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  • 151.
    Agnemyr, Helena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center.
    Främjar Starta företag-dagen kvinnors företagande?2010Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 152.
    Agnemyr, Helena
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development.
    Dahlgren, Bengt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Regional Development.
    Gör Vågen!: Samhällsentreprenörskap med värmländska förtecken2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten handlar om samhällsentreprenörskap med värmländska förtecken. Idén om samhällsentreprenörer ges i rapporten sammanhang och perspektiv i en diskussion om tidsandan. Rapporten handlar både om teori och praktik. Den bygger på litteraturstudier och på samtal och dialoger med forskare, regionala aktörer och inte minst värmländska samhällsentreprenörer.

    Rapportens rubrik har hämtas från ett återberättande av ett möte om vad regeringen tänkte göra för näringslivet. Det förlösande svaret på en avslutande fråga om vad regeringen borde göra blev ”Gör vågen!”. Anekdoten berättades vid en av de två workshopar med värmländska samhällsentreprenörer som genomfördes under arbetet med rapporten.

    Tankar om samhällsentreprenörskapet syfte och sammanhang eller dess själ och djupare mening kan möjligen sammanfattas i två dikter av Tage Danielsson, nämligen;

    För den trötta samhällskroppen, vore kanske bästa boten, ifall tankarna från toppen kom från roten

    Och

    En droppe i livets älv har ingen kraft att flyta själv. Det ställs ett krav på varenda droppe. Hjälp till att hålla de andra oppe!

  • 153. Agustí, Ramón
    et al.
    Fazekas, Péter
    Gómez Barquero, David
    Lindskog, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Oliver, Miquel
    Pérez-Romero, Jordi
    Tralli, Velio
    NEWCOM DR7.2: First report on common framework/models and activities in Department 72005Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This deliverable provides a description of the framework identified for the collaborative activities between different partners in the context of NEWCOM department 7 on QoS provision in heterogeneous wireless networks. The considered models, assumptions and expected results are pointed out for each activity. The deliverable also includes a report on the means to achieve the integration between the different partners

  • 154. Agustí, Ramón
    et al.
    Fazekas, Péter
    Lindskog, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Oliver, Miquel
    Pérez-Romero, Jordi
    Studer Ferreira, Lucio
    Tralli, Velio
    NEWCOM DR7.4: Final Report on the activities carried out in Department 72007Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This deliverable constitutes the final report of all the activities that carried out in the framework of the NEWCOM department 7. It contains a description of the main technical achievements for each one of the activities in which the department has been organised togehter with the list of indicators reflecting the degree of integration that has been achieved among the different partners

  • 155.
    Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Finding lower bounds of localization with noisy measurements using genetic algorithms2011In: Proceedings of the first ACM international symposium on Design and analysis of intelligent vehicular networks and applications (DIVANet '11), Miami, Florida, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011, p. 47-54Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Vehicular Ad-Hoc Networks (VANETs) are wireless networks with mobile nodes (vehicles) which connect in an ad-hoc manner. Many vehicles use the Global Positioning System (GPS) to provide their locations. However the inaccuracy of GPS devices leads to some vehicles incorrectly assuming they are located at different positions and sometimes on different roads. VANETs can be used to increase the accuracy of each vehicle's computed location by allowing vehicles to share information regarding the measured distances to neighbouring vehicles. This paper looks at finding how much improvement can be made given the erroneous measurements present in the system. An evolutionary algorithm is used to evolve instances of parameters used by the VLOCI2 algorithm, also presented in this paper, to find instances which minimises the inaccuracy in computed locations. Simulation results show a definite improvement in location accuracy and lower bounds on how much improvement is possible is inferred.

  • 156. Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Finding Lower Bounds of Localization with Noisy Measurements Using Genetic Algorithms2011Report (Refereed)
  • 157.
    Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Using simulated annealing to find lower bounds of localization with noisy measurements2012In: 2012 IEEE 26th International Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium Workshops & PhD Forum (IPDPSW), IEEE conference proceedings, 2012, p. 601-608Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 158.
    Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Ott, Max
    NICTA Australia Australian Technology Park.
    LICA: Improving Localization Given Noisy Data In GPS-Equipped VANETs Using Trilateration With Cluster Analysis2011Report (Refereed)
  • 159.
    Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    University of Sydney.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Ott, Max
    NICTA.
    VLOCI: Using Distance Measurements to Improve the Accuracy of Location Coordinates in GPS-Equipped VANETs2012In: Mobile and Ubiquitous Systems: 7th International ICST Conference, MobiQuitous 2010, Sydney, Australia, December 6-9, 2010, Revised Selected Papers / [ed] Patrick Sénac, Max Ott, Aruna Seneviratne, Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2012, Vol. 73, p. 149-161Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 160.
    Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Ott, Max
    NICTA Australia Australian Technology Park.
    VLOCI2: An Iterative Method To Improve Location Coordinates In GPS-Equipped VANETs in Multiple Lanes2011Report (Refereed)
  • 161.
    Ahammed, Farhan
    et al.
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Taheri, Javid
    The University of Sydney, Australia.
    Zomaya, Albert
    The University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.
    Ott, Max
    Australian Technology Park, Australia.
    VLOCI2: An Iterative Method To Improve Location Coordinates In GPS-Equipped VANETs in Multiple Lanes2011Report (Refereed)
  • 162. Ahlbom, Lars
    et al.
    Blomqvist, Helene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Eggehorn, Ylva
    Paillard, Jean
    Mystik och gudsbilder hos Sven Delblanc2002Book (Refereed)
  • 163. Ahlborg, T.
    et al.
    Strandmark, Margaretha
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Factors influencing quality of intimate realtionship, six month after delivery: First-time parents' own views and coping strategies2006In: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and GynecologyArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 164.
    Ahlborg, Tone
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden and Akershus University College, Lillestrom, Norway.
    Lilleengen, Anne-Marie
    Akershus University College, Lillestrom, Norway.
    Lönnfjord, Victoria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Petersen, Caroline
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Quality of dyadic relationships in Swedish men and women living in long-term ralationships and in couples of family counselling: Introduction of a new self-report meassure, QDR362009In: Nordic Psychology, ISSN 1901-2276, E-ISSN 1904-0016, ISSN 1901-2276, Vol. 61, no 3, p. 23-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has long been a need for a well-balanced, comprehensive and up-dated self-report measure of dyadic relationship quality. The aim was to test the new Quality of Dyadic Relationship, QDR, on 90 men and women living in long-term relationships and on 94 men and women constituting 47 couples visiting family counselling. In the first group A, the experienced entire quality of the relationship, QDR index, was found to be 22, with a possible range between 5 and 30, which means rather a good quality in the relationship. The dimension Dyadic Consensus showed the highest marks together with Dyadic Satisfaction, indicating that these men and women did not just stay together by force of habit. In group B, the QDR-index was 20 before and 22 after counselling. Dyadic Sexuality was found to be lowest in both group A and B. QDR seems to be an instrument with good validity and reliability also in these study groups, according to the factor structure and Cronbach’s alpha. The entire QDR36 is hereby introduced and presented ready for use in different kinds of relationships.

  • 165.
    Ahlgren, Bengt
    et al.
    RISE SICS.
    Grinnemo, Karl-Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Arahamsson, Henrik
    RISE SICS.
    Brunström, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Hurtig, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Latency-aware Multipath Scheduling inInformation-centric Networks2019In: Proceedings of the Fifteenth Swedish National Computer Networking Workshop (SNCNW), Luleå, Sweden. 4-5 June 2019., 2019Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We present the latency-aware multipath schedulerZQTRTT that takes advantage of the multipath opportunities ininformation-centric networking. The goal of the scheduler is touse the (single) lowest latency path for transaction-oriented flows,and use multiple paths for bulk data flows. A new estimatorcalled zero queue time ratio is used for scheduling over multiplepaths. The objective is to distribute the flow over the paths sothat the zero queue time ratio is equal on the paths, that is,so that each path is ‘pushed’ equally hard by the flow withoutcreating unwanted queueing. We make an initial evaluation usingsimulation that shows that the scheduler meets our objectives.

  • 166.
    Ahlgren, Bengt
    et al.
    RISE SICS.
    Hurtig, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Abrahamsson, Henrik
    RISE SICS.
    Grinnemo, Karl-Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science.
    Brunström, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Are MIRCC and Rate-based Congestion Control in ICN READY for Variable Link Capacity?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Information-centric networking (ICN) has been introduced as a potential future networking architecture. ICN promises an architecture that makes information independent from lo- cation, application, storage, and transportation. Still, it is not without challenges. Notably, there are several outstanding issues regarding congestion control: Since ICN is more or less oblivious to the location of information, it opens up for a single application flow to have several sources, something which blurs the notion of transport flows, and makes it very difficult to employ traditional end-to-end congestion control schemes in these networks. Instead, ICN networks often make use of hop-by-hop congestion control schemes. How- ever, these schemes are also tainted with problems, e.g., several of the proposed ICN congestion controls assume fixed link capacities that are known beforehand. Since this seldom is the case, this paper evaluates the consequences in terms of latency, throughput, and link usage, variable link capacities have on a hop-by-hop congestion control scheme, such as the one employed by the Multipath-aware ICN Rate-based Congestion Control (MIRCC). The evaluation was carried out in the OMNeT++ simulator, and demonstrates how seemingly small variations in link capacity significantly deterio- rate both latency and throughput, and often result in inefficient network link usage. 

  • 167.
    Ahlgren, Bengt
    et al.
    RISE SICS.
    Hurtig, Per
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Abrahamsson, Henrik
    RISE SICS.
    Grinnemo, Karl-Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Brunström, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Computer Science. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    ICN Congestion Control for Wireless Links2018In: IEEE WCNC 2018 Conference Proceedings / [ed] IEEE, New York: IEEE, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Information-centric networking (ICN) with its design around named-based forwarding and in-network caching holds great promises to become a key architecture for the future Internet. Still, despite its attractiveness, there are many open questions that need to be answered before wireless ICN becomes a reality, not least about its congestion control: Many of the proposed hop-by-hop congestion control schemes assume a fixed and known link capacity, something that rarely – if ever – holds true for wireless links. As a first step, this paper demonstrates that although these congestion control schemes are able to fairly well utilise the available wireless link capacity, they greatly fail to keep the link delay down. In fact, they essentially offer the same link delay as in the case with no hop-by-hop, only end- to-end, congestion control. Secondly, the paper shows that by complementing these congestion control schemes with an easy- to-implement, packet-train link estimator, we reduce the link delay to a level significantly lower than what is obtained with only end-to-end congestion control, while still being able to keep the link utilisation at a high level. 

  • 168.
    Ahlgren, Johan
    et al.
    Lund Univ, Dept Biol Aquat Ecol, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
    Chapman, Ben B.
    Lund Univ, Dept Biol Aquat Ecol, S-22362 Lund, Sweden.;Univ Nottingham, Sch Life Sci, Nottingham NG7 2RD, England..
    Nilsson, Anders P.
    Bronmark, Christer
    Lund Univ, Dept Biol Aquat Ecol, S-22362 Lund, Sweden..
    Individual boldness is linked to protective shell shape in aquatic snails2015In: Biology Letters, ISSN 1744-9561, E-ISSN 1744-957X, Vol. 11, no 4, article id UNSP 20150029Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The existence of consistent individual differences in behaviour ('animal personality') has been well documented in recent years. However, how such individual variation in behaviour is maintained over evolutionary time is an ongoing conundrum. A well-studied axis of animal personality is individual variation along a bold-shy continuum, where individuals differ consistently in their propensity to take risks. A predation-risk cost to boldness is often assumed, but also that the reproductive benefits associated with boldness lead to equivalent fitness outcomes between bold and shy individuals over a lifetime. However, an alternative or complementary explanation may be that bold individuals phenotypically compensate for their risky lifestyle to reduce predation costs, for instance by investing in more pronounced morphological defences. Here, we investigate the 'phenotypic compensation' hypothesis, i.e. that bold individuals exhibit more pronounced anti-predator defences than shy individuals, by relating shell shape in the aquatic snail Radix balthica to an index of individual boldness. Our analyses find a strong relationship between risk-taking propensity and shell shape in this species, with bolder individuals exhibiting a more defended shell shape than shy individuals. We suggest that this supports the 'phenotypic compensation' hypothesis and sheds light on a previously poorly studied mechanism to promote the maintenance of personality variation among animals.

  • 169. Ahlgren, Per
    The Application of Microcrystalline Cellulose in Pharmaceutical Tabletmaking1995Report (Other academic)
  • 170.
    Ahlin, Klas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Prerequisites for teaching mindfulness and meditation: Experienced teachers from different traditions share their insights2016In: Journal of Yoga & Physical Therapy, E-ISSN 2157-7595, Vol. 6, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Several authors have suggested demands and requirements for teaching mindfulness and meditation. In the scientific literature there is however a lack of evaluation of mindfulness teachers and how to teach mindfulness meditation effectively. This study aims at providing deeper insight of the importance of the teachers in the field of mindfulness and meditation and it investigates how mindfulness and meditation teachers describe the prerequisites for teaching mindfulness and meditation.

    Method: The method of Thematic Analysis, TA, was utilized to analyse the data from semi-structured interviews conducted with twelve experienced teachers, from different mindfulness and meditation traditions. The participants are mindfulness and meditation teachers from either within the Buddhist, secular or both Buddhist and secular contexts.

    Results: The analysis resulted in three main themes and nine subthemes, such as for example the main theme; Teacher qualification with subthemes; Becoming teacher, Being teacher, Pedagogic skills and Social skills. The results suggest a flexible and pragmatic view on how mindfulness and meditation teaching should be provided. Instead of a fixed set of requirements for the teacher and the student, what makes mindfulness and meditation teaching effective has to do with the ability to recognize the potential in every unique situation with an understanding of the impermanent and interdependent relationship between teacher, student and context.

    Conclusion: Being and becoming a teacher is a continuous process and anyone can assume the role of mindfulness and meditation teacher. It is dependent on the students and the context. A formalized education is not a prerequisite but what is required is sufficient compassion and insight. For the teacher’s compassion and insight to ripen and for the student to learn, non-ideal conditions and suffering, is required and it is helpful with supportive fellow practitioners, teachers, especially if they themselves practice what they teach and share what they know.

  • 171.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Surg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Berglund, Britta
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci, Div Surg, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Klang, Birgitta
    Karolinska Inst, Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Eva
    Karolinska Inst, Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Dept Neurobiol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Satisfactory reliability among nursing students using the instrument PVC ASSESS to evaluate management of peripheral venous catheters2014In: Journal of Vascular Access, ISSN 1129-7298, E-ISSN 1724-6032, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 128-134Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Nursing students should be given opportunities to participate in clinical audits during their education. However, audit tools are seldom tested for reliability among nursing students. The aim of this study was to present reliability among nursing students using the instrument PVC assess to assess management of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs) and PVC-related signs of thrombophlebitis. Methods: PVC assess was used to assess 67 inserted PVCs in 60 patients at ten wards at a university hospital. One group of nursing students (n= 4) assessed PVCs at the bedside (inter-rater reliability) and photographs of these PVCs were taken. Another group of students (n= 3) assessed the PVCs in the photographs after 4 weeks (test-retest reliability). To determine reliability, proportion of agreement [P(A)] and Cohen's kappa coefficient (k) were calculated. Results: For bedside assessment of PVCs, P(A) ranged from good to excellent (0.80-1.0) in 55% of the 26 PVC assess items that were tested. P(A) was poor (< 0.70) for two items: "adherence of inner dressing to the skin" and " PVC location." In 81% of the items, k was between moderate and almost perfect: moderate (n= 5), substantial (n= 3), almost perfect (n= 5). For edema at insertion site and two items on PVC dressing, k was fair (0.21-0.40). Regarding test-retest reliability, P(A) varied between good and excellent (0.81-1) in 85%-95% of the items, and the k ranged between moderate and almost perfect (0.41-1) in 90%-95%. Conclusions: PVC assess demonstrated satisfactory reliability among nursing students. However, students need training in how to use the instrument before assessing PVCs.

  • 172.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Karolinska Inst, Div Surg, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, SE-14186 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Berglund, Britta
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Karolinska Inst, Div Surg, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, SE-14186 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Klang, Birgitta
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wiren, Mikael
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Huddinge, Karolinska Inst, Div Surg, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, SE-14186 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansson, Eva
    Karolinska Univ Hosp Solna, Red Cross Univ Coll, Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Univ Hosp Solna, Karolinska Inst, Dept Med, Div Hematol, Stockholm, Sweden..
    A new reliable tool (PVC assess) for assessment of peripheral venous catheters2010In: Journal of Evaluation In Clinical Practice, ISSN 1356-1294, E-ISSN 1365-2753, Vol. 16, no 6, p. 1108-1115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Rationale and aims To evaluate the extensive use of peripheral venous catheters (PVCs), including catheter-related complications, a reliable tool for PVC assessment is needed. The aim of this study was to develop such a tool to evaluate PVCs in relation to management, documentation and signs and symptoms of thrombophlebitis (TH), as well as to determine its inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Method The tool development included confirmation of content and face validity. Two groups of registered nurses used the new tool (PVC assess) to assess PVC management and signs of TH independently. Group A (n = 3) assessed 26 items in 67 PVCs bedside (inter-rater reliability). Group B (n = 3) assessed photographs (67 PVCs, 21 items) of the same PVCs as those in Group A with a 4-week interval (test-retest reliability). Proportion of agreement P(A) and Cohen's kappa were calculated to evaluate inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Results Among nurses assessing PVCs at bedside, the P(A) was good to excellent (0.80-1) in 96% of the items in PVC assess. In 80% of the items kappa was substantial to almost perfect (0.61-1). TH sign erythema fell into the fair range (kappa = 0.40). In test-retest reliability analysis the P(A) was within the good and excellent range (0.80-1.0) and kappa varied from moderate to almost perfect (0.41-1.0) in 95% of the items. One item 'outer dressing is clean' was in fair range (0.21-0.40). Conclusions The PVC assess instrument shows satisfactory inter-rater and test-retest reliability. Reliability tests on reviewing documentation remain to be performed.

  • 173.
    Ahlqvist, Margary
    et al.
    Division of Medicine and Surgery, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bogren, Agneta
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hagman, Sari
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nazar, Isabel
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Katarina
    Department of Nursing in Gastroenterology and Endochrinology, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordin, Karin
    Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Human Pharmacological Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sunde Valfridsson, Berit
    Intensive Care Unit, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Mona
    Lecturer, Ersta Sko¨ ndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Handling of peripheral intravenous cannulae: effects of evidence-based clinical guidelines2006In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 15, no 11, p. 1354-1361Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. This study aimed at evaluating the outcome of implemented evidence-based clinical guidelines by means of surveying the frequency of thrombophlebitis, nurses’ care, handling and documentation of peripheral intravenous cannulae. Background. Peripheral intravenous cannulae are frequently used for vascular access and, thereby, the patients will be exposed to local and systemic infectious complications. Evidence-based knowledge of how to prevent these complications and how to care for patients with peripheral intravenous cannula is therefore of great importance. Deficient care, handling and documentation of peripheral intravenous cannulae have previously been reported. Design. A cross-sectional survey was conducted by a group of nurses at three wards at a university hospital before and after the implementation of the evidence-based guidelines. Method. A structured observation protocol was used to review the frequency of thrombophlebitis, the nurses’ care, handling and the documentation of peripheral intravenous cannulae in the patient's record. Results. A total of 107 and 99 cannulae respectively were observed before and after the implementation of the guidelines. The frequency of peripheral intravenous cannulae without signs of thrombophlebitis increased by 21% ( P < 0·01) and the use of cannula size 0·8 mm increased by 22% ( P < 0·001). Nurses’ documentation of peripheral intravenous cannula improved significantly ( P < 0·001). Conclusion. We conclude that implementation of the guidelines resulted in significant improvements by means of decreased frequency of signs of thrombophlebitis, increased application of smaller cannula size (0·8 mm), as well as of the nurses’ documentation in the patient's record. Relevance to clinical practice. Further efforts to ameliorate care and handling of peripheral intravenous cannulae are needed. This can be done by means of increasing nurses’ knowledge and recurrent quality reviews. Well-informed patients can also be more involved in the care than is common today.

  • 174.
    Ahlskog-Björkman, Eva
    et al.
    Åbo Akademi, Vasa Finland.
    Björkgren, Mårten
    Åbo Akademi, Vasa Finland.
    Barn och fred. En pilotstudie om förskolebarns förståelse av fred2018In: Nordidactica: Journal of Humanities and Social Science Education, ISSN 2000-9879, no 2018:4, p. 65-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt FN:s mål om hållbar utveckling (Agenda 2030) betonas bland annat främjandet av en kultur av fred och icke-våld. Utvecklingen i finländska styrdokument för förskolan visar däremot att temat fred har nedtonats. Denna studie vill genom ämnesdidaktisk samverkan mellan bildkonst och religion synliggöra 6-åringars förståelse av fred, deras sätt att samtala om och i teckningar gestalta ett liv i fred med varandra. Den kvalitativa temaanalysen visade att barn i denna pilotstudie förstår fred som tillstånd, fred som relationer, fred som förhandlingar och fred som möte och handling. Samtal kring barnens teckningar och de visuella konkretiseringarna stöder tolkningen. Pilotstudien har genom pedagogiska och ämnesdidaktiska perspektiv på lärande för fred uppmärksammat vikten av att barns lärandeprocesser om fred, icke-våld och globalt medborgaskap behöver beakta kravet på tid, rum, språk och struktur för interaktion, tolkning, fördjupning och handling.

  • 175. Ahlstedt, S.
    et al.
    Marklund, B.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Allergy-like conditions and quality of life in adolescents with emphasis on adverse reaction to food2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 176.
    Ahlstrand, Roland
    et al.
    Malmö högskola, Sweden.
    Arvidson, Markus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Axelsson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Protest, tystnad och partiskhet: Replik på en teori om lojalitet och whistleblowing2017In: Norsk sosiologisk tidsskrift, ISSN 1590-7929, E-ISSN 1936-4660, Vol. 24, no 3, p. 257-265Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 177. Ahlström, N.
    et al.
    Blomquist, Björn
    Wikström, K.
    Effects of thorough preparation phase planning on paper mill projects1999In: Paperi ja Puu, No.8, Vol. 81 (1999)Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 178.
    Ahlzen, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Illness as unhomelike being-in-the-world?: Phenomenology and medical practice2011In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 323-331Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scientific medicine has been successful by ways of an ever more detailed understanding and mastering of bodily functions and dysfunctions. Biomedical research promises new triumphs, but discontent with medical practice is all around. Since several decades this has been acknowledged and discussed. The philosophical traditions of phenomenology and hermeneutics have been proposed as promising ways to approach medical practice, by ways of a richer understanding of the meaning structures of health and illness. In 2000, Swedish philosopher Fredrik Svenaeus published a book where he proposes that the phenomenological hermeneutics of Martin Heidegger and also the reflections on health and illness of Hans-Georg Gadamer offer important ways to approach the nature of medicine. In particular, Svenaeus argues that the goal of medicine is to promote and restore health, and that health ought to be seen as "homelike being-in-the-world". Unhealth, illness, consequently should be understood as a situation where a person's "being-in-the-world" in characterized by that lack of the rhythm, balance and "tune" of everyday living that characterizes not "being at home". In this article, Svenaeus' position is briefly outlined. Questions are raised whether "unhomelikeness" is to be seen as a metaphor, and, if so, if it is a fruitful such. Furthermore, I discuss whether or not a discourse on health and illness in these terms may be misleading in a situation where the ontological presuppositions of Heidegger are lost out of sight and the popular understanding of health psychology predominates. I also approach the question whether Svenaeus' assumptions may inadvertently lead us to an unjustifiably broad understanding of the tasks of medicine. It is finally concluded that Svenaeus phenomenological and hermeneutical approach is both interesting and promising. There are, however, several questions that ought to be pursued further, and the step from philosophical analysis to everyday clinical discourse may be unexpectedly long and risky.

  • 179.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Medical humanities: arts and humanistic science2007In: Medicine, Health care and Philosophy, ISSN 1386-7423, E-ISSN 1572-8633, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 385-393Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The nature and scope of medical humanities are under debate. Some regard this field as consisting of those parts of the humanistic sciences that enhance our understanding of clinical practice and of medicine as historical phenomenon. In this article it is argued that aesthetic experience is as crucial to this project as are humanistic studies. To rightly understand what medicine is about we need to acknowledge the equal importance of two modes of understanding, intertwined and mutually reinforcing: the mode of aesthetic imagination and the mode of analytical reflection.

  • 180.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). Region Värmland.
    Narrativity and medicine: Some critical reflections2019In: Philosophy Ethics and Humanities in Medicine, ISSN 1747-5341, E-ISSN 1747-5341, Vol. 14, article id 9Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    During the last three decades there has been a wave of interest in narrative and narrativity in the humanistic and the social sciences. This narrative turn has spilled over to medicine, where narrative medicine has gained a considerable influence.However, there have also appeared second thoughts on the role of narratives in our lives, as well as on what narratives may mean in relation to clinical medicine.This article presents some influential voices in this debate and scrutinizes the assumptions of narrative medicine in the light of these. It is concluded that there are sound reasons to tread this path with some caution and avoid the too far reaching ambitions on behalf of narrativity in relation to clinical medicine. However, narrative medicine should still be seen as a promising attempt within the broader scope of medical humanities to emphasize the importance of human subjectivity in clinical medicine.

  • 181.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Not at home but healthy: Some second thoughts on health as "home-like being-in-the-world2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 182.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    The arts and the humanistic sciences in medicine: a case of synergism2006In: Medicine, philosophy and the humanities, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 183.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Why health is not a human right2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 184.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Avdelningen för hälsa och miljö.
    Why should physicians read?: Understanding clinical judgement and its relation to literary experience2010Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Is literary experience of any practical relevance to the clinician? This is the overall question addressed by this investigation, which starts by tracing the historical roots of scientific medicine. These are found to be intimately linked to a form of rationality associated with the scientific revolution of the 17th century and with “modernity”. Medical practice, however, is dependent also on another form of rationality associated with what Stephen Toulmin calls “the epistemology of the biographical”. The very core of clinical medicine is shown to be the clinical encounter, an interpretive meeting where the illness experience is at the centre of attention. The physician can reach the goals of medicine only by developing clinical judgement. Clinical judgement is subjected to close analysis and is assumed to be intimately connected to the form of knowledge Aristotle called phronesis.

    In order to explore how literature – drama, novels, poetry – may be related to clinical judgement, a view of literature is presented that emphasizes literature as an invitation to the reader, to be met responsibly and responsively. Literature carries a potential for a widened experience, for a more nuanced perception of reality – and this potential is suggested to be ethically relevant to the practice of medicine. The “narrative rationality” of a literary text constitutes a complement to the rationality pervading scientific medicine.

    The final step in my analysis is a closer exploration of the potential of the literary text to contribute to the growth of clinical judgement, in relation to the challenges of everyday clinical work. Some of the conditions that may facilitate such growth are outlined, but it is also shown that full empirical evidence for the beneficial effects of reading on the clinician reader is beyond reach.

  • 185.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Evans, MartynHeath, IonaMacNaughton, Jane
    Medical Humanities Companion: Volume One: Symptom2008Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 186.
    Ahlzén, Rolf
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Evans, MartynLouhiala, PekkaPuustinen, Raimo
    Medical Humanities Companion: Volume two: Diagnosis2010Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When a person falls ill, their experience changes - sometimes in a very minor and transient way, sometimes in a decisive and lasting one. ‘Diagnosis’ is often seen as the process of scientifically and objectively identifying the causes of this subjective experience, but is the process and meaning of ‘diagnosis’ really as simple as this implies?

    As this volume of The Medical Humanities Companion argues, diagnoses are an answer to complex human needs that spring from being ill, and are in turn a complex, culturally mediated interaction between individuals, scientific discoveries, social negotiation and historical change. This volume makes visible the complexities and ambiguities involved in giving and receiving diagnoses, and how they shape and are shaped by views on what is real and acceptable, and how people relate to the phenomena of illness.

  • 187.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Liukkunen, Kari
    University of Oulu, Finland .
    Markkula, Jouni
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Student perceptions and attitudes towards the software factory as a learning environment2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industry needs graduates from universities having knowledge and skills to tackle the practical issues of real life software development. To facilitate software engineering students and fulfill industry need, the Department of Information Processing Science, University of Oulu, Finland, built a Software Factory laboratory (SWF) in 2012 based on Lean concept. This study examines factors in the SWF learning environment that affect learning of a SWF course by the students. It employs amended Computer laboratory Environment Inventory (CLEI) and Attitude towards Computers and Computing Courses Questionnaire instrument (ACCC) with two additional constructs: 1) Kanban board 2) Collaborative learning. The general findings indicate that SWF learning environment, collaborative learning and Kanban board play important role in software engineering students learning, academic achievements and professional skills gaining. The findings are helpful to develop a better understanding about learning environments. The information gathered in this study can also be used to improve the software engineering learning environment.

  • 188.
    Ahmadi, Fatemeh
    et al.
    Karlstad University.
    Dahlgren, Kim
    Karlstad University.
    Karlsson Solaiman, Ari
    Karlstad University.
    Rabitsch, Alexander
    Karlstad University.
    Adding support for NEAT to iperf32018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    NEAT is an ongoing project which aims to re-enable the evolution ofthe transport layer of the Internet while at the same time providing aneasy to use API for developers of networked software. Researchers behindthe NEAT project has expressed an interest in a trac generator whichutilizes the NEAT framework in order to more easily conduct experiments,however, no such trac generator has previously been available. The goalof this project was to deliver a working implementation of NEAT in iperf3.This report covers the overall design, implementation and design decisionsmade during the project.

  • 189.
    Ahmed, Bestoun S.
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Bures, Miroslav
    Czech Technical University, Czech Republic.
    EvoCreeper: Automated Black-Box Model Generation for Smart TV Applications2019In: IEEE transactions on consumer electronics, ISSN 0098-3063, E-ISSN 1558-4127, Vol. 65, no 2, p. 160-169Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract—Smart TVs are coming to dominate the televisionmarket. This accompanied by an increase in the use of the smartTV applications (apps). Due to the increasing demand, developersneed modeling techniques to analyze these apps and assess theircomprehensiveness, completeness, and quality. In this paper, wepresent an automated strategy for generating models of smartTV apps based on a black-box reverse engineering. The strategycan be used to cumulatively construct a model for a given app byexploring the user interface in a manner consistent with the use ofa remote control device and extracting the runtime information.The strategy is based on capturing the states of the user interfaceto create a model during runtime without any knowledge ofthe internal structure of the app. We have implemented ourstrategy in a tool called EvoCreeper. The evaluation results showthat our strategy can automatically generate unique states anda comprehensive model that represents the real user interactionswith an app using a remote control device. The models thusgenerated can be used to assess the quality and completeness ofsmart TV apps in various contexts, such as the control of otherconsumer electronics in smart houses.

  • 190.
    Ahmed, Bestoun S.
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Bures, Miroslav
    Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague.
    Frajtak, Karel
    Czech Technical University in Prague, Prague.
    Cerny, Tomas
    Baylor University, Waco.
    Aspects of Quality in Internet of Things (IoT) Solutions: A Systematic Mapping Study2019In: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536, Vol. 7, p. 13758-13780Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Internet of Things (IoT) is an emerging technology that has the promising power to change our future. Due to the market pressure, IoT systems may be released without sufficient testing. However, it is no longer acceptable to release IoT systems to the market without assuring the quality. As in the case of new technologies, the quality assurance process is a challenging task. This paper shows the results of the first comprehensive and systematic mapping study to structure and categories the research evidence in the literature starting in 2009 when the early publication of IoT papers for IoT quality assurance appeared. The conducted research is based on the most recent guidelines on how to perform systematic mapping studies. A set of research questions is defined carefully regarding the quality aspects of the IoT. Based on these questions, a large number of evidence and research papers is considered in the study (478 papers). We have extracted and analyzed different levels of information from those considered papers. Also, we have classified the topics addressed in those papers into categories based on the quality aspects. The study results carry out different areas that require more work and investigation in the context of IoT quality assurance. The results of the study can help in a further understanding of the research gaps. Moreover, the results show a roadmap for future research directions.

  • 191.
    Ahmed, Bestoun S.
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013). Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Gargantini, Angelo
    University of Bergamo, Italy.
    Zamli, Kamal Z.
    University Malaysia Pahang, Pahang, Malaysia.
    Yilmaz, Cemal
    Sabanci University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Bures, Miroslav
    Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Szeles, Marek
    Czech Technical University, Prague, Czech Republic.
    Code-Aware Combinatorial Interaction Testing2019In: IET Software, ISSN 1751-8806, E-ISSN 1751-8814Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combinatorial interaction testing (CIT) is a useful testing technique to address the interaction of input parameters in software systems. In many applications, the technique has been used as a systematic sampling technique to sample the enormous possibilities of test cases. In the last decade, most of the research activities focused on the generation of CIT test suites as it is a computationally complex problem. Although promising, less effort has been paid for the application of CIT. In general, to apply the CIT, practitioners must identify the input parameters for the Software-under-test (SUT), feed these parameters to the CIT tool to generate the test suite, and then run those tests on the application with some pass and fail criteria for verification. Using this approach, CIT is used as a black-box testing technique without knowing the effect of the internal code. Although useful, practically, not all the parameters having the same impact on the SUT. This paper introduces a different approach to use the CIT as a gray-box testing technique by considering the internal code structure of the SUT to know the impact of each input parameter and thus use this impact in the test generation stage. We applied our approach to five reliable case studies. The results showed that this approach would help to detect new faults as compared to the equal impact parameter approach.

  • 192.
    Ahmed, Bestoun S.
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Mathematics and Computer Science (from 2013).
    Pahim, Amador
    Red Hat Czech s.r.o., Brno, Czech Republic .
    Rosa Junior, Cleber R
    Red Hat, Inc., Westford, USA .
    Kuhn, D. Richard
    Natl Inst of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD, USA .
    Bures, Miroslav
    Dept of Computer Science, Czech Technical Univ, Prague, Czech Republic .
    Towards an Automated Unified Framework to Run Applications for Combinatorial Interaction Testing2019In: EASE '19 Proceedings of the Evaluation and Assessment on Software Engineering, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2019, p. 252-258Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Combinatorial interaction testing (CIT) is a well-known technique,but the industrial experience is needed to determine its effectivenessin different application domains. We present a case study introducinga unified framework for generating, executing and verifyingCIT test suites, based on the open-source Avocado test framework.In addition, we present a new industrial case study to demonstratethe effectiveness of the framework. This evaluation showed thatthe new framework can generate, execute, and verify effective combinatorialinteraction test suites for detecting configuration failures(invalid configurations) in a virtualization system.

  • 193. Ahmed, N
    et al.
    Andersson, Ragnar
    Unintentional injury mortality and socio-economic development among the 15-44 year-olds: in a health transition perspective2000In: Public Health (2000) 114, 416-422Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 194. Ahmed, S.
    et al.
    Lambotharan, S.
    Jakobsson, Andreas
    Chambers, J. A.
    MIMO Frequency Selective Channels with Multiple Frequency Offsets: Estimation and Detection Techniques2005In: IEE Proceedings on CommunicationsArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 195. Ahmed, S.
    et al.
    Lambotharan, S.
    Jakobsson, Andreas
    Chambers, J. A.
    Parameter Estimation and Equalization Techniques for Communication Channels with Multipath and Multi Frequency Offset2005In: IEEE Transactions on Communications, , Vol. 53, No. 2, pp. 219-223, February 2005Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 196. Ahmed, S.
    et al.
    Lambotharan, S.
    Jakobsson, Andreas
    Chambers, J. A.
    Parameter Estimation Techniques for MIMO Frequency Selective Channels with Frequency Offsets2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 197.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    Stockholms universitet.
    The Stateless and Why Some Gain and Others Not: The Case of Iranian Kurdistan2018In: Comparative Kurdish Politics in the Middle East: Actors, Ideas, Interests / [ed] Emel Elif Tugdar, Serhun Al, New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 201-225Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims to develop a theory for the purpose of explaining variation in political gains among stateless nations. It is limited to a study on the Kurds in Iran, and seeks to explain their gains in the past, as well why they are lagging behind compared to their fellow Kurds in the Middle East. Three arguments are advanced. First, variation in political gains reflects the distribution of power or, alternatively, the balance of power between ethnic groups within a state. Second, the historical record shows that opportunities for political gains for the Kurds in Iran (and in neighboring countries) arise during circumstances when the balance of power between the Kurds and the ruling state is upset. These pertain, respectively, to external intervention by great powers; internal upheaval or revolution; and sustained guerilla warfare facilitated by rivalries between regional states. Third, the current (im)balance of power between the Kurds and the Iranian state account for their disadvantageous position compared to their fellow Kurds. In the absence of a shift in the balance of power in favor of the Kurds, this situation is likely to remain unchanged in the foreseeable future.

  • 198.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013).
    Abdelzadeh, Ali
    Iran2018In: Komparativ politik: Tio politiska system / [ed] Carsten Anckar & Thomas Denk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2018, 2, p. 301-331Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 199. Ahmedi, Idris
    et al.
    Baser, Bahar
    Toivanen, Mari
    Kurdish Diaspora’s Transnational Activism and Accommodation of the Kurdish Question in Sweden2017In: Migration from Turkey to Sweden: Integration, Belonging and Transnational Community / [ed] Paul T. Levin, Bahar Baser & Hans-Ingvar Roth, London: I.B. Tauris , 2017Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 200.
    Ahmedi, Idris
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Political, Historical, Religious and Cultural Studies (from 2013). 1979.
    Bremberg, Niklas
    Teori: Varför en eklektisk ansats är att föredra inom samhällsvetenskaplig forskning2016In: Att forska: Praktiker och roller  inom samhällsvetenskapen / [ed] Linus Hagström, Niklas Bremberg & Arita Holmberg, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2016, p. 119-142Chapter in book (Other academic)
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