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  • 51.
    Terp, Ulrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Manuscript: A feasibility study of a Cognitive Behavioral based stress management intervention for nursing students: Results, challenges, and implications for research and practiceManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 52.
    Terp, Ulrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Not Just Tools to Handle It: A Qualitative Study of Nursing Students' Experiences From Participating in a Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management Intervention2019In: Health Education & Behavior, ISSN 1090-1981, E-ISSN 1552-6127Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Stress-related problems are an increasing challenge within nurse education since it affects learning, professional development, and mental health negatively. Despite this, knowledge is scarce regarding nursing students' experiences of being in stress management interventions. Aim. This study aimed to describe how nursing students experienced a preventive cognitive behavioral therapy-based stress management intervention. Method. Data were collected through 14 semistructured interviews with nursing students who had participated in a stress management intervention, and analyzed using inductive qualitative content analysis. Results. The analysis yielded one theme, Turning points, which consisted of four categories: (1) more in touch with reality, (2) increased self-confidence, (3) improved communication skills, and (4) a new way of reflecting. Discussion. Findings emphasize the importance of both theoretical and structural aspects when planning a stress management training intervention. A group format delivery in combination with a multicomponent cognitive behavioral intervention can be interrelated elements for positive stress-related changes. Conclusion. Our findings indicate that participants developed new and more adaptive coping strategies, which were attributed to the intervention. The participants expressed that they had increased their ability to reflect, which led to increased insight and self-reflection. The intervention constitutes an example of a contribution to stress management research and provides information for stress management training initiatives in nurse education.

  • 53.
    Terp, Ulrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Effects of a Cognitive Behavioral-Based Stress Management Program on Stress Management Competency, Self-efficacy and Self-esteem Experienced by Nursing Students2019In: Nurse Educator, ISSN 0363-3624, E-ISSN 1538-9855, Vol. 44, no 1, p. E1-E5Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing students' exposure to stress negatively affects both academic and clinical performance and potentially their future as professional nurses. This pilot study measured the effects of a 10-week cognitive behavioral therapy-based stress management program, using a quasi-experimental design. Independent t tests showed positive effects of the training program compared with a control group. Students' perceived stress management competency, self-efficacy, and self-esteem were higher 1 year after the intervention.

  • 54. Unenge Hallerbäck, M.
    et al.
    Lugnegård, T.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Gillberg, C.
    Reading the Mind in the Eyes: test-retest reliability of a Swedish version2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 55. Unenge Hallerbäck, Maria
    et al.
    Lugnegård, T
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Gillberg, C
    The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test: Test-retest reliability of a Swedish version2009In: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry, ISSN 1354-6805, E-ISSN 1464-0619, Vol. 14, no 2, p. 127-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test is a widely used facial affect recognition test. The present study aimed to provide Swedish nonpatient reference values, examine test-retest reliability, and to elucidate strengths and weaknesses of the instrument.Methods: A Swedish version of the test was completed by 158 university students. Fifty-eight participants completed the test twice, 3 weeks apart. The Bland Altman method was used to examine the test-retest reliability.Results: Distribution of responses of the 158 participants is detailed and compared with the English version. The limits of agreement was +/- 4.3.Conclusions: A test score variation in the range of +/-4 (out of 24 possible) is to be expected for the same individual. When the Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test is used, one has to take into account that an obtained test score must be regarded as an approximation

  • 56.
    Widemalm, My
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    The forum as a friend: parental mental illness and communication on open Internet forums2015In: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, ISSN 0933-7954, E-ISSN 1433-9285, Vol. 50, no 10, p. 1601-1607Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE:The aim of this study was to identify how daughters or sons to parents suffering from mental illness perceive their situation. The objective was to provide new knowledge based on what they communicate on open Internet forums.

    METHODS:The sample consisted of forum posts written by individuals who reported that they had mentally ill parents. Data collection comprised 301 comments from 35 forum threads on 5 different Swedish Internet forums, and predetermined inclusion criteria were used. Data were analyzed qualitatively using thematic analysis.

    RESULTS:The analysis generated four themes: "Caregiver burden," "Knowledge seeking," "Support from the forum," and "Frustration and powerlessness over health care." The results showed that parents' mental illness affected the forum writers on several levels, and they often felt stigmatized. The writers often lacked knowledge of their parents' mental illness and sought out Internet forums for information and support from peers in similar situations. The psychiatric care given to the parents was a source of dissatisfaction among the forum writers, who often felt that their parents did not receive adequate care.

    CONCLUSIONS:This study shows that fear of stigmatization and perceived lack of care and support caused forum writers to anonymously seek out Internet forums for information and support from others with similar experiences. The role of social support and the attractiveness of anonymity and availability typical for open Internet forums ought to be considered by health care professionals and researchers when developing new ways for providing support for children or adolescents with a mentally ill parent.

  • 57.
    Wirsén, Erik
    et al.
    Malmö University.
    Åkerlund, Simon
    Malmö University.
    Ingvarsdotter, Karin
    Malmö University.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Östman, Margareta
    Malmö University.
    Persson, Karin
    Malmö University.
    Burdens experienced and perceived needs of relatives of persons with SMI: A systematic meta-synthesis.2017In: Journal of Mental Health, ISSN 0963-8237, E-ISSN 1360-0567, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Close relatives of people with severe mental illness (SMI) experience problems known as family burdens. In addition, they may have their own needs for support, something often overlooked by the healthcare system. Meta-syntheses in this area may help explore the meaning of the experience of living with someone who has a SMI.

    AIM: Our aim was to describe the burdens experienced and needs perceived on a daily basis by relatives to someone who has a SMI.

    METHODS: The databases PubMed, CINAHL, and PsychInfo were searched using a systematic search strategy. Studies were screened for relevance and quality was appraised. A meta-synthesis of nine qualitative studies was then conducted.

    RESULTS: The nine studies discerned the following themes. Burden themes; Forced to carry a sometimes unbearable burden; Burdened by own ill-health and disrupted relationships; Distressed and stigmatized by society. Needs themes; strengthening protective factors; Skills and practical support greatly appreciated.

    CONCLUSIONS: The burdens and needs of relatives of persons with SMI strongly influence their lives. They require relief from both practical and emotional burdens. Family interventions and other programs to support relatives should be encouraged with this knowledge in mind.

  • 58.
    Östman, Margareta
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, University of Malmö.
    Persson, Karin
    Faculty of Health and Society, University of Malmö.
    Ingvarsdotter, Karin
    Faculty of Health and Society, University of Malmö.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Family-Based Psycho-Education – A Model Outmoded in Psychiatric Services Today?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
12 51 - 58 of 58
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