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  • 251.
    Boije, Josefine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Digitalisering i svenskundervisning i gymnasieskolan: En studie om lärares användande av digitala redskap i svenskundervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate how teacher in Sweden work with digitization in their teaching and what tools and methods are used. In addition, the opportunities and challenges the teachers perceive to use digital tools in the teaching are reported. The study parts from a sociocultural theory. To fulfill its purpose the study is based on how teachers in the Swedish subject work to achieve a digital education and how attitudes affect to integrate digital tools. For the data collecting process semistructured qualitative interviews have been used as method. Four Swedish teachers were interviewed in the ages between 30 and 60 who are active in the upper secondary school. The results show that digital awareness among the teachers varies. The younger generation is usually more aware than the older generation. The older teacher declares herself as being quite digitally unconscious and finds that it depends on generational difference, knowledge and interest. As a result her teaching is not based on digital awareness. The younger teachers, in particular those with more professional experience, have a high degree of digital awareness. This shows in continually acquiring digital knowledge on their own, trying new methods and constantly trying to develop the digital education. The youngest teacher with least professional experience has good digital awareness but not the interest, knowledge and time to integrate digitalization into her teaching. All the interviewed teachers have in common that they find the work towards a digital teaching challenging and that none of them had much, if any, education in digital studies in their university studies. 

  • 252.
    Bolander, Ingela
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Code-switching in the classroom: A sign of deficiency or a part of the learning process?2008Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate how code-switching operates and what impact it has on the interaction in the EFL classroom. The study was conducted at a Swedish secondary school by means of observations, interviews, and a questionnaire. The participants of the study were 79 students and two teachers. Both teachers and students were observed and, in addition to this, the students answered the questionnaire and the teachers were interviewed.

    The results showed that there were several factors that triggered the students' use of the native language and the ultimate reason for switching to the native language was often to facilitate the learning process. Typical situations in which the students switched to Swedish were when they communicated with their peers or when they encountered unfamiliar words. Moreover, the results suggest that the teacher plays an important role for the choice of code in the classroom through his/her own language use and attitude towards code-switching. Neither of the interviewed teachers nor the majority of the students thought that there were any positive aspects to code-switching.

  • 253.
    Bolin, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Alla mysiga var de bumbibjörnarna": Some Early Swedish Learners' Reading Strategies in English2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Being a skilled reader makes it easier to learn a new language. It is important to teach students how the knowledge and use of reading strategies can facilitate learning. This study was made in a Swedish fourth grade class with eighteen participant pupils. They were asked to translate two texts from English into Swedish: one was a poem with nonsense words, and the other a prose text. The texts were taken from Through the Looking Glass by Lewis Carroll and The Garbage King by Elizabeth Laird. After this an interview was made with all of the pupils in pairs, where they were asked about their reading strategies normally and in this situation. The results found were that the reading strategies used were: likeness with their native language, previous vocabulary knowledge of the L2, syntactic knowledge, and guessing the meaning through the context. The result confirms previous research in that the pupils who liked reading and did so in their spare time, did better when it came to making syntactically correct translations.

  • 254.
    Bolmefalk, Jennifer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    “Then I Turned into a Man”: A Feminist Analysis of Four Female Selves in Joanna Russ’s The Female Man2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This thesis is a feminist analysis of Joanna Russ’s The Female Man. It specifically examines the representation of the female gender in 1960s American society as depicted in the different protagonists, Joanna, Jeannine, Janet and Jael. The investigation demonstrates that even though each protagonist lives in different universes they all symbolise specific elements of the American woman towards the end of the ‘sixties, thereby personifies the divisive politic of feminist theory at the time. This conflicting nature of feminist politics is further explored when each woman’s life collides with each other, to the point where this encounter not only challenges each character’s notion of her existence as a woman in a male-dominated society but also questions what specific forms a feminist reaction should take. Consequently, this thesis argues that The Female Man should be acknowledged as a feminist creation that criticises not only patriarchy but also the very foundation of the feminist movement and its theory of gender equality.

    Previous literary analyses of Russ’s text have exclusively concluded The Female Man to be an expression of feminist utopia in its creation of the all-female nation Whileaway inhabited by Janet, and as such argues that Russ’s text is part of the feminist fiction celebrating the future as female. However, this thesis contradicts this idea by showing that Russ’s novel depicts how the American female has never been recognised as an equal member of American society and is thereby incapable of receiving a place in a future society.  

  • 255.
    Borg Carenlöv, Camilla
    Karlstad Universitet.
    Påverkar skärmbaserade medier ungdomars sätt att skriva?: En analys av nationella provens uppsatsdel2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 256.
    Borg Carenlöv, Camilla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Varför gråter du lille pojk? -För att jag är för liten för att svära: En studie av ungdomars attityder till svordomar och svärande2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 257.
    Borg, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Att inleda lektionen med läsning: En studie om integrerat läsande i gymnasieskolan2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines a reading project conducted by a Swedish high school. The project was about integrated reading which is starting each lesson, regardless of subject, with a short period of fiction reading. The purpose with integrated reading is to invoke the student’s interest in reading and improve the reading and language understanding. This study is intended to evaluate what impact integrated reading has on the students’ learning ability and how linguistic and emotional skills have improved according to teachers involved in the project. The study examines the thoughts and goals regarding integrated reading among the teachers and their opinions on how students as well as themselves as teachers have been affected by integrated reading. The method and the teachers are evaluated based on theories about reading and didactical research. How the Swedish project was conducted and its effects are compared with a similar project in the United States. The method used in this study is combining both quantative and qualitative elements but with focus on the qualative. A survey answered by 12 teachers has been used to collect empirical data. In this survey open ended questions have been used where the respondents can elaborate using their own words. This makes the survey qualitive in its approach. On the other hand, a quantative summary of the teacher response can also be made which is relevant when comparing the different teachers' view on integrated reading. The study shows several positive effects that integrated reading have had on sense of community in the school, a calming effect on both students and teachers, increased focus from the students and hightened interest of reading overall. Also the American project points on several different positive effects. On the other side the teachers also tells about negative effects like lack of time with stress that have followed from intergrated reading. The teachers feel that some students become stressed and that the reading takes time from the regular teaching. There are a lot of research showing positive effects on reading such as increased reading comprehension and language ability, development of empathic feelings and its role in developing good citizens. These are aspects that the answering teachers regard as purpose with deploying integrated reading. Theories point at important factors for fruitful and rewarding reading such as time, support and good litterature which can be incorporated in the integrated reading process. Given recommendations by the teachers and the support that can be found in theories about reading the conclusion of this summary is that integrated reading can be a rewarding method to use in schools. 

  • 258.
    Borg, Linnea
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mellan Sänkan och Höjden: En maktanalys av romanen Björnstad2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through a power analysis, this paper examines how the athletic quality of the ice hockey players versus their socio-economic conditions is made in Fredrik Backman's novel Björnstad. Based on Michel Foucault's theory of dynamic strength, an analysis is made of how power relationships occur between players of different sports quality and socioeconomic background. The analysis begins with a analysis of the rape in the story and then proceeds with a discussion about the different means used in the text to produce the players' quality and socioeconomic backgrounds. By then analyzing different sections of the story, I discuss how the dynamic power relationships occur between selected players and other characters associated with the ice hockey club. In the context of power relations, master suppression techniques are discussed that the characters use.

  • 259.
    Borkowski, Alexander
    et al.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Schalley, Andrea C.
    Griffith University, Australia.
    Going beyond archiving: A collaborative tool for typological research2011In: Sustainable data from digital research: Humanities perspectives on digital scholarship / [ed] Nick Thieberger, Linda Barwick, Rosey Billington and Jill Vaughan, University of Melbourne, 2011, p. 25-48Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The work described in this paper aims to outline some of the design aspects for a collaborative tool for typological research. This tool is designed to allow for the collation, from multiple contributors, of linguistic examples and their analysis with regards to an open set of variation dimensions of both onomasiological and semasiological nature. The resulting knowledge base combines linguistically relevant categories of human conceptualisation (e.g. in-group, such as ethnic or family group, categories) together with their linguistic coding (e.g. in gender affixes, verbal agreement), all based on actual linguistic examples from diverse natural languages as its underlying data-driven foundation. The system is based on Semantic Web technology and hence can be queried in a flexible way that allows for combining any variation dimensions within a query (e.g. it allows to answer questions such as which languages exhibit joint attention marking by way of verbal suffixing). We will focus on design aspects relating to sustainable data. How can sustainable data for such a project be delimited? Surely, this encompasses commonly accepted aspects such as standards conformity, longevity, and accessibility, which we will address in the paper. Additionally and in particular, however, we will argue that user orientation and involvement is a critical factor. Following on from this, the tool is designed in a way that it (i) does not require linguistic users to be trained extensively in system usage, (ii) allows linguists to deploy their standard methods of data entry (e.g. interlinear glossing), and (iii) provides contributors with immediate integration of their own with previously entered data and access to the resulting analysis (i.e. querying) and research potential. The paper will roughly be structured as follows: We will describe the background and aims of the project, and contextualise it in relation to other similar projects. We will then concentrate on how sustainability is addressed, discussing a number of different facets of sustainability. This includes data storage formats, user interface and workflow modelling, knowledge base design, and system features (in particular system output). We will also outline some problems that have arisen so far and close with an outlook on future development.

  • 260.
    Bornstedt, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    ”Vi är här för att jobba med värdegrunden”: Jessica Schiefauers roman Pojkarna ur ett värdegrundsperspektiv.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this essay an analysis of values will be conducted on the novel Pojkarna by Jessica Schiefauer. The analysis will be done on the basis of Anders Palm's value theory, especially with his two literary characteristics ”emotionalitet” and ”interrogativitet”. Furthermore, an examination will be made on how this novel could be used in teaching swedish in senior high school from a common value-system perspective, and a teacher's and three students' view on utilizing the novel while working with the common value-system. It appears that literature has its own inherent value, but that there are also different external values that are shown by the literary characteristics that Palm writes about in his value theory. The values it focus on in the novel Pojkarna are equality, everyone's equal value and norm criticism. These are the values that are the focus of this essay because it is what the teacher and students choose to discuss during the interviews. It appears that the novel can easily be used in teaching swedish and that it is easy to justify its use considering the school's governing documents. It is also visible during the interviews that the teacher and the students express that they all think it is a good and interesting novel to work with on common value-based issues.

  • 261.
    Bornviken, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Syskon och språkutveckling: En jämförelse mellan aktuella forskningsrön och förskollärares resonemang2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study was conducted to find answers to whether younger children acquire the language easier if it has an older sibling. Does preschool teacher note that the younger children with older siblings generally have lighter or better language development than those who do not have it? The literature reveals the importance of having loved ones around when learning languages and that emotional attachment is crucial for language development. I apply socio-cultural perspective, and the development-ecological perspective that claims that learning is always embedded in and dependent on social relations of mutuality and interdependence. The methodological framework of the study is phenomenological and makes use of an unstructured interview and a questionnaire that calls for elaborated, written answers from preschool teachers.

    The results in both the interview and the questionnaire indicate that preschool teachers do not concur with scholars on the issue of the importance of siblings for successful language development. Instead, they claim that language learning is individual, and that it is the first-born child that tends to develop language skills with greatest ease.  I conclude that preschool teachers seem to lack knowledge about research done on this subject, but that it is also possible that their experiences and opinions could be the basis of future criticism of current research.

  • 262.
    Boström, Elin
    Karlstad University.
    “Once upon a time there was a boy named Carl”: A study on the effects of scaffolding on the performance of students with reading and writing difficulties2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate what difficulties Swedish students with reading and writing difficulties may encounter when they write texts in English. A teaching experiment was done to see whether scaffolding, a process where the teacher shows the overall structure of e.g. a text, can help students with reading and writing difficulties improve their writing in English. Ten students in the 7th grade participated in the study, as well as four English teachers in a secondary school in Sweden. The students who participated were asked to write two texts in English. Before writing the first text, the students were told that they were going to write a fairy tale, but they were not given any other guidelines. Prior to writing the second text, two lessons of scaffolding were conducted. Then the texts were compared to see if the students had improved their ability to write in English in regards of content, spelling and genre-specific vocabulary. The results of the study show that students with reading and writing difficulties will indeed benefit from scaffolding when writing texts in English.

  • 263.
    Brandt, Lindamarie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Alarmerande eller förväntat?: En studie av hur ett screeningtest kan tolkas ur ett andraspråksperspektiv2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate to what extent LS – a standard screening test for dyslexia –is also relevant for the purpose of finding second language students with dyslexia. Starting with an overview of recent studies in the field, I have analyzed texts from parts of the chosen material. After a brief presentation of the test, I have presented it from a second language point of view. Furthermore, I have analyzed the way in which the test measures phonological awareness, lexical accessibility and correctness in language. The influence of orthography when interpreting test results has been analyzed, as have reading comprehension from genre theory and cultural context. The results show that the test alone is not sufficient to provide the information needed to assess whether or not a second language student needs a further dyslexia examination. With students having Swedish as their first language, a further examination is made only when the student is low scoring, but my results show that this examination is needed for every student doing the test in another language than their first language. Furthermore, it is evident that the test is at a consciously high level in terms of language whilst earlier studies have shown that a lower level is better from a second language point of view. Hence, the result in most cases gives us no guidance. What is found positive about the test is that it shows whether or not the student is achieving in accordance with age or expectations.

  • 264.
    Brandt, Lindamarie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Tebjudningar och spetsgarnityr: Hur kvinnliga författare skildras i läromedel för gymnasiets svenska B2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper tests the hypothesis raised by Yvonne Hirdman concerning the gender system, claiming that, in society, women and the female are being marginalized. The study deals with literary handbooks used in the high school course “Swedish B”. The purpose is to see whether or not these fulfil the intentions of gender equality in school set by the Swedish government.

    In the paper, four literary handbooks from the major Swedish publishing houses are analyzed. Based upon a gender perspective by Yvonne Hirdman the methodological approach is dual: the presentations and valuations of the female authors are scrutinized, as well as the number of presented female authors is compared to the number of male counterparts.

    It is found that there is a significant difference in numbers of female authors compared to male: far fewer women are presented. It should be noted, however, that , throughout history, fewer female than male authors have been published. It was also found that, when presented, female authors were often discussed in terms of home and family-related issues, whilst male authors are described as concerned with “heavier” issues. Furthermore, it became obvious that the idea of men being the norm is predominant, and that female and male authors are generally kept separated in the handbooks.

    The results show that the handbooks do not comply with the goals of the schools for gender equality. The images of female authors presented by the handbooks are merely stereotypical. I also found that male authors were represented in a much higher degree then females in all of the analyzed handbooks.

  • 265.
    Brandvoll, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Bedömning för lärande: En innehållsanalys av läroböcker i gymnasieämnet svenska2012Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 266.
    Brax, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    A Rhetorical Reading of George Orwell's 1984: The brainwashing of Winston in the light of ethos, logos and pathos2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to cast a light upon the brainwashing carried out by the totalitarian Party in George Orwell’s dystopian novel, 1984, and induce a deeper understanding of its persuasive effect on Winston Smith, the main character. Winston passionately hates the Party and its leader Big Brother who govern the country Oceania in which he lives. However, after having undergone brainwashing that also includes torture, Winston surrenders to the ideology of the Party and at the end of the novel his hatred towards Big Brother has turned to love. In order to understand Winton’s conversion I carry out a close reading of the novel and apply the three rhetorical means of persuasion, ethos, logos and pathos, to the novel and demonstrate when and how these appeals are used on Winston. Against this rhetorical background the analysis shows that the Party’s usage of rhetorical appeals can explain why the brainwashing works successfully in its persuasive aim. This result also demonstrates that these three appeals play a prominent role over a course of several years in the Party’s indoctrination of Winston. Additionally, the presence of rhetoric proves that there is more than Winston being tortured to his conversion. Thus, Winston is not only tortured into repeating the principles of the party, he is also persuaded into actually believing in them and loving Big Brother by the Party’s strategic appeals to ethos, logos and pathos.

  • 267.
    Brax, Emelie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Pappa ICA har något att berätta för sin ICA-familj: En språkvetenskaplig undersökning om hur ICA-Stig genom intimisering, intertextualitet och retoriska övertalningsmedel övertygar oss att handla på ICA2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim with this essay is to map down how the language plays a part in the persuasion carried out by ICA-Stig – one of the most beloved characters from ICA’s commercial soap opera. Through a discourse analysis with a linguistic focus this study can provide one explanation to why the audience trust ICA-Stig and how he persuades them to do their grocery shopping at ICA. The study takes off from the rhetorical means of persuasion, ethos, logos and pathos, along with how ICA-Stig commits a linguistic intimisation and exploits intertextual strategies in order to approach the audience and their reality. The result shows that Stig uses personal pronouns in a way that enables him to commence intimisation in the sense of addressing his co-workers and the audience in a family-like manner. Regarding intertextuality, Stig uses a composition of different discourses in favour of his character since he is able to reach a large audience whilst nourishing the personal touch, combined with proving himself credible. Through his language, ICA-Stig reduces the gap between non-fiction and fiction, and in his transcendent role he becomes a factive character – neither real nor fictive.  This role allows him to become self-aware, which gives him an outside perspective on commercials in general. From a rhetorical perspective, the intimisation and intertextuality function as to have ICA-Stig relate to the reality, habits, and experiences of the audience. This creates the situation that Daddy-ICA has something to say to his ICA-family, which becomes the premise on which the commercial is founded. The intimisation enhances ICA-Stig’s ethos since he can prove to be a caring father and a knowledgeable shop manager. The appeals to pathos lie within his caring language. Appeals to logos can be found in the product placement of the groceries in an environment very much reminiscent of reality and everyday-life. Finally, the essay problematises the role commercial has and plays in today’s society due to the fact that this discourse is approaching the discourse of private life and communication, which, in turn,  paves the way for new ways of persuading the costumers.

  • 268.
    Bresche, Anna
    et al.
    Student vid Karlstads universitet .
    Liss, Åsa
    Student vid Karlstads universitet .
    "Jag har hela världen i mitt klassrum": Datoranvändning i engelskundervisningen2009In: Vägar till språk och litteratur / [ed] Solveig Granath, Björn Bihl och Elisabeth Wennö, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2009, p. 53-62Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 269.
    Brink, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Othering and Diversity in J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings Trilogy: A Positive Presentation of Difference2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Lord of the Rings trilogy is greatly diverse in species, races, and ethnicities which is a fact that over the decades has engendered great scholarly discussions about hidden racism in the literary work. Therefore, an analysis of intercultural matters and encounters realized throughout the story is relevant for detecting a possible racist ideology. By applying the postcolonial concept “Othering,” which is an act of differentiation, this essay analyzes racist instances in the story, and the result of or opposition to those, in order to indicate the presence of an anti-Othering ideology in the trilogy. The analysis is conducted through discussion of Othering of other species/races/ethnicities caused by blind trust in one’s own group, Othering inside one’s own group, Othering of other species/races/ethnicities, and discussion about instances of multicultural acceptance. Considering Tolkien’s relationship to nature, this discussion also extends to Othering of nature. Consequently, this essay concludes how The Lord of the Rings trilogy arguably is against Othering since the story generally presents the act as negative to others, oneself, and/or one’s beloved as well as contains instances which simply convey a positive view of multiculturalism.

  • 270.
    Brodalka, Joanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    El cine en la enseñanza de ELE en los institutos suecos.: Películas de Almodóvar como herramienta didáctica para tratar contenidos culturales y valores éticos.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore and analyse if films, as well as being a possible tool to develop linguistic skills of the students of the upper secondary school, can be the basis to introduce and develop cultural elements and aspects related to the students’ values. A survey was responded by 36 teachers of the Swedish upper secondary school in order to study how film in general, and Pedro Almodóvar’s in particular, is used in the teaching of ELE in order to treat basic values and cultural content. The results show that teachers use film to talk about culture and some basic values, but in general the films are not used in Spanish classes very often.

  • 271. Brodow, Bengt
    et al.
    Nilsson, Nils-Erik
    Ullström, Sten-Olof
    Retoriken kring grammatiken: Didaktiska perspektiv på skolgrammatik2000Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Grammatikundervisningen har en lång tradition inom grundskolans och gymnasiets svenskundervisning, men dess innehåll och uppföljning problematiseras sällan. Tvärtom uppfattas den gärna som självklar och utgör inte sällan ett centralt inslag i svenskämnet.

    I Grammatiken kring retoriken granskar författarna olika argument som under historien framförts för att legitimera den skolgrammatiska traditionen. I ett kritiskt perspektiv diskuterar de också dagens grammatikundervisning som den kommer till uttryck i olika läromedel samt genom intervjuer med lärare. De argumenterar för en funktionellt inriktad språkundervisning, i vilken språkbeskrivning och metareflektion kan koppas samman med elevers processinriktade skrivande.

  • 272.
    Brox, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Rattling Society´s Cage in The Great Gatsby: A Marxist Analysis of Character motivation in The Great Gatsby2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Great Gatsby is a famous novel first published in 1926, written by F. Scott Fitzgerald. The novel frequently criticizes the American dream, a concept which has become strongly linked to capitalism. As such, the text lends itself very well to Marxist theory despite not mentioning Marxism in the novel.  This C-essay will focus on what motivates the characters of this novel. Since the novels main character Jay Gatsby has been analyzed in many articles and essays he will not be analyzed in this essay. Instead it will focus on the other prominent characters such as Daisy, Tom, Myrtle, George and Nick. When their motivations are analyzed through a Marxist analytical perspective it becomes very clear that these characters have realized that society is not fulfilling their needs, and that their commercialized society is the cause of their unhappiness.

  • 273.
    Bruns, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    schwimmen = svimma?: Die Vor- und Nachteile des Erlernens der schwedischen Sprache für deutsche Austauschstudenten2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 274. Brus, Terése
    How the song is sung: A narratological analysis of A song of ice and fire2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 275. Bylöv, Patrik
    Tranströmers antika strofer2001Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
  • 276.
    Byrö, Johannes
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    "Beautiful Forcefields!": Promotional Metadiscursive Language in eSports Commentaries2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For an eSports commentator, the ability to promote the rivalry between the competitors is just as important as fast and accurate commentary. Thus, it is of interest how an experienced commentator achieves this promotional language per some theoretical framework. Using the relatively new and unexplored linguistic field of promotional metadiscourse the quality of commentary can be evaluated quantifiably. Thus, this paper investigates the promotional language used by accomplished eSports commentators, in contrast to inexperienced novices, in the game StarCraft II. This is achieved with a lexical analysis of two StarCraft II commentaries using categories of promotional language previously identified in press releases. Experienced commentators were found to have a much more extensive and varied vocabulary than their inexperienced counterparts, adopting stronger evaluative adjectives and adverbs, as well as metaphorical language, in their commentaries. After comparing the commentaries with each other, the comments of two experienced commentators were compared. In this analysis, the same results were found in regards to commentator experience, as the less experienced commentator in this team featured less varied and weaker evaluative language than his more experienced co-commentator, yet more varied and evaluative than the novices. This paper shows that metadiscursive analysis methods can be fruitfully applied to non-academic discourses, as well as shining a light on the entertainment genre of eSports as a subject for further study. 

  • 277.
    Bäcke, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Decolonizing Cyberspace2009In: Cyberculture and New Media / [ed] Francisco J. Ricardo, Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009, p. 189-196Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasingly important information and communication technologies (ICT) play a significant role – sometimes as an image, sometimes as a tool –  for authors like Ellen Ullman, Melissa Scott, Jeanette Winterson and Pat Cadigan. In their novels they explore patterns of power, hierarchy and colonization through the destabilization of space and transgress boundaries in the space they create. By making connections between post-colonial/post-structural/post-modern theory and technology, I explore the authors’ reasons for making these transgressions.

    Édouard Glissant explains how computers, and computer-mediated text, can generate a ‘‘space within the indeterminacy of axioms” and how this opens up possibilities to create a space where imaginative and ideological liberation is possible. Glissant’s idea of indeterminacy grows out of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari’s discussion about space and how it is structured. The virtual, seemingly topographical, space of the Internet has been described, on the one hand, as an information highway (striated space) and, on the other, as a web, where it is possible to surf (smooth space). I connect these concepts to the novels and explore to what extent the authors use these strategies to de-colonize the fictional, digital space their characters inhabit.

  • 278.
    Bäcke, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Self, Setting, and Situation in Second Life2009In: Literary Art in Digital Performance: Case Studies in New Media Art and Criticism / [ed] Francisco J. Ricardo, New York: Continuum, 2009, p. 109-142Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Linden Lab, the company behind the online world Second Life (SL), invites multiplic- ity with slogans like “Your World. Your Imagination.”1 Yet many SL residents’2 profiles give evidence of adjustment to group narratives or norms in various social spaces inside the world. They seem to favor already established social and cultural conventions when creating an online identity; hence they also adjust to already existing hierarchies. I argue that residents in SL recreate social orders and power structures similar to ones already existing outside SL, even though they are of course under no obligation to do so. In that sense social and cultural patterns are reproduced and in some cases even amplified. My aim here is to trace social dynamics evident in three groups within this digital space and my hypothesis is that the rules of these social spaces then function as a foundation and guideline for identity formation, and in fact almost seem to prescribe a certain way of acting or behaving. Two of the groups have a clear role-playing profile, based on books and movies, whereas role-playing is not required, although possible, in the third group. All of them are thus removed from the lifeworld by constituting either purely fictive or, conversely, historical constructs, but they can nevertheless provide clues to how the residents think in an environment that is not primarily “real life” based, and in which anything, even a utopia, can be possible. By reading group charters and profile descriptions found in the SL search engine, and studying articles and blogs functioning either as group information channels or journals for individuals in each community, I examine the motivations and power structures driving avatar and online identity construction in role-playing communities, with a focus on the interac- tion between the overarching “state” power, the Linden Lab, the three communities, their respective role-models, and the rules that govern them, as well as the individuals that are a part of them. 

  • 279.
    Bäcker, Bjarne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    En skola för alla: Är denna skola integrerande eller segregerande för barn i behov av särskilt stöd2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper integration and inclusion were analysed in both theory and practice to see what they mean for pupils who reqire special support or pupils who have Swedish as a second language in compulsory school. The purpose of this work was to investigate whether inclusion is the best way of reaching the goal of a school for all children. A literary study, was conducted to test this hypothesis. The literature used for this purpose includes non-fiction books, handbooks, newspaper articles, declarations, conventions, and learning and course plans. Qualitative interwiews were held whit a remedial teacher, a Swedish-as-a-second-language teacher, and a class teacher who contributed greatly to this work thoough their experiences and vast knowledge. The result showed that there is not only one solution to the problem; sevral ways of going about reaching the goal of a school for all children exist. To get even closer to presupposed goal, a school for alla children, teachers must remove obstacles in their approach so that all children feel that they are in meaningsful situations.

  • 280.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Anders Juhl Rasmussen: Arena-modernisme: En position i dansk litteratur2014In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, no 1, p. 90-95Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 281.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Att framföra dikten: Det nordiska neoavantgardets tvärestetiska performance2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 282.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Crush the assholetters between the teeths: Language grotesque in Henri Michaux and Gunnar Ekelöf – part 12009In: Action Yes, Vol. 1, no 10, p. 1-10Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Crush the assholetters between the teeths: Language grotesque in Henri Michaux and Gunnar Ekelöf part 22010In: Action YesArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 284.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Emot!: Henri Michaux och den groteska kunskapen2015In: Vinkelben / [ed] Henri Michaux, Nordingrå: Ordström , 2015, Print on demand/E-bok, p. 77-88Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 285.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Tromsö university.
    ”Et nytt møte”: Performance och performativitet i nordisk lyrik – från Jan Erik Vold till Dimmu Borgir2013In: Diktet utenfor diktsamlingen: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 6 / [ed] Stefan Kjerkegaard & Unni Langås, Bergeb: Alvheim og Eide akademisk forlag, 2013, p. 175-205Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 286.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Fahlström stannade i Stockholm: ”HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN” och diktarkonferensen i Sigtuna 19532019In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 106, no 1, p. 39-53Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Öyvind Fahlström’s famous manifesto for concrete poetry HÄTILA RAGULPR PÅ FÅTSKLIABEN.

    (1954) was written as a reaction to the authors conference in Sigtuna 10–12 April 1953, which was the

    incentive he needed to rewrite a program that had probably already been started into a manifesto.

    However, Fahlström’s own interests must be subsumed under a transnational avant-garde aesthetics. The

    Swedish literary field existed in parallel to the international avant-garde movements that he promoted

    and that in principle occurred independently of the Swedish field. The conference was therefore only an

    accidence for the advent of the manifesto, and a discussion of part one with its ridicule will contribute no

    knowledge about its essence: his program. With a better understanding of the relation between the Sigtuna

    conference and Fahlström’s manifesto, a more accurate view of the Swedish 1950s can be established,

    at the same time as future research can focus the essence of the manifesto: its processuality and performativity.

  • 287.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    (forgive us,o life!the sin of Death: A Critical Reading of Michael Riffaterre's Semiotics of Poetry2011In: Textual practice, ISSN 0950-236X, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 913-939Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of this article are two-fold: in part a presentation of Riffaterres semiotic-based analysis of poetry, and in part an examination of its problems and predicaments, using modern experimental poetry by way of example. Due to the fact that Semiotics of Poetry was introduced to the Anglo-American world at the same moment as a second wave of deconstruction was building up, Riffaterres theory was largely criticised for not adhering to new values, or ignored, despite the value of his semiotics of poetry as an analytical and pedagogical aid in the study of poetry.The problems that present themselves with respect to Riffaterres semiotics of poetry are mainly linked to his formalistic dependence on textuality, which cause him to ignore any factors other than intertextuality in the production of lyric poetry. This would suggest an appreciable limitation in the practicability of this method of gaining an overall grasp of what poetry is. In addition, I shall discuss the problems raised as a result of Riffaterres own hermeneutic practice of interpretation, thus offering a further illustration of the obstacles encountered in attempting to employ his semiotics of poetry. Finally, I shall endeavour to situate this method in a comprehensive poetic analysis, in order to demonstrate its primary practicability as a descriptive discipline

  • 288.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    From book to performance and back: Öyvind Fahlström’s ’The Large and the Small’ and The holy Torsten Nilsson2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    GRRRRR blop spfnumpf!: Det nordiska 60-talsavantgardets gränsöverskridanden2008In: Gränser i Nordisk litteratur – Borders in Nordic Literature vol. I: Proceedings of the XXVI conference of IASS 2006 / [ed] Heidi Grönstrand, Ulrika Gustafsson & Clas Zilliacus, Åbo: Åbo Akademis Förlag, 2008, p. 123-130Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 290.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Guru Papers: The Rise and Fall of a Swedish Little Magazine in the 1970s2008In: Action Yes, no 9, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 291.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö University.
    I digtet undersøges grænserne for det uudsigelige: Søren Ulrik Thomsen, Pia Tafdrup och dansk poetik2008In: Theorier om verklig ditkning: En festskrift till Per Erik Ljung / [ed] Birger Hedén, Erik Hedling, Claes-Göran Holmberg, Anders Mortensen & Helena Nilsson, Lund: Absalon , 2008, p. 1-24Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 292.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Jag gjorde mina översättningar nästan ordagrant: Bob Dylan och Bruno K. Öijer2009In: Nordisk lyrikktrafikk: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 3 / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Per Erik Ljung & Eva-Britta Ståhl, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2009, p. 142-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 293.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Kisses Sweeter than Wine: Öyvind Fahlström – the Swedish neo-avant-garde’s driving force in New York2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    L'Art, expression de la Société, est précurseur et révélateur: The Heterogeneity of the Notion of Avant-Garde2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, I shall try to shed some new light upon the notion of avant-garde, with the purpose of showing its different national use and heterogeneity of meaning. This pluralism is overlooked today because of the hegemony of English in academic studies, which leads one to believe that a consensus exists in the use of the term avant-garde, since so many academics write their articles and books in this language. This article, therefore, is an attempt to recuperate the notion of avant-garde to stringent use and gain a deeper insight into the aes-thetic movements of modernity and late modernity. I hope to show that, despite the fact that many writers believe that there exists only one recognition of the notion of avant-garde, the understanding of the Anglo-American centre is actually as peripheral as that of other coun-tries which are normally regarded as peripheries. Instead of retaining the logocentric dichot-omy of centre-periphery, an understanding of the heterogeneity forces us to realize that this dichotomy is of no value, since all understandings are equally peripheral when it comes to the notion of avant-garde in an international perspective

  • 295.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Mediatized Authenticity: Öyvind Fahlström’s performance Kisses Sweater than Wine (1966)2017Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 296.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    ”Men också i poesin återstår allt att göra”: Diktens rum hos Öyvind Fahlström & Per Højholt2008In: Stedet: Modernisme i nordisk lyrikk 2 / [ed] Hadle Oftedal Andersen, Peter Stein Larsen & Louise Mønster, Helsingfors: Institutionen för nordiska språk och nordisk litteratur vid Helsingfors universitet , 2008, p. 1-11Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 297.
    Bäckström, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Norveska2013In: Mecler Leksikon Avangarde, Belgrad: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2013, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 298.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Norwegen2009In: Metzler Lexikon Avantgarde / [ed] Hubert van den Berg & Walter Fähnders, Stuttgart: Verlag J. B. Metzler, 2009, p. 1-3Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 299.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    One Earth, Four or Five Words: The Notion of ”Avant-Garde” Problematized2008In: Action Yes, no 7, p. 1-17Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 300.
    Bäckström, Per
    Tromsö university.
    Performing the Poem: The Cross-Aesthetic Art of the Nordic Neo-Avant-Garde2009In: The Angel of History: Literature, History and Culture / [ed] Vesa Haapala, Hannamari Helander, Anna Hollsten, Pirjo Lyytikäinen & Rita Paqvalen, Helsingfors: The Department of Finnish Language and Literature, University of Helsinki , 2009, p. 1-13Chapter in book (Refereed)
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