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  • 101.
    Bernström, Birger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Omvårdnad av ungdomar med depression inom primärvården: - en systematisk litteraturstudie2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 102.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    The learning process of recently graduated nurses in professional situations: Experiences of an introduction program2012In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 289-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An increased theoretical focus and decreased clinical training have resulted in sharp criticism from health care institutions of the content of the nursing education program. As a consequence of this criticism, employers offer introduction programs to recently graduated nurses after they have completed their nursing education. This study is part one of a larger research study. The aim of the present study was to analyze and describe how recently graduated nurses learn at the place of work and how they seek a meaning in their encounter with that environment. The research method was ethnographic, and the empirical material was based upon data from participant observations, interviews and field notes. The results disclosed that workplaces using the master–apprentice system as a model for supervising recently graduated nurses during the introduction program. The results also showed that the novices have acquired theoretical knowledge and know what action to take, but may have trouble assessing which part of their knowledge to use. The introduction program constitutes an obstacle in the professional development of the novices.

  • 103.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    The professional socialization of recently graduated nurses: Experiences of an introduction program2012In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 32, no 3, p. 278-282Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nursing education entails a three-year program leading up to a Bachelor's degree. Recently graduated nurses lack theoretical as well as clinical skills, thus experiencing difficulties in taking on the professional role. Health care institutions have previously expressed great concern about the increase of theoretical focus at the cost of decreased clinical training and consequently employers presently offer introduction programs after the completion of the nursing education. The present study is part two of a larger study. The aim of the present study was to describe and analyze how recently graduated nurses are socialized into the profession. The research was conducted using an ethnographic approach and the empirical data was acquired by means of participant observations, interviews and field notes. The findings revealed that the staff questions the novices' nursing knowledge and strongly doubts their professional skills. In order for novices to attain member status at the clinical facility, they must constantly prove their professional ability. The findings showed furthermore that deviation by the novices from the norms and expectations associated with the professional role results in their becoming outsiders. Within nursing education the ideology of nursing is prominent, but within the profession the emphasis is on good occupational skills.

  • 104.
    Bisholt, Birgitta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Ohlsson, Ulla
    Örebro universitet.
    Agneta, Kullén Engström
    Höhskolan i Borås.
    Annelie, Sundler Johansson
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Gustafsson, Margareta
    Örebro universitet.
    Nursing students' assessment of the learning environment in different clinical settings2014In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 304-310Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 105. Bjerkvold Prestegard, M.
    et al.
    Myhren, AB.
    Hedelin, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Sykepleiestudenters erferinger med midtveisvurdering I alternative praksismodell: Et tidsskille i studentens klinisk praksis2008In: Norsk tidskrift for sykepleieforskning, 10(2)44-56Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 106. Bjurbrant Birgersson, A-M
    et al.
    Hammar, V
    Widerfors, G
    Hallberg, I L
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Elderly womens feelings about being urinary incontinent, using napkins and being helped by nurses to change napkins1993In: Journal of Clinical Nursing 2:165-171, 1993Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 107. Bjuresäter, K
    et al.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Feeding methods, side effects and health related quality of life in patients with home enteral tube feeding2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 108. Bjuresäter, K.
    et al.
    Nordström, G.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Cooperation in the trajectory of care concerning patients in need for home enteral nutrition2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 109.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Home enteral tube feeding  - from patients’, relatives’ and nurses’ perspectives2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes in the health-care system during the past decades have led to an increased transfer of health care to the home environment which also concerns patients treated with home enteral tube feeding (HETF). Research is scarce about how HETF care is functioning. Therefore, the overall aim with this thesis was to describe and explore HETF care and treatment from patients', relatives' and nurses' perspectives. Three qualitative and one quantitative study were used. The findings showed that the HETF treatment and care had a great impact on daily life for both patients and their relatives and implied many practical, emotional and social problems in their daily life, which they strived to manage. Side effects were common and the patients' reported low HRQL and general health. The amount and quality of received guidance and support from the health care, not least before discharge, turned out to have impact on the patients' and the relatives' daily life and how they could manage their situation. Lack of guidance and support meant insecurity, worries and distress. Cooperation in the care trajectory was found to be decisive for how well the care was running. Nurses' knowledge about tube feeding and discharge planning procedures, their commitment to the patients' care, as well as clarity regarding responsibility of HETF care were factors of crucial importance on how the cooperation worked, and the quality of the HETF care. This thesis shows the need of improvements regarding the care of HETF patients and their relatives. 

  • 110.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, E
    Cooperation in the care for patients with home enteral tube fedingthroughout the care trajectory: from nurses' perspectives2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 111.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Fritzson, IM
    Athlin, E
    Samarbetet i vårdkedjan angående patienter med behov av enteral nutrition i hemmet2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 112.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, M
    A supportive nursing care clinic - The effect on eating problems, weight loss and quality of life for patients with head and neck cancer2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 113.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, M
    Athlin, E
    Nordström, G
    Feeding Methods, Side-Effects and Health-Related Quality of Life2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 114.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Patients’ experiences of home enteral tube feeding (HETF): a qualitative study2015In: Journal of research in nursing, ISSN 1744-9871, Vol. 20, no 7, p. 552-565Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 115.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Patients’ perspectives of treatment with Home Enteral Tube Feeding (HETF)2011In: Clinical Nutrition Supplements, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 116.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Struggling in an inescapable life situation: being a close relative of a person dependent on home enteral tube feeding2012In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 21, no 7-8, p. 1051-1059Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. To explore what it means to be a close relative of a person dependent on home enteral tube feeding (HETF) and how they can manage this situation. Background. Previous studies have shown that the situation of close relatives in home care in general can be burdensome and difficult. Research is scarce about experiences of close relatives when patients are treated with HETF. Design. A qualitative design was used, in accordance with grounded theory ( GT). Methods. Twelve close relatives were interviewed twice, using open- ended questions. Five were relatives of patients supported by home care services or advanced home care teams. Using the GT method, sampling, data collection and data analysis were carried out simultaneously. Results. One core category, ` Struggling in an inescapable life situation' and eight categories were found. The situation led to involuntary changes in the lives of the close relatives, something they could do little about. Their lives had become completely upturned and restricted by the HETF. Togetherness and pleasure was lost and they felt lonely. The relatives faced a new role of being informal caregivers and they had to adjust their daily life accordingly. They felt forced to take on a heavy responsibility for which they lacked support. The close relatives struggled to manage and to make the best of their new situation. Conclusions. This study highlighted the demands and vulnerability which is embedded in the role of being a close relative of a patient with HETF. It also pointed out their need for comprehensive support from the health care system.

  • 117.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Patients Living with Home Enteral Tube Feeding: Side effects, health-related quality of life and nutritional care2014In: Clinical Nursing Studies, ISSN 2324-7940, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 64-75Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to examine patients’ perceptions of side effects, health-related quality of life (HRQL), generalhealth, and nutritional care among patients receiving home enteral tube feeding (HETF) at two occasions after dischargefrom hospital. Three questionnaires, one study-specific, the Short Form 12 (SF-12) and the Health Index (HI), were sent topatients with HETF (n=62) twice, two weeks after discharge from hospital and two months later. Forty patients respondedtwo weeks after discharge and out of these 29 patients also responded after two months. Data were collected in centralSweden from March 2006 to January 2010. Side effects were common at both points of data collection (70% of thepatients after two weeks and 72% after two month). Patients using bolus feeding reported significantly fewer side effectsthan patients using intermittent feeding. HRQL and HI scores for the total group were low at both points of data collection.The bolus feeding group reported significantly higher physical HRQL and emotional HI than the intermittent feedinggroup did. Most patients were satisfied with the information and support they received from the health care team. Thisstudy has revealed that patients treated with HETF experienced side effects limiting their daily life to a great extent.Differences in HRQL related to feeding methods were found. Individualized support and regular controls are needed inorder to meet patient needs. Bolus feeding may be a suitable feeding method to improve well-being.

  • 118.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Cooperation in the care for patients with home enteral tube feeding throughout the care trajectory: from nurses' perspectives2008In: Journal of Clinical Nursing (2008) 17, 3021-3029Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 119.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Cooperation in the care for patients with home enteral tube feeding throughout the care trajectory: nurses' perspectives2008In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 17, no 22, p. 3021-3029Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 120.
    Bjuresäter, Kaisa
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Persenius, Mona
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences.
    Omvårdnad i samband med nutrition2012In: Omvårdnad vid kirurgiska sjukdomar / [ed] Lillemor Lindvall, Lund, 2012, p. 251-262Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 121. Björkström, Monica
    et al.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, EE
    Expectations on being a nurse and how it turned out2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 122.
    Björkström, Monica
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013), Department of Health Sciences.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    An attempt to improve nurses' interest in and use of research in clinical practice by means of network support to facilitator nurses2014In: Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, ISSN 1925-4040, E-ISSN 1925-4059, Vol. 4, no 3, p. 58-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Scientific knowledge is expected to be used in clinical practice to ensure that patients are given evidence-based nursing care. Therefore, in order to improve nurses’ research utilisation in clinical practice a network had been provided for nurses especially interested in nursing development in eleven wards. These nurses were expected to take on the role of key person (facilitator) for nursing development in clinical practice.Aim: The study was aimed at describing nurses’ interest in nursing research, how network support to ‘facilitator nurses’ could improve development in patient care based on evidence, and what hindering factors for such development could be.Methods: One and a half years after onset of the project a follow-up study was conducted with a questionnaire answered by 75 (64%) nurses, and group interviews with nine facilitators and eleven head nurses.Findings: The nurses’ interest in research utilisation was in general high and in eight wards development work had started. The facilitator nurses had mostly worked without involving their colleagues. Hindering factors for nursing development were related to time, EBP knowledge, involvement and the interest of head nurses and colleagues. Education, work place, previous participation in research projects, and participation in the network impacted positively on nurses’ attitudes to and interest in research.Conclusion and implication for clinical practice: Providing networks to ‘facilitator nurses’ in the ward could be useful for developing nursing care based on research findings. However, support from nurse leaders, involvement of the whole nursing staff, and training in research utilisation are important factors for success.

  • 123. Björkström, Monica
    et al.
    Johansson, Inger
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hamrin, KF
    Swedish nursing students' attitudes to and awareness of research and development within nursing2003In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 41 (4), 393-402, 2003Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 124.
    Björnberg, Stefan
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing. Karlstad University, Faculty of Health, Science and Technology (starting 2013).
    Sjuksköterskans roll vid svåra sjukdomsbesked: en litteraturstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Den vanligaste proceduren för att ge ett svårt sjukdomsbesked är att läkaren sätter sig ner med patienten och anhöriga för att berätta om diagnosen, prognosen och behandlingen. Sjuksköterskan brukar vara närvarande under samtalet för att höra vad som sägs och för att kunna stödja både patienten och läkaren under samtalet.

    Syfte: Syftet med litteraturstudien var att belysa faktorer som har betydelse för sjuksköterskans roll i samband med svåra sjukdomsbesked till patienter och anhöriga.

    Metod: Vald metod är en litteraturstudie. Arbetet har följt Polit och Beck (2016) nio steg. Till litteratursökningen användes databaserna PubMed och CINAHL. Sex artiklar återstod efter granskningen.

    Resultat: Efter bearbetning av artiklarna visar resultatet av litteraturstudien att det svåra sjukdomsbeskedet utgör en gräns. Faktorer som påverkar sjuksköterskans roll kan delas in i två olika huvudkategorier med hänsyn till när i tiden de inträffar, tiden före sjukdomsbeskedet och tiden efter sjukdomsbeskedet. De två huvudkategorierna kan vidare delas in i två underkategorier, patientrelaterade faktorer och sjuksköterskerelaterade faktorer.

    Slutsats: Sjuksköterskan är delaktig i patientens svåra sjukdomsbesked både för och efter att patienten har fått beskedet. Det är många gånger en balansgång mellan patientens autonomi och mående. Vilket kräver att sjuksköterskan kan överbrygga kommunikationshinder och kulturella skillnader genom sin kommunikationskompetens. 

  • 125. Björvell, B
    et al.
    Aly A, A
    Langius, A
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Indicators of changes in weight and eating behaviour in severely obese patients, treated in a nursing behavioral program1994In: Internat J Obesity 1994;18:521-525Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 126.
    Bjørsland, B
    et al.
    Høgskolen i Hedmark.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Kvigne, K
    Høgskolen i Hedmark.
    Opplevelse av brukermedvirkning i sykehus2012In: Nordisk tidsskrift for helseforskning, ISSN 1504-3614, E-ISSN 1891-2982, Vol. 8, no 1, p. 20-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [no]

    KOLS har erfart å medvirke i helsehjelpen. Når pasienter får nødvendig kunnskap om sin sykdom bidrar det til medvirkning. Det foreligger lite kunnskap om brukermedvirkning fra norske sykehusavdelinger, og hvordan og ved hvilke anledninger pasientene skal kunne medvirke.

    Metode: Studien har en kvalitativ, beskrivende design. Kvalitativt forskningsintervju ble benyttet som datasamlingsmetode. Analysen er inspirert av Malteruds systematiske tekstkondensering.

    Resultater: Informantene erfarte medvirkning når de var tydelige på egne behov og bevisst egen kunnskap, mens de opplevde at pustebesvær, manglende krefter og lav tiltro til egen erfaring hemmet medvirkning. Pasientene opplevde at sykepleierne fremmet deres medvirkning ved å vise omsorg og forståelse, ved at de var kjent for pasienten og hadde tid. Travelhet og mangel på respekt ble erfart som et hinder for medvirkning.

    Konklusjon: Informantenes opplevelse av medvirkning hang sammen med faktorer både hos dem selv og hos sykepleier. Pasientene bør utfordres til å være aktive og ha tiltro til egen kunnskap, og sykepleierne bør bli mer lyttende. Både pasientrollen og hjelperollen må endres slik at sykepleier og pasient blir mer likeverdige partnere.

  • 127. Blegeberg, B.
    et al.
    Blomberg, A.C.
    Hedelin, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Conceptions of the professional role of operatiopn theatre and psychiatric nurses2008In: Vård i Norden, 28(3)9-13Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 128. Blegeberg, Birgitt
    et al.
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hedelin, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nurses conceptions of the professional role of operation theatre and psychiatric nursers2008In: Vård i Norden, ISSN 0107-4083, E-ISSN 1890-4238, Vol. 28, no 3, p. 9-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The shortage of specialist trained nurses in the operating theatre and psychiatric care is a problem in Swedish health care. There is a great needfor recruitment since in both areas nurses have a high average age and few students register in these specialties at university. The reason for thelow interest for these specialties is not clear. The purpose of the study was to investigate nurses’ and nurse students’ conceptions of the professionalrole of operating theatre and psychiatric care nurses. A qualitative approach with phenomenographic method was used. Twelve nurses andfour nurse students were interviewed. Three categories of conceptions within each specialty emerged. Operating theatre nurses’professional rolewas perceived as: Dependent assistant, Responsible monitor and Fragmented nurse. Psychiatric nurses’ professional role was perceived as:Empathetic agent, Conscious diplomat and Fragmented nurse. The informants had difficulties in understanding the professional role in bothfields. One conclusion is that the theoretical and clinical training in basic nurse education play an important role for choosing specialist trainingas operating theatre nurse or psychiatric nurse.

  • 129.
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Lindvall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Preserved dignity inperioperative nursing.2012In: The 13th ICNE Conferencein Izmir, Turkey, 4-6 October.Abstarct book, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 130.
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Möller, Gudrun
    Linköpings universitet Hälsouniversitetet.
    Björn, Catrine
    Landstinget i Gävleborg.
    Olsson, Lotta
    Landstinget i Värmland.
    Lindvall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Supervisor commission in distance education2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 131.
    Blomberg, Ann-Catrin
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Teledahl, Cecilia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Patientens perioperativa vård: med fokus på den intraoperativa vården2013In: Ortopedisk vård och rehabilitering / [ed] Ami Hommer, Carina Bååth, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2013, p. 75-91Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 132. Blomberg, B.
    et al.
    Hedelin, Birgitta
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Att få personlig vägledning patienters erfarenheter av mötet med en psykiatrisjuksköterska i primärvård2007In: Vård i Norden, 27(2)25-29Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 133.
    Blomberg, Birgitta
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Förekomst av grupphandledning i omvårdnad, tillgång på handledare samt möjlighet för vårdpersonal att delta i handledningsgrupper2000Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 134.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Sundequist, U.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Effects of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) on stress related muscle pain: What makes the difference in therapy, attention-placebo or the relaxation response?2005In: Pain Research and Management, 10, 201-209Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 135.
    Bood, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Sundequist, U.
    Kjellgren, Anette
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Norlander, Torsten
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Economic Sciences, Communication and IT, Department of Psychology.
    Nordström, L.
    Nordenström, K.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Eliciting the relaxation response with the help of flotation-REST (Restricted Environmental Stimulation Technique) in patients with stress-related ailments2006In: Internation journal of Stress Manage. 2006;13:154-175Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 136.
    Borch, Ellen
    et al.
    Hogskolan Dalarna, Dept Hlth & Social Sci, S-79188 Falun, Sweden.;Cty Hosp Dalama, Dept Gen Surg & Med, Falun, Sweden.
    Athlin, Elsy
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hov, Reidun
    Hedmark Univ Coll, Fac Hlth Studies, Elverum, Norway.
    Duppils, Gill Sorensen
    Hogskolan Dalarna, Dept Hlth & Social Sci, S-79188 Falun, Sweden.;Cty Hosp Dalama, Dept Gen Surg & Med, Falun, Sweden.
    Group supervision to strengthen nurses in their preceptor role in the bachelor nursing education: Perceptions before and after participation2013In: Nurse Education in Practice, ISSN 1471-5953, E-ISSN 1873-5223, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 101-105Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: A collaborative project was carried out at four bachelor nursing colleges in Sweden and Norway, to support preceptors in the clinical fields by means of group supervision. The aim of this study was to investigate the preceptors' views on their own ability and satisfaction in the role before and after taking part in group supervision during one year and to describe their perception of the supervision model used. Method: Forty-five preceptors participated in the study. Baseline and endpoint questionnaires were used for data collection. Results: Before taking part in group supervision most preceptors expressed that they were content with their ability and knowledge with regards to the preceptor role. Despite this most of them considered that the participation had increased their ability to supervise students, and more than half of them considered that it also had promoted to their personal development. At the end of the project a majority of them had positive experiences of group supervision. Most of the structure and climate factors in the supervision model were considered important and almost all were highly realised. Conclusion: The study showed that group supervision could be a valuable tool to provide support to clinical preceptors in bachelor nursing education. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 137.
    Borglin, Gunilla
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hentzel, Johanna
    Blekinge Cty Council, Primary Hlth Care RN, Nursing, Blekinge, Sweden..
    Bohman, Doris M.
    Blekinge Inst Technol, Dept Hlth, Fac Hlth Sci, Blekinge, Sweden..
    Public health care nurses' views of mothers' mental health in paediatric healthcare services: A qualitative study2015In: Primary Health Care Research and Development, ISSN 1463-4236, E-ISSN 1477-1128, Vol. 16, no 5, p. 470-480Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To investigate public health nurses' perceptions and experiences of mental health and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum, within paediatric healthcare services. Background: Although maternal health following childbirth should be a priority within primary care, it is known that women postpartum do not always receive the support they need to adapt to and cope with motherhood. Research implies that postnatal problems lack recognition and are not always acknowledged in routine practice. Few studies have been presented on this topic or from the perspective of nurses. Methods: For this study, eight semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health nurses, and the transcribed texts were analysed through a process inspired by Burnard's description of the four-step qualitative content analysis. Findings: Three categories - external influences on postpartum mental health, screening for and preventing postpartum mental ill health and paediatric healthcare services as a platform for support - were interpreted to reflect the nurses' perceptions and experiences of mental health among women postpartum and of the prevention of mental ill health among women postpartum. Conclusion: We found that public health nurses can have an important role in supporting mothers' mental health postpartum. Although caution is warranted in interpreting our results, the findings concur with those of other studies, highlighting that an equal care emphasis on both the mother and child can be an important aspect of successful support. Implementing person-centred care might be one strategy to create such an emphasis, while also promoting the mental health of new mothers. Public health nurses have a unique opportunity to support mothers' transition into healthy motherhood, especially because they are likely to meet both mothers and children on a regular basis during the first year after birth.

  • 138. Borglund, E
    et al.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nyman, CR
    Classification of peristomal skin changes in patients with urostomy1988In: J Am Acad Dermatol 1988;19:623-628Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 139.
    Borgsten, Johanna
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Andersson, Oscar
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Att ge bort en del av sig själv: En litteraturstudie om levande njur- och leverdonation2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 140.
    Boring, Jonas
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Jansson, Klara
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Hur livskvaliteten påverkas hos patienter med kronisk njursvikt som genomgår hemodialys2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Patienter med kronisk njursvikt som genomgår hemodialys spenderar i genomsnitt tre till fyra gånger i veckan samt tre till fem timmar per tillfälle på hemodialysbehandling. Syftet med litteraturstudien var att beskriva livskvaliteten hos patienter med kronisk njursvikt som genomgår hemodialysbehandling. Metoden som användes var en litteraturstudie. Elva artiklar utgjorde resultatet vilka söktes fram i databaserna PubMed och Cinahl och genomgick kvalitetsgranskning. Resultatet som framkom var att ett flertal faktorer av livskvaliteten var påverkade hos denna patientgrupp. De faktorer som identifierades oc 

  • 141. Boström, A-M
    et al.
    Wallin, L
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Evidence-based practice and determinants of research use in elderly care in Sweden2007In: J Eval Clin Practice 2007;13:665-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 142. Boström, A-M
    et al.
    Wallin, L
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Research use in the care of older people. A survey among healthcare staff2006In: Int J Older People Care 2006;1:131-140Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 143.
    Boström, Anne-Marie
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet.
    Nilsson Kajermo, Kerstin
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet and Clinical Research Utilization (CRU), Karolinska University Hospital.
    Nordström, Gun
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wallin, Lars
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet and Clinical Research Utilization (CRU), Karolinska University Hospital.
    Barriers to research utilization and research use among registered nurses working in the care of older people. Does the BARRIERS Scale discriminate between research users and non-research uses on perception of barriers?2008In: Implementation Science, ISSN 1748-5908, E-ISSN 1748-5908, Vol. 3, no 24Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BackgroundOne strategy to enhance research use and change current practice is to identify barriers and then implement tailored interventions to reduce these barriers. In nursing, the BARRIERS scale has been frequently used to identify nurses' perceptions of barriers to research utilization. However, this scale has not been applied to care of older people, and only one study has investigated how identified barriers link to research utilization. Therefore, the purpose of this study was twofold: to describe RNs' perceptions of barriers to and facilitators of research utilization and to examine the validity of the BARRIERS scale in relation to research use.

    MethodsA cross-sectional survey design was used and registered nurses (RNs) working in the care of older people participated (response rate 67%, n = 140/210). Two questionnaires, the BARRIERS scale and the Research Utilization Questionnaire (RUQ), were used. Data were analyzed using descriptive and bivariate inferential statistics.

    ResultsCharacteristics of the organization and the presentation of research findings were rated as the most prominent barriers. The three items most frequently reported as barriers were: the nurse is isolated from knowledgeable colleagues with whom to discuss the research (89%); the facilities are inadequate for implementation (88%); and, the relevant literature is not compiled in one place (81%). Surveyed RNs suggested more support from unit managers and better availability of user-friendly reports in Swedish to enhance research use.

    The RNs reported a modest use of research. A weak but significant correlation was found between the Research Use index in RUQ and the Presentation subscale in the BARRIERS scale (r = -0.289, p < 0.01), suggesting that the RNs reporting more research use were less likely to perceive presentation of research as a barrier. Dividing the sample into research users (n = 29) and non-research users (n = 105), the research users rated significantly lower on the subscales Presentation, Nurse and Research in the BARRIERS scale.

    ConclusionThe BARRIERS scale revealed differences in the perception of barriers between research users and non-research users. Thus, methodologically the scale appears useful in identifying some types of barriers to research utilization but not organizational barriers. The identified barriers, however, are general and wide-ranging, making it difficult to design useful specific interventions.

  • 144. Boström, I.
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, Marie-Louise
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, G.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nursing theory based changes of work organisation in an ICU: effects on quality of care1992In: Intensive and Critical Care Nursing, 8: 10-16Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 145. Boström, I.
    et al.
    Hall-Lord, ML.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Larsson, G.
    Organisationsförändring vid IVA baserad på omvårdnadsteori: effekter på vårdkvalitet1992Report (Other academic)
  • 146.
    Boussaid, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Dahlgren, Monica
    Mälardalens Högskola.
    Lindvall, Lillemor
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Nurses learn caring theory by being co-researchers in a surgical setting2012In: Nurse Education Today, ISSN 0260-6917, E-ISSN 1532-2793, Vol. 32, no 4, p. 393-398Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 147.
    Breivik, Mia
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Sällskapsdjurs påverkan på livskvaliteten hos äldre i särskilt boende: En litteraturstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Äldre i särskilda boenden är en växande patientgrupp som bör mötas med en holistisk människosyn där hänsyn tas till den upplevda livskvaliteten. Sällskapsdjur kan användas för att förbättra de äldres livskvalitet i särskilda boenden.

    Syfte: Att studera sällskapsdjurs påverkan på livskvaliteten hos äldre personer i särskilt boende. Metod: En allmän litteraturstudie med Polit och Becks (2008) flödesschema som mall. Vetenskapliga artiklar söktes i databaserna Cinahl, PubMed och Scopus. Tio artiklar valdes ut i tre urvalssteg där bland annat kvalitetsgranskning skedde enligt särskilt protokoll (Avdelningen för omvårdnad 2004). Artiklarna bearbetades genom kodning av beroende och oberoende variabler och kategorisering av information. Resultat: Sällskapsdjuren inverkade positivt på flera områden hos de äldre, bland annat minskades depression, ångest och agitation. Sociala beteenden och kommunikation ökade och de äldre kände sig mindre ensamma. De äldres emotionella status påverkades ur flertalet aspekter, bland annat förbättrades sinnesstämningen, självförtroendet stärktes, reminiscens främjades, förväntningar på vardagen skapades och belåtenheten med livet ökade. Samtidigt framkom enstaka fall av utebliven påverkan samt påverkan som var likvärdig den som skedde när andra metoder än sällskapsdjur användes. Slutsats: Viktiga områden av de äldres liv i särskilt boende kan påverkas positivt av sällskapsdjur. Sällskapsdjur kan komma att bli ett värdefullt redskap i omvårdnadsarbetet under förutsättning att problem med allergier och rädslor löses.

  • 148.
    Bui-Quy, Emelie
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Sjöberg, Anna
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Anhörigas upplevelser av att vårda sin familjemedlem med amyotrofisk lateralskleros - en litteraturstudie2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktion: Amyotrofisk lateralskleros är en obotlig sjukdom med snabbt förlopp. Nervceller i hjärna, ryggmärg och hjärnstam bryts ner och det i sin tur leder till att musklerna förtvinar och personen blir förlamad. Sjukdomen är påfrestande för hela familjen och därför är det viktigt med stöd, även för de anhöriga. Syftet: Var att belysa anhörigas upplevelser vid vårdandet av sin familjemedlem med amyotrofisk lateralskleros. Metod: Är baserad på Polit och Beck’s niostegsmodell för litteraturstudier och Forsberg och Wengström’s granskningsmallar. Resultatet i studien är baserat på 11 vetenskapliga artiklar, 7 med kvalitativ ansats, 1 med kvantitativ ansats samt 3 stycken med mixad metod. Huvudresultatet: I studien framkom ett övergripande tema, en förändrad livssituation samt tre kategorier, den förändrade relationen, stödets betydelse vid den förändrade livssituationen samt den ständiga tillgängligheten. Slutsats: Livet förändras på ett flerdimensionellt plan då en familjemedlem blir sjuk. Omprioritering, och anpassning av livet för att få vardagen att gå ihop är fynd som har framkommit i denna litteraturstudie. Därför är det viktigt att sjuksköterskan arbetar personcentrerat och ser hela individens och familjens behov.

  • 149.
    Bystedt, Maria
    et al.
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Wilde-Larsson, Bodil
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Delegation within municipal healthcare2011In: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 19, no 4, p. 534-541Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim To describe how registered nurses (RNs) perceive delegation to unlicensed personnel (UP) in a municipal healthcare context in Sweden. Background Within municipal health care RNs often delegate tasks to UP. The latter have practical training, but lack formal competence. Method Twelve RNs were interviewed and the material was analysed using a phenomenographic approach. Results Owing to a shortage of RNs, delegation is seen as a prerequisite for a functioning organization. This necessity also involves a number of perceived contradictions in three areas: (1) the work situation of RNs - facilitation and relief vs. lack of control, powerlessness, vagueness regarding responsibility, and resignation; (2) the relationship with unlicensed personnel - stimulation, possibility for mentoring, use of UP competence and the creation of fairness vs. questioning UP competence; and (3) The patients - increase in continuity, quicker treatment, and increased security vs. insecurity (with respect to, for example, the handling of medicine). Conclusion Registered nurses perceptions of delegation within municipal healthcare involve their own work situation, the UP and the patients. Implications for nursing management Registered nurses who delegate to UP must be given time for mentoring such that the nursing care is safe care of high quality.

  • 150.
    Bååth, Carina
    Karlstad University, Faculty of Social and Life Sciences, Department of Nursing.
    Trycksår. en utmaning i vården?2010Conference paper (Refereed)
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