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  • 101.
    Baadsgaard, Anna Kristine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Att arbeta i en värdestyrd organisation: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelser och erfarenheter från anställda på värdestyrda organisationer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur anställda upplever det att samverka och arbeta i en värdestyrd organisation med uttalad värdegrund. För undersökningen tillämpades en kvalitativ metod i form av tematisk analys. Datainsamlingen bestod av tio intervjuer med open-structure. Inklussionskriterierna krävde att deltagarna hade arbetat i en värdestyrd organisation i minst sex månader. Den tematiska analysen genererade fyra teman: "Meningen med arbetet" beskriver hur de anställda hittar och upprätthåller syftet med deras arbete. "Gemenskapens betydelse" beskriver individernas känsla av gemenskap inom organisationen, uppbyggnad av relationer genom organisationen, vad som krävs för att vara en del av den stora gemenskapen samt vad som händer när individen inte känner sig delaktig. "Bekräftelse från omgivningen" speglar individernas tankar kring att jobba på organisationer med uttalad värdegrund, hur de uppfattas av omgivningen och hur det influerar dem att bli en del av varumärket. Det sista temat "Att leva upp till värdegrunden" beskriver tankarna om att dela värdegrunden och vad som händer när värdegrunden matchar deras egna värderingar samt de konsekvenser som uppstår när individen inte delar organisationens värdegrund. Resultaten visade att det krävs mycket engagemang och energi från individer som arbetar i värdestyrda organisationer. Något som i sin tur inte passar alla. När det blir fel kan individen börja ifrågasätta sin egen tillräcklighet som person. Känner individen däremot att värdegrunden matchar, blir organisationens värdegrund en del av individen.

  • 102.
    Baadsgaard, Anna Kristine
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Könsstereotypiska attityder och karriär: En enkätundersökning bland studenter på Karlstads universitet2018Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 103.
    Backman, Emma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Användandet av smartphones bland studenter: en av 2000-talets källor till upplevd stress?: En jämförande studie bland män och kvinnor2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 104. Balldin, Ulf
    et al.
    Derefeldt, Gunilla
    Eriksson, Lars
    Swedish Defence Research Agency, FOI,.
    Werchan, P. M.
    Andersson, Peter
    Yates, T. J.
    Color vision with rapid-onset acceleration2003In: Aviation, Space and Environmental Medicine, ISSN 0095-6562, E-ISSN 1943-4448, Vol. 74, no 1, p. 29-36Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 105.
    Barremyr, Julia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Högkänslighet; Livstillfredsställelseoch livskvalité.: En studie om hur livskvalité och livstillfredsställelse ser ut hos individer medhögre grad av känslighet.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The highly sensitive person concept has been criticized over the years. Many scientistargue that the research on ”the highly sensitivity person” is faulty, which was an argument forgo through with the following study. It was of interest to create more knowledge of howsensitivity relates to quality of life and life satisfaction to get foundation of how thepersonality traits expresses itself. A quantitative survey study was conducted with thepurpose of investigating the correlations and predictions between the degree of sensitivity andquality of life, as well as life satisfaction. The study turned to individuals whose degree ofsensitivity scored from low to high on the Sensitivity-scale. In order to measure the degree ofsensitivity the Highly Sensitive Person-Scale(HSP) was used. The measures for quality oflife, and the life satisfaction was measured by Brunnsviken Brief Quality LifeInventory(BBQ), as well as with the Satisfaction With Life-scale(SWLS). The collection ofdata was handled in the statistical program SPSS where it was analyzed by a Pearsoncorrelation coefficient test, but also a simple regression analysis test was made. The resultshowed an negative significance correlation to the degree of sensitivity and the categoryFriends & Friendships. The result also showed that there was a negative correlation betweenthe degree of sensitivity and the satisfaction with life. The degree of sensitivity showed to bean significant predictor for life satisfaction. It was also found in the result that there was sixcorrelations between the degree of sensitivity and the categories Spare time, View on Life,Creativity, Learning, How you Look at Yourself, as well as the sum of life quality which wasnot shown to be significant. The conclusion of this present study is that persons with highsensitivity is more likely to be less satisfied with their life. It is desirable to go through withfuture studies on sensitivity and attachment, and to have a more even incidence between the

  • 106.
    Barzngy, Joanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Anknytningsmönster i vuxenålder och subjektivt välmående ur  socialarbetares perspektiv: En kvantitativ studie om anknytningsmönster i vuxenålder och subjektivt välmående2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present study examines if attachment styles show differences in subjective well-being. The participants in the current study consisted of social workers located in two cities in Sweden. The 121 social workers who participated in the study answered a series of questions by means of a survey that was delivered electronically. The measures that was used was Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) and Attachment Style Questionnaire. SWLS scale consisted of five items. A higher score in the scale reflects a greater degree of satisfaction in life. Attachment styles measures an individual’s way of relating to other people and self-assessment of various styles. The scale consists of four items and one self-assessment of various styles. The data that was received and analyzed in SPSS was one-way ANOVA that performed and showed a non-significant result between self-assessment of various styles and the subjective well-being. The conclusion of this study is to show that no matter what attachment style the social workers had, it had no impact on subjective-wellbeing.

  • 107.
    Beckman, Linda
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013).
    Hellström, Lisa
    Department of School Development and Leadership, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    von Kobyletzki, Laura Beate
    Lund University, Skåne University Hospital, Department of Dermatology, Malmö, Sweden.
    Cyber bullying among children with neurodevelopmental disorders: A systematic review2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children and young adults with neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) are at increased risk of bullying compared to typically developing peers. It is still unclear to what extent they are involved in cyber bullying. This systematic review aimed at studying the prevalence of cyber bullying as perpetrators, victims, or both (“bully-victims”) among students with ND in a school setting and in need of special education. The Web of Science, Scopus, ERIC, PsycINFO, PubMED, and Cochrane databases were searched including a manual search of reference lists, until February 24, 2018. Eight studies conducted in Europe, North America, the Middle East, and Australia were included reporting a prevalence of cyber-victimization among students with ND of 0%–41%, a prevalence of cyber-perpetration of 0%–16.7%, and a prevalence of bully-victims of 6.7%. Three out of five studies using control groups showed that students with ND might be more involved in cyber bullying overall compared to typically developing students. Students in segregated school settings report slightly higher prevalence rates of cyber bullying compared to students with ND in inclusive school settings, especially among girls. When comparing prevalence rates among studies using the same definition, we found similar prevalence rates. There was a tendency towards students with ND being more involved in cyber bullying compared to typically developing students, but this needs to be confirmed in future studies that should include control groups with typically developing students as well as validated and standardized measurements of cyber bullying and ND diagnoses. © 2019 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd

  • 108.
    Bengtsson Edgren, Helena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Föräldrars upplevelser av att barnen flyttar hemifrån: En kvalitativ studie där föräldrar beskriver sina personliga erfarenheter av barnens flytt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to describe parents' experiences of empty nest. The sample consisted of individuals who had experienced one child moving out of the parental home. Data were collected through qualitative semi-structured interviews and were analyzed by using thematic analysis. The thematic analysis revealed four themes, Concerns about the new time in life, Changing roles, Socializing in the family and Testing the relations. Due to the themes participants' stories reveal anxiety facing the time that will come when children takes the step to leave the nest. The experiences of the children moving out changed over time as well as the phases of the process to reach a new identity follows a progression. The relationship within the family is changing with new ways to communicate and socialize. This affects the parental relationship and leads to deeper relationship or in the direction of a separation. One conclusion is that mental preparation in the context and the time before moving out leads to positive experiences, which contributed to the relocation of a whole experienced as positive even if it starts with concern. Parents who discuss the new situation of life and prepare for changes improve the relationship.  

  • 109.
    Benjaminsson, Josef
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013).
    Moralisk balansering i arbetet: En studie av familjeutredares emotionella lönearbete2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Child protection investigators are an occupational group who investigates parentsability to take care of their children. In their everyday work child protection investigators meet parents who find themselves in a difficult life situation. The investigator must therefore have the ability to manage emotions. The aim of this study was to contribute to a deeper understanding of child protection investigators emotional labor, their emotional demands and how they handle them. The methodology used in this study was Grounded theory (GT). Data were collected from seven informants. The findings show that child protection investigators' emotional labor is characterized by a moral conflict. This conflict arises when child protection investigators start questioning the bases of their work. To balance this moral conflict they use emotion strategies.

  • 110.
    Berg, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Skillnader mellan tvillingar och icke-tvillingar avseende anknytning och differentiering: En kvantitativ studie om skillnader mellan tvillingar och icke-tvillingar avseende anknytningsmönster och svårigheter i att differentiera sig från andra2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the current study was to compare twins, nontwins and twins with other siblings regarding attachment styles and difficulties differentiation from others. A quantitative method was used, and data was gathered using a web-based survey. The sample consisted of twins and nontwins. Data was analyzed in a statistical analysis program using a six-way independent variance analysis. Results showed a significant difference between twins, nontwins and twins with other siblings regarding the attachment style subscale relationships as secondary. No significant differences were found between twins, nontwins and twins with other siblings regarding the subscales confidence, discomfort with closeness, need for approval or preoccupation with relationships, nor for difficulties with differentiation from others. This may indicate an insecure attachment pattern, which in turn could have a negative impact on interpersonal relations. Put together, this implies that more research is needed in order to implement relevant interventions including preventive methods.

  • 111.
    Berg, Helén
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Unga vuxnas sociala behov och Facebook-användning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate social needs and Facebook habits of young adults who work with service in the entertainment industry. Relationship between Facebook use and social needs to interact or express dominance were analyzed. Furthermore, it was analyzed whether social needs and Facebook use differ between women and men, privacy settings and the attitude to whether Facebook communication is equivalent to the communication eye to eye. An instrument, Social Needs and Facebook Use (SobFB), was constructed from which a questionnaire was created that was directed to employees in a company in the entertainment industry. 57 people, of which 28 women and 29 men, respectively, answered the questionnaire. From the questionnaire responses, composite variables were constructed in the form of indexes to describe the variation in Facebook habits and social needs. The result showed that the use of Facebook to search for information and to communicate was positively correlated. There were no significant links between Facebook habits and stated social needs. The women in the study generally spent more time on Facebook than men. Women felt more than men that Facebook communication is as valuable as communication eye to eye. Women also relied on Facebook to a greater extent than men. Those who spent a lot of time on Facebook often lacked privacy settings and expressed addiction to greater extent.

  • 112.
    Berggren, Alma
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Män och kvinnors benägenhet att hjälpa andra: En kvantitativ studie om män och kvinnors självskattade hjälpande beteende2019Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen var att undersöka om det finns en skillnad mellan angivet kön avseende hjälpande beteende samt om kön på personen som behöver hjälp påverkar beteendet. Undersökningen gjordes på 44 deltagare som befann sig på Karlstads universitet och undersökningen gjordes med hjälp av pappersenkäter. Deltagarna blev tillfrågade att delta genom ett bekvämlighetsurval. 22 män och 22 kvinnor deltog i undersökningen. Enkäten som användes i undersökningen var egenkonstruerad och gjordes med inspiration från Lopez, Pedrotti & Snyder, (2015) och Nickell. G.S., the helping attitude scale (refererad till Lopez m.fl., 2015). Enkätens upplägg inspireras av en opublicerad enkät av Svensson (2018, Karlstad). Enkäten består av bakgrundsfrågor, en scenariofråga och 15 påståenden angående hjälpande beteende. 22 enkäter hade en scenariofråga med betingelsen man och 22 enkäter hade en scenariofråga med betingelsen kvinna. Resultatet i undersökningen visade på att det inte fanns en signifikant skillnad mellan män och kvinnors hjälpande beteende. Resultatet visade även att det inte fanns någon signifikant skillnad på män och kvinnors benägenhet att hjälpa en man jämfört med en kvinna. Både män och kvinnor skattade sig själva högt angående hjälpande beteende och i scenariofrågan vilket bidrog till en takeffekt i studien, vilket påverkar resultatets trovärdighet.

  • 113.
    Bergh, Daniel
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Measuring psychosocial work environment: An analysis of the psychometric properties of a scale using Swedish data2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Bergh, Daniel
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies. Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Centre for Research on Child and Adolescent Mental Health.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Sociala relationer och ohälsa2005In: I Kalander Blomqvist, M & Janson, S (red), Värmlänningarnas liv och hälsa 2004, Karlstad, 2005Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 115.
    Bergkvist, Niklas
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Effektivare datainsamling: Påverkansprinciper applicerade på enkätinsamling2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to examine if it is possible to decrease the non-response bias byimplementing Cialdinis principles of influence. As a part of a field-experiment, theparticipants were asked to take part in a survey. The way in which the survey was presentedto the participants were manipulated according to three of the above mentioned principles ofinfluence, one group for each principle, and one controlgroup without manipulation. Theprinciples that was used were “reciprocation”, “consistency” and “social proof”. The resultshowed that non of the manipulations used in the study increased the response rate, thoughone of the used manipulations lowered the response rate. The conclusion is that usingreciprocation as a principle of influence can give a lower response rate. This is hypothesizedto arouse from the fact that reciprocation is used a lot and the participants have learned thatby declining the initial gift they avoid the discomfort of declining the following request.

  • 116. Berglund, Aseel
    et al.
    Eriksson, Lars
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Willén, Bengt
    Svensson, Jonathan
    Petterstedt, Michael
    Lindahl, Björn
    Allerbo, Göran
    Combining visual, tactile and 3D audio displays to aid the dismounted soldier2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 117.
    Berglund, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Personalens bedömning av tillämpningen av ett återhämtningsperspektiv inom vården2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The purpose was to investigate whether a recovery perspective, viewed from a psychosocial approach is applied in municipal / private and county related care and rehabilitation. A recovery perspective means that the attending staff ensures that the clients are viewed as holistic individuals, where all aspects of life are considered to ensure adequate care and rehabilitation. A questionnaire was answered by staff in psychiatry, social psychiatry and addiction treatment from different areas of the municipal / private and county related sector.

    The results show no difference in application of a recovery perspective between these two types of organizations. However, there is a slight tendency (non-significant) to lower-rated general individual competencies for municipal / private. There is also a strong tendency (non-significant) to a general difference between the aspects of the implemented recovery perspective, where the tendency is that the respondents as a whole estimate that the organization to a greater degree creates good conditions for a recovery perspective compared to the degree they are actually working on that basis. The results of the thematic analysis highlights that the county based organizations more widely create favorable conditions for the implementation of a recovery perspective, and that these organizations to a greater extent already has completed an implementation and apply a recovery perspective. It is concluded that there are no differences in application of recovery perspective between the investigated municipal / private and council based organizations, but that that there is a tendency for the county associated organization to better represent a recovery perspective.

     

    Key words: recovery, rehabilitation, psychosocial, holistic, therapeutic, application, implementation.

  • 118.
    Berglund, Martha Lisbeth, Dahl
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Enget, Kjell Magne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Can Innovation and Creativity take place in a Bureaucratic Organized Service Production?2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract - summary

    The purpose of this Master thesis has been to broaden the understanding of working climate, creativity and innovation, related to bureaucratic organized organisations.

    Innovation presupposes creativity and an organizational climate for innovation. An insight into climate factors, management and organizational processes would hypothetically contribute to an improved understanding of supportive factors for innovation and change.

    The approach is based upon an assumption that a typically bureaucratic organized organisation and its leaders are facing problems dealing with the need for change, reform and creativity, while simultaneously being true to its core business.

    Basis for this research project are data obtained through use of Göran Ekvalls Creative Climate Questionnaire, some previous interviews with managers at Skatteetaten in Oppland and efficiency measures represented by sick leave statistics. The results support the hypothesis that a bureaucratic organized organisation also can be innovative and efficient.

  • 119. Bergman, A.
    et al.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Anonyma Hösäckar lever i skuggan av det oidentifierade. Psykologiska aspekter på fysisk inaktivitet2005In: Svensk idrottsforskning, 14 (1), 26-34Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 120. Bergman, A.
    et al.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Hay sacks Anonymous: Living in the shadow of the unidentified. Psychological aspects of physical inactivity from a phenomenological perspective2005In: The Qualitative Report, 10, 795-816Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 121.
    Bergman, Henrik
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Archer, T
    Constancy of personality traits and efficiency of a training program in improving coping strategies2002Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 122. Bergsten, P.
    et al.
    Eriksson, M.
    Johansson-Hidén, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Tillverkningsledning vid ökad marknadsanpassning1990Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 123. Bergsten, P.
    et al.
    Eriksson, M.
    Johansson-Hidén, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Centre for HumanIT.
    Uddeholm Strip Steel AB1989Report (Other academic)
  • 124.
    Bergström, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Effekter av körsång2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of choir singing. Despite the popularity of choir singing and its proven advantages, relatively few researchers have studied the extent of the supposed positive effects of choir singing on well-being. In a systematic review of research related to choir singing and well-being, it was found that many studies have taken place on a small scale and have been qualitative, with only a few large quantitative studies or well-designed experiments. The present study would contribute knowledge in the field by making a quasi-experimental study of the effects of choir singing regarding stress levels and energy, plus positive and negative emotions. The participants in the study were 20 choir singers from two different choirs, eight men and twelve women of mixed ages. Data was obtained through a psychometric test consisting of a self-assessment form, before and after choir practice. For statistical processing of the data, the statistical program SPSS was used. Calculations were made of descriptive statistics and dependent t-tests. In order to avoid mass significance, the results were presented based on p <0.0125 (0.05 / 4) a so-called Bonferroni correction. The results showed that choir singing decreased stress levels and increased energy levels and that positive emotions increased and negative emotions decreased. The result was significant. The conclusion was that choir singing increased well-being. It is probably no news for Sweden's 600,000 choir singers, but the conclusion could be important in other contexts, such as at school and at workplaces.

  • 125.
    Billinger, Stefan
    et al.
    Univ Orebro, Sch Hlth & Med Sci, SE-70182 Orebro, Sweden..
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Symbolic behavior in regular classrooms: a specification of symbolic and non-symbolic behavior2011In: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 2, article id 122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Students' capabilities to use symbolic information in classroom setting could be expected to influence their possibilities to be active and participating. The development of strategies for teachers to compensate for reduced capability need specific operational definition of symbolic behavior. Fifty-three students, aged 11-13 years old, 29 boys and 24 girls, from three classes in the same Swedish compulsory regular school participated in the current study. After a short training sequence 25 students (47%) were defined as showing symbolic behavior (symbolic), and 28 students (53%) were not (non-symbolic), based on their follow-up test performances. Symbolic and non-symbolic differed significantly on post-test performances (p < 0.05). Surprisingly, non-symbolic behavior deteriorated their performance, while symbolic enhanced their performance (p < 0.05). The results indicate that the operational definition used in the present study may be useful in further studies relating the capability to show symbolic behavior and students' activity and participation in classroom settings.

  • 126.
    Bjurbäck, Linda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Beslutsfattande: Experimentell studie i konsumentpsykologi gällande beslutsfattande i kognitivt belastat tillstånd2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    An experimental study has been conducted at Karlstad University. An independent measurement was carried out tests on 149 participants, of whom 75 men and 74 women participated. The study was designed primarily to examine how cognitive depletion affects behavior in decision making. Participants were randomly assigned to three different conditions. Each condition consisted of three different heuristics the first of which was Good-enough, meaning that the participant made ​​a decision regarding a product that was good enough but not more than that. The second heuristic was specific, participants in this group were asked to find a specific product. The third heuristic was Take-the-best, the participants were asked to implement a product choice that they felt was the best product. After these elections have been held a strooptest on all participants, and then conduct two further decisions without heuristics and only with the guideline what they themselves might buy. The current study was able to demonstrate a significant difference between groups. The result suggests that the group that suffered the highest cognitive depletion and thus load was the group that took the longest time to implement a decision.

    Keywords: Depletion, decision-making, behavior, heuristics, consumer psychology

  • 127.
    Björklin, Annika
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Förekomst av kombinationen högsensitiv personlighet och sensationssökande personlighet och upplevt subjektivt välbefinnande2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is that from a Swedish availability sample investigate if the same individual may have criteria for the following personality types; high sensitive personality (HSP) and sensation-seeking personality (SSP) and any frequency of the combination. One purpose is to investigate whether there was a difference between the personality types perceived subjective well-being (SWB). The study also intend to investigate possible gender differences in relation to the perceived SWB. The method was quantitative and using web survey published by Facebook gathered responses from 121 respondents of which 91 women and 30 men of ages 18-76. Respondents submitted gender and age as well as anwsering the questions of the measuring instruments

    Highly Sensitive Person Scale, Sensation Seeking Scale, The Satisfaction With Life Scale, PANAS - Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale. The study showed that the same individual may exhibit the combination of the investigated personality types(HSP/SSP), which amounted to 15 persons of the study participants. There are significant differences between the distribution of personality categories and gender (χ2 = 23.771, df = 3, two-sided p = 0.00), women show greater HSP and HSP/SSP, and men show a higher frequency of SSP than women. Regarding the first purpose of the study there is no significant difference presence between the different groups of personality types in relation to the perceived SWB. There is no significant difference between men (30) and women’s (91) perceived SWB. Further research is recommended to clarify HSP/SSP personality types impact on patient well-being, and to increase knowledge of the likelihood of confusion between the HSP/SSP and Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), and possibly also between HSP/SSP and ADHD. It is recommended that the participants in future studies are sought in environments that are believed to attract the relevant personalities, such as aesthetic activities, sports and adventure activities.

  • 128.
    Björklund, Amanda
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    En jämförelse av mäns och kvinnors humorstilar, med hänsyn tagentill livstillfredsställelse.: En jämförelse gjord på manliga och kvinnliga studenter.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to compare if male and female students humor styles differ after controlling for life satisfaction. The humor styles that were compared comes from the Humor Styles Questionnaire and is split into two positive humor styles which are regarded as conducive to well-being and two negative humor styles that are considerate as deleterious to well-being. The two positive humor styles are ”Affiliative” and ”Self-enhancing” and the negative are ”Aggressive” and ”Self-defeating”. In order to analyse this an ANCOVA was used as statistical method, after the assumptions were tested the ”Affiliative” humor style didn’t meet the assumptions. Three ANCOVAs were done on the humor styles”Aggressive”, ”Self-defeating” and ”Self-enhancing. Main findings include more frequent use of aggressive humor style in men compared to women. But no significant difference between the genders regarding self-defeating or self-destructive humor style.The ANOVA analysis of the ”Affiliative” humor style showed no significant difference between the genders.

  • 129.
    Björkman, Johanna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Anhörig, den osynliga kraften.: En studie om hur det är att vara partner till en person i en depression och/eller med bipolär sjukdom.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 130. Björlin-Lidén, Sara
    et al.
    Friman, Margareta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Revealing the recovery paradox: how the use of a service guarantee influence customer satisfaction2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Blixt, Olga
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Lindblad, Stina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Enhetschefsposition - Utmaning eller huvudvärk?: Middle Management - A Challenge or a Headache?2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    This is a qualitative study on what motivates personnel to apply for middle management positions within the Värmland County Police Department. This study also looks at whether or not there are differences in motivation between men and women in regards to applying for middle management positions.

    The study has been conducted through in-depth interviews with 17 employees of the Police Department. The material collected was analysed using the Empirical Phenomenological Method (EPP). 29 categories were generated which were then divided into four themes.

    The result showed that motivation can be achieved by having a more structured middle management roll whereby, for example, there are clear guidelines on the responsibility and authority you have. Support and encouragement were also named as motivating factors. With regards to differences in motivation between the sexes when applying for middle management positions it was found that there are differences. The main one being that women are more likely to degrade themselves when considering applying, thus convincing themselves that they have not got the competence that is being sought, while men are more likely never to consider the possibility that they are not suitable.

    Keywords: Gender, Leadership, Motivation and Organisations culture

  • 132.
    Bodin, Robin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Återkoppla för känsla av sammanhang: En kvantitativ studie om hur återkopplingen samvarierar med känsla av sammanhang i arbetet2014Student paper second term, 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats syftar till att studera samvariationen mellan återkoppling och arbetsrelaterad känsla av sammanhang. Data har samlats in via kvantitativa enkäter som genomförts på personer som har arbetat och varit över 18 år. Resultatet visade på en stark positiv korrelation mellan återkoppling och arbetsrelaterad känsla av sammanhang. Utifrån resultatet fördes sedan en diskussion där de teorier som låg till grund för uppsatsen lyftes in för att på ett mer abstrakt och teoretiskt plan argumentera för de resultat som framkom. Utifrån teorin och resultatet tycktes återkoppling, i det fall den var tydligt formulerad, skedde i samband med en specifik händelse samt var väl anpassad för mottagaren, få positiva effekter på individens känsla av sammanhang i arbetet genom att uppfylla viktiga krav för att individen ska kunna uppleva hanterbarhet och begriplighet i sin arbetssituation.

  • 133.
    Boe, Ole
    et al.
    School of Behavioural Sciences and Education, Borås University College.
    Olsson, Lars E
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Service Research Center. Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, The Service and Market Oriented Transport Research Group.
    Selart, Marcus
    School of Social Sciences, Växjö University.
    Does the Use of Decision Heuristics Influence Impulse Buying?2001Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the present study a survey was performed in order to investigate if the use of heuristics in decision-making has an influence on the impulse buying tendency. Another aim of the study was to see if there were any age differences with regard to the use of heuristics and the impulse buying tendency. The study was conducted with students from Göteborg University and Karlstad University in Sweden (n = 69), with different educational backgrounds. Participants filled out a booklet of questions divided in two parts. One part measured impulse buying tendencies, and the second part measured the use of heuristics in decision-making. One hypothesis was that impulse buyers would use heuristics to a higher degree than planned buyers. It was also hypothesized that young participants would be more impulsive buyers because they use heuristics more than older participants. The results gave no support to the hypothesis that impulse buyers would use heuristics to a higher degree than planned buyers. Support for the second hypothesis was received as 20-24 year old high achievers on the heuristics test were found to be significantly more impulsive buyers than low achievers in the same age group.

  • 134.
    Boersma, Katja
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Tillfors, Maria
    Örebro universitet.
    Investigating a comorbid pattern of ill-health among late adolescents in relation to transdiagnostic processes: A prospective community study2013In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 5, no 11, p. 1835-1847, article id 39477Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increase in anxiety, depressed mood and sleep problems has been observed among adolescents. These symptoms have high rates of comorbidity and shared psychological processes have been proposed as maintaining factors. This study examined the occurrence and development of individual profiles of depressive symptoms, anxiety and sleeps problems and investigated them in relation to catastrophic thinking and cognitive avoidance. We used longitudinal data from a community sample of 379 senior high school students at two time points, one year apart. Five clusters were identified: a low scores cluster, a sleep problems cluster, a comorbidity cluster (high on all variables), a low mood cluster and a cluster with elevation on anxiety and depressed mood (“distress”). In general, the clusters showed stability across time. However, for the low mood and “distress” cluster, there was also an increased odds of developing sleep problems. The comorbidity and the “distress” cluster displayed the highest levels of catastrophic thinking. In conclusion, symptom patterns differed among adolescents and were stable over time. Anxiety and/or depressive symptoms were a risk factor for the development of sleep problems. Symptom constellations were related to differences in catastrophic thinking and cognitive avoidance and this may explain maintenance and exacerbation of problems over time.

  • 135.
    Bood, Sven Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Bending and Mending the Neurosignature: Frameworks of influence by flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) upon well-being in patients with stress related ailments2007Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The overarching purpose of the current thesis was to assess the long term effects of a treatment program involving flotation-REST for the experience of pain, from the point of view of variables connected with Melzack´s neuromatrix theory, and to examine the extent of a potential attention-placebo effect in connection with flotation-REST.

    The first study (Paper I) aimed to investigate long-term effects of flotation-REST four months after treatment. Seventy patients participated, diagnosed as having stress-related pain. Participants were randomly assigned to either a control group or a flotation-REST group and participated in a total of twelve flotation REST or control sessions. Results indicated that pain areas, stress, anxiety and depression decreased, while sleep quality, optimism, and prolactin increased. Positive effects generally maintained four months after treatment. The second (Paper II) examined the potential effects of attention-placebo. Thirty-two patients who were diagnosed as having stress-related muscular pain were treated for a period of six weeks. Half of the patients were also given attention for a period of 12 weeks, while the remainder received attention for 6 weeks. Participants in both groups exhibited lowered blood pressure, reduced pain, anxiety, depression, stress, and negative affectivity, as well as increased optimism, energy, and positive affectivity. The third (Paper III) investigated whether or not 33 flotation sessions were more effective for stress related ailments as compared to 12 sessions. Participants were 37 patients with stress related ailments. Analyzes for subjective pain and psychological variables typically indicated that 12 sessions were enough to get considerably improvements and no further improvements were noticed after 33 sessions. Finally, the fourth study (Paper IV) aimed to examine whether and how the combination of therapy and flotation tank could be used to treat patients with severe stress problems. Two women on long-term sick-leave participated in the study, which was carried out over a period of one year. Four overarching themes were generated: the therapeutic work model, transformation of feelings, self-insight and meaning. These together constituted a “therapeutic circle” which after a while transformed in to a “therapeutic spiral” of increased meaning and enhanced wellbeing.

    It was therefore concluded that flotation tank therapy is an effective method for the treatment of stress-related pain.

  • 136.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Bending and Mending the Neurosignature: Elicting the Relaxation Response with help of Flotation-REST ( Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in Patients with Stress Related Pain2006Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract.

    The overarching purpose of the current thesis was to assess the long term effects of a documented treatment program involving flotation-REST for the experience of pain, from the point of view of variables connected with Melzack´s neuromatrix theory, and to examine the extent of a potential attention-placebo effect in connection with flotation-REST.

    Two studies were conducted. The first (Paper I) aimed to investigate long-term effects of flotation-REST four months after treatment. Seventy patients participated, diagnosed as having stress-related pain. Participants were randomly assigned in equal numbers to either a control group or a flotation-REST group and participated in a total of twelve flotation REST or control sessions. Results indicated that pain areas, stress, anxiety and depression decreased, while sleep quality, optimism, and prolactin increased. Positive effects generally maintained four months after treatment. The second (Paper II) examined the potential effects of attention-placebo on flotation tank therapy. Thirty-two patients who were diagnosed as having stress-related muscular pain was treated with flotation- REST for a period of six weeks. Half of the patients were also given attention for a period of 12 weeks, while the remainder received such attention for 6 weeks. Participants in both groups exhibited lowered blood pressure, reduced pain, anxiety, depression, stress, and negative affectivity, as well as increased optimism, energy, and positive affectivity.

    It was therefore concluded that flotation tank therapy is an effective method for the treatment of stress-related pain.

  • 137.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Archer, T.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Affective personality in relation to general personality, self-reported stress, coping and optimism2004In: Individual Differences Research, 2, 26-37Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 138.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Sundequist, U.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on stress related muscle pain: What makes the difference in therapy, attention-placebo or the relaxation response?2005In: Pain Research and Management, 10, 201-209Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 139.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Sundequist, U.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Nordström, L.
    Nordenström, K.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Eliciting the relaxation response with the help of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in patients with stress-related ailments2006In: Internation journal of Stress Manage. 2006;13:154-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 140.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Sundequist, Ulf
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    Effects of Flotation REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on Stress Related Muscle Pain: Are 33 flotation sessions more effective as compared to 12 sessions?2007In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 35, no 2, p. 143-155Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to investigate whether or not 33 flotation sessions were more effective for stress-related ailments than 12 sessions. Participants were 37 patients, 29 women and 8 men, all diagnosed as having stress-related pain of a muscle tension type. The patients were randomized to one of two conditions: 12 flotation-REST treatments or 33 flotation-REST treatments. Analyses for subjective pain typically indicated that 12 sessions were enough to get considerable improvements and no further improvements were noticed after 33 sessions. A similar pattern was observed concerning the stress-related psychological variables: experienced stress, anxiety, depression, negative affectivity, dispositional optimism, and sleep quality. For blood pressure no effects were observed after 12 sessions, but there was a significant lower level for diastolic blood pressure after 33 sessions. The present study highlighted the importance of finding suitable complementary treatments in order to make further progress after the initial 12 sessions.

  • 141.
    Borgert, Susanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013).
    Upplevelsen av fysisk aktivitet i återhämtningen från utmattningssyndrom.: En kvalitativ studie om upplevelsen av fysisk aktivitet i återhämtningen från utmattningssyndrom.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to describe the experience of physical activity in the recovery from fatigue syndrome. The study was based on a qualitative method in the form of thematic analysis. The data collection consisted of ten semi-structured interviews where the criteria consisted of all participants having been diagnosed with fatigue syndrome established and as well had recovered from it. Which meant that the participants were no longer on sick leave because of the disease. And that the participants also had used physical activity as an aid in their recovery. From the thematic analysis, four themes emerged that describe the experience linked to physical activity in the recovery. Acceptance of the course of the disease and in the recovery describes how the participants experience an acceptance towards the disease and which progresses throughout the recovery process. Balance between rest and activity describes how the participants find an inner balance and as well experience an increased sense of balance and control when they begin physical activity. Physical activity motivates well-being describes the motivation the participants experience with the help of physical activity. The last theme, the meeting with healthcare and its impact describes the participants meeting with healthcare and the help and care they experienced from the discovery of the disease and during the recovery period. The results show that when the individual finds an acceptance of the situation, they are more susceptible to commencing their recovery and when they find a balance in their state, the motivation to contribute with their own capacity helps to help the body recover. In the end, it is the individual himself who is the strongest driving force, but the result nevertheless demonstrates that they are in a great need of functioning communication and work of motivation in the health care sector.

  • 142.
    Borjesson, Marcus
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies (from 2013). Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Environmental and Life Sciences (from 2013). Strategy and Leadership, Swedish Defence University, Karlstad, Sweden.
    Lundqvist, Carolina
    Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Linköping University, Linköping Sweden.
    Gustafsson, Henrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences (from 2013). Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo, Norway.
    Davis, Paul
    Faculty of Social Sciences, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden..
    Flotation REST as a Stress Reduction Method: The Effects on Anxiety, Muscle Tension, and Performance2018In: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL SPORT PSYCHOLOGY, ISSN 1932-9261, Vol. 12, no 3, p. 333-346Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was to investigate the influence of flotation REST upon skilled and less skilled golfers' anxiety in terms of physiological indicators of stress, self-rated anxiety scores, muscle tension, and the effect on golf putting. Prior to performing the putting task participants underwent a treatment of flotation REST or a period of resting in an armchair. Participants completed both treatments in a randomized order with a two-week interval. The results showed that both flotation REST and the armchair treatment reduced systolic blood pressure and heart rate, with no differences between treatments or athlete skill levels. No significant differences between treatments were revealed regarding self-ratings, level of muscle tension or putting precision. The results indicate that flotation REST may be useful for reducing negative symptoms related to stress and anxiety in general; however, no support for direct positive effects on golf performance were found.

  • 143.
    Brandheim, Susanne
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Starrin, Bengt
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    Rantakeisu, Ulla
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Social Studies.
    BMI and psychological distress in 68, 000 Swedish adults: A weak association when controlling for an age-gender combination2013In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 13, p. 68-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Study results concerning associations between body mass index (BMI) and psychological distress are conflicting. The purpose of this study was to describe the shape of the association between BMI and psychological distress in a large sample of Swedish adults.

     

    Methods

    Data was measured with the General Health Questionnaire-12 (GHQ-12), in 68,311 adults aged 18–74. Self-reported data was derived from a merger of the 2000, 2004 and 2008 Life and Health (Liv och Hälsa) questionnaires focusing general health and living conditions. Logistic regression analysis was used to describe the association between BMI and psychological distress when controlled for age and gender in combination.

     

    Results

    Women reported an overall higher psychological distress than men. A significant pattern of decreasing psychological distress with increasing age emerged among women in all BMI categories. Trends of this same pattern showed for men. Small or no differences were seen in psychological distress between those in normal weight, overweight, and obesity I categories (among women: 20.4 %, 18.4 %, 20.5 %; among men: 12.8 %, 11.2 %, 12.9 %). For both genders, any notable increase in psychological distress appeared first in the obesity II category (among women: 27.2 %. Among men: 17.8 %).

     

    Conclusions

    Our results raise questions concerning cultural norms regarding body norms. Does aging increase norm resistance while youth increases norm sensitivity, especially among women? The finding that psychological distress indifference between normal weight and overweight also included the obesity I category should be a point of departure in a search for important cut-off points in the BMI/ psychological distress association.

     

    Results

    Women reported an overall higher psychological distress than men. A significant pattern of decreasing psychological distress with increasing age emerged among women in all BMI categories. Trends of this same pattern showed for men. Small or no differences were seen in psychological distress between those in normal weight, overweight, and obesity I categories. For both genders, any notable increase in psychological distress appeared first in the obesity II category.

     

    Conclusions

    Our results raise questions concerning cultural norms regarding body norms. Does aging increase norm resistance while youth increases norm sensitivity, especially among women? The finding that psychological distress indifference between normal weight and overweight also included the obesity I category should be a point of departure in a search for important cut-off points in the BMI/ psychological distress association.

  • 144.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Appell, Petra
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Cater, Åsa
    Institutionen för juridik, psykologi och socialt arbete, Örebro universitet.
    Draxler, Helena
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Mälardalens högskola.
    Grip, Karin
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies.
    Hultmann, Ole
    Psykologiska institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Iversen, Clara
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Röbäck de Souza, Karin
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Göteborgs universitet.
    Utveckling av bedömningsinstrument och stödinsatser för våldsutsatta barn2015Report (Other academic)
  • 145. Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences (starting 2013), Department of Social and Psychological Studies. Kjerstin.Almqvist@liv.se.
    Risholm Mothander, Pia
    Tjus, Tomas
    Klinisk Barnpsykologi: Utveckling på avvägar2015 (ed. 2)Book (Other academic)
  • 146. Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Tjus, Tomas
    Klinisk barnpsykologi: Utveckling på avvägar2003Book (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Institutionen för psykologi, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Almqvist, Linnea
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs Universitet.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Cater, Åsa
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Örebro Universitet.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Institutionen för sociologi, Uppsala Universitet.
    Stöd till barn som bevittnat våld mot mamma: Resultat från en nationell utvärdering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 148.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Almqvist, Linnea
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Psykologiska Institutionen, Göteborgs universitet.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Cater, Åsa
    Institutionen för socialt arbete, Örebro universitet.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Institutionen för sociologi, Uppsala universitet.
    Forssell, Anna
    Örebro universitet.
    Grip, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Iversen, Clara
    Uppsala universitet.
    Sharifi, Karin
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Stöd till barn som upplevt våld mot mamma: Preliminära resultat från en nationell utvärdering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 149.
    Buhrkall, Hanne
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    A comparison of the restorative effect of a natural environment with a simulated environment2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary objective of this study was to explore differences in experienced state of stress and energy, altered state of consciousness, relaxation response, physiological stress, and mood between an actual and a simulated restorative environment. The hypothesis was that exposure to a natural environment facilitates a more complete restoration than exposure to environmental simulation. A repeated measure design was carried out, and 18 participants suffering from stress and/or burnout syndrome were counterbalanced into conditions. During exposure to each environment the participants described their emotional state on an open-ended question. A clustering analysis of the self-reported emotional state yielded a hierarchical model with the following two superior categories for the natural environment: Affinity to a pleasant environment and Restoration of resources, as well as the following superior category for the simulated environment: Relaxation in a sensory deprived environment. Furthermore, the environments restorative effects were studied through application of The Stress and Energy Instrument (SEstress and SEenergy), The Experienced Deviation from Normal state Instrument (EDN), The Profile of Mood State Instrument (POMS), and a self-reported present level of stress. Blood pressure and pulse were measured before and after exposure to each environment. The hypothesis was largely supported hence the environment substantially explained differences between restorative effects in relation to altered state of consciousness and levels of energy. However, no significant differences were found with respect to SEstress, POMS, and physiological measures. Implications for future research are discussed.

    Key words: Restorative environments, ASC, relaxation response, experienced state of stress and energy, physiological stress.

    Titel: En jämförelse av den restorativa effekten av en naturlig miljö med en simulerad miljö

  • 150.
    Buhrkall, Lene
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT.
    En effektivitetsstudie av samtalsstödet som erbjuds på SamtalsAkuten2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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