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  • 3251.
    Örnstedt, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Upplevd hälsa och inställning till fysisk aktivitet.: - en studie av anställda på Karlstads universitet.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsovågen är ett projekt som syftar till att stärka friskvårdsinslaget bland de anställda på Karlstads universitet. Projektet startade våren 2005, och ska pågå under en period på tre år. Målet är att förbättra den fysiska och psykosociala hälsan, och på så sätt få ned sjuktalen bland de ca 1250 anställda på universitetet. Tanken är även att de anställda ska öka medvetenheten om sin egen hälsa, och därigenom själva bli mer aktiva i arbetet med att påverka sin egen livsstil.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är därför att inom ramen för ”Hälsovågen”, med utgångspunkt i intensitetsnivån i motionen på fritiden, undersöka om det bland personalen finns skillnader när det gäller synen på fysisk aktivitet och den egna hälsan.

    Datainsamlingen genomfördes med hjälp av en enkät. Denna enkät konstruerades av de projektansvariga för ”Hälsovågen”. Jag har i min undersökning valt att studera de för mitt syfte mest relevanta frågorna. Jag valde även att endast studera enkäterna som besvarats av anställda i Karlstad, och inte på ”Musikhögskolan Ingesund” som även den är en del av Karlstads universitet. Enkäterna skickades ut och samlades in kort efter att projektet på allvar dragit igång under hösten 2005. Deltagandet i undersökningen var frivilligt, vilket gav en svarsfrekvens på ca 40 %.

    Resultatet visar att det finns skillnader mellan grupper med olika intensitetsnivå i motionen på fritiden vad det gäller synen på sin hälsa och inställningen till fysisk aktivitet. De som är aktiva på hög intensitet verkar i större utsträckning tänka på sin hälsa, och även uppleva den som bättre än de som inte är regelbundet aktiva, eller är aktiva på lägre intensiteter. Vidare finns det även ett positivt samband mellan intensiteten och inställningen till, samt känslan inför fysisk aktivitet. Det verkar även vara så att man är mer fysisk aktiv i vardagen ju högre intensitet man har i sin motion på fritiden.

  • 3252.
    Örnstedt, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Upplevd hälsa och inställning till fysisk aktivitet.: - en studie av anställda på Karlstads universitet.2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Hälsovågen är ett projekt som syftar till att stärka friskvårdsinslaget bland de anställda på Karlstads universitet. Projektet startade våren 2005, och ska pågå under en period på tre år. Målet är att förbättra den fysiska och psykosociala hälsan, och på så sätt få ned sjuktalen bland de ca 1250 anställda på universitetet. Tanken är även att de anställda ska öka medvetenheten om sin egen hälsa, och därigenom själva bli mer aktiva i arbetet med att påverka sin egen livsstil.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är därför att inom ramen för ”Hälsovågen”, med utgångspunkt i intensitetsnivån i motionen på fritiden, undersöka om det bland personalen finns skillnader när det gäller synen på fysisk aktivitet och den egna hälsan.

    Datainsamlingen genomfördes med hjälp av en enkät. Denna enkät konstruerades av de projektansvariga för ”Hälsovågen”. Jag har i min undersökning valt att studera de för mitt syfte mest relevanta frågorna. Jag valde även att endast studera enkäterna som besvarats av anställda i Karlstad, och inte på ”Musikhögskolan Ingesund” som även den är en del av Karlstads universitet. Enkäterna skickades ut och samlades in kort efter att projektet på allvar dragit igång under hösten 2005. Deltagandet i undersökningen var frivilligt, vilket gav en svarsfrekvens på ca 40 %.

    Resultatet visar att det finns skillnader mellan grupper med olika intensitetsnivå i motionen på fritiden vad det gäller synen på sin hälsa och inställningen till fysisk aktivitet. De som är aktiva på hög intensitet verkar i större utsträckning tänka på sin hälsa, och även uppleva den som bättre än de som inte är regelbundet aktiva, eller är aktiva på lägre intensiteter. Vidare finns det även ett positivt samband mellan intensiteten och inställningen till, samt känslan inför fysisk aktivitet. Det verkar även vara så att man är mer fysisk aktiv i vardagen ju högre intensitet man har i sin motion på fritiden.

  • 3253. Örtenstrand, A
    et al.
    Winbladh, B
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Waldenström, U
    Early discharge of preterm babies followed by domiciliary nursing care: parents´experiences and breastfeeding2001In: Acta Paediatr. 2001;90:1190-1195Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3254. Öslie, Ingrid Landraff
    et al.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Möller, Anders
    Struggle and adjustment to an insecure everyday life and an unpredictable life course: an- interview study2009In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 31, no 8, p. 666-674Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3255.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Adolescents views of oral health education. A qualitative study2004Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3256.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Adolescents' views of oral health education: A qualitative study2005In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 300-307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to investigate adolescents perceptions and desires with respect to oral health education. Aseries of focus group sessions was conducted with adolescents in schools. The groups comprised an average of 6 individuals,with a total of 34 participants. The main themes of the discussions were the informants perceptions of the oral healtheducation in different settings and under varying circumstances. The discussions were transcribed verbatim and analyzedaccording to the basic principles of Grounded Theory. One of the most important issues appeared to be the dental personnelconsidering the individual as a subject and not as an object. The adolescents in the study were uncertain about their knowledgeof oral health. Often, the participants expressed a wish to be taught more at the dental visit. Information in schools was sparse.The support of parents was acknowledged but little discussed. The methods used in advertisements to describe dentalproducts were met with skepticism. These should not be imitated in oral health education as this might undermine thecredibility of the dental services. Girls were perceived to be more interested in health than boys were. Two core categorieslabeled credibility and confidence, which interacted continually, emerged from the data in the analysis. The resultsindicate that the credibility of the intermediary of the health messages is essential, as is their ability to create confidence. Thus,oral health education among adolescents is more likely to be successful when credibility and confidence are perceived

  • 3257.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    En ojämlik möjlighet. Kartläggning av forsknings- och utvecklingsarbete inom folktandvården: Research and development (R&D) in the Public Dental Services in Sweden - an unequal opportunity2004In: TandläkartidningenArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Continuous research and development (R&D) is essential to ensure quality in dental care. A recent official report in Sweden suggests that the county councils should be obliged to arrange and support R&D activities in dental care. In this paper, a review of the R&D activities within the Public Dental Services (PDS) in the 21 Swedish counties is presented. Official PDS representatives in each county were contacted by telephone in February and March 2003 and asked questions on the following topics: the organisation of R&D activities, the fields prioritised in R&D, courses arranged in research methodology, research competence, economic matters, and personal comments.



    In half of the counties, R&D in the PDS was organised in collaboration with other health services. Few positions in the PDS were in R&D, and those that existed were only part-time posts. Public health matters, prevention, and clinical studies were fields that were commonly prioritised for R&D. Most of the studies published by PDS employees have been performed within specialised dental care.



    Competence and knowledge in how to conduct studies are essential for the quality of R&D. Courses in R&D methodology had been arranged in most counties. The number of employees who held a doctoral degree varied from zero (five counties) to over ten (four counties).

    Pecuniary resources available for R&D differed considerably (from around 55 EUR to a few hundreds EUR per employee in the different counties). Lower revenues from patient fees were regarded to be the major obstacle to establishing and carrying out R&D activities. How this matter was viewed and handled differed greatly between the counties. At the time of this investigation, a topic of interest in several of them was the future R&D organisation, according to the informants.



    It was concluded that the organisation and the preconditions for R&D in the PDS varied greatly between the Swedish counties.

  • 3258.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Enkätstudie bland skolungdomar i Skaraborg1997Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3259.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hur upplever ungdomar sin munhälsa?2004In: Odontologi 2004, Munksgaard , 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3260.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Oral health education among adolescents2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    ORAL HEALTH EDUCATION AMONG ADOLESCENTS

    Objectives:

    To investigate adolescents perceptions and desires with respect to oral health education.



    Methods:

    A qualitative approach was applied. A series of focus group sessions was conducted with adolescents at senior and upper secondary level schools. The groups comprised an average of 6 individuals (six groups). The main themes of the discussions were the informants perceptions of the oral health education in different settings and under varying circumstances. The discussions were transcribed verbatim and analyzed according to the constant comparative method.



    Results:

    One of the most important issues appeared to be the dental personnel considering the individual as a subject and not as an object. The adolescents in the study were uncertain about their knowledge of their oral health. Often, the participants expressed a wish to be taught more at the dental visit. Information in schools was sparse. The support of parents was acknowledged but little discussed. The methods used in advertisements to describe dental products were met with skepticism and these should not be imitated in oral health education as this might undermine the credibility of the dental services. Girls were perceived to be more interested in health than boys were. Two core categories labeled credibility and confidence, which interacted continually, emerged from the data in the analysis.



    Conclusion:

    The results indicate that the credibility of the intermediary of the health messages is essential, as is their ability to create confidence. Thus, oral health education among adolescents is more likely to be successful when credibility and confidence are perceived.

  • 3261.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Tandhälsa2007In: Äldre i Värmland: Om hälsa, levnadsvanor och livssituation 2006 / [ed] Marina Kalander Blomqvist och Staffan Jansson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2007, p. 37-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3262.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Division for Health and Caring Sciences.
    Tandhälsa2005In: Värmlänningarnas liv och hälsa 2004 / [ed] Marina Kalander Blomqvist & Staffan Jansson, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2005, p. 29-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3263.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Nyholm, M
    Gullberg, B
    Rastam, L
    Lindblad, U
    Tooth loss and obesity in a defined Swedish population2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 37, no 4, p. 427-433Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3264.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, P.
    Hakeberg, M.
    A Swedish version of the OIDP index2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3265.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, P
    Hakeberg, M
    Associations between oral healrh and oral health-related quality of life2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3266.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, P
    Hakeberg, M
    Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (OIDP) in Swedish2008In: Swed Dent J. 2008;32(4):187-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3267.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, P
    Hakeberg, M
    Oral impacts on daily performances: associations with self-reported health and medication2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3268.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Andersson, P
    Hakeberg, M
    Oral impacts on daily performances: associations with self-reported health and medication2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 67, no 6, p. 370-376Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3269.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Eriksson, B
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Lindblad, U
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Halling, A
    Malmö Högskola.
    Epidemiological dental indices and self-perceived oral health in adolescents: ecological aspects2003In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 61, no 1, p. 19-24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations between epidemiological indices (objective) and self-perceived oral health (subjective) in adolescents at the school level, and to study gender differences in epidemiological indices and in self-perceived oral health.The study comprised two sets of data from Skaraborg County, Sweden; 1. Self-reported questionnaires were answered by adolescents at all senior level schools (n=9 559, 1315 years). 2. Epidemiological indices based on clinical registrations of oral health in 13-15-year-old adolescents were collected in all 17 municipalities (n= 7 899). Simple and partial Pearson correlation coefficients were used to study correlations between subjective and objective oral health in the adolescents at the school level. Gender differences in adolescents subjective and objective oral health were estimated using a logistic regression model. The correlations between epidemiological index registrations and self-perceived oral health were weak. The strongest correlations were found between epidemiological indices and self-perceived gingival bleeding: 0.416 between the DS (decayed surfaces) index and self-perceived bleeding. Girls more seldom than boys were satisfied with the appearance of their teeth; in municipalities with clinical good oral health OR 0.76 (95% CI 0.59-0.98) and with poor clinical oral health OR 0.74 (CI 0.57-0.94). No gender differences were found in the epidemiological index registrations. The currently used epidemiological indices did not reflect adolescents own perceptions of their oral health at the school level and they could not recognize or identify gender differences. Surveillance of oral health in young people should include information on self-perceived oral health.

  • 3270.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Halling, A.
    Lindblad, U.
    A gender perspective of self-perceived oral health in adolescents. Associations with attitudes and behaviours2001Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3271.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Halling, A.
    Lindblad, U.
    A gender perspective of self-perceived oral health in adolescents. Associations with attitudes and behaviours2001In: Community Dental HealthArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective To investigate the associations between dental attitudes and behaviours, and self-perceived oral health from a gender perspective in an adolescent population.

    Design A census survey. Self-reported questionnaires were answered anonymously in a standardised manner in classrooms. Studied attitudes included the importance of sound teeth and feelings towards visits to the dentist. Behaviours were represented by floss usage and sweets consumption.

    Setting All senior and upper secondary level schools in Skaraborg County, Sweden.

    Subjects 17,280 students, aged 13 18 years.

    Outcome measures Self-perceived oral health, represented by a single-item rating; satisfaction with the appearance of the teeth; self-assessed gum bleeding; and a perceived oral health (POH) index.

    Results Recognising sound teeth as important was a predominating attitude among the respondents (boys 94%, girls 97%) and was significantly associated with a good perceived oral health in all aspects. Individuals who experienced visits to dentist as unpleasant (boys 36%, girls 43%) were less likely to perceive good oral health as single-item rated (OR for boys 0.55[0.49,0.63] and for girls 0.40[0.34,0.47]). Regular use of floss did not prevent bleeding gums. Daily sweets consumption showed a significant and inverse association with self-perceived oral health as single-item rated (OR for boys 0.53[0.44,0.66], girls 0.49[0.40,0.60). Girls, more often than boys, perceived their oral health to be good, except in the perception of the appearance of their teeth.

    Conclusions It is concluded that the strong associations between attitudes and self-perceived oral health should be recognised in strategies for oral health promotion and that gender differences must be considered.

  • 3272.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Halling, A
    Lindblad, U
    Gender differences in knowledge, attitude, behavior and perceived oral health among adolescents1999In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 57, no 4, p. 231-236Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A cross-sectional dental questionnaire census survey was conducted in classrooms of 17,280 students aged 13-18 years in Skaraborg County, Sweden. The overall response rate, based on school attendance on the test day, was 91% with no gender differences at the senior level and 86% (boys 87%, girls 85%) at the upper secondary level. The aim was to examine gender differences in knowledge, attitude, behavior, and perceived oral health. A retest study showed good agreement. Thirty-one percent of the girls and 21% of the boys flossed regularly. Eleven percent reported daily candy consumption, with no significant gender difference. Girls, however, more often than boys considered their own consumption to be too high. This gender difference in attitude was most pronounced among older daily consumers (odds ratio (OR)= 5.8[3.7-9.2]). Oral health was regarded as important by a majority of the students (95%). Girls considered sound teeth to be more important than did boys, both among the younger (OR=1.7[1.4-2.1) and the older (OR=2.4[1.9-3.1]) adolescents. Conclusion: Most adolescents had a positive dental attitude and perceived their own oral health to be good. Poorer knowledge and behaviors concerning oral health were demonstrated. Gender differences existed in most issues. Girls scored more favorably on behavioral measures, showed more interest in oral health, and perceived their own oral health to be good to a higher degree than did boys

  • 3273.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hall-Lord, Marie Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Oral health-related quality of life in older Swedish people with pain problems2011In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 25, no 3, p. 510-516Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3274.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Jarkman, K.
    Lindblad, U.
    Halling, A.
    Adolescents Perceptions of Oral Health and Influencing Factors2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Accounts on self-perceptions of oral health have hitherto been rare, although of great interest for strategies in health promotion.



    Purpose: The objective of this study was to increase the knowledge on adolescents perceptions of oral health and influencing factors.



    Methods: Semistructured interviews of 17 Swedish adolescents were performed. Criteria for strategic sampling were age (15, 18 years), gender (male, female), and dental health (healthy, unhealthy). Data were analysed according to the constant comparative method. Areas of focus were general oral health, personal oral health, life-style issues and dental care.



    Results: The awareness of oral health was mostly low among the informants. Two categories of oral health were identified, action and condition. Conditional aspects were most frequent in evaluations of personal oral health. Possibilities to influence oral health were considered limited. Perceptions of influences on oral health were related to personal and professional care, social support and impact, and external factors. Gender differences were indicated in health consciousness. Concern for oral health was denoted the core category of perceived influence.

  • 3275.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Jarkman, K.
    Lindblad, U.
    Halling, A.
    Adolescents perceptions of oral health and influencing factors: A qualitative study2002In: Acta Odontolologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 60, no 3, p. 167-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accounts of self-perceptions of oral health have hitherto been rare, although they are of great interest for strategies in health promotion. The objective of this study was to increase our knowledge of adolescents perceptions of oral health and influencing factors.Semi-structured interviews of 17 Swedish adolescents were performed. Criteria for strategic sampling were age (15, 18 years), gender (male, female), and dental health (healthy, unhealthy). Data were analyzed according to the constant comparative method. Areas of focus were general oral health, personal oral health, dental care, and life-style issues.Oral health awareness was generally low among the informants. Two categories of oral health were identified: action (the physical things we do to effect the condition of our mouths) and condition (the physical status of the mouth). Conditional aspects were most frequent in evaluations of personal oral health. The informants considered their possibilities to influence oral health limited. Perceptions of influences on oral health were related to personal and professional care, social support and impact, and external factors. Concern for oral health was derived as the core category in perceived influence on oral health. This study indicates that it is important to find factors that enhance adolescents awareness of their own resources and to seek mechanisms that govern internalization. There is a need to find strategies to convey such knowledge to the intermediaries: the dental personnel and the parents.

  • 3276.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Lindblad, U
    Halling, A
    Self-perceived oral health in adolescents associated with family characteristics and parental employment status2003In: Community Dental HealthArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective - To investigate self-perceived oral health and its associations with family characteristics and parental employment status in an adolescent population from a gender perspective.

    Design - A cross-sectional study using self-reported questionnaires answered anonymously in classrooms.

    Setting - All senior (13-15 years) and upper secondary (16-18 years) level schools in Skaraborg County, Sweden.

    Subjects - 17,035 students, participation rate 88.5%.

    Outcome measures - A single-item rating of self-perceived oral health; satisfaction with the appearance of the teeth; self-assessed gingival bleeding; a perceived oral health index.

    Results - Independent of family characteristics and parental employment status, girls, more often than boys, perceived their oral health to be good and had less self-assessed gingival bleeding but were less satisfied with the appearance of their teeth. Adolescents living with a single mother (senior level OR 0.71 [CI 0.59-0.84], upper secondary level OR 0.76 [CI 0.62-0.92]) or with neither parent were less likely to perceive their oral health as good when single-item rated and reported more gingival bleeding (living with a single mother: senior level OR 1.37 [CI 1.20-1.57], upper secondary level OR 1.51 [CI 1.28-1.77]) than those who lived with both parents, while adolescents who lived with a single father did not. Associations between parental employment status and self-perceived oral health were weak and inconsistent.

    Conclusions - Family characteristics were important for adolescents self-perceived oral health while parental employment status was not. Children living in single-parent households should be supported and recognised in strategies for oral health promotion and prevention. Gender differences should also be taken into consideration.

  • 3277.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Nordblom, A
    Sundqvist, R
    Tandhälsa hos barn och ungdomar i Skaraborg1997In: Barn i Skaraborg, Skövde: Skaraborgsinstitutet , 1997Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3278.
    Östberg, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Råstam, L
    Lindblad, U
    Tooth loss and obesity in a defined Swedish population2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of the present study was to explore the association between tooth loss and obesity in a defined adult Swedish population and to investigate whether psychosocial factors could explain a tentative association. Methods The study is based on a population survey 2001-2005 in two municipalities within the same mainly rural area in south-western Sweden, being part of a comprehensive epidemiological study on hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and obesity (The Skaraborg Project). A random sample of 30-74-year-olds (five year strata) was selected and 2,918 people participated (76%). Information on remaining number of teeth was collected by a self-administered questionnaire. Tooth loss was defined as <20 remaining teeth, as compared to 20. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) 30 kgm-2. Associations were estimated using logistic regression and adjustments were made for demographic, clinical and life-style variables as well as co-morbidity. Results The mean BMI value was 26.9 kgm-2 in men and 26.8 kgm-2 in women. Obesity was still more frequent among women than among men (23.6% versus 17.7%, p<0.001). Including all ages, there was a statistically significant association between tooth loss and obesity among women (OR 1.98; CI 1.44-2.72), but not among men (1.40; 0.98-2.00). However, in participants below 60 years of age, this association was stronger and statistically significant in both genders, while it was lost in older participants. Conclusions In this study, tooth loss was associated with obesity in the younger adults with a stronger association in women than in men

  • 3279.
    Östberg, Julia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Sjövall, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Upplevelser hos nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor under den första tiden i yrket2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3280.
    Österberg, Johan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Försvarshögskolan.
    Rydstedt, L W
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Department of Social Sciences, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Kleiven, J
    Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Department of Social Sciences, Lillehammer, Norway.
    Fors Brandebo, M
    Swedish Defence University (SEDU), Karlstad, Sweden.
    The Path to Job Satisfaction: Applying the Theory of Purposeful Behavior to Military Conditions2017In: Journal of Defense Resources Management, ISSN 2068-9403, E-ISSN 2247-6466, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 27-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between, on one hand,personality and performance orientation and, on the other, job satisfaction andturnover intentions, using Barrick’s et al. theory of purposeful behavior. Using aquestionnaire, data about job satisfaction, performance orientation and turnover intentions were collected from 300 newly recruited Swedish soldiers. A path analysis gave partial, but not full support to the assumptions behind the theory of purposeful behavior model. No relationships were found between the personality traits of emotional stability and conscientiousness, nor to either performance orientation or directly to job satisfaction. On the other hand, performance orientation showed a consistent relationship to perceived levels of the job characteristics, which mediated the path between the person-related variables and the outcome variables.Performance orientation also showed a strong direct relationship to general job satisfaction, which, in turn, was strongly related to turnover intentions.

  • 3281. Österlund, Sara
    Hur sjuksköterskan skapar goda relationer till patienter inom palliativ vård2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3282.
    Österlund, Sonja
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Yoga i förskolan: En studie av förskolebarns upplevelse av yoga i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this survey is to gain an insight into preschool children´s experience of yoga at the preschool. To investigate this semistructured interviews with seven children in one and the same preschool have been conducted. The result shows that the children´s perception of yoga is that yoga is something you do with your body and that yoga is good for your body. The result also shows that the children experience yoga as both a physical experience and as a sensational experience.

  • 3283. Östlie, Ingrid Landraff
    et al.
    Aasland, A
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Flatö, B
    Möller, Anders
    A longitudinal follow - up study of physical and psychosocial health in young adults with juvenil ideopatic arthritis2009In: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, ISSN 0392-856X, E-ISSN 1593-098X, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 1039-1046Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3284. Östlie, Ingrid Landraff
    et al.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Aasland, A
    Flatö, B
    Möller, A
    Self- rated physical and psychosocial health in a cohort of young adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0300-9742, E-ISSN 1502-7732, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 318-325Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3285.
    Östlund, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Hur arbetar idrottsledare och ledare inom närlingslivet för att nå resultat?: Et studie som tittar på begreppen coaching, ledarskap och målsättning2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The world of sports possesses a lot of knowledge when it comes to leadarship and coaching. Coaching as a term is relatively new to the business industry and something that is up and coming among alot of companies. Leadership and coaching are two terms that can be combined with each other both in sports and in the business industry.

    Objectives: This study aims to compare leadership in sports and in the business industry. The purpose is to see if they can learn from each other and how they define the term leadership.

    Method: Interviews were chosen as a method in this study. Six individual interviews were performed and there were three leaders from the business industry and three leaders from the world of sport participating in the study. The criteria to be a part of the study was that they had a couple of year's experience from working with leadership.

    Results: The result shows that leaders in the business industry work were similar as the leaders in the world of sports. There are many things that they think they can learn from each other. One of the things is how to work with setting up goals. In the business industry they work a lot with goals based on result and in the world of sports they work wih goals based on performance. This is one thing that the leaders in the business industry can learn from sports. The results show that leadership is about engaging another human being to work hard and do their best. In both worlds you need to be able to lead by example and adjust your leadership to the situation. 

  • 3286.
    Östlund, Linn
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Jäfvert Öhrman, Tove
    Karlstad University.
    Att främja sömn hos personer med demenssjukdom: En litteraturstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Sömnen är ett av människans viktigaste basala behov och är en förutsättning för kroppens återhämtning. Hos personer med demenssjukdom råder hög förekomst av sömnstörningar, vilket kan leda till negativa konsekvenser. Det är sjuksköterskors ansvara att bedöma och identifiera eventuella sömnstörningar för att sedan kunna planera och utföra eller initiera lämpliga metoder som kan främja sömn.

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva hur sjuksköterskor kan främja sömn hos personer med demenssjukdom.

    Metod: Metodvalet kom att bli en litteraturstudie som följer Polit och Becks (2016) niostegsstruktur. Databaserna CINAHL och PubMed användes vid sökning efter relevanta artiklar. Databassökningen genererade tio vetenskapliga artiklar varav åtta kvantitativa, en kvalitativ samt en mixed-method.

    Resultat: Databearbetningen och analysen gav ett resultat med följande tre huvudteman: stimulering av kroppsliga funktioner, utbildning riktad till vårdgivare och parallell genomföring av flera sömnfrämjande metoder samt två subteman.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor kan främja sömn hos personer med demenssjukdom genom att utföra eller initiera olika sömnfrämjande metoder: fysisk aktivitet, massageterapi, akupressur, ökad ljusexponering, aromaterapi, olika utbildningsprogram för vårdgivare eller genom att parallellt genomföra flera sömnfrämjande metoder.

  • 3287.
    Östvang, Evelina
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Lennartzon, Ann-Kristin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science.
    Faktorer som påverkar upplevelser av att vara närstående till en person med cancer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cancer är en av nutidens stora folksjukdomar. Varje år får 10 miljoner personer runt om i världen diagnosen och år 2030 uppskattas det att 13,1 miljoner personer kommer att dö i sjukdomen. Det är inte bara den som får diagnosen cancer som drabbas utan även närstående. Syftet var att studera faktorer som påverkade upplevelser att vara närstående till en person med cancer. Metoden utgick från Polit och Becks (2012) niostegsmodell. PubMed och Cinahl valdes som databaser vid artikelsökningen. Valda artiklar granskades och analyserades enligt Polit och Becks (2012) granskningsmallar. Resultatet baserades på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar, varav fem kvalitativa och sex kvantitativa. Kategorierna som identifierades utifrån artiklarna var närståendes relation till den cancerdrabbade, kultur och religion som stöd, närståendes reaktioner, information och vardagen, vilka påvisade faktorer som avgjorde hur närstående upplevde sjukdomsprocessen. Slutsatsen visade att närstående till cancersjuka personers upplevelser av sjukdomsprocessen varierade beroende på olika faktorer. Upplevelserna framkallade både psykiska och fysiska symtom och tecken, de kunde vara både negativa och positiva. 

  • 3288.
    Østlie, Ingrid Landgraff
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gjøvik och Karlstads Universitet.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Möller, Anders
    Nordiska hälsovårdshögskolan, Göteborg.
    Mellom livsverden og funksjon - å være ung med juvenil idiopatisk artritt2010Conference paper (Refereed)
63646566 3251 - 3288 of 3288
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