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Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 251. Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Christensen, Christian
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    EU Policy and the Creation of a European Information Society in a Global Economy2002Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 252. Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Christensen, Christian
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Genre Blending in Popular Turkish Television2006Ingår i: Northern Lights 2005. Film and Media Studies Yearbook / [ed] L. Höjbjerg & H. Söndergaard, Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press , 2006, s. 159-178Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 253. Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Christensen, Christian
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Information Society And Digital Economy in The 'Post-Industrial' Era: A Comparative Look at the Digital Divide in the US And The EU Contexts2001Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 254. Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Christensen, Christian
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    The After-Life of Eurovision 2003: Turkish and European Social Imaginaries and Ephemeral Communicative Space2008Ingår i: Popular Communication: International Journal of Media and Culture, Vol. 6Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 255. Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Christensen, Miyase
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Being EuropeanAny Way that Turkey Can2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 256.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Erdogan, E.
    Shifting Landscapes: Film and Media in European Context2008Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 257.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Erdogan, N
    The Many Faces of Film and Media in Europe2008Ingår i: in M. Christensen & N. Erdogan (eds) Shifting Landscapes: Media and Film in European Context, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 258.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Body, Soul and Society:: Rethinking Media and Communication Ontologies2010Ingår i: Nordicom Information, ISSN 0349-5949, Vol. 32, nr 2-3, s. 7-17Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 259.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Complicit Surveillance, Interveillance and the Question of Cosmopolitanism2015Ingår i: New Media and Society, ISSN 1461-4448, E-ISSN 1461-7315, Vol. 17, nr 9, s. 1473-1491Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 260.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Cosmopolitanism and the Media: Cartographies of Change2015Bok (Refereegranskat)
  • 261.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Cultural Citizenship and the Communicative Space of Mediated Sexual Expressivity2011Ingår i: International Journal of Media and Cultural Politics, ISSN 1740-8296, E-ISSN 2040-0918, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 209-224Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The role of pornography in contemporary media societies constitutes one of the underresearched areas in media and communication studies. The purpose of this article is to explore the potentiality latent in the user-porn-related Internet domains, blogs and forums – as extensions of offline agency and sociality – for motivating communicative action and engagement with civic practice in various forms. In this study, we utilize an interdisciplinary approach that feeds from social, political and cultural theory and we take ‘self-pornographic pursuit as cultural citizenship’ as a paradigmatic intersection. The discussion is based on our analysis of a variety of expressive venues (some purely online, some amalgamated with the offline) over the course of our preliminary research. Of these, we refer to two Swedish examples: Bodycontact, a sexual dating site, and Dirty Diaries, a feminist film project and the adjacent website, as illustrative of the theoretical arguments presented throughout our discussion.

  • 262.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Fields, Territories and Bridges: Networked Communities and Mediate Surveillance in Transnational Social Space2012Ingår i: The Internet and Surveillance: the Challenges of Web 2.0 and Social Media / [ed] Fuchs, Christian; Kees Boersma, Anders Albrechtslund and Marisol Sandoval, London: Routledge , 2012, s. 220-238Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 263.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Interveillance, Complicit Surveillance and the Question of Cosmopolitanism: Towards a Phenomenological Understanding of Mediatization2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 264.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Networked Communities and Interactive Surveillance in Transnational Social Space2010Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 265.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    The Encapsulated Self vs the Cosmopolitan Self: Towards a Phenomenological Conceptualization of Mediatized Communication and Complicit Surveillance2011Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 266.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    The Encapsulated vs. the Cosmopolitan Self? : Towards a Phenomenological Understanding of Mediatized Communication and Complicit Surveillance2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mediatization refers to a meta-process whereby social life in its totality is (re)embedded in and saturated with mediated processes. This paper addresses the relationship between two theoretically diverging, yet socially intertwined, realms pertaining to various mediatization patterns: cosmopolitanism and surveillance. Mediatization implies increasing opportunities for ‘extending the self’, experienced in terms of mediated proximity, immediacy and boundary transgression – ultimately sustaining a more cosmopolitan outlook of the world. Yet, mediatization also brings growing opportunities for securitization, boundary control and social encapsulation, on behalf of societal institutions as well as individuals and groups. Contemporary forms and extensions of surveillance and cosmopolitanism are increasingly interwoven through the meta-process of mediatization, most recently the social saturation of converging ‘social’ media. This paper suggests that phenomenology, as a heuristic tool, offers a well-contextualized and grounded socio-cultural perspective to grasp the everyday dimensions and subjective moral positionalities ensuing from increased mediatization and related openings and closures

  • 267.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Lenert, E
    Tufekci, Z
    Gustafson, K
    The Digital Divide: The National Debate and Federal and State Level Programs2012Ingår i: Inequity in the Technopolis: Race, Class and the Digital Divide in Austin / [ed] Straubhaar, Z. Tufekci, B. Lentz, and J. Spence, Austin: University of Texas Press , 2012, s. 109-134Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 268.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Challenges in an Evolving e-Service Landscape - The Contact Centre Case: A Position Paper2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Public e-Services must be designed and made available in accordance with the demands and needs of the citizens. One way to meet these requirements is to establish contact centres in the municipalities to guide citizens and employees in their handling of public services to improve business processes and to incorporate social media and e-Services into the daily business. With an evolving e-Service landscape, new challenges arise  and the role of a contact centre is likely to change from a purely advising function to being a central player in developing the service game in municipalities. The paper presents arguments and plans for using a mix of methods in data collection aimed at identifying challenges in the pre-implementation phase as well as in the handling of e-Services and in the local administrations's outsourcing business processes to the new organisational body (the contact centre). Limitations in the design of the case study include the restricted focus on challenges in communicating e-Service offerings to citizens and employees, based on the overall municipality portfolio. Expected contributions are an “e-Service Communication Map” as a modelling technique for use in service performance and e-Service development.

  • 269.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT.
    Improving Business Processes and Delivering Better e-Services: a guide for municipalities from Smart Cities2011Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Do you know your business and e-service solutions? Is your IT aligned with your business to support, enable and deliver your services? Your business processes define your ability and potential to provide customers and employees with effective and high quality services and solutions. Your processes influence your performance, your service delivery and what administrative support is available for your service offerings.

    This document outlines a model, or framework, which can help you to improve your existing business processes to support and develop your e-services. The Common Process Model comprises a set of preconditions, directives, guidelines and templates that will help employees in different roles to identify, measure and improve the performance of the business processes that make up your e-service solutions.

    The Common Process Model stems from a collaborative project between Karlstad University and the municipality of Karlstad in Sweden, that began in February 2009. The project aimed to develop a simple methodology that would help the municipality to think about, to describe and to improve its business processes in a logical, strategic and self-reflective manner.

  • 270.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Improving citizens’ ability to find, understand and use e-services: Communicating the social interaction dimension2013Ingår i: Systems, Signs & Actions, ISSN 1652-8719, E-ISSN 1652-8719, Vol. 7, nr 2, s. 177-204Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the ability to communicate public e-Services, as a part of e-Service development. The purpose is to elaborate on the concept “communicability”, and to define elements and criteria useful in the evaluation and improvement of public e-Services. In terms of public e-Services, communication takes place in a context based on an understanding and relation between the public sector and the citizens using the provider’s e-Service solution. Public sectors are increasing their e-Service offers, making communicating e-Services an important part of the service delivery. The citizens’ ability to find, understand, and use the service is a return on investment. This paper combines a business process and a social interac- tion approach to e-Services. The empirical grounding is a Swedish municipality case study with a pilot evaluation, interviews with developers, and an eye tracking usability test on e- Services with citizens partaking in a university course. The research contributions include a first version of a defined concept of communicability in the e-Service context together with a conceptual basis for evaluation purposes. Findings can be used as a basis for developing an evaluation tool and a handbook to improve communicability in public e-Service solutions.

  • 271.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Kontaktcenter i Karlstads kommun: En uppföljning från kundens och medarbetarens perspektiv2013Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 31 januari 2013 öppnade Karlstads kommun en ny verksamhet i form av ett Kontaktcenter (KC) i syfte att öka tillgängligheten, ge god service och avlasta förvaltningarnas hantering av enklare ärenden. Karlstadsborna får hjälp med information och vägledning till all verksamhet i kommunen och kommunvägledare i tre svarsgrupper hanterar delar av eller hela ärenden. Uppdrag från förvaltningar initierar KCs verksamhet och definierar dess innehåll. Rapporten beskriver en processorienterad uppföljning av KCs verksamhet som genomförts under våren 2013. Intervjuer har genomförts med 24 externa kunder (20 medborgare), 9 interna kunder (förvaltningar) och 25 utförare i KCs processer (kommunvägledare och telefonister). Syftet med uppföljningen är att nå ett underlag till verksamhetsutveckling. Uttalanden från respondenterna publiceras som resultat i bilagor till rapporten. Dessa avser upplevda problem, styrkor och förbättringsförslag som struktureras i kategorier för effektiva verksamhetsprocesser. Rapporten kan ses som ett underlag för att lära och sprida erfarenheter. Den kan därför vara intressant för andra organisationer som står inför en etablering av KC eller som redan bedriver en liknande verksamhet. Genom att publicera data i insamlad empiri öppnas möjligheter till flera och olika typer av analyser. I den här rapporten finns enbart några reflektioner kring varje uppföljning, en summering och avslutande rekommendation.

  • 272.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT.
    Practice Research Design: a Channel to the Meaning of BPM Maturity in Government2011Ingår i: International and Inter-disciplinary Workshop on Practice Research, Linköpings universitet , 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a practice research design for studying the practical meaning of business process management (BPM) maturity in municipalities within a university course. The course design enables the identification of practitioners’ ‘questions’ (needed knowledge in BPM), actions and business issues (problematic situations). Applications from practitioners’ everyday work are used as case studies in course assignments. Thereby, it will be possible to collect empirical data to be used in the research, as well as to collect, answers and provide discussions that will give useful perspectives,concepts and methods contributing to changes (interventions) in the local practice. Moreover, it will be possible to conduct practical inquiries to develop a general knowledge of practical relevance and usefulness among course participants. The practitioners are interested in the same practical scope, i.e.BPM initiatives with process mapping as the first step. In the course a generic process methodology (the PoP model) serves as a knowledge transfer from ten local practices and is improved upon the course participants as a joint result of the knowledge development and a general practice contribution. The model can be adjusted by each practitioner’s own business context in use and thus is in everyone’s interest to share lessons learned.

  • 273.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Melin, Ulf
    Linköpings universitet.
    Inter-organizational Public e-Service Development: Emerging Lessons from an Inside-Out Perspective2015Ingår i: Electronic Government: 14th IFIP WG 8.5 International Conference, EGOV 2015, Thessaloniki, Greece, August 30 -- September 2, 2015, Proceedings / [ed] Efthimios Tambouris, Marijn Janssen, Hans Jochen Scholl, Maria A. Wimmer, Konstantinos Tarabanis, Mila Gascó, Bram Klievink, Ida Lindgren, Peter Parycek, Springer, 2015, Vol. 9248, s. 183-196Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    E-service development has grown to become a daily practice in most public organizations as a means for realizing digital agendas and e-government initiatives on different levels (local, regional, national and transnational governmental levels). Public e-service development is often an inter-organizational (IO) effort with multiple actors and organizations involved in the multi-faceted dimensions of design, development and delivery decisions. Still, there is a lack of research focusing on IO public e-service development practices in particular. In order to address this lack we elaborate on reported challenges and their implications for IO public e-service development in practice. By returning to two empirical cases of IO public e-service development, the IO dimension is evolved. Our purpose is to highlight challenges in IO public e-service development with implications for research and practice. Findings are presented as eight emerging lessons learned from an inside-out perspective related to phases in IO public e-service development processes.

  • 274.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Granström, Klas
    Sharpening the BPM Knowledge Transfer in a Practice Research Design: A Case Study2012Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The practice research in this paper is based on the common interest of Telge AB and Karlstad University to explore knowledge transfer between research results and their use in practice when applying a Business Process Management (BPM) maturity assessment model. In our case study, we explore how knowledge transfer can become explicit, based on the foundation of practice research and a mapping of the practice research process. The main idea with the case study is to contribute to the articulation of sharpening the knowledge transfer in practice research design. Our findings show e.g. the importance of enabling practitioners in finding the research results, a suitable packaging to gain understanding and guidance to the way the practitioners are supposed to use the results as well as prerequisites in the domain knowledge. Additionally, the complexity in the BPM maturity concept and challenges in the BPM knowledge transfer are findings that can lead to bridging the gap between assessment model in theory and lessons learned from the practitioners using the model in practice. Finally, the paper contributes with a snapshot of practice research design with key elements regarding pre-conditions for knowledge transfer to use in planning, specifying and evaluating practice research.

  • 275.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för informatik och projektledning.
    Granström, Klas
    Sharpening the knowledge domain transfer in practice research design: The BPM assessment2012Ingår i: Systems, Signs & Actions, ISSN 1652-8719, E-ISSN 1652-8719, Vol. 6, nr 1, s. 22-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The practice research design described in this paper is based on the common interest of Telge AB and Karlstad University to explore knowledge transfer from research results to their use in practice when applying a Business Process Management (BPM) maturity assessment model. In our case study, we explore how knowledge transfer can become explicit, based on components in the foundation of practice research and a mapping of the practice research process. The main idea is to contribute to the articulation of sharpening the knowledge transfer in practice research design. Our findings show e.g. the importance of enabling practitioners in finding the research results, using an explicit model package to gain understanding and guidance towards the intended way in which the practitioners are supposed to use the knowledge, as well as prerequisites in the knowledge domain. Additionally, the complexity in the BPM maturity concept and challenges in the knowledge domain transfer are findings that can lead to bridging the gap between a BPM maturity assessment model in theory and lessons learned from using the model in practice. Finally, the paper contributes with a knowledge domain transfer loop model to be used in planning and evaluating practice research between practitioners and research stakeholders as well as a snapshot of practice research design to be used to communicate key elements as pre-conditions for the knowledge domain transfer.

  • 276.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan (from 2013).
    Van Looy, Amy
    Department of Business Informatics and Operations Management, Ghent University, Belgium.
    Elements for Tailoring a BPM Maturity Model to Simplify its Use2017Ingår i: Business Process Management Forum. BPM 2017 / [ed] Carmona J., Engels G., Kumar A., Springer, 2017, s. 3-18Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although research exists on Business Process Management (BPM) maturity models, few studies report on their practical use. This paper explores the situational needs and practitioner's views on assessing BPM maturity. Data triangulation uncovered different applications in Swedish industry and public sector organizations through three phases: 1) data collection in a practitioner-driven BPM maturity model design, 2) validation of the design in a workshop and follow-up interviews, and 3) testing the BPM maturity model by practitioners. The basic assumption is that a generic BPM maturity model will most likely not fit all organizations. Therefore, a framework is presented with elements (e.g. scope and measures) for a BPM maturity model to be customized to an organization’s needs, supplemented by a practical ‘tailoring template’. The framework and template contribute to the BPM discipline with a Swedish example, and allows twelve design propositions with recommendations to simplify the application of BPM maturity models and enhance their fit.

  • 277.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Wik, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    A Process Oriented User Test on Public e-Services: The Swedish Municipality Case2014Ingår i: Proceedings of The 8th European Conference on IS Management and Evaluation – ECIME 2014 held at the University of Ghent, Ghent, Belguim / [ed] Jan Devos, Steven De Haes, Academic Conferences Limited, 2014, s. 39-48Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper elaborates on the potential to design and conduct process-oriented user tests on public e-Services. The purpose is to use key constructs of business process orientation (BPO) to develop a basis for design and communicating the value of user tests in a public e-Service context. Our hypotheses are that user tests can provide valuable results for all actors involved in e-Service development, not only in terms of how to conduct user tests per se, but also to provide incentives for a customer driven focus and highlighting the value derived from user tests. In the municipality case, actors and stakeholders are involved municipalities in an inter-organisational collaboration on e-Service development, i.e. different municipalities, locally and regionally, as well as the supplier.  Citizens partaking in a university course conduct the user tests with the eye tracking technology. In total 71 users performed in test sessions on 11 different e-Services in a standard platform provided by one supplier. In this paper, we elaborate on a BPO test design based on basic constructs in the approach compared with findings from reconstructing the test process design used with an implicit approach 2012 and an explicit BPO approach in 2013. Contributions include a generic test-process design for data collection, analysis and delivery to stakeholders in an overall e-Service development. Furthermore, findings from our test sessions and test process design will inspire and guide other universities to collaborate with practitioners. Beside the strength with a real case for the students, user test sessions in collaboration can be an eye-opener to not only for municipalities but also suppliers. Thus, the potential for impacts from test results to be applied in the further development of e-Services has thereby increased.  

  • 278.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Wik, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Testing Communicability in Municipality e-Services2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on the ability to communicate public e-Services, as one part of e-Service evaluation. The purpose is to use and further develop the emerging concept of “communicability” to be used as a base in an evaluation tool in the context of public e-Services. The ability of citizens’ to find, understand and use the e-Services provided is return on investment for public sectors, governments and agencies. The point of departure in this paper is to elaborate on a test process design for data collection and analysis from an empirical driven approach. Empirical grounding is based on a Swedish municipality case with a pilot usability test with eye tracking in 2012 and a second further improved test sessions 2013 on e-Services with citizens partaking in a university course. The research contributions include a further defined concept together with a generic test process for data collection and analysis to be useful as an evaluation tool, in research as in practice. Our research design and experiences from test sessions might also work as an inspiration to other university courses. Further more, findings from our test sessions can be used as a point of departure in formulating guidelines in a handbook to improve communicability in public e-Services.

  • 279.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Wik, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Testing Communicability in Public e-Services: Process and Outcomes2014Ingår i: Electronic government and electronic participation / [ed] Marijn F.W.H.A. Janssen, Frank Bannister, Olivier Glassey, Hans Jochen Scholl, Efthimios Tambouris, Maria A. Wimmer, Ann Macintosh, IOS Press, 2014, Vol. 21, s. 244-253Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, a case of testing public e-Service communicability is analysed in terms of process as well as outcomes. Key elements in test processes are defined, together with the meaning of communicability identified in terms of information-oriented metrics. The purpose of our paper is to develop knowledge about how e-Service providers should improve their ability to communicate and support users in finding, understanding and using e-Services. The reconstructed test process design is based of an analysis of gaze replays in citizen test sessions by means of eyetracking technology. Empirical findings on communicability metrics are further grounded in theory. Our main contribution to the research community and the field of practice, are a test process and a communicability framework to support the assessing of e-Service information. The use of wireframes for the e-Service five layers, together with a multifunctional template for data collection, analysis and presentation are introduced.

  • 280.
    Ciallellla, Alessandro
    et al.
    Sapienza Univ Roma, Dipartimento Sci Base & Applicate Ingn, Rome, Italy.
    Cirillo, Emilio
    Sapienza Univ Roma, Dipartimento Sci Base & Applicate Ingn, Rome, Italy.
    Curseu, Petre
    Babes Bolyai Univ, Dept Psychol, Cluj, Romania Open Univ Netherlands, Dept Org, Heerlen, Netherlands.
    Muntean, Adrian
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Free to move or trapped in your group: Mathematical modeling of information overload and coordination in crowded populations2018Ingår i: Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, ISSN 0218-2025, Vol. 28, nr 9, s. 1831-1856Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    We present modeling strategies that describe the motion and interaction of groups of pedestrians in obscured spaces. We start off with an approach based on balance equations in terms of measures and then we exploit the descriptive power of a probabilistic cellular automaton model. Based on a variation of the simple symmetric random walk on the square lattice, we test the interplay between population size and an interpersonal attraction parameter for the evacuation of confined and darkened spaces. We argue that information overload and coordination costs associated with information processing in small groups are two key processes that influence the evacuation rate. Our results show that substantial computational resources are necessary to compensate for incomplete information - the more individuals in (information processing) groups the higher the exit rate for low population size. For simple social systems, it is likely that the individual representations are not redundant and large group sizes ensure that this non-redundant information is actually available to a substantial number of individuals. For complex social systems, information redundancy makes information evaluation and transfer inefficient and, as such, group size becomes a drawback rather than a benefit. The effect of group sizes on outgoing fluxes, evacuation times and wall effects is carefully studied with a Monte Carlo framework accounting also for the presence of an internal obstacle.

  • 281.
    Cieleszky, Kinga
    Karlstads universitet.
    Long-Distance Intimacy: How Intimacy in Long-Distance Relationships Changes over Erasmus+ Exchange2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years technology has developed significantly and rapidly become an intricate part of people’s daily life in the globalised world. There is a growing recognition that within intimate relationships, technology usage has many functions which can create both negative and positive impacts on intimacy.  Yet research on intimacy in online social relationships is still underdeveloped. This paper maps the literature on long-distance relationships and how its participants use information and communication technologies to overcome the physical detachment. The purpose of this study is to examine whether intimacy changes over Erasmus+ exchange studies in long-distance romantic and parental relationships. Data from an online survey of 100 Erasmus+ exchange students residing in Budapest, Hungary were analysed to see whether the quality of their relationship worsens during the exchange period. Based on the data collected it can be concluded that the majority of respondents does not experience critical decay in neither of their relationships and that preparation for distance communication with ICTs is not strongly connected to preventing a decay in intimacy.

  • 282.
    Claesson, Rasmus
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT.
    Nya aktörer på arenan: En kvalitativ studie av företags närvaro på Facebook2011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 283.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Assessing the qualities of automated content2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of new technologies has always spurred questions about changes in journalism – its content, its means of production, and its consumption. A quite recent development in the realm of digital journalism is software-generated content, i.e. automatically produced content. Companies such as Automated Insights offer services that, according to themselves “humanizes big data sets by spotting patterns, trends and key insights and describing those findings in plain English that is indistinguishable from that produced by a human writer” (Automated Insights, 2012).

    This paper seeks to investigate how readers perceive software-generated content in relation to similar content written by a journalist. This is investigated through the following empirical research questions:

    RQ1 – How is software-generated content perceived by readers, in regards to overall quality and credibility?

    RQ2 – Are the software-generated content discernable from similar content written by human journalists?

    The study utilizes an experimental methodology where respondents were subjected to different news articles that were written by a journalist or software-generated. The respondents were then asked to answer questions about how they perceived the article; its overall quality, credibility, objectiveness etc.The paper presents the results from a first small-scale study and they indicate that the software-generated content is perceived as, for example, descriptive, boring and objective, but not necessarily discernable from content written by journalists.

    The paper discusses the results of the study and its implication for journalism practice.

  • 284.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Bakom webben: En studie av produktionsvillkor och svenska universitetswebbplatsers form och innehåll2009Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Since their breakthrough in the mid 1990's, web sites have become one of the most important channels for communication at Swedish universities. Drawing upon the analytical framework of "the production of culture perspective", the thesis investigates how the form and content of Swedish university web sites are influenced by the production milieu in which they are produced.

    Based on quantitative content analysis of the home pages of university web sites, the thesis documents changes in the form and content, such as links, headings, and body matter becoming more focused on marketing, as well as an increasing need for different kinds of navigation aids on the web sites. In addition to this, the thesis presents the results of fifteen in-depth interviews with informants working at various levels of the web organizations at Swedish universities. Using the production of culture perspective, together with previous research on media production in general, and literature on more specific areas, such as organization theory and communication, and media and technology, this presentation is followed by a discussion and analysis of structural, production related, factors, and their influence on the form and content of the web sites.

    The overall conclusion of the thesis is that the production of university web sites - their form and content - is about much more than available technology, web development processes, and different programming languages, to mention but a few examples. It is also about organizational routines, about the ways decisions are made, about policies for web publishing within the overall organization, about different stakeholders being put against each other, and it is about strategic choices about what to publish on the web and not. Furthermore, the thesis shows that structural factors function as constraints, as well as facilitators of web site production. For example, the width of web pages increases in correspondence with the increasing number of larger, high-resolution, displays used by the user; local policies and strategies decides the content to be focused; and a consistent form and layout of the university web sites are inhibited by the organizational structures and lines of command.

  • 285.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Behind the web: an exploratory study of the production of Swedish university web sites2008Ingår i: Abstracts: Media and Global Divides, International Assocciation for Media and Communication Research , 2008, s. 432-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 286.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Datorn i journalistiken: och datorn som journalist2015Ingår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Karlsson, Michael & Strömbäck, Jesper, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, 1, s. 445-462Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 287.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Enter the Robot Journalist: Users' perceptions of automated content2014Ingår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 8, nr 5, s. 519-531Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of new technologies has always spurred questions about changes in journalism—its content, its means of production, and its consumption. A quite recent development in the realm of digital journalism is software-generated content, i.e. automatically produced content. This paper seeks to investigate how readers perceive software-generated content in relation to similar content written by a journalist. The study utilizes an experimental methodology where respondents were subjected to different news articles that were written either by a journalist or were software-generated. The respondents were then asked to answer questions about how they perceived the article—its overall quality, credibility, objectivity, etc. The paper presents the results from an initial small-scale study with findings suggesting that while the software-generated content is perceived as descriptive and boring, it is also considered to be objective although not necessarily discernible from content written by journalists. The paper discusses the results of the study and its implication for journalism practice.

  • 288.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Form and Content in Numbers: using content analysis to explore changes in form and content on web sites over time2005Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and exemplify a method for analyzing the form and content of web sites. The paper is based on empirical work conducted by myself in late 2004 and beginning of 2005. Using quantitative content analysis I analyzed Swedish university web sites in different versions from 1996 to 2005. The purpose of the analysis was to explore how the form and content of these web sites has changed over time. This paper shows how the analysis was done; focusing on the methodological aspects of, and the different steps in, the analysis. To exemplify what kind of data the analysis yielded, a preliminary short version of the results of the analysis is included. The paper ends with a few examples of how the empirical data may be used in the analysis of how production conditions affect the outcome of the web design processes

  • 289.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Form and Content in Numbers: using content analysis to explore changes in form and content on web sites over time2005Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and exemplify a method for analyzing the form and content of web sites. The paper is based on empirical work conducted by myself in late 2004 and beginning of 2005. Using quantitative content analysis I analyzed Swedish university web sites in different versions from 1996 to 2005. The purpose of the analysis was to explore how the form and content of these web sites has changed over time. This paper shows how the analysis was done; focusing on the methodological aspects of, and the different steps in, the analysis. To exemplify what kind of data the analysis yielded, a preliminary short version of the results of the analysis is included. The paper ends with a few examples of how the empirical data may be used in the analysis of how production conditions affect the outcome of the web design processes.

  • 290.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Information Architecture - a descriptive overview2003Ingår i: / [ed] John Sören Pettersson, 2003Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 291.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Centrum för HumanIT.
    Nyhetskonsumtion i Värmland2012Ingår i: Värmländska landskap: Politik, ekonomi, samhälle, kultur, medier / [ed] Nilsson, Lennart, Aronsson, Lars och Norell, PO, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, s. 387-403Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 292.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap.
    Robot journalism in Swedish newsrooms2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 293.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Who wrote this? Users' perception of software-generated content in online news2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The advent of new technologies has always spurred questions about changes injournalism – its content, its means of production, and its consumption. A quite recentdevelopment in the realm of digital journalism is software-generated content, i.e.automatically produced content.

    This paper seeks to investigate how readers perceive software-generated content inrelation to similar content written by (human) journalists. This is investigated through the following empirical research questions:

    RQ1 – How is software-generated content perceived by readers, in regards to overallquality and credibility?

    RQ2 – Are the software-generated content discernable from similar content written byhuman journalists?

  • 294.
    Clerwall, Christer
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Nord, Lars
    Mittuniversitetet.
    Public Trust and Journalistic Transparency: An experimental study of disclosure and participatory effects in online news2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Media matter. Most citizens’ in contemporary democracies get their information about current affairs and politics through the media. Political communication studies have for long time analysed the interplay between media content and journalistic style and political attitudes and public trust in political institutions. This paper adds to this discussion by addressing another dimension: the possible impact of journalistic transparency – offered in online-journalism – on political trust.

    Methodologically, the study was based on a web-based experiment including 1,320 respondents. The treatment groups comprised the same version of an online news article with additional indicators for disclosure transparency and participatory transparency. The article covered a local political issue and politicians form both ruling and opposition political parties appeared in the text.

    The results indicate that transparency effects on political trust may be overestimated. This experimental study did not confirm any significant positive correlation between transparency and the public trust towards local politicians appearing in the news.

  • 295.
    Corinne, Lundqvist
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Linnea, Ström
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Blodigt allvar2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This student thesis examines what discourses exist within Libresse's advertising for sanitary products and if these have evolved over time. To examine this, two epochs have been selected; the first epoch covers the years 1990 to 2003 and the latter epoch covering 2014 to 2017. The purpose of this study has been to probe whether factors such as new media development and increased involvement in feminist issues can interact with the possible development of Libresse advertising. The purpose has also been to study how the taboo discourse around menstruation is managed by the company as well as if they have changed between the two epochs.

    The thesis is based on intersectionality and feminist media theory as the theoretical base. In order to answer the study's proposal, the method used was a critical discourse analysis combined with a semiotic analysis. To create a pre-understanding of the subject, the reader starts with a description of the company Libresse, to give examples of how women stereotyped, how feminism has developed over the last decades and what existing discourse there is about menstruation. This is due to a deeper insight into what previous feminist researchers said about advertising and marketing, new media and girls' potential, definition of the third wave feminism, social media and cyber-feminism.

    The study has been based on these research questions:

    - Has the discourse in Libresse’s advertising for sanitary products changed over time?

    - If so, how have these discourses changed and has the development of media and feminism have a significant role?

    The results show that a change between these epochs can be distinguished. Libresse has adapted their communication techniques to a modern society and the feminist commitment that prevails. The taboo discourse about menstruation still exists within Libresse commercials, but more subtle in the later era. The woman is made in today's commercials in a more positive and beneficial way.

    Keywords: Libresse, discourse, feminism, menstruation

  • 296. Cras, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Hoff, Rebecca
    Norges Eget 11 september: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys av tidningsrapporteringen om terrordåden i Norge den 22 juli 20112011Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 297.
    Dahlberg, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Forslund, Elsa
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Tolv år av professionalisering: En kvalitativ studie av Sverigedemokraternas professionalisering av valaffischer.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Valaffischer är ett gammalt traditionellt medium för politiska partier att nå ut med sin kommunikation med. Men trots de nya tillvägagångssätten att nå ut med sin kommunikation tack vare digitaliseringen, är valaffischer fortfarande ett aktuellt medium trots att de har använts under så pass lång tid. Sverigedemokraterna är ett relativt “ungt” parti. De blirintressanta att studera då de har sina rötter i nazismen och därifrån har de snabbt vuxit till att bli Sveriges tredje största parti.

    Studien redovisar en analys av Sverigedemokraternas professionalisering och hur deras utveckling av valaffischer sett ut under valrörelserna 2006, 2010, 2014 och 2018. Totalt har det analyserats femton valaffischer som ingått i Sverigedemokraternas valkampanjer under de fyra senaste valrörelserna. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad professionaliseringen av politiken har haft för betydelse för Sverigedemokraternas visuella politiska kommunikation, i form av deras valaffischer. Därav formades frågeställningar för att svara påsyftet: “Hur har Sverigedemokraternas kommunikation genom valaffischer förändrats från2006 till 2018?” och “Hur har professionaliseringen av visuell politisk kommunikation tagit form i Sverigedemokraternas valaffischer?”

    Valaffischerna i denna studie utgår från en kvalitativ textanalys och med fokus på ett parti. Den kvalitativa textanalysen utgår från en semiotisk analys, där den analysmodell som använts är en sammansättning av 5 teman, 14 kategorier och 1 underkategori. Valaffischerna i studien har framförallt analyserat med hjälp av tidigare forskning av Nicklas Håkansson, Bengt Johansson och Orla Vigsø (2014), som ofta ses som referenser i samband med studier av valaffischer. Teorierna politisk kommunikation och professionalisering ligger till grunden för denna studie.

    Resultatet av analysen har applicerats på fyra tidsperioder i valaffischernas utveckling och slutsatsen visar på att Sverigedemokraterna har genomgått en förändring i professionaliseringen av valaffischer mellan åren 2006 och 2018, fast under kortare tid än de fyra tidsperioderna. Det är en förändring som anpassats i takt med utvecklingen i samhället, bland annat i form av den digitala utvecklingen och utvecklingen av specialistyrken inom marknadsföring och visuell kommunikation. Förändringen av Sverigedemokraternas kommunikation i valaffischer har bland att visats i att de har gått från att använda tydliga budskap och starka åsikter, till att deras budskap har blivit mer och mer abstrakt och att de

    inte längre behöver argumentera för sin sak. Deras åsikter har normaliserats till den grad att de inte längre behöver övertyga väljarna på samma sätt genom sina valaffischer.

  • 298.
    Dahlberg, Anna
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Forslund, Elsa
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013).
    Tolv år av professionalisering: En kvalitativ studie av Sverigedemokraternas professionalisering av valaffischer.2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Valaffischer är ett gammalt traditionellt medium för politiska partier att nå ut med sin kommunikation med. Men trots de nya tillvägagångssätten att nå ut med sin kommunikation tack vare digitaliseringen, är valaffischer fortfarande ett aktuellt medium trots att de har använts under så pass lång tid. Sverigedemokraterna är ett relativt “ungt” parti. De blirintressanta att studera då de har sina rötter i nazismen och därifrån har de snabbt vuxit till att bli Sveriges tredje största parti.

    Studien redovisar en analys av Sverigedemokraternas professionalisering och hur deras utveckling av valaffischer sett ut under valrörelserna 2006, 2010, 2014 och 2018. Totalt har det analyserats femton valaffischer som ingått i Sverigedemokraternas valkampanjer under de fyra senaste valrörelserna. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka vad professionaliseringen av politiken har haft för betydelse för Sverigedemokraternas visuella politiska kommunikation, i form av deras valaffischer. Därav formades frågeställningar för att svara påsyftet: “Hur har Sverigedemokraternas kommunikation genom valaffischer förändrats från2006 till 2018?” och “Hur har professionaliseringen av visuell politisk kommunikation tagit form i Sverigedemokraternas valaffischer?”

    Valaffischerna i denna studie utgår från en kvalitativ textanalys och med fokus på ett parti. Den kvalitativa textanalysen utgår från en semiotisk analys, där den analysmodell som använts är en sammansättning av 5 teman, 14 kategorier och 1 underkategori. Valaffischerna i studien har framförallt analyserat med hjälp av tidigare forskning av Nicklas Håkansson, Bengt Johansson och Orla Vigsø (2014), som ofta ses som referenser i samband med studier av valaffischer. Teorierna politisk kommunikation och professionalisering ligger till grunden för denna studie.

    Resultatet av analysen har applicerats på fyra tidsperioder i valaffischernas utveckling och slutsatsen visar på att Sverigedemokraterna har genomgått en förändring i professionaliseringen av valaffischer mellan åren 2006 och 2018, fast under kortare tid än de fyra tidsperioderna. Det är en förändring som anpassats i takt med utvecklingen i samhället, bland annat i form av den digitala utvecklingen och utvecklingen av specialistyrken inom marknadsföring och visuell kommunikation. Förändringen av Sverigedemokraternas kommunikation i valaffischer har bland att visats i att de har gått från att använda tydliga budskap och starka åsikter, till att deras budskap har blivit mer och mer abstrakt och att de

    inte längre behöver argumentera för sin sak. Deras åsikter har normaliserats till den grad att de inte längre behöver övertyga väljarna på samma sätt genom sina valaffischer.

  • 299.
    Dahlman, Ann
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT.
    Students, teachers and media use: A quantitative study of media use in and outside school environment2011Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 300.
    Dahlman, Henrietta
    Karlstads universitet.
    Myndigheter och effektivkriskommunikation: En kvalitativ studie om hur Utrikesdepartementet och svenska ambassaden i Ankara hanterade krisen i Turkiet 2015 på sociala medier.2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    One of the problems of crisis communication within authorities is the lack of meeting expectations

    regarding crisis management. This study is based on this particular problem. Meeting expectations

    within crisis management and crisis communication has previously been a struggle for the Swedish

    authorities during crisis, -such as at the time of the Estonia disaster in 1994 and the 2004 Indian Ocean

    Tsunami. The main purpose of this qualitative study is to examine how the Swedish Ministry of Foreign

    Affairs and the Swedish Embassy in Ankara managed the crisis in Turkey in 2015 on social media. The

    communicative actions, that is, crisis communication by these authorities, during the crisis in Turkey in

    2015 was valued based on what crisis communication research says is effective crisis communication

    and analyzed using text analysis. Situational Crisis Communication Theory, the Three-way model, Crisis

    Response Strategies and leadership theory were the basis for this study and when framing the thesis

    questions:

    1. How did The Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Swedish Embassy in Ankara manage

    the crisis in Turkey in 2015, on social media such as homepage, Facebook and Twitter?

    2. How can the communicative efforts be valued based on research on effective crisis

    communication?

    a.) How are the communicative efforts integrated with the development of the crisis?

    b.) What type of leadership is seen in the crisis communication?

    c.) What kind of Crisis Response Strategies can be identified in the crisis management?

    d.) How can the crisis be understood based on Situational Crisis Communication Theory?

    The Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Embassy of Sweden in Ankara did effectively manage

    the crisis on social media, during the crisis in Turkey in 2015, based on research in effective crisis

    communication. Both authorities managed to fulfill the expectations placed upon them, and an

    improvement could be seen against the past crisis management by Swedish authorities. In conclusion, it

    can be said that the crisis management during the crisis was open, integrated and updated. Crisis

    Response Strategies were easily identified, as well as a strong centralized leadership. Finally, the

    organizations managed to protect themselves from organizational harm as well as protect the

    stakeholders from further damage by updated communication efforts and strong measures.

    Keywords:

    Crisis, authorities, crisis communication, effective crisis communication, crisis management

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