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  • 151.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Interveillance, Complicit Surveillance and the Question of Cosmopolitanism: Towards a Phenomenological Understanding of Mediatization2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Networked Communities and Interactive Surveillance in Transnational Social Space2010Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 153.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    The Encapsulated Self vs the Cosmopolitan Self: Towards a Phenomenological Conceptualization of Mediatized Communication and Complicit Surveillance2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 154.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    The Encapsulated vs. the Cosmopolitan Self? : Towards a Phenomenological Understanding of Mediatized Communication and Complicit Surveillance2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mediatization refers to a meta-process whereby social life in its totality is (re)embedded in and saturated with mediated processes. This paper addresses the relationship between two theoretically diverging, yet socially intertwined, realms pertaining to various mediatization patterns: cosmopolitanism and surveillance. Mediatization implies increasing opportunities for ‘extending the self’, experienced in terms of mediated proximity, immediacy and boundary transgression – ultimately sustaining a more cosmopolitan outlook of the world. Yet, mediatization also brings growing opportunities for securitization, boundary control and social encapsulation, on behalf of societal institutions as well as individuals and groups. Contemporary forms and extensions of surveillance and cosmopolitanism are increasingly interwoven through the meta-process of mediatization, most recently the social saturation of converging ‘social’ media. This paper suggests that phenomenology, as a heuristic tool, offers a well-contextualized and grounded socio-cultural perspective to grasp the everyday dimensions and subjective moral positionalities ensuing from increased mediatization and related openings and closures

  • 155.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Christensen, Christian
    Uppsala University.
    Globalization, Mediated Practice and Social Space: Assessing the Means and Metaphysics of Online Territories2011In: Online Territories: Globalization, Mediated Practice and Social Space / [ed] Christensen, Miyase; Jansson, A. and Christensen, C., NY: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2011Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 156.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Jansson, AndréKarlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.Christensen, ChristianUppsala University, Sweden.
    Online Territories: Globalization, Mediated Practice and Social Space2011Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 157.
    Christensen, Miyase
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Lenert, E
    Tufekci, Z
    Gustafson, K
    The Digital Divide: The National Debate and Federal and State Level Programs2012In: Inequity in the Technopolis: Race, Class and the Digital Divide in Austin / [ed] Straubhaar, Z. Tufekci, B. Lentz, and J. Spence, Austin: University of Texas Press , 2012, p. 109-134Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Bakom webben: En studie av produktionsvillkor och svenska universitetswebbplatsers form och innehåll2009Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Since their breakthrough in the mid 1990's, web sites have become one of the most important channels for communication at Swedish universities. Drawing upon the analytical framework of "the production of culture perspective", the thesis investigates how the form and content of Swedish university web sites are influenced by the production milieu in which they are produced.

    Based on quantitative content analysis of the home pages of university web sites, the thesis documents changes in the form and content, such as links, headings, and body matter becoming more focused on marketing, as well as an increasing need for different kinds of navigation aids on the web sites. In addition to this, the thesis presents the results of fifteen in-depth interviews with informants working at various levels of the web organizations at Swedish universities. Using the production of culture perspective, together with previous research on media production in general, and literature on more specific areas, such as organization theory and communication, and media and technology, this presentation is followed by a discussion and analysis of structural, production related, factors, and their influence on the form and content of the web sites.

    The overall conclusion of the thesis is that the production of university web sites - their form and content - is about much more than available technology, web development processes, and different programming languages, to mention but a few examples. It is also about organizational routines, about the ways decisions are made, about policies for web publishing within the overall organization, about different stakeholders being put against each other, and it is about strategic choices about what to publish on the web and not. Furthermore, the thesis shows that structural factors function as constraints, as well as facilitators of web site production. For example, the width of web pages increases in correspondence with the increasing number of larger, high-resolution, displays used by the user; local policies and strategies decides the content to be focused; and a consistent form and layout of the university web sites are inhibited by the organizational structures and lines of command.

  • 159.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Behind the web: an exploratory study of the production of Swedish university web sites2008In: Abstracts: Media and Global Divides, International Assocciation for Media and Communication Research , 2008, p. 432-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Form and Content in Numbers: using content analysis to explore changes in form and content on web sites over time2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and exemplify a method for analyzing the form and content of web sites. The paper is based on empirical work conducted by myself in late 2004 and beginning of 2005. Using quantitative content analysis I analyzed Swedish university web sites in different versions from 1996 to 2005. The purpose of the analysis was to explore how the form and content of these web sites has changed over time. This paper shows how the analysis was done; focusing on the methodological aspects of, and the different steps in, the analysis. To exemplify what kind of data the analysis yielded, a preliminary short version of the results of the analysis is included. The paper ends with a few examples of how the empirical data may be used in the analysis of how production conditions affect the outcome of the web design processes

  • 161.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Form and Content in Numbers: using content analysis to explore changes in form and content on web sites over time2005Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to describe and exemplify a method for analyzing the form and content of web sites. The paper is based on empirical work conducted by myself in late 2004 and beginning of 2005. Using quantitative content analysis I analyzed Swedish university web sites in different versions from 1996 to 2005. The purpose of the analysis was to explore how the form and content of these web sites has changed over time. This paper shows how the analysis was done; focusing on the methodological aspects of, and the different steps in, the analysis. To exemplify what kind of data the analysis yielded, a preliminary short version of the results of the analysis is included. The paper ends with a few examples of how the empirical data may be used in the analysis of how production conditions affect the outcome of the web design processes.

  • 162.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Information Architecture - a descriptive overview2003In: / [ed] John Sören Pettersson, 2003Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 163.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Nyhetskonsumtion i Värmland2012In: Värmländska landskap: Politik, ekonomi, samhälle, kultur, medier / [ed] Nilsson, Lennart, Aronsson, Lars och Norell, PO, Karlstad: Karlstad University Press, 2012, p. 387-403Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 164.
    Clerwall, Christer
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Robot journalism in Swedish newsrooms2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 165.
    David, Edvinsson
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Jacob, Lingefjärd
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Isac, Lundmark
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Kriskommunikation i praktiken: En fallstudie i hur Kommunal Östs medlemmar uppfattat Kommunals kriskommunikation2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 166.
    Dornerus, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Läsvärdesundersökning, Bergsjöbladet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 167.
    Durkalec, Joanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Såpoperan ”Glamour” och liv på nätet: En netnografisk och kvalitativ innehållsanalysstudie av en fandom och fandiskussioner på Facebook.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate the soap opera “The Bold and the Beautiful” (Swedish title “Glamour”) and its viewers/fans and to understand on a deeper level how their communication looks like on the social media. The study also discusses partly the aspect of power between the mass media that in some way have an influence on the soap opera and its fans. The basis for this has also been the fans conversations in the social media.To answer the purpose of the essay, I specified it in the form of three following questions: “How does the Swedish “The Bold and the Beautiful” fandom is being design through their communicative actions on the social media?", “What kind of “fan-talk” the Swedish “The Bold and the Beautiful” fans are being engage on Facebook?” and “How can the power relationship between “The Bold and the Beautiful“ fans and different media be understood from the “fan-talk” and construction of the fandom that can be found on Facebook?”To examine the purpose of the essay and get answers to my questions I looked closely at the Swedish fans of the soap opera “The Bold and the Beautiful”. I have chosen to investigate two Facebook groups: ”Glamour ettan - en del av Glamoursällskapet” och ”Glamoursällskapet 2.0”.The method used is a form of netnography where the data has been analyzed by qualitative content analysis.Social TV is a phenomenon in which television viewers use social media to discuss with other media users specific media content. “The Bold and the Beautiful” fans in my study uses Facebook to discuss, argue and debate about the soap opera thus making “The Bold and the Beautiful” to a social TV. The social TV created a new kind of audience so called the social audience, which is a result of a change within the new media development. The process of change is itself based on interactivity through social networks. The study describes the characteristics of a fan, a person whose activities expands wider than just watching a particular television program. If a person chooses to devote their own time to discuss media content that is available on the classic media channels with other media users, he becomes conscious or unconscious, a fan. Members of both study groups are an example of the social audience.The study shows that previous research from mainly Fiske (1992) and Jenkins (1992) on fans and fandom, confirms their results how a fandom constructs itself. From the perspective of how the opportunities and conditions for fans to communicate have changed, it is remarkable that recent years facilitated by use of the social media. The study shows that social media today is the main arena for fan-talk. Regarding the power aspect the study shows a clear relationship between the fans and the media. The fans want to be able to influence the media to raise the attention of the soap opera “The Bold and the Beautiful” through various activities.

  • 168.
    Dyberg, Anton
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Taflin, Totte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Det är ingen rocket science: En varumärkesundersökning av Metro i Karlstad2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to do a brand survey of Metro in Karlstad. The study will originate from the terms ”brand identity” and ”brand associations”, where the brand identity is the organization’s desired view of the brand, and the brand associations define the associations held by the consumers.

    Issues: What is Metro’s brand identity? What are the brand associsations of Metro in Karlstad? How well do the brand identity and the brand associations correspond?

    Theoretical framework: The study is done from the perspective of media and communication studies, where the theoretical terms are defined from literature regarding brands.

    Method: The study is carried out using a qualitative document analysis, interviews, and a quantitative survey. The document analysis was made on Metro’s own documents regarding values and target audience. The interviews were carried out with three interviewees from the organization of Metro. The survey was made as a group survey with 200 respondents where eight were removed as they did not qualify for the target audience.

    Results: The qualitative studies showed that the brand identity towards Metro’s readers is simple. Metro’s desire is that the the newspaper is seen as free, accessible, and that it summarizes the news. The survey showed that the readers of Metro in Karlstad choose Metro because it is free and accessible. They also gave Metro a good grade regarding summarizing of news.

    Conclusions: Metro keeps their brand identity towards readers simple, as the brand awareness is high and thereby don’t need a complex brand identity. The readers choose Metro because it’s free and accessible, and also think that Metro summarizes the news well. This is exactly what Metro wants to accomplish, and do so by keeping the brand identity simple. The correspondence between brand identity and brand associations is strong, and thereby contributes to a strong brand for Metro.

    Keywords: Metro, free newspaper, brand survey, brand identity, brand associations, brand, customer perceived value, brand positioning, brand equity, brand awareness.

  • 169.
    Enghel, Florencia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Communication, development and social change: future alternatives2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper situates communication for development and social change in the context of the discourse and practice of multilateral organizations and of ongoing transformations in the international development/ aid system. Contextualizing these elements provides grounding for a subsequent discussion on for whom and for what to mobilize communication for development and social change to address the complexity of the current global crisis. This effort to critically rethink the role of communication in mobilizing a set of relationships among citizens, national states and transnational actors considering its dual potential for advancing both human rights and economic globalization/capitalist accumulation, is in turn expected to be of some relevance in the broader context of global communication studies.

  • 170.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Flachsland, Cecilia
    Rosenberg, Violeta
    Youth, Memory and Justice: The Cromañón Case and Communication in an Age of Precariousness2009In: Youth Engaging with the World : Media, Communication and Social Change / [ed] Thomas Tufte ; Florencia Enghel, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 171.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Tufte, Thomas
    Roskilde University, Denmark.
    Citizenship practices among youth: Exploring the role of Communication and Media2011In: New questions, new insights, new approaches: Contributions to the Research Forum at the World Summit on Media for Children and Youth 2010 / [ed] Cecilia von Feilitzen, Ulla Carlsson, Catarina Bucht, Gothenburg: Nordicom, 2011, p. 261-271Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 172.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Tufte, Thomas
    Youth engaging with media and communication: different, unequal and disconnected?2009In: Youth Engaging with the World : Media, Communication and Social Change / [ed] Thomas Tufte ; Florencia Enghel, Göteborg: Nordicom , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 173.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Tufte, Thomas
    Youth engaging with the world/Media, communication and social change2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 174.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Wilkins, KarinRadio-TV-Film, University of Texas at Austin.
    Communication, Media and Development: Problems and Perspectives2012Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mobilizing communication globally: for what and for whom? This question2 motivated this special issue of Nordicom Review, grounded in a concern over the future of communicationfor development as a field of theorization and research tightly linked to practice the world over. Against this background, for this special issue we invited critical contributions that would address the relationship between communication, development and social change beyond so-called “success stories” -papers attentive to the potential of communication and media interventions to provoke unexpected outcomes, at times harmful or unfair, and alert to the fact that “caution must be exercised in the adoption of social diagnoses based on specific, very narrowly conceived empirical constraints, and subsequent prescriptions” (Cabrera 2010: 156). In the context of increasing inequalities in both developing and developed countries (Wilkinson and Pickett 2010), for whom and for what to mobilize communication remainsan open question. We propose that this question should be at the heart of future efforts to theorise and research in what ways and under which conditions communication might contribute to equitable development and social justice.

  • 175.
    Enghel, Florencia
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Wilkins, Karin
    The privatization of participation in development2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Englund, Liselotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Kunskapscentrum för Katastrofpsykiatri, Uppsala universitet.
    Journalisten som professionellt ögonvittne2010In: Framtider, ISSN 0281-0492, no 4, p. 19-22Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 177.
    Englund, Liselotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Medier på olycksplatsen: En studie av samspel mellan journalister och räddningspersonal under arbete i kris2002Report (Other academic)
  • 178.
    Englund, Liselotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Michel, Per-Olof
    Kunskapscentrum för katastrofpsykiatri, Uppsala universitet.
    Riddez, Louis
    Karolinska universitetssjukhuset.
    Örtenwall, Per
    Västra Götalandsregionen.
    Bombattentatet i Oslo och skjutningarna på Utøya 2011: Kamedo-rapport 972012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Fredagen den 22 juli 2011 kl. 15.25 detonerade en sprängladdning i regeringskvarteret i centrala Oslo. Bomben var mycket kraftig – åtta personer dödades, minst 90 skadades och kringliggande byggnader fick omfattande skador. Senare samma eftermiddag klev en man som utgav sig för att vara polis iland på ön Utøya, där det norska Arbeiderpartiets ungdomsförbund höll ett sommarläger. Väl iland på ön började mannen skjuta omkring sig. När han senare greps av polis hade 69 personer dödats och 65 skadats. De flesta var barn eller ungdomar. Händelserna den 22 juli involverade stora delar av det norska samhället. De många skadade krävde stora insatser från hälso- och sjukvården och det fanns ett stort behov av psykosocialt stöd till de många överlevande och deras anhöriga, samt till de avlidnas anhöriga. Vidare väckte händelserna ett mycket stort medialt intresse som de berörda aktörerna var tvungna att förhålla sig till.

    Rapporten omfattar en diskussion kring den norska hanteringen av 22 juli 2011,  samt hur det svenska samhället hade kunnat hantera en motsvarande händelse.Tre huvudområden belyses: hälso- och sjkukvård, psykosocialt stöd samt kommunikation och mediehantering.

  • 179.
    Englund, Liselotte
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. P.
    Michel, Per-Olof
    Researcher and Programme Director at the National Centre for Disaster Psychiatry.
    Riddez, Louis
    Reader and Surgeon at Karolinska University Hospital.
    Örtenwall, Per
    Senior Consultant Surgeon and Chief Emergency Medical Officer for the Västra Götaland region.
    The bomb attack in Oslo and the shootings at Utøya, 2011: Kamedo report 972012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The Kamedo observer reports study the medical, psychological, organizational and social aspects of disasters. This report summaries experiences from the bomb attack in Oslo and the shootings at Utøya, 2011. That may be valuable for the further development of the Swedish disaster preparedness system.

  • 180.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Buskqvist, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    ICT, teacher education and assessment: What is assessed and how is it done?2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although it is mandatory for student teachers in Sweden to show an ability to use ICT in pedagogical activities to obtain a teacher's degree, this ability is not always assessed in courses. Student teachers themselves claim that they are not enough prepared, not only in Sweden. Assessment in teacher training has two sides, the students will be assessed themselves, but they will also learn how to assess others. When ICT is involved there are further two sides; the student teachers ability to use ICT will be assessed and ICT can be used for assessment. When discussing teacher training, ICT and assessment there are several perspectives to take into account. This paper presents a review of research within the area, but it also takes a step further and looks at how ICT is used in combination with assessment in other parts of higher education to discuss how teacher education can be developed in this respect.

  • 181.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Buskqvist, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Åkerlund, Dan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Understanding learning design when the classroom goes online2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    The Internet is increasingly being used by educators and educational institutions not only for information seeking, but also for communication and publishing students work. This paper explores how this can affect the learning situation and how we can understand the difference between an assignment carried out by a student and which is handed over directly, and only, to the teacher, compared to something that will be published and public on the net.

    The Learning Design Sequence developed by Selander (2008) has been used as an analytical tool when analyzing 5 examples from schools using web 2.0. Not having the teacher as the only addressee for a school assignment changes the value of the work and opens up for further development of knowledge, and we argue that the Selander model in some cases can be extended, when the classroom goes on line.

  • 182.
    Eriksson, Jan Ove
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Gustavsson, Bengt Ove
    Äldreomsorg och välfärd - En jämförande undersökning om levnadsnivå för äldre i Arvika kommun1982Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 183.
    Eriksson, Magnus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Borg, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Crash Boom Bang: En kvalitativ studie om estetik och användarvänlighet vid produktion av en extremsportares webb2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 184.
    Eriksson, Olov
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Dömd på förhand?: En studie av namnpubliceringen av misstänkta brottslingar i två svenska tidningar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 185.
    Eriksson Sjöö, Camilla
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Folkesson, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Retoriska uttryck i Unicef Sveriges kampanjfilmer 20132014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The function of this paper is to examine how an aid organization uses rhetorical strategies to convince their recipients through promotional films. This study may be relevant to understand how aid organizations influence their recipients. In this study Unicef Sweden has been the object of study and the organization is one of the largest aid organizations in Sweden and an organization that regularly appear in the media.

    The theories that are relevant in this study are rhetoric and also rhetorical approaches to arrangement such as marketing rhetoric and visual rhetoric. The main issue addressed in this study is to see how Unicef Sweden uses rhetoric in their promotional films to convince people to become donors. The sub questions of the study are to investigate what expressions the rhetorical aim of the promotional films proceeds, what marketing rhetoric concepts and strategies that are presented in their promotional films to convince their target audience and how they use visual rhetoric in their promotional films.

    The study has two qualitative content analysis been performed on three to five films in selected film categories. In total, 16 promotional films have been analyzed. The chosen categories are; information film about a current situation or disaster and focus in victims of disaster, request for different campaigns, Swedish celebrities who visit underprivileged children and also a humoristic film category. In the selected films it has been made a rhetorical content analysis and an image analysis. Out of the results that have been developed in this study it clearly shows that Unicef Sweden uses rhetoric in many different ways. The three ways to convince thru rhetoric are ethos, logos and phatos and they are major building blocks in the promotional films and the most frequent one is phatos. They also use different types of rhetoric and the deliberative and epideictic rhetoric are types that occur. They also use marketing rhetorical models by disposing the promotional films in a suitable manner. Also to include celebrities in the films and make the films a bit longer are according to marketing a good way for receivers to get the message across more easily. Visual rhetoric is also used to a great extent and it clearly shows that the films generally contain somber colours and they also use colours to inform about certain situations. It is in this way that Unicef Sweden are using these three different rhetoric concepts and it shows how they use rhetoric to convince it’s receiver to absorb the message of the films and become donors.

  • 186. Falkheimer, Jesper
    et al.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Geographies of Communication: The Spatial Turn in Media Studies2006Book (Refereed)
  • 187.
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    A discursive approach to mediatization: ICT companies, coworking spaces, and the construction of media indispensability2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the ‘World Wide Web’ started to mature, the ‘information revolution’ was celebrated by researchers, politicians, policy makers, and others. Today, a new kind of technologically driven revolution is said to emerge: the ‘mobility revolution’. Unsurprisingly, the revolutionary potentials of mobile media tend to be particularly promoted by ICT companies. By all means, ICT corporations have a stake in marketing their technological gadgets as useful. Beyond this, however, they have an interest in constructing and safeguarding the idea of media as indispensable; as things necessary to lead a good life. While heavily promoted by technology producers, the media indispensability trope is not exclusive to the ICT industry. Rather, the trope also occurs in media research and in mediatization theory especially. Although there are still many suggestions as to how to define ‘mediatization’ (cf. Lundby, 2009; Hjarvard, 2013; Couldry & Hepp, 2013; Hepp & Couldry, 2016; Ekström et al, 2016; Krotz, 2009, 2017), some researchers foreground media indispensability as key to the concept. Jansson argues that ‘Today, we can see that media are generally, and to an increasing extent, perceived as indispensable to the interactions between individuals and groups’ (2015a, p. 380). Notwithstanding other areas of potential dispute, then, mediatization researchers and the communications industry unite in the recognition of technology as agents of social change. As noted by Krotz (2017), mediatization is not a natural, automatic process, but accomplished by humans. As such, he argues, it ‘must be reconstructed critically in order to find the points where the civil society was not asked’ (p. 114). Krotz calls for critical mediatization studies that consider the economic interests of mediatization stakeholders, including the ICT industry. My paper responds to recent calls for critical mediatization studies (see also Jansson, 2018), by scrutinizing the discursive practices of three leading corporations in the ICT sector: IBM, Huawei, and Ericsson. My overall objective is to approach the ‘mobility revolution’ from a constructivist standpoint in order to inspect what the alleged, media induced, social transformations entails according to some of those who would benefit the most from such a revolution. Stimulated by mediatization theory as well as related accounts of the (technology) discourse-reality relationship (e.g. Berger & Luckmann, 1966; Williams, 1974; Pinch & Bijker, 1984; Marvin, 1988; Fisher, 2010), this paper asks: if mobile media changes ‘everything’ in life – whose lives are being changed? If mobile media are ‘indispensable’ to modern ways of living – what are they supposed to do? Addressing these questions, the paper ultimately informs us about how mediatization is discursively constructed and sold to people.Findings suggest that mediatization is embraced and sold back to consumers as the response to an internal human drive and presented as an inexorable natural force. Three sub-discourses on mobile technology are identified in the empirical data set: ‘technologies of cosmos’, ‘technologies of self’, and, ultimately, ‘technologies of life’. Altogether, these sub-discourses disclose and reinforce the hegemonic nature of mediatization by communicating the indispensability of mobile media in modern – notably, urban, middle-class – lives.

  • 188.
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    More Than Meets The Eye: The Marketing of Transmedial Brands In the 21st Century2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Convergence has become a buzzword to explain all sorts of processes in contemporary society. Predominantly, the concept has been used to signify ongoing changes in how media content is being produced, distributed and consumed. In this paper, I present some initial

    findings from my ongoing dissertation project. The entertainment franchise Transformers, which is used as a case-study in my research, seem to indicate that present-day marketing practices used to promote transmedial brands (such as the Transformers brand) contribute to a convergence of media content. By the utilization of various activities to extend and promote

    the brand, such as transmedia storytelling, licensing, cross-promoting and a mixture of clever marketing initiatives, the boundaries between entertainment and advertising tend to become indistinct, if not dissolved entirely

  • 189.
    Fast, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    More than Meets the Eye: Transmedial entertainment as a site of pleasure, resistance and exploitation2012Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today’s converging entertainment industry creates ‘transmedial’ brand worlds in which consumers are expected to become immersed. Integrated marketing campaigns connected to these worlds encourage various kinds of consumer productivity and invite consumers to partake in brand-building processes. Consumers, thus, are increasingly counted on to act as co-producers of contemporary entertainment. While such an altered consumer identity has been taken as evidence of enhanced consumer agency, it has also been recognized as a source of consumer exploitation. 

    This thesis aims to further our understanding of the increasingly ambivalent power-relationship that exists between agents in the entertainment industry and their most dedicated customers – the fans. The study employs a multiperspectival theoretical framework, in that cultural studies theory is enriched with perspectives from political economy. This integrated approach to the object of study yields a better understanding of the values of consumer activity, and fan productivity in particular, to industry and consumers respectively.

    The study applies existing theory on transmedial textuality, branding, and fandom to one particular franchise, Hasbro’s Transformers. This brand world, home of both industrial and fan-based creativity, is studied through analyses of official and unofficial contents, and through interviews with professionals and fans. The focus is on the brand environment established around the first live action film ever made within the franchise. Special attention is given to the all-encompassing film marketing campaign that contributed to forming this environment and to fan productivity taking place in relation to it. 

    The case study shows that companies and fans contribute to the building and promotion of the Transformers brand world – in collaboration and in conflict. While fan productivity occasionally takes place without direct encouragement from the companies involved, it is also largely anticipated and desired by marketing campaigns. The findings suggest that consumer enjoyment potentially translates into industrial benefits, including free brand promotion. Ultimately, the thesis acknowledges transmedial worlds of entertainment as concurrent sites of pleasure, resistance, and exploitation.

  • 190.
    Fast, Karin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Jansson, André
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Lindell, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Ryan Bengtsson, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
    Introducing Geomedia Studies2018In: Geomedia Studies: Spaces and Mobilities in Mediatized Worlds / [ed] Fast, Karin; Jansson, André; Lindell, Johan; Ryan Bengtsson, Linda; Tesfahuney, Mekonnen, London: Routledge, 2018Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 191.
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Knowledge societies: Empowering through ICT4E2013In: Student Interaction Design Research Conference SIDeR'13, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Within a framework of development, this paper discusses the current estate of education access as well as some of the current challenges for the implantation and design of ICT initiatives in developing countries, and reflects on the new shift of paradigm in the field of ICT4E. These challenges can be overcome by applying methods that merge their implementation model with local ownership. Technological literacy from a local context perspective is presented as an effective model to foster social stability, sustainable development and socio-economic growth.

    Through an examination of the goals and initiatives undertaken by the GeSCI, the idea of a new framework for collective empowerment and social change is presented. To better understand the dynamics between local context and ICT4E, the socioeconomic background of the digital divide is analyzed. Finally, the article establishes the links between empowerment education and the creation of knowledge societies that turn physical networks into digital human interaction.

  • 192.
    Ferrer Conill, Raul
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication.
    Uppal, Charu
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Take us to your elders: Conflicts of communication in crisis environments in Ghana2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Crisis and disaster management organizations in developing countries are facing a challenging problem: the processes of urbanization vis a vis traditional societal organizations call for different approaches to communicate with the population. In countries where vulnerabilities, threats, and risks are high, the establishment of channels of communication that address all strata of population, generating trust is important to enhance participation and compliance.

    Departing from a two-step flow of communication model and combined with theoretical approaches of trust in crisis communication, this paper aims to analyze the channels of communication during crisis situations in Ghana and how the processes of generating trust in traditional communities is negotiated by crisis managers. To address this call, this study examines the role of citizens’ trust in different structures of Ghanaian society and the strategies used to address lack of compliance in the rural/urban dichotomy.

    This study is largely informed by a series of interviews with nine top crisis managers and officials ascribed to the National Disaster Management Organisation (NADMO) in Ghana. The results show that while government officials convey information to the public through all means possible, a large amount of the population decides to overlook or ignore the recommendations, and points to the importance of reaching communities through their chiefs, rather than approaching them directly. Since there is reluctance to follow a distant governmental agency, the trust in the community chief is of utmost importance, as chiefs become the sole channel of communication, especially in rural areas in developing countries. Thus, in order to reach rural communities, NADMO officials need to approach the elders who will communicate the message to their people. Trust, and more importantly tradition emerge as the main determining factors for successful dissemination of the message.

    The results can be applied to other parts of Ghana and other similar societies especially in countries that still follow a two-step model when it comes to flow of communication and information in crisis environments.  

  • 193.
    Fjällborg, Oskar
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Söderman, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Varumärken i Solsidans DNA: En fallstudie av varumärkesexponering i en svensk TV-serie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 194. Fornäs, J.
    et al.
    Klein, K.
    Ladendorf, M.
    Sundén, J.
    Sveningsson Elm, Malin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Digital Borderlands: Cultural Studies of Identity and Interactivity on the Internet2002Book (Refereed)
  • 195.
    Gomez Corrochano, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Social Networks and the flow of people: The effects of computer-mediated communication on mobility of young people from a rural area in Spain2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This research examines how social networking fosters the mobility of young people in a rural Spain. Generally, rural areas have been overlooked in the discourse on Globalization and Network Society, which is the foundation of the concept of “linked city”. Although many scholars have highlighted the direct link between the increase in the modes of communication of people and the increase of any kind of interaction, face-to-face included, it is necessary to stress that most of these studies are conducted in urban context where a certain grade of efficient transport exists. This study provides an approach to the impact of mediated communication on the lives of people in villages. Based on the concept of Digital Natives this study addresses the Social Network use of young people in a determined rural area in Spain and its correlation with the aim of mobility of the respondents. The results bring to light a certain degree of correlation between the increase of interaction via the Internet and the wish of mobility. Besides, this study uncovers a transportation shortage among locations in this rural area that forces young people to reduce the face-to-face interactions around specific nodes (e.g. High School or a near big city). Finally this study stresses the need for improvement of the transportation networks in terms of cost, flexibility, functionality and reach among rural population in order to avoid a cultural, economic and social backwardness in comparison to urban environments.

  • 196.
    Grönkvist, Linn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Den levande uppfattningen om landstinget: En studie om hur Landstinget i Värmland uppfattas av invånarna i Värmland2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study´s purpose is to identify how their communication affects their brand. The study will be made trough the perspective image, the values and associations which the target audience have about the County Council. The study has two question formulations: Which parts in the County Council's communication affect their brand? How does the residents in Värmland's image about County Council's look like? The study is based in Balmers 6C's of Corporate Marketing. There´s also some organizational communication added  to the study.

    The two methods has been used in the study, qantitative survey's and qualitative interviews. The survey was conducted using 100 respondents online and the interviews were conducted with three people who works with the County Council's communication.

    According to the survey, many where generally satisfied with the County Council. They have a positive image of the organization and have great confidence in it's healthcare. The criticism comes mainly directed in two directions, that the behaviour against patients is bad and that it is unnecessarily complicated to get in touch with various care centres within the County Council. The County Council uses management communication. To change the identified problems with their communication, they need to try to reach those employees who have contact with patients with how they want the organisations perception to look like.

  • 197.
    Haglund, Lars
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Business Administration. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Englund, Liselotte
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Från jämförpriser till börskriser: En kvantitativ kartläggning av ekonomi- och konsumentjournalistiken i svenska medier 20002001Book (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Hall, Richard
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Tellin, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Alla vägar bär till det digitala Rom: En kvalitativ studie om svensk länspress väg in i det digitala samhället2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The function of this essay is to analyze the Swedish provincial press’ transition into the digital world, illuminate the choices made, together with the benefits and disadvantages that the digital transformation brings. This paper also intends to pinpoint the greatest challenge of bringing one’s business into the digital space. To find these answers, this essay will take the economic and technological approach and ignore all political aspects.

    To examine this, two newspapers have been studied; Nya Wermlandstidningen and Värmlands Folkblad, by using the “qualitative research interview” as leading method, more specifically using semi-structured interviews. In both companies four persons with high relevance were interviewed.

    The theoretical areas that this essay is based upon are theories involving digitalization, convergence and displaced focus in the media industry, together with the concept of cost-free mentality. Another concept that is discussed is the pay wall, meaning a way of payment for webzines. The theory chapter is summed up by the writer’s self-made model called “The Power Distribution Model”, which indicates the effects of digitalization, convergence and the displaced focus in the media industry.

    Results of the interviews showed obvious patterns between the two newspapers, showing nearly identical strategies to make their way into the digital world, where several digital platforms where discussed, such as webzines, social medias and mobile platforms. The only difference between the two is that NWT is using a kind of pay wall called “plus”, meanwhile VF still is publishing all their online news for free. The most obvious conclusion, which is also found in the reported result, is that the newspaper industry’s biggest challenge right now, both in local and national papers, is the issue of being able to make a profit of the news in their webzines, which is also the hypothesis of the essay. 

  • 199.
    Hallin, Arvid
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    En notis säger mer än tusen ord: En kvantitativt jämförande studie mellan nyhetsnotiser och löpsedlar online2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose of this paper is to examine what sort of image one may form of the news from using the technique of push-notices, which one receives via mobile phone. To examine what image one may get from the accumulated receiving of push-notices this paper will focus on finding out what sort of news that generate push-notices. To make the research purposeful this study has adopted a comparative research design were the push-notices received will be compared to the placard of the newspaper with the most readers in Sweden called Aftonbladet. The comparison of the research will be between the placard of Aftonbladets website and the push-notices sent out from Aftonbladet. The comparison is in this way motivated as relevant though it’s the same producer of news behind both of the mediums being researched. The result of the research is shaped so that one can draw generalized conclusions from the research. To create results that can add to the bigger picture when it comes to news and new techniques as well as to the research on push-notices, this study is conducted by the means of a quantitative content analysis. This analysis contains a set of questions which are then asked to each unit of analysis. In this case headlines on the website placard and the push notices received via mobile phones are the units being analyzed. The data collected from the research is then analyzed in the program for statistical analysis called SPSS. The study is based on the work of two theories. The first one is the agenda setting theory, first constructed by Mccombs & Shaw (1972) which has been followed by lots of other studies in the field. The second one is theories of news values. This one ties together with the approach of finding out what sort of news generates push-notices though the theory of news values. The main purpose of this field of research is answering the question of what news really is. The theory part of news values is mostly based on the early findings of Galtung & Ruge (1965).From these works of theory the questions for the quantitative content analysis are created. Throughout the paper follows a discussion on the validity and reliability of the research design. Parts of the paper contain a discussion on how well the research answers to the requirements set on quantitative content analysis. The findings show that Aftonbladet uses push-notices mainly to report about serious matters. Sports and entertainment does not take up a big portion of the notices received during the period of study, accidents and questions of prominence on the other hand do. The most interesting finding is how much of the push-notices that contains reports of live news material as well as how much of the received content contains recommendations on how to follow a story in a different medium. The final part of the paper is a reflection on the study design and also the results. Here future research in the field is discussed and the strength and weaknesses of the paper is reviewed.

  • 200.
    Hansson, Eva
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Media and Communication Studies.
    Äktenskapet kommer ut: Dagspressens rapportering om registrerat partnerskap och könsneutralt äktenskap2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study examines the coverage of registered partnership and same-sex marriage inSwedish daily newspapers at two periods of time; 1995-01-01–1995-03-31 and 2009-05-01–2009-07-31. By comparisons between the representations of same-sex couples and the construction of the concept of marriage and family during the two periods, the aim has been to analyse whether the coverage of the topic has changed towards a more tolerant discourse. The questions raised concern for example the presence of different forms of discursive discrimination in the texts, and the frequency of positive/negative statements.

    The study is based on a social constructive perspective, and the assumption that the daily newspapers are important agents when it comes to maintaining or contesting the discourse on what is regarded as normal concerning different social groups.

    341 articles in Swedish newspapers have been analysed using quantitative content analysis, and twenty articles have been selected for a critical discourse analysis based on Norman Fairclough’s approach and Kristina Boréu’s typology of discursive discrimination.

    The results show that negative statements about same-sex relations are less frequent in the texts 2009 compared to 1995 , and that the representations have changed towards a larger diversity concerning female and male same-sex couples as well as regarding different sexual orientations. The same pattern applies to negative other-presentation and proposals pointing towards unfavourable treatment of same-sex couples, which are not as visible in the daily newspapers in 2009 that it was in 1995. The overall conclusion is that the media coverage about same-sex couples has changed towards a more tolerant discourse.

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