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  • 401.
    Ahlman, Helena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Tandvårdspersonals engagemang i kliniskt arbete med hemlösa: En kvalitativ studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Hemlösa har ett stort tandvårdsbehov och behöver engagerad tandvårdspersonal som är beredda att arbeta kliniskt med denna grupp. Syfte: Syftet är att studera vad som engagerar tandvårdspersonal till att arbeta med hemlösa. Metod: En kvalitativ studie och kvalitativ innehållsanalys har använts. Urval: Studien baseras på intervjuer med en tandläkare och en tandsköterska. Resultat: Resultatet presenteras i två domäner. Domänen Fängslande speglar vad informanterna upplever spännande i kliniskt arbete med hemlösa. Tre kategorier finns under denna, Intresse, Ovillighet bland kollegor och Team-work. Under domänen Medkänsla finns två kategorier Nytta och Välvilja. Där speglas känslor som informanterna upplevde i arbetet med denna grupp. Kategorierna visar vad som engagerar informanterna i deras kliniska arbete med hemlösa. Konklusion: Känslorna som tandvårdspersonalen erhåller vid det kliniska arbetet med hemlösa utgör en grund för det engagemang som personalen känner för arbetet. Dock är det flera faktorer som samverkar till detta engagemang.

  • 402. Ahlmark, Anna
    Resemotivet i Göran Tunströms romaner “De heliga geograferna” och “Juloratoriet”2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 403. Ahlmark, Anna
    Tonåringens läsvanor - en enkätundersökning bland elever i klass 9 på grundskolan2001Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har genomfört en enkätundersökning rörande skolungdomars läsvanor. I undersökningen deltog 75 stycken niondeklassare från Mariebergsskolan i Karlstad. Det som jag var intresserad av att veta var bl. a. följande; Hur ofta och hur mycket läser de skönlitteratur efter skoltid? Varför de läser böcker? Vilken slags litteratur föredrar de? Anser de att skolan ger dem bra information om böcker? Läser någon böcker regelbundet i deras hemmiljö? Jag har kommit fram till att det finns likheter men också skillnader mellan könen. Flickorna läser mer än pojkarna. Både flickorna och pojkarna läser för att det är spännande att leva sig in i en annan värld, men också för nöjes skull. Pojkarna föredrar fantasy och science fiction, medan flickorna föredrar att läsa om kärlek, romantik och relationer. De allra flesta ungdomarna ger skolan ett mycket dåligt betyg vad det gäller att informera om böcker. Flertalet av ungdomarna har någon i hemmet som regelbundet läser böcker.

  • 404.
    Ahlquist, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Division for Information Technology.
    Trådlöst elektriskt lås2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att göra en trådlös version av det elektriska lås som tillverkas av Electec System AB.

    För att göra ett trådlöst elektriskt lås måste ett batteri monteras i låset. Batteriet måste hållas uppladdat hela tiden för att kunna driva motorn och ge strömförsörjning till elektroniken i låset. Alla signaler mellan låset och styrenheten ska dessutom överföras trådlöst istället för med kabel. Signalerna måste kodas innan sändning så att ingen obehörig kan läsa signalen och sedan öppna dörren.

    Det svåraste i ett trådlöst elektriskt lås är att överföra effekt från dörrkarmen till låset eftersom utrymmet är begränsat och avståndet mellan låsblecket i karmen och låset i dörren kan uppgå till 10 mm. För att överföra effekt från dörrkarmen till låset konstruerades en transformator. Förlusterna i transformatorn ökar kraftigt då luftgapet ökas.

    Det visar sig att motor och övriga kretsar kan drivas med ett avstånd mellan kärnorna på upp till 7 mm. Luftgapet kan sannolikt ökas när andra transformatorkärnor används. Dessa fanns dock inte tillgängliga under examensarbetets gång på grund av lång leveranstid. I jämförelse med överföring av effekt är problemet att koda och överföra signaler mellan styrenheten och låset enklare och kan lösas med hjälp av färdiga kretsar.

  • 405. Ahlqvist, Anna
    et al.
    Lindström, Jenny
    Kundtillfredsställelse i ett turismföretag - en undersökning av Vildmark i Värmlands gäster2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 406.
    Ahlqvist, Björn
    Innovations- och designingenjörsprogrammet.
    Värmeåtervinning från kylsystem: Uddeholm AB2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractUddeholm AB is a leading global supplier and manufacturer of tool steel with about 3500 employees worldwide.

    Over the next few years production will increase and environmental requirements are becoming tougher. To manage this series of important investments are implemented. One of them is to reduce the consumption of cooling water and make use of residual heat generated by the production.

    The project has been performed at Granmelt which is a sub section to the steel mill. At this section scrap metal is melted and granulated for production of refined steel. The first step in the process is melting in high frequency induction furnaces. Some components in the furnace must be cooled to avoid overheating. The cooling effect is obtained by water transferring heat energy from the furnace components to a heat exchanger. 

    The project aims to improve the cooling system, take advantage of waste heat, thereby reducing environmental impact and save energy.

    An important part of the project has been collecting data from existing systems. The information has been the basis of various proposals on how the system should be designed and how the waste heat should be used.

    The design is visualized by schematic drawings that describe the flow through the system and its components. The report also contains sketches and drawings to improve the layout in view of maintenance work.

    Calculations explain how much available heat energy can be extracted, which heat sources that can be replaced and how much money it will save.The result of this project is that the new system has a payback period under two years, after ten years the company has saved over three million SKR by warming the buildings with the residual heat.

  • 407. Ahlqvist, Emelie
    et al.
    Hansson Eklöf, Lina
    Förutsättningar och psykosocialt stöd för varaktig viktnedgång2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 408. Ahlqvist, Karolin
    et al.
    Fallenius, Louise
    Wickholm, Hanna
    Ett visionskoncept för modulbyggda studentbostäder2002Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en dokumentation av vårt examensarbete som har gjorts i samarbete med Moelven ByggModul AB. Företaget tillverkar modulbyggda anläggningar. Dessa är billiga, icke klimatberoende, flexibla och tidsbesparande, men trots detta ses de som en nödlösning. Moduler likställs ofta med baracker som i sin tur förmedlar budskapet tillfälligt och fyrkantigt. Eftersom modulbyggen betraktas som ett andrahandsalternativ jämfört med platsbyggen kontaktas Moelven ByggModul AB ofta i sista minuten. Uppgiften har varit att utveckla ett visionskoncept för modulbyggda studentbostäder. Målet har varit att ta fram ett presentationsmaterial som gör det möjligt för Moelven ByggModul AB att marknadsföra sina studentbostäder som ett förstahandsval på marknaden. Examensarbetet har utförts i tre delar. Den första delen var förstudiefasen där stora mängder information samlades in. Den andra delen av arbetet bestod i att generera idéer och i den sista delen utarbetades det slutgiltiga visionskonceptet. Visionskonceptet innefattar sammansättning av moduler, samt den enskilda modulens interiör och exteriör. Fokus har även lagts på vad studenter vill ha för bekvämligheter och sociala aktiviteter i sin närmiljö. Modulernas sammansättning är inspirerad av amfiteatern Coluseum. Vi valde den runda formen för att den medger bra ljusinsläpp, innegården blir en gemensam mötesplats och modulernas lådform kamoufleras. Studentbostäderna är lägenheter på 18 kvm eller 24 kvm. De har eget kök, badrum, förvaringsmöjligheter och lösningar som ökar boendets flexibilitet. Exteriärt har fönster och dörrar på de olika modulerna placerats i linje under varandra för att skapa entydighet. De flesta komponenter i visionskonceptet har utformats identiskt för att underlätta produktion. Tanken med mobila studentbostäder är att de ska kunna sättas upp på ett ställe för att vid ett senare tillfälle monteras ned och flyttas till ett annat geografiskt läge. Detta medför att omgivningen kring modulerna kommer att se olika ut. Vår ide är att beställaren ska kunna beställa moduler som ger studenterna tillgång till bekvämligheter och sociala aktiviteter som saknas i närmiljön. Detta skulle kunna vara gym, studierum, hobbyrum och mini-livs. För att presentera visionskonceptet har vi skapat en fysisk modell av modulernas sammansättning och utformat en folder. Dessutom har Tobias Sjödin gjort en visualisering på en CD-rom skiva . Med detta material hoppas vi att Moelven ByggModul AB ska kunna marknadsföra sig som ett förstahandsval på marknaden för studentbostäder. För att fullfölja visionskonceptet och slutföra arbetet med studentbostäderna krävs det att praktiska detaljer så som brandsäkerhet och dylikt genomarbetas. Det krävs även en marknadsföringskampanj för att det visionskoncept vi utarbetat åt Moelven ByggModul AB ska uppmärksammas på marknaden.

  • 409. Ahlqvist, Karolin
    et al.
    Fallenius, Louise
    Wickholm, Hanna
    Ett visionskoncept för modulbyggda studentbostäder2002Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 410.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Surg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Berglund, Britta
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Surg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Klang, Birgitta
    Karolinska Inst, Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Satisfactory reliability among nursing students using the instrument PVC ASSESS to evaluate management of peripheral venous catheters2014In: Journal of Vascular Access, ISSN 1129-7298, E-ISSN 1724-6032, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 128-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Nursing students should be given opportunities to participate in clinical audits during their education. However, audit tools are seldom tested for reliability among nursing students. The aim of this study was to present reliability among nursing students using the instrument PVC assess to assess management of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) and PVC-related signs of thrombophlebitis. Methods: PVC assess was used to assess 67 inserted PVCs in 60 patients at ten wards at a university hospital. One group of nursing students (n= 4) assessed PVCs at the bedside (inter-rater reliability) and photographs of these PVCs were taken. Another group of students (n= 3) assessed the PVCs in the photographs after 4 weeks (test-retest reliability). To determine reliability, proportion of agreement [P(A)] and Cohen's kappa coefficient (k) were calculated. Results: For bedside assessment of PVCs, P(A) ranged from good to excellent (0.80-1.0) in 55% of the 26 PVC assess items that were tested. P(A) was poor (< 0.70) for two items: "adherence of inner dressing to the skin" and " PVC location." In 81% of the items, k was between moderate and almost perfect: moderate (n= 5), substantial (n= 3), almost perfect (n= 5). For edema at insertion site and two items on PVC dressing, k was fair (0.21-0.40). Regarding test-retest reliability, P(A) varied between good and excellent (0.81-1) in 85%-95% of the items, and the k ranged between moderate and almost perfect (0.41-1) in 90%-95%. Conclusions: PVC assess demonstrated satisfactory reliability among nursing students. However, students need training in how to use the instrument before assessing PVCs.

  • 411.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Karolinska Inst, Div Surg, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, SE-14186 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Berglund, Britta
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Karolinska Inst, Div Surg, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, SE-14186 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Klang, Birgitta
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wiren, Mikael
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Karolinska Inst, Div Surg, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, SE-14186 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Eva
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Solna, Red Cross Univ Coll, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp Solna, Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Div Hematol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    A new reliable tool (PVC assess) for assessment of peripheral venous catheters2010In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 1108-1115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale and aims To evaluate the extensive use of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs), including catheter-related complications, a reliable tool for PVC assessment is needed. The aim of this study was to develop such a tool to evaluate PVCs in relation to management, documentation and signs and symptoms of thrombophlebitis (TH), as well as to determine its inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Method The tool development included confirmation of content and face validity. Two groups of registered nurses used the new tool (PVC assess) to assess PVC management and signs of TH independently. Group A (n = 3) assessed 26 items in 67 PVCs bedside (inter-rater reliability). Group B (n = 3) assessed photographs (67 PVCs, 21 items) of the same PVCs as those in Group A with a 4-week interval (test-retest reliability). Proportion of agreement P(A) and Cohen's kappa were calculated to evaluate inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Results Among nurses assessing PVCs at bedside, the P(A) was good to excellent (0.80-1) in 96% of the items in PVC assess. In 80% of the items kappa was substantial to almost perfect (0.61-1). TH sign erythema fell into the fair range (kappa = 0.40). In test-retest reliability analysis the P(A) was within the good and excellent range (0.80-1.0) and kappa varied from moderate to almost perfect (0.41-1.0) in 95% of the items. One item 'outer dressing is clean' was in fair range (0.21-0.40). Conclusions The PVC assess instrument shows satisfactory inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Reliability tests on reviewing documentation remain to be performed.

  • 412.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Division of Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bogren, Agneta
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hagman, Sari
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nazar, Isabel
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Katarina
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordin, Karin
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Human Pharmacological Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sunde Valfridsson, Berit
    Intensive Care Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Mona
    Lecturer, Ersta Sko¨ ndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Handling of peripheral intravenous cannulae: effects of evidence-based clinical guidelines2006In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 15, no 11, p. 1354-1361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of implemented evidence-based clinical guidelines by means of surveying the frequency of thrombophlebitis, nurses’ care, handling and documentation of peripheral intravenous cannulae. Background. Peripheral intravenous cannulae are frequently used for vascular access and, thereby, the patients will be exposed to local and systemic infectious complications. Evidence-based knowledge of how to prevent these complications and how to care for patients with peripheral intravenous cannula is therefore of great importance. Deficient care, handling and documentation of peripheral intravenous cannulae have previously been reported. Design. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by a group of nurses at three wards at a university hospital before and after the implementation of the evidence-based guidelines. Method. A structured observation protocol was used to review the frequency of thrombophlebitis, the nurses’ care, handling and the documentation of peripheral intravenous cannulae in the patient's record. Results. A total of 107 and 99 cannulae respectively were observed before and after the implementation of the guidelines. The frequency of peripheral intravenous cannulae without signs of thrombophlebitis increased by 21% ( P < 0·01) and the use of cannula size 0·8 mm increased by 22% ( P < 0·001). Nurses’ documentation of peripheral intravenous cannula improved significantly ( P < 0·001). Conclusion. We conclude that implementation of the guidelines resulted in significant improvements by means of decreased frequency of signs of thrombophlebitis, increased application of smaller cannula size (0·8 mm), as well as of the nurses’ documentation in the patient's record. Relevance to clinical practice. Further efforts to ameliorate care and handling of peripheral intravenous cannulae are needed. This can be done by means of increasing nurses’ knowledge and recurrent quality reviews. Well-informed patients can also be more involved in the care than is common today.

  • 413.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University.
    Att sova med fienden: - Om väljarstöd, blockidentifikation och blocköverskridande styren2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Minority- and cross-bloc regimes in Swedish municipalities have more than doubled the last ten years. The phenomenon should be seen in light of the fact that the traditional blocks have lost support in favor of new parties in the municipal parliaments, such as the Swedish Democrats and different local parties. Historically, the municipal political arena is usually described as less ideological than the national arena. Nevertheless, in the 2014 elections, the turnout resulted in formations of weak center-right/center-left minority governments in one third of the muncipalities in Sweden. When municipal elections result in hung parliaments, remarkably many parties seems to favor minority governments instead of establishing cross-bloc majorities. Why? A possible explanation is that the party identification among the swedish electorate has been replaced by a strong bloc identification, which might induce the parties to avoid coalitions that jeopardize the support from bloc identificated voters. But is this fear rational? Do political parties that form cross-bloc coalitions lose more electoral support than parties that form bloc coalitions?

       Thus, the purpose of this study is to provide new knowledge about the Swedish electorate and the impact of bloc identification on Swedish politics, by investigating whether coalition parties election results are related to the choice between bloc and cross-bloc coalitions. This is done by statistical Mann-Whitney tests of election data from Swedish municipal elections between 1994-2014.

       The study shows that the average voter support does not differ significantly for parties in blocs compared to parties in cross-bloc coalitions. The exception is the Social Democratic Party, which on average loses fewer votes in cross-bloc coalitions compared to scenarios in which the party is ruling alone or in a traditional bloc. With these results, the study complement previous research on bloc identification and electoral behavior. Furthermore, the study does not support the hypothesis that a party's electoral support in cross-bloc coalitions differs, depending on whether or not the party is leading the cross-bloc coalition.

       In summary, the study does not provide rational support for non-scientific assumptions that cross-bloc coalitions are associated with particular declining electoral support, despite increasing political mobility and enhanced block identification among the electorate.

  • 414.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Besvär!: Om motståndet hos två tvångssammanslagna kommuner i samband med kommunblocksreformen2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    The purpose of this essay is to investigate why the two Swedish municipalities of Frykerud and Östmark were the only municipalities in Värmland that were forcibly merged by the state during the ”Municipality block reform” of 1971, and whether local identities played a role in the resistance against this reform. 

        The study is designed as a comparative case study and builds on both history and political science to analyze the topic from a broader perspective. Based on the research situation three theoretical theses have been formulated, the durability of which will be tested in the analysis part of the essay.

        The study notes that Frykeruds resistance against the ”Municipality block reform” started when the reform prevented a planned retirement home construction in the municipality. In the analytical part of the essay, the author discusses how the discontent can be interpreted as symptomatic of bourgeois centralization resistance, as well as being due to the fact that traditional, local self-government as a political subject was perceived as threatened. In Östmark, the "Municipality block reform" developed into a political struggle between the reformist Social Democrats and the "reform-skeptical" conservative parties. The battle started with disagreements over the completions of investments in the municipality.

        In the analysis section, the hypotheses previously formulated have been tested, and the author also formulates a new hypothesis regarding the local communities and local identities' political role in the resistance against the "Municipality block reform".

  • 415.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Den lyssnande kommunen: Om medborgardialog ur förtroendevaldas, tjänstemäns och medborgares perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    For the last decades, the party memberships in Sweden have decreased from 600.000 to 300.000, although the general interest in politics have been stable during the same period. This situation can be percieved as a threat to swedish democracy; if the political parties are loosing contact with the citizens, the parties will also face the risk of not being able to canalize the views of the citizens. If that’s the case, the represenative democracy might loose legitimacy. These conclusions have triggered local municipalities in Sweden to launch ”civil dialogue”, innovative ways to include the citizens in public projects and welfare services, with the purpose to re-establish connection and trust between the public and civil sector. However, political studies suggest that civil dialogue rarely have succeeded to strenghtened democracy. In some cases, civil dialogue seemed to hurt trust and legitimacy in local municipalities. That makes the civil dialogue phenomenon interesting – how can attempts to reinforce trust and democracy result in a backfire? What in the core of civil dialogue might catalyze this backlash?

       The nature of civil dialogue suggest that cooperation between the public and civil sphere is becoming more acceptable, even desirable, in swedish politics. This development breaks with the traditional ways of public administration and bureaucracy in Sweden. However, the cooperation between the public and civil sphere is also the core of a new broad trend in public administration and governing, namely ”governace”. Governance refers to a way of adminstrating public affairs by the logic of networks, including the civil society in the public affairs with the purpose of making the public administration more effective and to find creative solutions on new problems. The first aim of this study is to recieve a new understanding how the subjective experiences of civil dialogue participants can affect legitimacy and trust, by analyzing the experiences of participants in a failed dialogue. The second aim is to explore wether civil dialogue is better understood as a part of a new broad trend in public buraucracy, governance, rather than more traditional bureaucracy. These aims are fulfilled using a case study, which has a swedish local municipality, Sunne, in focus.

       The results of the study suggests that none of the participants of the civil dialogue in Sunne experienced that they had ”been listened to”, which seems to be an important cause behind the negative result of the specific dialogue. The innovativeand failed attempt to strengthen the legitimacy of local democracy resulted in a negative reaction through the traditional channels of political participation. The study also suggests that civil dialogue and governace have some similarities regarding their main principles of value and general logic, but since the municipality of Sunne didn’t implement the steering logics of civil dialogue in its full practice, it’s hard to judge wether it should be perceived as governance or not.

  • 416.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    "En koloni under Sunne!": Om storkommunreformens lokala opinioner och konflikter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 417. Ahlqvist, Nils
    Ett portrett i förändring: En studie av guidningens utveckling på Mårbacka Minnesgård2012Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 418.
    Ahlqvist, Nils
    Karlstad University.
    Håll gränsen!: Centerpartiets försvarspolitik 1912-20152016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to describe the Swedish Centre Party’s defense policy between the years 1912-2015. and try to outline potential ideological changes in their politics during the same period. An ideology analysis is employed for the purpose.

    The analysis is carried out by a method based on ideological ideal types, to which the Swedish Centre Party’s defense policy through history are compared to. The ideological ideal types ”liberalism” and ”realism” are aiming to describe the international defense policy, whilst the ideal types ”doves” and ”hawks” are aiming to describe the national defense policy. The use of ideal types, as it is done in this study, is to be seen as a way to bridge the gap between everyday policies and more abstract ideology.

    The result of this study shows that not only has an ideological change taken place in the Swedish Centre Party’s defense policy during the course of history; three major changes are identified and described. The study also shows that the Swedish Centre Party has made an ideological travel from being isolationistic pacifists pre-World War I to approaching a more liberal hawk-influenced defense policy in the 21th Century.

  • 419.
    Ahlqvist, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Demokrati i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers arbetssätt och syn på barns inflytande2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my study is to identify which approach that the teachers believe that they use in their work with children's influence. The aim is also to investigate whether or not the teachers experience any consequences when giving the children a chance to influence and if so, what kind of consequences.

    I have used qualitative interviews to answer the questions of my thesis. My conclusion, based on the result of the interviews, indicates that teachers believe children experience limited influence in routine situations. The results also indicates that teachers who demonstrates a conscious democratic approach while teaching, believed they helped children get a better understanding of the concept of democracy already at an early age.

  • 420.
    Ahlskog-Björkman, Eva
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi, Vasa Finland.
    Björkgren, Mårten
    Åbo Akademi, Vasa Finland.
    Barn och fred. En pilotstudie om förskolebarns förståelse av fred2018In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2018:4, p. 65-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt FN:s mål om hållbar utveckling (Agenda 2030) betonas bland annat främjandet av en kultur av fred och icke-våld. Utvecklingen i finländska styrdokument för förskolan visar däremot att temat fred har nedtonats. Denna studie vill genom ämnesdidaktisk samverkan mellan bildkonst och religion synliggöra 6-åringars förståelse av fred, deras sätt att samtala om och i teckningar gestalta ett liv i fred med varandra. Den kvalitativa temaanalysen visade att barn i denna pilotstudie förstår fred som tillstånd, fred som relationer, fred som förhandlingar och fred som möte och handling. Samtal kring barnens teckningar och de visuella konkretiseringarna stöder tolkningen. Pilotstudien har genom pedagogiska och ämnesdidaktiska perspektiv på lärande för fred uppmärksammat vikten av att barns lärandeprocesser om fred, icke-våld och globalt medborgaskap behöver beakta kravet på tid, rum, språk och struktur för interaktion, tolkning, fördjupning och handling.

  • 421. Ahlstedt, Anneli
    Barn med koncentrationssvårigheter - förhållningssätt och bemötande2005Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As part of my examination work, I have chosen to take an in depth look at the topic of children with concentration problems in the classroom. The aim of my work is to find an appropriate approach to these children and to an understanding of how one can create a teaching environment where everyone thrives. I have drawn on both literary and interviews to enable me to reach a conclusion. I have read a number of books that have provided me with good background knowledge and that will stand me in good stead for the future. Additionally, I have interviewed personnel within education who have extensive professional experience. Children with concentration problems are a group that can be found in nearly every classroom. Judging by my interviews it is a group of children that is on the increase. The demands of today`s society can be one reason. Increased pressure and stress on the family means that the peace and quiet ideally needed to create a secure environment in which children grow up is often lacking. Larger groups, fewer recources within the educational establishment and increased demands mean that this group of children could become the losers in today`s schools. Key words: approach, concentration problems, response, teaching environment

  • 422.
    Ahlstedt, Carin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Ivarsson, Lénie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Seniorboende: Planeringsförutsättningar i Karlstads kommuns ytterområden2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 423. Ahlstedt, Daniel
    Perspektiv på läsning2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
  • 424.
    Ahlstedt, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Perspektiv på läsning: En högstadielärare och sex av hans elever om skönlitteratur i svenskämnet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about literature instruction in the last three years of Sweden’s compulsory school from one teacher’s and six of his pupils’ perspective. The research is analysed from a socio-cultural perspective on learning and literature reception.

    The empiric material is based on interviews with the teacher and six of his students.

    The research shows that there is a difference between what the pupils read on their spare time and what they read during Swedish instruction. It also shows that the pupils wants literature full of action where descriptions of people and the setting don’t slow down the reading experience.

    The teacher is successful in finding literature the pupils appreciate but sees the value of literature on another level – in the processing of the reading experience. He gives his pupils the task to discuss their views on the text’s meaning based on their specific expe-rience. The instruction is thereby partly in co-ordnance with ideals put forward by literature instruction theorists Louise M. Rosenblatt and Judith A. Langer. The dialogic and socio-cultural perspective on learning which Lev S. Vygotskij proclaims is also an inspiration for the teacher.

  • 425. Ahlstedt, Marie
    et al.
    Jarl, Louise
    Faktorer som minskar respektive ökar säkerheten i omvårdnaden av patienter med hepatit B, C samt HIV - en litteraturstudie2004Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 426. Ahlstedt, Mattias
    et al.
    Berglund, Emil
    Johansson, Stefan
    Humankapitalets betydelse vid värdering av IT-bolag2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 427. Ahlstedt, S.
    et al.
    Marklund, B.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Allergy-like conditions and quality of life in adolescents with emphasis on adverse reaction to food2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 428. Ahlstrand, Dennis
    et al.
    Karlsson, Mikael
    TV - idag och imorgon1999Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Svensk TV-historia började 1954 med försökssändningar från Tekniska Högskolan i Stockholm. Idag, 1999, tittar 76 procent av svenska folket på TV under en genomsnittlig dag. 2 timmar och 24 minuter var den genomsnittliga tiden, per person och dag under 1998, som man tittade på TV. Vad man tittar på bestäms av kön, ålder, utbildningsnivå och socioekonomisk status. T.ex. så har undersökningar visat att män inte vill missa något av det som visas och att kvinnor ofta får skuldkänslor när de ser på TV, eftersom det finns så mycket att göra i hemmet. Det har också konstaterats att mannen styr familjens TV-tittande Det finns många åsikter om TV och allt vad det innebär, som är både positiva och negativa. De negativa bygger främst på det våld som visas. Det är viktigt att kontrollera vad som visas på TV. T.ex. , under åren 1982-1988 efter att lördagsmorgnarnas barntelevision avreglerats i USA, ökade tv-tiden för "war cartoons" från 90 minuter till 27 timmar per vecka Idag har 4,7 miljoner människor möjlighet till interaktivitet via Internet enligt (MMS). Att man inom en snar framtid kan komma åt Internet via TV:n, p.g.a. den nya digitala tekniken, är det som menas med interaktiv TV. Vad man tycker om Internet bestäms av kön, ålder, utbildningsnivå och socioekonomisk status Den nya digitala tekniken innebär att TV-bolagen får plats för fler digitala kanaler på samma frekvensutrymme som en analog kanal upptar. För tittaren innebär den också att TV-bilden är mindre känslig för störningar, vilket medför bättre bild. Tekniken ger också bättre ljud. I framtiden är individualitet nyckelord. Tittaren kan få personligt anpassad information, välja var och när han/hon vill ta emot TV-signalerna. Man kommer inte behöva vara begränsad när man vill underhållas. Nya tjänster dyker upp titt som tätt. Möjlighet att läsa och skicka e-post är en av dem. Utbildning i olika former en annan. Emellertid är det inte bara guld och gröna skogar som väntar. Risker är bl.a. att upphovsrätten blir allt svårare att hålla efter, att man missar något intressant program i och med att urvalet blir större, att man översköljs av e-post.TV är en passiv aktivitet och om TV-tittare vill vara (inter)aktiva återstår att se.

  • 429.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Sweden.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Protest, tystnad och partiskhet: Replik på en teori om lojalitet och whistleblowing2017In: Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, ISSN 1590-7929, E-ISSN 1936-4660, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 257-265Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 430.
    Ahlström, Helena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Bergholtz, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Arbetstagarnas inställning till arbetsgivaren gällande lojalitet och tillit: en jämförande studie2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie har en jämförande studie mellan privat och offentlig sektor genomförts gällande arbetstagarens inställning till sin arbetsgivare. Studien bygger på en hypotetiskt deduktiv metod i vilken vi försöker verifiera vår hypotes. Hypotesen är att arbetstagare inom privat sektor känner större tillit och lojalitet till sin arbetsgivare. Vidare avser vi att studera hur arbetstagarnas inställning till sin arbetsgivare påverkas av de grundläggande tillits- och lojalitetsfaktorerna. De faktorer som ingår i undersökningen är ledningens hänsyn, kompetens, ärlighet och öppenhet, belöningssystem samt ledningens förmåga att inte svika sina arbetstagare. Hypotesen prövas sedan mot de analyser som görs utifrån empiriska data. I undersökningen ingick 168 respondenter från ett flertal olika arbetsplatser. Av dessa var 76 stycken anställda inom privat sektor och 92 stycken inom offentlig sektor.

    Resultatet visar att arbetstagare inom den privata sektorn har en mer positiv inställning till att ställa upp för sin arbetsgivare. Att de offentligt anställda har en mer negativ inställning är en tendens som samtliga redovisade påståenden verifierar. Gällande delen av analysen som specifikt behandlar de tillits- och lojalitetsgrundande faktorerna visar resultatet att arbetstagare inom privat sektor i större utsträckning anser att deras arbetsgivare hanterar faktorerna på ett bra sätt. Ett resultat av detta är arbetstagarnas beteende, vilket skiljer sig åt i de två sektorerna. De privat anställda ställer i större grad upp för sin arbetsgivare exempelvis när det gäller övertidsarbete samt att de ger en mer positiv bild av sin arbetsgivare till personer utanför organisationen. Sammanfattningsvis konstaterar vi att vår hypotes verifieras, det vill säga arbetstagarna inom den privata sektor har en mer lojal inställning till sin arbetsgivare än vad arbetstagarna inom den offentliga sektorn har.

  • 431.
    Ahlström, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Åtgärdsprogram i nya skollagen: Några lärares och rektorers erfarenheter, förväntningar och tankar2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to find out if principals and teachers have experience, expectations and thoughts about the differences that the new Education Act means in relation to the old one about action programme. Through qualitative interviews with two principals and four teachers, I have tried to answer my research questions that I have made based on the purpose. The questions are: How do the interviewees describe the routines about action programme?  Has, according to the interviewees, the routines been changed with the new Education Act? How do teachers and principals experience the differences between the old and new Education Act regarding the action programmes?

    The results of my survey shows that the process of action programme is different at different schools and that it has been adapted to the new Education Act in varying degrees. These results give differences in the experiences of the new directives. Differences between principals and teachers also become visible, which may be due to that the interviewed principals seem to know more about what’s included in the new Education Act than the interviewed teachers. Conclusions to be made from the survey is for example that it is important for schools to review their routines regarding action programme, even if they already have been developed to be similar to the new directives. This is important to ensure that the process is done correctly. It is also important to ensure that all staff understands the new directive and its purpose.

    Key words: Action programme, the new Education Act, principal, teacher, teacher for special needs education, special support.

  • 432. Ahlström, N.
    et al.
    Blomquist, Björn
    Wikström, K.
    Effects of thorough preparation phase planning on paper mill projects1999In: Paperi ja Puu, No.8, Vol. 81 (1999)Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 433.
    Ahlström, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies.
    Beteende eller sinnessjukdom?: Psykiatri och behandling vid Mariebergs sjukhus mellan 1930-19502015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is interested in Swedish psychiatry during the period between 1930-1950,localized to Mariebergs hospital in Sweden. The purpose of this paper has been to testSjöstroms evidence of the pattern that he used to create three analytical concepts, roughlytranslated to; morally educative discipline-treatment, the production process and the idealinstitution citizen. Sjöström motivates that his concepts gives insight into one aspect of thepsychiatric expansion between 1860-1960 as well as creates an understanding of psychiatryas an institution. The source material for this paper has been patients' medical notes writtenby the chief physician of the institution. Via a method which mainly different from Sjöstromin its selection, categorization and more thorough presentation, this paper has seen the samepatterns which Sjöström has created his three concepts from. The ideal institution citizen,defined by its well behaved and calm behaviour emerges also in this papers quantitativecompilation of qualitative data as the clear majority. The morally educative disciplinetreatment,treatments and punishments that focuses on creating an acceptable behaviourrather than the treatment of insanity itself, can be seen in the adjective behaviouraldescriptions of the type well-behaved / badly-behaved which are dominant. The focus in thejournals is behaviour rather than mental decease symptoms such as hallucinations andtreatment is based on unaccepted behaviour rather than symptoms. Also, the sequential orderthat exists between badly-behaved behaviour and treatments, and well-behaved behaviourand rewards shows the focus on behaviour which the concept is based on. The previous tworesults together is the two parts of Sjöströms production process, that trough the morallyeducative discipline-treatment the institution creates an acceptable, quiet and well behavedideal institution citizen were the mental decease becomes secondary.

  • 434. Ahlström, Niklas
    Beteendets hegemoni: En analys om behandlingar, diagnoser och synen på sinnessjukdom vid Backa vårdanstalts sinnessjukavdelning i Nyeds kommun mellan 1936-19342014Student paper second term, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 435.
    Ahlström, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.
    Demokratiteoretisk analys av läromedel i Samhällskunskap: En kvalitativ studie om det demokratiteoretiska innehållet i läromedel för Samhällskunskap 1a1 och 1b under GY-20112013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study is done with the purpose of creating understanding for the theoretical democratic content in educational materials for Civic Education courses 1a1 and 1b during GY-11, so teachers create an intentional approach when using educational materials in their democratic education. This was motivated as important considering the reduction in obligatory Civic Education for the vocational programs. The study was conducted using a hermeneutic qualitative reading method where the educational materials, more specifically two series with one book for each course, was read with purpose of creating understanding for the democratic content according to ideal democratic models: deliberative democracy, participatory democracy and electoral democracy. A text voice analysis was also conducted using Bakhtins theory of dialogic and monologue text that contributed to the general result concerning the democratic content. The results show that the electoral democracy ideal is dominant in all educational materials, there is hence no striking difference between the democratic content in 1a1 and 1b educational materials. Though the study shows intention in the 1a1 educational materials towards a more participatory democracy ideal, the electoral ideal are still clearly dominant.

  • 436. Ahlström, Patrik
    Kan frukosten påverka koncentrationsförmågan i skolan?2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 437.
    Ahlström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Riskhantering i kommuner och landsting: ISO 31000, riskbegreppet och organisationsövergripande riskhantering2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2009 the first ISO-standard focused exclusively on risk management was adopted, ISO 31000:2009. It is supposed to be possible to use it in any societal sector. There is currently little information on how widely the standard has been used, regarding both public and private sector. The study at hand aims to collect information on how it is used in Swedish municipalities and county councils (i.e. local and regional level).  Furthermore, it aims to study how these actors’ risk management relates to some certain aspects of the standard. These are how risk is defined and enterprise risk management.

    A survey has been conducted. All county councils and 48 municipalities were contacted. Sampling regarding municipalities was made by using a categorization made by the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions combined with random choices.

    The results of the study reveal that the use of ISO 31000 is very limited. It is used by two municipalities and not one of the county councils. Some of the latter are however considering using it.  It seems to be the ambition of both municipalities and county councils to apply enterprise risk management in a way that is principally in line with ISO 31000.  

    Furthermore, the results show that municipalities and county councils define risk in different ways. The majority of these organizations say that they use a defined definition of risk in the whole organization. Approximately half of the municipalities use the definition of risk being used by the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency, i.e. risk is the product of probability * consequence. Amongst county councils only a quarter use this definition. To a larger extent they use definitions that take into account the objectives of their organizations.

    It is hard to judge which consequences this might have. It might be good to know though, e.g. when future governmental controls are being developed.

    The results also show that there are differences between municipalities and county councils when it comes to enterprise risk management, where the latter use it more extensively. There is a gap however between how much enterprise risk management is used and how much municipalities and county councils would like to use it. 

  • 438. Ahlström, Sofie
    et al.
    Johansson, Ann-Sofie
    TV 4 Värmland - en studie av kundupplevd tjänstekvalitet2000Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 439. Ahlsén, Daniel
    et al.
    Knutsson, Ida
    "Ett organiserat kaos": En fallstudie på Hammarö kommuns krisledningsplan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 440. Ahlvin, Erika
    En studie om lekens betydelse för barns utveckling2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt intresse för lek har funnits där en längre tid, jag ville därför ta reda på mer om lekens betydelse för barns utveckling. Syftet med denna uppsats är att öka min, andra pedagogers och föräldrars kunskap om lekens betydelse för utveckling av social kompetens, språk, fantasi m.m. I uppsatsen tar jag reda på vad lek är och vad det är bra för ur forskares, barn och förskollärares syn. Jag valde att utgå från följande frågeställningar: 1. Vad är lek? 2. Vilken betydelse har lek för barns utveckling? 3. Varför samt på vilket sätt förekommer lek i förskolan? För att ta reda på svaret till dessa frågor har jag använt litteratur och undersökningar. Undersökningen är gjord på barn och förskollärare och deras syn på lek. Studien är gjord med sju barn och fyra olika förskollärare och har dokumenterats genom intervjuer. I slutet kommer en analys över hur lärare, barn svarade på frågorna, här har också litteraturen vävts in. Resultatet visade att barn och lärare ofta är inne på samma linje när det gäller vad lek är. Barnens svar är inte lika självklara som pedagogernas men analyseras svaren kan många likheter hittas. Lek är viktigt för barns utveckling på många plan.

  • 441. Ahlvin, Marcus
    et al.
    Crusefalk, Johan
    Lindström, Pär
    Tjänstegarantier i ett kundrelationsperspektiv - en studie av Radisson SAS2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
  • 442.
    Ahlzen, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Illness as unhomelike being-in-the-world?: Phenomenology and medical practice2011In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 323-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific medicine has been successful by ways of an ever more detailed understanding and mastering of bodily functions and dysfunctions. Biomedical research promises new triumphs, but discontent with medical practice is all around. Since several decades this has been acknowledged and discussed. The philosophical traditions of phenomenology and hermeneutics have been proposed as promising ways to approach medical practice, by ways of a richer understanding of the meaning structures of health and illness. In 2000, Swedish philosopher Fredrik Svenaeus published a book where he proposes that the phenomenological hermeneutics of Martin Heidegger and also the reflections on health and illness of Hans-Georg Gadamer offer important ways to approach the nature of medicine. In particular, Svenaeus argues that the goal of medicine is to promote and restore health, and that health ought to be seen as "homelike being-in-the-world". Unhealth, illness, consequently should be understood as a situation where a person's "being-in-the-world" in characterized by that lack of the rhythm, balance and "tune" of everyday living that characterizes not "being at home". In this article, Svenaeus' position is briefly outlined. Questions are raised whether "unhomelikeness" is to be seen as a metaphor, and, if so, if it is a fruitful such. Furthermore, I discuss whether or not a discourse on health and illness in these terms may be misleading in a situation where the ontological presuppositions of Heidegger are lost out of sight and the popular understanding of health psychology predominates. I also approach the question whether Svenaeus' assumptions may inadvertently lead us to an unjustifiably broad understanding of the tasks of medicine. It is finally concluded that Svenaeus phenomenological and hermeneutical approach is both interesting and promising. There are, however, several questions that ought to be pursued further, and the step from philosophical analysis to everyday clinical discourse may be unexpectedly long and risky.

  • 443.
    Ahlzén, Camilla
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Walderot, Katrin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans användande av omvårdnadsplaner: en litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 444. Ahlzén Norberg, Bibbi
    et al.
    Larsson, Susanne
    Ledarskap i tanke och handling - några kursdeltagares syn på en ledarskapsutbildning2005Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att granska ett eventuellt samband mellan en magisterutbildning i ledarskap (MPA- Master in Public Administration) och kursdeltagarnas utövande av ledarskap. Vi har utgått från frågeställningar som handlar om kursdeltagarnas teoretiska insikter i relation till kursens innehåll samt deras syn på hur detta påverkat deras praktiska yrkesutövande. Särskilt intresse har vi ägnat frågor om människosyn och etik. Vi är inspirerade av ett hermeneutiskt arbetssätt. Vi använder oss av kvalitativ metod. Data-insamlingen består av bandade, delvis strukturerade intervjuer. Vårt undersökningsresultat redovisas i tre delar: den första innehåller en analys av studiematerial och kurslitteratur ur utbildningen, den andra delen innehåller intervjuanalyser och i den tredje beskrivs en möjlig relation mellan kursinnehåll och informanternas ledarskapssyn. I analysen av våra resultat ser vi på ett antal punkter att informanternas i sina yttranden tycks vara påverkade av MPA-programmet. I sambandet mellan den teoretiska delen och intervjuanalysen uppfattar vi flera uttryck för självinsikt hos informanterna, en skärpt medvetenhet i förbindelse mellan tanke och handling. Formuleringar kring människosyn och etik återkommer ofta i informanternas svar även om dessa frågor inte hade stort utrymme i programmet. Om kursdeltagarnas praktiska vardagshandlande påverkats av kursen kan vi inte uttala oss om.

  • 445.
    Ahlzén, Patrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Bood, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    En gräns svår att dra: Studenters förhållningssätt till privat och offentligt på Facebook2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In today's society an increased use of social networking sites can be seen, which can present difficulties in deciding what is private and what is public. The questions and issues being discussed in this essay are made to determining how students at Karlstad University relate to the information published on Facebook. Through an explorative research design and methodological triangulation in the form of a questionnaire survey and focus group interviews, the authors seek to answer and discuss the students' different approaches to the use of Facebook.The paper shows that students at Karlstad University sometimes have a low awareness of the information displayed to others and inadequate use of the privacy settings available on the page. At the end of the study the authors discern three different categories of Facebook users with different levels of consciousness.

  • 446.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Medical humanities: arts and humanistic science2007In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 385-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature and scope of medical humanities are under debate. Some regard this field as consisting of those parts of the humanistic sciences that enhance our understanding of clinical practice and of medicine as historical phenomenon. In this article it is argued that aesthetic experience is as crucial to this project as are humanistic studies. To rightly understand what medicine is about we need to acknowledge the equal importance of two modes of understanding, intertwined and mutually reinforcing: the mode of aesthetic imagination and the mode of analytical reflection.

  • 447.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). Region Värmland.
    Narrativity and medicine: Some critical reflections2019In: Philosophy Ethics and Humanities in Medicine, ISSN 1747-5341, E-ISSN 1747-5341, Vol. 14, article id 9Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last three decades there has been a wave of interest in narrative and narrativity in the humanistic and the social sciences. This narrative turn has spilled over to medicine, where narrative medicine has gained a considerable influence.However, there have also appeared second thoughts on the role of narratives in our lives, as well as on what narratives may mean in relation to clinical medicine.This article presents some influential voices in this debate and scrutinizes the assumptions of narrative medicine in the light of these. It is concluded that there are sound reasons to tread this path with some caution and avoid the too far reaching ambitions on behalf of narrativity in relation to clinical medicine. However, narrative medicine should still be seen as a promising attempt within the broader scope of medical humanities to emphasize the importance of human subjectivity in clinical medicine.

  • 448.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Not at home but healthy: Some second thoughts on health as "home-like being-in-the-world2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 449.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The arts and the humanistic sciences in medicine: a case of synergism2006In: Medicine, philosophy and the humanities, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 450.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Why health is not a human right2007Conference paper (Refereed)
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