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  • 301.
    Granath, Solveig
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Wherrity, Michael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Missing in grammars: We don't want you missing this!2013In: Language, football and all that jazz: A festschrift for Sölve Ohlander / [ed] Gunnar Bergh, Rhonwen Bowen, Mats Mobärg, Göteborg: Acta Universitatis Gothoburgensis, 2013, 1, p. 109-126Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 302.
    Graner, Gunlög
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kamratbedömning i svenska: Nio lärares tankar och erfarenheter2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies how peer assessment is used as a strategy to improve young learners' results in Swedish as a school subject. Nine teachers are interviewed about their use of the method on 7-12-year-old pupils. Comparisons are made between the interviews and Swedish and international discussion on peer assessment. There are similarities between the practice of the teachers and what is said in the litterature about the method and its advantages and drawbacks. The teachers tend to emphasize the social aspects more, though. They also point to adjustments necessary to make the method function in groups of different kinds. Of feedback methods, they seem to prefer "Two stars and a wish" to others.

  • 303.
    Granqvist, Linnéa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kamratbedömning: ris eller ros?: En kvalitativ studie av åk 8 elevers känslor för att arbeta med kamratbedömning i svenskämnet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study has been to explore how a class of year 8 students from a school in the middle region of Sweden experience peer assessment on written assignments in the Swedish subject as well as their feelings towards peer assessment and their opinion of how well it works as a tool for learning. To answer this question an observation of a peer assessment session concerning a debate article was conducted. This was followed up by a focus group interview with five students during which peer assessment was thoroughly discussed. The purpose of the observation was for the researcher to gain insight into how the class worked with peer assessment. It also served as a foundation for the interview. The study shows that the students see many benefits with peer assessment, mainly, they appreciate giving response. Receiving responce was often viewed as a difficulty, both as the receiver and giver as the students wanted to avoid hurting others. They also felt that they were unable to be completely honest to their peers and that were sometimes hard to rely on the feedback they got. The students asked for more exercises in peer assessment, mainly in the earlier years, in order to gain the positive effects described by the literature. 

  • 304.
    Green, Evelina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Can you pronunce January?: A comparative study of Swedish students learning English in an at-home environment and a study-abroad environment2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate whether there is a difference between Swedish learners of English in an at-home environment compared to Swedish learners of English who studied English abroad for a year, in their ability to distinguish between certain English phoneme. The method used to investigate was through a questionnaire where the informants had to identify words containing the sounds /z/, /θ/, /ð/, /ʃ/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/, /dʒ/ and /w/. The results showed that the informants who had been abroad were more familiar with the sounds than the informants who had studied in a Swedish senior high school over the same period of time. It was found that the sound /z/ was the hardest sound to identify, followed by /ʒ/, for both groups of informants. 

  • 305.
    Green, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Bland de överlevande: En kulturkritisk studie av den narratologiska drivkraften i två postapokalyptiska verk2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project is to find out what makes the story unfold after the end of the world has taken place in Stephen King’s The Stand and Douglas Coupland’s Girlfriend In a Coma. The project has a cultural critical standpoint. After the apocalypse; what do the characters bring into the new world? The investigation is performed by using close reading. Elements essential to the narratological force are then lifted and presented. The result shows that the authors to the two works have used different techniques. The Stand uses opposites according to A.J. Greima’s actant model, whereas the narratological driving force in Girlfriend In a Coma is the use of shifting focalization. Both works have the same beneficial narratological driving force as back bone: the apocalypse. The reader knows what to expect from this genre, the post-apocalyptic horror genre. These works are read bearing in mind that anything can happen, at any time.

  • 306.
    Green, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Experienced Intensity throughCharacter Description in Stephen King’s Cell2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay investigates experienced intensity through character description and development

    in Stephen King’s Cell. The thesis of the essay is that a deliberately produced narrative

    indeterminacy, used mainly on the level of character descriptions, is what produces intensity

    by holding the readers of Cell in suspense, i.e., in a state of uncertainty. While King might

    stretch the fundamentals of the classic horror genre, he does not abandon them, experimenting

    with a genre that makes the readers wonder what to expect next, thereby creating suspenseful

    questions. Since the focus of the essay is the readers’ reactions on character descriptions, I

    apply reader response theory and the works of Norman Holland, David Bleich and Yvonne

    Leffler. The result of the investigation shows that narrative techniques, such as placing brief

    descriptions of characters in the course of events in the narrative together with altered norms

    and normality allow the readers to experience heightened emotions and feelings. King alters

    norms and normality, and presents character descriptions in a fashion that is unexpected; thus

    the readers do not know exactly how to relate to these character descriptions.

  • 307.
    Green, Niclas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Mellan A-traktor och skönlitteratur: Didaktiska metoder i undervisningen2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my project is to determine how a multimodal/intermedial text can be used when teaching in upper secondary school. Can using a text that to some point is current in the pupils’ lives lift the interest for the specific subject? I opted to pick up Gunther Kress’ research, Diana Laurillard’s book and Christina Olin-Scheller’s work on the subject. I have used several hours of lesson planning and the lesson itself with subsequent work consisting, among other things, of three qualitative interviews to achieve my purpose. Based on a qualitative approach, I discuss the results, which show that it is in fact very uplifting. It is possible to work with multimodal/intermedial/intertextual texts, in many ways.

  • 308.
    Grenabo, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kanske en riktig författare: Om Foucaults författarfunktion, pseudonymer och omvärderingar rörande Göran Tunströms Hallonfallet2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay discusses how the reception and general view of an author and a work change due to consequent publications by said author. These changes are explained using Michel Foucault’s theory on the author function. The discussion centers around Göran Tunström’s book Hallonfallet, a book which initially was published under pseudonym but later re-released with the author’s proper name. The reader is then presented with a brief exposé of the reception of each of the two versions, which is then analyzed. This analysis serves as starting point for a wider discussion, referring to Tunström’s Hallonfallet as main point of reference, regarding the relation between author function, work and genre, examining how changed views concerning one of these three aspects may bring about revaluations of the others.

  • 309.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A Newspeak of Extinction: The Disintegration of Meaning in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The contingency of language is one of the central concerns of Margaret Atwood’s speculative novel Oryx and Crake (2003), set in a severely climate-changed Canadian landscape.  Atwood’s near-future world is the realisation of the negative effects of extreme globalisation, which, coupled with complete commercialisation, had resulted in utter environmental degradation and irreparable climate change on the one hand, and the development of increasingly daring biotechnologies on the other.  One of the central themes of the novel is that of extinction – not just the impending extinction of the physical environment, but also the imminent extinction of various types of cultural expressions.  As the protagonist has to mediate his experience of an increasingly foreign world, language is portrayed as under threat.  In this paper I explore the notion that the world of Oryx and Crake has necessitated a breakdown in meaning which has resulted in a kind of Orwellian Newspeak – as for example manifested in the incongruous brand names used in the novel.

  • 310.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Book Review of Greening the Maple: Canadian Ecocriticism in Context2015In: Ecozona, ISSN 2171-9594, E-ISSN 2171-9594, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 189-192Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 311.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Forging hybrid identities in selected works by Margaret Atwood2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Margaret Atwood’s speculative trilogy – Oryx and Crake (2003), The Year of the Flood (2009) and MaddAddam (2013) – has a post-apocalyptic setting, but also includes frequent flashbacks to a pre-apocalyptic world that is recognisably an extrapolated version of our own. In this near-future world current technologies as well as environmental concerns have had time to develop to their full dystopian (and utopian) potential. In the MaddAddam trilogy our contemporary fear of the hybrid is exploited: by framing nature as hybrid (variable, changeable, dynamic) the boundaries between human–nonhuman and natural–artificial become somewhat blurred. Moreover, these novels are also in many ways generically and thematically hybrid.

     

    Although hybridity can perhaps most clearly be seen in Atwood’s recent trilogy, it is by no means confined to these three novels. In this paper I will look at Atwood’s use of hybridity in the trilogy in the light of some of her earlier work (such as her 1972 novel Surfacing and many of her short stories), in order to show that her concern with hybridity ranges beyond her speculative fiction and that hybridity plays an important role in her body of work.

  • 312.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Framing by Unveiling: Apocalyptic Extrapolation and Hybridity in Margaret Atwood’s MaddAddam Trilogy2014In: Framing Nature: Signs, Stories, and Ecologies of Meaning, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As we face the prospect of imminent ecological disaster, the apocalyptic mode appears to be one of the dominant ways of framing nature and ecological discourse. Lawrence Buell famously called apocalypse in The Environmental Imagination “the single most powerful master metaphor that the contemporary environmental imagination has at its disposal” (287). Due to the grand scale often employed in apocalyptic narrative, Ursula K. Heise describes it in Sense of Place and Sense of Planet as “a particular form of imagining the global” (141). Additionally, in Why We Disagree about Climate Change Mike Hulme identifies “presaging apocalypse” as one of the four predominant narrative modes employed to frame climate change. In this paper I do not just use apocalypse in its modern sense as a synonym for catastrophe, but also return to the original meaning of the word to discuss the manner in which unveiling works as a framing device in Margaret Atwood’s MaddAddam trilogy. Further, I argue that Atwood’s apocalyptic imagination is informed by the idea that meaning is created through hybridity and that her apocalyptic extrapolation provides an alternative, albeit ambiguous, to the nostalgia often associated with an environmental impetus.

    Atwood’s speculative trilogy – Oryx and Crake (2003), The Year of the Flood (2009) and MaddAddam (2013) – has a post-apocalyptic setting, but also includes frequent flashbacks to a pre-apocalyptic world that is recognisably an extrapolated version of our own. In this near-future world current technologies as well as environmental concerns have had time to develop to their full dystopian (and utopian) potential. A speculative text is always to some extent at least doubly framed, since the intratextual world is by and large shown to be other by means of comparison to the historical situation at the text’s conception. Within an outer frame of comparison created through apocalyptic extrapolation, Atwood reveals a possible future principally based on the prevailing apocalyptic framing of nature. In the MaddAddam trilogy our contemporary fear of the hybrid is also exploited: by framing nature as hybrid (variable, changeable, dynamic) the boundaries between human–nonhuman and natural–artificial become blurred. In the trilogy hybridity and apocalypticism are intimately connected, and post-apocalyptic survival depends to a large degree on the acceptance of a hybrid framing of human and nonhuman nature.

  • 313.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Förföriska tentakulära ekologier2017In: Aiolos: Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, Vol. 56, p. 101-104Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 314.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Human Pigs and Piggish Humans: Blurring the Boundaries in Margaret Atwood’s MaddAddam Trilogy2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The relationship between humans and pigs is fraught with ambiguity. While the pig is the only domesticated species bred solely to be eaten, pigs traditionally live in close proximity to humans and are reared on household waste. This ambivalence is mirrored in their cultural significance: sometimes pigs symbolise luck or happiness, but they are also often regarded as the embodiment of everything unclean.

     

    For the purposes of this paper I am primarily concerned with Pigoons, the genetically modified pigs which figure prominently in Margaret Atwood’s MaddAddam trilogy. Originally engineered to be vehicles for human organs, these human–animal hybrids exhibit a sense of self that corresponds neither to traditional ideas of the human, nor to human conceptions of animality. In the post-apocalyptic world of the novels, notions of human exceptionalism are questioned and satirised through this blurring of the boundaries between human and nonhuman animals.

     

    This paper investigates the way in which the uncanny physical resemblance between humans and pigs is used in the representation of hybridity in Atwood’s trilogy, and also makes reference to some of the Pigoons’ literary antecedents, as well as to figurations of pigs in contemporary visual art.

  • 315.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Imagining the Land2017In: Canadian Literature, ISSN 0008-4360, no 233, p. 148-149Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Levande stenar2018In: Aiolos: Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 62, p. 51-53Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Margaret Atwood's Environmentalism: Apocalypse and Satire in the MaddAddam Trilogy2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study considers the way in which Margaret Atwood’s post-apocalyptic MaddAddam Trilogy functions as an environmental project. The main focus is on how the three novels, Oryx and Crake (2003), The Year of the Flood (2009), and MaddAddam (2013), simultaneously draw on and destabilise the apocalypticism inherent in so much environmental discourse, primarily through the use of satire. The trilogy is securely anchored in the concerns of contemporary readers, and transposition of the action to the near future is integral to Atwood’s environmental project: attention is focussed on the present causes of anticipated environmental catastrophe, which readers implicitly are implored to avoid. Atwood’s environmentalism is performed in the interplay between her literary stature, the equivocal content of her work, and the irreverence with which she metaleptically blurs distinctions between fact and fiction, art and commodity, and activism and aesthetics. Whereas the satiric mode serves as a way of avoiding some of the limitations of apocalyptic thinking by maintaining and even creating complexity, it also renders the entire project ambiguous. Uncertainty about the exact environmental injunction presented in the trilogy creates doubts about the degree to which Atwood’s extradiegetic environmental activism should be taken seriously, or conversely. Storytelling is foregrounded in all three novels, and through its concurrent critique of and reliance on market forces and the political potential of art, the MaddAddam Trilogy demonstrates that there is no external position from which the imagination can perform environmentalist miracles. As such, Atwood’s environmental project furthers a profoundly ecological understanding of the world.

  • 318.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Margaret Ronda, Remainders: American Poetry at Nature's End2019In: American Studies in Scandinavia, ISSN 0044-8060, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 132-135Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 319.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Scientists’ Fictions and The Collapse of Western Civilization2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, respected historians of science Naomi Oreskes and Erik M. Conway published an essay entitled The Collapse of Western Civilization: A View from the Future. This message-driven text uses an overtly science-fictional mode to look back at the present from the vantage point of the late twenty-fourth century. Reflecting on our present, the narrator bleakly notes that “knowledge” about fossil fuel use and climate change “did not translate into power” (2). The authors lay much of the blame for their envisaged collapse of western civilisation at the door of neoliberalism, but also present a sharp attack on present scientific practices that, while certainly founded in some regards, makes for rather uneasy reading in a post-truth age.

     

    Oreskes and Conway are by no means the first scholars to turn to genre fiction, yet their contribution is particularly interesting because of their prominent positions as historians of science. In their co-authored nonfiction volume Merchants of Doubt (2010), they explored the manner in which politically-connected scientists with certain financial interests have for decades skewed the public’s understanding—and sometimes delayed US policymaking—on a variety of issues, including smoking, the causes of acid rain and the hole in the ozone layer, DDT use and climate change. In The Collapse of Western Civilization they again present themselves simultaneously as critics of science and scientists in their own right, while also using—and sometimes abusing—the conventions of science fiction to present their environmental message.

     

    The Collapse of Western Civilization illustrates some of the difficulties inherent in translating scholarly work into fiction, especially if the result is presented as prophetic science fiction. In this paper, I focus on the way Oreskes and Conway navigate these tensions through framing their fictional narrative with an introduction, a “Lexicon of Archaic Terms”, notes, and an interview with the authors.

  • 320.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Shower Power? Satire and the Zuma Presidency2018Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Already before his election as president of South Africa in 2009, Jacob Zuma was a public figure mired in controversy. Securing power through populism, and amid allegations of rape, corruption and racketeering, Zuma was instrumental in turning the African National Congress against the sitting president Thabo Mbeki, and led the party to another election victory in 2014 before resigning in February 2018.

     

    In this presentation, I give a few examples of the use of satire against the Zuma presidency, focusing on the way in which the showerhead became a metonymy for corruption. The cartoonist Zapiro first started drawing the showerhead on top of Zuma’s head after Zuma testified at his 2006 rape trial – he was acquitted – that he took a shower after unprotected sex to minimise the risk of contracting HIV. In subsequent years, the showerhead was used as the cartoonist’s political barometer, growing and shrinking depending on the issues of the day (and at times disappearing completely), while reminding the public how misguided the president was about HIV infection. The showerhead has become part of South Africa’s popular culture; it has been used both by Zuma’s political opponents to taunt the president, as well as by public protesters.

     

    While the true costs of the Zuma presidency to South Africa are yet to be established, Zuma has provided satirists and political opponents with a seemingly inexhaustible wealth of material. In this context, satire is highly political, and it has served to highlight issues of free speech and censorship. At the same time, however, the role played by satire in bringing about political change is difficult to determine.

  • 321.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    The Struggle as Pop: Authenticity and Nostalgia in Post-Apartheid Music2018Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 322.
    Grimbeek, Marinette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Wholesale Apocalypse: Brand Names in Margaret Atwood’s Oryx and Crake2016In: Names, ISSN 0027-7738, E-ISSN 1756-2279, Vol. 64, no 2, p. 88-98, article id 1159448Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Coinages pervade Margaret Atwood’s post-apocalyptic novel Oryx and Crake (2003). Most of the neologisms in the novel denote corporations and their products and form part of a thoroughgoing critique of consumerism. The coinages are jarringly hyperbolic and their orthography often evokes contrary connotations. However, in the thematic context of the novel, coining practices follow certain patterns and function as effective, if ambiguous, satirical tools. On one level, the practice of branding is thoroughly satirized. On another, however, the neologisms point to both the limitations and possibilities of satire when dealing with the themes addressed in the novel: commoditization, environmental damage on a planetary scale, and a vision of the imminent end of humanity itself.

  • 323.
    Grundel, Ulla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Gyllene ögonblick: Andraspråkselevers perspektiv på läsning av skönlitteratur i gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study is to examine multilingual upper secondary school pupils’

    perspectives on fiction reading at school. This is done with the background of research on

    young peoples’ reading habits, reading motivation research, current control documents, and

    from a socio-cultural perspective. To answer the aim of the study and the questions at issue

    five interviews with pupils in their third year of university preparatory program were carried

    out. All the pupils study Swedish as a second language. The interviews are inspired by their

    lifestories and are focused on the pupils’ reading experiences.

    The result of the interviews shows that the experiences of fiction reading at school vary. The

    tested group has heard real stories but also fictitious ones from their parents as children. The

    study has shown that the pupils apprehend that it has affected them in different ways i. e. by

    their reading life. The pupils’ experiences of reading fiction in school is governed by both

    duty and time, compared to reading books during earlier years. The study also shows that

    teacher’s commited leadership and a positive interaction are important for their reading and

    personal development. From a teacher’s perspective, time for reading of fiction should be

    revalued, since research has shown that the reading of fiction promotes studies in other

    subjects but also an individual’s social development and participation in society.

  • 324.
    Gryzelius, Thomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    El aprendizaje distribuido como estrategia didáctica en la enseñanza del vocabulario de ELE: Un acercamiento a su uso en el salón escolar sueco2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studying and learning words in a foreign language in order to develop a vocabulary that promotes communicative competence, is a daunting task both for students and teachers of Spanish as a foreign language in Sweden and elsewhere. In this context we identify one problem; the possibility that words learned in class will be forgotten as soon as they have been tested on a quiz or exam. If our students cannot incorporate new words into their vocabulary it is quite possible that their communicative development will stop or slow down.

          In order to understand this problem and find alternative ways to teach vocabulary we investigated a phenomena called ‘the spaced memory effect’. In the field of educational psychology this is when the learner study with repetitions distributed over time. Practices that build on the spaced memory effect are often called distributed learning.

          In a small study we tested this effect as an alternative way of teaching and learning vocabulary. From this study we could conclude that the effect is possible to measure and that it is consistent in all the test subjects that followed a study model that was based on repetitions or a distributed learning model. It was shown that after one month the students were able to remember 85% of the words.

          The results from this small study provides new perspectives for further investigation and suggests that there are alternative ways of teaching Spanish vocabulary in Swedish schools.

     

  • 325.
    Grönvall, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Skrivhandledning och akademiskt skrivande: Språkdebatt och forskningslucka2015In: KAPET, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 60-71Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Som de flesta andra svenska lärosäten har Karlstads universitet under 2000-talet haft en växande skrivhandledningsverksamhet. Denna typ av språk- och skrivhandledning, som på vissa andra håll kallas studie- eller textverkstad, har etablerats med syftet att erbjuda studenter stöd, främst i studiernas skriftliga moment. Verksamheternas framväxt kan förstås mot bakgrund av direktiven om breddad rekrytering till högre studier. Farhågor finns att otillräcklig skriftspråkskompetens i sig är en orsak till studiemisslyckanden.

    Än så länge finns en ganska begränsad kunskap om de behov och de studenter som de svenska lärosätenas text- och språkhandledningar möter. Studier som gjorts av studenters skrivande i Sverige (Ask, 2007; Blåsjö, 2004; Blückert, 2010) har ofta ett socialiseringsperspektiv, snarare än ett verksamhetsperspektiv. I mycket få fall har det fokuserats på de mest utsatta studenterna.

    Detta är det angeläget att få veta mer om. Under våren 2015 gjorde jag därför en pilotstudie bland de studenter som kontaktade skrivhandledningen vid KAU. I enkätform ombads studenterna besvara dels en rad bakgrundsfrågor, dels ett antal frågor om sina specifika behov och önskemål. Dessutom gjordes intervjuer med verksamma skrivhandledare vid Karlstads universitet. De ger sin – kompletterande – bild av de behov, de utmaningar och möjligheter som hänger samman med de skriftspråkliga krav som studenter möter i det akademiska skrivandet.

  • 326.
    Grönvall, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    To teach, or not to teach English, that is the question: When do Swedish primary school teachers believe that English should be introduced and how does this introduction affect equal schooling for all?2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Resent research has demonstrated that age does not play as big a part in second language (L2) acquisition as was previously thought. However, L2 acquisition is markedly affected by: (i) the amount of L2 in a pupil’s daily life, (ii) how well teachers are trained in teaching a new language to young learners and (iii) how many hours are given to the subject each week. In Swedish schools there is great variation around when and how English is taught. In order to ensure future equality in L2 teaching we need to find out why this variation exists. One important step towards doing this is to obtain primary school teachers’ views on teaching English. Using a questionnaire, I gathered views from Swedish primary school teachers regarding their own English teaching skills and when they believe English should be taught. The findings show that views on when to start teaching English differ markedly among teachers, varying from year 1 to year 3, as does any relevant guidance from schools/municipalities. It is also apparent that many teachers, 65% of the respondents in this study to be exact, have not had English as an obligatory part of their teacher training. The findings offer a valuable insight into potential underlying reasons for the variability that exists in L2 teaching.

  • 327.
    Gudmundsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Oceanic Feeling: A Freudian Reading of Katherine Chopin's The Awakening2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Kate Chopin’s The Awakening is a book about women’s position in late 19th century, showing a woman’s attempt to find liberation and emancipation in a restricting, male-dominated society. Much is revealed already in the title. We understand that the text is about someone who will awaken, and the heart is in fact a story about Edna Pontellier’s gradual awakening to her own sexual and individual being, what it is and what she has to do. She is a woman living in a society where a wife is expected to be rather weak and dependable on her husband. Step by step she discovers why she does not feel pleased with doing what is expected of her by her husband and by society.

              The acts of Edna Pontellier, the protagonist in Kate Chopin’s novel The Awakening, is in this essay analysed with help of the Freudian terms oceanic feeling, the unconscious, and the pair Eros and Thanatos. Edna’s different swims gradually help her to find what is hidden in her unconscious. At the start of the novel, she is not conscious of the fact that there is another, deeper set of feelings, but the essay shows how through her minor swims she is driven by the Eros drive towards an overwhelming awakening which leads her to Thanatos and her final oceanic swim.

  • 328.
    Gunnstedt, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Muntlig kommunikation i klassrummet: Gör lärare som forskningen förordar?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work focuses on oral communication in the classroom. There is limited research about how the oral communication should be assessed and I am curious to find out how teachers think and go about the issue of assessing pupils´ oral communication skills. The data consists of interviews and web questionnaires. My research questions aim to investigate teacher’s thoughts and opinions concerning oral communication in the classroom, what obstacles and opportunities it brings and how they go about to assess it according to the curriculum. 

    The study is qualitative, Vygotskijs socio-cultural perspective and the idea of the zone of proximal development is used as a theoretical basis. The interviews show that teachers have a similar view of what oral communication is, and that it is as a basic ground in learning, but they differ in how they usually go about to practice it and how it is being assessed. 

  • 329.
    Gustafsson, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    ”Det var en gång…”: En kvalitativ studie om bedömning av skönlitterärt skrivande i grundskolans tidigare år.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to give the reader an insight into the writing process and how the assessment work of fiction writing can look like in primary school. Through previous research I wish to examine how the process of writing can be structured and what important parts of assessments the teachers take into consideration when they evaluate the process. The study examines how teachers’ work with assessment during the process of fictional writing and how they view the assessment process during the writing process.

    The empirical data consists of a qualitative interview in order to try to create a depth rather than a width. The informants participating in the survey have a long experience in the profession which I believe can contribute the depth I aspire.

    The results of the study show that the informants do not perceive the writing process as particularly complicated. The informants refer to the fact that their students are new to writing. They also conclude that the demanded level of writing is relatively simple for students in grades 1-3, and the policy documents also state this. The informants believe cooperative assessment is primarily used in national tests. All teachers in this study want more opportunities for cooperative assessment.

  • 330.
    Gustafsson, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Severus Snape: The Complexity and Unconventional Heroism of Severus Snape in the Harry Potter Books2016Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being an evildoer and being evil is not always the same thing; author J.K Rowling’s character Professor Severus Snape from the Harry Potter series is balancing on that very line. Although being unfair and mean to the protagonist Harry Potter all through the series, Professor Snape is revealed as a hero in the seventh book Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows (2007). This essay focuses on some of the complex psychological reasons as to why Snape acts the way he does towards Harry and why many readers consider him to be just as great a hero as the protagonist. It argues that his difficult upbringing is the cause of his complexity and the series of books are analyzed from a structuralist perspective, using A.J Greimas’ actantial model and Frank Kermode’s theories about endings and plot twists. Snape’s hate for Harry’s father, caused by years of bullying, is examined as well as his love for Harry’s mother. This essay also discusses in what ways Snape’s change of allegiance, brought on by his eternal love for Harry’s mother, is a great aid in defeating the Dark Lord.

  • 331.
    Gustafsson, Jonna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Boksamtal för barn i sorg: Skildringar av döden i Roy och Alla döda små djur2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    By comparing two picture books, this study examines how death is portrayed in children´s literature. The literature analysis focuses on how text and image depict death and the main characters grief, as well as what message the illustrations convey. The books that will be analysed are ROY by Gro Dahle and Svein Nyhus, which was published in 2009 and All dead small animals by Ulf Nilsson and Eva Eriksson, which was published in 2006. The study will show ways to teach children in grief, based on previous research on children in grief and sorrow processing. And with help from analysis tools, discusses how the books can be used in teaching, through book calls.

  • 332.
    Gustafsson, Paulina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läsinlärning, läsutveckling & lässvårigheter: - En studie om läsning med fokus på de svagare eleverna2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about learning to read, reading development, and reading disabilities with focus on the weaker students. The purpose is to investigate and describe how teachers work with the various parts of reading development in school. The purpose also concerns different steps in the learning procedure of reading and how teachers practice this in the classroom, with the main focus on pupils with reading disabilities. My choice of method are interviews and I have interviewed three teachers who work in grades F–3 focusing on the above-mentioned reading directions. A special educator was also interviewed to gain a broader view and knowledge about reading disabilities. After analyzing the data one conclusion is that the result is very consistent with earlier studies and research regarding learning to read, reading development and reading disabilities. For example, pupils’ learning develops very well if the teachers learn in a playful and pleasing way. 

  • 333.
    Gustafsson, Sanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Mina elever är mina resurser: En jämförelse av hur verksamma lärare arbetar med läsundervisning i Sverige och Sydafrika2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the teaching of literacy in two schools in different countries, South Africa and Sweden. The basis for the comparison was the decline of the two countries in the international PIRLS assessment. The aim of this essay was thus to identify possible similarities or differences between the two countries, possibly contributing to the decline in the literacy level of young students. The study was conducted by interviewing teachers of young children in South Africa and Sweden about their views on teaching literacy. The research shows that there are several factors contributing both positively and negatively to the literacy of young children. Through the interviews conducted, it was found that the teachers in both countries adhered to these factors in different ways, mainly due to curricula set by the government or social factors. Due to the small sample size of the study, no conclusive results could be derived from the research, but the results found could be used as a basis for further research, since some possible patterns could be identified.

  • 334.
    Gustavsson, Lisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Fem lärares arbete för att främja läsförmågan i Sydafrika: En studie av hur fem lärare arbetar för att komma tillrätta med de problem gällande läsning som presenteras i PIRLS2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is twofold: firstly, to find out what five teachers in South Africa believe are the underlying factors of South Africa's poor results in the PIRLS study, and secondly, to see what methods the teachers use to enhance the students’ ability to read and also to reflect on their roles in stimulating the students’ interests in reading. The method which was used in this essay was qualitative interviews. The result of the research showed that many of those who were interviewed perceived that the reason for the low PIRLS score was due to the lack of resources. By resources they meant teacher per students, access to books for reading instructions, school library, language teachers and teachers with education in special needs. Lack of communication and collaboration between teachers and parents and also students who lack confidence regarding reading seemed to be some other main reasons. The results also showed that all of the informants used the recommended methods which are found in South Africa's curriculum (CAPS). In order to stimulate the students’ interests in reading, many of the teachers read aloud as a method, and additionally visited the local library. 

  • 335.
    Gustavsson, Pauline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Alla har en gnista inom sig, men vad krävs för att väcka den?: En tematisk studie om hur svensklärare arbetar med ökandet av motivation i skönlitteraturundervisningen på gymnasiet2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Fiction is a central part of the subject plan for high school but reading among young people decreases, according to surveys. This study focuses on how Swedish teachers, at high school level, use motivational work within reading related assignments during Swedish courses. The study therefore intends to investigate the different motivational factors based on fiction, which Swedish teachers work with, in the educational context and how these factors can be increased. The result has been obtained through a thematic analysis based on the chosen method, interviews. Previous research claims that there is no comprehensive approach when analyzing motivational work. The choice was there for made to apply four different theories in the discussion within the outcome of the interviews. The factors identified by the thematic analysis were:

    1. The factors that increase the motivation of students based on reading fiction are that the teaching is individualized, that there are clear instructions and that the teaching is authenticated.2. The possibilities the teachers can read that increase the students' motivation for fictional reading is the teacher's way of working, how they present reading and the teacher's personality. 3. How teachers work with motivation in the classroom is that they implement reading plans, reading aloud, competitions, work with reading strategies and they also attach great importance to the group's motivation to each other.

    The result from the interviews reviled that the teachers did not always have a foundation in previous research and proven experiences in the work of motivation. It’s essential to apply individual adaptation in the educational context affecting fiction.

  • 336.
    Gustavsson, Pauline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    ”Svär inte så jävla mycket”: En studie om gymnasieungdomars svordomsanvändning2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay intends to present any differences in upper secondary students’ usage of curse words based on the idea that there are differences between boys and girls in secondary school. Not only on the basis of gender but also age, duration of study and what courses the students are studying. The study’s results are based on surveys conducted in six different classes in an upper secondary school.

    What emerged from the survey is that all of the students found that it is not acceptable to swear in formal situations, especially in church. In the study no obvious difference between boys and girls can be found. However, the boys believe that they swear more than the girls do although this is not confirmed by the girls. A difference between the theoretical and the practical courses that were studied was that the former does not find the need of profanity in our language. While the more occupational programs felt that they needed the language to express feelings and create a particular tone in our speech. There was however no distinction between Grade 1 students to Grade 3 students inferred from the study. In addition to this it would be interesting to continue the study in this area by increasing the age difference of the students to see if the hypothesis that increased studying leads to less use of profanity stands correct.

  • 337.
    Güler, Hatice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Skönlitteraturens betydelse för barns läsutveckling: En studie om fyra pedagogers arbete gällande skönlitteratur.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att undersöka hur fyra pedagoger arbetar med skönlitteratur i sin undervisning. Hur arbetar pedagogerna med engagemang, läslust och hur väljer de ut böckerna?

    Metoden som har använts i denna undersökning är kvalitativa intervjuer. Lärarna som deltog i denna studie hade många års erfarenhet av yrket och intervjuerna skedde i lärarnas klassrum och spelades in.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visar att flera av de intervjuade ansåg att genom att läsa skönlitteratur i tidig ålder får eleverna ett rikare ordförråd. Genom att läsa mycket skönlitteratur utvecklas elevernas språkutveckling. Detta nämndes även i forskningslitteratur. Pedagogerna arbetade med läsning varje dag mellan 30 och 40 minuter och nämndes även att böcker ska vara lätt tillgängliga. Elever ska vara bekanta med böcker och att besöka biblioteket ofta. Pedagogerna ansåg också att det är viktigt att vara med och välja böcker åt eleverna och att välja böcker efter deras nivå. Nivåanpassade böcker var något alla pedagoger var överens om och det var för att barnen inte skulle välja svåra böcker och tappa intresset. 

  • 338.
    Günther, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Lärarens jämställdhetsarbete: Ordval & Litteratur i genusöverblick2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to show gender equality in school for teacher's choice of words with gender-sensitive language related to children's literature "Do you know Pippi Longstocking?". Work has focused on preschool and grade 1. The theme of the thesis is that the teaching profession should look human. The study provides a literature review of the teacher's choice of words in the gender order as the words hen, man, gender, sex, etc., and a review of Pippi Longstocking by Astrid Lindgren on the basis of the related concepts. The coupling of the concepts are also made to the governing documents. The study goes on to describe how the School Board and other such professors and researchers talk about equality for school, kindergarten and preschool classes. The importance of the teacher's use of language and gender literature asserts that used for the teacher's further work with children about gender. The results that emerges is that there are a number of ways to work with gender equality, including literature and language to use and how they can be used, for example, or a hen instead of one. It shows that it is important that teachers have knowledge about gender and how teachers talk to children about gender. Furnishings for a gender sensitive pedagogy are at it too. Key words: gender, teachers words, gender literature

  • 339.
    Haag, Pierre
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Med datorn som skrivverktyg: ASL.metoden, att skriva sig till lässning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to give active educators an idea of ​​the advantages and disadvantages of the ASL method and to see if writing and reading learning differs in the student group depending on the method used to teach writing and reading learning. To answer the study's purpose, the researcher has conducted four interviews with active teachers who have worked with the ASL method. And conducted a questionnaire survey where the researcher received 58 responses. Based on this empirical study, the result shows that the respondents only have a positive response when to give students the opportunity to create their own produced texts using technical aids. Where the students show that they can write and read their own works. The respondents, however, considered that technology problems were a major disadvantage for working with the ASL method, but this is not a negative criticism of the ASL method itself, but the artifacts used by the school.

  • 340.
    Haag, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Lärarens litterära val: En studie om svensklärares litterära vali i litteraturundervisningen.2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studies syfte har varit att undersöka hur lärare väljer ut skönlitteratur i undervisningen och vilka faktorer som påverkar valet av litteratur.

    Undersökningen är baserad på elva kvalitativa intervjuer med en homogen grupp där undersökningsgruppen är nyutexaminerade lärare som har arbetat max ett år efter sin examen. Att de intervjuade inte undervisar samma homogena åldersgrupp är inget denna studie tar hänsyn till. Utan målet med undersökningen är att se hur nyutexaminerade lärare arbetar med att nå läroplanens mål om att eleverna skall läsa skönlitteratur.

    Den nya kursplanen i svenska är framtagen för att undervisningen skall vara likvärdig över hela landet, det skall vara lättare för elever att byta skolor, inriktningar etc. Ett argument inför framtagandet av den nya läroplanen var att utbildningen och bedömningen skulle bli tydligare och likvärdig (Skolverket 2011). Går det att ha en likvärdig undervisning när valet av skönlitteratur fortfarande är styrt av undervisande lärare?

    Denna undersökning visar att åsikterna går isär, majoriteten av de nyexaminerade lärarna ville ha en litterärkanon i skolan, medan de andra lärarna ansåg att en kanon skulle ta bort valfriheten i skolan.

    Studien visar att lärarna arbetade olika med elevinflytande, men undersökningen visar att även om eleverna var delaktiga i valet av tema eller genre hade undervisande lärare sista ordet i valet av vilken skönlitterär bok eleven fick läsa.

    Denna studie är genomförd i en småskalig undersökning och de resultat som framkommit är baserade på de nyexaminerade lärarnas åsikter, tankar och värderingar. Undersökningen visar att en litterär kanon viktigt. 

  • 341.
    Haapala, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein and the Dangers of Medical Science2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein has frequently been interpreted as a cautionary tale of the dangers of medical science and its ambitions. However, by comparing the different narratives in the novel the essay will show that the intention of the novel is quite different. The essay will show that while Frankenstein himself comes to believe that science is the culprit, the narratives by Walton and the creature qualify that view, showing rather that the problem is not science as such but Frankenstein’s abandonment of his creation. The essay begins with a brief introduction to the historical background of the novel, followed by an analysis of the three distinct narratives given by Walton, Frankenstein and the creature, and conclude with a discussion of the findings when comparing their narratives. 

  • 342.
    Hagel Almér, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Muntliga redovisningar på mellanstadiet: Elevers upplevelser och läraresundervisning och anpassningar.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In my study I will examine how students in grades 4-6 experience oral presentations, howteachers understand the students´ experiences and which factors they think affect these experiences.Finally I will look at how teachers teach about oral presentation and what adjustmentsthey make in relation to the studens´needs.I have used questionnaire forms that includes both multiple choice answers and open questions.These questionnaire forms have been given out to 36 students in grades 4, 5 and 6 attwo different schools. I have also had one on one interviews with three teachers who teachSwedish in grades 4-6.The results shows that the majority of the participating students experience negative feelingsconnected to oral presentations. The other participating students felt positive or neural aboutoral presentations. The factors that affects the experience of oral presentations for students´according to my study is: students´ earlier experiences, the class climate, how the audience actduring the presentation and how much time and teaching time is being directed towards thetools that students need to make a good presentation. The teachers teach in different ways buthave some elements in common. They all use examples to show good and bad presentations,then let the students practice different presentation skills and they try to give all the studentspractice in talking in front of the class as often as possible. The teachers make adjustments bytelling the students that many people find oral presentations challenging but with practice youcan feel better about this. They also make adjustments in how many and which people someof the students have to make the presentations in front of. The teachers worked with the wholeclass about how you are a good audience.

  • 343.
    Haghanipour, Melodi
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Great Gatsby – novel into movie: A Comparison of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby and Baz Luhrmann’s Movie Adaptation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I will discuss alterations that have been made to the storyline of the novel The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald, when the novel is made into the movie with the same name. The focus of the essay is on  the different types of devices used, such as lighting and color, and extra diegetic devices, that were used in the movie to make it fit into the modern-day society and to make it aesthetically pleasing to the eye. By comparing the novel and the movie the essay reaches the conclusion that the director Baz Luhrmann has stayed true to the original storyline but has made alterations that helps the movie connect to the modern day society. 

  • 344.
    Hall, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    En studie i hur lärare i årskurs 3 arbetar med skönlitterär läsning i klassrummet: En mindre undersökning av hur lärare i årskurs 3 arbetar med skönlitteratur.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers value fiction and how they use it in their everyday teaching. My investigation will be based on a questionnaire presented to teachers in Karlstad and it will focus on their usage of fiction in their everyday teaching. Based on the answers from the questionnaire I have chosen four teachers, two teachers with a similar method of teaching fiction and two using multiple styles when teaching fiction. In addition to these four I have chosen two teachers that will constitute a more traditional way of teaching fiction. These six semi-structured interviews will give me an insight in how fiction is taught in different schools in Karlstad. The result shows that most schools in Karlstad teach in a similar way when it comes to teaching fiction. Most students have their own book and they spend approximately 2-4 hours every week reading them. Reading aloud is the most frequently used teaching method but there are other methods such as drama and discussions. The interviews gave me a deeper understanding of how and why they used their respective methods but also how they would like to improve and develop their teaching when it comes to fiction. My personal reflection is that all teachers believe that reading fiction is an important part of their everyday teaching even though their methods for doing so vary from teacher to teacher.

    Keywords: Fiction, reading, teaching methods.

  • 345.
    Hallman, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Samer, Girjas och språkliga attityder: En textkritisk studie om hur samer skildras i samband med Girjasmålet i NorrbottenIndependent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 346.
    Hammar, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Faktaskriv med eget driv: En jämförande studie av faktatextskrivande på lågstadiet i den traditionella skolan och inom Montessoripedagogiken2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is divided into two part. Firstly, the aim is to investigate what meanings teachers associate with the teaching of informative texts and their thoughts on pupils writing texts with their own words at primary school. Secondly, the aim is to investigate whether there are any differences between traditional education and Montessori education with respect to the latter aim. In order to fulfill this aim, qualitative group interviews were conducted with teachers from the two pedagogical orientations. 

    My survey shows that when it comes to writing informative texts and challenging students of the younger ages to write informative texts with their own words there are no major differences between the traditional approach and Montessori approach. The result also shows that in both educational settings the teachers start by learning what the students already know about the subject and proceed from there. They think it is important to teach the children new vocabulary as well. When it comes to letting students write informative texts using their own words, the survey shows that teachers from the both pedagogical orientations use the same method, namely to put aside the original text and let the students write what they remember. 

  • 347.
    Hammarqvist Kristensen, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Linguistic sexism in a digitally native news outlet: A study on linguistic sexism at lexical and discourse levels in Buzzfeed News2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 2018, most news articles are consumed online from a digitally native news outlet and it is therefore appropriate to examine the presence of linguistic sexism in the digitally native news site Buzzfeed News. The material is made up of 159 articles collected from Buzzfeed News. Selected features at the lexical and discourse levels are analysed using a quantitative method with qualitative elements. The selected features at the lexical level include generic pronouns and nouns, focused on the affix -man- and naming practices for females and males. At the discourse level, the selected features include how females and males are described in terms of their relationships, appearance and age-related words. Linguistic sexism is found to be expressed at both the lexical and discourse levels in the material. It is mainly expressed in naming practices, the use of relationship words and age-related words.

  • 348.
    Hansdotter, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Attityder kring flerspråkighet2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 349.
    Hansson, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Högläsning i förskoleklass – mer än bara nöje?: Om förändring och förståelse bland lärare apropå revideringen av läroplanen2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to understand teachers' view of what function the reading-aloud of fiction serves in preschool. A recent event motivating such a focus is the Government's stated aim of promoting reading in preschools and a general emphasis on reading as a teaching tool, which has been clarified in the 2018 revision of the preschool curriculum. 

    The result of my survey shows that more than half of the 368 participants are aware of or have heard about the Government's approach to reading, while just over a quarter of the participants do not know about it. However, most of them are positive about the school's clarification of reading as a teaching tool, regardless of whether they know about the initiative or not. 

    According to the result, reading aloud is prioritized by the teachers themselves and just under half of the teachers make their choices based on the students' wishes. In those cases, it is most common that the teacher selects books recommended by teacher colleagues or other teachers on social media. 

    The results also reveal that the stated purpose of reading aloud is to awaken the reading desire and gain a common language experience as well as to make the students interested in books. Here, the Swedish National Agency for Education emphasizes primarily the teachers' fourth option, namely reading as a pedagogical tool. Teachers also point out that the daily fruit session is well suited for taking time to read. 

  • 350.
    Hanstål, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    ”Det är lite så, det är en balansgång hela tiden”: En kvalitativ studie kring svenska mellanstadielärares användning av kodväxling2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates when and why teachers use code-switching as a method as well as teachers’ approach to the use of code-switching as a language strategy. I’ve seen that pupils in Swedish schools have a problem with oral communication and often use code-switching as a strategy. Earlier research has been done on the subject, but most has been done with observations of pupils or teachers. There is also a lack of research done in Swedish schools. It therefore felt necessary to carry out a study interviewing teachers about their approach to the strategy and how they use it. The informants of the study are five teachers who teach English in grades 4-6 in four Swedish schools. Interviews as a qualitative method were used to be able to answer the research questions.

    The results show that four of the informants use code-switching quite frequently. It shows five different reasons why they code-switch and that they mostly have a positive approach to the strategy, while they see the negative aspects and wish they could use the English language more in class. One of the informants has got a negative approach to the subject and only used codeswitching when necessary. The conclusion shows that all informants think that code-switching helps pupils that have a difficulty with the language of some sort.

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