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  • 301.
    Andersson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Processorientering hos Landstinget i Värmland: En kartläggning av AT-läkarnas utbildning2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna uppsats undersöks det hur processorientering används i en verksamhet och vilka fördelar det kan generera. En kartläggning har genomförts på AT-läkarnas medicinblock hos Landstinget i Värmland för att synliggöra problem och möjligheter. Introduktionen och handledning är problemområden som skulle kunna lösas med ett förändringsarbete. Den kartläggning som gjorts i denna uppsats kan förhoppningsvis göra det lättare att följa riktlinjerna för AT-utbildningen

  • 302.
    Andersson, Maria
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Paegle, Ida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    "Barnet buret bär den vuxne": En studie om Första linjens arbete med barns och ungas psykiska ohälsa2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study is to examine how the individuals working on Första linjen have experienced how the operation has worked since the start of spring 2015. A qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the gathered material. Semi structured interviews were performed with five individuals working at Första linjen. Results show that client loads fluctuates in waves with more loads before and after school breaks, and that girls in their late teens and younger children are two recurring groups. Further, results show that collaboration between Första linjen and adjoining agencies has been successful, but that there is still room for improvements when aligning with certain agencies. Results reveal that the breadth of work types, collaboration with adjacent agencies and the availability of the agency are distinguished strengths of Första linjen. The good availability was also distinguished as a possible weakness. According to the results, a collaborative cross-agency approach with clients is considered an area for improvements in the future. Another area of improvement is the preventive work surrounding mental illness amongst children and young persons, including information outreach. The theory of access was helpful to gain a deeper understanding of the result. No previous study has been performed regarding Första linjen in Karlstad. The study can thereby contribute knowledge to Första linjen about how the operation can sustain and develop the work to an improved mental health among children and adolescents.

  • 303.
    Andersson, Marika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Uppdrag arbetslagsledare: En kvantitativ studie om arbetslagsledares ledarskap.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a lot of knowledge today about factors that lead to increased results for the students. Nevertheless, in Sweden, we still have a high proportion of students who do not reach secondary competence in grade 9. At the school where I am principal, an analysis was conducted in the autumn term 2016 for a collaboration project with the Swedish National Agency for Education. The result of this analysis shows how the team leaders are an unutilized resource, whose mission has become more about mediate information from the principal to the team and conducting team meetings, than to lead school development processes. 

    In view of this, I ask the following questions: 

    1)    Which leaderships do team leaders practise in different situations?

    2)    How can team leaders view for their own mission understands?

    3)    In what way do different background variables affect the way the team leader practise her leadership? 

    A number of hypotheses are set up in purpose to try to answer these questions and data collection is done by sending questionnaires to team leaders in various elementary schools. The background variables tested are: gender, time at workplace, time as team leader, how the assignment is assigned, the size of the team, first teacher or not, and what head of school the respondent has. 

    The respondents reads six different scenarios and then take a stand in different action options, based on the theories of four different leaderships: abdicated leadership, authoritative leadership, communicative leadership, and ethical leadership. There is also a fifth option where the respondent is given the opportunity an alternative of her own. 

    The result of the survey shows that the leadershipstyle that team leaders, regardless of  background, choose to the highest degree is the ethical-communicative. Except in scenario 1 which is about managing a case where a colleague does not comply with the norms and values ​​of the school. An analysis of the result also shows that there must be a clear mission statement with a clear mandate that should be known by everyone. This will create greater prerequisites for the team leader to lead the necessary processes towards increased goal achievement.

  • 304.
    Andersson, Marit
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Tidig läs- och skrivinlärning: En intervjustudie om för- och nackdelar med läs- och skrivinlärning i förskola och förskoleklass2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This survey is about five teachers opinions about early reading and writing. I have asked them what advantages and disadvantages they could see with starting early and how they have chosen to integrate reading and writing in kindergarten and preschool. In the past, parents and kindergarten teachers were told not to encourage and help young children to learn how to read and write. The reason was that they were afraid that the children would learn in a wrong way and that they would get bored when they start first grade in school. Today we have come further and we now have teacher staffs who are educated to meet and challenge even students who are already literate when they start school. My reviews of literature and interviews with teachers in both kindergarten and in preschool shows that the most of them are positive to early reading and writing as long as you do it the right way. The right way is to encourage children and provide them with activities, not by pushing it on them or forcing them. Most important is to let it happen on the children’s terms and with the use of playing as a method of learning. 

  • 305.
    Andersson, Marita
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Annorlunda syskonskap: En undersökning om syskon till barn med funktionsnedsättning inom autismspektrumtillstånd2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this essay is to examine whether if siblings of children with disabilities are affected psychosocially or not. The study is based on qualitative interviews, literature and reports relevant to the topic. Respondents have presented their views on how they think children are affected by growing up as siblings to children with disabilities in autism spectrum disorders.

    The result demonstrates that siblings, while growing up are being exposed to a more stress-related situation than their peers and are more neglected than children in general. The survey also found that siblings of children with a diagnosis within the autism spectrum may bring character traits such as greater empathy, maturity and responsibility. Gaining knowledge of their sibling's disability proves to be of great importance for how the children manage their lives. Through attention and professional assistance such as conversation and support the siblings are better equipped to cope with the situation, which they´re in.

  • 306.
    Andersson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Historisk verkstad som undervisningsform: Lägerskolan på Stavgard, en fallstudie2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate what role the aesthetic learning processes in historical workshops can play in developing students' historical consciousness and historical empathy. This has been investigated by interviewing six teachers who have been at Stavgard iron age camp school with their classes. The survey found that historical workshops are appreciated among teachers and students and that it is a priority in the teaching, even though this means a great financial effort for the school. The aesthetic learning processes are represented at Stavgard through practical work, stories and to some extent drama. The stay at Stavgard creates a common frame of reference for teachers and class, based on which historical consciousness is built during future history teaching. At the camp school, the pupils practice iron age life for two days, and the study shows that the pupils themselves by experiencing the hardship of the Iron Age people develop historical empathy. In addition to this, it is also described how the pre- and post-work in connection with the stay at Stavgard is designed by the different teachers.

  • 307.
    Andersson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Prometheus Abandoned: Figural Eddies as an Alternative Method of Reading Out 1: Noli me tangere2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis combines D.N. Rodowick’s concept of the figural, denoting the complex nature of filmic signification; Roland Barthes’ distinctions between the readerly and the writerly, which are different methods of engaging with a text; and Thierry Kuntzel’s concept of semiotic constellations, the reading of recurring yet fragmented motifs that occur throughout the film. Here reintroduced through the concept of eddies—discursive fields within the film which displace the connection between the signifier and signified (the flow of signification), instead distinguished by signifiers engendering new signifiers (the swirl of signification)—to unlock a new method of reading a film. This method focuses on interpreting the latent meanings of the plural of the text; the residual signs in the film which hold little to no bearing on its narrative, but through their deconstruction and later reassembly they may guide to viewer to new meanings. By first delineating the method proposed for this type of reading, the thesis then applies this method to the reading of one such eddy in the art-film Out 1: Noli me tangere from 1970, which is connected to the discursive field of Prometheus Bound, a play rehearsed within the film by a group of six actors who engage in various exercises, which at first glance seem to be entirely unconnected to the play. In this case, the method reveals through the figural activity of the film that the exercises of the group are engaged in dialogue with themes touched upon in the play.

  • 308.
    Andersson, Martin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    "Who am I now?" Sense of Gender and Place in Digital Gameplay: Affective Dimensions of gameplay in XCOM: Enemy Within2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay I analyze the ways in which gender and space are shaped and made sense of through digital gameplay. Specifically in the turn based strategy game XCOM: Enemy Within for the MacBook Air with a computer mouse as the primary input device. Using a mixed methods approach consisting of gameplay sessions of XCOM and qualitative interviews with two players regarding their gameplay I argue that earlier research on space within game studies has overlooked the ways in which the shaping of space in gameplay is also gendered. Developing a theoretical framework influenced by gender studies, critical theory, affect theory, assemblage theories of space, and game theory, I argue for how the shaping of space and gender in game-play is interdependent. This in that the shaping of space and gender in digital gameplay is in constant relation and tension with societal norms and the affective capacities of bodies and digital games. In conclusion, I reflect on the possibilities to develop more empirical research based on the the theoretical framework explored in the essay.

  • 309.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Aspects of Substance displacement - from illicit drugs to novel psychoactive substance2016In: Journal of Addiction Research & Therapy, E-ISSN 2155-6105, Vol. 7, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several hundred new synthetic drugs, novel psychoactive substances (NPS) or “legal highs” have in recent years appeared on the drug market. These can effortlessly be obtained from on-line vendors, offering an easy access to a plethora of new and untested substances, often with unknown or dangerous effects. Several different attempts to reduce the availability of NPS and to prevent accidents and fatalities have been applied by governments around the world. Nonetheless this complex and constantly evolving situation provides palpable dilemmas and challenges to legislators and prevention strategists. One unintended consequence from prohibition and current drug policies occurs when possibly more precarious substances are used to substitute older and more well-known illicit drugs; so called “substance displacement”. We have performed extensive research on the use of NPS, by analyzing Internet resources (drug discussion forum, on-line questionnaires), and published several NPS studies. During our research we observed how substance displacement is a common issue, with implications for both clinical practices, drug prevention strategies, as well as for legislators. In the present review we discuss two common themes of substance displacement: 1) Synthetic cannabinoids replace herbal cannabis, and 2) Different attempts for self-medication using NPS. Incitements for substance displacement, that exposes the user to possibly more harmful substances, are founded both in legislation (availability of substances and fear of legal repercussions) as well as from certain policies or cultural perceptions of various medical conditions. We offer no obvious solutions to these complications, but would like to contribute to awareness of how these factors effects drug users and how measures intended to reduce harm in many cases have the opposite effects. Further studies on the divergent motivations and different groups of NPS users are highlighted as imperative to find new and realistic solutions going forward. 

  • 310.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Public Safety (from 2013).
    The slippery slope of flubromazolam: Experiences of a novel psychoactive benzodiazepine as discussed on a Swedish online forum2017In: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, ISSN 1455-0725, E-ISSN 1458-6126, Vol. 34, no 3, p. 217-229Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the effects experienced by users of a novel psychoactive substance, the benzodiazepine flubromazolam, by analysing users' own accounts on the Swedish forum Flashback.org. Method: A thematic analysis of anonymous self-reports published on the forum was performed and generated five general themes describing effects and experiences by flubromazolam users. Results: The themes which emerged were: Onset and duration, Desired effects, Adverse effects and addiction, Loss of control, General estimations and evaluations. The main reported characteristics of flubromazolam were heavy hypnotic and sedative effects, long-lasting amnesiac effects and the rapid development of tolerance. Flubromazolam was also anxiolytic and acted as a muscle relaxant for many users. Some users experienced euphoria or intense wellbeing. Other prominent characteristics were loss of control (leading to poor choices and actions, with unpleasant consequences) and long-lasting, often severe withdrawals. There were also serious incidents where users had been admitted to hospital, acute psychiatric treatment or taken into custody by the police. Conclusion: Flubromazolam appears to be a highly addictive and precarious benzodiazepine with many, possibly severe, side effects. The substance is generally described as very potent and with long-lasting effects. Memory loss and loss of control are common adverse effects, and withdrawals appear to be severe for many users

  • 311.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Persson, Mari
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Psychoactive substances as a last resort—a qualitative study of self-treatment of migraine and cluster headaches2017In: Harm Reduction Journal, ISSN 1477-7517, E-ISSN 1477-7517, Vol. 14, no 60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Treatment resistant cluster headache and migraine patients are exploring alternative treatments online. The aim of this study was to improve comprehension regarding the use of non-established or alternative pharmacological treatments used by sufferers of cluster headaches and migraines.

    Methods: A qualitative thematic analysis of the users’ own accounts presented in online forum discussions were conducted. The forum boards https://shroomery.org/, http://bluelight.org, and https://clusterbusters.org/ met the inclusion criteria and were used for the study.

    Results: The analysis resulted in six themes: a desperate need for effective treatments; the role of the forum—finding alternative treatments and community support; alternative treatment substances; dosage and regimens; effects and treatment results; and adverse effects. The results provide an insight into why, how, and by which substances and methods sufferers seek relief from cluster headache and migraines.

    Conclusions: These patients are in a desperate and vulnerable situation, and illicit psychoactive substances are often considered a last resort. There appeared to be little or no interest in psychoactive effects per se as these were rather tolerated or avoided by using sub-psychoactive doses. Primarily, psilocybin, lysergic acid diethylamide, and related psychedelic tryptamines were reportedly effective for both prophylactic and acute treatment of cluster headache and migraines. Treatment results with cannabis were more unpredictable. No severe adverse events were reported, but it was observed how desperation sometimes spurred risky behavior when obtaining and testing various treatment alternatives. The forum discourse mainly revolved around maximizing treatment results and minimizing potential harms. 

  • 312.
    Andersson, Mathias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Läsförståelse ur lärares synvinkel: En studie i hur läsförståelse har utvecklats och utvecklas över tid.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine teaching methods to see if it is possible to develop new methods for reading comprehension. There will be a discussion which old teaching methods and modern methods are compared. The methods are used in this study are based on previous research in the area; I have also conducted two interviews with practicing teachers. The result that emerged is that the methods we use today are further developed methods of those we always had in the Swedish schools. The ongoing development of methods is mostly about developing the technical tools to facilitate students to practice reading comprehension. 

  • 313.
    Andersson, Matilda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Projektledares syn på samverkan: En studie om samverkan med offentliga aktörer i evenemnagsprojekt2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 314.
    Andersson, Matilda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Arnell, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Hur påverkar flyktingmottagadet turismnäringen?: En studie om kommunerna Hagfors, Säffle, Filipstad, Torsby och Kristinehamn i Värmland2016Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Turismnäringen i Sverige omsätter stora summor varje år och skapar sysselsättning till samhället genom bland annat arbetsmöjligheter till lokalbefolkningen samt inkomst till destinationen. Turismnäringen är en känslig näring som snabbt kan bli påverkad av något oväntat och av en plötslig händelse. Syftet med den här uppsatsen är att studera hur en plötslig och oväntad situation kan påverka turismnäringen i Sverige med en studie på flyktingmottagandets påverkan på turismnäringen i region Värmland. Våra två frågeställningar till uppsatsen handlar om, om flyktingmottagandet har någon påverkan på turismanläggningar i Värmland och vad tillför flyktingmottagandet för Värmland. I teorin har vi utgått från fyra teman som är flyktingmottagandet, flyktingmottagandets påverkan på turismnäringen, turismnäringen samt kris av form av en oväntad och plötslig situation. I empirin presenterar vi våra kvalitativa och semistrukturerade intervjuer med kommunerna Hagfors, Säffle, Filipstad, Torsby och Kristinehamn. Vi valde att intervjua turismaktörer i de valda kommunerna genom telefonintervjuer och mejlintervju. Av analysen kom vi fram till fem slutsatser om hur Värmlands turismnäring kan bli påverkad av flyktingmottagandet. De fem slutsatserna är hur turismanläggningarna påverkas idag samt i framtiden, jobbmöjligheterna på platsen som bli påverkad, vad som kan tillföras av den oväntade och plötsliga situationen och slutligen diskuterar vi hur säsongsturismen kan blir påverkad.

  • 315.
    Andersson, Mattias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Elevers uppfattningar av olika lärandesituationer: En fenomenografisk studie med sex gymnasieelever om hur de uppfattar olika lärandemiljöer i skolan och på fritiden2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur några elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter uppfattar olika lärandesituationer och vilka faktorer som påverkar lärandet. Studien är genomförd med en kvalitativ metod, närmare bestämt fokusgruppintervju där respondenterna genomförde en diamantranking. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten för detta arbete är en fenomenografisk ansats, vilket också har använts vid analysen av resultatet.

    Studiens frågeställningar besvaras i resultatet, det visar sig att respondenterna uppfattar att lärande påverkas av både inre faktorer och yttre faktorer. Respondenterna uppfattar även att i vissa lärandesituation så lär de av andra, och i andra lärandesituationer så lär de med andra. Det som respondenterna uppfattar som de mest positiva lärandesituationerna är när det är praktiska övningar som de kommer att ha nytta av efter att utbildningen är klar. De tycker även att det är positivt när det går att få lugn och ro och de bestämmer sig för att ”bara göra det”.

    Resultatet har tolkats med hjälp av en variationsarkitektur för att få fram tre beskrivningskategorier. På den första nivån så uppfattar respondenterna att de befinner sig i en situation som kan påverka dem. På nästa nivå så uppfattar respondenterna även att det går att kompensera egna eller andras handlingar, för att förbättra lärandesituationen. På den högsta nivån av förståelse så uppfattar respondenterna också att det går att korrigera egna eller andras handlingar, för att förbättra lärandesituationen.

    Studien bidrar till att kunna ge lärare fler verktyg för att kunna möta elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter och skapa positiva lärandemiljöer för dessa elever. Studien bidrar även till att förstå vilka verktyg det är lämpligt att försöka förse elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter.

  • 316.
    Andersson, Maud
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Nyanlända afghanska elevers faktiska kunskaper i namngeografi.2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad nyanlända afghanska elever födda år 2000 har för kunskaper i namngeografi samt hur man kan jämföra kunskaperna med kunskapskraven i den svenska skolan.

    Metoden jag använde mig utav var ett test som jag här i studien valde att kalla kartläggningsstudie. Materialet var uppdelat i två delar. Den ena delen var ett eget komponerat frågeformulär med utgångspunkt ur namngeografins centrala innehåll i samspel med en världskarta. Den andra delen hämtade jag ur ett nationellt prov i geografi (2013).

    Vid undersökningstillfället fick eleverna stöttning på modersmålet av en studiehandledare som hjälpte till med översättning av det som efterfrågades samt kartläggningsstudiens olika begrepp.

    Undersökningens resultat visar att de nyanlända afghanska eleverna har mycket varierande kunskaper i namngeografi. Men att jämföra deras faktiska kunskaper med kunskapskraven visar sig svårt då kunskapskraven är för vida och inte tillräckligt preciserade. För att ett kunskapskrav ska vara gångbart som bedömningsredskap är det viktigt att de är tydliga och det finns en gräns runt innehållet. Kunskapskraven i namngeografi talar om ”världsdelarnas namngeografi”, ska man tolka det som kunskap om världsdelarnas namn eller kunskap om världsdelarna? Begreppet världsdel och antalet världsdelar definieras olika världen över, vilket också man kan se i undersökningen. När inte heller kursplanen tar upp några specifika namn att hänga upp sig på uppstår det en problematik att jämföra deras faktiska kunskaper med kunskapskraven. Samtidigt framkommer det i undersökningen att 65 procent av informanterna uppnår betyg på namngeografidelen på det nationella provet.   

  • 317.
    Andersson, Mikael
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Elever med funktionshinder/nedsättning: Hur har dessa inkluderats inom idrotten under olika Läroplaner2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined how students with disabilities/ barriers have been included in physical education and health in curriculum (Lgr) 69, 80 and 11. This was done by conducting interviews with both male and female teachers, but also by conducting interviews with both male and female persons who attended school before Lgr 80 presented the concept  'education for all'. In school today the education has to be adapted for each individual. The interview method I used was qualitative interviews. The number of people I interviewed was different depending on which of the various issues I used. The results of this study show that teachers working with both Lgr 69 and Lgr 11 do well in getting students with disabilities / barriers included during physical education and health hour. Today's teachers, working with Lgr11 have more to plan to ensure that students can participate in activity. The observation I made was that today's teachers are working hard to ensure that students can join in and do their best on their terms in order to achieve the demands.

  • 318.
    Andersson, Mikaela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Hindukvinnor – sida vid sida: En kvalitativ diskursanalys över konstruktionen av hindukvinnor i svenska och indiska läroböcker2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    School is a place for identity formation. When gender and religion are studied pupils tend to perceive religion, especially non-Christian religions, as traditional and patriarchal. Female oppression in religion is also used as a way of “othering”. Religious education is rarely presenting the women’s perspective. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the construction of Hindu women in Swedish and Indian school textbooks. The study was conducted through discourse analysis, using Ernesto Laclau and Chantal Mouffe’ “toolbox” for identifying group identity. As a theoretical framework postcolonial theory and postcolonial feminism were used. A total of eight textbooks were examined. The results showed that the discourse of Hindu women in Swedish textbooks was not hegemonic, instead, it consisted of four different discourse. Some of them were colonial in character. Only one textbook showed Hindu women as religious agents. Women in Indian textbooks were constructed in a different way, often described as agents, working for change in a traditional society. By studying how group identity and agency are constructed in textbooks religious education can become better equipped to enable gender and religious identities in a multicultural society. Hence this thesis claims that the research between gender, religious education and multiculturalism need further inquiry.

  • 319.
    Andersson, Miranda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Måltidspegagogik i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om pedagogers upplevelers av den pedagogiska måltiden i förskolan2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study focuses to highlight the pedagogues’ experience of the pedagogic meals in preschool. In the study has six pedagogues from three different departments/preschool been interviewed. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed and then categorized. This study is based on socio-cultural perspective, where learning occurs in interaction with others and language is seen as a mediating tool.

     

    The result of this study reveals that the pedagogues believe meals to be important for the children’s social skills. Furthermore, many learning situations occurs at mealtime and it is important that the pedagogues are good role models during the meals. The environment during the meals differs a lot, however nice and quiet sought during the meals.

     

    In the result, it appears that all pedagogues see meals as a pedagogic situation, although special educations before the meals are never planned. It is found that even the children have the opportunity to steer the conversation during the meals and take food by themselves. The pedagogues also consider the learning of math and language develops through the conversation during the meals.

  • 320.
    Andersson, Mona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    En explorativ studie om synen kring vård och behandling på ett friskinriktat internetforum för personer med symtom på ätstörningar2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här kvalitativa studien undersöker hur personer med symtom på ätstörningar ser på vård och behandling utifrån diskussioner på ett internetforum. Tidigare forskning visar att motivationen till hjälpsökande bland personer med ätstörningar är låg, och därför behövs det fler studier kring vad denna patientgrupp tycker om vården och vilka behov de har.

    Data har samlats in genom observationer på ett offentligt friskinriktat internetforum för personer med ätstörningar. Datamaterialet analyserades med tematisk analys och resulterade i fem teman; Maktlöshet och skuld, Tvångsvård på gott och ont, Att inte passa in i vården, Behov att få prata om och hantera känslor, samt Hopp.Resultatet visar att det finns rädsla för vilka krav vården ställer på till exempel motivation och viktuppgång, vilket blir hinder för hjälpsökandet. Resultatet visar också besvikelse över att vården är kortsiktig och fokuserar på sjukdomens fysiska symtom. Respondenternas behov är att få hjälp med bakomliggande orsaker till ätstörningen och att det ska finnas mer utrymme för känslomässigt stöd. För att det ska vara möjligt att bli frisk lyfter respondenterna fram trygghet i en terapirelation som det avgörande.Forumet fungerar som en copingstrategi för medlemmarna i form av ökad kunskap och hopp om att det går att bli frisk, samt uppmuntran och stöd till att söka hjälp.Vården för ätstörningspatienter behöver inse vikten av att behandla hela personen och kunna erbjuda långsiktiga terapirelationer. Vården behöver också se brist på motivation till förändring som en del av sjukdomen, och inte ställa orimliga krav redan innan behandlingen påbörjas. 

  • 321.
    ANDERSSON, MONICA
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    ”Barnens intresse styr över hur vi arbetar med naturvetenskap och teknik i förskolan”: En studie av förskollärarens sätt att beskriva hur de kan tillvarata och utveckla de yngsta barnens, 1–3 år, intresse för ämnena fysik och teknik2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain an in-depth understanding of how a preschool can work with the subjects of science and technology in a well-thought-out way. The purpose of the study is also to provide more knowledge about which different ways pedagogues can use and develop the children's interest in technology and physics. The study is qualitative and has been carried out by studying documentation from social media published by the preschool. The documentation has since been a basis for the semi-structured interviews that were conducted. To reach the result, the phenomenographic analysis model has been used.

    The result shows that the three teachers interviewed at this preschool see no obstacles to working with the subjects of science and technology with the youngest children, 1-3 years, even though they lack a formal in-depth education in the subjects. The preschool teachers only see opportunities. To create the best conditions for teaching science and technology the preschool has worked out a community of practice inspired by Reggio Emilia.

  • 322.
    Andersson, Natalie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Titta där, en bro till: Vad uttrycker barn i ålder 2,5-3 år om broar?2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The intention with this study is to look into what and how children at the age of two and a half and three years old expresses about bridges. The study is qualitative and have been completed with unstructured pre- and after interveiews and participant observation with two different groups with in total four children that have been introduced to different materials representing bridges. The difference between the materials is that the first group in the pre interview have been introduced to a toy representing a bridge that the children know from before and a book with the three Billy goats, unlike the second group that had no connection to a story. In the study the four children have been in two different groups. All children in age two and a half to three years old have been completed a pree interview before they went to town to search for bridges and a following interview after that. The results are based on all of the occasions. The children expressed their understanding of the bridge`s function about crossing over to reach the other side. The fence is needed to not roll over and can be a protection. The bridge also often have a stairs so you can go up on the bridge. The results shows that the children talks about bridges through for them known stories and games regardless if they did get a story presented or not. Through the childrens telling and playing, the study shows that the children possess understanding of the function of the bridge because of their explanations about how you need to walk over the bridge to cross over to the other side and not get wet. The children also talks about the different parts like fence and stairs and their function to the bridge.

  • 323.
    Andersson, Nathalie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    The Orange Wave: How the practice of place marketing is utilized by the rural municipality of Hagfors in order to attract new inhabitants from the Netherlands2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    They leave everything behind in the Netherlands;friends, family, jobs and careers in order to start a new life in what theycall the land of opportunities, namely Sweden. Here, in the county ofVärmland in a little, rural town named Hagfors they see a chance to a brighterfuture and the possibility of accomplishing a better quality of life. They wantto buy houses, start companies and explore a new way of life in this land ofpromises. While people are migrating from the Netherlands, inhabitants ofHagfors are moving out to big, urban cities that can offer more possibilities.This is the reality for many rural areas like Hagfors, they lose populationthrough out-migration. Despite the negative population trend, the municipalityregains some of its lost inhabitants through the international migration fromlarge Dutch cities. The purpose of this thesis is to examine how the practiceof place marketing has been used by Hagfors municipality in order to attractnew inhabitants from the Netherlands. Which place marketingstrategies have been utilized by Hagfors, how can the effect of theseapproaches be measured and how is the Hagfors brand perceived by the Dutch immigrants?These are the research questions that have been answered through qualitativeinterviews with municipal employees and Dutch immigrants. The results implythat Hagfors have marketed themselves through the internet and the EmigrationExpo in Utrecht but these strategies have not had any effect on the immigrants’motives for moving to the area. Instead of actively tryingto receive more immigrants to the area Hagfors municipality should invest timeand money on the Dutchmen who are already living in the area.The conclusion that Hagfors has not developed a brand platform has preventedthe Dutch immigrants from creating a uniform image of the brand.

  • 324.
    Andersson, Nina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Digitaliseringen i förskolan: Pedagogernas uppfattning av hur digital teknik används i förskolans verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 325.
    Andersson Nyrén, Martina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Pilotstudier avanvändargränssnitt till app för smärtpatienter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Experio Lab i Landstinget i Värmland, Karolinska Institutet och Kungliga TekniskaHögskolan håller i dag på med att utveckla en digital tjänst i form av en app försmärtpatienter. Målet är att genom en digital tjänst kunna lära sig mer om hur patienter kankartlägga sina besvär inför ett möte med sjukvården.

    Uppsatsen syftar till att inför kommande användbarhetstester på riktiga patienterundersöka hur väl prototypen fungerar när det kommer till gränssnittet och ge förslag somskulle kunna förbättra appen inför de kommande användbarhetstesterna.

    Undersökningen genomfördes i två steg: Först testades appen som en pappersprototyp.Därefter genomfördes användbarhetstester med hjälp av studenter och experter inomtjänstedesign på en ipad-platta, där både intervjuer och observationer gjordes. Resultatetvisade att flera av testpersonerna hade samma sorts svårigheter när det kom till att interageramed appen. Svårast var att rita sina besvär på besvärsteckningen samt att veta var i processenman befann sig. Efter genomförande av studien uppgav de flesta testpersonerna att de skullerekommendera appen till någon de kände. Majoriteten såg även behov av att appensanvändargränssnitt blir tydligare för användaren.

  • 326.
    Andersson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Konsten att lära av "verkligheten": En undersökning av de möjligheter som reality-tv och dokusåpor har på vår samhällskunskapsundervisning2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 327.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Högläsning: Visst är det mysigt, men inte bara...2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract  The purpose with my thesis work is to provide information about the importance of reading aloud for children’s future reading comprehension and inclination to read. Thru literature and resurge within the subject I highlight different effects that reading aloud can accomplish. Resurge within the subject shows that parents today read less to their children than earlier, a trend that seems to continue. To see how the reading aloud habits look like in an ordinary class my work contains a parent survey where these issues are to be accounted for in the results section. Even the pupils has participated in a survey with the aim to find out what they think about reading aloud and if someone read to them at home.     The work also includes two interviews with teachers where their thoughts and practices are presented, teachers’ opinions and practices are then connected to the literature on the subject in a discussion. The results of my survey show that reading aloud is so much more than just cozy. The literature and the interviewed teachers say that the purpose shows the many positive effects that reading aloud can provide. Teachers tell us that the purpose of their reading aloud is to give the students an enjoyable time, where they can unwind and just enjoy. They also talk about the goal of reading aloud is to arouse students' love of reading while the students get a chance to develop their thoughts and imagination. In the end, the teachers hope that reading aloud will inspire students to read to themselves.    The work highlights a book project, which means that preschool children receive free books from the municipality. The project is paid for by the educational board of the municipality and has been going on for almost 20 years. Through the parent survey, I have gathered facts about how common it is to collect the free book and what the parents think about the book project. The results of my study do not match properly with the library results in the proportion of children who pick up their free books. According to the library fetches 80% their books while my survey shows that 65% pick up their free books. Parents who have not picked out their children's books gave several reasons for this; the most common answer was that they simply forgot it. The parents who picked their children books spoke positively about the book project, stressing the need on the importance of books for children.

  • 328.
    Andersson, Pernilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    När kunden inte ser: En sociologisk studie om tågpersonals emotionella arbete2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in emotional labor has increased due to the development of norms that service workers always should be nice and fond have increased. Research in this area exhibit both negative consequences in form of burnouts and positive in form of an increased understanding in other people. The aim of the study was to create an understanding of how a couple of train conductors experience their work in relation to the feelings, roles and relationships that surround them. The study is based on four qualitative interviews that have been analysed with emotion and interaction oriented theories. The results show that the use of emotions was common in the profession and the respondents of the study claim to act a role which they adapt to the customers’ expectations. These expectations can sometimes end up in a conflict between the professional role and the private role where the own feelings and respect weights more than the adaption to the customers’ expectations. The respondents in the study were found to have created different strategies, open and hidden, that can be used in order to get the customer to be notified of their behavior as well as it works to manage the emotional labor. The results also show how the colleagues and the opportunity to go away and discuss difficult customer meetings are important factors when it comes to relate to the emotional labor. Overall, there is room to affect the emotional labor which also been proven to be beneficial for the job satisfaction.

  • 329.
    Andersson, Pernille
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    How friendship might create reciprocal effects in terms of purchases2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 330.
    Andersson, Pernille
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Wästlund, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Gustafsson, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Kristensson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Background music as part of the servicescape: A study of the effect of music on the shopping experience2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 331.
    Andersson, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Kvinnor i försvarsmakten: En textanalys om motståndet mot kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka hur diskursen ser ut på diverse försvarsbloggar gällande kvinnor inom försvarsmakten. Med hjälp av textanalys så redogör uppsatsen för hur motståndet mot dessa kvinnor framstår och hur detta motstånd yttrar sig. Studien kommer även att identifiera vilka som främjar detta motstånd mot kvinnorna inom försvarsmakten.

    För att visa att det faktiskt är en skillnad på att vara kvinna inom försvarsmakten samt att motstånd existerar har teorierna Hirdmans genuskontrakt, Connells hegemoniska maskulinitet, Björks likhetsfeminism, Ås härskartekniker och Millets patriarkatet används för att förstå detta. Textanalys som metod användes för att analysera hur diskursen ser ut på bloggar knutna till försvarsmakten och metoden användes primärt för att identifiera olika mönster på bloggarna. Uppsatsen analyserar både diskurs som belyser hur det pratas om kvinnor inom försvarsmakten och språk, ordval och formuleringar som visar hur motståndet mot dessa kvinnor yttrar sig.

    Resultatet visar att motstånd existerar på ett organisatoriskt plan, på ett samhällsplan och även på individ nivå. Motståndet yttrar sig olika i de olika teman som presenteras men motståndet yttrar sig kontinuerligt emot kvinnor. Ett motstånd som många gånger riktar sig emot kvinnor endast för att de utmanar Försvarsmaktens maskulina värld.

  • 332.
    Andersson, Rasmus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Karlstad stadsbrand 1865: Hur stadsbranden påverkade utvecklingen av befolkning och tomter i Karlstad2019Student paper second term, 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 333.
    Andersson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Haxhiislami, Unita
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Djurens välmående i turism2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the paper is through a touristic view to see how the zoos have developed to modern zoss and interview Djurens Rätt and Skansen to see their view on "animal welfare". Another part of the paper is to see what the public thinks of animal welfare and if it's crucial when they choose a destination. We used a survey to see if the public has been influenced by any media in the aspect of their view of zoos. By seeing the evolution of zoos to the modern zoo, we can see how society had the power to influence. 

  • 334.
    Andersson, Ruth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    "Hur ska jag någonsin våga flyga sådär högt?": Karaktärsanalyser i barnboken på väg mot det didaktiska rummet2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to carry out three in-depth text analyzes with a focus on characters, and then relate the analysis to a didactic perspective. The study analyzes characters from three children's books; Dagspöket möter ett spöke, Örjan – den höjdrädda örnen and Edward Tulanes fantastiska resa. The selection of books is based on the fact that all three have animals as main characters. The analyzes are carried out with the help of close reading and tools linked to character descriptions and they focus on the character's characteristics, dynamics and its human characteristics. The place of analysis in the didactic space is discussed in relation to the narratology and the transactional perspective. The result shows that all the character analyzes generate discussion data regarding issues of fundamental importance, however in different subjects and scope. The discussion demonstrates the importance of the pedagogue having good knowledge about the text analysis and its concepts, mainly in order to be able to ensure in a competent manner the right book for the right discussion.

  • 335.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Loggboken som ett kommunikationsverktyg: Att synliggöra elevers kunskap och utveckling via loggboksskrivande2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report demonstrates my research on how students may improve their progress in course with the help of journal writing. I have based my research on two courses within the Restaurant, bar and wine program at Studium Hospitality & Bakery in Gothenburg.

    I came up with the idea for the research when I noticed how the students experienced little to no feedback and didn´t really understand what they should do to excel in their courses.

    The purpose of the research is to develop a practical and easy-to-work journal and to find out if journal writing can improve the communication between teachers and teacher students. To achieve this I implemented a journal in two courses.

    The feedback from the students was positive. They thought the journals quickly became a natural tool to be able to see their own progress and also, they were able to have an ongoing interaction between teacher and student.

    In conclusion the journal has given a better overview of the progress a student makes during the course. The journal works as a tool to oversee attendance and it is also an important communication channel between student and teacher. Through the work with the journal the students document their own progression within the course, hence will be able to detect the next step of their development. The journal gives the students the opportunity to discuss which elements of the course have been critical to reach increased progression.  It has also given the teachers an important tool to develop their teaching.

  • 336.
    Andersson, Sanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Stålhult, Sandra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Hospitals exposed to flooding in Manila City, Philippines: GIS analyses of alternative emergency routes and allocation of emergency service and temporary medical centre2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every year the Philippines get affected by a number of typhoons, which cause severe damage, sometimes due to flooding. The capital, Manila, is located on a flood plain that is partly at, and even below sea level and with several rivers crossing the area. These are some of the factors that contribute to that Manila often is affected by severe flooding.

    During ten weeks of the spring semester in 2014, this thesis was conducted as a completion of the bachelor program Geographic Information System (GIS) at Karlstad University, Sweden. Eight weeks were spent in Manila in the Philippines at the University of the Philippines Diliman, School of Urban and Regional Planning (UP SURP).

    The aim of the study was to investigate how hospitals in Manila City get affected during flooding. GIS was used to perform network analyses, in order to calculate the shortest route for the emergency service to travel from a station via a barangay to a hospital. The shortest alternative route during a 5-year flood was also calculated in order to compare the distance differences that might be due to flood.

    During a 100-year flood another type of analysis was performed, where suggestions for suitable locations for placing emergency service and temporary medical centre were presented. These suggestions on suitable locations were placed in an area that will not be affected during a 100-year flood.

    Results from the analyses showed that Manila City is a very exposed area during flood. During a 5-year flood some parts of Manila City will be highly exposed and about 1/4 of the population will be affected. The shortest alternative route for the emergency service to use during flood will generally be longer than in normal situations. Some hospitals cannot be accessed from some barangays due to impassable roads.

    During a 100-year flood the area gets gravely affected, almost 2/3 of the population will be affected and many roads become impassable, which limits the accessibility in Manila City.

  • 337.
    Andersson, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Framgångsrikt ledarskap: En kvalitativ studie av ledarskap inom sjukvård2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en kvalitativ studie om framgångsrikt ledarskap inom sjukvård. Syftet med studien är att undersöka vad ett framgångsrikt ledarskap innebär för chefer i en organisation som fått en prestigefylld utmärkelse. Tre frågeställningar utarbetades för att kunna besvara studiens övergripande syfte. Den första frågeställningen handlar om vilka framgångsfaktorer som finns i ledarskapet. Den andra frågeställningen berör hur chefer utvecklar organisationen. Den tredje frågeställningen behandlar vilka svårigheter som chefer möter i sitt ledarskap.

    I teorikapitlet redogörs för olika definitioner av ledarskap samt sex olika ledarskapsteorier. Teorierna är effektivt ledarskap, autentiskt ledarskap, situationsanpassat ledarskap, transformativt ledarskap, utvecklingsinriktat ledarskap och förändringsledarskap.  Vidare presenteras ett framgångsrikt och effektivt ledarskap sett utifrån tre olika kontexter; global, svensk och hälso- och sjukvård. 

    I studien har en kvalitativ metod använts i form av semistrukturrerade intervjuer som har genomförts med sex avdelningschefer. Datamaterialet har sedan analyserats i två steg. I första skedet genomfördes en grundad-teori-inspirerad öppen kodning i syfte att få fram begrepp och i det andra skedet en tematisk innehållsanalys i syfte att finna olika teman.

    Studiens intervjupersoner framhåller relationer, lärande och ett etiskt förhållningssätt som framgångsfaktorer i ledarskapet. Chefer utvecklar organisationen ständigt genom att arbeta med och uppmuntra medarbetarnas deltagande i förbättringsarbete. Utveckling sker även genom att formulera och skapa stöd för visionen och genom en kontinuerlig omvärldsbevakning. Svårigheter i ledarskapet är att härbärgera mycket negativa känslor, kunna hantera egna känslor av ensamhet och kunna släppa arbetet när man går hem. En svårighet är även att hinna med det egna arbetet på arbetstiden samtidigt som man har en ständig tillgänglighet för medarbetarna och deras behov.

  • 338.
    Andersson, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    IKT och naturvetenskap i förskolan: Förskollärares syn på IKT i arbetet med naturvetenskap i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 339.
    Andersson, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Matematik i förskolan.: Yngre barns meningsskapande i den fria leken, inomhus.2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine the mathematical activities, measurement, localization, and construction during free play. The study was performed inside a preschool, in two toddler groups, 1-3 years old. A qualitative research study was chosen and performed with the help of unstructured observations.  The study shows that toddlers use both an exploring approach as well as a problem-solving approach within the mathematical activities that the study intended.

  • 340.
    Andersson, Sara Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Attraktiva lekmiljöer i den fria leken: En fenomenologisk studie om lockande lekmiljöer ur barns perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to contribute with increased knowledge concerning attractive play-environments in the preschool from the perspective of children.  The study is based on a selection of individual children’s stories about play-environments in the preschool. Qualitative interviews have been used as a method of collecting empirical evidence.  They have been recorded and transcribed to form the basis for the analysis based on Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis IPA. It is a method that is trying to find out the individual’s perception and experience of a phenomenon through a hermeneutic interpretation and a phenomenological perspective.

    The result of this study shows that the children preferred rooms located in the periphery and avoided the passage rooms. What enticed most in the attractive playgrounds were construction materials and materials that enabled taking on roles. The result furthermore showed that companion relations were part of the attractive environment.  Based on the choices it was made clear that the children found meaning and enticement in the fluctuating and the ability to influence the design of their environment. The location of the attractive rooms in turn gave the opportunity for undisturbed immersion of play which was perceived as meaningful by the children.  The interaction and relationship with close friends were in turn another part of what created meaning in the attractive play-environment.

     

  • 341.
    Andersson, Simon
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Hagelin, Simon
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Röststyrning och text-till-tal i mobila enheter för personer med läs- och skrivsvårigheter: En studie om användbarhet och användarvänlighet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Användningen av mobila enheter, det vill säga smarta mobiltelefoner och surfplattor ökar ständigt och det nya mediet ställer helt nya krav på användbarhet och användarvänlighet. Vi tror att personer med funktionsnedsättning glöms bort i de nya smarta enheterna och att tillgängligheten i dessa enheter inte prioriteras och utvecklas tillräckligt bra.

    Syftet med denna C-uppsats i informatik är att undersöka på vilket sätt röststyrning och text-till-tal i mobila enheter påverkar användbarheten, främst för personer med läs- och skrivsvårigheter men även generellt sett för alla typer av användare, och att belysa vilka problem och begränsningar som upplevs vid utveckling av röststyrningsapplikationer.

    För att undersöka detta utvecklade vi en applikation till Android-enheter som använde både röststyrning och text-till-tal-funktioner. Denna applikation gjorde vi sedan tester på för att besvara vår frågeställning och vårt syfte.

    Vi fann att utvecklingen av en ständigt lyssnande applikation var svårare än vad vi först trodde och att utveckling för Android inte hade stöd för ljudigenkänning. Den röststyrning som fanns som stöd var en serverbaserad ord-igenkännare som försökte tolka ljudinmatningen till ett eller flera ord. Med lite brytning eller dialekt var risken för feltolkning stor.

    Vår slutsats blev att röststyrning och text-till-tal till viss grad ökar användbarheten för personer med läs- och skrivsvårigheter. Fastän läsmomentet av testet gick fortare än röststyrningen för samtliga testpersoner tyckte de flesta av de med läs- och skrivsvårigheter att röststyrning var att föredra.

  • 342.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Intuitiva beslut på Facebook: En exprimentell studie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 343.
    Andersson, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Utevistelsen som lärtillfälle: Pedagoger berättar: Utemiljöns betydelse för deras arbete med kunskapande om djur och växter i förskolan.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to find out what preschool educationalists’ opinions are about the time they spend outdoors, and how they use the outdoor environment as a place for learning and development. The focus is primarily on learning about animals and plants. The method used was semi-structured interviews with six teachers from various preschools, in three municipalities. These educationalists have from 7 to 27 years of work experience from child care, and both nannies and preschool teachers were interviewed. The interviewees were asked to answer questions about their education and years of experience, the time they spend outdoors at preschool, their preschools yards, being outdoors in natural surroundings, what they have to say about the level of planning in the outdoors, and the abilities and/or obstacles they experience when working with animals and plants during the time they spend outdoors. The interviews were recorded and transcribed. The educationalists' perceptions and opinions were structured in charts, and then categorized according to the different responses, and those were presented in the results. The results showed that the outdoor activities are more spontaneous than scheduled, and the children's free play and exploration are often the focus. It also showed that the educationalists' attitudes are very important, according to themselves, to challenge the children to develop their own explorations. The interaction between children and educationalists is essential, according to the interviewees. But they also express the importance of children spending time in different environments - both planned environments such as the preschool yard, as well as in natural environments. It gives children the opportunity to explore the environment surrounding them, and understand relations between us and nature through hands-on experiences. Obstacles that educationalists sometimes experience in their work are, for example, insufficient knowledge, organizational problems or having to adapt their time to routine situations. But all interviewees agreed that spending time outdoors is a big part of the children's day at preschool, and they saw many advantages with playing, learning and developing in an outdoor environment.

  • 344.
    Andersson, Sofie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    "Jag vill inte!": Om motivation till läsande och skrivande i det svenska språket2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to find out how effective the methods of supportive conversations, the teacher's positive attitude, relation to the student, the student's self-esteem as well as failures and successes influence the students to become motivated within reading and writing in the Swedish language. The methods used are a questionnaire that active teachers have answered and two observations that show which methods an active teacher can use in the teaching. The result points to how important active teachers think that the methods are and if all these methods are really needed to be able to motivate a student. But the result also shows that most of the teachers that made my poll are unsure when it comes to how they will use these methods to create motivation. All the teachers who responded to the poll says that they want to learn more about how to motivate the students.

  • 345.
    Andersson, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Blommor och bin i förskolan: En studie i hur pedagoger bemöter barns tankar om fortplantning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to research how some pre-school teachers respond to children´s thoughts and questions about the reproductive process in their teaching. The study is conducted through qualitative interviews with ten teachers from three different pre-schools. The findings show both possibilities and difficulties that the teachers encounter in this area, as well as the teachers’ different approaches to the subject. The results show that there are several different aspects and views concerning the reproductive process teaching. The children’s own questions are of vital importance to the choice of pedagogic methods in this subject. The teachers use books, the internet and films, as well as outdoor excursions when teaching the reproduction process in plants and animals. Conclusions show that abstract words and concepts form obstacles in the dialogues about the reproductive process. The didactics can also be rendered more difficult by parental views and different cultures. The teachers unanimously pointed to their own commitment as a key factor to success in the reproductive process teaching. Some of the teachers find this an easy subject to teach while others find it problematic.

  • 346.
    Andersson, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Den ensamma saxofonisten: En musiker i en instrumentfamilj2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During my third year as a music teacher student on Musikhögskolan Ingesund I am the only one who studies classical saxophone as my major subject. My interest of playing saxophone quartet have always been great but when there is no opportunity for quartet playing, the interest and the desire to play quartet has grown even more. Therefore, this work is about saxophone quartet. The purpose has been to find out the challenges I experience when I play the four different saxophones in the quartet and when I study the respective saxophone's part in a quartet piece. In order to complete the study, I have mainly used a logbook where I have written about my experiences and then divided them into different categories; physical challenges, the challenges of the parts and the challenges of the instruments. The results show, among other things, differences in the studying of each saxophone´s part and the saxophones role in the quartet. It also shows differences in how I use my body to get an optimal sound on each saxophone. In the discussion of the work, my experiences are compared with research and information from literature mainly written by other saxophonists.

  • 347.
    Andersson, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Fysikens olika uttryck i förskolan.: Förskollärares syn på egna ämneskunskaper, och förskolebarns lärande inom ämnet fysik.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's main purpose is to explore how the learning objects that can be linked to science, and particularly physics, are interpreted and implemented by preschool teachers in early childhood education.

    To get preschool teachers' perspective on the issue, I have chosen to use unstructured interviews as a method.

    The fiverespondents work atthreedifferentpreschools withthreedifferent pedagogicalapproaches, aReggioEmilia-oriented preschool, a nature preschooland traditionalpreschool, and the study showsthatthe operationof the variouspreschoolsdiffer.

    The study's main findings show that preschool teachers either feel they have too little knowledge of the subject of physics to be able to use it in their work in a systematical and meaningful way for the children, or that they are not at all involving the children in activities concerning the subject. The study also includes pre-school teachers' interpretations of what science is, and if science, and particularly physics, is reflected in the activities.

  • 348.
    Andersson, Tim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Alla är individer… men ändå bundna till sitt kön: En ”cross-culture” studie med kenyanska och svenska lärare om medvetenhet och förhållningssätt till jämställdhet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This "cross-culture" study deals entirely on awareness and attitudes among Kenyan andSwedish teachers in terms of gender equality. Parts of this study were conducted in Kenya,where I spent a month living and visited a school in a multi-million city. There, I conductedsemi-structured interviews with teachers and gathered material for my thesis. The purpose ofthis study is to see how teachers in Kenya relate to gender and then compare this withSwedish teachers. The study also includes a review of national policy documents for schoolregarding gender equality. In Kenya I interviewed four teachers in the secondary school whoteach various subjects.

    The conclusions drawn by the governing documents for school was that the teachers in bothcountries are encouraged to work with gender equality. My performance analysis isconstructed on the basis of Yvonne Hirdmans theory of dichotomy, hierarchy andreproduction process. Educators' awareness of gender issues was distinguished. Everyone hadopinions and told me about them. There approach to equality lead to some diversity amongthe teachers. They claim that equality brings many negative sides and are afraid that they willovershadow the good parts.

  • 349.
    Andersson, Tim
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies. Karlstads universitet.
    Kille och kär: En queerdidaktisk analys av tre ungdomsromaner2013Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay problematizes how gay guys are portrayed in youth literature. The purpose problematizes the dichotomy of male / female and the subject of men / women. The goal is to introduce a non-heteronormative perspective in youth literature research on gender and queer. This is based on theories of Judith Butler, Tiina Rosenberg and R. W. Connell. The books that have been analysed are Ung, bög och jävligt kär, Regn och åska, and Ibland bara måste man (Boy meets boy). The novels are written in the 2000s. The novels are primarily no coming-out novels, the focus is what it's like to fall in love with the first person and the feelings around that moment. The analysis showed that three key themes: Identity, the situation of homosexuals and the society and culture influence. Protagonists construct their identity in the context of close friends, aesthetic, body and society.

     

    The work also has a didactic purpose in which they demanded a greater awareness on the topic of sexual orientation in the school and is based on literature didactics as Louise M. Rosenblatt and Gunilla Molloy.

  • 350.
    Andersson, Tobias
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Är all publicitet bra publicitet?: Hur SD framställdes i Dalarnas Tidningar och Dala-Demokraten i valet 20142015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine how the Swedish newspapers Dalarnas Tidningar and Dala-Demokraten reported and framed the populist party Sweden Democrats during the 2014 election. The reason why I have chosen to examine this is because the Sweden Democrats is on the march and has now after the election 2014 established itself as the third largest party in Sweden, and at the same time the media has a difficult time to respond to the party because they have policy issues that are undemocratic. There is already innumerable research in the subject of the nationwide media but not so much research of the regional and local media, so therefore I have chosen to locate this research to two local newspapers which has coverage in a county where the Sweden Democrats more than doubled its electoral results for 2014 election. The idea of this study is to provide a greater understanding of how journalists should respond to populist parties that have established themselves. Using a quantitative content analysis, I have examined how much publicity the Sweden Democrats received in relation to the other parties in the 2014 election in Dalarnas Tidningar and Dala-Demokraten, and also how the reporting and framing was at overall in the newspapers during the 2014 election.

    The theoretical framework this study has used to get results is theories about the media’s role in a democracy, agenda setting and framing. What the results of the study show is that the Sweden Democrats was the party that got most publicity in relation to the other parties during the 2014 election. The reporting on the party was in overall neutral and objective with both of the publications, but it was not in all of the articles the Sweden Democrats party was heard, either alone or as a part of a debate. The framing of the party was sometimes alarming when journalists interviewed or quoted someone else who had an opinion about the party. What all of the collected data shows is that a party can have more publicity than other parties and to a certain extent also be alarming, and actually urge voters not to vote for them. However, this appears not to matter because the Sweden Democrats got votes anyway. When it comes to the Sweden Democrats an alarming framing seems to produce positive effects on the formation of opinions. When other parties have received a negative framing in the media, it led to a failure of their leaders, for example, Håkan Juholt and Mona Sahlin, so the Sweden Democrats seems to be an exception. When it comes to populist parties framing does not matter for the formation of opinion at all. It is not how the party is framed, it is because they got publicity overall that they become elected. Can it be so that the old cliché “all publicity is good publicity” corresponds with reality? It seems to do that when it comes to populist parties.

    Keywords: Framing, agenda setting, democracy, objectivity, Sweden Democrats.

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