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  • 251.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstads universitet.
    Agil projektledning: Övningsbok2014 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Agil projektledning övningsbok innehåller flera olika slags övningar: instuderingsfrågor- praktiska övningar- diskussionsövningar- scenarioövningar. Agil projektledning övningsbok riktar sig till studenter i projektledning samt yrkesverksamma projektledare som vill börja arbeta agilt eller förbättra sin agila förmåga.

  • 252.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    AGILE - konsten att slutföra projekt2007Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Boken har utsetts till Årets Projektledarbok 2008 av Svenskt Projektforum!



    Motiveringen från juryn var följande: "Författaren - Tomas Gustavsson - har hittat ett intressant ämne som han beskriver på ett enkelt och lättbegripligt sätt. Detta är inte en "frälsningsbok" utan en mycket nyanserad beskrivning av begreppet "agila metoder", dvs projekt med föränderliga både krav och mål."



    Agile är engelska och betyder smidig eller vig. I projektledningssammanhang har ordet översatts till lättrörlig för att peka på förändringsmöjligheterna med detta synsätt. Men det finns andra fördelar med Agile. Den, i mitt tycke, största fördelen består i möjligheten i att kunna slutföra projekt. Att slutföra projekt är en konstart som många eftersträvar men få behärskar.



    De agila teknikernas lösning för att hantera denna konst är att delleverera små resultat ofta. Genom att planera, genomföra och leverera en mindre del av projektet får vi möjlighet att uppleva en del av slutresultatet tidigt och kan därefter ställa konkretare krav på resten av projektet. Vi kan dessutom stanna upp, utvärdera och enkelt förändra projektet under vägen. Metoderna (med namn såsom Scrum, XP, DSDM) härstammar från IT-projekt men går att appliceras på många projekt oavsett bransch eller miljö



    Detta är en praktiskt bok! Med praktisk bok menas att den innehåller de checklistor, mallar och verktyg som krävs för att med boken som stöd kunna börja arbeta agilt.

  • 253.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Assigned roles for Inter-team coordination in Large-Scale Agile Development: a literature review.2017In: Proceedings of the XP2017 Scientific Workshops / [ed] Tonelli, Roberto, Cologne: University , 2017, article id 15Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Inter-team coordination has been recognized as one of the most important challenges in large-scale agile development settings. Except specific practices, such asScrum of Scrums meetings, certain roles are oftenreported to be responsible for areas of coordination incase studies. Although agile values state thatcoordination should be dealt with face-to-face byindividuals, two commonly used prescriptive frameworksfor large-scale agile development suggests contrastingways of coordinating regarding roles and theirresponsibilities. One propose additional coordinating roles leaving less mandate and autonomy to the single team while the other propose no additional roles, compared to the original roles of Scrum, allowing more autonomy to the teams. This literature review is an analysis of roles assigned with the responsibility for inter-team coordination in 42 case studies of large-scale agile development settings. The review shows that only four of the analyzed organizations appoints roles according to the large-scale agile frameworks. Rather, a wide range of different additional roles with different role tailoring is displayed where the majority is focusing on vertical coordination rather than horizontal coordination. In three of the cases, the role setup has specificallytargeted coordination for architectural issues. The study shows that the prescriptive frameworks are seen as toolboxes leaving the responsibility for tailoring to the single organization. This implies a stronger need for theoretical support on what to use as basis for tailoring of roles and their responsibilities.

  • 254.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Benefits of Agile Project Management in a Non-Software Development Context: A Literature Review2016In: Project Management Development – Practice and Perspectives: Fifth International Scientific Conference on Project Management in the Baltic Countries, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS, Riga: Latvijas Universitate , 2016, p. 114-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the last fifteen years we have witnessed a vast spread of new methods for managing projects within software development. In 2001, the Agile Manifesto stated the common values and principles of these methods, all aimed at producing better software. Several of these values and principals are specifically expressed for designing and programming software products. Since then, the benefits of these methods have led to a widespread use of agile project management even in non-software development contexts. But, how does these values and principals affect projects in non-software areas since some values and principals are not applicable? Do they perceive the same benefits? This paper presents a systematic literature review aimed at identifying benefits in projects adopting agile methods in non-software development contexts. Out of the 21 case studies analysed, most reported projects were from manufacturing companies but even from areas such as library management and strategy management. The most frequently reported benefits were related to team work, customer interaction, productivity and flexibility. The main parts of the benefits were corresponding to the first value in the Agile Manifesto: Individuals and interactions over processes and tools.

  • 255.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Changes Over Time in a Planned Inter-team Coordination Routine2019In: Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming – Workshops: XP 2019 Workshops, Montréal, QC, Canada, May 21–25, 2019, Proceedings, Springer, 2019, Vol. 364, p. 105-111Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The benefits of agile ways of working in small teams have inspired larger organizations to implement large-scale agile frameworks. To manage dependencies between teams, there is a need for routines to plan and divide work between teams as well as routines to manage emerging dependency issues. These routines are often changed over time, but how tailoring is performed is not much studied. This study aims to fill that gap by presenting the tailoring of a planned coordination routine in three organizations over a period of one and a half year. By visiting planning sessions, 379 h of observation data were collected. Investigating details of this routine gives a much more dynamic view, compared to the static description presented in the framework. Different logics for tailoring could be seen in the three cases. For deciding on a cadence for the planning period, three diverse logics were used as the basis for the decisions: knowledge, time, and resources.

  • 256.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Impacts on team performance in large-scale agile software development2018In: CEUR Workshop Proceedings / [ed] Jelena Zdravkovic, Jānis Grabis, Selmin Nurcan, Janis Stirna, CEUR-WS , 2018, Vol. 2218, p. 421-431Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agile ways of working are nowadays used in many software development departments even in larger organizations. When scaling up agile ways of working, new practices for coordinating teams become necessary. Instead of inventing practices on their own, many organizations are implementing the Scaled Agile Framework but the impacts on team performance due to these practices are not much studied. Data was obtained by means of a survey questionnaire that was answered by 111 team members from two organizations, one from the automotive industry and one of the major Swedish banks. The study suggests that efficient inter-team coordination does not have a positive relationship to team performance. But, as shown in several other contexts, a high level of psychological safety has a significant positive impact on team performance in a large-scale agile software development setting. © 2018 CEUR-WS. All rights reserved.

  • 257.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Practices for Vertical and Horizontal Coordination in the Scaled Agile Framework2018In: Information Systems Development: Designing Digitalization (ISD2018 Proceedings) / [ed] B. Andersson, B. Johansson, S. Carlsson, C. Barry, M. Lang, H. Linger, & C. Schneider, Lund: Lund University , 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scrum and eXtreme programming, the first agile development frameworks, were designed with very few advice on coordination for work in larger scale were several teams cooperate toward a common goal. This lead to both wrong assumptions regarding the usefulness of agile ways of working in larger organizations as well as much individual tailoring with coordination practices in organizations. Now, the Scaled Agile Framework is gaining much attention in software development. This study contains an analysis of inter-team coordination practices prescribed in the framework and how they have been implemented in three organizations. Previous research on coordination has been criticized for having a static view on coordination with not enough focus on how to manage emerging dependency issues. The result of this study shows that the Scaled Agile Framework have four practices that cover both planning and emerging issues and three practices solely aimed at managing these emerging dependency issues.

  • 258.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Voices from the teams: Impacts on autonomy in large-scale agile software development settings2019In: Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming – Workshops: XP 2019 Workshops, Montréal, QC, Canada, May 21–25, 2019, Proceedings / [ed] Rashina Hoda, Springer, 2019, Vol. 364, p. 29-36Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forming autonomous, self-organizing, cross-functional teams in software development is becoming more common even in larger organizations, and many organizations are implementing the Scaled Agile Framework. When autonomous teams need to work together, they must sacrifice some level of autonomy since work needs to be coordinated with other teams, which could be a threat to team performance. This study presents how perceived autonomy has changed by listening to the voices from the teams in three large organizations. Although several respondents did not express any experienced changes to autonomy at all, others put forth important changes. The practices where several teams gather in joint events are important arenas in both positive and negative aspects. The arenas give teams a better overview and a sense of being empowered in using their veto right to stop overload of planned work. However, more detailed planning in every single team could cause less ability to switch work between teams and a sense of suffocation due to detailed routines and practices.

  • 259.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Görling, Stefan
    Att arbeta med systemutveckling2019 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken handlar om systemutveckling. Den handlar inte om programmering utan i stället om allt annat som du behöver veta om du vill arbeta med systemutveckling, exempelvis utvecklingsmetodik, projektledning, processorienterat arbetssätt,testverksamhet, säkerhet och att få system att bli robusta,driftsäkra och enkla att förvalta.

    Det är en bok för både programmerare som arbetar i utvecklarteam eller projektgrupper och för produktägare, testledare eller projektledare som arbetar med mjukvara. Kort sagt, alla typer av roller som berörs av systemutveckling.

    Boken är lämplig för undervisning i kurser för systemutvecklare,processutvecklare, kravanalytiker, testledare eller projektledare och är även ett användbart verktyg för den yrkesverksamme som vill få en helhetsbild.

  • 260.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Johansson, John
    Ledarskapsdagbok - Boken för din utveckling2006Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Ledarskapsdagboken är en handbok för din personliga utveckling: utveckling genom att skriva, reflektera och träna.

    På mindre än två timmar kan du vara igång med att lära dig en enkel och kraftfull metod för att skriva Ledarskapsdagbok.



    Verktygslådan

    I Ledarskapsdagboken finner du även Verktygslådan. Lådan innehåller "formler för ledarskap", tekniker som kan hjälpa

    dig inför förhandlingar, svåra samtal och presentationer.



    Ledarskapsdagboken och Verktygslådan vilar på fyra grundstenar:

    Tänka på papper

    Arbeta med mål

    Träna - för att bli bättre

    Reflektera över sig själv och omvärlden

  • 261.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Rönnlund, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Agile adoption at Ericsson hardware product development.2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 262.
    Gustavsson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Rönnlund, Peter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Agile Project Management in Public Events2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract

    Companies in the IT industry today often use agile project management methods to govern their projects. Agilemethods value high transparency, self-organizing teams and a process to inspect and adapt. Some of the tools and disciplines from these agile methods are purely aimed at software development. The hypothesis of this paper is that the agile project management methods are suitable in other areas as well. This paper presents preliminary findings and conclusions about using agile project management methods in public event projects.



    The case study, carried out with an action research methodology, investigates the Swedish company Galaxen

    who have organized public music and culture events since 1992. This research indicates that several techniques and principles, originally developed for software programmers, can be adopted also in the area of public events. Time-boxed iterations and visual tools for planning, collaboration and follow up are being used with great success

  • 263.
    Gustiene, Prima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    E-service Architecture: Integration of Organizational and Technical System Parts2003In: Användarperspektiv på e-tjänster I offentlig verksamhet. En fördjupningsstudie kring användarperspektivet inom området e-tjänster i offentlig verksamhet: En fördjupningsstudie kring användarperspektivet inom området e-tjänster i offentlig verksamhet / [ed] B. Enquist, O. Fredriksson, 2003Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Gustiene, Prima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    On the Relativity of Semantic Roles1999Report (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Gustiene, Prima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Semantic problems of communication2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 266.
    Gustiene, Prima
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Gustas, Remigijus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Modeling Method for Bridging Pragmatic and Semantic Dimensions of Service Architectures2011In: Information Systems Development: Business Systems and Services: Modeling and Development / [ed] Jaroslav Pokorny, Vaclav Repa, Karel Richta, Wita Wojtkowski, Henry Linger, Chris Barry & Michael Lang, Springer, 2011, p. 257-269Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract. Rapid changes in business environment result in necessity to introduce new agile modeling methods, which effectively support evolution of information system specifications. Service oriented paradigm can be applied for achievement of this goal. Conceptual models of service interactions are important as a natural principle for the separation of crosscutting concerns of various information system architecture dimensions. This paper presents a modeling method for systems analysis and design, where service orientation is used for integration of information system conceptualizations. Goals, problems and opportunities represent pragmatic aspects, which are considered as a driving force of design process. It is a starting point for reasoning about changes of computation neutral specifications of service architectures across organizational and technical system boundaries. The presented method is used for bridging pragmatic and semantic dimensions of information systems specifications

  • 267.
    Gustiené, Prima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Development of a new service-oriented modelling method for information systems analysis and design2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis presents a new modelling method for information systems analysis and design, where the concept of service and the principles of service orientation are used for integrated modelling and reasoning about information systems architectures across organisational and technical systems boundaries. The concept of service enables cohesion of the intersubjective and objective modelling traditions by using a single type of diagram that facilitates detection of semantic inconsistency, incompleteness, ambiguity and discontinuity between the static and dynamic aspects of information systems specifications. The thesis is focused on three research topics, which are fundamental to the development of a new service-oriented modelling method. The first research topic concerns a pragmatic-driven specification of information systems. It clarifies answers to the research question: How can a conceptual modelling process be driven by pragmatic considerations? The second research topic provides a service-oriented modelling foundation for information systems analysis and design. It answers the research questions: How can the concept of service be used explicitly for the analysis and design of information systems and how can the static and dynamic aspects of information systems specifications be integrated at the conceptual level? The third research topic presents transition principles to implementation-specific design and answers the research question: How can service-oriented conceptual representations be aligned with implementation-specific design?

    The thesis contributes with a new knowledge to the area of conceptual modelling of information systems. The service-oriented modelling method consists of the modelling process, modelling language and techniques for the analysis and design of information systems on three levels of abstraction: pragmatic, semantic and syntactic. These three levels are necessary for a holistic understanding of enterprise architecture by stakeholders. The advantage of the service-oriented modelling method is that it can help to control traceability from information system design to original requirements. The method facilitates the semantic integration of the structural, behavioural and interactive aspects of information systems conceptual representations by using a single diagram type. The modelling language provides service-oriented constructs that are fundamental to building the major systems analysis patterns. The service-oriented modelling process contributes with seven steps of incremental design, which justifies various information systems components. The method provides the basis for a gradual and systematic way of modelling and an understanding of how pragmatic, semantic and logical information system requirements are linked together. The possibility to detect and eliminate undesirable characteristics of service-oriented diagrams can help to improve communication among stakeholders. Service-oriented specifications are computation-neutral and therefore they are more comprehensible for business analysis experts in comparison to implementation specific graphical representations of information systems. Finally, this thesis presents the challenges for future research, one of which is the development of the automated tools for the alignment of business models with implementation-specific information systems specifications.

  • 268.
    Gustiené, Prima
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Visualization for Open Access- A case Study of Karlstad University and the University of Makerere in Uganda2018In: Information and Software Technologies / [ed] Damaševičius, Robertas, Vasiljeviene, Giedre (Eds.), Switzerland: Springer, 2018, p. 187-197Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Open Access (OA) research provides a platform to world-wide knowledge sharing, but the channels and possibilities are still limited. It is not always clearly defined how the process of publishing should take place. Information systems architectures are intrinsically complex engineering products that can be defined graphically on various levels of abstractions and represented using different aspects of the system. For that reason enterprise architecture is not easy to comprehend for different actors involved. Graphical representations of different business scenarios are critical to understand how different aspects of the system descriptions are analysed in relation to each other and how requirements from different perspectives are perceived as a whole. The goal of this paper is to introduce the modelling method for visualization of the process of publication of BSc thesis into institutional repositories. Universities need to investigate undergraduate students’ publications of their graduate work (BSc thesis) to promote knowledge of university repositories. Two different modelling methods were used to visualize publishing process and two case studies at two different universities were made. The results indicated and motivated that SICM method had more semantic power to visualize business process in a more comprehensive way.   

  • 269.
    Gustiené, Prima
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Carlsson, Sten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    How Model and Methods for Analysis and Design of Information Systems can be Improved to Better Support Communication and Learning2010In: Infonomics for Distributed Business and Decision-Making Environment: Creating Information System Echology / [ed] Pankowska, Malgorzata, New York: IGI Global , 2010, p. 44-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 270.
    Gustiené, Prima
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Gustas, Remigijus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Introducing Service-Orientation into System Analysis and Design2008In: Information Systems Analysis and Specifications: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of Enterprise Information Systems, Setúbal: INSTICC Institute for Systems and Technologies of Information, Control and Communication , 2008, p. 189-194Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The conventional methods of information system analysis and design are not based on service-oriented paradigm that facilitates control of business process continuity and integrity. Service-oriented representations are more compre¬hensi¬ble for business experts as well as system designers. It is reasonable to conceptualize a business process in terms of service-oriented events, before the supporting technical system is designed. UML design primitives abstract from the concrete implemen¬tation artefacts and therefore they are difficult to comprehend for business analysis experts. The presented approach for service-oriented analysis is based just on three types of events: creation, reclassification and termination, which can also be used for the semantic integrity and consistency control. In this paper, the basic service-oriented constructs are defined. Semantics of these implementation neutral artefacts are analysed in terms of their associated counterparts that are used in object-oriented design.

  • 271.
    Gustiené, Prima
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Peltomaa, Irina
    VTT Tecnical Research Centre of Finland, Raahe, Finland.
    Helaakoski, Heli
    VTT Tecnical Research Centre of Finland, Raahe, Finland.
    Semantic Framework for Information Integration Using Service-Oriented Analysis and Design2009In: Databases and Information Integration: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, ICEIS 2008 / [ed] J.Cordeiro & J. Filipe, 2009, p. 64-69Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 272. Hansen, Marit
    et al.
    Fischer Hübner, Simone
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Pettersson, John Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Bergmann, Mike
    Transparency Tools for User-Controlled Identity Management2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 273.
    Hedström, Gunilla
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Pertun, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Behovet av pedagogisk projektledning i interna förändringsprojekt2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study understands that internal change projects do not always succeed but they are needed to adapt and modernize the organization. They are a way to handle the fast pace of change in society and compete with others. The number of projects is increasing as well as requirements for results and project managers´ skills. An increased focus regarding to human and resistance change are key success factors in the task of changing employees' behaviour. Fundamentally for managing projects, according to Jansson and Ljung (2009) is that hard and soft perspectives must be used together.

    The study is about how project procurers look at providing pedagogical project managers an implementation responsibility or project management assignments in internal change projects, as there is need for learning to change.

    The theory is linked to our inquiry about whether organizations can exploit a hidden resource – the pedagogical project manager - to create better internal change projects, replace both project manager and change leader and perform the tasks requiring pedagogical skills.

    The study is based on a qualitative approach in the form of qualitative interviews and interpretive analyses to provide sufficient depth in the answers. To delineate and gain a sufficient basis for the analysis, six project procurers were selected from the public sector. The respondents were free to design the answers in the semi-structured interviews. The interview data were analysed on the basis of hermeneutic research in which we compared parts of the interviews to their entirety in order to understand the context, arising out of question areas of internal change projects, project management and pedagogical skills.

    The study indicates that projects procurers see a clear need of project managers with pedagogical skills to changes that require a change in behaviour and thus a human perspective. In the study, enhanced pedagogical skills are similar to change management, which is a more established concept.

    The differences in the respondents' answers are how the implementation is handled and who is responsible. The overwhelming answer is that the implementation is located outside the project and is not handled by the project manager but by the project beneficiary who is usually the project procurer or a line manager in the recipient organization.

    The respondents expressed, that pedagogical skills are necessary to achieve a successful implementation. The study suggests that implementation is valued as a separate project, led by a project manager with pedagogical competencies or that implementation is included as one of the phases in the project, when the project manager has knowledge of the content and has the pedagogical skills to implement it.

  • 274.
    Hero, John Karl
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Risk Analysis in Projects: Perspectives of modelling risk2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This article is the result of reviewing risk analysis in projects within the scientific

    field of project management. The specific aim was to analyse the perspectives of

    modelling risk by describing the contemporary use and prevalence of analytical

    risk models in project management research. For this reason I have applied the

    theoretical concept of risk management and perception of risk in relation to the

    two dominating schools of risk analysis in terms of subjective construction and

    objective fact. The research has been conducted in the scientific setting of project

    management journals using a qualitative approach of research review and

    thematic content analysis. The chosen area of empirics has been limited to five

    project management journals. The result showed that the objective concept of risk

    management and quantitative analysis is very well established within the field of

    project management research. Even if the methodological choice is mainly

    quantitative there is a growing tendency of methodological combinations, which

    tends to extend the subjective domain of research in a context so far substantially

    constrained by an organizational perspective of expertise. This shows that

    perception of risk can appear within both dimensions of risk analysis, when

    researchers of the objective field tries to address existing communication gaps

    between project management and stakeholders, especially from an international

    perspective of large construction projects. Project management in our

    contemporary time of globalisation, fast urbanization and sustainability is indeed

    a challenge of complexity. The right choice of analytical risk model becomes

    decidedly important, especially in terms of time, cost and quality.

  • 275.
    Hultman, Ia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Projektledarskapsstilens betydelse för framgångsrikt innovationsprojekt: - En jämförande analys av sex projektledare på AstraZeneca R&D2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For businesses to be competitive, they need an organization that promotes creativity and innovation. Creativity is something that can be difficult to regulate from within an organization. The organization needs to create an environment in which creativity is encouraged and innovation is facilitated.

    In companies that are working to implement innovations, this occurs most often in the form of innovation projects. The innovation project requires a project leader (PL) to support ideas and creativity, and to contribute to the innovativeness of the project group. At the same time, the PL needs to create a team environment in which the project is driven forward without inhibiting the capacity to innovate.

    The purpose of this Master’s Thesis in Project Management is to: 1) Describe and explain how the PL, through his leadership style influences, a) the creative team environment of an innovation project, and b) the degree of success of the innovation project; and 2) Describe and explain how the creative team environment, the group's intrinsic motivation and the successful innovation project affect each other. The thesis is written from a PL’s perspective.

    The qualitative research method has been used, with a deductive approach, and the case study has been applied as a research strategy. The PL's leadership style will be analyzed based on semi-structural interviews with six PLs from AstraZeneca R & D Mölndal.

    The conclusion of this master thesis implies that a successful innovation project requires a PL with a leadership style adjusted for each situation. The situation adapted leadership style strikes a balance between momentum and creativity, were the leadership style is adapted to the innovation project phase and situation. This master’s thesis supports a correlation between the PLs’ leadership style and the creative team environment. A creative team environment is shown to contributes to the groups’ intrinsic motivation, and vice versa. Both the groups’ intrinsic motivation and the creative team environment are shown to positively affect the success of innovation projects. Moreover, successful innovation projects can boost the innovation capabilities of a group thereby promoting future innovation potential within an organization.

  • 276. Ihlström, C.
    et al.
    Magnusson, Monika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Scupola, A.
    Tuunainen, V.K.
    Myths and Reality for Electronic Commerce Barriers for SMEs2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 277. Ihlström, C.
    et al.
    Magnusson, Monika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Scupola, A.
    Tuunainen, V.K.
    SME Barriers to Electronic Commerce Adoption: Nothing changes - Everything is new2002In: Managing IT in Government, Business & Communities / [ed] Gingrich, Hershey: IRM Press , 2002Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 278.
    Jajcevic, Ivana
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Larsson, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Att leda olika generationer: En studie om hur projektledare gör för att leda projektdeltagare med olika generationstillhörighet2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 279.
    Jakobsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Component Based Software - Implications on the Development Process and Modeling Techniques2004Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Component based software represents one of the new trends in the software development community. Although many years have passed since the concept of software components was first presented, it has not been a feasible approach until today. This is because of the added complexity which is a result of software component interconnectivity and multiplicity of life cycles in component based software systems.Ê To resolve the increased complexity, component based software needs a new approach in dealing with the development process as well as a new way of modeling the software.



    This thesis presents a step towards a new approach to the development process and the life cycle of component based software. Furthermore, empowerment of existing modeling techniques have been initiated through the incorporation of component based thinking in the modeling techniques presented in this thesis. Combining the Enterprise modeling technique with UML, results in a more powerful and comprehensive modeling than using the two modeling techniques separately.

  • 280.
    Jakobsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Component-Oriented Software System Architectures2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When designing and developing software systems, there are several challenges that have to be addressed such as complexity, change management and system integrity. Trends in development processes, programming languages and software design are constantly changing. New programming paradigms have succeeded each other while the software systems have grown larger and more difficult to maintain. Component-oriented thinking provides the opportunity to re-use pre-fabricated parts to assemble software systems from tested building blocks, facilitating a rapid and consistent software development process. A component-oriented approach, however, affects both the life cycle and the development process of a software system. Therefore, a new way of viewing the life cycle as well as the development process for component-based software systems is presented in this thesis.

    A key issue when using a component-oriented approach is to consider both behavioral and static aspects of a software system. Furthermore, we need to be able to analyze the architecture of the enterprise as well as the software system architecture to deliver business value with information systems. System interdependencies will be placed in the foreground when integrating technical and organizational aspects of the information system. We therefore need a modeling technique suitable for focusing on semantic aspects rather than implementation-dependent issues. A suitable modeling technique is the Enterprise Modeling approach.

    This thesis will present a component-oriented approach to software system architectures using the Enterprise Modeling approach.

  • 281.
    Jakobsson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Extending Process Route Diagrams for Use with Software Components, sid 289-3002002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Jansson, Jonatan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Utvärdering av interaktionsproblem i Ozlab-systemet Steg 22014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 283.
    Jansson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Agile Project Management: Is Motivation Theory the Missing Link?2015In: Modern Techniques for Successful IT Project Management / [ed] Gao, S., Ruzu, L., Hershey, PA: IGI Global, 2015, p. 138-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Agile project methods are said to encourage flexibility and efficiency in Information Systems Developmentprojects. The questions of how, why, and in what contexts agile practices work remain to a large extentunanswered by research. The authors argue that contemporary theory on human motivation and creativework, such as the Self-Determination framework (Deci & Ryan, 1985) and the Progress Principle(Amabile & Kramer, 2011), should be applied in such research. Using the Progress Principle as theprimary theoretical lens, the authors present an evaluation of one of the popular agile methods, namelyScrum (Schwaber, 2004). Findings from an ongoing research project on agile praxis indicate that theimplementation of agile practices may be instrumental in fostering a motivational culture conducive to aheuristic as well as creative performance. This analytical approach contributes to a better understandingof the aspects of the agile practices that are critical to a useful implementation.

  • 284.
    Jansson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Management of Projects with PROPS, Ericsson's Model for Project Management1999In: / [ed] Artto, K.A. Kähkönen, K. & Koskinen, K., Helsinki: Project Management Association Finland and NORDNET , 1999Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 285.
    Jansson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Projektarketyper som modell2005Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projekt har blivit en arbetsform som är vanlig i många branscher, i många organisa-tioner och för många olika uppgifter, och som dessutom ofta är det normala sättet att arbeta. Idag finns ett stort antal företagsspecifika och generella projektmodeller. Des-sa är vanligen normativa och definierar ofta faser, roller, beslutspunkter och doku-ment i ett idealiserat typprojekt. De är ofta tänkta för en viss kategori av projekt med vissa gemensamma särdrag, t.ex. att de har likartade projektmål, genomförs i samma bransch eller har fokus på vissa aktörer.



    Undersökningen utgår från en modell som består av fem projektarketyper Pro-duktutvecklingsprojekt, Marknadsprojekt, Interna förändringsprojekt, Kundorder-projekt och Evenemangsprojekt som tillsammans på ett stiliserat sätt beskriver alla projekt som bedrivs som en del i en moderorganisations verksamhet.



    Undersökningen söker besvara om den modellen kan vara till nytta för ledningen av det enskilda projektet. Undersökningen är i sin helhet genomförd som en litteratur-studie.



    Undersökningens resultat tyder på att den domän som projektarketypmodellen be-skriver projekt inom yrkesmässiga organisationer och däri främst projektorientera-de företag utgör en naturligt avgränsad domän. Modellens projektarketyper tycks kunna inkludera de allra flesta projekt inom den aktuella domänen i en fullständig typologi, även om sönderdelning av modellen i ytterligare projektarketyper kan göra modellen bättre (t.ex. komplettering med Affärsidé- eller strategiutvecklingsprojekt och Forskningsprojekt).



    Resultatet tyder också på att de fem projektarketyperna som modell identifierar ka-raktärsdrag som är utmärkande och viktiga att förstå för att lyckas med det enskilda projektet. Modellen är inriktad på områden och företeelser som anses viktiga. Mo-dellens väsentliga beståndsdelar resultat, aktör, flöde är vanliga huvudkompo-nenter i andra arbetsmodeller.



    Modellen tycks inte vara att se som ett alternativ till existerande, normativa projekt-modeller, utan kompletterar dessa genom att göra det lättare att se hur den aktuella projektmodellen bäst tillämpas i det enskilda fallet. Projektarketyperna i modellen utgår från projekt som representerar vad som kan betraktas som naturliga och kon-kreta fenomen. Det innebär att projektarketypernas funktion är att framkalla före-ställningar som det är lätt att kommunicera om, vilket då kan bidra till bättre förstå-else för en aktuell situation och därmed till mer lyckade projekt.

  • 286.
    Jansson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Utveckling och projekt i offentlig verksamhet : går det?2009In: Projektvärlden, ISSN 1652-3016, no 2, p. 24-25Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 287.
    Jansson, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Är projektledare ett yrke?2005In: ProjektVärlden, Vol. 2005-1Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    "Alla har vi nog en föreställning om vad en läkare, präst eller revisor är och bör kunna. Rätt eller fel, men föreställningar har vi - både läkarna och prästerna och revisorerna själva och alla vi andra. Yrkesrollen är tydlig. Man är läkare även utanför arbetstiden och arbetsplatsen. Man tillhör en grupp - ett slags skrå.



    Nu försöker vi etablera projektledare som en yrkesroll. Utan koppling till viss bransch eller teknologi. Bara projektledare. Hur långt har vi kommit? Vilka är vi?"



    (Artiklen är ett sammandrag av ett föredrag vid branschföreningen Projektforums konferens Projekt04 i november 2004. Artikeln är publicerad i föreningens medlemstidning. Hela artikeln är också tillgänglig i elektronisk form via "Länk till fulltextversion" ovan.)

  • 288.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Friberg, Karin
    Handbok för ovana datoranvändare : (med IBM-kompatibla persondatorer)1989Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    I Handbok för ovana datoranvändare finns svar och förklaringar du kan förstå på många av de problem en ovan användare råkar ut för. Boken ska användas som uppslagsbok och är indelad i kapitel: Starta datorn. Stoppa datorn. Tangentbord. Skrivare. Lagring. Operativsystem-DOS. DOS-kommandon. Felmeddelanden

  • 289.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ljung, Lennart
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Hemligheten med projektledning2009Book (Refereed)
  • 290.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ljung, Lennart
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Individer, grupper och ledarskap i projekt2011 (ed. 1:1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Att arbeta i projektform har i många organisationer blivit ett vanligt arbetssätt. Att kunna samarbeta med människor från andra delar av organisationen, med olika kompetenser, mål och förutsättningar har därför blivit en viktig framgångsfaktor.Litteratur om hur människor i samarbete fungerar brukar inte ha projekt och tillfälliga arbetsgrupper som utgångspunkt. Detsamma gäller också för en stor del av forskningen om individer, grupper och ledarskap. Den här boken ändrar på det.Med projektet som utgångspunkt beskrivs vad som händer i det första mötet med andra och hur samarbetsnormer och lärstilar skapar en gruppdynamik som leder gruppen framåt. Boken skapar förståelse för hur konflikter uppstår och hanteras samt ger perspektiv på spelet i mötet mellan olika människor. Vidare behandlas hur samarbete i arbetsgrupper förändras över tid, hur man gör för att kunna ta upp och reagera på varandras beteende och hur man leder andra. Texten illustreras med många exempelsituationer från verkligheten.På bokens webbplats www.studentlitteratur.se/janssonochljung finns ett omfattande digitalt material med bland annat övningar, lästips och bildmaterial från boken.

  • 291.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ljung, Lennart
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Introduktion till projektledning: ABC i projektledningsmetodik och organisationens projektmiljö2003Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här boken är en lärobok, en introduktion till projektledning. Bokens fokus ligger inom området Projektledningsmetodik. Övriga direkt projektledningsrelaterade områden Projektledarskap och Organisationens projektmiljö berörs kortfattat för att ge den referensram som behövs för att kunna ta del av bokens huvudbudskap. Boken är indelad i fyra huvudavsnitt:



    I avsnittet Projektledningsbegrepp diskuterar vi begrepp som är grundläggande i projektsammanhang, som t ex projekt, projektarbetsform och projektledare. Vi diskuterar också i vilka sammanhang och i vilka typer av projekt det är meningsfullt att tala om yrkesmässig projektledning.



    I Organisationens projektmiljö diskuterar vi projektens roll i förhållande till verksamhetsprocesser och till linjeorganisationen i den verksamhet där projektet genomförs. Vi går också igenom de aspekter som projektmodeller vanligen omfattar: roller, faser, affärsbeslut och ledningsdokument i projekt.



    Avsnittet Projektledarskap diskuterar vilka situationer projektledare typiskt ställs inför när de leder människor i projekt.



    Avsnittet Projektledningsmetodik är bokens huvuddel. Där beskriver vi grundläggande tekniker som används för att definiera, avgränsa, planera, organisera, leda, överlämna och avsluta ett projekt. Dessa tekniker är projektledarens verktygslåda.



    Vi delar upp avsnittet i dels hur man arbetar fram en bra projektplan och dels hur man använder planerna under projektgenomförandet. Vi visar tolv logiska steg för att skapa en bra projektplan, och för projektgenomförandet tekniker för att leda projektet, lämna över resultatet och avsluta projekt

  • 292.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ljung, Lennart
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    New times, new projects, new tools required2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract

    Today, it is almost impossible to find organisations without any ongoing projects. Projects seem to play an increasingly important role in most organisations. Projects are nowadays often small, frequent and a normal way of organising work. Most project managers are working in arenas quite different compared with those where the standard toolbox was originally developed, i.e. large construction and development projects. During the last two decades, several researchers have stressed the necessity of adapting leadership style and usage of techniques, e.g. for project planning, to meet the specific requirements of each project type. In this paper we move one step further, and suggest that the choice of project management methods and techniques must be based on the characteristics of each individual project. If there would be only one common tool in the toolbox for every project manager it ought to be an analysis model or method to create an understanding of the actual projects characteristics. Supported by three comprehensive case studies in three different organisations, carried out through an action research methodology during 5 years (2004-2009), this paper presents two models for such project analysis. The first model is a suggested project typology consisting of five project archetypes derived from a strategic management perspective. The second is a project diagnosis, featuring 15 questions formulated to reveal important project characteristics with relevance for the required leadership. We argue that these two models can serve as useful tools for project management and business oriented steering, since they are aiming at guiding leaders towards effectively focusing their attention to the areas most critical for project success

  • 293.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Ljung, Lennart
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Projektledningsmetodik2004Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektledning är numera en yrkesroll i många privata och offentliga professionella verksamheter. Man leder förstås människor i projekt på ungefär samma sätt som människor i andra sammanhang. Men planering och ledarskap i projekt har också vissa särdrag som är gemensamma för alla projekt, men som inte är lika relevanta utanför projekten. Det gör att man kan tala om projekt-ledning, projekt-ledningsmetodik och projekt-ledarskap som begrepp.



    Projekt genomförs i samspel med en omgivande organisation, vars särdrag har stort inflytande på hur projektet kan ledas. Den här boken gör organisationens projektmiljö begriplig genom att ge ett språk för de viktigaste faktorerna, som t.ex. generella projektroller, affärsbeslut i projekt och projektets indelning i faser, och genom att visa på viktiga skillnader mellan olika typer av projekt.



    Bokens huvuddel behandlar sedan ingående projektledarens verktyg och tekniker för att definiera, avgränsa, planera, organisera, leda, överlämna och avsluta projektuppgiften. Den förenar de övergripande sammanhangen med praktiskt tillämpbara tekniker som hjälper människor att lyckas med projekt.



    Projektledningsmetodik är i första hand en lärobok för universitetsstudier och en handbok för den aktive projektledaren, men den passar också för chefer och andra ledare med roller i och kring projekt eller för den som ska delta i projekt-planeringsarbete

  • 294.
    Jansson, Tomas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Wiik, Tore H
    PROSJEKTLEDERPROSESS: Utveckling och projekt i offentlig verksamhet går det?2008In: Stat & Styring No. 3-2008Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 295.
    Johansson, Björn
    et al.
    Department of Informatics, School of Economics and Management, Lund University .
    Bergkvist, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Management of Information Systems Outsourcing: Evaluation of Lessons Learned from a Boundary Spanning Perspective2012In: The Electronic Journal of Information Systems Evalution, ISSN 1566-6379, Vol. 15, no 1, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Even if outsourcing is a well-researched phenomenon, it can be stated that evaluation studies on IS outsourcing relationships are scarce. From a description of two IS outsourcing relationship cases, a set of lessons learned are presented. A boundary spanning perspective is then used when evaluating these lessons learned in the client-supplier outsourcing relationships and thereby adding a “new” theoretical perspective on outsourcing relationships. The evaluation is concluded in a set of propositions that present the boundary spanning perspective of the lessons learned. The aim of these propositions is to act as both a guiding tool for how to further develop boundary spanning roles in outsourcing relationships and to act as a base for future research on outsourcing relationships.

  • 296. Johansson, Niklas
    et al.
    Mollstedt, Ulrika
    Carlsson, Sten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    A Conceptual Model to Assess Use of a New IT-based Service2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Assessing use is of vital importance for organizations selling and using ICT-based (information and communication technology) services. The purpose of this paper is to present a conceptual model to assess individuals use of new ICT-based services. The model consists of three phases; pre-use, test and use. The concepts of utility and quality are discussed in relation to the three phases. Customers assessment of an ICT-based service has implications for organizations when developing new services. A greater knowledge in this field could have implications for managers understanding of the buyer-seller relationship in a context highly influenced by information technology

  • 297. Johnson, N. F.
    et al.
    Clarke, Rodney
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Herrington, J. A.
    The potential affordances of enterprise wikis for creating community in research networks2008In: / [ed] Olney, I., Lefoe, G., Mantei, J. & Herrington, J. A., Wollongong, Australia: University of Wollongong , 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we describe some of the affordances, (the specific enabling features or characteristics), of an enterprise wiki to meet the needs of a developing community of practice. The Social Innovation Network (SInet) is a nascent research network that spans the social sciences, education and commerce at the University of Wollongong. It will use the enterprise wiki software Confluence to assist in the development of communities of practice across its groups and sub-groups. This paper, describes some of the features of the software and how it might be used to perform some of the common activities identified by Wenger (nd) as contributing to the development of community

  • 298. Kaplan, Michael
    et al.
    Fredriksson, Odd
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Vilgon, Mats
    Internet Revenue Sources - The Cases of Dell and Compaq1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Karlin, Frida
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Responsiv webbdesign: En kvalitativ studie av kritiska framgångsfaktorer ur ett utvecklingsperspektiv2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I stort sett vartenda företag och organisation har idag en webbsida för att nå ut till sina kunder. I dagsläget krävs det lite mer än att endast anpassa webbsidorna efter datorer eftersom användandet av smartphones ökar både upp och ned i åldrarna för varje år som går. 2013 var året som responsiv webbdesign slog igenom ordentligt men redan år 2010 förklarades begreppet av grundaren Ethan Marcotte. Responsiv webbdesign innebär att en webbsida är plattformsoberoende och anpassar sig beroende på vilken enhet som används.

    IT-branschen växer ständigt och möjligheten att nå framgång i mjukvaruprojekt är fortfarande ganska låga. Det är bland annat medvetenhet om kritiska framgångsfaktorer som är anledningen till att fler och fler IT-projekt blir lyckade.

    Syftet med denna kandidatuppsats i ämnet informatik är att identifiera och beskriva kritiska framgångsfaktorer som bör beaktas vid utveckling av en responsiv webbdesign.

    En kvalitativ undersökning i form av fyra intervjuer har genomförts i kandidatuppsatsen. Intervjupersonerna arbetar på ett företag med mellan 10 000-30 000 anställda globalt i världen. De levererar IT-konsulttjänster och deras kunder är medelstora och stora företag.

    Det har kunnat konstateras att kritiska framgångsfaktorer är bra att identifiera för att ha som hjälpmedel vid styrning av företag och projekt. Om dessa faktorer sedan används och beaktas kan det garanteras någon form av framgång. I kandidatuppsatsen har det identifierats tre dimensioner: verksamhet, yttre påverkan och teknik, samt nio kritiska framgångsfaktorer, som bör beaktas vid utveckling av en responsiv webbdesign:

    • Analysera verksamhetens behov
    • Identifiera en målgrupp
    • Utforma ett strategiskt mål
    • Analysera för- respektive nackdelar med responsiv webbdesign
    • Analysera användarens behov
    • Bevaka konkurrenter
    • Efterfråga kunskap och erfarenhet hos utvecklarna
    • Testa olika enheter
    • Testa olika webbläsare och operativsystem
  • 300. Karlsson, B.
    et al.
    Lind, M.
    Lundmark, M
    Steiner, G.
    Svensson, S.
    Christiansson, Marie-Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Information Systems and Project Management.
    Metodanalys som underlag för kvalitetssäkring av VAC-konceptet - utveckling och tillämpning av grundsyn på koncept1996Conference paper (Refereed)
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