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  • 101.
    Persson, Erik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Den upplevda nyttan av den norska skreddatabasen Skrednett: Intervjuer med brukare2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is an increasing demand for more compatible and complete information to support evidence based risk management at the international level. At the moment, development in this direction occurs more successfully at the national level. In Europe, StorMe (Switzerland), AVI (Italy), the Swedish Natural Hazards Information System (Sweden), NSMES (Romania) and Skrednett (Norway) are good examples of natural hazard information systems where data on past events, frequency of events, hazard mapping of retrospective and potential endangered areas, multi-risk assessments, risk maps, etc., are compiled in user-friendly web solutions. The creation of integrated systems aim towards increased effectiveness in societal contingency planning at regional or local levels. Weather this goal is attained or not in society, or if the system is cost effective, is more or less impossible to measure quantitatively for free internet systems due to system owners lack of control on how their data is used. Qualitative measures from interviews with known end users can serve as indicators of success or failure. In this study, interviews were conducted with 11 recurrent users of the Norwegian database “Skrednett” (www.skrednett.no). Their answers show consensus around the database significance for societal needs in general, but also around a call for more compatible data to be used in other external map tools, or a development towards a more integrated, standalone, risk tool.

  • 102.
    Persson-Kangas, Joel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Nilsson, Therese
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School.
    Jobbcoachningsprocessen ur ett livsformsperspektiv: En livsformsanalys av jobbcoacher och klienter2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka jobbcoachningsprocessen utifrån ett livsformsperspektiv, genom att utföra livsformsanalys på jobbcoacher och klienter. Relationen jobbcoach/klient står i fokus eftersom det existerar en liten mängd forskning inom området, och jobbcoachningens effekt på arbetslösheten i Sverige har på senare tid ifrågasatts. Livsformsanalysen är även bra verktyg för att undersöka vilka värderingar människor har och varför vi väljer att agera på ett visst sätt. Teorin om livsformsanalys utgår ifrån att människor har olika levnadsmönster och uppfattningar om "det goda livet", vilket benämns som att de lever livsformer. Vi har lagt fokus på kärnbegreppen sociocentrism och neokulturation inom livsformsanalysen: Sociocentrism handlar om människans oförmåga att förstå och erkänna andra livsformer än sin egen. Människor strävar alltid efter att hitta rimliga förklaringar till hur verkligheten är beskaffad utifrån sina egna livsformers syn på “det goda livet”. Eftersom människor som lever livsformer har olika uppfattningar om verkligheten uppstår konflikter när uppfattningarna ”krockar” med varandra. Människor försöker då omedvetet försvara den egna livsformens handlingsmönster och värderingar, vilket inom livsformsanalysen kallas för neokulturationsprocess.

    I C-uppsatsen ska vi undersöka om tendenser till livsformernas sociocentrism och neokulturation av livsformerna villkorar intervjupersonerna handlingar, på ett sådant sätt attjobbcoachningsprocessen påverkas. Vi intervjuade två jobbcoacher och fyra klienter. Vi kom fram till följande resultat: När jobbcoacher och klienter interagerar är det hög sannolikhet för att de lever olika livsformer och därmed tolkar varandra utifrån sina levda livsformers sociocentrism. Sociocentrism framträder i intervjupersonernas livsformsberättelser och ligger till grund för analysen av neokulturationsprocesser, vilka har delats in i tre områden: Arbetsbelastning, arbetslöshet och separation.

    Olika aspekter av områdena kan påverka jobbcoachningsprocessen på flera sätt: Hög arbetsbelastning kan medföra att jobbcoachen distanserar sig från klienterna; klienternas arbetslöshet kan leda till att jobbcoachningen fungerar som substitut för arbete; separation kan leda till att hemmafrun, som är ovan att arbeta, har svårt att sätta upp yrkesinriktade mål i jobbcoachningen. Områdena ska förstås som avancerade förlopp genom vilka livsformsanalysen delvis kan hjälpa till att förklara varför människor i utsatta situationer (till exempel klienter i jobbcoachningsprogram) agerar på ett visst sätt. Vi har även i undersökningen uppmärksammat skillnader i hur jobbcoachningsprocessen kan påverkas, beroende på vilken kärleksform som jobbcoacher och/eller klienter lever.

  • 103.
    Rydstedt Nyman, Monika
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Johansson, Magnus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Merits of using a socio-technical system perspective and different industrial accident investigation methods on accidents following natural hazards: A case study on pluvial flooding of a Swedish railway tunnel 20132015In: International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, E-ISSN 2212-4209, Vol. 13, p. 189-199Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 104.
    Römmelmann, Helena
    Karlstad University.
    Vulnerability to Social Risks through the Lens of Food Security: A Mixed Methods Study at the Household Level in Cape Town, South Africa2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Background

    The number one goal of the United Nations (UN) Agenda 2030 is to eradicate poverty. The second goal is to end hunger. The impact of climate change on food production is likely to exacerbate already widespread hunger by a negative effect on the supply of food, which again will increase the gap between the rich and the poor. Deficient food security is considered a result of failing local and national economies and political weakness. African urbanization makes food security increasingly challenging. In South Africa, more than half of the country’s citizens live in poverty. Cape Town is seen as one of South Africa’s most pressured cities with great social vulnerability. Rapid urbanization and a prolonged drought in the Western Cape have strained the city’s resources and food prices are rising.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this study was to explore and explain the vulnerability to social risks through the lens of food security. Specifically, the aim was to describe the scale and experiences of food security at the household level, focusing on young adults in South Africa.

    Methods

    A comparative mixed methods design was used, comparing three strategically chosen communities from a race and class perspective. A survey using the Food Insecurity Experience Scale (FIES) sampled 902 households. Additionally, six focus group interviews were conducted. The methodological foundation of this study lies within the transformative paradigm, seeking participation and collaboration at community level for empowerment to change. Data were interpreted through an intersectional perspective on risk and the Pressure and Release-model was used to explain vulnerability.

    Results

    Results indicate significant differences in food security between the white, black African and coloured areas. The black African and coloured communities indicate high food insecurity, whilst the white community stands out as generally food secure. Focus group data confirm and explain the survey results.

    Conclusions

    Racial history and social class determine the opportunities of the young in South Africa. Food insecurity persists as a result of the progression of vulnerability. The risk of hunger imposes a great challenge for the future and wellbeing of South African youth. The history of colonialism and apartheid combined with the neo-liberal economy are viewed as root-causes driving vulnerability. The drought, enforced by climate change, increases the risk of hunger by adding more pressure on those already vulnerable.

  • 105.
    Schmidt, Marcus
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Business model innovation: A case study on what the challenges and oppurtunities are for a consulting company's business model2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With technologies changing faster than ever the need to change business models is getting more and more important. However, it is not as easy as one might think for a company to change their business model. A lot of companies believe they need to change their business models but very few has been able to do so. In order to find out why companies have such a problem this master thesis attempts to answer the question of how consulting companies understand their own business models and business model innovation. By combining a literature review with interviewing both employees at a consulting company and their customers the author presents existing business models with the help of business model canvas as a framework in order to show what parts of a business model that a consulting company focuses on. Other than presenting the findings on the consulting company’s existing business model a totally new business model is also created. The insurance model is a new way for consulting companies to raise their value proposition in order to gain more revenue streams. This master thesis also finds out that one of the main problems for a consulting company when it comes to understanding its own business model is the fact that the company hierarchy creates a diversion between the cognitive aspectsand the material aspects in the business model and a lot of innovative ideas goes missing. The thesis also finds that the main focus is on value proposition and revenue streams and that the other parts of the business model is ending up in the shadow.

  • 106.
    Schüllerqvist, Bengt
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for the Studies of Social Sciences Didactics.
    Ullström, MargarethaKarlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.Ullström, Sten-OlofKarlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education, Department of Culture and Gender studies.
    Ämnesdidaktiska brobyggen: didaktiska perspektiv inom lärande och forskning2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under rubriken Ämnesdidaktik i forskning och forskarutbildning anordnades en ämnesdidaktisk rikskonferens i Karlstad den 17-18 mars 2005. Arrangörer var Det nationella nätverket för ämnesdidaktik och Karlstads universitet.

    Konferensen var ett praktiskt uttryck för det växande behovet av tvärvetenskapligt utbyte inom det ämnesdidaktiska forskningsfältet. Cirka 200 forskare och forskarstuderande medverkade, från olika naturvetenskapliga, humanistiska, samhällsvetenskapliga eller beteendevetenskapliga discipliner. Trots olika utgångspunkter visade man sig många gånger formulera besläktade forskningsfrågor.

    Vid plenarföreläsningarna avhandlades gemensamma problem från olika delar av fältet. I ett femtiotal framläggningar presenterades aktuell forskning i tvärvetenskapliga gruppmiljöer. Denna bok speglar konferensen genom att presentera ett representativt urval av olika bidrag.

  • 107.
    Sebhatu, Samuel Petros
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group. Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Enquist, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    The dialectic between stewardship and hyper norms for societal transition2016In: Proceedings of the 41st Annual Macromarketing Conference: Macromarketing and Academic Activism / [ed] Norah Campbell, Marius Claudy, Aidan O’Driscoll, Dublin: Trinity Business School, Trinity College Dublin , 2016, p. 670-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108.
    Sebhatu, Samuel Petros
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Enquist, Bo
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Values Based Service Eco-System for a City Region: Public transit context2016In: Conference Proceedings SERVSIG Conference 2016, Maastricht, Maastricht, 2016, p. 644-646Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:The aim of this paper is to assess and analyze how sustainable public transit services contribute to building a values based service eco-system for living cities and city regions value network and resource integration/value co-creation, which is embedded on societal and environmental perspectives. The objective is to look deeper on how the two cities in Europe Stockholm and Paris are put together the values based service eco system for escalating cities for people by focusing on societal and environmental issues, which bio-sphere is integrated in the eco-system in the way value is co-created within the service system. The main theoretical and empirical challenges are how to understand public transport as dynamic and transformative values based service eco-system for living city regions, to develop and implement a feasible and proactive tool for changing the mind-set. Service ecosystems need shared institutions (rules) to function effectively and coordinate activities among actors (Lusch and Vargo, 2014). These institutions have to cooperate in service ecosystems based on shared values and shared meanings (Edvardsson and Enquist, 2009). Public Transport as a dynamic and transformative values based service eco-system is about the role of governmental agencies and other stakeholders in the network (Enquist and Johnson, 2013). It also is part of moving towards transformational action from incremental progress for shaping sustainable business in an inclusive way (Williams, 2014).

    Theoretical Frame work:Cities are holistic services (Spohrer 2010) that provide all of the essentials for a modern quality of life (Shirahada and Fisk, 2012). The challenges cities are facing is related to transformation that embedded on mobility, social and environmental perspectives. It is part of the overall Bio-sphere (Rockström and Klum, 2015) of transforming our world in the new sustainability agenda - a plan of action for people, planet and prosperity is the UN Sustainable Development Goals645(SDGs) (UN general assembly, September, 2015). It seeks for the greatest global challenge and an indispensable requirement for sustainable development. The agenda calls for all countries and all stakeholders, acting in collaborative partnership, will implement this plan (Ibid). Public Transport as a dynamic and transformative (Anderson, 2013) values based service eco-system (Enquist and sebhatu, forthcoming) is fundamentally embed on the role of governmental agencies and other stakeholders in the network (Enquist and Johnson, 2013). Public Transport, today, is built upon transforming proactive city regions by developing sustainable and living cities (Kallidaikurichi and Yuen, 2010), especially in the emerging economies. The transformation has demands an incremental progress towards transformational action (Ostrom, 2014) for shaping an inclusive and sustainable business (Williams, 2014) for living cities. These cities are in transition for a transformative change (Grin et. al. 2010), which is built upon dynamic city networks and open to learn and innovate (Campell, 2012) a resilient infrastructure (Newman, 2010). Living cities have to be resilient to last and respond on crisis for change and build upon consensus around cooperation and partnership (Newman et. al., 2009). The opposite is cities build upon fear which make decisions based on short-term responses and the only driving force is competition (ibid.) However, the main challenge is lies on breaking the norm of using cars in the city (Hajer et al, 2012; Gärling et al, 2013) and to find an alternative discourse for a sustainable living city. However, the challenge is to breaking the norm of using cars in city regions (Hajer et al, 2012; Gärling et al, 2013) and to find an alternative discourse for a sustainable and living city. The main theoretical and empirical challenges are how to understand public transport as dynamic and transformative values based service eco-system for living city regions to develop and implement a feasible and proactive tool for changing the mindset.

    Design/methodology/approach:The paper will be of an explorative nature. It is built around three concepts - (i) Values (ii), service eco systems and (iii) transformative service embedded on Societal and environmental perspectives. The paper will illustrates these concepts with two different city region cases from Stockholm - Sweden, and Paris – France. This focuses on describing the values based service eco-system and the challenges of transforming cities and city regions by understanding the role of public transport services from the cities perspective in an international context by embedding social and environmental perspectives. This paper is of an explorative comparative study based on the public transport value networks of these city regions. In this study, we see public transit as646a service eco-system (Lusch and Vargo, 2014) used as a tool for proactive developing of city regions for living cities (Kallidaikurichi and Yuen, 2010). These cities are in transition for a transformative change (Grin et. al. 2010): dynamic city networks, which learn and innovate (Campell, 2012). But, these city regions, today, have big challenges to meet.

    Findings:The study will reveal the challenges of transforming urbanized cities, and understanding the role of public transport services and service eco-systems from the cities perspective in an international context by embedding social and environmental perspectives. The challenges of transforming today’s cities, which has created many new opportunities for prosperity through new ways of living and working in urban areas (Florida, 2010). This aims on developing service eco-systems by assessing the micro, meso and macro levels by describing the challenges of transforming cities, and understanding the role of public transport services from the cities perspective in an international context by embedding social and environmental perspectives.

    Research limitations/implications:Future research in this area should focus on generalizing the present findings by studying the development and integration of values based service eco system thinking in other empirical settings and conceptualization, for instance resilient cities.

    Originality/value:The paper makes an original contribution to the ongoing discussions on service research towards sustainability in services and transformative service in relation to the study of public transit services by explicitly linking the adoption of values based service eco system based on sustainability, and resource integration/value co-creation.Article

    Type:Research paper

    Key Words:Values- based; service Eco-system; City region; public transit; transformative; sustainability in services; value co-creation

  • 109.
    Sihvonen, Antti
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Department of Marketing, Aalto University School of Business, Helsinki, Finland.
    Pajunen, K.
    School of Business and Economics, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä, Finland.
    Causal complexity of new product development processes: a mechanism-based approach2018In: Innovation: Management, Policy & Practice, ISSN 1447-9338, E-ISSN 2204-0226, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 253-273Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The outcomes of new product development (NPD) processes are dependent on the interplay of several interdependent activities. One product development activity can be dependent on the presence or absence of other activities, different kinds of NDP processes may lead to the same outcome, and specific kinds of activities may have a positive effect in one process but no effect in other processes. However, we currently lack means to examine and explain this causal complexity inherent in NPD processes. To address this issue, we introduce mechanism-based approach as a way to capture conjunctural and equifinal causal relations. We build this approach on the philosophical literature on mechanism-based explanations and the methodological opportunities provided by the qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) to identify how the activities of entities are configured together to generate outcomes. We elaborate this approach by presenting an in-depth historical analysis of the NPD projects of Vaisala, a meteorological instrument company. We discover and suggest that the company’s NPD projects were driven by three mechanisms (ideation, evaluation and commercialisation) and that each of them were actualised by a set of different activity configurations. Accordingly, we contribute to the NPD and innovation literature by showing how mechanism-based explanations take into account both the abstract theorisation of NPD processes and their inherent causal complexity.

  • 110.
    Sklyar, A.
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Kowalkowski, C.
    Hanken School of Economics, Finland; Linköping University.
    Tronvoll, Bård
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences, Norway.
    Sörhammar, D.
    Stockholm University, Stockholm.
    Organizing for digital servitization: A service ecosystem perspective2019In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Harnessing digital technology is of increasing concern as product firms organize for service-led growth. Adopting a service ecosystem perspective, we analyze interfirm and intrafirm change processes taking place as firms pursue digital servitization. The study draws on in-depth interviews with 44 managers involved in organizing activities in two multinational industry leaders. Our findings identify major differences between the two focal firms in terms of digital service-led growth and associated ecosystem-related activities. The study disentangles underlying processes of organizational change in the ecosystem and suggests that within-firm centralization and integration play a key role in the capacity to organize for digital servitization. For managers, the findings highlight the need to foster service-centricity in order to take full advantage of digitalization beyond purely technological benefits. 

  • 111.
    Snyder, H.
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, BI, Oslo, Norway.
    Witell, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013).
    Elg, M.
    Linköping University.
    McColl-Kennedy, J. R.
    University of Queensland, QLD, Australia.
    The influence of place on health-care customer creativity2019In: European Journal of Marketing, ISSN 0309-0566, E-ISSN 1758-7123Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: When using a service, customers often develop their own solutions by integrating resources to solve problems and co-create value. Drawing on innovation and creativity literature, this paper aims to investigate the influence of place (the service setting and the customer setting) on customer creativity in a health-care context. Design/methodology/approach: In a field study using customer diaries, 200 ideas from orthopedic surgery patients were collected and evaluated by an expert panel using the consensual assessment technique (CAT). Findings: Results suggest that place influences customer creativity. In the customer setting, customers generate novel ideas that may improve their clinical health. In the service setting, customers generate ideas that may improve the user value of the service and enhance the customer experience. Customer creativity is influenced by the role the customer adopts in a specific place. In the customer setting customers were more likely to develop ideas involving active customer roles. Interestingly, while health-care customers provided ideas in both settings, contrary to expectation, ideas scored higher on user value in the service setting than in the customer setting. Research limitations/implications: This study shows that customer creativity differs in terms of originality, user value and clinical value depending on the place (service setting or customer setting), albeit in one country in a standardized care process. Practical implications: The present research puts customer creativity in relation to health-care practices building on an active patient role, suggesting that patients can contribute to the further development of health-care services. Originality/value: As the first field study to test the influence of place on customer creativity, this research makes a novel contribution to the growing body of work in customer creativity, showing that different places are more/less favorable for different dimensions of creativity. It also relates customer creativity to health-care practices and highlights that patients are an untapped source of creativity with first-hand knowledge and insights, importantly demonstrating how customers can contribute to the further development of health-care services.

  • 112.
    Sundstrom, Erik
    et al.
    Swedish Govt Agcy Innovat Syst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Karlsson, Jenny
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Serv Res Ctr, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Camén, Carolina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Serv Res Ctr, Karlstad, Sweden..
    Service innovation as a political process2017In: Service Industries Journal, ISSN 0264-2069, E-ISSN 1743-9507, Vol. 37, no 5-6, p. 341-362Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service innovation processes are driven by stakeholders in interaction and are understood and sketched as a value negotiation process that consists of an iterative process of securing potential value in service. While previous research has focused on service innovation as a harmonious closed system, our study explores service innovation as a political process in which stakeholders negotiate to create and secure future value. Data are collected through interviews and participant observations in four different case studies. Our study contributes to the field by illuminating service innovation as a political process and explaining how this is operationalized. The findings also contribute to an understanding of how stakeholder resources impact a chosen strategy; the resulting strategy's impact on the service concept vis-a-vis its potential value; and how several involved stakeholders formulate, negotiate, and secure future potential value, which are the activities that drive a service innovation process.

  • 113.
    Svedung, Inge
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Hedelin, Beatrice
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Evers, Mariele
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Climate and Safety.
    A socio-physical systems perspective on Land Use Planning: Mapping preconditions and planning process as a base for discussion2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 114.
    Tesfahuney, Mekonnen
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Dahlstedt, Magnus
    Bortom förorten2018In: Förortsdrömmar: Ungdomar, utanförskap och viljan till inkludering / [ed] Magnus Dahlstedt, Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2018, 1, p. 223-227Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Thyresson Stenqvist, Henrietta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences.
    Att anta den nationella miljömålsutmaningen i mindre kommuner: En fallstudie om hur Sveriges mindre kommuner arbetar med miljömålsutmaningen2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sveriges miljömålssystem implementerades 1999 och har sedan dess varit en nationell utmaning till Sveriges kommuner. När systemet antogs i Sveriges riksdag så angavs 2020 som systemets slutår, till vilket den miljömässiga kvaliteten som miljömålen definierade skulle ha uppnåtts. I dagsläget har Naturvårdsverket dock bedömt att enbart två av de sexton nationella miljömålen kommer att nås, vilket påvisar hur Sveriges samhällsutveckling inte är i linje med den som miljömålssystemet förespråkar.

    I undersökningar som gjorts har det påvisats att det främst är mindre kommuner som upplever att systemet är en stor utmaning. I denna fallstudie studeras således på vilket sätt som dessa kommuner upplever en problematik med miljömålen och vad som händer då beslut ska tas som främjar en miljömässig hållbarhet. I fallstudien har dokumentanalyser och intervjuer genomförts i en representativ kommun i Mellansverige.

    Fallstudien påvisar hur ekonomi ofta får vara den bestämmande faktorn vid kommunala beslut och projekt, vilket bidrog till att miljömålen fick en lägre prioritet. Förutom att studien visade att ideologiska faktorer utgjorde motsättningar till både miljömålsarbetet och det generella miljöarbetet, så visade studien även på hur det fanns organisatoriska brister.

  • 116.
    Vegge, Einar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Sorg, mening og rom for handling: - en kvalitativ studie av studenters sorgerfaringer2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [nb]

    Studien undersøker studenters sorgerfaringer som fenomen. Den fokuserer levd erfaring i handlingsperspektiv og meningsperspektiv. Innledningsvis redegjøres det for foreliggende forskning om sorgerfaring. Deretter introduseres teoretiske perspektiv som anvendes i studien. Ut fra respondentenes erfaring analyseres de rom for handling og meningsdannelse som finnes på studiestedene.

    Studiens formål er å utvikle dypere forståelse for hva det innebærer i studenters daglige liv å erfare sorg. Studien anvender en hermeneutisk-fenomenologisk metode, inspirert av van Manen. Datainnsamlingen ble gjennomført ved semistrukturerte forskningsintervjuer med seks respondenter, to intervjusamtaler med hver med +/- fire måneders mellomrom. I intervjuingen er det lagt vekt på meningsfortetning og tolkning i samtalene. Respondentene er tre kvinner og tre menn mellom 22 og 30 år, alle studenter som har mistet foreldre eller søsken ved dødsfall. De avdøde var fra 25-60 år, relasjon til respondenter: Tre fedre, en mor og to brødre.

    Databearbeidingen har foregått ved lytting og gjenlytting, skriving og analysering av lydfiler og transkriberte tekster fra forskningsintervjuene. I prosessen er det analysert fram betydningsbærende elementer fra studentenes fortellinger som så er forsøkt rekontekstualisert i møte med teoretiske perspektiv. Framstillingen sikter mot å formidle en kunnskap som er kongruent med sorgerfaringen som fenomen.

    Resultatet presenteres først som seks fortellinger som formidler noe vesentlig ved sorgerfaringen og skaper resonans. Deretter presenteres åtte tema som har utkrystallisert seg gjennom analysen: Å være merket (1), Sårbarhet (2), Fravær (3), "Det som har skjedd, er en del av meg" (4), Å føre noe videre (5), Dødsfall kan komplisere nære relasjoner (6), Lengsel etter den reine sorgen (7), Å holde kontakt (8). For det tredje redegjøres det for studentenes opplevde rom for handling. Til sist utvikles meningstolkning i dialog mellom studenters sorgerfaring, slik den er analysert fram i studien, nyere sorgforskning og teoretiske perspektiv. Fortellingens rolle som grunnlag for mening og konstruktiv handling viser seg avgjørende.

  • 117.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Idrotten som fostransmiljö - vilken betydelse har den egentligen?2011In: Sveriges Centralförening för Idrottens Främjande (SCIF) Blå Boken. Årsbok 2011, s.90-96, ISSN 2000-7272, Vol. 104, p. 90-96Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 118.
    Wagnsson, Stefan
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Augustsson, Christian
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Health and Environmental Sciences.
    Patriksson, Göran
    Idrottshögskolan, Göteborgs universitet.
    The effects of organized sport involvement on indicators of youth’s psychosocial developmentArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 119.
    Wahlqvist, Thomas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Education. Karlstad University.
      Yrkeskulturen  i hotell och restaurangbranschen.En fara för lärlingar och elever?:  2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    English abstract

     

     

    The culture of hotel and restaurant work.

    Dangerous for apprentices and students?

    The study is based on a survey targeting 50 teachers at chef schools with good geographic distribution of 9 schools. Teachers answer questions on bullying and sexual harassment in the hotel and restaurant sector, and students practice shock in the meeting with the industry. Students face a hard and tough environment where it is expected that it will suffer a great deal of harassment and degrading treatment as part of a tradition. There seems to be a general but erroneous belief that the professional climate has improved. The study shows that this is not the case. The respondents replied that bullying is common in the industry, and 92% of vocational teachers indicated that students are affected by a practice shock. The study shows that the industry climate has to be tough, but it is stated at the same time be too tough. Schools management lacks understanding and insight into the unique professional culture that prevails.

    Keywords: Culture, hotel and restaurant sector, bullying, harassment, students, apprentices, traineeships shock, outsourced public school

     

  • 120.
    Weibull, Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Working Life Science.
    Emotion matters: Emotion management in Swedish Peace Support Operations2012Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis makes an overall contribution to the qualitative research on soldiers’ experiences from service primarily in low-intensity mission areas, this operational environment being placed within a framework of emotion sociology. The central argument put forward states that even on this type of mission the emotional demands are considerable, and that the need for emotional management in Peace Support Operations (PSO) should therefore generally follow other demarcations than the formal military divisions of high and low intensity conflicts respectively. In contrast to the prevalent view stating that the successful soldier is someone with emotional control in the sense that he ‘lacks’ feeling towards what he is doing, this thesis argues that soldiers’ emotion management work when choosing, modelling, managing, and displaying the ‘right’ emotional expression is what it takes to get the job done. Further, the thesis argues that emotion management demands are not restricted to the tour of service. Returning home often involves feeling both cognitively and emotionally disorientated, even if the mission has been militarily quite uneventful. A new theoretical concept, Post-Deployment Disorientation (PDD), is introduced to explain and highlight the origin of these feelings. PDD is not a diagnosis, however, but a term reserved for a phenomenon invisible in statistics that likely confronts the majority of Swedish soldiers on return.

    The thesis comprises four essays and draws on qualitative data collected mainly from soldiers deployed to Kosovo and Liberia in 2006/2007. Two of the essays also include data from Afghanistan. Jointly, the four essays help us understand that from an emotion management perspective, serving abroad is both a varied and challenging experience. Nevertheless, the informants seem to muddle through many difficulties and the study broadly confirms Bolton’s (2005) accounts of the multi-talented emotional actor, who is quite capable of handling contradiction while negotiating feeling rules. However, this does not mean an adjustment with negligible effort or without substantial emotional costs.

  • 121.
    Westman, Jessica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Olsson, Lars E.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Service Research Center (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    How to measure Children’s Life Satisfaction and Satisfaction with School Travel2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Wik, Malin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013).
    Nyberg, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Karlstad Univ, Ctr Climate & Safety, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden.;Karlstad Univ, CNDS, SE-65188 Karlstad, Sweden..
    Magnusson, Monika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Karlstad Business School (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Behov av datorbaserade metoder och verktyg för krisövning: Intervjustudie i Inre Skandinavien2017Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom ramen för projektet CriseIT (www.criseit.org) har en intervjustudie genomförts med norska och svenska krisberedskapsaktörer. 19 respondenter från totalt 16 aktörer intervjuades om deras syn på behovet av krisövning, vad som fungerar bra och dåligt med de övningsmetoder som vanligtvis används, och vilken nytta de kunde se med datorbaserade övningsverktyg. Svaren visar på ett stort behov av att öva mer, gärna i form av mindre och kortare övningar. Det finns en rörelse bort från scenariobaserade övningar till övningar där olika förmågor står i centrum. Flertalet aktörer anser att de planerar och genomför övningar med gott resultat men att det saknas en systematik i hur utvärderingar leds vidare i ett förbättringsarbete. Det finns intresse men också tveksamhet inför att involvera allmänheten i krisövning, men ett sätt att hantera bland annat säkerhetsaspekter vore att gå via frivilligorganisationer som kan bistå med organisering och viss utbildning.

    Respondenterna visar stort intresse för datorbaserade övningsverktyg som ett medel för att öka krismedvetenheten och kunskapen som stödjer den egna rollen. De kan också se potentiella problem, t ex att vissa personer har svårt att ta till sig ny teknik och att det kan finnas risk att resurser till andra övningsformer minskas. Bland de fördelar som nämndes var möjlighet att öva oftare, med fler aktörer, och att öva på olika platser vid olika tidpunkter. Man ser också förbättrade möjligheter att öva utdragna kriser. Den målgrupp som lyfts fram som särskild intressant fördatorbaserade övningsverktyg är krisledningsorganisationen, dvs. den strategiskan ivån. Flera nämner också behovet av bättre planeringsstöd för säkerhets-/beredskapssamordnarna.

    En slutsats vi dragit är att det är viktigt att digitala krisövningsverktyg är webbaserade och bygger på standarder. Detta för att möjliggöra att verktygen kan användas distribuerat, i samarbete mellan olika organisationer och inte kräver lokala installationer i de olika hårt styrda IT-miljöerna. Det bör också vara verktyg som fungerar på såväl smartphone som surfplatta och PC. I stort bör de system som används under verkliga kriser användas även under övning.

  • 123.
    Åberg, Martin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Politics and History.
    Lilja, Elisabeth
    Stockholms universitet.
    Var står forskningen om civilsamhället?: En internationell översikt2012Report (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Öhman, Johan
    et al.
    Örebro Universitet.
    Sandell, Klas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Geography and Tourism.
    An educational tool for outdoor education and environmental concern2012In: Outdoor recreation in change: current knowledge and future challenges : proceedings / [ed] Peter Fredman, Marie Stenseke, Hanna Liljendahl, Anders Mossing and Daniel Laven, 2012, p. 260-261Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 125.
    Öhrling, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Centre for Climate and Safety (from 2013).
    Ensam är stark- eller bara mer försiktig?: En mixmetodologisk studie om dödsolyckor och risktagande i friluftslivsaktiviteter i svenska fjällen2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här är en masteruppsats om dödsolyckor och risktagande inom friluftslivsaktiviteter i svenska fjällen. Syftet är att undersöka om det finns några skillnader i antal och karaktär mellan dödsolyckor med ensamma och de som har någon med sig, samt att undersöka vilka orsaker som kan ligga bakom eventuella skillnader och vad det kan säga om människors risktagande ensamma och i grupp. Detta undersöks med hjälp av två metoder. Det görs en kvantitativ sammanställning och analys av de dödsolyckor som faller inom studiens avgränsningar och har inträffat sedan år 2000. Därefter görs en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av ett antal semi-strukturerade intervjuer med fjällräddare och fjällräddningssamordnare. Ett tredje syfte är att lyfta fram andra intressanta aspekter och trender om människors risktagande i svenska fjällen som kommer fram i denna studie.

    Resultatet från analyserna visar att de flesta som omkommer inom friluftslivsaktiviteter i svenska fjällen har någon med sig. En stor förklarande orsak till detta är troligen att de flesta som rör sig i fjällen har någon med sig. Dock hittades vissa intressanta skillnader i karaktär mellan olyckor med ensamma och de som har någon med sig. Medan de främsta riskerna för ensamma är att de inte har någon som kan hjälpa dem och kanske inte klarar att larma själva, handlar det bland de som har någon med sig i högre grad om hur farlig miljön är och det rör sig om mer dramatiska olyckor. Ett visst belägg hittades för att detta kan bero på att människor tar lite större risker, ägnar sig åt lite farligare aktiviteter och besöker lite farligare platser när de har någon med sig. Något som kan förklaras med hjälp av teorin om riskkompensation, där människor ”matchar” nivån av säkerhet med nivån av risk.

    Andra intressanta aspekter som hittades i denna studie är exempelvis att ökad säkerhet och tillgänglighet i fjällen tycks leda till ökat risktagande; att sociala medier har en inverkan på risktagande i fjällen; samt att människor har alltmer bråttom och pressade scheman i fjällen, något som kan leda till ökat risktagande.

  • 126.
    Jansson, André (Author of introduction, etc.)
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Geography, Media and Communication (from 2013).
    Geomedia 2017, Spaces of the In-Between: An Interdisciplinary International Conference, Karlstad, Sweden, 9-12 May 20172017Other (Other academic)
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