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  • 51.
    Ibsen, Hilde
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Halvorsen, TorUniversitetet i Bergen.Evans, Henri-CountUniversity of Kwa-Zulu-Natal.Penderis, SharonThe University of the Western Cape.
    Knowledge for justice: Critical perspectives from southern African-Nordic research partnerships2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 52.
    Ibsen, Hilde
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Penderis, Sharon
    University of the Western Cape.
    Bengtsson, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    To fit or not to fit, is that the question?: People centred development, indigenous knowledge and higher education institutions2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 53. Isaksson, K.
    et al.
    Heikkinen, Satu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Sustainability transitions at the frontline. Lock-in and potential for change in the local planning arena2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 3, article id 840Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores challenges and possibilities for integrating goals of long-term sustainable development into urban planning practice, with a specific focus on local institutional conditions for sustainability transitions. The analysis is based on a qualitative single case study of a large urban development process: the development of a new city district in Hyllie in the city of Malmö, Sweden. Hyllie was branded as a flagship project for sustainable urban development, with particularly high ambitions on climate neutrality and sustainable energy consumption. Several innovative elements were initiated in the development process, for instance the "climate contract" between the municipality and large energy companies. In the paper, this climate contract is discussed as an initiative with a promising potential for sustainability transitions. In practice, however, the outcome of the development in Hyllie in terms of sustainable development is ambiguous, since the district is also framed around luxury shopping, entertainment, and an ambition to attract visitors from a long distance. The Hyllie development illustrates pre-requisites for work on sustainable development in a decentralized and market-oriented planning context. Theoretically, the analysis is inspired by the multi-level perspective (MLP) and institutional theory. The results illustrate how the development process was shaped by a complex interplay between actors with differing agendas and targets at different stages in the process. These results are applied in a general discussion of challenges and possibilities for urban planning to contribute substantially to a transition to long-term sustainable development. Overall, the analysis demonstrates the importance of considering specific local institutional conditions in strategic work for long-term sustainability.

  • 54.
    Ivarsson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Larsson, Patrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Att leverera hantverkstjänster – en studie av näringsidkares upplevelser av affärsrelationen2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under 2009 inkom det omkring 10 000 klagomål rörande hantverkare och hantverkstjänster till landets konsumentvägledningar. Detta är en ökning med tio procent jämfört med året innan. Vanligtvis handlar klagomålen om att hantverkstjänsten blivit dyrare än överenskommet eller att arbetet inte har utförts på det sätt konsumenten räknat med.

    Anledningen till det ökade klagomålet på hantverkstjänster kan enligt Helena Olofsson, boendeexpert på Konsumentverket, möjligtvis hänvisas till införandet av ROT-avdraget (Renovering, Ombyggnad, Tillbyggnad) som i korthet innebär attprivatkunder som anlitar hantverkare kan få en skattereduktion på 50 procentav arbetskostnaden. Denna förklaring bygger på ett antagande om att ROTavdragetmedför att fler personer väljer att anlita hantverkare nu närkostnaderna blir väsentligt lägre. Det förefaller logiskt att ett ökat anlitande också medför ett ökande av kunders missnöje och därmed klagomål.

    Den ökande andelen klagomål har föranlett en rad delstudier kring hur kunderoch hantverkare upplever affärsrelationen. Två av dessa är kvantitativt orienterade och vänder sig till privatkunder respektive hantverkare, i syfte att kartlägga utbredningen av kundmissnöje. Föreliggande rapport fokuserarnäringsidkares upplevelser av relationen.

  • 55.
    Jakobsson, Adam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Lindberg, Pontus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Kuna Yala – Effekter av lokal involvering inom destinationsutvecklingen: B-uppsats2014Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay has examined how the local community is involved with the tourism development on the San Blas islands and how it effects the destinations development. The method of choice has been a qualitative interview with an operator that offers trips to the destination. Also there has been made a literature study where previous research about the San Blas and the subjects of choice is being presented. During the writing process of this essay it has become obvious to us that the local community (Kuna Yala) is very much involved in everything that concerns the destination. We can thereby establish that the local community of San Blas can be placed on the top step of Arnsteins (1969) “Ladder of Participation”. This comprehensive involvement brings both positive and negative effects on the destinations development. On the negative side we can se that the service level sometimes is low due to lack of knowledge and communication amongst the Kunas. The positive effects however shows that the destination is perceived more unique when the visitors gets to experience the real Kuna lifestyle that also creates a sustainable social environment. Many Kunas make their living on the tourism industry, which secure that the visitors money stays at the destination. The destination itself has not followed any traditional curve regarding destination development, which makes San Blas problematic to apply in Butlers model about the destination lifecycle. 

  • 56.
    Jakobsson, Adam
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Lindberg, Pontus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Resande seniorer på nätet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay has been to examine how people over the age of 55 use digital channels before travelling and their opinions of doing so. By a case study of Kulturresor Europa the essay has been getting a producer perspective in this matter, which gave the opportunity to analyze how they work in comparison to the examination of the age group. The base of this essay has been a quantitative survey, which has been distributed through a number of digital channels on the Internet. These different channels have had certain characteristics in which they’re all directed to people with travelling as an interest and therefore supposedly are legitimate for the purpose of this essay. Further on an interview has been done with Kulturresor Europa. The purpose of the interview was to get an insight of how they work with this age group on a daily basis. Also there has been made a literature study to create a theoretical frame of reference for this essay. This frame of reference is divided up into two parts in which the first one contains mainly of marketing related theories’. In this section you’ll get presented with theories’ of relationship marketing and social media as a tool in this matter. The second part is focused on the target group and is presenting theories’ and statistics about Swedes and the elderly on the Internet, seniors as tourists and different categorizations of technology users. An analysis of how these theories’ could be compared against the examination of the age group and how Kulturresor Europa’s work with them have later been done with the intention of answering the essays purpose. Working with this essay it has clarified that this age group has a high Internet usage with Facebook being the social media in which most of them can be found. They are generally confident about booking and searching information about travel in the Internet but they still would like to have a family member or a friend present during the actual booking. A certain tendency from this target group showing that their social media usage as a communication tool is increasing has been showing compared to previous research. In addition it seems that the target group in some aspects thinks of themselves as travelling more independently than what they might actually do. This information could be used by Kulturresor Europa to offer more flexible alternatives on travel packages, which will add a feeling of making an independent choice. Further research recommendations among other things are a more profound study with a qualitative approach to find out why the target group thinks and acts the way they do. 

  • 57.
    Janson, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Styrning av EU-finansierade turismprojekt2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EU-projects are a frequent phenomenon in the tourism industry. The projects is often criticized for being difficult to handle, and are questioned whether the gains are corresponding to the invested resources. The purpose of the study is to examine the project manger’s ability to manage and control the project towards a target with the desired results.

     

    The investigated area is relatively unexplored. The theoretical base is therefore of general project management theory. In the study, five project managers of EU-funded tourism projects are being interviewed. Survey design and results is largely a product of respondents' thoughts about their own situation.

     

    Project Manager's ability to control and manage the project consists, in this study, of two main factors:

     

    - Establishment of the project plan's overall objectives.

    - Active communication towards the stakeholders in the project organization.

     

    To manage the project towards a desired result, the project may start with an anchoring process. This involved the beneficiary of the project results in the specification of project objectives.

  • 58.
    Jensen, Jostein Framnes
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Roness, Bernt Tarjei
    Karlstad University.
    Hvor blir alle helter av?: Menns opplevelser av helse, aktivitet og nettverk etter avsluttet yrkesliv.2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Internationally several studies have focused on men’s health connected to masculinity ideology. In Norway there is a lack of knowledge about men’s health related to gender. This study aimed at exploring retired men’s experiences of health, activities and social network. Data were collected by 10 group interviews with participants in an informal social network, established for and by men inhabiting a medium-sized Norwegian town. The men gathered at a cabin in the town woods about 15 minutes walking distance from the nearest road and parking lot. This social network consisted of 25 retired males, aged from 60 to well past 80 years. This group of men was meeting on a regular basis nearly every day all year connected to daytime hiking activities. Comparative analysis inspired by Grounded Theory was conducted to extract relevant categories from the interview data. The results showed that the social network and the cabin in the woods had become the men’s ‘own room’ combining friendship with conscious and active caring for ones own health and coping. Participation in an accepting environment allowed every man to appear as he wanted. The companionship at the cabin in beautiful surroundings created a feeling of wellbeing and a sense of coherence supporting the men’s experiences of having good health in spite of their relative high age and, for some, severe medical diagnosis. The study showed how connections between health, activity and social network in terms of individuals internalizing the values of the network can be transformed into personal health and feeling of wellbeing.

  • 59.
    Johansson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Societal risk and safety management: Policy diffusion, management structures and perspectives at the municipal level in Sweden2013Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This compilation thesis investigates risk and safety management at the Swedish local governmentallevel. It sets special focus on municipal implementation of overall international and nationalstrategies and objectives regarding holistic, cross-sectorial and multi-strategic risk and safetywork, and the prevention of accidents and injuries.

    The overall aim for this thesis have been to empirically map and provide an overview of theadministrative structures for, and the prevailing management perspectives applied in the societalrisk and safety management in Sweden, as well as to study the diffusion of strategic intentions forthis area down to the municipal level.

    Three different sources constitute the thesis empirical base: two different set of official planningdocuments, written by Swedish municipal officials on commission of the local politiciansand one set of data from a survey investigation with municipal officials representing differentdepartments/functions. The documents were investigated using content analysis, while datafrom the survey were analyzed using statistical measures.

    This thesis provides through its empirical works an outlook on the general characteristics andarchetypical features of the Swedish local level’s administrative structures and managementperspective on risk and safety management; and proposes a municipal typology and a set of valuecharacters for allocation and institutionalization of risk and safety-tasks. This thesis also suggestsa conceptual framework for overviewing risk and safety management’s systemic steering elementsin its framework report. Based on the findings made, it seems as if the local level’s compliance tothe strategic level’s ambitions for the risk and safety area is hindered by practical implementationdifficulties and that much work remains in order to reach stated strategic objectives regardingholistic, inter-sectorial and multi-strategic management approaches, and preventive risk andsafety work.

  • 60.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Denk, Thomas
    Department of Political Science , ÅBO Akademi University, Finland.
    Svedung, Inge
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Institutionalization of risk and safety management at the local governmental level in Sweden2009In: Journal of Risk Research, ISSN 1366-9877, E-ISSN 1466-4461, Vol. 12, no 5, p. 687-708Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point for this article is the need for empirical knowledge about organizational configuration for societal risk and safety management activities in a modern welfare society. In this paper, we use Sweden as an empirical frame to analyze the administrative management structure at the local governmental level. The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web‐survey with administrative chief/head officials (n = 1283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. The sample represented 25% of the Swedish municipalities (n = 290) and the response rate was approximately 60% (n = 766). The responses to two sets of questions (25 and 45 questions) are used for statistical analyses of management structures and task distribution within the municipal organizations. Principal component factor analyses with Varimax and Kaiser's Normalization was applied as a structure detection method. The results indicate a clear and uniform way to institutionalize societal risk and safety management at the local level. Furthermore, the management course of action is found to have different types of value characters. The implications that arise from the patterns identified in this study are considered to be of general relevance and topicality for research and practice in this area.

  • 61.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Denk, Thomas
    Department of Political Science, Åbo Akademi University, Finland.
    Svedung, Inge
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The typology for allocations of societal risk and safety management tasks at the local governmental level: Framing the current directions in Sweden2009In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 47, no 5, p. 680-685Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point for this article is the need to develop empirical insights about contemporary societal risk and safety management practice and executive structures. In order to facilitate insights about societal risk and safety management in a Scandinavian welfare context we use Sweden and its local governmental level (municipal) as an empirical frame in this paper. The aim for this article is to analyse how a variety of risk and safety management tasks are divided within the Swedish municipalities. The objectives are to frame the current directions for internal allocations of risk and safety issues by providing an empirically based executive typology and to contemplate the implications and future research needs that arise from that management pattern.The analysis is based on statistical analysis of information from a web-survey with chief officials (n = 1283) with responsibilities for different municipal functions and sectors. In this study the responses to one of the survey questions are used for statistical analysis. The analyzed question focused on the degree that the respondents estimated that their administrative sector or function handled a selection of risk and safety management assignments (n = 45). A factor analysis was applied to identify patterns in the dataset. The analysis resulted in an eight factor solution with a high degree of explained variance (74.3%). The results provide an elementary contribution to the understanding of the current societal risks and safety management directions.

  • 62.
    Johansson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Svedung, Inge
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Cross-sectorial and holistic management approaches in societal risk and safety management: A review of the content in Swedish action programmes for civil protection against accidents2013In: Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, ISSN 0966-0879, E-ISSN 1468-5973Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 63.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Blumenthal, Barbara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Att mäta sårberhet mot olyckor.: Om sårbarhet som begrepp och indikatorer.2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att mäta sårbarhet mot risker och hot i vårt samhälle lyfts i olika sammanhang fram som allt viktigare för att uppnå en effektivare riskhantering och ett robustare samhälle. I klimat- och sårbarhetsutredningen (SOU 2007:60) slår man fast att risken för naturolyckor ökar på många håll och att det är nödvändigt att påbörja anpassningen så snart som möjligt. I det perspektivet är det nödvändigt att inledningsvis skapa en klar bild över hur sårbarheterna ser ut och var de finns. Rimligen bör man också fundera över vad sårbarhet mot naturolyckor ska omfatta och vilka mätetal som är intressanta att ta fram. Avsikten med den här kunskapsöversikten är att ge en orientering av sårbarhet som begrepp och utifrån det diskutera hur sårbarhetsindikatorer kan konstrueras.

  • 64.
    Johansson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Jaldell, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    SGI.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Bergman, Ramona
    SGI.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    How to measure efficiency in risk prevention?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk assessment methods form corner stones in the striving to reduce risks and threats to human life and society. Proposed actions can be physical or non-physical and adopted or declined after political evaluation, with consideration taken to available resources and estimated effect on risk. To optimize and avoid regrettable actions, decision-makers are in need of well-founded analyses of how efficient different options might be. Analytically, there are several possible steps that can contribute. Firstly, the correlation between a measure and its effect should be based on causality, which often is difficult to establish quantitatively. High frequent accidents (e.g. traffic) can normally be treated statistically , while low frequent accidents with severe consequences (e.g. natural hazards) are more restricted to qualitative descriptions of correlation. Systematic monitoring of injury and damage data and gathering into databases, are a crucial activity for causality valuation. Secondly, economic valuation of effect is an important contribution in a cost-benefit perspective. Thirdly, a measure often brings several different effects and some may fall outside the actual purpose. An additional problem is how to handle effects that exert varied influence on different stakeholders or social groups in society. Fourthly, certain criteria are required for final prioritization. For instance, in analysis of goal fulfillment, effects are compared with politically decided quantified goals. In cases where basic data from steps 1-3 are incomplete, alternative criteria like “acceptable risk” might be necessary to agree about politically. To use similar approaches on how to describe and quantify effect correlations, promote gathered efforts at local level where risk reducing measures are decided upon by different actors and with regard to diverse local conditions. Tests of suitable methods and approaches to measure efficiency of planned or accomplished actions in gain for risk prevention, are described and discussed.

  • 65.
    Johansson, Sara
    et al.
    Univ Orebro, Socialt Arbete, Orebro, Sweden..
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    To fight evil or promote good: Four organizational perspectives on individuals in violent environments and prevention work around them2016In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 53, no 4, p. 345-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this article is to examine organizational understandings and perceptions that can affect the current work with defectors from and members in violent and extremist environments. The empirical material consists primarily of answers to open questions in a survey, where professionals from four organizations are represented: social services, school, police and politics. The material is analyzed with direct qualitative content analysis and shows two contradict approaches to the problem; one that argues for "fighting the evil" and another that argues for "promoting the good". The theoretical framework presented is Erving Goffmans' frame analysis, Howard S. Beckers' labelling process and Ingrid Sahlins' discussion about different kinds of prevention strategies. The results show how organizational understandings and perceptions are far from uniform but rather disparate, and also that assumptions made by professionals have wide implications often related to morally based approaches grounded on notions of good and evil.

  • 66.
    Johnsson, Frida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Björling, Ameli
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Konflikt - Givande eller Fördärvande?: En studie om projektledares och ScrumMasters syn på intragruppkonflikter2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande undersökning är att beskriva samt jämföra på vilket sätt projektledare och ScrumMasters ser på intragruppkonflikter utifrån det interaktionistiska perspektivets karaktäristiska drag. Det interaktionistiska perspektivets karaktäristiska drag är (1) intragruppkonflikter kan inverka positivt (såväl som negativt) på en grupps prestation samt (2) det finns situationer då intragruppkonflikter bör uppmuntras.

    I studien tillämpas en metodtriangulering i form av sex kvalitativa intervjuer samt en kvantitativ enkät som har besvarats av nitton respondenter. Resultatet analyseras dels genomen deduktiv riktad innehållsanalys samt dels genom en induktiv konventionell innehållsanalys.

    Undersökningens resultat visar att majoriteten av undersökningens respondenter, såväl projektledare som ScrumMasters, uppvisar en tilltro till att uppgiftskonflikter kan inverka positivt på en projektgrupps prestation, främst gällande frågor som berör sådant som lösningsförslag och tolkningar samt i mindre utsträckning gällande målet med en specifik uppgift. Tilltron till processkonflikters positiva inverkan på en projektgrupps prestation varierar bland undersökningens respondenter. De respondenter som arbetar agilt vittnar dock om ett arbetssätt som i större utsträckning understödjer processkonflikter i jämförelse med ett mer traditionellt färgat arbetssätt. Tilltron till att relationskonflikter kan inverka positivt på enprojektgrupps prestation är låg bland undersökningens projektledare och ScrumMasters, vilket blir särskilt tydligt i samtal med undersökningens intervjurespondenter. Majoriteten av undersökningens respondenter anger att de vid något tillfälle har uppmuntrat intragruppkonflikter. De konfliktstimulerande tekniker som framkommer i föreliggande studie kategoriseras enligt följande (1) acceptanshöjande insatser (2) synliggörande (3) djävulensadvokat samt (4) agila verktyg. Agila verktyg delas i sin tur in i följande kategorier (a) retrospektiv (b) självorganiserade team (c) stå-upp-möte samt (d) Planning Poker. Medan undersökningens projektledare beskriver konfliktstimulerande tekniker som faller utanför traditionella projektledningsmetoder beskriver undersökningens ScrumMasters framförallt tekniker som utgör en del av agila projektledningsmetoder. Med andra ord tycks det agila - i större utsträckning än det traditionella - arbetssättet understödja olika typer av intragruppkonflikter. Undersökningens resultat ger dock ingen heltäckande bild över vilka konfliktstimulerande tekniker som har använts till vilken typ av intragruppkonflikt.

  • 67.
    Koivisto, Jenni
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science.
    Navigating in the Midst of Uncertainties: Challenges in Disaster Risk Governance in Mozambique2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Disasters cause heavy losses for societies and may quickly erode any development efforts. Consequently, disaster risk reduction (DRR) is an integral part of development work that should be addressed at multiple levels. Global DRR frameworks, scholars and practitioners all advocate disaster risk governance (DRG) strategies that are multi-stakeholder, polycentric and multisectoral. While various substantive knowledge gaps and questions arising from multiple risks and the crosscutting nature of DRR have been relatively well addressed, uncertainties relating to multiple DRR actors operating and collaborating at different scales have gained less attention in previous studies.

    This thesis investigates the uncertainties in DRG in Mozambique, a low-income country that regularly faces natural hazards. These hazards often cause heavy loss of life and livelihoods and economic damage. The four articles that together constitute this thesis focus on different sets of uncertainties and factors that have constrained or allowed Mozambique to take major steps in this policy area. By exploring strategic and institutional uncertainties related to stakeholder involvement, coordination and policy disputes, this thesis reveals different challenges and opportunities that affect DRR policymaking in Mozambique.

    This thesis concludes that Mozambique has managed to take important steps in DRR. However, as a consequence of the different challenges to DRR practice in Mozambique, policymaking can be short-sighted and makes slow progress, thus increasing the disconnect between theory, policies and practice. This thesis thus argues that DRG research and practice need to better take into account power-relations; coordination and capacity issues; and responsibilities and transparency across scales, both in Mozambique and elsewhere.

  • 68.
    Koivisto, Jenni
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, CNDS.
    Round and Round We Go: the effects of staff turnover on disaster risk governanceManuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 69.
    Koivisto, Jenni
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Centre of Natural Hazards and Disaster Science, CNDS.
    Whose Voice Do We Hear?: Obstacles to multi-stakeholder and multi-level disaster risk governance in MozambiqueManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Koivisto, Jenni
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Centre for natural Disaster Science.
    Nohrstedt, Daniel
    Uppsala University, Department of Government, Centre for natural Disaster Science.
    A policymaking perspective on disaster risk reduction in Mozambique2017In: Environmental hazards, ISSN 1464-2867, E-ISSN 1878-5697, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 210-227Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Academics and practitioners alike emphasise that public policy plays a key role to support efforts to reduce disaster risks and to buffer the impacts of natural hazards when they occur. This involves developing public policies to promote disaster risk reduction (DRR). However, the public policy dimension has only recently begun to receive attention in empirical research on DRR. Processes of policy change are discussed, yet less often studied, and more empirical research is needed to advance the understanding of the conditions for DRR policy change. Combining insights from adaptation research and public policy theory, this study investigates the long-term development of DRR policy in Mozambique as perceived by multiple stakeholders. The study identifies barriers and enabling factors influencing the DRR policy process over time. Using data from 37 semi-structured interviews, the study finds six main enabling factors supporting DRR policy change. Among the most important enabling factors are past disasters and broad stakeholder involvement. The study also unveils several barriers to DRR policy change, including resource insufficiency and lack of coordination among stakeholders. The study concludes with suggestions for integrating DRR and policy process research and lessons for policymaking in support of DRR over time.

  • 71.
    Kristianssen, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety (from 2013). Örebro universitet.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety (from 2013).
    Belin, Matts-Åke
    Trafikverket & Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Nilsen, Per
    Linköpings universitet.
    Swedish Vision Zero Policies for Safety: A Comparative Policy Content Analysis2018In: Safety Science, ISSN 0925-7535, E-ISSN 1879-1042, Vol. 103, p. 260-269Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 72.
    Lichtenstein, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Stojcic, Dejan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Motivation i projektledning: en kvalitativ studie av projektledares tillvägagångssätt att motivera projektgrupper2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Motivation is a key factor for the success of a project. The purpose of this study was to contribute to the understanding of how project managers are motivating project teams. The empirical data is based on qualitative data from six personal interviews with project managers in the technology industry. The empirical material has been analyzed mainly with the motivation theories Self Determination Theory and the Two factor model.

    The study found seven main themes that could categorize the project managers ways of action: Theme 1 – Cohesion and Social relations, Theme 2 – Meaningful work - creating common view of project goals, Theme 3 – Information exchange and Progress, Theme 4 - Participation, Responsibility and Trust, Theme 5 – Degree of Control, Theme 6 – Feedback and Recognition, Theme 7 – Celebrating success and conclusion.

    The ways of action can be summarized to: Getting to know the group. Giving an overview of the project. Sharing information and success of the project. Allowing everyone to participate and delegate responsibility. Having a balanced control function. Giving continues feedback. Celebrating success.

    The analysis with the Self Determination Theory showed that the basic psychological needs autonomy, competence and relatedness, were affected within the seven themes. The same ways of action could be experienced in various ways depending how they were performed, with the effect that end up in different places on the internalization scale. The project managers mainly used external factors to influence motivation.

    The analysis with the Two factor model showed that the project managers used motivational factors to a greater extent than hygiene factors to motivate, except for social relations. This was probably due to the fact that hygiene factors usually are company-specific and are beyond the control of the project managers.

    The analysis showed that the seven themes described in the study influenced different motivational needs. Every project manager had an understanding that motivation was important and that internal motivation was preferable. However, nothing in the study indicated that the project managers had a greater understanding of the psychological processes of the individuals had, that their ways of action influenced. The project managers’ ways of action were based on their own experiences, rather than anchored in formulated processes or theories. None of the companies in the study had an conscious articulated motivation strategy that project managers could use.

  • 73.
    Linzie, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Väneramplitud – Lönsamhet?: Kvalitativ studie av åtgärder, genomförda för att reducera risker och kostnadspåföljder av en förändrad vattenregim2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The water amplitude of the lake Vänern was lowered by a decision by the County Administrative board of Västra Götaland, this was carried out by the electric company Vattenfall AB in the year 2008. This was done to reduce the risks of severe flooding’s. The procedure was recommended by the report “Climate and vulnerability”. This will have adverse effects on the natural values around Vänern. The method used in the report was the Cost-Benefit-Analysis (CBA) method. In this valuation method, it is very difficult to value natural values according to their monetary value since the method itself lacks the procedures to do so properly. And also the investigators chose to not value these in a monetary sense because of the difficulties in doing so. This thesis questions through interviews and an extensive literature study why this came to pass, and how and why the natural values of the lake Vänern could have been valued. The possibility that the adverse effects on the natural values around the lake is diminishing is a fact not implemented in the report makes the proceeding decision to lower the water amplitude of Vänern, makes it difficult to determine the final consequences. 

  • 74.
    Ljunggren, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Hur kan måltiders klimatpåverkan minska?: Hinder och möjligheter för växtbaserad kost vid offentliga matserveringar.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The human emission of greenhouse gases, which affect climate change, has increased rapidly over the past hundred years. More goods are produced, consumed and transported all over the world to meet the demands of people connected to their living standards. The food industry's role in emissions is significant, meat production accounts for about eighteen percent of the total global greenhouse gas emission. By reducing the amount of meat included in people's diet and meals and go toward eating more plant-based, its environmental impact reduces. An important area is public restaurants food servings, the food that are served there have an impact on people's eating habits and their attitudes toward food. The meat heavy eating habits of food consumers and the limiting access to plant-based meals are some of the main obstacles to the increase of plant-based foods and reducing consumption of animal products. If food services are working to make plant-based food attractive and accessible to consumers, their influence on the earth's climate reduces.  

  • 75.
    Lättman, Katrin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Book review: Planning for Public Transport Accessibility: an international sourcebook. By Curtis, C. and Scheurer, J. (2016). London: Routledge. £ 76.50 (hardback) £ 24.49 (e-book). ISBN: 978-1472447241.2017In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 62, p. 263-264Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 76. Ma, Li
    Book review on Livia Sz. Oláh and Ewa Fratczak (eds.) (2013), Childbearing, Women’s Employment and Work-Life Balance Policies in Contemporary Europe, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp.240.2016In: Journal of Social Policy, ISSN 0047-2794, E-ISSN 1469-7823, Vol. 45, no 2, p. 382-384Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 77.
    Nilgran, Charlotta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Wokander, Jesper
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Tystnadskulturer i svenskt projektarbete - förekomst och effekter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    International research has shown that employee/organizational silence is culturally and geographically widely spread and has an impact on virtually every part of our society. Employee/organizational silence is when an individual has knowledge of information that needs to be acted upon but he/she refrains from passing it on to those in a position to act due to fear of adverse repercussions should he/she choose to do so. This entails that necessary measures will not be administered in time which may lead to anything between financial losses to the loss of human lives. This will result in stress for the individual pressed between a wish to do what is considered right and the fear of the consequences that is assumed to follow.

    In Swedish research hardly anything has been done on employee/organizational silence. Two theses have been written on the subject. No essays are registered.

    This work has been done to study some basic conditions. Is there employee/organizational silence in Swedish project work and if so what are the consequences? To be able to answer these questions we have made an inquiry among a group of experienced Swedish project managers and the inquiry has then been followed by in depth interviews with a select group of respondents. The result shows clearly that employee/organizational silence exists in Swedish project work and that it, although less clearly, comes with the same range of losses as shown by international research.

  • 78.
    Nilsson, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Faror i varor: En studie av unga vuxnas medvetenhet om kemikalier i hygienprodukter och kosmetika2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Chemicals are everywhere in todays society, in humans, animals as well as nature, and they are difficult to avoid. The chemical industry is regarded to be the fastest growing industrial sector, accounting for ten percent of the global economy. A large amount of chemicals are used to produce hygiene products and cosmetics, products that in Sweden only are consumed in quantities of 110 tons per day. Researchers find it increasingly difficult to determine which chemicals that are dangerous and which that are safe, and how they might affect us in the long run. Correlations have been found between chemicals, diseases and other health effects such as cancer, allergies, reproductive and endocrine disorders. The large amount of chemicals that people come into contact with every day both give and could give major consequences on life in the future.

    This paper aims to examine how aware young adults are of chemicals in hygiene products and cosmetics and their negative effects on both people and the environment. This is done by the means of a questionnaire survey.

    The survey showed that the respondents quite frequently used a relatively large amount of hygiene products and cosmetics, and at the same time were little aware of any harmful chemicals in them. The vast majority of the respondents answered that they do believe there are harmful chemicals in the hygiene products and cosmetics that they use, but they found it hard to know what these chemicals were. This was mainly due to the fact that the respondents do not read the ingredient list on the products they buy, primarily because they do not prioritize or have interest in it, because they trust that companies only produce safe products, because habits control what they consume and also because they consider it difficult knowing what chemicals to avoid.

    For young adults to become more aware of chemicals that either are or may be harmful to humans and the environment, knowledge needs to increase: a greater responsibility as well as a strengthened cooperation must take place between the public sector, the market and people. Legal requirements for chemicals in hygiene products and cosmetics need to be strengthened, the market need to phase out harmful chemicals and products and people need to break their habits and start to read the ingredient list of the products they consume as well as place greater demands on the companies that produce these products.

  • 79.
    Nilsson, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Blom, Thomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Finisterre: being and becoming a myth-related tourist destination2018In: Leisure Studies, ISSN 0261-4367, E-ISSN 1466-4496, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 359-370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of travelling to myth-related places has had a revival inrecent decades, warranting an investigation of how such places areperceived by today’s tourists. While established myths and the specificplaces they are associated with have been extensively researched, thereis as yet relatively little research on how tourists appropriate and reworkconventional myth-based place meaning and identity. The aim of thisarticle is to contribute to wider debates on place, meaning and identityin tourism studies particularly as regards myth-related tourist destinations.Relying on theories of place and identity, we highlight how mythicalplaces and their identities are appropriated and consumed by andmade part of individual tourists’ experiences. Drawing on qualitativeinterviews with tourists journeying to Finisterre in Spain, this articleshows how tourists rework the classical symbolism surrounding mythicalplaces and imbue these with new meanings and identities. Based onFinisterre as a case, our study found out that myth-related places havebecome tourist-driven attractions: at present it is tourist flows that shapetraditional myth destinations.

  • 80.
    Nordsäter, Magdalena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013).
    Förutsättningar för gränsöverskridande krisberedskap i Inre Skandinavien: Geografi, demografi, lagstiftning och organisering2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en del av projektet CriseIT, som är finansierat av EU Interreg Inre Skandinavien och av de ingående parterna. Projektet som löper 2016-2018 avser att utveckla och testa metodik och datorbaserade verktyg för krisövning. Syftet med denna rapport har varit att identifiera och beskriva förutsättningar och hinder för effektivare krishantering i gränsregionen. Geografiska, demografiska, juridiska och organisatoriska faktorer har undersökts på norsk respektive svensk sida. Lagstiftning som styr krisberedskap i Norge och Sverige beskrivs i rapporten, liksom gränsöverskridande samverkan och forsknings- och utvecklingsprojekt i gränsregionen.

  • 81.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Vad innebär det att hantera översvämningsrisker?: Från sårbarhet till hållbarhet2016In: Katastrofriskreducering: Perspektiv, praktik, potential / [ed] Baez Ullberg S & Becker P, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 1, p. 123-143Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Nyberg, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Ibsen, Hilde
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Klarälvdalen och en hållbar framtid2011In: Klarälven, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2011, p. 145-147Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Olsson, Marika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Gräsbränder i Sverige 1998-2012: En kartläggning av variationer i tid och rum2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Grass fires are a recurrent problem throughout Sweden and can affect both property and people. There are factors that influence the emergence of grass fires. It could be the weather / climate, human impact, the type of grass and ignition agents.

    In this study, the goal is to identify where most grass fires occur in Sweden, why they occur, and when the season starts and ends. Another goal of the study is to examine how vulnerable municipalities manage and look at the problem of grass fires. Finally, the goal was also to investigate whether future climate change may affect the grass fire situation in Sweden.

    To answer the purpose of the study a statistical survey was made based on emergency response data from the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). There were also two interviews made with municipal employees, one from a municipality in southern Sweden and one from a municipality in northern Sweden. The interview data were analyzed with content analysis. Finally, research literature and scenario studies were used to study the role of climate change for vegetation fires. 

    The results of the study show that Gothenburg is the municipality where most grass fires occur, followed by Stockholm, Halmstad and Borås. Västra Götaland is the county having most frequent grass fires in Sweden, and is also the county where the greatest grass fires occur. Is, however, the county of Halland which has most grass fires, seen as fires per capita. The most common known cause of grass fires is burning of grass, but there is also a large proportion of fires for which the cause is unknown. 

    The interviews revealed that grass fires are considered a minor problem and that the municipalities’ way of dealing with them is good. However, one problem with grass fires, considered by the municipalities is that they may take time and resources away from other rescue missions. The interviews also showed that there is a potential for teaching of residents, as a way to reduce the number of grass fires in the municipalities.

    Climate change may affect grass fire development in Sweden. If humidity will increase grass fire risk is considered to decrease because of less frequent fire-days, but grass fires may become more intense due to longer growth season and therefore a great amount of fuel. 

  • 84.
    Omberg, Lisbet
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Sjökvist, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Fånga dagen - frigör morgondagen: Unga kvinnors uppfattning av ett gott liv2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den forskning och de myndighetsutredningar som finns kring unga kvinnors hälsa är överlag fokuserade på frånvaro av hälsa med utgångspunkt från sjukdom. Syftet med studien var att beskriva unga kvinnors uppfattning om det goda livet samt vilka faktorer som främjade ett gott liv för unga kvinnor. Studien har en deskriptiv design inspirerad av fenomenologin. En kvalitativ intervju i samtalsform genomfördes med sexton kvinnor. Urvalet gjordes i en liten bruksort och stadsdelar i en större stad. En intervjuguide med tre teman användes.

    Resultatet visade att ett gott liv för unga kvinnor var ett liv i balans. Balanserande förhållanden var förändring/utveckling och kontroll. Det goda livet innehöll positiva känslor som glädje, förnöjsamhet och känslan av att duga. Det innefattade också tillfredställda behov och aktiva handlingar. Behoven var trygghet, bekräftelse, nära relationer, frihet, samhällsstöd och materiella tillgångar. Aktiva handlingar var omsorg om sig själv och andra, utveckling och strategiska mål. De unga kvinnorna, som var i åldern 18-24 år, önskade både förändring och kontroll i livet. Det var balansen däremellan som utgjorde själva kärnan i det goda livet.

  • 85.
    Pauget, Bertrand
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Dammak, A.
    European Business School, Paris, France.
    The implementation of the Internet of Things: What impact on organizations?2018In: Technological forecasting & social change, ISSN 0040-1625, E-ISSN 1873-5509Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is one of the growing sectors. Expenditure growth on average is about 2.5% a year (OECD, 2015) most notably led by the impact of ageing population. One of the areas with the fastest growth due to the “ageing-boom” is that the senior care. Technology investment is necessary to cope with the surge of patients. Internet of Things is one of those solutions. Too few studies have analyzed the organizational impact of these technologies. We propose a model confounding organizational perspective and anthropology. We seek to understand how the diversity of technological tools can give meaning to their implementation in the organization. Based on experts’ statements and analysing weak signals, we suggest three trends: the Internet of Things strengthens patients’ autonomy; it fights against the negative image of Senior care and ensures continuity between homecare services and institutionalization. The Internet of Things strengthens the bureaucratic aspect of Senior care, which in certain respects sound like highly bureaucratic organization where control becomes dominant. The duty of monitoring, control and transparency is enhanced by disempowering professionals and changing the tasks of Senior care directors whose supervisory task has grown major. The Internet of Things can strengthen an opposite organizational model based on technical and human networks.

  • 86.
    Pauget, Bertrand
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Wald, Andreas
    Business and Law, Agder University, Kristiansand, Norway).
    Creating and implementing organizational innovation: The role of professional identity and network embeddedness in healthcare organizations2018In: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 21, no 3, p. 384-401Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    Research on organizational innovation remains relatively scarce, particularly with respect to social structures and processes. In contrast to product innovation, organizational innovation relies more on informal processes and relationships among members of the organization than on formal processes. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the understanding of these processes at the micro level.

    Design/methodology/approach

    Building on a process model of organizational innovation, the authors study the case of a dermatology department of a large hospital in France and conceptualize organizational innovation as the outcome of a social system represented by networks of relationships, professional identities and formal structures.

    Findings

    The findings suggest that informal networks support the early phase of the invention and development of organizational innovation. However, the later phases depend more on the formal structure. A mismatch between professional identities and formal roles and positions can prevent the institutionalization and legitimation of organizational innovation in the final phases of the innovation process.

    Research limitations/implications

    The study is limited to one case, a department in a French hospital. The authors call for future research to study different industry/country contexts.

    Practical implications

    Professional organizations such as hospitals should encourage better interactions between actors of different professional identities to support the development and implementation of organizational innovation. Reducing the perceived hierarchy of different professional identities may also be useful.

  • 87.
    Perks, Helen
    et al.
    Univ Nottingham, Business Sch, Nottingham, England.
    Kowalkowski, Christian
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Management & Engn, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Witell, Lars
    Hanken Sch Econ, Helsinki, Finland.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Network orchestration for value platform development2017In: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 67, p. 106-121Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The traditional firm and product-centric view of platforms is changing. Platforms are increasingly developed around value that is co-created with a network of actors. In such settings, lead firms shape their environments and develop value platforms through network orchestration. This study examines how lead firms mobilize network relationships to support and build novel value platforms. The research adopts a multiple case study methodology, investigating the development of six value platforms in network settings within Europe. A large-scale interview program over several years was conducted. The findings unravel practices constituting four overarching network orchestration mechanisms in the value platform development context; envisioning, inducing innovativeness, legitimizing, and adjusting. The study explains the relationships and interplay between the orchestration mechanisms and articulates theoretical and managerial contributions.

  • 88.
    Persson, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Förslag på riktlinjer för datainsamlingen vid kommunala olycksundersökningar2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: According to the legislation regarding protection against accidents (SFS 2003:778) shall an accident investigation be implemented at a reasonable depth to find reason, development and evaluation of the rescue initiative (SFS 2003:778, chp3, 10§). Among implemented accident investigations in Sweden's municipalities has the Swedish Rescue Services Agency identified large mutual variation the current content in the investigations and deficiencies at forwarding them to the authority for statistical analysis. This essay is therefore part of the authority's development of the aid for the collection of data regarding municipal accident investigations in aim to improve the conditions to draw important knowledge from accidents.

    Aim: The aim with this essay is two-folded. To first analyze which experiences that are collected from the municipal accident investigators and then verify the results on the basis of earlier research results.

    Method and materials: With the method Qualitative Content Analysis has a selection of municipal accident investigations been analyzed (n=21), where collected experiences have been categorized in a number common themes. The basis (n=68) is retrieved from the Swedish Rescue Service Agency and is comprised of all forwarded municipal accident investigations between 2005 up to and including April 2007 distributed over 8 classifications.

    Results: On the basis of earlier research the results have been verified. The conclusion of the essay is presented in a number proposals on guidelines that should be interpreted as an aid regarding the data collection at municipal accident investigations. The essay is a preliminary study where the basis should be increased and the results examined empirically before the guidelines can be practical applied.

  • 89.
    Persson, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Den upplevda nyttan av den norska skreddatabasen Skrednett: Intervjuer med brukare2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing demand for more compatible and complete information to support evidence based risk management at the international level. At the moment, development in this direction occurs more successfully at the national level. In Europe, StorMe (Switzerland), AVI (Italy), the Swedish Natural Hazards Information System (Sweden), NSMES (Romania) and Skrednett (Norway) are good examples of natural hazard information systems where data on past events, frequency of events, hazard mapping of retrospective and potential endangered areas, multi-risk assessments, risk maps, etc., are compiled in user-friendly web solutions. The creation of integrated systems aim towards increased effectiveness in societal contingency planning at regional or local levels. Weather this goal is attained or not in society, or if the system is cost effective, is more or less impossible to measure quantitatively for free internet systems due to system owners lack of control on how their data is used. Qualitative measures from interviews with known end users can serve as indicators of success or failure. In this study, interviews were conducted with 11 recurrent users of the Norwegian database “Skrednett” (www.skrednett.no). Their answers show consensus around the database significance for societal needs in general, but also around a call for more compatible data to be used in other external map tools, or a development towards a more integrated, standalone, risk tool.

  • 90.
    Persson-Kangas, Joel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Nilsson, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Jobbcoachningsprocessen ur ett livsformsperspektiv: En livsformsanalys av jobbcoacher och klienter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka jobbcoachningsprocessen utifrån ett livsformsperspektiv, genom att utföra livsformsanalys på jobbcoacher och klienter. Relationen jobbcoach/klient står i fokus eftersom det existerar en liten mängd forskning inom området, och jobbcoachningens effekt på arbetslösheten i Sverige har på senare tid ifrågasatts. Livsformsanalysen är även bra verktyg för att undersöka vilka värderingar människor har och varför vi väljer att agera på ett visst sätt. Teorin om livsformsanalys utgår ifrån att människor har olika levnadsmönster och uppfattningar om "det goda livet", vilket benämns som att de lever livsformer. Vi har lagt fokus på kärnbegreppen sociocentrism och neokulturation inom livsformsanalysen: Sociocentrism handlar om människans oförmåga att förstå och erkänna andra livsformer än sin egen. Människor strävar alltid efter att hitta rimliga förklaringar till hur verkligheten är beskaffad utifrån sina egna livsformers syn på “det goda livet”. Eftersom människor som lever livsformer har olika uppfattningar om verkligheten uppstår konflikter när uppfattningarna ”krockar” med varandra. Människor försöker då omedvetet försvara den egna livsformens handlingsmönster och värderingar, vilket inom livsformsanalysen kallas för neokulturationsprocess.

    I C-uppsatsen ska vi undersöka om tendenser till livsformernas sociocentrism och neokulturation av livsformerna villkorar intervjupersonerna handlingar, på ett sådant sätt attjobbcoachningsprocessen påverkas. Vi intervjuade två jobbcoacher och fyra klienter. Vi kom fram till följande resultat: När jobbcoacher och klienter interagerar är det hög sannolikhet för att de lever olika livsformer och därmed tolkar varandra utifrån sina levda livsformers sociocentrism. Sociocentrism framträder i intervjupersonernas livsformsberättelser och ligger till grund för analysen av neokulturationsprocesser, vilka har delats in i tre områden: Arbetsbelastning, arbetslöshet och separation.

    Olika aspekter av områdena kan påverka jobbcoachningsprocessen på flera sätt: Hög arbetsbelastning kan medföra att jobbcoachen distanserar sig från klienterna; klienternas arbetslöshet kan leda till att jobbcoachningen fungerar som substitut för arbete; separation kan leda till att hemmafrun, som är ovan att arbeta, har svårt att sätta upp yrkesinriktade mål i jobbcoachningen. Områdena ska förstås som avancerade förlopp genom vilka livsformsanalysen delvis kan hjälpa till att förklara varför människor i utsatta situationer (till exempel klienter i jobbcoachningsprogram) agerar på ett visst sätt. Vi har även i undersökningen uppmärksammat skillnader i hur jobbcoachningsprocessen kan påverkas, beroende på vilken kärleksform som jobbcoacher och/eller klienter lever.

  • 91.
    Rydstedt Nyman, Monika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Merits of using a socio-technical system perspective and different industrial accident investigation methods on accidents following natural hazards: A case study on pluvial flooding of a Swedish railway tunnel 20132015In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 13, p. 189-199Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Rådbo, Helena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Svedung, Inge
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Suicide and the potential for suicide prevention on the Swedish railnetwork: A qualitative multiple case study2012In: / [ed] Bérenguer, Grall & Guedes Soares, London, 2012, p. 51-56Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Acts of suicide on railways represent a serious public health and railway safety problem. Suicides constitute about 75% of all deaths in person-train collisions in Sweden. The aim of the study is to evaluate existing police and rail administration reports on railway suicide incidents from a preventive perspective, and to identify and categorize additional preventive-oriented information. Twenty-two cases of railway suicide have been reviewed, based on regular police and rail administration reports plus observations from complementary site visits. Findings: Neither police nor rail administration reports include sufficient information to guide future safety work. Findings from site visits show that structured preventive-oriented investigation routines may add important complementary details. Relevant data on behavioural, technical and environmental circumstances facilitating railway suicide need to be collected and analyzed by those responsible on a regular basis as an integral part of their safety work.

  • 93.
    Römmelmann, Helena
    Karlstad University.
    Vulnerability to Social Risks through the Lens of Food Security: A Mixed Methods Study at the Household Level in Cape Town, South Africa2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background

    The number one goal of the United Nations (UN) Agenda 2030 is to eradicate poverty. The second goal is to end hunger. The impact of climate change on food production is likely to exacerbate already widespread hunger by a negative effect on the supply of food, which again will increase the gap between the rich and the poor. Deficient food security is considered a result of failing local and national economies and political weakness. African urbanization makes food security increasingly challenging. In South Africa, more than half of the country’s citizens live in poverty. Cape Town is seen as one of South Africa’s most pressured cities with great social vulnerability. Rapid urbanization and a prolonged drought in the Western Cape have strained the city’s resources and food prices are rising.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to explore and explain the vulnerability to social risks through the lens of food security. Specifically, the aim was to describe the scale and experiences of food security at the household level, focusing on young adults in South Africa.

    Methods

    A comparative mixed methods design was used, comparing three strategically chosen communities from a race and class perspective. A survey using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) sampled 902 households. Additionally, six focus group interviews were conducted. The methodological foundation of this study lies within the transformative paradigm, seeking participation and collaboration at community level for empowerment to change. Data were interpreted through an intersectional perspective on risk and the Pressure and Release-model was used to explain vulnerability.

    Results

    Results indicate significant differences in food security between the white, black African and coloured areas. The black African and coloured communities indicate high food insecurity, whilst the white community stands out as generally food secure. Focus group data confirm and explain the survey results.

    Conclusions

    Racial history and social class determine the opportunities of the young in South Africa. Food insecurity persists as a result of the progression of vulnerability. The risk of hunger imposes a great challenge for the future and wellbeing of South African youth. The history of colonialism and apartheid combined with the neo-liberal economy are viewed as root-causes driving vulnerability. The drought, enforced by climate change, increases the risk of hunger by adding more pressure on those already vulnerable.

  • 94.
    Schmidt, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Business model innovation: A case study on what the challenges and oppurtunities are for a consulting company's business model2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With technologies changing faster than ever the need to change business models is getting more and more important. However, it is not as easy as one might think for a company to change their business model. A lot of companies believe they need to change their business models but very few has been able to do so. In order to find out why companies have such a problem this master thesis attempts to answer the question of how consulting companies understand their own business models and business model innovation. By combining a literature review with interviewing both employees at a consulting company and their customers the author presents existing business models with the help of business model canvas as a framework in order to show what parts of a business model that a consulting company focuses on. Other than presenting the findings on the consulting company’s existing business model a totally new business model is also created. The insurance model is a new way for consulting companies to raise their value proposition in order to gain more revenue streams. This master thesis also finds out that one of the main problems for a consulting company when it comes to understanding its own business model is the fact that the company hierarchy creates a diversion between the cognitive aspectsand the material aspects in the business model and a lot of innovative ideas goes missing. The thesis also finds that the main focus is on value proposition and revenue streams and that the other parts of the business model is ending up in the shadow.

  • 95.
    Schüllerqvist, Bengt
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.
    Ullström, MargarethaKarlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.Ullström, Sten-OlofKarlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Ämnesdidaktiska brobyggen: didaktiska perspektiv inom lärande och forskning2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under rubriken Ämnesdidaktik i forskning och forskarutbildning anordnades en ämnesdidaktisk rikskonferens i Karlstad den 17-18 mars 2005. Arrangörer var Det nationella nätverket för ämnesdidaktik och Karlstads universitet.

    Konferensen var ett praktiskt uttryck för det växande behovet av tvärvetenskapligt utbyte inom det ämnesdidaktiska forskningsfältet. Cirka 200 forskare och forskarstuderande medverkade, från olika naturvetenskapliga, humanistiska, samhällsvetenskapliga eller beteendevetenskapliga discipliner. Trots olika utgångspunkter visade man sig många gånger formulera besläktade forskningsfrågor.

    Vid plenarföreläsningarna avhandlades gemensamma problem från olika delar av fältet. I ett femtiotal framläggningar presenterades aktuell forskning i tvärvetenskapliga gruppmiljöer. Denna bok speglar konferensen genom att presentera ett representativt urval av olika bidrag.

  • 96.
    Sebhatu, Samuel Petros
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Enquist, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    The dialectic between stewardship and hyper norms for societal transition2016In: Proceedings of the 41st Annual Macromarketing Conference: Macromarketing and Academic Activism / [ed] Norah Campbell, Marius Claudy, Aidan O’Driscoll, Dublin: Trinity Business School, Trinity College Dublin , 2016, p. 670-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Sundstrom, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Govt Agcy Innovat Syst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Karlsson, Jenny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Serv Res Ctr, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Camén, Carolina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Serv Res Ctr, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Service innovation as a political process2017In: Service Industries Journal, ISSN 0264-2069, E-ISSN 1743-9507, Vol. 37, no 5-6, p. 341-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service innovation processes are driven by stakeholders in interaction and are understood and sketched as a value negotiation process that consists of an iterative process of securing potential value in service. While previous research has focused on service innovation as a harmonious closed system, our study explores service innovation as a political process in which stakeholders negotiate to create and secure future value. Data are collected through interviews and participant observations in four different case studies. Our study contributes to the field by illuminating service innovation as a political process and explaining how this is operationalized. The findings also contribute to an understanding of how stakeholder resources impact a chosen strategy; the resulting strategy's impact on the service concept vis-a-vis its potential value; and how several involved stakeholders formulate, negotiate, and secure future potential value, which are the activities that drive a service innovation process.

  • 98.
    Svedung, Inge
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hedelin, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    A socio-physical systems perspective on Land Use Planning: Mapping preconditions and planning process as a base for discussion2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 99.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Bortom förorten2018In: Förortsdrömmar: Ungdomar, utanförskap och viljan till inkludering / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, p. 223-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 100.
    Thyresson Stenqvist, Henrietta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Att anta den nationella miljömålsutmaningen i mindre kommuner: En fallstudie om hur Sveriges mindre kommuner arbetar med miljömålsutmaningen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges miljömålssystem implementerades 1999 och har sedan dess varit en nationell utmaning till Sveriges kommuner. När systemet antogs i Sveriges riksdag så angavs 2020 som systemets slutår, till vilket den miljömässiga kvaliteten som miljömålen definierade skulle ha uppnåtts. I dagsläget har Naturvårdsverket dock bedömt att enbart två av de sexton nationella miljömålen kommer att nås, vilket påvisar hur Sveriges samhällsutveckling inte är i linje med den som miljömålssystemet förespråkar.

    I undersökningar som gjorts har det påvisats att det främst är mindre kommuner som upplever att systemet är en stor utmaning. I denna fallstudie studeras således på vilket sätt som dessa kommuner upplever en problematik med miljömålen och vad som händer då beslut ska tas som främjar en miljömässig hållbarhet. I fallstudien har dokumentanalyser och intervjuer genomförts i en representativ kommun i Mellansverige.

    Fallstudien påvisar hur ekonomi ofta får vara den bestämmande faktorn vid kommunala beslut och projekt, vilket bidrog till att miljömålen fick en lägre prioritet. Förutom att studien visade att ideologiska faktorer utgjorde motsättningar till både miljömålsarbetet och det generella miljöarbetet, så visade studien även på hur det fanns organisatoriska brister.

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