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  • 351.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Olsson, Lars E
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, T
    Ettema, D
    Travel and Subjective Well-Being2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 352.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Olsson, Lars E
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, T
    Gamble, A
    Bergstad Jakobsson, C
    Ettema, D
    Car-use, Satisfaction with Travel and Subjective Well-Being2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 353.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Olsson, Lars E
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Jakobsson Bergstad, C
    Gamble, A
    Hagman, O
    Polk, M
    Gärling, T
    Ettema, D
    Impacts of Routine Out-of-Home Activities on Subjective Well-Being2010Report (Refereed)
  • 354.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Ståhl, Michael
    Karlstad University.
    Ettema, Dick
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Travel and residual emotional well-being2017In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 49, p. 159-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the question of how work commutes change positive versus negative and active versus passive mood experienced after the commutes. Analyses are presented for 230 time-sampled morning commutes to work, made by 146 randomly sampled people in three different Swedish cities, asking them to use smartphones to report mood before, directly after, and later in the work place after the commute. The results show that selfreported positive emotional responses evoked by critical incidents are related to mood changes directly after the commute but not later in the day. It is also shown that satisfaction with the commute, measured retrospectively, is related to travel mode, travel time, as well as both positive and negative emotional responses to critical incidents.

  • 355.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Olsson, Lars E
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Suzuki, H
    Fujii, S
    Kitagawa, S
    Nakai, S
    Gärling, T
    Eriksson, L
    Ettema, D
    The relationship between subjective well-being and satisfaction with daily travel2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 356.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Waygood, E.O.D
    Mitra, R
    Transportation and Children’s Wellbeing: Future directions2019In: Transportation and Children's Well-Being / [ed] Owen Waygood, Margareta Friman, Lars Olsson & Raktim Mitra ., Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2019Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 357.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Pedersen, Tore
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Feasibility of Voluntary Reduction of Private Car Use2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many countries are today facing substantial environmental and societal costs of private car use such as congestion, noise, and air pollution. Transport authorities therefore implement various policy measures that aim to modify or reduce private car use. These are generally referred to as Travel Demand Management (TDM) measures.

    In this research report we propose a classification of the various TDM-measures, encompassing the specific characteristics of each, how the various measures may be distinguished from each other and to what extent they may interact, as well as how effective they are in modifying or reducing private car use.

    A theoretical framework is proposed next, to account for how the TDM measures impact on car users’ change in travel behaviour. The theoretical framework posits that, if a change goal is set, it is followed by forming plans to attain the set goal (e.g., to change from using the car to using alternative modes). A principle of cost-minimization is proposed that describes how car users incrementally implement plans to achieve their set goals.

    A review of voluntary travel-behavior change (VTBC) programs shows that in general the VTBC-related TDM measures are effective. Yet, it is still unclear whether these positive effects are long-term. Furthermore, the positive effects are apparently only observed for motivated (and self-selected) participants and not even necessarily for all of them unless some facilitating conditions are fulfilled. However, the VTBC measures meet with higher public acceptance, are politically feasible, and cost-effective.

    It is argued that more research is needed to answer the questions of when and why VTBC measures work, wherein also a closer investigation into which individual and situational factors it is that generates the positive effect.

  • 358.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Pedersen, Tore
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Affective Forecasting: Improving Habitual Car Users' Predictions about Future Satisfaction with Public Transport2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 359.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Pedersen, Tore
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Consumers Reluctance to Use Public Services: Effects of a Defocusing Technique on Car Users Predictions of Future Satisfaction with Public Transport2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 360.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Pedersen, Tore
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Effect of Critical Incidents on Car Users' Predicted Satisfaction with Public Transport2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 361.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Pedersen, Tore
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of a Trial Passenger Project on Habitual Car Users' Capacity to make a Permanent Travel Mode Shift towards Public Transport Use2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 362.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Pedersen, Tore
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Facilitating Sustainable Practice: Long-Term Effects of a Trial Passenger Project on Habitual Car Users' Frequency of Public Transport Use2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 363.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Richter, J
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Review of Implementations of Soft Transport Policy Measures2010In: Transportation: Theory and Application, ISSN 1946-3111, E-ISSN 1946-3111, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 5-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 364.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Rosenbaum, Mark
    University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA .
    Otterbring, Tobias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Department of Management/MAPP, Aarhus University, Denmark.
    The relationship between exchanged resources and loyalty intentions2019In: Service Industries Journal, ISSN 0264-2069, E-ISSN 1743-9507Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    his research aims to revive the applicability of the exchange concept in the marketing domain. The authors draw on current exchange theories to show how members of an aquatic center receive relational, social support, and restorative resources from other center members and employees. They then empirically demonstrate that members’ loyalty to the center is fueled by the resources they receive from others in the center and that their experience in the center mediates the relationship between exchanged resources and member loyalty. This research reveals that service organizations may foster person-place bonds by providing customers with resources over and above goods and services. Customers appreciate resources that transform their well-being, such as social support and natural, restorative resources, and they demonstrate loyalty to places where they can obtain therapeutic resources. From a theoretical standpoint, this work shows support for the notion that the exchange concept is a foundational aspect of a general theory of marketing and explains how the exchange and value concepts in marketing are linked together.

  • 365.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Wahlund, B
    Kritiska händelser en outsinlig källa för förbättrad tjänstekvalitet1997Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 366.
    Friman, Margareta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Westman, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Children’s Life Satisfaction and Satisfaction with School Travel2018In: Child Indicators Research, ISSN 1874-897X, E-ISSN 1874-8988, Vol. 12, no 4, p. 1319-1332Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand children’s experiences of their daily travel, and the consequences of these experiences, it is essential that we directly address children. The Satisfaction with Travel Scale (STS) is a self-report instrument consisting of nine items divided into three subscales – two reflecting affective travel experiences and one reflecting cognitive travel experiences. The present study has two aims: (i) to examine the psychometric properties of a child version of the STS (referred to as the STS-C), and (ii) to test a potentially positive relationship between travel satisfaction and life satisfaction among children, something which has been found among adults. Three hundred and forty-five children completed the STS-C, life satisfaction scales, and sociodemographic variables. Analyses using Partial Least Square structural equation modelling revealed that the STS-C was internally reliable, had a sound construct validity, and confirmed a one-factor second-order measurement model with three first-order constructs (subscales). Furthermore, children’s satisfaction with school travel was also significantly related to their life satisfaction as measured by their satisfaction with: themselves, school experiences, friendships, family, and living environment. The relationship between travel satisfaction and life satisfaction varied between modes, whereby it was stronger among those who traveled by active modes than those who traveled by school bus or car. Younger children and boys were more satisfied with their travel to school, something which also had an indirect effect on their life satisfaction.

  • 367. Friman, Y.
    et al.
    Johansson-Hidén, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    En processorienterad tandhygienistutbildning integrerad i Folktandvårdens verksamhet: Utvärdering av en uppdragsutbildning2002Report (Other academic)
  • 368. Friman, Y.
    et al.
    Johansson-Hidén, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    En processorienterad utbildning integrerad i Folktandvårdens verksamhet. Utvärdering av en uppdragsutbildning. Beställd av Karlstads universitet och Folktandvården i Värmland2002Report (Other academic)
  • 369.
    Friman, Yvonne
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Kommunikationsrädsla hos programstuderande vid Karlstads universitet2001Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 370.
    Fujii, Satoshi
    et al.
    Department of Civil Engineering , Tokyo Institute of Technology , Japan.
    Bamberg, Sebastian
    Department of Psychology , University of Giessen , Germany.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Department of Psychology , University of Gothenburg.
    Are Effects of Travel Feedback Programs Correctly Assessed?2009In: Transportmetrica, ISSN 1812-8602, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 43-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 371. Fujii, Satoshi
    et al.
    Suzuki, Haruna
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Olsson, E Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Ettema, Dick
    How satisfaction with work commute differs among Sweden, Netherland and Japan?2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We have developed satisfaction with travel scale in previous research. The ratings on the scales were aggregated to index measures of two affective (stressed versus relaxed, alert versus sleepy) and one cognitive (high versus low standard) satisfaction component. In this presentation we will report the comparative analysis on satisfaction with work commute between Sweden, Netherland and Japan, using the data of samples of car users in the countries. In the analysis, we will firstly see how such ratings differ among the countries. We will then investigate the determinants of the difference while considering difference of distribution of personal attributes (such as age, sex, and others) and trip attributes (such as travel time duration, commuting travel mode, and others), and the difference of the attributes of work commute environment (such as the level of average traffic congestion). Lastly, we will see the difference of satisfaction with travel among the countries while controlling by the abovementioned variables that affect on the satisfaction. We will discuss why this differences were found while considering differences that were not measured in this research such as cultural difference.

  • 372.
    Furmark, Tomas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Marteinsdottir, Ina
    Linköpings universitet.
    Frick, Andreas
    Uppsala universitet.
    Heurling, Kerstin
    Uppsala universitet.
    Tillfors, Maria
    Örebro universitet.
    Appel, Lieuwe
    Uppsala universitet.
    Antoni, Gunnar
    Uppsala universitet.
    Hartvig, Per
    Copenhagen University, Danmark.
    Fischer, Håkan
    Stockholms universitet.
    Långström, Bengt
    Uppsala universitet; Southerns Denmark University, Denmark.
    Eriksson, Elias
    Gothenburg university.
    Fredrikson, Mats
    Uppsala universitet; KI.
    Serotonin synthesis rate and the tryptophan hydroxylase-2: G-703T polymorphism in social anxiety disorder2016In: Journal of Psychopharmacology, ISSN 0269-8811, E-ISSN 1461-7285, Vol. 30, no 10, p. 1028-1035Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is disputed whether anxiety disorders, like social anxiety disorder, are characterized by serotonin over- or underactivity. Here, we evaluated whether our recent finding of elevated neural serotonin synthesis rate in patients with social anxiety disorder could be reproduced in a separate cohort, and whether allelic variation in the tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2) G-703T polymorphism relates to differences in serotonin synthesis assessed with positron emission tomography. Eighteen social anxiety disorder patients and six healthy controls were scanned during 60 minutes in a resting state using positron emission tomography and 5-hydroxy-L-[β -11C]tryptophan, [11C]5-HTP, a substrate of the second enzymatic step in serotonin synthesis. Parametric images were generated, using the reference Patlak method, and analysed using Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM8). Blood samples for genotyping of the TPH2 G-703T polymorphism were obtained from 16 social anxiety disorder patients (T carriers: n=5, GG carriers: n=11). A significantly elevated [11C]5-HTP accumulation rate, indicative of enhanced decarboxylase activity and thereby serotonin synthesis capacity, was detected in social anxiety disorder patients compared with controls in the hippocampus and basal ganglia nuclei and, at a more lenient (uncorrected) statistical threshold, in the amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex. In patients, the serotonin synthesis rate in the amygdala and anterior cingulate cortex was significantly elevated in TPH2 T carriers in comparison with GG homozygotes. Our results support that social anxiety disorder entails an overactive presynaptic serotonergic system that, in turn, seems functionally influenced by the TPH2 G-703T polymorphism in emotionally relevant brain regions.

  • 373.
    Furudal, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Anknytning, emotionsreglering och ångest: En kvantitativ enkätstudie avseende relationen mellan ungdomars anknytning, emotionsreglering och ångest2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A quantitative survey study was performed, whose aim was to examine if there was a relationship between adolescent’s attachment to parents, the use of emotion regulation strategy, suppression and anxiety. The sample consisted of 1681 eighth and ninth grade students from three medium big cities in Sweden. Data was collected through the ongoing researchproject Trestadstudien through a survey conducted during the spring of 2015. The questionnaire was distributed in paper and answered during school time. The predictors attachment to mother and attachment to father was measured with The Inventory of Parent and Peers Revised (IPPA-R). The predictor emotion regulation strategy suppression was measured with The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire for Children and Adolescents (ERQ-CA). Dependent variable anxiety was measured with The Overall Anxiety and Impairment Scale (OASIS). Data was analyzed in the computer program SPSS using a multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that attachments to mother and emotion regulation strategy suppression significantly predicted girls’ and boys’ anxiety symptoms. Though the results were significant the regression only explained 7,6% of girls’ anxiety and 2,9% of boys’ anxiety, which means that there are other variables that can explain anxiety among adolescents. Attachments to fathers was not a significant predictor to girls or boys’ anxiety symptoms. The results were discussed in relation to previous research on the topic. For further research, the discussion was about methodological issues concerning the way attachments can be sorted in to different groups. In that way, a more thorough overview of attachment and emotion regulation strategies and the relationship to anxiety can be investigated.   

  • 374.
    Garling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Univ Gothenburg, Dept Econ, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Serv Res Ctr CTF, Karlstad, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Samot VINN Excellence Ctr, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Travel-related feelings: review, theoretical framework, and numerical experiments2019In: Transportation letters, ISSN 1942-7867, E-ISSN 1942-7875, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 54-62Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Limited previous research shows that travel by different modes evokes feelings. Also after-effects due to stress have been observed. Such travel-related feelings are important to consider in transport planning because of their possible consequences for travelers' emotional well-being. A theoretical framework is proposed that makes quantitative predictions of the impacts of transient feelings (emotional responses) on enduring feelings (current mood) with consequences during and after travel. Positive and negative emotional responses are posited to be evoked by transient critical incidents (e.g. disruptions) and non-transient factors (e.g. noise) during travel. Numerical experiments illustrate the quantitative predictions on current mood during and after travel for both types of evoking factors.

  • 375.
    Gavelin, Hanna Malmberg
    et al.
    Umea Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umea Univ, Ctr Demog & Aging Res CEDAR, Umea Ctr Funct Brain Imaging, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Stenlund, Therese
    Umea Univ, Dept Community Med & Rehabil, Div Physiotherapy, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Jarvholm, Lisbeth Slunga
    Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Occupat & Environm Med, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden..
    Neely, Anna Stigsdotter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. Umea Univ, Dept Psychol, SE-90187 Umea, Sweden.
    Effects of a process-based cognitive training intervention for patients with stress-related exhaustion2015In: Stress, ISSN 1025-3890, E-ISSN 1607-8888, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 578-588Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Stress-related exhaustion has been linked to a pattern of selective cognitive impairments, mainly affecting executive functioning, attention and episodic memory. Little is known about potential treatments of these cognitive deficits. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a process-based cognitive training intervention, designed to target the specific cognitive impairments associated with stress-related exhaustion. To this end, patients diagnosed with exhaustion disorder (ED) were randomized to either a multimodal stress rehabilitation program with the addition of a process-based cognitive training intervention (training group, n = 27) or a treatment-as-usual control condition, consisting of multimodal stress rehabilitation with no additional training (control group, n = 32). Treatment effects were evaluated through an extensive cognitive test battery, assessing both near and far transfer effects, as well as self-report forms regarding subjective cognitive complaints and burnout levels. Results showed pronounced training-related improvements on the criterion updating task (p50.001). Further, evidence was found of selective near transfer effects to updating (p = 0.01) and episodic memory (p = 0.04). Also, the trained group reported less subjective memory complaints (p = 0.02) and levels of burnout decreased for both groups, but more so for the trained group (p = 0.04), following the intervention. These findings suggest that process-based cognitive training may be a viable method to address the cognitive impairments associated with ED.

  • 376.
    Gavelin, Hanna Malmberg
    et al.
    Umeå universitet.
    Stigsdotter Neely, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Umeå universitet.
    Andersson, Micael
    Umeå universitet.
    Eskilsson, Therese
    Umeå universitet.
    Järvholm, Lisbeth Slunga
    Umeå universitet.
    Boraxbekk, Carl-Johan
    Umeå universitet.
    Neural activation in stress-related exhaustion: Cross-sectional observations and interventional effects2017In: Psychiatry Research, ISSN 0165-1781, E-ISSN 1872-7123, Vol. 269, p. 17-25, article id S0925-4927(17)30054-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the association between burnout and neural activation during working memory processing in patients with stress-related exhaustion. Additionally, we investigated the neural effects of cognitive training as part of stress rehabilitation. Fifty-five patients with clinical diagnosis of exhaustion disorder were administered the n-back task during fMRI scanning at baseline. Ten patients completed a 12-week cognitive training intervention, as an addition to stress rehabilitation. Eleven patients served as a treatment-as-usual control group. At baseline, burnout level was positively associated with neural activation in the rostral prefrontal cortex, the posterior parietal cortex and the striatum, primarily in the 2-back condition. Following stress rehabilitation, the striatal activity decreased as a function of improved levels of burnout. No significant association between burnout level and working memory performance was found, however, our findings indicate that frontostriatal neural responses related to working memory were modulated by burnout severity. We suggest that patients with high levels of burnout need to recruit additional cognitive resources to uphold task performance. Following cognitive training, increased neural activation was observed during 3-back in working memory-related regions, including the striatum, however, low sample size limits any firm conclusions.

  • 377.
    Gebauer, Heiko
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). ITEM-HSG, University of St Gallen, St Gallen, Switzerland.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Bjurklo, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    The Impact of Service Orientation in Corporate Culture on Business Performance in Manufacturing Companies2010In: Journal of Service Management, ISSN 1757-5818, E-ISSN 1757-5826, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 237-259Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 378.
    Gehlert, Tina
    et al.
    German Insurers Accid Res, Traff Behav Traff Psychol, Berlin, Germany.
    Dziekan, Katrin
    Fed Environm Agcy, Sect Environm & Transport, Dessau Rosslau, Germany.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Psychology of sustainable travel behavior2013In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 48, p. 19-24Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizing the way people travel in a more sustainable way is a key challenge. This changes the definition of transportation problems, the influencing factors as well as the types of solutions that need to be considered. It also influences the transport research agenda. The new challenge furthermore places in focus the psychology of the transport user who is now perceived as an active agent in the transport system. Thus, transport policy measures will be more successful if taking into account users’ capabilities and perceived constraints.

  • 379.
    Georgsson, Anna
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Broberg, Anders G
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg.
    Dissimilarity in vulnerability: self-reported symptoms among children with experiences of intimate partner violence2011In: Child Psychiatry and Human Development, ISSN 0009-398X, E-ISSN 1573-3327, Vol. 42, no 5, p. 539-556Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with experiences of intimate partner violence (IPV) are at risk. Not all children, however, display symptoms, and differences connected to gender and age have been demonstrated. In this exploratory study, children's own reports of symptoms were used. The 41 recruited children, between 7 and 19 years old, were entered into a group program specially directed toward children with experiences of IPV. These children reported experiencing more symptoms overall when compared with non-exposed children. The relationship to the abuser and children's symptoms related differently for boys and for girls. Girls who had continued contact with the abusive father described more mental health problems than did other girls exposed to IPV and more than did boys with continued contact. Among children with experiences of custody disputes or other judicial processes, age rather than gender was connected to differences in self-reported symptoms. Younger children with experiences of judicial processes reported more mental health problems than did those with no experience.

  • 380. Georgsson, Anna
    et al.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Brobrerg, Anders
    Vad tycker barn som bevittnat våld i hemmet och deras mammor om att delta i en pedagogisk gruppverksamhet?2007In: Aetolia. Skriftserie från verksamhetsområde barn- och ungdomspsykiatri, ISSN 1404-2932Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 381.
    Gerber, Markus
    et al.
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Best, Simon
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Meerstetter, Fabienne
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Walter, Marco
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Ludyga, Sebastian
    University of Basel, Switzerland.
    Brand, Serge
    University of Basel, Switzerland; Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran.
    Bianchi, Renzo
    University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland.
    Madigan, Daniel J.
    York St. John University, United Kingdom.
    Isoard-Gautheur, Sandrine
    Université Grenoble Alpes, France.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Effects of stress and mental toughness on burnout and depressive symptoms: A prospective study with young elite athletes2018In: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, ISSN 1440-2440, E-ISSN 1878-1861, Vol. 21, no 12, p. 1200-1205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: To examine in a sample of young elite athletes (a) the presence of clinically relevant symptoms of burnout and depression, and (b) a possible interaction of perceived stress and mental toughness in the prediction of burnout and depressive symptoms. Design: 6-month prospective study. Methods: A representative sample of 257 young elite athletes (M = 16.82 years, SD = 1.44, 36% females) was recruited in North–Western Switzerland. 197 athletes were followed-up across a 6-month period. Burnout was assessed with the Shirom-Melamed Burnout Measure (SMBM), and depression with the 9-item depression module of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ). Values of ≥4.40 (SMBM) and >14 (PHQ-9) were considered indicative of clinically relevant burnout or depression. Stress perceptions were assessed with the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and mental toughness with the Mental Toughness Questionnaire (MTQ). Hierarchical regression analyses were used to test stress-buffering effects. Results: The percentage of athletes with clinically relevant levels of burnout and depressive symptoms was 12% and 9%, respectively. Both cross-sectional and prospective analyses showed that compared to participants with low mental toughness, those with higher mental toughness scores reported significantly fewer mental health issues, when exposed to high stress. By contrast, when stress levels were low, mental toughness was unrelated to psychological health complaints. Conclusions: About every tenth young elite athlete reported burnout or depressive symptoms of potential clinical relevance. While high perceived stress was associated with increased psychological health complaints, mental toughness was able to off-set some of the negative consequences resulting from high stress exposure.

  • 382. Gerdner, A.
    et al.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Pedersen, P.
    Personality factors and drug of choice in female addicts with psychiatric comorbidity2002In: Substance Use & Misuse, 37, 1-18Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 383.
    Gidlund, Joakim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan stress och sömn2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this student thesis was to examine stress among students at Karlstad University in relation to their sleep. The study was a quantitative survey that was sent out to students through the university’s learning platform Itslearning. The number of participants in the study was 106. The survey used the instruments Perceived Stress Scale 14 (PSS14) to measure participants‘ perceived stress in the past month, and the Karolinska Sleep Questionnaire (KSQ) to measure the participants’ sleep habits. The data was handled and processed in the statistics program IBM SPSS. Data Analysis method was Pearson product-moment correlation and simple linear regression. The result of Pearson product-moment correlation showed a strong significant negative correlation between stress and sleep quality index, disturbed sleep index, snoring problem index and sleepiness index. The result of the regression analyzes showed that stress was a significant predictor of all dimensions of sleep where 9% of the variance could be explained in sleep quality index, 21% in disturbed sleep index, 4,2% of snoring problem index and 23% of the sleepiness index.The conclusion was that the students who scored high on PSS14 also scored low on KSQ, which can be explained as the more stressed out the student was the worse their sleep. Perceived stress can to some extent predict sleep.

  • 384.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Hydraul & Environm Engn, SP Andresensv 5,Valgrinda Campus, N-7491 Trondheim, Norway.
    Time for the intellect to take over from the mind2012In: Problemy Ekorozwoju, ISSN 1895-6912, E-ISSN 2080-1971, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 96-98Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 385.
    Gran, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Attityden till upplevelsen av Mervärde Funäsfjällen: En kvantitativ studie för att undersöka attitydskillnader till upplevelsen av Mervärde Funäsfjällen.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    En kvantitativ studie utfördes för att undersöka om den sammanlagda attityden samt dess tre subkategorier beteende, känslor och kognitiva tankar visade eventuella skillnader beroende på vilken information om Mervärde individen tagit del av. Syftet var att undersöka om detaljerad information hade någon inverkan på individens attityd till Mervärde Funäsfjällen. Studiens respondenter delades in i två grupper där grupp 1 bestod av respondenter som besvarat enkäten bestående av informationsscenario 1 och grupp 2 bestod av respondenter som besvarat enkäten bestående av informationsscenario 2. Manipuleringen utfördes genom att deltagarna i grupp 1 fick en kort information om Mervärde och deltagarna i grupp 2 fick en mer utförlig och detaljerad information. Avsikten var att deltagarna i grupp 2 skulle bli manipulerade av en mer utförlig och detaljrik information om Mervärde. Populationen som undersöktes var individer som någon gång under säsongen 2016/2017 befunnit sig på Destination Funäsfjällens anläggningar i Funäsfjällen. Sammanlagt deltog 230 respondenter i studien varav grupp 1 bestod av 127 respondenter och grupp 2 bestod av 103 respondenter. Två olika enkäter designades i Survey and report och skillnaden mellan de olika enkäterna var informationen om Mervärde. Data samlades in genom att fysiska enkäter delades ut vid någon av Destination Funäsfjällens anläggningar och genom att länkar till studiens två elektroniska enkäter skickades ut till tidigare gäster som besökt destinationen. Respondenternas attityd och tre subkategorier mättes med hjälp av ett egetkonstruerat mätinstrument som innehöll 15 påståenden som besvarades med en fem gradig likertskala. Fyra stycken oberoende t-test visade att den detaljrika informationen inte hade någon signifikant effekt på individens attityd. Den detaljrika informationen visade inte heller någon effekt på individens beteende eller känslomässiga kognitiva komponent av attityd. Därav kan slutsatsen antas att ingen av studiens informationer hade någon inverkan på individens attityd. Slutsatsen för studien var att informationen om Mervärde inte hade någon effekt på respondenternas attityd, men att resultatet inte kan generaliseras antas gälla i hela populationen. 

  • 386.
    Granath, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Får elever bättre uppmärksamhetsförmåga efter fysisk aktivitet?: En experimentell studie om fysisk aktivitets påverkan på uppmärksamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to find out whether there is any difference to be found in the attention ability before and after physical activity. The method used in this study was made of an experimental design. The participants were chosen through a cluster sampling and thereafter divided into a control group and an experimental group. A total of 64 pupils from upper secondary school participated in the study, 25 of them in the experimental group and 39 of them in the control group. Since the measure was repeated, both in respect of time and the comparison between the groups, a mixed design was used. The attention ability was measured on both occasions with a revised 7-series-test that measures vigilance and selective attention. On the first occasion the participants were supposed to subtract 7 from 1000 and on the second occasion to subtract 7 from 995. The more subtractions the participant had time for within the given five minute time range, the higher attention ability the participant were considered to have. The attention ability was for the experimental group measured before and after a gym lesson, while for the control group their attention ability was measured before and after a theoretical lesson. The results showed that there were a significant difference between the two test occasions, and there were also a significant difference in between the test groups. While both of the groups improved their results in the second test occasion, the experimental group performed better than the control group did on both test occasions. The results did not indicate any interactional effect, which means that the test score achieved by the individual test person on test 1 and 2 did not depend on whether the person was a member of the control group or the experimental group. On the second occasion, which was the test conducted after the physical activity, the experimental group improved their results slightly more than the control group did. However, the results did not improve as much for it to be considered a significant difference. In conclusion, there was no difference found in the attention ability before or after physical activity.

  • 387. Gremyr, Ida
    et al.
    Löfberg, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Witell, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Service Innovations in Manufacturing Firms2010In: Managing Service Quality, ISSN 0960-4529, E-ISSN 1758-8030, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 161-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 388.
    Grim, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Högkänslighet och förändrade medvetandetillstånd under flyt-REST2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 389.
    Grim, Katarina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Rosenberg, David
    Umeå universitet.
    Svedberg, Petra
    Högskolan Halmstad.
    Schon, Ulla-Karin
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Development and Usability Testing of a Web-Based Decision Support for Users and Health Professionals in Psychiatric Services2017In: Psychiatric rehabilitation journal, ISSN 1095-158X, E-ISSN 1559-3126, Vol. 40, no 3, p. 293-302Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Shared decision making (SMD) related to treatment and rehabilitation is considered a central component in recovery-oriented practice. Although decision aids are regarded as an essential component for successfully implementing SDM, these aids are often lacking within psychiatric services. The aim of this study was to use a participatory design to facilitate the development of a user-generated, web-based decision aid for individuals receiving psychiatric services. The results of this effort as well as the lessons learned during the development and usability processes are reported. Method: The participatory design included 4 iterative cycles of development. Various qualitative methods for data collection were used with potential end users participating as informants in focus group and individual interviews and as usability and pilot testers. Results: Interviewing and testing identified usability problems that then led to refinements and making the subsequent prototypes increasingly user-friendly and relevant. In each phase of the process, feedback from potential end-users provided guidance in developing the formation of the web-based decision aid that strengthens the position of users by integrating access to information regarding alternative supports, interactivity between staff and users, and user preferences as a continual focus in the tool. Conclusions and Implications for Practice: This web-based decision aid has the potential to strengthen service users' experience of self-efficacy and control as well as provide staff access to user knowledge and preferences. Studies employing participatory models focusing on usability have potential to significantly contribute to the development and implementation of tools that reflect user perspectives.

  • 390. Grip, Karin
    et al.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Broberg, Anders G.
    Maternal report on child outcome after a community-based program following intimate partner violence2012In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 66, no 4, p. 239-247Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study examined the perceived effectiveness of a 15-week community-based program for 46 children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) and their mothers. Aims: The primary aims were to describe the children who entered one of the existing community-based programs in terms of behavioral problems and to evaluate the impact of the program on children's general behavioral functioning as assessed by their mothers. Results: Children's rated behavioral problems (SDQ) dropped following treatment; the effect size was in the medium range. The social impairment caused by the problems decreased as well. The effect regarding behavioral problems was not related to the degree of exposure to IPV or the mothers own changes in trauma symptoms following treatment. Results were analyzed as well at the individual level with the Reliable Change Index (RCI), which showed that the majority of children were unchanged following treatment. Conclusions: One implication from the study is the need for baseline screening and assessment. About half of the current sample had a clinical symptom picture indicating the need for specialized psychiatric/psychotherapeutic treatment. Furthermore, the reduction in behavioral problems was significant but many children still had high levels of behavioral problems after treatment, indicating a need of a more intense or a different type of intervention.

  • 391.
    Grip, Karin K
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Broberg, Anders G
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Children exposed to intimate partner violence and the reported effects of psychosocial interventions2013In: Violence and Victims, ISSN 0886-6708, E-ISSN 1945-7073, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 635-655Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a repeated measures design posttraumatic stress (PTS), psychological and behavioral problems significantly decreased following intervention in children exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV), with use of traditional group analyses. Analyses using the reliable change index (RCI), however, revealed that few children were improved or recovered, implying that interventions in common use should be evaluated for their significant impact on the individual level in addition to group level statistics. Positive changes in children's behavioral problems were related to the mother's improvement of their own mental health. Direct victimization by the perpetrator was not associated with treatment changes but with higher symptom levels at study entry. Amount of contact with the perpetrator was neither related to symptom load nor to changes following treatment.

  • 392.
    Grip, Karin K.
    et al.
    Gothenburg Univ, Dept Psychol, S-40530 Gothenburg, Vastergotland, Sweden..
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013).
    Axberg, Ulf
    Gothenburg Univ, Dept Psychol, S-40530 Gothenburg, Vastergotland, Sweden..
    Broberg, Anders G.
    Gothenburg Univ, Dept Psychol, S-40530 Gothenburg, Vastergotland, Sweden..
    Perceived Quality of Life and Health Complaints in Children Exposed to Intimate Partner Violence2014In: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 681-692Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children 9 to 13 years old exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) reported on their violence exposure, attachment to both parents, temperament (negative emotionality and emotion regulation), perceived quality of life, and health complaints. Half of the children perceived their quality of life as good and did not have recurrent health complaints. When controlling for socioeconomic status, health complaints were associated with higher IPV exposure and negative emotionality, whereas quality of life was associated with attachment security, higher capacity for emotion regulation, and lower negative emotionality. These results underscore the importance of increasing and supporting the capacity of children exposed to IPV to handle and express their emotions, as well as making school nurses and other primary care practitioners more attentive to IPV as a possible background factor in children's health complaints.

  • 393.
    Gronholm-Nyman, Petra
    et al.
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Psychol, Turku, Finland..
    Soveri, Anna
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Psychol, Turku, Finland..
    Rinne, Juha O.
    Univ Turku, Turku PET Ctr, Turku, Finland..
    Ek, Emilia
    Student Hlth Care, Porvoo, Finland..
    Nyholm, Alexandra
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Psychol, Turku, Finland..
    Stigsdotter Neely, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Laine, Matti
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Psychol, Turku, Finland.;Univ Turku, Turku Brain & Mind Ctr, Turku, Finland..
    Limited Effects of Set Shifting Training in Healthy Older Adults2017In: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, ISSN 1663-4365, E-ISSN 1663-4365, Vol. 9, article id 69Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Our ability to flexibly shift between tasks or task sets declines in older age. As this decline may have adverse effects on everyday life of elderly people, it is of interest to study whether set shifting ability can be trained, and if training effects generalize to other cognitive tasks. Here, we report a randomized controlled trial where healthy older adults trained set shifting with three different set shifting tasks. The training group (n = 17) performed adaptive set shifting training for 5 weeks with three training sessions a week (45 min/session), while the active control group (n = 16) played three different computer games for the same period. Both groups underwent extensive pre-and post-testing and a 1-year follow-up. Compared to the controls, the training group showed significant improvements on the trained tasks. Evidence for near transfer in the training group was very limited, as it was seen only on overall accuracy on an untrained computerized set shifting task. No far transfer to other cognitive functions was observed. One year later, the training group was still better on the trained tasks but the single near transfer effect had vanished. The results suggest that computerized set shifting training in the elderly shows long-lasting effects on the trained tasks but very little benefit in terms of generalization.

  • 394.
    Guldberg, Tom
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hom Melby, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Røhne, Karin Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Status og utvikling av innovasjonsklima opp mot et ledelsesperspektiv2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [nb]

    A major Norwegian co-operative faces major challenges in regards to increased competition and a changing market situation. To which extent will the climate for innovation in the company define the employee’s ability and will to change? And, how will management focus on innovation influence employee behavior?

    The result of the case study shows that the company has no clear focus on innovation or strategy to build an innovation climate.

    The study is of general interest as it underlines theories by Kaufmann & Kaufmann (2003), Ekvall (1996, 1997) og Gjelsvik (2004), as well as the need for top management involvement and crystal clear communication in regards to building an innovative organization.

  • 395.
    Gull, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Upplevd beroendefokuserad psykologisk kontroll och dess inverkan på social ångest: En kvantitativ enkätstudie om relationen mellan beroendefokuserat psykologiskt kontrollerande föräldrar och social ångest hos svenska ungdomar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to examine the relation between experienced dependency-oriented psychological control and social anxiety in adolescents, and if there were any differences in adolescents’ social anxiety depending on the participant’s and the parent’s gender, as well as degree of experienced dependency-oriented psychological control. Data was collected via the ongoing project Trestadsstudien through a survey conducted during the spring of 2015. Dependency-oriented psychological control was measured with the subscale for DPC in DAPCS, and social anxiety with SPSQ-C. 2958 students in eight and ninth grade from twelve Swedish schools participated. Data was analyzed via correlations, t-tests and ANOVA. Results showed significant positive correlations between experienced dependency-oriented psychological control and social anxiety, as well as significant main effects in the form of the participant’s gender and degree of experienced dependency-oriented psychological control regarding social anxiety. Results also showed that boys to a higher extent experienced dependency-oriented psychological control from their fathers, and that girls experienced more social anxiety. It was concluded that experienced dependency-oriented psychological control seems like a contributing factor to the development of social anxiety, but that other underlying variables likely contribute to the anxiety, and mostly in girls. Other areas of interest for future research concerning both phenomena were pointed out based on the results. Lastly some practical suggestions were made regarding what could be done in schools to note the phenomena and help the adolescents who suffer from social anxiety and are subjected to dependency-oriented psychological control.

  • 396. Gustafson, R
    et al.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of alcohol on persistent effort and deductive thinking during the preparation phase of the creative process1994In: Journal of Creative Behavior, 28, 124-132Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 397. Gustafson, R.
    et al.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of creative and non-creative work on the tendency to drink alcohol during the restitution phase of the creative process1995In: Journal of Creative Behavior, 29, 25-35Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 398. Gustafson, R.
    et al.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    The psychometric properties of the Persistent Effort Test (PET) measuring the personality trait of persistence1996In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, 83, 979-986Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A test measuring the behavioral aspects of the personality trait of persistence,

    The Persistent Effort Test, was constructed and psychometric properties assessed. The

    original version consisted of twelve items, each one a nonsense block of six letters. The

    task of 9 men and 9 women was to construct as many correct Swedish words as possible

    from letter combinations. The total time spent on this task and the number of correct

    words constituted the dependent variables. A Persistence Effort Quotient was calculated.

    The reliability, calculated on the quotient for the 12-item version was acceptable

    (Cronbach alpha = 0.86) and an item analysis indicated that the test could be shortened

    by six items with increased reliability (Cronbach alpha = 0.87). A validity analysis also

    using the quotient performed with a second sample of subjects using classmatesÕ ratings

    on two separate rating scales of specific aspects of persistence, yielded acceptable

    levels of validity (Pearson r = 0.69 for the first scale and 0.71 for the second scale). This

    indicates that the shortened 6-item version is a reliable and valid test of persistence even

    though it is necessary with more studies in order to further address the issues of predictive

    validity and norms for different groups of people

  • 399.
    Gustafsschöld, Denise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Hunden som familjemedlem: En kvalitativ undersökning om hundägares uppfattning och tolkning av hundars personlighet2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie genomfördes med syfte att undersöka hur hundägare uppfattar och förstår sina hundars personlighet. Urvalet bestod av hundägare i Karlstadområdet, vilka levde tillsammans med sin hund och inte var utbildade inom ”hund-ämnet”.

    Kvalitativa intervjuer användes för att samla in data, vilka sedan transkriberades och analyserades med hjälp av en tematisk analys. Resultatet tydde på att hundägare har svårt att skilja personlighetsdrag från beteenden, många människoliknande egenskaper tillskrevs hunden. Positiva egenskaper hos hunden motiverades utifrån hundens inre (dess personlighet eller sinnestillstånd) medan negativa egenskaper tenderade att förklaras genom yttre faktorer i hundens omgivning. 

  • 400.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration.
    Andersson, Pernille
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Wästlund, Erik
    Let the music play...or not: the influence of background music on consumer behaviour2010Conference paper (Refereed)
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