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  • 301.
    Grundel, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Regionala policys i rörelse: Bioekonomi och smart specialisering i Värmland2018In: Globala flöden och lokala praktiker: policymobilitet i tid och rum / [ed] Andersson, Ida, Stockholm: SSAG - Svenska Sällskapet för Antropologi och Geografi , 2018, p. 138-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Grundel, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Strategic Spatial Planning, Regional Territories and Entrepreneurial Urban Governance2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Grundel, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sustainability transitions in the transition to bioeconomy2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 304.
    Grundel, Ida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    A Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Approach to Regional Innovation Systems in the Transformation to a Forestry-Based Bioeconomy2016In: Journal of the Knowledge Economy, ISSN 1868-7865, E-ISSN 1868-7873, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 963-983Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article aims to understand the possible preconditions for the transformation of a regional innovation system (RIS) into a quadruple and quintuple helix system applied to the development of a sustainable forestry-based bioeconomy in Värmland, Sweden. Research points to the necessity not only of further developing current innovation systems to include more actors than earlier but also of taking concern for the environment as a way towards attaining sustainability. The research was carried out in response to the need to understand he fourth helix and its role in RIS and to transform to a sustainable bioeconomy, as identified by researchers, policymakers and industry representatives. This study was inspired by participatory transdisciplinarity and a transdisciplinary research design, acknowledging the importance of a variety of actors in knowledge production from different spheres of society. Much of the empirical material gathered for this research was based on interviews and a workshop with different stakeholders. The results show that the use of a quintuple helix RIS in Värmland for the transformation to a forestry-based bioeconomy could be a possible way forward towards sustainability. The model proposes that involvement of civil society in the innovation system could contribute to a larger societal transformation that aims to change consumer behaviour, production patterns, technological developments, infrastructure, norms and values. However, the involvement of civil society in the innovation system must still be regarded as part of a vision statement in regional policy documents.

  • 305.
    Grundel, Ida
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    A Quadruple Helix Approach to Regional Innovation Systems for a Transformation to a Forestry Based Bio Economy?2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Climate change and environmental problems are becoming more complex, uncertain and multi-scalar, affecting a variety of actors and agencies. Therefore calling for a variety of knowledge’s and values in decision making processes. New forms of government and governance are being implemented and in the same time public participation in decision making processes is pointed out as a democratic right by as well environmentalist and pressure groups as in the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe 1998 (Reed, 2008). Further collaboration between more actors than in earlier innovation systems is pointed out as important in as well innovation policys concerning smart specialization strategies as well as in the development of a European bio economy. In the latter context the European 2012 Bio Economy Communication Strategy lifts the importance of engaging society in the transition, thereby creating a link between society and policy makers in decision making processes. Thereby, this article mainly takes its departure in the broadening field of literature around regional innovation systems and the concepts of quadruple and quintuple helix in a forestry bio economy in Sweden. More specifically it aims to examine the preconditions of a possible transition into a forestry based bio economy by the move from a triple helix to a quadruple helix system in the region of Värmland in Sweden. Which actors are involved in the current innovation system and how is environment included in the transition?

    One point of departure is where the European Commission in 2012 established a strategy for the development of a European bio economy; Innovating for sustainable growth: A bio economy for Europe, aiming to transform the European economy into becoming more sustainable by the: production of renewable biological resources and the conversion of these resources and waste streams into value added products, such as food, feed, bio-based products and bioenergy (The European Commission, 2012:3). The European Union thereby sees the bio economy as one possible way of transforming society into becoming fossil free, creating a more sustainable European economy. Further the European Commission’s imposition on European regions to develop smart specialization strategies so called RIS3 – Research and innovation smart specialization strategies (Aranguren & Wilson 2013), have led to an extension of earlier regional innovation systems. Regions around Europe now develop smart specialization strategies to draw on their own unique resources to withhold funds from the European structural funds (Aranguren & Wilson 2013; Carayannis & Rakhmatullin 2014).

  • 306.
    Grönroos, Julia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Mörk, Molina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Bilden av Värmland.: Tre olika perspektiv.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 307.
    Grönroos, Julia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Niyonkuru, Adia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Afrika - en kontinent av glädje?2017Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 308.
    Gulbransgård, Sofie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Isaksson, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Vikten av grönstruktur i parkplanering- Fallstudien Museiparken i Karlstad: Parkens betydelse för socialt hållbar utveckling2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har gjorts med syfte att se ifall Karlstad kommuns vision för grönområden i staden uppfylls av användarnas faktiska upplevelse. Här har författarna valt att undersöka en specifik park i Karlstad, Museiparken. I takt med urbaniseringsprocessen har samhällsplaneringen lagt ett stort fokus på att förtäta staden och med det finns en risk för att de gröna områdena inne i städerna exploateras av exempelvis bostäder. Det skapar en problematik när samhällsplaneringen idag ska främjas av en hållbar utveckling som ska sträcka sig generationer framåt.

    Forskning visar att människan mår bra av att vistas i det gröna och ha naturen nära, det främjar den fysiska- och psykiska hälsan. I vår samtid är en av de största livsstil sjukdomarna psykisk ohälsa och sjukdomar som är stressrelaterade. Studier visar att närhet till natur kan motverka detta samt hjälpa till vid en tillfriskningsprocess. För individer som bor i staden kan parken få en betydande plats i vardagens rekreationsmöjligheter. Uppsatsen fokuserar i stor utsträckning på hur de sociala värdena speglar sig i kommunens arbete kring grönstruktur och vad de har för betydelse för den enskilda individen.

    I resultatet från metoderna har det framgått att Karlstad kommun arbetar djupgående med en inriktning på grönområden och då med fokus på trivsel och upplevelse. Resultatet av arbetet gav en positiv bild av Karlstad kommuns arbete samt att de som använder parken finner den viktig utifrån ett socialt perspektiv.

  • 309.
    Gustafsson, Gerhard
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    A Human Geography Testament2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This publication is to be seen as my testament to human geography with a focus on my research. The publication consists of two parts: two paper presentations and a text that summarizes all my published research results together with a list of my publications.

    An explanation of the paper presentations is necessary here. They have been in my desk drawer for a long time but have never been published. Now  when I am finishing my research career I would love to see them in print at last. Let us call them the expression of my last scientific ambition. They are unpolished versions directly from my heart.

    The first paper is entitled “Complementary Aspects of Thoughts in Human Geography” and the second paper is entitled “Geographical Identities and Social Change – Some Critical Aspects on Regions as Key Factors for Development”. Both papers represent central concluding ideas from my academic career.

    The second part consists of a summary of my research during my academic career. I also relate the text to my publication list at the end of the volume.

  • 310.
    Gustafsson, Gerhard
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Dahlgren, Bengt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Stadsdelen Kronoparken i Karlstad: Samhällsplaneringens vedermödor2016Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är i år (2015) 50 år sedan det så kallade miljonprogrammet sjösattes. Miljonprogrammet innebar att 1 miljon lägenheter skulle byggas fram till år 1975. Stadsdelen Kronoparken är Värmlands och Karlstads tydligaste exempel på hur rekordår, urbanisering och miljonprogram tog sig uttryck i samhällsplanering och bostadsbyggande.

    Rapporten handlar om planeringen av Kronoparken och hur detta speglar tidsandor och samhällsförändringar i stora drag samt övergripande tankar om samhällsplaneringens förutsättningar och uttryck. Kronoparken delar sin historia och sin situation med många andra miljonprogramsområden i Sverige.

    Kronoparken har dock något som de andra saknar, nämligen ett universitet in på knutarna eller nästan mitt i sig. Uppmärksamhet ägnas därför åt satsningarna på och utvecklingen av Karlstads universitet och dess samspel med och betydelse för stadsdelen.

    Bilden av Kronoparken formas också av den höga andelen invånare med utländsk bakgrund. Den mångkulturella prägeln är i delar av stadsdelen tydlig. Det hävdas att världen därmed finns på nära håll och att det ligger potential i detta. Den mångkulturella prägeln fanns inte på dagordningen när Kronoparken planerades.

    Kronoparken är i många avseenden en uppdelad stadsdel. De olika delarna skiljer sig väsentligt åt vad gäller socioekonomisk struktur och situation. Det ligger en utmaning i detta.

    Rapporten avslutas med en skiss till vision på temat integration inom stadsdelen och med staden i övrigt. Mycket talar för att planeringsperspektiven på Kronoparken allt mer handlar om att stadsdelen ska finna sin roll i de östra delarna av Karlstad.

  • 311.
    Gustafsson, Jessica
    et al.
    Aarhus University.
    Cheruiyot, David
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Gender and elections: Female journalists’ Twitter use2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing studies show that Twitter has become an appropriate tool for journalists to share

    breaking news, network, connect with sources or to brand themselves and their news

    organizations. However in using Twitter journalists have to contend with their conflicting

    professional and private identities (Holton & Molyneux, 2015). In this paper, we return to this

    debate by interrogating the question whether journalists assert themselves in terms of their

    gender identities especially when the national discourse on gender equity is pervasive. We

    examine Twitter use by journalists during the 2017 elections in Kenya with a special focus on

    female journalists who constitute one-third of the number of journalists in the country (Ireri,

    2015).

    Major constitutional change in 2010 set a one-third gender threshold for representation in

    government and politics in Kenya. Consequently, media discourse surrounding gender has

    focused on representation of women in politics and the institutionalization of gender parity in the

    Kenyan society. With a slow reform pace and male-dominated politics, civic organizations, media

    professionals and social movements have intensified gender campaigns, particularly during

    election periods. In the run-up to the 2017 general election, for example, there have emerged

    movements that seek visibility offline and online in a bid to change attitudes of Kenyans “rooted

    in a patriarchal cultural system” (Kareithi, 2013, p. 266). One example is the 2017 Twitter

    campaign against political TV talk shows dominated by male panellist (or ‘manels’).

    The pervasive gender discourse during elections puts female journalists at the centre of

    constant conflicting demands to promote their professional roles as well as project their voice in

    a national discourse on gender. In fact, their journalistic work exposes them more to pressure

    from civic organizations, political parties and gender activists as well as growing Twitter

    communities [recent studies show Kenyan Twittersphere is one of the most vibrant in Africa

    (Portland-Communications, 2015)].

    We will track and analyse tweets from a sample of 20 male and female journalists on

    Twitter from four media outlets in Kenya over a period of two months preceding the Kenyan

    general election in 2017. By analysing Twitter profiles, sourcing, retweets, news stories shared and

    whether their tweets carry opinion, we aim to deepen the understanding of how Kenyan

    journalists utilise Twitter in election times and whether there are distinct female and male

    practices. We expect to find disparities between the content male and female journalists post,

    and that female journalists are more assertive about national gender discourses. The expected

    contribution of this paper is in discussing journalists Twitter use during elections and the

    implications of a gender discourse that puts to test the professional and personal identities of

    journalists.

  • 312.
    Gustafsson, Linde
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Tourists go home: En fallstudie om de två samtida sociala turismfenomenen överturism och turismofobi i Barcelona.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 313.
    Gustafsson, Linde
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Eklund, Kevin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Men Moçambique då?: En studie i varför Moçambique inte finns med i svenska charterarrangörers produktutbud2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att undersöka vad som föranlett att Moçambique inte finns med i svenska charterarrangörers produktutbud. För att undersöka detta närmare, har följande tre frågeställningar utformats; Vilka är de grundläggande förutsättningarna för att turism ska uppstå? Hur uppfyller Moçambique de grundläggande förutsättningarna för att turism ska uppstå? Hur väljer svenska charterarrangörer ut en ny charterdestination?

    Teoretisk utgångspunkt har tagits i Karlsson (1994) och de fyra grundläggande förutsättningarna för att turism ska uppstå: attraktioner, transportmöjligheter, bekvämligheter samt individer som har tid, lust och pengar. Studien är avgränsad till att bortse från individer som har tid, lust och pengar men adderar säkerhet. Således är den teoretiska utgångspunkten att attraktioner, infrastruktur och säkerhet är de grundläggande förutsättningarna för turism.

    I denna studie har metodtriangulering använts som angreppssätt för att kunna genomföra kvalitativa intervjuer samt en kvantitativ enkät för att besvara studiens syfte. Primärdata har samlats in med hjälp av en enkätundersökning för att undersöka hur den moçambikiska lokalbefolkningen och andra turister som besökt landet, uppfattar att Moçambique uppfyller de grundläggande förutsättningarna för turism. Resterande primärdata har samlats in genom tre kvalitativa och semistrukturerade intervjuer med den svenska ambassaden i Maputo, Ving och Fritidsresor. Intervjun med ambassaden gjordes i syfte att få deras syn på hur Moçambique uppfyller de grundläggande förutsättningarna för turism. Intervjun med Ving och Fritidsresor gjordes huvudsakligen för att undersöka vad som ligger bakom deras eventuella val att inte arrangera resor till Moçambique. Sekundärdata har samlats in från bland annat en kandidatuppsats som har redogjort för hur svenska charterarrangörer väljer ut nya destinationer, officiella webbsidor relaterade till ämnet som undersökts i studien samt vetenskapliga böcker och artiklar.

    Avslutningsvis visar resultaten i denna studie att Moçambique erbjuder turistiska attraktioner, men att landet inte klarar av att möta de krav som ställs av svenska charterarrangörer, på framförallt tillgänglighet, lokal infrastruktur och inhemsk säkerhet.

  • 314.
    Gustavsson Levin, Helena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Hallberg, Lina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Hur arbetar aktörer med event i Åre med att förlänga sin barmarkssäsong ur den ekologiska dimensionen2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 315.
    Günther, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ambitionen av hållbar utveckling i Karlstad kommun: En utforskning om begreppet hållbar samhällsplanering i Karlstad kommun utifrån deras översiktsplan och tjänstemän.2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks processen samt ambitionen för en hållbar samhällsplanering i Karlstad kommun. Klimatet och den hållbara utvecklingen har blivit en sådan fråga som har hamnat på agendan i dagens samhälle enligt samhällsplanerare från Karlstad kommun. Den här studien görs för att förstå samhällsplanerares perspektiv på frågan. Studien använder sig av två metoder. En textanalys av Karlstad kommuns nuvarande översiktsplan från år 2012, tillsammans med kvalitativintervju från samhällsplanerare på samhällsbyggnadshuset i Karlstad kommun. Hållbar utveckling samt god bebyggd miljö är två begrepp som används i denna studie, dessa mål anses som vitala för klimatanpassningen i Sverige. Studien har i syfte att förstå hur samhällsplanerare i Karlstad kommun använder sig utav dessa två begrepp i sitt dagliga arbete med planering. Den här studiens problemformulering baserades på de 16 olika miljömålen som riksdagen har etablerat, och hur just nu endast ett av dess mål uppfylls. Studien görs för att se hur Karlstad kommun förhåller sig till dessa miljömål, då ambitionen i Sverige är att dessa mål skall uppfyllas. Tidigare forskning används i studien för att få en förståelse på begreppen Hållbar utveckling samt god bebyggd miljö, deras innebörd och bakgrund. Slutsatser görs i studiens två avslutande kapitel, analys samt avslutande diskussion.

    Resultatet av studien visar att Karlstad kommun har ambitionen att utvecklas som kommun. Kommunen har utformat en framtidsvision med målsättning att kunna betraktas som en attraktiv stad med fortsatt tillväxt, en stad som är till för alla samt en god grön stad. Dessa mål är vad Karlstad kommun har som riktlinjer vid utförandet av ny planering och för att uppnå en hållbar samhällsplanering. Det finns brister i kommunens perspektiv på hållbar utveckling. Studien fungerar som en insikt på hur, samt varför planeringsstrategierna för kommunens framtidsvisioner görs, utifrån en samhällsplanerares perspektiv. Detta gjordes med motivering att förstå stabiliteten med att bedriva en ekologisk hållbarhet i en kommun. Det kan förekomma brister, problem och skillnader mellan personer med att utföra de nödvändiga anpassningar som behövs för klimatets varaktighet. 

  • 316.
    Haglund, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Samlande och status i en annan värld: Spelares syn på kapital i onlinespelet World of Warcraft2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To gain a better understanding of how online players value collectible items and gaining status and success in the game World of Warcraft.

    Methodology: The data was collected through semi structured interviews with active World of Warcraft players. The answers were then put against existing theories on capital and subcultures, mainly the online gaming culture.

    Results and conclusion: The players in the study had differing opinions, mainly because every person is unique and sees the game differently. Some patterns did emerge, however, that seemed to work well with the theoretical groundwork.

    Future research possibilites: Building a similar study using a larger survey instead of personal interviews would make for a more general understanding of the population. It would also serve to either confirm or dispute the findings in this study. Also widening the field of view by asking players of different kinds of games would give a more complete understanding of the gaming culture as a whole, not just World of Warcraft players.

    Contributions to science: The study gives a more personal and empirical view on what is considered valuable in an online game world. Previous studies have mostly relied on theories and observations. The aim also is to further to connect traditional capital theory on a relatively new field, the gaming culture, and legitimize it as a serious field of study.

  • 317.
    Hagsmo, Leena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    En mötesplats fylld av mening: En studie om gemenskap och samarbete i skapandet av Arvikafestivalen2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores what happens when people come together to pursue a common goal. It points to the importance for individuals to be part of a social context that they have chosen and how this belonging in turn can impact on the place where the phenomenon occurs. The basis of the study is the organisation of the once popular Arvika Festival as a social meeting place. The festival was created from a bottom-up perspective in a basically non-profit context. The aim of the thesis is to explain how positive social effects are created through the relations established in the process of arranging a festival and how these in turn become part of place-making. Interviews were conducted with persons who have worked in the festival organisation since the start in 1992. The analysis is essentially based on their experiences and observations. The importance of Arvika’s cultural heritage for the emergence of the festival is also discussed.

    The concept of social capital is used as a theoretical tool to describe and discuss the social context of the festival organisation and its external relations. The relations, contacts, and links created are further described and discussed in terms of the activity space of the festival organisation and how this overlaps and becomes part of the activity space of other actors. Place is approached from a relational perspective, which does not exclude meaning. The Arvika Festival carried meaning and significance while creating a sense of place

    The study shows that the Arvika Festival was important to many people and generated new processes. A tolerant environment for new ideas was created. A strong sense of community was developed in the course of planning and working together. The contacts and experiences that the individuals acquired in the making of the festival have left imprints on the place, Arvika. What started out as doing something for fun turned out to do so much more.

     

  • 318.
    Hagström, Jesper
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Is the debate about water industrialisation dammed?: An analysis on the debateaboutthe EU water-directive for regional and local actors.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Water Framework Directive (WFD) have generated increased requirements on member states to supervision and control the ecological status of our waters. In Sweden, this has lead to new demands on dams and hydropower plants to adapt their activity to reduce their impact on the local environment, or the dam will have to be removed. This has caused a conflict in Värmland as the many water currents and dams make the region particularly exposed to these changes. The conflict has since involved dam and hydropower plant owners, different interest organisations such as environmental and fishing interests, authorities and other actors.The aim of this thesis has been to highlight the different actors and their interests in an attempt to understand the reasons behind the conflict. The method hasbeen inductive through a grounded theory approach with semi-structured interviews. The respondents have been actors involved in the conflict in different ways and have been identified as the empiricaldata collection process has been ongoing. The results indicate that the conflict is mainly about different opinions on how these environments should be used (or not used) what is actually considered sustainable. There are different views on how ecological sustainable development andthe conflicthas been further exacerbated because of frustrating juridical processes and lack of systematic approach for solving these issues.

  • 319.
    Hagström, Jesper
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Klimatanpassning och tillväxtperspektivet: En fallstudie kring hur översvämningsrisken hanteras i praktiken vid waterfront housing-projekt2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to illustrate how the municipal planning deal with problems regarding the risk of flooding in practice, specifically in waterfront housing-projects. Taking a starting point in an article of Granberg, Nyberg & Modh (2016) about competitiveness and climate adaption in the city of Karlstad, this essay intends to answer research questions about how climate adaption is implemented practically in municipal planning, linked to the risk of flooding, in waterfront housing-projects. Also, the level of influence from the municipal planning to implement climate adaption measures in waterfront housing-projects is also investigated. To answer the research questions, a case study is applied on Kanoten, a waterfront area in Karlstad, Sweden. The essay applies a qualitative research approach with an analysis of content on related municipal documents and is supplemented with interviews with two municipal officials who were involved in the planning process of the area. The results show that the municipal planning, with the help of technical solutions, tries to handle the problem by preventingreducing and preparing for the risk of flooding. In that way, the area is protected from flooding and available for exploitation at the same time. As it turns out, the result also indicates great possibilities for the municipal planning to implement climate adaption, mostly thanks to the great amount of knowledge on levels and potential scenarios on flooding that is available. The many developers in the area means that the municipal is able to put the costs of the flooding protection on those who want to exploit the area, making financial support and opportunities for protecting the area from flooding much better. Lastly, a deficiency is identified in terms of a broader perspective when looking at the threat of flooding in the city, a perspective that would be able to find solutions that protect larger areas. As a conclusion, the main findings of Granberg, Nyberg & Modh, (2016), regarding the superiority of the economical perspective that controls climate adaption measures, are confirmed by this essay. Climate adaption is not practiced by avoiding these attractive areas, but rather, it is applied when the decision to exploit the area is taken. Protection against flooding is applied through technical solutions which speaks of a great belief in these measures and ecological modernization from the perspective of the municipal planning to be able to handle the problem.

  • 320.
    HAMMARSTEDT, ANNIKA
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Bilfri stad?: Den mobila människan och att planera för rörlighet samt tillgänglighet i staden2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur en bilfria stad kan påverka människors rörelsemönster. Undersökningen baseras på teorier om bilfria städer och hur människor kan påverkas.En fallstudie utfördes på Strängnäs Kommun för att undersöka det på en lokal nivå. Det genomfördes intervjuer med planhandläggare på kommunen, för att ta reda på hur de planerar för ett bilfritt centrum. Tio invånare intervjuades också för att få en uppfattning om hur de skulle kunna påverkas av ett bilfritt centrum i Strängnäs. Studien har visat att det inte är optimalt att förbjuda bilen ur staden, utan att man bör fokusera på att minska bilismen och planera för tillgänglighet i staden och människors rörlighet. Studien visar också att planhandläggarna i kommunen planerar i första hand för bilen idag, men att det har en trafikprioriteringslista att följa i och med en ny trafikstrategi. Studien visar att majoriteten av de intervjuade personerna ställer sig negativa till ett bilfritt centrum i Strängnäs.

  • 321.
    Handler, Reinhard
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Collaboration without consensus - Free and Open Source Software as boundary object2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Free and Open Source software (FOSS) has become a popular research object amongst scholars from various disciplines. Within the last decade studies from the humanities critically assessed the social, political, economic and cultural significance of non-proprietary software. By doing so, these studies (just to name a few: Coleman, 2013; Kelty, 2008; Weber, 2004) have a perspective in common that highlights the debates and differences among its participants.

    This contribution adds to the growing body of these critical software studies by focusing on the divergences in FOSS, employing the concept of a boundary object (Star & Griesemer, 1989). Interviews conducted at FOSDEM (Free and Open Source software developer meeting) show that the non-consensual setup of FOSS lets people from different communities of practice use it as a common point of reference (Chrisman, 1999) while allowing different standpoints, opinions, motivations, and values. These differences can be categorised on three levels: The disagreements between advocates of Free and Open Sources software is nothing new. However, the humanities’ focus on peer production, and personae such as the geek, the hacker and the activist have overshadowed that FOSS pairs amateurs and professionals. The growing professionalising of FOSS brings forward the important contributions by entrepreneurs, lawyers, community managers, and – not least - for-profit software companies. Lastly, this analysis concerns the coordination of particular non-proprietary software development projects, exemplifying that participants are granted to leave collaborative projects by copying (forking) the source code, disentangling from a project in order to use the same code as the basis of a new project. By considering these three levels, this paper asks whether FOSS can be conceived as cooperative work that links communities together in collective activities and identities or an alternative set of terms needs to be adapted to capture FOSS and its potential social consequences.

  • 322.
    Handler, Reinhard
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Collaborative media practices: A critical perspective in search of an explanation2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The concept of »collaborative media« (Löwgren & Reimer 2013) promotes digital media as enabling practices that turn the passive audience into active media producers. Collaboration receives an overly positive connotation accompanied by grand claims of democratisation, equality, proactive participation and community building.

     

    This paper adopts a critical perspective by exploring some of the problematic issues that arise with this optimistic consensus. The logic of collaborative media practices are discussed along these four major points:

    1. Top-down systems are believed to be replaced by collaborative networks that neglect strict hierarchies and are built on ‘trust and long-term cooperation’ (Benkler 2011:1). Do collaborative media practices promote a Post-Fordist model of cooperation in a bureaucratic setting? Or do collaborative practices particularly thrive in project-based settings with a strong emphasis on working together for a limited, and often short, amount of time?

    2. Alongside collaboration, participation (Jenkins 2009) has become a key concept of innovative media practice. Do the terms participation and collaboration express the same idea of users becoming producers (Bruns 2008)? Or do collaborative media practices with its emphasis on hacking the infrastructure promote a different logic? Can we differentiate that from participation as a skillset that describes mastering the new means of production and actively participating in the creation and distribution of artifacts?

    3. Collaboration generally receives a positive connotation as a community experience. Are media collaborators embedded in a stable, coherent community? Or is networked collaboration a project-bound modus operandi that is an expression of a »liquid modernity« (Bauman 2000)?

    4. Claiming collaboration is working among equals. Drawn from the notion of collective intelligence (Lévy 1997), collaboration comes with an equalitarian notion. On the other hand collaborative media practices generally refer to the appropriation of technology by highly skilled amateurs (nerds) while most people are satisfied with consuming finished media products.

  • 323.
    Handler, Reinhard Anton
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Technologies of Collaboration: The Transformation of Hacker Practices into Everyday Life2016In: ECREA 2016  Abstract book, Prague: CZECH-IN , 2016, p. 442-, article id PP488Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an expansion of the way we understand collaboration as a model for cultural production and media practices. According to scholarly work, collaboration is the basis for participating in the production of media content (Jenkins 2006), for egalitarian peer production (Benkler 2006), for sharing knowledge (Tapscott & Williams 2008), for collectively creating information and knowledge resources that are non-exclusive (digital commons), to the usage patterns of social networks to “prosuming” and "produsage” (Bruns 2008) and to the cultural consequences of the gifts economics of "sharing". While there is a plethora of literature and research on these particular practices, there is a shortage of analysis on collaboration itself, its roots and the reason for its success.

    Here, collaboration is analysed from a socio-technical perspective of practices rather than from a classic media perspectives. While digital media have become prevalent, the emerged practices cannot be explained with media specifics (Fuchs 2014) in a reference to the computer or the Internet. I argue that collaboration is deeply rooted in the development of computer technologies like Vannevar Bush’s (1944) Memex and hacker culture (open source developers, free software producers). Collaboration carried a libertarian notion that included freedom of knowledge, transparency, independency, openness and sharing as cultural models of creating value. In contrast, there are assessments of collaboration as a mode of control in the media industries (Born & Hesmondhalgh 2000; Jensen & Scacchi 2005). Interviews with open software developers, hackers and entrepreneurs at “Fosdem 2016”, Europe’s biggest conference and meeting for open and free software, show that practices like hacking, coding and programming differ from classic industry environments. Rather, these collaborative practices need to be understood as a craft that is improvised (Agre 1997, p.7). However, this improvisation must not be understood as random acting. It is rather a constant re-negotiation between necessary planning in order to work on complex projects and the curiosity and the crafting skills of hackers (Kelty 2008).

  • 324.
    Handler, Reinhard
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Open Data, Crowdsourcing and Game Mechanics: A case study on civic participation in the digital age2016In: Computer Supported Cooperative Work, ISSN 0925-9724, E-ISSN 1573-7551, Vol. 25, no 2-3, p. 153-166Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to shed light on the dynamics of civic participation, media agency, anddata practices. To do so we analyse an investigative journalism story run by The Guardian that combinedopen data, crowdsourcing and game mechanics with the purpose of engaging readers. The case studyhighlights how data can be made accessible to people who usually do not have access; how game mechanicscan be deployed in order to foster civic participation by offering users a sense of autonomy, competence andrelatedness; and how crowdsourcing can organise a large group of people into achieving a common goal. Thecombination of these three elements resulted in a case for civic participation in the digital era.

  • 325.
    Hanusch, Folker
    et al.
    Queensland University of Technology.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Combining detached watchdog journalism with development ideals: An exploration of Fijian journalism culture.2015In: International Communication Gazette, ISSN 1748-0485, E-ISSN 1748-0493, Vol. 77, no 6, p. 557-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development journalism has been a key focus of discussion among journalism scholars for around half a decade, but most of the attention has been firmly on African and Asian countries. This article examines the situation on the little-researched island nation of Fiji, which has experienced considerable political instability since independence in 1970. Based on interviews with 77 of the country's small population of just over 100 journalists, we find that journalism in Fiji exhibits similarities to Western journalism ideals, but also a significant development journalism orientation. A comparison with six other countries from the global South shows that this mix is not unique, and we argue that Western journalism approaches and development ideals are not by necessity mutually exclusive, as has often been argued. In this way, the article aims to contribute to a reassessment of our understanding of development journalism and how journalists in developing societies view their work.

  • 326.
    Harefjord, Linnea
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Karlsson, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Att presentera en underbar resa: Ett projekt för utformandet av The Great Journey’s meningsskapande process2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 327.
    Harkman, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Möjligheterna finns här: En utvärdering av projektet Hälso- och breddidrottsturism, en resurs för tillväxt2012Report (Other academic)
  • 328.
    Haunsch, Folker
    et al.
    Queensland University of Technology, Australia.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Development journalism in politically unstable democracies: A case study of Fijian journalism culture2014In: International Communication Gazette, ISSN 1748-0485, E-ISSN 1748-0493, Vol. 77, no 6, p. 557-576Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Development journalism has been a key focus of discussion among journalism scholars for more than 40 years, but the focus has been firmly on African and Asian countries. This paper contributes to the study of development journalism and journalism culture by focusing on the little-researched island nation of Fiji, which has experienced considerable political instability since independence in 1970. Based on interviews with 77 of the country’s small population of just over 100 journalists, this paper finds that development journalism in Fiji takes an interesting shape that contradicts some conventional thinking. While our respondents expressed strong support for a Western watchdog style of journalism, but also supported development goals, leading to a unique mix that, it is argued, is not as contradictory as it may seem. In other area, journalists also combine Western ideals with local values. Some of the implications of recent impacts of media freedom are discussed.

  • 329.
    Hawkins, Josefine
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Lithman, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Betydelsen av hållbarhet inom samhällsplanering: En studie om hur Malmö kommun arbetar med hållbarhetsbedömningar i sin planering2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The term sustainable development has become an important concept during the recent decades. Far from everyone agrees on what sustainable development entails, however,society’s growth, development and renewal should take pace in a sustainable way.Globalization impacts on the work within sustainable development on a global, national and local level.

    The purpose of this study is to describe and explain the growth perspective in relation to the economic and ecological values within the municipality of Malmö. The study reviews the comprehensive plan where the goal of sustainable development should be addressed. The study also looks at how the social sustainability is described in the spatial planning.

    The theoretical frame of reference that this study relates to consists of theories and previous research which through their opposed views describes sustainable development and how these should be applied in the planning process. This study has a qualitative basis where primary data has been collected in the form of interviews. Only relevant planners have been selected through a targeted selection, for the empirical collection. An inductive approach has been used for this study in which the conclusions have been developed based upon on the empirical material.

    The study’s conclusion was based upon analysis of the empirical material, which showed that the ecological sustainability perspective is affected by economic growth through exploitation and increased job opportunities. The conclusion also shows that green structures and places with high natural values are neglected when there are goals for the city to grow and become more attractive. As to how the social sustainability is reflected in the planning process, the results shows how the social dimension has primary priority. This is reflected in the planning through active citizen dialogues, the creation of new jobs and the development of a mixed functioning city.

  • 330.
    Hedin, Amanda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Persson, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Kommunikation - en trygghet: En kvantitativ och kvalitativ studie av organisationen Ungdomar för trygghets kommunikativa arbete med högstadieelever i Karlstads kommun2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är skriven om organisationen Ungdomar för trygghet, en organisation som är en del av räddningstjänsten i Karlstad kommun. Ungdomar för trygghet arbetar med att skapa en tryggare tillvaro och att vara förebilder till ungdomar i Karlstads kommun. Denna uppsats undersöker hur organisationen genom kommunikation försöker skapa en relation, vara förebilder för- och undvika personliga kriser hos elever på de högstadieskolor som de besöker två gånger i veckan. De skolor som undersöks i denna studie är Vålbergsskolan, Frödingskolan, Rudsskolan och Hultsbergsskolan i Karlstad.

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka vad Ungdomar för trygghet vill uppnå med sitt kommunikativa arbete både i skolorna och via sociala medier samt att undersöka om de får ut det de vill till de skolor som studien är avgränsad till. Studien är både en kvalitativ och en kvantitativ studie som inleddes med fokusgruppsintervjuer med ungdomarna som arbetar på organisationen, där syfte var att ta reda på vad organisationen vill uppnå med sitt kommunikativa arbete. Utifrån de svar som framgick i intervjuerna sammanställdes en enkät som gavs ut till eleverna på de fyra högstadieskolorna för att på så sätt ta reda på om Ungdomar för trygghet lyckas nå ut med det som organisationen önskar. Den kvantitativa delen av studien undersöker hur god medvetenhet eleverna har till Ungdomar för trygghet och elevernas allmänna åsikter kring sin relation till dem. Vidare undersöker den kvantitativa delen av studien också vad eleverna tycker om organisationens arbete med sociala medier och om informationen via de sociala medierna når ut till eleverna. Teoretiska utgångspunkter som denna uppsats kommer att beröra är kriskommunikation, organisationslärande, sociala medier, kommunikativa synsätt, interpersonell kommunikation och bemötande. I teoriavsnittet presenteras de teoretiska utgångspunkterna som är mest relevanta i Ungdomar för trygghets arbete. I resultatdelen redovisas de resultat som framkommit när studien sammanställts. Några exempel på de resultat som framkom i studien är att av alla svarande på den kvantitativa enkäten så låg de allmänna åsikterna om relationerna med Ungdomar för trygghet ett medel på fyra på en femgradig skala. Åtta av tio svarande har någon gång haft kontakt med Ungdomar för trygghet på sin skola. Cirka 83 procent uppger att de skulle våga ta kontakt med ungdomar för trygghet. De allmänna åsikter kring Ungdomar för trygghets arbete, både i skolorna och via de sociala medierna stödjer det som organisationen vill åstadkomma med sitt arbete. Undersökningen jämför också skillnader mellan de olika skolorna där Hultsbergsskolan ger Ungdomar för trygghet högst betyg och Rudsskolan ger dem ett lägre betyg. Alla resultat ligger relativt högt på skalan mellan ett och fem, vilket visar att de når ut med det som de vill med sitt arbete. Studien kommer att gå in djupare på och analysera de resultat som studien har gett. I studiens analys- och diskussionsdel kopplas de teorier som redovisats i teoridelen ihop med de resultat som studien visat samt med de frågeställningar som finns i studien.

  • 331.
    Hedström, Amanda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Tonnvik, Ebba
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Volontärturism2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 332.
    Hellgren, Angelica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Jespersen, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Yogainstruktör 2.0: En analys av marknadsföringsstrategier i ett medium2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is about our collective fascination for the social medium Instagram, and our lively discussions about why certain images may be more so-called "Liked" than others and why some individuals becomes more successfull on Instagram than others. Thanks to our own daily use of Instagram, the idea was born to study and look at how some individuals build their brand through this social medium. With social media new ways to construct and communicate images have appeared. Artists, celebrities and companies use media as a channel for communication and marketing. In our study, we focus on the use of Instagram for marketing purposes by Rachel Brathen, one of the worlds most well-known yogainstructors. We apply semiotic analyses to study the pictures uploaded to her Instagram account. Erving Goffmans (1959) theory of framing as well as theoretical perspectives on branding, social media and communications provide the theoretical framework of our study. The study shows that framing is used by Rachel Brathen in her instagram account which is visible in the way she chooses the enviroment, decor and props that are aimed to generate inspiration excitement and anticipation. We also see that Rachel use storytelling as a key component in her images. As the constantly growing amount of her followers and likes shows this strategy stimulates the audience. 

  • 333.
    Hellsten, Rebecka
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Cylvén, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Bilden av Sápmi: Hur framställning av kultur inom turism kan påverka en ursprungsbefolknings identitet och autenticitet.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats ville vi undersöka hur den samiska kulturen representeras inom turism I Sverige. Vi utgick från fyra relevanta teman; dessa var autenticitet, identitet, makt och turism. Frågeställningarna var: Hur framställs den samiska kulturen i turismsammanhang i Sápmi? Hur påverkas den samiska identiteten av hur kulturen framställs inom turismnäringen? Hur mycket får samerna själva vara med och bestämma när det kommer till hur kulturen framställs inom turismnäringen?

     

    Vi började med att se över den samiska befolkningens historia. Det är viktigt att förstå hur de har behandlats förr för att kunna förstå varför saker och ting är som de är idag. Teorierna som användes i denna studie hanterar frågor om kulturell representation inom turism, vad det gör med människors identitet samt vad som verkligen menad med autentisk representation. En del teorier är också knutna till maktrelationer, vilket uttrycks i ämnen som handlar om ”Vi” kontra ”Dem”. Dessa teorier utgör en lins som ger en djupare och bredare förståelse av de problem som lyfts och kontextualiseras i den empiriska delen av uppsatsen.

     

    Vi samlade in vårt empiriska data genom intervjuer med människor involverade i turismindustrin. Vi gjorde även en kompletterande strukturerad observation genom att besöka några samiska utställningar och museum.

     

    En viktig slutsats som vi kom fram till är att den samiska befolkningen vill och måste bli mer involverade i hur de representeras av turismindustrin. Samisk turism kan bli en stor inkomstkälla för samerna men de behöver mer statlig finansiering. Förståelsen för kulturen är idag relativt liten, delvis på grund av att industrier som turism ofta använder en stereotypisk bild när de framhäver samer. Mycket kan därför fortfarande göras när det kommer till kulturell representation.

  • 334.
    Henriksson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Grosselin, Kitty
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Islamiska statens aggressiva framväxt.: Hur påverkar det individer i Sverige känslomässigt och i sitt resebeteende inom Europa?2016Student paper other, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 335.
    Hermelin, Brita
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Smas, Lukas
    Nordregio.
    Geographies of knowledge and learning: the example of Medical Technology2014In: Growth and Change, ISSN 0017-4815, E-ISSN 1468-2257, Vol. 45, no 3, p. 450-470Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 336.
    Hjelm, Linnea
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Erika, Andersson
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Att vara eller icke vara 2.0: Studenters självpresentation i sociala medier2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studenter har ofta som mål att få ett arbete efter avslutade studier och med hög konkurrens på arbetsmarknaden skulle personal branding, personligt varumärkesbyggande, i sociala medier kunna vara ett bra hjälpmedel för att få ett arbete. Men hur många utnyttjar egentligen detta? Uppsatsens syfte är att belysa denna kombination. Frågeställningen handlar om hur studenter inom olika yrkesområden upplever och hanterar presentationen av sig själva i sociala medier. Vi undersökte också hur studenter reflekterade över olika publiker och roller på sina sociala medier och hur de tänkte kring det de publicerade. Vi var också intresserade av hur de såg på den påverkan som innehållet på deras sociala medier kunde ha på eventuella framtida arbetsgivare.

    Studiens teoretiska ramverk utgår från Erving Goffmans teori om självpresentation, också kallad impression management. Teorin handlar om hur man genom olika handlingar försöker påverka vilken bild som andra ska få av en själv. Vi presenterade också de teorier som finns om personal branding. Impression management och personal branding jämfördes sedan för att undersöka skillnader och likheter. Impression management visade sig vara mer eller mindre omedvetna och vardagliga handlingar för att påverka den bild som presenteras av en själv. Personal branding är medvetna strategier för att nå olika mål, ofta karriärmässiga.

    Undersökningen är genomförd med en kvalitativ metod. Vi har intervjuat 16 studenter från fyra olika ämnesområden på Karlstads universitet. Studenterna från de olika ämnesområdena kommer troligtvis att söka arbete på arbets- marknader med olika hög konkurrens och var därför extra intressanta att jämföra.

    Utifrån resultatet av denna studie delade vi in respondenterna i tre olika grupper utifrån hur stor benägenheten var att bygga sitt eget varumärke på sociala medier.

    De slutsatser som vi kom fram till var att studenter tycker det är viktigt att visa upp en fördelaktig bild av sig själv på sociala medier, något de ofta gör omedvetet. De reflekterar heller inte så hög grad kring de olika publiker som finns på deras sociala medier. Till sist tror många att en potentiell arbetsgi- vare undersöker deras sociala medier i rekryteringssyfte. För en del studenter innebär detta att de i framtiden kommer att ändra innehållet på deras sociala medier för att förbättra sina chanser för en anställning. 

  • 337.
    Hjert, Amanda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Nygren, William
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Karlstad som evenemang- och affärsstad: En turismvetenskaplig studie om Karlstads förutsättningar och utmaningar för evenemang- och affärsturism, samt hur dem kan användas som strategi till utveckling och vilka effekter som kan identifieras.2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 338.
    Holmer, Albert
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Albien, Fiona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Evenemang som verktyg för destinationsutveckling.2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Holmesland, Anne-Lise
    et al.
    Soerlandet Hosp Trust, Dept Child & Adolescent Mental Hlth, Kristiansand S, Norway.;Univ Oslo, Inst Clin Med, Oslo, Norway..
    Seikkula, Jaakko
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Dept Psychol, Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Hopfenbeck, Mark
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Gjovik Univ Coll, Dept Hlth Technol & Soc, Gjovik, Norway..
    Inter-agency work in Open Dialogue: the significance of listening and authenticity2014In: Journal of Interprofessional Care, ISSN 1356-1820, E-ISSN 1469-9567, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 433-439Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article explores what professionals regard as important skills and attitudes for generating inter-agency network meetings involving intra-and interprofessonal work. More specifically, we will examine what they understand as promoting or impeding dialogue and how this is related to their professional backgrounds. The professionals participated in a project using an open dialogue approach in order to increase the use of inter-agency network meetings with young people suffering from mental health problems. In this explorative case study, empirical data was collected through interviews conducted with two focus groups, the first comprising healthcare professionals and the second professionals from the social and educational sectors. Content analysis was used, where the main category that emerged was dialogue. To illustrate the findings achieved in the focus groups, observations of inter-agency network meetings are included. The findings describe the significance and challenges of listening and authenticity in the professionals' reflections. The healthcare workers expressed worries concerning their capacities for open and transparent dialogues, while the other professionals' emphasized the usefulness of particular techniques. Inter-agency network meetings may be improved if more awareness is placed on the significance of meeting atmosphere, dwelling on specific topics, dealing with silence and understanding how authentic self-disclosure in reflections can promote the personal growth of the participants.

  • 340.
    Holmesland, Anne-Lise
    et al.
    Univ Oslo, Inst Psychiat, N-0319 Oslo, Norway.;Soerlandet Hosp Trust, Unit Res, N-4604 Kristiansand, Norway..
    Seikkula, Jaakko
    Univ Jyvaskyla, Dept Psychol, FIN-40014 Jyvaskyla, Finland..
    Nilsen, Oystein
    Confederat Trade Unions Norway, Dept Econ & Social Affairs, N-0130 Oslo, Norway..
    Hopfenbeck, Mark
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication. Gjovik Univ Coll, N-2802 Gjovik, Norway..
    Arnkil, Tom Erik
    Natl Inst Hlth & Welf, Helsinki 00530, Finland..
    Open Dialogues in social networks: professional identity and transdisciplinary collaboration2010In: International Journal of Integrated Care, ISSN 1568-4156, E-ISSN 1568-4156, Vol. 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this article is to explore the challenges connected to the transformation and emergence of professional identity in transdisciplinary multi-agency network meetings and the use of Open Dialogue. Introduction: The empirical findings have been taken from a clinical project in southern Norway concerning multi-agency network meetings with persons between 14 and 25 years of age. The project explores how these meetings are perceived by professionals working in various sectors. Methodology: Data was collected through three interviews conducted with two focus groups, the first comprising health care professionals and the second professionals from the social and educational sectors. Content analysis was used to create categories through condensation and interpretation. The two main categories that emerged were 'professional role' and 'teamwork'. These were analysed and compared according to the two first meeting in the two focus groups. Results and discussion: The results indicate different levels of motivation and understanding regarding role transformation processes. The realization of transdisciplinary collaboration is dependent upon the professionals' mutual reliance. The professionals' participation is affected by stereotypes and differences in their sense of belonging to a certain network, and thus their identity transformation seems to be strongly affected. To encourage the use of integrated solutions in mental health care, the professionals' preference for teamwork, the importance of familiarity with each other and knowledge of cultural barriers should be addressed.

  • 341.
    holmgren, john
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Granberg, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Hållbar utveckling i översiktsplanering: En fallstudie av Karlstads kommun översiktsplanering2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta vetenskapliga arbete är genomfört med inriktning mot samhällsplanering. Arbetet undersökte framförallt hur Karlstads kommun uttrycker det svårdefinierade begreppet hållbar utveckling i sin översiktsplan samt hur de “egentligen” implementerat det i verkligheten i jämförelse med översiktsplanen. Vid urvalet av tidigare forskning och teori har ett kumulativt antagande gjorts, det vill säga att nyare litteratur och forskning redan har beaktat vad tidigare forskning har visat. Hållbar utveckling är ett holistiskt begrepp som nödvändigtvis inte har en samlad definition, vilket resulterade i att en egen analysmodell framställdes. Modellen består av flera delindikatorer vilket bidrog till att ge ett brett perspektiv av begreppet hållbar utveckling. Modellen användes för att genomföra observationerna samt innehållsanalysen av Karlstads kommuns översiktsplan.

    Resultatet och slutsatserna som uppsatsen kom fram till var att Karlstads kommun använde sig av begreppet hållbar utveckling mer för att visa att kommunen har en god moral, samt att kommunen väljer att prioritera den ekonomiska dimensionen först och sedan de sociala och ekologiska dimensionerna. Resultatet jämfördes även med systemmodellen vilket prioriterar den ekologiska dimensionen först och sedan medföljer de sociala och ekonomiska dimensionerna. Till andra frågan i frågeställningen blev slutsatsen att hållbar utveckling oftast används som en positiv markör snarare än att komma fram till hur något skall gå till rent praktiskt, men det är även nödvändigt att beakta att olika områden har olika förutsättningar och för att förverkliga dessa projekt krävs det att kommunen anpassar sig efter dem.

  • 342.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    How are citizen journalists telling news? The Swedish case2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research on citizen journalism has an Anglo-Saxon bias and frequently studies specific cases that focus on conflict, crisis events or war creating a selection bias of existing and, at least modestly, successful examples. In this study, situated in Sweden, we reverse the process and examine how actual communities are served by digital citizen community journalism in an everyday context. The study has a particular focus on how events are portrayed in terms of news topics dimensions, framing, presentation style, geographical focus and the authorship of news items. Preliminary findings indicate that the citizen journalists’ only present one perspective, rarely refers to policy plans or talks to the actors involved and provide individual and episodic news frames. Their focus is mostly on the local level and they have embraced the impersonal and unemotional presentation style from mainstream news. Half of the news items are being written by citizens while representatives from organisations or politicians author a quarter of them.   All in all, citizen journalism in general falls short from both traditional journalistic standards and many scholarly claims of being alternative.

  • 343.
    Holt, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, S-39182 Kalmar, Sweden..
    Karlsson, Michael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Random acts of journalism?: How citizen journalists tell the news in Sweden2015In: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 17, no 11, p. 1795-1810Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the results from a content analysis of four Swedish online citizen journalism outlets are presented and discussed. The analysis focuses on new digital venues for news-making in theory and the question of the political relevance of citizen journalism in reality. This broad question is operationalized by asking more specifically how citizen journalists tell the news, according to established distinctions between variations in topic dimensions, focus, and presentational style. Our results show that citizen journalists tend to tell soft news. They rarely report on policy issues, local authorities, or people affected by decisions being made by them. Furthermore, the news focuses on individual relevance and is mostly episodic in nature. The style of writing is predominantly impersonal and unemotional. In sum, our results suggest that citizen journalism in Sweden is not yet at a stage where it can be considered a plausible alternative to traditional journalism.

  • 344.
    Hoppstadius, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sustainable development and tourism in a biosphere reserve: A case study of Lake Vänern Archipelago Biosphere Reserve, Sweden2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis I analyse sustainable development by researching tourism in a biosphere reserve. Sustainable development is based on a broad range of environmental, economic and social elements, bound together by the fact that development is limited by boundaries in the environment. Studies on tourism have the potential to contribute to sustainable development by changing environmental awareness, by promoting a way of life that reduces environmental impact, and by suggesting sustainable lifestyle changes. It is this aspect of sustainable development that I have addressed, as a contribution to the knowledge base, via the example of tourism development in biosphere reserves. Exploring the complex interaction between sustainable development and tourism in a biosphere reserve provides the added value of a case study in which sustainable development is central and actively promoted, as biosphere reserves are meant to be learning sites for sustainability. By incorporating and highlighting a theoretical foundation, consisting of relational place, substantive landscape and sustainable development, this study included analysis of a selection of concrete tourism-related features, activities and actors, all of which influence sustainable development. Consequently, the main research question of this study was: How is tourism mobilised by different actors to attain and promote sustainable development in a biosphere reserve?

    This thesis shows that that sustainable development is a spatial relation, and something that we make together with other people, and that tourism, under certain circumstances, has the potential to contribute to sustainable development. My research on the mobilisation of tourism for sustainability in biosphere reserves in general, and Lake Vänern Archipelago Biosphere Reserve in particular, has highlighted several theoretical and empirical findings that contribute to our increased understanding of how sustainable development works.

     

  • 345.
    Hoppstadius, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Tourists’ reflections on sustainability in a biosphere reserve landscape2019In: The international journal of tourism research, ISSN 1099-2340, E-ISSN 1522-1970, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 560-573Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lack of critical engagement and a focus on practical solutions in sustainable tourism debates. Research on biosphere reserve (BR) tourists has focused mainly on descriptions, while not critically engaging in issues relating to sustainable tourism. This article explores tourists' reflections on sustainable development in the landscape of a Swedish BR. The findings indicate that BR landscapes can increase environmental awareness, that aesthetics are important to how tourists make sense of sustainability, and that the functionality of the BR landscape shows how people perceive environmental concerns and how they see their own roles in affecting the landscape.

  • 346.
    Hoppstadius, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Dahlström, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Processes of sustainable development: ecotourism in biosphere reserves2015In: Journal of Environmental and Tourism Analyses, ISSN 2286-2838, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 5-25Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 347.
    Hoppstadius, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Möller, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    ‘You have to try being a role model’: Learning for sustainability among tourism entrepreneurs in a swedish biosphere reserve2018In: European Journal of Tourism Research, ISSN 1994-7658, E-ISSN 1314-0817, Vol. 20, p. 28-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The pursuit for sustainability in biosphere reserve (BR) tourism entails the need not merely for tourism businesses to adapt to the changing environmental preferences of tourists but also for entrepreneurs to gain new knowledge about sustainability. Our study illustrates how place is central to grasp the processes of learning for sustainability. Drawing on qualitative interviews, we examine place-specific and social learning processes for sustainability among small-scale tourism entrepreneurs in a Swedish BR. The findings are discussed using an analytic framework, based on themes of place-specific learning emerging from the interviews. Learning for sustainability among tourism entrepreneurs entails an emphasis on both social and spatial processes. Our findings show how the small-scale tourism entrepreneurs engage in learning through their interactions with tourists at their tourism establishments, through networking with other tourism businesses and regional stakeholders, through engaging with local resources and cultural norms of the BR, and through their experiences and practices connected to their everyday lives and the private sphere.

  • 348.
    Hoppstadius, Fredrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Tourism – as exploration and demonstration of which sustainable development? The case of a biosphere reserve2018In: Tourism, ISSN 1332-7461, Vol. 66, no 2, p. 161-176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     In contrast to traditional nature protection strategies, UNESCO's Man and Biosphere Reserves (BRs) can be seen as a more pronounced perspective that includes nature, culture and sustainable development. Tourism is generally supported in BRs, which also are meant to function as "learning sites of excellence to explore and demonstrate approaches to conservation and sustainable development" (UNESCO, 1996 p. 16). The focus of BRs has centred on environmental sustainability, due to the concept's history in nature preservation. However, like all global concepts, the interpretation of sustainable development in BRs is filtered over time through national, regional and local conditions. Explicit or underlying development strategies are also in place when the concept is applied in practice. It is therefore important to gain a better understanding of how sustainable development is interpreted and how BR stakeholders see the role of tourism over time. It is against this background that a case study was carried out on the Lake Vänern Archipelago BR in Sweden, its tourism aspects and the interpretation of sustainable development. The findings illustrate an ambivalence with regard to which approach to sustainable development is preferred, but there are striking parallels between the evolution of environmental commitment during the 20th century and the changing profile of BRs in general. Further, it can be noted that studying concrete examples of situated cases of sustainable development efforts in terms of biosphere reserves can contribute greatly to the ongoing discussion about which development approaches are seen as more or less sustainable.

  • 349.
    Hugosson, Jennie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Ahlberg, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Hotell: en distributionskanal för sextrafficking2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Our study highlights how hotels work with social sustainability linked to sex-trafficking. The study examines how the hotels work preventatively against sex-trafficking, what challenges they experience in the business and how corporate social responsibility (CSR) is used in the businesses linked to sextrafficking. The aim of the study is to investigate how Swedish companies in the hotel industry take measures to prevent sex-trafficking of people. To enable this, we conducted interviews with eight respondents employed at three different hotels. The criteria for the selected hotels were as follows: Medium size hotels (100 – 250 rooms), located in a city in central Sweden and that a responsible manager could provide an expert interview. The managers from the expert interviews chose one or more staff from reception, restaurant or housekeeping as respondents to the qualitative interviews. The main concepts highlighted are sex-trafficking and CSR. There is a lot of research on sex-trafficking and CSR as two separate terms, but these phenomena set in the same context show that there is a theoretical gap on how sex trafficking can be prevented as part of CSR. In addition to using CSR, there are different certifications and checklists that can facilitate preventative work. However, it is up to the management or managers to implement these working methods to work against sex trafficking. The study shows that the hotels take measures to prevent sex-trafficking, but it is done at different levels and the work is done differently. The results of the study show that the hotels look for different traces in the bookings coming from external channels. These traces help staff identify suspicions even before the guest arrives. The respondents also note that the Swedish law against sex purchases is a protection aspect to act on suspicious cases. Challenges identified by the companies are different types of profiling of guests, lack of education, tacit knowledge, and digitization that takes away the meeting with guests. The hotels highlight that the police and other hotels on the site are an important resource. The results also show that the hotels work with CSR and have local collaborations to prevent sextrafficking.

  • 350.
    Hultqvist, Sebastian
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hedberg, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Destinationsutveckling: Lågprisflygbolags påverkan på destinationer2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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