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• 501.
Stockholms universitet.
The Stateless and Why Some Gain and Others Not: The Case of Iranian Kurdistan2018In: Comparative Kurdish Politics in the Middle East: Actors, Ideas, Interests / [ed] Emel Elif Tugdar, Serhun Al, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 201-225Chapter in book (Refereed)

This chapter aims to develop a theory for the purpose of explaining variation in political gains among stateless nations. It is limited to a study on the Kurds in Iran, and seeks to explain their gains in the past, as well why they are lagging behind compared to their fellow Kurds in the Middle East. Three arguments are advanced. First, variation in political gains reflects the distribution of power or, alternatively, the balance of power between ethnic groups within a state. Second, the historical record shows that opportunities for political gains for the Kurds in Iran (and in neighboring countries) arise during circumstances when the balance of power between the Kurds and the ruling state is upset. These pertain, respectively, to external intervention by great powers; internal upheaval or revolution; and sustained guerilla warfare facilitated by rivalries between regional states. Third, the current (im)balance of power between the Kurds and the Iranian state account for their disadvantageous position compared to their fellow Kurds. In the absence of a shift in the balance of power in favor of the Kurds, this situation is likely to remain unchanged in the foreseeable future.

• 502.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
Iran2018In: Komparativ politik: Tio politiska system / [ed] Carsten Anckar & Thomas Denk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 2, p. 301-331Chapter in book (Other academic)
• 503. Ahmedi, Idris
Kurdish Diaspora’s Transnational Activism and Accommodation of the Kurdish Question in Sweden2017In: Migration from Turkey to Sweden: Integration, Belonging and Transnational Community / [ed] Paul T. Levin, Bahar Baser & Hans-Ingvar Roth, London: I.B. Tauris , 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
• 504.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). 1979.
Teori: Varför en eklektisk ansats är att föredra inom samhällsvetenskaplig forskning2016In: Att forska: Praktiker och roller  inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg & Arita Holmberg, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, p. 119-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
• 505.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
Skall vi leka?: Lekens betydelse för barnens utveckling2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 506.
Dalarnas forskningsråd.
Högskolan Dalarna. Dalarnas forskningsråd. Högskolan Dalarna.
Följeforskning som företeelse och följeforskarrollen som konkret praktik2010In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 55-66Article in journal (Refereed)

Med utgångspunkt i fyra följeforskningsprocesser, där vi själva medverkat, diskuterar vi följeforskning som företeelse och rollen som följeforskare. Vår artikel ska ses som ett empiriskt exempel i anslutning till den debatt som Göran Brulin, Karin Sjöberg och Lennart Svensson initierade genom artikeln ”Gemensam kunskapsbildning för regional tillväxt” (publicerad i Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, årg 15, nr 1, våren 2009).

• 507.
Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
La construcción del mundo posible en El jinete polaco de Antonio Muñoz Molina2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Se estudia cómo se construyen los mundos posibles en la novela El jinete polaco de Antonio Muñoz Molina. El punto de partida se toma de la semiótica. El propósito es indagar de qué manera se crea la verosimilitud del mundo posible, y qué papel desempeñan los recursos técnicos, psicológicos y textuales de la narración. La hipótesis es que en dicha novela se presentan referencias político-históricas y socio-culturales de la realidad. Mediante la conexión entre dichas referencias y los personajes se indica el tiempo y el espacio de la historia como si se tratara de la vida real, a la vez que la iconografía y las creencias contribuyen a crear la verosimilitud. También se opina que algunos actantes se expresan a través del impacto que producen en los personajes, que la narración se lleva a cabo por varias voces narrativas, y que la imagen del mundo se completa mediante la focalización variada y la memoria colectiva. Se sostiene que existe una relación causal entre el amor, la memoria y la voluntad de narrar. Asimismo se opina que los sentidos de la vista, el oído y el olfato más las comparaciones, las descripciones y las frases largas se utilizan para visualizar el mundo posible de la obra.

• 508.
Stockholms universitet, Institutionen för spanska, portugisiska och latinamerikastudier.
La recuperación de la identidad en la novela Sefarad de Antonio Muñoz Molina2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)

The purpose of the present study is to examine the signification of identitary discourses in the novel Sefarad: Una novela de novelas by Antonio Muñoz Molina and determine to what extent these discourses represent and respond to identitary discourses in contemporary Spanish society. The analysis focuses on three principal questions: how is the narrative constructed, what is conveyed as a result, and what is the aim of the narrative.

Identity is understood as a social construction, an individual and continuous process of assuming, defining, negotiating and maintaining cultural identities, elements of the surrounding world that provide the individual with a sense of meaning (Fromm 1956; Castiñeira 2005; Marsella 2008).

The novel consists of different stories that manifest the social impact of the totalitarian regimes in Europe during the twentieth century, told by a diversity of voices. First, the analysis deals with the structure of the text, examined through the model of mise en abyme (Dällenbach 1989). Secondly, the significations of transition, transgression (Lotman 1978) and, analogically, stigmatization are deduced (Goffman 1972), processes that are related to the effects of the frontier as a metaphor (Pratt Ewing 1998) and to limit situations (Jaspers 1974). Thirdly, the study stresses the representation of the past, in which trauma, melancholy and mourning are significant (Benjamin 1992; Freud 1986).

The conclusions confirm the claim that the novel corresponds to humanity’s treasure of suffering (Leidschatz), a cultural possession that thematizes the processes of memory and oblivion (Assmann 1999), represented through stories told by the victims of intolerance at different levels. The text is accordingly conceived as a mirror through which the narrator constructs his identity as a writer and transmits meaning to the reader by providing the opportunity to reflect upon identity issues today.

• 509.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Distriktssköterskors erfarenheter av delegering för kompressionslindningi hemsjukvården2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Abstract

Title:                                   District nurses experience of delegation for compression therapy in home healthcare

Faculty:                               Health, Science and Technology

Course:                               OMA 312 Degree project - nursing,15 ECTS

Authors:                              Malin Ahnstedt och Lina Nilsson

Supervisor:                          Anna Nordin

Examiner:                           Maria Harder

Examiner:                           Birgitta Bisholt

Pages:                                 31

Date for the examination:   October 2018

Key words:                         Home Health Care, District Nurse, Delegation, Safe care, Compression Therapy

Background: Home healthcare today means increasingly advanced healthcare efforts which place high demands on district nurses' knowledge and leadership. The district nurse handles various medical information to nursing staff based on different regulations and guidelines. The district nurse's also have a central leadership role and will work for a safe care. In Sweden, an increase in chronic leg ulcer is seen which affects both the daily life and the quality of life for the victims. An important part of the treatment of leg ulcers is compression therapy. The district nurse's delegates compression therapy to nursing staff in home care. Purpose: Describe district nurses experience of delegating compression therapy in the home health care. Method: Qualitative interview study with inductive approach that was conducted and analyzed based on qualitative content analysis. 12 district nurses from six different municipalities working in municipal home healthcare were interviewed. Result: Results are presented within two generic categories which were, District nurse's approach to delegation and District nurse's experiences the consequences delegation can lead to. These are described with six subcategories each. Conclusion: The study showed that district nurses performed delegation of compression wound care to nursing staff in different ways, personal or general delegation. In general delegation, the activities do not fully comply with laws, regulations and guidelines and the patient's safety can be adversely affected. Their experience is that knowledge, as well as evidence-based work, is the basis for a safe delegation. The patient's safety and quality of life are influenced by the nursing staff's knowledge and interest in performing the delegated task.

• 510.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013). Högskolan Dalarna.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013). Högskolan Dalarna. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013). Högskolan Dalarna.
Skolnära – ett skolnära begrepp?2016In: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 116-134Article in journal (Refereed)

Skolnära kan beskrivas som ett relativt nytt begrepp inom utbildning och forskning med skolanknytning. Det förekommer ofta i sammanhang där det tycks finnas en ambition att knyta skola och forskning närmare varandra. Det kan till exempel handla om olika forskarskolor, skolforskning och skolutvecklingsprojekt. Dock finns ingen enhetlig definition av begreppet utan det används parallellt med och i vissa fall synonymt med begreppen praktiknära och praxisnära. Syftet med denna artikel är att bidra till en problematisering av begreppet skolnära med fokus på såväl innebörder som användningsområden. Utifrån studier av olika typer av texter belyses hur begreppet skolnära används inom skolforskning och i andra utbildningsvetenskapliga sammanhang idag. Begreppet skolnära ser ut att uppkomma i samband med framväxten av forskarutbildningsämnet pedagogiskt arbete men återfinns idag även inom andra forskarutbildningsämnen. Till exempel kan en ”skolnära avhandling” vara skriven inom pedagogik eller något ämnesdidaktiskt ämne. Vad det innebär att forskningen är skolnära tycks ha skiftande innebörd och avgränsning i olika sammanhang. Det kan till exempel handla om huruvida forskningen bedrivs av eller för lärare. Begreppet används också inom skolvärlden i ett vidare perspektiv.

• 511. Ahonen, Johanna
Emotioner och copingstrategier i arbetet med socialtjänstens barn: en kvalitativ studie om socialsekreterares emotioner och hanteringen av dessa i arbete med inom socialtjänsten långvariga ungdomar2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 512.
Helsingfors Universitet.
Kan ett inbördeskrig försonas i ett historieklassrum? Teori och praktik2015In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2015:3, p. 19-33Article in journal (Refereed)

Pursuing Post-Conflict Reconciliation in a History Classroom. Theoretical and Practical Considerations

In a post-conflict society, history education may prolong the conflict on a symbolical level by fostering biased narratives of guilt and victimhood. To avoid this it is necessary to open and maintain a reconciling dialogue in history classrooms. The theory of deliberative communication, launched by Jürgen Habermas, has been applied to pedagogy by Tomas Englund. Deliberative pedagogical discourse implies an equal distribution of power in classroom interaction. Predetermined standpoints are avoided and majority decisions not pursued. Participants are expected to listen to each other instead of rushing to express their individual opinion. Deliberative discussion is founded on the ethos of social inclusion. Three concrete cases illustrate the chances of dialogical history education in post-conflict societies: Finland after the civil war of 1918, South Africa after the end of apartheid, and Bosnia-Hercegovina after the war of 1992–1995. South Africa provides the only example of a prompt post-conflict introduction of dialogical history education. The Afrikaner narrative of heroism and victimhood was after 1994 reserved a place in the new post-colonial history curriculum at the side of the narratives of apartheid and the Black resistance. The viability of dialogical history education has been monitored by attitude surveys. South African surveys reveal that dialogue does not inevitably rule out an identification with the traditional identity narratives. In Bosnia-Herzegovina only little has been achieved in introducing a dialogue in history education but there are signs of students, parents and teachers aspiring to inclusive lessons. The reconciliatory potential imbedded in the multiperspectival nature of the historical knowledge is available in history education.

• 513.
University of Helsinki, Finland.
Post-Conflict History Education in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina2013In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 1, p. 90-103Article in journal (Refereed)

A post-conflict society tends to get locked in a history war. As the practice of history in its broad sense is a moral craft, representations of guilt and victimhood prevail in social memory. The representations are often bolstered by mythical references, wherefore deconstruction of myths is expected from history education for the purposes of post-conflict reconciliation. This article deals with the post-conflict uses of history in Finland, South Africa and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The three cases constitute examples of a class war, a race conflict and an ethno-religious armed clash. The memory politics and history curricula differ between the cases. Their comparison indicates, how far an imposition of one ´truth´, a dialogue of two ´truths´ and segregation of different memory communities are feasible strategies of post-conflict history education. The article suggests that history lessons can be an asset instead of a liability in the pursuit of reconciliation.

• 514. Ahrn, Malin
Skolans utemiljö: En undersökning om elevers tankar om skolgården2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 515. Ahrn, Malin
Skolans utemiljö: En undersökning om elevers tankar om skolgården2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 516.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Lägesställare med I/P-omvandlare som alternativ2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis

This report covers a project instigated by Lennart Proper, Aspervall Instrument AB. The report deals with the development of Aspervalls pneumatic actuator, ASPEdonet and it is a part of the course degree project of Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering, MSGC17. The course covers 22.5 ECTS credits and it was accomplished during the spring term of 2016 at the faculty of health, natureand engineering, Karlstad University. Aspervall is a company located in Säffle that specialize in precision engineering, contract manufacturing and development of own products like ASPEdonet. ASPEdonet is a pneumatic actuator constructed of a pneumatic double-acting cylinder and a positioner. The pneumatic cylinder is used to convert air pressure into mechanical work through the moment of a piston with piston rod in a cylinder tube. The positioner is used to regulate the pressure to different sides of the piston with the use of a control signal. The thesis objective was to further develop the pneumatic positioner by converting it to electropneumatic, which means that the previous pneumatic control signal was replaced with a electronic analog control signal. This was accomplished through installing proportional technology into the positioner in the form of an I/P-transducer. I/P-transducer is also preferred to as E/P-transudcer or proportionalvalve, is a pressure regulator that is used to regulate air pressure proportional to an electronic signal. The problem definition of the project was how the positioner could be complemented with a I/P-transducer without compromising the basic function or the design of the positioner. The project followed the different stages of the product development process, pre-study, product specification, idea generation, concept selection and structure with detail design. The project resulted in a documentation that can serve as basis for product manufacturing and further development. The solution that was generated has the same basic construction and design as the previous model. Norgren VP12 was selected as I/P-transducer since it is compact enough to be integrated in the positioner. Standard components from Norgren and Nelco served as fittings and cable gland. A new more compact valve was designed as a part of the construction, the valve is manufactured from a single unit.

• 517. Ahtinen, Aino
Department of Psychology, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
Mobile mental wellness training for stress management: feasibility and design implications based on a one-month field study.2013In: JMIR mHealth and uHealth, ISSN 2291-5222, Vol. 1, no 2, article id e11Article in journal (Refereed)

Prevention and management of work-related stress and related mental problems is a great challenge. Mobile applications are a promising way to integrate prevention strategies into the everyday lives of citizens.

OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study was to study the usage, acceptance, and usefulness of a mobile mental wellness training application among working-age individuals, and to derive preliminary design implications for mobile apps for stress management.

METHODS: Oiva, a mobile app based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), was designed to support active learning of skills related to mental wellness through brief ACT-based exercises in the daily life. A one-month field study with 15 working-age participants was organized to study the usage, acceptance, and usefulness of Oiva. The usage of Oiva was studied based on the usage log files of the application. Changes in wellness were measured by three validated questionnaires on stress, satisfaction with life (SWLS), and psychological flexibility (AAQ-II) at the beginning and at end of the study and by user experience questionnaires after one week's and one month's use. In-depth user experience interviews were conducted after one month's use to study the acceptance and user experiences of Oiva.

RESULTS: Oiva was used actively throughout the study. The average number of usage sessions was 16.8 (SD 2.4) and the total usage time per participant was 3 hours 12 minutes (SD 99 minutes). Significant pre-post improvements were obtained in stress ratings (mean 3.1 SD 0.2 vs mean 2.5 SD 0.1, P=.003) and satisfaction with life scores (mean 23.1 SD 1.3 vs mean 25.9 SD 0.8, P=.02), but not in psychological flexibility. Oiva was perceived easy to use, acceptable, and useful by the participants. A randomized controlled trial is ongoing to evaluate the effectiveness of Oiva on working-age individuals with stress problems.

CONCLUSIONS: A feasibility study of Oiva mobile mental wellness training app showed good acceptability, usefulness, and engagement among the working-age participants, and provided increased understanding on the essential features of mobile apps for stress management. Five design implications were derived based on the qualitative findings: (1) provide exercises for everyday life, (2) find proper place and time for challenging content, (3) focus on self-improvement and learning instead of external rewards, (4) guide gently but do not restrict choice, and (5) provide an easy and flexible tool for self-reflection.

• 518.
VTT, Tampere, Finland.
VTT, Tampere, Finland. VTT, Tampere, Finland. VTT, Tampere, Finland. VTT, Tampere, Finland. University of Jyväskylä, Finland. University of Jyväskylä, Finland. University of Jyväskylä, Finland.
Oiva – A mobile phone intervention for psychological flexibility and wellbeing2012In: Designing for Wellness and Behavior Change workshop, 2012Conference paper (Other academic)

To provide a scalable solution to mental health problems caused by stress, we developed Oiva, a mobile phone intervention for improving mental and physical wellbeing. Oiva is based on Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) and its aim is to teach the users skills to increase their psychological flexibility. The application contains 45 text, audio, and video exercises. Two user studies demonstrated the usability and acceptability of the application and concept. The evaluations also revealed that the users expected guidance on the application for performing the intervention program. They also wanted to have possibilities to individualize the application by saving their own reflections about the exercises as notes. The preliminary evaluation results indicate that Oiva is a good starting point for the further design and research of mobile applications for reducing stress and improving wellness.

• 519.
Linköpings universitet, Logistik- och kvalitetsutveckling. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Linköpings universitet, Företagsekonomi.
Servitization in SME manufacturing firms: A one-way road2015In: Proceedings of QUIS 14: The 14th International Research Symposium on Service Excellence inManagement 2015, 2015, Vol. 14, p. 965-968Conference paper (Refereed)

The importance for manufacturing firms to add services to their offerings has been asserted over and over again (Neu and Brown 2005). Adding services to product sales require manufacturing firms to develop other types of offerings such as maintenance services, hybrid offerings or integrated solutions. This implies using new and often unknown practices to be able to provide services. Previous research has focused on the benefits of servitization (Gebauer, Gustafsson, and Witell 2011), albeit in larger firms. Hence, similar research on Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SME) has been scarce. Furthermore, servitization as a unidirectional transition process can be questioned as researchers argue that manufacturing firms might offer different types of services simultaneously and might not have the intention to take the next step that a transition process suggests (Kowalkowski et al. 2015). Moreover, previous research shows that the step from offering after-sales services and repair to offering more advanced services, e.g. process-related services, is rather big. For those services different mindsets are required within the organization; more advanced services would require a service oriented mindset, whereas after-sales services only requires the firm to have a product oriented mindset (Löfberg 2014).

• 520.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
3D-byggnadsmodeller utifrån takkonstruktioner: Lagring, hantering och bearbetning2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

A growing number of cities and municipalities in Sweden begin to work with city models in 3D. For the most part the models are used for visualizations of ongoing planning processes, but also for the analysis of noise, shadow studies and environmental disaster simulations.

Gothenburg continues to develop the use of 3D maps in municipal operations and is demanding a way to create building elements (walls), which generates in 3D buildings, from roof constructions that are mapped from the primary map. A method has been investigated in the present study. The results are then presented as a 3D model of buildings, along with a terrain map that will facilitate the localization of the area. The created 3D buildings are then compared with roof-data from the primary map to see how well they harmonize with each other. Then also the handling and storage of three-dimensional data with the information model CityGML is investigated. A specification of the requirements and characteristics that the customer, the City Planning in Gothenburg, looks are essential for building modeling in 3D has also been established.

The final result shows of 4% increase in the plane of 3D buildings compared to primary map. The increase would be slightly greater if the comparison is made on the volume instead. The results also revealed that the increase in plan is something that has occurred during the creation of the roof constructions, which was something that I couldn’t have affected during the work. The results also show that the CityGML is an appropriate information model for storage and handling of 3D. Gothenburg still have insufficient knowledge of CityGML, which is also one of the reasons why the information model hasn’t been implemented in the municipality work with 3D models.

• 521.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
Att trivas på jobbet: En kvantitativ studie om trivsel och sociala relationer på ett svenskt callcenter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Research have concluded that social relations are an important factor that counteracts stress and increase comfort levels at the workplace. The purpose for this study has been to examine how, and if, different background factors affect the employee’s social relationships and job satisfaction but also if social relationships affect job satisfaction. The survey was conducted as an exploratory survey in which the dependent variables were studied on the basis of gender, age, period of employment and project. It turned out that no statistically significant relationship was found between background variables and job satisfaction. However, a statistically significant relationship was discovered between respondents' social relationships and job satisfaction level. Age and period of employment are factors that affect social relations inside the company.  In summary, the study provides support to theories that strong social support in the workplace improves job satisfaction. Age and period of employment create the conditions for social relationships between its employees and managers. There are also some indications in the data to suggest that age affects the employees job satisfaction.

• 522. Aiki, T.
Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, Eindhoven, Netherlands .
Preface2012In: Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems. Series S, ISSN 1937-1632, E-ISSN 1937-1179, discrete and cont, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 1-Article in journal (Refereed)
• 523. Aiki, T.
Eindhoven Univ Technol, Dept Math & Comp Sci.
A free-boundary problem for concrete carbonation: Front nucleation and rigorous justification of the root t-law of propagation2013In: Interfaces and free boundaries (Print), ISSN 1463-9963, E-ISSN 1463-9971, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 167-180Article in journal (Refereed)
• 524. Aiki, T.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
Existence and uniqueness of solutions to a mathematical model predicting service life of concrete structures2009In: Advances in Mathematical Sciences and Applications, ISSN 1343-4373, Vol. 19, p. 119-129Article in journal (Refereed)
• 525.
Gifu University, Japan.
Eindhoven University Technology, Netherlands. Eindhoven University Technology, Netherlands.
On a one-dimensional shape-memory alloy model in its fast-temperature- activation limit2012In: Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems. Series S, ISSN 1937-1632, E-ISSN 1937-1179, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 15-28Article in journal (Refereed)
• 526.
Japan Womens Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Math, Bunkyo Ku, Tokyo.
Vrije Univ Amsterdam, Fac Sci, Dept Math, Amsterdam, Netherlands. Bukkyo Univ, Sch Educ Math, Kita Ku, Kyoto. Eindhoven Univ Technol, Dept Math & Comp Sci,.
Analysis of non-equilibrium evolution problems: Selected topics in material and life sciences2014In: Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems. Series S, ISSN 1937-1632, E-ISSN 1937-1179, Vol. 7, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
• 527.
Gifu University, Japan.
Eindhoven University of Technology.
Large time behavior of solutions to a moving-interface problem modeling concrete carbonation2010In: Communications on Pure and Applied Analysis, ISSN 1534-0392, E-ISSN 1553-5258, Vol. 9, no 5, p. 1117-1129Article in journal (Refereed)
• 528.
Tokyo Womens University.
Netherlands.
Large-time asymptotics of moving-reaction interfaces involving nonlinear Henry’s law and time-dependent Dirichlet data2013In: Nonlinear Analysis, ISSN 0362-546X, E-ISSN 1873-5215, Vol. 93, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)

We study the large-time behavior of the free boundary position capturing the one-dimensional motion of the carbonation reaction front in concrete-based materials. We extend here our rigorous justification of the t-behavior of reaction penetration depths by including nonlinear effects due to deviations from the classical Henry's law and time-dependent Dirichlet data.

• 529. Aiki, Toyohiko
Eindhoven University of Technology.
Large-time behavior of a two-scale semilinear reaction-diffusion system for concrete sulfatation2014In: Mathematical methods in the applied sciences, ISSN 0170-4214, E-ISSN 1099-1476, Vol. 38, no 7, p. 1451-1464Article in journal (Refereed)
• 530.
Japan.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
Large-time behavior of solutions to a thermo-diffusion system with Smoluchowski interactions2017In: Journal of Differential Equations, ISSN 0022-0396, E-ISSN 1090-2732, Vol. 5, no 5, p. 3009-3026Article in journal (Refereed)

We prove the large time behavior of solutions to a coupled thermo-diffusion arising in the modeling of the motion of hot colloidal particles in porous media. Additionally, we also ensure the uniqueness of solutions of the target problem. The main mathematical difficulty is due to the presence in the right-hand side of the equations of products between temperature and concentration gradients. Such terms mimic the so-called thermodynamic Soret and Dufour effects. These are cross-coupling terms emphasizing in this context a strong interplay between heat conduction and molecular diffusion.

• 531.
Gifu University, Japan.
Eindhoven University of Technology.
On uniqueness of a weak solution of one-dimensional concrete carbonation problem2011In: Discrete and Continuous Dynamical Systems, ISSN 1078-0947, E-ISSN 1553-5231, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 1345-1365Article in journal (Refereed)

In our previous works we studied a one-dimensional free-boundary model related to the aggressive penetration of gaseous carbon dioxide in unsaturated concrete. Essentially, global existence and uniqueness of weak solutions to the model were obtained when the initial functions are bounded on the domain. In this paper we investigate the well-posedness of the problem for the case when the initial functions belong to a $\displaystyle{{L}}^{{2}}-$ class. Specifically, the uniqueness of weak solutions is proved by applying the dual equation method.

• 532.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
A study of calculation models for fatigue life prediction: A thesis accomplished together with GKN Aerospace2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

GKN Aerospace in Trollhättan don’t use the latest ANSYS version and need to upgrade their life analysis models. The aim with this thesis is to do a study of the new models and investigate the times required for the calculations. A flight mission were chosen and this mission together with different life analysis models were run in the GKN in house program Life Analysis System. The results were analyzed and depending on the results additional runs were made or the problem were sent to the life management group at GKN Aerospace. Strain levels versus time were also plotted for the runs with the new models to get a perception where any problems occurs. The results from the model 4.10.149 had no variations between equal runs for the high pressure turbine and the low pressure turbine but there was a variation between the results when equal runs was made with the high pressure compressor. The results from model 4.10.157 and 4.10.124 and 4.10.160 and 4.10.173 had variations in the fatigue life for equal runs. The variations can depend on that the calculations converges to different solutions, the reason for this can depend on the non-linear contact elements. The variation in the results between equal runs occurs when the model uses two or more cores. The time required for the calculation becomes faster with the use of more cores. The longest duration had model 4.10.173 because of the many requirements for the calculations in this model. The problem with the variation in the results is sent to ANSYS.

• 533.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
Sjuksköterskestudenters upplevelser av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede: En empirisk studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 534. Aili, C.
Läraren i blickpunkten: Olika perspektiv på lärare liv och arbete2008Book (Refereed)
• 535.
Havöysund: En studie om hälleflundraturismen2013Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 536.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Physics.
Analyzing Voltage control and reactive power support from full power converter wind turbine2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
• 537. Ainali, Jan
Advertising impact1999Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis

På uppdrag av RELS Media Group AB har vi under vårt examensarbete behandlat mobil storformatsreklam. Mobilt på så sätt att det ska bara stå uppe i tvåveckorsperioder innan man tar ner den. Storformat innebär i detta fall 50-100 m2. Vi har i arbetet gått igenom hela designprocessen, vilket har resulterat i två förslag redo för produktion och användning. Det ena baseras på användning av befintliga byggställningsdelar som hyrs in vid varje tillfälle. Det andra bygger på användning av segelbåtsmaster.

• 538. Ainers, Linda
Lärares och elevers syn på aga i Lingelihle Sydafrika2004Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis

We choose to investigate physical punishment because we think that it is relevant and almost always a current subject in our role as teachers. A part of our purpose with our degree project was to win an increased understanding for other people’s situation in life and culture. Our main question is the following: - What are the pupils and teachers views on physical punishment in Lingelihle, South Africa? Our other questions: - How does physical punishment affect children? - What kind of parents beat their own children for upbringing purposes? To get our questions answered we choose literature studies and interviews as our investigation method. During our journey with the University of Karlstad to a township called Lingelihle, in South Africa, we held lessons in a school in the township and it was also where we did our interviews. During our stay in the township we lived with a family and we got to see physical punishment in action. Our report resulted in very interesting and frightening facts about the South African school. Even though physical punishment is illegal in South Africa it is still practiced in the school where we did our interviews. In the conclusion section it is clear that the teachers at this school have very different understandings of what occurs and what does not occur at the school concerning physical punishment. In the interviews certain facts came to light, for instance that poverty and abuse of drugs and alcohol contributes to physical punishment in the homes and that this leads to that pupils, who live under these conditions, act out at school and causes problems there as a cry for help. During our interviews with the pupils it became clear that physical punishment is a fact at this school. The interviews also showed that it is more common for male pupils to be exposed to physical punishment than female pupils.

• 539. Airiman, Lorelei
Musikens användning i förskola och språkskola2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
• 540.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
Image Classification, Deep Learning and Convolutional Neural Networks: A Comparative Study of Machine Learning Frameworks2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

The use of machine learning and specifically neural networks is a growing trend in software development, and has grown immensely in the last couple of years in the light of an increasing need to handle big data and large information flows. Machine learning has a broad area of application, such as human-computer interaction, predicting stock prices, real-time translation, and self driving vehicles. Large companies such as Microsoft and Google have already implemented machine learning in some of their commercial products such as their search engines, and their intelligent personal assistants Cortana and Google Assistant.

The main goal of this project was to evaluate the two deep learning frameworks Google TensorFlow and Microsoft CNTK, primarily based on their performance in the training time of neural networks. We chose to use the third-party API Keras instead of TensorFlow's own API when working with TensorFlow. CNTK was found to perform better in regards of training time compared to TensorFlow with Keras as frontend. Even though CNTK performed better on the benchmarking tests, we found Keras with TensorFlow as backend to be much easier and more intuitive to work with. In addition, CNTKs underlying implementation of the machine learning algorithms and functions differ from that of the literature and of other frameworks. Therefore, if we had to choose a framework to continue working in, we would choose Keras with TensorFlow as backend, even though the performance is less compared to CNTK.

• 541.
Shaping the Future Internet2009In: Proceedings of the 3rd International CompanionAble Workshop IoPTS, Brussels, 2. December 2009., The CompanionAble , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)

The Internet of Things (IoT) and the Internet of Services (IoS) are two well-knownexemplars of the emerging ‘Internet variants’. These variants will be tightlyinterwoven yet specific with respect to the supporting technologies needed. Thepresent paper discusses the five variants identified as essential by the authors: IoT,IoS, Internet-of-Humans, Internet-of-Crowds, and Internet-of-Clouds. For eachvariant, a non-comprehensive set of research challenges is cited and related to thestate of the art and to ongoing projects of the lab.

• 542. Aitman, Therese
Fördrag om upprättande av en konstitution för Europa - en demokratisering av EU?2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
• 543.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
Sjuksköterskans roll i omvårdnaden av patienter med terminal oro: en litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

Introduktion: Terminal oro är i denna litteraturstudie en beteckning för en samling av symtom som utgör en särskild form av lidande i livets slutskede, sprunget ur fysisk, emotionell och existentiell utsatthet. Reversibla orsaker endast kan påvisas i uppskattningsvis hälften av fallen, vilket gör terminal oro till ett renodlat omvårdnadsproblem där sjuksköterskans roll är central.

Syfte: Att belysa sjuksköterskans roll i omvårdnaden av patienter med terminal oro.

Metod: Polit och Becks (2017) niostegsmodell. Litteratursökningar i Cinahl och PubMed resulterade i elva artiklar som kvalitetsgranskades och analyserades enligt Colaizzis (1978 refererad i Polit & Beck 2017) fenomenologiska metod.

Resultat: Under databearbetningen framkom fem underkategorier (Att stå utanför, Att känna sig otillräcklig, Att söka samförstånd, Att vårda i relationen, Att skydda patienten), två huvudkategorier (Avstånd, Närhet) samt en övergripande kategori (Strävan efter att trösta).

Slutsats: Resultatet visar utmaningar i omvårdnaden samt strategier för att hantera dessa. Medvetenhet och kompetens om terminal oro, tydliga rutiner för uppföljning av dess symtom samt reflektion tillsammans med arbetskamrater gav sjuksköterskorna större möjligheter att utföra omvårdnaden på ett tillfredsställande sätt. Närvaro i den dagliga omvårdnaden och ett respektfullt bemötande etablerade en tillitsfull relation med patienterna. När sjuksköterskorna hade god kännedom om patienterna kunde multidimensionella behov mötas och välbefinnande uppnås.

• 544. Aitman, Therese
Irak-konflikten - en jämförande innehållsanalys av en morgontidnings respektive kvällstidnings rapportering om Irak-konflikten hösten 20022003Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis

The Iraq conflict has been around for a while. During the autumn of 2002 the problem was brought to the fore and received a large amount of coverage in the media. Due to the influence the media has over how we perceive the world, the need for them to be objective and matter of fact, when reporting the news, is crucial. We thought it would be interesting to see if the media does rapport certain news objectively. Because the choice of media formats is so large we choose to examine newspaper articles. We choose to compile a quantity and quality content analysis of the Svenska Dagbladet and Aftonbladet. We chose these two newspapers because of several factors, firstly one is a broadsheet and the others a tabloid. Secondly they do not share the same political bias. The aim of the study was to examine how the two newspapers presented the Iraq conflict, if there were any differences in the reporting and if so which. As a base for the study we have used Hvitfelts different points for newsrapporting of crises and Westerståhls Objectivity Concept. The result of the study showed no real difference in the reporting of the conflict. What we did notice however was that it appeared that the newspapers did give a misleading picture of the conflict. Both newspapers lost some of their objectivity by using emotive language, something that shouldn’t be found in news reporting. The biggest difference between the publications was their standpoint on the issue. With such limited material no general conclusions can be drawn about the reporting of the Iraq conflict. We are however of the opinion that it shows the general tendencies of the Svenska Dagbladets and Aftonbladets reporting of the conflict.

• 545. Ajeel, Rima
Färjestadsskolan – en jämförelse av stommaterial: En ekonomisk och miljömässig jämförelse av stommaterialen prefabricerad betong och KLträ2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis

In today’s society the environmental impact of the construction industry is a major problem. Something that should be pursued is a more sustainable construction in which economic, social and environmental sustainability cooperate. The choice of building materials plays a significant role in creating a more sustainable development. In order to further encourage the development within sustainable building materials, the public sector is an important participant. In Karlstad, the municipality has decided to build a new school building in the residential area Färjestad. In this study, two different framework materials will be compared through an economical and environmental perspective where social aspects are considered in form of sound and fire requirements. The materials that will be compared are cross-laminated timber, CLT, and prefabricated reinforced concrete. The purpose of the study is to find out which of the materials is most economically and environmentally advantageous.

In a school building, high demands are made regarding sound reduction and fire safety, which must be taken into account while calculating dimensions of the framework materials. The materials that will compared differ in several ways. Reinforced concrete has a high mechanical strength and is heavy which makes it steady and favorable to be used in tall buildings. Concrete is inorganic which also makes it fire and moisture resistant. CLT is made of minimum three layers of cross-glued wood boards which creates a stable and isotropic building material. In relation to its light weight CLT has great mechanical properties. Wood in general is an organic and combustible material, however cross-laminated timber has relatively good fire and moisture properties.

In order to reach a result extensive calculations are made to decide the proportion of the two framework materials. The dimensions that are calculated are used to further calculate the costs of the project and the amount emissions of carbon dioxide equivalents. The economical calculation is primarily calculated by using BidCon. To calculate emissions of carbon dioxide equivalents, environmental product declarations, EPD, are used. The EPD: s reports the global warming potential for each material.

The result of the economic calculation shows that a framework of CLT is slightly more expensive than a corresponding framework of prefabricated reinforced concrete. The calculations of carbon dioxide equivalent emissions show that the reinforced concrete contributes to more than twice as much emissions as a framework of CLT.

From an economic perspective, prefabricated reinforced concrete framework is more profitable, but from an environmental perspective, cross-laminated timber is more beneficial.

• 546.
Daniels College of BusinessUniversity of Denver.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Shidler College of BusinessUniversity of Hawai’i at Mānoa.
Further Advancing Service Science with Service-Dominant Logic: Service Ecosystems, Institutions, and their Implications for Innovation2019In: Handbook of Service Science, Volume II / [ed] Maglio, P. P., Kieliszewski, C. A., Spohrer, J. C., Lyons, K., Patricio, L. & Sawatani, Y., New York: Springer, 2019, Volume II, p. 641-659Chapter in book (Refereed)

Service-dominant (S-D) logic has been recognized as a theoretical foundation for developing a science of service. As the field of service science advances the understanding of value cocreation in service systems, S-D logic continues to evolve as well. Recent updates and consolidation of the foundational premises establish five core axioms of S-D logic and outline a pathway for understanding the role of institutions in value cocreation in general, and innovation in particular. This chapter overviews the evolution of S-D logic and its service ecosystems view, which can contribute to the furthering the development of service science and advancing the study of innovation in service systems. Future research directions are proposed.

• 547.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
Barns möjligheter till lek i en sydafrikansk förskola: En studie från en sydafrikansk kåkstad2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis

The purpose was to find out how South African preschool teachers regard play and its relationship to learning, development and influence in play. What teachers think about children’s learning and development, and if children have any influence in their preschool play, according to the preschool teachers.The empirical material consists of interviews with six South African preschool teachers. The analysis has been conducted according to a thematic content of analysis focusing two themes; play, learning and development as one theme and children’s influence on their play as a second theme.The preschool teachers considered that play is beneficial for children in their learning and development. Play is about everything in children’s life; through play children discover the world, learn and develop in a general sense. Play also contributes to children’s learning about interaction with others.A conclusion from the study is that play is considered as an essential part in children’s lives, both in literature and in the interviews. The result shows that the preschool teachers wanted what is best for the children. As the Convention on the rights of the Child states about play: it’s about survival and development, which the teachers considered was a priority.

• 548. Akervall, Anton
Ledarskapet i FöreningsSparbanken - lokal bank Karlstad2003Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis

Denna uppsats beskriver ledarskapet i FöreningsSparbanken i Lokal Bank Karlstad hos fem intervjuade chefer. Uppsatsen tar sin början hos intervjuer med lokalbankschefen och fyra kontorschefer och utifrån insamlat material identifieras olika teman vilka uppsatsen därefter förankrar teoretiskt. Teman uppsatsskrivarna identifierar innefattar bland annat Könsperspektiv på ledarskap, Nyckeltalsstyrning, Mentorskap, Motivation och Konflikt. Eftersom könsstrukturen på kontoren är snedfördelad intresserar sig uppsatsen för hur ledarskapet påverkas. Nyckeltalsstyrning visade sig vara en återkommande del i vardagen för cheferna och nyckeltal som styrmetod är därför något uppsatsen reflekterar över teoretiskt. Då det visade sig att en av kontorscheferna hade en mentor blev det intressant att reflektera teoretiskt över hur det kan gagna chefskapet och organisationen. En annan vardagsfråga för kontorscheferna var hur de skapar motivation och hanterar konflikter av olika slag. Empirin analyseras därefter utifrån teorin och i uppsatsens slutsatskapitel besvaras uppsatsens syfte. Syftet med uppsatsen är att beskriva ledarskapet i Lokal Bank Karlstad utifrån genomförd omorganisation och vald teori. Uppsatsen hittar ledarskapets olika beståndsdelar och sammanfattar dem i en figur i slutsatskapitlet. Ledarskapet i Lokal Bank Karlstad illustreras med en ledarskapsstjärna vilken strålar ut i fem aktiviteter. Aktiviteterna är Mål, Konflikthantering, Coachning, Motivation och Lyssna. Centralt för nämnda aktiviteter är Samtal och Dialog, kontorscheferna lägger mycket tid till att samtala och lyssna på sina medarbetare. En viktig del av chefens vardag består även av mål och måluppföljning. Aktiviteten konflikthantering kan handla om att få medarbetarna att arbeta mot satta mål och genom aktiviteten coachning hjälper kontorschefen medarbetarna att utveckla sig. Kontorschefen ser också till att medarbetarna hålls motiverade och ytterliggare en viktig aktivitet är arbete kring mål och hur målen skall nås.

• 549. Akervall, Anton
Bärgningsföretagets köpprocess2002Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis

Uppsatsen har VM-Fordonsteknik i Karlstad AB som uppdragsgivare. Företaget sysslar bland annat med att bygga på bilbärgningsutrustning på lastbilschassi. Undersökningen är gjord bland företag som ägnar sig åt bilbärgning. Syftet med arbetet är att försöka beskriva och förstå bärgningsföretagens köpprocess vid köp av bärgningsfordon. Arbetet har sin utgångspunkt i teoretiska modeller om köpprocessen och den insamlade empirin har jämförts med teorin. Huvuddelen av det empiriska materialet består av ett antal telefonintervjuer med representanter från bärgningsföretag runt om i Sverige. Slutsatserna från arbetet är att bärgningsföretagens köpprocess är betydligt mer komplex än de sekventiella modeller som använts som utgångspunkt. Köpprocessen är istället en ständigt pågående process där de olika stegen går in i varandra och där det inte går att urskilja vare sig början eller slut.

• 550.
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
Copingstrategier hos patienter med kolorektalcancer: en litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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