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  • 51.
    Abelholt, Philippa
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Att främja miljömässigt hållbart beteende: Projektledares strategier i beteendeförändrande projekt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Den genomsnittliga privata konsumtionen i Sverige är långt ifrån miljömässigt hållbar. Studien belyser projektledares strategier i beteendeförändrande projekt med inriktning på miljömässigt hållbar konsumtion. Det handlar inte bara om att påverka vad vi konsumerar, utan även om att säkerställa hållbara konsumtionsnivåer och förändra beteenden. I genomförda semistrukturerade intervjuer berättar projektledare om vikten av flexibilitet och nytänkande för att hitta innovativa lösningar som kan få människor att förändra konsumtionsmönster, resvanor och attityder. I projekt med hög teknisk komplexitet förespråkas kontinuerlig uppföljning och utvärdering för att utröna vilka insatser som är bäst lämpade för att nå projektmålen. Effekterna och målen av beteendeförändrande projekt är ibland svåra att mäta och den förespråkade flexibiliteten riskerar att inskränkas om tidsram och budget är för snäv. Beteendeförändrande projekt bör vara lustfyllda och inkludera målgruppens viljor och åsikter för att förmedla känsla av självbestämmande. Att fortsätta att påminna om ett önskat beteende och designa situationer som gör det lätt för omgivningen att agerar ökar chansen att hållbara beteenden fortgår. Att visa upp goda exempel på beteenden som gynnar miljö bidrar till att beteendena så sakteliga blir norm och sprids i samhället. Det mest effektiva är dock att reglera konsumtionsmönster och resvanor med strängare lagar.

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  • 52.
    Abelsson, A.
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Willman, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Caring for patients in the end-of-life from the perspective of undergraduate nursing students2020Inngår i: Nursing Forum, ISSN 0029-6473Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Caring for patients in the end-of-life is an emotionally and physically challenging task. Therefore, undergraduate nursing students (UNS) need opportunities to learn to care for the dying patient. This study aimed to describe UNS' experiences of caring for patients at end-of-life. Methods: Interviews with 16 UNS in their last semester of nursing education were conducted. Data were analyzed with a phenomenological approach. Results: The UNS created a professional relationship with the dying patient. It meant that when the patient was unable to speak for themselves, the UNS could still meet his/her wishes and needs. The UNS believed they could take responsibility for the patient who was no longer able to take responsibility for themselves. Meeting with the patient's family could be experienced with anxiousness but was dependent on the personal chemistry between the patient's family and the UNS. Conclusion: The UNS creates a relationship with the patient and their family. To be knowledgeable about the patient's physical and psychosocial needs means that the UNS can support the patient in the end-of-life phase. Being close to the patient and the family results in an intensity of emotions in the care situation. The UNS can receive support from their colleagues during processing their emotions and creating an experience from their encounters with patients in end-of-life care.

  • 53.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    2 minuters träning per arbetspass.2015Inngår i: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 54.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att ansvara för en annan människas liv2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 55.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att bedöma patienter utsatta för trauma2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 56.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 57.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Att vara doktorand2014Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 58.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Den specialistutbildade ambulanssjuksköterskans uppfattning av att bedöma patienter utsatta för svårt trauma2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 59.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Developing ethical competence among students in nurse specialist programs2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 60.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Dom ser döda ut allihop: Att våga fatta svåra beslut2015Inngår i: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArtikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 61.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Full scale pre-hospital care scenario: Prehsopital workshop2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 62.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 63.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Nästa gång du hör sirener vill jag att du skall tänka på mig2014Inngår i: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, Vol. 1Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 64.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Prehospital simulation differs from others: Prehospital workshop2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 65.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Prehospital simulering2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 66.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Simulering i ambulanssjukvården2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 67.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Simulering som lärande inom prehospital akutsjukvård2017Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den prehospitala akutsjukvården är ett komplext kunskapsfält som innebär att vårdaren skall kunna bemöta patient och närstående, bedöma skada, sjukdom och den aktuella situationen samt avgöra vilka vårdåtgärder som skall prioriteras.

    Patientens lidande kan lindras genom att vårdaren tränar färdigheter i ett prehospitalt kontext. Detta främjar en god och säker vård samt stärker patientens möjligheter till överlevnad.

    Resultatet visar på behovet av simulering inom prehospital akutsjukvård. Med simulering lär sig vårdaren att hantera realistiska, dynamiska och komplexa vårdsituationer, vilket skapar kunskaper, färdigheter och erfarenheter av omhändertagande av patient drabbad av högenergitrauma. Simuleringens utformning och miljö skapar förutsättningar för lärandet vilket framkommer i interventionsstudien.

    Utifrån resultatet i föreliggande forskning utvecklas en modell för lärande med hjälp av simulering.

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  • 68.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 69.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Så räddar du liv2014Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 70.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    The simulation used in prehospital care2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 71.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    To optimize prehospital CPR- performed by fire fighters2015Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 72.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Vad gör man när man jobbar på ett universitet och forskar om ambulansen?2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 73.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    What do we need to train the ambulance staff in and how can we train them?2014Inngår i: Workshop vid Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine, Pre-Hospital Special Interest Group Pre-Conference Course., 2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 74.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Öppet samtal mellan Sveriges prehospitala doktorander och representanter för nationell prehospital forskning2013Konferansepaper (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 75.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Nursing Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Christer
    Prehospen – Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with feedback for firefighters2019Inngår i: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 64-72Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of the intervention of low-dose, high-frequency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training with feedback for firefighters for one month. Design/methodology/approach: The study had a quantitative approach. Data were collected through an intervention by means of simulation. The data collection consisted of a pre- and post-assessment of 38 firefighter’s CPR performance. Findings: There was a statistically significant improvement from pre- to post-assessment regarding participants’ compression rates. Compression depth increased statistically significantly to average 2 mm too deep in the group. Recoil decreased in the group with an average of 1 mm for the better. There was a statistically significant improvement in participants’ ventilation volume from pre- to post-assessment. Originality/value: Prehospital staff such as firefighters, police, and ambulance perform CPR under less than optimal circumstances. It is therefore of the utmost importance that these professionals are trained in the best possible way. The result of this study shows that low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with an average of six training sessions per month improves ventilation volume, compression depth, rate, and recoil. This study concludes that objective feedback during training enhances the firefighters’ CPR skills which in turn also could be applied to police and ambulance CPR training.

  • 76.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Nurse students learning acute care by simulation: Focus on observation and debriefing2017Inngår i: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 24, s. 6-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. Aim: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. Design: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach.MethodData was collected through observations and interviews. Data was analyzed using an interpretive qualitative content analysis.Results: Nursing students created space for reflection when needed. There was a positive learning situation when suitable patient scenarios were presented. Observations and discussions with peers gave the students opportunities to identify their own need for knowledge, while also identifying existing knowledge. Reflections could confirm or reject their preparedness for clinical practice. The importance of working in a structured manner in acute care situations became apparent. However, negative feedback to peers was avoided, which led to a loss of learning opportunity.Conclusion: High fidelity simulation training as a method plays an important part in the nursing students' learning. The teacher also plays a key role by asking difficult questions and guiding students towards accurate knowledge. This makes it possible for the students to close knowledge gaps, leading to improved patient safety.

  • 77.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Rörelsen mellan teori och praxis2013Inngår i: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, nr 2, s. 26-28Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 78.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013).
    Att som ambulanssjuksköterska vara förberedd i samband med svårt sjuk patient.2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 79.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för omvårdnad.
    The prehospital assessment of severe trauma patients’ by specialist ambulance nurse in Sweden-a phenomenographic study2012Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 20, s. 67-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 80.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    What is dignity in prehospital emergency care?2017Inngår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 24, nr 3, s. 268-278Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Ethics and dignity in prehospital emergency care are important due to vulnerability and suffering. Patients can lose control of their body and encounter unfamiliar faces in an emergency situation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe what specialist ambulance nurse students experienced as preserved and humiliated dignity in prehospital emergency care.

    RESEARCH DESIGN: The study had a qualitative approach.

    METHOD: Data were collected by Flanagan's critical incident technique. The participants were 26 specialist ambulance nurse students who described two critical incidents of preserved and humiliated dignity, from prehospital emergency care. Data consist of 52 critical incidents and were analyzed with interpretive content analysis.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study followed the ethical principles in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

    FINDINGS: The result showed how human dignity in prehospital emergency care can be preserved by the ambulance nurse being there for the patient. The ambulance nurses meet the patient in the patient's world and make professional decisions. The ambulance nurse respects the patient's will and protects the patient's body from the gaze of others. Humiliated dignity was described through the ambulance nurse abandoning the patient and by healthcare professionals failing, disrespecting, and ignoring the patient.

    DISCUSSION: It is a unique situation when a nurse meets a patient face to face in a critical life or death moment. The discussion describes courage and the ethical vision to see another human.

    CONCLUSION: Dignity was preserved when the ambulance nurse showed respect and protected the patient in prehospital emergency care. The ambulance nurse students' ethical obligation results in the courage to see when a patient's dignity is in jeopardy of being humiliated. Humiliated dignity occurs when patients are ignored and left unprotected. This ethical dilemma affects the ambulance nurse students badly due to the fact that the morals and attitudes of ambulance nurses are reflected in their actions toward the patient.

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  • 81.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Ambulance Nurses' Competence and Perception of Competence in Prehospital Trauma Care2018Inngår i: Emergency Medicine International, ISSN 2090-2840, E-ISSN 2090-2859, artikkel-id 5910342Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. We focus on trauma care conducted in the context of a simulated traumatic event. This is in this study defined as a four-meter fall onto a hard surface, resulting in severe injuries to extremities in the form of bilateral open femur fractures, an open tibia fracture, and a closed pelvic fracture, all fractures bleeding extensively. Methods. The simulated trauma care competence of 63 ambulance nurses in prehospital emergency care was quantitatively evaluated along with their perception of their sufficiency. Data was collected by means of simulated trauma care and a questionnaire. Results. Life-saving interventions were not consistently performed. Time to perform interventions could be considered long due to the life-threatening situation. In comparison, the ambulance nurses' perception of the sufficiency of their theoretical and practical knowledge and skills for trauma care scored high. In contrast, the perception of having sufficient ethical training for trauma care scored low. Discussion. This study suggests there is no guarantee that the ambulance nurses' perception of theoretical and practical knowledge and skill level corresponds with their performed knowledge and skill. The ambulance nurses rated themselves having sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge and skills while the score of trauma care can be considered quite low.

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  • 82.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, PreHospen, Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Effect of Repeated Simulation on the Quality of Trauma Care2017Inngår i: Clinical Simulation in Nursing, ISSN 1876-1399, E-ISSN 1876-1402, Vol. 13, nr 12, s. 601-608Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Simulation participants are not dependent on learning during an actual clinical situation. This allows for a learning environment that can be constructed to meet the knowledge and experience needs of the participant. Simulations in a prehospital emergency are an ideal way to address these needs without risking patient safety. Method: Nurses in prehospital emergency care (n = 63) participated in simulation interventions. During the simulation, the performed trauma care was assessed in two groups of participants with different frequency of simulation. Results: Several statistically significant differences and clinical improvements were found within and between the groups. Differences were noted in specific assessments, examinations, care actions, and time from assessment to action. Conclusion: The result suggested that repeated simulation may contribute to a clinical improvement in trauma care, and more frequent simulation may led to even greater improvements. (c) 2017 International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning. Published by Elsevier Inc.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 83.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Lundberg, Lars
    CPR performed in the military environment2016Inngår i: Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine Lisbon 16/6 2016., Lisabon, 2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 84.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Experiences of simulation in prehospital emergency care settings, the paramedic and ambulance nurses` point of view2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 85.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper.
    Learning by simulation in prehospital emergency care: an integrative literature review2016Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 234-240Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Acquiring knowledge and experience on high-energy trauma is often difficult due to infrequent exposure. This creates a need for training which is specifically tailored for complex prehospital conditions. Simulation provides an opportunity for ambulance nurses to focus on the actual problems in clinical practice and to develop knowledge regarding trauma care. The aim of this study was to describe what ambulance nurses and paramedics in prehospital emergency care perceive as important for learning when participating in simulation exercises.

    METHODS: An integrative literature review was carried out. Criteria for inclusion were primary qualitative and quantitative studies, where research participants were ambulance nurses or paramedics, working within prehospital care settings, and where the research interventions involved simulation.

    RESULTS: It was perceived important for the ambulance nurses' learning that scenarios were advanced and possible to simulate repeatedly. The repetitions contributed to increase the level of experience, which in turn improved the patients care. Moreover, realism in the simulation and being able to interact and communicate with the patient were perceived as important aspects, as was debriefing, which enabled the enhancement of knowledge and skills. The result is presented in the following categories: To gain experience, To gain practice and To be strengthened by others.

    CONCLUSION: Learning through simulation does not require years of exposure to accident scenes. The simulated learning is enhanced by realistic, stressful scenarios where ambulance nurses interact with the patients. In this study, being able to communicate with the patient was highlighted as a positive contribution to learning. However, this has seldom been mentioned in a previous research on simulation. Debriefing is important for learning as it enables scrutiny of one's actions and thereby the possibility to improve and adjust one's caring. The effect of simulation exercises is important on patient outcome.

  • 86.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Centre for prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Learning High-Energy Trauma Care Through Simulation2018Inngår i: Clinical Simulation in Nursing, ISSN 1876-1399, E-ISSN 1876-1402, Vol. 17, s. 1-6Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Simulation provides the opportunity to learn how to care for patients in complexsituations, such as when patients are exposed to high-energy trauma such as motor vehicle accidents.The aim of the study was to describe nurses’ perceptions of high-energy trauma care through simulationin prehospital emergency care. The study had a qualitative design. Interviews were conductedwith 20 nurses after performing a simulated training series. Data were analyzed using a phenomenographicmethod. The result indicates that simulation establishes, corrects, and confirms knowledge andskills related to trauma care in prehosp ital emergency settings. Trauma knowledge is readily availablein memory and can be quickly retrieved in a future trauma situation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 87.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Simulation of high-energy trauma makes knowledge readily available from memoryManuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 88.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Suserud, Björ-Ove
    School of Health Science, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care: a literature review.2014Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, nr 22, s. 12-Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:High energy trauma is rare and, as a result, training of prehospital care providers often takes placeduring the real situation, with the patient as the object for the learning process. Such training could instead becarried out in the context of simulation, out of danger for both patients and personnel. The aim of this study wasto provide an overview of the development and foci of research on simulation in prehospital care practice.Methods:An integrative literature review were used. Articles based on quantitative as well as qualitative researchmethods were included, resulting in a comprehensive overview of existing published research. For publishedarticles to be included in the review, the focus of the article had to be prehospital care providers, in prehospitalsettings. Furthermore, included articles must target interventions that were carried out in a simulation context.Results:The volume of published research is distributed between 1984- 2012 and across the regions North America,Europe, Oceania, Asia and Middle East. The simulation methods used were manikins, films, images or paper, live actors,animals and virtual reality. The staff categories focused upon were paramedics, emergency medical technicians (EMTs),medical doctors (MDs), nurse and fire fighters. The main topics of published research on simulation with prehospitalcare providers included: Intubation, Trauma care, Cardiac Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR), Ventilation and Triage.Conclusion:Simulation were described as a positive training and education method for prehospital medical staff. Itprovides opportunities to train assessment, treatment and implementation of procedures and devices under realisticconditions. It is crucial that the staff are familiar with and trained on the identified topics, i.e., intubation, trauma care,CPR, ventilation and triage, which all, to a very large degree, constitute prehospital care. Simulation plays an integralrole in this. The current state of prehospital care, which this review reveals, includes inadequate skills of prehospital staffregarding ventilation and CPR, on both children and adults, the lack of skills in paediatric resuscitation and the lack ofknowledge in assessing and managing burns victims. These circumstances suggest critical areas for further training andresearch, at both local and global levels

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 89.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Willman, Anna
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    Ethics and aesthetics in injection treatments with Botox and Filler2020Inngår i: Journal of Women & Aging, ISSN 0895-2841, E-ISSN 1540-7322, s. 1-13Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The medical nature of esthetic treatments is confusing, as the boundaries between medicine and beauty are unclear. A person's autonomous decision is an indicator for esthetic treatments that will improve their self-image, self-esteem and appearance to others. Robust ethical consideration is therefore necessary for the medical esthetician in each meeting with the client. This study aimed to describe medical estheticians' perceptions of ethics and esthetics in injection treatments with Botox and Filler. The results are described in Understanding what different clients desire, Reaching a mutual understanding of expectations and possibilities and Taking responsibility for beauty.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 90.
    Aberg, Martin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    The formation of Swedish independent local lists, 1990-2015: A study into the sources of non-diffusion2017Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of History, ISSN 0346-8755, E-ISSN 1502-7716, Vol. 42, nr 5, s. 505-536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this comparative case-study, elements of diffusion theory are used to examine local conditions conducive to political organization in terms of independent local lists (ILLs). Empirical evidence supports the formulation of three hypotheses for future and more systematic research into the problem: a hypothesis of size, an elite-hypothesis and a mobilization-hypothesis. Although several factors are likely to play a role, the results suggest particularly that ILLs are less likely to occur in localities lacking historical legacies in terms of popular mobilization.

  • 91.
    Aberg, Martin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Voting by income: Political culture of two swedish municipalities 1860-19302012Inngår i: Historisk Tidskrift (S), ISSN 0345-469X, Vol. 132, nr 2, s. 288-294Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln belyser Erik Nydahls avhandling I fyrkens tid som tar avstamp i en omdiskuterad, om än relativt väl utforskad, fråga: hur formades svensk politisk kultur i övergången från jordbrukarsamhället till det moderna industrisamhället? Viktiga faktorer i det sammanhanget var att svensk industrialisering i många avseenden ägde rum utanför de framväxande storstadsregionerna, att jordbruksnäringen samtidigt spelade en fortsatt viktig roll under lång tid och att urbaniseringsprocessen internationellt sett var mera utdragen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Free fulltext
  • 92.
    Abou Ali, Sogod
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för hälsovetenskaper (from 2013).
    En jämförelse av effektivitet för pravastatin: Vad gäller primärprevention respektive sekundärprevention vid kardiovaskulära händelser- en litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 93.
    Aboueata, N.
    et al.
    Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Alrasbi, S.
    Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Erbad, A.
    Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Kassler, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Bhamare, Deval
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Supervised machine learning techniques for efficient network intrusion detection2019Inngår i: Proceedings - International Conference on Computer Communications and Networks, ICCCN, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Cloud computing is gaining significant traction and virtualized data centers are becoming popular as a cost-effective infrastructure in telecommunication industry. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Software as a Service (SaaS) are being widely deployed and utilized by end users, including many private as well as public organizations. Despite its wide-spread acceptance, security is still the biggest threat in cloud computing environments. Users of cloud services are under constant fear of data loss, security breaches, information theft and availability issues. Recently, learning-based methods for security applications are gaining popularity in the literature with the advents in machine learning (ML) techniques. In this work, we explore applicability of two well-known machine learning approaches, which are, Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) and Support Vector Machines (SVM), to detect intrusions or anomalous behavior in the cloud environment. We have developed ML models using ANN and SVM techniques and have compared their performances. We have used UNSW-NB-15 dataset to train and test the models. In addition, we have performed feature engineering and parameter tuning to find out optimal set of features with maximum accuracy to reduce the training time and complexity of the ML models. We observe that with proper features set, SVM and ANN techniques have been able to achieve anomaly detection accuracy of 91% and 92% respectively, which is higher compared against that of the one achieved in the literature, with reduced number of features needed to train the models.

  • 94.
    Aboul-Enein, Mohamed N.
    et al.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    El-Azzouny, Aida A.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    Attia, Mohamed I.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt.;King Saud Univ, Coll Pharm, Dept Pharmaceut Chem, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia..
    Maklad, Yousreya A.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Pharmacol Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    Amin, Kamilia M.
    Cairo Univ, Fac Pharm, Dept Pharmaceut Chem, Cairo, Egypt..
    Abdel-Rehim, Mohamed
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för teknik- och naturvetenskap, Avdelningen för kemi och biomedicinsk vetenskap.
    El-Behairy, Mohammed F.
    Natl Res Ctr, Pharmaceut & Drug Ind Res Div, Med & Pharmaceut Chem Dept, Med Chem Grp, Giza 12622, Egypt..
    Design and synthesis of novel stiripentol analogues as potential anticonvulsants2012Inngår i: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, ISSN 0223-5234, E-ISSN 1768-3254, Vol. 47, s. 360-369Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A series of stiripentol (SIP) analogues namely, 2-1(1E)-1-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-4,4-dimethylpent-1-en-3-ylidene]-N-(aryl/H)hydrazinecarboxamides 7a-h, (+/-)-(5RS)-N-(aryl/H)-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazole-1-carboxamides (+/-)-8a-h, and (+/-)-[(5RS)-(1,3-benzodioxol-5-yl)-3-tert-butyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-1-yl](aryl)methanones (+/-)-13a-f was synthesized by adopting appropriate synthetic routes and was pharmacologically evaluated in the preliminary anticonvulsant screens. The selected bioactive new chemical entities were subjected to ED50 determination and neurotoxicity evaluation. The most active congeners are 7h in MES screen and (+/-)-13b in scPTZ screen which displayed ED50 values of 87 and 110 mg/kg, respectively, as compared to that of STP (ED50 = 277.7 and 115 mg/kg in MES and scPTZ, respectively). (C) 2011 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  • 95.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    African education systems, a postcolonial perspective2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 96.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?2012Inngår i: Karlstads Pedagogiska Tidskrift, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 121-125Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Book Review: Finnish Lessons, What can the world learn from educational change in Finland?
  • 97.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Book review: Education, Social Progress, and Marginalized Children in Sub-Saharan Africa: Historical Antecedents and Contemporary Challenges2018Annet (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    Book Review
  • 98.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Critical Pedagogy: Origin, Vision, Action & Consequences2014Inngår i: KAPET, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 90-98Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Critical pedagogy is a transformation-based approach to education. The aim of this article is to introduce the origin, vision, action and consequences of critical pedagogy. It also aims on finding out about educators’ possibility of actualising it in their practice. As a source materials articles, book chapters and books are used. The literature shows that critical pedagogy has its origin in the tradition of critical theory of the Frankfurt School and the work of the Brazilian pedagog Paulo Freire. According to the literature, its major theses is that education should go beyond transfer of knowledge and training the future labour force; to help developing critical consciousness, which leads to transformation of the individual, learning environment and society at large. Critical pedagogy is criticised for a focus on macro level system, for not having a model for classroom implementation and for being abstract. Despite some critics, I argue that critical pedagogy has still the potential to empower those in the field of education to increase their consciousness about the injustice in their society and to involve in transforming it.

     

    Keywords: Critical pedagogy, critical thinking, critical theory, dialogue, Frankfurt School, transformation.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 99.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Democratic Values in the Comprehensive Schools Curricula of the Nordic Countries.2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Democratic values in the comprehensive schools curricula of the Nordic countries.

     

    The major focus of this paper is to find out which aspects of democratic values are emphasised in the comprehensive schools curricula of the five Nordic countries. It is also an intention of the paper to find out similarities and differences in emphasis and if available data allows to further investigate the reasons for differences and similarities.

    Major sources for the work were curricula of comprehensive schools from the different Nordic countries. Each countries current curriculum was closely read to understand their contents and to undertake comparative analysis. Text analysis was used as a major tool to look closely at the text and context. For further knowledge journals on curriculum studies and other relevant materials were consulted.

    A preliminary review of the general section of comprehensive schools curricula of these countries show:

    In the Danish curriculum participation, responsibility and understanding rights and duties are emphasised.

    The Finnish curriculum raises issues on human rights, equality, natural diversity, preservation of environment and multiculturalism. Responsibility, a sense of community and respect for the right and freedom of the individual are emphasised. General diversity and gender equality are given significant attention.

    In the Icelandic curriculum the major focus is human rights, collective responsibility, participation, influencing, and respect. Concern for people, animal and the environment are included in the curriculum. Critical thinking and reflection, active cooperation & collective responsibility are also emphasised.

    The Norwegian curriculum mentions understanding, cooperation, independence, individual freedom and tolerance as important issues.

    Swedish curriculum raises issues on respect for human rights, respect for persons and the environment. It considers inviolability of human life, individual freedom and integrity, equality between women and men, solidarity with the weak and vulnerable as crucial points. Sense of justice, generosity of spirit, tolerance and responsibility, well-being and development of the individual, no discrimination and personal responsibility were among the areas the curriculum lifted up.

    The curricula in these five countries give room for democratic values. There are some variations on emphasises on specific issues. But all the curricula include issues of rights and responsibilities.

    Keywords: curricula, democratic values, Nordic countries

  • 100.
    Abraham, Getahun Yacob
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Failed grades, schools, families and neighborhoods: Swedish Immigrant pupils’ reflections on their reality2017Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
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