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  • 251.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Bolling, Anne
    Alm, Torbjörn
    Andersson, Anders
    Ahlström, Christer
    Blissing, Björn
    Nilsson, Göran
    LDW or rumble strips in unintentional lane departures: Driver acceptance and performance2012In: Advances in Human Aspects of Road and Rail Transportation / [ed] N.A. Stanton, CRC Press, 2012, p. 77-86Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 252.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    National Defence Research Establishment, Division of Human Sciences.
    Börjesson, Erik
    Uppsala universitet.
    An application of the optic sphere theory in discrimination of slant with minimal information1997In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 275-287Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 253.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Ettema, Dick
    Utrecht University.
    Fujii, Satoshi
    Tokyo Institute of Technology.
    Gärling, Tommy
    University of Gothenburg.
    Experimental simulation of car users' switching to public transport2010In: Transportation Research, ISSN 1942-7867, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 145-155Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 254.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, T.
    Car users stated reasons for potential reduction of commuting2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 255.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, T
    Determinants of Car Users´ Intention to Switch to Public Transport2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 256.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, T.
    Fujii, S.
    Hagihara, G.
    Internet-based Method for Experimental Simulation of Car-use Reduction2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 257.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Perceived Attributes of Bus and Car Mediating Satisfaction with the Work Commute2013In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 47, p. 87-96Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an experimental simulation employing 123 undergraduates the effect of different travel modes on satisfaction with travel, mood after the day traveled, and satisfaction with the day as a whole were assessed for the work commute by car or bus. Car was rated higher than bus on satisfaction with travel. This mode difference was accounted for by ratings of the mode-specific attributes fun, lifestyle match, and feeling secure for which car was rated higher than bus. It was also shown that satisfaction with travel partially mediated the effect of travel mode on mood. Satisfaction with the day as a whole was however not influenced by travel mode when controlling for the mood effect of travel.

  • 258.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Department of Psychology, Göteborg University.
    Stated reasons for reducing work-commute by car2008In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, p. 427-433Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 259.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Lundqvist, Linda-Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Age and cognitive load effects on response to multisensory warning in simulated driving2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 260.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Norman, A-C.
    Friman, M.
    Electronic Service Quality: Public Transport Information on the Internet2007In: Journal of Public TransportationArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 261.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Palmqvist, Lisa
    Umeå University.
    Andersson Hultgren, Jonas
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Blissing, Björn
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute.
    Nordin, Steven
    Umeå University.
    Performance and presence with head-movement produced motion parallax in simulated driving2015In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 34, p. 54-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Driving simulator studies can reveal relevant and valid aspects of driving behavior, but underestimation of distance and speed can negatively affect the driver’s performance, such as in performance of overtaking. One possible explanation for the underestimation of distance and speed is that two-dimensional projection of the visual scene disrupts the monocular-based illusory depth because of conflicting binocular and monocular information of depth. A possible solution might involve the strengthening of the monocular information so that the binocular information becomes less potent. In the present study, we used an advanced high-fidelity driving simulator to investigate whether adding the visual depth information of motion parallax from head movement affects sense of presence, judgment of distance and speed, and performance measures coupled with overtaking. The simulations included two types of driving scenario in which one was urban and the other was rural. The main results show no effect of this head-movement produced motion parallax on sense of presence, head movement, time to collision, distance judgment, or speed judgment. However, the results show an effect on lateral positioning. When initiating the overtaking maneuver there is a lateral positioning farther away from the road center as effect of the motion parallax in both types of scenario, which can be interpreted as indicating use of naturally occurring information that change behavior at overtaking. Nevertheless, only showing tendencies of effects, absent is any clear additional impact of this motion parallax in the simulated driving.

  • 262.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Tribukait, Arne
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Eiken, Ola
    On reducing the somatogravic illusion with HMD conveyed visual flow2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 263.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Tribukait, Arne
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Eiken, Ola
    Reducerad "somatogravic illusion" med huvudmonterad display presentation av syntetiskt visuellt flöde2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 264.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Undén, Katarina
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Towards wide-field display of the Gripen HUD interface to combat spatial disorientation2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 265.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    van Erp, Jan
    Carlander, Otto
    Levin, Britta
    van Veen, Hendrik
    Veltman, Hans
    Taktil och visuell indikering av hot med stridsflygscenario i dynamiska flygsimulatorn2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 266.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    van Erp, Jan
    Carlander, Otto
    Levin, Britta
    van Veen, Hendrik
    Veltman, Hans
    Vibrotactile and visual threat cueing with high G threat intercept in dynamic flight simulation2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 267. Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Uppsala universitet.
    Effects of visual flow display of flight maneuvers on perceived spatial orientation2005In: Human Factors, ISSN 0018-7208, E-ISSN 1547-8181, Vol. 47, no 2, p. 378-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Postural responses were utilized as measures of the effectiveness of a wide-angle visual flow display in determining perceived spatial orientation (SO). The general experimental setup included a 150 degrees x 34 degrees wide-field display showing flight over computer-generated ground with horizon. Simulated roll maneuvers on this display induced postural sway in the observer that was registered by a head-tracker system. Two experiments with 16 participants in each investigated the effects of visual flow, display exclusions in the central visual field, and display extensions into the visual periphery. Clear vestibular and proprioceptive suppression effects were demonstrated on postural sway with the inclusion of visual flow of forward ego motion in roll maneuvers. Compared with the full view, up to 20 degrees x 20 degrees central field omission either did not reduce the effect or reduced the effect but, frequently, only moderately. Limiting the display area to 45 degrees in the horizontal dimension reduced display effectiveness significantly, whereas a 105 degrees area did not, compared with the full view. Utilizing postural responses as indications of visual display resonance with our SO mechanism, actual or potential applications of this research include the design of an interface integrating flight-adapted visual flow to counteract or reduce pilot spatial disorientation.

  • 268.
    Eriksson, Lars
    et al.
    FOI.
    von Hofsten, Claes
    Uppsala Universitet.
    Tribukait, Arne
    FOI.
    Eiken, Ola
    FOI.
    Andersson, Peter
    Hedström, Johan
    Chalmers tekniska högskola.
    Visual flow scene effects on the somatogravic illusion in non-pilots2008In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 79, no 9, p. 860-866Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The somatogravic illusion (SGI) is easily broken when the pilot looks out the aircraft window during daylight flight, but it has proven difficult to break or even reduce the SGI in non-pilots in simulators using synthetic visual scenes. Could visual-flow scenes that accommodate compensatory head movement reduce the SGI in naïve subjects? Methods: We investigated the effects of visual cues on the SGI induced by a human centrifuge. The subject was equipped with a head-tracked, head-mounted display (HMD) and was seated in a fixed gondola facing the center of rotation. The angular velocity of the centrifuge increased from near zero until a 0.57-G centripetal acceleration was attained, resulting in a tilt of the gravitoinertial force vector, corresponding to a pitch-up of 30°. The subject indicated perceived horizontal continuously by means of a manual adjustable-plate system. We performed two experiments with within-subjects designs. In Experiment 1, the subjects (N = 13) viewed a darkened HMD and a presentation of simple visual flow beneath a horizon. In Experiment 2, the subjects (N = 12) viewed a darkened HMD, a scene including symbology superimposed on simple visual flow and horizon, and this scene without visual flow (static). Results: In Experiment 1, visual flow reduced the SGI from 12.4 ± 1.4° (mean ± SE) to 8.7 ± 1.5°. In Experiment 2, the SGI was smaller in the visual flow condition (9.3 ± 1.8°) than with the static scene (13.3 ± 1.7°) and without HMD presentation (14.5 ± 2.3°), respectively. Conclusion: It is possible to reduce the SGI in non-pilots by means of a synthetic horizon and simple visual flow conveyed by a head-tracked HMD. This may reflect the power of a more intuitive display for reducing the SGI.  

  • 269.
    Eriksson, Rebecka
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Mindfulness och skärmtid: En jämförande kvantitativ studie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 270.
    Ettema, D
    et al.
    Faculty of Geosciences, Department of Human Geography and Planning, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Department of Psychology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Olsson, E Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Out-of-Home Activities, Daily Travel, and Subjective Well-Being2010In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 723-732Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is argued that utility theory that underpins current cost-benefit analyses of daily travel needs to be complemented. An alternative theoretical framework is to this end proposed which applies subjective well-being (SWB) to travel behaviour analysis. It is posited in this theoretical framework that participation in goal-directed activities, facilitated or hindered by travel, contributes to SWB, that the degree of travel-related stress in participating in these activities reduces SWB, and that positive affect associated with travel in itself has an impact on SWB.

  • 271. Ettema, Dick
    et al.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Olsson, E Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Fujii, Satoshi
    How in-vehicle activities affect work commuters’ satisfaction with public transport2012In: Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, E-ISSN 1873-1236, Vol. 24, p. 215-222Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research has recently questioned the commonly held opinion that travel time is valued as negative, arguing that engagement inactivities during travel may make these trips more enjoyable or productive. Satisfactionwith travel has to date been assessed using utility-based models or measures of productivity of the trip. The present study is the first to assess the influence of activities performed during travel on publictransport users’ subjective well-being. To this end, a survey was conducted in Sweden in 2010 in which activities during the work commute by publictransport were recorded and subjective well-being during travel was measured retrospectively using the Satisfactionwith Travel Scale (STS). Results show that talking to other passengers has the strongest positive effect on STS, whereas activities related to entertainment and relaxation lead to lower STS, possibly since engaging in these activities reflect unsuccessful attempts to abate boredom. In addition, it is found that activities during travel may have a more positive effect on the commute back home, suggesting that the mindset related to the destination influences travel satisfaction.

  • 272.
    Ettema, Dick
    et al.
    Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University Utrecht, Netherland.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Department of Economics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Season and Weather Effects on Travel-Related Mood and Travel Satisfaction.2017In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 8, article id 140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the effects of season and weather on mood (valence and activation) and travel satisfaction (measured by the Satisfaction with Travel Scale). Analyses are presented of 562 time-sampled morning commutes to work made by 363 randomly sampled people in three different Swedish cities asking them to use smartphones to report their mood in their home before and directly after the commutes. These reports as well as satisfaction with the commute obtained in summer and winter are linked to weather data and analyzed by means of fixed-effects regression analyses. The results reveal main effects of weather (temperature and precipitation) on mood and travel satisfaction (temperature, sunshine, precipitation, and wind speed). The effects of weather on mood and travel satisfaction differ depending on travel mode. Temperature leads to a more positive mood, wind leads to higher activation for public transport users, and sunshine leads to a more negative mood for cyclists and pedestrians. Sunshine and higher temperatures make travel more relaxed although not for cycling and walking, and rain and snow lead to a higher cognitive assessed quality of travel.

  • 273.
    Ettema, Dick
    et al.
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Fujii, Satoshi
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Satisfaction with travel and subjective well-being (SWB): Development and tests of a measurement tool2011In: Transportation Research Part F: Traffic Psychology and Behaviour, ISSN 1369-8478, E-ISSN 1873-5517, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 167-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 274. Ettema, Dick
    et al.
    Gärling, Tommy
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Olsson, Lars E
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Fujii, S
    Satisfaction With Travel and Subjective Well-Being (SWB): Development and Tests of a Measurement Tool2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 275.
    Ettema, Dick
    et al.
    Utrecht University, The Netherlands.
    Gärling, Tommy
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Moerdijk, Sjef
    Centre for Transport and Navigation, The Netherlands.
    The road to happiness: Measuring Dutch car drivers’ satisfaction with travel2013In: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 27, no May, p. 171-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recent research suggests that travellers’ anticipated trip utility may differ from the utility they actually experience when making the trip. This implies that it is important to investigate not only the factors underlying trip decision making, but also the actual experience of the trip. To that end, this paper presents an empirical test of the satisfaction with travel scale (STS) that was developed to measure travellers’ satisfaction with travel. STS measures travel satisfaction in terms of two affective (positive activation versus negative de-activation and positive de-activation versus negative activation) and one cognitive dimension. The STS was applied in the Netherlands in a survey of car users. The results suggest that the reliability of the measurement scales is satisfactory to good, and that they are indicative of an overarching concept of travel satisfaction. Regression analyses carried out with the three STS dimensions as dependent variables show that STS is influenced by experienced traffic safety, annoyance with other road users, the trip being tiring, being distracted by billboards, and lack of freedom to choose speed and lane. In addition, travel purpose and personal characteristics play a role. Overall, the findings provide support for the validity of the STS as a tool to measure satisfaction with travel. It is concluded that using tools such as STS may provide relevant insights into how qualitative and design-related factors influence the attractiveness of trips made by car or other travel modes.

  • 276.
    Evans, Brittany
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health (from 2013). Radboud UniversityNijmegenThe Netherlands, VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherland.
    Buil, J. M.
    VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands; Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands.
    Burk, W. J.
    Radboud UniversityNijmegenThe Netherlands.
    Cillessen, A. H. N.
    Radboud UniversityNijmegenThe Netherlands.
    van Lier, P. A. C.
    VU University AmsterdamAmsterdamThe Netherlands ; Erasmus University RotterdamRotterdamThe Netherlands.
    Urbanicity is Associated with Behavioral and Emotional Problems in Elementary School-Aged Children2018In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 2193-2205Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Adults are 38% more likely to suffer from a psychiatric disorder when they live in an urban compared to a rural area. Urban upbringing may be particularly important. The aim of the present study was to examine whether urbanicity was independently associated with mental health in elementary school-aged children. Specifically, we investigated whether living in a more urban area was associated with exhibiting more behavioral and emotional problems, and whether this remained while controlling for other major risk factors for mental health problems in children. Data came from a Dutch general population study of children (n = 895). Information from four waves was used, in which children were aged approximately 8, 9, 11, and 12 years old. We used mixed effects models to assess the association between urbanicity and the outcomes of behavioral problems and emotional problems separately, while controlling for other major risk factors. The analyses showed that children who lived in more urban areas were significantly more likely to exhibit behavioral (p < .001) and emotional (p < .001) problems. This effect remained when controlling for neighborhood socioeconomic status, gender, ethnicity, family socioeconomic status, parental symptoms of psychopathology, parenting stress, and parenting practices (behavioral: p = .02, emotional: p = .009). In line with research in adults, urbanicity seems to be independently associated with behavioral and emotional problems in children. A possible underlying mechanism is that the city is a stressful environment for children to grow up in, which contributes to an increased risk for mental health problems.

  • 277. Fellesson, M
    et al.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Factors predicting satisfaction with public transport services in eight european cities2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 278.
    Fellesson, Markus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Perceived satisfaction with public transport services in nine European cities2008In: Journal of Transportation Research Forum, Vol. 47, no 3, p. 93-103Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study provides a transnational comparison of the perceived service satisfaction with public transport in eight European countries. Data was collected from 9,542 respondents in Stockholm, Barcelona, Copenhagen, Geneva, Helsinki, Vienna, Berlin, Manchester, and Oslo. The respondents rated their agreement with 17 attribute-related statements regarding local public transport services. Using factor analysis, this study identifies the four satisfaction dimensions of system, comfort, staff, and safety, which were present in most, but not all of the cities. These findings indicate that there are differences in how public transport is perceived. This needs to be addressed in order to make comparison meaningful. Different explanations for these diverse findings are discussed.

  • 279. Fischer, Martin
    et al.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Oeltze, Katarina
    Evaluation of methods for measuring speed perception in a driving simulator2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 280.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    En kartläggning av nordisk mansforskning2000In: Hegemoni och mansforskning: Rapport från nordiska workshopen i Karlstad den 19-21 mars 1999 / [ed] Per Folkesson, Marie Nordberg & Goldina Smirthwaite, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2000, Vol. Arbetsrapport nr 5 Karlstads universitet, p. 67-94Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 281. Folkesson, Per
    Haren och Måsen: två daghemsavdelnignar "med behov av särskilt stöd"1988Book (Other academic)
  • 282. Folkesson, Per
    "Haren og Måken": to barnehageavdelinger med behov for spesiell støtte1990Book (Other academic)
  • 283.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Jämställdhet, osäkerhet och patriarkal organisering2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen redovisar resultatet av en kvalitativ metaanalys genomförd med utgångspunkt i fyra fallstudier. Resultaten från dessa fallstudier visar att vissa fenomen och mönster som utvecklas i relation till katastrofer eller katastrofliknande tillstånd är starkt könsrelaterade. De talar för att katastrofal osäkerhet kan ha med patriarkal organisering att göra. De fyra fall som undersökts är Kevinfallet i Arvika i augusti 1998, Titanics förlisning i april 1912, den etniska rensningen av Srebrenica i juli 1995 och diskoteksbranden vid Backaplan i Göteborg i oktober 1998. De tre sistnämnda är tidigare publicerade i sin helhet (Folkesson, 2005) medan den förstnämnda kommer att publiceras under hösten 2008. Syftet med den kvalitativa metaanalys som redovisas i uppsatsen har varit att undersöka förekomsten av likartade fenomen mellan de fyra fallen med avseende på kön och patriarkal organisering, och att diskutera dem i förhållande till jämställdhet.

  • 284.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, FoU Välfärd Värmland.
    Kön, hemtjänst och försörjningsstöd: Redovisning av ett uppdrag inom ramen för utvecklingsprojektet att implementera ett jämställdhetsperspektiv inom ifo och omvårdnadsförvaltningen i Kristinehamns kommun2010Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 285.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, FoU Välfärd Värmland.
    Nationellt Kunskapsnätverk med inriktning på psykiska funktionshinder och hjälpmedel: En utvärdering2009Report (Other academic)
  • 286.
    Folkesson, Per
    Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Perspektiv på familien ved slutten av et årtusen1996In: Sammen med familien / [ed] Mona Sandbæk & Gunnar Tveiten, Oslo: Kommuneforlaget, 1996, p. 13-41Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 287.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Göteborgs universitet.
    Psykologkonsultation inom barnomsorgen - teori och praktik.1987Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 288.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Psy-området mer pluralistiskt än många tror2010In: Psykologtidningen, ISSN 0280-9702, no 6, p. 24-26Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 289.
    Folkesson, Per
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Reaktioner, handlingsmönster och erfarenheter hos räddningspersonal under och efter en svår insats: resultaten av forskningsprojektet stressreaktioner, copingstrategier och psykiska följdverkningar hos räddningspersonal under och efter en brandkatastrof - en prospektiv studie2003Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    94 rescue workers, 88 men and 6 women, participated in the rescue operation at the large nightclub fire in Gothenburg, Sweden. These were firefighters, paramedics and other medical personnel. Through a unique research effort by Ingela Jonsson, trained nurse, extensive empirical material on the experiences and reactions of the rescue teams was collected.

    Participant observations were conducted as early as the morning after the fire. Interviews with 12 individuals and a working team were conducted from the day after the fire and up to fifteen months after, and two separate questionnaires were administered one month, and five months, after the disaster. Her work eventually led to the research project Stress reactions, coping strategies and psychological repercussions during and after a fire disaster – a prospective study, which was financed by the Överstyrelsen för Civil Beredskap [Swedish Agency for Civil Emergency Planning], ÖCB. The present report accounts for the findings of this project.

    The rescue personnel carried out a professional rescue action characterized by focus, courage, mental and physical strength, and great perseverance throughout the operation. The mental mobilization, beginning at the emergency call, followed a clear course of action characterized by concentration of forces, focusing of attention, temporary shutting down of emotional functions, and subordination of thoughts and actions below the acute operative goal; the saving of lives. Analysis of the material did not indicate that the rescue action led to damages to the psychological well being of participants. Instead, the material indicates that the rescue personnel felt proud of and pleased with their performance, and that there was a positive impact on self-esteem and degree of experience. On the whole, the rescue workers’ state of health was good or very good. However, medical personnel, women and debriefing leaders show a slight increase in symptoms as compared to firefighters.

    A probable explanation is that the firefighters were part of a working team. For the firefighters, the team was crucial in carrying out the operation, but also for dealing with the post-action process. The analyses and results also showed that individual psychological trauma theory, which constituted the interpretative basis in the original design of the project, presents limitations in understanding the professional realities of rescue workers, since it does not account for the importance of the team and the organization in carrying out rescue operations. Findings in this study are consistent with other recent research in this area.

  • 290.
    Folkesson, Per
    Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Temat och identiteten som lärare1990In: Barnehagefolk, ISSN 0801-2652, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 291.
    Folkesson, Per
    Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Vad behöver barnomsorgens personal av stöd1990In: Barnehagefolk, ISSN 1500-6905, no 2Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 292.
    Folkesson, Per
    Högskolan i Karlstad.
    Vägen till språket1990In: Kreativ pedagogik, ISSN 1100-9691, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 293.
    Folkesson, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Eriksson, Bengt G
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Grönberg Eskel, Marit
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    11 veckor av oro och kraftsamling: Fallstudie av ett lokalsamhälles reaktioner på dödligt våld mellan barn2009Report (Other academic)
  • 294.
    Folkesson, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, FoU Välfärd Värmland.
    Karlsson, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, FoU Välfärd Värmland.
    Tillgängligheten till kognitiva hjälpmedel för personer med psykisk funktionsnedsättning: En fallstudie och brukarundersökning i Värmland2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport redovisar resultatet av en undersökning av tillgängligheten till kognitiva hjälpmedel för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsätt- ningar. Undersökningen har genomförts i Värmland av FoU Välfärd Värmland på uppdrag av Hjälpmedelsinstitutet. Den omedelbara bak- grunden till Hjälpmedelsinstitutets uppdrag var regeringens särskilda fler- åriga satsning på kognitiva hjälpmedel för personer med psykiska funk- tionsnedsättningar våren 2009. Huvudsyftet med undersökningen var att den skulle leda till åtgärdsinriktad kunskap för att förbättra tillgänglighe- ten till kognitiva hjälpmedel för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsätt- ningar.Undersökningen är en brukarundersökning och fallstudie. En brukarun- dersökning utgår från brukares egna erfarenheter. En fallstudie är en un- dersökning av en särskild enhet, i detta fall Värmlands län. Ett omfattan- de empiriskt material har samlats in, huvudsakligen genom intervjuer med brukare och yrkesverksamma inom området.Huvudresultat av undersökningen är att tillgängligheten till kognitiva hjälpmedel för personer med psykiska funktionsnedsättningar är låg och att det tar tid att få ett hjälpmedel man behöver. Kompensationstanken, tanken att kognitiva hjälpmedel kan kompensera för psykiska funktions- hinder, är central när det gäller tillgång till kognitiva hjälpmedel. Förutom att man tänker denna tanke behövs information och kunskap hos såväl brukare och anhöriga som yrkesverksamma inom området och en till- gängliggörande organisering av resurser.Vår undersökning, dess resultat och våra slutsatser utmynnar i tre upp- maningar till uppdragsgivaren:- Sprid kompensationstanken!- Främja rehabiliterande organisationskulturer!- Etablera lokala kognitionscentra med en aktiv visningsmiljö!

  • 295.
    Folkesson, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), FoU Välfärd Värmland.
    Lindgren, Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    En studie av verkan av samtalen vid Samtalsakuten2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den här rapporten presenteras resultaten av en studie av verkan av samtalen vid Samtalsakuten i Karlstad. Samtalsakuten är en öppen verksamhet som erbjuder stödsamtal för personer som befinner sig i kritiska livssituationer, är över 18 år och bor i Forshaga, Hammarö, Karlstad eller Kil. De kan ta direkt kontakt med Samtalsakuten. Alla som tar kontakt tas emot och det krävs ingen remiss för att få en tid. ”Samtalsstöd i kris” är den arbetsmodell som tillämpas. Den anknyter till såväl rådgivning som korttidsterapi och psykoterapi.

    Två frågeställningar utgjorde utgångspunkt för studien: Gör samtalen vid Samtalsakuten skillnad för klienterna? Får man hjälp med det man sökte för? Studien har genomgått en etisk prövning och godkänts av Regionala Etikprövningsnämnden i Uppsala.

    Mellan september 2011 och juli 2013 samlades data in från 106 personer som deltog i studien, 77 kvinnor (72,6 %) och 29 män (27,4 %). Data rörande deltagarnas bakgrund och sökorsaker och om deras självupplevda känsla av sammanhang, ångest, depressivitet och sömnsvårigheter samlades in. När samtalsserien avslutades ifylldes ett utvärderingsformulär och sex månader senare sändes samtliga självskattnings- och ett utvärderingsinstrument ut på nytt till deltagarna för att få uppföljningsdata.

    De personer som söker kontakt med Samtalsakuten gör det i en situation som upplevs som ohållbar. Studien visar att ”samtalsstöd i kris” gör skillnad för deltagarna vad avser ångest, nedstämdhet/depression, sömn och känsla av sammanhang. Skillnaden uttrycks av deltagarna som ett nytt sätt att se, begripa och hantera sin vardag och sitt livssammanhang. Deltagarna anser sig ha fått god hjälp, är nöjda med sina samtalsterapeuter och deras arbetssätt och anser att de blivit väl mottagna.

    Samtalsakuten är en verksamhet som genom studien visar sig genomföra goda insatser. För kommuninvånarna i Forshaga, Hammarö, Karlstad och Kil är det en lätt tillgänglig resurs och verksamhet väl värd att bevara men det finns även goda skäl att utveckla modellen och sprida den till fler län och kommuner.

  • 296.
    Folkesson, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), FoU Välfärd Värmland.
    Lindgren, Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. the Psychiatry Division, County Council of Värmland, Karlstad.
    The Effectiveness of Counseling at a Local Crisis Center2014In: International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, ISSN 1475-7192, E-ISSN 1475-7192, ISSN 1475-7192, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 121-140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Samtalsakuten (the Counseling Emergency) is an open crisis center operated in collaboration between the municipalities of Forshaga, Hammarö, Karlstad, and Kil; the Church of Sweden; and the County Council of Värmland. Its mandate is to offer crisis counseling to adults who contact the center when they are in an acute life crisis. Samtalsakuten uses a working model influenced by the various tradi-tions and approaches of several talk therapies. The aim of the study was to examine counseling effec-tiveness at Samtalsakuten. The study was based on a replicated single-case design, and quantitative and qualitative data were collected prior to each counseling session as well as six months after the completion of the session series. Our main finding is that counseling made a significant difference and had a positive effect on anxiety, depression, insomnia, and sense of coherence for clients who com-pleted their sessions in mutual agreement with their therapist.

  • 297.
    Folkesson, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Nordberg, Marie
    Karlstad University.
    Smirthwaite, Goldina
    Karlstad University.
    Sammanfattning av workshopens diskussioner2000In: Hegemoni och mansforskning: Rapport från nordiska workshopen i Karlstad den 19-21 mars 1999 / [ed] Per Folkesson, Marie Nordberg & Goldina Smirthwaite, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2000, Vol. Arbetsrapport nr 5 Karlstads universitet, p. 95-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 298.
    Folkesson, Per
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Nyberg, Claes
    Karlstad University.
    Archer, Trevor
    Department of Psychology, Göteborg University.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Division for Social Sciences.
    Soccer Referees' Experience of Threat and Aggression: Effects of Age, Experience, and Life Orientation on Outcome of Coping Strategy2002In: Aggressive Behavior, ISSN 0096-140X, E-ISSN 1098-2337, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 317-327Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examined the circumstances pertaining to threat and aggression during soccer matches as experienced by 107 provincial Soccer Association referees. Three sources of aggression were identified—soccer players, coaches/trainers, and spectators—and the main measures included threat and physical and verbal aggression. Several outcomes, including prematch worry and effects on concentration, performance, and motivation, were affected by the incidence of threat and aggression, and these outcomes were found to be affected by the age, degree of experience, and life orientation of the referees. Younger referees were shown to be the most prone to threat and aggression. Referees with a generally pessimistic orientation experienced less motivation, worse performance, and greater problems coping with aggressive behavior from the spectators compared with referees with a generally optimistic orientation.

  • 299.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. Försvarshögskolan, Ledarskapscentrum.
    Military Leaders and Trust2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis is to study trust in military leaders. Empirical data was gathered through interviews and questionnaires with military personnel mostly from Sweden, but also from four other European countries.

    Paper I illustrates that trust in military leaders can be theoretically understood in terms of a hierarchical system of categories, higher-level categories and two superior categories labelled Individual-related and Communication- and relationship-related characteristics.

    Paper II examines how trust between military leaders and their subordinates is related to negative critical incidents in international operations. The results show that trust can be affected by pre-existing influences, of both an individual and contextual nature. The level of trust that develops between leaders and subordinates appears to have an influence on perceptions and re-evaluations of leaders’ trustworthiness during and after involvement in critical incidents.

    In Paper III, an instrument, Destrudo-L, was developed to measure destructive leadership behaviours on five different dimensions: Arrogant, unfair, Threats, punishments, overdemands, Ego-oriented, false, Passive, cowardly, and Uncertain, unclear, messy.

    In Paper IV the relationship between constructive and destructive leadership behaviours and trust is examined. The results show that constructive leadership contributed most to trust in the immediate supervisor. A great deal of trust in immediate supervisors can be understood by evaluating both constructive and destructive leadership behaviours.

    This thesis contributes with context-specific knowledge on trust in leaders in a military context and knowledge of psychological processes and individual dispositions that shape and change the willingness to trust leaders. The main findings presented in this thesis are the identification of characteristics of the trustor, the trustee, and the context which influences trust in military leaders.

  • 300.
    Fors Brandebo, Maria
    et al.
    Försvarshögskolan, Ledarskapscentrum.
    Larsson, Gerry
    Försvarshögskolan, Ledarskapscentrum.
    Influence of IED attacks on leadership: Dealing with the invisible enemy2012In: Res Militaris, E-ISSN 2265-6294, Vol. 2, no 3, Summer/ÉtéArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to gain a deeper understanding of leadership in military operations characterized by the presence of critical incidents (IED attacks). Twenty-one Swedish soldiers and officers (ranking from soldier to colonel) who had experienced IED attacks in Afghanistan during the period 2005-2008 were interviewed, and their responses were analyzed according to grounded theory methodology. A model was developed according to which the essence of military leadership immediately following an IED attack could be summarized as recapturing control over self, the group and the task. The model also illuminates the importance of selected pre-existing conditions and the leader's appraisal/ sensemaking processes. Nine leadership acts of balance were identified, including balanced grief (self), balanced focus on emotional and functional recovery (group), and balanced handling of safety versus necessary risk-taking (task).

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