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  • 351.
    Dofs, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Onomatopoeia and iconicity: A comparative study of English and Swedish animal sound2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine whether language is iconic or arbitrary in the issue of onomatopoeia, i.e. whether animal sounds are represented in the same way in different languages. In addition, I will also look at onomatopoeical words which have been conventionalised, when the meaning broadened and they finally became part of ordinary language.

    It can be stated that arbitrary signs have slowly taken over as different languages have developed, but the reason why is a topic for discussion – is there a scientific cause, based on the theory of evolution, or an explanation found in religious myths? Whatever the reason is, it is not likely that iconicity will vanish totally. It is connected to human neurophysiology and an ancient part of language, a natural resemblance between an object and a sign which can exist in different forms. Onomatopoeia is one example of iconic signs, an object named after the sound it produces, and according to one theory conventionalised imitations is actually the origin of language. Nevertheless, there are two main categories – language being either iconic or arbitrary. Regarding onomatopoeia, my results suggest that language is only iconic to a limited extent. English and Swedish have some common representations of animal sounds, but the languages also differ in many ways. Conventionalising seems common in both languages and many of the words in my survey have been incorporated in dictionaries, representing more than only the sound of a certain animal.

  • 352.
    Dornerus, Emma
    Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    Breaking maxims in conversation: A comparative study of how scriptwriters break maxims in Desperate Housewives and That 70’s Show2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When we converse we constantly fail to observe the rules of conversation in order to simplify and make dialogues more effective. The scriptwriters who work with TV shows use non-observances of maxims in order to evoke different feelings from their viewers. The aim of this paper was to investigate how frequently non-observances of maxims occurred in the TV shows Desperate Housewives and That 70’s Show. I examined where and why they were used as well as how often flouting was used compared to violations. The base of the study was a drama and a comedy show.

    Research has shown that the maxim of relevance is most frequently used to create different comical or dramatic situations. The scriptwriters have their characters ignore what is relevant to the situations in order to make them come off as flustered, odd and stupid in humorous situations and as mysterious, cowardly, respectful or bold in dramatic situations. Also research shows that flouting occurs more frequently than violations when it comes to breaking maxims. Violations occur most often with the maxim of quality when the characters lie to mislead in order to direct blame away from him/herself. In Conclusion, this investigation has shown that non-observances of maxims are important for scriptwriters in order to create humorous and dramatic situations in verbal interaction.

  • 353.
    Duek, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centre for Research on the Teaching and Learning of Languages and Literature.
    Kronparkska: multietniskt ungdomsspråk i Karlstad2006In: Perspektiv på lärande i språk och litteratur: CSL 2006 / [ed] Granath, S., Miliander, J., Nilsson, N-E., Thoursie S., Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2006, p. 79-93Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 354.
    Duek, Susanne
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Hjelde, Arnstein
    Högskolan i Östfold.
    Arntzen, Ragnar
    Högskolan i Östfold.
    Flerspråklig oppvekst i barnehage, förskole og skole2012Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 355.
    Dübeck, Helena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Strategies for Preserving Status Quo in George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In George Orwell's two most famous novels Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm we find a totalitarian state, and in each case there are strategies that enable these societies to stay totalitarian. The reader of today not only sees the Soviet Union when reading Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, but a large number of other totalitarian societies with similar structures and systems that exist throughout the world. A close reading of the novels shows that the strategies for the leaders in Nineteen Eighty-Four and Animal Farm to preserve the status quo include the control of media and flow of information, maintaining the class system, controlling education, creating distractions from issues that matter, being able to put the blame on a traitor, and enforcing control of people’s memory. Media is used to make the inhabitants believe that they are better off now than before, so that they will be content with what they have. Traitors and enemies are used to silence resistance and make sure that people stay in line. People’s memory is something that the leaders manipulate, even if it works in different ways in the two stories. In Animal Farm the animals just have a bad memory, and in Nineteen Eighty-Four it might be that the people have lost their ability to think critically and thus their ability to remember. Maintaining the class system and controlling education is to remain in control and minimizing the risks of another uprising. The reason why the Animal Farm becomes totalitarian is because the animals themselves looked the other way as the pigs started to take more than their fair share, which means that the responsibility of this situation is just as much the leaders as it is the peoples. The totalitarian societies in these books remain at status quo, but the message of these novels is that it can be different in real life. If we do not let things get out of hand, and if we keep on being aware of what is happening around us, we can stop this from happening.

  • 356.
    Edberg, Ylwa
    Karlstad University.
    Tecken som stöd för läs- och skrivinlärning för hörande barn.: Intervjustudie med 8 pedagoger.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to highlight the importance of sign language as a support for reading and writing of hearing students from preschool to the second year in school. An open aimed interview highlights individual experiences of the phenomena qualities. In the study there is eight teachers who work with sign language as support for reading and writing were interviewed. The study reveals that teachers agree that the evidence support literacy learning. They work with reading and writing in different ways through different activities. This study has used the literature and research available in this area. Comparisons have been made with the results of the interviews.

  • 357.
    Edgren, Elise
    Karlstad University.
    Berättelsernas begränsningar: Om västerlandets dominans i litteraturhistoriska läromedel för gymnasiet2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 358.
    Edgren, Elise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Social Expectation and Self-Expression in Virginia Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to show that the main characters in Mrs. Dalloway try to meet society’s expectations in spite of a wish to also express their true selves. I will examine how this creates a conflict within the characters and how that conflict leads to suffering and marginalization. The characters in Mrs. Dalloway have different ways of dealing with the tension between society’s expectations and their own desire for self-expression, and in my essay I suggest that this conflict constitutes the central tension of the novel, forcing the characters to find different kinds of solutions. Clarissa, Septimus and Peter are all affected by the conflict between society’s expectations and self-expression, but they find different solutions. Septimus refuses to conform to society’s expectations through ending his life, Clarissa’s solution is to conform to society’s expectations even though she desires to express her true self, and Peter’s solution is to embrace his individuality and express his true self in spite of all the negative consequences this has on his social status.

  • 359.
    Edqvist, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Att stödja elever med lässvårigheter: En kvalitativ studie kring lässvårigheter.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative study with the purpose of examining teachers’ perceptions of reading difficulties in elementary school. Furthermore, the purpose is to examine how teachers support their students based on their needs, as well as what different approaches they use to detect reading difficulties. To examine this, qualitative interviews have been performed with seven active teachers, one of them being active in elementary school. The result that emerged from the study is that there are many factors that affect students with reading difficulties. It can depend on the students not having a phonological awareness, lack of decent word decoding and/or lack of intrinsic or extrinsic motivations. Additionally, it can depend on a diagnosis, such as dyslexia, being involved. An important factor that is brought up in the study is that problems with students’ reading never look the same. Everyone’s needs are different, and it is the teachers’ duty to find a solution and support the students in their continued process of learning. Finally, another factor that has emerged through this study is the fact that a student’s reading difficulties should never come as a surprise as it ought to be the teachers aim to discover reading difficulties as early as possible.

  • 360. Edstam, Emma
    Två av de mest framträdande karaktärerna i “Jerusalem I-II” - naturens och landskapets funktioner hos Selma Lagerlöf2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 361.
    Edvardsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Topic shift and initiation from a gender perspective: A study of conversational topic shifts among second language learners of English2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies carried out by different scholars have shown that the social roles society assigns to women and men create differences in how the genders use language. However, there is little previous research in the domain of gender and topic shift or initiation. This essay aims to investigate possible gender differences in topic shift and initiation in multiparty conversation among second language learners of English in upper secondary school. The three group discussions were recorded in a classroom setting and the data collected was transcribed. The topical shifts in the transcripts were coded using the Topical Episode Analysis (TEA) and the episode shifts in each conversation were analyzed on the basis of gender distribution and type of shift. In addition, the findings of the three groups were compared and discussed. The main result of this study was that the boys initiated 100 percent more shifts than the girls. The boys took up more linguistic space and dominated the topical shifts in the conversation which indicates that gender differences in topic shift and initiation exists, a finding that is consistent with previous research within the field of gender and language. In conclusion, gender differences were found between how the girls and the boys participating in this study shifted and initiated topics. The boys initiated more shifts than the girls in the multiparty conversations.

  • 362.
    Edvinsson, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    May the Best Man Win: Non-stereotypical Masculinity in the Novel A Little Life by Hanya Yanagihara.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay, Hanya Yanagihara’s main characters from the novel A Little Life (2015) are analyzed, with the basis of gender stereotypes and with the help of Raewyn Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity. It argues that the characters in question challenge the typical gender roles in the way that they are lacking in comparison to Connell’s theory of hegemonic masculinity and are portrayed with feminine attributes. Yanagihara’s portrayal of masculinity creates a depth to the characters in questions and a more complex view of masculinity.

  • 363.
    Eggert, Björn
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Global English and Listening Materials: A Textbook Analysis2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on listening materials used in English language teaching in Sweden, especially in respect to the concept of global English. Global English could briefly be described as the linguistic, cultural, politic, and economic influence of English in the world. This influence concerns two aspects of English, namely the usage of English as a lingua franca in international communications, as well as the great range of English varieties that are used today. The purpose of this research is to study how varied listening materials are and how, when and why they are used in the classrooms. I conducted a two-part investigation to study these matters. The first part of the investigation focuses on teachers’ usage of listening materials and is based on a questionnaire handed out to five teachers. I found that the teachers varied much in their usage of listening materials. In the second part of the investigation I compare the listening materials provided by two Swedish textbooks on English, one from 1994 and one from 2003. Here I focus on the speakers’ varieties, rate of delivery, and instructions given for listening exercises. I found that both books featured a majority of speakers from the British Isles and America, and very few non-native speakers. The more recent book featured a larger degree of varieties outside the areas of Britain and the USA, as well as a larger degree of American English when dividing the varieties by the time these were spoken. RP (Received Pronunciation) and GA (General American) were also less dominating in the textbook from 2003. The rate of delivery was generally slower in the older textbook. The results from this investigation suggest that some changes seem to have occurred between the publishing of the two books. However, a focus on English as a lingua franca, where the aim is proficiency in efficient cross cultural communication rather than in the English spoken by native speakers,  does not seem to have influenced the textbooks studied here. It is difficult to appreciate whether or not changes like these have taken hold in Swedish classrooms, as teachers use many different listening materials and in many different ways.

     

  • 364.
    Ehne, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Good and Evil in The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe and Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe and Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone are two novels that are quite different but both contain strong elements of good and evil. In this essay I will look at a collection of characters from each novel and chart their affinities towards either good or evil. By doing so I will also look at the differences and similarities in how good and evil is presented in the novels. Thus, I will show the different types of good and different ways of evil that are present, as well as compare the ways they are presented. My argument is that good and evil form a simpler dichotomy in Lion, where they are presented in a more black and white manner, while the two concepts are described in a more complex way in Philosopher's Stone as matters there are more shaded.

  • 365.
    Ehrndal, Natasha
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Femmes, révolution et effets comiques dans le Mariage de Figaro de Beaumarchais2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 366.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Schools transforming multilinguals into illiterates?2012Other (Refereed)
  • 367.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Bilingualism: Myths and Realities2013In: The MLTAQ Journal – A journal of professional current practice and research for language teachers, ISSN 1327-7782, Vol. 158, no Dec, p. 3-7Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 368.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Brush It Up: On-line resources for fostering independent learning2016In: Proceedings of the 2016 International Conference on Educational Innovation through Technology (EITT 2016), New York: IEEE, 2016, p. 143-148Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As Australian universities are increasingly pressured into attracting participation of groups previously underrepresented in the higher education system, the need to support these cohorts of students becomes more evident. This paper describes an online resource developed by members of the Linguistics team at Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia, to engage students with disciplinary knowledge, provide opportunities for independent and/or small group practice, test their understanding of materials covered in the lectures, self- evaluate their work, conduct exam revisions, and overall scaffold the learning process, fostering independent learning and self- reliance. While reporting on students’ perceptions of this resource, we finish the paper with a word of caution about the effectiveness on online learning in university settings.

  • 369.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University.
    Raising bilingual children: Options and tips2014Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 370.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Reaching out to migrant and refugee communities to support home language maintenance2019In: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522, Vol. 22, no 5, p. 564-575Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Migrant and refugee parents considering raising their children in their non-mainstream home language often fear that this decision may impact negatively on their children’s English language ability and thus affect their academic prospects. The lack of institutional support for home languages in the Australian school system, and the well-intentioned but misguided advice parents may receive to switch to the mainstream language in family interactions reinforce parents’ doubts. To assuage parents’ concerns and assist them in making an informed decision most appropriate for their family circumstances, we developed and delivered free workshops on bilingual upbringing. We also trained bilingual facilitators who adapted the workshops culturally and linguistically and conducted these in their own communities. This paper discusses these workshops, the feedback received, our observations, and lessons learned.

  • 371.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University.
    Schalley, Andrea C.Griffith University.Guillemin, DianaGriffith University.
    Multilingualism and Literacy: Attitudes and Policies2015Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 372.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguist, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguistics, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguist, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Multilingualism and literacy: attitudes and policies INTRODUCTION2015In: International Journal of Multilingualism, ISSN 1479-0718, E-ISSN 1747-7530, Vol. 12, no 2, p. 151-161Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 373.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Guillemin, Diana
    Griffith University, Australia.
    The importance of literacy in the home language: The view from Australia2013In: SAGE Open, ISSN 2158-2440, E-ISSN 2158-2440, Vol. 3, no 4, p. 1-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While advantages of literacy in the home language have been widely documented, the Australian education system has not been proactive in providing institutional support for its development. This paper investigates the impact of (il)literacy in the home language on the academic, affective, and social development of bilingual/multilingual children and proposes principles that home-language-literacy programs should meet to be effective. It discusses programs that, although designed to develop literacy or second-language proficiency mainly in classroom contexts, could be easily adapted to address the needs of the linguistically and culturally diverse Australian context. We argue that the cost of not investing in successful homelanguage-literacy programs will be higher in the long run than their implementation costs and recommend that Australia should consider supporting grassroots home-language-literacy programs in a push to improve overall literacy outcomes for Australian home-language speakers. © The Author(s) 2013.

  • 374.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguistics, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia..
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith Univ, Sch Languages & Linguistics, Nathan, Qld 4111, Australia.
    Moyes, Gordon
    Griffith Univ, Griffith Film School, Australia.
    Play to learn: Self-directed home language literacy acquisition through online games2016In: International Journal of Bilingual Education and Bilingualism, ISSN 1367-0050, E-ISSN 1747-7522, Vol. 19, no 2, p. 136-152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Home language literacy education in Australia has been pursued predominantly through Community Language Schools. At present, some 1000 of these, attended by over 100,000 school-age children, cater for 69 of the over 300 languages spoken in Australia. Despite good intentions, these schools face a number of challenges. For instance, children may lack motivation and perceive after-hours schooling as an unnecessary burden. Trained teachers and suitable teaching materials are often not available. Moreover, not every language can be offered in each city or region. Hence, home language speakers’ needs are often not met. This situation has detrimental effects for children, families and communities, and entails a loss of opportunities for the country. Reporting on an alternative approach, this paper presents a pilot study conducted in Australia with English–German bilinguals. We sought to investigate whether primary school-aged children can self-direct their home language literacy acquisition through playing online educational games in the privacy of their homes and with little adult input. Results indicate that the games can be effective in promoting emergent literacy development. Thus, such a grassroots approach could become a viable option for multilingual societies, addressing some of the practical challenges faced by, for instance, Community Language Schools.

  • 375.
    Eisenchlas, Susana A.
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Qi, Grace Yue
    Massey University, New Zealand.
    Tsai, Pei-Shu
    National Changhua University of Education, Taiwan.
    Home and away – Implications of short-term sojourning of young Australian bilinguals2019In: Lingua, ISSN 0024-3841, E-ISSN 1872-6135Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the transnational experiences of young Taiwanese-background children living in Australia, who sojourn to their parents’ homeland during the school holidays to improve their linguistic and cultural skills, as reported by their mothers. Although this appears to be a frequent practice in the Taiwanese diaspora, showcasing the agency of this community, little research has systematically investigated this practice, and in particular its impact on the children and their families. Data for this study were obtained through online questionnaires and semi-structured interviews with mothers who engage in this practice, to gather information on family histories and participants’ backgrounds, family language policies, and parents’ perceptions of children's experiences and challenges. The data show that parents aim to enhance their children's proficiency levels in the home language as well as their Taiwanese identity. Children, however, take an agentive role with regard to identity choices, so parents’ aims are not always fulfilled. Sojourning is presented as a clear example not only of enacted family language policy, but also as an explicit management practice, positioning the Taiwanese diaspora within both their new as well as their old homeland.

  • 376.
    Ek, Jennie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Det var en gång...: Ett arbete om barns estetiska lärprocessers befruktning av barns tidiga läs- och skriv inlärning2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete handlar om hur estetiska lärprocesser kan befrukta barns tidiga läs- och skrivinlärning. Läs- och skrivinlärning är prioriterade mål i skolan och i läroplanen kan man läsa att undervisningen ska bygga på integrering av kunskap i olika former och lust, nyfikenhet och utforskande ska utgöra grunden. Jag tror att estetiska lärprocesser kan gynna de flesta elever och jag ville undersöka hur denna processer kan befrukta läs- och skrivinlärning.

    Min problemformulering är således: Hur kan estetiska lärprocesser befrukta barns tidiga läs- och skrivinlärning?

    Arbetet grundar sig på litteraturstudier och fyra intervjuer av vilka två av de intervjuade var förskollärare, en grundskollärare och en lärarutbildare.

    Resultatet av min undersökning visar att estetiska lärprocesser befruktar den tidiga läs- och skrivinlärningen, främst genom att det skapar trygghet och ger barnet självförtroende och därmed gynnas också också barnets läs- och skrivinlärning. Genom undersökning ser vi också att samtliga respondenter upplever att i estetiska lärprocesser skapas lust, vilket i sin tur leder till en gynnsam inlärningssituation. Alla som deltog i undersökningen är odelat positiva till estetiska lärprocesser och att dessa kan befrukta den tidiga läs- och skrivinlärningen.

  • 377.
    Ekberg, Amanda
    Karlstad University.
    Vilhelm Mobergs Utvandrarna: en litterär skildring av Platons idélära?: En idéhistorisk läsning av Utvandrarna genom intertextuell metod2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 378.
    Ekelund, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Grammatik och språkorientering på grundskolan2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The debate on grammar has been on the agenda for thousands of years. Several different arguments and theories have been used in order to explain the importance of grammar in school. Some newer arguments have been added, while others have stayed, either in their original version, or in a modernised one.

    This essay aims to clarify the role grammar play in school. In order to do that we have looked into its history, the curriculum, modern research and interviews made with active teachers.

    The results of the literary studies, the studies of the curriculum and the field studies show that the very presence of grammar in school is disputed. The curriculum of today speaks of an orientation in language, with grammar as a part of it, based on the students’ own language. This way of thinking is also visible in modern research. The field studies, on the other hand, show a more conservative view. The teachers that were interviewed for this essay were unfamiliar with the exact content of the curriculum and tended to teach based on old arguments and ways of thinking. The fact that modern research shows the disadvantages of traditional education in grammar is something that the interviewed teachers seem to be unaware of. Modern studies of grammar adapted to the language of the students’ demand an effort from the teachers as the teaching aids are not adapted to this way of thinking. One solution to this problem ought to be further training of the teachers, so that these get a fair opportunity to be up to date with newer research.

  • 379.
    Eklind, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Du taLar så illavåLet vart ä' du vårpen?": En didaktisk idé om kontrastiv undervisning2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The essay examines how language and dialect, relates to identity, and the direction of language change within a local dialect, Torsömålet, from 1950 to 2000. In addition, the essay discusses how language teaching can promote language proficiency, and identity. Results show that language is closely related to one´s identity through the socialization process, and therefore these cannot be separated. Furthermore, results show that the local dialect has gone through changes in all observed variables, which are language change related to time, language and sex, and language and age. As a result from these conclusions language teaching is suggested to illuminate all varieties of a language to support the development of language proficiency as well as identity. This language teaching, called contrastive teaching, is a methodology that has potential to promote both language proficiency, and the identity process. Furthermore contrastive language teaching also gives students the opportunity to learn more about local culture and history. Research, the national curriculum, and the syllabus support contrastive language teaching.

     

     

  • 380.
    Eklund, Sarah
    Karlstad University.
    Våldskildringar och skräckel: En tematisk läsning av Magnus Dahlströms roman Fyr2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 381.
    Eklöf, Tobias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    The Code of the Hero: in Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The Code of the Hero in Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea

    Author: Tobias Eklöf

    English C, 2006

    Abstract: By examining the depiction of Santiago, his actions, life style and role models as well as his close relation to the author I show how he grows from an old worn out man into a true hero by following a particular stance towards life; a code. The protagonist's approach to life and being put to the supreme test of overcoming bad luck, through the struggle with the marlin, creates a hero. In addition, the depiction of Santiago in terms of undefeated nature adds to his heroic proportions. The adversity of old age and the recent bad luck force the old man to challenge and defend his claimed championship. By catching and killing the ultimate opponent he recovers his selfhood. As I will show, there are two important role models providing the old man with strength and endurance during his battles. Joe DiMaggio gives the old man courage and stands as a symbol for the right way of living, a man who defied pain to achieve greatness. The boy Manolin provides the old man with strength as he plays the role of the observer, Santiago's audience. The boy is also the inheritor of the mastership, given by the protagonist. Both Joe DiMaggio and the boy Manolin fit Santiago's code and are therefore a direct source of inspiration. The results of Santiago's actions, of living according to his code, are illustrated through the ultimate sacrifice: crucifixion. The protagonist follows his code right to the very end, and is therefore undefeated, though facing physical defeat (loosing the fish to the sharks). The parallel between the old man and Christ's passion is created as a symbol for the inevitable; we are all going to die, what matters is how we live the life we are given. Christ never abandoned his belief and he eventually was crucified. Santiago chooses to stick to his code, and confront death with grace.

  • 382.
    Ekström, Victoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Att läsa med mer än ögonen: Olika förhållningssätt till läsning2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet behandlar olika läsarter som efferent och estetisk läsning, samt de expressivistiska, kognitivistiska och sociokulturella förhållningssätten till det lästa. Bakgrunden diskuterar också den litterära upplevelsen och kreativ läsning. Undersökningarna baserar sig på frågeställningen: Har pojkar lättare för att ta till sig en facktext än flickor och har flickorna i sin tur lättare för att ta till sig en skönlitterär text? Resultaten redovisas i diagram och följs sedan av en diskussion. Mina slutsatser från analysen av mina resultat visar att pojkar och flickor attraheras av olika faktorer i texten – som facktermer och känslor. Men oavsett faktorer så behöver pojkar och flickor möta många texter av olika karaktärsdrag.

  • 383.
    Elander, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Naturen iklädd Kultur: En studie av naturen som litterärt tema i fyra diktsamlingar av Lotta Lotass2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine nature as a literary theme in four collections of poetry by the Swedish author Lotta Lotass in an attempt to understand what deeper meaning and significance nature brings to the poems. The four works are Redwood, Hemvist, Kraftverk and Nya dikter. I have chosen two poems from each work which menas I focus primarily at eight selected poems. A comparison between these poems is also made in an attempt to both widen and deepen the analysis. This means my study is based on what kind of message or meaning nature as a theme has within these poems. Furthermore I have chosen ecocriticism as my theoretical tool. This perspective is used in my analysis as a way to explore the two concepts of nature and culture and to take a closer look at what meaning they bring to both nature as a literary theme and to the interpretation of the poems content. I argue that the anthropocentric perspective is visible in Lotass poems as a way of questioning the relationship between these two concepts and to show their arbitrary basis. I also suggest that both the terms human, culture and nature and the limits that surround them are being explored and investigated in the poems by Lotass in an ambiguously and multi-layered way. There is no clear definition of neither of these terms and that's what makes them so intriguing and adds a special underlying nerve to the poems and their meaning.

  • 384.
    Eliasson, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    "Klä på er så går vi ut": En studie om olika typer samt strategier av och kring samtal i förskolans tambur2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how teachers out in the operations are using everyday situations in the hall to promote childrens language development. To investigate this purpose, this study will go through two issues. 1. What strategies has the pre-school teachers to take advantage of the talks with the children when they are in the hall? 2. What type of conversations can be seen in the hall?

     

    The theory underlying this study is Lev Vygotsky's theories of language development, interplay and interactions. The empirical data for this study was conducted through observation of educators in routine situations in the hall in the preeschools, in two different preeschools. The analysis of the data collected shows that the linguistic and communicative interaction between children and adults vary at different preschools. On one of the preschools that was observed, did interaction between adults and children largely consisted of short commands and reprimands. While observations on the second preeschools showed more how educators were more indicative of the kind where they used their own language skills to help children understand their world through the linguistic terms and constructing sentences.

     

    The study shows that there is an awareness of language and language in routine situations to some extent, but this is something you can continue to work and develop more in preschool.

  • 385.
    Elmén, Isak
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Pictures as an aesthetical tool in English language teaching: An experimental study2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This explorative qualitative case study aims at finding out about the impact of pictures as an aesthetical tool in English language teaching, through an experiment in the English classroom. Aesthetical tools are here defined as tools through which one can reach a stronger experience and improve learning. The independent variable in the experiment was a picture assignment and the dependent variable was a Chinese high school class and their teacher in English. After having done the experiment, the research questions were answered through a student questionnaire and an interview with the teacher. The study is based on Dewey’s theory of an experience (Dewey 1934) which is about the benefits of aesthetical experiences, and six themes of aesthetical experience provided by Uhrmacher (2009) meant to make education into such an experience. A majority of the subjects responded positively to the experiment, and the assignment seemed to be able to implement Uhrmacher’s six themes, at least to a certain extent. The claims of earlier findings are also echoed in this study.

  • 386.
    Enarsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    New Blends in the English Language2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Titel: New Blends in the English Language

    Författare: Anna Enarsson

    Antal sidor: 29

    Abstract: The aim of this essay was to identify new blends that have entered the English language. Firstly six different word-formation processes, including blending, was described. Those were compounding, clipping, backformation, acronyming, derivation and blending. The investigation was done by using a list of blends from Wikipedia. The words were looked up in the Longman dictionary of 2005 and in a dictionary online. A google search and a corpus investigation were also conducted. The investigation suggested that most of the blends were made by clipping and the second most common form was clipping and overlapping. Blends with only overlapping was unusual and accounted for only three percent. The investigation also suggested that the most common way to create blends by clipping was to use the first part of the first word and the last part of the second word. The blends were not only investigated according to their structure but also according to the domains they occur in. This part of the investigation suggested that the blends were most frequent in the technical domain, but also in the domain of society

  • 387.
    Eneroth, Filip
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    “Ooooh, so strong”: Ironic Responses to Donald Trump’s Presidential Tweets2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After Donald Trump won the presidency, his use of social media has gotten massive attention because of its incredibly inappropriate content. Many people question how appropriate his use of Twitter is, and in the linguistic field prominent voices point out that the former businessman does not have the skills to speak; he only talks (McWhorter, 2017). As America’s President with views of his own about worldly events, it is of special interest to see how people interact with him online. Because of the low 39% approval rating, one can assume that many disagree with him, possibly in a way involving irony. One sub-type of irony is described as “the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning” (Merriam-Webster, 2018), and it is reasonable to assume that some responses to Trump’s tweets use irony to present an alternative view of his actions or opinions. The study sets out to find replies to Trump’s tweets that are ironic and identify if they correspond to earlier developed theories of irony. The replies are examined to determine which of Grice’s maxims of conversation that is flouted the most. The data included 337 replies of which 78 (23%) were shown to follow an ironical pattern, mostly in order to ridicule and condemn Trump. 88 % of all comments disagree with Trump’s tweets. The most applicable theory of irony is the echoic interpretation theory by Wilson and Sperber, and the most flouted maxim is relevance.

  • 388.
    Eng, Ann-Christine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Flanörromanen vid sekelskifte-och millennieskifte: En jämförande studie2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Johan Klings debutroman Människor helt utan betydelse har fått epitetet flanörroman i många artiklar och recensioner. Den är, i likhet med Hjalmar Söderbergs flanörroman Förvillelser, hans debutroman. Klings bok utspelar sig vid millennieskiftet, Söderbergs vid sekelskiftet. Detta väckte ett intresse hos mig och de frågor som kom upp var vad som definierar en flanörroman som genre och om det var en tillfällighet att flanörromanen dyker upp igen efter 100 år. En annan fråga som kom upp var vilka skillnaderna och likheterna skulle kunna vara. Mitt syfte med uppsatsen har därför varit att göra en komparativ uppsats där jag noggrant har läst de båda romanerna. Jag har också gjort en narratologisk jämförelse av de båda texterna. För att få en bra underbyggnad har jag läst in mig på tidigare forskning om flanörromaner och böcker om litteraturanalys. Jag har också tagit del av tidningsartiklar som berör framförallt Klings roman. Denna undersökning visar på att det finns vissa likheter mellan böckerna, men att det är väldigt mycket som skiljer dem åt, dels narratologiskt, dels de samhällen de båda flanörerna verkar i. Det skiljer trots allt 100 år mellan dem. Undersökningen har lett fram till att millennieflanörens ångestfyllda vandring på stadens gator inte nämnvärt kan jämföras med den levnadsglade och nyfikne sekelskiftesflanören. De ingående miljöbeskrivningar som Söderberg gör är i Klings bok till stor del utbytta mot huvudkaraktärens noggranna beskrivning av de människor han träffar. Deras historia bakåt och vilket slags människor de är idag.

  • 389.
    Englund, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Astrid Lindgren och hennes flickor: En kvalitativ analys av flickkaraktärer i Astrid Lindgrens fiktiva värld2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    If we look at the world around us with a critical glance from a gender perspective we often notice that there are expectations of children because of norms, not least for the girls. This is widely used also in fiction and this shaped my wish that with this study examining girls in fictional roles. The author Astrid Lindgren has in her literature often one or more girls in prominent roles why my choice fell on to take a closer look at and analyze a few of these.

    The aim with this study has been to analyze selected girls' characters and stories by Astrid Lindgren. As a method for my study I have used a broad qualitative analysis from a gender perspective which created the conditions needed to provide answers to the work's questions about the characters and its similarities-and differences. What I found was that, even though they were written on different occasions over a forty-year-long period, the characters had a lot in common. Some of the common qualities between the characters were strength, skills and a willingness to do good. Which can therefore be assumed to have been important qualities to Astrid Lindgren.

     

  • 390.
    Engqvist, Pontus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Does playing video games have an effect on English vocabulary acquisition?: The correlation between English vocabulary acquisition and the playing of video games in ninth grade learners of English in Sweden2019Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There have been many different studies done around the subject of Extramural English, where researchers Sundqvist and Sylvén (2012) have drawn the conclusion that there is a correlation between video games and learners of English improving upon their English vocabulary. This study focuses time spent on whether or not playing video games for an extended amount of time will help with a student’s English vocabulary. This was done by having the students answer a demographic questionnaire in which they answer whether or not they regularly play video games, and answers approximately how many hours a week they do play. The study is looking for a correlation between improved vocabulary scores and longer periods of time spent playing video games every week.

    The study also looks into specific vocabulary that is commonly found in video games and compares different groups which have spent different amounts of time each week playing video games. Do video games help a learner’s English vocabulary and if so, does an increased amount of time spent on playing video games correlate to a higher score on the vocabulary tests, and do students who plays video games have an easier time with some of the specific vocabulary? The study found that there is indeed a correlation and that if a student spends time playing video games their English vocabulary proficiency will most likely increase as well. A student who spends more than ten hours a week on playing video games had higher average scores than those who played less than ten hours a week. Incidentally the students who did not play video games at all had the lowest average scores in the vocabulary tests. Lastly students who spent time playing video games had an easier time answering the questions relating to words that are commonly used in video games.

  • 391.
    Engvall, Cecilia
    Karlstad University. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    A study of the VAKT learning styles and their importance for Swedish EFL students2009Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a paper about Swedish upper secondary students’ awareness of the four learning styles in the acronym VAKT (visual, auditory, kinesthetic and tactile) and whether they are important for getting a certain grade in English. In my study I investigate learning styles of students of English as a second language at upper secondary school in Sweden. I also investigate the students’ awareness of their own learning style and to what extent they feel that all learning styles are represented in their classrooms. My results show that learning styles are of some importance and should be mentioned in teacher education today. This essay also brings up motivation and a discussion on how the VAKT learning styles and similar learning styles can help students feel motivated in and outside the classroom. There are also results on how students see their own use of English in their future and what their goals with learning English are.

  • 392.
    Ericsson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Dialekter är charmiga": Hagforselevers syn på sin egen och andras dialekter- en enkätstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 393.
    Ericsson, Ulrika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University. Karlstad University.
    Läsinlärningsmetoder 1950-2010: Learning to read methods 1950-20102010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 394.
    Eriksson, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Conflicted Interruptions: A Narratological Study of Art Spiegelman’s The Complete Maus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Art Spiegelman’s graphic novel The Complete Maus comments on the heavy legacy imposed by World War II and the Holocaust upon heirs of survivors as it depicts the relationship between father and son, as well as the experiences of the Jewish father. Using narratology as a theoretical lens this essay analyzes the narrative workings in Maus. Specifically the focus is on pointing out and examining different types of narrative breaches that seem to create or enhance a sense of conflict within the narrative; these conflicts in turn affect reader sympathy. The analysis also raises questions about the portrayal of Holocaust survival and identity issues. While Maus clarifies certain aspects of the Holocaust experience, it complicates other aspects. Interaction between the past and the present is a central feature throughout the novel, both visually and textually. The narrative throws the reader back and forth between storylines, events and personal encounters as it elicits a constant interaction between the text and the reader. This interaction helps to build tension as reader sympathy shifts between characters, and possibly contributes to make readers more susceptible to themes and implied messages in Maus. 

  • 395.
    Eriksson, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Using the F-measure to test formality in sports reporting: A comparison of the language used in soccer and horse polo articles in two British newspapers2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates the formality level of the language used in twenty articles from two sports that seem to cater to different social classes (soccer and horse polo). The articles that serve as the data were published in two different types of British newspapers, one broadsheet (The Daily Telegraph) and one tabloid (The Daily Express) from September 2010 through November 2017. The study uses a quantitative method by means of the F-measure, and a qualitative analysis of two articles whose results deviate from the rest. The quantitative results show that there is a difference in formality in sports articles on the two sports soccer and horse polo, where articles on polo score higher on the F-measure in both newspapers. Most articles on horse polo follow the pattern of the informational production with features like a high ratio of nouns, pronouns, long words, and adjectives often found in academic papers and legal documents etc. Articles on soccer follow the involved production, characterized by a high ratio of verbs, adverbs, pronouns, and WH-questions often found in spoken interaction. The qualitative analysis shows that the article on soccer which has a much higher F-score than the rest is an informative article on the price of season tickets, and that the polo article with a very low Fscore contained a lot of quoted speech.

  • 396.
    Eriksson Hökenström, Angelika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Språkhistorisk medvetenhet och dess möjligheter i svenskämnet: En dokumentstudie om hur språkhistoria förmedlas i tre samtida läroböcker för kursen svenska 3 på gymnasiet.2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay have been written with hope in contributing with knowledge about what students are expected and what they can absorb through the teaching of the Swedish language history. The study has been done through a document study of three modern textbooks for the Swedish course 3 intended for high school. The purpose of the study has been to investigate the extent to which textbooks enable language-historical awareness. To answer this, the main focus has been on finding out how well the textbooks apply the concept and how they justify the usefulness in language history. 

    The theoretical approach is based on Jonathan Pettersson's thoughts of that the teaching of language history can contribute to the students developing a language-historical awareness. This means that the student can put the language history in relation to current issues in his or her contemporary and future, in order to build up an approach to themselves and their surroundings as language creatures. 

    The study has shown that the textbooks succeed in applying the concept of language-historical consciousness to a great extent, by achieving different conditions for developing a language-historical consciousness. What is useful in the language-historical subject on the other hand is not something that is clearly justified in the textbooks, which confirms the earlier research's thoughts that there are uncertainties within this question. The lack of justification also reflects the current curricula of Swedish that only states that they should develop knowledge in the origin of the Swedish language. To sum up, the study therefore indicates that the textbooks enable the development of language-historical awareness. In a larger perspective, the study therefore suggests that there are good opportunities for the concept of language-historical awareness to be included in the Swedish history language, but that it is still necessary for major research to start to take an interest in the issue in order to shed more light on the research problem. This is also necessary in order to enable a possible change in the curricula in the future. 

  • 397.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Grönvall, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Johansson, Annelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Grammatik i teori och lärande praktik: Från förskoleklass till åk 32013 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 398.
    Eriksson, Jessica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Grönvall, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Svenska språket.
    Johansson, Annelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Kreativ grammatikundervisning: från förskoleklass till åk 62017 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Huvudsyftet med Kreativ Grammatikundervisning är att både ge studenter på förskollärar- och lärarprogrammen (F-6) samt verksamma pedagoger nödvändiga ämneskunskaper och samtidigt visa hur man kan arbeta med grammatik på ett kreativt och inspirerande sätt. 

  • 399.
    Eriksson, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Division for Educational Sciences.
    Sex pojkars inställning till litteratur och läsning: En jämförelse mellan ett teoretiskt och ett yrkesförberedande program2003Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har i detta examensarbete valt att göra en kvalitativ undersökning. Syftet med denna undersökning är att se hur inställningen till litteratur och läsning ser ut hos pojkar på ett teoretiskt- och ett yrkesförberedandeprogram och att göra en jämförelse dem emellan.    Sex elever har slumpmässigt valts ut och intervjuats, tre från respektive program, de sex eleverna går första året på gymnasiet. Varje intervjuperson presenteras och analyseras i arbetet.   Av intervjuerna framkom det att skillnaderna mellan de två programmen är mycket små. I den yrkesförberedande klassen fann jag den enda icke-läsaren men också en riktig bokslukare, en riktigt inbiten läsare. Överlag visar resultatet att fritidsläsningen har minskat sedan högstadietiden hos pojkarna från båda programmen och att fritidsläsningen skiljer sig från den litteratur skolan förmedlar

  • 400.
    Eriksson, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    "Dom flästa lärare behöver lära sig mer om datorer": En studie om lärares och elevers attityder till datoranvändning i svenskundervisningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här uppsatsen har till syfte att undersöka elevers och lärares attityder till att använda datorn som pedagogiskt verktyg. Undersökningen bygger på en enkätundersökning riktad till elever i årskurs sex, sju och nio samt en enkätundersökning riktad till lärare oavsett undervisningsämne på skolan. I undersökningen ingår också intervjuer med fem verksamma svensklärare på samma skola. Genom intervjuerna förtydligades lärarnas åsikter kring datoranvändning i svenskundervisningen.

    Uppsatsen syftar också till att undersöka hur lärarna använder datorn och internet i undervisningen samt hur lärarna använder sig av datorn för att underlätta svenskämnet.

    Enkäterna visar en positiv syn till datoranvändning både från elever och lärare men både elever och lärare poängterar att det inte enbart är en fördel att använda datorn men att det i många fall kan underlätta lärandet och undervisningen. Genom enkätundersökningen och genom kompletterande intervjuer med svensklärarna menar många lärare att det ofta är krångligt och tidsödande att använda datorer i undervisningen i dagsläget medan eleverna anser att de borde få använda datorerna mer. Både elever och lärare är positiva till tanken att eleverna i framtiden ska ha var sin dator. Lärarnas attityder till datoranvändningen är varierande och en del är mycket positiva till utvecklingen medan andra är rädda för att den nya tekniken ska ta över och därmed ersätta penna, papper och böcker. 

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