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  • 22051. Widstrand, Susanna
    et al.
    Magnusson, Kjell
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Johansson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Moons, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Gurnett, Michael
    Oshima, M.
    Core-level photoemission from stoichiometric GaN(0001)-1x12005In: MRS Internet J. Nitride Semicond. Res. 10, 1(2005)Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22052.
    Widstrand, Susanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Magnusson, Kjell
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Larsson, Mats I.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Johansson, Lars S.O.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Gustafsson, Jörgen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering.
    Moons, Ellen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Miki, H.
    Yeom, H.W.
    Oshima, M.
    Preparation of stoichiometric GaN(0001)1x1 studied with spectromicroscopy2004In: Surface Science, ISSN 0039-6028, E-ISSN 1879-2758, Vol. 572, no 2-3, p. 409-417Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22053.
    Wieland, Heiko
    et al.
    California State University, USA.
    Koskela-Huotari, Kaisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center.
    Vargo, Stephen L.
    Univ Hawaii Manoa, USA.
    Extending actor participation in value creation: An institutional view2016In: Journal of Strategic Marketing, ISSN 0965-254X, E-ISSN 1466-4488, Vol. 24, no 3-4, p. 210-226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how seemingly distinct actors contribute to value creation and evaluation in a fundamentally similar way. It shows that the division of actors into dichotomies such as producers€™ and €˜consumers, ˜paying€™ and non-paying€™ customers, and adopters and non-adopters, is based on narrow, unidirectional, transactional, and dyadic views on value creation and delivery. The article highlights the limitations of these views and draws on a service ecosystems perspective and its broader notion of co-created and contextual value to overcome these limitations. More specifically, the article, by connecting two frameworks (markets-as-practice and institutional work), extends a generic actor-to-actor conceptualization of value creation, in showing that all economic and social actors participate in value creation in a fundamentally similar way. That is, they enact value co-creation practices and simultaneously shape these practices by creating, maintaining and disrupting the institutions that guide their (re)enactment. Thus, the article proposes a unified view on actors’ participation in value creation that not only points to the involvement of broader actor categories in value creation and market formation processes, but also provides important strategic implications in the form of a research agenda.

  • 22054.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Den motstridiga mångfalden2015In: The Past, the Present and the Future of Police Research: Proceedings from the fifth Nordic Police Research seminar / [ed] Rolf Granér och Ola Kronkvist, Växjö: Linnéuniversitetet , 2015, 1, p. 155-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågor om mångfald ställs på sin spets inom polisen, vars uppdrag är att skydda demokratiska värden och lagar om människors rättigheter. I föreliggande kapitel presenteras hur Polisens officiella mål för mångfald och social jämlikhet bejakas men också äventyras och problematiseras av blivande polisers tolkningar av polisens uppdrag. Mångfald framstår därmed som ett komplext och därtill motsägelsefullt projekt inom svensk polis.

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    Wieslander_2015
  • 22055.
    Wieslander, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Ordningsmakter inom ordningsmakten: Diskurskamp, dilemman och motstånd i blivande polisers samtal om mångfald2014Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis identifies and describes the diversity aspects of police discourse based on the accounts of police trainees in their final year. Specifically, the focus is on culture, religion and ethnicity, and four main questions are addressed: What is said about diversity? How is it articulated? What subject positions are offered and assumed? In what ways are discourses of diversity sustained and challenged?

    The analysis of discourse in use is based on field studies conducted at the Swedish National Police Academy and focus group interviews with police trainees in the educational setting and during their trainee placement period. The analytical concepts of interpretative repertoire, ideological dilemmas, subject positions and discursive devices are employed to identify how different meanings are ascribed to diversity. Three central discourses of diversity are presented: diversity as inescapable difference (a hegemonic practice), diversity as political goal (recognition of diversity) and diversity as potential likeness (regulation of diversity). These are competing discourses on how police officers should be and how their role is understood in relation to a pluralistic society. The study shows that the contradictory diversity discourses reflect a struggle of different ‘us’, which regulates the conception of the ideal police officer, professional conduct and the performance of policing.

    In addition, five dilemmas originating in the tension between the discourses are outlined. Diversity is found to involve ideological dilemmas regarding how policing should be conducted in relation to profiling and social categories, how humour and jargon are viewed and handled, and how lack of knowledge may mean attributing subject positions to others with discriminatory implications. The thesis contributes to showing how diversity discourses reproduce the social order by affirming the social categories that the representatives of diversity are assumed to embody. It closes with a discussion of some practical and theoretical implications of its findings.

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    Ordningsmakter_inom_ordningsmakten
  • 22056.
    Wijkander, Jonny
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Engström, Alexander
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Erlandsson, Ann
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences.
    Macrophages, cancer cells and radiation2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22057.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Antarctic Gothic: The Legacy of Poe and Lovecraft2014Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper argues that when it comes to describing the tradition of speculative writing of the Antarctic, two authors loom large over subsequent productions: Edgar Allan Poe and H. P. Lovecraft. Poe was first to infuse mystery into the Antarctic. Pym and “MS Found in a Bottle,” fashion the Antarctic as a mysterious locale beyond the known. This is picked up a century later in Lovecraft’s At the Mountains of Madness, writing in the same imaginative domain as Poe, extending his influence on Antarctic writing into present days. However, Lovecraft takes Poe’s impulse further, envisioning remnants of an alien civilization beneath the ice. Based on these impulses a tradition of Antarctic fiction has developed, where the premise is that beneath the icy surface lies something threatening that will surface. A seminal text in this respect is Campbell’s “Who Goes There?” (1938), which has been filmed twice: as The Thing from Another World (1951) and The Thing (1982), with a prequel also called The Thing (2011). Other movies have explored the Antarctic as mystery as well: X-Files: Fight the Future (1998), Alien Hunter (2003), and AVP: Alien vs. Predator (2004). In literature, Poe’s Antarctic tradition is kept alive with Johnson’s Pym (2011), but also in science-fiction with Curran’s The Hive-series (2005-), Grace’s Polar Quest (2003), and Beck’s Beneath the Dark Ice (2011). These have continued the use the motif of buried Antarctic secrets in Poe and Lovecraft’s vein, proving that the region is every bit as mythopoeic as ever.

  • 22058.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Edgar Allan Poe. The Journal of Julius Rodman2008In: The Edgar Allan Poe Review, ISSN 1051743X, Vol. 9.2 (2008)Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 22059.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Edgar Allan Poe. The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym2010In: Edgar Allan Poe Review, ISSN 1051-743X, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 104-109Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22060.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Hyper-Poe: The Introduction of Edgar Allan Poe in Sweden2014In: Translated Poe / [ed] Emron Esplin, Margarida Vale de Gato, Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press , 2014, p. 87-98Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22061.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    “One of the Most Intensely Exciting Secrets”: The Antarctic in American Literature, 1820-18492009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines a small body of 19th-century American literature about the Antarctic: Adam Seaborn's (pseud.) Symzonia (1820), Edgar Allan Poe's "MS. Found in a Bottle" (1833) and The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym (1838), Peter Prospero's (pseud.) "The Atlantis" (1838-39), and James Fenimore Cooper's The Monikins (1835) and The Sea Lions (1849). These were written in a transitional phase in the history of the Antarctic. At the start of the period, the region was almost completely unknown. Towards the end of the period, however, the region had been mapped in its essence, and the existence of an Antarctic continent had been verified. For complex reasons, the region came into cultural focus in the U.S. during the 1820s to 40s, culminating in the first major American scientific expedition in 1838-42 to explore the South Seas and the Antarctic.

    The study is primarily historical, tracing ideas to their historical contexts in order to determine what these authors used the unknown space of the Antarctic for. These texts were written in imaginative response to contemporary notions of the Antarctic, which is reflected in the mode of representation. The literature is in the mode of speculative fiction-most of texts imagining a tropical, inhabited Antarctic-up until the region is explored, at which point it turns to realism. The texts fall into three categories: the utopian, liminal, and realistic. The utopian texts-Symzonia, The Monikins, and "The Atlantis"-are works of social criticism, using the blank space of the Antarctic to treat a diverse range of issues, including politics, evolutionary theories, race, and gender. Poe's "MS" and Pym represent the liminal category; they dramatize the anticipation of an imminent Antarctic discovery, narrating up to a point of revelation, only to stop short. The Sea Lions is the only realistic text, coming after the Antarctic is explored. Here the knowledge of the Antarctic has solidified into the environment we know today, but with religiously symbolical overtones.

     

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 22062.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Languages.
    Poe's Pym and the Discourse of Antarctic Exploration2010In: The Edgar Allan Poe Review, ISSN 2150-0428, Vol. 10, no 3, p. 84-116Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22063.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    The Sphinx of the Ice Realm by Jules Verne2013In: Edgar Allan Poe Review, ISSN 1051-743X, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 91-98Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 22064.
    Wijkmark, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Våldskontraktet: Fiktionsvåldet i 24, Dexter och Funny Games2014In: Våldsamma fantasier: Studier i fiktionsvåldets funktion och attraktion / [ed] Magnus Ullén, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2014, p. 79-104Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22065.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Ecology, Telepathy and Melancholia in John Ajvide Lindqvist’s Handling the Undead2017In: Edda. Nordisk tidsskrift for litteraturforskning, ISSN 0013-0818, E-ISSN 1500-1989, Vol. 104, no 2, p. 145-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nature is omnipresent and ecological questions are often problematized in Gothic fiction produced in the Nordic region during the last two decades. By developing the concept of eco-Gothic in combination with theory related to the concept of the uncanny, this article will discuss how contemporary Gothic texts can be understood as dealing with different notions of nature, place and identity in a time of ecological crisis. The analysis will focus on John Ajvide Lindqvist´s Handling the Undead (2005), a novel that can be understood as dealing with the issue of solidarity with the nonhuman or unhuman other, the undead people who transgress the boundary between life and death, but also with matters of climate and environmental politics. The discussion will be concentrated mainly on three aspects of the novel of relevance to ecology and the uncanny: the depiction of character, place and climate; the motif of mind reading and mind-altering experiences, and the importance of melancholia and death.

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    fulltext
  • 22066.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Erotikens estetik: Kärleksskildringen i Anne Charlotte Lefflers roman Kvinnlighet och erotik II2001In: Kvinnan, Kärleken och romanen i kvinnliga 1800-talsförfattares texter / [ed] red. Yvonne Leffler, Karlstad: Karlstads Universitet. Institutionen för kultur och kommunikation , 2001, p. 91-118Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22067.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    Female Monstrosity and Madness: Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s The Yellow Wallpaper and Selma Lagerlöf’s Spökhanden2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22068.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Female Monstrosity and Madness in Selma Lagerlöf's "The Ghost Hand"2008In: Anales Nueva Época, ISSN 1101-4148, p. 83-95Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22069.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Fördömelse från trädkronorna!: Ekogotik och mörk ekologi2017In: Aiolos, ISSN 1400-7770, no 56, p. 133-137Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22070.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Gengångarberättelsen som gick igen2006In: Värmländsk kulturArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22071.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Hemsökelser: Gotiken i sex berättelser av Selma Lagerlöf2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The topic of this thesis is the gothic fiction of Selma Lagerlöf. Its primary purpose is to investigate how Lagerlöf's work can be understood in relation to the gothic genre; what particular themes, motifs and formal aspects appear when making this connection and how they can be interpreted, as well as which literary and cultural contexts become relevant. The study is based on close readings of six short stories that, in comparison, appear to be some of the most gloomy and horrific in her production: "Karln. En julsägen" (1891), "De fågelfrie", "Stenkumlet", "Riddardottern och havsmannen" (1892), "Spökhanden" (1898) and "Frid på jorden" (1917). The gothic was an important feature of the literature of the last decade of the nineteenth century, when Lagerlöf made her debut. Therefore one of the main purposes of this study is to highlight her as one of the key writers of gothic fiction in Sweden by the time. In this context the gothic might be considered as closely related to the currents of decadence and fin-de-siècle. However, the gothic continued to be an important element throughout Lagerlöf's production, and this is illustrated by the inclusion of a story from a later period among the primary sources.

    The gothic genre can be defined by certain themes and motifs, but also by its narrative strategies. The analyses of the six stories show how themes and composition are used to create an atmosphere of fear and darkness, but also, more importantly, to create a sense of ambiguity. The study also discusses the relationship between the gothic and the fantastic and special attention is paid to aspects such as the hesitation concerning how to interpret the supernatural, as well as the fragmentary bodies and psyches of the stories. The main themes of the six stories can be summarized as dealing with the haunting and return of the past, as well as the fear associated with the transgression of limits - between fantasy and reality, the civilized and the primitive, life and death and self and other. Central to the argument in this study is das Unheimliche - the uncanny - a concept that links a certain kind of fear to uncertainty, doubles, ghostliness and haunting. Sigmund Freud has described it as a paradox, as something terrifyingly strange and yet familiar at the same time. The gothic reproduces the experience of reality expressed by this concept - a sense that the self is the source of horror and that identity is something highly unstable.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 22072.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    'Jag borde väl ändå nu känna till värmlandsnaturen?’: Selma Lagerlöf ur ett regionalt perspektiv2012In: Hemmaplan: Den regionala litteraturens traditioner, tekniker och funktioner / [ed] Margaretha Ullström & Sofia Wijkmark, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, 1, p. 47-55Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22073.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    John Ajvide Lindqvist's little star: Gothic horror as remediation of video nasties2018In: Gothic Studies, ISSN 1362-7937, E-ISSN 2050-456X, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 77-94Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In Swedish author John Ajvide Lindqvist's Gothic-horror novel Little Star (2010) graphic violence has a central function - thematically, but primarily as an aesthetic device. The plot contains motifs from classical video nasties, motifs that also have an effect on the text itself. This paper examines the novel's use of extremely violent scenes, influenced by violent horror films, defining them as a kind of remediation. One point being made is that the use of violent effects, often described as a kind of spectacle, can be interpreted as a formal play upon the conventions of violent fiction.

  • 22074.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Naturen och det kusliga: Nedslag i samtida svensk skönlitteratur2012In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, ISSN 1104-0556, no 1, p. 5-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22075.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Selma Lagerlöf2013In: The Literary Encyclopedia (www.litencyc.com): Exploring Literature, History, Culture, The Literary Dictionary Company Limited , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22076.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Center for Language and Literature in Education. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Selma Lagerlöf and the Gothic-fantastic Short Story2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22077.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Selma Lagerlöf och kvinnans skräck för det gotiska rummet2007In: TvärsnittArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22078.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Splatterfilmen remedierad: John Ajvide Lindqvists Lilla stjärna2014In: Våldsamma fantasier: Studier i fiktionsvåldets funktion och attraktion / [ed] Magnus Ullén, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2014, p. 105-133Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22079. Wijkmark, Sofia
    Stefan Spjuts Stallo som ekogotisk norrlandsskildring2018In: Norrlandslitteratur: Ekokritiska Perspektiv / [ed] Peter Degerman, Anders E. Johansson & Anders Öhman, Göteborg: Makadam Förlag, 2018, p. 196-212Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22080.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    "Trollen i Selma Lagerlöfs 'Bortbytingen' och John Ajvide Lindqvists 'Gräns'"2011In: Spår och Speglingar / [ed] Maria Karlsson och Louise Vinge, Hedemora: Gidlunds förlag, 2011, p. 344-361Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22081.
    Wijkmark, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Violence and the uncanny in Selma Lagerlöf's ´Gammal fäbodsägen'2014In: Re-mapping Lagerlöf: Performance, Intermediality and European Transmissions / [ed] Helena Forsås-Scott, Lisbeth Stenberg & Bjarne Thorup Thomsen, Lund: Nordic Academic Press, 2014, p. 232-244Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22082. Wijkmark, Sofia
    Våld, konsumtion och ekologi i Lotta Lotass Min röst skall nu komma från en annan plats i rummet2015In: Tidskrift för litteraturvetenskap, ISSN 1104-0556, E-ISSN 2001-094X, Vol. 45, no 4, p. 17-27Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22083.
    Wik, Malin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Ctr Climate & Safety, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, CNDS, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Magnusson, Monika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Behov av datorbaserade metoder och verktyg för krisövning: Intervjustudie i Inre Skandinavien2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom ramen för projektet CriseIT (www.criseit.org) har en intervjustudie genomförts med norska och svenska krisberedskapsaktörer. 19 respondenter från totalt 16 aktörer intervjuades om deras syn på behovet av krisövning, vad som fungerar bra och dåligt med de övningsmetoder som vanligtvis används, och vilken nytta de kunde se med datorbaserade övningsverktyg. Svaren visar på ett stort behov av att öva mer, gärna i form av mindre och kortare övningar. Det finns en rörelse bort från scenariobaserade övningar till övningar där olika förmågor står i centrum. Flertalet aktörer anser att de planerar och genomför övningar med gott resultat men att det saknas en systematik i hur utvärderingar leds vidare i ett förbättringsarbete. Det finns intresse men också tveksamhet inför att involvera allmänheten i krisövning, men ett sätt att hantera bland annat säkerhetsaspekter vore att gå via frivilligorganisationer som kan bistå med organisering och viss utbildning.

    Respondenterna visar stort intresse för datorbaserade övningsverktyg som ett medel för att öka krismedvetenheten och kunskapen som stödjer den egna rollen. De kan också se potentiella problem, t ex att vissa personer har svårt att ta till sig ny teknik och att det kan finnas risk att resurser till andra övningsformer minskas. Bland de fördelar som nämndes var möjlighet att öva oftare, med fler aktörer, och att öva på olika platser vid olika tidpunkter. Man ser också förbättrade möjligheter att öva utdragna kriser. Den målgrupp som lyfts fram som särskild intressant fördatorbaserade övningsverktyg är krisledningsorganisationen, dvs. den strategiskan ivån. Flera nämner också behovet av bättre planeringsstöd för säkerhets-/beredskapssamordnarna.

    En slutsats vi dragit är att det är viktigt att digitala krisövningsverktyg är webbaserade och bygger på standarder. Detta för att möjliggöra att verktygen kan användas distribuerat, i samarbete mellan olika organisationer och inte kräver lokala installationer i de olika hårt styrda IT-miljöerna. Det bör också vara verktyg som fungerar på såväl smartphone som surfplatta och PC. I stort bör de system som används under verkliga kriser användas även under övning.

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    Behov av datorbaserade metoder och verktyg för krisövning
  • 22084.
    Wik, Malin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Pettersson, John Sören
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Lack of multimedia tools in intervention support for running system2019In: International Journal of Web Science, ISSN 1757-8795, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 148-173Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engrafting support staff into dialogues between users and customer support systems can compensate for system design flaws. Further, such dialogues can give grounds for system development. This article surveys the levels of interactivity of user support systems, where overt or covert support agents take an active part in the communication between a customer and a system. The main purpose is to demonstrate the prevailing lack of multimedia outputs in the tools supporting human intervention in systems with a graphical user interface (GUI). This is followed by an account of experimentation with human support engrafted in a web system that has a fuller range of GUI expression. The experiment explores the possibility of using multimedia in intervention in human-computer interaction and how such intervention can be built when it is not yet part of the augmented system.

  • 22085.
    Wiker, Anneli
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Skriftligt eller muntligt?: Lärares och elevers erfarenheter av återkoppling i ämnet samhällskunskap i gymnasieskolan2019Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines how teachers present feedback in high school social studies, how students understand said feedback, and how feedback can be a tool to help students achieve their goals.  In order to study subject specific feedback it is necessary to observe how teachers link subject material with assessment in their feedback to students.  Formative assessment, which integrates assessment into classroom workflow and allows students to participate in the assessment process, both communicates information and is a tool to strengthen student learning.  A key facet of formative assessment is constructive feedback.  This study examines constructive feedback in the context of high school social studies. 

    The results of this study indicate that both of the participating teachers intended that their feedback would develop and strengthen student learning and guide students toward successful goal completion, and that clear and understandable verbal communication is a crucial component of formative assessment. Open and two-way communication between teacher and student throughout the entire assessment process can help students see each lesson as one part of a whole subject.  This type of communication can also improve the relationship building process between teachers and students. 

    The students wanted verbal and timely feedback so that they knew which steps to take to meet their goals.  It was important to students that they received time to process and help interpreting the feedback given. 

    One theme that emerged from both teachers was that the ability to analyze, be source-critical, and use social science theories and concepts were the most important aspects of social studies.  

    The second order's knowledge thus appears to be absolutely central to the social science subject.

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    Forskningspodden med Anneli Wiker
  • 22086.
    Wiker, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    ”Det är live liksom”: Elevers perspektiv på villkor och utmaningar i Idrott och Hälsa2017Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on pupils' perspectives, the purpose of this dissertation is to contribute to increased knowledge and in-depth understanding of PE. Sport, exercise and health are important factors for young people’s wellbeing. Children and young people who exercise sleep better, have more energy, learn to cooperate and perform better at school. They also develop different abilities to address the challenges of sport, both in the field of Physical Education and Health [PE] and in their free time.

    The empirical material consists of interview data from eleven focus group interviews with 62 pupils in grade 9, from eight different secondary schools. Using focus group interviews is a method that enables exchange of and changes in knowledge. The method is also suitable for discussions aiming to interpret and understand statements. The dissertation takes a socio-cultural approach and a dialogical perspective on the theory of Social Representation [SR]. SR is characterized by sentences, values, similarities, ideas and practices shared by groups of people in societies and is used as a tool to describe and analyze the creation of common social representations.

    The results show the pupils’ communicating the fact that the grading system in PE is incomplete and unfair; they prefer a multi-rating system. The discussions also showed that the PE teacher plays an important role in the pupils’ vision of PE as a community investment. The analysis featured two key themes: an unfair grading system and a multifaceted PE teacher profession.

    As this dissertation was reaching its finality, the research field of PE shifted to a partly new and different phase. More emphasis is now put on sports, exercise and health as important lifestyle choices and as crucial activities for the wellbeing of young people. From a pupils’ perspective on the conditions and challenges in PE, there is a continuing need to study pupils’ suggestions for change and improvements, as well as the consequences of PE being a subject that is, as one pupil said, “it’s kinda live”.

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  • 22087.
    Wiker, Madeleine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Vart tar forskningen vägen?: Tankar kring den forskande lärarens uppdrag, skolämnet Idrott och hälsa2013In: KAPET, ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 113-123Article in journal (Other academic)
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    Vart tar forskningen vägen?
  • 22088.
    Wiklander, Per-Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Kommunal redovisning: En rättsvetenskaplig studie2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Swedish municipalities are obliged to continually and annually account and disclose information in certain accounting reports. The accounting obligation for municipalities is set forth in the Swedish Local Government Act. Since the year 1998 there is also a Local Government Accounting Act (LGAA) in place. In accordance with LGAA a requirement on all accounting is that it needs to be established in line with Swedish General Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP).

    At the same time as LGAA came into effect, the state and the municipal federations established a new standard-setting body. It had, and still has, the task to publish recommendations with the body’s view on how municipalities should account in accordance with Swedish GAAP. The body received the name The Council for Municipal Accounting, CMA. In this study the complex of norms that is of certain importance for Swedish municipalities when they account are analysed. Questions that are analysed are e.g. what position and function the standard-setting body CMA and the body’s recommendations have in a legal context. Another question that is analysed is how the regulation for municipalities should be understood in relation to the regulation for private sector.

    Some of the conclusions in the study are that there is a possibility to identify a Swedish GAAP for Municipalities which has its own systematic. The legal control of whether municipalities account in accordance to Swedish GAAP is weak though. When evaluating what should be seen as Swedish GAAP for municipalities, there is a presumption that the recommendations from CMA are the correct interpretations, even though the recommendations in line with the constitution can not be seen as any form of binding law. In light of this, the strength of the presumption is somewhat unclear, but should not be seen as strong as the equivalent presumption that recommendations from standard-setting bodies in private sector are the correct interpretation of Swedish GAAP.

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  • 22089.
    Wiklander, Per-Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Kommunernas ansvar för budget- och skuldrådgivning: innebär flytten av bestämmelsen från skuldsaneringslagen till socialtjänstlagen någon materiell förändring?2017In: Insolvensrättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2002-3014, E-ISSN 2002-6315, no 4, p. 86-98-Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Den 21–22 september 2017 hölls en konferens med temat överskuldsättning vid Karlstads universitet. Flera intressanta perspektiv presenterades, både av akademiskt och mer praktiskt inriktat slag. I denna artikel kommer en av de frågor som diskuterades särskilt under konferensen behandlas, nämligen den kommunala budget- och skuldrådgivningen.

    En bestämmelse om kommunal budget- och skuldrådgivning återfinns i socialtjänstlagen. Bestämmelsen, i sin nuvarande form, trädde i kraft 1 november 2016 och behandlades i samma lagstiftningsärende som de nya skuldsaneringslagarna. Regleringen kommenteras och sätts in i sitt historiska sammanhang beaktat att regleringen tidigare återfanns i skuldsaneringslagen. Utöver kommunernas ansvar diskuteras bl.a. Konsumentverkets roll samt tillsynsansvaret enligt nu gällande reglering.

  • 22090.
    Wiklander, Per-Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Kronofogdemyndighetens databaser - några ord om registerförfattningarna och den nya dataskyddsförordningen2018In: Insolvensrättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2002-3014, E-ISSN 2002-6315, no 4, p. 50-66Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22091.
    Wiklander, Per-Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Regleringen av kommunal redovisning: en kommunalrättslig fråga med en redovisningsrättslig systematik2016In: Insolvensrättslig tidskrift, ISSN 2002-3014, no 2, p. 8-20Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22092.
    Wiklander, Per-Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Skattesekretess hos Bokföringsnämnden2018In: Skattenytt, ISSN 0346-1254, no 9, p. 601-609Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22093.
    Wiklander, Per-Ola
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Värdering av kommunala tillgångar2019In: Värdering av tillgångar vid insolvens / [ed] Marie Karlsson-Tuula, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 1, p. 91-109Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22094. Wiklund Gustin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Lindwall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnadsteorier i klinisk praxis2012Book (Other academic)
  • 22095. Wiklund, H.
    et al.
    Klefsjö, B.
    Wiklund, P.S.
    Edvardsson, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Innovation and TQM in Swedish higher education development: possibilities and pitfalls2003In: The TQM Magazine, ISSN 1754-2731, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 99-107Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22096. Wiklund, Jan
    et al.
    Torbjörnsson, Tomas
    Stockholms universitet, Centrum för de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik (CeSam).
    Geografi. 4-6, Grundbok2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22097. Wiklund, Jan
    et al.
    Torbjörnsson, Tomas
    Stockholms universitet, Centrum för de samhällsvetenskapliga ämnenas didaktik (CeSam).
    Geografi 4-6, Lärarbok2015Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 22098.
    Wiklund, Kristian
    et al.
    Ericsson AB, SE-16480 Kista, Sweden.;Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Sundmark, Daniel
    Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Eldh, Sigrid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013). Ericsson AB, SE-16480 Kista, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Lundqvist, Kristina
    Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Impediments for Automated Testing - An Empirical Analysis of a User Support Discussion Board2014In: 2014 IEEE Seventh International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation, IEEE, 2014, p. 113-122Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To better understand the challenges encountered by users and developers of automatic software testing, we have performed an empirical investigation of a discussion board used for support of a test automation framework having several hundred users. The messages on the discussion board were stratified into problem reports, help requests, development information, and feature requests. The messages in the problem report and help request strata were then sampled and analyzed using thematic analysis, searching for common patterns. Our analysis indicate that a large part of the impediments discussed on the board are related to issues related to the centralized IT environment, and to erroneous behavior connected to the use of the framework and related components. We also observed a large amount of impediments related to the use of software development tools. Turning to the help requests, we found that the majority of the help requests were about designing test scripts and not about the areas that appear to be most problematic. From our results and previous publications, we see a clear need to simplify the use, installation, and configuration of test systems of this type. The problems attributable to software development tools suggest that testers implementing test automation need more skills in handling those tools, than historically has been assumed. Finally, we propose that further research into the benefits of centralization of tools and IT environments, as well as structured deployment and efficient use of test automation, is performed.

  • 22099. Wiklund, S.
    et al.
    Magnusson, Kjell
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Department of Physics and Electrical Engineering. Karlstad University, Faculty of Technology and Science, Materials Science.
    Flodström, S.A.
    Surface core level shifts on CdS(1010)1990In: Surf. Sci. 238, 187 (1990)Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22100.
    Wikman, Sofia
    KTH Stockholm.
    Varför ökar det arbetsrelaterade våldet?2016In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 49-66Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kriminologer brukar samstämmigt hävda att våldet över tid har minskat. För några arenor gäller inte detta mönster. Arbetslivet är till exempel ett undantag där våldet syns öka sedan 1990-talet. Varför då? Syftet med den här artikeln är att beskriva omfattning och utveckling av våld i arbetslivet, hur våld i arbetslivet uppmärksammats samt vilka åtgärder som föreslås för att komma till rätta med problemet.

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