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  • 101.
    Hederstedt, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att sjunga med liv och känsla: En studie om interpretation ur ett hermeneutiskt perspektiv2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores my own assimilation process, and musical interpretation of the piece O wüsst’ ich doch den Weg zurück composed by Johannes Brahms (1833-1897), text by Klaus Groth (1819-1899) from a hermeneutic perspective. The data was gathered during one semester and has mainly been taken down in form of a logbook and at some selected occasions video recording was used. The purpose of this work is to find out what an interpretation process can include and how it might be structured in order to be able to develop the interpretational process. The results of this study show that the interpretation process includes many different elements, which is summarized in six themes: Translation and interpretation, pronunciation and articulation, musical expressions, internal imaging, memorization and interaction with the pianist. The results are then discussed in relation to previous research and literature. 

  • 102.
    Hederstedt, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Personligt eller opersonligt uttryck: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om sånglärares tolkning av begreppet personligt uttryck2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how vocal teachers in upper secondary school or high school understand the term ‘personal expression’ and how they experience their work with ‘personal expression’. The background chapter describes previous scientific research and literature on ‘personal expression’. The method that was used were separate qualitative interviews. The theoretical perspective that is used is phenomenography. The result shows that there are many ways to interpret and define the term ‘personal expression’ in song. To convey feelings while singing is imperative for all sources in regards to ‘personal expression’, but every source has their own interpretation of the term ‘personal expression’. There are many similarities between the different interpretations, but they vary depending on the differences in the source’s perspective. Something that all sources mention is how the ‘personal expression’ varies depending on the student. Depending on the student’s character, background and influences, their ‘personal expression’ varies and therefore, the teacher’s process of teaching varies. In conclusion, the study shows that there is not any right or wrong in regards to ‘personal expression’. How to define ‘personal expression’ and how to work with it is up to every teacher to decide based on the teacher’s and the student’s personality and/or focus during the lesson. 

  • 103.
    Hellsten, Eli
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Långstråkigt: En självstudie i inlärning av ny repertoar på kontrabas2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study is a self-observation meant to study how my learning process takes shape during the studying of the piece Old French Song, played on the double bass. The study is based on a design theoretical perspective on learning. The learning process proceeded for five weeks during the autumn of 2018, making for a total of 22 separate practice occasions of which five was documented using video recording. The result shows the different resources used in the design of my learning process, and the different ways they were used.  It also shows in what way different resources were combined to form a multimodal learning process. The last section discusses the result based on previous research on the studying of musical pieces, and in relation to a design theoretical perspective on learning. 

  • 104.
    Hertz, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Legatoflyt: En självobservationsstudie i övning av legatoteknik på elgitarr2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine approaches to legato exercises and to observe the development of my guitar playing from these exercises.  The research questions are: What semiotic resources do I use to improve my legato technique? How are these resources used? In what ways has my guitar playing evolved from ten weeks of legato practicing? The study’s theoretical perspective is design theory with focus on didactic design, representation, transformation, signs of learning and multimodality. I practiced playing legato thirty minutes, five days a week for ten weeks. In order to be able to analyse the process I wrote a log book after each practice session. One practice session was video documented every week during the project. The results show the various bodily, linguistic and material resources that were used during the practicing. The semiotic recourses in the result sections are eyes, hands, feet, face, head, logbook, instructional material, electric guitar, amplifier, tone settings, mirror and computer. Performances of exercises from the start of the project were compared to performances from late in the project, in order to examine whether the exercises had any effect. The guitar playing ended in greater accuracy, more speed, more relaxed technique and improved rhythmic control. I discuss the results based on the study’s theoretical perspective, and the literature and research used for this study.

  • 105.
    Hertz, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    No pain, no gain: En enkätstudie om spelrelaterade muskuloskeletala besvär och skadeförebyggande strategier i gitarrundervisning2019Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to research the prevalence of playing related musculoskeletal problems in guitar teachers and their students as well as the types of injuries. The study also aims to investigate guitar teachers attitudes towards, and application of, different injury prevention strategies. Third, the study aims to investigate any significant interconnections between injury prevention methods and the prevalence of playing related problems. Previous research deals with common playing related problems, risk factors and injury prevention strategies. A survey study with a questionnaire was used to answer the research questions. 166 guitar teachers answered the questionnaire. The results show that 72,3% of the guitar teachers have experienced playing related problems themselves and that 31,9% of the guitar teachers had had students with playing related problems. The most common problem was with muscles and tendons. Guitar teachers tended to use injury prevention methods less in teaching compared to their own playing. Some statistically significant interconnections were found between guitar teachers’ attitudes towards, and application of, injury prevention strategies and the prevalence of playing related problems. In general, guitar teachers with experience of playing related problems were more likely to use some of the injury prevention strategies in their playing and teaching. The discussion section lifts aspects of the results in relation too previously presented research.

  • 106.
    Hiding Olsson, Marie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    FMT – en plats i skolan!: för lättare läs- och skrivinlärning2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete beskriver jag FMT-metoden, Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi. Mitt syfte har varit att ta reda på hur FMT kan stödja elever med läs- och skrivsvårigheter i skolan. Jag beskriver i två fallbeskrivningar hur jag har arbetat med FMT med två elever som har läs- och skrivsvårigheter.

     

    Min slutsats är att FMT har en plats i grundskolan. Med FMT som resurs, skulle fler elever kunna fångas upp och få stöd med läs- och skrivinlärning. Fler elever skulle kunna ta till sig skolans undervisning och därigenom klara skolans mål. 

  • 107.
    Hoglert, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Bättre än jag trodde: En studie om att prestera bättre med hjälp av mental träning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this self-observation study, based on the design theory, is to explore how my mental preparations in front of a concert or audition is designed with help of different resources. The research questions read as follows: Which semiotic resources do I use during mental training before a concert or audition? How do my thoughts, feelings and behaviour transforms during a period of mental training? The study is based on self-observations consisting of logbook writing and video recordings during a three-month period of mental training. The result of the analysis is presented in two different themes, Support and resources in mental training which describes the different resources in my mental training and how the resources cooperate with each other. The other theme Transformations shows how my thoughts, feelings and behaviour changes and transforms during my process. Finally, I discuss the result of the analysis in relation to literature based on the design theoretical perspective and previous research in the field of mental training.

  • 108.
    Hoglert, Anders
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Jag vill också spela klarinett!: En enkätstudie kring musiklärarstudenters val av instrument2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate which factors are the most important in the choice of instrument for future music teachers. The study also investigates the interconnections between different factors and their influence on choice of instrument. Previous research highlights a wide range of factors that play a role in the selection of musical instruments, among which the sound of the instrument and parental support are considered to be the most significant. The research also shows that there are clear gender differences as regards the choice of instrument. The research questions considered is examined through a survey. Background factors such as gender, age, parental encouragement, exposure to music making, music listening and socioeconomic status are considered in relation to the instrument selection. The results partly confirm previous research on which are the key factors in the choice of instrument. The interconnection between the factors and choices were in many cases not statistically significant, which means that such conclusions cannot be drawn. The background factors found to be most significant were family, age at which the choice was made and gender. In the discussion section, previous research is compared and contrasted in relation to these results. A discussion on trends in the results and the difficulty in establishing which factors influence the choice of instruments concludes the study. 

  • 109.
    Holmgren, Josefina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi: utveckling i samverkan2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Jag beskriver i detta examensarbete FMT (Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi) utifrån följande aspekter: historisk bakgrund, teoretisk grund och praktisk tillämpning. Mitt syfte har varit att undersöka om, och i sådant fall hur, man i FMT kan stimulera en individ att utveckla sin förmåga att samverka. Det har jag gjort utifrån följande frågeställning: Hur kan FMT-metoden användas för att påverka förmågan att samverka? Undersökningen bygger på fallbeskrivningar av två individer med Down syndrom, med vilka jag arbetat under min praktik. Den utgår därtill från dels fakta kring FMT-metoden, dels kunskap förmedlad via ett finskt projekt om hur samspel kan främjas hos individer med svår utvecklingsstörning. Min slutsats är att man i FMT med stöd av ett antal av metodens principer kan stimulera en individ att utveckla sin förmåga att samverka i FMT-rummet. Inom ramen för och med vägledning av metoden tycks individens förmåga att samverka kunna påverkas dels i den mån terapeuten förmår etablera en positiv/god samspelsmiljö, dels av den sinnes- och rörelsestimulering som erbjuds. 

  • 110.
    Hoogland, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    När övningen blir meningsfull: En självobservationsstudie av instuderingsprocessen av en modern operaaria2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study is to examine my own learning process with a modern opera aria. The study is based on a design theoretical perspective on learning with focus on the concepts design, multimodality and semiotic resources. The process went on for three weeks during the autumn 2017 with a total of 14 practising sessions. To be able to document the learning process during these practising sessions, the methods video observation and logbook were used. The design of the learning process is described in the result by two different themes; Creatively unstructured and The endeavour to the overall experience. The result also shows that physical resources were used during the learning process to embody musical parameters, while material resources became a complement to the physical resources in a concrete way. In the last section, the result is discussed relative to a design theoretical perspective on learning and to previous research on practise and rehearsal methods. Some aspects are the meaning of a sounding example to listen to relative to the aspect of the overall experience, and the creatively unstructured learning process and its impact on the practice progression.

  • 111.
    Hugosson, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Musikaliska uttryck – redskap, hinder och möjligheter: En kvalitativ studie om instrumentallärares syn på hantering av elevers internalisering av musikaliska uttryck2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to gain an understanding of instrumental teachers’ view on the management of internalization of musical expressions by pupils. The theoretical starting point of the study is the sociocultural perspective, with a focus on how tools influence the internalization. The method used was semi-structured interview. Four formally educated and experienced instrumental teachers who work in music or culture schools were interviewed about which expressions they focused on in teaching, and their view on how pupils internalize musical expressions. The results indicate that there are many tools to learn musical expressions; the pupil, the music itself and the social interaction, among others. The most important expression is rhythm related to tempo. The discussion focus on the possibilities and obstacles of tools to internalize musical expressions. The social interaction during the music lesson and in the orchestra, and fantasy, creativity and images are emphasized as possibilities to internalize musical expressions. Reading music and musical expressions as a secondary goal are emphasized as obstacles which can avert internalization of musical expressions. However, there are also a variety of methods to get pupils past such obstacles.

  • 112.
    Hultqvist, Elin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Tekniken i praktiken: En självstudie om övningsteknik i altviolinspel ur ett designteoretiskt perspektiv2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate my learning process and how specific exercises affect the technical playing skills of the instrument viola. For a period of six weeks I have practiced technical skills on viola five times a week, 15- 20 minutes each time and recorded 1-3 of these practice sessions with a video camera. Chapter two presents literature and research on exercise, playing technique and design theory perspective. Chapter three presents selected materials and documentation. The result is described in chapter four where I explain how the design of this project has effected my technical development in violaplaying.The recordings have been transcribed by me. Results reveal that this study has given myself success in terms of ergonomic playing, better intonation and less mistakes in my playing. The recources and results are discussed in relation to previous research and relevant literature.

  • 113.
    Hägg, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Vi äro musikanter, men vill färre och färre spela basfiol och flöjt?: En kvalitativ studie av barns val av instrument till den frivilliga musikundervisningen.2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to gain a deeper understanding of how social and cultural factors influence children and young people in their choice of instruments for studies at a music school. In the background chapter, previous research and other relevant literature in the study subject are presented. The study's theoretical point is the socio-cultural perspective. The study's method is the qualitative interview. Six novices, three girls and three boys between the ages of 8-10 participated in the study. The result shows that the environment, media, music school and the child itself are factors that in different ways have influenced the children in their choice of instruments. The result highlights that role models have had an inspiring effect and that informants formed their own opinion of what instruments they liked and disliked if they had the chance to play them. The discussion chapter also puts emphasis on role models and children’s own perception in the matter of choice of instruments. This is discussed in relation to previous research, and the socio-cultural perspective.

  • 114.
    Höglund, Björn
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Individuell övning med fokus på elbas: Tre elbasisters syn på sin egen övning och utveckling2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study aims to highlight some professional bass players approach to self-development and its connection with the exercise. The method that has been used is semi-structured interviews. The informants consist of three professional bass players who tell us about their views on practicing and development and what they consider to be important to develop as a bass player. The theoretical basis for this study is a hermeneutic perspective when the goal is to do a deeper analysis and interpretation of the interviewed life-world. The result shows that the interviewees think that the important building blocks in the development are to play with others and listen to music. They also describe their view of exercise, voice production and sound as well as their experiences of playing music. It is hoped that the study will contribute to more instrument-specific research on exercise and inspire practitioners to discuss and share their varied experiences of exercise.

  • 115.
    Höglund, Evelina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Ingesund Acedemy of Music.
    Irländsk Folkmusikwannabe: En självstudie i att appropriera irländsk ornamentik på fiol2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to explore my own learning in the process of appropriating the kind of ornamentation that is a central part of the Irish trad music culture. The purpose is supported with these following reserch questions: Which tools do I use as an apprentice to appropriate the ornaments from the Irish traditional music culture? and To what degree have I appropriated the Irish ornamentation after a period of ten weeks? The thesis is based on a sociocultural perspective with a strong emphasism on master – apprentice teaching. This is included in the background chapter together with relevant litterature and earlier studies on this area. Explanations about specific ornaments and a brief description about the Irish trad culture are examples of what is brought up in the background chapter. The thesis is based on video observations of myself and by a written journal. The result is presented with several themes, for example different tools during individual fiddle lessons, adopting of professional identity and me and my master. In the conclution the results are discussed compared to the litterature and earlier research where my ethnical background and unspoken rules during sessions are mentioned. The discussion also include variation and improvisation together with which tools that have contributed the most to my process of learning. 

  • 116.
    Hörnberg, Tomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Komposition i instrumentalundervisning: En kvalitativ studie om hur fyra musiklärare integrerar och motiverar komposition som en del i sin instrumentalundervisning2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is that based on Paul Ricoeur threefold mimesis-concept, exploring how some music teachers integrate and motivate composition as an element of instrumental tuition. To achieve the purpose of the study qualitative research interviews were conducted with four music teachers who actively use composition in their instrumental tuition. The result shows that the informants consider the composition as an important part in the creation of musical identity and musical judgement, they compare music with language and sees composition and improvisation as closely related. It also reveals a number of specific approaches, including how the informants use improvisation as a tool for composition. The study's final chapter includes a discussion of the view of creativity, music as a language and musical identity and judgement.

  • 117.
    Jacobsen Larrarte, Vegard Andreas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Musik för äldre: En studie om musiklärares uppfattningar om musik för äldre2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the thoughts of four persons with formal training in music and their experiences with music and elderlies. Former research of music and elderlies is almost non-existent and the research available is mainly concentrated to the subject music and elderlies with dementia. This study is therefore based on a combination of research of music and elderlies in general and research of music and elderlies with dementia.

     

    The method consists of qualitative interviews, here defined as a semi-structured interview form in dialogue with the informants. The informants have varied backgrounds, but they have in common that they are formally trained in music pedagogy and/or music therapy and work, or have worked, with music and elderlies in an institution. The four informants believe that music may affect the elderlies physically, emotionally, cognitively and socially.

  • 118.
    Jansson, Jonas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att skapa förutsättningar för lärande i musik: En studie om musiklärares uppfattningar om hur de skapar förutsättningar för elever att uppnå kunskapskraven i ämnet musik2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to investigate how some music teachers considers they are creating conditions for their pupils to achieve the knowledge requirements in the school subject music. What tools do some music teachers describe that they use for the pupils to achieve the knowledge requirements in music? How do teachers consider they are creating teaching environment for mediation of knowledge? Three music teachers with long experience working from first to sixth grade in primary school have been interviewed. The method of this study is qualitative interviews and the theoretical point of view is a socio cultural perspective. The result is presented in the following themes: Tools that enables where differences are shown in the respondents access to pedagogical tools, Shaping the teaching environment where the respondents describe the importance of music teachers personal circumstances. In the discussion chapter the result is discussed by the following themes: Conditions, Assessment, Teaching approaches and Sociocultural concepts where access to a music hall, instruments and time are highlighted as important factors for the music teachers possibility to mediate knowledge.

  • 119.
    Johansson, Anna-Lena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Anpassa skiftnycklarna: Kommunikation i en ickeverbal metod genom hantverk och verktyg2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I detta examensarbete beskriver jag FMT-metoden (Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi). Jag beskriver även sensorisk integration och innebörden av sinnesintegrering och relaterar det till hur arbetet med FMT kan utföras.

     

    Under min praktikperiod har arbetet pågått med flera adepter. Valter som har diagnosen Autism och Stellan som har diagnosen Down syndrom, får en närmare presentation här. Jag undersöker också om det går att nå fram till dessa personer med denna ickeverbala metod, när deras förutsättningar är så olika. Båda har funktionsnedsättningar, men av olika slag. Den ena personen har tal och ett gott språk och är t.o.m. flerspråkig. Den andra har inget tal alls. Jag vill beskriva hur Funktionsinriktad musikterapi fungerar oavsett funktionsnedsättning och förutsättning.

     

    Min första slutsats är att genom en ickeverbal metod, kan jag som terapeut möta alla individer oavsett talfunktion eller inte. Min andra slutsats. En individs eventuella problem med sensorisk integration, kan observeras i FMT genom att jag som terapeut förstår nivåerna i den process som barnet genomgår.

  • 120.
    Johansson, Carl-Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    "Mentala barriärer" - hur kan de övervinnas?: En intervjustudie om hur musikpedagoger arbetar med mentala strategier2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The purpose of this study is to explore how three music educators describe the use of mental training methods in their teaching. What kind of mental training methods are described? In what ways are they used? Sociocultural perspective is theoretical framework and data consist of qualitative interviews with three professional music educators who use mental training in varied ways. The analyses show that training provides more explicit strategies. The informants’ strategies are considered as generalizable, learning aids based on basic concepts. The informants state that they always work with a mental problem as a whole during an on-going learning process. A group is regarded as an important tool since discussions are seen as key strategies. It is also regarded as important that students are given the space to find problems and solutions themselves; this is also the place where awareness and analysis comes into the picture. The informants give an image of mind and body, which is considered to affect one another. Tranquillity and relaxation are considered as a good complement to mental training. The three informants state that there is an imbalance between technical practicing and mental exercising, why they always searches for balance between these.

  • 121.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Att memorera eller att inte memorera - det är frågan: en intervjustudie om musikers olika tillvägagångssätt för att memorera musik utantill2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study, the aim is to gain a deeper understanding of how the musicians in different genres work to memorize music by heart and what might differ in the chosen methods, procedures and tools that is used. This must be examined on the basis of a socio-cultural perspective. The background highlights earlier research about the human mind, how we remember things in general, and about the differences between classical musicians and folk musicians in the process that is memorizing music. Thereafter is the methods used in this study presented. They include semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis together with a comparative research design. This is followed by the result which shows that there are both similarities and differences between the two genres and even among interviewees within the same genre in the process of memorizing the music by heart. Further will the two most commonly used tools for memorizing music be presented, and the answer to whether it is possible to memorize music without using an instrument. Then the results will be discussed with links back to the previous chapters and the chosen theoretical perspective. 

  • 122.
    Johansson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Melodispel på ostämda slagverksinstrument och utvecklande av tamburinspelet i svensk folkmusik: En självobservation av processen att lära sig nya tekniker2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is about how I as a folk music percussionist through self-observation can learn a special playing technique for inducing melodies on untuned percussion instruments with a focus on the tambourine and how this can simulate a full drum kit with the same playing technique. The aim was to examine whether as a percussionist is able to go from the role as an accompaniment musician and instead be seen as a melody player and to see how to exploit tambourines full capacity to find new ways of playing and new opportunities. To make this work, and observing myself in my learning process, I have used the video recording, audio recording and continuous logbook writing. My theoretical basis of this work is master-learning and it is from that theory I have analysed my data material. In the result, I present the process when I, in relation to traditional music genre, have taught myself to play melodies on untuned percussion instruments and to simulate the whole drum kit with only one tambourine. I have clearly demonstrated the techniques I have practiced in order to succeed. This result also reveals that there has been a great advantage to already have experience from other percussion instruments and that I have had two different masters during the working process, the traditional music genre and the traditional music percussionist, Petter Berndalen.

  • 123.
    Johansson, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Brassundervisning på internet: En kvalitativ studie om innehållet i instruktionsvideor på YouTube2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to from a design theory and multimodal perspective study how instructional videos for brass instrument playing on YouTube are designed. Five videos were selected and transcribed and analyzed. The analysis showed that all videos had a similar content focusing on buzzing and tone production. The content of the videos was quite well matched with literature on the subject. The speech was used as the main resource for communication of the content. The body and instrument were used to a lesser extent, and mostly together with the speech. The technical resources in the form of, for example, digital images and text were used to a very small extent. The discussion reveals different possibilities for what the combination of resources means for the communication of the content. In the videos, musical and instrument-technical concepts were explained to different extent, which places greater or lesser demands on those who want to use the video to have their own knowledge in the field in order to gain from the teaching. Those who want to use YouTube video tutorials should be source-critical and have the ability to work independently towards a goal.

  • 124.
    Johansson, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Spela snabbt eller långsamt?: En observationsstudie i två olika övningsmetoders effekter2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, I examine two different practice methods effects on practice of a technical study. The technical study represents rapid technical passages found in many solo pieces for my instrument, the Frenchhorn. One of the methods is to first play slow and gradually increase the tempo while the second method implies to play in tempo from the start but practice each interval separately. I describe research about practice and about phenomenology theories. To test the two methods I practiced the technical study with these methods and I also video recorded my practices. The methods were found to focus more on hitting the right notes and play rhythmically than playing with great tone. The result also suggests that how I use the methods affects the result as much as how the methods are designed.

  • 125.
    Johansson, Marie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Naumansson, Anni
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Resan är målet: En intervjustudie om körsång och välbefinnande2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of choir singing. To reach this aim we have chosen the following research questions: ”How does the respondents describe their feelings before, during and after a choir rehearsal?” and ”How is choir singing described to effect the respondents in a shorter, or longer period of time?” The perspective is sociocultural and the method is qualitative interviews. Four interviews were conducted and one criterion for participation was that the respondents were active choir singers on a non-professional level. The result highlights mainly six categories based on social interaction, which is a both short- and long-term effect that the participants of the study associate with better collaborative skills. In the discussion self-confidence, KASAM (sense of coherence), choir singing as a coping strategy, joy and excitement during and before a choir rehearsal, as well as physical effects such as health habits, body posture and breathing, are discussed. As a part of the discussion we also draw parallels to the science of education and make pedagogical observations.

  • 126.
    Jonsson, Ann-Sofie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Functionally oriented Music Therapy (FMT) as a method of improving children’s ability to function at school2014Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a school system with fewer teachers, larger groups, and less resources, functionally oriented music therapy (FMT) could be a useful method of helping children function better at school.  In what way can FMT help improve children’s ability to deal with the challenges facing them at school?  During a project that lasted for 26 weeks, two children from a Swedish preschool class were offered individual FMT once a week.  The group as a whole was divided in two and offered group music (according to the Music in preparation for school (MUISC) programme) every second week.  There was an interview with the teacher, along with an assessment of function for the two individuals, at the beginning and at the end of the project.  The two individuals receiving regular FMT functioned better at school at the end of the project.  FMT could be an effective resource to help improve children’s ability to deal with the challenges facing them at school. 

  • 127.
    Jonsson, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Musikämnets funktion och status i grundskolan: En intervjustudie av rektorer och musiklärares syn på musikämnet i grundskolan2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to get an insight into how the subject of music is handled at two different elementary schools in western Sweden. To investigate this, four qualitative interviews with one music teacher and one principal at each school have been implemented. This study is based on theories that involve the school’s cultural change and the political control of the primary school. During the 20th century the subject of music has gone through quite some changes, for example being very associated with the church and to where it stands today with high intrinsic value. With these historical perspectives it is possible to come to an understanding why the subject of music is designed the way it is today. The result of this study shows the principals’ and teachers’ views about how the subject of music is handled, the status of the subject and what resources it is given. As it shows, the subject of music has over the last years been given a greater space and is even believed to have quite high status. It also appears to be known as a helping function to other more theoretical subjects. A discussion about what changes the school has gone through, how the decentralization of the school and the political control and how it affects the teaching and subject of music is held.

  • 128.
    Josefsson, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Att inspirera till ett livslångt musikintresse: En kvalitativ intervjustudie kring hur instrumentallärare i kulturskolan uppfattar begreppet förväntningar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to through the lens of phenomenography explore how instrumental teachers in the Swedish music school perceive the concept of expectations. The background chapter describes previous research and literature in the field of expectations. Semi-structured qualitative interviews were used as the method of analysis and five informants were interviewed. Phenomenography was applied as both the theoretical foundation and analytical tool. The result reveals that the concept of expectations is perceived differently, however with certain similarities as well. The ability to adapt the expectations to the student's ambitions and goals turned out to be pertained by all informants. The informants have different ways of describing the impact of expectations, since they are formed based on the informed experience of the informant. According to the informants, experience is seen as an important and part of learning in terms of having reasonable expectations for the students. Furthermore, the study shows that the ability to adapt expectations to the situation is important in eliminating obstacles in teaching. Inspiring students to take control of their development themselves is also seen as paramount. This can be influenced by the teachers' expectations, according to the informants. In conclusion, key-findings are discussed in relation to previous research and psychological literature on expectations. 

  • 129.
    Josefsson, Samuel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Jakten på en positiv scenupplevelse: en självstudie om mental träning2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the ways mental training can alter my life-world and reduce the discomfort I experience during stage performances. The study is supported by the following research question: In which ways does my life-world change through the use of mental training before a performance? The study is based on a life-world perspective and the method for the study is logbook writing. The result is presented by following themes: Opening minds, Self-image Training – enjoying myself, Role models – to see myself, What I want to grow within me, Being prepared, Final preparation and The time has come. After the result follow a discussion of the importance of relaxation and a good self-image, I also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using Fagéus method of mental training. The work concludes with the questions of the importance of this study and the opportunities for future research. 

  • 130.
    Josteus, Petter
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Educational Studies.
    Varför väljer elever det estetiska programmets musikinriktning?: En studie över musikestetelevers tankar kring sitt gymnasieval2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 131.
    Julie Victoria, Ærø
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Å synge er ikke det samme som å øve: En studie om øvingsstrategier i sang2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about practice strategies in singing. The purpose of this study is, from a empiric phenomenologic psychology, to investigate what some singing teachers direct their awareness toward when it comes to practice strategies in singing. The studys research questions are: ”Witch strategies are experienced as meaningful in singing practicing?” and ”What role consider singing teachers they have in relation to their students practice strategies?”. Prior research in practice strategies shows a great variation in what practice involves, and there is not only one functioning strategy, but a variation of several strategies provides the best outcome. The study has its theoretical basis in empiric phenomenologic psychology, where the researcher search for the respondents subejctive experiences to the subject of the study. The survey has been conducted with semi structured qualitative interviews of established and newly educated singing teachers from Norway and Sweden. The result is divided into meaning patterns, and the three psychological topics independence, structure and awareness frames the respondents statements. The respondents thinks from subjective experiences that good practice strategies are built on the singers independence (i choose to practice), structure (how the practice situation looks like) and awareness (I do what I planned to do). In the discussion it appears that the respondents statements confirms much of the result from the prior research presented in the background chapter.

  • 132.
    Järnland, Oscar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Kompositionen och septetten: En fenomenologisk hermeneutisk självstudie2014Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to analyze how my own composing developed when I wrote music for a new context. For about seven months, I wrote jazzmusic for a septet, which was something I had never done before. I documented the process by keeping a logbook in which I noted my thoughts and experiences as the work progressed. Some audio recording was also made in support of the composition process. Then I analyzed the elements of the composition process that was affected from a phenomenological hermeneutic perspective. These parts, which shifted between my own creativity to those aspects which have a more mechanical and monotonous character, will be presented in the results. Both creative parts and the skill development were key aspects I had to work on to be able reach my goal. In the discussion, I will then treat the result's content based on phenomenology and past research on composition, arranging and creativity. 

  • 133.
    Kannisto, Viktor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Varifrån får jag allt?: En självstudie i bruket av tecken i komposition2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on composition from a semiotic perspective, and how different “signs” are used in compositions to mediate the music’s content. The purpose is to explore the use of semiotic signs in a composition, and the research questions are: Which semiotic signs do I use in this specific composition? And how do I use these signs? The method consists of audio recordings of the composed music, and of my expressed thoughts and feelings. The result shows that I use three different kinds of signs: indexical, symbolic and affectional signs, in purpose to mediate the music’s content. Furthermore, the result shows that I use defined orchestration in varying degree to mediate these signs in purpose to obtain varied clarity. Finally the quality and the functions of these signs are discussed. 

  • 134.
    Karf, Jennie
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    När det blir för mycket…: En jämförelse av FMT vid utbrändhet och vid koncentrationssvårigheter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I takt med att informationssamhället utvecklas, ökar också mängden stimuli runt omkring oss. Vi förväntas klara av att göra flera saker samtidigt, med ett ständigt brus från omgivningen i öronen. När hjärnan inte längre orkar ta in och processa allt, säger den ifrån. Ofta leder det till utbrändhet eller koncentrationssvårigheter.

     

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att beskriva FMT-metoden, att se hur den kan användas vid utbrändhet och vid koncentrationssvårigheter, samt att se vilka likheter och skillnader som kan ses i arbetssättet med dessa båda former av svårigheter. I två fallbeskrivningar beskriver jag hur jag arbetat med FMT med två personer, den ena med utbrändhet och utmattningsdepression och den andra med koncentrationssvårigheter.

     

    Min slutsats är att FMT-metoden med fördel kan användas som behandlingsform för personer med utbrändhet eller koncentrationssvårigheter. Även om både skillnader och likheter finns mellan de båda svårigheterna, är likheterna många i arbetssättet i FMT.

  • 135.
    Karlsson, Erica
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Ett val för studierna eller yrket?: En intervjustudie av musiklärares syn på sina val av inriktning under studietiden2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine music teachers’ opinion concerning the wholesomeness of their choices of second majors compared to their current professional role. The method used is the qualitative research interview and the informants consist of four previous students from Ingesund School of Music, who works as music teachers. This study has its theoretical base on music identities and teacher identities. The result of the study shows that the informants choose their second majors mostly because of their own musical benefit, but also to get the competence to teach in that particular subject. It is also apparent that the teaching profession is more than just teaching and solving conflicts, and that talking with students and functioning as a mentor, is almost as important as the teaching itself. What the informants have gathered the most knowledge from during their training as music teachers is the practical experience as a teacher.

  • 136.
    Karlsson, Kristina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies (from 2013).
    Trombonen och jag: En självobservationsstudie av tidig instrumental utveckling utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present study is to, through self-observation, obtain a deeper understanding of early progress on a brass instrument and to study the acquisition of instrument specific techniques. The study processes a learning process in trombone at the beginner level during instrumental lessons and individual exercise, both of which have taken place at a Swedish academy of music. The method used in present study is self-observation through video documentation. Processing and analysis of the video content is based on a sociocultural perspective, in which learning is comprehended by social interaction and the use of mediating tools. The presented result is based on transcription notes from observation of the video content with focus on how tools have been used during the prelude, the middle and the final stage of the process. The result shows a remarkable relation between the appearance of difficulties and the acquisition of new abilities. The result of the study is eventually discussed in relation to the sociocultural perspective on learning.

  • 137.
    Karlsson, Sara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Hälsinge låtverkstad: Och dess påverkan på ungdomars motivation att fortsätta spela2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to explore Hälsinge låtverkstad and its pedagogical approaches and what motivates students to continue playing. Hälsinge låtverkstad has embraced several different aspects that seem motivating young people to continue to play. Three qualitative interviews with instructors at Hälsinge låtverkstad were the basis for the study. The theoretical starting point for the study has been the socio-cultural perspective. The results show that Hälsinge låtverkstad contains several aspects that motivate young people to continue to play. The social community is important, where different ages mix and a variety of musical instruments are used with different levels of skills. At Hälsinge låtverkstad the participants in the workshops that include playing musical instruments, singing, dancing and storytelling work closely together for five weekends throughout a year finishing with a big show. The framework containing weekend courses, building a sense of community, a platform where to make music and inspiring teachers who meet every student at his or her level are motivating factors for the students to continue. Close cooperation between the workshops and especially memorable moments also contribute to an increased motivation. Hälsinge låtverkstad adequately meets the safe and welcoming basic needs of the boarders during the five weekends, creating strong fellowship bonds. They will all come to know their abilities and how they master their performances. The teachers adapt and adjust the arrangements and the final show according to the different levels and musical instruments of the ensemble. Hälsinge låtverkstads most obvious target is the annual final production. All respondents perceive the work process, "way there", as the main goal of the work.

  • 138.
    Katarina, Strandberg
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    I dur och struktur: Att bidra till strukturering med musiken som medel2013Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I mitt examensarbete beskriver jag kort Musikterapins historia. Tyngdpunkten i arbetet ligger på att beskriva FMT-metoden, Funktionsinriktad MusikTerapi som är den metod jag arbetat utifrån. Jag beskriver i två fallbeskrivningar hur jag har arbetat med FMT med två personer. Den ena personen har diagnosen ADHD och den andra har diagnosen ADD.

     

    Mitt fokus i arbetet har varit att undersöka på vilket sätt FMT-metoden kan användas, för att bidra till att skapa en struktur för de två personer som fått FMT och om det eventuellt har gett effekt för dessa personer i deras vardag. Min slutsats är att i och med att jag arbetar med funktionerna hos människan så kan metoden bidra till att skapa struktur för de som metoden berör både i deras vardag och i FMT-rummet. 

  • 139.
    Kelemen, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Varför spelar de?: En intervjustudie om olika drivkrafters betydelse i valet av musik och instrument.2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how role models and idols affect the choice of instrument and music, with focus on the electric guitar, and which other driving forces that affect this. The intention with the study is to achieve knowledge about different driving forces that affect the will of playing an instrument. The theoretical point of the study is the sociocultural theory. Earlier studies on the subject are about social values, the affect role models have on people, and the frames of teaching and learning. I have used qualitative interviews, and my informants are electric guitarists with varied age and musical background. The result shows that growing-up environments and the affection from media affect the choice of instrument, but a stronger ambition is needed to keep on playing after the youth has passed. The discussion enlightens for example the positive and the negative sides of idolizing, and how the demand for idols changes through time. One conclusion is that role models are important but also changing conditions for sustained motivation in playing. 

  • 140.
    Kjellberg, Nils
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Ingesund Acedemy of Music.
    Lätt på foten: En självobservationsstudie i fottekniksövning med dubbelpedalspel på trummor2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to compare two different methods of learning foot-technique and how the two methods affect playing of the drums. To examine this video-observation filled an important role with complement of a journal during the six weeks of practice that were recorded. Each week there were three videos recorded with variating focus each video. The study is based on design theory which is described in the background chapter. The result of this study showed that different methods can result in variating outcome and it also showed that exploring new methods can give positive effects on your practice. The discussion revolves around what resources have been the most impactful for my own personal development and how one must be conscious of one’s own limitations to be able to create a successful plan of practice.

  • 141.
    Koch, Pierre
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    "Du är ju ändå så musikalisk": En kvalitativ studie om hur musiklärare definierar musikalitetsbegreppet2016Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on exploring how music teachers define the term musicality. The study also explores how music teachers discuss their own musicality and the musicality of their students. Previous research is presented in the study where musicality can be seen from three different perspectives: Definite-, relative- and relational perception of musicality. The sociocultural perspective, focusing on the meaning of the cultural context using the term musicality, is the theoretical premise of this study. The chosen research method to explore this subject is interviews, which were executed with six music teachers from three different music genres: classical music, improvised music and traditional folk music. The result shows that musicality is difficult to define, meaning that there are many different ways to interpret the concept. The definitions that do appear are that a person with musicality has advanced hearing and is able to communicate in interplay with other musicians. These abilities can be both acquired at birth or developed through life. The term musicality can also be defined as a phenomenon that changes in value depending on in what situation and environment it is used. In arguments about musicality in students the teachers find that they are hesitant about using the term in educational situations. Based on their own definition of the term the music teachers view themselves as musically talented. In conclusion a discussion is formed around the different definitions of musicality processed in the result using the sociocultural learning perspective and previously presented literature. 

  • 142.
    Koch, Pierre
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Från tomt blad till musikaliskt verk: En självstudie om lärprocessen i att komponera2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this independent work my learning process in the composing of a short music piece for soprano and piano is explored and described from a design theory perspective. The study is based on video recorded self-observations, which lasted 3 months. The result of the analysis shows how the learning process takes place with the help of concepts from the design theory perspective like resources of learning and two kinds of transformation cycles. The result is represented in three different themes, which are The beginning of the compositional process, Second faze of the compositional process and Ending of the compositional process. In the result it showed that a plural resources, for instance playing as a resource, listening, seeing, notation program etcetera were used to reach a satisfied progression. Finally I discuss my results in relation to chosen literature that proceeds from previous relevant research and the design theoretical perspective.

  • 143.
    Kohring, Bajo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Jag vill plugga musik!: - en intervjustudie om folkhögskolelärares uppfattningar om den musikhögskoleförberedande instrumentalundervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is about what instrumental teachers on folk high schools consider to be important aspects in their lessons in order to prepare their students for the admission tests on music colleges. In order to elaborate on the subject and aims of this study, background information such as relevant literature and a discussion of the social and musical aspects of studying in folk high schools and instrumental music education, is presented. A summary of the entry requirements for swedish music colleges specialising in jazz is also included. The study takes a pragmatic scientific approach and is qualitative in its methodology. As such, qualitative interviews were done with four music teachers at a folk high school specialising in jazz. The results of the research show that the teachers use individualisation as a central tool in their music lessons and that their different approaches have a significant impact on the students´ development in terms of practice, motivation, and social relations. The teachers go so far as to include interplay, improvisation and other musical factors in their lessons. The study shows that individualisation is a strength of the folk high school system. Musical exercises, aimed at setting goals and increasing motivation have an important impact on students musical development. In addition, music teachers take on various different roles to contribute to their students development. The social interplay in the environment of the folk high school is another factor that seems to contribute positively to students’ development. This study concludes with a discussion of the information needed to apply to music colleges and how the choice of content of different teachers at the folk high school is related to their own musical education.

  • 144.
    Kohring, Bajo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Övning: Strategier, resurser och effektivitet ur ett designteoretiskt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how practice can be designed in a meaningful and effective way. The research question is: What kind of semiotic resources do I use during practice thirds on the violin? The study is based on technical exercises used over a period of one year, the used method is video observations and logbook notes and the perspective is design theoretical. Two themes are presented as result: Semiotic resources for documentation and Semiotic resources for motivation and progression. In the last chapter, I discuss, problematize and compare the result with literature and research in the field.     

  • 145.
    Kopp, Karin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Undervisa i grupp: En observationsstudie om hur kontrabaslärare designar sina lektioner i gruppundervisning2015Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to contribute to further knowledge of how double bass teachers design their group lessons for double bass students. There seems to be a lack of studies that treat group tuition for double bass. The background chapter therefore provides pros and cons about group tuition, different methods for group tuition used by string teachers and previous research in the field that shows the positive effects of group tuition. The theoretical starting point of this study is based upon the design theoretical and multimodal perspective. The collected data material consists of two video documentations from two different double bass teachers. The result chapter describes how the teachers use speech, song, double bass words, gestures and the double bass as resources in teaching. The result also shows that the teachers design their lessons differently and use different kinds of techniques when playing. In the concluding discussion chapter the teachers’ different resources and how they design their lessons is lifted as the main topics according to the design theoretical and multimodal perspective. One of the conclusions in the discussion is that the teachers’ position towards the students is significant for the students’ ability to imitate and transform gestures from the teacher.

  • 146.
    Kull, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Från de värmländska skogarna mot nya landskap och dess musikaliska uttryck: En självobservation av hur jag som värmländsk spelman tar mig an och drar lärdom av estradmusiken från Hälsingland med noterna som ”mästare”2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I have by a self-observation studied how I as a fiddler from the province of Värmland have worked to learn to play the Ranungspolskorna by Jon Erik Öst. The aim has been to study my own learning process by studying music from a different tradition with sheet notes as a master. A central issue in my work has been to find out if the previous knowledge I already have is enough to play the new music tradition or what new knowledge I need to add to succeed. I have been using video recording, audio recording and writing logbook to document what has happened, and this material forms the basis of my results. The theoretical perspective underpinning the work is master learning, but with focus on the cooperation between myself, my instrument and the sheet notes, and no another person acting as the master in the study. Finally I present the result of the study under two headings. The first one presents the learning process and the second gives concrete examples of the differences and similarities between the folk music genre from the provinces of Värmland and Hälsingand. The result is then discussed in relation to the previous research and background literature used in the present study.

  • 147.
    Kull, Hanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Stråkteknik - med aphäng blir det hjärtat i fiolspelet!: En kvalitativ intervjuundersökning utifrån ett kulturpsykologiskt perspektiv2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to gain insight into, illustrate and identify what the bowing technique of the violin looks like and how the bowing technique is used in violin teaching by educators in classical music and folk music. Four semi-structured, qualitative interviews are the basis of the study in which two teachers in each genre is interviewed. The study shows the possible similarities and differences between the teachers in each genre, and their attitudes and opinions. The theoretical basis of this study is the cultural psychological perspective with focus on how cultural tools and the cultural environment affect the learning. The results show that there is more connecting than separating between the four interviewees in teaching strategies, and that bowing technique acts as a tool for shaping the sounding result of violin playing. However, the interviewees opinions are divided about if the bowing technique is equal in every genre or not, even though they all agrees that the sounding results sounds different. All parameters that emerge are applied on a special culture psychology model which shows how the music teachers’ cultural tool boxes are depending on what genre the teacher belong to, whom the teacher teaches and what is taught. 

  • 148.
    Kunze, Johan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Nivåspridning, fördel eller nackdel?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om dirigentens arbete med en heterogen orkester2014Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines how band leaders of amateur orchestras and music schools work with and reflect about the level of the musicians in the orchestra, how the range of level affects the progression and how the band leaders handle having a range of level in the orchestra. The method used in the study is qualitative interviews and the result has been compared with previous research and theories about leadership. There is little previous research about amateur orchestras as the large part of the research is based on professional orchestras where a similar range of level does not exist.  

     

    The result of the study shows that the conductors, based on a social aspect, prefer a heterogeneous level in the orchestra and use specific rehearsal methods to reach musical progression and to handle the range of level of the musicians. The reflection of the work with the orchestra mainly circles around logistics and only to a lesser degree about the methodical work.

  • 149.
    Landahl, Tove
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Blackout: En observationsstudie om memorering av harmonik inom klassiskt pianospel och hur memorering kan komma att påverka konsertnerverna hos pianister2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A study about conscious memorization of harmony in classical piano playing. The study is based on observations of a twelve week period and on chosen literature from previous research in this field. The purpose of the study is to get a deeper knowledge and understanding in how memorizing can effect the results at a performance and also what other benefits and disadvantages there could be. The study has as a starting point three questions. These questions are about memorization of harmonics as a method to learn a music piece, the benefits and disadvantages with conscious memorization and also if a pianist can feel safer on stage after consciously memorizing harmony. As a future teacher I hope this study will help me with my own performances and also the pupils that I will teach and meet during my professional work as a musicteacher.

  • 150.
    Larsson, Agneta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Artistic Studies.
    Funktionsinriktad Musikterapi: Ett musikaliskt hantverk samt en resursskapande verksamhet2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta är ett examensarbete som handlar om Funktionsinriktad Musikterapi – FMT. Det kan också beskrivas som en information och vägledning för dem som är intresserade av alternativa och kompletterande metoder för att ge ökat stöd och utveckling för personer med någon form av funktionsnedsättning. Arbetet belyser även aspekter rörande resurser. FMT kan beskrivas som en ”musikalisk rörelseterapi” där individen ställs i centrum och får möjlighet att utveckla sina funktionella förmågor i sin egen takt. I arbetet får vi också följa arbetet med två adepter varav den ena har diagnosen ADHD och den andra Autism.

     

    Min slutsats är att FMT-metoden har en betydande roll som en resursförstärkare inom olika områden som barn- och skolomsorg, sjukvård, äldreomsorg, samt för den enskilda individen.

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