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  • 401.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Expanding the household1998In: Lund archeological review, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 402.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Finnish forest archaeology. Ethnicity in the material2014In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 109, no 3, p. 225-227Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 403.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Forest peasants. Their production and exchange1997In: Visions of the past. Trends and traditions in Swedish medieval archaeology / [ed] Andersson, Hans; Carelli, Peter & Ersgård, Lars, Stockholm: Almkvist Wiksell International , 1997Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 404.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Gender and spatial patterns in the Scandinavian farmstead and outland2005In: / [ed] Holm, Ingunn; Innselset, Sonja & Öye, Ingvild, Bergen: UBAS International, Universitetet i Bergen , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 405.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Heritage and development outside the metropolis: Discussing issues of attractiveness, growth, participation and sustainable development2015In: Journal of Cultural Heritage Management and Sustainable Development, ISSN 2044-1266, E-ISSN 2044-1274, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 4-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the contribution of heritage and participation to sustainable development in a postindustrial context. Special attention is paid to the problematic fields of attractiveness, growth and participation. New ways of working this field are called for. Design/methodology/approach – The study relies on retrospectiveparticipatory observation, citizen participation and document analysis. Findings – There is a complex relationship between experts and citizens/participants, and heritage and history are considered to be domains of experts. Therefore heritage projects have problems surviving the exodus of experts. Heritage is not perceived as asset for building new businesses by most citizens, but as values “out there”. Heritage may function as a meeting place, attracting different groups of people, but there are complex mechanisms of inclusion and exclusion. A model and a method are put forward for uniting experts and citizens, and driving the integration of heritage in other sectors of society to create innovative sustainability processes. Research limitations/implications – A single case study, taking place under special conditions. However, both the results and the context correspond well with similar studies. Practical implications – Furthering of integration of heritage management and antiquarian actions in other societal sectors. Social implications – More stable networks of citizens/stakeholders and antiquarians. Originality/value – A fairly large project involving a multitude of stakeholders and societal interests.

  • 406.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Heritage at risk: The devastating effects of mechanized forestry on local heritage2014In: Via Spatiosa. : Festschrift to Ragnar Andersson on his 67th birthday. / [ed] Moniruzzaman, S., Nilsson, F. & Svensson, E., Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2014, p. 81-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 407.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Historisk arkeologi i skogen2009In: Triangulering. Historisk arkeologi vidgar fälten / [ed] Mats Mogren, Mats Roslund, Barbro Sundnér &Jes Wienberg, Lund: Institutionen för arkeologi och antikens historia, Lunds universitet , 2009, p. 243-257Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 408.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Innovations in the rural edge.: Inventions and smart organisations in the Scandinavian outlan use2015In: Towns and Villages in Medieval Rus.: Archaeology, history, culture : to mark the 60th birthday of the Academician Nikolai Makarov / [ed] Gaidukov, P. G. et al., Moscow: Russian Academy of Sciences, 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 409.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Introduction (Part II)2009In: Liminal landscapes: Beyond the concepts of ’marginality’ and ’periphery’ / [ed] Ingunn Holm, Kathrine Stene, Eva Svensson, Oslo: Unipub forlag, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 410.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Iscensättning av utmarksbruk – en innovationshistoria2016In: Mellan slott och slag. : Vänbok till Anders Ödman / [ed] Gustin, I., Hansson, M., Roslund, M. & Wienberg, J., Lund: Lund University Open Access, 2016, p. 267-272Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 411.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Järnframställning i norra Värmland: Med rapporter över järnframställningslokalerna:fornlämning 135. Södra Finnskoga socken, Värmlands länfornlämning 224. Norra Finnskoga socken, Värmlands länfornlämning 308. Dalby socken, Värmlands länfornlämning 135. Dalby socken, Värmlands län1995Report (Other academic)
  • 412.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Kulturarv, natur och hållbar utveckling i en nordvärmländsk glesbygd2013In: Mångvetenskapliga möten för ett breddat kulturmiljöarbete: Riksantikvarieämbetets FoU-verksamhet 2006-2010/11 / [ed] Marie Holmström, Riksantikvarieämbetet, 2013Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 413.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Kulturarv, natur och utveckling: Problem och möjligheter i skoglig glesbygd2010Book (Refereed)
  • 414.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Kulturbygden som blev vildmark2011In: Klarälven / [ed] Ibsen, H., Nyberg, L. & Svensson, E., Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2011Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 415.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Landscape beyond tradition. Historical Archaeology of northwestern Scania2010In: Fornvännen, ISSN 0015-7813, E-ISSN 1404-9430, Vol. 105, no 1, p. 77-78Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 416.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Life in the bailiff's castle of Edsholm1995In: Thirteen essays on medieval artefacts / [ed] Ersgård, Lars, Lund: Meddelanden från Lunds universitets historiska museum , 1995Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 417.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Marginality in our hearts: Consuming the exotics of poverty and hard work2009In: / [ed] Jan Klapste & Petr Sommer, Turhout: Brepols , 2009, no Ruralia VIIConference paper (Refereed)
  • 418.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Outland use in northern Värmland: Landscape, local society and households1998In: / [ed] Andersson, Hans; Ersgård, Lars & Svensson, Eva, Stockholm: Almkvist Wiksell International , 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 419.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Plants as archeological problems and possibilities2007In: On the road. Studies in honor of Lars Larsson / [ed] Hårdh, B., Jennbert, K. & Olausson, D, Lund & Stockholm: Acta archaeologica Lundensia, Almqvist & Wiksell International , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 420.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Power and europeisation: Daily life at the castle and farmstead in Sweden2002In: / [ed] Helmig, G; Scholkmann, B. & Untermann, M., Hertingen, 2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 421.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The castles of Saxholmen and Edshom. Castles as symbols of power and habitation sites1996In: / [ed] Josephson, Magnus & Mogren, Mats, 1996Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 422.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The medieval household: Daily life in castles and farmsteads2008Book (Other academic)
  • 423.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The outland - a dangerous area or an arena for routine activities of men, women and children?2003In: / [ed] Bergstöl, Jostein, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 424.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The rural home. Local or ‘European’ style?2014In: Dwellings, identities and homes: European housing culture from the Viking Age to the Renaissance, Jutland Archeological Society , 2014, p. 67-78Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 425.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    The scandinavian shieling – between innovation and tradition2018In: Historical Archaeologies of Transhumance across Europe / [ed] Costello, E. & Svensson, E., Taylor and Francis , 2018, p. 15-27Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Shielings (Sw. fäbod or säter, No. seter) functioned as a means for expanding agrarian enterprises (mainly the grazing of cattle) from the farmstead or hamlet to areas lying outside those fields that were currently being worked. Shielings were used mainly in regions whose climatic conditions were difficult or who had limited acreage. The classic Scandinavian shieling consisted of a fenced site in outlying lands which included structures for dwelling, stabling cattle, processing milk and meadows for haymaking. The cattle were grazed in the forests surrounding shielings and guarded by female herders

  • 426.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Upland living: The Scandinavian shielings and their European sisters2015In: Nordic Middle Ages - Artefacts, Landscapes and Society: Essays in honor of Ingvild Öye on her 70th birthday. / [ed] Baug, Irene; Larsen, Jannicke & Samset Mygland, Sigrid, Bergen: University of Bergen , 2015, p. 289-300Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 427.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Urban centricity, marginalization and citizenship2007In: / [ed] Maskulinas, B. & Stankeviien, L, iauliai: Acta humanitarica universitatis Saulensis , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 428.
    Svensson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Utmark som landskap2005In: Utmarkens gröde. Mellom registrering og utgavning i Gråfjellområdet, Österdalen / [ed] Stene, Katherine; Amundsen, Tina; Risböl, Ole & Skare, Kjetil, Oslo: Universitetets kulturhistoriska Museum , 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 429.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Amundsen, Hilde
    Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU), Oslo, Norway.
    Holm, Ingunn
    Directorate for Cultural Heritage, Oslo, Norway.
    Hulling, Hans
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Johansson, Annie
    County Council, Värmland, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Löfgren, Jan
    Värmlandsarkiv, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Pia
    National Historical Museums, Linköping, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Geographica Antiqua, Storfors, Sweden.
    Pettersson, Susanne
    Norwegian Maritime Museum, Oslo, Norway.
    Stensby, Vigdis
    Regional State Archives of Hamar, Hamar, Norway.
    Empowering marginal lifescapes: The heritage of crofters inbetween the past and the present2017In: International Journal of Heritage Studies (IJHS), ISSN 1352-7258, E-ISSN 1470-3610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a rich, but unacknowledged, heritage of rural subalterns, crofters, in Scandinavia. A Swedish-Norwegian interdisciplinary research-network investigated the most prominent category – the remains of crofts. Due to industrialisation, urbanisation and the modern welfare state, the institution of crofting was abolished, and many crofters left for opportunities elsewhere. The welfare state transformed a landscape of living and working people into a one filled with relicts mostly from the nineteenth century. Although numerous and important to local citizens, these sites fall outside the authorised heritage discourse (AHD) in terms of both research and heritage management. This paper takes an environmental justice perspective to challenge the AHD. Three themes are in focus: (1) bringing out the history of a subaltern and marginalised group of people; (2) promoting crofts as heritage of importance to local citizens and demanding complex management due to the various historical narratives and risks; (3) considering the crofting landscapes in relation to the (economisation) framing of heritage in development processes, especially in relation to fair development in present rural communities.

  • 430.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Skramle– a deserted medieval hamlet in the Scandinavian forest2011In: The Archaeology of Medieval Europe, vol. 2. Twelfth to sixteenth centuries / [ed] Carver, Martin & Klapste, Jan, Århus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2011, p. 110-113Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 431.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Bentz, Emma
    Rural medieval settlements in Sweden: The history of the emergence and development of a field2014In: Medieval Europe in motion.: In honor of Jan Klapste / [ed] Ivana Bohacova, Petr Sommer, Prag: Akademie ved CR , 2014, p. 35-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 432.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Bodin, Sara
    Hulling, Hans
    Pettersson, Susanne
    The crofter and the iron works: The material culture of structural crisis, identity and making a living on the edge2009In: International Journal of Historical Archaeology, ISSN 1092-7697, E-ISSN 1573-7748, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 183-205Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 433.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Emanuelsson, M.
    Johansson, A.
    Nilsson, S.
    Pettersson, S.
    The periphery and the market2008In: / [ed] Emanuelsson, M., Johansson, E. & Ekman, A-K, Uppsala: SLU , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 434.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Gardiner, Mark
    Agrarian technology in the medieval landscape: An introduction2016In: Agrarian technology in the medieval landscape. Ruralia X / [ed] Jan Klapste, Turnhout: Brepols, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 435.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Gardiner, Mark
    Introduction: Marginality in the preindustrial European countryside2009In: Medieval rural settlement in marginal landscapes. Ruralia VII, 8th - 14th September 2007, Cardiff, Wales, U.K / [ed] Jan Klapste & Petr Sommer, Turhout: Brepols , 2009, p. 21-25Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 436.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Holm, Ingunn
    Stene, Katrine
    Future prospects2009In: Liminal landscapes: Beyond the concepts of ’marginality’ and ’periphery’ / [ed] Holm, I., Stene, K. & Svensson, E, Oslo: Unipub forlag, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 437.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Holm, Ingunn
    Stene, Katrine
    Introduction (Part I).2009In: Liminal landscapes: Beyond the concepts of ’marginality’ and ’periphery’ / [ed] Holm, I., Stene, K. & Svensson, E., Oslo: Unipub forlag, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 438.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Holm, Ingunn
    Riksantikvaren, Oslo.
    Stene, Katrine
    Kulturhistoriskt Museum, Oslo.
    Liminal landscapes: a brief Overview2009In: Liminal landscapes: Beyond the concepts of ’marginality’ and ’periphery’ / [ed] Holm, I., Stene, K. & Svensson, E, Oslo: Unipub forlag, 2009Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 439.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Jonsson, Bengt Gunnar
    Effektiv natur- och kulturmiljövård i skogen2011In: Naturvårdskedjan - för en effektiv naturvård / [ed] Almstedt Jansson, Malin, Ebenhard, Torbjörn & de Jong, Johnny, Uppsala: Centrum för biologisk mångfald , 2011, p. 219-234Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 440.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Makarov, Nikolaj
    Emanuelsson, Marie
    Johansson, Annie
    Nilsson, Stefan
    Pettersson, Susanne
    Zakharov, Sergej
    Different peripheries: Two examples from Russia and Sweden2001In: Lund archeological review, Vol. 7Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 441.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Pettersson, Susanne
    Att bo på en medeltida borg: Hushåll, livsstil och rumslig ordning2008In: Nya perspektiv på borgar och befästningar. Bebyggelsehistorisk tidskrift 56, no 56, p. 56-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 442.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Pettersson, Susanne
    Lind, Hans
    Historier från utmarken2013In: Berättelser från markerna: En antologi om järn, skog och kulturarv / [ed] Petterson Jensen, I-M., Berg Nilsson, L. & Karlsson, C., Avesta: Norbergs kommun , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 443.
    Svensson, Eva
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Pettersson, Susanne
    Stefan, Nilsson
    Boss, Lotta
    Johansson, Annie
    Resilience and Medieval Crises at Five Rural Settlements in Sweden and Norway.2013In: Lund Archaeological Review, ISSN 1401-2189, Vol. 18 (2012), p. 89-106Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 444.
    Szabo-Meszaros, Marcell
    et al.
    NTNU Norway.
    Navaratnam, Christy Ushanth
    NTNU Norway.
    Aberle, Jochen
    NTNU Norway.
    Silva, Ana T.
    Norwegian Inst Nat Res NINA Norway.
    Forseth, Torbjorn
    Norwegian Inst Nat Res NINA Norway.
    Calles, Olle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Fjeldstad, Hans-Petter
    SINTEF Norway.
    Alfredsen, Knut
    NTNU Noway.
    Experimental hydraulics on fish-friendly trash-racks: an ecological approach2018In: Ecological Engineering: The Journal of Ecotechnology, ISSN 0925-8574, E-ISSN 1872-6992, Vol. 113, p. 11-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The obstruction of fish migratory routes by hydroelectric facilities is worldwide one of the major threats to freshwater fishes. During downstream migration, fish may be injured or killed on the trash-racks or in the hydropower turbines. Fish-friendly trash-racks that combine both ecological and technical requirements are a solution to mitigate fish mortality at a low operational cost. This study presents results from an experimental investigation of head-losses and the hydrodynamic performance of six angled trash-rack types with 15 mm bar spacing, varying bar-setup (vertical-streamwise, vertical-angled and horizontal bars) and bar profiles (rectangular and drop shape) under steady flow conditions. The trash-racks were positioned at 30 degrees to the wall of the flume and combined with a bypass at their downstream end. The impact of the different trash-rack types on the upstream flow field was characterized using Image based Volumetric 3-component Velocimetry (V3V) and at the bypass-entrance using an Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV). The results show that trash-racks with vertical-streamwise and horizontal oriented bars with drop-shape profiles have similar head-losses (13% difference), while trash-racks with vertical-angled bars provide 3-8 times larger head-losses compared to the remaining configurations. The velocity measurements showed that the highest flow velocities occurred for configurations with vertical-angled bars (0.67 m s(-1) and 0.81 m s(-1) on average, respectively). Turbulence related parameters (e.g. Reynolds shear stresses and Turbulent kinetic energy) were also investigated to evaluate the performance of the alternative trash-racks from both, engineering and ecological perspectives.

  • 445.
    Thimrén, Tove
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    En skitig historia: - En studie kring varför samhällen slutar använda mänsklig avföring som gödsel vid matodling.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Phosphorus is an essential nutrient in agriculture, despite this fact we are well on our way to using up the phosphorus we have access to in the ground. This study has therefore focused on a major source of phosphorus that is not taken into consideration in a vast majority of today’s societies: human excrement. Many countries have used human excreta as a resource throughout history, including as a fertilizer when producing food, which ensured that a major part of the phosphorus was returned to the soil. In societies today human excrement is viewed as something unwanted and disgusting. What is it that makes humans hesitant to use this source of phosphorus? Why did societies stop using human excrement as a fertilizer when growing food? The purpose of this study is to examine the underlying causes for why people stop using human excrement as a fertilizer when producing food. A thematic analysis, combined with selected parts of a comparative analysis, has been used to analyze apt publicized material. This analysis has resulted in the study’s result, which has then been pitted against the theoretical framework for this study. The theoretical framework includes: people’s view of their own excreta, dirt and cleanliness, and human excreta as a resource. The result suggests that it primarily is an increased urbanization and a modernization of society that leads people to stop using human excrement as a fertilizer when producing food. Human perception of purity is pitched against the view of human excrement as a resource. The choice of using human excrement or not is governed by the cultural perception of what is clean and what is dirty. When the negative associations connected to human excrement outweigh the positive, then humans distance themselves from it, even though the excrement could still be used as a resource. 

  • 446.
    Thom, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Att systematiskt hantera kunskap vid planering av ny infrastruktur: En fallstudie om skyfallsskador på riksväg 90 i Kramfors kommun2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Natural disasters are becoming more common due to climate change and it is important to adapt the society and its infrastructure to withstand events such as extreme rainfall. Precipitation is an important climatic factor affecting the transport and annually generates the cost of millions in damages, over the past 40 years heavy rain has increased and will continue to increase in the future. The extreme rainfall that occurred in Kramfors municipality in September 2013 led to flooding and destroyed several roads, including highway 90, which recently both had been rebuilt and given a new stretch of road. Extreme rainfall had also occurred in the municipality earlier.  

    The aim of the thesis was to examine how the Swedish Transport Administration handles new knowledge gained after natural disasters and how this is used in the planning of new roads. From the aim of the study a case study was used as a method. Information was sought from reports, official documents and government investigations in order to see how the Swedish Transport Administration’s work looks like and to find studies about the incident on highway 90. There were also conducted interviews with informants within the Swedish Transport Administration to find out how the planning and investigation of roads looks like, and to get information about the work of national highway 90.

    Within the Swedish Transport Administration lessons are learned from natural disasters and events in the past, but learning is mainly individual - based and internally. There is no system in the Swedish Transport Administration to manage new information or collect past experiences. New knowledge and new conditions are used in the investigation and planning of roads, but depends on which people work with those. The planning of highway 90 follows the regulations and plans to be followed, but with additional information on past events and climate adaptation in those, the damages caused by the extreme rain on highway 90 could perhaps have been avoided.

     

  • 447.
    Thyresson Stenqvist, Henrietta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Att anta den nationella miljömålsutmaningen i mindre kommuner: En fallstudie om hur Sveriges mindre kommuner arbetar med miljömålsutmaningen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges miljömålssystem implementerades 1999 och har sedan dess varit en nationell utmaning till Sveriges kommuner. När systemet antogs i Sveriges riksdag så angavs 2020 som systemets slutår, till vilket den miljömässiga kvaliteten som miljömålen definierade skulle ha uppnåtts. I dagsläget har Naturvårdsverket dock bedömt att enbart två av de sexton nationella miljömålen kommer att nås, vilket påvisar hur Sveriges samhällsutveckling inte är i linje med den som miljömålssystemet förespråkar.

    I undersökningar som gjorts har det påvisats att det främst är mindre kommuner som upplever att systemet är en stor utmaning. I denna fallstudie studeras således på vilket sätt som dessa kommuner upplever en problematik med miljömålen och vad som händer då beslut ska tas som främjar en miljömässig hållbarhet. I fallstudien har dokumentanalyser och intervjuer genomförts i en representativ kommun i Mellansverige.

    Fallstudien påvisar hur ekonomi ofta får vara den bestämmande faktorn vid kommunala beslut och projekt, vilket bidrog till att miljömålen fick en lägre prioritet. Förutom att studien visade att ideologiska faktorer utgjorde motsättningar till både miljömålsarbetet och det generella miljöarbetet, så visade studien även på hur det fanns organisatoriska brister.

  • 448.
    Thörne, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Linguistic Challenges in Science Education: A Classroom Study of Teachers’ and Students’ use of Central Concepts in Genetics2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis examines linguistic aspects of genetics education and is based on the view that language is an essential dimension of teaching and learning. Its objective is to clarify how teachers and students use genetics concepts in real teaching situations. By studying the spoken language used in lessons, I explore how teachers present the subject and the opportunities students have to learn to use the specific language of genetics. These explorations help explain why genetics is such a challenging topic to teach and learn, as shown by previous studies. My study is based on observations and recordings of genetics lessons for grade nine students, i.e. students in the final year of compulsory education in the Swedish school system. Four classes were followed as they progressed through the genetics unit. The corpus was analyzed with different linguistic methods to reveal patterns in the way teachers use and interrelate core concepts such as gene, DNA and chromosome, how they connect the concepts of gene and trait, and how students are involved in dialogue about core genetics concepts. Teachers were found to use genetics concepts with varying meanings and interrelated words in many different ways, resulting in an ambiguous and inconsistent communication of the genetics content in the classroom. The students used the genetics concepts much less frequently than the teachers, and mainly used them in short sentences. This suggests that current teaching practices do not give students enough opportunities to develop the language of genetics. My results demonstrate several aspects of classroom talk that could contribute to the learning difficulties associated with genetics. It will be important to take these aspects into account when seeking to improve the teaching of this subject.

  • 449.
    Thörne, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Gericke, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Does teachers’ classroom talk in genetics lessons clarify or confuse?: Investigating semantic relations between the words gene, DNA and chromosomeManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
  • 450.
    Thörne, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Gericke, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Genetic determinism in teachers’ talk in secondary science classroom2015Conference paper (Refereed)
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