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  • 151.
    Wettergren, Åsa
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Kulturjam - nya vägar till politiskt motstånd i informationssamhället2003Inngår i: Kultur, plats, identitet: det lokalas betydelse i en globaliserad värld / [ed] Helene Egeland & Jenny Johannisson, Nya Doxa , 2003, s. 173-194Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 152.
    Wettergren, Åsa
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Like Moths to a Flame: Culture Jamming and the Global Spectacle2003Inngår i: Representing Resistance: Media, Civil Disobedience, and the Global Justice Movement / [ed] Andrew Opel & Donnalyn Pompper, Westport, Conn.: Praeger , 2003, s. 27-43Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 153.
    Wettergren, Åsa
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Mobilization and the Moral Shock: The Adbusters Media Foundation2005Inngår i: Emotions And Social Movements / [ed] Helena Flam & Debra King, New York: Routledge , 2005, s. 99-118Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 154.
    Wettergren, Åsa
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Moving and Jamming: Implications for Social Movement Theory2005Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The present compiled dissertation explores culture jamming as a social movement in late capitalist information society. Culture jamming embraces groups and individuals practicing symbolic protest against the expansion and domination of large corporations and the logic of the market into public and private life. The central aim is to understand the meaning of culture jamming; its “model” of collective identification, and its protest and mobilizing strategies. International social movement research mostly focuses upon well established movements that are traditionally organized and directed against conventional political institutions. Studying culture jamming as a social movement therefore entails implications for social movement theory and research. For instance, concepts must be adjusted to cover emerging “individualized” forms of collective action and the effects of cyberspace on collective identification. Furthermore, attention is directed to emotions in culture jamming. It is thereby also argued that social movement research generally may have a lot to gain from incorporating emotion theory.

    Data consists of texts and visuals from the organization Adbusters Media Foundation, and seven interviews with culture jammers. The groups represented in the interviews are Institute for Applied Autonomy, Reverend Billy’s Church of Stop Shopping, New York Surveillance Camera Players, Bureau of Inverse Technology, Rtmark, and the French Casseurs de Pub. The method of analysis is “abductive” qualitative text analysis inspired by hermeneutic qualitative analysis and the epistemological and ontological foundations of discourse theory and post-structuralism.

    Analysis is carried out in five separate studies presented in text I-IV (previously published) and in chapter eight. Text I maps the Adbusters Media Foundation (AMF) along the lines of narrative, organization, ends, means, and strategy. Text II offers an analysis of the various nodal points in the AMF discourse and discusses the tensions inherent to the AMF effort to “hegemonize” the meaning of culture jamming. Text III offers an analysis of culture jamming as political activism from the thematic perspective of culture, place and identity, based on four of the interviews. In text IV the AMF visuals are analyzed from the perspective of emotions and social movement mobilization. Chapter eight brings together the seven interviews and the AMF material into an analysis of emotions in culture jamming.

  • 155.
    Wettergren, Åsa
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    The information of counter-power in the postmodern condition: strategies an Situationist heritage in the case of Adbusters org.Manuskript (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 156.
    Wood, Jenny
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Muhammedkarikatyrerna, Religiös hänsyn och Yttrandefriheten2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    The Mohamed-Caricatures, Religious Respect and the Freedom of Speech

    Essay in Political Science, D-level

    Author: Jenny Wood

    Tutor: Hans Lödén

    Spring 2007

    The purpose of this essay is to determine if the Mohamed-crisis has effected the freedom of speech in Sweden, that is, if the critique against Islam has decreased in the Swedish newspapers (Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet) after the crisis. In order to fulfil the purpose of this essay I have formulated both research questions and principled questions. The key question of my essay concerns the Mohamed-crisis effect on the freedom of speech in Sweden:

    Has the freedom of speech been impaired in Sweden as a result of the Mohamed-crisis?

    The answer to this question is yes. I have come to this conclusion from the results of a qualitative text analysis of the editorial- and cultural columns of the two Swedish newspapers Dagens Nyheter and Svenska Dagbladet, where I have studied changes in religious critique of Islam before and after the crisis. My essay also argues for the importance of freedom of speech in a democracy, and this viewpoint is supported by my theoretical framework

    My essay can in itself be viewed as an important step in obtaining a clearer understanding of both the importance freedom of speech has for a democracy, and also to obtain understanding of cultural differences concerning our view of the strength of freedom of speech versus the importance of religious respect.

  • 157.
    Wreder, Malin
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    I omsorgens namn: Tre diskurser om äldreomsorg2005Doktoravhandling, monografi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to describe and analyse three different discourses on elderly care, as they emerge in statements from care staff and research. Each discourse centres on a sign, or pair of signs: care, education/professional competence, and the elderly/ageing. Drawing its main inspiration from Laclau and Mouffe, and Foucault, the analysis is made with regard to how the discourses are constructed, what they include and exclude.

    The discourse on care interconnects family, homeliness and mutuality. Empathy, a good attitude, family ideals endow elderly care with distinctly feminine connotations. Theoretical concepts such as rationality of care and an almost exclusive research focus on women’s work have tended to construct the same nexus. Unknowingly, or sometimes despite intentions, the discourse in this way reproduces conservative gender roles.

    A discourse on ‘anti-care’, exemplified by disorganisation and incompetent management, is also created and invested with responsibility for shortcomings.

    The discourse on education and professional competence centres on claims to medical and executive tasks by nurses, the struggle against deprofessionalisation of assistant nurses, and the attempt of nurse aids to resist categorisation as ‘anybody’. Education/training are considered important to raise work status, but also leading to an instrumental attitude and distance from the core of the occupation – care.

    The discourse on the elderly and ageing characterises them as lonely and depressed. Also being violent and ungrateful, their behaviour undermine the notion of mutuality. Social interaction and outdoor walks are presented as means to improve their situation. Fundamental to the discourse is an ambiguous approach to ageing as both natural and something to be deferred. Ageing is further presented as decivilisation process, in which gradual loss of control over the body is also a loss of human-ness. The body is, paradoxically, what both defines and disqualifies the elderly as fully human.

    The depersonalising and biographing procedures of elderly care, sequential but overlapping, display its proximity to Goffman’s total institution and Foucault’s panopticon. Conversation plays an important disciplinary part in encouraging the elderly to want to do right, i.e., be socially active, and avoid amoral or asocial habits like drink, sex or solitude.

  • 158.
    Wästlund, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Archer, Trevor
    Göteborg University.
    Exploring Cross-Cultural Differences in Self-Concept: A Meta-Analysis of SDQ2001Inngår i: Cross Cultural Studies, ISSN 1069-3971, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 280-302Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This meta-analytic approach, designed to explore the cross-cultural differences in levels of self-concept as measured by the Self-Description Questionnaire, yielded two main results. (a) There seems to be a general pattern in self-concept amongst schoolchildren from the three cultural groups included in this investigation (i.e., Asia, Africa, and Australia/United States). Girls have higher or equal means in most academic areas and boys are higher in nonacademic and total self-concept. Furthermore, (b) in the comparison between these cultural groups a pattern emerged whereby the children from Africa, generally, had the most positive self-concept, the children from Asia had the least positive self-concept in the nonacademic subareas, and the children from Australia/United States had the least positive self-concept in the academic subareas. Because these differences are difficult to explain solely with the concepts of individualism and collectivism, a tentative explanation incorporating the concept of optimism is suggested.

  • 159.
    Wästlund, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Archer, Trevor
    Göteborg University, Sweden.
    Internet Blues Revisited: A Replication and Extension of Kraut et al (1998) Internet Paradox Study2001Inngår i: CyberPsychology and Behavior, Vol. 4, nr 3, s. 385-391Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a replication of the Kraut et al. Internet paradox study designed to set guidelines for harmless Internet usage, without any potential for personal damage. The present study produced two main results: The first is a partial confirmation of the general response pattern found by Kraut et al. (i.e., that younger individuals tend to use the Internet to a higher degree and that they experience a lesser degree of psychological well-being). The second main result, however, contradicts the interpretation by Kraut et al. of the causal relationship between Internet usage and psychological well-being.

  • 160.
    Äleklint, Sara
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Uggla, Elizabet
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Flow & Konstskapande: "Balansgång mellan kreativt flöde & presationsångest"2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 161.
    Ängerteg, Anders
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Förändring av betygssystemet: Elevers och lärares syn på några nya förslag2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    I riksdagsvalet 2006 fick Sverige en ny regering med borgerligt styre. Förslag som utlovades i valrörelsen, särskilt från folkpartiet, som rör grundskolans senare år var bland annat att man vill införa betyg tidigare, använda sig av ett ordningsomdöme och att den ogiltiga frånvaron ska synas i betyget.

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka vad lärare och elever tycker om dessa förslag. Metoden som jag använt mig av har varit en enkätundersökning som genomförts i tre sjätteklasser och tre sjundeklasser samt att intervjua fyra lärare som tjänstgjort olika länge på grundskolans senare år. Resultatet visar att antalet elever är jämnt fördelade om de vill ha betyg tidigare eller inte medan två av tre elever vill att ett ordningsomdöme ska införas och att skolk ska synas i betyget. Någon större skillnad mellan årskurserna och mellan pojkar och flickor kunde ej uppmätas. Resultatet hos lärarna är att de flesta är positiva till att ha betyg tidigare än i årskurs åtta, tycker att förslaget med ett ordningsomdöme är en bra idé medan de är tveksamma till att frånvaro ska stå med i betyget oavsett om den är giltig eller inte.

  • 162.
    Öjehag Pettersson, Andreas
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för samhälls- och livsvetenskaper. Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Gloarchy: Polyarchy in the Age of Globalization2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis tries to evaluate the very large question of how globalization can be said to have an effect on democracy by reducing both concepts to a more usable format. In doing so it tries to evaluate how a special theory of democracy put forward by Robert Dahl in 1971 – polyarchy – could be said to be affected by the workings of contemporary globalization. When assessing the variables of the investigation, globalization is being represented by two constructed ideal images that are later measured against a set of seven variables extracted from Dahl’s theory.

    By the use of qualitative text analysis the constructed ideal types help provide a framework for how one can measure the effects of globalization on polyarchy. The analysis ends in a result where it is clear that if globalization is understood as a neo-liberal ideal image it is making the circumstances for the creation of polyarchies in the future more favorable. However, if globalization is understood as an ideal image of world-system theory explanations then the circumstances for future polyarchies are less favorable. In a concluding discussion important implications of the results are highlighted when the thesis concludes that regardless of ideological starting point globalization can be said to affect the theory of polyarchy in such a way that it is in dire need of reevaluation. At the same time the essay concludes that whenever the concept of globalization is being used with scientific ambitions by politicians, they need to be aware of, and reflect, the different results that it brings depending on how it is explained.

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