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  • 1.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Accelerating Revised Simplex Method using GPU-based Basis Update2020Inngår i: IEEE Access, E-ISSN 2169-3536Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Optimization problems lie at the core of scientific and engineering endeavors. Solutions to these problems are often compute-intensive. To fulfill their compute-resource requirements, graphics processing unit (GPU) technology is considered a great opportunity. To this end, we focus on linear programming (LP) problem solving on GPUs using revised simplex method (RSM). This method has potentially GPU-friendly tasks, when applied to large dense problems. Basis update (BU) is one such task, which is performed in every iteration to update a matrix called basis-inverse matrix. The contribution of this paper is two-fold. Firstly, we experimentally analyzed the performance of existing GPU-based BU techniques. We discovered that the performance of a relatively old technique, in which each GPU thread computed one element of the basis-inverse matrix, could be significantly improved by introducing a vectorcopy operation to its implementation with a sophisticated programming framework. Second, we extended the adapted element-wise technique to develop a new BU technique by using three inexpensive vector operations. This allowed us to reduce the number of floating-point operations and conditional processing performed by GPU threads. A comparison of BU techniques implemented in double precision showed that our proposed technique achieved 17.4% and 13.3% average speed-up over its closest competitor for randomly generated and well-known sets of problems, respectively. Furthermore, the new technique successfully updated basisinverse matrix in relatively large problems, which the competitor was unable to update. These results strongly indicate that our proposed BU technique is not only efficient for dense RSM implementations but is also scalable.

  • 2.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Antecedents To Achieve Kanban Optimum Benefits In Software Companies2019Inngår i: 14th International Conference on Software Engineering Advances, International Academy, Research and Industry Association (IARIA), 2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2004, Kanban successfully entered the Agile and Lean realm. Since then, software companies have been increasingly using it in software development teams. The goal of this study is to perform an empirical investigation on antecedents considered as important for achieving optimum benefits of Kanban use and to discuss the practical implications of the findings. We conducted an online survey with software professionals from the Lean Software Development LinkedIn community to investigate the importance of antecedents of using Kanban for achieving optimum benefits. Our study reveals that subjective norm, organizational support, ease of use, Kanban use experience and training are the antecedents for achieving expected benefits of Kanban. The potential benefits of Kanban use can only be realized when the key antecedents are not only identified, but also infused across an organization. When managing the transition to or using Kanban, practitioners need to adapt their strategies on the extent of various antecedents, a few identified in this study.

  • 3.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    ICT SUPPOR T SUPPORTING HEAL TING HEALTHCARE FOR CHINESE ELDERL THCARE FOR CHINESE ELDERLY AT HOME: PERSPECTIVES OF INFORMAL CAREGIVERS AND PROFESSIONALS2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Informal caregivers are a significant resource when elderly people need assistance and support to remain living at home. Today, state-of-the-art technology provides the possibilities of applying ways to ease the workload and make it possible to stay at home instead of living in an institutional care setting, such as hospitals or special sheltered accommodations. The current study analysed how information and communication technology (ICT) could support healthcare in Chinese homes from the perspectives of informal caregivers and healthcare professionals. The study focused on elderly people who benefit from caregiving or need personal assistance to help them live at home. A mapping study was conducted to identify existing ICT solutions, and qualitative semi-structured interviews were performed to obtain the perspectives of informal caregivers and professionals. The contributions were identified as objectives of using ICT solutions, relatives’ feedback on ICT solutions, opinions about popular ICT solutions and thoughts about future ICT solutions. The empirical study revealed that alarming, communication, monitoring, positioning and assistance are the most important reasons to acquire and apply ICT-based support for elderly people living at home.

  • 4.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Preliminary Citation and Topic Analysis of International Conference on Agile Software Development Papers (2002-2018)2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This study utilizes citation analysis and automated topic analysis of papers published in International Conference on Agile Software Development (XP) from 2002 to 2018. We collected data from Scopus database, finding 789 XP papers. We performed topic and trend analysis with R/RStudio utilizing the text mining approach, and used MS Excel for the quantitative analysis of the data. The results show that the first five years of XP conference cover nearly 40% of papers published until now and almost 62% of the XP papers are cited at least once. Mining of XP conference paper titles and abstracts result in these hot research topics: “Coordination”, “Technical Debt”, “Teamwork”, “Startups” and “Agile Practices”, thus strongly focusing on practical issues. The results also highlight the most influential researchers and institutions. The approach applied in this study can be extended to other software engineering venues and applied to large-scale studies.

  • 5.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    Scientific Collaboration, Citation and Topic Analysis of International Conference on Agile Software Development Papers2019Inngår i: Advances in Agile and User-Centred Software Engineering, Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, Springer., Springer, 2019Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The International Conference on Agile Software Development (XP) was established almost sixteen years ago. Based on data from Scopus database, a total of 789 papers have been published in between years of 2002 and 2018. We employed bibliometrics analysis and topic modeling with R/RStudio to analyze these published papers from various dimensions, including the most active authors, collaboration of authorship, most cited papers, used keywords and trends of probable topics from the titles and abstracts of those papers. The results show that the first five years of XP conference cover nearly 40% of the papers published until now and almost 62% of the XP papers have been cited at least once. Mining of XP conference paper titles and abstracts result in these hot research topics: “Coordination”, “Technical Debt”, “Teamwork”, “Startups” and “Agile Practices”, thus strongly focusing on practical issues and problems faced by the practitioners in the industry. The results highlight the most influential researchers and institutions, and the collaboration between the authors in the conference papers. The approach applied in this study can be extended to other software engineering venues and can be applied to large-scale studies.

  • 6.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013).
    SOFTWARE FACTORY PROJECT FOR ENHANCEMENT OF STUDENT EXPERIENTIAL LEARNING2019Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Providing opportunities for students to work on real-world software development projects for real customers is critical to prepare students for the IT industry. Such projects help students to understand what they will face in the industry and experience real customer interaction and challenges in collaborative work. To provide this opportunity in an academic environment and enhance the learning and multicultural teamwork experience, the University of Oulu, Finland offers the software factory (SWF) project. This paper presents the design of the SWF course and the learning environment and assessment techniques, and it discusses the importance of reflective learning diaries and serious games. Additionally, this paper examines factors in the SWF learning environment that affect student learning in the SWF course. Survey data were collected from the last six years of SWF projects. The results show that students consider the SWF to be a good collaborative learning environment that helps them achieve academic triumphs and enhances various professional skills. The learning diaries are effective for increasing students’ learning experiences as well as providing an opportunity for teaching staff to monitor students’ progress and offer better facilitation. These results are helpful for academic institutions and industry when developing such a learning environment.

  • 7.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Liukkunen, Kari
    University of Oulu, Finland .
    Markkula, Jouni
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Student perceptions and attitudes towards the software factory as a learning environment2014Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Industry needs graduates from universities having knowledge and skills to tackle the practical issues of real life software development. To facilitate software engineering students and fulfill industry need, the Department of Information Processing Science, University of Oulu, Finland, built a Software Factory laboratory (SWF) in 2012 based on Lean concept. This study examines factors in the SWF learning environment that affect learning of a SWF course by the students. It employs amended Computer laboratory Environment Inventory (CLEI) and Attitude towards Computers and Computing Courses Questionnaire instrument (ACCC) with two additional constructs: 1) Kanban board 2) Collaborative learning. The general findings indicate that SWF learning environment, collaborative learning and Kanban board play important role in software engineering students learning, academic achievements and professional skills gaining. The findings are helpful to develop a better understanding about learning environments. The information gathered in this study can also be used to improve the software engineering learning environment.

  • 8.
    Tegegne, Esubalew Workineh
    et al.
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Seppänen, Pertti
    University of Oulu, Finland.
    Ahmad, Muhammad Ovais
    Karlstads universitet, Fakulteten för hälsa, natur- och teknikvetenskap (from 2013), Institutionen för matematik och datavetenskap (from 2013). University of Oulu, Finland; Gdansk University of Technolog, Poland.
    Software development methodologies and practices in start-ups2019Inngår i: IET Software, ISSN 1751-8806, E-ISSN 1751-8814, Vol. 13, nr 6, s. 497-509Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Software start-ups are aiming to develop cutting-edge software products under highly uncertain conditions, overcoming fast-growing markets under multiple influences. This study aims to identify and analyse the existing scientific literature regarding software development methodologies and practices in software start-ups published between January 2006 and December 2017 using the systematic mapping study. The results identified 37 relevant primary studies out of 1982 papers. To validate the results from the mapping study, an empirical study was based on the research data collected from 14 real-life software start-ups located in Finland, Italy and Norway. The result shows that Agile and Lean start-up methodologies are the most commonly used in software start-ups due to the flexible nature and easy tailoring. A total of 144 software development work practices are extracted from the primary studies. This study contributes to the research in several ways: (i) provides state of the art regarding software development methods and practices in software start-up contexts, (ii) reports commonly used methods along with its benefits identified in primary studies and (iii) identifies opportunities for future software start-up research.

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