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  • 451.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Cornerstones in Journalism: According to citizens2019In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 20, no 8, p. 1-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Journalism's appeal to the public is in decline and the causes and remedies for this are debated in society and academia. One dimension that has garnered attention is that of journalistic norms and how they are performed; it has been proposed that a journalism based on a different, more transparent, normative base can better connect with citizens, compared with the current prevailing norm of journalistic objectivity. However, the opinions of citizens themselves have been remarkably absent and, in order to inform the debate, this study inductively investigates how citizens view and relate to the notion of good journalism. Drawing upon a theoretical framework of Bourdieu's concept of doxa, journalistic role performance, and social contract theory, this study is based on the results of 13 focus groups. The findings suggest that the respondents’ views about good journalism are quite in accordance with the traditional norms of the journalistic field; however, there is more emphasis on stylistic and linguistic qualities. Few calls are made for transparency. The results suggest that a remedy to the decreasing trust in news may not lay in the changing of norms, but rather in how already established norms and values of the journalistic field are performed.

  • 452.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Transparency to the Rescue?: Evaluating citizens’ views on transparency tools in journalism2018In: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, no 13, p. 1923-1933Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency has emerged as an ethical principle in contemporary journalism and is contended to improve accountability and credibility by journalists and scholars alike. However, to date, few attempts have been made to record the public’s views on transparency. This study enriches current knowledge by using data from an experiment, survey and focus groups in Sweden collected between 2013 and 2015. Overall, the results suggest that the respondents are not particularly moved by transparency in any form; it does not produce much effect in the experiments and is not brought up in the focus groups. While that is the key finding of this study, it should also be noted that various forms of user participation are evaluated negatively, while providing hyperlinks, explaining news selection and framing, and correcting errors are viewed positively. Implications for journalism practice and research are discussed.

  • 453.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Buskqvist, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Digitala medier, public relations och strategisk politisk kommunikation2013In: Kampen om opinionen: Politisk kommunikation under svenska valrörelser / [ed] Jesper Strömbäck & Lars Nord, Stockholm: SNS förlag, 2013, p. 89-115Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 454.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Buskqvist, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Political Public Relations on the Net: A Relationship Management Perspective2013In: Public Relations Journal, ISSN 1942-4604, Vol. 7, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research on relationship management in digital political public relations is scarce. Departing from arelationship management perspective, then, this study seeks to contribute to the field of political public relations by investigating whether political parties take advantage of what digital media platforms offer in terms of long-term commitment and reciprocity utilizing the Swedish national election in 2010 as a case study. The results show that the political parties utilized social media outlets primarily during and just before the time of the election and that interaction between parties and constituents were scarce and shallow. All parties shared the same pattern of activity, although there were some differences in the frequencies of use. Additionally, although user commitment increased over time, there were relatively few users who chose to follow/friend the political parties, suggesting that the large majority of the voters could not easily be reached through these platforms. In essence, the results indicate that social media as a political public relations tool is, so far, dwarfed by more traditional and analogue approaches.

  • 455.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nord, L.
    Mid Sweden University, Sweden.
    The public doesn’t miss the public. Views from the people: Why news by the people?2018In: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 577-594Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main debates within journalism research during the last decade has been the role of citizens as contributors or, conversely, as threats to the practice of journalism. While participation has been explored from many different theoretical, empirical, and methodological perspectives, one perspective remains noticeably underexplored – the perspective of the citizens themselves. Using social contract theory as a backdrop, this study draws on a representative survey (N = 2091) and focus groups (N = 82) in Sweden. The results show that although citizens do not bring up participation as an important element of journalism, they become more skeptical the more participation affects journalism. Furthermore, they expect journalists to moderate citizen contributions according to established journalistic standards. From the perspective of social contract theory, participation in journalism appears to be more of a problem than a benefit to citizens.

  • 456.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet, Sverige.
    Do not stand corrected: Transparency and users’ attitudes to inaccurate news and corrections in online journalism2017In: Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly, ISSN 1077-6990, E-ISSN 2161-430X, Vol. 94, no 1, p. 148-167Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The accelerating news cycle means there is a risk that errors become more common, but digital media also allow for correcting errors continuously and being transparent about this. In this study, we investigate Swedish citizens’ attitudes toward errors and corrections. The results demonstrate that citizens have strong expectations that news media publish correct information and they have little tolerance for errors. People’s background and media use do not affect attitudes toward errors and corrections to any large extent, but media trust explains a small fraction of the results—It is only those who already trust the media that appreciate corrections.

  • 457.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Nord, Lars
    Please guard the gates: Users on user involvement in news2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the main debates within journalism research the last decade has been the role of citizens as contributors or, conversely, threats to journalism practice. While participation has been explored from many different theoretical, empirical and methodological perspectives, one is eye-catching by its almost complete absence – the perspectives from the citizens themselves. The study situated in a Swedish context, draws from focus groups (N=82) and a representative survey (N=2091). The results show that citizens, firstly, do not bring forth participation as an important element of journalism and, secondly, expects journalists to moderate such contributions according to established journalistic standards. Consequently, the results suggest that the focus from previous research on various forms of participation in journalism is somewhat misguided as it has little appeal to citizens.

  • 458.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT.
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Transparency and credibility: An experimental study2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency has been proposed to both change the way journalism is being produced and increase its credibility. However, little research has been conducted to assess the connection between transparency and credibility. This study utilizes an experimental setting (N=1320) to measure what impact transparency have on source and message credibility from the user perspective. The results reveals an almost absence of any transparency effect on both source and message credibility although some small significant effects could be observed primarily regarding internal hyperlinks, comments and contextual information. Although further research is desperately needed in this area the study suggest that transparency does not affect the credibility of journalism in the eyes of the contemporary audience and thus have limited appeal as a new norm in journalism.

  • 459.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT.
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet.
    You Ain’t Seen Nothing Yet.: An experimental study on how transparency affects source and message credibility2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Transparency has been proposed to both change the way journalism is being produced and increase its credibility. However, little research has been conducted to assess the connection between transparency and credibility. This study utilizes an experimental setting with, in total, 1320 respondents to measure what impact transparency have on source and message credibility from the user perspective. The results reveal an almost absence of any transparency effect on both source and message credibility although some small significant effects could be observed primarily regarding internal hyperlinks, comments and contextual information. Although further research is needed in this area the study suggest that transparency does not affect the credibility of journalism in the eyes of the contemporary audience and thus have limited appeal as a new norm in journalism.

  • 460.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hyperlinking practices in Swedish online news 2006-2012,2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although hyperlinks is essential both in the Internet architecture and pointing out pertinent material in an ocean of information abundance remarkably little research have been committed to this area. Furthermore, few studies have been conducted scrutinizing the long-term impact of communication technology on journalism and journalistic practices. The purpose of this study is to contribute to the research on one specific area of online journalism – the practice of hyperlinking. The study utilizes a longitudinal content analysis of hyperlinking practices in Swedish online news from 2006 to 2012 that allows for comparison if and to what extent publishing tradition and ownership shapes journalistic practice. Five hypotheses are posed and three research questions are asked, all relating to how the news sites make use of hyperlinks, and to what extent. The findings show an erratic pattern in the use of hyperlinks as well for internal as external, and between publishing traditions. The general conclusion is that hyperlinks are not an important aspect of online journalism practice.

  • 461.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hyperlinking practices in Swedish online news 2007-20132014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Hyperlinks are considered vital to both Internet and digital journalism. This study utilizes a longitudinal content analysis of hyperlinking practices in Swedish online news from 2007 to 2013 to see how hyperlinking evolves over time. It also compares if and to what extent publishing tradition shapes journalistic practice. The findings primarily shows that the over all impact of hyperlinks remain rather unchanged over time but that internal links, while still being most common, decrease in relative importance while external links increase. The general conclusion is that hyperlinks are not an important aspect of online journalism practice.

  • 462.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Lindell, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Mapping the space of journalistic labor in the new media environment: a model2016In: Communicating with Power: 66th Annual International Communication Association Conference, Japan, Fukuoka, June 9-13, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 463.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Hellekant Rowe, Erika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Local reporting from a distance - what are the effects on the local news?2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the wake of downsizing, lay offing and outsourcing of journalistic work 32 Swedishmunicipalities do no longer have the presence of a journalistic editorial office. Thismeans that journalists will have to travel longer if they want to cover the place in situ.Arguably, the increased proximity between journalists and the municipality will haveconsequences for how the latter is covered by the former. Against this background thestudy asks a simple question – what happens with the news coverage of a municipalitywhen there are no journalists around? To inform this question we conduct a quantitativecontent analysis (N= approximately 400) measuring amongst other things – newstopics, framing, style, original reporting, and sourcing practices in the news coverageof eight Swedish municipalities. Drawing from the classification of municipalities bythe Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions as well as population numberswe compare four municipalities that have an editorial office from a legacy mediaorganization with four municipalities that does not have an editorial office. The samplewas collected from Retrievers database, the largest archive of news articles in theNordic countries, and consisted of seven randomized days from 2014-2015. Preliminaryfindings indicate that not having an editorial office means that the municipalityis covered less, that areas such as sports, crime, accidents, economics, and communitynews receive less attention and that citizens are quoted less often. Implications forboth the politic and community dimensions of a municipality are discussed.

  • 464.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Is Anyone out There?: Assessing Swedish citizen-generated community journalism2014In: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 164-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, situated in Sweden, citizen community journalism in 290 municipalities is evaluated. The results reveal that there are very few cases of citizen journalism at a community level, and that the existing citizen journalists focus on business news, entertainment and sports. When sources are used, they are few and originate from social institutions such as business, media, authorities and politics rather than citizens. Furthermore, there are only a few occasions when local authorities are included at all, even less so scrutinised, in the news stories. All in all, the study indicates that Swedish citizen community journalism has trouble either providing information that maintains the community or being the watchdog of that community.

  • 465.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ingela, Wadbring
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Sara, Ödmark
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Towards Politicized Tabloid News Online?: A Methodological Assessment of the Spreading of Online News2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sharing has emerged as a keyword in the contemporary media landscape in the last decade. For journalism and the news industry sharing is viewed as both a threat and possibility as it enables greater reach but also less control. So far research has not to a great extent been able to show what kind of news stories that goes viral and there is also a lack of methodological discussions about how to measure shared news and what results different approaches provide. Results from this study show that politics is the most commonly spread news topic and that news sites with a tabloid background are the most successful media forms in encouraging spreading and interaction of news stories. The study also shows that different methodological starting points – starting at the news sites themselves or an aggregator – provides results that both overlap and differentiate.

  • 466.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Johansson, Bengt
    Kvantitativ innehållsanalys2019In: Metoder i medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap / [ed] Mats Ekström, Bengt Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, p. 171-192Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 467.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Lindell, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Möller, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    OMNIBUS NEWS: Engagement or bussed?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the summer of 2013 the municipal public bus system, Karlstadbuss, installed television sets (BUSS-TV) on all city buses. These TV sets are airing user-generated content, and traffic information, weather forecasts as well as news from the hybrid commercial/public service broadcaster TV4. This paper addresses the phenomenon from the theoretical intersection of communication geography and journalism studies. This means understanding the city-buses, at once mobile and semi-public spaces, as decorated with a new “communicative texture” that is renegotiating the time-space nexus traditionally tied to news consumption. Furthermore, it potentially implies that a basic news diet become more or less dispersed amongst commuters across the city, and across previous class-demarcations that would engender divergent news diets. This constitutes a potential challenge to the notion of the fragmented news audience and related worries over the increased number of “news avoiders”. From previous research we know that news consumption, even accidental, is linked with political and civic engagement. In an era where media consumption is increasingly fragmented or even avoided, the buss-news reinstalls the almost inescapable news of the 1970’s albeit in a highly situated and limited context. Nevertheless, this new space of ‘news on the move’ is yet to be explored theoretically and empirically. Thus, we ask about the role of Karlstadbuss as a carrier of omnibus news in the media ecology. The paper uses data derived from representative surveys (Värmlands-SOM) conducted before (2010) and after (2014) the introduction of BUSS-TV to study the impact of travelling with the city-buses on political interest and civic engagement as well as general news interest and consumption.

  • 468.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sjøvaag, Helle
    University of Bergen.
    Content Analysis and Online News: Epistemologies of Analysing the Ephemeral Web2016In: Digital Journalism, ISSN 2167-0811, E-ISSN 2167-082X, Vol. 4, no 1, p. 177-192Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we argue that digital media pose such challenges for analysing media content adequately that the established approach does not work as intended, reflecting underlying assumptions inherited from analogue media formats. We review two relatively new forms of the content analysis method—big data and liquid content analysis—and juxtapose these with established content analysis. In addition, we detail how these two methods tackle content analysis pillars such as mode of analysis, sampling, sampling size, variable design, unit of analysis, measuring point(s), access/capture/storing, conclusions/generalizability and the key agent doing the actual work. We summarize the article by arguing that established content analysis is insufficient for digital media but that common standards, protocols and procedures are yet to be developed for these new approaches to digital journalism research.

  • 469.
    Karlsson, Michael
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Van Couvering, Elizabeth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Lindell, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    News Duds and Hits: Sharing on Facebook. The distribution of news in an era of layered gatekeeping2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 470.
    Karlsson, Oliver
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Gentrit, Beqiri
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    En festival och dess effekter: Vikten av planering och hållbarhet bland aktörerna i Norrköping och på Bråvallafestivalen2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 471.
    Karlsson, Rasmus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Skönnå, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    What ́s in it for Karlstad: Kampen om Skutbergets vara eller icke vara2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att locka till sig nya invånare och besökare framhäver städer i Sverige och likaså påmånga håll i världen idag vikten av att höja sin attraktivitet och konkurrenskraft. Det uppnåsmed hjälp av olika flashiga bebyggelser, nöjesparker, idrott och olikaformer av evenemang,med mera. För attlocka till sig nya besökare och stärka stadens konkurrenskraft gentemotandra svenska medelstora städerna,vill Karlstads politiker etablera Muminvärlden i staden.Dock är frågan om det verkligen är rätt att privatisera det offentliga rummet för att kunnakonkurrera mot andra städer? Studien syftar till attbelysa frågor om makten överrummet/platsen medutgångspunkt i privatisering av allmänningar.Muminvärlden påSkutbergets friluftsområde används som exempel på kampen om det offentligaför att belysasyftet.Studiens teoretiska ramverk och tidigare forskning som studien grundarsig på, behandlarfrågor om makten över rummet, platsens betydelse, demokratiska frågor och privatiseringarav det allmänna. Studiens metodutgörs av kvalitativa ansatser i form av semi-struktureradekvalitativa intervjuer. Intervjuerna genomfördes med Skutbergets Wenners ordförandeThomas Martinsson, en sakkunnig aktiv debattör, samt elva stycken besökare på Skutberget.För att komplettera dekvalitativa intervjuerna har vi genomfört dokumentstudier av dokumentsom berör ämnet som exempelvis Karlstads kommuns detaljplan för skutberget från 2018.Studiens slutsats visar påattprivatisering av allmänningar får dels socialakonsekvenser,genomatt det sociala rummetpåverkas och att vissa människor undermedvetet utesluts frånatt kunna vistas på deprivata platserna.Vid privatisering av allmänningarvisade slutsatsen påenpositivkonsekvens, vilket var attom den privata etableringen ärlyckosamkandetgynnastadens ekonomi positivt.  På grund av att det finns olika åsikter i om vad det offentliga rummet ska användas till kan privatisering av allmänningar leda till polariseringar i samhället.

  • 472.
    Karlsson, Sebastian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hjort, Jonathan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    En plattform som erbjuder nya kommunikationsmöjligheter: En kvalitativ studie om varför butiker inom Coop och ICA använder sociala medier som marknadsföringskanal2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Allt fler personer använder sig av sociala medier, något som också fler och fler företag tycks uppmärksamma.

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på varför butiker inom två svenska organisationer använder sociala medier som marknadsföringskanal, och varför vissa specifika kanaler föredras framför andra. En drivkraft i vårt arbete har alltså varit att förstå de uttalade motiv och val som ligger bakom användningen av sociala medier som extern kommunikationskanal. Företagen som ingår i undersökningen är Sveriges två största matkedjor, ICA och Coop.

    Studien bygger på kvalitativa forskningsintervjuer med insatta personer inom de två företagen,och följande fyra frågeställningar har utgjort vårt primära fokus:

    • Vilka motiv och mål uppges styra företagens användande av sociala medier som marknadsföringskanal?
    • Vilka fördelar anses marknadsföring via sociala medier ge företagen?
    • Vilken betydelse upplevs sociala medier ha för skapandet av långvariga relationer med företagens kunder?
    • Vad framhålls som avgörande för valet av kanal?

    Teoretiska ramverk som har använts i undersökningen har varit relationsmarknadsföring, webb 2.0 och teorier om social närvaro och varumärkesbyggande.

    Resultatet från studien visar att användningen av sociala medier som marknadsföringskanal utgår från en vilja hos företagen att verka och existera på samma plattform som deras kunder. Marknadsföringen via de sociala medierna anges som ett snabbt och smidigt sätt att nå en stor del av målgruppen på ett kostnadseffektivt sätt. Den enda kanalen som används av ICA och Coop i nuläget är Facebook vilket överraskade då alla sociala medier är gratis. Valet av denna plattform motiverades av att de hade testat andra kanaler men inte fått önskvärt genomslag någon annanstans. Genom Facebook kan en kommunikation hållas med kunderna dygnet runt, då det är en öppen plattform som alltid är tillgänglig. Studien finner också att en ökad kommunikation anges kunna bidra till en djupare och närmre relation med kunderna.

    Nyckelord: Sociala medier, marknadsföring, kommunikation, social närvaro, marknadsmix.

  • 473.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Is There an End to the Concentration of Businesses and People?2017In: Globalisation and Change in Forest Ownership and Forest Use: Natural Resource Management in Transition / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 139-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is extensive literature describing the mechanisms of economic growth, which has tended to occur in big cities. The emergence of knowledge economies has enhanced the importance of human capital—the success of companies is increasingly dependent on employees’ ability to transform their knowledge and skills into new products that can satisfy rapidly changing demand from all over the world. This transformation of the economy creates major challenges for regions that do not have large, well-educated populations. Will rural areas stand a chance against the centripetal forces of agglomeration economies? This issue is addressed by focusing attention on a number of successful, forest-related companies running their operations far from metropolitan Sweden. This presentation is accompanied by a theoretical discussion that challenges the urban assumption.

  • 474.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstads universitet.
    Multi-level Planning and Conflicting Interests in the Forest Landscape: Natural Resource Management in Transition2017In: Globalisation and Change in Forest Ownership and Forest Use / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 225--259Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes and analyses overlapping planning structures and multi-level planning issues and how they affect current land use and management in the forest landscape. Forest land use in Sweden is based on a large proportion of privately owned forests with the primary purpose of producing timber for the forest industries. Nevertheless, the forests are also characterised by multiple uses and many stakeholders (economic as well as ecological and social) who express themselves and relate to forest management. In this chapter, we present a number of methods, both traditional and more recent, for managing multiple use of the forest landscape. These range from physical planning and the Swedish Right of Public Access to Natura 2000, forest certification, reindeer-husbandry plans, and scenario techniques.

  • 475.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Rural-Urban Policies: Changing Conceptions of the Human-Environment Relationship2017In: Globalisation and Change in Forest Ownership and Forest Use: Natural Resource Management in Transition / [ed] E. Carina H. Keskitalo, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2017, p. 183-224Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter describes how understandings of the “rural” have progressed from a focus on either decline or amenity, whereby these more simplified understandings can be seen to have had an impact on rural policy development. The chapter argues that rural areas, including forests, need to be understood in relation to both production and integration with urban landscapes. It thus illustrates the role of both historical processes and policy in creating current understandings of the rural: drawing upon an example from the Swedish case, it amongst others shows that a redistributive tax system has played a larger and more crucial role than rural policy in retaining active rural areas in Sweden.

  • 476.
    Karlsson, Sven-Erik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Bladh, Gabriel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Haraldsson, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Friluftslivets sociala mönster i ett samhälleligtsammanhang: en beskrivning och ett försök till förklaring.2013In: Friluftsliv i förändring: resultat från ett forskningsprogram : slutrapport / [ed] Fredman, Peter; Stenseke, Marie; Sandell, Klas & Mossing, Anders, Stockholm: Naturvårdsverket, 2013, p. 81-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 477.
    Karnung, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Landsbygdens samhällsentreprenörer: Livskvalitet på tillväxt?2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 478.
    Karpenko, Sofia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Seehathao, Titti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sveriges image & platsmarknadsföring: Riktat mot kinesiska turister2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 479.
    Kassa, Meron
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Andersson, Daniella
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Carlsson, Gustav
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Morbidturism: En turismvetenskaplig studie om morbidturisms utveckling2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 480.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Experiencing and performing memory2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 481.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Experiencing and performing memory: Second World War videogames as a practice of remembrance2017In: Remembering the Second World War / [ed] Patrick Finney, London: Routledge, 2017, 1, p. 217-233Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 482.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ghosts, extraterrestrials and re-enchantment: Possibilities and challenges in regional tourism2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the paranormal and the occult are today integral parts of mainstream popular culture (Hill 2011; McIlwain 2005; Partridge 2004), there are indications of the old division between 'high' and 'low' culture still being influential in official tourism policies, and possibly also regarding tourists themselves. In addition to popular TV shows such as Most Haunted and Ghost Hunters, the tourism industry offers countless examples of ghost tours and visits, suggesting that belief in ghosts is today socially accepted. However, visiting a (presumed) UFO landing area or taking part in a dowsing excursion is probably considered at least potentially socially stigmatizing, which might be one reason why such experiences are rarely found in mainstream tourism. Thus, it can be argued that the tourism industry officially sanctions certain aspects of the paranormal through their deliberate use of them.

     

    As part of the Place-Based Digital Experiences research project at Karlstad University, this paper explores possibilities and issues regarding the use of the paranormal in tourism. Based on a case study of Visit Värmland, a regional economic association using “ghost tourism” as part of their marketing, the study uses qualitative interviews to explore what kind of paranormal phenomena are considered to provide options in marketing and in place-branding, what are not, and on what grounds (cf Francesconi 2014; Oswald 2011). Is there a hierarchy regarding the supernatural in tourism? If so, in what ways does it relate to contemporary society and culture, including the dominant view on supernatural phenomena?

     

    Popular media promote a kind of off-the-grid tourism to particular locations through for example TV series about haunted houses, ancient cult places, UFO sightings etc. The possibility of maybe oneself actually having an experience of a ghost – or, for that matter, seeing weird lights hovering in the sky – is part of the longing for authenticity considered to be characteristic for our times. Still, there is possibly a tension between on the one hand romantic folklore expressions such as enchanted forests, dancing fairies and hauntings, and on the other hand 'suspect' areas of interest such as earth energies and ufology. Although the latter are phenomena either present in traditional folk belief or considered to be a modern transformation of it, one might suspect that 'meeting' an alien from outer space is a considerably less attractive experience than evoking elves on a light Nordic summer's night (cf Kripal 2010; Kripal & Strieber 2016). Importantly, the proposed re-enchantment of the modern world is not dependent on actual belief in the supernatural – it is rather a kind of postmodern playfulness that during the right circumstances invites experiences, actual or imagined, of phenomena that are otherwise banished from a materialist worldview (Landy & Saler 2009). However, it is probable that although paranormal phenomena are popular parts of contemporary media culture and attract large audiences, there are some that are considered more respectable than others, and that the tourism industry is an important instance in  providing them with that respectability.

     

    References

     

    Francesconi, S. (2014) Reading Tourism Texts: A Multimodal Analysis. Bristol: Channel View Publications

     

    Hill, A. (2011) Paranormal Media: Audiences, Spirits and Magic in Popular Culture. London and New York: Routledge

     

    Kripal, J. (2010) Authors of the Impossible: The Paranormal and the Sacred. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press

     

    Kripal, J. & Strieber, W. (2016) The Supernatural: A New Vision of the Unexplained. New York: Jeremy P: Tarcher/Penguin

     

    McIlwain, C. (2005) When Death Goes Pop: Media and the American Culture of Death. New York: Peter Lang

     

    Oswald, L. (2011) Marketing Semiotics: Signs, Strategies, and Brand Value. Oxford: Oxford University Press

     

    Partridge, C. (2004) The Re-Enchantment of the West: Alternative Spiritualities, Sacralization, Popular Culture, and Occulture. Volume I. London and New York: T&T Clark International

     

    Landy J., & Saler, M., eds. (2009) The Re-Enchantment of the World: Secular Magic in a Rational Age. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press

     

    Visit Värmland, “Hemsökta platser i Värmland” (“Haunted places in Värmland”) https://www.visitvarmland.se/sv/hemsokta-platser-i-varmland Accessed 2018-03-29

  • 483.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Scholarship as Simulacrum The Case of Hitler's Monsters2019In: Aries: Journal for the Study of Western Esotericism, ISSN 1567-9896, E-ISSN 1570-0593, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 265-281Article, review/survey (Refereed)
  • 484.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    The Second World War, Imperial, and Colonial Nostalgia: The North Africa Campaign and Battlefields of Memory2018In: Humanities, E-ISSN 2076-0787, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 1-16, article id 113Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article addresses the function of (post)colonial nostalgia in a context of multidirectional memory (Rothberg 2009) in contemporary Europe. How can different cultural memories of the Second Word War be put into respectful dialogue with each other? The text is based on a contrapuntal reading (Said 1994) of British and Egyptian popular narratives, mainly British documentary films about the North Africa Campaign, but also feature films and novels, and data from qualitative interviews collected during ethnographic fieldwork in Alexandria and Cairo, Egypt, during visits 2013–2015. The study highlights the considerable differences between the British and Egyptian narratives, but also the significant similarities regarding the use and function of nostalgia. In addition, the Egyptian narrative expresses a profound cosmopolitan nostalgia and a longing for what is regarded as Egypt’s lost, modern Golden Age, identified as the decades before the nation’s fundamental change from western-oriented monarchy to Nasser’s Arab nationalist military state. The common elements between the two national narratives indicate a possibly fruitful way to open up for a shared popular memory culture about the war years, including postcolonial aspects.

  • 485.
    Kingsepp, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    World War II in Egyptian cultural memory: Nostalgia and negotiation2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 486.
    Kirchoff, Ingrid Synnøve
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Everything is NOT awesome: A study on the campaign that ended LEGO’s partnership with Shell2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is an on-going discussion in public relation scholarship surrounding the implication of critical theory on the study of activists’ utilization of public relations tools. One side believes that the mainstream theoretical models are sufficient for explaining the situation in which conflicts and negotiations between activists and corporations are happening, the other believes that critical theory needs to be applied. The purpose of this thesis is to provide an example that sheds light on this type of situation. It will study the 2014 conflict between Greenpeace and LEGO to see if orthodox theories are applicable, or if not, how and why critical theory should get more attention from public relations scholars.

     

    The aim of the thesis is to solve the conflict through studying a case. To solve the dispute two research questions are aiming to scrutinize the negotiation situation between LEGO and Greenpeace. The questions are asking what images of the Greenpeace campaign was most frequently used by the media, and how these frame LEGO. A method triangulation was applied to answer these questions. First, a quantitative study identified what images that were most frequently used by the media to cover the story. Later a qualitative text analysis in the form of semiotics was used to analyse how these images framed LEGO. The result shows that almost 90% of the images used by mass media was directly illustrating Greenpeace’s campaign. The messages in these images framed LEGO on one hand, as a passive player that would stand by and watch as their business partner polluted both the earth and kids’ imaginations.  On the other hand the company was portrayed as an almighty institution that would not take stakeholders wishes and opinions into consideration.

     

    The study serves as an example on the negotiation situation between activists and corporations. The conclusion relates the thesis back to the problem definition. The public relation communication utilized by Greenpeace, and studied in this thesis, is evidence that the scholarship needs broaden the intellectual domain by incorporating activism and critical theory into the academic field.

  • 487.
    Klose, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Den Store Folkefesten: En undersøkelse av Norges image skapt av NRK dokumentaren ”Hurtigruten, minutt for minutt”2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how Norway's image has been created by the information communicated in the TV-documentary "Hurtigruten, minute by minute". Using consumers acting as agents the information about Norway has been passed on in the form of re-representation on Twitter and Trip Advisor. By examining posts on Twitter and Trip Advisor with a qualitative rhetorical content analysis the study explores how Norway's image has been re-represented online. This material have been linked to the answers provided by focus groups that have been watching clips of the TVdocumentary "Hurtigruten minute by minute". This has been carried out to examine how respondents react to the contents of the documentary. And then those answers have been compared to those posts from Twitter and Trip Advisor. The study has three research questions to answer the purpose:

    • How do “watchers” understand and re-represent Norway’s image on the basis of the information given from the TV-documentary "Hurtigruten, minute by minute" online (via various media) and offline (from person to person)?

    • What impressions and associations of Norway are created by the recipient on the basis of the information and messages being communicated about Norway from the TV-documentary "Hurtigruten minute by minute"?

    • How can Norway's image be described by the impressions and associations created by the TV-documentary "Hurtigruten, minute by minute"?

    After a rhetorical thematic analysis of the results, the study reached a conclusion that Norway is seen as a very beautiful country with a lot to offer. Respondents get the impression that Norwegians are an open and friendly people who are proud of their country and want to show it off. To demonstrate how Norway’s image has been created by the TV-documentary "Hurtigruten, minute by minute", the study emphasized Hosany et al. (2006) scales for destination image and personality. These scales consist of six dimensions that describe a destination using human traits such as original, friendly, cold, easily accessible and exciting.

    Keywords: Destination image and personality, “Hurtigruten, minute by minute”, rhetorical thematicanalysis.

  • 488.
    Knudsen, Erik
    et al.
    University of Bergen.
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Corinna, Lauerer
    LMU Munich.
    Barnoy, Aviv
    Ben-Gurion University.
    News vs. Native advertising: Perspectives in journalism researc2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 489. Knudsen, Erik
    et al.
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Lauerer, Corinna
    Barnoy, Aviv
    The boundaries of native advertising: An international comparison of 20 newspapers in five countries2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 490.
    Knutsson, Christina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Liljedahl, Nathalie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Att ha vargen som granne: En studie om hur Norra Värmlands naturturism- aktörer anser att de påverkas av den nuvarande vargpopulationen.2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien har försökt att förstå hur naturturism- aktörer och deras besökare i Norra Värmland påverkas av den nuvarande vargpopulationen som råder i länet. Stor del av tidigare forskning har fokuserat på hurvida jägare, bönder och skogsägare har ställt sig till vargfrågan och turismens perspektiv har uteblivit. Ett intresse uppkom därmed att undersöka sambandet mellan Norra Värmlands naturturism- aktörer och deras attityd till vargen. För att få en helhetsförståelse på naturturism- aktörernas attityder i Norra Värmland har intervjuer skett med ett representativt urval av naturturism- aktörer.

    Värmland är ett av de län med högst vargtäthet i Sverige och i December år 2009 beslutades det om licensierad jakt på 9 stycken vargar i länet, något som var en hög siffra i jämförelse med andra län (Kastegård 2010). Under åren 2014 och 2015 kunde det konstateras att 415 vargar befann sig på svensk mark där Värmlands region hade en hög täthet (Naturvårdsverket 2015).

    Genom studien fanns en förhoppning att kunna bidra till ytterligare en dimension i vargfrågan genom att se hur hög täthet av varg i ett län kan påverka naturturism- aktörer, vilket anses har uppnåtts. Det går att konstatera att aktörerna i Norra Värmland påverkas av den nuvarande vargpopulationen som råder i länet. Majoriteten av aktörerna finner inte vargen som något problem för deras verksamhet utan anser snarare att den bidrar till något positivt för deras besökare.

  • 491.
    Knutsson, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Forseth, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Mellan bevarande och exploatering av grönområden: En kärnproblematik i samtidens urbana planering; Fallet Jakobsberg, Karlstad2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka det potentiella dilemmat mellan en stadsplanering som både vill exploatera och bevara grönområden. Detta skapar en intressant frågeställning gällande vilken av de tre hållbarhetsprinciperna som lyfts i praktiken. Det sker en ökad befolkningstillväxt i flera städer i Sverige, vilket ställer krav på bostadsbebyggandet. Grönområden som vakanta områden i staden kan då riskeras att exploateras, samtidigt som vikten av bevarandet lyfts på flera planeringsnivåer. Detta gör att våra frågeställningar är följande:

     

    • Hur förhåller sig politiker och tjänstemän till frågan om exploatering av grönområden?
    • Får grönstruktur en prioritet i en tillväxtorienterad planering?
    • Vilken plats får hållbarhet i fysisk planering?

     

    För att besvara syfte och frågeställningar har en fallstudie genomförts över det framtida bostadsområdet Jakobsberg i Karlstads kommun. De metoder som anses har varit relevanta är semistrukturerade intervjuer, där fyra intervjuer har genomförts med både politiker och tjänstemän, samt en kvalitativ innehållsanalys kring Karlstads politiska styrdokument som påverkar den fysiska planeringen av Jakobsberg.

     

    De teoretiska perspektiven berör urbanisering, förtätning, stadsutglesning samt vikten av grönområden. Urbaniseringsprocessen påverkar den miljömässiga planeringen, vilket att viktig att ha i åtanke gällande den fysiska planeringen. Stadens fysiska struktur är viktig för att skapa en hållbar utveckling, där den urbana naturen uppfyller sociala, kulturella och ekologiska aspekter av hållbar utveckling. En analys har genomförts över den insamlade empirin från intervjuer och politiska styrdokument. Resultatet visar att politiker och tjänstemän inte motsätter sig en exploatering av grönområden, och även om grönstruktur får en viss prioritering väger de sociala och ekonomiska incitamenten tyngre. Vår analys visar att det ekonomiska perspektivet prioriteras framför det ekologiska perspektivet för att det finns en stark tilltro att tillväxt är det väsentliga.

  • 492.
    Kozica, Irfan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Medborgardialog i fysisk planering: - En studie av hinder och möjligheter i en mindre kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Citizen dialogue has recently become a central development area for municipalities and county councils. Despite changes in the Planning and Building Act and a clear assumption in policy processes to achieve ecological, economic and social sustainability, the citizen dialogue has not been able to fulfill its purpose. The formal process for dialogue has been criticized for being late in the planning process, which reduces the possibility of planning changes. A natural sanction is not least about reduced trust to the planners and the political system. In order to reverse the downward spiral, internal efforts are required in addition to the requirements of current legislation, which is a challenge for not least smaller municipalities.

    Based on planning theories, relevant previous research and interviews with municipal officials, obstacles and opportunities with citizen dialogue in physical planning in a smaller municipality are investigated. A purpose is also to account for important aspects of the work with citizen dialogue. In addition to an account of how the municipality's work looks, how citizen dialogue can promote municipal physical planning and how a good citizen dialogue can be achieved, the conclusions show that: municipal officials, despite their own ideas about the development of citizen dialogue, are hindered in their work through limited scope for maneuver and limited resources.

  • 493.
    Kraft, Ida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hagman, Josefin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Kategorier av landsbygdsturism i Värmlands turistbroschyrer.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 494.
    Krasniqi, Butrint
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Mirza, Gabriel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Att ta sig till Karlstads universitet: En studie om anställda och studenters färdmedelsval2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om färdmedelsvalen som människor som verkar i Karlstads universitetsområde gör. Med anslutning till samhällsplaneringen har vi valt att göra detta utifrån tre olika livskategorier: ålder, kön och sysselsättning. Med underlag av bland annat Gottfridssons två avhandlingar, “Färdmedelsvalets komplexa förutsättningar: en studie av arbetspendling i småbarnshushåll med Kils kommun som exempel” och “Värmlänningar i rörelse”, samt Krantz avhandling “Rörlighetens mångfald och förändring: befolkningens dagliga resande i Sverige 1978 och 1996”, ska frågeställningen kunna besvaras, som lyder: “Vad påverkar valet av färdmedel hos studenter och anställda i Karlstads universitetsområde?”.

     

    Denna studie genomfördes med hjälp av en kvantitativ metod. Genom enkätundersökningar på 150 respondenter så gjordes det möjligt för detta arbete att utföras. Denna studie visade att i princip alla respondenter hade olika kunskaper, värderingar, förutsättningar och tankar angående deras färdmedelsval till Karlstads universitetsområde. Respondenterna uppgav många olika faktorer som var avgörande för deras färdval, bland dessa fanns tid, familje benägenheter, vädret och tillgången till kollektivtrafiken.

  • 495.
    Krekula, Clary
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Engström, Lars-Gunnar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Grip, Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Communicating equality through policy documents: On legitimacy, double logic and stable translations2019In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article discusses gender mainstreaming (GMS) as a strategy to implement gender equality in public work organizations by analysing discourse in terms of the theoretical notions of translation and circulation in organizations to shed light on how gender equality and the mainstreaming strategy are formulated in the documents which govern the Swedish fire and rescue services. More specifically, it looks at how the goals regarding gender equality are circulated and translated. The results show that gender equality as a practice is created in the translation of national goals in terms of the local context and its specific gender equality challenges. Furthermore, the article discusses how vague formulations in the documents are stabilized through circulation between the government and the public agency in question. The results indicate the central role played by maintaining stable translations over time and the presence of a double logic of change in the processes, as well as the importance of legitimizing gender equality initiatives.

  • 496.
    Kristiansen, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Outsiders i Gus Van Sants filmer: En tematisk auteurstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I have examined how the structure of society affects the characters in the movies of Gus Van Sant, and what there is that characterizes Van Sant as an auteur. I have also looked at the thematics and how the characters develop throughout from his first movie Mala Noche (US 1985) until one of his latest Milk (US 2008). Van Sant is open with his Homosexuality and those perspectives are of major importance for this study. He presents how his characters try to live a normal life in a society that is not made for them. I have chosen to analyze five different movies. I discuss more closely about problems and how the characters develop when they are not in an outsider position to the society. It is the homosexual perspective that makes Van Sant an auteur. I will also use queer theory because Van Sant movies show homosexuals are struggling against society and are fighting to find an

    Acceptance of their own identities.

  • 497.
    Kron, Paulina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Hallberg, Felicia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Event som planering för turism2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 498. Kronlid, David
    et al.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Svennbeck, Margareta
    I Ur och Skur2015In: Naturmötespraktiker och miljömoraliskt lärande / [ed] Östman, Leif, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2015, p. 149-180Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 499. Kronlid, David
    et al.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Svennbeck, Margareta
    Öhman, Johan
    Östman, Leif
    Inledning2015In: Naturmötespraktiker och miljömoraliskt lärande / [ed] Östman, Leif, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet, 2015, p. 9-20Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 500. Kronlid, David
    et al.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Svennbeck, Margareta
    Öhman, Johan
    Östman, Leif
    LED-modellen: ett tvärvetenskapligt analysschema2015In: Naturmötespraktiker och miljömoraliskt lärande / [ed] Östman, Leif, Uppsala: Uppsala universitet , 2015, p. 127-148Chapter in book (Other academic)
78910111213 451 - 500 of 912
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