Endre søk
Begrens søket
339340341342343344 17051 - 17100 of 17164
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Treff pr side
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sortering
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
  • Standard (Relevans)
  • Forfatter A-Ø
  • Forfatter Ø-A
  • Tittel A-Ø
  • Tittel Ø-A
  • Type publikasjon A-Ø
  • Type publikasjon Ø-A
  • Eldste først
  • Nyeste først
  • Skapad (Eldste først)
  • Skapad (Nyeste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Eldste først)
  • Senast uppdaterad (Nyeste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (tidligste først)
  • Disputationsdatum (siste først)
Merk
Maxantalet träffar du kan exportera från sökgränssnittet är 250. Vid större uttag använd dig av utsökningar.
  • 17051.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Measuring Innovation Space: Numerical Devices as Governmental Technologies2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Throughout Europe sub-national regions are restructured and reformed in line with the EU2020 policy program which dictates a clear focus on growth through the fostering of innovation and entrepreneurship. While this process is articulated differently in separate contexts it has a range of common features. One of these is the wide spread adoption of calculative devices and measurement tools that are installed as transparent means for governing and monitoring the ongoing strive for growth and innovation. In this paper it is argued that the contemporary practices and discourses tied to regional development in Europe and beyond can be described as the production of new innovation spaces. Intrinsic to this production is a vast register of indices, rankings and award ceremonies directed at finding and monitoring the most innovative regions, projects and policies which in turn facilitates the grounds for notions of policy learning and so called best practice. By mobilizing the growing literature on the sociological functions of numbers as well as the scholarship on the politics and power of calculative practices in governance, the paper critically examines important aspects of the installment of innovation spaces. More specifically, by following the manufacturing and installment of an index designed to measure innovative capacity of Swedish regions, the paper shows how such governmental technologies helps to legitimize and depoliticize the production of innovation spaces. The index has been released in three iterations since 2011 with an explicit focus on ranking for the sake of policy learning. It is produced by RegLab, an organization comprised of the 21 regions in Sweden as well as a number of important state agencies, and its deployment and influence on regional policy is traced here by focusing on the documentation and detailed description of the numerical calculations and data sources that are assembled together in order to produce the composite measures used to asses the innovative capacity of all regions. Moreover the influence of the index and its manifest expressions in regional policy is illustrated by examining some of the Regional Development Strategies (RDS).

  • 17052.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Measuring innovation space: Numerical devices as governmental technologies2019Inngår i: Territory, Politics, Governance, ISSN 2162-2671, s. 1-18Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The context of sub-national regions in Sweden is used to illustrate how rankings and indices operate as part of contemporary governing of space and territory. An empirical study of an index designed to measure the innovative capacity of these regions is presented to illustrate how such numerical devices are invoked as part of policy by providing policy-makers with a means to define reality, guide strategy and legitimize certain actions. Drawing on both the literatures of governmentality and the sociology of quantification, the construction of the index and its deployment into politics are examined with a focus on the performative aspects of mobilizing such technologies in governing. The analysis shows how an instrument intended as a learning tool for regions and regional policy-makers turns into a device through which power operates in the processes of marking, grading and commensuration, in turn reinforcing established orders among the regions. Following from this, it is found that such numerical devices are important governmental technologies that help relay and institute political rationalities. Therefore, they should be considered more carefully in any analysis of discourses of regional development, which is a field permeated by rationalities of innovation and competitiveness.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17053.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Producing Globalization:: Legitimizing Regional Governance Regimes2014Inngår i: Diverse Regions: Building Resilient Communities and Territories / [ed] Elizabeth Mitchell, Regional Studies Association , 2014, s. 103-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores the discursive construction of globalization as a particular form of rationale in sub-national regional development. As such it departs from an understanding of space as relational and holds that globalization can be theorized as a reconfiguration of the spatial aspects of our social relations (Massey, 1994, 2005). Therefore, it is argued here, to investigate globalization is to investigate aspects of the multiplicity of social relations that (re)produces the phenomenon.

    Here I depart from an instance of space that has not often been used as a basis for understanding articulations of globalization, namely the sub-national region. Using a governmentality framework (Dean, 2010) I trace how globalization is discursively (re)produced within regional governance in Sweden, focusing on the practices, technologies and rationalities that constitutes this regime.

    More specifically, in terms of empiric material, I analyze a broad corpus of Regional Governance Documents (RGD) as well as the wide production of reports that was the outcome of Sweden’s so called Globalization Council. Methodologically the analysis is situated within the aforementioned framework of governmentality studies (Dean, 2010; Miller & Rose, 2008). This framework is then used as a point of departure for a form of discourse analysis that combines concepts from both Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) and Post-structuralist Discourse Theory (PDT). 

    This alignment of theory, methodology and empiric material enables me to produce three main areas of findings. First, by illustrating how globalization is framed in the regional governance documents as intertwined with notions of competition, growth and competitiveness I am able to demonstrate how this discursively legitimizes and fosters a certain range of practices. A particularly salient finding is how the documents contain articulations of a perspective of globalization that renders the phenomenon as more or less a natural force that is unavoidable and unchangeable. Second, in terms of relational space the discursive legitimization also contributes to the production of globalization in other forms of space, hence reinforcing general neo-liberal traits of the phenomenon that extends to regions, nations and continents around the world. Third, the paper also shows how the methodological framework that is used proved particularly fruitful in this case. Therefore, some time is spent reflecting on the possible benefits of combining CDA, PDT and governmentality and I argue that such multi-perspectival approaches are needed to illustrate the complex relay system of practices that produces globalization and regional governance.

  • 17054.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Researching Regimes of Practice: Towards a Governmentality CDA Framework2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17055.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Skilda vär(l)dar: Globalisering, gränser och attityder till invandring i Inre Skandinavien2012Inngår i: På gränsen: interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge, Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17056.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Space Craft: Globalization and Governmentality in Regional Development2015Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis explores two related purposes. First, it theoretically investigates how the broad literature on globalization is nested in debates concerning the nature of concepts such as space and territory. When doing so, it suggests that studies of globalization can be advanced by escaping territorialist understandings where the nation state is reproduced as a natural arena appropriate for studying all aspects of ‘the social’.

    The theoretical part of the thesis is used as a basis for articulating a framework for empirical studies that rest upon a conceptual grammar fashioned through a combination of so called assemblage thinking and governmentality analysis. This framework is then put to work as the second, empirical, purpose of the thesis is pursued. More precisely this means that the governance of Swedish regional development is analyzed as an assemblage of discourses, practices and subjects where (re)production of globalization occurs.

    The (re)production of globalization is studied in three interrelated case studies, all based on a corpus of 81 documents pertaining to the governance of Swedish regional development. By paying attention to how power operates in terms of political rationalities, governmental technologies and the production of social actors, the thesis shows how notions of a perpetual and omnipresent global competition marks the assemblage with particularly salient modes of rationale. Specifically, entrepreneurship, innovation and creativity are represented as the primary means for becoming competitive in the age of globalization, and it is shown here how this have inclusionary and exclusionary effects in terms of desired social actors throughout Swedish regions. The thesis then ends with a concluding chapter where the current regimes of regional development are identified as complex forms of neoliberal rule with far reaching effects for democratic principles and practices.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
    Download (jpg)
    preview image
  • 17057.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Världen i Värmland: Attityder till mångkultur och flyktingmottagande2012Inngår i: Värmländska landskap: politik, ekonomi, samhälle, kultur, medier / [ed] Lennart Nilsson, Lars Aronsson och P.O Norell, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17058.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Världen runt hörnet: globalisering och åsikter i Inre Skandinavien2012Inngår i: På gränsen: interaktion, attraktivitet och globalisering i Inre Skandinavien / [ed] Eva Olsson, Atle Hauge, Birgitta Ericsson, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17059.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Värmland i världen: Medborgares attityder till globalisering2012Inngår i: Värmländska landskap: Politik, ekonomi, samhälle, kultur, medier / [ed] Lennart Nilsson, Lars Aronsson och P.O Norell, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17060.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Working for Change: Projectified Politics and Gender Equality2017Inngår i: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 25, nr 3, s. 163-178Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article I argue that the project, a governmental technology that is now widespread and accepted throughout the public sector, is not a neutral tool for implementing policy and conducting politics. Rather, my argument is that this form is intrinsically political in so far as it produces disruptions and sets boundaries for how any given task is to be performed. By mobilizing a set of optical metaphors from feminist theory of difference, I examine organizations that work for gender equality in Swedish regional development and illustrate how the governmental technology of the project reflects, refracts, and diffracts the practices associated with this work. Thus, I argue that if one wishes to understand contemporary gender-equality work, it is reasonable to consider the specific effects that are produced as it passes through the project form. The short empirical illustrations given here indicate, among other things, how the project form functions in some respects as a mirror, and reflects aspects of gender-equality work that are commonly experienced regardless of form or setting, such as encountering resistance. In other respects, the project form refracts gender-equality work, bending it into new directions so that, for instance, securing funds and coming up with new innovative project plans takes precedence over the actual work that respondents feel they should be doing. Finally, the intersection of gender-equality work and the project form also produces diffraction effects, such as the emergence of hybrid consultants. These multi-faceted figures function as evaluators, controllers, activists, and disseminators of knowledge, which makes them simultaneously important to and disdained by the respondents in this study. Thus, it is concluded that the disruptive effects of the project form should be recognized as political and studied more extensively in the future.

  • 17061.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Working for Change: Projectified Politics and Gender Equality in Swedish Regional Development2016Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to show how the organisational form “the project” functions as a governmental technology that disrupts the ongoing work for gender equality in Swedish regional development. Rather than assuming that projects are neutral forms for organizing public sector practices, I argue that they are imbued with politics and power in the first place and therefore should be studied critically. In particular, I suggest that as the project form intersects with the practice of gender equality work it will function as a lens that influences the trajectories of this work. Inspired be feminist theories of difference I therefore articulate a set of optical metaphors, namely reflection, refraction and diffraction, in order to make this intersection more visible. By mobilizing these metaphors and by drawing on data generated during empirical fieldwork in five Swedish regions the critical potential of this approach is illustrated. In terms of reflection, I mean to designate aspects common to most gender equality work, regardless of organizational form. Here, this is demonstrated by showing how activists and civil servants feel that they are subjected to various forms of resistance from established structures. As for refractions, I use the concept to exemplify how the project form produces new directions in the way gender equality work is carried out. For instance, securing new funding and to survive economically becomes central concerns under projectified politics. Finally, I also illustrate the emergence of hybrid forms, what is here called diffraction effects, as gender equality work passes through the governmental technology of “the project”. In our case this is exemplified by how private consultants fill central roles in gender equality work. I conclude that taken together the illustrations calls for a recognition of the project form as political as well as for more detailed research regarding its expressions. 

  • 17062.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    World views: Attitudes towards globalization in the Swedish periphery2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17063.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper, Avdelningen för politiska och historiska studier.
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013).
    Local Government and Public Procurement: Organizational Trends and the Rise of New Bureaucrats in Sweden2018Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

     Swedish local government play a central role in welfare production and in handling environmental issues at large. In addition, they also plan the physical use of land and water areas within its territory. Accordingly, Swedish local government are crucial actors in driving sustainable development. During the last decades reform of local government has been taking place under the umbrella of New Public Management (NPM) following a pattern seen in most parts of the world entailing market inspired logics and values that subsumes political and democratic ambitions and tasks. The political rationalities underpinning NPM continues to exist and are well researched. There are, however, significant gaps. In particular, of studies concerning the politics of public procurement. In this paper we present an analysis where public procurement is understood more broadly, as a governmental technology, an instrument of governing associated with the rationalities of marketization and competition that continues to be more or less unquestioned as virtues in contemporary society. We assume that as such a technology it is not a neutral tool, but rather designed to realize particular understandings of how to govern and with what effects. The case we present is based on interviews with civil servants, consultants and politicians working with public procurement in Swedish local government. With the perceptions of our respondents as a base, we construct a narrative where three themes emerge as important: public procurement expansion; organizational change and centralization, and: the procurer as bureaucrat. We conclude that the importance and scope of public procurement within the larger local government organization has rapidly expanded, public procurement has been centralized and, perhaps most importantly, we witness the emergence of a new bureaucrat representing values not compatible with traditional Weberian understandings.

  • 17064.
    Öjehag-Pettersson, Andreas
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013).
    Granberg, Mikael
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap (from 2013). Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Centrum för klimat och säkerhet (from 2013).
    Public Procurement as Marketisation: Impacts on Civil Servants and Public Administration in Sweden2019Inngår i: Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, ISSN 2001-7405, E-ISSN 2001-7413, Vol. 23, nr 3-4, s. 43-59Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

     Swedish local government plays a central role in welfare production, providing some of the most crucial services to citizens. However, over the last decades there have been significant changes in how local governments are governed and how services are implemented. In many cases, these changes entail the promotion of rationalities and technologies associated with market-oriented principles and values as the primary means to providing welfare services. A central feature in this is public procurement. This phenomenon has been surprisingly absent from scholarly work that focuses on marketisation and the politics of public sector reform in Sweden. In this article, we present a case study based on interviews with actors involved in public procurement in Swedish local government. We provide insights into how public procurement sustains and expands the rationalities of marketisation. We conclude that the importance of public procurement has expanded, producing organisational changes and, perhaps most importantly, we are witnessing changes in the role of civil servants in Swedish public administration.

  • 17065.
    Öljarstrand, Anneli
    Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik, Stockholms Universitet.
    ”När jag slutar känna, är det dags att byta jobb!”: Om begravningsentreprenörers känsloregler och känslohantering2020Inngår i: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 26, nr 1, s. 70-89Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en studie av begravningsentreprenörers känsloregler och känslohantering och deras dagliga arbete med döden. Empirin utgörs av djupintervjuer med sju begravningsentreprenörer, verksamma vid fyra olika begravningskontor. Resultatet belyser känslomässigt utmanande arbetssituationer som åtföljs av känsloregler såsom: Visa empati och respekt; Gråta men kontrollerat; Kunden har alltid rätt samt Skrattar på de sörjandes villkor. För att hantera sina känslor används metoder som: Styra sina tankar; Fokusera på det praktiska; Inte titta på de dödas ansikten; Skämta och skratta samt Socialt stöd av kollegor. Resultatet tyder också på att den samhälleliga emotionsregimen för döden även återfinns på en organisatorisk nivå.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17066.
    Ölund, Linnea
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för ekonomi, kommunikation och IT, Avdelningen för nationalekonomi och statistik. Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Digitaliseringens påverkan på arbetsmarknaden: Risk för teknologisk arbetslöshet eller chans till nya jobbmöjligheter?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Nya dator– och robotsystem utvecklas ständigt och är på väg in i så gott som alla branscher. En mycket omdiskuterad artikel från USA har med anledning av detta beräknat en så kallad automatiseringssannolikhet för samtliga yrkesgrupper i landet. 2010 gjorde författarna ett försök att förutspå framtiden och drog slutsatsen att 47 procent av alla yrken i USA kommer att försvinna till följd av automatisering under de kommande 20 åren. Denna studie undersöker, med hjälp av måttens svenska motsvarighet, i vilken utsträckning digitaliseringen påverkat sysselsättningsfördelningen i Sverige mellan 2001-2013. Då fler faktorer naturligtvis kan ha betydelse har variabler såsom sannolikhet för att flytta delar av produktionsprocessen utomlands (offshoring) och grad av rutinmässighet (RTI) också tagits med i modellerna. Resultatet visade att det finns ett statistiskt säkerställt samband mellan förändringen i andel sysselsatta i ett yrke och yrkets automatiseringssannolikhet, även om effekten är svag. Ju högre automatiseringssannolikhet ett yrke har, desto sämre har sysselsättningsutvecklingen i termer av yrkets andel av den totala sysselsättningen varit. Även RTI och offshoring uppvisar ett negativt samband med sysselsättningsutvecklingen.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17067.
    Ölund, Linnea
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Finansiell förmåga och utbildning: Hur ekonomistudier påverkar finansiell förmåga och privatekonomi. 2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Finansiell förmåga är kunskap om finansiella koncept och produkter, samt förmågan att kunna applicera den i verkligheten. Många studier, såväl nationella som internationella, har visat att flertalet individer har bristande kunskaper inom området. Problemet som uppstår är den direkta påverkan det har på ekonomiskt och finansiellt beslutsfattande. I studien undersöks om ekonomiutbildning på universitetsnivå ökar den finansiella förmågan och därmed bidrar till mer välgrundade ekonomiska beslut. Vidare studeras även räknefärdighet och dess koppling till utbildning och finansiell förmåga då tidigare forskning behandlat dessa faktorer tillsammans. Med hjälp av en enkätundersökning som delats ut till ekonomistudenter på Karlstads universitet har detta studerats. Respondenterna delades upp i två grupper i syfte om att kartlägga utbildningens betydelse. Studenter som precis påbörjat sin ekonomiutbildning och studenters som befann sig i slutet av utbildningen. Resultatet visade att individer som studerat ekonomi har en bättre finansiell förmåga. Ekonomiutbildning hade även en positiv effekt på räknefärdighet, deltagande på aktiemarknaden samt långsiktigt sparande.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17068.
    Ölvestam, AnnSofie
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier.
    Motivation för matematiken: Hur lärare arbetar med barnens motivation i grundskolans tidigare år2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att ta reda på hur lärarna själva anser att de ska arbeta för att försöka bibehålla elevernas motivation och väcka deras intresse för skolämnet matematik under skolåren ett till fem samt vad de anser om sina förutsättningar att bedriva den undervisning de vill bedriva för att lyckas med detta. Fem lärare svarade på min enkät. Deras svar analyserades med hjälp av fenomenografisk metod då jag ville beskriva hur de uppfattar att deras arbete ökar motivationen hos eleverna. Jag letade efter likheter och skillnader i utsagorna som sedan låg till grund för mina resultat.Resultaten som framkommit från enkätsvaren tyder på att lärarna behöver utvidga sina kunskaper om hur de ska lära ut sitt ämne. De behöver ta del av den senaste forskningen, läsa rapporter, gå kurser eller Lärarlyftet. De behöver få mer tid till att sätta sig in i Lgr 11 för att kunna lägga upp en bra och tydlig undervisning. Det behövs också mer undervisningstid för att kunna uppfylla alla krav som ställs på lärarna. Både krav från Skolverket men också krav från eleverna som vill ha roliga, intressanta och lärofyllda lektioner. Om detta uppfylls kommer framtidens elever känna ett större intresse och en större motivation för ämnet matematik.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17069.
    Örbring, David
    Lunds universitet, Campus Helsingborg.
    Geografiska perspektiv i utbildning av lärare i samhällskunskap2014Inngår i: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, nr 2014:1, s. 41-52Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Teachers in Social Studies can benefit from geographical perspectives in their teaching of Social Studies in elementary and high school. The aim is to connect geographical perspectives to various social processes and to integrate it in teaching of Social Studies. But how can the relevance of geographical perspectives in an education for teachers in Social Studies be motivated and to what benefits can it be internalized? I will try to answer that question in this article. This relevance is mainly, with basis in a literature study, focused on democracy, sustainable development and digital literacy. It is also relevant by giving teachers a broader teaching skill and thus they are able to help pupils achieve higher-order skills.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17070.
    Ördberg, Oscar
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Granlund, John
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Handelshögskolan.
    Ett nytt Lhiv: En undersökning om HIV, kris och livsformsanalys2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen har varit att undersöka hur HIV-positiva människor har organiserat sina vardagsliv före och efter att de fått kännedom om sin diagnos. För att kunna förstå och analysera deltagarnas vardagslivsuppfattningar har den realistiska livsformsanalysen tillämpats.

    För att kunna förstå och förklara förändringsprocessen som pågår inom en individ som har fått kännedom om att han är HIV-positiv så har vi tillämpat en teori om kris och utveckling. För att kunna besvara syftet med undersökningen så har vi intervjuat personer som vi fått kontakt med via intresseorganisationer och olika nätforum.

    Vi har analyserat och bearbetat de historier som ligger till grund för denna uppsats, vilket har resulterat i tre huvudsakliga slutsatser. Den första slutsatsen handlar om att en individ som gått igenom krisbearbetning av HIV har förstärkt sina livsplaner och förtydligat de mål som han hade före kännedom. Vi kan alltså argumentera för att HIV har förstärkt deltagarnas livsformsideologier.

    Den realistiska livsformsanalysen har inte beprövats på samkönade par tidigare och det var inte det som var den centrala delen i undersökningen heller men här har ett oväntat resultat uppenbarats. Slutsatserna från detta har varit en skiss på en ny kärleksform som vi har valt att nämna de bemötandes kärleksform. I de bemötandes kärleksform handlar det inte om en tillägnelsepraktik som i de bemyndigandes kärleksform eller en omsorgspraktik som i de bekräftandes kärleksform utan här kan vi argumentera för en kompromisspraktik.

    Den tredje och sista slutsatsen handlar om att vi inte kan påvisa någon livsformsspecifik krisbearbetning av HIV utan det verkar vara något som ligger utanför ramen för den realistiska livsformsanalysen och grundar sig helt på individuella egenskaper.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17071.
    Örgesvik, Sebastian
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för pedagogiska studier (from 2013).
    Barn samtalar om miljö: En socialkonstruktivistisk analys av förskolebarns miljödiskurs.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien var att bidra med kunskap om barns miljödiskurs utifrån en observation av en lärandesituation utformad efter den pluralistiska utbildningstraditionen med fokus på miljömässig hållbar utveckling.

    Som datainsamlingsmetod valdes deltagandeobservation i en selektivt återkommande form. En aktivitet grundad i den pluralistiska utbildningstraditionen utformades där barn i grupper av tre eller fyra fick diskutera miljöfrågor utifrån ett förutbestämt bildmaterial. Aktiviteten videoinspelades och barnens ord transkriberades. Därefter analyserades den insamlade data genom en diskursanalys med utgångspunkt i socialkonstruktivistisk teori. Resultaten från studien visade att barnen besitter en viss kunskap om hållbarhetsfrågor, miljödiskursen beskrivs som huvudsakligen normativ med positiva och negativa handlingar för miljön. Barnens miljödiskurs kretsar huvudsakligen kring nedskräpning och tycks prioritera omsorg av miljön framförallt för djurens skull, men lyfter även fram naturens estetiska värden och växtlighet. Studiens resultat visar att det finns utrymme för mer pluralistisk miljöundervisning från en tidig ålder då en normativ syn på miljön verkar ha fått fäste redan i de senare åren i förskolan. Förslag ges på hur fortsatt forskning om miljöundervisning i förskolan kan bedrivas med fokus på pluralism och demokrati.

    Nyckelord: Hållbar utveckling, miljömässig hållbar utveckling, miljödiskurs, pluralism, socialkonstruktivism.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 17072.
    Örhall, Inger
    Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten.
    Faktorer som påverkar barns läsutveckling2006Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 17073.
    Örnborg, Zandra
    Karlstads universitet. Karlstads universitet, Estetisk-filosofiska fakulteten.
    Koncentrationssvårigheter utifrån pedagogens perspektiv: Hur påverkas klassen och den enskilda individen?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet var att undersöka utifrån några pedagogers perspektiv hur koncentrationssvårigheter beskrivs samt hur elevers koncentrationssvårigheter påverkar andra elever/klassen. Jag valde att göra en intervjustudie, där jag intervjuade fyra pedagoger utifrån deras erfarenheter och upplevelser. Jag ställde frågor som berörde svårigheter och yttrande av koncentrationssvårigheter, de andra elevernas reaktioner samt påverkan på klassen.

    Resultatet av undersökningen visade att pedagogerna upplever att elever kan tycka att det är jobbigt och kan själva bli störda av barnet med koncentrationssvårigheter. Det framkom också att barnen runtomkring lär sig att hantera situationen genom att t.ex. ignorera. Pedagogerna tryckte på en öppen och rak kommunikation och värderade diskussioner med klassen högt, allt detta för att skapa en förståelse barnen emellan.

    Forskning kring koncentrationssvårigheter finns det en uppsjö av. Den medicinska, sociala och den pedagogiska delen finns oftast med, men hur koncentrationssvårigheterna påverkar omgivningen finns det sämre av. Därför valde jag att också belysa eleverna runtomkring elever med koncentrationssvårigheter utifrån pedagogers perspektiv.

    Fulltekst (pdf)
    FULLTEXT02
  • 17074.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Alias2009Inngår i: The Essential Cult Television Reader / [ed] David Lavery, Lexington: The University Press of Kentucky , 2009, s. 22-27Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17075.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford, England.
    Alternate Reality Games and Convergence Culture: The Case of Alias2007Inngår i: International journal of cultural studies, ISSN 1367-8779, E-ISSN 1460-356X, Vol. 10, nr 4, s. 445-462Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Alternate Reality Games (ARGs) are a form of internet-based mystery game in which participants are immersed in a fictional                     world and engage in collective problem-solving. This article studies three ARGs connected to the TV series Alias (ABC, 2001—6), two of them launched by the network ABC as part of the marketing of the TV series, the third produced by fans.                     Previous research on ARGs has not sufficiently problematized the fact that many ARGs are marketing tools. While ARGs can be                     analysed as part of a wider context of convergence culture and fan culture, such an analysis must take into account the underlying                     commercial logic of popular culture production. Despite the differences found between industry-produced and fan-produced ARGs,                     they still share a framework of consumption that conforms to corporate goals of marketing and brand-building as well as fan                     audiences' goals of pleasurable interaction with fictional worlds

  • 17076.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Anything you can do, I can do better?: Professional journalists vs. citizen journalistsin six European countries2013Inngår i: International Communication Gazette, ISSN 1748-0485, E-ISSN 1748-0493, Vol. 75, nr 1, s. 35-53Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on 63 in-depth, semi-structured interviews with professional journalists across career stages and across media in six European countries (UK, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Poland and Sweden), and is concerned with how journalists answer the question: How is what you do different from what citizen journalists do? Based on existing literature on journalistic authority and the professional project, three areas where claims to professional legitimacy and distinction from amateurs are identified: expertise, duty and autonomy. The interview data show that while claims based on expertise and duty are common when professional journalists want to demarcate the boundary between them and citizen journalism, claims based on direct reference to autonomy are non-existent. However, claims based indirectly on reference to autonomy, but institutional or collective rather than individual autonomy, are common. Indeed the key result of this study is that legitimacy claims based on the collective nature of the journalistic endeavour are very common, in contrast to earlier constructions of journalistic professionalism, which emphasized individualism and individual autonomy.

  • 17077.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Clientelism, Elites and the Media in Central and Eastern Europe2012Inngår i: The International Journal of Press/Politics, ISSN 1940-1612, E-ISSN 1940-1620, Vol. 17, nr 4, s. 497-515Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that the traditional political science definition of clientelism is insufficient for explaining how the media fit in with clientelistic systems in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE). It is suggested that a broader understanding of clientelism, looking in particular at how media are used as elite-to-elite communication tools as well as elite-to-mass communication tools, better explains the place of the media in the clientelistic systems of the CEE nations. Empirically, it is based on a set of 272 elite and expert interviews conducted across ten CEE countries (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, and Slovenia) in 2010 and 2011. The article presents some general findings on the nature and character of the linkages between political elites and the media, and the extent to which such linkages can be considered clientelistic. Then follows a discussion of specific practices of media instrumentalization, charting the many ways in which the media can function as a resource in conflicts and negotiations between clientelistic elite networks, directly as well as indirectly. Particular attention is given to the phenomena of advertorials and kompromat.

  • 17078.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Comparative Journalism Research: an Overview2012Inngår i: Sociology Compass, ISSN 1751-9020, E-ISSN 1751-9020, Vol. 10, nr 6, s. 769-780Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This overview focuses on the most common type of comparative journalism research, which is cross-national comparative research. The overview presents a typology for different types of comparative journalism research, based on whether the research interest is in journalism as an activity or as a product; and, in the case of journalism as an activity, whether the interest is in the system level, the organizational level, or the individual level of journalism. The overview finds that the analysis of journalism on the individual level and of journalism as a product are the most common types of comparative research, whereas comparative analysis of journalism on the organizational level is much under-studied.

  • 17079.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Det journalistiska arbetets förändring2015Inngår i: Handbok i journalistikforskning / [ed] Michael Karlsson & Jesper Strömbäck, Studentlitteratur AB, 2015, s. 497-513Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17080.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Epistemologies and Professional Roles2017Inngår i: Journalistic Role Performance: Concepts, Contexts, and Methods / [ed] Claudia Mellado, Lea Hellmueller & Wolfgang Donsbach, New York: Routledge, 2017, s. 75-89Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17081.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    University of Oxford faculty Politics and Int Relations.
    Introduction: Questioning European Journalism2009Inngår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 10, nr 1, s. 2-17Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article argues that previous research on European journalism (widely defined) to a large extent tells a story of failure. Journalism is characterised as having “failed Europe” in three ways: through failure of representation, failure of production and failure of participation. However, this image of media failure rests on certain descriptive and normative assumptions about Europe and about journalism—assumptions that are sometimes explicit but more often implicit. This article suggests some new ways of questioning these assumptions in order to move research on European journalism forward.

  • 17082.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Journalism and Change2018Inngår i: Journalism / [ed] Tim P Vos, Boston: Walter de Gruyter, 2018, s. 555-574Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17083.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Journalism as institution and work in Europe, circa 1860: A comparative history of journalism2013Inngår i: Media History, ISSN 1368-8804, E-ISSN 1469-9729, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 393-407Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents a comparative historical analysis of the relationship between journalism as institution (i.e., a particular set of organizations in society) and journalism as work (i.e., an activity practiced by individuals) in four European countries: Britain, Sweden, Germany, and Estonia. The analysis compares the institutional context of journalistic work in these four countries around 1860, focusing in particular on the organization of journalistic labor at the national newspaper of record. The historical comparison reveals how exceptional the British case is. The study finds that British journalism circa 1860 exhibited a high division of labor, high labor specialization, and was increasingly focused on news gathering and production. Swedish and German journalism exhibited an emerging division of labor and labor specialization, and was focused on political debate (rather than news gathering and production). Estonian journalism exhibited hardly any division of labor or labor specialization, and was focused on raising national awareness.

  • 17084.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Journalism as Institution and Work in Europe, Circa 1860: A Comparative History of Journalism2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyses the relationship between journalism as institution (i.e. the collective of organizations involved in the production of journalism) and journalism as work (i.e. as an activity performed by individuals) by comparing and contrasting journalism – as exemplified by the ‘newspaper of record’ in each respective country – in four European countries, Britain, Sweden, Germany and Estonia, around 1860. The focus is on the organization of journalistic work and on journalism as salaried labour. In particular Britain has been studies extensively in this regard before, so this paper uses Britain and the Times as its prime example but also highlights the exceptional nature of this case and uses comparative analysis to demonstrate key differences in the journalism-as-work/journalism-as-institution relationship between these four countries.

  • 17085.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Journalism cannot solve journalism's problems2019Inngår i: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 20, nr 1, s. 226-228Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17086.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Journalistic Ideals Versus Journalistic Practice: The Relationship Between Role Perception and Valued Skills Among Journalists in Six European Countries2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Research into the role perceptions of journalism is well-established, but there is significantly less research on whether such perceptions translate into actual journalistic practice. This presentation explores this link between journalistic ideals and journalistic practice by studying the relationship between role perceptions and valued skills among journalists. Do the skills journalists place value on somehow match the perceptions they have of their societal role? This is examined using comparative survey data from six Europan countries: Britain, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Poland, and Sweden.

  • 17087.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Journalists, PR Professionals and the Practice of Paid News in Central and Eastern Europe: An Overview2016Inngår i: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 5-19Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 17088.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation (from 2013).
    Journalists thinking about precarity: Making sense of the "new normal"2018Inngår i: # ISOJ Journal, ISSN 2328-0700, E-ISSN 2328-0662, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 109-127Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analyzes the effects of precarity on thinking about professionalism and professional identity among journalists, based on a re-analysis of three different datasets of semi-structured in-depth interviews (gathered in 2008-09, 2010-12 and 2017, respectively) with journalists (n = 63, 55 and 11, respectively) across 14 European countries. The study shows that journalists in this cross-national sample are “primed” for precarity; i.e. they largely accept precarity as natural part of journalism because precarity is in line with key professional norms such as norms of entrepreneurship and meritocracy.

  • 17089.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Newsworkers: A Comparative European Perspective2016Bok (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17090.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Participation or outsourcing?: Some reflections on the space and status of newswork in the digital news ecosystem.2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    When discussing the contemporary changing media environment, participation is often viewed as a good in and of itself (e.g Rosen 1999, Bruns, Allan 2013) – various forms of citizen participation in various news/journalistic ventures are viewed as a type of fulfillment of the normative ideals of journalism as a democratic institution. Many researchers have noted the limits of such participation, as well as analyzed the problems (of quality, of trustworthiness, of inclusion, etc) inherent in different forms of ‘pro-am’ production of news content and news texts (e.g. Singer et al 2011, Paterson & Domingo 2005, Reich 2008, to mention but a few examples), but the overall perspective on participation is positive.

    I am here presenting an alternative view on participation on journalism, arguing that the democratic good of participation can easily become the democratic problem of outsourcing. Today, many forms of journalistic labour are unpaid or paid at very low rates, as well as produced outside the news organization per se: journalistic production is becoming outsourced. Based on existing research on outsourcing and on contemporary journalistic production, I argue that the shift to fluid, casual labor where more of the risk is borne by the individual employee (Benner 2002; Deuze 2007) that is increasingly characterizing news work in the new digital ecosystem will thus have far-reaching consequences for the emergence and continued health of something usually considered to be a key part of journalism as a democratic institution: professional values.

  • 17091.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Reassessing journalism as a profession2010Inngår i: The Routledge Companion to News and Journalism / [ed] Stuart Allan, Abingdon: Routledge, 2010, 2, s. 568-577Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17092.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Reporters, Editors, and Networkers: Trends in Journalistic Work Roles and Journalistic Labour Across Europe2013Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper reports the findings from a comparative study of journalists from Britain, Estonia, Germany, Italy, Poland and Sweden. Based on an email survey of 2,238 news professionals, we found that journalistic skills can be grouped into three distinctive dimensions: reporting, editorial and networking skills. The data also show some key similarities – reporting skills are the most highly valued across all six countries, and editorial skills the least valued. But there are also important differences, which we suggest can mainly be explained by historical differences in how the functional role of journalism has been viewed. Editorial skills are more highly valued in Germany, Italy and Poland and reporting skills are accorded the highest value in Britain and Sweden. The most interesting finding is perhaps the emergence of what seems like a new or at least somewhat different functional role of the journalist: that of the networker (emphasizing social skills like networking, teamwork and time management). Complementary data from a qualitative interview study of journalists in the same six countries indicate that this role is most prevalent among younger journalists and to a great extent is a response to changes in the organization of journalistic labor, e.g. increased prevalence of project work and work in ad hoc groups, increased labor precariousness, and the gradual convergence of the newsroom.

  • 17093.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Review of Boguslawa Dobek-Ostrowska & Gunnar Nygren (eds.) Journalism in Change: Journalistic Culture in Poland, Russia and Sweden2016Inngår i: Central European Journal of Communication, ISSN 1899-5101, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 137-140Artikkel, omtale (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17094.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Technology and journalism-as-labour: historical perspectives2010Inngår i: Journalism - Theory, Practice & Criticism, ISSN 1464-8849, E-ISSN 1741-3001, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 57-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Technological determinism is common among journalists when reflecting on changes in their profession; several studies show that journalists ascribe great power and independent agency to technology. There are at least two reasons for the persistence of technological determinism as an explanatory factor among journalists vis-a-vis their own work: first, technology is a highly integrated and therefore very tangible part of the everyday working life of journalists; and second, the technological paradigm for explaining change in journalism has deep historical roots. It is argued that analysing journalism as labour presents a way to address both the integration of technology in the everyday working practices of journalists, and the history of the inter-relations between journalism and technology. It is further argued that journalism studies as a field has not paid much attention to journalism as labour. This article is concerned with the second part of this programme for research, i.e. the historical analysis of journalism as labour. The framework of analysis is based on labour process theory, focusing on four themes in the history of journalism: (1) the importance of the separation of conception and execution of labour; (2) the increased differentiation of the labour process; (3) the use of technology to increase productivity; and (4) the deskilling of labour.

  • 17095.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    The Maiden Tribute and the Naming of Monsters: two case studies of popular journalism as alternative public sphere2006Inngår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 7, nr 6, s. 851-868Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to contribute to the ongoing discussion about the critical potential of tabloid journalism. It does so through a comparison of two popular journalism campaigns: the “Maiden Tribute” campaign in the London newspaper the Pall Mall Gazette in 1885 (dealing with underage prostitution), and the “naming-and-shaming” campaign in the News of the World in 2000, concerning child abuse and paedophilia. The main research question is whether any or both of these campaigns can be viewed as contributions to an alternative public sphere, as defined using concepts from Örnebring and Jönsson (2004

    16.           Örnebring  ,   Henrik       and     Jönsson  ,   Anna Maria     (  2004  )   “Tabloid Journalism and the Public Sphere: a historical perspective on tabloid journalism”  ,    Journalism Studies    5  (  3  ), pp.   283  –  95  .[Taylor & Francis Online]View all references) and Atton (2002

    1.        Atton, Chris. 2002. Alternative Media, London: Sage. View all references). Three aspects of the campaigns are compared: (1) How they discursively frame the issue at hand, (2) How they discursively frame the key actors present in the texts, and (3) What mode of address is employed. The purpose of this comparison is to examine whether the campaigns open up alternative possibilities in how they frame and present the issue and the actors, and in how they address and give space to their audiences. The main result is that the Pall Mall Gazette campaign has the greater claim to being a contribution to an alternative public sphere in terms of how it frames the issue and the actors. The article further argues that while there is a distinct potential of tabloid journalism to contribute to an alternative public sphere in certain circumstances, this potential should not be overstated.

  • 17096.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    The producer as consumer – of what?: User-generated tabloid content in The Sun (UK) and Aftonbladet (Sweden)2008Inngår i: Journalism Studies, ISSN 1461-670X, E-ISSN 1469-9699, Vol. 9, nr 5, s. 771-785Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The rise of user-generated content (UGC) is often thought to blur further the distinction between (media) producers and (media) consumers. Many media organizations, in particular newspapers, have developed extensive sections of their Web pages based on UGC. But there is still relatively little discussion of the exact relationship between producing and consuming in these sections. What is being produced and what is being consumed? Does the blurring of the producer–consumer represent a real shift in power away from traditional media/news organizations, or is the rise of UGC just a way for newspapers to get content produced “for free”? This article analyses UGC provision in two tabloid newspapers, The Sun (UK) and Aftonbladet (Sweden)—both newspapers generally considered to be very successful in terms of their online presence—by comparing (1) the levels of involvement required by users, (2) the types of content produced, and (3) the modes of production used. The results show that both tabloids are similar in that they provide users with the opportunity to generate mostly popular culture-oriented content and personal/everyday life-oriented content, but little or no opportunity to generate news/information-oriented content.

  • 17097.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Transmedia histories: Disjunctions and continuities2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents two case studies of transmedial entertainment, one of the pulp franchise The Shadow and one of the contemporary franchise Transformers. The article argues that previous studies of transmedia entertainment have focused too much on narrative in a strict sense (plot/story), ignoring the interplay between the contexts of production and reception as well as narrative elements other than plot, notably those that create the greater narrative ‘world’. The article therefore focuses on an integrated analysis of the production/reception of the two transmedia properties, and the narrative disjunctions created by extending a transmedia world across different media platforms. The study finds that transmedia narratives cannot be understood without taking media industry objectives into account, and that previous studies have overemphasized the narrative integration of transmedial properties.

  • 17098.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Outsourcing newswork2016Inngår i: Handbook of Digital Journalism / [ed] David Domingo, Tamara Witschge, Alfred Hermida, Chris Anderson, London: Sage Publications, 2016Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 17099.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Jönsson, Anna Maria
    Södertörns Högskola.
    User-generated content and the news: Empowerment of citizens or an interactive illusion?2011Inngår i: Journalism Practice, ISSN 1751-2786, E-ISSN 1751-2794, Vol. 5, nr 2, s. 127-144Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The involvement of citizens in public life through the Internet, variously described by terms such as interactivity and user-generated content, is frequently held up as a democracy-enhancing development. However, these concepts say little about the exact nature and character of media–audience relations. We wish to introduce a more detailed taxonomy of user-generated content (UGC) that takes issues of power and influence into account. We examine the media–reader relationship (in online newspapers) by looking at (1) degree of participation and (2) type of content. We also suggest that it might be fruitful to think in terms of a political economy of UGC. Our results show that users are mostly empowered to create popular culture-oriented content and personal/everyday life-oriented content rather than news/informational content. Direct user involvement in news production is minimal. There is a clear political economy of UGC: UGC provision in mainstream media to a great extent addresses users-as-consumers and is part of a context of consumption

  • 17100.
    Örnebring, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Karlsson, Michael
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för humaniora och samhällsvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för geografi, medier och kommunikation.
    The labor of journalism: Challeneges of technological and economic restructuring2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will analyze how the technological and economic restructuring of journalistic labor impacts on three key theoretical concepts in journalism:  routines, professionalism and autonomy. Journalistic labor will be analyzed along three dichotomous dimensions: paid/unpaid, skilled/unskilled and individual/collective.

    For most of the 20th century, defining journalism in terms of labor (for the purposes of this paper, “labor” is defined as exertion that generates surplus value, organized through a contractual employer-employee relationship) was straightforward: journalistic labor was done by those who were employed, commonly on permanent, full-time contracts, by traditional media organizations. It was essentially not possible to conduct the work of a journalist outside this system.

    Many of the key journalism scholars of the postwar era imported concepts and theories from the sociology of work and used them to analyze journalism – among them routines (e.g. Gans 1979, Tuchman 1978), professionalism and the related concept of professional roles  (e.g. Johnstone, Slawski & Bowman 1976, Tunstall 1971) and autonomy (e.g. Breed 1955, Merrill 1974). However, when reading these works today, it is striking that the intellectual foundation of these concepts is that journalism is conducted by people who are in stable contractual relationships with likewise stable, large organizations. This, as we know, is not true anymore.

    The introduction of digital technologies and networked communications poses many challenges to the understanding of journalism as labor. The barriers of entry for performing journalistic work (though not necessarily labor, see below) have all but disappeared. It is now possible for individuals to produce and distribute news content without the need for a large organization and expensive production equipment. Conversely, as distribution channels multiply and become more fragmented, audiences can also increasingly chose to not consume journalistic content, or to consume journalistic content that is available at no cost to the end-user. It is at once easier to perform journalistic work and harder to get (adequately) paid for it, i.e. to perform journalistic labor. Permanent full-time jobs in journalism are getting fewer in most of the Western world, and freelancing, part-time work and occupational fluidity (e.g. journalists producing news one day and PR material the next) are becoming more common. While journalism scholarship has had much to say about the challenges of the new digital, networked environment, less attention has been paid to the validity of the many underlying concepts and theories that presuppose a particular way of organizing journalistic labor (Deuze 2007, 2011 being notable exceptions).

                                 We focus here on three concepts in particular – routines,  professionalism, and autonomy.  The theoretical challenges to these concepts are examined using three dichotomous dimensions: paid vs. unpaid labor (and its close companion, work time vs. free time), skilled vs unskilled labor, and individual vs. collective labor. What types of journalistic labor can you be expected to be paid for, and what do you increasingly have to do for free? If journalism can be outsourced and journalists replaced by algorithms and software (see Clerwall, 2014), how “skilled” is journalistic labor? As employers shift risk and responsibility to employees, individual journalists have to spend more time on personal branding and marketing. This has consequences for the possibilities of doing collective work (as in a traditional newsroom setting) when you may be competing with colleagues for scarce resources. We argue that ongoing fundamental changes to how journalistic labor is organized also require fundamentally rethinking many of the key concepts of journalism studies.

339340341342343344 17051 - 17100 of 17164
RefereraExporteraLink til resultatlisten
Permanent link
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annet format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annet språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf