for food waste of different products in households2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 9, p. 1-16, article id 2641Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The United Nations sustainability goal SDG 12.3 is to reduce the amount of food that is wasted by half, due to environmental and social reasons. This paper aims to analyse the most important packaging functions that affect food waste in households for different products, as the reason for wastage can be expected to differ between different products. The reasons for food wastage of different categories and products have been compiled through literature studies, and possible improvements of packaging functions to reduce food waste have been identified. In addition, an expert workshop judged the most important packaging functions to reduce food waste for a number of products. They also discussed the obstacles and possibilities to realise the packaging improvements. This study confirms that how packaging functions influence food waste on the product level is a highly unexplored question. Most likely, there is high potential to reduce food waste through better adaptions of packaging functions to user needs and habits. Both the literature study and the expert workshop show that less food per pack and better information regarding food safety and storage have high potential to reduce food waste, but also that product specific considerations are necessary.

  • 8214.
    Wikström, Jonna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Finns förmågan om den inte kommer av sig själv: Röster om bedömning av kunskaper och förmågor hos elever med dyslexi i skolans sociala praktik2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims at investigating how a number of students diagnosed with dyslexia and some of their teachers reason on grades and assessment. Interviews were chosen as method to highlight the teachers’ and students’ thoughts and experiences in relation to the investigated subject matter. Five teachers and four students participated in semi-structured interviews, on the basis of a number of predefined questions.

     The results were analyzed on the basis of Roger Säljö’s interpretation of Vygotsky’s socio-cultural theory. The study’s results demonstrate that communication in various forms plays an important part in the assessment and that this communication mostly took place between teachers, and to a lesser extent between teacher and students. Furthermore, the study indicated that the tool which above all formed the basis for the assessment were the proficiency requirements defined in the curriculum. The results also show that the school environment regarded as a cultural operational system is largely based on written communication, which could disfavour students with reading and writing difficulties and that several teachers also reflected on the use of the exception in the Education Act as well as the appropriate level of support and the extent to which the proficiency requirements could be disregarded during the assessment. The teachers' response to, and understanding of, the reading and writing difficulties of the students is also highlighted in the results of the interviews.

  • 8215.
    Wikström, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Check! Projektmedarbetares behov av progress och struktur: En kvalitativ studie av Work Flow-metoden2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore whether the structure provided by Work Flow (an event based on the Pomodoro-method) is perceived as beneficial in the work of a project member. A qualitative study sheds light on why seven project members seek this structure in their work and which benefits they found. A thematic analysis resulted in six themes.

    The result describes how the project members’ availability is an obstruction to find focus on their own tasks. It also describes the need of personal connections and sense of management understanding in a free role. Thereafter the project members’ experience of Work Flow is described. The interviewees discuss topics concerning self-affirmation, control and sense of progress which makes prioritization possible both concerning tasks and active pauses. Finally, we look into the use of Work Flow in everyday life. The method is considered more suitable for administrative duties and the sense of progress when performing these tasks is very positive. However, the respondents describe some resistance when trying to change their routines at work. In spite of this they predict great advantages if introducing Work Flow in their own project organization as they envision peace to work, improved collaborations and better results.

    The Progress Principle was used to analyze the results from a motivational point of view. The conclusion is that Work Flow shows potential to improve the everyday life of project managers and project teams by creating a sense of progress, an improved awareness of time, including project planning, and a better understanding of the struggles of other team members. The method may create a positive improvement for both the individual and the project organization through increased motivation, joy of work, creativity and productivity.

  • 8216.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Acting out on Twitter: Affordances for animating reported speech in written computer-mediated communication2019In: Text & Talk, ISSN 1860-7330, E-ISSN 1860-7349, Vol. 39, no 1, p. 121-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Quotative be like is a construction associated with informal spoken contexts and, especially, with various forms of embodied enactments. This study examines instances of quotative be like in a corpus of Twitter data (1,000,000 tweets; 1,113 quotative instances). Special attention is paid to how users of Twitter employ the platform's affordances to animate their speech reports - i.e. to represent voices, enact body language, or otherwise 'dramatize' the speech reports. The aim is to investigate how a linguistic format which is richly embodied in face-to-face interaction gets 're-embodied' on Twitter. The study finds that animation of reported speech on Twitter is visually, and predominantly typographically, afforded. In the material, oral practices are more frequently reconfigured and remediated rather than directly reproduced. That is to say, even when users are not reproducing spoken utterances, they often employ graphical strategies that are mainly understandable by analogy to spoken and embodied face-to-face interaction. However, users also draw on emergent online repertoires with no face-to-face analogues, such as 'pure' typographical play and the recruitment of established online memes. Thus, the findings suggest that orality lingers as a trace, but is not a necessary component, in bringing reported speech to life in a text-based computer-mediated setting. 

  • 8217.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    I tweet like I talk: Aspects of speech and writing on Twitter2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation investigates linguistic and metalinguistic practices in everyday Twitter discourse in relation to aspects of speech and writing. The overarching aim is to investigate how the spoken–written interface is reconfigured in the digital writing spaces of social media.

    The dissertation comprises four empirical case studies and six chapters. The first study investigates communicative functions of hashtags in a speech act pragmatic framework, focalizing tagging practices that not only mark topics or organize hypertextual interaction, but rather have more specific locally meaningful functions. Two studies investigate reported speech in tweets, focusing on quotatives typically associated with informal conversational interaction (e.g., BE like). The studies identify strategies by which Twitter users animate (Tannen, 2007) speech reports. Further, one of the studies explores how such animating practices are afforded (Hutchby, 2001). Lexically, orthographically, and with images, but primarily through typography, users make voice, gesture, and stance present in their tweets, digitally re-embodying the rich nonverbal expressivity of animation in talk. Finally, a study investigates notions of talk-like tweeting from an emic perspective, showing users' negotiations of how tweets can and should correspond to speech in relation to social identity, linguistic competence, and personal authenticity.

    Six chapters situate and synthesize the case studies in an expanded theoretical framework. Together, the studies show how Twitter's speech–writing hybridity extends beyond a mix of linguistic features, and challenges a traditional idea of writing as a mere representation of speech. Talk-like tweeting remediates (Bolter & Grusin, 2000) presence and embodiment, forgoing the abstraction of phonetic print literacy for nonverbal expressivity and an embodied written surface. Twitter talk is shown not simply to substitute literacy norms for oral norms, but to complicate and reconfigure these norms. Talk-like tweeting makes manifest an ongoing cultural renegotiation of the meanings of speech and writing in the era of digital social media.

  • 8218.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Metalanguaging as resistance: The socially-mediated rejection of public apologies in the wake of #MeToo2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate how local negotiations of linguistic normativity form part of a structure of civic engagement or political participation in today's socially mediated publics. The public apology is a discursive genre that has received much folk linguistic attention in public debate (e.g., Ancarno, 2015), especially in the wake of the #MeToo movement of 2017–2018. Several prominent examples of such public apologies have been characterized as empty apologies, pseudo apologies, or, simply, "non-apologies" (cf. Kampf, 2009). This paper presents a case study for a larger project focusing on metapragmatic negotiations and contestations in the reception of public apologies as non-apologies in social media spaces. While the larger project will mainly focus on post-#MeToo cases, this paper addresses a prominent ‘portal case,’ namely Donald Trump’s “Pussygate” apology video, which was published in October of 2016 on Trump’s Facebook page. The paper presents analyses of Twitter conversations (i.e. conversational reply-chains) about this apology video from the days immediately following its release, with a microanalytic (Giles et al., 2015) focus on how metalinguistic notions of real versus non-apologies are articulated in informal public discourse. Negotiations of the Trump video’s merits as an apology are rarely only that, but rather tend to be interwoven with affectively charged ideological positionings – in relation to party politics, progressivism, feminism, and more. Through articulating notions such as non-apology, social media interactants are in effect practicing a kind of layperson’s critical discourse analysis.

  • 8219.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    No one is "pro-politically correct": Positive construals of political correctness in Twitter conversations2016In: Fact or fiction?: Studies in honour of Solveig Granath / [ed] Elisabeth Wennö, Marie Tåqvist, Peter Wikström, Johan Wijkmark, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2016, p. 159-170Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates use of the contested term politically correct (PC) in written conversational exchanges on Twitter. PC is sometimes assumed to be entirely a fabrication by conservatives or the far right, not a label that anyone would voluntarily attach to themselves. This study focuses on discursive instantiations of PC that challenge this assumption by construing PC favorably. To this end, a small set of conversations featuring more-or-less clearly positive construals of PC, selected from an initial material of 184 Twitter conversations containing the target phrase “politically correct,” are analyzed in detail. The aim is to see how such construals appear and function in everyday discourse.

  • 8220.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education (from 2013).
    Nonpology unaccepted: Insincere apologies in social media discourse2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a pilot study of how social media interactants construct a notion ofnonpologies. Nonpology is a neologism sometimes found in social media discussions of what research has called, e.g., “non-apologies” or “quasi-apologies” (Kampf, 2009). Such concepts often relate to a socially recognized genre of “public apologies” (An- carno, 2015) by politicians, celebrities, or corporate spokespersons. Public apologies that rate as nonpologies may either lack an explicit moment of apologizing, or come across as insincere or self-serving in some way. This study focuses on how Twitter in- teractants construe public apology-framed events, for instance in wake of the #MeTooawareness raising campaign of late 2017. The material is a collection of Twitter conver- sations in which at least one interlocutor refers to an event specifically as a nonpology. This material is analyzed in a microanalytic framework with a focus on the emic (i.e., discourse participants’) construction of the concept. For example, talking about come- dian James Corden’s apology for a rape joke, two Twitter users orient to the apology as insufficient and insincere:

    1. A:  Ugh his apology is so shit. SNL did Weinstein jokes that ripped Weinstein. It can be done. Corden just acted like rape is hilarious.

    2. B:  Yup. He punched right down.

    B: And it’s a nonpology; I’m sorry IF you were offended.

    Here, A dismisses Corden’s apology as “so shit,” suggesting that the apology was inad- equate to make up for the transgression of the rape joke. B replies to A’s tweet twice. First, B aligns with A’s criticism of the rape joke itself. Second, B expands on A’s dis- missal of the apology by labeling it a nonpology. B elaborates on the nonpology concept by constructing a paraphrase of Corden’s apology. In the paraphrase, B conceptualizes the nonpology as being focused on the taking of offense rather than on the transgression itself, and as being conditional (B emphasizes “IF”).

    Through analysis of such instances, the pilot study aims to contribute to the develop- ment of a larger project on non-apologies in mediated interaction. Since the focus is on everyday interaction, the project will contribute to linguistic/interactional scholarship on the structure and felicity conditions of apologies in general. Further, since the con- cepts of nonpologies are formulated in response to events of critical political signifi- cance in the public’s view, the project will contribute to our understanding of everyday, micro-level, political participation in the context of digitally-mediated publics.

    Ancarno, C. (2015). When are public apologies “successful”? Focus on British and French apology press uptakes. Journal of Pragmatics, 84, 139–153.

    Kampf, Z. (2009). Public (non-) apologies: The discourse of minimizing responsibility. Journal of Pragmatics, 41(11), 2257–2270.

  • 8221.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Not even real words: User construals of Twitter discourse as ‘talk-like’2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Linguistic research on computer-mediated communication has frequently addressed the supposed or actual orality (broadly, ‘spoken-likeness’ or ‘conversationality’) of written language in online contexts, and tends to construe orality in ‘discourse-external’ terms – e.g., in terms of theoretically or computationally motivated formal categories. This study presents an approach toward complementing extant research by focusing on ‘discourse-internal’ construals, or participant orientations (Schegloff 1997). The aim is to examine how Twitter users construe talk, on their own terms, when explicitly describing Twitter discourse as ‘talk-like’. The material comprises manually collected retrievals (via Twitter’s web-based search interface) of tweets containing the string “tweet/s like [pronoun] talk/s”, for the pronouns I, you, he, she, and they (N=300). Two research questions are addressed:

    i. When Twitter users refer to their own or their peers’ Twitter discourse as being talk-like, how, if at all, do they substantiate notions of talk-likeness?

    ii. What attitudes or values are attached to the notions talk-likeness expressed?

    The results show that construals are often left implicit, but sometimes elaborated either in the body of a single tweet or over the course of a conversational exchange between multiple users. When elaborated, the construals are very diverse, but sometimes directly pertinent to categories common in both popular debate and scholarly work, such as mode, register, correctness, and appropriateness (see e.g. Baron 2008; Crystal 2006, 2008; Hård af Segerstad 2003; Jonsson 2013; Meredith & Stokoe 2014; Wikström 2014). For instance, some users associate talk-likeness with grammatical or orthographic (in-) correctness (Example 1), and others associate it with orthographic or lexical representation of dialect or accent (2), or less tangible notions of voice or tone (3).

    1. I tweet like I talk so if I spell some wrong it was on purpose. ... shiiid I passed all my English classes.......
    2. Hate it when scots tweet like they talk, you're not even writing real words
    3. @username oh my. He tweets like he talks. I can literally hear his overly preachy tone in those tweets…
    4. The reason I know it's not really [Jennifer] is because she's too grammatically correct. [Jen] tweets like she talks.

    The expressed attitudes and values concern, inter alia, perceived problems of comprehensibility or appropriateness, both amusement and annoyance at the novelty of talk-like written language, and affiliation with identity categories or notions of authentic identity (Example 4; cf. Benwell & Stokoe 2006:245; Deumert 2014). Overall, the results suggest that a focus on users’ construals of their own computer-mediated discourse offers a window on how issues of theoretical interest to linguists, such as mode and register, are not only instantiated but also actively negotiated in online language use.

    References

    Baron, N. S. (2008). Always on: Language in an online and mobile world. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Benwell, B., & Stokoe, E. (2006). Discourse and identity Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

    Crystal, D. (2006). Language and the Internet (2 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Crystal, D. (2008). Txtng: The gr8 deb8. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Deumert, A. (2014). The performance of a ludic self on social network(ing) sites. In P. Seargeant & C. Tagg (Eds.), The language of social media: Identity and community on the internet (pp. 23-45). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

    Hård af Segerstad, Y. (2003). Use and adaptation of written language to the conditions of computer-mediated communication (2 ed.). Gothenburg: University of Gothenburg.

    Jonsson, E. (2013). Conversational writing: A multidimensional study of synchronous and supersynchronous computer-mediated communication. Uppsala University: Engelska institutionen.

    Meredith, J., & Stokoe, E. (2014). Repair: Comparing Facebook ‘chat’ with spoken interaction. Discourse & Communication, 8(2), 181-207. doi: 10.1177/1750481313510815

    Schegloff, E. A. (1997). Whose text? Whose context? Discourse & Society, 8(2), 165-187. doi: 10.1177/0957926597008002002

    Wikström, P. (2014). & she was like "O_O": Animation of reported speech on Twitter. Nordic Journal of English Studies, 13(3), 83-111. 

  • 8222.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    & she was like "O_O": Animation of reported speech on Twitter2014In: Nordic Journal of English Studies, ISSN 1654-6970, E-ISSN 1654-6970, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 83-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study relates discourse-pragmatic aspects of the use of the quotatives say, be like, be all, and go to the question of the supposed or actual spoken-likeness of written computer-mediated communication (CMC). 1,800 tokens of reported speech, collected from Twitter, were analyzed in a “constructed dialogue” framework (Tannen, 2007). The results show that users of Twitter employ various CMC devices to animate and modally enrich reported speech, especially in speech reports with be like, be all, and go. They perform a style of communication that is reminiscent of conversational speech, even while having qualities that seem to belong uniquely to CMC.

  • 8223.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    #srynotfunny: Communicative functions of hashtags on Twitter2014In: SKY Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 1456-8438, E-ISSN 1796-279X, Vol. 27, p. 127-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates various communicative functions served by hashtags in written communication on Twitter from a linguistic pragmatic perspective. A tweet containing a hashtag links to, and is integrated into, a timeline of other tweets containing the same hashtag. Thus, hashtags are by default categorizing or organizing; a user of Twitter may add the tag #food to their tweet to integrate it into a general conversation about this topic. However, this study demonstrates that hashtags are also used creatively to perform other communicative functions. In the data presented, hashtags are employed as complexly multifunctional linguistic devices for, among other things, structuring information, playing games, and engaging in reflexive meta-commentary. Notably, while pragmatic methodology is typically applied to speech, this study indicates that a traditional speech acts framework may be profitably applied to written communication in new media.

  • 8224.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Thought police, bigots, and PC emojis: Construals of political correctness in Twitter conversations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the discursive construction of political correctness (PC) in everyday written interaction on social media. The notion of PC has emerged as a contentious emblem of polarized political discourse in the Left–Right and progressive–conservative interfaces, recently perhaps especially in the light of social media campaigns for social justice such as 16 MOOD – S 2016 – Book of Abstracts #BlackLivesMatter. As the OED notes, PC may in contemporary, typically depreciative, usage be taken to mean “conforming to a body of liberal or radical opinion, esp. on social matters, usually characterized by the advocacy of approved causes or views, and often by the rejection of language, behaviour, etc., considered discriminatory or offensive”(Politically, n.d.). Commentators, critics, and scholars exhibit a range of perspectives on the meanings and functions of PC (see e.g. D’Souza, 1991; Wilson, 1995; Lakoff, 2000; Fairclough, 2003), but naturalistic empirical work on PC as a discursive entity in everyday language is largely lacking (Granath & Ullén, forthcoming).

    The present study aims to contribute to an empirically grounded understanding of PC via analysis of the meanings and functions of labeling something or someone as politically correct on Twitter. To this end, a dataset of 159 conversations (i.e., reply chains automatically marked as conversations by Twitter) featuring the exact phrase “politically correct” was collected. The focus on conversational tweets comes with some limitations, but yielded a material of Twitter users interacting with one another on political topics, responding to news events, commenting on pictures, et cetera, revealing how these discourse participants reproduce, contest, and negotiate notions of PC. In a context partly defined by context collapse (Marwick & boyd, 2011), some Twitter users situate their construals of PC in public discourse by @-addressing public figures or using hashtags, whereas others deploy joking accusations of PC in more “private” interactions. Conversations range from playful to heated, sometimes in the course of a single exchange.

    In its analytical approach, this study attempts to square the circle of respecting the perspectives of discourse participants, while retaining a critical political engagement (Bucholtz & Hall, 2008). It is argued that empirical attention paid to the functional flexibility of the PC label in a social media context may help elucidate, if not resolve, the apparent intractability of both public and private ideological disputes which are variously viewed as stifled by political correctness or stifled by accusations of political correctness.

  • 8225.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Tweeting like one talks: Approaching 'talker identity' emically2016In: Research methods as practice: Current fieldwork strategies and methodological accountings, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper highlights methodological challenges involved in approaching the issue of online ‘orality’ from a novel emic perspective, based on material and analyses from an ongoing study of how users of Twitter construe the notion of ‘talk-like’ tweeting.

  • 8226.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Twitter's affordances for animation of reported speech2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8227.
    Wikström, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    When I need/want to: Normativity, identity, and form in user construals of 'talk-like' tweeting2016In: Discourse, Context & Media, ISSN 2211-6958, E-ISSN 2211-6966, Vol. 14, p. 54-62Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus of this study is on how Twitter users construe talk-like tweeting in metalinguistic utterances. In a material of tweets containing or responding to explicit comparisons of tweeting to talking (N=520), a broad range of construals are identified, showing Twitter users associating talk-likeness with, e.g., notions of the textual representation of voice, of grammatical (in-)correctness, of accurately reflecting one׳s ‘real-life’ identity, and of regional or social variation in language use. These associations frequently serve normative functions, enforcing or contesting linguistic and discursive norms in both serious and playful ways. The findings offer a novel perspective on the oft-debated orality of computer-mediated discourse, providing a window on how a process of enregisterment (Agha, 2007) is instantiated and how language norms are actively negotiated by participants in everyday online language use on Twitter.

  • 8228.
    Wikström, Peter
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Sandlund, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Unacceptable non-apologies: The production and receipt of public apologies in mediated interaction in the wake of #MeToo2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Late 2017 saw the emergence of #MeToo, a social media-based campaign concerning sexual assault and harassment. #MeToo has resulted in several public statements from high-profile figures accused of transgressions ranging from inappropriate comments to outright assault. Such statements have frequently been treated in journalistic and social media as failed or absent apologies – as non-apologies. The present paper focuses on the mediated delivery of apologies and their receipt as non-apologies across traditional (broadcast and print) media and new social media. As empirical cases, we examine three media events from the global #MeToo movement: the Donald Trump “PussyGate” affair, a controversial joke about the Harvey Weinstein case by TV host James Corden, and public accusations of sexual harrassment leveled against a well-known Swedish TV show host. We specifically focus on the grounds for rejecting apologies by examining how the apology was 1)designed and launched, and 2) interpreted and assessed in media/social media. Using conversation analysis (CA) (Sacks, Schegloff & Jefferson, 1974; Clayman & Heritage, 2002) and textual discourse analysis, we demonstrate how responses orient to selected aspects of the apology in assessing it, such as blame-shifting, trivialization, accounts of intentions, or conditionalization. By examining the original apologies in their sequential and discursive contexts (e.g. Robinson, 2004; Drew et al, 2016), and contrasting their composition and delivery with the grounds for rejection brought forth in reactions, the study aims to enhance our understanding of the social delicacy of public apologizing and the selective recontextualization of such apologies in receipts and rejections.

  • 8229.
    Wilde, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Scaffolding, en framgångsfaktor inom andraspråksinlärning: En systematisk litteraturstudie om framgångsrika metoder som stöttar andraspråkseleven2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att på ett systematiskt sätt, i tidigare forskning, undersöka framgångsrika scaffoldingmetoder för utvecklingen av ett andraspråk, samt undersöka faktorer i andraspråkselevens omgivning som har av betydelse för scaffolding utifrån följande forskningsfrågor: För det första, vilken eller vilka olika strategier av scaffolding är framgångsrika för andraspråksinlärning? För det andra, Vilka faktorer i andraspråkselevens omgivning har betydelse för framgångsrik scaffolding? Data från 17 studier publicerade mellan 1994 och 2017 identifierades och kategoriserades i en latent innehållsanalys som baserades på en kombination av exempel från Eriksson Barajas m.fl., (2013) och Friberg (2006). Utifrån studiernas resultat identifierades gemensamma nämnare över framgångsfaktorer för utvecklingen av ett andraspråk samt faktorer kring andraspråkseleven och i skolan. Dessa sammanställdes en modell som bestod av fem teman; grundläggande färdighet, motivation, klassrummets sociala klimat, scaffoldingmetod och ZPD. Temana delades därefter in i totalt fem kategorier. Resultatet av granskningen visar att framgångsrika faktorer för scaffolding är motivation, ett gott socialt klimat i klassrummet och stöd från lärare och kamrater. När lärare successivt överlämnar ansvaret för inlärning till eleverna, inom elevens proximala utvecklingszon är också en framgångsfaktor. Resultaten visar också att läraren bör göra eleverna medvetna om inlärningsstrategier för inlärning av ett andraspråk eftersom det kan öka elevernas förståelse för språkinlärning och språkanvändning. Scaffolding verkar vara en betydande framgångsfaktor i inlärningen av ett andraspråk. Den här studien kan därför ses som ett kunskapsbidrag till den tidigare forskningen inom framgångsrika metoder för undervisningen av ett andraspråk, samt öka förståelsen för rollen scaffolding har i undervisningen av ett andraspråk.

     

  • 8230.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Larsson, G.
    Larsson, M.
    Starrin, B.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Quality of care from the elderly person's perspective: Subjective importance and perceived reality1995In: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 1594-0667, E-ISSN 1720-8319, Vol. 7, p. 140-149-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 8231.
    Wilhelm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Matematikyftet, vad hände sen?: En studie kring Matematiklyftets inverkan på ett arbetslags bedömningsarbete.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how a teacher team's prospects and perceptions of peer learning and formative assessment has influenced their teaching after taking part in “Matematiklyftet”. The teacher team and their principal have been interviewed and an analysis of the texts concerning formative assessment from two modules in “Matematiklyftet” has been made to answer the purpose. During “Matematiklyftet” the teacher team has been given opportunities to try different methods to work with formative assessment in their teaching and they got an interest for some of them that they continued to use after the end of “Matematiklyftet”. They have discovered a link between assessment and teaching, that they need not be seen as two distinct parts that collide with each other, but rather that they can interact and complement each other. The teacher team has also realized the importance of peer learning in the planning of teaching. This, by the continuous meetings where they discussed mathematics didactics and shared each other’s experience, knowledge and collaborated with lesson planning and then discovered the benefits of helping each other. With the help of the principal’s support and the dedication from the leader of the discussion-group, which in my study proved to be critical success factors, the teacher team has been given opportunities to discuss and practice work methods, tools and point of views based on research articles during “Matematiklyftet”. Through this experience, both the principal and the teachers have realized the importance of continually work with peer learning to enhance mathematics teaching quality. Based on this, and the principal’s vision for how to continue the teachers peer learning after “Matematiklyftet”, the teacher team has been given opportunities to continue to work on formative assessment in mathematics education through peer learning.

  • 8232.
    Wilkins, Karin
    et al.
    University of Texas at Austin.
    Enghel, Florencia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    The privatization of development through global communication industries:Living Proof?2013In: Media Culture and Society, ISSN 0163-4437, E-ISSN 1460-3675, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 165-181Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development is meant to alleviate problems in the interests of the public good, yet thegrowing dominance of private donors problematizes this conceptualization. Workingthrough a political-economic analysis of development, we see global communications asan industry that channels wealth from citizens into the hands of few corporate moguls,who then have the resources to assert their agendas in a global development context.We begin by conceptualizing development and social change within communicationstudies, paying attention to the privatization of aid within global capitalism. Next,we contextualize our case study, describing the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundationand ONE, promoted by Bono, as the funding and management settings of the LivingProof campaign. We analyze the initiative’s construction of development problems,its articulation of how communication is expected to work toward social change, andits conceptualizations of success. The dominant theme of Living Proof program is that“real people” have achieved development success, which can be shared as “proof” withwebsite consumers. We conclude by considering how such a framing serves the agenda of privatized development within a neoliberal project.

  • 8233.
    Williams, Helén
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Wikstrom, Fredrik
    Örebro University.
    Wetter-Edman, Katarina
    Örebro University.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Decisions on Recycling or Waste: How Packaging Functions Affect the Fate of Used Packaging in Selected Swedish Households2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 12, article id 4794Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of this paper is to learn more about why consumers choose whether or not to recycle, with special attention given to the functions of the packaging itself, in order to provide suggestions for improvements in packaging design, recycling systems and the environmental assessment of different packaging designs. The study focussed on ten households in Sweden that where motivated to participate in the study in order to gain an understanding of the complex matter of this decision-making process. The intention of implementing an interview-based qualitative study was to gain rich data and to reach beyond the respondents' immediate verbal responses. The respondents were interviewed with open-ended questions, which were supported with pictures of packaging; additionally, their waste bins were examined. This explorative study suggests a set of obstacles that cause consumers to dispose of packaging relating to the functions of packaging. The different obstacles that determine whether or not packaging is recycled were organised according to three different themes: the attitude towards cleanliness, the effort required to clean and sort and uncertainties about the best environmental alternative. The different functions of packaging do in fact influence all of the identified themes and; therefore, influence the decisions consumers make with regards to the recycling of specific packaging. The identified packaging functions were easy toseparate different materials, easy to separate different parts, easy to clean,easy to empty, easy to reseal, easy to compress and communication regarding recycling. Consumer behaviour with regards to specific packaging functions and recycling should be further investigated. It should also be considered for inclusion in design processes, to increase the chance of materials being recycled, and in food-packaging life-cycle assessments, to provide results that align more closely with reality.

  • 8234.
    Williams, Helén
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Wikström, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Energy, Environmental and Building Technology.
    Otterbring, Tobias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Löfgren, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center. Norway.
    Reasons for household food waste with special attention to packaging2012In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 24, p. 141-148Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The amount of food waste needs to be reduced in order to sustain the world's limited resources and secure enough food to all humans. Packaging plays an important role in reducing food waste. The knowledge about how packaging affects food waste in households, however, is scarce. This exploratory study examines reasons for food waste in household and especially how and to what extent packaging influences the amount of food waste. Sixty-one families measured their amount of food waste during seven days and noted in a diary why each item was wasted. Thirty of the families had participated earlier in an environmental project including education in environmental issues of everyday life. About 20-25% of the households' food waste could be related to packaging. Three packaging aspects dominate the packaging related waste: packages that the consumer noted as being too big and packages that were difficult to empty, and wastage because of passed "best before date". The environmentally educated households wasted less, especially of prepared food. They also wasted less food due to passed "best before date". These households were more observant to packaging aspects in relation to food waste. The observations made could be used to learn more about packaging attributes that affect food waste. Although they recognised packaging influence on food waste, these households expressed lower satisfaction with packaging functions and wanted packaging to a lower extent. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 8235.
    Williamsson, AnneLinn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Diagnosens betydelse: En grupp pedagogers uppfattningar av diagnosens betydelse2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8236.
    wilse, Carolina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    ”En otrolig kreativitet” - hur projektbaserat arbete i offentlig förvaltning kan upplevas av de anställda2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att fördjupa kunskapen om hur projektbaserat arbete i offentlig förvaltning kan upplevas av de anställda, fokus ligger på motivationsfaktorer. Studien hämtar sin empiri från en avdelning som gått från att vara en traditionell kommunal verksamhet till att jobba helt projektbaserat. De respondenter som medverkar i studien har mellan åtta och tjugo års yrkeserfarenhet och har varit anställda i den undersökta organisationen mellan ett och tre år. Analysen av det insamlade materialet genererade fyra teman;

    • Cheferna står alltid bakom oss
    • Vi är kompetenta och vi utvecklas
    • Gemensam arbetsstruktur skapar ett vi
    • Det är okej att pröva

    Bilden som framträder visar en avdelning som genomsyras av en organisatorisk struktur med en medveten arbetsmetod. Lärande sker mellan medarbetare som är experter inom sina respektive verksamhetsområden och där verksamhetens struktur och en prestigelöshet uppmuntrar en lärande organisation. Medarbetarna känner stort självbestämmande genom ett ledarskap som är delegerande och stödjande.  

    Genom att ta del av studiens resultat kan en verksamhet på gång att börja arbeta i projektform struktureras och organiseras så att medarbetarna upplever motivation och på bästa sätt ges förutsättningar att utföra sina uppdrag.

  • 8237.
    Wilson, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Lärares arbete med språk-, läs- och skrivundervisning i inkluderande skolpraktiker2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how some teachers in the Swedish Elementary School work with language-, reading- and writing to meet the diversity of students within the classroom and these teachers’ opinions about inclusion in these contexts.

     

    The method used is qualitative, semi-structured interviews. Theory as a starting point is the socio-cultural perspektive on learning.

     

    The results show that teachers work with certain awareness according to several different methods and strategies within the context of language-, reading- and writing, where all students are included. This study also shows that teachers taken part in further-education has a greater knowledge about inclusive reading and writing methods. There is a great interest among teachers to cooperate and develope their teaching practices.

     

    The advantages with inclusive teaching practices are that students see and learn to accept each others differences and they are one another’s access in different learning situations. At the same time it is shown that there are practical difficulties that requires knowledge, support and resources. 

  • 8238.
    Wilson, Robert
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    En kvantitativ studie av tre länders läroplaner vad gäller arbetsområdet demokrati.: En studie av Sveriges, Englands och Australiens läroplaner och hur de förväntas arbeta med demokratiområdet.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate the Swedish, Australian and English curriculum and how the schools are expected to work with teaching students about democracy. The main procedure of this essay has been reading all the curriculums and then breaking them down into categories. This method has been used to be able to see similarities and differences between the countries and their curriculums. The categories used has been two main ones: The Holistic and The Problematization. The category Problematization has then been broken down into three sub-categories: The System, The Values and The Influence. This method has also been used to be able to see in which category the countries curriculums put the most emphasis in. The conclusion of this essay is that all countries are expected to work with teaching students about democracy but in different ways. The Swedish curriculum puts a lot of emphasis in the category Values, the Australian Curriculum puts a lot of emphasis in teaching their students about the category System and the English one puts a lot of emphasis in Problematization but has an even distribution among the sub-categories.

  • 8239.
    Wilén, Olle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    How ESL Teachers Use EnglishLiterature in the Classroom2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the purpose of literature instruction in English 5, 6 and 7. The questions that are examined are; the purpose of literature instruction in English, which methods are used by the teachers and how teachers choose which literature to include. The study is qualitative and is based on an interview study in which three teachers that currently teach English 5, 6 and 7 participated. These interviews are presented and discussed in relation to the curriculum, GY11, course documents and research in the area. The results show that teachers use literature to achieve a number of goals set by the curriculum and course documents, and that they often choose to include extensive reading in courses even when it is not demanded. The teachers use several methods, where discussions and written assignments complement each other. Literature selection is based on a careful balance between getting students motivated to read the assigned literature and achieving the intended purpose.

  • 8240.
    Wilén Rönquist, Olof
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Changing Nature of Female Portrayal: An Analysis of Gender Roles in Fairy Tales2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines gender normative and patriarchal elements of the popular fairy            tale Sleeping Beauty in order to expose how patriarchal ideals are upheld. The reason for this is that children may internalize the values taught in these stories, which may lead to them perpetuating patriarchal ideals and gender normative behavior. The popular version of this fairy tale, made by Disney, follows many of the typical patriarchal ideals with a strong male hero, a wicked female witch and a weak and submissive young female, close to nature. This is contrasted by a modern retelling by Cameron Dokey that is, in many ways, gender subversive and challenges the traditional gender roles and attributes. This essay finds that the version made by Disney is a product of its time, and portrays ideals from that period that could affect children of today into internalizing archaic patriarchal ideals. Dokey’s version is better adapted to the current socio-cultural environment and succeeds in aligning the story with modern values and provides a better option to teach children the actual values and gender roles of our society.

  • 8241.
    Wingqvist, Matilda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Att undervisa om berättande texter: Hur man kan arbeta med genrepedagogik med fokus på berättande texter2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention of my research is to increase understanding of what teaching with genre pedagogy, with focus on narrative texts, can look like. Through previous research and literature, I describe the emergence of genre pedagogy, why genre pedagogy is used, what a narrative text is and how it can be evaluated.

    The empirical material of the study consists of qualitative research interviews with teachers, as well as document analyses of the teachers’ educational plans with the purpose to gain a broader view of teaching with narrative texts. I have deliberately chosen the school I carried out my survey on. From my own experience, I know that this school work with genre pedagogy, which made it easier for me and the teachers as they knew the concepts, methods and terminology behind my questions.

    The results of the survey show that genre pedagogy promotes students’ learning, regardless of whether teachers choose to follow the structured circle model or focus on the creative personal writing. Both former researches and my teacher informants believe that the genre pedagogical teaching helps the students’ to develop subject language and their strategies for reading and writing texts in different genres.

    Nevertheless, as the results display, extra support is sometimes needed to further enhance students’ writing performance. The result also shows that the assessment of narrative texts usually has the best effect if it is written and formative. 

  • 8242.
    Winkler, Alexandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Framgång och misslyckande i IT-outsourcing: En fallstudie om framgångsfaktorer för IT- outsourcing från kundens och leverantörens perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Outsourcing av IT innebär att överlåta aktiviteter relaterade till informationsteknologi till en eller flera externa parter och är idag ett utbrett fenomen. Skälen till att outsourca IT varierar och några exempel på vanligt förekommande skäl är att organisationen som outsourcar vill fokusera på sin kärnverksamhet, höja sin kvalitet, sänka riskerna med föråldrad teknologi eller kostnadseffektivisera sin IT genom att köpa kompetens och komponenter från en extern part. När en kund överlåter IT-relaterade aktiviteter till en leverantör ingår de båda parterna i en outsourcingrelation med varandra och båda har förväntningar på och målsättningar för outsourcingrelationen. Förväntningar och målsättningar styr hur kunden och leverantören agerar och spelar en viktig roll för styrkan i outsourcingrelationen. Framgång inom IT-outsourcing kan definieras som att kunden uppnår sina målsättningar med IT-outsourcingen och känner sig nöjd med outsourcingrelationen. En hög andel av de organisationer som outsourcar sin IT uppger sig dock inte vara nöjda. Den outsourcande organisationen uppnår inte sina målsättningar eller upplever outsourcingrelationen som problematiskt. Framgång eller misslyckande inom IT-outsourcing kan förklaras utifrån flera olika faktorer. Syftet med denna uppsats är att analysera IT-outsourcing från kundens och leverantörens perspektiv för att komma fram till vilka kritiska framgångsfaktorer som har påverkat outsourcingens framgång och misslyckande och på vilket sätt. Analysen bygger på en kvalitativ undersökning som har genomförts i form av en fallstudie av en outsourcingrelation mellan en kund och en leverantör, där personer från båda parterna har intervjuats. De kritiska framgångsfaktorer som analyseras är: Val av aktiviteter, Strategi, Val av leverantör, Undvikande av oförutsedda Kostnader, Personal, Avtal, Partnerskap, Styrning av leveransen och Uppföljning av leveransen. Dessa framgångsfaktorer analyseras mot bakgrund av de förväntningar och målsättningar som kunden och leverantören haft i outsourcingrelationen. Resultatet av fallstudien visar att Val av aktiviteter, Strategi, Undvikande av oförutsedda kostnader, Personal, Avtal, Partnerskap och Styrning i hög grad påverkade målsättningarna och Kundens nöjdhet med outsourcingrelationen. Eftersom studien har genomförts på en enda outsourcingrelation går det inte att generalisera slutsatserna till att gälla alla förhållanden, men de bidrar till en ökad förståelse kring interaktionen mellan parterna i outsourcingrelation där båda förhåller sig på sitt sätt till de framgångsfaktorer som nämns i litteraturen kring IT-outsourcing. Ytterligare en möjlig framgångsfaktor som inte nämndes i den genomgångna litteraturen framkom i intervjuerna: Intern styrning hos leverantören.

  • 8243.
    Winlund, Anna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindholm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Olvegård, Lotta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Elever läser: Del 3 i modulen: Tolka och skriva text2017Other (Other academic)
  • 8244.
    Winlund, Anna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindholm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Elever läser. Del 6 i modulen: Att tolka och skriva text i skolans alla ämnen2015Other (Other academic)
  • 8245.
    Winlund, Anna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Olvegård, Lotta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindholm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Läskompetens i styrdokument och undervisning: Del 2 i modulen: Att tolka och skriva text i skolans alla ämnen2015Other (Other academic)
  • 8246.
    Winroth, Jennie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Äta bör man annars dör man: En studie om vilka erfarenheter pedagoger i förskolan har kring att arbeta med kroppens kemi kopplat till kost.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine what experiences preschool teachers have about their work with chemistry in preschool and mainly chemistry of the body related to food. Through individual interviews, answers have been sought to the following questions: How do preschool teachers describe their work with chemistry? How do preschool teachers describe their work with chemistry of the body? What skills do preschool teachers think are important to convey to children regarding chemistry of the body related to food.

    The results show that the teachers believe that chemistry is important to work with, and that experiments and baking are the activities associated with the subject. The teachers in the study have worked thematically with the body, and the digestion system was focus in their work. As part of the theme they watched films on YouTube and read books about the body for the children to gain deeper knowledge of the subject. The children’s knowledge about what the body needs to be healthy, was considered as one of the most important aspects to pass around about body chemistry related to food.

  • 8247.
    Winter, Niclas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Klasson, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Sjukvårdens kommunikativa kulturkrock: En kvantitativ studie om uppfattad organisationskultur inom slutenvården i Värmlands läns landsting2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational culture is somewhat hard to define and a complex matter that nevertheless has an important role. The current healthcare is challenged by a tug of war between different cultures for its hierarchical structure, which today needs an external and economic turn of mind and still work for a worthy meeting with the patient. Simultaneously it exists a stressful situation for the health professionals in terms of staff shortage while the management has a constraint from politicians and tight budgets. The purpose of this study is to empirically investigate whether the perception of an organizational culture within Värmlands Council may differ depending on individual’s hierarchical positions. The purpose also includes identifying and analysing the communicative factors that contribute to the different perceptions. The main question of the study is “To what extent does an employee’s hierarchical position affect the perception of an organizational culture?” followed by “What is the relationship between the internal communication and the current perceptions?”

    The analytical framework of the study is based on previous research and within the industry well-established theories, including the Competing Values Framework, which the study uses to define the different cultures within the organization through its dimensions and clusters. To answer the study’s questions a survey has been applied that was sent to the whole population, which however, received a lack of response rate. The results indicate that a distinct hierarchical culture is perceived within the organization, alongside desires to direct it towards a more family-oriented culture while maintaining the hierarchical structures. The managers considered their leadership to be characterized by helpfulness and encouragement for participation, however it was not perceived in such way by anyone else within the organization. This is most likely due to the one-way communication that goes through a hierarchical communication model within the organization.

  • 8248.
    Wirgin, Veronika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Påverkansfaktorer hos outsourcingleverantören som skapar värde för kunden: En fallstudie ur ett kund–outsourcingleverantörsperspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att producera i egen regi eller köpa utifrån har varit en problematisk fråga alltsedan den industriella revolutionen. Outsourcing har den senaste tiden blivit allt vanligare och fått mer betydelse. Dock är forskningen inom ämnet sparsam. Den senaste tiden har outsourcing i snabb takt upptagits som medel för att förändra sättet affärer görs på. Med outsourcingens hjälp uppnås snabba och hållbara förbättringar i värdekedjorna samt att konkurrenskraften förbättras.

    Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats i informatik är att identifiera hur outsourcingleverantören skapar värde för kund genom outsourcing sett ur ett kund-leverantörsperspektiv. Uppsatsen har ett kvalitativt angreppssätt och använder fallstudiemetoden. Insamlingsmetoden består av intervjuer och litteraturstudier.

    De viktigaste slutsatserna visar att Kommunikation är en avgörande faktor för att outsourcingen ska bli värdefull för kunden. Det är mycket viktigt att kommunikationen fungerar inom såväl leverantörsorganisationen som mellan leverantören och kunden. Det gäller att gemensamgöra den outsourcade uppgiften så att båda parter vet vad som förväntas. Kunden måste kunna släppa kontrollen och lita på att leverantören har vad som krävs för att hanterade den outsourcade uppgiften. Att ständigt arbeta med att utveckla och förbättra kommunikationen är viktigt för det fortsatta samarbetet. Expertis är en avgörande effekt för att låta outsourca. Expertisen som är en effekt av outsourcing låter kunden sköta sin egen verksamhet medan viss administration sköts av outsourcingleverantören som har bred kompetens inom ämnet. Det leder till en högre grad av säkerhet och korrekthet. Vid rätt val av leverantör kan kunden förlita sig på att leverantören sköter sina uppgifter på ett korrekt sätt och enligt lag.

    Det visade sig att minskade kostnader inte är ett avgörande skäl till att outsourca, vilket det tidigare har varit.

  • 8249.
    Wirsén, Erik
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Åkerlund, Simon
    Malmö University.
    Ingvarsdotter, Karin
    Malmö University.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Östman, Margareta
    Malmö University.
    Persson, Karin
    Malmö University.
    Burdens experienced and perceived needs of relatives of persons with SMI: A systematic meta-synthesis.2017In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Close relatives of people with severe mental illness (SMI) experience problems known as family burdens. In addition, they may have their own needs for support, something often overlooked by the healthcare system. Meta-syntheses in this area may help explore the meaning of the experience of living with someone who has a SMI.

    AIM: Our aim was to describe the burdens experienced and needs perceived on a daily basis by relatives to someone who has a SMI.

    METHODS: The databases PubMed, CINAHL, and PsychInfo were searched using a systematic search strategy. Studies were screened for relevance and quality was appraised. A meta-synthesis of nine qualitative studies was then conducted.

    RESULTS: The nine studies discerned the following themes. Burden themes; Forced to carry a sometimes unbearable burden; Burdened by own ill-health and disrupted relationships; Distressed and stigmatized by society. Needs themes; strengthening protective factors; Skills and practical support greatly appreciated.

    CONCLUSIONS: The burdens and needs of relatives of persons with SMI strongly influence their lives. They require relief from both practical and emotional burdens. Family interventions and other programs to support relatives should be encouraged with this knowledge in mind.

  • 8250.
    Witell, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center. Linkoping Univ, Dept Business Adm, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Anderson, Laurel
    Arizona State Univ, WP Carey Sch Business, Tempe, AZ USA.;Arizona State Univ, Ctr Serv Leadership, Tempe, AZ USA..
    Brodie, Roderick J.
    Univ Auckland, Sch Business, Mkt, Auckland 1, New Zealand..
    Colurcio, Maria
    Magna Graecia Univ Catanzaro, Dept Law Hist Econ & Social Sci, Catanzaro, Italy.;Univ Caxias do Sul, Innovat Management, Caxias Do Sul, Brazil..
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Lervik-Olsen, Line
    Norwegian Business Sch, Dept Mkt, Oslo, Norway..
    Sebastiani, Roberta
    Univ Cattolica Sacro Cuore, Dept Management, I-20123 Milan, Italy..
    Andreassen, Tor Wallin
    NHH Norwegian Sch Econ, Ctr Serv Innovat, Bergen, Norway..
    Exploring dualities of service innovation: Implications for service research2015In: Journal of Services Marketing, ISSN 0887-6045, E-ISSN 0887-6045, Vol. 29, no 6-7, p. 436-441Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this study is to explore three paradoxes of service innovation and provide a way forward for fresh thinking on the topic. Design/methodology/approach - Through a conceptual model of service innovation research, the authors challenge the "pro-change" bias and explore what can be learnt from the duality of service innovation. Findings - This paper suggests that research moves beyond a firm perspective to study service innovation on multiple levels of abstraction. A conceptual model based on two dimensions, level (individual, organization and society) and outcome (success, failure), is used to pinpoint and explore three dualities of service innovation: adopt-reject, change-static and good-bad. Originality/value - By challenging the traditional perspective on service innovation, the authors present new avenues for fresh thinking in research on service innovation. In this paper, the authors encourage researchers and managers to learn from failures and to acknowledge the negative effects of service innovation.

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