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  • 351.
    Molin, Lennart
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Pettersson, John Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    How Should Interactive Media be Discussed for Succesful Requirements Engineering?2003In: / [ed] Burnett, R., Brunström, A. & Nilsson, A.G, 2003, p. 69-96Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Specifying requirements for a multimedia system is difficult and is often carried out in an informal way. Requirements engineering in information systems development is, on the other hand, often done in a more formal and thorough way. The chapter suggests that the difference is due to the interactive and dynamic properties of the multimedia user interface. A large proportion of the functionality has to be defined relative to the end users who are not experts in formulating system requirements.



    Successful multimedia requirements engineering is often characterized by close contacts between end user and developer; both parties have knowledge that needs to be shared mutually. One way to identify and formulate the requirements would be to work in a laboratory environment where end users themselves can try their ideas regarding interactive products. This is the motive for an on-going construction of a GUI experimental station reported in this chapter. The set-up is intended to admit non-programmers to test ideas for interactive products. This trial concerns educationalists focusing on persons, mainly children, suffering from various language disabilities. The aim is to facilitate manual simulations of the interactivity of teaching aids proposed by the educationalists now and in the future, thereby simplifying testing and making the development of ideas during test runs possible. The paper discusses manual simulation in relation to production of interactive teaching aids and other multimedia products.

  • 352. Mollstedt, Ulrika
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Odd
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Company Report: Enterprise System Development in Stages: A Study of a Swedish Paper Producer2006Report (Refereed)
  • 353. Mollstedt, Ulrika
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Odd
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Company Report to Metso Paper Karlstad: A Study on the Symbelt Customer Center: Value of E-services and Interaction between the Customer and the Supplier2004Report (Refereed)
  • 354. Mollstedt, Ulrika
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Odd
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems Failure and Adoption of Internet-based After-sales Services in a Business-to-Business Context2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 355.
    Myrén Zreloff, Mia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Markström, Josefin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Projektdeltagarnas upplevelser av kulturskillnader i ett multikulturellt projekt: En fallstudie genomförd inom mjukvarubranschen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The labor market has become more globalized, which has resulted in an increase of international projects. This is especially common in the software industry, where companies often hire computer specialists from other countries, to broaden the organizations’ expertise. International projects mean more cultural differences at workplaces. This can both disadvantage and enrich a project, depending on how the project participants perceive and handle the differences. The intention for this study is to explore how the project participants in a multicultural project, in the software industry, experience the cultural differences.

    As the workplaces become more multicultural, there is an increased need for knowledge about different cultures. For this, Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory is a frequently used reference, which is a broad generalization of different cultures. This leads to the second aim for this study, which is to examine if generalizations of cultures can be used to understand how project participants perceive cultural differences in a multicultural project.

    The study was conducted through a qualitative case study in the software industry, where two Indians and two Swedes in a project were interviewed. The project team and the respondents are placed in Karlstad, Sweden. Empirical data has been related mainly to Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory. In the analysis it has been studied if Hofstede’s theories are suitable to use for understanding the project participants' perceptions of the cultural differences in a project. The study is focusing on multicultural projects and does not considering projects in general. Only those cultural differences covered by Hofstede’s five cultural dimensions have been taken into account. There is a sixth dimension in Hofstede’s theory, but this one has not been considered in this study.

    Hofstede’s cultural dimension theory is showing obvious contrasts between the studied cultures, but it appears though that the respondents' perceptions of cultural differences are not as clear as in Hofstede’s study. The conclusion is that general descriptions of cultures are not applicable on individuals, but are suitable for studying large groups. During the interviews, it appears that the Indian respondents consider that they are more affected by cultural differences in the project, than the Swedish respondents do.

    The project participants perceive that cultural differences affect the group mostly informal and not concerning the formal work. The respondents do not believe cultural differences affect the group in any significant way, which is probably due to that there is some prior knowledge and experience of each other and other cultures, namely cultural intelligence. Another contributing factor could be the Indian respondents’ ability of adapting to Swedish culture and its way of working.

    For further research it would be interesting to study how cultural differences in a project influence the project participants' cooperation. To study the influence rather than the perceiving, the study would probably have to be more substantial, such as a greater number of respondents for an extended period of time.

  • 356.
    Nilgran, Charlotta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Wokander, Jesper
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Tystnadskulturer i svenskt projektarbete - förekomst och effekter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    International research has shown that employee/organizational silence is culturally and geographically widely spread and has an impact on virtually every part of our society. Employee/organizational silence is when an individual has knowledge of information that needs to be acted upon but he/she refrains from passing it on to those in a position to act due to fear of adverse repercussions should he/she choose to do so. This entails that necessary measures will not be administered in time which may lead to anything between financial losses to the loss of human lives. This will result in stress for the individual pressed between a wish to do what is considered right and the fear of the consequences that is assumed to follow.

    In Swedish research hardly anything has been done on employee/organizational silence. Two theses have been written on the subject. No essays are registered.

    This work has been done to study some basic conditions. Is there employee/organizational silence in Swedish project work and if so what are the consequences? To be able to answer these questions we have made an inquiry among a group of experienced Swedish project managers and the inquiry has then been followed by in depth interviews with a select group of respondents. The result shows clearly that employee/organizational silence exists in Swedish project work and that it, although less clearly, comes with the same range of losses as shown by international research.

  • 357.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    A Business Developer's Toolbox - Methods in Concert: Keynote Speach at ISD 2002 Conference2002Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies are trying to create useful toolboxes for their method application in business development work. The main problem here is to build fruitful links between different methods in use. This paper will show a framework for method combination using chains and alliances of established methods in the market. This framework for working with methods in concert is based on techniques for meta-modelling and method evaluation (Nilsson, 1999). The perspective taken is how a business manager can communicate with a systems expert by applying common methods. A business developer's toolbox consists of a general map of methods för strategic development, process development and systems development and how these methods could interact in a practical situation.



    The paper was presented at the following scientific conferences:



    1. The Eleventh International Conference on Information Systems Development - ISD 2002, 12-14 September 2002, Riga Technical University (RTU), Latvia



    2. The Second International Conference on Information Management Methodologies, 3-4 April 1998, Växjö University, Sweden

  • 358.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Affärsutvecklarens verktygslåda: Utvecklingsarbete med metoder i samspel2001In: Gottschalk, P. & Welle-Strand, A. (red.) (2001). Læring gjennom økonomi, system og prosjekt, pp. 195-218, Oslo: NKI Forlaget , 2001Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    I början av 90-talet fick jag ett uppdrag av några svenska företag att skapa konturerna för ett koncept som kallades för "Affärsutvecklarens Verktygslåda". Företagens problem visade sig inte ligga i hur själva urvalet av metoder går till inom organisationen utan snarare hur man kan skapa fruktbara kombinationer mellan de olika metoder som används vid utvecklingsarbete. Fokus blev således hur man kan få ett väl fungerande samspel mellan valda metoder i en verktygslåda. Ett konkret förslag på angreppssätt att kreera en Affärsutvecklares Verktygslåda har presenterats tidigare i Nilsson (1999). Detta bidrag är ett försök att gå ett steg vidare och reflektera över viktiga dimensioner att beakta vid konstruktion av en Affärsutvecklares Verktygslåda. En checklista med 10 olika dimensioner presenteras, vilka bygger på tidigare kunskaper från egen forskning kring metodutveckling samt kartläggningar av olika etablerade metoder som idag används på marknaden

  • 359.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Anskaffning av standardsystem för att utveckla verksamheter - Utveckling och prövning av SIV-metoden: Acquisition of Application Packages for Developing Business Activities - Development and Validation of the SIV method1991Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Anskaffning av programvara kan ses som en möjlighet att utveckla ett företag och dess affärsverksamhet. Det finns idag ett stort utbud av standardiserade programvaror att välja emellan. Sådana produkter brukar i dagligt tal kallas för standardsystem. Dessa kan köpas på den öppna marknaden eller vara system som återanvänds mellan företag. Det görs en del felinvesteringar när företag anskaffar standardsystem. Många standardsystem ger inte önskade resultat för verksamaheten eller förblir i vissa fal oanvända på företagen. Detta ledde mig in på frågan om en systematisk metod för upphandling av standardsystem kan förbättra situationen.



    Syftet med forskningsarbetet har därför varit att konstruera en metod för anskaffning av standardsystem som ett led i att utveckla verksamheter hos företag och organsiationer. Mer precist förelåg tre huvudmål för studien:



    1. Att utveckla en metod för anskaffning av standardsystem som ger stöd åt företagets affärsverksamheter.

    2. Att pröva metodens användbarhet, genomförbarhet och logsika uppbyggnad med hjälp av empiri och teori inom området.

    3. Att vidareutveckla metoden utifrån gjorda erfarenheter och framförda förändringsbehov från metodprövningen.



    Metoden som utvecklats och prövats benämns genomgående för "SIV-metoden" (Standardsystem I Verksamheter). SIV-metoden bygger på erfarenheter från olika företag som ABB, Alfa-Laval, Arla, Ericsson och Philips.



    Anders G. Nilsson är verksam som processkonsult vid Insitutet för Verksamhetsutveckling (Institut V) och som lärare vid Handelshögskolan i Stockholm. Han har som forskare aktivt medverkat till att ta fram ISAC-metoden för systemering och SIV-metoden för anskaffning av standardsystem

  • 360.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Att köpa standardsystem1984Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Systematiska metoder kan vara en hjälp att undvika många olika typer av problem vid köp och anskaffning av standardsystem i organisationer. En metod kan bidra till att uppnå önskvärda möjligheter med standardsystem och identifiera potentiella fallgropar i en utvecklingssituation.



    Att välja "rätt" standardsystem är i grunden ett kreativt momnet - det gäller att jämföra den egna verksamheten och aktuella standardsystem på ett förnuftigt och "smart" sätt. Anskaffning av standardsystem kan också vara en komplicerad process. Vi behöver utvärdera många olika standardsystem och även tvingas till iterationer eller upprepningar. En metod för att planera hur standardsystem skall utnyttjas i vår verksamhet kan ge en systematik ("ryggrad") som både effektiviserar arbetet och stödjer kreativiteten.



    I artikeln pesenteras SIV-metoden (SIV = Standardsystem I Verksamheter) som tar kundens situation som utgångspunkt - ett kundperspektiv. Hur skall jag som kund välja, anpassa och införa standardsystem i min verksamhet? Vidare anges tillfällen när det behövs en dialog mellan kund och leverantör. Metoden skall hjälpa kunden att ifrågasätta leverantörens förutsättningar att tillgodose kundens behov av standardsystem.



    SIV-metoden innehåller arbetssteg, utvärderingskriterier och förslag på dokumentation som hjälpreda vid köp av standardsystem. En ledstjärna i SIV-metoden utgör den s.k. "relationsmeodellen" som visar anpassningsförloppet mellan verksamhet och standardsystem.



    Artikeln har även presenterats på konferensen:



    Datorlösningar för mindre företag, 1984, Svenska Dataföreningen, Södra kretsen, Malmö

  • 361.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Att välja och anpassa standardsystem1985Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett standardsystem utgör ett färdigt förslag till informationssystem. Att köpa standardsystem är ofta ett alternativ till att utveckla skräddarsydda informationssystem på egen hand. Ett standardsystem består av ett programpaket som utvecklats av en leverantör för att kunna motsvara flera kunders verksamhetsbehov. Detta papper berör hur företag kan välja och anpassa standardsystem för sin verksamhet

  • 362.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Business Modelling - Consortium Research1996Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business managers and systems experts often experience frustration when information support for business activities is being discussed. A major part of the problem is due to lack of essential communication. Accusations from both sides is often the result: "The business people do not know what they want!" or "The systems people do not understand what we need!" However, communication is more than talking. It requires a firm base for common understanding, a common language.



    The main objective is to bridge the communication gap between business managers and systems experts through mutual use of each others methodologies for development work. The purpose of this research project is to investigate and analyze methodologies for business development and how they can be linked to common methodologies for information systems development. In this context we shall also study the effects of applying methodologies in differnet companies. The aim of the project is to produce practical guidelines for integrating business and systems development.



    The project plan was implemented as suggested in this research report and the Business Modelling project was doumented in the scientific and professional book from Springer Verlag: "Perspectives on Business Modelling" (Nilsson, A.G., Tolis, C., Nellborn, C.) from 1999

  • 363.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Business Modelling as a Base for Information Systems Development1992In: / [ed] Stanislaw Wrycza, 1992Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will focus on linking the process of business modelling closer to the work with information systems development in organisations. The background is that we in our research discipline "Information Processing" have designed specific methodologies for systems development. But I have recognized that also researchers in the field "Business Administration" have created very important, general methodologies for business modelling of enterprises. Business modelling is often a continuous process in organizations and could be a good basis for staring up information systems projects. We have done som experiments wtih methodology coordination in order to transfer from business modelling to information systems developmnet.



    The article was prepublished as V-report V-4211, The Institue for Business Process Devolpment (Institute V) at Stockholm School of Economics (1 May 1992).



    The article was prepublished as EFI Research Paper EFI 6479, The Economic Research Institute (EFI), Stockholm School of Economics (1 May 1992).



    The paper was presented at the following scientific conferences:



    1. The Third International Conference on Information Systems Developers Workbench - ISD 2002, University of Gdansk, Poland



    2. The First Scandinavian Research Seminar on Information and Decision Networks, 20-22 April 1994, Växjö University, Sweden

  • 364.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Business Modelling as a Foundation for Multimedia Development: Concerning Strategic, Process and Systems Levels in Organizations2003In: Perspectives on Multimedia: Communication, Media and Information Technology / [ed] Robert Burnett, Anna Brunstrom & Anders G. Nilsson, Chichester, England: John Wiley & Sons, 2003, p. 55-68Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By business modelling we refer to how different actors or people are using models and methods in order to understand and change business processes together with their information systems in companies and organisations. From earlier research it is a well-known fact that there are real communication gaps between top managers, business leaders and systems experts when developing organisations. In this context we can distinguish three levels of development work called: (1) strategy development, (2) process development and (3) systems development. The purpose of business modelling is to bridge the communication gap between actors and create a good co-ordination between the three development levels in organisations. A practical approach to accomplish this is to apply a "tool box" thinking for combining models and methods from different levels of development work. Development of multimedia products is a rather new form of change work in today's organisations. Multimedia development therefore interesting to study the role of digital media when developing future organisations. Business modelling constitute in this respect a foundation for multimedia development as it has always been working for other kinds of development work in organisations

  • 365.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Change Work in Organisations:: Lessons Learned from Information Systems Development (ISD)2010In: / [ed] Pokorny, J., Richta, K., Repa, V., Wojtkowski W., W.G. & Linger, H. (Eds.), New York: Springer , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    In change work we have the ambition to improve or enhance different activities within a specific situation or context. We can think of e.g. changes in society, in organisations or in family life. In this case the focus will be on change work in organisations; private companies as well as in public services. Change work implies a purposeful growth and development of organisations. This development work can be performed by operating in networks (inter-organisational change) or accomplished by undertaking individual measures (intra-organisational change). By information systems development (ISD) we mean analysis, design and implementation of useful IT systems in companies. ISD is nowadays regarded as an essential and vital part of change work in organisations. This paper presents ten lessons learned from working with information systems development in a change work context

  • 366.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Change Work in Organisations: Some Lessons Learned from Information Systems Development2003In: Sundgren, B., Mårtensson, P., Mähring, M. & Nilsson, K. (Eds.) (2003) Exploring Patterns in Information Management: Concepts and Perspectives for Understanding IT-Related Change, Festschrift in honour of Mats Lundeberg’s 60th birthday, pp. 83-99, 2003Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In change work we have the ambition to improve or enhance different activities within a specific situation or context. We can think of e.g. changes in society, in organisations or in family life. In this case the focus will be on change work in organisations; private companies as well as in public services. Change work implies a purposeful growth and development of organisations. This development work can be performed by operating in networks (inter-organisational change) or accomplished by undertaking individual measures (intra-organisational change).

    By information systems development we mean analysis, design and implementation of useful IT artifacts to support some kind of business in organisations. By IT artifacts we mean the use of hardware and software solutions to improve the business activities within and between organisations. The IT artifacts can be of a varied character - for example we can create information systems in organisations by using bespoke (tailor-made) software, application packages or component-based solutions. We are here focusing on computer-based systems for developing and changing the situation in concrete business cases.

    My perception of the ISD field can be described in many different ways. In this case, I have chosen to present my strongest impressions from working with information systems development as lessons learned for change work in organisations. This an attempt to explore essential patterns or fundamental principles for business development grounded in theory and practice. The lessons learned are summarised in 10 points and the order between them is approximately how they appeared to me over the years.



    Lesson 1: Proceed from User Needs

    Lesson 2: Apply Methods and Models

    Lesson 3: Consider Different Perspectives

    Lesson 4: Understand the Current State Change to a Better Situation

    Lesson 5: Use Appropriate Enablers

    Lesson 6: Time is Critical for Change

    Lesson 7: Pay Attention to a Life Cycle Philosophy

    Lesson 8: Reuse Successful Solutions

    Lesson 9: Discover Reality by Prototyping

    Lesson 10: Promote Business in Manageable Steps

  • 367.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Egenskapstabeller1983In: Tillämpad systemering, andra upplagan, sid. 199-201 / [ed] Révay, P, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 1983Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom ramen för ISAC metoden för systemering eller systemutveckling har praktiskt användbara egenskapstabeller konstruerats som värdefulla komplement för framställning av V-grafer under fasen verksamhetsstudier och I-grafer under fasen informationsanalys. Egenskapstabeller är en teknik eller instrument för dimensionering av verksamheter utifrån de grafiska bekrivningarna av verksamheter och informationssystem. Rapporten beskriver hur man kan utarbeta Egenskapstabeller och ger även exempel på olika typer av sådana tabeller.



    Bokkapitlet var ursprungligen publicerad 1977 som en arbetsrapport av författaren inom forskningsgrupp ISAC, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan (KTH) och Stockholms universitet

  • 368.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    En första analys av Affärsmodeller: Institut VB's iaktagelser1992Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport presenterar en första analys av åtta metoder för affärsmodellering som har detaljstuderats och "meta-modellerats" under en workshsop-serie vid Svenska Institutet för SystemUtveckling (SISU), Kista, Stockholm under hösten 1991. De åtta affärsmodellerna kommer från två olika miljöer efter varifrån de är ursprungligen framtagna:



    - Konsultmiljö

    (BRIS/VS, Kepner-Tregoe, Process Management, VBS)



    - Akademisk miljö

    (Ansplan, Nätverk, Porter's Värdekeja, Redovisningsplan/RP)



    Analysen i rapporten betonar hur vi kan koppla ihop olika metoder för affärsutveckling och systemutveckling till en helhet. Begreppet "metodkedjor" lanseras för att kunna kombinera metoder från olika områden t.ex. affärsmodeller från: strategisk planering, verksamhetsutveckling samt för olika specifika applikationsområden.



    Rapporten innehåller en preliminär analys och klassificering av affärsmodeller som senare vidareförädlades i konferensbidraget av samme författare under år 1992:



    "Business Modelling as a Base for Information Systems Development"

  • 369.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Enterprise Information Systems - Eight Significant Conditions2007In: / [ed] Magyar G., Knapp G., Wojtkowski W., Wojtkowski W.G. & Zupancic, J., New York: Springer , 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies are investing in new information systems in order to achieve higher efficiency in their business operations. But innovations in information technology (IT) in the form of increased productivity have still been modest. This is a well known phenomenon, usually called the "productivity paradox" for investments in IT systems within enterprises. Even if the IT investments made during the last ten years have successively provided improved operational effects, they do not fully come up to the expectations of the top managements. Investments in large enterprise systems will not automatically generate improved efficiency in the organisation. The implementation in modern IT systems needs to be supplemented by new innovative business processes and solid investments in competence development to have full potential effects!



    The key issue on the top management agenda is to find out solutions for creating business value out of the portfolio of information systems used in the organisation. We will adopt the concept "enterprise information systems" (EIS) to stand for all kind of systems applied for supporting business processes in enterprises. EIS represents a wide range of systems that support processes within different business functions (such as DSS systems) or between different business functions (such as ERP systems) as well as inter-organisational collaboration over company functions (such as CRM systems). A challenge for future research in the area of "Management and IT" is to investigate the business effects of enterprise information systems in private firms as well as public authorities.



    Our main research question for this paper will therefore be:



    "What are significant conditions influencing the investment of enterprise information systems within and between organisations"?



    The paper was presented at the following scientific conferences:



    1. The 15th International Conference on Information Systems Development, ISD 2006, 31 August - 2 September, 2006, Budapest, Hungary



    2. The First Workshop on Enterprise Systems - "Affärssystem", 21 November 2008, The Swedish Academy of Enterprise Systems Research and Department of Business Studies, Uppsala University, Sweden

  • 370.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Enterprise Systems in a Service Science Context2010In: / [ed] Song, W.W., Xu, S., Wojtkowski W., Wan, C., Zhong, Y., Wojtkowski W., Wojtkowski, G. & Linger, H. (Eds.), New York: Springer , 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    By enterprise systems we here refer to large integrated standard application packages that fully cover the provision of information required in a company. They are made up of extensive administrative solutions for management accounting, human resource management, production, logistics and sales control. Most of the enterprise systems on the market have traditionally been designed with a focus on manufacturing companies; but during the last years the supply of various enterprise systems for service oriented business organizations has gradually increased. This fact raises the issue to study enterprise systems from a service management perspective. Service Science is an emerging discipline that studies value creation through services from technical, behavioural and social perspectives. Within service science it is therefore possible to use and apply a wide spectrum of engineering tools for development of business services in organizations. In this sense, enterprise systems represent an efficient tool for service innovations. The research interest in this paper is focused on how we can study enterprise systems in a service science context.



    The paper is presented at the following scientific conferences:



    1. The 18th International Conference on Information Systems Development, ISD 2009, 16-19 September, 2008, Nanchang, China



    2. The Second Workshop on Enterprise Systems - "Affärssystem", 21 November 2008, The Swedish Academy of Enterprise Systems Research and Department of Management and Engineering, Linköping University, Sweden

  • 371.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ett datorprogram för utsökning av optimal datorkonfiguration med hjälp av en köteoretisk ansats1975Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppgiften går ut på att konstruera och tillverka ett datorprogram för att finna (eller "simulera" fram) en - ur kostnadssynvinkel - optimal datorkonfiguration som uppfyller givna responstidskrav. Bakomliggande köteoretiska modell är en form av "multiserver" system och bygger på tankegångar från främst Janis Bubenko jr. Programmeringen har skett med hjälp av programspråket BASIC på ADB-institutionens HP-dator

  • 372.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Evolution of Methodologies for Information Systems Work - A Historical Perspective1996In: / [ed] Wrycza, S & Zupancic, J, Gdansk, Poland: University of Gdansk , 1996Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I will illustrate how methodologies for information systems work have evolved in the course of time. The concept "systems work" includes both information systems development and software maintenance. My presentation of methodologies has a historical perspective and a special focus on Swedish conditions. This review has a strong personal bias, but I try to formalize my analysis of methodologies along six dimensions: constituents of methodologies, focus on aspects, life cycle coverage, prespecification of systems work, various tools and different views on methodologies.



    The paper was presented at the following scientific conferences:



    1. The Fifth International Conference on Information Systems Development - ISD 1996 - Methods & Tools, Theory & Practice, 24 - 26 September 1996, University of Gdansk, Poland



    2. The Sixth International Conference on Simulation, Gaming, Training and Business Process Reengineering in Operations, The International Fedeeration of Operations Research, Societies for Special Conference - SPC6, 19-21 September 1996, Riga Technical University, Latvia



    3. The Second Scandinavian Research Seminar on Information and Decision Networks, 11-13 May 1995, Växjö University, Sweden

  • 373.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Evolution of Methodologies for Information Systems Work: A Historical Perspective1995In: Dahlbom, B. (Ed.) The Infological Equation: Essays in Honor of Börje Langefors, Festschrift, pp. 251-285, Göteborg: Gothenburg studies in Information Systems, Göteborgs universitet , 1995Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper I will illustrate how methodologies for information systems work have evolved in the course of time. The concept "systems work" includes both information systems development and software maintenance. My presentation of methodologies has a historical perspective and a special focus on Swedish conditions. This review has a strong personal bias, but I try to formalize my analysis of methodologies along six dimensions: constituents of methodologies, focus on aspects, life cycle coverage, prespecification of systems work, various tools and different views on methodologies

  • 374.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    From Standard Application Packages to Enterprise Systems: A Matter of Opportunities2009In: / [ed] Papadopoulos, G.A., Wojtkowski W., Wojtkowski W., Wrycza S. & Zupancic, J. (Eds.), New York: Springer , 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    The purpose of this chapter is to make clearer the meaning behind the concepts of "standard application package" and "enterprise system". There is today a confusion in our IS field about the connection between the two concepts and how they have appeared historically? The main idea is to contrast them against each other and in this sense to study which opportunities organizations and companies can achieve with these two different IT environments. This transparency will give business and IT people a better understanding for managing investments in information systems more professionally. The research approach is characterized as "consumable research" (Robey, and Markus, Information Resources Management Journal, 11(1): 7-15, 1998) based on theoretical knowledge integrated with business practice from the IS field. Our background is through working with practical methods for customer involvement (purchasing, implementation, maintenance) as well as performing vendor studies of the software application industry.

  • 375.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Från affärsstrategi till IT-stöd via företagets processer1998In: Stymne, B. (red.) Det konkurrenskraftiga småföretaget - en guide för affärsutveckling med IT, EU-projektet, 1998Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta kapitel ger en modell för förändringsarbete för småföretag. Modellen belyser vilka affärsprocesser som ska fokuseras baserat på företagets strategi. Vidare belyser modellen vilka behov av IT-stöd som krävs för att processerna ska kunna realisera affärsstrategin. Modellen bygger på de tre nivåerna: affärsstrategi, affärsprocess och affärssystem samt sambanden mellan dessa. I detta kapitel görs även en kartläggning av viktiga affärsprocesser i ett småföretag. Några typexempel på affärsprocesser belyses med ett enkelt hjälpmedel i form av processkartor. På så sätt illustreras kur småföretagens processer kan se ut

  • 376.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Från standardsystem till affärssystem-: en fråga om möjligheter?2009In: Temperaturen på Affärssystem i Sverige / [ed] Jonas Hedman, Fredrik Nilsson, Alf Westelius, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2009, p. 145-164Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Detta bidrag avser att klargöra innebörden i begreppen Standardsystem och Affärssystem eftersom jag upplever att det råder förvirring kring vad de egentligen står för och hur de historiskt har uppkommit. Detta berör bland annat hur vi med dessa systemmiljöer kan angripa välkänd problematik med t.ex. systemintegration, flexibel anpassning och önskad utbyggbarhet över tiden. Syftet med bidraget är att tydliggöra begreppen Standardsystem och Affärssystem genom att kontrastera dem mot varandra och att i detta sammanhang studera olika möjligheter som organisationer kan uppnå med dessa bägge IT-miljöer. Detta klargörande ämnar ge användare, verksamhetsledare och leverantörer bättre förutsättningar att kunna hantera systeminvesteringar i organisationer på ett professionellt sätt. Med hänsyn till syftet berörs sex viktiga frågeställningar:

    Hur växte begreppen standardsystem och affärssystem fram inom IT-branschen?

    Vad menas egentligen med standardsystem?

    Vad menas egentligen med affärssystem?

    Vilka möjligheter finns med standardsystem och affärssystem?

    Vad förenar och särskiljer standardsystem och affärssystem som IT-miljöer?

    Hur kommer IT-branschen att utvecklas framöver?

  • 377.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Förvaltning av standardsystem - metoder och arbetsformer1992Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Standardsystem börjar alltmer användas som ett hjälpmedel för att effektivisera affärsverksamheten hos många företag. En vanlig situation är att vi behöver förvalta standardsystem från olika leverantörer tillsammans med egenutvecklade system. En kritisk framgångsfaktor är om användarna i verksamheten, ADB-avdelningen och leverantörer kan samarbeta på ett professionellt sätt. Här behövs ett systematiskt arbetssätt för att göra rätt saker, skapa ett kreativt klimat och fatta genomtänkta beslut. VFS-metoden för att "Välja och Förvalta Standardsystem" ger sådana möjligheter

  • 378.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Förändringsanalys och systemering - Problemområden1975Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att ge en översiktlig beskrivning av problemområden inom ISACs utvecklingsmodell för informationssystem dvs

    - förändringsanalys

    - objektsystemstudier

    - informationsanalys

    - datateknisk utformning

    Metodansatser för "förändringsanalys" och "objektsystemstudier" presenteras mer i detalj. Dessa ansatser har bl.a. tillämpats i ISACs forskningsprogram under 1975-77

  • 379.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Förändringsanalys och systemering i praktiken - Resultatkrav: Krav på resultat från individer och organisationer som ingår i forskningsprogrammet 1975--77 för metodområdet: Informationsanalys1975Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna rapport är att till stöd för:

    - internatkurs M2 och

    - därpå följande tillämpningsmoment

    ge en förteckning på de resultat vi förväntar oss från individer och organisationer som deltar i ISAC:s forskningsprogram 1975--77. Vidare beskrivs den forskningsmässiga ansatsen bakom en dylik kravformulering och -testning

  • 380.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Förändringsanalys och systemering i praktiken - Tillämpningsprojekt Arla: Delrapport 1: Förändringsanalys, Delrapport 2: Verksamhetsstudier, Delrapport 3: Informationsanalys1976Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    MODS är ett projekt för utveckling av Mjölkcentralen-Arla:s Order och DistributionsSystem. ISAC skall på samarbetsbasis under ett skede deltaga i MODS-gruppens arbete genom att bidrag med metodmässiga synpunkter på de informationssystem som skall tagas fram. Arbetet utgör ett led i ISAC:s forskningsprogram under 1975--77. Föreliggande tre delrapporter avser att dokumentera vissa intressanta erfarenheter från tillämpning av tre olika faser i MODS-projektet:



    Delrapport 1: Förändringsanalys (TRITA-IBADB-4081S)

    Delrapport 2: Verksamhetsstudier(TRITA-IBADB-4082S)

    Delrapport 3: Informationsanalys(TRITA-IBADB-4083S)

  • 381.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Global Development and ICT for Building Civil Societies in Developing Countries2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Global development has the mission to promote social change and renewal in developing countries on a scientific basis. The leading idea behind global development is to combine social changes in civil societies with economic growth and environmental (ecological) issues in order to achieve better life conditions for poor people. The main focus here is to study the relationship between needy children and exposed mothers as a target group. The purpose is to design and apply new and innovative concepts for creating five good circles for society building in developing countries: distinctive culture, strong identity, support oneself, organic way of living and active learning. A specific objective is to set-up professional training spaces, called Community Children Academy Spaces (CAS), based on learning workshops, modern therapy forms and outdoor activities as well as the professional use of ICT tools for the children and their mothers. Children in general are very excited and amused by working with computers! This is the main argument for setting up special ICT spaces for needy children together with their mothers. An essential outcome of ICT spaces is also to give mothers possibilities through digital media to find new job opportunities so that they can take professional care of themselves and their children. The research is done as an integrated work between concept development (theory) and field work at site (practice). The main research contribution is a new approach for managing global development for society building in poor countries based on a systems thinking and multidisciplinary research. This approach is complemented with a visibility model for project assessment based on outcome mapping. The paper will reflect on how global development and development informatics will work for needy children and their exposed mothers based on some theoretical approaches and on-going case studies

  • 382.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Hur väljer man rätt standardsystem?1991In: Computer Sweden, nr 16, 19 april, 1991, Del 2, sid. 13-14Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att köpa programvara kan ses som ett utmärkt tillfälle att utveckla företaget och stärka dess affärsverksamhet. Det finns idag ett stort utbud av standardiserade programvaror som kan ge stora möjligheter vid effektivisering av ett företags verksamhet. Sådana produkter brukar i dagligt tal kallas för standardsystem. Här avses både köpta programvaror på marknaden och system som återanvänds mellan företag.



    Det har dock visat sig att det görs en hel del felinvesteringar när företag anskaffar standardsystem. Många standardsystem ger inte önskade resultat för verksamheten eller förblr oanvända på företagen. Detta leder in på frågan om en systematisk metod för upphandling av standardsystem kan förbättra situationen. Val av rätt programvara blir alltmer en fråga av stor strategisk betydelse för företag

  • 383.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Hur är dagens metoder och CASE-verktyg för systemutveckling egentligen byggda?: Systemutveckling i Sverige och internationellt - Seminarium 19 september 19911991In: Computer Sweden, nr 35, 30 augusti, 1991, del 1, sid. 31Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    För att skapa affärsstödjande informationssystem hos företag och organisationer behöver vi arbeta med en lämplig "mix" av funktioner, data och händelser. Dessa utgör idag centrala grundstenar vid utveckling av företags verksamheter och informationssystem. "Funktioner" utgör organiserade aktiviteter på företaget, "data" belyser användarnas begrepp och språkbruk samt "händelser" sätter igång olika arbetsuppgifter i verksamheten. På så sätt behöver dagens metoder och CASE-verktyg vara byggda för kunna täcka in dessa tre viktiga aspekter i en utvecklingssituation

  • 384.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems Development: A Frame of Reference and Classifications1989Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is an attempt to classify the process of information systems development in different ways. The main perspective is that information systems should support business activities in organizations. The development process is illustrated by our V-model, ISAC-model and SIV-model. We have experience of applications of these models from Swedish industry. At the end a three-dimensional classicfication in function analysis, object analysis and event analysis is presented as a base for comparisons of information systems development methodologies.



    The paper was presented at the following scientific conferences:



    1. First International Conference on Advanced Information Systems Engineering, CAiSE'89, 9-11 May 1989, Swedish Institute for Systems Development - SISU, Kista, Stockholm, Sweden



    2. First International Conference on Information Systems Development - ISD 1988 - Current Trends in Information Systems Development Methodologies, 27-30 June, Paraszyno, Technical University of Gdanskoland together with University of Gdansk, Poland



    The article was prepublished as V-report 4801, The Institue for Business Process Devolpment (Institute V) at Stockholm School of Economics (1 July 1988).

  • 385.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems Development in a Business Environment: Postition Statement1992Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many research efforts in Sweden have been focused on methodologies for information systems development. The main perspective is that information systems should support business activities and create competitive advantages for companies. Information systems are not ends in themselves! On the contrary information systems have to provide desired effects and sustainable results in organizations and sometimes between organizations. This is a pragmatic or praxiologic view of information systems.



    From this position we can address several kinds of research problems that need more investigations. It is also urgent to explore some new research areas that we have good competence to "attack" here in Sweden. In this sense we will describe two project ideas which have both theoretical and practical relevance:



    1. Business modelling as a base for information systems development



    2. Strategic use of information systems in organizations

  • 386.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems Development in an Application Package Environment1990In: / [ed] Stanislaw Wrycza, 1990Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will focus on how we "attack" information systems development when an organization wants to use application packages for improving their business activities. Application packages are ready-made software which you can buy from a vendor in the market. Acquisition of packaged software is, according to our experiences, a very special environment for systems development. There is a need for new methodologies and Case-tools in order to handle a package situation in a proper manner.



    The purpose of this paper is to present the SIV-methodology and the Case-tool SIV-DOC which we have designed for an application package environment. The SIV-approach consists of three main areas to systems development: Selection, Adaptation and Implementation of application packages in organizations. For each area we have a number of method steps, description techniques, and evaluation critera as a systematic way of working with the package alternative for systems development.



    The article was prepublished as V-report 4001, The Institue for Business Process Devolpment (Institute V) at Stockholm School of Economics (30 June 1990).



    The article was prepublished as EFI Research Paper EFI 6421, The Economic Research Institute (EFI), Stockholm School of Economics (30 June 1990)

  • 387.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems Development (ISD): Past, Present, Future Trends2005In: / [ed] Vasilecas O., Caplinskas A., Wojtkowski W., Wojtkowski W.G., Zupancic, J. & Wrycza S., New York: Springer , 2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    By information systems development we mean analysis, design and implementation of useful IT systems to support some kind of business in organisations. By IT systems we mean the use of hardware and software solutions to improve the business activities within and between organisations. The IT systems can be of a various character - for example we can create information systems in organisations by using bespoke (tailor-made) software, application packages or component-based solutions. We are here focusing on computer-based systems for developing and changing the situation in concrete business cases.



    Research on information systems development (ISD) has its roots back in the mid 1960ies. Scandinavian researchers have had a great influence on the evolution of information systems development as an academic field. Personally, I had the privilege of being a member of the Scandinavian school and tradition of information systems development (Professor Börje Langefors). My main experiences are based from working with the ISAC approach for requirements specifications (Professor Mats Lundeberg), the SIV method for purchasing standard application packages, the Business Modelling framework for studying method combinations and the ISD perspectives on multimedia development. After practicing in the ISD area for more than 30 years, as both a researcher/teacher (for the academia) and an advisor/counselor (to the industry), I feel a great need to make some reflections on my findings.



    This paper will focus on important trends in the area of Information Systems Development (ISD) from three time perspectives: the past (yesterday), the present (today) and the future (tomorrow) situation. The method for comparison is driven from ten important and relevant dimensions: philosophical approach, modelling area, view of model aspects, systems scope, methodology package, actor orientation, IT perspective, subject matter focus, development strategy and range of work. My review is of course strongly biased of how I perceive the trends in our ISD field. The research work is a continuation of two earlier studies by the author on evolution of ISD methodologies and change work with ISD in organisations. The paper will follow the ten dimensions for comparison of trends in the ISD field. For each dimension the three time perspectives are presented with a focused area for the past, present and future trends respectively.



    The article has also been presented att five research semminars in Israel during 2007/2008 at the following universities:

    - Ben Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), in Beer-Sheva

    - The University of Haifa

    - The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    - Technion - Israel Institute of Technology, in Haifa

    - Tel-Aviv University (TAU)

  • 388.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems Development: Some Highlights from Infology2006In: Bubenko jr, J., Jansson, C.G., Kollerbaur, A., Ohlin, T. & Yngström, L. (Eds.), ICT for People: 40 Years of Academic Development in Stockholm, Department of Computer and Systems Sciences (DSV), Stockholm University and Royal Institute of Technology, pp. 1 / [ed] Bubenko jr, J., Jansson, C.G., Kollerbaur, A., Ohlin, T. & Yngström, L., Stockholm: Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, Stockholm University , 2006, p. 165-172Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    DSV has as an academic institution a very good reputation for starting up pioneering research on models and methods for information systems development (ISD) in organisations according to the founder Börje Langefors' infological approach. My own perception of information systems development can in this case be described in different ways. This contribution will try to highlight some milestones in the evaluation of the ISD field which originates from the infological approach. This will be done as some changeovers during the years in a "From ... to ... notion", in our case for nine important dimensions. In conclusion there is a strong interplay between computers, people and work tasks in organisations - a lesson learned from the history of Infology!

  • 389.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Information Systems in Israel: A Study Visit to Six Universities2008Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Sometimes we hear that Israel is one of the countries in the front-line when utilizing Information Technology (IT) for better support of existing business processes as well as to enable new and innovative business concepts in organisations. We have still a rather limited knowledge here in Sweden about the Israelian way for working with the academic disci­pline of Information Systems on a university level.

    This was my background for making a study visit to Israel during three months from the beginning of November 2007 until the end of January 2008. It was accomplished as foreign academic services with a short-term sabbatical leave from my employer Karlstad University in Sweden.

    The main purpose of the visit to Israel was to investigate research and education in the subject Information Systems (IS) and the connection to the faculties they belong to at the six traditional universities in Israel:

    Bar-Ilan University (BIU), in Tel-Aviv

    Ben Gurion University of the Negev (BGU), in Beer-Sheva

    The University of Haifa

    The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

    Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, in Haifa

    Tel-Aviv University (TAU)

    This report is organised in the following way. The first section is about Information Systems (IS) as an academic discipline. We try to do a program declaration for the IS discipline and argue that Information Systems should be regarded as a relationship subject. The second section is about the Information Systems disci­pline at each of the six universities in Israel. We make brief descriptions of education, research and outside cooperation at the various IS institutions. The third section is about some lessons learned from the site visits to the six universities in Israel. We highlight valuable experiences when com­paring the IS discipline between Israel and Sweden.

  • 390.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    ISD - Information Systems Development - Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow: Position Statement at the Conference Forum Panel2003In: / [ed] Linger, H., Fisher, J., Wojtkowski W., Wojtkowski W.G., Zupancic, J., Vigo, K. and Arnold, J., Melbourne, Australia: Faculty of IT, Monash University , 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This position statement focused on important trends in the area of Information Systems Development (ISD) from three time perspectives: the past (yesterday), the present (today) and the future (tomorrow) situation. The method for comparison is driven from ten important and relevant dimensions: philosophical approach, modelling area, view of model aspects, systems scope, methodology package, actor orientation, IT perspective, subject matter focus, development strategy and range of work. The position statement follows the ten dimensions for comparison of trends in the ISD field. For each dimension the three time perspectives are presented with a focused area for the past, present and future trends respectively.

  • 391.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Klassificeringar av verksamhetsutveckling1981Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten beskriver ett försök att klassficera fenomenet verksamhetsutveckling efter olika dimensioner som funktion för utveckling, omfattning hos utveckling, slag av verksamhet och ledningsnivå. Vidare görs ett försök att kombinera de olika dimensionerna till en gemensam klassificering av verksamhetsutveckling

  • 392.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Klassisk Informationssystemteori: Fokus på Börje Langefors infologiska teoribildning: Bidrag från 21 doktorander1995Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under hösten 1994 och våren 1995 genomfördes en doktorndkurs om Klassisk Informationssystemteori vid Institutionen för datavetenskap (IDA), Linköpings Universitet och Tekniska Högskola. Ansvarig för kursen var Anders G. Nilsson och 21 doktorander från olika forskningsområden deltog på kursen. Kursen hade ett fokus på professor Börje Langefors infologiska teoribildning. Infologi kan sägas vara läran om hur vi utvecklar och använder informationssystem i verksamheter så att användarnas behov tillgodoses.



    Det visade sig att kursen blev mycket givande kunskapsmässigt för doktoranderna. Vidare ledde doktorandkursen fram till ett stort antal intressanta resultat och slutsatser om Langefors infologiska teoribildning. Vi beslöt oss därför för att sammanfatta våra viktigaste intryck och publicera en vetenskaplig rapport för spridning till andra forskare i Skandinavien. Rapporten innehåller ett antal jämförelser av Langefors teorier med andra forskningsverk inom informationsbehandling och företagsekonomi. Var och en av de 21 doktoranderna presenterar ett eget kunksapsbidrag i rapporten.



    Som helhet ger kunskapsbidragen från de olika forskarna upphov till en mängd intressanta uppslag, dimensioner och infallsvinklar för fortsatta studier kring Langefors teorier. En övergripande slutsats från kursen är att Börje Langefors infologiska teoribildning fortfarande verkar hållbar för många olika situationer och sammanhang inom vårt ämnesområde. Det är vår förhoppning att denna rapport ska ge nya impulser och idéer när det gäller att förvalta vårt historiska arv på bästa sätt

  • 393.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Konsten att köpa standardsystem1992In: Corporate Computing, juni 1992, sid. 139Article, book review (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna recension berör doktorsavhandlingen "Anskaffning av standardystem för att utveckla verksamheter - Utveckling och prövning av SIV-metoden" från år 1991 förattad av Anders G. Nilsson vid Institutet för Verksamhetsutveckling (Institut V), Handelshögskolan i Stockholm. SIV-metoden bygger bland annat på erfarnheter från företag som ABB, Alfa-Laval, Arla, Ericsson och Philips.



    Det finns idag ett stort utbud av standardiserade programvaror att välja mellan, det vill säga det som brukar kallas standardsystem. Men det görs många felinvesteringar när företag köper sådana system, de ger inte önskad effekt eller förblir till och med oanvända. Med hänsyn till detta behövs en systematisk metod som ett värdefullt stöd för inköpsbeslutet

  • 394.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Laboratorium för CASE-verktyg1990Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    CASE står för "Computer Aided Systems Engineering" eller "Datorstödd Ststemutveckling". Ett CASE-verktyg stödjer användning av en eller flera metoder för utveckling av informationssystem och verksamheter. Det finns idag ett stort utbud av CASE-verktyg på marknaden med varierande inriktning och omfattning.



    Företag upplever det svårt att välja lämpliga CASE-verktyg för sin systemutvecklingsmiljö. Här behövs någon form av referensmodell för att kunna jämföra och testa olika CASE-verktyg mot varandra. Det är även angeläget att undersöka vilka nyttoeffekter som olika företag uppnått vid användningen av CASE-verktyg. Dessa erfarenheter är av värde för utveckling av nästa generation CASE-verktyg på 90-talet.



    Projektet syftar till att bygga upp ett laboratorium för att utvärdera olika intressanta CASE-verktyg som dyker upp på marknaden, samt att regelbundet undersöka erfarenheter från CASE-användning i företag och organisationer. För vissa speciella ändamål kommer prototyper av CASE-verktyg att framställas inom projektets ram

  • 395.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ledning av hemsamariters arbete inom Komfort kommun1978Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom Komfort kommun i Svedala ska Hemsam-projektet (Hemsamarit projektet) se övr kontaktytorna mellan samaritledare, hemsamariter och kommunens vårdtagare (pensionärer med hjälpbehov). Projektet omfattar både planering och genomförande av hemsamariters arbete, som vi kort och gott kallar för samaritplanering respektive samaritverksamhet. Rapporten innehåller en verksamhetsbeskrivning över planering och genomförande av hemsamariters arbete med hjälp av V-grafer och egenskapstabeller

  • 396.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Metoder och hjälpmedel vid utvärdering av programvaror1990Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport berör metoder och hjälpmedel vid utvärdering av standardiserade programvaror på marknaden. Detta brukar i dagligt tal även kallas för standardpaket eller standardsystem. Här avses både köpt och återanvänd programvara som ska nyttjas inom ett företags verksamhet. Företag kan gå tillväga på olika sätt vid val av standardpaket. Några vanliga beteenden på marknaden är: "Ledningen avgör på förhand?, "Ryggen fri", "Kär i ett system" och "Metodisk utvärdering"

  • 397.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    När Systemutveckling blev Verksamhetsutveckling: En personlig reflektion2010In: Mönster som ger avtryck - Perspektiv på verksamhetsutveckling / [ed] Mårtensson, P. & Mähring, M. (red.), Stockholm: EFI - Handelshögsskolan, Intellecta Infolog , 2010, p. 1-10Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 398.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Object Systems Studies - a part of analysis and design of information systems (systemeering): Objektsystemstudier - en del av systemering1974Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report is published in an English and Swedish version.



    Rapporten finns utgiven på svenska och engelska.



    ------------------------------------------------



    Information systems are not developed for their own sake. They are intended to function as subsystems in a larger context. The larger systems, in which information systems are subsystems, are called object systems. Examples of object systems are enterprises (business firms, governmental offices etc) or parts of enterprises.



    The relations between the information systems and the object system are important problems for the information system users. These relations can be discussed with greater precision if they are supported by a clear description of the object system and not only by descriptions of the information sustems.



    In order to meet this need, methods for systematic description and analysis of different kind of activities (object systems) have therefore been developed in research group ISAC.



    ------------------------------------------------



    Informationssystem utvecklas inte för sin egen skull. De är avsedda att fungera som delsystem i större sammanhang. De större system, i vilka informationssystem ingår, kallar vi objektsystem. Exempel på sådana kan vara företag, verk eller delar därav.



    För användarna utgör kopplingarna mellan deras informationssystem och objektsystemet betydelsfulla problem. Dessa kan diskuteras med större precision, om de stöds av en klar beskrivning av hela objektsystemet än enbart mot bakgrunden av en beskrivning av det tänkta informationssystemet.



    Med hänsyn till detta har inom forskningsgrupp ISAC utvecklats metoder för att systematiskt beskriva och analysera olika slag av verksamheter (objektsystem).



    ------------------------------------------------

  • 399.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Perspectives on Business Modelling - Key Issues in Corporate, Organisational and Systems Development1998In: / [ed] March, S. T. and Bubenko Jr., J, Jyväskylä: Computer Science and Information Systems Reports, Technical Reports TR 19, Jyväskylä Printing House , 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Business Modelling is the use of models and methods to understand and change business operations with information systems (IS) in organisations. Today, we have many models and methods for development work in companies. We can recognise three levels och development work in pactice with different scope and focus:

    1. Corporte development (strategic level),

    2. Organisational development (business process level) and

    3. Systems development (IS/IT level).

    A widespread problem in companies today is that the interplay between the three levels do not function satisfactorily. We have communication gaps between business managers and systems experts performing the different development tasks. One possible solution to this problem is to create a Business Developer's Toolbox for combining models and methods from various interest groups. In this sense two new conceps are introduced: Metod Chains and Method Alliances.



    Anders G. Nilsson is a Professor of Information Systems at Karlstad Uiversity, Sweden and a Research partner att the Institute for Business Process Development (Institute V) in Stockholm. He has a Ph.D. in Business Administration and Information Management from Stockholm School of Economics. He is a research leader for the consortium "Business Modelling" investigating Swedish companies' interests in business process orientation. He is also a professional advisor to the industry regarding business systems development and standard application packages

  • 400.
    Nilsson, Anders G.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Programvaror: Råd och anvisningar för utvärdering1992In: Programvarumarknaden: Applikations Forum 1992/93, del 1, sid. A28-A31, Stockholm: AB Svensk Programvarutjänst och Dataföreningen i Sverige , 1992Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att köpa programvara kan ses som ett utmärkt tillfälle att utveckla företaget och stärka dess affärsverksamhet. Det finns idag ett stort utbud av standardiserade programvaror (standardprogram) som kan ge stora möjligheter vid effektivisering av ett företags verksmahet. Sådana produkter brukar även kallas för programpaket eller sstandardsystem. Här avses främst färdiga progamvaror som kan köpas på den öppna marknaden, men även programpaket som återanvänds mellan föreetag är en vanlig situation.



    Det har dock visat sig att det görs en hel del felinvesteringar när företag anskaffar programvaror. Många programvaror ger inte önskade resultat för verksamheten och förblir i vissa fall oanvända på företagen. Detta leder in på frågon am en systematisk metod för utvärdering kan förbättra situationen. Val av rätt programvara blir alltmer en fråga av stor strategisk betydelse för företag

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