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  • 151.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Learning democracy by sharing power: the student role in effectiveness and improvement2004In: MacBeath, J. och Moos, L. (2004) Democratic Learning. The challenge to school effectiveness, London: Routledge Falmer , 2004Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 152.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Learning from development work applications2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Erfarenheter från granskningar av utvecklingsprojekt i norska kommuner och skolor som samverkar med kompetensmiljöer för utveckling av skolor redovisas. Innehållet i de ansökningar som erhöll och inte erhöll medel diskuteras

  • 153.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Nasjonale pröver - internationella utblickar och lärdomar av värde för Norge2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 154.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Quality and Equity in Danish Basic Education: Policies and Outcomes: Background Report2004Report (Refereed)
  • 155.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Qualitätsentwicklung im Bildungswesen: Erfahrungen von und aktuelle Problematik in Schweden2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 156.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Responsible schools as the basis of the school system: Swedish experiences2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 157.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    School inspections and school development in Sweden - a waste of time and money2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Ekholm, Mats
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Skolors utveckling - ett kunskapsfält i vardande2011In: Med ansiktet vänt mot Europa. Perspektiv på skolutveckling / [ed] Robert Thornberg & Katina Thelin (red.), Kalmar: Lärarförbundet , 2011, p. 9-22Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Kapitlet ger en översikt över skolutvecklingsforskningen under 1900-talet och in på 2000-talet

  • 159.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Blossing, U.
    Ekholm, M.
    School Reforms and Local Responsein the Long Run. A twenty year longitudinal study of 35 Swedish grund schools2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Blossing, Ulf
    Kåräng, G.
    Lindvall, K.
    Scherp, Hans-Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Forskning om rektor - en forskningsöversikt2000Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    En forskargrupp vid Karlstads universitet som undersöker hur ledarskap i skolan förändras i samband med samhällsförändringawr, presenterar resultaten av en bred läsning. I Forskning om rektor presenteras både rön ur forskningslitteraturen och egna undersökningar.



    Ledarskap i skolan är beroende av det inre liv som finns i skolor likaväl som av det som händer och sker i det omgivande samhället. Forskningen om rektorer har förändrats i takt med att förutsättningarna för såväl skolor som för ledarskapet i skolor ändrats. I boken tillbakavisas allmänna myter som att starkt ledarskap på skolan direkt leder till bra resultat i elevernas inlärning. Tonvikten i litteraturöversikten har lagts på förhållanden mellan rektorers insatser ochy skolors förmåga att förbättra sig.

  • 161.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Blossing, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Scherp, Hans-Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Schools as Curriculum Agencies in Sweden2010In: Schools as Curriculum Agencies.Asian and European Perspectives on School-Based Curriculum Development / [ed] E. hau-fai Law and N. Nieveen (Eds.), Rotterdam, Boston, Taipei: Sense Publishers , 2010Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Svenska skolors sätt att förhålla sig till läroplaner beskrivs och diskuteras. Skolors svar på politikers reformkrav belyses och skolors lärande i nätverk med sikte på förbättringar beskrivs

  • 162.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Granström, K
    Skolutveckling med stöd av inspektion2011In: Med ansiktet vänt mot Europa. Perspektiv på skolutveckling / [ed] Robert Thornberg & Katina Thelin (red.), Kalmar: Lärarförbundet , 2011, p. 93-108Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Skolinspektionens betydelse för att starta skolutvecklingsarbete diskuteras. Ett konkret förslag på hur skolor ska kunna använda inspektionen som ett bidrag i den egna utvecklingsprocessen ges

  • 163.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Groth, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lindvall, Kerstin
    School Leaders in Sweden: Why do they leave the job and who is appointed?2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract

    Studies of school leader appointments in Sweden from 1981 until 2007 is described and discussed

  • 164.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Groth, Erik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lindvall, Kerstin
    Skolledare i Sverige: varför slutar de och vilka tillsätts?2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract

    En mindre undersökning av vilka som slutat som skolledare 2007-2008 i Värmlandsregionen presenteras. Få slutar på grund av stress eller otrevnad, flest på grund av pension eller andra förändrade omständigheter. Rekryteringen av nya skolledare speglas genom att samma frågor ställts till de som svarar för anställning av skolledare 1981, 1985, 1988, 1994 samt 2007 inom det kommunala skolväsendet. Kvinnor dominerar nu som nya skolledare medan män dominerade för trettio år sedan. Fler icke-lärare anställs som skolledare och det har blivit regel att välja personer som skolledare som inte kommer från den skola där ledarskapet ska utövas vilket inte var vanligt för trettio år sedan

  • 165.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lindvall, K
    Skolinspektioner - i tid och otid2007Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Skolinspektionens historia ges en rapsodisk översikt. De 187 grundskolor som inspekterades av Skolverket 2003 och 2004 i Sverige granskas med avseende på förändringar före respektive efter inspektioners genomförande i elevernas skolprestationer. Inspektionerna visar sig inte inverka på elevernas skolresultat. Vid 71% av de inspekterade skolorna försämrades skolresultaten eller blev kvar på tidigare nivå

  • 166.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lund, TRoald, KTislevoll, B
    Skoleutvikling i praksis2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract

    I antologiform presenteras erfarenheter från skolutvecklingsprojekt som bedrivits i norska skolor 2006-2010. Kommuner och skolor tillsammans med forskare redovisar hur i åtta miljöer förbättrat den inre verksamheten efter att ha bedömt den egna kvaliteten och fått bidrag för utvecklingsarbete från staten. Analyser och slutsatser som skapats över de månhga deltagande utvecklingsinsatserna läggs fram

  • 167.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Moos, L
    Educational Policy Production: Illuminations from Denmark and Sweden2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract

    Produktion av utbildningspolitik i Sverige och Danmark under 1900-talet och 2000-talet beskrivs och jämförs

  • 168.
    Ekholm, Mats
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Scherp, Hans-Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lehrerfortbildung und ihre Wirkungen auf die Unterrichtspraxis2006In: Journal für Schulentwicklung, 2006:1Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 169.
    Ellström, Anne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Avdelningen för utbildningsvetenskap.
    Hur ser elevernas läs- och skrivvanor ut på fritiden?2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    My curiosity concerning what pupils read and write during leisure time led me to gather information using a quantative method. The study's aim is to investigate which reading and writing habits they have during their time outside school. A comparison was done of pupils at school year level 3 and level 4 in two different schools with the intention of investigating the influence of social background on reading and writing habits. 137 pupils filled in survey forms and thereafter the MYSTAT statistic program was used to process the information. The results point towards that the pupils read story books both more often and for a longer time than any other type of literature and that they read them often or very seldom. The pupils chat with each other on the internet but they do not as often write in blogs, Facebook or mail. In the 3rd year pupils read reference books more often and for a longer time than any other literature whereas the 4th year read story books more often and for a longer time. Pupils in the 4th year spend more time writing and chatting on the computer than pupils in the 3rd year. The biggest difference between schools based on socio-economic background is the time pupils spend reading and writing on the Internet, mobile, or reading subtitles on TV. There are many pupils in school number 2, both in the third and fourth year, who read story books and reference books for more than one hour. In school number 1 there are more pupils who read magazines, for example 'Julia', or hockey magazines etc. Noteworthy is that more pupils in the second school spend more than 5 hours every day reading on the Internet, mobile or subtitles on TV. It is noticeable that pupils read and write using new technology.

  • 170.
    Emanuelsson, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Kartläggning av likvärdighet i bedömning vid examination för Säker Skogs motorsågskörkort2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 171.
    Emilsson, Inga-Lill
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Sand, småbarn och intra-aktiv lek2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the preschool outdoor environment, it is common that there is a sandbox. It is centrally located and the children are there and play. According to the new Education act and Curriculum for the Preschool Lpfö 98 (Revised 2010) the content should be based on scientific evidence and proven experience. This also applies to the activities being performed in the sandbox. But what is happening in the sand, when the children and play equipment come together in the sandbox? This is a qualitative study based on an intra-active perspective, whose purpose is to visualize how the sand in the sandbox, the playground equipment and the youngest children (1-3 years) create opportunities and conditions for play and meaning. Based on photographs, notes and video, new concepts are created to describe and explain what happens in the sandbox. The results show a continuous movement in which sand, children, and playground equipment is moved, changed and transformed. Children, sand and playground equipment play together in mutual and intertwined intra-actions. The findings in the study help to demonstrate how these complex processes and young children, with the whole body and the senses, consciously together with the sand and play equipment create new meaning and new possibilities.

  • 172.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    A gender perspective on Internet use: Consequences for information seeking2005In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 10, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction. The aim of this article is to look at how attitudes towards the Internet technology differ between boys and girls, and how this affects their critical approach when seeking information.Method. The approach is ethnographic, and the material was collected by means of observations, conversations, questionnaires, interviews, computer logs and reading documents.Analyses. The analyses were made with the help of software for qualitative analysis, where all sentences both from interviews and field notes were coded. Some analyses were strictly quantitative and compared data from coded qualitative material with questionnaires and computer logs in a database sheet. Others were of qualitative nature and based on selected material from the coded texts.Results. It cannot be seen that boys and girls have different interests in the Internet technology in practice. But boys talk about their knowledge to a greater extent, and this interplays with their reflections about the Internet's reliability.Conclusion. Since a more developed cognitive model of the Internet seems to lead to more developed critical thinking about information on the Internet, it is important to help especially girls to develop models of the Internet, otherwise there is a risk that traditional gender roles will be preserved.

  • 173.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Barns internetsökning i skolan2005In: Utbildningsvetenskap 2005: Resultatdialog och framåtblick, Stockholm: Vetenskapsrådet , 2005, Vol. 13:2005, p. 56-60Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 174.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Children choosing web pages2001In: New Review of Information Behaviour Research, ISSN 1471-6313, E-ISSN 1740-7877, Vol. 2, no November, p. 151-165Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on part of a research project about children's searches for information on the Internet. The focus of the study is what children consider to be good web pages, combined with their ability to reflect upon the reliability of the Internet. The study is a case study of a group of fourth grade children searching for information, mainly at school. However, in interviews and conversation with the children, information-seeking both at school and at home was discussed. In this class, the teacher had a clear aim to start teaching from the children's questions and to discuss the reasonableness in the answers the students found.Children age 9 - 11 have the potential to reflect upon the reliability in web pages and they do actually do this. The teaching methods in this case study probably contribute to the development of a greater awareness about lies on the Web. It is important not only to have time to search, but also to discuss the results. If we want our children to be effective information handlers, there is no point in postponing the start of this development.

  • 175.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Children's Models of the Internet2004In: Information Technology in Childhood Education Annual, ISSN 1522-8185, no 4, p. 5-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article will show how children (9-12 years old) describe the Internet in terms of different models. It is related to how they understand the reliability of the Internet as well as some other aspects.The study was carried out in a 4th-grade class in 1998/1999. The study has an ethnographic approach. With inspiration from information research on human-computer-interaction, the childrens descriptions are categorized as different models: the surrogate model, the metaphor model, and network representation. The children, who describe the Internet as a network representation, know a lot about how the Internet works and they also talk in terms of reliability. It appears that some knowledge about the system facilitate this reasoning, but it does not appear that their knowledge has to be very great. However, children with very little knowledge seem to have greater difficulties to see through the system

  • 176.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Datorn som redskap för lärande2002In: Nytt om data i skolanArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 177.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Differences and similarities in girls' and boys' Internet use2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Differences and similarities in girls' and boys' Internet use2007In: Cyberfeminism in Nordic Light / [ed] J. Sundén & M. Sveningsson, Cambridge: Cambridge Scholar Press , 2007Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 179.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Gendered interviewing?: A comparison of online and face-to-face interviews2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In all interview situations there is a power imbalance in that the interviewer sets the agenda and takes control. When interviewing children the power imbalance between adult and child also has to be taken into consideration. The atmosphere and setting are important factors for the outcome of the interviews; the amount of data as well as the validity. This paper is based on experiences from two different research projects in which both online and face-to-face (f2f) interviews were used, and it discusses what different media can mean to the respondents.

    The interviewees were between 11 and 16 years old. The analyses were made from transcripts of 11 online interviews and 13 face-to-face interviews. The flow of the dialogue and the amount of words used has been analysed.

    There was a difference in how much the interviewees expressed themselves. Overall, the answers were longer in f2f interviews, but in f2f interviews the boys had the longest answers, and in the online interviews the girls wrote the longest answers. A difference in the intensity of questions from the researcher could be noted.

    Could it be that boys generally are more used to spoken language and feel more comfortable in an interview situation where they can express themselves orally? Could it be that girls are more used to being quiet and have adopted the possibility to express themselves in written text? Can we find ways of exploiting this?

  • 180.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Grunda och välgrundade föresällningar om unga & Internet2008In: Religion & Livsfrågor, ISSN 0348-8918, no 3, p. 7-9Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 181.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    ICT in initial teacher training: Sweden, Country report2010Report (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Informationssökning på Internet1998In: Human IT, ISSN 1402-1501, E-ISSN 1402-151X, Vol. 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    This is an educational case study trying to show what children (ages 10-12) think about searching for information on the Internet. In the guidelines for primary (and secondary) school it is said among other things that the students should learn how to evaluate facts from different sources. Since Internet came into our schools this has been the subject of many discussions. To what extent are these young children able to search for information on the Internet? Some teachers don't let the children even try and others think that Internet is a fantastic tool to use in training the students to evaluate facts.There have been observations, interviews, less formal talks and analysis of children's written work in three different schools/classes. These schools/classes were chosen because it was known that the teachers let the students use the Internet for information searches of their choice (within reason). All the students used AltaVista, MegaCrawler and similar search engines.The findings are that the children appreciate that Internet is a fast way to find current information and they all want to find "good" information. What "good" is differ from student to student. It can be anything from short texts (in Swedish) to "non-commercials", but they all had the ambition to do a good job and not just take the first hit available. They were also aware of the fact that there could be "lies" on the Internet. If the children are to succeed with this type of work they have to have the opportunity to practice

  • 183.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Internet seeking and motivation for learning to read2004In: Learning for Innovation in Technology EducationTERC2004Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article describes how working with Internet seeking in search engines like Google can affect young students motivation learning to read. The data on which this paper is based, was collected during 2002 in a Swedish setting with 52 students, 6 to10 years. The Internet seeking was integrated in all teaching, though the time spent by the computer for each child was relatively short.

    The approach was ethnographic including various data collection methods such as ob-servations, interviews, chats, examining written documents, and a reading comprehension test. The data was analysed within a socio-cultural perspective, which claims that knowledge is constructed and developed through communication with the environment in a wide sense.

    It was obvious that the children became interested in reading when they saw the older ones working with the Internet, finding interesting information they shared with younger classmates. The results of the reading comprehension test, which was conducted every year, showed that all grade 1 students had reached a reading level corresponding to the average of grade 2. Before the start of the project this had never happened.

    Further research might confirm if working with Internet searches can be used as a method to motivate children learning to read.

  • 184.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Internetsökningens didaktik2007Book (Refereed)
  • 185.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    IT i lärarutbildningen: Hur förbereds blivande lärare att använda IT i undervisningen?2010In: Kapet (avslutad tryckt version), ISSN 1653-4743, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 15-38Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln är en sammanfattning av flera delstudier i ett projekt som genomförts vid OECD/CERI i syfte att studera hur lärarstudenter i OECD-länderna förbereds att använda digital teknik främst i undervisningen. Huvuddelen av artikeln bygger på resultat från enkäter och fallstudier vid svenska lärarutbildningar våren 2009. Resultaten visar att integreringen av IT i lärarutbildningarna är låg trots hög medvetenhet och goda ambitioner hos lärarutbildningarnas ledningar. Svenska lärarstudenter tycker att de är för dåligt förberedda för att använda IT i sin undervisning även om de generellt sett känner sig relativt säkra på att hantera tekniken.

  • 186.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    "Lite smartboards och grejer skulle man behövt i den här kursen": Om lärarstudenter och IT2012In: Barn, barndomar, rättigheter och utbildningar: Vänbok till Solveig Hägglund / [ed] Annica Löfdahl & Héctor Pérez Prieto, Karlstad: Karlstads universitet, 2012, p. 39-52Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 187.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lunar gör det svåra lättare: men är bara ett komplement för dagens ungdomar2003In: Utbilder, tidskrift för pedagogisk debatt från Karlstads universitet, Vol. 3/4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 188.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Lära i LunarStorm2006In: Att skapa lärgemenskaper och mötesplatser på nätet / [ed] Ove Jobring, Urban Carlén & Josefin Bergenholtz, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2006Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 189.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Meningen med webben - en studie om Internetsökning utifrån erfarenheter i en fjärdeklass2001Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    This thesis focuses on what the Internet can contribute to schoolwork, what search strategies the students use, and how they express their understanding of this. There were questions con-cerningthe differences between searching at school and searching at home. Reliability and critical scrutiny have been related to the students' models of the Internet system.The approach is ethnographic within a socio-cultural framework which has its roots in both Dewey's and Vygotsky's theories. The material was collected during a period of a school year by means of observations, conversations, questionnaires, interviews (both with the students and with the teacher) and reading documents. The aim throughout was to answer the research questions by finding out the students' perspective on the use of the Internet.The results show that according to the students the Internet is a place where the main activity is searching as such. The big difference between searching at school and at home is that you are often more interested in what you search for at home. Interest makes it more fun and it is easier to understand what you are doing. The students think hypertext has a logical structure which is easy to use. They say that they need practical knowledge when searching but also tools like interest, goal, knowledge about the source, and knowledge about what you are searching for. These tools help you to make meaning, which is important in the process of producing instead of just reproducing knowledge. The teacher tried to start out from the students' point of view in her teaching; she discussed things with them a lot and tried to focus their attention on scrutiny and reliability.The students have a clear picture of the Internet as connected computers all over the world. Their descriptions can be categorized as examples of three different models: Surrogate,Metaphor or Network, where the network model is often connected with greater reflection on the system. In my material the reasons the students gave for choosing good web pages and not choosing bad web pages were divided into three categories and related to their models of the Internet and how they talk about the reliability of the Internet. In the class there is interplay between these three aspects. The overlap is not total, however, which suggests possibilities for new learning and development in closely related areas rather than an underlying general talent.As regards gender, my conclusion is that boys verbalize more knowledge about the technology. This is well in line with earlier research, which shows that boys have a greater interest in technology than girls have. This, however, may be due to the expectations of the world around them rather than to a genuine interest, since there is no support in the data for boys using the computer differently.

  • 190.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Peer cultures in Internet communities: An analysis of tweens' presentation pages2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is part of a larger project where the overall aim is to understand the importance of communication in the Internet community LunarStorm on the social life of Swedish tweens. The aim of this specific paper is to describe the design of the presentation pages and to discuss what this means in this context. The presentation pages were analyzed out from the appearance regarding choice of colors, length, use of symbols and photos, but also from different types of written messages. Initially the role of the presentation page in this group seemed to be a way to present oneself, but has changed towards a more anonymous first page. There may be several rea-sons for this, for example being cautious about exposing oneself to unknown people, but also that places like LunarStorm for this age group increasingly has become a place where you meet the friends you already know from school

  • 191.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Sant eller falskt på nätet: Tonåringar resonerar om kritisk granskning2007In: Børn og Kultur - I samfunn?Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 192.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Seen through other eyes: Children's abilities to find information on the net2003In: BUKS - Tidskrift for børne- & ungdomskultur, ISSN 0907-6581, no 46, p. 87-98Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article discusses how preconceptions can work as barriers when studying childrens Inter- net searches. In the Swedish school culture children are often seen as incomplete beings who should be formed to eventually fit into an adult norm. A challenge to this view is to look at children as complete beings who have not yet had the possibility to learn a lot of things.Doing an ethnographic study is a way to find out how children themselves look upon their abilities regarding searches for information on the Internet. Their own view in this case was that their shortcomings were due to lack of opportunities to learn rather than lack of ability.It could be seen in the study that when the children were given possibilities to learn about In- ternet searching, they developed skills that have not been observed in other studies on children, e.g. reasoning about the reliability of different sources

  • 193.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Söka, hitta och kritiskt granska2004In: M. Ullström (red.) Söka för att lära. s. 69-83. Lund: Bibliotekstjänst, 2004Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 194.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Talking about ICT in the classroom: Gender differences in language when using technology2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 195.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    The development of children's Web searching skills: a non-linear model2005In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 11, no 1Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction.The aim of this article is to determine the various skills necessary for seeking information on the Internet in educational settings. Throughout the article there is also an aim to present the students' perspective on possibilities and difficulties when using the Internet.Methods.The approach is ethnographic, which requires various data collection methods. In total 110 students in four different settings have participated.Analyses.The analyses were partly made with the help of the software NUD*IST for qualitative analyses, where sentences both from interviews and field notes were coded. Some analyses were of qualitative nature and based on selected material from the coded texts. Others were strictly quantitative and compared data from coded qualitative material with questionnaires and computer logs in a database sheet. In ethnographic analyses the material is read several times and compared in different ways to see what themes will emerge. In this case the respondents have also commented upon the result.Result.The students regard six different skills as fundamental: language, knowledge about the technology, knowledge about different ways of information seeking, how search engines work, setting goals and being critical

  • 196.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    To seek, find and scrutinize2004Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discern the various skills necessary for seeking, finding and scrutinizing information in educational settings. Throughout the article there is also an aim to present the students perspective on possibilities and difficulties when using the Internet.

    The approach is ethnographic, which requires various data collection methods. In total 110 students and 19 teachers in five different settings have participated.

    The students regard six different skills as fundamental: language, knowledge about the technology, knowledge about different ways of information seeking, how search engines work, setting goals, and being critical.

  • 197.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Tweens on the Internet: Communication in virtual guestbooks2009In: Ethnography and the Internet: An exploration / [ed] M.I. Srinivasan & R.R. Mathur, Hyderabad: ICFAI University Press , 2009, p. 195-216Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 198.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Tweens on the Internet: Communication in virtual guestbooks2007In: Seminar.net: Media, technology and lifelong learning, ISSN 1504-4831, E-ISSN 1504-4831, Vol. 3, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today digital communication is a natural part of young peoples social life. It has increased drastically during the last few years, and there are still a lot of questions about what this means, and how this new media affects communication. This study focuses on young people of 11-13, i.e.the age between children and teenagers, also called tweens. In a large study, the overall aim is to see what communication in the Internet community LunarStorm means to them in their social life. This particular paper reports on the content of the asynchronous communication in the participants digital guest books, which is one of the main channels for communication between the participants. A group of 15 tweens from a small village in Sweden were studied when communicating in Swedens largest Internet community, LunarStorm. The research method used was what is usually described as cyber ethnography. The contributions in the participants digital guest books are not written by the guest book owners themselves, which means that the focus is on the collective aspects of this communication, and not from a specific childrens point of view. Qualitative analyses were made of the content of 947 contributions in the participants guest books in order to make a statistical analysis. Most of the participants communication was between friends in the same geographical neighbourhood concerning how things are going, what to do, when to meet and similar things. The contributions were divided into three categories: (1) Social chat (2) Chain letters, and (3) Messages incomprehensible to outsiders. The information-category was divided into three sub-categories depending on the emotions expressed. 44% of the total messages were considered as emotionally neutral information, 39% as kind or encouraging, and also with an aim to sort things out, and 6% of the total messages contained insults and elements of anger.Among the younger users of the Internet community LunarStorm, the main reason to participate seems to be to keep in touch with already known friends. Being part of an already existing group continues and develops online. The positive tone among the participants in the community and the possibility to express difficult feelings, which have been reported on earlier from LunarStorm, still seem to be present.

  • 199.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Who benefits from synchronous online communication?: A comparison of face-to-face and synchronous online interviews with children2011In: Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, ISSN 1877-0428, E-ISSN 1877-0428, Vol. 28, p. 15-22Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based on experiences from three different research projects in which both face-to-face (f2f) and synchronous online (IM) interviews were used, and it discusses what different media can mean to different respondents. The interviewees were between 10 and 16 years old. The analyses were made from transcripts of 25 f2f interviews and 23 IM interviews. The flow of the dialogue and the amount of words used has been analysed. The answers were longer in f2f interviews, but in f2f interviews the boys had the longest answers, and in the IM interviews the girls wrote the longest answers.

  • 200.
    Enochsson, Ann-Britt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Education.
    Young learners' views on Internet reliability2006Conference paper (Refereed)
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