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  • 1751.
    Winlund, Anna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindholm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Olvegård, Lotta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Elever läser: Del 3 i modulen: Tolka och skriva text2017Other (Other academic)
  • 1752.
    Winlund, Anna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lyngfelt, Anna
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wengelin, Åsa
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindholm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Elever läser. Del 6 i modulen: Att tolka och skriva text i skolans alla ämnen2015Other (Other academic)
  • 1753.
    Winlund, Anna
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Olvegård, Lotta
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lindholm, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    Läskompetens i styrdokument och undervisning: Del 2 i modulen: Att tolka och skriva text i skolans alla ämnen2015Other (Other academic)
  • 1754.
    Wixe, Annie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    -”Va´ saru, saru?”: En kvalitativ undersökning om lärares attityder till talspråket2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of my thesis is to map out the attitudes and opinions of professional and future teachers in relation to the spoken language. The study has been conducted through an initial survey that was followed up by four in-depth interviews, two with professional teachers and two with prospective teachers. The study is of a qualitative nature and supports the sociocultural perspective. In the syllabus for the Swedish language, the Swedish National Agency for Education determines which position the spoken language should have in the classroom. According to the syllabus, the purpose of the language is to develop people's identity, give people the opportunity to express their feelings and thoughts while at the same time being receptive to other people's feelings and thoughts. Furthermore, The Swedish National Agency for Education believes that it is important to have a rich and varied language to be able to be a part of the society. In my research, it has been found that this view is shared by many teachers regardless of category. However, there are differences in how teachers work with the spoken language in the classroom and what is considered accepted within the spoken language. The result also indicates that the oral language spoken at school is affected by the type of oral language the pupils are used to at home.

    Keywords: Vygotskij, spoken language, language attitudes, profanities, linguistic awareness

  • 1755.
    Wong, Yiu Tong
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    An Escap-ee from French to English who will never return: A semantic and syntactic study of the -ee suffix in English2017Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the semantic and syntactic properties of the -­ee suffix in English. The -­ee suffix was borrowed from the French ‑­é suffix during the late Middle Ages, when French started to exert its linguistic influence on English. Previous research suggests that the -­ee suffix in English exhibits the semantic properties of sentience, episodicity and passivity. Syntactically, the function of the ­-ee suffix in English may suggest ergativity. Furthermore, it has been suggested that contextual anchoring is involved in the use of the -­ee suffix. I explored these characteristics of the ­-ee suffix by testing non‑­standardised ­-ee suffixed nouns with the mentioned semantic and syntactic properties. The process of differentiating non‑­standardised from standardised -­ee suffixed nouns was done with the help of a well­-established dictionary and the Internet. The results showed that sentience and episodicity applied to most -­ee suffixed nouns. In addition, passivity was an important feature in the -­ee nominalisation of transitive stem verbs. When the meaning of ­-ee suffixed nouns was complex, contextual anchoring served to facilitate the understanding of the meaning of the noun. Syntactically, the relationship between the ‑ee suffix and ergativity was weak. Thus, it can be concluded that the use of the ‑ee suffix is controlled by several semantic properties simultaneously, whereas the syntactic properties are relatively unimportant.

  • 1756.
    Wärdell, David
    Karlstad University.
    Restoring the Apocalypse: Recurrence, Religion and the Fall of Humanity in Walter M. Miller, Jr.'s A Canticle for Leibowitz2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In A Canticle for Leibowitz, Walter M. Miller, Jr. tells a grim narrative of the future of human civilization. The author’s reliance on the themes of recurrence and religion distinguishes the novel from similar works in the science fiction genre, and are key elements in framing Miller’s post-apocalyptic vision. This essay argues that these themes are employed by the author in order to establish the fall of humanity as part of an inevitable cycle. Central aspects of Judeo-Christian tradition, such as the fall, the burden of original sin and the deluge, are discerned in Miller’s narrative, and linked to the concepts of destruction and restoration in the novel. The loss of an original place of perfection, and humanity’s inability to return to that place, is argued to be central to the cycle’s repetition. The Catholic perception of original sin as hereditary is argued to be pivotal in the failure to achieve that return. The cyclic aspect of the return is also shown to contrast with the linear elements of the novel, particularly in light of the Christian eschatology and the linear progression of time. Furthermore, this essay discerns the different expressions of recurrence in miller’s narrative, ranging from structure and characters to theme. It is demonstrated how the author, through the application of recurrence, affirms the cyclic aspect of the narrative structure. Also, it is argued that its implementation serves to infuse the novel with sentiments of inevitability concerning the progression of the cycle.

  • 1757.
    Zanton, Ylva
    Karlstad University.
    Från John Silver till Kapten Nemo: En studie i arbetet med klassikerläsning i en årskurs åtta2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka hur ett projekt med klassikerläsning i en årskurs åtta går till. Frågeställningarna är hur och varför läraren väljer att lägga upp undervisningen på ett visst sätt, hur eleverna upplever läsningen och lärarens undervisning, samt om det finns några skillnader mellan killar och tjejers läsning. Undersökningen är kvalitativ och har ett didaktiskt och ett receptionsteoretiskt perspektiv. Resultatet visar att läraren konstruerar svenskämnet utifrån ett erfarenhetspedagogiskt perspektiv med skönlitteraturen i centrum och att hon använder sig av litteräranalytiska redskap som beskrivning av tid, huvudperson och handling. Tjejerna är generellt mer positiva till läsning än killarna. Fritidsläsning och medievanor spelar roll för hur eleverna läser och tar till sig skönlitterära texter. Tjejerna har en större litterär repertoar än killarna och visar en större förmåga att kunna kan beskriva och reflektera över sin läsning än killarna.

  • 1758.
    Zetterlund, Jessica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Barns språkutveckling och olika sätt att stimulera den2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose with my examination paper was to investigate how children’s language are developed and how to stimulate it as a pedagogue in preschool.

    In my investigation I have used qualitative interviews of four preschool teachers. The interviews were taped, and the questions were written in advance and used as support.

    In the literature I have chosen to describe how children’s language development seems, different language theories, what the curriculum (Lpfö98) says about language development and the role pedagogue’s has in stimulating children’s language.

    I found it most interesting to study this literature and to take part of different preschool teachers’ views on children’s language development. The results of my interviews show that all the pedagogues are well aware of children’s language and they have many suggestions of how to stimulate it in their work at preschool. They also claimed that this stimulation is a continuous work.

    Some of the observations I made was that all pedagogues express difficulties depending on stress and lack of time due to big groups of children. All the teachers wish to have more time for each child.

  • 1759.
    Zetterström, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Det var en gång...2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 1760. Zimmerman, Olle
    A study of hedges and related phenomena in the speech of some public women and men2000Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The notion of hedges is maybe not a well-known phenomenon to the average speaker, in any language. Nonetheless, we all use hedges every day, probably without being aware of it. What, then, is a hedge? According to The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (1997) a hedge is, ”any linguistic device by which a speaker avoids being compromised by a statement that turns out to be wrong, a request that is not acceptable, and so on.” For example, instead of saying ‘Freddie Mercury is the best singer in the world’ one could use a hedge and say ‘Freddie Mercury is probably the best singer in the world’. Some claim that the use of hedges is a sign of weakness and that women tend to make use of hedges more frequently than men. These claims made me curious and thus led me to investigate whether the claims were true or not. This essay, A Study of Hedges and related phenomena in the Speech of Some Public Women and Men, compares the use of hedges between women and men. It also tries to determine whether some hedges tend to occur more often with women than with men and vice versa. In addition, it tries to identify the function of hedges in discourse. I have added the term ‘related phenomena’ (George Lakoff 1973:473) to the heading, because as the investigation proceeded I noticed that it is not entirely correct to label all expressions, commonly referred to as hedges, as hedges in the sense that is stated in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (1997). This investigation is based on two episodes from the British talk show Hard Talk and one episode from the American talk show Larry King Live. The study was made on VCR recorded material. If we look at the total number of hedges in both Hard Talk and Larry King Live, this investigation, generally, confirms the assumption that women use more hedges than men. However, the hedges and related phenomena used in this study do not seem to indicate weakness. Rather they indicate communicative competence with the person using them. This investigation also shows that there does not seem to be a bias for some hedges to occur with women or for some to occur with men. The most common hedge in this study is I think. One important function of some hedges seems to be to state that what you are saying is your personal opinion and not ”the truth”. Another function is to hedge out of politeness, that is, you do not want to appear too self-assured, so by hedging you may win confidence and by that you are using your communicative competence. I hope that my findings have contributed some to the study of hedges and thus will inspire other people to further investigate this vast and interesting area of hedges and related phenomena.

  • 1761.
    Ärlevik, Josefin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Läs- och skrivsvårigheter i förskoleklass: En kvalitativ studie om verksamma pedagogers förståelse, lärande och stöttning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study has been to illustrate how some active educators understand reading and writing difficulties, how they use learning methods and how they support students with difficulties. The study is structured on a qualitative interview conducted with two primary school teachers and one preschool teacher from different schools.

     

    The results of the study show that educators find it difficult to define and differentiate between different difficulties. There are different opinions about causal factors. Bornholmsmodellen is recommended in the work of reading and writing difficulties. Children's learning is primarily influenced by the teacher. Discussions in a community are a major part of preventive work. It is less common to identify children in pre-school classes and there is a great lack of specialist teachers

     

    I would like to thank Rakel Johnson, who has been my supervisor during the study. I would also like to thank the educators who took the time to interview.

  • 1762.
    Åberg, Christopher
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Om första världskriget i läromedel för högstadiet och gymnasiet2009Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis presents a study on how the First World War is recounted in a few

    different textbooks for secondary schools. There are similarities, but the books

    also focus on different things. In some of the books, events are even told in

    different ways.

  • 1763.
    Åkerlund, Sanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Searching for the Ghost of Tom Joad: An ideological Analysis of the Lyrics on Bruce Springsteen's record The Ghost of Tom Joad2008Student paper otherStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The essay is an ideological study of Bruce Springsteen’s lyrics on the album The Ghost of Tom Joad. The main focus is on the ideas about American society with two main themes: the American dream and the working class hero. The aim is to trace the moral vision expressed in the lyrics. This is done by quoting certain parts of the different songs on the album, followed by comments on what the lyrics can be said to represent. The main character on the album is Tom Joad, who Springsteen uses, inspired by a character in John Steinbeck’s novel The Grapes of Wrath. The essay contains a brief description of the historical context of the 1930s, and if and how the symbolic meaning of Tom Joad has changed from the 1930s to the 1990s. The conclusion of the essay shows how Springsteen’s lyrics focus on the problems that the American nation has, and how the lyrics creates awareness among people to take an ethical stand. Through the lyrics Springsteen provides hope and encouragement to people struggling in an unfair society. Tom Joad is still a symbol of a human being with collective awareness; what has changed from the 1930s to the 1990s is that American society has become even tougher to survive in if you are an outsider.

  • 1764.
    Åsman, Sofia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Too Late for Snowman: Transhumanist Ideals in Margaret Atwood's Oryx and Crake2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay attempts to study transhumanism and its role in the anthropogenic pandemic at the center of the novel, in order to show that transhumanist thought was a driving factor behind it. By looking at transhumanist concerns in the portrayed society, and the beliefs of Crake, one uncovers that Crake was able to exploit the desire for enhancement of humanity as a whole in order to achieve the ultimate transhumanist goal: the near-perfect and immortal posthuman Crakers. Analyzing the intentions behind the creation of the posthuman, and Snowman’s relationship to them, it becomes clear that the posthuman is a replacement of existing humanity, since the sought after qualities of the posthuman can only be attained through genetic engineering before birth and not by altering individual humans. I hope to have shown that the novel contains a warning about transhumanism and the potential misuse of science when one person think things through to its logical conclusion.

  • 1765.
    Åstrand, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Att fånga det ogripbara: Antenarrativ och narrativ - olika berättelseformer i det narrativa rummet2012In: Livsberättelser: Mening och identitet i tid och rum / [ed] Marie Karlsson och Héctor Pérez Prieto, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2012, p. 171-Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 1766.
    Öberg, Emil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Identitetens språk: Svensklärares attityd till dialekt i Värmland2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1767.
    Öhrn, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Läsinlärningsprocessen: Hur arbetar pedagoger med läsinlärning?2011Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1768.
    Öhrnberg, Josefin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies (from 2013).
    ADHD i barnlitteraturen: Analys av fyra bilderböcker2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to examine how the neuropsychiatric disability ADHD is portrayed in four different picture books aimed at children in preschool age.

    Through a text analytical perspective, a picture book analysis is performed. The paratext of the picture books are analyzed, which means everything about the main story of the books. Further, the characters are analyzed by person portrayal and symptoms of ADHD.

    The result shows that ADHD in general is portrayed in the same way, which gives a misleading picture of ADHD. Only one character differs from the other characters and shows traits which is in contrast with the other characters. In short, the result shows that only two different portrayals of ADHD are presented in the picture books. The girls and boys in the picture books differ because some character traits are merely portrayed by the girls. The interaction between other children is portrayed from a negative point of view in the boys, unlike the girls. The picture books do not allow for identification and understanding as there is no major variation in the portrayal of ADHD. This results in a stereotype and incorrect image of ADHD. More picture books depicting ADHD with greater variety addressed to children in preschool age are needed.

  • 1769.
    Österqvist, Heléne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies (from 2013).
    Avslutande prov i svenska som andraspråk-eller inte?2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Skolverket constructs and distributes final examination in Swedish as a second language. These tests are only given to younger students at compulsory level, not to adult students. The students' test results can give an idea of whether the language proficiency in Swedish is sufficient to move to Swedish as a secondary language at upper secondary level. This smaller study treats how teachers in adult education perceive whether or not the final exam test is necessary. How this is formulated in the curriculum for adult education and the syllabus for Swedish as a second language is also examined. Some language researchers' views on knowledge, learning and assessment constitute the theoretical point of origin. The results of the study indicate that the final exam tests are demanded by the teachers. Teachers perceive that even students request these tests. This is compared with the central documents supporting the final exam to provide teachers with support in their assessment. Some theorists' views on knowledge, learning, testing and assessment are also discussed to clarify a motivation for the final exam.

  • 1770.
    Östervald, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education.
    Algunas estrategias didácticas para mantener la motivación en el aprendizaje del español: Un estudio en dos escuelas suecas de noveno grado2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 1771.
    Östin, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Language, Literature and Intercultural Studies.
    Naturlig skönhet och aktiv fritid: En diskurs- och innehållsanalytisk undersökning av manligt och kvinnligt i reklamspråk2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande uppsats är att undersöka diskurser i reklamannonser samt i vilken utsträckning reklamtexter bygger sin övertalning på stereotypiska värderingar kring kvinnligt och manligt. Materialet består av två reklamannonser riktade mot en kvinnlig målgrupp och två reklamannonser riktade mot en manlig målgrupp. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten är genusteori och teori kring reklam och dess diskurser och metoden består av kritisk diskursanalys och kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Tidigare forskning på området har visat att dagens reklamannonser tenderar att använda sig av ett mer vardagligt och icke-akademiskt språk än tidigare. Den har även visat att diskursen i reklamannonser riktade mot en manlig målgrupp kretsar kring självförverkligande, handlingskraft och ledarskap medan diskursen i reklamannonser riktade mot en kvinnlig målgrupp kretsar kring utseende och god kroppskännedom. Resultatet i denna studie visar att det finns underliggande stereotypiska värderingar kring kvinnligt och manligt och dessa tar sig uttryck i ordval och formuleringar. Kvinnlighet kopplas samman med naturlighet, naturligt yttre och vård av yttre medan manlighet kopplas samman med krävande arbete och aktiv fritid.

  • 1772. Östlund, Daniel
    Symbols and rituals for civilisation and tyranny in William Golding's Lord of the flies2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 1773.
    Östlund, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Division for Culture and Communication.
    British vs American English: Pronunciation in the EFL Classroom2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today English is a world language; it is spoken by millions both as first and second language almost all over the world. The varieties best known to Swedish pupils are the varieties British and American English. Another variety of English, which is spoken by both native and non-native speakers, is a mixture of British English and American English called Mid-Atlantic English. As long as the English language has been a part of the Swedish curriculum, the leading variety taught has been British English, but lately American English has influenced Swedish teenagers because of its prominent status in media. Since both British English and American English are used in Swedish schools, different attitudes can be perceived among pupils and teachers towards these two varieties. The aim of this paper is to determine if Swedish pupils are using British or American English or if they mix these two varieties. Attitudes and prejudice amongst pupils and their teachers towards these two varieties are looked into as well as whether the pupils speak the variety of English they claim they speak. The question of why the pupils speak the variety they do is also investigated. The results show that most pupils mix British and American English and that American English features predominate in the mix. According to this investigation, teachers and pupils find British English to be a bit “snobbish” while American English can sound a bit “cocky” to them. This investigation concludes that the two major influences on the pupils are their teachers and different kind of media.

33343536 1751 - 1773 of 1773
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