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  • 22401.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, B.
    Åldersstrukturer och begränsande faktorer för rekrytering2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22402.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, B.
    Åldersstrukturer och begränsande faktorer för rekrytering hos flodpärlmusslan2006In: Flodpärlmussla vad behöver vi göra föra att rädda arten?, Karlstad: Karlstad University Studies , 2006, Vol. 2006, 1:15Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22403.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, B
    Greenberg, L
    Impact of turbidity and sedimentation on recruitment, growth and host fish of M. margaritfera2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22404.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Anthropogenic impact on recruitment, growth and host-fish of Margaritifera margaritifera.2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22405.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Impact of habitat degradation on recruitment of the freshwater pearl mussel M. margaritifera.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22406.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Arvidsson, Björn L.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hultman, Jens
    Population structure of Margaritifera margaritifera in streams with and without recent recruitmentManuscript (Other academic)
  • 22407.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, B.L.
    Hultman, J.
    Population structure of Margaritifera margaritifera in streams with and without recent recruitment2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22408.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Bergman, E.
    Greenberg, L.
    Baldwin, B.S.
    Mills, E.L.
    Indirect environmental interactions between filter feeding mussels and bioturbating mayflies2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22409.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Bergman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Greenberg, Larry
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Baldwin, Brad S.
    Mills, Edward L.
    Indirect environmental interactions between filter feeding mussels and bioturbating mayfliesManuscript (Other academic)
  • 22410.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Bergman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Greenberg, Larry
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Baldwin, Brad S.
    St Lawrence University, Canton, NY, USA.
    Mills, Edward L.
    Cornell Biological Field Station, Bridgeport, NY, USA.
    Turbidity-mediated interactions between invasive filter-feeding mussels and native bioturbating mayflies2007In: Freshwater BiologyArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Invasive dreissenid mussels are known to cause large ecosystem changes because of their high filter-feeding capacity, while native bioturbators may interfere with the mussels filter feeding. In this experiment, we investigated indirect environmental interactions between invasive filter-feeding dreissenid mussels (zebra and quagga mussels) and native recolonizing bioturbating hexagenid mayflies (Hexagenia) at two mussel densities and two Hexagenia densities in a 2-month long laboratory experiment.2. Mean turbidity increased with increasing density of Hexagenia and decreased with increasing density of mussels. Turbidity showed the fastest decline at the highest mussel density, and no decline or a lower rate of decline at the low mussel density, dependent on Hexagenia density.3. Mussel growth decreased with increasing Hexagenia density at low but not at high mussel density. Moreover, growth of mussels decreased as a function of increased mean turbidity at low mussel density but not at high mussel density. Filtering activity at thehighest mussel density increased after introduction of food at the lower two densities of Hexagenia, but was constantly high at the highest Hexagenia density.4. There was no difference in emergence of Hexagenia among the treatments, but mortality of Hexagenia was higher in the presence of mussels than in their absence.5. Our results indicate that interactions between dreissenids and hexagenids are mediated through the sediment, and depend on density of both dreissenids and hexagenids. As the natural densities of these animals vary considerably within lakes, their growth and survival because of indirect environmental interactions is expected to vary spatially

  • 22411.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Calles, Olle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Gustafsson, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Technical fishways, nature-like fishways or biocanals?2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22412.
    Österling, Martin E
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, Björn L
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Greenberg, Larry A
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Habitat degradation and the decline of the threatened mussel Margaritifera maragaritifera: influence of turbidity and sedimentation on mussel an its host2010In: Journal of Applied Ecology, ISSN 0021-8901, E-ISSN 1365-2664, Vol. 47, no 4, p. 759-768Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    1. Habitat degradation is a major reason for species extinctions. For parasite–host interactions, the decline of a parasite may not only be related to the parasite’s tolerance to habitat degradation but also indirectly through the host’s tolerance to the same disturbance.

    2. Our objective was to explore the cause of population declines of the freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera by relating the age distribution, density and growth of the mussels with turbidity, sedimentation rates and density of the mussel’s host, trout Salmo trutta, in 26 Swedish streams.

    3. An analysis of the age structure of nine mussel populations showed that maximum age differed by 60 years, with five populations having low proportions of juvenile mussels. Adult mussel density was higher at sites where juvenile mussels occurred than at sites lacking juvenile mussels.

    4. Growth of adult mussels during the past 10 years was lower in the five streams lacking recent recruitment than in the four streams with recent recruitment, indicating that some environmental factor may be negatively impacting these populations.

    5. A comparison among 24 populations indicated that turbidity and sedimentation may be responsible for recruitment failure in 58% of the populations. The age of the youngest mussel was positively related to turbidity and sedimentation, and juvenile mussel density was negatively related to turbidity and sedimentation. In contrast, trout density was not related to recruitment of mussels or sedimentation, but was positively related to turbidity in all streams, both with and without recent mussel recruitment.

    6.Synthesis and applications. Recruitment failure of M. margaritifera appears to be related to its own vulnerability to turbidity and sedimentation rather than to its host’s response to this type of habitat degradation. The results from our study suggest that managers might be able to evaluate the potential viability of mussel populations by measuring stream turbidity. Restoration activities to improve the mussels’ environment should focus on reducing fine material transport into streams.

  • 22413.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Ferm, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Piccolo, John J.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013).
    Parasitic freshwater pearl mussel larvae (Margaritifera margaritifera L.) reduce the drift-feeding rate of juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta L.)2014In: Environmental Biology of Fishes, ISSN 0378-1909, E-ISSN 1573-5133, Vol. 97, p. 543-549Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we describe, for the first time, the effects of freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera L.) encystment on the drift-feeding behavior of juvenile brown trout (Salmo trutta L.). Because both mussel and salmonid populations are often threatened, this study not only adds knowledge to the understanding of host-parasite systems, but it is also of conservation value. Individual trout, mussel-encysted (25.1 ± 5.7 larvae · g-1 body weight, n = 5) or non-encysted (n = 5), were fed with chironomid larvae in a flow-through stream aquarium. Feeding trials were filmed and analyzed by counting the numbers of chironomid larvae each individual ate, and by estimating the prey-capture distance. Non-encysted trout had a significantly higher drift-foraging rate than did encysted trout, and they captured significantly more prey further away from their focal point. Thereduced foraging success of encysted trout was mainly due to their failure to catch prey relatively further from their focal point. This suggests that reduced foraging success of encysted trout may be due to poorer energetic status, butthe physical effects of mussel larvae on prey handling time cannot be ruled out. Encysted trout caught approximately 20% fewer prey, which would result in a reduction in growth potential during the period of mussel encystment. Reduced energetic status might also result in reduced competitive ability or in increased exposure to predation risk.

  • 22414.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Greenberg, Larry
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Arvidsson, Björn L.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Early life stages of Margaritifera margaritifera populations – is there a coupling to recruitment patterns?Manuscript (Other academic)
  • 22415.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Greenberg, Larry
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Arvidsson, Björn L
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Relationship of biotic and abiotic factors to recruitment patterns in Margaritifera margaritifera2008In: Biological Conservation, ISSN 0006-3207, E-ISSN 1873-2917, Vol. 141, no 5, p. 1365-1370Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We investigated relationships of biotic and abiotic factors to recruitment patterns of the endangered freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) in 10 Swedish streams. We found that the maximum proportion of gravid mussels did not differ between streams with and without recent recruitment. Moreover, the mean glochidial load on trout (Salmo trutta), which was positively related to adult mussel density, did not differ significantly between these stream types. Thus, the larval stages of the freshwater pearl mussel were not related to recruitment failure. Instead, recruitment is probably hindered at the next stage in the life history of the mussels, the benthic stage, and may be related to sedimentation as turbidity was four times greater in streams lacking recent recruitment than in streams with recent recruitment. Furthermore, we found that juvenile mussel density was positively related to the number of glochidial infections per stream area in streams with ongoing recruitment, indicating that successful recruitment in these streams may depend on both mussel and trout density. Future research should thus examine biotic interactions between mussels and trout as well as the effects of sedimentation on benthic-living mussels.

  • 22416.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Gustafsson, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Calles, Olle
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Technical fishways, nature-like fishways or biocanals?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22417.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Högberg, Jan-Olov
    The impact of land use on the mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and its host fish Salmo trutta.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22418.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Högberg, Jan-Olov
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    The impact of land use on the mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and its host fish Salmo trutta2014In: Hydrobiologia, ISSN 0018-8158, E-ISSN 1573-5117, Vol. 735, p. 213-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, land use impacts a major proportion of all streams. Here, landscape features in corridors along streams and water chemical factors were analyzed in relation to recruitment of the threatened freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) and its host fish the brown trout (Salmo trutta). Mussel recruitment and trout density were negatively related to forest clear-cuts. Mussel recruitment was negatively related to water color and turbidity. Therefore, the threats to the mussel may be severe, as low mussel recruitment may be caused by direct effects on the juvenile mussels and indirect effects on the host fish. High proportions of lakes and ponds were found to be positive for recruitment and for trout, and deciduous forest was positively related to trout. The combination of investigations at different scales at the landscape level and at in-stream levels may be applicable to find threats to other threatened species. The results indicate that forestry activities may negatively affect recruitment of freshwater pearl mussels and its host fish. Reductions of forestry activities and the retaining of intact quantity and quality of the riparian zones next to streams, both for the mussel and its host fish may be important conservation measures to restore freshwater pearl mussel populations.

  • 22419.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Mejdell Larsen, Björn
    Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA), Trondheim, Norway.
    Impact of origin and condition of host fish (Salmo trutta) on parasitic larvae of Margaritifera margaritifera2013In: Aquatic conservation, ISSN 1052-7613, E-ISSN 1099-0755, Vol. 23, no 4, p. 564-570Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Encystment abundance differed between the brown trout strains shortly after encapsulation. Encystment abundance then decreased at different rates and resulted in a changed relationship in encystment abundance between the brown trout strains when the experiment was terminated. One of the allopatric brown trout strains had higher encystment abundance than the other brown trout strains.

    The larvae grew at different rates, and the allopatric brown trout strain with the highest encystment abundance had the largest larvae at the end of the experiment. There was a significant positive relationship between the mean condition factor and shell length of the brown trout strains.

    The experiment showed that the potential numbers of juvenile mussels may be restricted at the parasitic life-stage on sympatric brown trout strains. Innate differences in energy resources and immune defence between brown trout strains may be important for parasitic growth, because the condition factor of brown trout strains may be positively related to energy resources for the larvae, and negatively related to host fish immune defence.

    The present experiment showed that it may be important to investigate and manage unionid mussels' parasitic larval stage on host fish. Infestation experiments, like the one presented here, may inform managers if the parasitic stage is functioning properly. They can also evaluate host fish strains used for introductions in streams where natural fish strains have disappeared, but mussels persist. Such experiments have applications in breeding programmes for mussels, as this is an increasing management measure in threatened mussel populations.

  • 22420.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Soderberg, Hakan
    Cty Adm Board Vasternorrland, S-87186 Harnosand, Sweden..
    Sea-trout habitat fragmentation affects threatened freshwater pearl mussel2015In: Biological Conservation, ISSN 0006-3207, E-ISSN 1873-2917, Vol. 186, p. 197-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Habitat fragmentation is a major reason for the decline and extinction of migratory species. Many host populations for parasites are partly migratory, consisting of both migratory and resident individuals, and we asked the question whether these two subpopulations differ in parasite susceptibility. If so, barriers intercepting migration may change the parasite encystment rate and recruitment. We used the River Ljungan, Sweden, as study system, where eight hydroelectric power plants hinder access of sea-migrating trout to most tributaries. We compared the encystment of the threatened freshwater pearl mussel (Margaritifera margaritifera) larvae on sympatric tributary-resident brown trout and sea-migrating trout (Salmo trutta) as hosts for their parasitic larvae. We also compared eighteen tributary-resident brown trout populations with the sea-migrating trout as hosts for mussel larvae. Encystment decreased faster over time on the tributary-resident trout than on the sea-migrating trout. Encystment was therefore higher on the sea-migrating trout compared to the tributary-resident trout at the time of excystment of the larvae. Growth of encysted mussel larvae was higher on the sea-migrating trout than on the tributary-resident trout. The natural density of the tributary-resident trout populations was lower than that of the sea-migrating trout in the autumn, when the mussels infest the fish, and in early summer, just before the excystment of juvenile mussels from the fish. Estimations of total numbers of encysted mussel larvae per unit stream area were higher on the sea-migrating trout than the tributary-resident trout in the autumn and in the spring at the time of juvenile mussel excystment. The higher mussel larval growth and the higher encystment on the sea-migrating trout imply that even seemingly healthy tributary mussel populations are reduced because of the habitat fragmentation. As sea-migrating trout are threatened or extinct in many rivers, fragmentation may be a large-scale problem, not only for sea-migrating populations, but also indirectly for highly threatened mussel populations. Restoration activities should primarily focus on creating free pathways for original host fish populations instead of sustaining them by supplementary stocking. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 22421.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Söderberg, Håkan
    Anthropogenic changes of brown trout Salmo trutta and the impact on its parasitic mussel Margaritifera margaritifera.2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22422.
    Österling, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Biology.
    Wengstrom, Niklas
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, SE-40530 Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Test of the host fish species of a unionoid mussel: A comparison between natural and artificial encystment2015In: Limnologica, ISSN 0075-9511, E-ISSN 1873-5851, Vol. 50, p. 80-83Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many of the unionoid mussel species are threatened, and to be able to develop strategies for effective conservation, one of the needs is to distinguish host fish species from non-host fish species using reliable methods. Margaritifera margaritifera lives as a parasite on brown trout (Salmo trutta) and/or Atlantic salmon (Salmo solar). The aim was to compare the reliability of two methods measuring the host specificity of M. margaritifera in two rivers that flow out into Skagerrak in the Atlantic Ocean. A second aim was to compare the time- and cost-efficiency of the two methods. The methods were (1) natural encystment abundances on fish in their native streams using electrofishing, and (2) encystment abundances from controlled artificial infestation in aquaria, on fish that were sacrificed. In both rivers, young-of-the-year (YOY), but not older brown trout, were naturally infested with relatively low loads of glochidia larvae, while the Atlantic salmon was not infested at all. When using artificial infestation, both YOY and older brown had encysted glochidia larvae on their gills, while glochidia larvae were not able to develop in Atlantic salmon at all. Here, the encystment was higher on the brown trout from the Lade River, and older brown trout from the Lade River did not seem to have as strong immunity response compared to older brown trout from the Brattefors River. In summary, brown trout is the only host fish for M. margaritifera in these rivers. Both methods can be used to discriminate between host fish species, but the method measuring natural encystment seems most time- and cost-efficient. In addition, natural encystment can be measured using a non-destructive photo-method, and is therefore suggested to be used when discriminating between host fish species for M. margaritifera. (C) 2014 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  • 22423. Östlie, Ingrid Landraff
    et al.
    Aasland, A
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Flatö, B
    Möller, Anders
    A longitudinal follow - up study of physical and psychosocial health in young adults with juvenil ideopatic arthritis2009In: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, ISSN 0392-856X, E-ISSN 1593-098X, Vol. 27, no 6, p. 1039-1046Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22424. Östlie, Ingrid Landraff
    et al.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Aasland, A
    Flatö, B
    Möller, A
    Self- rated physical and psychosocial health in a cohort of young adults with juvenile idiopathic arthritis2010In: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology, ISSN 0300-9742, E-ISSN 1502-7732, Vol. 39, no 4, p. 318-325Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22425.
    Östman, Margareta
    et al.
    Faculty of Health and Society, University of Malmö.
    Persson, Karin
    Faculty of Health and Society, University of Malmö.
    Ingvarsdotter, Karin
    Faculty of Health and Society, University of Malmö.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Family-Based Psycho-Education – A Model Outmoded in Psychiatric Services Today?2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22426.
    Özgü, Alay
    et al.
    Simula Metropolitan Center for Digital Engineering, Norge.
    Mancuso, Vincenzo
    IMDEA Networks Institute, Spanien.
    Brunström, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Alfredsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Mellia, Marco
    Politecnico di Torino, Italien.
    Bernini, Giacomo
    Nextworks, Italien.
    Lonsethagen, Hakon
    Telenor Research, Norge.
    End to End 5G Measurements with MONROE: Challenges and Opportunities2018In: 4th International Forum on Research and Technologies for Society and Industry (IEEE RTSI 2018), IEEE, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to support diverse requirements of massive number of connected devices while also ensuring good user experience, 5G networks will leverage multi-access technolo- gies, deploy supporting operational mechanisms such as SDN and NFV, and require enhanced protocols and algorithms. For 4G networks, MONROE has been key to provide a common measurement platform and a set of methodologies available to the wider community. Such common grounds will become even more important and more challenging with 5G. In this paper, we elaborate on some key requirements for the design and implementation of 5G technologies and highlight the key challenges and needs for new solutions as seen in the context of 5G end-to-end measurements. We then discuss the opportunities that MONROE provides and more specifically, how a 5G-capable MONROE platform could facilitate these efforts.

  • 22427. Øian, Hogne
    et al.
    Fredman, Peter
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Sæþórsdóttir, Anna Dóra
    Tyrväinen, Liisa
    Søndergaard Jensen, Frank
    Tourism, nature and sustainability: A review of policy instruments in the Nordic countries2018Report (Other academic)
  • 22428. Ørbeck, M.
    et al.
    Karlsson, Svante
    Nye teorier på gamle næringer - omstilling i skogbruk og skogindustri i Indre Skandinavia2007In: Omställning och utveckling i Inre Skandinavien - en gränsregion under omvandling / [ed] Forsberg, G. & Ørbeck, M, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22429.
    Ørbeck,, Morten
    et al.
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Olsson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Hauge, Atle
    Östlandsforskning, Hamar, Norge.
    Ericsson, Birgitta
    Östlandsforskning, Lillehammer, Norge.
    Att göra regionala skillnader till en styrka: en introduktion2012In: På gränsen – interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge och Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, p. 17-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22430.
    Østlie, Ingrid Landgraff
    et al.
    Högskolan i Gjøvik och Karlstads Universitet.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Möller, Anders
    Nordiska hälsovårdshögskolan, Göteborg.
    Mellom livsverden og funksjon - å være ung med juvenil idiopatisk artritt2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22431.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Lillehammer University College.
    Challenging the impact of Practice placement in Education of Social Workers2008In: European Journal of Social Education, ISSN 1810-4789, no 14/15, p. 49-57Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22432.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Høgskolen i Lillehammer.
    Empowerment er svaret, men hva var spørsmålet?2007In: Empowerment: i teori og praksis, 2007, p. 47-58Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22433.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Lillehammer University College.
    Etikk og brukerretting: frihet og styringsteknikk2007In: Nordisk sosialt arbeid, ISSN 0333-1342, E-ISSN 1504-3037, no 3, p. 170-181Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22434.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Nødvendigheten av fronetisk handlingskompetanse i sosialt arbeid2009Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has partly been to explore how social work students develop their conception of relevant competence during their bachelor education. This part of the study is based on qualitative interviews with a sample of twelve students from Lillehammer University College interviewed individually focusing on the relationship between theory and practice, competence learned at the university and college and in practice placement and on the personal aspect of professional action. The most significant research finding was the ways in which the students changed their view on relevance after a period of practice placement during the second year of the bachelor program. The students consider competence experienced in practice placement as the "real thing" and competence learned in college as a secondary, but necessary competence for passing the final exam. Competence learned in practice placement was taken for granted and critical reflection on knowledge systems, practices and the relationship between welfare politics and professional action was outside the limits of what the students deemed relevant competence.

    From these research findings and interpretations I derived new research questions which I have investigated in five articles. Article 1 scrutinizes the strong impact of practice placement, article 2 explores the purpose of ethics in a context where social work tries to mediate between social control and users participation, article 3 is concerned with the necessity of moral competence in order to make good judgements in the application of the mandate given from the welfare state, article 4 asks to what extent the concept of empowerment requires certain techniques of intervention in order to make conform clients to conventional ways of living, while article 5 explores the potentials in Buddhism applied to relevant social work issues.

    The articles are situated in three different theoretical traditions. I use the traditions partly to challenge core elements within the traditions themselves, partly to challenge conventional viewpoints concerning competences in social work like arguments in favour of scientific knowledge because it contributes to the elevation of the status of social workers

    The first one draws on the tradition from situated learning and explores learning as participation in two different contexts (college and workplace). I challenge the notion that development of competence is about negotiations between contexts. I contend that the institutionalised practices in social work have a very disciplinary impact on the concept of relevant competence which is rather underestimated by our educational system.

    Article 2, 3 and 4 profit from Michel Foucault's governmentality-concept. His perspective on the ways in which the population in modern societies is governed. is used to explore how the welfare state uses its professions to combine social control with freedom and self-governing. In my interpretation, ethics is a part of a soft and subtle intervention strategy to transform social and structural issues to individual troubles and make clients cooperative and responsible. I also contend that the mandate given to social workers requires good judgement in their application of individualized strategies which actualize their phronetic competence. I also interpret empowerment as a strategy for intervention that makes clients conform to conventional ideals in society. This interpretation challenges the notion of empowerment as liberation strategy defined by the clients themselves.

    Article 5 is entirely devoted to the question of moral character, drawing heavily on core values from Buddhism. Buddhism is used to identify and suggest ways to overcome ego-related problems which are frequently occurring in social work (such as the problem of "burn-out" and the ways bureaucratic distance is used as a shield against demanding clients). I also suggest that Buddhism can be used as a strategy for promoting personal social engagement in social work.

    My empirical study as well as my articles identifies "phronetic competences" in social work as the most important ones. This concept is derived from the aristotelian "phronesis" meaning personal, experienced-based competence for making morally right judgements according to particular situations. I argue that phronetic competence is highly relevant because it includes capacities for actualizing moral aspects of a situation, critical analytical reflection and for scrutinizing knowledge systems, practices and impacts of welfare goals which tend to be taken for granted.  I contend that the education of social workers must make a stronger effort to facilitate phronetic competences among social work students to prevent social work from being reduced to technical skills and social engineering.

     

  • 22435.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Høgskolen i Lillehammer.
    The Cultivation of Moral Character: A Buddhist Challenge to Social Workers2008In: Ehtics and Social Welfare, ISSN 1749-6543, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 243-261Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22436.
    Øvrelid, Bjarne
    Høgskolen i Lillehammer.
    Yrkesmoral som styringsteknikk eller samfunnskritikk?2008In: UNIPED (Tromsø), ISSN 1500-4538, no 2, p. 19-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22437. Parsberg, Cecilia (Artist)
    Westerberg, Anna (Dancer)
    Pauser, Erik (Producer)
    Murad, Haval (Designer)
    Martinez Escobar, David (Designer)
    A Place in Europe2018Artistic output (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The film-sculpture has the form of a house that appears to be sinking into the ground. The bottom side consists of an LED screen where short film A Place in Europeis shown. The film takes place in a forgotten corner of a big city, a place that has become the home of job-seeking migrants who have fallen through the net of European free movement. The narrator Thomas has for three years been sleeping under a loading bridge. Now he’s about to be evicted. He represents those who want to do the right thing: work, support their family, live a worthy life. Nowadays, old poverty is forcing many to become nomads in European cities. We want to set up the House in public places in the central parts of cities to make this situation visible and to include those who have hopes for a better life to become part of society. You can follow the exhibition via https://aplaceineurope.com.

  • 22438.
    Unander-Scharin, Carl (Composer)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Ingesund Acedemy of Music. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Calligrammes - Un Oiseaux Chante2017Artistic output (Refereed)
  • 22439.
    Jansson, André (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Geomedia 2017, Spaces of the In-Between: An Interdisciplinary International Conference, Karlstad, Sweden, 9-12 May 20172017Other (Other academic)
  • 22440.
    Granberg, Mikael (Editor)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013).
    Göteborgsregionen och klimatrisker: Klimatanpassning för dåtida och framtida bebyggelse2019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är slutrapporten från forskningsprojektet “Minskadeklimatrisker i framtidens bebyggelse och boende lärande från tidigarehändelser och samhällsplanering” som genomförts på Centrum förklimat och säkerhet mellan 2014 – 2018 och finansierats av StiftelsenLänsförsäkringsgruppens Forsknings- och Utvecklingsfond.Projektet har bestått av fem delstudier kring klimatriskhantering ochklimatanpassning i flera olika geografiska kontexter runt om i Sverige.Den studie av Göteborgsregionen som presenteras i denna rapport ärett sätt att skapa en syntes av de olika teoretiska och empiriskaingångarna i detta projekt genom en studie av den aktuellaproblematiken på en specifik plats.

    Mikael Granberg som står som redaktör för rapporten är professor istatsvetenskap och föreståndare för Centrum för klimat och säkerhet.

  • 22441.
    Unander-Scharin, Carl (Composer, Singer)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Ingesund Acedemy of Music. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    ISAGEL-svit ur ”Aniara”: 1. Människan, askans konung (Tenor och Orgel)2. Doris land (Dansare, Observer)3. Själv har jag inget namn (Passacaglia, Tenor och Orgel)4. Den livligt sprattlande ingivelsen (Tenor, Dansare och Observer)5. Jag ska berätta vad jag hört om glas (Tenor och Orgel)6. Spjutet (Toccata, Dans, Orgel)7. Osynlig för vårt öga gled hon undan (Tenor, Orgel, Dansare, Observer)8. Det finns skydd för nästan allt (Alt, Tenor, Baryton, Orgel)2019Artistic output (Refereed)
  • 22442. Unander-Scharin, Åsa
    Unander-Scharin, Carl (Composer)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Opera Mecatronica: Åsa and Carl Unander-Scharin Dance, robotics, opera, and digital musical instruments followed by discussions with Elias Arnér on art, science, and research2019Artistic output (Refereed)
  • 22443.
    Svanberg, Mikael (Editor)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Vikström, Carina (Editor)
    Karlstad University.
    Pedagogiska utvecklingsprojekt vid Karlstads universitet: Bidrag från universitetspedagogisk konferens 2017-20192019Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är den femte rapporten i serien Utveckling av undervisning och examination i högre utbildning från den Universitetspedagogiska enheten (UPE).

    I föreliggande rapport kan du ta del av fem olika utvecklingsprojekt inom undervisning och examination vid Karlstads universitet. Projekten spänner över flera olika ämnen. Det handlar bland annat om hur didaktiklärare inom den korta lärarutbildningen (KUB) ser på sitt uppdrag, hur tidsåtgången för bedömning av en salsskrivning kan reduceras genom en datorassisterad bedömningsprocess samt hur lärarstudenter reflekterar över sin undervisning i ämnet svenska på lågstadiet. Samtliga texter i rapporten är utvecklade utifrån projekt som presenterats vid enhetens universitetsgemensamma konferens under perioden 2017-2019.

    Publicerade texter i rapportserien kan ligga till grund för pedagogisk meritering vid ansökan om att bli meriterad eller excellent inom undervisning och examination vid Karlstads universitet.

    Den Universitetspedagogiska enheten kommer kontinuerligt att ge ut rapporter inom området undervisning och lärande där verksamma lärare och medarbetare delar med sig av erfarenheter från utvecklingsarbeten inom undervisning och examination.

  • 22444.
    Elkjär Gustafsson, Ann (Musician)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Hultén, Ingegerd (Musician)
    Seven Haiku: På spaning efter kreativa repetitioner!2017Artistic output (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this artistic development work, we search for more creative methods to rehearse chamber music. 

  • 22445.
    Skriv även på svenska!2017In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 116-118Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Svenska arbetslivsforskare har under en längre tid bekymrat sig för att forskningen om arbetslivet (i vid bemärkelse) har hamnat i periferin; dess tidigare framträdande position har kraftigt försvagats vad gäller såväl tilldelning av forskningsmedel som samhällspåverkande kraft. De här problemen har diskuterats livligt, inte minst bland medlemmarna i FALF (Forum för arbetslivsforskning), och har mynnat ut i ett antal debattartiklar i pressen samt skrivelser till departement och forskningsfinansiärer. Den springande punkten har varit, och är fortfarande, att flytta fram positionerna och verkligen vara en forskning vars resultat bidrar till ett bra arbetsliv och samhälle. För att kunna vara en sådan kraft måste den arbetslivsforskning som bedrivs – och sannolikt är av intresse för en bred allmänhet – synliggöras. Ett bra sätt är då att faktiskt publicera resultaten av forskningen även på svenska.

  • 22446.
    Unander-Scharin, Carl (Singer)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Ingesund Acedemy of Music.
    Tenor parts in Hugo Alfvéns 4th symphony "Från Havsbandet" in Katarina Church, Sept 15, 20192019Artistic output (Refereed)
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