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  • 51.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Fenomenet föräldrapress i ungas idrott. Vad kan det innebära för2008In: LOCUS. Nr. 1. 2008Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 52.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Föräldrapress inom barn- och ungdomsidrotten2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 53.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Föräldrapress inom barn- och ungdomsidrotten2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 54.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Har det blivit "vardag" att inte röra på sig?2009In: Värmlänningarnas liv & hälsa 2008, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2009, 119-125 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 55.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Mamma, pappa, barn och idrott2006Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 56.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Mental träning för unga idrottare2008Book (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Unga idrottares upplevelser av föräldrapress2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
  • 58.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Carlman, Peter
    Idrottsskolor2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 59.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, J
    Användning av målsättning hos elitjuniorer i höjdhopp2010In: SVEBI:s årsbok / [ed] Patriksson, G, SVEBI , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 60.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hedström, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hälsovågen-bölja och balans i vardagen - slutrapport. Ett forsknings-och friskvårdsprojekt på Karlstads universitet2009Report (Other academic)
  • 61.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Holm, S.
    Stefan Holm höjdhoppare2005Book (Refereed)
  • 62.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, G.
    Children in Sport. Self-esteem and Experienced Parental Pressure2001Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 63.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, G.
    Innebörd och utbredning av upplevd föräldrapress i ungas idrott2007In: Svensk Idrottsforskning, 16 (1), 16-21Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 64.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, G.
    Parental pressure and self competence in youth sport2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, G.
    Stråhlman, O.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Analys av träningstider inom föreningsidrotten en studie av sju lagidrotter sett ur ett alders- och könsperspektiv2007Report (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, G.
    Stråhlman, O.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Analys av träningstider inom föreningsidrotten- en studie av sju lagidrotter sett ur ett ålders- och könsperspektiv2008Report (Refereed)
  • 67.
    Augustsson, Christian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Idrottshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Stråhlman, Owe
    Idrottshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Tillgänglighet och nyttjande av träningstider i idrottsanläggningar2010In: Svensk Idrottsforskning: Organ för Centrum för Idrottsforskning, ISSN 1103-4629, Vol. 19, no 1, 58-61 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 68. Axelsson, P.
    et al.
    Rolandsson, Margot
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Bjerner, B.
    How Swedish dental hygienists apply their training program in the field1993In: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, ISSN 0301-5661, E-ISSN 1600-0528, Vol. 21, no 5, 297-302 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 69.
    Backe, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Ambulance medical records: An investigation of the usefulness of ambulance log data as a source for injury surveillance2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 70.
    Backe, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Ensuring sustainability of community based safety promotion programs: What can be learned from the literature?2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 71.
    Backe, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Idrottsskador bland ungdomar i Nacka: En studie baserad på data insamlad genom epidemiologisk bevakning vid akutmottagning2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Sports injuries among young people. A study based on data gathered through epidemiologic surveillance at an accident and emergency unit

  • 72.
    Backe, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Systematiskt kommunbaserat säkerhetsarbete: Samlad kunskap om hinder och möjligheter för en uthållig programledning och skaderegistrering2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduction.

    In Nordic Countries, several community-based accident prevention studies according to a Safe Community Model, have been undertaken over the last 20 years with promising results (15-30% decreased injury rate).

    The model has also been applied outside the Nordic countries without the same replication of good results. This raises questions about the principal components for success and sustainability, both about the process and the outcome in the long run, are. For example, What factors contribute to the ability of partnership to create community and system changes in the lung run?



    Purpose. Based on systematically review of international scientific literature on collaborative partnership for community-based Health Promotion and Safety Promotion summaries, the factors that may have affected sustainability and maintenance of such local program will be discussed.



    Method. A search of relevant literature relied on the electronic journal databases has been conducted. Key words were community participation or community mobilization in combination with public health or community networks and accident prevention/s or health promotion and evaluation studies or/and maintenance. An overview of the abstacts of just over 500 publications, published 1970 2002, was undertaken.



    Results. Following this overview, strategic issues are discussed, including a summary of lessons learned. Examples of processes and activities from the literature about collaborative partnership for Community-based Safety Promotion at the local level will be presented according to 1. sustainability and maintenance of Health Promotion- or Safety Promotion program, 2. successful strategies for long-term sustainability of injury surveillance systems.



    Conclusions. The overview concludes, the need for more research about public health process studies. There is also a need to integrate the evaluation of activities more closely into the process of program development.

  • 73.
    Backe, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Ainetdin, Tuula
    Tillgren, Per
    Lokala data för folkhälsa: En studie i storstadssatsningens områden i Stockholms län2002In: Socialmedicin, ISSN 1403-6789Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att identifiera och samla in kunskap om lokala enkätstudier som genomförs i Botkyrka, Haninge, Huddinge, Stockholm och Södertälje och som kan ha relevans för att beskriva folkhälsa utifrån ett områdesperspektiv. Ett annat syfte är att belysa hur detta material kan användas för utvärdering av folkhälsomålet inom ramen för storstadssatsningen.Rapporten baseras på uppgifter från intervjuer med tjänstemän och enkätmaterial som insamlats i samband med besök i de berörda kommunerna. Kontakt har tagits med företrädare för flera förvaltningar som ansvarar bland annat för barnomsorg, skola, bostäder och fritidsfrågor.Inledningsvis redovisas i rapporten centrala begrepp som utsatta bostadsområden och segregation. Därefter beskrivs förklaringsmekanismer bakom segregations-processen och bestämningsfaktorer för hälsa. Även sambandet mellan hälsa och boende och indikatorer som potentiellt kan påverka folkhälsa, både positivt och negativt, beskrivs genom exempel på olika enkätstudier.Av studien framkommer att det i kommunerna i allmänhet genomförs två olika typer av enkätstudier, totalundersökningar och stickprovsundersökningar. Studierna vänder sig till olika målgrupper i kommunerna.Resultatet från denna studie visar att i samtliga kommuner som studerats, genomförs det idag (år 2002)ett flertal återkommande enkätstudier, varav en del har relevans för folkhälsoområdet utifrån ett områdespers-pektiv. Exempel på sådana är stockholmsenkäten om innemiljö och hälsa, bostadsbolagens boendeenkäter, polisens trygghetsenkäter, skolenkäter, drogvanestudier i skolorna samt medborgarenkäter kring lokalt föränd-ringsarbete inom ramen för storstadssatsningen.Av genomgången framkommer också att det inte finns identiska enkätstudier som genomförs i samtliga kommuner men det är möjligt att göra jämförelser mellan några av de kommuner som ingår i stortstads-satsningen. Det är också möjligt att följa utvecklingen över tid i de enskilda kommunerna. Exempel på sådana studier är drogvaneinventering som regelbundet genomförs i Haninge, Stockholms stad och Södertälje. I dessa fall är det Utrednings- och statistikkontoret (USK) som samlar in uppgifterna på uppdrag av de berörda kommunerna. Betydelsen av lokal data i folkhälsoarbete ligger främst i att resultatet kan återföras och diskuteras med den lokala befolkningen och de ansvariga för kommuners verksamheter och erforderliga åtgärder kan vidtagas. Bland annat har polisens trygghetsenkäter i kommunerna använts på detta sätt. Dock visar denna genomgång att omfattningen och kvalitén i studierna är olika och att bortfallet vaierar mellan 18 och 50 procent. Detta har betydelse för med vilken säkerhet resultatet kan tolkas och generaliseras till hela befolkningen i den berörda kommunen.Slutsats: Det skulle vara av stort värde att kunna tillvarata kunskap och samordna olika lokala enkäter som innehåller folkhälsofrågeställningar med de folkhälsoenkäter som genomförs av landsting och statliga myndigheter. För att underlätta en jämförelse mellan kommuner och kommundelar är det också värdefullt att få till stånd en samordning av de geografiska indelningar på områdesnivå som olika myndigheter har för sin statistikredovisning. Detta skulle innebära att kunskap bättre skulle kunna integreras i verksamhetsplaner och andra åtgärdsinriktade insatser på områdesnivå

  • 74.
    Backe, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Monitoring the "tip of the iceberg": Ambulance records as a source of injury surveillance2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, no 36, 250-257 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of moderate and severe injury morbidity in a defined population based on ambulance records, and to validate ambulance records as a potential source of surveillance.Methods: A geographical target area was defined; the county of Värmland, Sweden. All ambulance attendances and hospitalisations for unintentional and intentional injury in 2002 were selected, analysed and compared.Results: Ambulance data comprised 3964 injury cases (14.5/1000). Most injuries for which ambulance attention was sought occurred in road traffic areas (27 %), followed by residential areas (20 %), school and institutional areas (14 %) and sports areas (8 %). An ecological comparison between ambulance based data and hospitalisations showed that ambulance services captured approximately the same amount of injury cases (3235 ambulance reports compared to 3456 hospital discharges) with a similar profile.Conclusions: This study provides epidemiological support for ambulance services as a potential source of regular surveillance data on moderate and severe injuries. However, at a population level, our results indicate that ambulance data tend to overestimate some injury categories, and underestimate others, compared to hospital data. The significance of these differences for preventive work, as well as other practical aspects of the feasibility for regular injury surveillance will be analysed and discussed on the basis of general criteria for evaluation of surveillance systems in a forthcoming paper.

  • 75.
    Backe, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Ericson, L
    Timpka, T
    Janson, S
    Injuries in rock climbing: An epidemiological study of the Swedish climber population2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective.

    The popularity of rock climbing is increasing worldwide, both as a recreational physical activity and as a competitive sport. By its nature, rock climbing is associated with injury risks. We aimed to examine typical injury patterns in a representative sample from a total population of climbers.



    Material and methods.

    A mail survey was distributed to a random sample consisting of 10 % of the Swedish Climbing Association membership (597/6067 persons). Self-reported information about climbing history, safety practices, and retrospective accounts of injury events were obtained.



    Results.

    The annual incidence of overuse injuries was 280/1000 climber years. Inflammatory tissue damage to the fingers and wrists were most common injury types. Men and climbers practising bouldering or sport climbing reported more overuse injuries. The incidence of acute injuries was considerably lower (25/1000 climber years). Men were represented twice as often as women in this group. Twenty-four percent of climbers reporting overuse injuries also suffered an incident or acute injury that same year. The largest number of acute injuries occurred during traditional climbing. These injuries were commonly localised to the feet and ankles. The most frequent cause reported to explain the acute injuries was the human factor, i.e. mistakes or lapses.



    Discussion and conclusions.

    Overuse injuries are common among climbers, while acute injuries are less common but can lead to long absence from climbing. Both types of injuries can be reduced by focussed prevention programs. While overuse injuries can be reduced by a better balance between climbing activity and rest, systematic information about safety practices and participation in mandatory first aid and climbing rescue courses can reduce acute injuries and their consequences.

  • 76.
    Backe, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Ericson, L.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Timpka, Toomas
    Linköping university.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Rock climbing injury rates and associated risk factors in a general climbing population2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, ISSN 0905-7188, E-ISSN 1600-0838, no 19, 850-856 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Backe, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Fagerström, S
    Hallgren-Nilsson, J
    Certifiering av idrottsföreningar: En strategi för minskning av antalet idrottsskador2000In: Rapport, idrottsskadeprojektet, Nacka kommunArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Inledning: Inom ramen för Nacka kommuns utnämning till En säker och trygg kommun år 2000, genomfördes

    Idrottsskadeprojektet "Certifiering av idrottsskador - en strategi för minskning av antalet idrottsskador".



    Syfte: Rapportens syfte är att utifrån evidensbaserad kunskap om idrottsskador belysa om en idrotts-

    säkerhetsmodell som innebär att skadeförebyggande arbetet ingår som en del idrottsklubbars dagliga verksamheten, kan vara en möjlig strategi för att nå ökad systematik och uthållighet i förebyggandet av idrottsskador. Ett annat syfte är att utifrån en sådan modell belysa vilka organisatoriska och metodologiska åtgärder som behövs för att åstadkomma en uthållighet och ett vidmakthållande av idrottssäkerhet?



    Metod: Rapporten baseras t ex på enkätmaterial som insamlats med berörda idrottsklubbar i Nacka kommun, och på data från epidemiologiska kartläggningar av idrottsskador i nämnda kommun. En fråga som särskilt lyftes fram i enkätundersökningen handlade om vilka

    säkerhetsrutiner som existerar inom idrottsklubbar med ungdomsverksamhet och vilken kunskap tränare, sjukvårdsansvariga, materialansvariga och de aktiva har när det gäller förebyggandet av skador?



    Resultat: Ett av de tydligaste resultaten var den höga andelen skador bland lag- och kontaktidrotter, speciellt fotboll, handboll och innebandy. Ett annat fynd från studierna var att idrottsklubbarna överlag dels saknade kunskap om olika idrottsskador, dels saknade strategier för förebyggande av sådana skador.



    Föreningarna uppgav också att de sällan eller aldrig får ta del av resultaten från den brandsyn, arenateknisk översyn eller kontroll av idrottsredskap som regelbundet genomförs av räddningstjänst eller andra kommunala förvaltningar. Att utveckla metoder för systematiskt förebyggande av olyckor/skador inom föreningsidrotten tillsammans med andra aktörer sågs däremot som positivt.

  • 78.
    Backe, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Timpka, T
    Linkoping Universitet .
    Governance and implementation of sports safety practices by municipal offices in Swedish communities2012In: International Journal of Injury Control and Safety Promotion, ISSN 1745-7300, E-ISSN 1745-7319, Vol. 19, no 2, 163-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 79. Bennstam, A.
    et al.
    Strandmark, Margaretha
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Diwan, V.
    Perception of tuberculosis in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Wali ya nkunu in the Mai Ndombe disstrict2004In: Qualitative Health Research 14; 299-312Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
    Chi-Squared Test of Fit and Sample Size-A Comparison between a Random Sample Approach and a Chi-Square Value Adjustment Method2015In: Journal of Applied Measurement, ISSN 1529-7713, Vol. 16, no 2, 204-217 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chi-square statistics are commonly used for tests of fit of measurement models. Chi-square is also sensitive to sample size, which is why several approaches to handle large samples in test of fit analysis have been developed. One strategy to handle the sample size problem may be to adjust the sample size in the analysis of fit. An alternative is to adopt a random sample approach. The purpose of this study was to analyze and to compare these two strategies using simulated data. Given an original sample size of 21,000, for reductions of sample sizes down to the order of 5,000 the adjusted sample size function works as good as the random sample approach. In contrast, when applying adjustments to sample sizes of lower order the adjustment function is less effective at approximating the chi-square value for an actual random sample of the relevant size. Hence, the fit is exaggerated and misfit under-estimated using the adjusted sample size function. Although there are big differences in chi-square values between the two approaches at lower sample sizes, the inferences based on the p-values may be the same.

  • 81.
    Bergman, Ramona
    et al.
    SGI.
    Andersson-Sköld, Yvonne
    SGI.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Persson, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Efficiency of preventive actions for landslides and flooding – evaluation of Scandinavian practices 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Preventive actions can be, and are frequently, taken to reduce accidents and their consequences in different ways. The MSB funded research programme "Effects of Society's Security actions" (ESS, 2009-2013) aims to study the relationship between such actions and their effects. The program is divided into three subgroups: Frequent accidents Natural hazards (such as flooding, erosion and landslide) Chemical and landfill accidents The results presented here covers natural hazards with focus on land slides and flooding. The results are based on Swedish/Scandinavian contexts. Natural events such as erosion,flooding and land slides are common, but the number of accidents (events causing severe negative impact) is rare. Therefore, in such analysis there is limited data and other information available which can be used for example in statistical analysis of actions and their effects. Instead, the analysis must be based on other information. Therefore, the analysis may have to include aspects that only can be assessed by scenario and "what-if" analyses. In this project the main method has been interviews with officials in Swedish municipalities and national agencies in Sweden and Norway. The two levels are chosen since policies are taken on national (or international) level, while the key actionsand actors are on the municipal level. The interviews cover experiences and potential scenarios. In all municipalities, one politician and officials working with planning and rescue service have been interviewed. The study covers hazard and risk mapping, follow up of such maps, physical planning and lessons learned from previous events and activities. The final outcome of the research will be a review of what is found to be well functioning, identification of weak points and recommendations for the management of landslides, erosion and flooding. The present results indicate that hazard/risk maps are of great importance, but the knowledge about the maps and how to use them varies depending on who you ask and between municipalities. Most officials in municipalities are aware of climate change (CC) but, due to high uncertainties and since climate induced events such as natural hazards are rare, the issues are often not prioritized. Further, the results indicate that the documentation, communication and the responsibilities among different units is not always clear, having impacts on for example the knowledge transfer to new personnel. Also databases can be useful tools. The project has found that the use of such tools varies between Norway and Sweden. The aim is to identify the reasons for such deviation. The mostly mentioned suggestions of improvement in the prevention process are increased knowledge, user friendly guidance, clear organisational structure and responsibilities and nationally provided ear marked funding for preventive measures.

  • 82.
    Bergqvist, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Harms-Ringdahl, Lars
    Strömgren, Mattias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Säkerhetsutredningar av bränder: Fallstudie av lägenhetsbrand med dödlig utgång2013Report (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Bodin, Maja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Alkoholkonsumtion och skadeprevalens bland unga i Sverige – En genomgång av tidigare publicerad statistik2011In: Alkoholrelaterade skador bland barn och unga: en antologi / [ed] Nilson, F., Andersson, R, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Bodin, Maja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Nationella interventioner för att förebygga alkoholrelaterade skador bland barn och unga: en sammanställning av myndigheternas arbete och resultat2011Report (Other academic)
  • 85.
    Bodin, Maja
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Prevention av alkoholrelaterade skador bland unga: en forskningsöversikt2011Report (Other academic)
  • 86.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Säker cykling: Vägledning för systematiskt cykelsäkerhetsarbete i lokalsamhället2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Cyklismen får en allt viktigare roll i det hållbara transportsystemet. Att cykla förespråkas av hälso-, miljö- och framkomlighetsskäl, men är samtidigt ett av de farligaste färdsätten utifrån ett personskadeperspektiv. Lokala strävanden mot ökat cyklande måste ta säkerhetsaspekten i beaktande om dessa satsningar ska bli lyckade. Enligt målet för trafiksäkerhet i regeringens proposition "Mål för framtida transporter" (prop.2008/09:93) ska antalet döda halveras och allvarligt skadade i trafiken minskas 25 procent fram till år 2020. För att kunna uppnå detta behövs satsningar både nationellt som lokalt. På nationell nivå finns möjlighet att arbeta med övergripande och generaliserbara trafiksäkerhetsproblem, medan det på lokal nivå finns unika möjligheter att identifiera och åtgärda olycksdrabbade platser.

    I SKL:s trafiksäkerhetshandbok "Trafiksäkra staden

    " (Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting 2013), presenteras ett systematiskt sätt att arbeta med trafikskadedata på kommunnivå. Utgångspunkten i handboken är att analysera den lokala skadebilden och sätta igång en systematisk process med verksamhetsövergripande samarbete och kontinuerlig förbättring. Den nu föreliggande vägledningen är tänkt att fungera som ett komplement till SKL:s metodhandbok, med fokus på identifiering och analys av särskilt skadedrabbade platser i lokalsamhället.

    Denna vägledning är tänkt att utgöra ett stöd för det lokala cykelsäkerhetsarbetet mot bakgrund av i lokala förutsättningar och problem. Utgångspunkten är att ta tillvara faktaunderlag som ofta finns tillgängliga lokalt, i kombination med annan lokal kunskap. Dessa underlag kan sedan nyttiggöras vid beslut om utformning av trafikmiljöer. Genom att systematiskt studera och sammanställa uppgifter om olyckor finns möjlighet att hitta typiska olycksmönster eller farliga platser inom en avgränsad befolkning eller geografiskt område. Denna kunskap kan sedan användas vid planering av nya trafikmiljöer, som underlag för löpande trafiksäkerhetsarbete i befintliga miljöer, samt vid utvärdering av satsningar syftande till ökad säkerhet.

  • 87.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Can the provision of a minor home help service for the elderly population reduce the incidence of fall-related injuries?: A quasi-experimental study of the community-level effects on hospital admissions in Swedish municipalities2016In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, Vol. 22, no 6, 412-419 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Fall-related injuries are a global public health problem, especially in elderly populations. The effect of an intervention aimed at reducing the risk of falls in the homes of community-dwelling elderly persons was evaluated. The intervention mainly involves the performance of complicated tasks and hazards assessment by a trained assessor, and has been adopted gradually over the last decade by 191 of 290 Swedish municipalities.   

    Methods

    A quasi-experimental design was used where intention-to-treat effect estimates were derived using panel regression analysis and a regression-discontinuity (RD) design. The outcome measure was the incidence of fall-related hospitalizations in the treatment population, the age of which varied by municipality (≥65 years, ≥67 years, ≥70 years or ≥75 years).

    Results

    We found no statistically significant reductions in injury incidence in the panel regression (IRR 1.01 [95% CI: 0.98-1.05]) or RD (IRR 1.00 [95% CI: 0.97-1.03]) analyses. The results are robust to several different model specifications, including segmented panel regression analysis with linear trend change and community fixed effects parameters.

    Conclusions

    It is unclear whether the absence of an effect is due to a low efficacy of the services provided, or a result of low adherence. Additional studies of the effects on other quality of life measures are recommended before conclusions are drawn regarding the cost-effectiveness of the provision of home help service programs.

  • 88.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Jakobsson, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Nilson, Finn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Are fire safe cigarettes actually fire safe?: Evidence from changes in US state laws2017In: Injury Prevention, ISSN 1353-8047, E-ISSN 1475-5785, 2017-042322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To estimate the effects of fire safe cigarette laws on fire mortality and cigarette-related fires in the USA.

    METHODS: We examined the gradual implementation of the laws to identify their average effects, using difference-in-differences analysis to account for common year effects, time-invariant state effects, state-specific trends and observable time-varying state-level covariates.

    RESULTS: We found no statistically significant effects on all-cause fire mortality, residential fire mortality or cigarette-caused fire rates. The estimates for cigarette-caused fire deaths were significant under some specifications, but were not robust to the inclusion of state-specific trends or comparisons to effects on other cause-determined fires.

    CONCLUSIONS: Given the mixed state of our results, we conclude that previous claims regarding the effects of fire safe cigarette laws may be premature.

  • 89.
    Bonander, Carl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Jernbro, Carolina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety.
    Funktionsnedsättningar som riskfaktor för olycksfall och andra skador.2014Report (Other academic)
  • 90.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Mönsteranalys av inomhusluft: Undersökning av luftkvaliteten i sjuka hus med flytspackelproblem1994Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den hälsomässiga effekten som rapporteras i samband med sjuka-hus syndromet (SBS), vars orsak är okänd, kan betraktas som ett mönster av icke specifika symptom såsom irritationer i ögon, näsa och mun, upplevelser av torra sletnhinnor och hud, hudrodnad, mental trötthet och upplevelse av svag men ihållande lukt. Aven exponeringar i inomhusluften kan beskrivas som ett mönster av en mängd olika ämnen, exempelvis VOC, partiklar, sporer m. m. Detta innebär att en av svårigheterna med att undersöka SBS problem är att koppla mönster av symptom till mönster av föroreningar, vilket är mycket komplicerat. Syftet med den genomförda studien har varit att (a) undersöka om det fanns mönsterskillnader med avseende på luftföroreningar (e g. VOC) mellan bostäder med, respektive utan, kaseinhaltigt flytspackel, (b) avgöra om eventuella kritiska substanser kunde hänföras till golvkonstruktionen, (c) studera hur tekniska faktorer (eg. ventilation, temperatur, relativ luftfuktighet) var kopplade till eventuellt kritiska VOC-ämnen, (d) undersöka om det fanns skillnader i symptommönster för boende i lägenheter med, respektive utan, kaseinhaltigt flytspackel. Tekniska mätningar och enkätundersökningar med avseende på de boendes klagomål på inomhusmiljön gjordes i tre bostadsområden. Två områden med uttalade flytspackelproblem (SBS) och ett friskt referensområde. De tre bostadsområdena kunde indelas i nio olika gårdar med 50-130 lägenheter per gård. Enkätundersökningar gjordes i de nio gårdarna med en svarsfrekvens på 75-90 % (n=1309). Tekniska mätningar genomfördes i 6-10 slumpmässigt utvalda lägenheteri varje gård (n=66). De tekniska mätningarna innefattade VOC i inomhusluften (eg. TVOC, enskilda ämnen), specifik emission av VOC från golvkonstruktionen (FLEC), ventilation, temperatur, relativ luftfuktighet m.m. Mönsteranalyser gjordes med Hierchical Cluster Analysis (H CA) och Principal Component Analysis (PCA)). Studien har inte kunnat identifiera någon enskild faktor (eg. TVOC, enskilda VOCämnen, naturliga grupper av,VOC-ämnen) som på ett konsistent sätt kunde förklara de uplevda problemen. Mönsteranalysen kunde emellertid identifiera 8 kritiska ämnen som kunde associeras till lägenheter med kaseinhaltigt flytspackel. Dessa 8 ämnen var bensaldehyd, oktanal, heptanal, dekanal, nonanal, 2-etylhexanol, metylheptenon, oktan. Studien visade vidare att andelen kritiska ämnen av TVOC var signifikant högre i inomhusluften i lägenheter med kaseinhaltigt flytspackel. De två enskilda VOC-ämnena bensaldehyd och 2-etylhexanol kunde eventuellt hänföras till golvkonstruktionen med kaseinhaltigt flytspackel. Det fanns vidare en svag korrelation mellan ammoniak under golvmattor och koncentrationen av 2-etylhexanol i inomhusluften respektive koncentrationen av ammoniak i inomhusluften och en svag korrelation mellan temperatur inomhus och vissa aldehyder i inomhusluften. Slutligen kunde olika mönster av symptom identifieras. Dessa mönster bestod emellertid av naturliga grupper såsom allmänsymptom, slemhinnesymptom och hudsymptom samt klagomål på luftkvaliteten. Studien har visat att flerfaktoriella analysmetoder (mönsteranalys) kan vara en alternativt sätt att studera SBS-problem. En användning av sådana metoder innebär att stora datamaterial blir mer överskådliga vilket kan ge nya hypoteser. Det kan också innebära att ur sensorisk synvinkel mer relevanta exponeringsmått kan identifieras.

  • 91.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Arne, M
    Janson, C
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Boman, G
    Emtner, M
    Physical activity and quality of life in subjects with chronic diseases; Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease compared to rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes mellitus2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, E-ISSN 1502-7724, Vol. 27, no 3, 141-147 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 92.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Blomquist, G.
    Gyntelberg, F.
    Järvholm, B.
    Malmberg, P.
    Nordvall, L.
    Nielsen, A.
    Pershagen, G.
    Sundell, J.
    Dampness in Buildings and Health. Nordic interdisciplinary review of the scientific evidence on associations between exposure to dampness and health effects, NORDDAMP2001In: Indoor Air 2001;11:72-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 93.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Bonini, S.
    Custovic, A.
    Malmberg, P.
    Matricardi, P.
    Skerfving, S.
    Sigsgaard, T.
    Verhoeff, A.
    Sundell, J.
    Dampness in Buildings as a Risk Factor for Health Effects, EUROEXPO. A multidisciplinary review of the literature (1998-2000) on dampness and mite exposure in buildings and health effects2004In: Indoor Air 2004;14:243-257Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 94.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Choi, H
    Schmidbauer, N
    Spengler, J
    Sundell, J
    Sources of propylene glycol and glycol ethers in air at home2010In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 7, no 12, 4213-4237 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 95.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Choi, H
    Schmidbauer, N
    Spengler, J
    Sundell, J
    Hasselgren, M
    Common Household Chemicals and the Allergy Risks in Pre-School Age Children2010In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 96.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hederos, C-A
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hedlin, G
    Six-year follow-up of an intervention to improve the management of preschool children with asthma2009In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 98, no 12, 1939-1944 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Holme, J
    Hagerhed-Engman, L
    Sundell, J
    Mattsson, J
    Culturable mold in indoor air and its association with moisture-related problems and asthma and allergy among Swedish children2010In: Indoor Air, ISSN 0905-6947, E-ISSN 1600-0668, Vol. 20, 329-340 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 98.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Moniruzzaman, Syed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Larsson, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Boman Lindström, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    Centre for Clinical Research, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad.
    Bodin, Anna
    Centre for Clinical Research, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad.
    von Kobyletzki, Laura B.
    Centre for Clinical Research, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad.
    Carlstedt, Fredrik
    Centre for Clinical Research, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad.
    Lundin, Fredrik
    Centre for Clinical Research, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad.
    Nånberg, Eewa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Jönsson, Bo A. G.
    Division of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Lund University.
    Sigsgaard, Torben
    Department of Public Health, Unit of Environmental and Occupational Medicine, University of Aarhus, Denmark.
    Janson, Staffan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The SELMA study: a birth cohort study in Sweden following more than 2000 mother-child pairs2012In: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, ISSN 0269-5022, E-ISSN 1365-3016, Vol. 26, no 5, 456-467 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:  This paper describes the background, aim and study design for the Swedish SELMA study that aimed to investigate the importance of early life exposure during pregnancy and infancy to environmental factors with a major focus on endocrine disrupting chemicals for multiple chronic diseases/disorders in offspring.

    Methods:  The cohort was established by recruiting women in the 10th week of pregnancy. Blood and urine from the pregnant women and the child and air and dust from home environment from pregnancy and infancy period have been collected. Questionnaires were used to collect information on life styles, socio-economic status, living conditions, diet and medical history.

    Results:  Of the 8394 reported pregnant women, 6658 were invited to participate in the study. Among the invited women, 2582 (39%) agreed to participate. Of the 4076 (61%) non-participants, 2091 women were invited to a non-respondent questionnaire in order to examine possible selection bias. We found a self-selection bias in the established cohort when compared with the non-participant group, e.g. participating families did smoke less (14% vs. 19%), had more frequent asthma and allergy symptoms in the family (58% vs. 38%), as well as higher education among the mothers (51% vs. 36%) and more often lived in single-family houses (67% vs. 60%).

    Conclusions:  These findings indicate that the participating families do not fully represent the study population and thus, the exposure in this population. However, there is no obvious reason that this selection bias will have an impact on identification of environmental risk factors.

  • 99.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Sundell, J
    The healthy pet keeping effect2004In: Allergy 2004;59(5):554Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 100.
    Bornehag, Carl-Gustaf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Sundell, J.
    Hagerhed, L.
    Janson, S.
    Pet-keeping in early childhood and airway, nose and skin symptoms later in life2003In: Allergy 2003;58(9):939-944Article in journal (Refereed)
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