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  • 51.
    Abdul Aal, Mohamed Kotaiba
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Eskander, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Does IKEA Culture Apply Abroad?: A Study of IKEA in Saudi Arabia2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 52.
    Abdul Basheer, Abdul Naeem
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Teachers’ perceptions about constructivist learning in Afghan Schools.: Mathematics teachers’ perceptions and usage of question-answer, individual and group work methods considering constructivism.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A special attention has been given to education system in Afghanistan after new government established in 2001.Initially in 2001, the ways of teaching and learning were mainly based on behaviorist approaches. This behaviorist approach to learning and teaching is gradually changed to cognitive and constructivist approaches which are mostly used in advanced education systems. These approaches to learning and teaching are mainly focused on learners themselves. Therefore, student-centered and active learning became the buzzwords in education system in Afghanistan. This study investigates constructivist learning in Afghan secondary schools. It is vast to investigate each and every aspect of constructivist learning. So, I have selected to investigate the mostly used methods (question-answer, individual and group-work) considering constructivism in Afghan secondary schools. The mentioned methods are investigated in the light of constructivism. I have investigated the methods considering four criteria of constructivist method given by Baviskar et.al, (2009). The criteria are: assessing student’s prior knowledge, differentiating what is already known and what should be learnt, changing students pre-concept in the context of new knowledge and reflection on learning. Teachers’ perceptions were found through questionnaires and their use of these methods was observed from classroom observation.

    Findings show that, around half of the teachers perceive the mentioned methods in line with constructivism while remaining teachers still perceive to use these methods as a traditional way of teaching. Furthermore, teachers perception based on their answers is not similar to their teaching practices considering constructivism. It means teachers’ responses in the questionnaires did not conform to their teaching practices from classroom observations. Moreover, generally teachers seem to be more constructivists in perception and applying individual work method as compared to group-work activities. In some cases, teachers who participated in pedagogical workshops answered questionnaire more in line with constructivism as compare to the teachers who did not participate in pedagogical workshops in the past.

  • 53.
    Abdul Hamid, Nahed
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Lean-koncept i praktiken: En studie om implementeringen av Lean-koncept i en statlig organisation2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats handlar om implementering av Lean-konceptet i praktiken. Syftet är att utreda vilka faktorer som kan påverka personal inom en organisation, att trots vetskap, inte implementera ett koncept i praktiken. Här har studien valt att se närmare på Migrationsverket, som är en statlig organisation som har infört ett Lean-koncept. 

    En kvalitativ undersökning har gjorts i form av intervjuer med handläggare vid en mottagningsenhet inom Migrationsverket. Sammanfattningsvis, trots införandet av Lean koncept i receptionen på den svenska Migrationsverket, är det svårt för tjänstemän att använda det på grund av olika faktorer såsom: stress, utmaningen att arbeta smidigare, hög arbetsbelastning, hög grad av administrativt arbete.

  • 54.
    Abdul Majid, Alan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Paredes Vera, Eduardo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Chu, Tsen-tiam
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    En analys av TPL-företag och deras samarbete med kunder2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to analyze TPL companies, and their collaboration with their customers from a TPL perspective. The paper intends to get a bigger understanding of their collaboration, advantages/disadvantages and how the collaboration can be improved. The foundation for the paper is obtained through questions that have been created from the chosen theories about supply chain, third part logistic (TPL) and lean production. We have had open interviews with five different conveyers where we have had our questions prepared and during the interviews asked new questions to get more distinct answers. When we subsequently analyzed the empirical material and by chosen theories we have been able to confirm that the collaboration between the TPL companies and their customers is more of a partnership character. A good relationship between the companies is an important starting point for both parties. But even more important for the logistic directed companies, where a god relationship with the biggest costumers is extremely important because it is with the bigger and recurrent costumers you get the money.

    The prices are not the most important aspect when you have a god relationship. The thing that confirms that the relationships are of an partnership character is among other things that they in some areas work with a common development work, which in the end promotes both parties and that the relationship between them is founded on a mutual give and take. Through our interviews we also have discovered that beside simple transports and warehouse services the collaborations consists of long term logistic solutions like for an example development of logistics and information technology. These are the criteria’s for the collaboration to be third part logistic

    Keywords: TPL (third part logistic), relationship, collaboration, partnership

  • 55.
    Abdul Majid, Soran
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Brandt-Hansen, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Mäklare tjugofyrasju: En studie om hur mäklare lyckas kombinera arbete och familjeliv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Yrket som fastighetsmäklare kräver en hel del tid, ansträngning och framför allt tillgänglighet, av individen. Yrkets flexibilitet och gränslöshet, som med dagens tekniska utveckling ökat, leder till att arbetet inkräktar på det övriga livet. Att framgångsrikt kunna balansera kraven från arbetet med det privata livet, utan att låta en sfär undertrycka den andra, kan anses vara problematiskt för en fastighetsmäklare. Frågan är då hur de klarar av att kombinera det krävande arbetet med ett familjeliv? Syftet med studien är att öka förståelsen för hur mäklare lyckas kombinera arbetsliv med familjeliv. Vi ville därmed ta reda på hur och om fastighetsmäklare lyckas uppnå balans, vilka konflikter de upplever, samt hur de hanterar kraven från arbete och från familj. Detta gjordes med teorier relaterade till Work-Life Balance och genus. En kvalitativ undersökningsmetod användes i studien för att besvara frågeställningarna där vi använde oss av intervjuer för att samla in data. Vi genomförde nio intervjuer, varav fyra var män och fem kvinnor. Dessa valdes utifrån vissa kriterier; de skulle arbeta som fastighetsmäklare på heltid och ha barn. Dock intervjuades även fastighetsmäklare i form av franchisetagare. Resultatet visar att det beror på individuella faktorer och förutsättningar, för hur väl fastighetsmäklarna lyckas uppnå balans. Fastighetsmäklaryrket innebär obekväma arbetstider, stora krav på tillgänglighet och en gränslöshet, som kan försvåra balansen för individen. Faktorer som främjar balansen och underlättar kraven visar sig vara: flexibilitet i arbetet, stöd från omgivningen (framför allt stöd från en partner), att sätta gränser för sig själv och mot kunder, samt att ha passion för arbetet. De visar sig även i undersökningen att det finns vissa könskillnader. De kvinnliga mäklarna var mer familjeorienterade och tog ett större ansvar för sysslorna i hemmet medan de manliga mäklarna var mer arbetsorienterade och tog ett mindre ansvar i hemmet. Däremot kan vi utifrån resultatet inte se att kvinnliga mäklare har större svårigheter att kombinera sfärerna arbete och familj, trots skillnaden i prioriteringar mellan könen. Detta beror till stor del på att mäklarna har egna tillvägagångssätt för att klara av kraven från familj och arbete, samt starkt stöd från partnern. En viktig del i att uppnå balans för mäklarna var just samarbetet med partnern samt en ansvarsdelning båda var nöjda med.

  • 56. Abdul Mosawer, Barakat
    Public and private Teacher Training Colleges in Afghanistan.: A Comparative Study of Students’ and Teachers’ Motivations and Their Enrolment Procedures in Public and Private TTCs, Kabul-2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary objective of this study, conducted in Kabul province, is to find out important differences and similarities between public and private Teacher Training Colleges that are operating in 2014 and to find out implications such variations might have for quality of teacher education. Secondary objectives of this study are: a) to explore possible associations between demographic and socio-economic characteristics of student-teachers and the type of Teacher Training Colleges and b) to explore possible association between motivations behind studying in Teacher Training Colleges and the type of Teacher Training Colleges.

    This study has targeted directors, lecturers and students from the Teacher Training Colleges. Questionnaires were prepared including items concerning demographic and socio-economic information and thereafter distributed to all three groups. Furthermore, the participants responded about the motivations for students and teachers to enroll in the Teacher Training Colleges. The study will also investigate if eventual differences existed in the enrolment procedures of the students and the recruitment process of the teachers between public and private Teacher Training Colleges.

    Based on Ministry of Education’s policy implementation this study found more similarities than differences between public and private Teacher Training Colleges. Differences included enrolment of students through advertisement by the private Teacher Training Colleges while public Teacher Training Colleges enrolled students through the university-admission test called kankor. The recruitment process of teachers’ was the same, at both public and Private Teacher Training Colleges –in which recruited teachers should have minimum 75% average marks at university. The main motives behind teachers’ teaching at public and private Teacher Training Colleges were either close distance to their houses or similar cultural environment at Teacher Training Colleges. Likewise, many students at Private Teacher Training Colleges were enrolled because of high quality of education. Meanwhile Public Teacher Training Colleges, students argued that the study facilities in Public Teacher Training Colleges are better, thus they want to continue education at Public Teacher Training Colleges.

  • 57.
    Abdulhadi, Sami
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    ARM i inbyggt system: med prototyp2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Embedded systems has become more and more common in today's society. The embedded systems are included in almost everything today, from various vehicles to children's toys.

    Today's technology means that yesterday's solutions can be realised on a fraction of the area. More and more become surface mounted with smaller and more complex circuits. This is not always an advantage for the developers when assembling and soldering prototype circuit boards become a more difficult and/or an expensive process.

    The goal is to create an embedded system with an ARM-processor. The system will consist of USB-OTG, ethernet, various memory like FRAM and microSD and a display with touchscreen for user interface. The project includes everything from choice of components to test and verification with program code.

    The time was too short to include all the parts that was planned. The result of the project was a prototype card and two small program sequences, one that blinks the two light diodes on the card and one that writes a picture on the display.

    This embedded system is intended for evaluating ARM-processors by Mikrododakt AB.

  • 58.
    Abdullahi, Asso
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Kompetensöverföring vid en generationsväxling2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 59.
    Abdullahi, Bayan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Inlärningsprocessen hos andraspråkselever i ämnet Svenska: En intervjustudie med svensklärare2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att belysa och få kunskap om inlärningsprocessen av andraspråk när de äger rum genom ämnet svenska. Jag vill kartlägga vad det innebär att lära sig ett andra språk samt hur det kan gå till. Undersökningen utgår ifrån intervjuer med lärare i ämnet svenska och visar vilken syn samt vilka erfarenheter av område de har. Syftet är att ge en översikt med förbättring för elever med svenska som andraspråk.

  • 60. Abdullahi, Nishteman
    Läsinlärning2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 61. Abdullahi, Zeryan
    et al.
    Vrbanjac, Aida
    Förekomst av könssegregering bland nuvarande delprojektledare på Communicare i Karlstad2003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den svenska arbetsmarknaden är könssegregerad men vissa utvecklingstendenser i arbetslivet kan medföra brott mot könssegregeringen. Utvecklingen av teknologin samt nya nätverkslika organisationsformer, exempelvis Communicare, kan bidra till en mer integrerad arbetsmarknad. Syftet med C-uppsatsen i sociologi är att undersöka Communicare som är en ny organisation vars ambition är att hjälpa ungdomar att lättare ta sig in på arbetsmarknaden. Delsyftet är att undersöka ambitioner och idéer som inskrivna ungdomar (delprojektledare) har i kontakten med Communicare, samt vilka förväntningar de har. Ett ytterligare delsyfte är att förklara om könsrelaterade mönster reproduceras i ny organisation som Communicare och det uppnås genom en enkätstudie av delprojektledarna och intervjuer med de anställda. Forskningsfrågor är: Hur ser könssegregeringen för närvarande ut bland unga delprojektledare inskrivna på Communicare? Delfrågor som underlättar analysen lyder: a) Kan man urskilja könsmönster i delprojektledarnas idéer? b) Finns det några könsskillnader i själva vägledningen som erbjuds av de anställda på Communicare? c) Reproduceras könsrelaterade mönster i en ny organisation som Communicare? De huvudsakliga slutsatserna i undersökningen är att det råder en tydlig horisontell könssegregering bland delprojektledarna på Communicare. Vi kan även urskilja könsmönster i de idéerna som delprojektledarna presenterar för Communicare vid regelbundna kontakter. Vägledningen som erbjuds av Communicares anställda är i sig könsneutralt och det förekommer inga diskriminerande skillnader i sättet att bemöta tjejer och killar. Individualiseringen och anpassningen av coachningen färgas av kön vid senare tillfälle då själva vägledningen anpassas efter varje persons önskemål. Ett paradoxalt svar på frågan om könssegregeringens reproduktion via en ny organisation som Communicare är följande: Könssegregeringen reproduceras genom delprojektledarna, men den inre organisationen har en jämn fördelning av anställda vilket är nytt i utvecklingen.

  • 62. Abdullahipoor, Fayegh
    et al.
    Davidsson, Mikael
    Finns det mjukvara som påverkar försäljningen av hårdvara extra mycket och vice versa?2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 63.
    Abdulqader, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    En jämförelse av effektivitet för protonpumpshämmare och histamin 2- receptorblockerare, vid behandling av gastroesofagealreflux, ventrikelulkus och duodenalulkus.: Litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 64. Abdulwahab Gaib, Fatin
    et al.
    Hassan, Lul
    Kvinnors ställning i kollisionerna mellan svensk rätt och sunnitisk sharia-rätt: Med fokus på den sunnitiska kvinnans arvsrättsliga förhållanden och mahr2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Det vi alla har gemensamt är bristen på kunskap.[1]

    Sverige betraktas i dagsläget vara ett mångkulturellt samhälle med förekomsten av många olika etniciteter, religioner och språk. Mångkulturalismen har lett till olika slags kollisioner, främst mellan sharia-rätten och svensk lagstiftning då många av de som på senare tid har invandrat till Sverige är muslimer. Sharia-rätten anses strida mot svensk lagstiftning på olika sätt och det har uppstått diskussioner kring hur sharia-rätten ska få tillämpas i Sverige, på vissa områden, eller inte.

    Det finns som ovan nämnts kollisioner mellan svensk lag och den sunnitiska sharia-rätten och vi har därför avgränsat vår uppsats till att undersöka kollisionerna som uppstår i samband med den sunnitiska kvinnans arvsrättsliga förhållanden och svensk arvsrätt samt mellan mahr (brudpengen)[2] och svenska grundläggande rättsprinciper. Vi har undersökt kollisionerna som uppstår i nämnda rättsområden ur ett kvinnoperspektiv och vårt syfte har varit att genom dessa kollisioner förklara att den sunnitiska sharia-rätten inte förtrycker kvinnan och att västerländsk medias bild av den sunnimuslimska kvinnan är felaktig och förvrängd. Om den som det verkligen berör, dvs. den sunnimuslimska kvinnan, inte själv ser sig som förtryckt och underordnad männen, varför ska då media ständigt sträva efter att förmedla den motsatta bilden? Vi är av den uppfattningen att det kan bero på okunskap om sharia-rätten och dess syften, för att återkoppla till det inledande citatet.

    Det som vi har kommit fram till är att om det svenska samhället förstår den sunnitiska sharia-rättens bakomliggande syften bör den också få tillämpas i Sverige. Vi anser att om personerna som det rör, dvs. t.ex. personer med medborgarskap i ett muslimskt land vill tillämpa sharia-rättens sunnitiska arvsrätt i Sverige, ska de få möjlighet att göra det. Görs inte detta riskerar samhället att försumma dessa personers vilja genom att förneka dessa personers rättsliga band till sitt hemland eller ett annat land som de är medborgare i.

    Vi har försökt att föra ett realistiskt resonemang och är medvetna om att en enda uppsats av detta slag inte kommer att ändra ett helt lands uppfattningar samt radera fördomar och förutfattade meningar för att istället ersätta dem med förståelse och acceptans. Dock är vi övertygade om att denna uppsats är ett steg i rätt riktning, om inte annat. Säkert är att det behövs fler akademiska verk av detta slag, inte minst avhandlingar, för att upplysa och förklara hur det verkligen ligger till.

    Om det som vi alla har gemensamt är bristen på kunskap bör det också vara så att vi även har det gemensamt att kunskap om saker och ting kan ändra våra uppfattningar.

    [1] Citat av Gustafsson, Kerstin, Profetens döttrar – Muslimska kvinnor i Sverige, s. 7.

    [2] Mahr (brudpengen) motsvarar det äldre svenska rättsinstitutet morgongåvan. Inom islam ger mannen en summa pengar till sin blivande hustru, oftast ges en del av summan innan äktenskapets ingående och den större delen av summan ges vid en eventuell skilsmässa. Summan utgör en ekonomisk säkerhet för kvinnan. Se kapitel fem för närmare beskrivning av mahr.

  • 65.
    Abecasis, David
    et al.
    University of the Algarve, Portugal.
    Steckenreuter, Andre
    University of the Azores, Portugal.
    Reubens, Jan
    Flanders Marine Institute, Belgium.
    Aaestrup, Kim
    DTU, Denmark.
    Alos, Josep
    Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados (CSIC-UIB), Spain.
    Badalamenti, Fabio
    CNR-IAMC, Italy.
    Bajona, Lenore
    Dalhousie University, Canada.
    Boylan, Patrick
    Loughs Agency, UK.
    Deneudt, Klaas
    Flanders Marine Institute, Belgium.
    Greenberg, Larry
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Brevé, Niels
    Sportfisserij Nederland, The Netherlands.
    Hernandez, Francisco
    Flanders Marine Institute, Belgium.
    Humphries, Nick
    The Marine Biological Association of the U.K, UK.
    Meyer, Carl
    University of Hawai’i at Mānoa, USA.
    Sims, David
    University of Southampton, UK.
    Thorstad, Eva B.
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Norway.
    Walker, Alan M.
    Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science (Cefas), UK.
    Whoriskey, Fred
    Dalhousie University, Canada.
    Alfonso, Pedro
    University of the Azores, Portugal.
    A review of acoustic telemetry in Europe and the need for a regional aquatic telemetry network2018In: Animal Biotelemetry, ISSN 2050-3385, E-ISSN 2050-3385, Vol. 6, p. 1-7, article id 12Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Globally, there are a large and growing number of researchers using biotelemetry as a tool to studyaquatic animals. In Europe, this community lacks a formal network structure. The aim of this study is to review the useof acoustic telemetry in Europe and document the contribution of cross-boundary studies and inter-research groupcollaborations. Based on this, we explore the potential benefits and challenges of a network approach to identifyfuture priorities and best practices for aquatic biotelemetry research in Europe.

    Results: Over the past decade, there was an approximately sevenfold increase in the number of acoustic telemetrystudies published on marine and diadromous species in Europe compared to a sixfold increase globally. Over 90%of these studies were conducted on fishes and undertaken in coastal areas, estuaries, or rivers. 75% of these studieswere conducted by researchers based in one of five nations (Norway, UK, France, Portugal, and Spain) and, eventhough 34% were based on collaborations between scientists from several countries, there was only one study withan acoustic receiver array that extended beyond the borders of a single country. In recent years, acoustic telemetryin European waters has evolved from studying behavioural aspects of animals (82.2%), into more holistic approachesaddressing management-related issues (10%), tagging methods and effects (5%), and technology and data analysisdevelopment (2.8%).

    Conclusions: Despite the increasing number of publications and species tracked, there is a prominent lack ofplanned and structured acoustic telemetry collaborations in Europe. A formal pan-European network structure wouldpromote the development of (1) a research platform that could benefit the acoustic telemetry community throughcapacity building, (2) a centralized database, and (3) key deployment sites and studies on priority species requiringresearch in Europe. A network may increase efficiency, expand the scope of research that can be undertaken, promoteEuropean science integration, enhance the opportunities and success of acquiring research funding and, ultimately,foster regional and transatlantic collaborations. It may also help address research priorities such as the large-scalesocietal challenges arising from climate change impacts and assist the EU’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive viaidentification of good environmental status of endangered or commercially important species.

  • 66.
    Abelholt, Philippa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Att främja miljömässigt hållbart beteende: Projektledares strategier i beteendeförändrande projekt2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den genomsnittliga privata konsumtionen i Sverige är långt ifrån miljömässigt hållbar. Studien belyser projektledares strategier i beteendeförändrande projekt med inriktning på miljömässigt hållbar konsumtion. Det handlar inte bara om att påverka vad vi konsumerar, utan även om att säkerställa hållbara konsumtionsnivåer och förändra beteenden. I genomförda semistrukturerade intervjuer berättar projektledare om vikten av flexibilitet och nytänkande för att hitta innovativa lösningar som kan få människor att förändra konsumtionsmönster, resvanor och attityder. I projekt med hög teknisk komplexitet förespråkas kontinuerlig uppföljning och utvärdering för att utröna vilka insatser som är bäst lämpade för att nå projektmålen. Effekterna och målen av beteendeförändrande projekt är ibland svåra att mäta och den förespråkade flexibiliteten riskerar att inskränkas om tidsram och budget är för snäv. Beteendeförändrande projekt bör vara lustfyllda och inkludera målgruppens viljor och åsikter för att förmedla känsla av självbestämmande. Att fortsätta att påminna om ett önskat beteende och designa situationer som gör det lätt för omgivningen att agerar ökar chansen att hållbara beteenden fortgår. Att visa upp goda exempel på beteenden som gynnar miljö bidrar till att beteendena så sakteliga blir norm och sprids i samhället. Det mest effektiva är dock att reglera konsumtionsmönster och resvanor med strängare lagar.

  • 67. Abelson, Camilla
    Personlighet och emotionella reaktioner i väntesituationer2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 68. Abelson, Camilla
    et al.
    Holm, Linda
    Finns det stresskillnader mellan könen? - en studie bland anställda på Posten2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 69.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    2 minuters träning per arbetspass.2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 70.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att ansvara för en annan människas liv2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 71.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att bedöma patienter utsatta för trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 72.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att träna på en patient som går att starta om2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 73.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Att vara doktorand2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 74.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Den specialistutbildade ambulanssjuksköterskans uppfattning av att bedöma patienter utsatta för svårt trauma2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 75.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Developing ethical competence among students in nurse specialist programs2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 76.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Dom ser döda ut allihop: Att våga fatta svåra beslut2015In: Samverkan 112, ISSN 1650-7487, Vol. AprilArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 77.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Full scale pre-hospital care scenario: Prehsopital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 78. Abelsson, Anna
    Kännetecken på sjuksköterskans ledarskap inom hälso- och sjukvård2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 79.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Mapping the use of simulation in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 80.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Nästa gång du hör sirener vill jag att du skall tänka på mig2014In: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 81.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Prehospital simulation differs from others: Prehospital workshop2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 82.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Prehospital simulering2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 83.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering i ambulanssjukvården2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 84.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Simulering som lärande inom prehospital akutsjukvård2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the research was to deepen the understanding of learning through simulation in prehospital emergency care.

    Method: In this research, qualitative and quantitative methods are used as well as integrative literature studies (I, II). Qualitative data from the interview studies (III, V) were analyzed by phenomenographic methodology. Quantitative data from the intervention study (IV) were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics.

    Results: Research on simulation and learning within the prehospital trauma care context is relatively rare (I). Simulation of realistic scenarios where the caregivers are exposed to stress contributes to strengthen caregiver knowledge, skills and experience (II). Caregivers request simulation opportunities regarding critical and emergency situations (III). They describe that learning through regular simulation provides in-depth knowledge and skills in the care of a patient exposed to high-energy trauma (V). Interventions with repeated simulation opportunities related to the care of the patient exposed to high-energy trauma give some improvement in care provided at the site of the accident (IV).

    Conclusion: Through simulation, the caregivers develop knowledge and skills and receive enhanced confidence in the care of an injured and sick patient. The research suggests several areas with potential for improvement with regard to the care of patients exposed to high-energy trauma. A model has been developed for systematic trauma simulation.

     

  • 85.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Simulering som pedagogisk metod: ett sätt att träna olika patientsituationer2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 86.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Så räddar du liv2014Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 87.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    The simulation used in prehospital care2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    To optimize prehospital CPR- performed by fire fighters2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 89.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Vad gör man när man jobbar på ett universitet och forskar om ambulansen?2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 90.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    What do we need to train the ambulance staff in and how can we train them?2014In: Workshop vid Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine, Pre-Hospital Special Interest Group Pre-Conference Course., 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 91.
    Abelsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Öppet samtal mellan Sveriges prehospitala doktorander och representanter för nationell prehospital forskning2013Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 92.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Nursing Science, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Appelgren, Jari
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Christer
    Prehospen – Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with feedback for firefighters2019In: International Journal of Emergency Services, ISSN 2047-0894, E-ISSN 2047-0908, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 64-72Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of the intervention of low-dose, high-frequency cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training with feedback for firefighters for one month. Design/methodology/approach: The study had a quantitative approach. Data were collected through an intervention by means of simulation. The data collection consisted of a pre- and post-assessment of 38 firefighter’s CPR performance. Findings: There was a statistically significant improvement from pre- to post-assessment regarding participants’ compression rates. Compression depth increased statistically significantly to average 2 mm too deep in the group. Recoil decreased in the group with an average of 1 mm for the better. There was a statistically significant improvement in participants’ ventilation volume from pre- to post-assessment. Originality/value: Prehospital staff such as firefighters, police, and ambulance perform CPR under less than optimal circumstances. It is therefore of the utmost importance that these professionals are trained in the best possible way. The result of this study shows that low-dose, high-frequency CPR training with an average of six training sessions per month improves ventilation volume, compression depth, rate, and recoil. This study concludes that objective feedback during training enhances the firefighters’ CPR skills which in turn also could be applied to police and ambulance CPR training.

  • 93.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Nurse students learning acute care by simulation: Focus on observation and debriefing2017In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 24, p. 6-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Simulation creates the possibility to experience acute situations during nursing education which cannot easily be achieved in clinical settings. Aim: To describe how nursing students learn acute care of patients through simulation exercises, based on observation and debriefing. Design: The study was designed as an observational study inspired by an ethnographic approach.MethodData was collected through observations and interviews. Data was analyzed using an interpretive qualitative content analysis.Results: Nursing students created space for reflection when needed. There was a positive learning situation when suitable patient scenarios were presented. Observations and discussions with peers gave the students opportunities to identify their own need for knowledge, while also identifying existing knowledge. Reflections could confirm or reject their preparedness for clinical practice. The importance of working in a structured manner in acute care situations became apparent. However, negative feedback to peers was avoided, which led to a loss of learning opportunity.Conclusion: High fidelity simulation training as a method plays an important part in the nursing students' learning. The teacher also plays a key role by asking difficult questions and guiding students towards accurate knowledge. This makes it possible for the students to close knowledge gaps, leading to improved patient safety.

  • 94.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Rörelsen mellan teori och praxis2013In: Vård i fokus, ISSN 0781-495X, no 2, p. 26-28Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 95.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Att som ambulanssjuksköterska vara förberedd i samband med svårt sjuk patient.2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 96.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    The prehospital assessment of severe trauma patients’ by specialist ambulance nurse in Sweden-a phenomenographic study2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 20, p. 67-Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 97.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    What is dignity in prehospital emergency care?2017In: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 268-278Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Ethics and dignity in prehospital emergency care are important due to vulnerability and suffering. Patients can lose control of their body and encounter unfamiliar faces in an emergency situation.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe what specialist ambulance nurse students experienced as preserved and humiliated dignity in prehospital emergency care.

    RESEARCH DESIGN: The study had a qualitative approach.

    METHOD: Data were collected by Flanagan's critical incident technique. The participants were 26 specialist ambulance nurse students who described two critical incidents of preserved and humiliated dignity, from prehospital emergency care. Data consist of 52 critical incidents and were analyzed with interpretive content analysis.

    ETHICAL CONSIDERATIONS: The study followed the ethical principles in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki.

    FINDINGS: The result showed how human dignity in prehospital emergency care can be preserved by the ambulance nurse being there for the patient. The ambulance nurses meet the patient in the patient's world and make professional decisions. The ambulance nurse respects the patient's will and protects the patient's body from the gaze of others. Humiliated dignity was described through the ambulance nurse abandoning the patient and by healthcare professionals failing, disrespecting, and ignoring the patient.

    DISCUSSION: It is a unique situation when a nurse meets a patient face to face in a critical life or death moment. The discussion describes courage and the ethical vision to see another human.

    CONCLUSION: Dignity was preserved when the ambulance nurse showed respect and protected the patient in prehospital emergency care. The ambulance nurse students' ethical obligation results in the courage to see when a patient's dignity is in jeopardy of being humiliated. Humiliated dignity occurs when patients are ignored and left unprotected. This ethical dilemma affects the ambulance nurse students badly due to the fact that the morals and attitudes of ambulance nurses are reflected in their actions toward the patient.

  • 98.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Högskolan i Borås.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Ambulance Nurses' Competence and Perception of Competence in Prehospital Trauma Care2018In: Emergency Medicine International, ISSN 2090-2840, E-ISSN 2090-2859, article id 5910342Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. We focus on trauma care conducted in the context of a simulated traumatic event. This is in this study defined as a four-meter fall onto a hard surface, resulting in severe injuries to extremities in the form of bilateral open femur fractures, an open tibia fracture, and a closed pelvic fracture, all fractures bleeding extensively. Methods. The simulated trauma care competence of 63 ambulance nurses in prehospital emergency care was quantitatively evaluated along with their perception of their sufficiency. Data was collected by means of simulated trauma care and a questionnaire. Results. Life-saving interventions were not consistently performed. Time to perform interventions could be considered long due to the life-threatening situation. In comparison, the ambulance nurses' perception of the sufficiency of their theoretical and practical knowledge and skills for trauma care scored high. In contrast, the perception of having sufficient ethical training for trauma care scored low. Discussion. This study suggests there is no guarantee that the ambulance nurses' perception of theoretical and practical knowledge and skill level corresponds with their performed knowledge and skill. The ambulance nurses rated themselves having sufficient theoretical and practical knowledge and skills while the score of trauma care can be considered quite low.

  • 99.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Suserud, Bjorn-Ove
    Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, PreHospen, Centre for Prehospital Research, University of Borås, Sweden.
    Rystedt, Ingrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Effect of Repeated Simulation on the Quality of Trauma Care2017In: Clinical Simulation in Nursing, ISSN 1876-1399, E-ISSN 1876-1402, Vol. 13, no 12, p. 601-608Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Simulation participants are not dependent on learning during an actual clinical situation. This allows for a learning environment that can be constructed to meet the knowledge and experience needs of the participant. Simulations in a prehospital emergency are an ideal way to address these needs without risking patient safety. Method: Nurses in prehospital emergency care (n = 63) participated in simulation interventions. During the simulation, the performed trauma care was assessed in two groups of participants with different frequency of simulation. Results: Several statistically significant differences and clinical improvements were found within and between the groups. Differences were noted in specific assessments, examinations, care actions, and time from assessment to action. Conclusion: The result suggested that repeated simulation may contribute to a clinical improvement in trauma care, and more frequent simulation may led to even greater improvements. (c) 2017 International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  • 100.
    Abelsson, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Lundberg, Lars
    CPR performed in the military environment2016In: Society in Europe for Simulation Applied to Medicine Lisbon 16/6 2016., Lisabon, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
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