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  • 301.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Poeten som transcendental lege2010In: Bruno K. Öijer. Det svarte puslespillet, Morten Wintervold (övers.), Tromsø: Margbok forlag , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 302.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Recension av Trygve Söderling. Drag på parnassen I–II, Helsingfors: Nordica, 2008. Del I: Medelklass med mänskligt ansikte. Medelklassradikalism i fyra sextiotalsromaner av Christer Kihlman, Jarl Sjöblom, Marianne Alopaeus och Ulla-Lena Lundberg Del II: Modernistdebatten. Sak, person och fält i en finlandssvensk litteraturdebatt år 19652009In: Ny tid, ISSN 1456-0518, no 1–3, p. 1-2Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 303.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Recension av Yvonne Blomberg. Att besvärja döden. Död- och återfödelsetematiken i Lars Noréns författarskap 1963–1999, Stockholm: Gidlunds förlag, 2012 (diss.)2012In: Samlaren: tidskrift för svensk litteraturvetenskaplig forskning, ISSN 0348-6133, E-ISSN 2002-3871, Vol. 132, p. 261-269Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 304.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Rethininking the Topography of the International Avant-Garde: Introduction2014In: Decentring the Avant-Garde / [ed] Per Bäckström & Benedikt Hjartarson, Amsterdam/New York: Rodopi, 2014, p. 7-32Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 305.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Schweden2009In: Metzler Lexikon Avantgarde / [ed] Hubert van den Berg & Walter Fähnders, Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2009, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 306.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Stockholm: Hauptstadt der skandinavischen Avantgarde-Bewegung der 1960er Jahre2009In: DESHIMA, revue d'histoire globale des pays du Nord, ISSN 1957-5173, no 1, p. 131-144Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 307.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Svedska2013In: Mecler Leksikon Avantgarde, Belgrad: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2013, p. 1-5Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 308.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    The Poetics of Søren Ulrik Thomsen and Pia Tafdrup: A Comparative Study2008In: Comparative Approaches to European and Nordic Modernisms / [ed] Mats Jansson, Janna Kantola, Jakob Lothe & H.K. Riikonen, Helsingfors: Helsinki University Press, 2008, p. 1-20Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 309.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    “The Trumpet in the Bottom”: Öyvind Fahlström and the Uncanny2017In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 104, no 02, p. 176-198Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Öyvind Fahlström (1928–76) began as a surrealist at the end of the 1940s, and among others wrote the unpublished poetry collection “The Trumpet in the Bottom”. In 1953, he wrote the world’s first manifesto for concrete poetry, inspired by Pierre Schaeffer’s musique concrète, and soon became a driving force in the Swedish and international neo-avantgarde. In the mid-1950s he turned to the visual arts, and later he also wrote radio plays, directed movies and arranged performances and happenings. He showed an extraordinary sensibility for the uncanny in his selection of “life material” for his art, thus uncovering the return of the repressed in everyday life and popular culture, in the form of scatology, pornography, the monstrous, the body, the materiality of the artwork and media, and so on. In his art, this uncanny life material was turned into political statements. In my article the discussion is exemplified from different genres of Fahlström’s œuvre, from his early texts and radio plays, to his visual art.

  • 310.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    ”tillinni jipiri riviri killiri birg mid riksmik”: Öyvind Fahlströms översättningsstrategier2011In: IASS 2010 Proceedings: Föredrag vid den 28:e studiekonferensen i International Association of Scandinavian Studies (IASS) i Lund 3–7 augusti 2010 / [ed] Claes-Göran Holmberg & Per Erik Ljung, Lund: Lund University Open Access, 2011, p. 1-10Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 311.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Valfrändskaper: Översättning och fellesnordiskt som kanonstrategier i Rondota’ och Profil (1966–1968)2009In: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 3: Nordisk lyrikktrafikk / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Per Erik Ljung & Eva-Britta Ståhl, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2009, p. 105-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 312.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Vårt brokigas ochellericke!: Om experimentell poesi2010Book (Refereed)
  • 313.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Words as things: Concrete Poetry in Scandinavia2012In: Transfers, Appropriations and Functions of Avant-Garde in Central and Northern Europe, 1909–1989 / [ed] Harri Veivo, Paris: L'Harmattan , 2012, p. 1-16Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 314.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Öyvind Fahlströms konkreta poesi: Materialitet och performance2011In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, no 42, p. 75-82Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 315.
    Bäckström, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Langås, Unni
    Samspill mellom kunstartene: Innledning2010In: Samspill mellom kunstartene - Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 4 / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Per Bäckström & Unni Langås, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 316.
    Bäckström, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Oftedal Andersen, Hadle
    Samspill mellom kunstartene: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 42010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 317.
    Börjel, Katarina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Gestaltningen av språkhistoria i läromedel och styrdokument: En jämförande studie 1962-20052008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 318.
    Calle Fernandez, Araceli
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    La alternancia entre el pretérito indefinido y el imperfecto en la traducción al sueco de un texto literario español: Un acercamiento a la problemática de la percepción aspectual en la traducción de la novela de Javier Marías Todas las almas.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores how to explain the differences in aspect between the Spanish past tenses (imperfect and indefinite) from the perspectives of the communicative, cognitive and contrastive grammars in the Javier Marías’s novel All souls. Regarding the contrastive perspective, the aim is to find out what linguistic resources the Swedish language has to transmit the aspects of both Spanish verbs.

     

    The analysis shows that it is not necessary to clarify the aspects of the imperfect and the indefinite with meticulous explanations, but through two descriptive rules and the support of visual aids. As regards to the Swedish language, the analysis shows that, in addition to simple verb forms (preteritum), verbal periphrases such as 'höll på att' (i.e. she was doing) are often used to express imperfective aspectual values; that is, to speak of habitual or repetitive actions in the past. In contrast, the perfective aspect is expressed using periphrases consisting of the verb 'få' in 'preteritum' plus the infinitive of the main verb, or adding adverbs such as ‘just’ or ‘precis’ to speak of actions which are clearly concluded in the past. Another conclusion of the study is that the aspectual differences of the indefinite and the imperfect are not always perceived in the Swedish translation of Marías’s novel All souls.

  • 319.
    Carina, Olsson Fahlén
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Vi såg orangutangs: Interference in the Speech of two Bilingual Children2009Student paper other, 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    An increasing number of children grow up learning more than one language from infancy. Since there are several bilingual children in each class in most Swedish schools today, knowledge of how they manage to operate two languages at the same time can be useful for teachers. In my study, I have observed two bilingual children who live in the United States with Swedish-speaking parents. The study is based on 45 minutes of recordings of the children when they speak Swedish. I transcribed their speech and focused on code- switching and interference from English. In order to compare their proficiency of Swedish to their English skills, I also calculated their Mean Length Utterance (MLU) using the model developed by Roger Brown (1973). The results show that the children are fairly comfortable using both languages, but their Swedish contains a large number of interference mistakes. The interference observed was mostly on the structural and lexical level, where directly translated word order and prepositions were the most common mistakes.

     

  • 320.
    Carlsson, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Dialekt i stadsskola och landsortsskola i Värmland: - en komparativ studie om högstadieelevers attityder till dialekt2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previous research has shown that the attitude to dialect differs between locations. Studies have also pointed out the complexity of the attitude toward one’s own dialect, given that many tend to both like and dislike their own dialect at the same time. A teacher may come across a variety of attitudes toward dialect depending on the school’s location. The purpose of this study is to survey the pupils’ attitudes toward dialect in a urban school compared to a rural school in Värmland. 109 pupils responded to a questionnaire which showed that a larger part of those in the rural school used dialect. It was also more important for them to preserve their dialect than those using dialect in the urban school.

    The research underlined that the local dialect was more valued at the rural school compared to the urban one. The pupils at the latter also found it a bit more important that their teachers did not use dialect when speaking. However, the results were in large part similar among those using dialect regardless of their school’s location and most of them indicated that they did not adjust their use of dialect to the examples of situations in the questionnaire. Approximately 50% of the respondents indicated though that they did not use dialect in some situations depending on the recipient.

    Key words: dialect, attitude, pupil, teacher, school, urban, rural, Värmland

  • 321.
    Carlsson, Ulrica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "I en bra bok står det bästa mellan raderna": En kvalitativ fallstudie om undervisning i läsförståelse för elever med annat modersmål än svenska2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 322.
    Carlswärd, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    La Quête de l'identité: dans L'Enfant de sable de Tahar Ben Jelloun2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 323.
    Carlén, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Barnlitteratur i arbete med utsatta barn: En beskrivning av några yrkespersoners upplevelse av arbete med barnlitteratur kring utsatta barn2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe how children’s literature is included in working with vulnerable children. Six persons in different professions have been interviewed to research this. Three of them are preschool teachers and three of them work in places where they meet vulnerable children. The interviews have been thematically analyzed to answer how they work with children’s literature, which the themes in the books are and why the books are used. The result shows that themes as secrets and rights are included in work both in preschool and in places where they meet vulnerable children. Though it also shows that there are more themes included where they meet vulnerable children, such as violence, feelings and integrity. The ways in which the children’s literature is used includes reading, digital reading, dramatizing, dialogue and drawing in preschool. These ways to include children’s literature is also used where they meet vulnerable children, although not all of them. This study is about a subject that has touched many people and will need to be researched further in the future.

  • 324.
    Carnestedt, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Hur medvetet används undervisningsmetoder i svensk prosodi på andraspråksutbildningen för vuxna?: En didaktisk betraktelse via intervjuer och klassrumsobservationer2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Cederstedt, Erika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Barns språksvårigheter: Hur man som pedagog bemöter barn med språksvårigheter2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose with this study was to get an insight in how to best be able to help children with language difficulties, and learn to see those who are in need of extra help and attention.

    The study is the result of three separate interviews with a speech therapist, a preschool teacher, and a teacher for children with special needs. The other information that my study is built on comes from books.

    The answers that I got from the interviews questions, have I built my discussions from.

    Since I only have done three interviews, can´t I do any general conclusions, from my findings.

    The answers that I got shows that it`s not always the same answers from the speech therapist, preschool teacher and the teacher for children with special needs, are the same. But most of the answers had a similar conclusion. The most important finding in my study, which also the literature agrees with, is that. It´s always important to read out loud to the children.

    Keywords: language difficulties, exertion, learning to speech and communication.

  • 326.
    Charlotte, Ellner
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Lässtrategier för läsförståelsen: Hur fyra lärare tänker kring och arbetar med lässtrategier för att eleven skall nå en god läsförståelse2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my study is to investigate how teachers in grade three think about and work with reading strategies so that the student is able to achieve a good reading comprehension and how it differs between the teachers studied. To investigate this, qualitative methods have been applied that are semi-structured, in order to ask open questions and to ask supplementary questions to answer the research questions and objectives of the study. From the result of judging, my view is that teachers work on different reading comprehension strategies in widely varied degrees. The work on reading strategies is explained by common contexts and not only in the subject of Swedish but in several different subjects.

  • 327. Christenson, Sara
    “It’s people who say they’re good, or anywaybetter than the rest of us, that you have to bewary of”: A study of good and evil in Gregory Maguire’s Wicked: The Life and Times ofthe Wicked Witch of the West2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 328.
    Claesson, Matilda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    "Alla kan vara med!": Strategier och arbetssätt kring deltagandet i samlingen för barn med andra modersmål än svenska2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine what kinds of strategies educators use to ease the participation in group activities for children with other native languages than Swedish. The study is based on web surveys that were sent out to educators all around middle Sweden. The results show that the size of the childrens's group has a significant impact on the children's participation and communication. In smaller groups, children get more space to talk and the educators hav the time to meet each child based on their need and interest. The purpose with the group activities turns out to be different depending on whether or not the activity is performed in one big group, or in smaller groups. In smaller groups the purpose of the activity is considered to be language development, while in one big group, the purpose isto create community. Tools that educators use to illustrate and help the participation for children with other native languages than Swedish are for instnce pictures/photographs, objects, TAKK (signs for alternative additional communication) and body language. Language support in terms of native language teacher and multilingual educators also appears to be something educators make use of to encourage the participation in groups for children with other native languages than Swedish. The educators consider mixed language groups a huge asset, but many lack cooperation with the native language teacher and/ or multilingual educators.

  • 329.
    Clary, Francoise
    et al.
    University of Rouen, France.
    Löffler, Philipp
    Heidelberg University, Germany.
    Iannuzzi, Giulia
    University of Florence, Italy; University of Trieste, Italy.
    Habegger-Conti, Jena
    Western Norway University of Applied Science, Norway.
    Linzie, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Nyman, Jopi
    University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Vizcaino-Aleman, Melina
    The University of New Mexico, USA.
    International Scholarship2019In: American Literary Scholarship, ISSN 0065-9142, E-ISSN 1527-2125, Vol. 2017, no 1, p. 395-441Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 330.
    Clenow, Mathias
    University of Karlstad.
    Agatha Christie: An Investigation of Recurring Features1996Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 331.
    Clenow, Mathias
    University of Karlstad.
    Något om svenskt idrottsspråk1996Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 332.
    Clenow, Mathias
    University of Karlstad.
    The Blacks and the Blues: A Study of Meaning and Literary Devices in Blues Lyrics1997Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Colin, Nathalie
    Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    English and Swedish Animal Idioms: A Study of Correspondence and Variation in Content and Expression2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Idioms are found in every language and learning them is an important aspect of the mastery of a language. The English language is no exception as it contains a large number of idioms, which are extensively used. However, because of their rather rigid structure and quite unpredictable meaning, idioms are often considered difficult to learn. Although little research has been done to date on the nature of idioms as well as how they are used, a better understanding of variations in idioms can nevertheless be acquired by looking at some theories and thoughts about their use and their structure.

    The aim of this paper is to examine a number of animal idioms, focusing primarily on English idioms and the similarities and differences found in equivalent Swedish idioms, even when the Swedish idioms do not contain an animal. Two types of studies are presented. In the first one, the English and Swedish animal idioms collected are grouped into four categories. The results of such a categorization show that half of the English animal idioms found have an equivalent in Swedish containing an animal. In the second study, the content, structure, wording, semantics and metaphorical meaning of the animal idioms are analysed and compared. The results indicate that the Swedish animal idioms that correspond to the English animal idioms have, for the most part, the same structures and similar variations in degree of literalness, fixity, manipulation and transformation. Furthermore, the use of metaphor, personification and simile appears to be common both in English and Swedish animal idioms. The role of context and literal and figurative translation are also addressed in this study.

  • 334.
    Cronesberry, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Läs- & skrivsvårigheter: Några effektiva sätt att hjälpa elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag har i min undersökning tittat närmare på hur pedagoger i dagens skolor arbetar för att hjälpa elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Pedagogerna i de lägre stadierna har ett stort ansvar att lära sina elever läsa och skriva, men hur hjälper pedagogen de elever som inte knäcker läskoden innan de slutat årskurs två. Jag har valt att intervjua två pedagoger för att se hur de arbetar med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Jag har också valt att diskutera med några elever och höra deras åsikter om att lära sig läsa och skriva.

    Jag har kommit fram till att pedagogerna arbetar på liknande sätt med alla elever, oavsett svårigheter eller inte. Undervisningen är anpassad till varje individ, pedagogerna använder olika inlärningsmetoder för att hjälpa sina elever. Resultatet av min undersökning visar att eleverna får den hjälp de behöver. Eleverna tycker själva att de inte har några svårigheter trots att pedagogerna anser att det finns i klasserna.

  • 335.
    Cullbrand, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Föräldrar i bilderböcker: En litterär analys av fyra bilderböckers framställning av föräldrar ur ett genusperspektiv2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to study and compare how male and female are portrayed in four picture books from the 2010s and 1970s, with a focus on the parents. And see what weight the images have to create gender norms in the books. Research has shown that children are affected by the books' gender representation, which makes it interesting to look at whether gender norms are visible in today's picture books (the 2010 century) and how it looked just after focus had been put on gender representation in picture books (1970s). In addition, I believe that the parents are interesting characters to study because there have not been so many analysis regarding parents' gender representation.

     

    By the method of literary analysis, based on Nikolajevas Bilderbokens pusselbitar certain conclusions could be drawn. Among other things, in the case of the four analyzed picture books, it was difficult to find equality in the relationship between the parents. In addition, at least one parent in each picture book tended to become stereotyped because that parent was more in the background than the other.

  • 336.
    Cunningham, Una
    et al.
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    King, Jeanette
    University of Canterbury, New Zealand.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Seals, Corinne A.
    Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand.
    Editorial2016In: Journal of Home Language Research, E-ISSN 2537-7043, Vol. 1Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 337.
    Dahlman, Yessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Läsförståelse på högstadiet: Vägar till god läsförståelse2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of my essay is to explore the differences between teachers´ practice and the theory of research when it comes to improving reading comprehension during upper school.

    In the literature review, I opted to pick up the process of learning to read and investigations about what some researchers consider improve reading comprehension. To have my purpose answered I set up the following questions: How does school make sure that pupils reach a reading comprehension that correspond to their age/development; how does school evaluate pupils´ knowledge concerning reading comprehension; how do researchers look upon what requirements are needed to improve the reading comprehension? I have interviewed one special pedagogue and five teachers who are teaching Swedish in two upper schools. The result shows that the teachers are using a large numbers of the methods that the researchers advocate but not all. Likewise do not all researchers mention same methods. The pedagogues also use procedures that the researchers do not emphasize. It is lacking a systematic presentation of the reading process that continues all the way through upper school.

    The purpose of my essay is to explore the differences between teachers´ practice and the theory of research when it comes to improving reading comprehension during upper school.

    In the literature review, I opted to pick up the process of learning to read and investigations about what some researchers consider improve reading comprehension. To have my purpose answered I set up the following questions: How does school make sure that pupils reach a reading comprehension that correspond to their age/development; how does school evaluate pupils´ knowledge concerning reading comprehension; how do researchers look upon what requirements are needed to improve the reading comprehension? I have interviewed one special pedagogue and five teachers who are teaching Swedish in two upper schools. The result shows that the teachers are using a large numbers of the methods that the researchers advocate but not all. Likewise do not all researchers mention same methods. The pedagogues also use procedures that the researchers do not emphasize. It is lacking a systematic presentation of the reading process that continues all the way through upper school.

  • 338.
    Dahlén, Nova
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Severus Snape and the Concept of the Outsider: Aspects of Good and Evil in the Harry Potter Series2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

     

    The concept of outsiders has been argued to be one of the main themes in childhood fairy tales in general and in J.K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels in particular. Severus Snape is one of the most evident outsider characters in the novels, described as an unpleasant, ugly man presented as a double agent with uncertain allegiances. When the truth is revealed, in the very last pages of the series, he is discovered to have been an undercover spy for the good side all along. This essay examines Snape as an outsider, and analyzes his effect on the novel, especially his relation to the three characters with whom he interacts most: Dumbledore, Voldemort and Harry. All three of these characters are main characters and are also outsiders themselves in different ways. Examining the relations between good and evil and showing that these concepts are closely tied to choices and reactions towards being an outsider, the essay argues that the analysis of Snape as an outsider helps distinguish between aspects of good and evil in the novel. By focusing on Snape and the concept of the outsider, different dimensions of the novels become visible. Snape is here an instrumental character on his own, and may well be seen as the main character. Although the series in some aspects has been described as a fairy tale, the complex character of Severus Snape gives the novels a further depth appealing not only to children, but to adults as well.

  • 339.
    Damberg, Therése
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Högläsningens funktion: En studie om hur förskollärare arbetar med högläsning i förskolans verksamhet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The studie was written with the purpose to increase the knowledge of what the function of reading aloud is within the pre-school. This has been investigated through an qualitative comparative analysis with semi structured interviews with four pre-school teathers and analysis was made with a sociocultural theory. The study results are reported in thematic departments; relaxations reading, reading aloud as developing knowledges, reading aloud as a performative art form and reading aloud as introduction to play. The survey shows that reading aloud are used daily by pre-school teachers for several purposes. In general it is used to create a moment of closeness with the children to encourage the language of the individual child or as an introduction to play. 

  • 340.
    Danielsson, Bill
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    We Need to Talk About Nick: Sexual Divergence, Characterization and the Hardcover Closet in F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Criticism of F. Scott Fitzgerald’s, The Great Gatsby (1925) is often focused around its already evident focal points, such as its critique of capitalism, excess and greed. Therefore, this essay focuses on and discusses instances in The Great Gatsby of sexual divergence and homoeroticism. It is written with the purpose of giving the novel an alternative reading and perspective, coupled with expressing the need to look beyond a surface-level analysis of the novel. This is primarily accomplished by analyzing and highlighting the novel's narrator and central character, Nick Carraway. While this kind of reading is not as common as other readings of The Great Gatsby, it is however not original. By using other queer readings and criticisms I have found that Nick Carraway’s repressed and hidden sexual ambiguity is exposed in, as well as informed by, his homosocial interactions, his move to New York and his relationships throughout the novel, especially his relationship to Jay Gatsby. What this essay does, that many other queer readings neglect, is expressing the need to not label the characters with binary forms of sexuality, even though such forms are implied. This essay also highlights how Fitzgerald’s language sometimes suggests sexual divergence and discusses the importance of exploring these instances. 

  • 341.
    Danielsson, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Det var en gång en normal familj...: En normkritiskt komparativ studie av familjekonstellationer i bilderböcker.2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to explore the different family constellations that exists in a selection of children’s picture books published between the years of 1989 and 2015. The representations of these family constellations have been compared by critically investigating norms that applies to families and they have been analyzed by these norms and the statistics that existed in society at the beginning of the 21th century.

    The result shows that all of the four chosen picture-books goes against the norm on some point, but that the newest of the four books is the one that most resembles the picture of a nuclear family.

  • 342.
    Danils Landström, Sofie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Skönlitteratur som identitets- och empatiskapande aktivitet: En fallstudie om lärares arbete med reflekterande läsning i de yngre åldrarna2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate if teachers use fiction to promote students’ empathy- and identity development. Furthermore, it investigates how much time is spent reading and to what extent teachers let their students discuss their reading experience. To answer the study’s research questions a quantitative questionnaire was used to collect data. The questionnaire was based on preconstructed questions with standardized answers. The results show that the teachers in the study often read aloud to their students and they frequently use fiction in their teaching. Discussions connected to the reading is not as common, especially after reading aloud. This corresponds well to previous research.

  • 343.
    Davidsson, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kille och tjej, du och jag, lika eller olika?: En granskning av läromedels sociolektavsnitt och hur dessa kan användas för jämlikhetsarbete2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolan har ett stort inflytande på dagens ungdomar och enligt läroplanen har skolan ett tydligt jämlikhetsuppdrag att förmedla. Att hjälpa eleven att problematisera människors lika värde oavsett kön och etnicitet samt bemöta fördomar med kunskap ingår i de mål lärarna bör ha sett till läroplanens formuleringar. Dock besitter kanske inte alla lärare de kunskaper som behövs om bland annat jämlikhet, jämställdhet, genus och etnicitet, om ett genuint intresse inte finns hos den enskilda personen. Kan läroböcker då ge läraren stöd? I svenskämnet ska eleverna i svenska 1 bland annat arbeta med området sociolekter, ett avsnitt som i stor utsträckning ger utrymme till både diskussion och reflektion i nämnda frågor. Syftet med uppsatsen är att se hur ser det ut i 5 av de läromedlen som finns i skolan. Är de jämlika och uppfyller de ett jämlikhetssyfte?

     

    Undersökningen bygger på sociolektavsnittet i fem olika läromedel som är framtagna för gymnasiets kurs i svenska 1 respektive A. Till hjälp har två analysmodeller använts, genustrappan och etnicitettrappan. Resultatet visar att inget av de granskade läromedlen kan användas som hjälp i arbetet med jämlikhetsfrågor men att texterna kan nå ett jämlikhetssyfte om den enskilda läraren själv problematiserar och diskuterar exemplen. Samtidigt är de inte diskriminerande utan snarare könsneutrala, ett omdöme som dock inte är att sträva efter utifrån den forskning som gjorts inom jämställdhet. 

  • 344.
    Davis, Joseph
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Fritidsläsning och flerspråkighet: Faktorer som påverkar fritidsläsning bland flerspråkiga mellanstadieelever2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 345. de Voltaire, Francois
    Zadig eller Ödet: en orientalisk berättelse1994Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 346.
    Degervik, Morgan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Gömda - en dokumentärromans uppbyggnad: Problematik med faktionsepik2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

     

    Idag är litteratur som påstås beskriva sanna händelser mycket populär, framför allt bland yngre läsare. Ofta skildrar denna litteratur ett extraordinärt människoöde som kryddas med inslag av våld, sex och olika övergrepp. Det är en persons subjektiva sanning som berättas, ofta av en journalist. Ett begrepp som ofta används för att beskriva sådan litteratur där fakta och fiktion blandas är faktion eller faktionslitteratur.

       Läsning av faktion har naturligtvis blivit allt vanligare även i skolan där många lärare nöjer sig med att eleverna intresserat läser denna litteratur. Problemet är dock att många av dessa yngre och oerfarna läsare helt okritiskt håller allt det de läser för sant. Detta i kombination med att många lärare finner det svårt att handskas med faktionslitteratur är mycket olyckligt.

       Målet med denna uppsats är att skapa verktyg som kan användas då man behandlar och diskuterar faktionslitteratur i klassrummet. Detta görs genom att analysera hur Maria Erikssons och Liza Marklunds dokumentärroman Gömda (1995) är uppbyggd och hur den berättas. Med syfte att fördjupa förståelsen av faktionsepik och av dokumentärromanen som genre, diskuteras och analyseras Gömda utifrån ett genrehistoriskt perspektiv.

     

     

    Nyckelord: Faktion, berättarteknik, uppbyggnad, dokumentärroman.

  • 347.
    Dijkstra, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centre for Research on the Teaching and Learning of Languages and Literature.
    Fantasygenrens kvinnoskildringar: Fördomar och möjligheter i den fantastiska litteraturen2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay a conclusion about the way female characters are portrayed in fantasy novels will be attempted through an analysis of one selected female character from each selected novel. The works that have been chosen are; J.R.R. Tolkien’s The Lord of the Rings, Robert Jordan’s The Eye of the World and A Game of Thrones by George R.R. Martin.

    The analysis will be done with the help of examples and theories from both feministic criticism and gender studies. During the course of the discussion the background of the fantasy genre and goal of the scientific theories will be explained.The fantasy genre in itself allows its authors a chance to criticize the norms of our society, freed from the restraints of realism. The findings of this essay however, imply that some fantasy authors forsake this chance in order to more accurately emulate the medieval European society or in fact actively reinforce patriarchal norms.

  • 348.
    Dijkstra, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Centrum för språk- och litteraturdidaktik.
    Motivation and English as a foreign language: Motivation among Swedish upper secondary school students2009Student paper other, 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to be able to influence the motivation of second language learners one first has to understand what motivation is, what its preconditions are and how to detect it. The research for this essay was done with the help of one hundred and ten students from seven classes in two different upper secondary schools and most of these learners were first year students.

    The aim was to find and measure the students' motivation to learn English and how this motivation can be influenced in a positive manner. The method used to collect the necessary data was a questionnaire which asked questions about the relevancy of the English course and how frequently the students used English and how interested they were in the language.

    The results give a clear picture of the students' motivational levels as well as to which parts of the English course they respond and to which they do not.        

  • 349.
    Dimming, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    ”Would you understand what I meant if I said I was only human?”: The Image of the Vampire in Stephenie Meyer’s Twilight and Charlaine Harris’s Dead Until Dark2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    In this essay I have decided to look at two very popular vampire novels today, Dead Until Dark by Charlaine Harris and Twilight by Stephenie Meyer. The focus of this essay is to look at the similarities and differences between these two novels and compare them to each other but also to the original legend of the vampire; this by using Dracula and other famous vampire stories to get an image of the vampire of pop-culture. I look at the features of the vampires, their abilities and different skills, and also sex and sexuality and how it is represented in these different stories.

         Even though the novels attract a wide audience they are written for a younger one and have a love story as its center. In this essay I give my opinion and view of the vampires and what I believe to be interesting with the morals and looks of the vampires as one of the different aspects.    

  • 350.
    Dofs, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Onomatopoeia and iconicity: A comparative study of English and Swedish animal sound2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine whether language is iconic or arbitrary in the issue of onomatopoeia, i.e. whether animal sounds are represented in the same way in different languages. In addition, I will also look at onomatopoeical words which have been conventionalised, when the meaning broadened and they finally became part of ordinary language.

    It can be stated that arbitrary signs have slowly taken over as different languages have developed, but the reason why is a topic for discussion – is there a scientific cause, based on the theory of evolution, or an explanation found in religious myths? Whatever the reason is, it is not likely that iconicity will vanish totally. It is connected to human neurophysiology and an ancient part of language, a natural resemblance between an object and a sign which can exist in different forms. Onomatopoeia is one example of iconic signs, an object named after the sound it produces, and according to one theory conventionalised imitations is actually the origin of language. Nevertheless, there are two main categories – language being either iconic or arbitrary. Regarding onomatopoeia, my results suggest that language is only iconic to a limited extent. English and Swedish have some common representations of animal sounds, but the languages also differ in many ways. Conventionalising seems common in both languages and many of the words in my survey have been incorporated in dictionaries, representing more than only the sound of a certain animal.

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