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  • 21851. Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Engfeldt, Peter
    Hägglund, Doris
    Odenkrants, Sigrid
    Hasselgren, Mikael
    Arne, Mats
    Theander, Kersti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nurse-led multidisciplinary programme for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in Primary Health Care2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To investigate the effects of a nurse-led multidisciplinary programme (NMP) of pulmonary rehabilitation in primary health care with regard to functional capacity, quality of life (QoL), and exacerbations among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHOD: A 1-year longitudinal study with a quasi-experimental design was undertaken in patients with COPD, 49 in the intervention group and 54 in the control group. Functional capacity was assessed using the 6-minute walking test, and quality of life (QoL) was assessed using the Clinical COPD Questionnaire. Exacerbations were calculated by examination of patient records. RESULTS: No significant differences were found between the groups in functional capacity and QoL after 1 year. The exacerbations decreased in the intervention group (n = –0.2) and increased in the control group (n = 0.3) during the year after NMP. The mean difference of change in exacerbation frequency between the groups was statistically significant after one year (p=0.009). CONCLUSIONS: The NMP in primary care produced a significant reduction in exacerbation frequency, but functional capacity and QoL were unchanged. More and larger studies are needed to evaluate potential benefits in functional capacity and QoL.

  • 21852.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Univ Orebro, Fac Hlth & Med, Univ Healthcare Res Ctr, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden.;Univ Orebro, Ctr Assessment Med Technol, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden..
    Hiyoshi, Ayako
    Univ Orebro, Fac Hlth & Med, Clin Epidemiol & Biostat, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden..
    Theander, Kersti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences. Cty Council Varmland, Primary Care Res Unit, Karlstad, Sweden..
    A three-year follow-up of a nurse-led multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme in primary health care: a quasi-experimental study2016In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, no 7-8, p. 962-971Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectivesTo investigate the effects of a nurse-led multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme conducted in primary health care on functional capacity, quality of life and exacerbation frequency over threeyears among patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. BackgroundAlthough Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease is a chronic respiratory disease, it has been established that pulmonary rehabilitation has positive effects on patients' everyday functioning. However, the duration of these functional improvements, especially when the rehabilitation programmes are provided in primary health care settings, remains to be established. DesignA quasi-experimental design. MethodPrimary health care patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (GOLD stages II and III) were included; 49 in the intervention group and 54 in the control group. The intervention comprised a six-week pulmonary rehabilitation programme. Functional capacity was assessed using a six-minute walking test and quality of life by the Clinical COPD Questionnaire at baseline, after oneyear and threeyears. Exacerbation frequency was calculated from oneyear before to threeyears after the programme. ResultsNo significant differences between the groups were observed in the six-minute walking-test or the Clinical COPD Questionnaire after oneyear and threeyears. On average, there were significant improvements in the six-minute walking-test and the Clinical COPD Questionnaire from baseline to the one-year follow-up. Exacerbation frequency tended to decrease in the intervention group and increase in the control group (interaction test was p=0091) but increased again in both groups after threeyears. ConclusionThere was no evidence of the benefit of the nurse-led multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme, although the exacerbation frequency tended to decrease in the intervention group after oneyear. There is a need for support and coaching at regular follow-ups in primary health care. Relevance to clinical practiceThere is a need to support and coach patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in primary health care by means of regular follow-ups.

  • 21853.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Örebro University.
    Theander, Kersti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro University.
    How life turned out one year after attending a multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation programme in primary health care.2014In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 302-311Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To describe experiences among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) of the lasting usefulness one year after participating in a multidisciplinary pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) programme in a primary health care (PHC) setting.

    BACKGROUND: COPD affects patients' functioning in daily life. In a previous study, the patients participated in a programme for PR and were found to increase their functional capacity, quality of life and decrease exacerbations. The present study aims to provide a deeper understanding of the experience of participating in the programme.

    DESIGN: The study has a descriptive, qualitative design and is part of a longitudinal study on a multidisciplinary programme for PR of patients with COPD.

    METHOD: Semi-structured interviews with 20 participants were performed and data analysed by qualitative content analysis.

    FINDINGS: The findings are presented in one theme that illustrates the participants' experience of their current situation; I live life at my own pace, and three sub-themes illustrating this experience related to the participation in the programme; Awareness of limitations in my life; Regained control over my life; and No change in my life.

    CONCLUSION: Irrespective of whether the patients had already found their own strategies for managing the disease or whether the programme changed their lives, they lived their lives at their own pace. However, their lives were shadowed by worry.

    RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: A multidisciplinary programme for PR in PHC could be an alternative for patients suffering from COPD, in order to facilitate for them in their daily life. It is suggested that the inclusion of patients in such groups should be based on each individual's need based on symptoms or functional capacity in everyday life, not based on spirometry values.

  • 21854.
    Zakrisson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Theander, Kersti
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Anderzén-Carlsson, Agneta
    Örebro universitet.
    The experience of a multidisciplinary programme of pulmonary rehabilitation in primary health care from the next of kin's perspective: a qualitative study.2013In: Primary Care Respiratory Journal, ISSN 1471-4418, E-ISSN 1475-1534, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 459-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation increases functional capacity and quality of life and decrease exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but there is little knowledge of how it influences their next of kin.

    AIMS: To describe the experience of a multidisciplinary programme of pulmonary rehabilitation in primary health care from the perspective of the next of kin.

    METHODS: A descriptive qualitative study was undertaken as part of a longitudinal study comprising a multidisciplinary programme for patients with COPD where the next of kin were invited to one session. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 next of kin and analysed by qualitative content analysis.

    RESULTS: One main theme emerged - Life still remains overshadowed by illness. There were three sub-themes: a sense of deepened understanding; a sense of personal vulerability; and a sense of relief of burden.

    CONCLUSIONS: The next of kin's life was still overshadowed by illness, despite the multidisciplinary programme. Although experiencing positive outcomes two years after the programme, the next of kin expressed a need for more support. This study has shown that next of kin could benefit from their own participation and/or that of the patient in a multidisciplinary programme of pulmonary rehabilitation. We believe that next of kin should be offered primary health care support for the sake of their own health, but also in order to manage their informal caregiver role. The experiences described here could form a basis for further development of interventions for next of kin of patients with COPD.

  • 21855.
    Zanazanian, Paul
    et al.
    McGill University, Montreal.
    Nordgren, Kenneth
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstads universitet.
    Introduction2019In: Journal of Curriculum Studies, ISSN 0022-0272, E-ISSN 1366-5839, Vol. 51, no 6, p. 771-778Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This special issue contributes to a growing international dialogue on historical consciousness and its manifold implications for research and pedagogy in the area of history education. It questions general mind-sets that exert influence in the field and seeks to expand the boundaries of what scholars are currently doing. Holding the promise to build on historical consciousness’ general appeal, the aim is to find ways to tap into its full potential and to capture its workings as a social phenomenon that is basic to everyday human needs. Most scholars would agree that people’s understandings of the past, or rather of history’s workings, strongly impact individuals’ ability to navigate the world and to orient themselves temporally. Yet when it comes to being more precise in defining and operationalising historical consciousness, its elusive nature becomes apparent, making the whole process all the more challenging. Sometimes, a reliance on standard interpretations for conceptualizing historical consciousness contributes to such difficulties. Other times, it is a conflation of historical consciousness’ relevance and workings with other important concepts, such as historical thinking, without recognizing and questioning differences and tensions between them, that does so. Add to this the complexity of translating all that emerges into something pedagogically workable and of relevance to learners’ overall interests, then you have an entanglement that is hard to redress and that risks taking historical consciousness’ workings for granted

  • 21856.
    Zappine, M
    et al.
    Politecnico di Torino, Italy.
    Fiore, S
    Politecnico di Torino, Italy.
    Govindarajan, Venkatesh
    Brattebö, L
    V.
    Meucci, L
    Research Center, Torino, Italy.
    Life-cycle energy and greenhouse gas emissions within the Turin Metropolitan Urban Water Cycle2014In: Procedia Engineering, ISSN 1877-7058, E-ISSN 1877-7058, Vol. 89, no 1, p. 1382-1389Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21857.
    Zdanowicz, Magdalena
    et al.
    West Pomeranian University Technolgy, Polen.
    Johansson, Caisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences (from 2013).
    Impact of additives on mechanical and barrier properties of starch-based films plasticized with deep eutectic solvents2017In: Starke (Weinheim), ISSN 0038-9056, E-ISSN 1521-379X, Vol. 69, no 11-12, article id UNSP 1700030Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work was to prepare starch-based films plasticized with two and three-component deep eutectic solvents (DES) in the presence of different additives:aluminosilicates (sodium and calcium montmorillonite), microcrystalline cellulose, and tannin; and to investigate their influence on mechanical and barrier properties of the films. Mutual interactions between polysaccharide matrix, plasticizer, and additive were investigated by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Two types of starches were used:native potato starch (TPS) and hydroxypropylated, oxidized potato starch (HOPS). The two-component DES CC:G consisted of choline chloride (CC) and glycerol (G), whereas the three-component DES with crosslinking activity CCit:U:G, included choline citrate (CCit), urea (U), and glycerol. For the TPS/CCit:U:G films an improvement of the mechanical and barrier properties was obtained after introduction of additives, whereas for TPS/CC:G only a slight decrease in water vapor transmission rate was observed, without any significant improvement in mechanical properties. Moreover, the mechanical test results, FTIR spectra, and the oxygen transmission rate values revealed that the clays interacted with plasticizer components, thereby hindering crosslinking reactions between plasticizer and starch.

  • 21858.
    Zdanowicz, Magdalena
    et al.
    West Pomeranian Univ Technol, Inst Polymer, Ul Pulaskiego 10, PL-70322 Szczecin, Poland.
    Johansson, Caisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Engineering and Chemical Sciences.
    Mechanical and barrier properties of starch-based films plasticized with two- or three component deep eutectic solvents2016In: Carbohydrate Polymers, ISSN 0144-8617, E-ISSN 1879-1344, Vol. 151, p. 103-112Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21859.
    Zeljkovic, Ensar
    et al.
    Univ Antwerp, Belgium.
    Marquez-Barja, Johann M.
    Univ Antwerp, Belgium.
    Kassler, Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Riggio, Roberto
    FBK CREATE, NET, Italy.
    Latre, Steven
    Univ Antwerp, Belgium.
    Proactive Access Point Driven Handovers in IEEE 802.11 Networks2018In: 14th International Conference on Network and Service Management, CNSM 2018 / [ed] S. Salsano, R. Riggio, T. Ahmed, T. Samak, CRP. DosSantos, IEEE, 2018, p. 261-267Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In large and densely deployed IEEE 802.11 networks, a fast and seamless handover scheme is an important aspect in order to provide reliable connectivity for mobile users. However, IEEE 802.11 only supports decentralized, reactive and mobile node-driven handovers resulting in long handover times, packet loss due to interrupted connectivity and sub-optimal access point selection. Recently, centralized approaches have been developed that try to solve many of the challenges but these are mostly proprietary, reactive and require changes to mobile node stacks. In this paper, we propose a novel handover solution based on the principle of Software Defined Networking, that addresses the aforementioned challenges. Using virtualization and softwarization, we shift the traditional mobile node-driven handovers to the access point, while maintaining compliance with legacy devices. Moreover, we develop a proactive handover algorithm ADNA, which combines network state, traffic load and node mobility information. We evaluate our approach extensively in a testbed, showing that it outperforms existing approaches by improving the overall throughput by 116% while reducing the number of handovers by 44% on average.

  • 21860.
    Zemskov, E. P.
    et al.
    Brandeis Univ, Dept Chem, Waltham, MA 02454 USA; Russian Acad Sci, Ctr Comp, Moscow 119333, Russia.
    Epstein, I. R.
    Brandeis Univ, Dept Chem, Waltham, MA 02454 USA; Russian Acad Sci, Ctr Comp, Moscow 119333, Russia.
    Muntean, Adrian
    Technische Universiteit Eindhoven.
    Oscillatory pulses in FitzHugh-Nagumo type systems with cross-diffusion2011In: Mathematical Medicine and Biology, ISSN 1477-8599, E-ISSN 1477-8602, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 217-226Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21861.
    Zennaro, Marco
    et al.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Ntareme, Hervé
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Bagula, Antoine
    University of Cape Town.
    On the design of a flexible gateway for Wireless Sensor Networks2008In: Proceedings of The 1st Workshop on Broadband Access for Communities and Rural Developing Regions (WIRELESS'08, co-located with M4D 2008), Karlstad: Karlstad University , 2008, p. 180-187Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21862.
    Zetterberg, Åge
    et al.
    Arvika kommun.
    Meyer, Ulf
    Arvika kommun.
    Wallin, Tommy
    Arvika kommun.
    Mossberg, Johan
    Arvika kommun.
    Eriksson, Bengt G
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    "Allt är fixat, härligt med egna pengar": Utvärdering av Aktivitetsprogrammet i Arvika kommun2012Report (Other academic)
  • 21863.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    An Alternative Madonna2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21864.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Att skapa ett vi: Gatukonst i Kalifornien2006In: Dom - och vi, Humanistdagboken, nr 19, Göteborg: Göteborgs universitet , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21865.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Border Imagery: Reflections on Redefinitions of Idenity and Place2010In: Paper presented at the conference Global Americas - SAAS Sixth Biennal Conference 2010, September 17-18, 2010, Mid Sweden University, Härnösand., 2010, p. 1-9Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21866.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Charlotte Bydler, The Global Art World Inc: On the Globalization of Contemporary Art, Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, Figura Nova Series 32, Uppsala 2004, 346 s2006In: Konsthistorisk tidskrift / Journal of Art History, ISSN 00233609, Vol. 75, no 2Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 21867.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Crossing Visual Borders of Representation: Images of 'Nordicness' in a Global Context2011In: Globalizing Art: Negotiating Place, Identity and Nation in Contemporary Nordic Art / [ed] Bodil Marie Stavning Thomsen & Kristin Ørjasæter, Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21868.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    En väv av bilder: Graciela Iturbides fotografi2009In: Fotografi i fokus - Fotobiennalen i Skåne / [ed] Kajsa Lindskog, Kristina Jensner Edon, Johan Sterner, Stockholm: Fotografi i fokus , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21869.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Formation of identity processes on the walls of California2006In: Paper presented at the conference III congreso Nol@an & VI Taller de la Red Haina (sobre Globalización y genero en América Latina), June 8-11, 2006, Gothenburg University., Göteborg, 2006, p. 1-9Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21870.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Fredsminnen och monument i Karlstad2009In: Miljömagasinet - Alternativet i svensk pressArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21871.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Frida Kahlo as subject for a doctoral thesis1996In: Paper presented at the conference Reunión de investigadoras/es sobre la problemática de género y de la mujer en América Latina, May 13, 1996, HAINA/Nätverk för nordiska forskare som arbetar med kvinnofrågor i Latinamerika, Iberoamerican Institute, Göteborg University., Göteborg, 1996, p. 1-3Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21872.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Frida Kahlo och Diego Rivera: En ambivalent konstnärsrelation med starka band2011In: Frida Kahlo & Diego Rivera: Verk ur Jacques and Natasha Belman Collection of Mexican Art / [ed] Per Dahlström, Göteborg: Göteborgs konstmuseum , 2011, p. 22-36Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21873.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Frida Kahlo. Tate Modern, London 9 June-9 October 2005: Catalogue: Frida Kahlo, eds. Emma Dexter and Tanya Barson, Tate Publishing, London 20052006In: Konsthistorisk tidskrift / Journal of Art History, vol. 75, nr. 3, ISSN 00233609Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 21874.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Frida Kahlo's Abortions: With Reflections from a Gender Perspective on Sexual Education in Mexico2006In: Konsthistorisk tidskrift / Journal of Art History, ISSN 0023-3609, Vol. 75, no 4, p. 230-243Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21875.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Frida Kahlos bildspråk - ansikte, kropp & landskap: Representation av nationell identitet2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) and her works, with emphasis on her painted self-portraits. The objective is to place Frida Kahlo’s pictorial production in relation to a place and time specific context and test the theory of Frida Kahlo’s self-portraits as a project connected to a general striving towards a new formulation of national identity. The majority of Frida Kahlo’s pictorial production coincides with a historically delimited era in which there was a break from earlier role models and ideals, politically, culturally and ideologically. This phase was an artistically dynamic period with a redefining view of art and the history of the nation, a visualisation of the mythology and symbolism of the Indian cultures of origin, and an emphasis on the Indian ethnicity of the nation. Two chapters describe the ideological context in which Frida Kahlo’s works were created. The visual markers around which the post-revolutionary national discourse came to revolve are identified and certain concepts related to race are examined. The subsequent chapters are devoted to Frida Kahlo’s pictures. One chapter examines how her pictorial production in the 1920’s emerged in a dialogue with contemporary art theory. One chapter deals with body thematics based on the naked female body, and elements of sex education are put in relation to an ongoing debate on sex education in Mexican schools. Thereafter new features are explored that are introduced in her self-portraits during the late 1930’s and that came to be consistent features in her continued production of self-portraits. In the concluding section of the thesis, the self-portraits are discussed from a more general perspective. Some of the myths upon which earlier biographical interpretations were based are questioned. Instead, the thematics of suffering found in the self-portraits are related to the reconstruction of the nation’s ethnic identity and problematic issues based on the 16th century Spanish Conquest of the indigenous Indian population. In her complex imagery, Frida Kahlo refers to a broad spectrum of disparate pictorial traditions, stylistic epochs, categories of motifs and symbolic imagery, and to historical, religious and mythical female personages such as Malintzín, la Chingada, Sor Juana, and the Virgin of Guadalupe. These references from different epochs represent the two fundamental components of Mexico’s cultural heritage – the Spanish and the Indian – and these are merged in Frida Kahlo self-portraits so that they thereby communicate a construction of identity based on a national heritage. The time perspective of the discussion reaches backwards to before the Spanish Conquest in the 16th century and forwards to the contemporary Chicana/Chicano movement north of the border to the United States.

  • 21876.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Frida Kahlos bildspråk - ansikte, kropp & landskap: Representation av nationell identitet (andra utgåvan)2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) and her works, with emphasis on her painted self-portraits. The objective is to place Frida Kahlo’s pictorial production in relation to a place and time specific context and test the theory of Frida Kahlo’s self-portraits as a project connected to a general striving towards a new formulation of national identity. The majority of Frida Kahlo’s pictorial production coincides with a historically delimited era in which there was a break from earlier role models and ideals, politically, culturally and ideologically. This phase was an artistically dynamic period with a redefining view of art and the history of the nation, a visualisation of the mythology and symbolism of the Indian cultures of origin, and an emphasis on the Indian ethnicity of the nation. Two chapters describe the ideological context in which Frida Kahlo’s works were created. The visual markers around which the post-revolutionary national discourse came to revolve are identified and certain concepts related to race are examined. The subsequent chapters are devoted to Frida Kahlo’s pictures. One chapter examines how her pictorial production in the 1920’s emerged in a dialogue with contemporary art theory. One chapter deals with body thematics based on the naked female body, and elements of sex education are put in relation to an ongoing debate on sex education in Mexican schools. Thereafter new features are explored that are introduced in her self-portraits during the late 1930’s and that came to be consistent features in her continued production of self-portraits. In the concluding section of the thesis, the self-portraits are discussed from a more general perspective. Some of the myths upon which earlier biographical interpretations were based are questioned. Instead, the thematics of suffering found in the self-portraits are related to the reconstruction of the nation’s ethnic identity and problematic issues based on the 16th century Spanish Conquest of the indigenous Indian population. In her complex imagery, Frida Kahlo refers to a broad spectrum of disparate pictorial traditions, stylistic epochs, categories of motifs and symbolic imagery, and to historical, religious and mythical female personages such as Malintzín, la Chingada, Sor Juana, and the Virgin of Guadalupe. These references from different epochs represent the two fundamental components of Mexico’s cultural heritage – the Spanish and the Indian – and these are merged in Frida Kahlo self-portraits so that they thereby communicate a construction of identity based on a national heritage. The time perspective of the discussion reaches backwards to before the Spanish Conquest in the 16th century and forwards to the contemporary Chicana/Chicano movement north of the border to the United States.

  • 21877.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Frida Kahlos bildspråk - ansikte, kropp och landskap: Representation av nationell identitet (tredje utgåvan)2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is about the Mexican artist Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) and her works, with emphasis on her painted self-portraits. The objective is to place Frida Kahlo’s pictorial production in relation to a place and time specific context and test the theory of Frida Kahlo’s self-portraits as a project connected to a general striving towards a new formulation of national identity. The majority of Frida Kahlo’s pictorial production coincides with a historically delimited era in which there was a break from earlier role models and ideals, politically, culturally and ideologically. This phase was an artistically dynamic period with a redefining view of art and the history of the nation, a visualisation of the mythology and symbolism of the Indian cultures of origin, and an emphasis on the Indian ethnicity of the nation. Two chapters describe the ideological context in which Frida Kahlo’s works were created. The visual markers around which the post-revolutionary national discourse came to revolve are identified and certain concepts related to race are examined. The subsequent chapters are devoted to Frida Kahlo’s pictures. One chapter examines how her pictorial production in the 1920’s emerged in a dialogue with contemporary art theory. One chapter deals with body thematics based on the naked female body, and elements of sex education are put in relation to an ongoing debate on sex education in Mexican schools. Thereafter new features are explored that are introduced in her self-portraits during the late 1930’s and that came to be consistent features in her continued production of self-portraits. In the concluding section of the thesis, the self-portraits are discussed from a more general perspective. Some of the myths upon which earlier biographical interpretations were based are questioned. Instead, the thematics of suffering found in the self-portraits are related to the reconstruction of the nation’s ethnic identity and problematic issues based on the 16th century Spanish Conquest of the indigenous Indian population. In her complex imagery, Frida Kahlo refers to a broad spectrum of disparate pictorial traditions, stylistic epochs, categories of motifs and symbolic imagery, and to historical, religious and mythical female personages such as Malintzín, la Chingada, Sor Juana, and the Virgin of Guadalupe. These references from different epochs represent the two fundamental components of Mexico’s cultural heritage – the Spanish and the Indian – and these are merged in Frida Kahlo self-portraits so that they thereby communicate a construction of identity based on a national heritage. The time perspective of the discussion reaches backwards to before the Spanish Conquest in the 16th century and forwards to the contemporary Chicana/Chicano movement north of the border to the United States.

  • 21878. Zetterman, Eva
    Frida Kahlo's Painting: Marginality and Transgression1998In: América Latina: ¿Y las Mujeres Qué? / [ed] Maria Clara Medina, Göteborg: Red. Haina/Instituto Iberoamericano , 1998, p. 69-83Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21879.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Frida Kahlo's painting: Marginality and transgression in Las dos Fridas (1939)1997In: Paper presented at the conference Investigación Nórdica sobre la Mujer en Latinoamérica, May 17-16, 1997, HAINA/Nätverk för nordiska forskare som arbetar med kvinnofrågor i Latinamerika, the Iberoamerican Institute, Göteborg University., Göteborg, 1997, p. 1-4Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21880.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Från passiv jungfru till feministisk Chicana: Yolanda López' Guadalupebilder2008In: Moderniteter: Text, bild, kön / [ed] Åsa Arping, Anna Nordenstam & Kajsa Widegren, Stockholm/Göteborg: Makadam , 2008, p. 233-251Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21881.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Från redaktionen: Genus & Gud2003In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 24, no 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21882.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Från redaktionen: Visualitet & Representation2004In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 25, no 4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21883.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Från teori till konstnärlig gestaltning2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21884.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Från teori till konstnärlig praktik: Några exempel på pedagogiska utmaningar2011In: Genuspedagogiska gärningar: Subversiv och affirmativ aktion / [ed] Maria Carlgren m.fl., Göteborg: Kultur i Väst , 2011, p. 55-70Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21885.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Hur ser en nordisk identitet ut?: Några exempel på överskridanden av normbundna föreställningar2008In: Paper presenterat på konfferensen Genusrelationer och förändringsprocesser: Nordisk feminism och genusforskning 2008, 6-8 oktober 2008, Karlstads universitet., Karlstad, 2008, p. 1-10Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hur ser en nordisk identitet ut? Några exempel på överskridanden av normbundna föreställningarSession: Främjande av och motstånd mot normerings- och normaliseringsprocesserKonstbilden är av tradition ett manligt kodat medium, länkat till en historisk konstruerad konstnärsmyt om det skapande manliga geniet och en hierarkisk uppdelning i tekniker och motivkategorier. Samtidigt är konstbilder kraftfulla verktyg i förmedlingen av könsbundna normer, konstruktionen av identiteter och föreställningar kring sexualitet och etnicitet. Visuella markörer för t.ex. hudfärg, etnicitet, plats och historiskt arv fungerar som led i normaliseringsprocesser av nordisk identitet. I denna studie undersöks hur samtida konstnärer bearbetat ett historiskt visuellt arv med ett överskridande av normbundna föreställningar om kön, sexualitet, plats, nordisk identitet och av konstbilden som ett på förhand könskodat medium.

  • 21886.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Interventions in public spaces in Los Angeles: Performative actions by Asco2012In: Paper presented at NORDIK 2012 Conference, October 24-27, 2012, Stockholm University, Södertörn University, Moderna museet and Nationalmuseum, Stockholm, 2012, p. 1-7Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21887.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Karlstads universitet2011In: Framtid och identitet: Konstvetenskaplig ämneskonferens 2010 / [ed] Bengt Lärkner och Gary Svensson, Linköping: Linköpings universitet , 2011, p. 39-44Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21888.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Konstmuseum som arkiv utifrån ett genusperspektiv: Att göra arkiv - arkivens kulturpolitik2011In: Paper presenterat på den 5:e Nordiska konferensen för kulturpolitisk forskning, 23-25 augusti 2011, Linköpings universitet, Tema Q, campus Norrköping., Norrköping: Linköpings universitet, Tema Q , 2011, p. 1-14Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21889.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Legacies of performative actions in Los Angeles: West goes East2012In: Paper presented at the conference The 1960s in America: Legacies, May 11-12, 2012, the American Studies Center, University of Warsaw, Warsaw, 2012, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21890.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Maktstrukturer: Om maktstrukturer och härskartekniker, om motstrategier och lite olika tankemodeller2005In: artFOG (utställningskatalog), Museum Anna Nordlander, Skellefteå, 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21891.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Marginalitet och överträdelse: Frida Kahlo1996In: Paper presenterat på konferensen Frö och Frukter: Nordisk kvinno- och könsforskning idag, 21-23 november 1996, Nordisk förening för kvinno- och könsforskning och NIKK/Nordic Institute for Women’s Studies and Gender Research, Oslo universitet. , Oslo, 1996, p. 1-4Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21892.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Mellan nordisk profil och platsbunden identitet: Göteborgs konstmuseum2011In: Representation och regionalitet - Genusstrukturer i fyra svenska konstmuseisamlingar: Kulturpolitisk forskning #3 / [ed] Anna Tellgren & Jeff Werner, Stockholm: Statens kulturråd , 2011Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21893.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Mural Painting in Mexico and the USA2010In: Skissernas Museum and Mexico (Museum Catalogue English version) / [ed] Malin Enarsson & Elisabet Haglund, Lund: Skissernas Museum , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21894.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Muralmåleri i Mexiko och USA2010In: Skissernas museum och Mexiko (museikatalog version på svenska) / [ed] Malin Enarsson & Elisabet Haglund, Lund: Skissernas museum , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21895.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Myten om Frida Kahlo: En kritisk granskning1994In: Paper presenterat på konferensen Kvinnans liv och arbete, glädje och frihet (sektion Kvinnan, konsten och konsthistorien), 1–6 augusti 1994, Nordiskt nätverk för konsthistorisk forskning med könsperspektiv, Konsthistoriska institutionen, Åbo universitet., 1994, p. 1-3Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21896. Zetterman, Eva
    New Deal-projekten för konstnärer under 1930-talet: Försvunna bilder och en bortglömd epok2001In: Valör, ISSN 0283-751X, Vol. 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21897.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Representations of Identities from a Mexico/US Perspective2005In: Paper presented at the conference Negotiating Gender Justice, February 19-March 2, 2005, Center for Global Gender Studies, Gothenburg University., Göteborg, 2005, p. 1-8Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21898.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Signs of Identity Processes: Street Art in California2007In: Género y globalización en América Latina / Gender and Globalization in Latin America / [ed] María Clara Medina, Edmé Domínguez, Rosalba Icaza Garza, Göteborg: Red Haina/Instituto Iberoamericano, Gothenburg University , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21899.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    The Los Angeles art scene & the Feminist Movement in the 1970s: Inclusions/Exclusions2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21900.
    Zetterman, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    The PST project, Willie Herrón's Street Mural Asco East of No West (2011) and the Mural Remix Tour: Power Relations on the Los Angeles Art Scene2014In: Culture Unbound. Journal of Current Cultural Research, ISSN 2000-1525, E-ISSN 2000-1525, ISSN 2000-1525, Vol. 6, no 37, p. 671-695Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article departs from the huge art-curating project Pacific Standard Time: Art in L.A., 1945­–1980, a Getty funded initiative running in Southern California from October 2011 to April 2012 with a collaboration of more than sixty cultural institutions coming together to celebrate the birth of the L.A. art scene. One of the Pacific Standard Time (PST) exhibitions was Asco: Elite of the Obscure, A Retrospective, 1972–1987, running from September to December 2011 at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art (LACMA). This was the first retrospective of a conceptual performance group of Chicanos from East Los Angeles, who from the early 1970s to the mid 1980s acted out critical interventions in the politically contested urban space of Los Angles. In conjunction with the Asco retrospective at LACMA, the Getty Foundation co-sponsored a new street mural by the Chicano artist Willie Herrón, paying homage to his years in the performance group Asco. The PST exhibition program also included so-called Mural Remix Tours, taking fine art audiences from LACMA to Herrón’s place-specific new mural in City Terrace in East Los Angeles. This article analyze the inclusion in the PST project of Herrón’s site-specific mural in City Terrace and the Mural Remix Tours to East Los Angeles with regard to the power relations of fine art and critical subculture, center and periphery, the mainstream and the marginal. As a physical monument dependent on a heavy sense of the past, Herrón’s new mural, titled Asco: East of No West, transforms the physical and social environment of City Terrace, changing its public space into an official place of memory. At the same time, as an art historical monument officially added to the civic map of Los Angeles, the mural becomes a permanent reminder of the segregation patterns that still exist.

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